Symptoms Breast Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
    I want to know what are the symptoms of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      •Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.
      Signs of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 2.00 lac cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of breast cancer ?
    I have had a pain In my breast underneath mostly and I have had lumps in my underarm last June all firm and painful, they went in about 2 weeks ? What are the symptoms of breast cancer I am getting more and more worried ?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends. If you are a teenager that is normal.

  3. QUESTION:
    If a lump comes and goes under armpitt is that a symptom of breast cancer?
    I some times get a small lump under my armpit. It comes and then goes away after few days It hurts a little also it itches. It does not show anything i can just feel it. Is this a symptom if breast cancer? plz reply.

    • ANSWER:
      Sounds more like a swollen lymph node

  4. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of having breast cancer and cervical cancer at the age of 24?
    I have never been in for a mammogram in my life. I have only had one papsmear in my life which was over three years ago. What are my chances of having breast cancer and cervical cancer? What are the symptoms of breast cancer and cervical cancer? Mind you, I am only 24 turning 25 in November.

    • ANSWER:
      Very low.
      The symptoms would be pain, lumps in breast and unexplained bleeding if cervical. Of course having these symptoms doesn't mean cancer automatically, far from it, although lumps should always be checked out.

  5. QUESTION:
    Can having a bump on you nipple mean you have breast cancer?
    My best friend, she's 13, she's told me she's afraid of having breast cancer because she has a little by her nipple. She's freaking out and she doesn't want to tell her mom, but i keep telling her to tell her mom. She doesn't know if its breast cancer or at least a symptom of breast cancer. Can someone help me explain to her? I have no idea if it is or not. Please & Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      Your friend probably has nothing to worry about, but here is an extensive list of breast cancer signs - go over it together and I hope it will relax your friend: http://the-cancer-disease.com/breast-cancer-treatments/symptoms-of-breast-cancer

  6. QUESTION:
    Is gray pus from the one breast a symptom of breast cancer?
    My period is still no since Nov. 30. my breasts are painful and swelled. sometimes itchy. 4 days ago after shower, I found gray pus coming from the left and white (milk) coming from the other. What is this? I went to the doctor and he asked for mammogram and in the application form and under the signs and symptoms he wrote breast cancer!! I'm worried and can't wait until the results come. Can anyone help and tell me what is that?
    I'm 39 and can't feel hard lump.

    • ANSWER:
      I know that seeing those words scared you, but please try to wait until you do get the results of the mammogram first before you worry yourself too much.

      Don't know how old you are, but I too had a scare myself when I was 15. Found a lump in my right breast and thought the worst. Also had a dark green discharge that came out of the right nipple.

      Had the lump removed and it turned out to be fine.

      Hope you also get good news and in the meantime, try hard to relax abit.

      Lastly, IF it does turn out to be breast cancer, just remember that alot of women these days live for many years with cancer or can be cured of cancer all together.

      Just take things one step at a time and go from there!

  7. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for a teenager aged 13 have a breast cancer?
    My breast pains several times and everyday i wake up im the morning, i feel it is heavy and it pains. :( My shoulders sometimes pains too. Last year, i've watched an show which they discuss about breast cancer and as i remeber, one of the symptoms of breast cancer is u can feel pain on ur shoulders. Please help me. I still didn't tell my parents about this because i want to make sure. Thank you & God Bless. Muah :*

    • ANSWER:
      13 yr olds do not get breast cancer, and cancer is not painful. You are just growing and it's normal.

  8. QUESTION:
    What does breast cancer feel like?
    Could you tell me where in the breast the lumps occur, what they feel like, etc.?
    What are some other symptoms of breast cancer? Are hair loss and tremors some symptoms?
    At what age can you get breast cancer?
    Any other info I should know?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a ten year survivor of breast cancer. Here goes.
      Tumours can occur in any part of the breast. Generally they are not painful at the outset. The one form of breast cancer that is painful from the start is a nasty little beast known as Inflammatory breast cancer. All women's breasts are somewhat lumpy and nodular to the touch. This is why monthly breast self examination after age twenty is recommended. The woman becomes familiar with the normal look and feel of her breasts, and any changes become immediately apparent ( lumps, orange peel skin, thickening etc.) Mine felt like a large kidney bean that was not too mobile. Cancer usually anchors itself to the blood stream somewhere. Hair loss is not a symptom of breast cancer. It 's a side effect of chemotherapy. Tremors are not a sign of breast cancer either.

      Breast cancer in women under thirty is rare. 1% of all cases in the US occur in women under thirty. I was 43 and considered young for breast cancer.

      A good reference is found here.

      Risk Factors

      When you're told that you have breast cancer, it's natural to wonder what may have caused the disease. But no one knows the exact causes of breast cancer. Doctors seldom know why one woman develops breast cancer and another doesn't.

      Doctors do know that bumping, bruising, or touching the breast does not cause cancer. And breast cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person.

      Doctors also know that women with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop breast cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of getting a disease.

      Some risk factors (such as drinking alcohol) can be avoided. But most risk factors (such as having a family history of breast cancer) can't be avoided.

      Studies have found the following risk factors for breast cancer:

      * Age: The chance of getting breast cancer increases as you get older. Most women are over 60 years old when they are diagnosed.

      * Personal health history: Having breast cancer in one breast increases your risk of getting cancer in your other breast. Also, having certain types of abnormal breast cells (atypical hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS], or ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) increases the risk of invasive breast cancer. These conditions are found with a breast biopsy.

      * Family health history: Your risk of breast cancer is higher if your mother, father, sister, or daughter had breast cancer. The risk is even higher if your family member had breast cancer before age 50. Having other relatives (in either your mother's or father's family) with breast cancer or ovarian cancer may also increase your risk.

      * Certain genome changes: Changes in certain genes, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2, substantially increase the risk of breast cancer. Tests can sometimes show the presence of these rare, specific gene changes in families with many women who have had breast cancer, and health care providers may suggest ways to try to reduce the risk of breast cancer or to improve the detection of this disease in women who have these genetic changes.

      Also, researchers have found specific regions on certain chromosomes that are linked to the risk of breast cancer. If a woman has a genetic change in one or more of these regions, the risk of breast cancer may be slightly increased. The risk increases with the number of genetic changes that are found. Although these genetic changes are more common among women than BRCA1 or BRCA2, the risk of breast cancer is far lower.
      * Radiation therapy to the chest: Women who had radiation therapy to the chest (including the breasts) before age 30 are at an increased risk of breast cancer. This includes women treated with radiation for Hodgkin lymphoma. Studies show that the younger a woman was when she received radiation treatment, the higher her risk of breast cancer later in life.

      * Reproductive and menstrual history:
      o The older a woman is when she has her first child, the greater her chance of breast cancer.
      o Women who never had children are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who had their first menstrual period before age 12 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who went through menopause after age 55 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who take menopausal hormone therapy for many years have an increased risk of breast cancer.

      * Race: In the United States, breast cancer is diagnosed more often in white women than in African American/black, Hispanic/Latina, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native women.

      * Breast density: Breasts appear on a mammogram (breast x-ray) as having areas of dense and fatty (not dense) tissue. Women whose mammograms show a larger area of dense tissue than the mammograms of women of the same age are at increased risk of breast cancer.

      * History of taking DES: DES was given

  9. QUESTION:
    How many of you out there have heard of inflammatory breast cancer?
    this is a very dangerous form of breast cancer few women know about. made more dangerous by women not getting treatment for it. Symptoms different than regular breast cancer
    affects women of all ages even young teens. please educate yourself now! possibly save your own or someone you love's life.
    my reason for asking is that I want other people to be aware that there are other types out there and to be informed. I don't want people to die because they had never heard of this.

    • ANSWER:
      Odd you should mention this topic, Rebecca, 'cause just this week I received an email with a video about inflammatory breast cancer. I forwarded it to many of my friends and then deleted it. Now I wish I still had it to send to you. It was very interesting and also quite upsetting. Thanks for bringing the subject to our attention! I'd never heard of it prior to receiving the email!

      gere

  10. QUESTION:
    How are different signs and symptoms produced and displayed in Breast Cancer?
    I need to do an essay for Breast Cancer, and it's asking for 4 signs and symptoms that should be included for the highest grade.

    can you guys help me?
    thankyou xx

    • ANSWER:
      For one thing - this is easy to look up on the internet.
      Secondly, it is a bad assignment by your teacher.
      There is only one sign/symptom for breast cancer - a non-tender lump in the breast.
      I've seen many hundreds of women with breast cancers.
      If you are talking about very late stage disease, the symptoms
      depend where the malignancy has spread. The most common is bone pain.
      http://health.yahoo.net/channel/breast-cancer.html
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/breast-cancer/DS00328/DSECTION=symptoms
      Third - I wish teachers who know little about breast cancer would not scare teens
      with poor information on this subject. Teens do not get breast cancers - yet in the
      USA many teens are paranoid that they have breast cancers.
      We see questions from frightened teens every day regarding breast cancer fear.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
    One of my relative has a lump near her right breast and she has some kind of watery discharge which is predominantly more from the right breast.Is it due to breast cancer? And do all lumps develop into cancers? And if it is cancerous,then what is the chance of survival? If malignant,then what is the chance of survival?

    • ANSWER:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:

      A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      Bloody discharge from the nipple
      Change in the size or shape of a breast
      Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      Inverted nipple
      Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      Good luck and God bless you

  12. QUESTION:
    What are some symptoms of breast cancer?
    So, I noticed a spot on my breast that hurts a little if I touch it. But, if I'm not touching it, it doesn't hurt or anything. I'm only 15, and I know the chances of me having breast cancer are rare becuase it usually occurs in older women. I believe theres one or two women in my family that have had breast cancer before. I want to know what the symptoms are and if I should be worried or not.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer symptoms in mature breast tissue are almost identical to normal breast development and hormonal changes in teenagers.

      What you are describing sounds like a simple pimple.

      Talk to a parent, guardian or school nurse who will either be able to reassure you that this is normal or arrange for you to see a Dr.

      Unless the person with breast cancer is a first degree relative (parent, sibling or child) they do not influence your breast cancer risk.

  13. QUESTION:
    What are the high risks for getting breast cancer?
    I just wanna know some of the symptoms/risks of getting breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Number one is just being a women, family history, first born child after the age of 30, Hormone replacements

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have breast cancer if you had the same symptom for 1 year?
    Like if you have a symptom for an entire year and the symptom didn't get any worse, and you did not develop more symptoms? Obviously it's not breast cancer right?

    • ANSWER:
      It is possible to have breast cancer even without any symptoms. There is no sure way of finding out if you have this cancer unless you go, get a mammogram and have a doctor check it out. You have already wondered about this for one year, if you take one day and get a mammogram and, if necessary, a breast ultrasound and/or whatever test else could or would be necessary, you won't have to spend another year wondering. You are worth it, now GO!!! Please? I'm going to wear pink for you on Monday, sending out good thoughts and hope you will make an appointment...

  15. QUESTION:
    Is 13 too young for someone to get breast cancer?
    What ages are normal and is it possible to get it at 13? what are some symptoms of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The chances of a 13 year old getting breast cancer are as close to zero as makes almost no difference. It would make worldwide headline news.

      I agree with Panda that a section for childhood and young people's cancers would be useful in YA; but it wouldn't stop young girls too young to have breast cancer being scared silly by all the half-truths and not-quite-truths they hear in the name of breast cancer awareness.

      'Can'tthink of a name', breast cancer is almost unheard of in under 25s, let alone young teens; and fewer than 0.1% of those diagnosed are under 30. In fact only 5% are under 40. Most (80%) are over 50.

      I was classed as 'young' when I was diagnosed with breast cancer; I was 50.

      At 13 your breasts are still growing and developing and any changes you notice are almost certainly normal hormonal development.

      There are stmptoms of possible breast cancer, but at 13 you don't need to know them. There is no need at all to be doing breast self-examinations at your age; it will tell you nothing and may worry you unnecessarily.

      The American Cancer Society and other cancer organisations recommend that women begin breast self examination at no younger than 20. Before that it's pointless; firstly because there are so many hormonal changes that there is no 'normal' - and self examination is about a woman knowing what's normal for her and reporting any changes. And secondly because the chance of breast cancer is almost nil.

      Please talk to your mother about any worries you have about your breasts. If you don't feel comfortable doing that, talk to youe school nurse; she will be used to girls having worries like this, and will be able to reassure you

  16. QUESTION:
    How do I know if I have breast cancer?
    Should the bump be like easy to feel? Like if you just lighting touch your breast you could feel it or is it deep in it? I'm only 16
    What are symptoms of breast cancer

    • ANSWER:
      At 16, your risk of breast cancer is about 1 in 1.3 million! thatnt is less than half the risk of being hit by lightniong.

      Symptoms of breast cancer include changes in the structure of MATURE breast tissue.

      Teenage breast tissue is still developing and changes contimnually.

      There is no reputable health authority that recommends teenagers do breast self examinations and while most recommend these start at age 20 some do not recommend they start until age 30.

      When you are 20, when you go for your regular Pap smear (they should start around age 18) ask your Dr to demonstrate the correct method to do a breast self examination.

      More lumps are found in routine screening mammograms in women over the age of 40 than are detected by breast self examinations.

      80% of breast cancers occur in post menopausal women and the average age at diagnosis is 60.

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between breast cancer and breast tissue cancer?
    What is the difference apart from the location (do not include the symptoms)
    What are the possible rates for a 15 year old to get breast cancer and a 15 year old to get breast tissue cancer?

    I really need to know if my friend is lying to me, I only found out yesterday the she had it.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer and breast tissue cancer is the same thing there is no difference. From 1975 to 2000 1.3 in every one million 15-19 year olds were diagnosed with breast cancer. It is very unlikely your friend has breast cancer if she is only 15 years old.

  18. QUESTION:
    Is the swelling of lymph nodes under the arm supposed to be painful?
    If swelling of lymph nodes under the arm is a symptom of breast cancer, are the wollen lymph nodes supposed to be painful or pain-free? Also, are the swollen lymph nodes supposed to be red or colored, or colorless? Anyone know?

    • ANSWER:
      If the swelling is due to infection then there may or may not be any pain present. Mumps are painful. Many infections affecting the throat cause painful lymph node swelling.

      Lymph nodes swollen due to breast cancer are usually painless although your body may feel achy elsewhere besides the swollen node or nodes.

      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/diagnosis/lymph_nodes.jsp

  19. QUESTION:
    If my nipple has became inverted, does that mean I have a breast cancer?
    I am 16 years old. Somehow my right nipple has became inverted. I usually eat the right food and try to live in a healthy way. So what is wrong with me? I've heard that nipple inversion is known as symptom of breast cancer. Is it true? Am I normal?

    Please don't give me answers like 'tell it to your doctor'. Of course, I'm going to do that.

    • ANSWER:
      No it does not.

      An inverted nipple can be a POSSIBLE sign of breast cancer when it suddenly changes to become inverted and remains so, IN A WOMAN OLD ENOUGH FOR BREAST CANCER.

      At 16 your risk of breast cancer is one in 1.3 million; that's less than 0.0001%, ad less than half your risk of being struck by lightning.

      At your age any changes in your breasts are almost certainly normal hormonal development. If you're seeing a doctor, s/he will be able to reassure you, but a chat with your mother or your school nurse should b enough

  20. QUESTION:
    can you guys help me with my breast cancer and chlamydia assignment?
    can you guys give me a summary or list of the signs AND symptoms of Breast Cancer and Chlamydia.

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    What does it mean if I squeeze my breast and It feels a little hard?
    The other day while putting on my bra I squeezed my breast a part of it felt a little hard. I am young only 13 I just got my period in August for the 1st time... What does this mean? Sometimes (rarely) my breasts are itchy, though there is no rash... Could these be symptoms of breast cancer

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer is a disease of mature breast tissue.

      80% of breast cancers are in women over 50.

      Less than 0.1% are in women under 30.

      Your risk at age 13 is close to zero.

      Adolescent & teenage breasts are frequently tender, lumpy, uneven, changeable etc.
      This is part of normal breast development.

      What you are describing sounds perfectly normal and nothing like breast cancer.

      If in doubt talk to your mother, school nurse or family Dr.

  22. QUESTION:
    What is breast thickening and how does it feel? ?
    I have been reading symptoms of breast cancer and would like to know what breast thickening is and how it would feel?

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the doctor if ur that worried about it kirsty.

  23. QUESTION:
    How does breast cancer affect the body?
    I'm doing a bio paper on breast cancer and i know the symptoms that they check for to diagnos u with breast cancer but i don't know how cancer really affects the body. Like what would it do if left untreated.

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society probablly has online materials on this, however cancer when it is 'localized' (meaning it has not spread) is not the big issue (when it is found like this, 'cure' or success rates are high). It is only when it spreads (called metastasis) is the issue. Because when this happens the cancer cells are basically free and start impacting other body organs. Typically cancer likes to do this via the lymph node system (where it can travel it like a highway to other body organs)

      For example say the breast cancer decides to metastasis and it goes to the brain or liver, etc. When it starts to form tumors on these organs it causes problems. For example my mom's ovarian cancer created some new tumors on ther intestines and it created a bowel blockage where she can't digest food.

  24. QUESTION:
    What are some other breast cancer symptoms?
    I can't find any information on what other types of breast cancer symptoms there are other than the obvious, breast lumps, discharge, changes in physical appearance etc. Anyone have any other symptoms associated with cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer can occur in the ducts, or lobules in the breast and on the skin of the breast. Typically if breast cancer forms in the ducts or lobules, there will be a lump that you can physically feel when you examine your breasts. Other symptoms to look for would be a change in the skin on your breast, a puckering of the nipple, or nipple discharge.

      Breastcancer.org has some good information...

  25. QUESTION:
    What Should My Thesis Statement Be for My Speech on Breast Cancer in the US?
    My specific goal for my speech is to inform my audience about breast cancer, and it’s extent in the United States.

    My speech is basically going to include information about symptoms/risk factors, treatment, and how a person can possibly lower their risk.

    What should I write as my thesis statement for my speech, and is there any other information that I should include in my speech?

    • ANSWER:
      It really depends on the content of your thesis, and how you want to present it, as to how you wish to form the Statement. As a factual statement, as a statistical document or as a wakeup call. Having presented many lectures in my time, you would have to limit your ideas in accordance with the type of audience that you expect to present your speech to. Health professionals would expect a different presentation than members of the general public.
      I would make a few points on the subject - Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there a number of risk factors. Risks that you cannot change include+++++++etc.
      Other risks, which you can change, include being overweight, using hormone replacement therapy, taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35 or having dense breasts+++++etc.
      If all you intend to include are symptoms, risk factors and treatment, then your task will be much easier than if you intended to include with the treatment, symptoms and risk factors, details of the tests, diagnosis and causes. If you are a health professional, you might gain some information on the format of lectures on this subject from your medical library, if you are not in the medical profession, help might be gained from the reference department in your local public library. I regret that it is almost impossible to advise you in this matter. Mainly due to the lack of detail and the discussion that would be needed to ascertain all the facts in order to arrive at a specific answer.
      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  26. QUESTION:
    what's the difference between regular breast lumps and breast cancer lumps?
    I don't know what the difference would be between regular lumps in breasts and cancerous lumps.
    2 years ago I was a 34 A now, I'm a 34 D 5 foot 5 130 pounds...i have bigger boobs then my mom & my older sister & my dad and I have big lumps in my chest that hurt a little when I touch them, but I'm too young for breast cancer.... so whats the difference between regular lumps & cancerous lumps?

    also, what are some other symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      The difference between cancerous lumps and non-cancerous lumps is the tyope of cells they are composed of.

      With their training, Dr's can classify lumps as suspicious or not suspicious.

      Of those they classify as suspicious and send for further investgation, 80% are not cancerous.

      If in doubt, see your Dr and get them checked.

      Breast cancer is rarely tender, so this is a good sign, but it can be in uncommon cases.

      Breast cancer rarely occurs symetrically, so this is another good sign, but again it can be.

      You say you are young, so it sounds unlikely that you have breast cancer, but a Dr is the only way to know for sure.

      Breast size is irrelevant in breast cancer diagnosis, you could have a AA cup or a EE cup and have the same risk.

  27. QUESTION:
    Does biology have anything to do with Breast Cancer?
    I believe that studies of heredity and genetics in Biology is somewhat connected to Breast Cancer symptoms. My friend thinks that its more on the Physiology/Anatomy side? Who is right and why?

    • ANSWER:
      Does it have ANYTHING to do with it? Of course. What doesn't really have anything to do with another, if you really think about it? Besides, there really isn't a right or wrong to it. Biology and other fields of science as well as all other subjects are simply general names given for those areas of study. They don't really mean anything. You just have to learn the subjects, learn about, in this case, breast cancer(and everything else) and experience more and more and you will define it on your own. Why listen to what names others give things when you have a mind of your own? Use it or lose it=]

  28. QUESTION:
    how can i see a cancer specialist on the weekend?
    I have symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer as well as enlarged lymph nodes and lumps in my left breast - how can i see a specialist before Monday?

    • ANSWER:
      You can’t this is not an emergency. An oncologist will not see you until you are diagnosed with cancer and referred to them by another physician.

  29. QUESTION:
    How do you tell you breast cancer?
    My mom thinks she may have breast cancer...symptoms? What happens when you have it?

    • ANSWER:
      Most of the time, breast cancer does not present with symptoms. Most lumps that women find are not cancerous and are merely cysts of some kind. The big push for the last 20 years has been for early detection of breast cancer via screening tools such as mammograms and ultrasounds.

      If your mother feels a lump, then she should make an appointment with her doctor to have it checked out. She cannot diagnose herself. Her doctor will be able tell her what she needs to know and what the next steps will be.

  30. QUESTION:
    How do people with breast cancer feel about the attention breast cancer gets?
    Do you feel like breast cancer awareness is just used by companies to make buying their product more attractive?

    Do you like the attention breast cancer gets or feel exploited by it?

    • ANSWER:
      I think there's two issues in your question: the first concerns the fact that breast cancer has a higher profile than other types of cancer.The second concerns the involvement of big business in this high profile.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      And then big business cashed in..

      It's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day; in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      That greedy manufacturers see people's concern and sympathy for cancer patients, and their desire to find a cure, as an opportunity to make cash is not the fault of breast cancer campaigners.

      But like many women who have or have had breast cancer, I detest Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Support for those with a deadly disease has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets. I'm not 'tickled pink' by the disease that may yet kill me being turned into a commercial beanfeast.

      And quite aside from the commercial aspect, all the pink, fluffy, fun excesses have negative consequences for breast cancer patients too – the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is

      1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told – by people who don’t have it – that it’s a ‘good’ cancer to get) and

      2) easily curable.

  31. QUESTION:
    What are the Signs of Brain and Breast Cancer?
    I have chronic headaches in the bottom side of my head. i doubt that it is cancer but i am wondering what would be symptoms of brain and breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      brain cancer is very serious so lemme give you this....in the early stage there is very little signs but is most treatable here is a list of symptoms
      . balance issues
      . blurry double vision
      . hard time speaking
      . vertico
      . memory loss

      breast cancer symptoms
      .lump
      .dimple
      .purple or redness

      hope this helps!!

  32. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for girls of around the age of thirteen to get breast cancer?
    im thirteen and breats cancer runs in my family. i was just wondering if i can get breast cancer now, and what the symptoms are.

    • ANSWER:
      It is extremely EXTREMELY rare for a 13 year old girl to get breast cancer (i'm talking a 1 in 1000000 chance).

      Fortunately breast cancer has a trend to discriminate (contrary to what was said above). You will find that around 9/10 breast cancers occur in women over the age of 50 years. You will also find that 9/10 breast lumps are not cancerous.

      Symptoms of breast cancer usually include any of the following and usually more then one-

      1. a breast lump (that feels like a stone)
      2. a change in the shape and appearance of the breast (you are at the stage of puberty so your breasts are probably changing anyway. When i say change in appearance i mean an in-dint or dimpling or a strange rash that does not go away)
      3. a discharge (fluid) from the nipple
      4. breast pain is a rare symptom and is usually due to hormones.

      I would not worry about it at your age, but it is good that you are well aware that you maybe at risk in the future. When you are older, you should talk to your doctor about when you should start getting mammograms (scans of your breasts). You should maybe talk to your mum about it, as it may effect her as well.

  33. QUESTION:
    Is anyone else upset that breast cancer is the only publicized awareness month?
    I'm all for cancer awareness but why is breast cancer the only publicized cancer awareness month? Many people suffer from all types of cancer daily and I've had family suffer from both Leukemia and Pancreatic Cancer. It's seems that if a celebrity is diagnosed with a cancer or has died from a cancer that's the only way awareness will be publicized. Now that Patrick Swayze has passed I'm sure Pancreatic cancer will be well known coming this November (Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month) Does anyone agree?

    • ANSWER:
      No, I don't agree.

      Breast cancer awareness and Breast Cancer Awareness Month are not high profile because of celebrity deaths, but for a much simpler reason - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, many of them with cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising. I too have had family members suffer from other cancers - lung, testicular, stomach and cervical cancers and leukaemia, all but one of them dying of their cancers.

      There are, as you point out, other cancer awareness months, weeks, ribbons etc; but the fact is none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has.

      Now, I've had breast cancer and I personally very much dislike BC Awareness Month - or Pink October as the more cynical of us call it.

      Support for those with a deadly disease that kills on average 33 women a day in the UK and 112 a day in the US (the only stats I have, I'm not being ethnocentric) has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets.

      The pink fluffy stuff infuriates me, and I'm not at all 'tickled pink' by Asda's (Walmart's) trivialisation of an illness that may yet kill me. October magazines carry stories from cheerful survivors who claim to have the all-clear (there is no all-clear with breast cancer), and often say bc has changed their lives for the better - very different from anybody I know who's had breast cancer.

      And it has negative consequences for breast cancer patients too - I believe that the whole thing is counter-productive, that the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is 1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told - by people who don't have it - that it's a 'good' cancer to get) and 2) easily curable.

      I've even heard it said that it's a ‘fashionable’ or 'sexy' cancer - my sexy prosthesis and sexy scarred, one-breasted body are evidence that it's no such thing.

      In all the pink trivia, it's easy for people to lose sight of the fact that breast cancer is a devastating illness with disfiguring surgery, grueling treatments and so far no cure.

      I don't wear a pink ribbon and as someone in remission from breast cancer I support the Think Before You Pink and Pink Stinks! campaigns, both started by women with breast cancer

      http://thinkbeforeyoupink.org/?page_id=13

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers - and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started ny those women who started all the breast cancer awareness. They'd have to be as dedicated and prepared to work as hard though.

  34. QUESTION:
    Does a burning feeling on the skin of breasts signal a possible sign for inflammatory breast cancer?
    Well, lately, someone near and dear to me has stated that she felt a burning feeling on the skin of her left breast. She stated that it wasn't the entire breast, but more like the skin area about the size of the tip of her middle finger. She also stated that whenever she pushes onto it, it just burns... It is kind of hard for me to explain it myself, but I was wondering if this was a possible sign/symptom of inflammatory breast cancer. I asked her about it and she plans to get a mammogram on the 20th of this month.

    • ANSWER:
      My wife presented with an area that was red, warm to the touch and burned/itched. The area had the signature orange peel look to it. So in as few words as possible, yes. Mammograms will not typically pick up IBC. A punch biopsy is the method of diagnosing this monster. Now , take a second for a big breath. IBC is very rare so it is not likely to be the case here. On the other hand, get her butt into see a breast specialist or OBGYN that knows what IBC looks like. I wish you the best of luck.

  35. QUESTION:
    What is the syntoms of having breast cancer?
    Sometimes my breast hurts. Is it a sgn of having a breast cancer? What is the sgn of that cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Pain is not a typical symptom of breast cancer and other than a lump it doesn’t have symptoms. This is why annual mammograms are important.

  36. QUESTION:
    My friend is 17 years old and she has some problem in her breast.Is it breast cancer?
    its not like a lump. it looks like the skin has swelled up very slightly. It sticks to the bra and when she removes the bra,very little skin sticks to the bra.It doesn't pain for her but it gives irritation.are these the symptoms of breast cancer?She is very shy and she hasn't told about this even to her parents.She is very scared and she told me this. so plzz guys...help me about this....reply soon

    • ANSWER:
      Those are not symptoms of breast cancer.

      And if a 17 year old had breast cancer her case would almost certainly make news headlines; it would certainly be of huge interest to the medical profession.

      The chances of breast cancer at 17 are as close to zero as makes almost no difference. It's almost unheard of in under 25s, and fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30. Only 5% are under 40, and most (80%) are over 50.

      When I was diagnosed with breast cancer I was allocated to the breast care nurse whose special interest was 'breast cancer in younger women'; I was 50.

      What you describe sounds like a skin condition. Your friend should talk to her mother; if she's still at school she should talk to her school nurse who will be able to reassure her that she doesn't have breast cancer.

      Or she should wait a couple of weeks and if the skin irritation is still there see her doctor.

      But she can put breast cancer out of her mind

  37. QUESTION:
    How long can you live with untreated breast cancer and have no symptoms?
    Ok, I'm 21 years old and a little over a year ago I found one little hard thing in my left breast and a long hard mass in my right breast. These hard parts could only be felt when sitting up right and pressing down on the area. If I was laying flat on my back I couldn't feel them. I went to Planned Parenthood and got a breast exam and they said it felt like fibrocystis and not worry. Well here it is almost a year latter and the hard little thing in my breast can now be felt laying on my back as well as sitting up. I went to a surgeon and he's sending me for a ultrasound. So what I am wondering is if it was breast cancer all along, am I screwed? I Feel fine, no problems, but how long before it's too late to do anything about breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh, you'd have definitely been sick by now if it were cancer. Now, it may have been pre-cancerous and may have become stage 1 cancer, but I seriously doubt it. I also have cystic mastitis.....but I've also had breast cancer. I felt a big difference in the cysts and the mass that was cancerous. You have to become very familiar with your breasts so you can tell the difference. Also, it could be an infected milk duct--no you don't need to be nursing or pregnant to have that. It's very common. Try not to get upset unless you have something to get upset about.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the difference in inflammatory breast cancer and invasive breast cancer?
    Or is it the same thing because I was diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and while looking up info I keep seeing inflammatory and I just am wondering if its the same thing or not.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammatory & invasive breast cancers are given these names because of the symptoms they present. But having one doesn't mean that you have the other. For example: a person can have a headache or a brain tumor. But having either one doesn't mean you will suffer from the other.
      Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is marked by some or all of these symptoms: the nipple may be flat or inverted, sudden onset (perhaps over a few days/weeks) of swelling of one breast, nipple discharge, pain or itching, redness that may look like the breast is infected, or thick-feeling areas of the breast. The symptoms and appearance of IBC can sometimes cause a doctor to misdiagnose a patient with just an infection, and some feel mammograms can be inconclusive due to breast density at the time of the swelling.
      Invasive breast cancer is graded in stages of 1-5, and at its higher stages has the traits of invading other parts of the body. This means the cancer has spread outside of the membranes of the breast ducts where it usually starts (Stage 0). It DOESN'T necessarily mean that it's spread throughout the WHOLE body. Most likely it has spread to the surrounding tissue of the breast.
      Please keep researching. Get to know your invader and how to deal with it. Explore all options before making a final decision.
      We hope this helps. Good luck in your journey.

      Mark
      the charityplush.com team

  39. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer getting so much more awareness than others?
    I think any type of cancer is serious, but I'm tired of ONLY seeing things for breast cancer. Commercials, profitable organizations, walks, etc. My dad was diagnosed with bladder cancer over the summer, and although they "removed" it, it's very likely to keep coming back, but it seems like society doesn't look at it as being just as serious. I know people are aware and do things to help, and it's not just bladder cancer that I'm worried about, but why is breast cancer getting all the attention?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it's currently Breast Cancer Awareness month, so breast cancer is obviously high profile at the moment.
      But yes, it does have a higher profile generally than other cancers, and there's a very simple reason -sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to breast cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination, enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      People have limited time, and choose their campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition (not a cancer). Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising and agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. What they're doing is what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day (that's one every 15 minutes), and in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns ad months for other types of cancer - but the plain fact is that none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has, hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising.

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast cancer awareness.They'd have to be as dedicated and work as hard though

  40. QUESTION:
    Could this be a sign of breast cancer?
    Recently i have started to have really itchy sore nipples with a rash around the left breast, also i have discharge coming from
    the left breast also, could these be a sign of cancer? Also what are the other symptoms of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Is the rash around your left breast look like the outside of an orange peel? If so get it checked out by a doctor ASAP!

      symptoms include:
      - A rash that looks like an outside of an orange peel on your breast.
      - A painless lump under your breast and arm pit.
      - Unusual Discharge. (which you have)

      You should get it checked out by a doctor. Even if you do not suspect it is breast cancer because of the discharge coming out of them.

      learn more about breast cancer here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001911/

  41. QUESTION:
    How do I start off my persuasive speech on breast cancer?
    Im a lot better with informative speeches...Why I cant tell you but, I am having the worst time coming up with an persuasive speech and my topics on breast cancer. How do I start off my persuasive speech on breast cancer? And what do you think my three persuasive topics should be. Please help!!!!
    The speech is for my oral communications class I am speaking to a variety of students with different majors not particulary in the health care field. Breast cancer is just a topic I choose to prepare a speech on

    • ANSWER:
      latoya,
      I gave part of this answer to a similar question some time ago and I repeat it here for you. Having presented many lectures in my time, you have to limit your ideas in accordance with the type of audience that you expect to present your speech to. Health professionals would expect a different presentation than members of the general public.

      I would make a few points on the subject - Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there a number of risk factors. Risks that you cannot change include+++++++etc.

      Other risks, which you can change, include being overweight, using hormone replacement therapy, taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35 or having dense breasts+++++etc.

      If all you intend to include are symptoms, risk factors and treatment, then your task will be much easier than if you intended to include with the treatment, symptoms and risk factors, details of the tests, diagnosis and causes.

      If you are a health professional, you might gain some information on the format of lectures on this subject from your medical library, if you are not in the medical profession, help might be gained from the reference department in your local public library.

      I regret that it is almost impossible to advise you in this matter, mainly due to the lack of detail and the discussion that would be needed to ascertain all the facts in order to arrive at a specific answer.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  42. QUESTION:
    Is there anything else other than inflammatory breast cancer that this could be?
    Is there anything that could be wrong other that is less serious than inflammatory breast cancer? I have almost all of the symptoms. It is very dry and itchy and the areola will get dry and break open and it will stick to my shirt, and it's very swollen and feels thicker than the other nipple. The actual breast is normal though, it's not larger or reddish. I'm only 18 and breast cancer runs in my family...the only thing I've found online has been breast cancer and I don't want to make my parents pay for a doctors visit if nothing is seriously wrong. I get excema in the winter on my hands, so could it be the cold weather?

    • ANSWER:
      What Denise said.

      At 18 your risk of breast cancer is less than 0.0001%; this is less than half your risk of being struck by lightning. Your risk of inflammatory breast cancer is non-existent.

      Inflammatory breast cancer is so rare that it accounts for only around 1% of all breast cancer cases.

      Only 5 - 10% of all breast cancer cases are hereditary, and breast cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary. having family members who've had breast cancer doesn't mean it runs in your family

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the strangest things you heard that can cause breast cancer?
    I 'm doing a report for health class. My topic is "strange myths about the risk of breast cancer" If you know anything that seems strange or stupid that people think can give them breast cancer, let me know. And if you know it's true or false, please send me Links if you have any. The only thing I can find is on antiperspirants, i need some more strange ideas. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many, most of which are repeated here on YA regularly

      You are right, anti-perspirant and deodorant don't cause breast cancer:
      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/healthyliving/cancercontroversies/deodorants/
      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/bc_myths/antipersp.jsp

      Another rmyth is that blows, bumps or pinches to the breast cause it:
      http://www.netwellness.org/question.cfm/11349.htm
      http://www.swedish.org/17384.cfm

      A link between abortion and breast cancer is a myth; junk science and propaganda from the anti-choice lobby. The broad scientific consensus is that no such link exists.

      This excellent article gives the facts:
      http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1374/is_2_62/ai_83794478
      also
      http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/abortion-miscarriage

      Frequently on this board there are questions about bras and breast cancer - sleeping in a bra or wearing an ill-fitting, underwired or padded bra are common myths and NOT causes of breast cancer.

      There have been recent bogus scares about water in plastic bottles - frozen, left in cars etc - causing bc; all nonsense:
      http://urbanlegends.about.com/od/medical/a/bottled-water.htm
      http://www.snopes.com/medical/toxins/petbottles.asp

      Someone asked on here yesterday if french fries caused breast cancer!

      I often see people saying on here that breast cancer is largely, mainly or entirely genetic. It isn't; only 5 -10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors.

      There is currently a common belief that dairy products cause breast cancer, mainly because of the book 'Your Life in Your Hands' by Jane Plant, which made the claim. There is no real scientific evidence that this is true, and in fact I offer myself as evidence that it isn't - I had been vegan for over 8 years when i was diagnosed with bc.

      In fact, if you are discussing myths about breast cancer you may want to include all claims about diet and lifestyle. There is no evidence that any food contributes to any cancer. Any claim that it does is speculation and reflects the fears and prejudices of the person making the claim. It's often less scary for someone who hasn't had cancer to 'blame the victim' - put cancer down to avoidable life style factors like diet, stress, lack of exercise etc - than it is for them to accept that cancer is a largely random disease that can strike any of us at any time.

      The causes of breast cancer aren't known; there are known risk factors, but these ARE risk factors not causes - ticking one, some or all these boxes does not mean you will get breast cancer, and many people who are diagnosed with breast cancer have none of these risk factors other than the first and/or second.

      The greatest risk factor for breast cancer is being female -over 99% of those diagnosed are women.

      The second greatest is getting older - 80% of those diagnosed are over 50.

      5-10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors.

      The other known risk factors are:

      Having children at an older age or not at all. The more children a woman has may also slightly lower her risk. Breast-feeding helps protect against the disease. The longer a woman breast feeds her children, the more she lowers her risk.

      Starting periods at a younger than average age (under 12) or having a late menopause (after 55)

      Taking the contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) causes a small increase in risk. However, the risk gradually returns to normal after you stop taking them.

      Being overweight (especially after the menopause).

      Regularly drinking more than 1 unit of alcohol per day slightly increases the risk of breast cancer.

      Having a previous diagnosis of breast cancer increases the risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast.

      Thanks for the interesting question. If I remember any more myths as the day goes on, I'll add them

  44. QUESTION:
    Breast cancer. How do i know if i have it without wasting my parents money?
    I have pain in my breast if i touch them on certain areas. and if i do have breast cancer what can and can't i do?

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer is a condition in which the cells of the breast tissue become cancerous and begin to grow uncontrollably. While this disorder is more common in women, it can also happen to men. Early symptoms of breast cancer include the appearance of lumps in the breast and other changes in the tissue and surface of the breast. Any suspicious symptoms should be examined by a physician.

      What is breast cancer?
      Breast cancer occurs when cells within the breast tissue begin growing uncontrollably. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but women have a much greater chance (about 100 times) of getting breast cancer. However, both men and women have the same survival rates once they get breast cancer.

      How does breast cancer develop?
      Some of the cells in the breast tissue grow and then shrink in response to certain hormones. Sometimes they mutate and begin to grow without responding to the hormone signals. At this point, they have become cancer cells. Women are more likely to get breast cancer because their breast tissue is more active and thus more likely to develop these sorts of mutations.

      Lumps as an early symptom
      In general, the first symptom of developing breast cancer is a lump in the breast. This lump will feel different than the tissue that surrounds it. This should prompt the patient to go receive a mammogram, as that is the initial medical test which is used to detect possible breast cancer. Lumps in the armpits and the collar bone can also indicate a possible tumor.

      Other early symptoms
      Other symptoms of breast cancer involve a change in the appearance of the breast tissue. This may include dimpling, inversion of the nipple or a change in skin color due to inflammation. Another symptom of breast cancer is known as Paget's syndrome, in which the skin around the nipple becomes inflamed and begins to peel off.

      Important considerations
      Many of the symptoms described above do not necessarily indicate breast cancer. There are many benign diseases of the breast (in that they are not cancerous) that can cause similar symptoms. If you discover a lump or experience any other symptom, you should consult a doctor immediately because it is only with careful examination that the exact cause of the symptoms can be determined.

  45. QUESTION:
    Why are cervical cancer symptoms so confusing?
    Perimenopausal women can get two periods in the same month...this is also a symptom of cervical cancer. It would be so hard to know if its another period or if it's bleeding due to cervical cancer. Other symptoms of cc are nausea, bloating, and constipation and sometimes abdominal pain. Now I get those symptoms sometimes from my period. I have talked to my doctor but she says they are perimenopausal symptoms.
    I;ve had breast cancer so I'm more prone to get cervical cancer. My last pap smear came out clear but a lot of women with cervical cancer do get clear test results. Please give me something to help ease my confusion ....thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      They are only symptoms there is nothing confusing about them.
      A lot of women do not get cervical cancer period – it is an uncommon cancer.
      Having had breast cancer does not increase risk for cervical cancer.
      I can’t help but wonder where you get your information from I know it is not your doctor.

  46. QUESTION:
    How come breast cancer gets it's own month and special pink ribbons and fundraisers?
    Is it because it is sexier to have breast cancer than say, colon cancer or lung cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer is sometimes harder to detect because of breast mass, or self breast exams that are incorrectly done or not done at all. Even though there are symptoms such as puckering of nipple, change in breast skin texture, these dont always present themselves. Therefore many women dont know they have it because the signs are not obvious. With lung and colon cancer there are usually more pronounced chances that will alert someone to seek help such as change in bowel habit, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, persistent cough, breathing problem, etc. Women need to be educated about the cause, elearly detection of breast cancer because its so hard to detect sometimes and thats why extra effort is put into educating the public about it.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are some symptoms of you having cancer?
    I am just interested in what some symptoms are of you possibly having either skin or breast cancer. Thank you for your answers.

    • ANSWER:
      Losing weight is one, my mum was rather skinny so was my nanna (both had breast cancer) Stage 4

      Breast cancer symptoms vary widely — from lumps to swelling to skin changes — and many breast cancers have no obvious symptoms at all. Symptoms that are similar to those of breast cancer may be the result of non-cancerous conditions like infection or a cyst.

      Some Symptoms of Advanced (Metastatic) Breast Cancer
      Stage 4, or metastatic breast cancer is the most advanced stage of this disease. Metastatic breast cancer is defined as having spread beyond the breast and underarm lymph nodes into other parts of the body.

      * bone pain (bone metastases)
      * shortness of breath (lung metastases)
      * drop in appetite (liver metastases)
      * unintentional weight loss (liver metastases)
      * headaches, neurological pain or weakness (could be brain metastases)
      (This is what my mother had, and it was very noticeable)

      Breast Lumps

      * These lumps can be benign or malignant. Benign lumps do not spread to other parts of the body. A malignant lump is made up of cancer cells. When it first develops, this malignant tumour is confined to the breast. Most lumps are not cancerous

      Changes to look for:

      * A lump, lumpiness or thickening in the breast or armpit – especially if it is in one breast only
      * A change in the size or shape of your breast
      * Skin changes such as dimpling or redness
      * Nipple inversion or discharge
      * A change to the nipple, like a rash, ulcer or itchiness
      * An unusual or persistent pain

      Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) – Aggressive and Unusual Symptoms
      One type of breast cancer that does not appear in lumps is called inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). This aggressive cancer grows in sheets instead of lumps, and it invades nearby skin, resembling a rash. It will not respond to topical creams or antibiotics, and should be treated very promptly. Symptoms:

      * a sudden increase in mature breast size (as much as a cup size in a few days)
      * itching in the skin of the breast that is continuous and not relieved by pills or creams
      * a change in the breast skin color, resulting in pink, red, or dark-colored areas
      * breast is excessively warm to the touch, or harder or firmer than usual
      * unusual pain, which occurs out of the regular cycle
      * sometimes a change in skin texture, similar to the skin of an orange
      * breast skin ulcers (later stage IBC)

  48. QUESTION:
    What treatment is out there for small brain tumors that come from breast cancer?
    My daughter has tumors now in her brain from the breast cancer. The breast cancer tumors stopped growing and shrank slightly from treatment with ixempra and xeloda. What treatment works best for the brain tumors?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some links to information and resources. You have to trust the oncologist and neurologist and pray for her...she could consider joining a clinical trial..

      Brain Tumor Information

      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search?term=brain+tumors&submit=Search (brain tumor clinical trials…hit map tab for local trials and don’t forget to turn pages)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/clinical_trials/ (clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/results/brain (results of brain cancer clinical trials)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/ask_a_professional/ (click on “email a professional” to ask a question about brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/physician_listings/ (neurologist link listings..to find a physician)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/ (diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/brain_anatomy/index2.html (National Brain Tumor Foundation…brain anatomy…run the hand over the brain to view areas and a function box will appear underneath the illustration)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment/index.html (common brain tumor treatments and side effects)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment_center_database/index.html (treatment center database)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/survivor_stories/index.html (survivor stories)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/faq/index.html (frequently asked questions)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/brain_tumor_orgs/ (link list of brain tumor organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/alternative_therapy/ (alternative therapy links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/treatment_resources/ (treatment resources links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/other_sites/ (related sites link list)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/find.asp (brain tumor support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/online.html (brain tumor online support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/pediatric.html (pediatric support groups…listed for other readers who might need…)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/message_boards/ (brain tumor message boards)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/caregivers_corner/ (caregivers corner)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/cancer_orgs/ (link list of cancer organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/financial_assistance/ (financial assistance link list)

      Disability help
      http://www.new-horizons.org/ (organization to help the disabled..resource)
      http://www.new-horizons.org/faqcat.html (frequently asked questions about disability
      help)

      Medicine help
      http://www.pparx.org (partnership for prescription alliance…help with free or low cost medicines)
      http://www.copays.org/ (Patient Advocate Organization…copay assistance for malignant brain tumors)

      Nutrition and Support for cancer patients
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_6.asp? (nutrition for cancer patients)
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MIT/mit_0.asp (supporting cancer patients)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)


symptoms breast cancer

Brain Cancer Statistics

There are several different types of brain cancer. It is important to know and understand that treating a brain tumor should be customized to you. While treatments are typically standardized, it is important for the treating doctor to consider your age, as well as any and all health complications that you may experience.

This is caused due to the formation of cancer cells) on the inner surface of skulls or on the brain's tissue-cells. It is also known as intracranial tumor as it can be developed on any location or part of the brain and is a resultant of rapid cell division. The tumors that develop on the brain can be of the following types

Every individual having brain tumors should receive unique and individual brain cancer treatment. The treatment generally depends on the individual's age, general health, and size and location of the tumor.

There are several questions surrounding brain cancer treatment. The nature of treatment, its effects, and the long-term outcomes are some of them. Doctors are best equipped to handle these questions.

Brain cancer chemo-related nausea is one of the most frustrating effects that often accompany chemotherapy. While it is true that chemotherapy is effective in killing cancerous cells and reducing the possibility that those abnormal growths that are part of brain cancer will spread throughout other areas of the brain and the body as a whole, not too many patients feel that this brain cancer treatment is enjoyable.

This is especially true if they experience the nausea that is quite common among many individuals that indulge in treatment for their condition. In this medical guide, you will learn important facts about brain cancer chemo-related nausea.

Not only are your relations with others altered, the way that others relate to you are also altered. If you are reading this, it is likely that your brain cancer treatment has proven to be successful and you are clear of all cancerous cells and abnormal growths. Now, you are ready to live your life after brain cancer. In this guide, you will discover some helpful steps to help you initiate the process.

Brain cancer tumors may originate in the brain (primary site) or they may metastasize to the brain from another site. Prostate cancer, for example, may metastasize to the liver, the lung, the hip, and then to the brain. Metastasized brain tumors have a poor prognosis because of the already advanced state of the cancer.

Once this occurs, the cells are no longer able to go through their traditional characteristics of dividing and spreading through the body. The ultimate goal associated with this type of brain cancer treatment is to successfully eliminate the largest number of abnormal cells as possible while not damaging the cells that surround the abnormal ones that are considered to be healthy. Here, you will learn more information pertaining to brain cancer radiation therapy.

If you want to engage in a brain cancer nutrition therapy treatment plan, it is important to have your nutritional needs evaluated by a medical professional. There are many tests that may be performed so that the medical doctor may get a good snapshot of what nutritional needs you require.

In addition to encouraging you to consume only those foods that are positive to your overall health, the nutrition therapy plan will also include exercises that you will be safe performing during the course of your disease and the treatment of your disease. You may also be encouraged to take nutritional supplements. There are many supplements that have been found to benefit brain cancer patients in one way or another. These include Selenium, Vitamin E, and Beta Carotene.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Do many people die from brain cancer after it is removed?
    My brother had brain cancer about 9 years ago, but he had the tumor removed and went through radiation and chemotherapy.At the moment he is doing fine, but I found some statistics that said even living five years was immprobable.

    • ANSWER:
      Treatment of all sorts of cancer is much more aggressive, these days, with rather better outcomes.

      Edit: There are a lot of out of date articles and stats online still.

  2. QUESTION:
    How long can someone survive brain cancer?
    I'm writing a story, and the character has brain cancer. She will pass away, but I don't know how long that would take. A friend of mine's mother recently had brain cancer, and was given four months to live, but she passed away within a couple weeks of that statement.
    Will doctors always give you how long you're expected to live, or only when it seems real bad? About when will they hospitalize you? (I'm sorry if this is offensive to anyone)

    • ANSWER:
      I've seen survivals from weeks to months to years with brain tumors.
      Every person is different.
      Even a cancer specialist like me cannot possibly know
      how much time a person has.
      People push us to make guesses especially family members..
      We do have averages for tumor types and stages.
      But we are always wrong for an individual.
      Doctors do not GIVE people so long to live. I hate hearing it put this way.
      If WE decided - all of our patients would immortal.
      What really gets me is a family pushing to know a survival time in a 90 year old.
      By statistics, he or she should have died over ten years earlier.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for brain cancer? Is this brain stem glioma?
    Someone I know has brain cancer. The tumor sits on the right side of their brain stem and the tumor puts pressure on the nerves and they have tremors. The doctor said they only had a year when they was first diagnosed and they did radiation and now is on chemotherapy for over a year now. I want to know the prognosis of this type of cancer. I don't know if it's high or low grade or know the name of the cancer but if anyone has any useful information I would really appreciate it. I think they've had it for 2 years now.

    • ANSWER:
      Brain Cancer Prognosis: Summary
      Cancer patients and their loved ones face many unknowns. While some people find it is easier to cope when they know the statistics, other people find statistical information confusing and frightening, and they think it is too impersonal to be of use to them. The doctor who is most familiar with a patient's situation is in the best position to discuss the brain cancer prognosis and to explain what the statistics may mean for that person. At the same time, it is important to understand that even the doctor cannot tell exactly what to expect. In fact, a person's prognosis may change if the cancer progresses, or if treatment is successful. Seeking information about the brain cancer prognosis is a personal decision, and it is up to each patient to decide how much information he or she wants to know and how to deal with it.

      However, prognosis can be reversed with 'immunity boosters'.

      Radio-therapy, Chemo-therapy, Interventional and Surgical procedures are instrumental in prolonging the human life by postponing the death also by a decade or two. I have seen many patients living for decades after Surgery, Mastectomy, Heart/Kidney Transplants, Dialysis, etc.

      But all the patients are worried about side effects. Here is a way out to minimize scope for severe side effects.

      “U have to take permission from the oncologist and take the following diet[s] with certain restrictions.”

      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11. Triphala Churan to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins and Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless U. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  4. QUESTION:
    How rare is it for someone who has never smoked to have lung cancer?
    I just saw this thing about an actress - Valerie? - who had lung cancer a few years ago despite being a life long NON-smoker and now has brain cancer.

    I know that older people can get lung cancer even if they've never smoked but whats the percentage of smokers / non smokers with it?

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is by far the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of colon, breast, and prostate cancers combined.

      Lung cancer mainly occurs in older people. About 2 out of 3 people diagnosed with lung cancer are 65 or older; fewer than 2% of all cases are found in people younger than 45. The average age at the time of diagnosis is about 71.

      Overall, the chance that a man will develop lung cancer in his lifetime is about 1 in 13; for a woman, the risk is about 1 in 16. These numbers include both smokers and non-smokers. For smokers the risk is much higher, while for non-smokers the risk is lower.

      Black men are about 40% more likely to develop lung cancer than white men. The rate is about the same in black women and in white women. Both black and white women have lower rates than men, but the gap is closing. The lung cancer rate has been dropping among men over the past 2 decades and has just recently begun to drop in women.

      http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-non-smallcell/detailedguide/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-key-statistics

      It has been estimated that active smoking is responsible for close to 90 percent of lung cancer cases; radon causes 10 percent, occupational exposures to carcinogens account for approximately 9 to 15 percent and outdoor air pollution 1 to 2 percent. Because of the interactions between exposures, the combined attributable risk for lung cancer can exceed 100 percent.
      Exposure to radon is estimated to be the second leading cause of lung cancer, accounting for an estimated 15,000 to 22,000 lung cancer deaths each year. Radon is a tasteless, colorless and odorless gas that is produced by decaying uranium and occurs naturally in soil and rock. The majority of these deaths occur among smokers since there is a greater risk for lung cancer when smokers also are exposed to radon.
      Lung cancer can also be caused by occupational exposures, including asbestos, uranium, and coke (an important fuel in the manufacture of iron in smelters, blast furnaces, and foundries). The combination of asbestos exposure and smoking greatly increases the risk of developing lung cancer.
      Nonsmoking asbes­tos workers are five times more likely to develop lung cancer than non­smokers not ex­posed to asbestos; if they also smoke, the risk factor jumps to 50 or higher. Environmental exposures also can increase the risk of lung cancer death.

      http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/lung-cancer/resources/facts-figures/lung-cancer-fact-sheet.html

  5. QUESTION:
    Why is only breast cancer a big deal?
    Now don't confuse me for somebody who doesn't take breat cancer seriously, I think it is a big deal and needs to be cured. But my question is that there is hundreds of different types of cancer, and why is breast cancer seem to be the only one that people care about? My grandma has leukemia, a friend of mine had a tumor,my step grandpa died from brain cancer, and my great grandpa died from lung cancer. Nobody makes a big deal about those. Why only breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The answer to why breast cancer has a higher profile than other cancers is simple - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      People have limited time for campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition. Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising, agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. They're doing what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day; in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns and months for other cancers - but the fact is that none has had the hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has - hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness and fund raising.

      The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast cancer awareness.

      It's up to you to make a big deal about the things you care about, with like-minded people

  6. QUESTION:
    Why are people against Marijuana so uneducated about it?
    Like, they still believe that it kills brain cells (despite it never being proven and the study claiming it being beyond flawed, and a study suggesting that it might actually stimulate the growth of new brain cells) or that it causes cancer (which there has never been a link found between marijuana smoking and any sort of cancer - however, it's been shown that weed smokers are less likely to get brain cancer, neck cancer, prostate cancer, etc - and it's been shown to shrink tumour size, starve off cancerous cells while leaving healthy onces alone).

    Why do people get arrogant attitudes about being "above" or "better" than someone because they don't smoke weed, despite the fact that they go binge drinking every other weekend, which alcohol had been PROVEN to be MUCH MORE HARMFUL than weed?

    Why do they claim that it's easy to OD on marijuana, when there has never been one reported case in all of history of this happening?

    Why do they think legalization will cause more minors to use it, despite the fact that statistics show that after countries and all US states have legalized medical marijuana have actually seen an overall decrease in teen usage?

    Why do they think that legalization would support drug dealers, when they'll be driven out of business since people would rather buy legally?
    Honestly, if you guys think the only people who smoke weed are the ones who use it as a "crutch", you've got to start looking around a little harder. You'd be surprised at who uses it recreationally - from doctors and lawyers and teaches, friends and family, to politicians and even the president himself.
    If, at the end of a long stressful day, someone chooses to sit down and relax while smoking a joint, who the damn cares? It's their body, their choice, and they aren't harming anybody.

    Also, weed is NOT a gateway theory. It's a theory for a reason. The ones who go on to harder drugs would've prolly gotten there without weed anyways. Technically, using the logic, alcohol is the gateway theory, as most people who try weed started with alcohol (which is a harder drug, by the way). Out of the people I know, very few have tried anything more than ecstacy (which is also, believe it or not, generally safe and not too bad - save a couple instances). LSD/Acid (the same thing) is also generally
    Also, with government control they'd need to sell at a cheaper price than the current black market, and many people would rather buy from legal sellers and pay taxes than go to the black market. Think of the prohibition of alcohol of the 1920s - it was a huge door of opportunity to the black market, prices rose and everything - but after it was made legal again it was taken back out of the black market pretty successfully, dont you think? There might still be illegal sales of alcohol today, but not nearly to the extent as back then.
    Cannabis is cheap and easy to grow and if people could grow their own, it could help with it too. I wouldn't worry about the black market competing for too long - it won't be nearly as profitable to them in the long run.
    I do, however, agree that too much of anything is a bad thing - from cheese to alcohol to weed - there can be bad effects from it, but all of society shouldn't be penalized for people that go overboard. People go overboard on fast food, sugar, and so on all the time, but that doesn't mean we should ban it all. People jump off bridges, but it doesn't mean we should outlaw them.
    By buying legally, I do not mean that people will be buying legally from the streets like they do now - I mean buying it like you would alcohol - get ID'd and all, and NOT from criminals and gangs, but from honest working people that own legit businesses and pay their taxes.
    Legalization DOES NOT support street dealers, since people would rather buy from legal sources, and finally they won't be able to make a good profit since weed prices would go down. Most people would rather know that they aren't supporting gangs and violence and criminal activity.
    Would you rather buy alcohol from a legal liquor store, or from some sketchy guy on the streets? Would you rather buy fresh meat from a legit business, or out of somebody's trunk? People would rather support trusted people. Think of this - since alcohol has been made legalized, you don't see gang activity revolving around bootlegging like you used to in the 1920s. Believe it or not, Drug Dealers do not want to see weed legalized, because

    • ANSWER:
      People are ignorant and brain washed by the government. That's why people still support war and the laws against a harmless plant. I believe our generation will fix a lot of these problem we just need to vote and have our opinions heard.

  7. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is chemotherapy least effective against?
    What type of cancer is chemotherapy most effective against and the least effective against?

    • ANSWER:
      Red Angel is correct. According to the study that was done by some Australian oncologists, when a person gets chemotherapy, they have a 2.1% chance of survival in 5 years for all of the cancer's included. The study was called "The Contribution of Cytotoxic Chemotherapy to 5-year Survival in Adult Malignancies. This study took every randomized controlled clinical trial performed in the U.S. from 1990 to 2004 and the results showed the above Cancer cure statistics. According to that study, chemo is most effective against Hodgkin's disease at 40.3% (ABSOLUTE numbers).

      In 1989, a German biostatistician, Ulrich Abel PhD, after publishing dozens of papers on cancer chemotherapy, wrote a monograph "Chemotherapy of Advanced Epithelial Cancer." It was later published in a shorter form in a peer-reviewed medical journal.70 Dr. Abel presented a comprehensive analysis of clinical trials and publications representing over 3,000 articles examining the value of cytotoxic chemotherapy on advanced epithelial cancer. Epithelial cancer is the type of cancer we are most familiar with. It arises from epithelium found in the lining of body organs such as breast, prostate, lung, stomach, or bowel.

      From these sites cancer usually infiltrates into adjacent tissue and spreads to bone, liver, lung, or the brain. With his exhaustive review Dr. Abel concludes that there is no direct evidence that chemotherapy prolongs survival in patients with advanced carcinoma. He said that in small-cell lung cancer and perhaps ovarian cancer the therapeutic benefit is only slight. Dr. Abel goes on to say, "Many oncologists take it for granted that response to therapy prolongs survival, an opinion which is based on a fallacy and which is not supported by clinical studies."

      Over a decade after Dr. Abel’s exhaustive review of chemotherapy, there seems no decrease in its use for advanced carcinoma. For example, when conventional chemotherapy and radiation has not worked to prevent metastases in breast cancer, high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) along with stem-cell transplant (SCT) is the treatment of choice. However, in March 2000, results from the largest multi-center randomized controlled trial conducted thus far showed that, compared to a prolonged course of monthly conventional-dose chemotherapy, HDC and SCT were of no benefit.71 There was even a slightly lower survival rate for the HDC/SCT group. And the authors noted that serious adverse effects occurred more often in the HDC group than the standard-dose group. There was one treatment-related death (within 100 days of therapy) in the HDC group, but none in the conventional chemotherapy group. The women in this trial were highly selected as having the best chance to respond.

      "April" You need to start using the ABSOLUTE NUMBERS and NOT the relative numbers often used by those that want to skew the results to encourage funding of chemo. You madam, are the laughable one here. Get your facts from credible sources.

      EDIT: "April" My you have been indoctrinated well. Because the medical profession in America has gained so much power and money, it is foreign countries that are doing the real research it seems. The drug company studies are the real jokes with all the "Ghost writers" and throwing out the information that does not meet with their agenda and having people like you supporting that insanity makes it difficult to extract the real truth. You simply will NOT find ANY studies done in America that attack the medical industry's use of chemotherapy, it's just too lucrative and way to big of a cash cow.

      You still have the brain tumor? How has our modern medicine helped you? Look at Genetic Engineering fiasco; same issue. Only in America do they NOT label GMO foods, but everywhere else in the world they do and the rest of the world has seen the tests and know how bad it is for you, but NOT in America! Same problem.

      QRA testing is a very accepted method of testing people for many problems that even doctors have not been able to help. So you know, there is a machine that has been developed that gives data in place of the "O" ring testing you mentioned. It is very sophisticated and not only proves the validity of the "O" ring testing, but is very accurate. You need to update your data bank dear.

      Can you name just ONE disease that ANY drug company has "CURED" in the last 100 years? Just one. And don't embarrass yourself by naming vaccines because there is way too much credible data showing how bad vaccines are and how ineffective they are in so many cases.

      good luck

  8. QUESTION:
    What is the percentage of people surviving stage 3b lung cancer?
    Cancer has reached an area in the brain? My dad has cancer, just wondering how long will he live. He was diagnosed about a month ago?
    He's already received radiation.

    • ANSWER:
      If the lung cancer has metastasized to the brain, it is stage IV.
      Survival at five years is 1% or one in a hundred.
      http://www.lung-cancer.com/lung-cancer-survival-rate.html
      I personally have never seen a patient like this survive more than two years,
      and I saw hundreds of stage IV lung cancer patients.
      The following reference lists average length of survival at eight months.
      That would fit with my experience. That is an average.
      I lost some at less that six months and a few made it a year.
      Of course his medical oncologist or radiation oncologist who know your dad
      and his medical history would be the best ones to make guesses regarding
      survival. Go with your dad and ask them when your dad has a doctor's appointment.
      We have not seen your dad nor his x-ray studies.
      You have not even given us his age.
      So all we can do is show you statistics.
      He's had radiation ? Where - to the chest or the head or both ?
      - - - -
      Sorry to give you such bad news. I assume people on this site want honest answers.
      Was your dad a cigarette smoker ? Every single one of the many hundreds of people
      with lung cancers I saw in North Carolina had been a smoker. I estimated that the
      average person I saw with lung cancer had smoked half a million cigarettes before
      their diagnosis was made. Smoking causes 90% of the lung cancers in men.

  9. QUESTION:
    How long can a person live with a brain tumor before it is discovered?
    I realize that some tumors are much more aggressive in growth than others... so I guess I'm asking about the ones that take a while to grow.

    Additionally, for people with undiagnosed personality disorders or mental illness (therefore no monitoring of brain health)... how long can it take to discover there's a brain tumor? The reason I ask this is because with someone who already had a previous condition, such as a personality disorder, it may take longer to discover since people may just attribute their strange actions, etc., to their "different" personality.

    • ANSWER:
      Your question is a very good one. It typically takes about 10 years for medical science to discover a cancer in someone. You are right, some can be detected sooner due to the rapid growth that can happen. In regard to the so called "Disorders," those are made up phrases to allow doctors and psychiatrists to prescribe medications. Psychiatrists used to be called QUACKS until the drug companies figured out they had a great marketing potential.

      Those psychotropic drugs are designed to get people addicted and do very little to help with much of anything. In fact, the ADD and ADHD drugs cause children to stunt their growth about 1 to 2 inches, stop working all together in about 2 years and are nothing more than amphetamines, again designed to expand the marketing reach of drug companies, nothing more.

      ADD & ADHD symptoms are nothing more than nutritional deficiencies and toxic overload in the body. No one I know or have ever heard of has been DEFICIENT IN ANY DRUG!

      Watch this video to learn about what the hack doctors and quack psychiatrists are doing to America today with those "Disorder" drugs:

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fduMpYhv1_M&feature=related

      Now in regard to brain tumors, you need to know what the mainstream medical machine is all about when it comes to cancer. The primary objective is PROFIT and SHAREHOLDER VALUE, not your health, not CURING cancer, and their only goal is to develop drugs to "Treat the symptoms and manage the disease," nothing more.

      Watch this video and you will be shocked to see what a doctor went through that actually has a cure for brain tumors that is working, but how he has had to fight the American Cancer Society, AMA, Texas medical board, FDA, and even our own government, and some drug companies.

      CANCER ( that involves brain tumors ) is BIG BUSINESS and "MONEY DOESN'T TALK, IT SCREAMS!" Here's the video:

      http://www.naturalnews.tv/v.asp?v=F5B32D25BDC2E1977584DF9A1DF9CC0D

      It's time America wakes up to what is going on all around us. Drug companies write the text books for medical schools now. Drug companies are spending billions on drugs that are killing more Americans than any other disease in America today, yet, they are allowed to do so with the blessings of our government.

      In July 2004, Gary Null Ph.D, Carolyn Dean M.D., N.D, Martin Feldman M.D., Debora Rasio M.D., Dorothy Smith Ph.D. wrote a paper that revealed very disturbing facts regarding an annual iatrogenic (induced inadvertently by a physician or surgeon or by medical treatment or diagnostic procedures) death rate of 783,936 in one year. It is further disturbing to realize that as few as 5 percent and only up to 20 percent of iatrogenic acts are ever reported. This means that that iatrogenic death rate of 783,936 is much higher.

      As we look at the causes of death from degenerative diseases and other causes in America in 2004, it is obvious we are not good at solving this problem on any level. Deaths from: Heart Disease 652,000, Cancer 553,000, and Stroke 150,000.

      When comparing the iatrogenic acts of modern medicine in America with the statistical numbers of people dying of any particular disease, it is evident that the American medical system is the leading cause of death and injury in the United States. And when we look at the cost of these iatrogenic deaths, the cost is in the billions.

      A definitive review and close reading of medical peer-review journals, and government health statistics shows that American medicine frequently causes more harm than good. The number of people having in-hospital, adverse drug reactions (ADR) to prescribed medicine is 2.2 million. Dr. Richard Besser, of the CDC, in 1995, said the number of unnecessary antibiotics prescribed annually for viral infections was 20 million. Dr. Besser, in 2003, now refers to tens of millions of unnecessary antibiotics. The number of unnecessary medical and surgical procedures performed annually is 7.5 million. The number of people exposed to unnecessary hospitalization annually is 8.9 million.

      good luck to you

  10. QUESTION:
    What is the chance of survival with these cancers?
    Brain, liver, lung and cervical.
    Someone close to me has all four.. what is her chance of survival if she just found out about a week ago?
    Ok well if i must be specific is started as cervical cancer and has obviously spread! I dnt know much about the detail, all i know is what she said. And I wouldn't think our best friends (and i mean they're literally our best friends and have been forever) would lie about cancer.. and she's been getting treatments every day.

    • ANSWER:
      I doubt very much she has all 4 of those cancers at once. She probably has a stage 4 cervical cancer which has a 5 year survival rate of 5%.

      EDIT: Yes survival rate are just statistics. They are based on over 50 years of information we have kept on cancer. In this case it means 5 years after diagnosed with stage 4 cervical cancer 5% are still alive. As the years progress the percentage declines. HPV does not cause cancer it is a risk factor for some.

      SECOND EDIT: If it started as cervical cancer it is still cervical cancer – it doesn’t turn into something else. Every type of cancer is a different disease, so yes you do need to be specific.

  11. QUESTION:
    How many old people die of cancer, cardiocerebrovascular disease?
    I found almost all the old people (70 and above) die of either cancer or brain heart vascular diseases or accidents. Are there any official statistics?

    • ANSWER:
      Heart is still the first killer

      followed by cancer

      Its very rare for someone who is 70 and plus to die in a accident

  12. QUESTION:
    my 16 year old daughter has been diagnosed with stage 3 astrocytoma in her brain and spine?
    she is nearly 17 years old and has 3 stage 3 tumors in the right side of her brain and the cancer has moved into her spine where she also has 3 tumors. she's in relatively good health. what do the statistics say about this age group with these tumors in the two different locations?

    • ANSWER:
      Statistics in childhood cancers such as astrocytoma are actually limited and should not be used for prognosis for this age group. The reason it is limited is because childhood cancers are rare and brain tumors are also rare to this age group . . so not enough data has been collected to determine 'prognosis' . . people are not statistics . .everyone is different and every cancer is different. A treatment that might work for one person may not work for another . . so you cannot look at statistics and think that this is a clear picture of what will or what will not happen.

      If your daughter is in good health than seek out a pediatric cancer hospital which treats or specializes in this type of cancer. It is also best to join an online or hospital support group to share information with other parents and caregivers fighting this same type of cancer.

      http://www.abta.org/index.cfm?contentid=225

      Good luck.

  13. QUESTION:
    What are the roles of statistics in these fields?
    Please help me.
    The fields are:
    Medicine
    Education
    Military
    Psychology
    Sociology
    Biology
    Business
    Agriculture
    Engineering
    Weather

    Please tell me the role of statistics on one of these fields, better if more! Or all! No just joking, but please help.

    • ANSWER:
      In general, what statistics does is it tells us what is going on by giving us measurements. These measurements can then be used to evaluate things.

      Medicine: We use statistics to determine how effective treatments are and whether or not they are safe. Say we have a new cancer drug and want to know if it is both safe and effective. We may test it out by undergoing an experimental procedure. We give one set of randomly chosen patients a "placebo" (a fake drug) and another the real one. After a certain amount of time, we try to see if there is a difference between the two groups. Before any drug gets to the human testing stage, it must first be evaluated on non-human subjects, such as in laboratories and on lab animals.
      Education: We may want to know how many students are passing and failing, or how effective a teaching system is. Say you want to improve test scores and you have a new teaching system. You administer this to a group of random students- much like with a new drug- and try to determine if there are any differences between the treatment ("testing") group and the control (non-testing) group. If you cannot conduct an experiment, you simply try to observe a lot of students and try to see if the ones who are doing better also happen to be using the new teaching system.

      The basic procedures of testing are the same throughout each of the fields. You can either conduct actual experiments, where you determine who is in your testing and control groups, or you can simply observe a large number of subjects and try to notice patterns or differences. Here are some other examples.

      Military: test the effectiveness of a new weapons system.
      Psychology: Statistics grew out of te desire by psychologists to measure things like intelligence and human behavior. Today, many psychologists are branching into biology, where they are testing hormone activity in the brain.
      Sociology: We may want to determine the connection between handgun laws and violence.

      At all these levels we try to understand the world by breaking it down into smaller components. We then try to find the patterns (statisticians call these "correlations"). For example, we might determine that a new brand of fertilizer is correlated with larger crops (agriculture).

      Business-people are concerned with statistics that reveal how wella product or service is selling. Imagine that you are a huge corporation that sells pop soda, and you have a new TV advertisement that markets the soda. Is the advertisement effective? You may want to gather statistics about how consumers view the advertisement (either through directly asking them- such as through a poll or a panel where people sit down and answer questions face-to-face) or by observing the change in sales. If your sales grow drammatically right after you introduce the new ad, there is good reason to believe that part of that has to do with the ad itself.

      Keep in mind that researchers always try to not immediately assume that correlation means causation. That is, just because two things tend to go together does not mean that either one causes the other. The only ways we can make sure that one thing does cause the other (for example, a good drug may "cause" a person to become healthier) is to rule out other possibilities. When we gather a lot of data ("statistics") about something, it helps us eliminate alternative possibilities. For example, when we administer a new drug to a treatment group, we want to make sure that they are not already taking a medication that may interfere with the outcome. Without doing this, we might think that the effectiveness of our drug comes entirely from it. In a sense, the "control" helps us remove some of that uncertainty, because it keeps everything but the treatment the same.

  14. QUESTION:
    Lynn Redgrave died, but she was cured of breast cancer. How can that be?
    The paper said the actress died after 7 years of fighting breast cancer. But she was a cancer surviver and cured after 5 years she was still living. If she was cured, why did she die of the cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The medical community has decided to create an illusion that we are making progress using the 3 methods of "curing" cancer that has been legally accepted in the United States for the last approximately 100 years. Billions of dollars have been poured into this feeble attempt and it is failing miserably, but that is not something the medical community can tolerate. So they have done some things with the statistics that borders on shameful.

      Cancer is the ONLY disease that uses a 5 year survival rate as the criteria to say a person is "CURED." The time starts when you are diagnosed. So now they are pushing everyone to get diagnosed early on the idea that you have a better chance of being cured. Well that's clever. Since it takes about 8 to 10 years for cancer to be growing before it is typically able to be diagnosed and another 10 years to die from it if you get NO treatments, the earlier you are diagnosed, the better statistic you will be.

      Redgrave died 7 years after she was diagnosed, so she was CURED according to the way she will be listed. If they had diagnosed her a few years later, she would not be a good statistic and have to be labeled as NOT CURED.

      She had breast cancer and the typical chemotherapy and radiation treatments statistically only cure 1.4% of those people. Living 7 years from diagnosis, she gets the distinction of her relatives of saying she beat the odds and was part of the 1.4% cured.

      I challenge any person here on this forum or anywhere to show us all credible evidence that ADVANCED BREAST CANCER TUMOR PATIENTS BEING TREATED WITH CONVENTIONAL MEDICINE DO BETTER OR LIVE LONGER THAN UNTREATED. Where is the study that shows that? In fact, you will NOT see the real data, but only carefully massaged data that gives the results that promotes huge donations of money that is being poured down a rat hole and wasted on research that is just NOT WORKING.

      Even the "cancer studies" are being manipulated to present a favorable impression that Cancer cures are making lots of progress, when in real life, it is just the opposite. It's now very common for these guys to make insults on our intelligence by using some ridiculous "Relative Benefit" study, and not the true data by using ONLY an "Absolute Benefit" study, like the major trickery used for Tamoxifen where the Absolute Benefit was 1.5% and the Relative Benefit was 49%. These guys are using the Relative Benefit and this is simply deceptive and wrong. When looking at data being presented, it is important to make sure honesty and true numbers are what you are looking at.

      There are several cancers to consider when establishing the percentage of cases that are lumped into the 2 - 3% cure rate that chemotherapy & radiation are showing. Here is that data showing the % cured (defined using the word cured to mean that ridiculous 5 year survival rate) for a specific cancer using the conventional chemotherapy & radiation or surgery. The study that was done was called "The Contribution of Cytotoxic Chemotherapy to 5-year Survival in Adult Malignancies. This study took every randomized controlled clinical trial performed in the U.S. from 1990 to 2004 and the results showed the above Cancer cure statistics:

      Uterus: 00.0%; Stomach 00.7%; Colon 01.0%; Breast 01.4%; Head & Neck: 01.9%; Lung 2.0%; Rectal 3.4%; Brain 3.7%; Esophagus 04.9%; Ovary 08.9%; Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma 10.5%; Cervix 12%; Testes 37.7%; Hodgkin's 40.3%.

      Now realize that Testes and Hodgkin's only represents 2% of the total cancers.

      To put an even better perspective on this understand that ANY drug evaluated by the medical community that shows less than 30% effectiveness is considered to be LESS THAN A PLACEBO. So, a sugar pill is just as effective as about 98% or more cancer treatments used today! ! !

      You will be interested to know that the AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY in 2007 said "Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy... seldom produce a cure." That was a quote from the "CANCER FACTS & FIGURES 2007."

      I do wish the medical people would STOP using the word CURE for cancer at the 5 year survival rate. This is deceptive and degrading to real credible science. CURE in all other diseases, except Cancer, is defined as "ELIMINATION OF DISEASE." Why NOT be honest for a change about what is really going on? Instead of trying to hide the real facts, let's examine what is really working and what isn't. Drug companies love the fact that the typical cancer patient will waste 0,000 to fight cancer with these concoctions that are worse than sugar pills.

      The most effective ways to treat cancer is what is being done outside the U.S. It is illegal for anyone to use any cancer treatment that does not involve chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery! All other treatments are considered illegal and a person can be put in jail for using, promoting, or experimenting, yet many of these treatments are getting tremendous successes. The average person fights off about 6 events of cancer in their lifetime. The body eliminates cancer cells each day as part of the immune system defenses. Our bodies are designed to do that.

      Giving people poisons to fight cancer and destroying the immune system is as ridiculous today as it was when the top allopathic doctors decided to drain 1/2 of the blood out of the body of George Washington to cure a sore throat. That didn't work, so the next day they gave him 650 mg. of mercury thinking that would do it. It did, HE DIED. That was chemotherapy, or more aptly put, chemical poisoning.

      To get far better answers to a "cancer cure," you should investigate the GERSON CLINIC in San Diego that has a facility across the border in Mexico where they can treat people by supporting a good immunity and detoxification that really works.

      good luck to you

  15. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer more "important" than brain cancer?
    Why is it that breast cancer is broadcasted more than any other type of cancer? I don't think this is right..... For example brain cancer is much more life threatening. Yes, all types of cancer are life threatening, just why breast cancer. To be honest that kinda makes me furious.

    • ANSWER:
      Are you just sitting there feeling furious, or are you translating that fury into action?

      Let me explain.

      The answer to why breast cancer has a higher profile than other cancers is simple - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      People have limited time for campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition. Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising, agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. They're doing what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day; in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns and months for other cancers - but the fact is that none has had the hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has - hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness and fund raising.

      BUT it does annoy me a little (well, ok; more than a little) when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast. If brain cancer is a cause close to your heart - and good for you if it is - there is nothing to stop you from enlisting the help of a couple of friends to start an awareness and fundraising campaign. You'd have to be prepared to be as dedicated and to work as hard as those women though. Maybe you already are...?

  16. QUESTION:
    How many people were diagnosed with Brain Cancer?
    Title says it all. I just need adults and a accurate answer. Thanks. (Kids can work just put it in a kids spot.)

    • ANSWER:
      You can always enter "brain cancer statistics" into your favorite search engine and you'll get the information you are looking for.

      I'm not sure what you mean when you say "were diagnosed." To what time period are you referring? Worldwide? US only? Europe? Australia? South America? North America? Africa? Asia?

      Estimated new cases and deaths from brain and other nervous system cancers in the United States in 2012:

      New cases: 22,910
      Deaths: 13,700

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/brain

      "This year, an estimated 22,910 adults (12,630 men and 10,280 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with primary malignant tumors of the brain and spinal cord. It is estimated that 13,700 adults (7,720 men and 5,980 women) will die from this disease this year. Brain tumors are the tenth most common cause of cancer death in women.

      "About 4,000 children and teens will be diagnosed with a brain or central nervous system tumor this year. More than half of these are in children younger than 15."

      http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/brain-tumor/statistics

  17. QUESTION:
    What are the effects of weed on the intellect of someone aged 14-16?
    I'm assuming if vaporized, not taking into account any damage actual smoke would cause. And also, I would prefer unbiased results, not some pothead who smokes weed all day, or some conservative who has never done it. And any statistics you say, please provide links to studys that actually prove what you are saying. I only care about the effects on intellect.
    I want to know the effects of doing it like once every other week, from a vaporizer.

    • ANSWER:
      PERFECT question. Watch "The Union". It's an up to date documntary on everything you need to know about it. It tells about an experiment done on monkeys awhile ago that proves the only physically harmful effect of it is suffocation. And the only way that could happen is if you inhale a certain amount in a certain amount of time, and this will kill brain cells. Otherwise, no problem. Not a single reported case of death. It is used for cancer patiens for crying out loud.
      You can find this documentary very easily by typing it into google, it's a Google video so you can watch it right there without downloading/signing up for anything.

      As for personal experiece, I smoke a couple times a week. Last year I didn't at all, and I was a freshman in high school. I got average grades, A's and B's and a couple of C's. This year, as a sophomore, I have been on the honor role all year with a 3.67 average GPA and almost all A's and a B+ or two. I never do it before school, but I honestly think it posiively affects me. I do well in school, and have realized a lot of things about the world and myself. I think smoking cigarettes is disgusting and alcohol dangerous. It's a natural herb, how bad can it be? It's like going outside and rolling a joint out of leaves from trees or grass from the ground. Natural.

      I understand how some people can get lazy from it, but that's only if you do it a lot. My dad has been smoking since high school and has a well paying, steady job at the largest factor in town and went to college and everything. It's not like it makes you a loser. I believe that the reason some people graduate on to more dangerous things is becase they think it's cool or something. But if you understand that it's spiritual, makes you more friendly and open to new ideas/things, and is purely natural, you won't feel the need for anything else.

      I'm almost 16, by the way.
      Hope I helped!

  18. QUESTION:
    Chemotherapy is most effective on which type of cancer?
    I can't seem to find any statistics on this, and I know there are many combinations of chemo and radiation, but which type of cancer responds most readily to chemo by itself? Also, is there a specific form of cancer that is never treated using chemo?

    • ANSWER:
      Basal cell is just cut out, not normally treated with chemo unless it's spread. Cancers found early usually respond well to chemo. There's many different chemos for many different cancers. I would think I'm doing very well on my chemo for brain cancer since it hasn't started growing again. I just took it about an hour ago and I feel great.

  19. QUESTION:
    Why are so many Americans dying from cancer?
    Im just starting to notice so many people in my family and my community and not just us all over this country dying from the same cause . Cancer. Theres so many different types , but I have also noticed the statistics for cancer in America is high. Whats the causes? There has to be some type of cause.

    • ANSWER:
      I think people are dying from it because when they suspect something is wrong with them, they get scared and avoid their doctor. I know a woman who was a nurse and found a lump on her breast and never went to the doctor. Months later she finally went, found out she had breast cancer, and a few months later found out it had spread to her brain and spinal cord.

      I don't think people realize the importance of health care screenings (mammograms, a colonoscopy, gynecologic exams, prostate exams, etc.). Everyone thinks it can't happen to them. These are especially important for people who have a history of cancer(s) in their family. Hopefully people will eventually realize how important these things are and in the end we'll be beating cancer, instead of cancer beating us.

  20. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know the statistic of the average amount of time a child with cancer spends in the hospital?
    I am also trying to find an estimate of how many treatments the average child with cancer has to undergo in a life time. I'm sure it varies depending upon if the disease relapses or not, but i'm trying to find such statistics for a presentation on pediatric oncology. I want to relate to the psychological toll that the disease takes on a child as a result of spending so much time going through treatments.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't think a statistic can be calculated as there are far too many variables. The time a child spends in the hospital for cancer treatment depends on the cancer they have, the stage it is, what type of treatment they receive/whether or not they have a bone marrow transplant, how their body responds, whether or not they get infections, number of surgeries, recovery time for surgery, among other things.

      My 3 year old son Conrad was diagnosed with brain cancer in February and he has spent 23 days inpatient already. Psychologically he is doing very well, he is still hard to keep up with!

      Any other questions please e-mail me at houstonkendall@ymail.com
      -Super Conrad's Mommy

  21. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to change the Fabric of our Society?
    Women are constantly being told to look a certain way. Look at all the cosmetic surgeries. Look at the beauty and youth industry in general.

    I've heard some interesting statistics:

    The average girl in the United States begins dieting at Age 8.
    Girls report having body image issues at an average of Age 5.

    Here is my question:

    How do we change society itself? What measures should be taken?

    • ANSWER:
      Society changes all the time. Just a few generations ago a hanging was considered good family fun in this country.

      As for women dieting, and your starting to see it in men too now. Plain and simple people look better when thin. How thin is thin enough to look good varies by who is looking and the the shape/bone structure/muscle type of the person being viewed. With fewer men doing taking part in sports, working labor intensive jobs and overall just not getting out much your starting to see males dieting also.

      As for changing the culture unless you can rewire our brains to see beauty differently it's not going to happen. Nor is it any healthier to not diet. On one side you have the various detrimental effects of extreme diets including anorexia, poor nutrition, anemia, etc. On the flip side those who just let themselves go suffer from diabetes, heart disease, poor mental health, back pain, higher rates of cancer, and so on.

      In short being at either extreme is unhealthy for MOST people, but not all. The one thing nutritionists are completely missing is that people are different. What is good for one person is lethal for another. They are trying to slap a single model and force feed everybody into it. No wonder half the time they are reversing themselves or contradicting previous findings. For some people extremely thin is both normal and healthy. For some people it's lethal. Some people can weigh in at 300 LBs and live for years with few health issues, most people cannot. For some it's a crippling experience they cannot recover from.

      Where you'll have better luck is instilling healthier habits earlier than 8. Everybody should "diet" it's just a matter of their phsyiology, goals and easily obtained foods. A weight lifter "diets" but their goal is not to lose weight it's to bulk up. Almost nobody looks good or feels good even 20 lbs over their ideal weight. By waiting until they are 15 or 16 to try to diet they are already set in really bad eating habits which haunt them their entire life.

      As for how attractive a woman is that is hard wired. Dudes are very visually oriented in that way. As long as we are a mixed gender society women will be judged by how they look to a lessor or greater extent. Short of wiping out our reproductive instincts you won't even dent that. Even if you manage to control one of our strongest instincts and bury it. The way men and women's brains work will place a heavier emphasis on looks when it comes to women.

      So in short your barking up not only the wrong tree, your barking at a telephone pole cause you missed the forest on this one. To change what your trying to change would steal from humanity those things that make us so volatile and thus so unique. Those instincts and drives that have launched fleets, changed history over and over again and what has led to the happy union of so many humans over the ages. Remove it and we become some bland species of walking plants. I would suggest asking instead how can we safely help people manage diets for their goals and create realistic goals/ideals.

  22. QUESTION:
    Can someone please edit my essay for Dual English 3?
    Stereotypes on Mental Disorders
    What comes to mind when you think of a person with a mental disorder? Do you think of them as crazy, sociopathic, and murderous? Or do you think of them as kind, gentle human beings? If you thought of crazy people, then you are one of the many people who believe the stereotypes of a mental disorder. Mental disorders are not easily accepted into todays society. In fact, almost every mental disorder has a stereotype behind it. Since mental disorders are not easily accepted into todays society, it makes it harder for people to understand them. People easily believe the stereotypes of mental disorders because of how little they are introduced to us. Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, and Personality Disorders are only a few of the many stereotyped mental disorders.

    Schizophrenic people happen to be stereotyped as someone with multiple personalities. For example, there are two definitions of schizophrenia that people tend to believe, but only one of them are correct. The first one is any group of psychotic disorders usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behavioural, or intellectual disturbances. The second one is a condition that results from the coexistence of disparate or antagonistic qualities, identities, or activities. The second definition is wrong. It implies that a person with schizophrenia also has multiple personalities. This is why most people think schizophrenia means a split personality, but what it actually means is a split with reality. A schizophrenic person often loses touch with reality, not identity.

    Bipolar disorder comes with various stereotypes. For example, people with bipolar disorder who are having a manic or depressive episode are able to just “snap out” of it. This is not true. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that is neurobiologic. Meaning, bipolar disorder is a physical illness involving the brain. It is not a character flaw, nor can someone just snap out of it. It is a bodily disease and not something the person can stop on their own. A person with cancer cannot just “snap out” of having cancer, just as a person with bipolar disorder cannot snap out of being bipolar. Another stereotype associated with Bipolar Disorder is people with bipolar disorder have frequent mood swings. The exact opposite actually happens in this case. Bipolar disorder is characterized as someone getting stuck on a high or low mood which can last for weeks, months, and even years. Only in rare cases will a person have frequent mood swings.

    Personality disorders are one of the most stereotyped mental disorders. For example, many people associate abuse with personality disorders. They tend to think that people with personality disorders were all abused when they were children. This is believed because it does happen to be one of the leading causes for a personality disorder. Statistics say that only 75% of people with a personality disorder were abused sexually, physically or mentally. This still leaves one out of four people that were not. Other causes could have been from a family history of personality disorders or loss of parents. Another example would be people think that a person with a personality disorder will never get better. This is far from the truth. Facts have shown that although personality disorders can’t be healed, they can be effectively managed through therapy and medicine.

    Almost every mental disorder has some sort of stereotype behind it. Society has misinterpreted stereotypes so badly that the mentally ill have been classified as careless and violent people. Bringing enlightenment on this topic can hopefully show society the truth about mental disorders. Truths like schizophrenia is not having more than one personality. Bipolar disorder isn’t a choice that one can simply snap out of. Or that personality disorders doesn’t mean a person was abused as a child or that it is an incurable disease. It is so easy to go along with society and believe the things they say about them because we don’t know any better. Learn about mental disorders before you make conclusions. Don’t judge a person by their illness.

    • ANSWER:
      I will make two suggestions:

      1. Remove the word "it" wherever possible.

      2. The paper is a bit repetitive.

      3. Aside from the repeats, there are quite a few filler words and phrases. It looks like it's about 700 words, but the same info could have been communicated in about 500 words.

      If you have other questions, contact me.

  23. QUESTION:
    Why do stoners think cannabis is harmless?
    I've heard lots of shit from stoners saying weed cures/helps prevent many diseases; cancer, epilepsy, depression/anxiety and other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. How can they think this when the evidence that it can both cause and worsen the above illnesses is overwhelming. If it cures, or helps treat, cancer why did Bob Marley die of it? If it treats mental illness why are psychiatric hospitals full of people suffering from "cannabis psychosis". I mean do these stupid stoners have ANY evidence to back this up? Do any of these people have a degree in Pharmacology or any Biological subjects? Please only answer this if you have any proper medical evidence that cannabis can treat these diseases.
    R.J - I said he died of cancer
    R.J - I said he died of cancer

    • ANSWER:
      I work with young people who are trying to get something back after having their lives wrecked by getting involved with drugs. Most of them started by smoking a little weed, very occasionally, and like others on here, telling themselves that a little bit is harmless. To those people I have to say - IT ISN'T! WAKE UP AND SMELL THE COFFEE! Even the smallest amount kills brain cells and these are never recovered. The damage is accumulative. With time, even smoking the odd bit, it starts to show - you can't continually lose brain cells and not be affected by it at sometime. Of course the brain cells that are killed are those that enable the user to be rational about the use. This eventually leads to using more often and eventually (because it's inevitable) trying something different. Then we're on the 'chase the high' trail. And then they end up in a unit like the one I work in, dependent on people like me. With time and a lot of work in rehab (and we don't just have rehab for hardened users) something like (but never actually) a more normal life can be attained. But the brain cells can't be recreated and they will never have the opportunities in life that non-users have available to them. I work with youngsters; I have colleagues who work with adults from all walks of life, including once successful businessmen who think they'll spend a bit of their money on a little 'high'. They eventually aren't able to be as useful in their occupations as they once were and start to drag their feet. It gets noticed and they get sidelined. Not understanding why, they think that trying more or something stronger is where to drown their problems. And so the downward spiral begins. And they end up with us. You would cry if you could see some of the guys/gals who have wrecked their lives. And you wouldn't do drugs, I promise you. I don't give a damn about statistics involving the Dutch or anyone else - I see the results every day.
      I fully sympathise with those who acquire a little cannabis for their partners who are suffering with MS etc to ease their pains and I do know that some cannabis forms are occasionally prescribed in controlled doses. But without medical control, it's simply dangerous, end of. Drugs kill brain cells, they wreck lives. I'm off my soapbox (and I'm on call).

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for lung cancer?
    My grampy who is 67 years old has lung cancer, and i guess is not going to be around for much longer. He is not telling the family much, however he had septicaemia less than a year ago, and presumably could not have had lung cancer at that point as he would have been tested for such diseases. I have been looking for information in regards to the survival rate of this disease, but keep finding statistics which differ a great deal. However one thing which is clear is that the survival rate is not so good.

    And even if he does survive, i guess that he is unlikely to still be around in five or ten years time. What is the survival rate for lung cancer, and do you know anyone who has had this disease? And if so if the doctors got rid of the cancer, then were they around for a long time afterwards?

    • ANSWER:
      With radiation and chemo doctors kill or allow the cancer to kill 7 out of 10 cancer patients!!! Chemo has been proven to feed cancer cells, and it causes secondary cancers to grow, plus chemo traumatizes the brain for years!!! Mainstream doctors just use chemo and radiation to prey on cancer patients!!! They refuse to recognize any natural cure studies that have gone exceptionally well!!! The AMA must have a patent on chemo and radiation therapies so they will use it until pigs fly!!! Cannabis studies show it cures 7 out of 10 cancer patients!!! If you do come down with cancer then stay away from the mainstream "madical" profession, if you have any money use it to find natural cures if you want to live or keep thoughts of your family!!!

  25. QUESTION:
    How long does Marijuana make you stupid for?
    I smoked weed for my first time 2 days ago and i feel stupid. I cant think straight. I heard this lasts for a certain amount of time or maybe its perminent.

    • ANSWER:
      Allow me to unveil to you what no one really knows about marijuana:
      1) Marijuana is the slang word for Cannabis. Cannabis is a plant that contains a chemical called tetrahydrocannibinol also known as Delta9 thc. Thc itself is ONLY found in Cannabis.
      2) Farmers before the 1900's were required by law to grow hemp which derives from Cannabis(Weed) due to its EFFECTIVE use in making paper, biodegradable bags, CARS (the first maker (Ford) make his car with hemp fiber), medicine (many medicines were mixed with marijuana), and for therapeutic treatment.
      3) In order to overdose with Marijuana, you need more than 2000 pounds of it which is quite impossible to intake judging you will fall asleep or pee it out before you can intake 2000 pounds in even a 24 hour cycle. So what people say is wrong btw.... you cannot die
      4) Marijuana is the least killers of the major three 1)cigarettes 2) alcohol 3) marijuana
      5) Surprisingly, schools condemn the use of marijuana due to its effect on KILLING braincells, well you see, that study was done decades ago and was proven WRONG. Sources: Go to harvard.edu research
      6) Marijuana actually stimulates the growth of braincells :) sources: harvard.edu Uc San Diego research and much more if you ACTUALLY look into it
      7) Marijuana shows promising results on curing Lung cancer, leukemia, brain cancer, and much more reducing tumors of up to 50 percent minimum where 3 out of 10 were cured a hundred percent and the cancer DID NOT RETURN such as chemotherapy with its 2percent success rate yet it is still the most preferred treatment? doesnt that sound wrong? 2percent yet Thc curing cancer is much higher in percentage?
      8) Marijuana was illegalized mainly because during the 1930-70's much racism occured. Now, the jazz musicians, the mexicans, and SOME mormons used marijuana for its benefits. The United States therefore illegalized it with some quotes here saying: Marijuana makes a black man look at a white women twice. Mexicans are crazy because they smoke marijuana. Does this not sound a bit unjust?
      9) Marijuana does not affect cognitive thinking after 3-4 hours of smoking. Basically, test scores have not be reduced at all even with people smoking it 3-4 times day for 10 years.
      10) It is a class A drug meaning no medical value, yet i have my sources prepared for its medical use. How could this "drug" be Class A the same class as heroin when it cannot kill you, the statistics on people dying of its use of secondary causes are below 30 a year at most?
      11) Question this with objectivity, you will not find it so haunting. It's even less dangerous than ADVIL, TYLENOL, PROZAC, COREG, ST. JOHNS WORT, MOTRIN, AND ALL THE OVER THE COUNTER MEDICATION
      12) Last, what will happen to our economy, our trash bag companies, car companies, oil companies if hemp was allowed to be grown? These companies will go bankrupt as well as parts of the United States will as well; therefore, the Us has illegalized it due to the fear that this GOODNESS will bring the corruption of the government down.
      13) If anyone is interested to hear more, would like my sources, or would like to debate, shoot me an email.
      Source(s):
      Harvard.edu UCSD.edu and much more

  26. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for an astrocytoma?
    My best friend was diagnosed with an astrocytoma and the doctor gave him 6 months. I want to know if the doctor may have made a mistake in the time he gave him to live, and if he didn't, what my friend's chances of surviving are.

    • ANSWER:
      About 7.4% of all brain tumors are astrocytoma, and about half of all childhood brain tumors are astrocytoma.

      The five-year relative survival rate (the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the cancer is detected, excluding those who die from other diseases) for low-grade astrocytoma in children is more than 80%. For children with high-grade astrocytoma, the five-year relative survival rate is about 49%. Children with noninfiltrating astrocytoma (a tumor that is unlikely to spread) generally have a higher five-year relative survival rate.

      Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of cases of this type of cancer, but the actual risk for a particular individual may differ. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with astrocytoma. Because the survival statistics are measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this cancer.

  27. QUESTION:
    is it dangerous to set up a BTS tower in housing areas?
    I'm afraid that setting up a BTS tower will affect the people in that area due to radiation or something (i.e: getting cancer etc). can anyone help?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes recent statistics from the american radiation society show that long term exposure can result in malignant brain tumors and crazy delusions of grandeur

  28. QUESTION:
    Is There Any Medical Knowledge Of What Exactly Causes Stigmata?
    I have read some medical journals and some do explain that doctors have treated some patients for unexplainable bleeding from the hands, feet, and the head.

    Nowadays with modern research is there anything that would explain from a medical point of view what causes some people to frequently bleed from their hands and feet.

    • ANSWER:
      Stigma, by definition, is a mark of disgrace or shame. Stigma has four components:

      Labeling someone with a condition
      Stereotyping people who have that condition
      Creating a division — a superior "us" group and a devalued "them" group, resulting in loss of status in the community
      Discriminating against someone on the basis of their label
      Labels can be useful, though, and they're not always negative. In health, for instance, a diagnosis is, in essence, a label. A label can offer reassurance that your condition has a medical cause, and it can help steer you toward appropriate treatment.

      Labels don't always result in stigma, either. Many illnesses today are gaining acceptance and empathy. Breast cancer is a shining example. Survivors used to feel shamed and kept their condition secret for fear of being stigmatized. Today, though, survivors and advocates openly talk about the condition, hold fundraisers or wear ribbons or wristbands to show support.

      Why mental health disorders still face stigma
      While most people would never think of mocking someone with breast cancer, mental health disorders and conditions still remain fair game for ridicule.

      Mental vs. physical
      Why does stigma of mental illnesses continue? For one thing, the term "mental illness" suggests that it's not the same as a medical or physical illness. To some, the word "mental" suggests that the illness is not a legitimate medical condition but rather a problem caused by your own choices and actions. People may blame you and think your condition is "all in your head." They may think that a mental health disorder means that you're weak or lazy. They may think that you should just "get over it." And you may begin to think these things about yourself, too.

      In reality, mental illnesses have very complex causes, often a mix of your genetics, your biology and your life experiences — most of which are beyond your control. Neuroimaging studies, for instance, show physical changes in the brain associated with mental disorders. And studies show that some mental illnesses run in families, suggesting that they may be due in part to your genes.

      Crime and violence
      Some people also believe that if you have a mental health disorder, you must be dangerous and violent. This perception is often inflamed by media accounts of crime in which someone is vaguely referred to as "mentally ill."

      Statistics, however, don't bear out a connection between mental illnesses and violence. Most people who have a mental illness are neither violent nor criminals.

      Stigma worse for some conditions
      As a result of such misperceptions, stigma continues, and mental health conditions remain the butt of jokes in popular culture. Negative portrayals of people with mental illnesses fuel fear and mistrust and reinforce distorted perceptions. That leads to even more stigma, causing a vicious cycle.

      Some mental health disorders face more stigma than others, though.

      Schizophrenia, for instance, is more highly stigmatized than depression is. It's routinely mocked and is less likely to generate compassion. Depression, on the other hand, is less often ridiculed, perhaps because an onslaught of advertising for antidepressant medications has made the disorder more mainstream and more acceptable.

      Harmful effects of stigma
      For someone with a mental illness, the consequences of stigma can be devastating — in some cases, worse than the illness itself. Some of the harmful effects of stigma include:

      Trying to pretend nothing is wrong
      Refusal to seek treatment
      Rejection by family and friends
      Work problems or discrimination
      Difficulty finding housing
      Being subjected to physical violence or harassment
      Inadequate health insurance coverage of mental illnesses

      Open discussion can help erase stigma
      Not all the news is bad, though. Today, the stigma surrounding some mental health disorders is slowly eroding. That's due in part to greater public understanding of mental illnesses and the biological basis that many of them have. As causes of mental illnesses and better treatments for them are discovered, stigma may fade even more.

      In addition, many celebrities and public figures have openly discussed their experiences with a mental health condition. This also helps bring the topic out of the closet of shame.

      Coping with stigma
      So what can you do about stigma? If you have a mental illness, you can decide who to tell, if anyone, and how much to tell. You may not be comfortable telling anyone anything at all about your condition. On the other hand, if you confide in people you trust, you may find much-needed compassion, support and acceptance.

      Perhaps you want to actively combat stigma. You may only be comfortable pushing for more awareness within a close circle of family and friends by gently reminding them about the harm in jokes and stereotypes. Or if you're more comfortable tackling bigger challenges and facing bigger risks, you may decide to make your cause more public.

      In either case, here are some ways you can cope with and help end stigma:

      Get appropriate treatment. Don't let the fear or anticipation of being stigmatized prevent you from seeking treatment for your illness. For some people, a specific diagnosis provides relief because it lifts the burden of keeping silent and also underscores that you aren't alone — that many others share your same illness and issues.
      Surround yourself with supportive people. Because stigma can lead to social isolation, it's important to stay in touch with family and friends who are understanding. Isolation can make you feel even worse.
      Make your expectations known. People may not know how to support you, even if they want to help. Offer specific suggestions and remind people of appropriate language.
      Don't equate yourself with your illness. You are not an illness. So instead of saying "I'm bipolar," say "I have bipolar disorder." Instead of calling yourself "a schizophrenic," call yourself "a person with schizophrenia." Don't say you "are depressed." Say you "have depression."
      Share your own experiences. Speaking at events can help instill courage in others facing similar challenges and also educate the public about mental illness. Until you gain confidence, you may want to start at small events, such as talks at a support group or church community.
      Monitor the media. If you spot stigmatizing stories, comic strips, movies, television shows or even greeting cards, write letters of protest that identify the problem and offer solutions.
      Join an advocacy group. Some local and national groups have programs to watch for and correct archaic stereotypes, misinformation and disrespectful portrayals of people with mental illnesses.
      Don't let stigma create self-doubt and shame
      In the face of insensitive comments or crude advertising gimmicks, it may be difficult to feel good about yourself. Remember that you have a medical condition, that it's not your fault and that effective treatments are available. Try not to feel shamed, embarrassed or humiliated if someone knowingly or unknowingly makes light of or pokes fun at your illness. Therapy may help you gain self-esteem and put less stock into what others think of you.

      And if you're comfortable enough to speak up, you may be able to help educate people about the hurt that can result from stigmatizing mental illnesses. The tide is slowly turning.

  29. QUESTION:
    What questions do you want to ask, and what topics do you want to discuss?
    What questions do you want to ask, and what topics do you want to discuss, that aren't found using your search engine? I can, in response to questions, research related information, that pertains directly to the topic of discussion.

    • ANSWER:
      Statistics on cancer caused by artificial sweetners, aspartame and saccharine.

      Statistics related to cancer due to hormone replacement therapy drugs and birth control pills.

      Facts on drug induced hypothyroidism, dementia and alzheimer's.

      20 to 30 year studies on the effects of marijuana on the human brain and body.

  30. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between Down Syndrome and ADHD?
    I know both impair the learning ability and coordination, but what else?

    • ANSWER:
      ADD/ADHD is a biological disorder that starts in the brain related to irregularities in neurotransmitter activity. But what's the difference between the two? The official name of the disorder is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the recognized acronym being ADHD. ADHD is of three types: (a) combined (b) predominantly inattentive and (c) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type.

      The misbehavior of children or their poor academic performance were thought to be just "growing up" pains or related to the awkwardness of youth, but it appears that ADD/ADHD could explain poor grades and erratic behavior.

      Statistics indicate that 4%-6% of Americans have some form of ADD/ADHD. This disorder can last a lifetime if it is not detected and treated immediately.

      Common Symptoms of ADHD

      Before an ADHD diagnosis is made, symptoms must exhibit three elements: they must be predominant or pervasive, they must be excessive or frequent, and they must be long term. These symptoms include (but not limited to):

      • Lack of concentration
      • Inability to perform simple tasks
      • Talkativeness
      • Losing things and forgetfulness
      • Habit of interrupting others
      • Restlessness

      Contrary to popular belief, ADD/ADHD is not caused by an over-consumption of sugar (although people with ADD/ADHD may be allergic to some foods), too much television, a brain tumor, bad parenting or ineffective teachers.

      If your child shows signs of AD/HD, ask the following questions, bearing in mind that the degree and intensity of symptoms vary from one person to another:

      • Does your child's behavioral patterns evident in more than one setting; that is, does your child behave that way only in school, or also at home and in social gatherings?
      • Is your child's behavior NOT typical of other children's behaviors? Do the symptoms seem highly unusual?
      • Have your child's symptoms lasted more than six months?
      If you answered yes to all these questions, you may want to see your doctor who will refer your child to a specialist.

      ADD/ADHD: Treatment

      Because there is no identifiable cause of ADHD, the decision to choose one treatment over another is a decision that your doctor can recommend after your child has been examined. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be offered: medication and behavior therapy; or a third option - counseling or psychotherapy - may also be considered. The purpose of medication is to regularize brain activity and must be taken under the supervision of your doctor. Behavior therapy, on the other hand, is intended to help children and adults cope with the emotional effects of their disorder. It might interest you to know that the federal government classifies AD/HD as an allowable disability.

      To understand why Down syndrome happens, you need to understand a little about chromosomes. What are chromosomes? They're thread-like structures within each cell and are made up of genes. Genes provide the information that determines everything about people, from hair color to whether they are girls or boys.

      Most people have 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. But a baby with Down syndrome has an extra chromosome (47 instead of 46) or one chromosome has an extra part. This extra genetic material causes problems with the way their bodies develop.

      Health Problems Are Common
      About half of babies with Down syndrome are born with heart defects, which means their hearts developed differently and don't work as they should. Usually, these problems can be corrected by surgery. Some babies may have intestinal problems that also require surgery to fix.

      Kids with Down syndrome are more likely to get infections that affect their lungs and breathing. When they do get infections, they often last longer. They may have eye or ear problems or digestion problems like constipation. Some may develop leukemia, a type of cancer. Each person with Down syndrome is different and may have one, several, or all of these problems.

      Kids with Down syndrome tend to grow and develop more slowly than other children do. They may start walking or talking later than other babies. Special help, such as physical therapy and speech therapy, can give kids a boost with their walking and talking skills.

      Do a Lot of People Have Down Syndrome?
      About 1 out of every 800 babies born has Down syndrome, no matter what race or nationality the parents are. It is not contagious, so you can't catch it from someone else. You are born with it. No one gets Down syndrome later in life.

      Now you know that Down syndrome is caused by a problem with a chromosome. You might already know that we get our chromosomes from our mother and father. Remember the 23 pairs of chromosomes — half are from your mom and half are from your dad.

      But doctors aren't sure why this chromosome problem happens to some babies. It's nothing the mom or dad did before the child was born. Anyone can have a baby with Down syndrome. But the older th

  31. QUESTION:
    Are you worried about the safety of artificial sweetners?
    Have you ever heard of Aspartame (Sweetner 950, 951)? If not, do a Yahoo search on Aspartame. Are you concerned about artificial sweetners?

    • ANSWER:
      Artificial sweeteners are really bad for you. Aspartame gives me horrible migraines. Consumers should be more informed about the dangers of these products. There is somewhat inconclusive evidence that artificial sweeteners are carcinogenic.

      Artificial Sweeteners

      Key Points
      Artificial sweeteners are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
      There is no evidence that the regulated artificial sweeteners on the market in the United States are related to cancer risk in humans.
      As new sweetening products come on the market, the FDA continues to investigate any possible short- or long-term health risks that these products might create.

      Questions about artificial sweeteners and cancer arose when early studies showed that cyclamate, one of several types of artificial sweeteners, caused bladder cancer in laboratory animals. However, results from research studies do not provide clear evidence of an association between artificial sweeteners and human cancer.

      Cyclamate

      Because the findings in animals suggested that cyclamate might increase the risk of bladder cancer in humans, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the use of cyclamate in 1969. More recent animal studies have failed to demonstrate that cyclamate is a carcinogen (a substance known to cause cancer) or a co-carcinogen (a substance that enhances the effect of a cancer-causing substance). However, other issues must be resolved before cyclamate can be approved for commercial use as a food additive in the United States.

      Saccharin

      Animal studies have linked saccharin, another artificial sweetener, with the development of bladder cancer. For this reason, Congress required that all food containing saccharin bear the following warning label: “Use of this product may be hazardous to your health. This product contains saccharin, which has been determined to cause cancer in laboratory animals.” Congress also mandated that further studies of saccharin be performed.

      The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and FDA have looked at the possible role of saccharin in causing bladder cancer in humans. People in the study (which included a large number of elderly people) who used this artificial sweetener had no greater risk of bladder cancer than people in the population as a whole. However, researchers looked at the data for those people who were heavy saccharin users (6 or more servings of sugar substitute or 2 or more 8-ounce servings of diet drink daily) and found some evidence of an increased risk of bladder cancer, particularly for those who heavily ingested the sweetener as a table top sweetener or through diet sodas. The results of the NCI–FDA study, together with findings of additional research with laboratory animals, suggest that consumption of saccharin is not a major risk factor for bladder cancer in humans. For these reasons, Congress removed the warning label in December of 2000.

      Aspartame

      Aspartame, an artificial sweetener distributed under several trade names (e.g., Nutrasweet or Equal), was approved in 1981 by the FDA after tests showed that it did not cause cancer in laboratory animals, although not all of the laboratory experiments agreed. Interest in aspartame was renewed by a 1996 report suggesting that an increase in the number of people with brain tumors between 1975 and 1992 might be associated with the introduction and use of this sweetener in the United States. However, an analysis of then-current NCI statistics showed that the overall incidence of brain and central nervous system cancers began to rise in 1973, 8 years prior to the approval of aspartame, and continued to rise until 1985. Moreover, increases in overall brain cancer incidence occurred primarily in people 70 and older, a group that was not exposed to the highest doses of aspartame since its 1981 introduction. These and other data do not point to a clear link, based on animal or human studies, between the use of aspartame and the development of brain tumors. The FDA still considers aspartame safe.

      Stevia

      In recent years, a sweetening product called stevia (stevioside or steviol) has received much public attention. It is 250 to 300 times sweeter than sugar. To date, the FDA has not approved it for use as a sweetener in the United States, but stevia may be sold as a dietary supplement. Researchers have found that the main chemical in stevia can be converted in the laboratory to a compound that causes changes in genes. More study is needed to learn whether the same changes, which might lead to cancer, could occur in people.

  32. QUESTION:
    is there a cancer or a disease that is completely incurable?
    i'm just curious. I've had some people tell me that after stage 4 it becomes a matter of when your time is up, and others saying that it can be. If there are diseases which are life threatening or are deadly, how are they contracted?

    • ANSWER:
      Most of the so called degenerative diseases like Parkinsonism or Alzheimers cannot be cured. Symptoms treated, held at bay but not cured if you mean taking out even traces of the diseases.
      Most of the diaseases, other than infections like AIDS -are not contracted. Your balance goes off, your immune system works bad, you overstress YOUR body -like eat too much, excercise too little and get diabetes -not every overweight, sedate person gets it though.
      Or your body can't defend itself against whatever like toxins.

      About cancer I doubt whether doctors ever cure -theyt may help the body to cure. Looking at statistics there is never a disease that nobody ever gets cured.I know personally 1 person who lived 27 years with her glioblastoma(=very malignant brain tumor) and still, half of the patients are dead after 12 months -so NOBODY EVER is a dangerous saying.
      Besides -we all will die, either with disease or without -so?

  33. QUESTION:
    Why do people want marijuana legalized?
    I don't understand this at all. Who could want this stuff legalized? Marijuana smokers are 6 times more likely to get lung cancer than tobacco smokers, and marijuana is highly addictive (look at the statistics, more teens are in treatment for marijuana addiction that all other drugs combined). According to studies done by Dr. Gabriel G. Nahas, marijuana can cause irreversible brain damage and destroys brain cells. Why would anyone want this horrible narcotic to be legal?

    • ANSWER:
      first of all, weed is not addictive and when it says 6 times more likely...do you know how rare? blunts have no crap in it like cigs do... and i guess you dont go to parties or clubs at all, cause weed makes everything more different and fun. even though weed kills brain cells we are talking about 10 brains out of trillions... and i hope you know cells reproduce by dividing so no problem eh? i blaze since 8th grade and im a ap student in 10th grade, i wrestle on varsity in 140 weight class...im 2nd string full back and all my friends go to parties to have a fun time and sometimes blaze but not all the time. and just to let you know the teens who are in the treatment things are the loser ones that have nothing to do in their life besides staying inside and smoke 10 blunts a day... those are the kids no one likes...

  34. QUESTION:
    Are there any true stories about people who never eat healthy food?
    It's for my friend. She never eats healthy food, literally all she eats is stuff that's bad for her like chocolate and sweets. She doesn't gain weight very easily, so she thinks she's okay, but she really isn't. Are there any stories about people who never eat healthy food, and I mean literally never, so I can show them to her and get her to stop living like this? I've tried looking on the internet, nothing comes up.

    • ANSWER:
      Well what I can find are :

      1. http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/03/28/fatty.foods.brain/index.html

      2. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/apr/14/demonise-junk-food-sake-children

      3. http://health.usnews.com/health-news/diet-fitness/diabetes/articles/2009/09/29/eating-in-america-still-unhealthy-cdc

      4.* http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2122131/Sophie-Ray-19-risks-health-eating-Margherita-pizza-EIGHT-YEARS.html

      * think this may be the other one PlumDumplings was thinking of

      Don't think either is quite what your looking for but they cite the negative side effects of bad eating. Unfortunately because it is so common now there aren't a lot of stories out there about individuals who never eat healthy.

      You could try statistics such as:
      - Two thirds of all deaths are related to what we eat (including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, and osteoporosis). Many of these diet-associated diseases begin in childhood.
      - 18% of preventable deaths are due to smoking vs. 17% to poor diet and exercise
      - The number of deaths each year due to unhealthy eating and inactivity is thirteen times more than are caused by guns and twenty times more than by drug use
      - Deaths caused by poor eating habits and sedentary lifestyles rose by 33% between 1990 and 2000 It is predicted that within the next 20 years, in the United States, dietary linked disease will cancel health strides gained by improvements in medical technology and disease fighting measures.We may be seeing the first generation of children who are sicker and die younger than their parents.
      - Youth are now being diagnosed and treated for diseases that until recently only affected adults.

      Or what about watching the documentary Super Size Me. It is about a man who explores the consequences of unhealthy eating by eating nothing but fast food for a month and recording the impact on his health.

      Note: I am aware the statistics and articles are American based, but the effect is the same

  35. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between psychiatry and psychology?
    Could someone please tell me...?
    And also, I'm interested in doing psychology at college could someone tell me what it involves...?

    • ANSWER:
      Psychiatrists are medical doctors (usually, they obtain MDs) who attend medical school for four years, complete a residency, and then specialize in psychiatric medicine. The primary focus of psychiatry is treating mental disorders like other medical illnesses (like diabetes or cancer). This is called the "medical model." Because of this model, they typically prescribe medication to alleviate distress caused by the disorders from which an individual suffers. Medical doctors typically have higher salaries, but they pay a lot more for medical school.

      Psychologists, on the other hand, complete a doctoral program (usually 3-5 years post-graduate, plus 2 years of supervision and/or post-doctoral study) that is research-oriented, complete a dissertation on a "new" topic of study that is of interest to them, and then study a variety of topics pertaining to human beings and their individual functioning. This could take the form of clinical psychology (providing therapy, but not medication, to assist in the treatment of mental disorders), neuropsychology (studying the brain and behavior, etc.), health psychology (studying how to improve people's lives who have certain diseases or illness, etc.), industrial-organizational psychology (I/O) (studying how to improve businesses and worker's mental health/happiness, etc.) and much more. This is not an exhaustive list, nor does it provide a full range of possibilities or definitions.

      If you want to study psychology at college, it typically involves you choosing a psychology major, taking an intro psych course, and then moving on from there. Generally, two undergraduate degrees are offered (in the United States)--the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science (BA and BS, respectively.) The Arts concentration is much less mathematics and statistics-oriented, generally, because the BS prepares you for other career options besides only Psychology (e.g., if you wanted to go to medical school.)
      There are several courses that you would take; aside from a general education curriculum, you would probably take at least one social statistics course, courses in developmental psychology, learning and cognition or perception, neuroscience (if desired), sexuality, psychopathology (mental illness), psychotherapy, social psychology, forensic (if you wanted)... there are a whole range of topics--it depends on the college you attend and its requirements as well as what you're interested in.

  36. QUESTION:
    What do you think of the so called aids denialists?
    They say that hiv does not necessarily cause aids. What do you think of scientists who feel the data supports this?

    • ANSWER:
      To date, more than 300 billion dollars has been spent on AIDS/HIV which a part there of keeps approximately 100,000 scientists in a job. With all this money (Tax payer funded research) there is still no cure(only treatments and highly toxic ones at that). There is still no vaccine's. So where has all the money gone and what has it been spent on??? For a disease that doesn't even rank in the top 10 killers in this country it certainly ranks top billing when it comes to money spent on it. More money is spent on HIV/AIDS than any other disease or illness such as heart disease/ cancer which is rather ironic given the fact that HIV/AIDS doesn't even rank in the top 10 of all diseases...Something is definitely not right here...

      These are the biggest KILLERS in this country NOT AIDS.....SO WHY DOES HIV/AIDS RECIEVE THE MOST FUNDING? You don't thave to be a genius to figure that something is VERY WRONG here.
      Stats are from the CDC website.

      According to the current CDC statistics (1), AIDS killed 16,316 in 2005.

      2004 deaths according to National Vital Statistics Report (2):

      Cardiovascular Diseases 652,486

      Cancer 553,888

      Cerebrovascular (stroke) 150,074

      Respiratory diseases 121,987

      Accidents (including vehicle) 112,012

      Diabetes mellitus 73,138

      Alzheimer's disease 65,965

      Influenza and pneumonia 59,664

      Renal and other nephritic conditions 42,480

      Septicemia 33,373

      Suicide 32,439

      Liver disease 27,013

      Hypertension 23,076

      Parkinson's disease 17,989

      Homicide 17,357

      Other causes 414,674
      Influenza KILLS around 3,000, 000 people world wide each year and yet the money spent on it amounts to virtually NOTHING.......If you have a brain in your head than you must ask your self, why does a syndrome called AIDS recieves the BIGGEST chunk of funding from the NIH,Government agencies when it DOESN'T even rate in the TOP 15 of all time KILLERS in this country.

  37. QUESTION:
    Is getting high from a beer/alcohol is better than drugs?
    I think both of them are bad.
    I've done both. And both are bad. I just want to understand, why goverment legalize one of them? if both have the same after effect.
    most of you talk about control of both substance. If abuse of control then it is danger. If you're not abusing it, does it make ok to use both (fat chance)

    • ANSWER:
      Alcohol is legal because the people who made it legal were alcoholics, look how long people were using Cocaine before it was made illegal, every depressed, board or over weight house wife in the 50s and 60s were prescribed cocaine. Either way extended use of both are harmful . Drugs like Meth and Coke deteriorate serotonin in the brain ( the chemical that makes you feel emotion ) it also causes paranoid schizophrenia, and is really bad for ones teeth. Alcohol causes psorsis of the liver , and in some cases even esophageal cancer from acid. Often times people drink and drink until they pass out what people don't realize is that even after one stops drinking there blood alcohol level may continue to rise and lead to an alcohol induced coma and eventually death. Most Americans that drink do it to get drunk and act stupid, in most European countries people drink socially and not more then a drink or two.
      Here are some statistics

  38. QUESTION:
    Have you known anyone with brain cancer?
    My mom has stage 3 brain cancer,the doctors say 6 months with radiation maybe,other says oh thats just statistics,have you ever known anyone with brain cancer? She has recurring tumors that are cancerous,I should specify.Have you known anyone with this and how long did they live?

    • ANSWER:
      I have taken care of many people with brain cancer. They were all my patients, although I haven't known anyone personally who has been diagnosed. I am very sorry to hear about your mother. You, your mother and your family will be in my prayers.
      Unfortunately, every single person is different. There is no way to tell how much time she has left. Her doctors who have her records and radiology reports would have the best inclination. Bottomline, enjoy every single second you have with her.
      Best wishes.

  39. QUESTION:
    What does someone do if they've been diagnosed with cancer but has no health insurance?
    How do they get treatment/surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      You are basically out of luck. The medical industry is NOT about helping you, but is about money. Cancer is one of the biggest money makers for them and if you have insurance, you can get pretty much the full treatment. The good news for you however, is that if you do NOT get the typical medical treatments, such as chemotherapy, you will actually live longer as a result according to the statistics. Only 2.1% live longer than 5 years if they get chemotherapy.

      I recently had a patient that opted for chemotherapy to treat lung cancer & radiation to treat her brain tumor. After million dollars and 6 months, she died once the doctors told her there was nothing more than they could do for her. The only thing they did for her was speed up the process of dying and collect over million dollars for their trouble.

      Cancer is one of about 200 different disease states and is about 99% caused by infections and long term abuse in terms of diet and toxins building up in the body. Alternative cancer treatments are far better than the medical treatments for most of the cancers. There are a couple that are slightly better than a placebo effect; testes cancer & non-hodgkins lymphoma respond somewhat to chemo, but that's about it. Of course, you can have them remove body parts and that can help for a while until the cancer comes back with a vengence because the driver keeps doing it's damage. Some people are lucky enough to die before the second bout of cancer is diagnosed.

      good luck to you

  40. QUESTION:
    how many australians die by cardiovascular diseas and cancer?
    what percentage pf a;; deaths in australian are not a result of cardiovascular diseas and cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      "In 2010, the leading underlying cause of death for all Australians was Ischaemic heart disease (I20-I25), which includes angina, blocked arteries of the heart and heart attacks. Ischaemic heart diseases were identified as the underlying cause of 21,708 deaths, 15.1% of all deaths registered in 2010. While Ischaemic heart diseases have been the leading cause of death in Australia since 2000, the proportion of deaths due to this cause has decreased, from 20.4% (26,234) in 2001 to 15.1% (21,708) in 2010.

      Cerebrovascular disease (I60-I69) have remained the second leading underlying cause of death in 2010. Cerebrovascular disease include haemorrhages, strokes, infarctions and blocked arteries of the brain. Over the last 10 years, deaths due to this cause have decreased by 7.8%, from 12,146 deaths in 2001 to 11,204 deaths in 2010.

      Dementia and Alzheimer's disease (F01, F03, G30) was the third leading cause of death in 2010. The number of deaths due to this cause has increased 140.7% from 3,740 in 2001 to 9,003 in 2010. This is largely due to an increase in deaths due to Dementia (F01, F03), which increased from 2,133 in 2001 to 6,297 in 2010. For further information see Explanatory Note 90.

      Trachea and lung cancers (C33-C34) were the fourth leading cause of death in 2010. Over the last 10 years, deaths due to this cause have increased by 15.1%, from 7,038 in 2001 to 8,099 in 2010.

      The top 10 leading causes of death accounted for 52.2% of all deaths registered in 2010, and the top 20 leading causes accounted for 67.3%."

      Australian Bureau of Statistics - Causes of Death, Australia:
      http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/6BAD463E482C6970CA2579C6000F6AF7?opendocument

  41. QUESTION:
    Who does brain cancer affect?
    So who is more likely to get brain cancer, females? males? the elderly? And how does brain cancer impact on a community's health status?

    • ANSWER:
      Google cancer statistics.

  42. QUESTION:
    what would cause a person to get mentally confused all the time?
    like not understanding who they are and the world around them? only at time this happens. Dont understand!! get dizzy too at times also and cant think stright.please no mean comments thanks :( really sad feels like im losing my mind.

    • ANSWER:
      This could be a combination of things, but low blood sugar would be my first guess and that is due to Adrenal fatigue many times. Since the Adrenal glands are part of the pituitary axis, any of the organs in that axis may be insufficient and since they all get sick together, you could have problems with your ovaries (especially if you take birth control pills), your thyroid, or pituitary glands.

      Eating too many carbs and sugars can cause this problem. The fact you get dizzy is a strong indication of weak adrenals that help you to keep good blood pressure. Eating too many carbs and sugars can increase Candida growth and cause you not to sanitize your food well as a result of low hydrochloric acid production & utilization. This could allow parasites to get into your body and especially liver flukes. These flukes can cause "Brain fog" from their excrement. Many people are diagnosed with Alzheimer's that is just liver flukes.

      Eating a diet low in fat, high sugar & carbs, low to moderate protein will create many of these problems. I strongly suggest you get advice from a Nutritional Therapist, not a doctor, because doctors have no clue about what good nutrition is.

      EDIT: "Mick" One weekend you can learn QRA? Sir you are very misinformed and obviously have no idea what you are talking about. In fact, there is a medical device now created that integrates the biofield testing that verifies the accuracy of this methodology along with thousands of patients that have been greatly helped by this technology. Typically it takes about 1 year to perfect the QRA technique and then several years of study to fully integrate it into a practice.

      A nutritional therapist is far more qualified than a dietitian that takes their instructions from a doctor. All one has to do is look at the hospital food to know the credibility of a dietitian. Nutritional therapists are qualified to test, evaluate, and recommend diets and supplements. There is an interaction between doctors and nutritional therapists all the time to help patients actually get well instead of just "Relieving symptoms and managing diseases." Adrenal fatigue is not something medical science recognizes as legitimate? What basis, proof, of that can you provide? So, because medical science does not recognize (according to you) adrenal fatigue, it is not something that happens?

      You need to free yourself from the lies you believe. I think you need to revisit the definition of a quack. In July 2004, Gary Null Ph.D, Carolyn Dean M.D., N.D, Martin Feldman M.D., Debora Rasio M.D., Dorothy Smith Ph.D. wrote a paper that revealed very disturbing facts regarding an annual iatrogenic (induced inadvertently by a physician or surgeon or by medical treatment or diagnostic procedures) death rate of 783,936 in one year. It is further disturbing to realize that as few as 5 percent and only up to 20 percent of iatrogenic acts are ever reported. This means that that iatrogenic death rate of 783,936 is much higher.

      As we look at the causes of death from degenerative diseases and other causes in America in 2004, it is obvious we are not good at solving this problem on any level. Deaths from: Heart Disease 652,000, Cancer 553,000, and Stroke 150,000.

      When comparing the iatrogenic acts of modern medicine in America with the statistical numbers of people dying of any particular disease, it is evident that the American medical system is the leading cause of death and injury in the United States. And when we look at the cost of these iatrogenic deaths, the cost is in the billions.

      A definitive review and close reading of medical peer-review journals, and government health statistics shows that American medicine frequently causes more harm than good. The number of people having in-hospital, adverse drug reactions (ADR) to prescribed medicine is 2.2 million. Dr. Richard Besser, of the CDC, in 1995, said the number of unnecessary antibiotics prescribed annually for viral infections was 20 million. Dr. Besser, in 2003, now refers to tens of millions of unnecessary antibiotics. The number of unnecessary medical and surgical procedures performed annually is 7.5 million. The number of people exposed to unnecessary hospitalization annually is 8.9 million.

      good luck to you

  43. QUESTION:
    Where is chemo made??? Or are they still using what they had left after the war to kill cancer patients?

    Chemotherapy kills 7 of 10 cancer patients where cannabis cures 7 of 10 cancer patients!!!
    @ lo_mcg The cancer did come back because he stopped treating it to soon but if you can read so good why didn't you read on to see that his cancer is being cured again with extra treatments with cannabis oil you medical workers are all alike just out to protect your mega profits from the billion dollar a year business of stealing cancer patients and their insurance companies money, you do not want any cures that you cannot get exclusive profits from!!! So go take a pill and just read and do not try to think, are you a LPN or what???
    Of course they get ill you are overworking their immune systems with mustard gas or chemo that attacks not only the cancer but good healthy cells too, where cannabis oil just stops the blood flow to the cancer cells and leaves the healthy cells alone and does not overwork the immune system, thus leaving the patient in good health!!! Try learning about banned products that the AMA paid congress to ban because it does not get exclusive profits from before opening up your biased mouth!!! Just like the Rife machine!!! The AMA could not get exclusivity to it so they ran to congress and dropped a few bucks to get it banned too!!! We all know how big business is running our world and wants to kill off 95% of its citizens through genocide by cutting out all cures and vitamins and supplements that help keep us alive!!!
    Synthetic derivatives are not the natural product they are chemical imposters to natural medicines, the only medicine that big pharma put out with just one cannabinoid of marijuana is not working on patients because it is woefully short of the real product and it was only made to cast doubt about the cannabis oils true effectiveness!!! So stop trying to make it look like pharmaceutical companies are trying to find a natural cure, cannabis cannot be replicated with mans chemicals and you and i know it and so does the side effect filled pill pushers and other big businesses know it, but they cannot just give up because they know that they will all go bankrupt very quickly if the hemp plant and marijuana were to be made legal!!! Many products can be made from the hemp plant better than the products that are being made and used today, just one of them, a concrete made from hemp is a better replacement for the concrete made today, it is also a great insulating material (if used to make ho
    If used to make houses the house would not need to be heated or cooled because of the natural insulating characters of the hemp which can be grown to maturity in 5 months where it takes years for trees to mature, paper that never yellows can also be made from hemp and clothing, also we would never be in need of oil any more for fuel or to make other products such as plastics because hemp cam replace them all, and it is also a great nutritious food with a high protein content!!! Now tell me you still believe hemp or cannabis or marijuana should be banned from use!!! By the way the US constitution was printed on hemp paper!!!

    • ANSWER:
      It's about time you actually sought some information about cancer and its treatments, as your lack of knowledge has caused you to give some very dangerous advice to people who are, or fear they are, dangerously ill.

      Luckily your exclamatory adolescent style of writing and your complete lack of any evidence to back up your claims (other than 'I live in California!') means that most - probably all - will have disregarded that advice. I notice you have stopped referring people to the 'pharmacist who cured his own cancer!' story since it emerged this person's cancer had recurred...

      No, chemo doesn't kill '7 out of 10' cancer patients. It isn't always effective, but in those cases it's the cancer not the treatment that kills the patient - they have died in spite of treatment, not because of it. Distressed relatives sometimes look for something or someone to blame, and some conclude that it was the treatment that killed the person.

      With most cancers there are few ill effects if any until the cancer is quite advanced, and a person with an aggressive and advanced cancer usually looks, feels and behaves like a healthy person.

      Then if they have chemotherapy side effects of the drugs can make them ill, sometimes very ill and frail, while treatment is taking place.

      So some people conclude that the treatment is worse than the disease, and people parroting bogus statistics, as you do, bolster this belief.

      With some types of chemotherapy, and in some cancers, there is a very slightly increased chance of developing a second type of cancer later.

      Generally this is more likely to happen when the original cancer was a lymphoma, but it can happen very occasionally with other types of cancer.

      Fortunately this very serious long-term effect is VERY RARE. But yes it happens, and yes very occasionally someone dies as a result.

      People with aggressive and advanced cancers who agree to chemotherapy aren't duped; they do so in the full knowledge of these facts because they have a life-threatening disease and this is their best chance.

      You would benefit from reading this (stop shaking your head, read it!): http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2009/09/02/only-3-percent-survive-chemotherapy/

      There is no conspiracy to hide the effects of cannabis on cancer. There have been,and continue to be, studies into the possibilities; but so far there is no proof that cannabis has any effect on cancer.

      There have been some interesting results. There has been a study that indicates that cannabinoids might possibly help prevent prostate cancer, and there was interesting research by Complutense University in Madrid and the University hospital of Tenerife into the use of chemical cannabinoids to help treat one type of brain tumour, glioblastoma multiforme. The results seemed promising, but the number of patients involved was very small (9), and much more research is needed.

      I've seen you claim that natural substances can't be patented. In fact it's common for synthetic derivatives to be made, and it's also common to get patents on the methods of isolating or administering the substance.

      So even if a pharmaceutical company couldn't make money directly from cannabis, if it were effective they could make plenty of money and get plenty kudos from developing a safer, more effective derivative. As Spree points out, the chemotherapy drug Taxol is derived from yew.

      If cannabis had been proven effective against cancer, pharmaceutical companies would be all over it like a rash. But so far it hasn't, so drug companies don't bother with it. They're after profits, after all.

      There have been a couple of studies that suggest that cannabis may be a risk factor for testicular cancer

      EDIT: LOL (and I really did )!

      'you medical workers are all alike' - I work in children's day care

      'just out to protect your mega profits' - I earn above minimum wage, but less than what the Centre for Research in Social Policy calculates as 'the living wage', calculated according to the basic cost of living in the UK (Yes! Like most of the world's population, I don't live in north America!).

      My interest in cancer stems from my own experience as a cancer patient.

      'Now tell me you still believe hemp or cannabis or marijuana should be banned from use!!! '. - please tell me what it is about the words 'I'm 100% for legalisation' and (re cancer) 'There have been some interesting results...more research is needed' that gives you the idea that I 'believe hemp or cannabis or marijuana should be banned from use!!! '
      ============

      EDIT2: Odd - tonight, 3 days after posting it, Thomas sent me the 'additional details' from his question in a series of emails. As I said - odd...

  44. QUESTION:
    Why is it that God has to be blame for everything?
    If you have a child and taught your child good morals and how to be safe, but your child doesn't listen to you, instead your child starts taking drugs, looking for trouble, getting into fights, Should you as the parent be blamed for your child's action? This question is for those who believe in God, If you answer then you must believe in God. That's how I see it.

    • ANSWER:
      A billion die every year from cancer, heart disease and strokes alone!

      3 million die every year from starvation, drought and the diseases caused by it.

      200,000 from natural disasters!

      This god who christians credit with creating and causing everything seems to love killing more people every second than the number of people that have ever been claimed to have been saved by his miracles!

      As for morals it is christianity that gave the way to destroy them!

      Research shows that the reason humans struggle with emotion to find equitable solutions is pinpointed the region of the brain called the insular cortex, or insula, which is also the seat of emotional reactions.

      The fact that the brain has such a robust response to unfairness shows that sensing unfairness is a basic evolved capacity.

      The emotional response to unfairness pushes people from extreme inequity and drives them to be fair. This observation shows our basic impulse to be fair isn't a complicated thing that we learn.

      It therefore fully illustrates that all humans have morals controlled by the brain and that Christians are entirely wrong to try and claim morals as their own!!!!

      But Christians found a way round it!

      Government statistics show that christians are vastly over represented in prisons for sexual, violent and fraudulent crime!

      The Catholic church is paying millions in compensation for the sex/pedophile crimes of their priests alone!

      Christians are vastly over represented in the divorce courts!

      Christians invented the concept of sin and then the idea that you could sin, ask forgiveness, get pardoned and start with a clean sheet!

      So no surprise that they are so expert at it is it?!

      A Christian is a man that feels repentance on Sunday for what he did on Saturday and is going to do on Monday. - Thomas Russell Ybarra

  45. QUESTION:
    Has anyone heard, cell phone radiation can cause cancer?
    I saw on the news that doctors have confirmed talking on your cell phone over a long period of time emits some sort of rays into your brain causing brain cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Yep, it microwaves your brain. It also causes cancer of the saliva glands that are located just under your ears. This one is difficult to treat because of the gland's location as it is located just behind the jawbone. The statistics for children with leukemia have gone up and they say it's caused from cell phones. It's also said this generation of children will be overwhelmed with all kinds of cancers because of cell phones. I remember one study done showing children who use a cell phone for even 20 minutes or less show all kinds of registered temporary brain damage. This is because their skulls are still developing and thinner than an adult's skull. All kinds of research studies have been done and support, but most are being ignored and definitely they are not letting them be publicized. Every now and then a story gets out and right away "officials" say, NOPE NOT TRUE. Of course, the people who say cell phones are harmless - these are the people who want your money. It is said the best help for those of you who can't live without a cell phone are to get those earphones so the phone is not right up to your head. Best of Luck. You are all gonna die young.

  46. QUESTION:
    Cleaned out my basement today & found rolls of duck tape and plastic sheeting left over from Y2K. WTHell?
    I must be having a brain fart! I can't remember why I bought six rolls of duck tape and heavy gauge plastic sheeting. I remember that it had something to do with the Y2K scare but what the hell? Can someone refresh my memory, please?
    Yep, I've got a dozen gallons of water stored with purifiying pellets in a box.

    • ANSWER:
      Do you remember the silly "duck and cover" drills from the 1950's and early 60's?

      I remember my teachers telling us to "take cover" and we'd dive under our school desks and cover our faces. Oh yeah...that's gonna save us from a nuke...you betcha! How ridiculous is hiding under a desk during a nuclear attack? About as silly as using plastic sheeting and duct tape to protect us from a biological attack by one of those whacko terrorist groups. Let's assume you even did do it correctly: How much extra time are you gonna buy yourself (or your family), assuming your family's all together in one location when and if something happens?

      What if you're sealed in your supposed "safe room" and one of your kids arrives late; are you going to open up and let 'em in? What if they're contaminated? What if, by breaking the "seal" to your Home Depot-supplied safe haven, you risk contaminating the room and everyone else in it? Are you willing to sacrifice one of your own family members and not let them in for the common good?

      Before you end up like John Travolta's "Bubble Boy" TV movie-of-the-week character, think about the following statistics:
      You're 37 times more likely to die in a vehicle crash than on a commercial airlines flight.
      Twice as many Americans die from strokes than by accidents.
      Four times as many Americans die from diabetes than by homicide.
      How many people died from Anthrax exposure? Less than a dozen? Yet over 20,000 people die every year from the flu! And throw in another 30,000 people dying from suicidal, homicidal and accidental gun deaths.
      The odds of dying in an automobile accident each year are about 1 in 7,000, yet we continue to drive. The odds of dying from heart disease in any given year are 1 in 400, and of dying from cancer are 1 in 600, yet many of us fail to exercise or maintain a healthy diet.

      So...go ahead and use the duct tape for anything and everything. As for the plastic sheeting, use it as a painter's drop cover or to protect a favorite and expensive Oriental rug by covering it and securing the edges with clear tape to a tiled floor--just a couple ideas.

  47. QUESTION:
    Obama claimed his Obamacare would lower the cost, increase the quality and cover 46 millions more people?
    and Add nothing to the National Debt.

    Does he have a magic wan?

    • ANSWER:
      No magic wand, just cold hard statistics. We already pay for most of the folks that we would pay for under "Obamacare" as you call it. It is just that we pay for them through medicare, or through federal subsidies to Emergency Rooms and such services. But think about this, what costs less: taking a pregnant woman to an ER for a premature birth and caring for the preemie for 3 extra months, or giving the woman a few outpatient checkups and having a normal birth? Having some guy go to ER for knee surgery and a week in recovery, or a few visits to a PA, an x-ray, an MRI, and therapy -- all on an outpatient basis? Someone with a headache faints and is taken to ER, and finds out they have a brain tumor, turns out they had indicators for months and could have had early cancer treatment for about 5% of the cost. The ER cases are happening by the thousands everyday right here in the US because folks simply can't afford basic preventative medicine, so we are already paying for them through our taxes. Make basic healthcare available for them at an affordable rate (something private insurer's haven't done for the simple reason that there is no profit in it), and the cost of such emergency measures get slashed.

      Okay, that is one big one. Obviously there are other issues that need to be dealt with, such as litigation that drives up the physicians' insurance rates, and thus his or her rates. Pharmaceuticals that have control over their copyrights now for longer periods than ever in history, meaning generics can't be produced, and the uninsured and underinsured cannot afford them. There are lots of basic fixes that need to be included in this healthcare reform, and no single one of them will do it all, nor will we have a perfect system afterwards, but anything is better than what we have now. And I am one of the folks who not only is lucky enough to have damned good insurance, but as a veteran, I already can get fully socialized healthcare, should I choose to use it.

  48. QUESTION:
    What are the benefits of positive relationships?

    • ANSWER:
      The Department of Health released a 68 page report that married people are happier, live longer, drink less and have fewer doctor's appointments than unmarried folks.

      The Mayo Clinic cites statistics that happily married people live longer than singles and have lower rates of diseases including cancer and heart failure. Not only do increased levels of happiness significantly improve longevity, but these coupls, acting as a team, also became better equipped to defray the stressors in life that may be detrimental to your health.

      MRI scanners show sections of the brain that produce powerful neurotransmitters that affect pleasure, happiness and well-being are activated when people are experiencing feelings of love.

      The higher a person rates their feelings of loneliness the more likely they are to develop cognitive problems, with the loneliest twice as likely to develop Alzheimer's disease.

      Adults depreved of touch stimylation shows that many men become aggressive while many women become depressed and withdrawn.


brain cancer statistics

Causes Of Breast Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    When did people start believing that abortion causes breast cancer?
    I'm writing a research paper on a myth that people believe that abortion causes breast cancer. and clearly i'm struggling. does anyone know around a certain time that people began to believe this myth?

    • ANSWER:
      You could say that it is one of the many lies told by Crisis Pregnancy Centers in order to persuade women not to get abortions, and then look up the history of CPCs.

  2. QUESTION:
    Is it true that sleeping in a padded bra causes breast cancer?
    I was at a sleepover party and my friend told me that sleeping in a padded bra causes breast cancer and I always wear padded bras to bed. I'm scared now. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      There have been some studies that suggest 24/7 bra use is a cancer risk...

      http://www.007b.com/bras_breast_cancer.php

      The thinking is that bras may restrict lymph flow, which is your body's way of getting rid of waste products and toxins. A build up of toxins would increase your chances of getting breast cancer later in life.

      It would be best to not wear one to bed to be on the safe side.

  3. QUESTION:
    Is it true that sleeping in padded bras causes Breast Cancer?
    I heard that if you sleep in a padded bra it can cause Breast Cancer. My friend sleeps in her padded bra all the time. Her mom had Breast Cancer. If it is true, how does it do that?

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many reasons posted on the internet for causes of breast cancer that are not true.
      This is one of them.

  4. QUESTION:
    What type of genetic mutation can cause breast cancer?
    I have to make a brochure about a genetic disorder for my biology class & I'm doing mine on breast cancer. There's many different types of breast cancer, but some are related to gene mutations. I've been researching this online, but I can't figure out what TYPE of genetic mutation causes breast cancer (substitution, deletion, insertion, inversion, translocation, or duplication). does anyone know? if you find a site with the answer, please link it below. thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Normally I don't give direct homework answers but I feel this can be very confusing so I will as long as you promise to read the link I give you for the explanation.
      It is: Translocation.
      MORE READING: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutation
      Scroll down to the section headed: ---Classification of mutation types---
      Good Luck on this.

  5. QUESTION:
    How does sleeping in a bra cause breast cancer?
    is there any websites to explain HOW it cause breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      No, there are no websites which explain how sleeping in a bra causes breast cancer, because IT DOESN'T.

      Cancer, including breast cancer, happens when normal cells change so that they grow in an uncontrolled way. This uncontrolled growth causes a tumour to form. Your underwear can't trigger this process, and has no effect on it whether you're asleep or awake, no matter how tight it is or how long you wear it for, or whether it's wired or af the other rumours that go round about bras and cancer..

      Check any reputable breast cancer charity or information site. You won't find 'wearing a bra' listed as a risk factor on any of them.

      Here's what the American Cancer Society says about this myth:

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MED/content/MED_6_1x_Underwire_Bras.asp?sitearea=MED

      In fact that page is very useful for checking out any rumours you hear or emails you receive about the causes of cancer:

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MED/MED_6_1_Rumors.asp

  6. QUESTION:
    Does drinking water from a plastic bottle that was left in the car overnight cause breast cancer?
    Toxins from the plastic bottle leak into the water if it is left in a warm place overnight. These toxins are known to cause breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      No, it's an urban myth/legend, originating from a hoax email that was widely circulated last year.

      These links give the facts behind these rumours/hoaxes about plastic water bottles and breast cancer. Sheryl Crow is supposed to have claimed on Oprah that this is what caused her breast cancer, As you'll see, Oprah Winfrey's company, Harpo, denies that Sheryl Crow ever made those remarks

      http://urbanlegends.about.com/od/medical/a/bottled-water.htm

      http://www.snopes.com/medical/toxins/petbottles.asp

  7. QUESTION:
    When havin sex and your partner starts to suck your breast does it cause breast cancer?
    When havin sex and your partner starts to do sucking on your breast can that cause breast cancer after he does it for a long time? I don't know if I'm making my question clear.?

    • ANSWER:
      Sucking the breasts as a foreplay cant cause Breast cancer. Only some pain may be noticed if they are sucking too hard causing a bruise or squeezing them too hard. Don't be worried if it's cancer. It is not. Breasts cancer only involves a lump but no pain. It's actually a good sign to have the pain cuz you know it's not cancer. Probably just a cyst thats not too serious.
      Maybe you are tensing up when you foreplay and your partner sucks your breast thats affecting your muscles and causing the pain. Best wishes -

  8. QUESTION:
    Does weraing a bra all the time cause breast cancer?
    I wear a bra all day and all night when i am sleeping,
    does this cause breast cancer?
    Is it bad to do this?

    • ANSWER:
      One couple did a study that they claim links breast cancer to wearing of bras (particularly wearing bras at night), but apparently their research didn't meet scientific standards. Here's some more info:

      http://www.healthmad.com/Conditions-and-Diseases/Bra-and-Breast-Cancer.215257

  9. QUESTION:
    Can the Stimulation of the nipples cause Breast cancer particularly in males?
    Like for example when you're masturbating, you tend to rub/stimulate your nipples right? And because of that, you feel pleasure. Now my question is, can this sexual act cause breast cancer? Particularly in males?

    • ANSWER:
      nope :)
      your safe

  10. QUESTION:
    How likely is it for Dong Quai to cause breast cancer?
    I've started taking these pills that contain Dong Quai but I heard it can cause breast cancer,. Now I'm worried, how likely is it?

    • ANSWER:
      BritCaribbeanGirl,
      Dong quai is POSSIBLY SAFE for adults when taken by mouth and when occasionally applied to the skin as an ingredient in a cream. More evidence is needed to determine its safety after prolonged or repeated use. Dong quai can cause skin to become extra-sensitive to the sun. This might put you at greater risk for skin cancer. Wear sun block outside, especially if you are light-skinned. Taking dong quai in large amounts for a long period of time is POSSIBLY UNSAFE. Dong quai contains chemicals that are considered to be cancer-causing (carcinogens).

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  11. QUESTION:
    What is phytoestrogens and does it cause or prevent breast cancer?
    I was looking for how it affects you, but I cant really find anything on google. So does anyone know if it causes breast cancer or prevents it, and what are some foods that contain phytoestrogens?

    • ANSWER:
      More than 300 foods have been shown to contain phytoestrogens. Most food phytoestrogens are from one of three chemical classes, the isoflavonoids, the lignans or the coumestans. Isoflavonoid phytoestrogens are found in beans from the legume family; soybeans and soy products are the major dietary source of this type of phytoestrogens. Lignan phytoestrogens are found in high fiber foods such as cereal brans and beans; flaxseeds contain large amounts of lignans. The coumestan phytoestrogens are found in various beans such as split peas, pinto beans, and lima beans; alfalfa and clover sprouts are the foods with the highest amounts of coumestans.
      Phytoestrogens are a group of chemicals found in plants that can act like the hormone estrogen. There's conflicting evidence whether the phytoestrogen in soy helps prevent or increases risk, which probably means it has no effect one way or the other.

      http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/factsheet/diet/fs1.phyto.cfm

  12. QUESTION:
    Can sleeping with your bra on really cause breast cancer?
    Im 13 and still going through breast development so I sleep with a bra on because I find my breasts hurt if I dont wear one. My friend told me that sleeping with a bra on can cause breast cancer. Is this true or is she trying to freak me out?

    • ANSWER:
      According to the American Cancer Society, there is "no scientific or clinical basis" to an Internet rumor that claims that under-wire bras cause breast cancer. So tell your mom that there is no proof that wearing a bra — night or day — has any link to cancer.

      Are you having pain in your breasts? Painful breasts are often caused by normal hormonal shifts; many girls feel particularly tender right around the time of their period. But if the pain is consistent, or your back is hurting, mention it to your doctor and ask what might be causing your discomfort.

      Are you wearing a bra a night because you feel uncomfortable by your developing breasts? Sometimes it seems like they'll never stop growing, or you may feel like they're not the "right" (whatever that means) shape and size. It's stressful when your body goes through such rapid changes or growth spurts. Just remember, no matter how much you think you look weird or different, everyone else goes through similar moments of anxiety and total body trauma.

      — Kate Forest, MSW

  13. QUESTION:
    Do the Ideologue Leftists want to push The Pill to stop producing Americans and cause more Breast Cancer?
    A Study showed if a women takes THE PILL longer than 3 years it can cause Breast Cancer. Are the far left Progressives killing 2 birds with one stone pushing the Pill or what? Now they want it paid for by the tax payers as well. WOW!

    • ANSWER:
      Yeah, keep trying bub.

      Oral contraceptive also lowers the risk for other types of cancer.

  14. QUESTION:
    Does eating highly processed soy cause breast cancer?
    I've been eating processed soy for 10 years, and now I read that it can cause breast cancer. My grandmother got breast cancer from taking estrogen pills after menopause. Now I'm scared that I'm at risk. To make things worse, I noticed a strange dent in my breast that sometimes appears. I'm only 28. Can 10 years of eating processed soy cause breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Soy contains isoflavones which are known as phytoestrogens because they can bind to estrogen receptors and exert weak estrogenic effects. Soy foods have been shown in studies to offer many health benefits including providing protection against osteoporosis (increasing bone density), reducing risk of heart disease with beneficial effects on cholesterol, platelets and blood vessels, and relieving menopause symptoms.

      According to most human research, eating whole soy foods does not increase risk of breast or endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women, and may even be protective. There is also some evidence that soy may be beneficial for cyclic breast pain and improve fibrocystic breast conditions.

      However, consuming purified soy products and supplements is a different matter. A study published in Carcinogenesis suggests that not only is the cancer-preventive ability of soy foods markedly reduced in highly purified soy products and supplements, but that such processed foods can stimulate the growth of pre-existing estrogen-dependent breast tumors.

      As a femMED employee I’m required to tell you that I am not licensed to practise medicine. If you rely on my advice, you accept that we (femMED and I) disclaim any responsibility for the consequences of that reliance. Please consult your doctor or medical practitioner before acting on any advice provided.

  15. QUESTION:
    Is it true that if you wear a bra while your sleeping it will cause breast cancer?
    I usually wear cotton comfy bras. They don't have the metal thing at the bottom of the bra. So is it true that it will cause breast cancer? I'm 14 and i would like to know. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Oh for goodness sakes..!

      No, sleeping in a bra of any kind will NOT cause cancer.

  16. QUESTION:
    Can a women get breast cancer by wearing a bra to sleep?
    I've heard this from before, a lot of people think that wearing a bra to sleep causes breast cancer. Other people say if a woman doesn't wear a bra to sleep her breast will sag D:

    serious answers please!

    • ANSWER:
      No. You can't get breast cancer by wearing a bra to sleep. I've done it many times in my life and no, it doesn't happen. Besides, if you do wear a bra to bed, it doesn't help unsag your breasts, it just stays there. Bras are meant to be worn when you're sitting or standing, not sleeping. When you're sleeping your laying down which doesn't do anything to your breasts at all. They do have exersises which keep them up anyway.

  17. QUESTION:
    Does putting a phone in your bra cause breast cancer?
    If I turn it off will it still cause breast cancer? I'm going to prom and I'm going to dance so I'm not carrying a clutch, and I'm also wearing a dress. Anywhere else I can put it?

    • ANSWER:
      Relax, your phone will not cook your boob.

      Kim is right, cell phones don't actually cause cancer.

      Here's what the scientists say: "We can't find any evidence that cell phones cause cancer. None at all."

      Then the reporter asks, "But is there any chance, however tiny, that a cell phone MIGHT cause cancer?"

      The scientist replies, "Anything can be considered possible until proven otherwise, but it's really unlikely that a cell phone could cause cancer. There's no reason to think it would ever happen."

      The reporter writes his story: "SCIENTISTS CONFIRM THAT CELL PHONES COULD POSSIBLY CAUSE CANCER!"

      And the public reads this as "CELL PHONES GIVE YOU CANCER!"

      So, a combination of reporters who exaggerate and distort and a general public that for the most part doesn't understand science or read more of an article than the headline, makes for a general public that thinks cell phones are carcinogens.

  18. QUESTION:
    Can using a wireless laptop cause breast cancer?
    I've heard a bit about this but don't know if it's just one of those myths however I use a wireless laptop on the net daily and often have the laptop up on my chest when in bed so could this cause breast cancer? Dumb question probably but a friend is adament it can and now I'm starting to worry.

    • ANSWER:
      It might, but as of yet there has been no science (that I am aware of) to back that up.

  19. QUESTION:
    Why do some Pro-Lifers lie about abortion causing breast cancer?
    Abortion doesn't actually cause breast cancer or increase your risk of breast cancer. Women who abort lose out on a chance to reduce their risk of breast cancer, though.
    When someone says "It's just a fetus", they are telling the truth. If you don't care about it, since it is a fetus, it is just a fetus to you. :) People make that true.

    No matter how I look at certain Pro-Life arguments, I can't find any way they are true.

    I'd rather tell the truth and argue against my personal opinion than lie and misinform women.

    • ANSWER:
      because the pro-life movement is based on lies. they lie about how a fetus develops, they lie about how abortions are performed and they lie about the health risks of abortions. you'd think that if abortions really were terrible, they wouldn't have to lie. kind of makes you think.

  20. QUESTION:
    Is it true that sleeping with your bra on, will cause breast cancer?
    I sleep with my bra on EVERY NIGHT. But my friend said I might not want to do that anymore because it could cause breast cancer. Can it? And if so, what causes it?

    • ANSWER:
      This Q has been answered many times here.
      IT IS ABSOLUTE WRONG KNOWLEDGE.
      It does not cause cancer.

  21. QUESTION:
    Is it true that boob pills cause breast cancer?
    I started taking boob pills to make my 32C's grow into 32DD's (can't wait until they're 32DD's!) but my mom says they can cause breast cancer due to rapid cell growth in the boobs and the body can't eliminate the bad cells quickly enough. True or not?

    • ANSWER:
      True

  22. QUESTION:
    What can you do to help prevent breast cancer after you start taking birth control pills?
    Birth control pills can cause breast cancer. What type of "preventative maintenance" can you do while you're on them?

    • ANSWER:
      there is no sure way to prevent breast cancer; however, regular exercise and eating healthy can't hurt. Make sure you are doing monthly self breast exams and getting a mammogram if you 40 or over (or earlier if you have a history).

  23. QUESTION:
    do seatbelts cause breast cancer after a high impact accident?
    my co-worker just had a bad car accident yesterday morning. she called in this morning to let us know how she was feeling. she said that her doctor would like for her to get a mammogram because seatbelts may cause breast cancer. I have never heard of this in the past. is the doctor correct in letting her know this?

    • ANSWER:
      Many things can cause breast cancer, however I don't believe that is the case.

      I was in a bad accident (back axle broken, tires shredded, window imploded, ripped my jeans, and bloody), at no time was I ever requested to get a mammogram to check, and my doctor checked for everything even when I didn't need it.

      Perhaps it runs in her family and he believes that something that jarring could force a tumor to the surface when earlier tests showed nothing.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can wearing a bra to bed cause breast cancer?
    I don't sleep with my bra on coz it's uncomfortable when I sleep, anyways I remember someone telling me that wearing a bra when you sleep can cause breast cancer coz they dont let your blood flow properly or somethig???? :o anyways I'm wondering if wearing a bra when sleeping can cause breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      It won't cause cancer, but it is certainly bad for you.

  25. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer get so much recognition?
    I am so sick of seeing "pink" everything for breast cancer awareness month. There are hundreds of other cancers that people die from - why is breast cancer singled out? What about children who are dying from leukemia or men suffering with prostrate cancer?

    Do women know that abortion and artificial birth control can cause breast cancer? Do they know that organizations like "Susan G. Komen for the Cure" support Planned Parenthood which is the biggest abortion chain in the country?

    I know breast cancer is terrible and women (and men) die from it, but why is there so much hype about it? Isn't heart disease the number one killer of women and men?

    • ANSWER:
      in addition to the dinstinctive and popular pink ribbon which was of course controversially "picked up" by Estee Lauder and which we now see plastered over everything, a ridiculous amount of the funds raised by the public goes into more fundraising events and therefore more publicity. basically, when you support the big breast cancer charities you're giving money to sustaining and growing the organisation, and then a bit is left over which presumably goes towards curing cancer...

  26. QUESTION:
    Does deodorant really cause breast cancer?
    I heard that it causes breast cancer but im not sure, so if u know can u answer my question, thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      when researchers looked at the cancer found in patients, it had 'parabens' in it. this is an ingredient found in most synthetic deodorants.....so most people believe this causes breast cancer. its not proven yet...but still. and aluminum is also in it and that is very harmful. deodorant also can glod lymph glands (they filter out waste and toxins out of your body, so when they become clogged, problems arise..possibly cancer)
      use a natural deodorant. theres tons that work.

  27. QUESTION:
    Does wearing your bra to bed increase your chances of getting breast cancer?
    I've heard from people sleeping in your bra can cause breast cancer. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      No, it's nonsense.

      There are a number of stories circulating about bras and breast cancer - and they are all untrue.

      You can't get or increase your risk of breast cancer by sleeping in a bra; or by wearing a tight bra, wearing a wired bra, wearing a bra 24/7, not wearing a bra or any of the other nonsense you might hear.

      Breast cancer, like other cancers, happens when normal cells change so that they behave in an uncontrolled way; your underwear cannot trigger this process or have any effect on it.

      Have a look at any reputablle breast cancer charity or information site; you won't find bras listed among the risk factors on any of them

      Do what's comfortable for you

  28. QUESTION:
    I heard someone once say implants could be a cause of breast cancer–is that true?
    There is a history of breast cancer in my family. I’ve been thinking about getting breast implants, but am concerned about how safe that would be. Are there any safety concerns I should be aware of? I heard someone once say implants could be a cause of breast cancer–is that true?

    • ANSWER:
      They have not shown a link between cancer and implants. In todays age everything you do is so called linked to cancer. People are so worried about cancer that they are scared to live life. Get your implants be happy with life and stop worrying so much. When its your time to go its your time and you cant stop it so quit worrying you'll be fine.

  29. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to give a woman breast cancer by tickling them in the armpit?
    Say maybe 3 tickles per day for a year? Does irritation in the armpit cause breast cancer? Can it be true? Debate.

    • ANSWER:
      lol. are you serious? no, it's not true. whoever told you that was pulling your leg.

  30. QUESTION:
    Why such a strong push to cure breast cancer?
    Why is it more important than any other cancer of the body, like lung cancer, colon cancer, brain cancer, pancreatic cancer, etc., or any other diseases like MS, Alzheimer's, Cerebral Palsy, etc? It's like everywhere I go I see pink ribbons and "cure breast cancer" marketing. It's push to cure it is so incredibly disproportionate as to make me think there is some political motive behind it. Could it have something to do with the fact that abortion can cause breast cancer? That would certainly provide a political motive.

    • ANSWER:
      Denise said its not more important. its equally the same as every other life threatning disease.

      Really? Spending in 1997 on research looked something like this: Breast Cancer ,800/death, prostate cancer ,700/death.) Since then, it the gap has grown wider.

      The National Cancer Institute also reported that during the period 1950-1991, women's rate of death from breast cancer increased 2% while men's rate of death from prostate cancer increased 25%. Until the last few years, you never heard anything about prostate cancer. Even today, it's not a high priority on health programs or the news. There's no postage stamp or brochures at the post office. (The second Breast Cancer postage stamp will soon be issued to raise awareness of breast cancer and to fund additional research.) There’s no special research or funding organizations for prostate cancer, no national prevention month, week or even day.

      This is not to say that everything that is being done to find a cure for breast cancer should not be done. However, where do men’s health issues fit in in your local news analysis and reporting? What about the fact that of the 15 leading causes of death, men lead in every single category.

      There are a lot of free screenings for breast cancer for poor women, none of any sort for poor men.

      One has only to look for the pink for many products rasing funds for breast cancer. Do you see any fund rasing for prostate cancer? Even during the prostate cancer awarness week in Sept, I saw more effort to raise awareness and funds for breast cancer then I did for prostate cancer.

      Oh yea...I sure do not see the feminist screaming about this....instead they are only screaming that there is a health care gap. There sure is...but is not against women!

      Is it not time to value ALL our people?

  31. QUESTION:
    Does the spray on kind of deodorant cause cancer? If it does, what kind of cancer?
    I've heard that certain types on deodorants and maybe their ingredients cause cancer. When I researched this topic, it said that it would only cause breast cancer. If thats not the only cancer it can cause, what other cancers can it cause?

    • ANSWER:
      The research I've read found that chemicals from certain aerosols had been found in breast cancers. That doesn't mean only breast cancer can be caused by aerosols, nor does it mean that aerosols necessarily cause cancer.

      The study basically showed a statistical link between aerosols and cancer, which doesn't necessarily equate to aerosol use increasing your risk of cancer, it's at far too early a stage to be exactly sure.

      For the moment if you're really concerned then stop using aerosols altogether, however until there're more definitive studies it's really all up in the air.

  32. QUESTION:
    Is it true that drinking water from plastic bottles left in the car may cause breast cancer?
    I heard chemicals are produced in plastic water bottles after being left in the heat of your car, and drinking this water may cause breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      No. It's not true. It's an Internet myth. If Sheryl Crowe believes that than she was fooled too. The American Cancer Society has a report about this latest 'urban myth' about plastic bottles left in the car. It's not true.

      Urban Legends: Heated Plastic Causes Cancer
      http://www.snopes.com/medical/toxins/cookplastic.asp

      Top Ten Unfounded Health Scares: Plastic causes cancer
      http://www.acsh.org/healthissues/newsID.1021/healthissue_detail.asp

      ACS: Myths and Half Truths
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MED/content/MED_6_1x_Reusing_Plastic_Water_Bottles.asp?sitearea=MED

      "Plastic Water Bottles

      Email:
      The original version of this email begins by saying “Many are unaware of poisoning caused by re-using plastic bottles,” and says “bottles are safe for one-time use only; if you must keep them longer, it should be or no more than a few days, a week max, and keep them away from heat as well.” The email says the bottles contain DEHA, which it calls a potential carcinogen.

      A newer (2007) version of the email quotes an unidentified doctor as saying women should not drink bottled water that has been left in a car because the heat and the plastic of the bottle have certain chemicals that can lead to breast cancer.

      Fact:
      These emails are apparently based on a student’s college thesis. In fact, DEHA is not inherent in the plastic used to make these bottles, and even if it was the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) says DEHA "cannot reasonably be anticipated to cause cancer, teratogenic effects, immunotoxicity, neurotoxicity, gene mutations, liver, kidney, reproductive, or developmental toxicity or other serious or irreversible chronic health effects." Meanwhile, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), says diethylhexyl adipate "is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans."

  33. QUESTION:
    what causes breast cancer and what are the measures needed to prevent it?
    I just want somebody to tell me everything I need to know about breast cancer.What causes it,is it generic,are there foods or other things we use in our daily lives that actually cause it like perfumes?How about chemicals found in the preservatives used in packed or canned foods things like MSG .I would appreciate it if someone clarified this for me

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer is a common form of cancer among women in the United States, Canada and Europe. However, in Africa and Asia, the prevalence is much lower, indicating the possibility of environmental triggers as well as a genetic predisposition. While the number one risk factor is simply being female, other risk factors include:

      -Age - Breast cancer occurs more often in women over 50 and is less common in pre-menopausal women. American Cancer Society (ACS).
      -Family History - Women with family history of breast cancer have a greater risk of developing the disease.
      -Genetic factors - Inheriting mutations or alterations of certain genes called BRCA-1 and BRCAS-2 increases the risk of developing breast cancer. The ACS estimates that 5 to 10 percent of breast cancer cases result from inherited mutations of these genes. A woman with these genes has an 80 percent chance of developing breast cancer in her lifetime, according to the ACS. Women with a family history of breast cancer may be tested for the mutated gene. However, interpretation of the test results and decisions about treatment are complicated. Recent studies have identified other genes and gene mutations that may be associated with breast cancer. Several studies have shown nearly 200 gene mutations that are associated with some breast tumors.
      -Previous history of breast cancer or of Benign breast Tumors - This includes being diagnosed with breast cancer as well as non-cancerous tumors. Research has demonstrated the risk of developing breast cancer varies with the actual type of benign breast disease found in a woman.
      -Race - Breast cancer is more common in white women than in those of other races, including Hispanic, Asian or black American. .
      -Hormone factors - Hormones may increase the risk of breast cancer. Hormonal influences that are believed to raise the risk include:
      -Early menstruation - Women who started their period before 12 years of age.
      -Late menopause - Women who go through menopause after age 55.
      -Pregnancy history - Women who have their first child after the age of 30 or who have had fewer pregnancies or no pregnancies.
      -Hormone drugs - The use of oral contraceptives has been linked to a slight increase in breast cancer risk.
      -Breast density - Women with less fatty, denser breasts, which are normally older women, have an increased chance of breast cancer.
      -Obesity after menopause - In postmenopausal women, estrogen is primarily produced by fat tissue. If a woman is significantly overweight, she has more fat tissue and more estrogen is being produced in their body.
      -Radiation to the chest area - For women treated for Hodgkins Lymphoma with radiation to the chest before age 30, the chances of developing breast cancer are higher than the general population.
      -Sedentary lifestyle - Women who are physically inactive have a higher rate of breast cancer, possibly due to a sedentary lifestyle.
      -Use of Alcohol - Several studies have concluded that the more alcohol consumed by a woman, the higher her risk of breast cancer becomes.

      For prevention of Breast Cancer, if at all we can do anything, it starts with our own Lifestyle choices and healthy habits - such as staying physically active, limiting alcohol and eating right. Among the easiest things to control are what you eat and drink and how active you are. Here are some strategies that may help you decrease your risk of breast cancer:

      • LIMIT ALCOHOL
      • MAINTAIN A HELTHY WEIGHT
      • STAY ACTIVE
      • CONSIDER LIMITING FAT IN YOUR DIET
      • Avoid HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY (HRT) –
      • CHECK YOUR BREASTS EVERY MONTH
      • DO NOT FORGETTO GET
      • Consider BREASTFEEDING instead of formula feeding
      • HAVE CILDRENT EARLIER in life
      • Avoid taking unnecessary ANTIBIOTICS.
      • Be CAUTIOUS about PESTICIDES
      • Nothing you can guarantee your life will be free from Cancer. But if you practice healthy habits and consult your doctor about extra measures you can take, you may at least reduce your risk of this potentially fatal disease.-

  34. QUESTION:
    Can wearing a bra cause breast cancer when your YOUNG?
    Im 13 and i sleep in my bra most of the time but people tell me not to because it causes breast cancer. My grandma said it didnt but my aunt told me it did so i re searched it. It says it can but what if i only do it when im young? or if i sleep in one thats a sports bra or one without wire?

    • ANSWER:
      it coul give u breast cancer wen ur young too cuz my sister is a doctor and she knows all about it it coul coz breast cancer becuz wen u sleep n a bra or where a bra it dnt let ur boobs breath if tht makes sense cuz it makes them squished or pushed 24/7 and thts nt good im 13 also and wen i was twelve and younger i luved sleepin in my bra till my sista told me i coul get breast cancer soo if i were u i woul nt wear bras at nigh only if u hav 2

  35. QUESTION:
    Can tanning beds cause breast cancer?
    I know tanning beds cause cancer, but if I show my boobs in the tanning bed, could it cause breast cancer?
    If so, would wearing a bathing suit top help any?

    • ANSWER:

  36. QUESTION:
    Have some questions about breast cancer?
    Where is the chromosomal error?What type of molecular inheritance is it?What's it's molecular origin?Which chromosome is affected? Where is the mutation located on the chromosome? And also what type of mutation causes breast cancer?

    Could some one please help me with this?

    • ANSWER:
      Are you doing homework?

      I'm not sure the answers to these questions are absolutely known. And there are different types of breast cancer.

  37. QUESTION:
    If your breasts got hit by a soccer ball really hard, would that be a possible lead to breast cancer?
    If your breasts got hit by a soccer ball really hard, would that be a possible lead to breast cancer? What actually causes breast cancer and how can you prevent it? Please be very detailed :)

    • ANSWER:
      You could get a nasty bruise, but that's about it. There's really no details to give except most breast cancers occur in women over 50 and many times it's hormone driven although there are other causes.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the latest research on the link between Breast Ca and deodorants/anti persperants?
    My niece died of Breast Cancer at 32 yrs old and her young 8 yr old is needing to use an antipersperant due to strong odour irrespective of frequent washing. I read somewhere that some anti per or deoderants could cause Breast Cancer so need more info.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no scientific evidence at all that deodorant and anti-perspirant cause or contribute to any cancer. The widespread belief that they cause breast cancer is due largely to a hoax email that was widely circulated.

      For the facts read:

      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/bc_myths/antipersp.jsp

      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=3943

      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/healthyliving/cancercontroversies/deodorants/

      Also, contrary to what someone else has said, only 5- 10% of breast cancer cases are genetic. Most are random.

  39. QUESTION:
    Is it true that anti perspirant products cause cancer?
    I heard deodorants and antiperspirant products cause breast cancer and cancer in general because of the ingredients and the aluminum.

    Is this true?

    I'm a guy btw.

    Best answer gets 10 points!

    • ANSWER:
      No link between cancer and deodorants/antiperspirants has been proven, and all the evidence strongly suggests there isn't one.

      The currently widely-held belief that they are linked to breast cancer is mainly down to a hoax email - which seems to be doing the rounds again if the number of recent questions on this subject is anything to go by.

      http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BreastCancer/OverviewGuide/breast-cancer-overview-what-causes - scroll down to 'Uncertain risk factors'; the American Cancer Society rightly ascribes the deodorant/breast cancer scares to 'internet email rumours'.

      A large study in 2002 looked for links between antiperspirant use and breast cancer in 1,500 women. The researchers found that neither antiperspirants nor deodorants increased breast cancer.

      Yes, most deodorants and antiperspirants contain aluminium, but there is no actual evidence that aluminium could increase the risk of cancer.

      These links give some facts:

      http://www.breastcancer.org/risk/myths/antipersp.jsp

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer-causes/CA00085

      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/about-cancer/cancer-questions/deodorants-antiperspirants-and-breast-cancer

  40. QUESTION:
    Is this true about bras and breast cancer?
    Someone told me that bras with underwires cause breast cancer. Is that true? Also, someone told me that wearing bras at night causes cancer and someone else told me that wearing bras at all causes cancer. Does wearing a bra less decrease the chances of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Nope. There are a lot of factors that increase your risk of breast cancer: being in certain ethnic groups or geographical areas, smoking, exposure to certain things... but bras aren't one of them. The bra is a pretty new invention and we have stories of breast cancer dating back to the ancient egyptians.

      And yes, researchers have investigated the question. So wear a bra or not, just as you please.

  41. QUESTION:
    Could keeping my phone in my breast pocket give me breast cancer?
    I'm often texting my friend at night and doing other things at the same time. Since I'm in my pyjamas at that time, I have no pockets to put my phone in but my breast pocket on my pyjama shirt.
    I'm wondering if it could cause breast cancer? Because I've heard about it but I'm not sure?

    • ANSWER:
      No.

  42. QUESTION:
    How do you prevent breast cancer?
    How do I prevent it? What are things that cause breast cancer so I know to stay away from them?? I already stay away from antiperspirant deodorant. (sucks but it's worth it if I don't get cancer.)

    • ANSWER:
      You die young.

      Truly, there is no known way to prevent breast cancer. The biggest risk factors are being female 99%+ of cases) and being over 50 (80% of cases)

      There are other known risk factors for breast cancer, a few of which are avoidable - but these are risk factors, not causes. It isn't known what causes breast cancer.

      The known risk factors are:

      Having children at an older age or not at all. The more children a woman has may also slightly lower her risk. Breast-feeding helps protect against the disease. The longer a woman breastfeeds her children, the more she lowers her risk.

      Starting periods at a younger than average age (under 12) or having a late menopause (after 55)
      .
      Being overweight (especially after the menopause).

      Regularly drinking more than 1 unit of alcohol per day slightly increases the risk of breast cancer.

      Having a previous diagnosis of breast cancer increases the risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast.

      BUT they are risk factors, not causes; ticking one, two or all the boxes doesn't mean you will get breast cancer, and many women with none of the risk factors develop breast cancer.

      And please not: antiperspirants and deodorants are NOT included in those risk factors. There's no proven link between any type of cancer and deodorants or antiperspirants, and all the evidence strongly suggests there isn't one.

      The belief that they are linked to breast cancer is mainly down to a hoax email that does the rounds from time to time:

      http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/cancer-questions/deodorants-antiperspirants-and-breast-cancer

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cancer-causes/CA00085

  43. QUESTION:
    Why do some women like breast implants over natural beauty?
    I am just wondering why some women want breast implants so badly that they will pay any price for it. I heard that the cost can be close to -50K, complications can occur, and it may cause breast cancer later on. My question for you is why would women want breast implants over natural looking breasts (natural beauty)? I've seen some women do breast augmentation and they looked better going in then coming out, so why then would women still do this?

    • ANSWER:
      I think that they feel like its something the have to do, having to compete with each other and having the best body, everything "perfect" its sad b/c its so crazy, for some women as my self don't need to get enhancements, I also think that it is a lack of self-confidence.

  44. QUESTION:
    How can I make my woman get breast implants?
    I am good to her, she is not as pretty as her two sister. Her breasts are not adequate. I say it would make her beautiful. I stay with her because her parents are infirm and wealthy. They can pay. She says she is scared they cause breast cancer but this is not true. I let her cook and clean for me when it is her unclean time, even making love. I do not beat her for this. Yet she shows me no respect.

    • ANSWER:
      Tell her that if she gets breast implants, then you will get a penis enlargement!

  45. QUESTION:
    If you discovered there are toxins in antiperspirant would you stop using it?
    Some antiperspirants cause breast cancer is it true?
    Breast cancer rates soar and aluminum is toxic!
    2+2=4 or is it just common sense?
    Applying poisin to the body may not be smart!
    I have been using Tom's of Maine deorderant and its awesome, and non toxic!

    • ANSWER:
      According to studies done Aluminum in deodorants have shown it to be toxic as it has been linked to breast cancer, According to studies done of the tissue of woman who had a mastectomy aluminum has been found in the tissue of those. I have stopped using any deodorants with aluminum. In another study showed tissue containing parabens.

  46. QUESTION:
    Is there an affect to having my breasts fondled too much by my boyfriend?
    An odd question, I know. But just wondering cause it can be irritating, I mean it doesn't feel irritating he loves me for me, that's just his fav part. He's soft with them, no pressing hard, but I just wondered if too much could cause breast cancer or lumps cause of the sensitive tissue.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi No its not like tat he is great just feel happy

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the strangest things you heard that can cause breast cancer?
    I 'm doing a report for health class. My topic is "strange myths about the risk of breast cancer" If you know anything that seems strange or stupid that people think can give them breast cancer, let me know. And if you know it's true or false, please send me Links if you have any. The only thing I can find is on antiperspirants, i need some more strange ideas. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many, most of which are repeated here on YA regularly

      You are right, anti-perspirant and deodorant don't cause breast cancer:
      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/healthyliving/cancercontroversies/deodorants/
      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/bc_myths/antipersp.jsp

      Another rmyth is that blows, bumps or pinches to the breast cause it:
      http://www.netwellness.org/question.cfm/11349.htm
      http://www.swedish.org/17384.cfm

      A link between abortion and breast cancer is a myth; junk science and propaganda from the anti-choice lobby. The broad scientific consensus is that no such link exists.

      This excellent article gives the facts:
      http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1374/is_2_62/ai_83794478
      also
      http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/abortion-miscarriage

      Frequently on this board there are questions about bras and breast cancer - sleeping in a bra or wearing an ill-fitting, underwired or padded bra are common myths and NOT causes of breast cancer.

      There have been recent bogus scares about water in plastic bottles - frozen, left in cars etc - causing bc; all nonsense:
      http://urbanlegends.about.com/od/medical/a/bottled-water.htm
      http://www.snopes.com/medical/toxins/petbottles.asp

      Someone asked on here yesterday if french fries caused breast cancer!

      I often see people saying on here that breast cancer is largely, mainly or entirely genetic. It isn't; only 5 -10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors.

      There is currently a common belief that dairy products cause breast cancer, mainly because of the book 'Your Life in Your Hands' by Jane Plant, which made the claim. There is no real scientific evidence that this is true, and in fact I offer myself as evidence that it isn't - I had been vegan for over 8 years when i was diagnosed with bc.

      In fact, if you are discussing myths about breast cancer you may want to include all claims about diet and lifestyle. There is no evidence that any food contributes to any cancer. Any claim that it does is speculation and reflects the fears and prejudices of the person making the claim. It's often less scary for someone who hasn't had cancer to 'blame the victim' - put cancer down to avoidable life style factors like diet, stress, lack of exercise etc - than it is for them to accept that cancer is a largely random disease that can strike any of us at any time.

      The causes of breast cancer aren't known; there are known risk factors, but these ARE risk factors not causes - ticking one, some or all these boxes does not mean you will get breast cancer, and many people who are diagnosed with breast cancer have none of these risk factors other than the first and/or second.

      The greatest risk factor for breast cancer is being female -over 99% of those diagnosed are women.

      The second greatest is getting older - 80% of those diagnosed are over 50.

      5-10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors.

      The other known risk factors are:

      Having children at an older age or not at all. The more children a woman has may also slightly lower her risk. Breast-feeding helps protect against the disease. The longer a woman breast feeds her children, the more she lowers her risk.

      Starting periods at a younger than average age (under 12) or having a late menopause (after 55)

      Taking the contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) causes a small increase in risk. However, the risk gradually returns to normal after you stop taking them.

      Being overweight (especially after the menopause).

      Regularly drinking more than 1 unit of alcohol per day slightly increases the risk of breast cancer.

      Having a previous diagnosis of breast cancer increases the risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast.

      Thanks for the interesting question. If I remember any more myths as the day goes on, I'll add them

  48. QUESTION:
    If you put your mobile phone near your breast: can this cause breast cancer?
    You know how some girls place their mobile in their cleavage or around that area...can this cause breast cancer in the future?

    • ANSWER:
      If it's on while it is.


causes of breast cancer

Cancer Treatment Options

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are cancer treatment options when the patient also has Parkinson's Disease?
    A dear friend of mine has Stage 3A lung cancer, but also has Parkinson's Disease, and there appear to be limited treatment options. Can anyone provide some guidance on this issue?

    • ANSWER:
      My sympathy and thoughts go out to you and your friend. I have been with a Research company for the past 10 years and they have had some remarkable results with a product called Transfer Factor. I have literally been witness to hundreds of cases where the success has been incredible with Cancer. It has also had good results with Parkinson's disease. You might want to look into it for your friend. The product is completely natural. It is geared towards raising your immune intelligence and training your body's best defense to deal with foreign invaders of all kinds. It's an advancement in biotechnology that has over 3,000 clinical studies. You can find more about it by visiting:

      www.4lifetransferfactorstore.com

      That site has testimonials from many people who have experienced the benefits of Transfer Factor, plus their are some clinical study results, and more information on how Transfer Factor works.

      I wish the best for you and your friend during this difficult time.

  2. QUESTION:
    Tell me more about liver and lung tumors, how many types of cancer, treatment options?
    My mom just found out that she has type II diabetes, 5 or 6 tumors in her liver and 5 or 6 tumors in her lungs. They did a liver biopsy on Fri. and they're doing a MRI on Monday of her brain and a bone scan and mamogram also. They also want to check her colon. Is this serious? She had cervical cancer about 18 years ago and had surgery to remove it. How many types of cancer and what are the treatment options for her condition. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      What they have found with your Mom is definitely serious, which is why they want to do all of the tests you mention.

      There seem to be new cancers discovered every year, so there is no simple answer as to how many cancers there are. The treatments are surgery, radiation with x-rays, and chemo-therapy. There are also alternative medicine approaches which occasionally work for cases that are not advanced.

  3. QUESTION:
    What are some alternatives to Cancer Treatment Centers of America?
    My co-worker's brother has cancer, and Cancer Treatment Centers of America is not accepted by his insurance. What other options are available?
    My Co-worker's brother has cancer, and his insurance does not accept Cancer Treatment Centers of America. He lives in Virginia, but somewhere in North Carolina should be ok also. Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Anywhere would be an alternative. This is a private for profit organization that has been in trouble with the FTC for false and unsubstantiated claims. I am not aware of any other hospital that has had this problem.

      I work for various hospitals throughout Los Angeles County and we have several well-known hospitals here where people come from all over the world for treatment and there are many less known community hospitals that give care that is just as good and in some cases better than these well known hospitals.

      The best advice I can give to your co-workers brother is to be an informed consumer. He and a trusted friend or family member should learn as much about his disease as possible so that he can ask good questions and make informed decisions. Get opinions from 2 or 3 oncologists that do not practice together. Someone should go with him to all appointments where test results or treatment options are discussed. Keep a running list of any questions he thinks of and take the list with him to his doctors appointments.

      Unless he has an unusual cancer he should get very good treatment at a hospital his insurance is contracted with. He may also want to check with the American College of Surgeons for hospitals in his area with approved cancer programs. They are responsible for accrediting hospital cancer programs in the United States.

  4. QUESTION:
    My mom's cancer may have spread to her leg bone and liver. What treatment options does she have?
    My mom, a smoker aged 61, had a kidney removed some two years ago because of kidney cancer. A recent CT scan has shown signs that cancer may have spread to her leg bone and liver. I am anxious to know what effective treatment options are available.

    • ANSWER:
      You should call Cancer Treatments of America, they have alternative cancer treatments. Or look it up on Cancer treatment of america.com, I hope this helps, good luck & give your mother my best wishes!

  5. QUESTION:
    prostate cancer treatment options - looking on prostate cancer treatment options?
    What are the prostate cancer treatment options that you prefer to me to choose?

    • ANSWER:
      If you have prostate cancer, there are many important factors to take into account before deciding on a treatment option, such as your age and general health, and the likelihood that the cancer will cause problems for you. You should also think about which side effects you can live with. Some men, for example, can't imagine living with side effects such as incontinence or impotence. Other men are less concerned about these and more concerned about removing or destroying the cancer.

  6. QUESTION:
    Is there certain cancers that already have cures?
    I'm only 16, not at the age to be worrying about cancer but i'm curious since its basically the main killer. There are many different cancers and different treatment options but is their any specific cancers that have cures to them? I'm talking about cures that were discovered within the last 100 years.
    Also, Any type of cancers that have claimed the lives of say old actors back in the early 1900s that can easily be treated or cured today? Cancers that were so deadly back then but now not so much of a concern?

    • ANSWER:
      Heart disease is the number one killer. Most cancers that are cured are those caught early enough. Most people in the early 1900s did not live long enough to get cancer. At that time it would be rare for anyone with any cancer to survive.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are treatment options for metastatic melanoma?
    I'm interested in ALL treatment options especially alternative medicines. Options we already tried include IV Interferon, Yerboi (vaccine), and Temador. Forgive the spelling, I'm no doctor. Cancer is in nodes, but not systemic yet.

    • ANSWER:
      If you need anything beyond surgery you are in trouble.
      We do not have standard treatment for advanced melanoma.
      You need to research if you want to know all of the options including clinical trials.

  8. QUESTION:
    Treatment options for inoperable cancer for infants?
    I have a friend with an 8 month old little girl who was diagnosed with inoperable cancer. I don't know much about cancer treatment beyond chemotherapy, radiation, and surgical removal but in this case the person is extremely young and surgery has already been ruled out. I've tried to search for answers on this but I keep finding overly technical articles.

    Basically, what are the treatment options for this? To they give this poor little girl chemotherapy? How will that effect her?

    • ANSWER:
      Target therapy may address such a case of infancy.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Latest updates* on “Miracles of Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies.”--We r treating from 01082011 a case of Thalassemia-Major-a genetic disorder acquired from Thalassemia-Minor parents[both] for a 4-months old boy born with congenital [liver] Jaundice, anemia [Hb-5.8] and fatigue] and his Hb levels have shot up steadily from 5.8 to 11.00 as on 04012012 and the doctors @ Apollo Hospitals @ Ludhiana have postponed steadily the transfusion dates from 3-4-5 weeks as on date.

      The documented recordings are as follows:

      TRANSFUSION HB BEFORE TRANSFUSION HB AFTER TRANSFUSION TIIME GAP FROM THE PREVIOUS

      1ST Date.10072011 5.6 12.8 ----

      2ND Date 02082011 9.5 NOT CHECKED 21DAYS

      3RD Date 23082011 11.2 NOT CHECKED 21 DAYS

      4TH Date 22092011 10.5 NOT CHECKED

      5 TH Date 15102011 9.6 NOT CHECKED

      6 TH Date 09112011 9.7 NOT CHECKED

      7 TH Date 07122011*** 11.2 NOT CHECKED
      • PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  9. QUESTION:
    Are there any advance stage uterine cancer patients seeking natural treatment?
    Women who are diagnosed with uterine cancer and then find out that is stage 3 or stage 4 cancer have to decide on a treatment option. Many will be seen by medical physicians, while some will seek natural treatment such as juicing, fasting, and other ways to heal themselves. If you have been diagnosed with uterine cancer and have been treated or is being treated by natural remedies, herbs etc, please share with those who are contemplating natural healing. Tell how you are coping?

    • ANSWER:
      Anyone who had cancer treated by natural remedies, herbs etc cannot answer you because they are dead.

  10. QUESTION:
    What treatment options for RA do I have other than drugs?
    I am 24 years old and I just found out that I have RA (rheumatoid arthritis). I don not want to take medications for the rest of my life and am just wondering if I have any other approaches for treatment options.

    • ANSWER:
      Your answer is food !

      Medical researchers have found that there are some foods that promote inflammation (bad - do not eat) and other foods that reduce inflammation (good - eat these).

      Top of the list of foods that promote inflammation and must be avoided are of course processed foods. Anything in a packet or box with additives.

      Anything white - white bread, white rice, white pasta, white flour...

      The alternative is of course wholemeal. Wholemeal bread, brown rice, wholemeal pasta, wholemeal flour...

      Wheat is not tolerated well by some people, so if that is you find an alternative bread such as rye or spelt bread...

      Dairy milk products are another inflammation promoter. Cheese, cream and butter are the worst as the milk is concentrated. Natural potset yoghurt made with no fruit is the best as it is already partially digested by the billions of good bacteria it contains.

      Omega 3 oils found in oily deep sea fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna are inflammation reducers. They are also found in almonds, linseed oil and other foods.

      Brightly coloured fruits and vegetables are full of antioxidants which are also very beneficial for you. Blueberries, raspberries, sweet potatoes, broccoli, zucchini, artichoke...

      All this information and more is in a book written by Immunologist and Toxicologist William Joel Meggs in his book "The Inflammation Cure".
      These foods and all the information in the book will benefit any autoimmune condition as well as some heart conditions and cancers, Type 1 and 2 Diabetes, obesity and 'Fibromyalgia'.

      The book can be read online at Google Books. Chapter 9 deals with diet starting at page 101.

  11. QUESTION:
    What is the best lever cancer treatment hospital in india.?
    My father is 60 years old.Now he is sufering from lever cancer with final stage.Please tell me which is the best Indian lever cancer treatment hospital to cure him totaly ?Please help us.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, I am so sorry you are dealing with this.

      I will post a few links in my sources that might give you some help. The Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital & Research Centre might be a good option but I think your best bet is to contact the doctor that made the diagnosis and follow their instructions carefully. If you want a second opinion, get one if you can but don't put off treatment at this point.

      If they feel they cannot treat it, seek another opinion. If nothing else hun, enjoy the time you have left with your father.

      I will say a prayer for your father tonight.

  12. QUESTION:
    What does treatment for prostate cancer consist of, and does it affect a male's ability to have sex?
    A very close friend of ours has been diagnosed with prostate cancer (it really *isn't* my partner or me!) and we were wondering what his treatment options might be.

    If the prostate gland is removed, does that eliminate the ability to have sex?

    Probably best to have an older person answer this: it's pretty obvious by the question that this is going to be completely out of the realm of experience for most of the teenagers.

    • ANSWER:
      It can, but new surgical techniques have reduced the risk. I was diagnosed with it about a year ago, but a second opinion from Johns-Hopkins said no. At least not yet. Anyhow, there are a number of different treatments that depend on the age of the patient and the stage of the disease. At my age, 50, and the very early preliminary diagnosis, removal was recommended. There is a new procedure called the da Vinci procedure that is minimally invasive and less likely to lead to the nerve damage that causes impotence. However, it is still a risk, as well as a risk of urinary incontinence. And even if you are not impotent, your orgasms will be dry - seminal fluid is produced by the prostate. There are also other procedures, such as implanting radioactive 'seeds' into the prostate. It is my understanding that the risk of impotence from that or any other radiation procedure is higher than da Vinci surgery, but less than with traditional surgery. Chemo and broader irradiation can be recommended in more advanced cases.
      My brother had the daVinci procedure, and he is able to have sex. He uses a penile constriction band to maintain an erection; I don't know whether he had any ED problems before. He is able to have orgasms, but as I said, they are dry.
      Sometimes, again depending on the age,the stage, and how aggressive the cancer, they will recommend leaving it alone. Don't bank on that, though.

      Here's a link with info on the daVinci procedure.
      Tell your friend my thoughts and prayers are with him. I know how scary this is. I have to have regular biopsies to keep track of mine, and every time I go through hell waiting for the results.

      http://www.davinciprostatectomy.com/davinci_prostatectomy/index.aspx

      If you Google 'prostate cancer stories' there are lots of personal stories on the web.

  13. QUESTION:
    Have you tried any alternative cancer treatments?
    I am doing a Level 3 extended project and would really like some personal reports on alternative cancer treatments. The topics I am currently looking at are medical marijuana and laetrile, however any other treatments you have used would be great to read about. The other questions I am posing are:
    - Should a cancer patient be aloud to choose any type of medicine available, be it conventional or alternative?
    - Should marijuana be legalised in the UK in order to help with pain in cancer patients, especially those who have undergone chemotherapy?
    - What advantages and disadvantages have you found with any alternative or conventional cancer treatments?

    Thank you for your help, your answers will be really appreciated and will help greatly with my project :-)

    • ANSWER:
      Questions about Laetrile/B17b etc. and cannabis come up on a regular basis in here. I'll just refer you to previous answers of mine on these specific alternative cancer treatment modalities:
      Cannabis: http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AgJHbtpkSi6TAA8yzSeCAx4hBgx.;_ylv=3?qid=20130126135254AA3RF6v
      Laetrile: http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=ApvnGZhvRs26b7vNyKj1VVUhBgx.;_ylv=3?qid=20130103071052AAkLrom

      Another aspect of your question is concerning what happens to patients opting for alternative treatments instead of conventional treatment. There are a few scientific articles that have looked into this for breast cancer. These articles show that the risk of progression/death significantly increases - most notably in those who refuse surgery, but also in those who refuse additional radio-chemotherapy. Here is an analysis of these articles: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2012/08/08/there-is-no-time-to-wait-for-alternative-cancer-therapy-to-work/

      Patients are (and should be) allowed to choose any treatment they want. My beef is with those who sell false hopes, and by doing so rob patients of a fair chance of curative treatment. And I don't think that belief exonerate people from the responsibility of giving bad advice: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2010/01/05/does-belief-exonerate/

      I am not against the use of cannabis for symptomatic relief. But sometimes conventional drugs are both safer and more effective: http://scienceblog.cancerresearchuk.org/2012/07/25/cannabis-cannabinoids-and-cancer-the-evidence-so-far/#pain

      I think the disadvantages of altmed have been described above: It doesn't cure cancer. Conventional cancer treatment is harsh, and not always successful, but it it is the best option.

  14. QUESTION:
    What are the side effects of prostate cancer treatment? All excluding removal of the prostate.?
    I have had an agressive form of prostate cancer. Treatment included radiation internal as well as internal, inplants. Horemone and meds. Everything other than removal. I now have diabeties, have undergone triple bi-pass, I now hurt all over, my hips are all but killing me, I have lost and regained and lost again ability to controll urination. Thoughts please.

    • ANSWER:
      You will expect some pain, weakness, and other side effects from the treatment you described. If you feel the treatment is not working you could look into other options, see these links.

      http://www.cancertutor.com/Other/Prostate_Cancer.html

      http://www.naturalnews.com/027534_vitamin_D_prostate_cancer.html

  15. QUESTION:
    i have survived cancer twice and would like to start a foundation for helping others?
    my foundation would consists of treatment options facts and recomendations to hospitals.
    for example i.u. medical center.

    • ANSWER:
      Why don't you want to start your own blog? http://medicationforum.blogspot.com/2010/07/breast-cancer-awareness.html

  16. QUESTION:
    What natural methods did Lance Armstrong use to beat his cancer?
    I have heard that Lance Armstrong utilized natural products along with conventional forms of cancer treatment. I am very curious to know what he used as I am also using a combination of both and am not having much luck so far.

    • ANSWER:
      Sex After Prostate Cancer - a Wife's Sensual Secrets Revealed About Touch by Lori Wilk

      This article is for men who have survived prostate cancer and their partners. It was written with love and prayers for your health and relationships. Read this and know you are not alone and people are praying for you to have better experiences and more sensuality in your life.

      Prostate Problem Symptoms - Want to Know Some? by Arnold Nerenberg

      A lot of men consult prostate cancer question and answer forums to clear their presumptions or even to know the prostate problem symptoms. Let us first know the background of prostate cancer and the parts of the body that will be affected if one has prostate cancer. This is actually a disease affecting the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. When one gets prostate cancer, there is prostate mutation.

      Can Pomegranate Juice Slow Down Prostate Cancer? by Ric Bai

      How can you imagine pomegranate juice could slow down prostate cancer? There is research to suggest this is so. You can find all sorts of studies for various things, what matter is if it works. Prostate problems seem to be more common that ever before.

      Some Treatment Options For Prostate Cancer by Nickolay Lamm

      If you are looking for a prostate cancer treatment, what are your options? Treatments vary significantly from case to case. Because prostate cancer is usually very slow growing, one often-prescribed treatment is no treatment at all.

      Surviving Prostate Cancer - It's NOT Over Until You WIN! by King J. For

      If anyone has told you that it's over for you because you have been diagnosed with cancer of the prostate, this article will show you how and why you can still win. Lots of others have won and survived this condition, you can as well.

      Here is a site with some good information on Cancer. It will definitely help you. Have a look.

      http://cancer--info.we.bs/

  17. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of surviving a prostate cancer over the long-term if you are also diabetic?
    Does the fact that you have Diabetes 2 complicate your recovery efforts? I am thinking that prostate cancer treatment might involve a dietary adjustment that might complicate what one is trying to do to cut down on sugar intake.

    • ANSWER:
      Diabetes has no effect on surviving prostate cancer if you have not already developed complications from diabetes, but some prostate cancer treatments cause side effects that reduce the longterm survival rate for diabetes. Make sure you talk to your doc about all the treatment options and choose one that gives you the best chances for long-term health. Look into robotic surgery. If this is an option for you, it may cause the least amount of complications.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer treatments?
    what types if cancer treatments are there?

    • ANSWER:
      The type of cancer treatment doctor recommends depends on the type of cancer, the size and location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread, and overall health.

      The most common cancer treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. These therapies may be used either alone or in combination with other therapies.
      Other cancer treatment options include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy, and bone marrow/stem cell transplantation.
      In addition, patients are encouraged to consider clinical trials when making treatment plan decisions. A clinical trial is a research study to test a new treatment to prove it is safe, effective, and possibly better than the standard treatment. Your doctor can help you review all clinical trial options.

      The first treatment a person is given is called first-line therapy. Adjuvant therapy is treatment that is given after the first treatment (such as chemotherapy after surgery). Neoadjuvant therapy is treatment that is given before the primary treatment (such as radiation therapy before surgery).

      As cancer care becomes more specialized, many people are now treated by a team of doctors, nurses, and other health care specialists. Usually one doctor, often the medical oncologist, will lead the coordination of the person's care. Learn more about the oncology team. It is also important that people with cancer and their families feel comfortable about their doctor and his or her recommended treatment plan. It is always appropriate to seek a second opinion.

  19. QUESTION:
    We just found out that my 30 year old wife has breast cancer?
    We just found out that my 30 year old wife has breast cancer (biopsy came back). It’s 1.5cm, and the GP doc said it broke the membrane. If this is stage 1, what are the treatment options? How treatable is this?

    • ANSWER:
      Any stage of breast cancer is treatable, and the early stages (1, 2, and even 3) can all be put into long-term remission with proper treatment. This depends entirely on the pathology of the tumor and the exact stage (whether nodes are involved).

      I'm sorry, it's particularly unfair that a young woman like your wife should have to deal with this. Not that it's fair that any of us do.

      If you do not have children, and if they recommend chemo, you may want to discuss the possibility of having her eggs harvested for future IVF. Chemo may result in her being unable to have children.

      Best of luck to you both.

  20. QUESTION:
    Why was the doctor so aggressive because I refused treatment?
    I found out I have prostate cancer during a check up, I had never had one before. I decided not to get treatment and let it run its course.

    I had an appointment a few days later where we were supposed to discuss treatment options and I told the doctor what I said before and asked him if I could have any pain medication towards the end. His attitude suddenly changed and he was really aggressive in his answers.

    I don't understand why he was so rude and unprofessional. I'm saving him work and time, shouldn't he be happy for it?

    Not that it matters to me, I won't go there anymore anyway and there's no point in changing doctors now.

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    Why was the doctor so aggressive because I refused treatment?
    I found out I have prostate cancer during a check up, I had never had one before. I decided not to get treatment and let it run its course.

    I had an appointment a few days later where we were supposed to discuss treatment options and I told the doctor what I said before and asked him if I could have any pain medication towards the end. His attitude suddenly changed and he was really aggressive in his answers.

    I don't understand why he was so rude and unprofessional. I'm saving him work and time, shouldn't he be happy for it?

    Not that it matters to me, I won't go there anymore anyway and there's no point in changing doctors now.

    • ANSWER:
      Because you are wasting his time. and ours

  22. QUESTION:
    What is the best treatment for recurrent melanoma?
    My mother had vaginal melanoma four years ago.She made a surgery and took Interferon for a year. She did a pet ct scan a week ago and it shows a mesenteric nodule measures 1.2 cm in the left side of the abdomen. What are the treatment options for her. Please help. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      yes western medicine , but alternative medicine says and I am not joking but turmeric is a cancer killer you could get you mother to take it in capsule form filling you own capsules is somthing available these days and there is a special chemical only found in tomato paste .. that also is really good to treat cancer, but the other thing I have read about is hydrogen peroxide as is oxygenates the blood and kills cancer cells

  23. QUESTION:
    Can an 18 year old girl get cervical cancer? If so what are the symptoms and would the doctors let her cancel?
    continued...... cancel her appointment to discuss treatment options. How early(age wise) is it possible for a female to get cervical cancer and what are the symptoms?

    any other informative information about cervical cancer is appreciated as well.

    • ANSWER:
      Doctors do not “let” their patients do anything. She is an adult and if she wants to cancel an appointment no one can stop her. If she does not reschedule they will send a letter letting her know the consequences of her actions.
      Cervical cancer has no symptoms until it is advanced.
      There is an average of 32 cases of cervical cancer in females under 20 years old each year in the United States.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the best treatment option for the skin condtion " Hydradenitis Suppurativa" in axilla.?
    This nodule like skin condition is occurring in a 25 year old female since 3 years. Very painful at times and is not responding with usual antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Based on the biopsy report, diagnosed as "Hydradenitis Suppurativa".
    What are the best treatment options available now to treat this problem.
    Dr.S.Gopalakrishnan

    • ANSWER:
      I've been having such problem for years. It was March this year when I decided to end my suffering and seek medical help. It had already affected part of my skin in the armpit and so I submitted myself to a cancer surgeon thinking that it might be malignant. His recommendation was to undergo an operation. And so I did. He removed the affected area, scraped it so to speak.

      However, 2 months after, there were signs that it would recur in other areas of my armpit. Excessive sweating is one of the reasons, plus the hair growth. As soon as my wounds (from the operation) were healed, he advised me to consult a dermatologist and undergo laser hair removal. The Derma first treated the early signs of hydradenitis (recurring again) by injecting steroids. Those injections helped a lot because it practically stopped the growth. The Derma advised me likewise, to stop using deodorants that are commercially available. She advised me to use a special powder that controls sweat.And it helped a lot, I must say, together with the monthly sessions that I have for laser hair removal.

      Lately, I had it again because it got irritated when I tried cleaning my armpit. I didn't know that that area is very sensitive. Touching it a lot could trigger another encounter with hydradenitis. Unfortunately, my Derma was out of the country then and I refused to consult other doctors for there might be some conflict with regard to recommendations or treatment. It got heavier and more painful as days passed by. It was too late when I saw my Derma again for the steroid shots. It got heavier and more painful until one day, I saw puss coming out from where I was injected on. As soon as the puss started to come out, little by little the swellness and heaviness disappeared. I was told by the doctor that the puss should be drained, so that the affected part inside our axilla would really become dry. Being dry from the inside first, would allow our skin to totally close and would prevent the hydradenitis from recurring again. If not all puss comes out, the wound will not get dry and soon it would occur again. Antibiotics do help in the sense that it prevents the problem from spreading. It is important that while you do have this problem, you do not apply anything on your axilla except for the topical and liquid antibiotics that your Derma has advised you to use.

  25. QUESTION:
    Are there charities that help shoulder the cost of oncology treatment for dogs?
    My lab has a 50% chance of having anal sac adenocarcinoma. What are the treatment options and are there any organizations that may help shoulder the cost of treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few organizations for help specifically with the cost of pets undergoing treatment for cancer.

      The Perseus Foundation - http://www.perseusfoundation.org/
      The Zach Memorial Fund - http://www.ashleyfund.org/AAF_Benefits.htm
      Canine Cancer Awareness - http://www.caninecancerawareness.org/html/SponsorsNeeded.html#ApplyforAssistance
      The Magic Bullet Fund - http://www.themagicbulletfund.org/

      Good luck, sorry to hear about your buddy.

  26. QUESTION:
    Why would a self employed person get health coverage under the new plan?
    Emergency and preventitive care are fairly cheap. Transplants, cancer treatment, etc are the bank busters. But, all of those things are foreseeable. So if you can just wait till you need insurance (they have to take you no matter what) then paying 0 a year seems like a better option, doesn't it?

    • ANSWER:
      cause they're too stupid

  27. QUESTION:
    How to buy cancer medication for a patient that lives in another country?
    My Aunt lives in Venezuela, she needs cancer treatment medication, how can I buy this drugs for her here in the US?

    • ANSWER:
      I am a cancer patient living in India. No Chemist in the US accept the prescription of an Indian doctor even for small items related only to cancer patients and that is extremely frustrating. We have no option but to depend on a few importers who get the medicines and products and pay abnormal prices. Anyway as the gentleman suggested come to India but please do not get mixed up in this alternate therepy they advocate. I dont think you will live long enough to tell the world its crap.

  28. QUESTION:
    Do you think breast cancer gets an unfair amount of attention?
    Personally, I do. Don't go "Ooohh it's cos you're a boy. You don't get it." Well, I have end stage bone cancer and I'm not going to see twenty years old, and my left legs gone. If bone cancer got the attention breast cancer did, I might still have my leg. Hell it's no even just among Cancers that I believe it receives unfair attention, there are so many diseases that have no treatment options and will just cause pain and kill. So what are we doing for them?
    Your thoughts?

    • ANSWER:
      That is unfair and i'm so sorry to hear about the situation you're in, all cancers are so cruel and all deserve the same, equal amount of care and attention. It's quite a hard question to answer without stepping into so many moral/ethical dilemmas. What i will say is what's happened to you is extremely unfair and in a perfect world nothing like this would ever happen to someone as young as you, more awareness should be raised about your condition if it's lead to you losing a leg and facing the end of your life, which obviously isn't right. I know a boy who's only 12 and has Sarcoma throughout his body, in no way can that be justified, nor can any other cancer. Breast cancer does get a lot of publicity and attention and i can't explain why it is more "commercialized" and identified with than any other cancer or any other disease - perhaps people are too scared of bone cancer or don't like to think about it and the mortality rate that is associated with it, which is pathetic, but in terms of commercialization is a major factor. The country should be putting more money and effort into care and research for all forms of cancer and all forms of life threatening/life impairing diseases and conditions at all stages of development.

  29. QUESTION:
    What are other options other then chemotherapy for stage 2 breast cancer?
    My 75 year old mother made a life decision today ...............she is not going to go through with chemotherapy treatments. She has decided to pursue just radiation and hormone therapy. Is there any other treatment options she can take. She is afraid that chemo is not worth the risks at her age and would rather just live her life to the fullest without it.

    • ANSWER:
      *Prevention & Cure of Breast Cancer--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure. “Target therapy” is worth trying.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, bone marrow cancer, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 2.00 lac cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •Impression of CT Scanning- Dated: 22092011 [before commencement of target therapy—Known case of carcinoma of left breast, post modified radical mastectomy, multiple lung secondaries, chest wall metastases.
      CT Scanning Dated 21062012 [after 2 sets/bouts of target therapy] Bilateral pulmonary sternal metastases, Bilateral plural effusion. Target therapy for another 45 days continues.

  30. QUESTION:
    What is a good exercise - workout book for beginners and recovering from illness?
    I am looking for a decent book that give beginner workouts or exercise options for beginners. I am still recovering from my cancer treatments last year. I am starting to finally get the old me back but my exercise needs to starts slow. I don't really need to lose any weight, maybe 10 lbs (I lost alot with the chemo and radiation) But I need to get my body, muscle etc more fit.

    The lack of energy and daily body aches are making it tough to get started. Any good workout books for starting over.
    Yes the doctors have ok'd me to exercise they said that would help with some of my aches, but to take it slow at first since I haven't been able to do much the past 2 years. I do try to walk around the block it seem 15 minutes is my limit right now.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to hear that you have been ill. Have you received the OK from your doctor for exercise? If so, what about starting with walking and swimming? These are good overall body exercises and you can take them as easy as you wish, while still getting some good exercise. The swimming supports the joints, while giving your muscles a good workout.

      With walking, you can start out really easy, with 10 minutes out and 10 minutes back. If you are already past this stage, then make it as long as you wish, just don't overdo it. Keep a record of your time or distance and see if you can improve on this from week to week. For instance, if you do 10 minutes walking Monday, Wednesday and Friday of one week, see if you can do 15 minutes the following week. Or do the same distance and try and improve on your time.

      With swimming, you can do pretty much the same. Swim a length or two, or swim for 10 minutes. one week, then 15 minutes the next week. Again, keep a log of what you are doing and try to improve from week to week. If you can't improve one week, don't worry, we all reach plateaux.

      If you like classes, what about trying Pilates or yoga? Both those give good stretches, which will help with flexibility and strength.

      Once you have made a start, especially if you go to classes, you will know better what you like and what you can do and will be in a better position to find a book. Also, if you get any physio or occupational therapy help, ask them to recommend a book. The best books I like cover walking / running and also stretches. I did a search on Amazon under "books" both on stretches for beginners and exercise for beginners and found some good products there. There are also DVDs available which are useful because you get to see HOW to do a particular exercise.
      All the best with regaining your fitness and strength.

  31. QUESTION:
    What are the risks of getting breast reconstruction when you didn't have breast cancer?
    I'm eligible for breast reconstruction because of the different sizes of my breasts, I've been reading up about the risks of having the procedure done and most of what I find is about getting it done after having breast cancer. I want to know if the risks are lower or different for me since I didn't have breast cancer, seeing it mentions having radiation and everything for cancer treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      You say you are having reconstruction because of the asymmetry of your breasts, I am guessing that either you are having one reduced or an implant in the other. If this is the case, your chances of having breast cancer depend on which option. Having one reduced also reduces your chances since you have "less breast tissue" ,although a negligible factor. Having an implant could, although unlikely, prevent a a cancer from being detected from the implant obscuring the tissue.

  32. QUESTION:
    Are their any online Pancreatic Support Groups within India?
    My wife has been diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer. We live in Mumbai, India. Wanted to connect up with other people who themselves or their loved ones have pancreatic cancer. This would give us an opportunity to share experiences, look at treatment options, diet etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Treatment options should not be found at support groups and really I don’t know too many patients who would want to spend their last days in one. The only chance at surviving this cancer and it is a very slim one is surgery. Cyberknife may prolong life for awhile.

  33. QUESTION:
    What diseases would have the symptom of coughing up blood or blood in the phlegm?
    This is not a symptom of my own so please don't tell me to go to the doctor, it is for a piece of work I have to do for College.

    If you could tell me the name of a disease/ diseases that cause this, preferably not consumption or TB, a little about it and other symptoms it would be a massive help!
    If you could also include treatment options and how serious a disease it is that would also be fantastic!

    Hope you can help! Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      First: spitting up blood is clinically known as: HEMOPTYSIS (bloody sputum, spit)
      Yes, pneumonia is the most likely, but......
      The following is from my medical e-book (I'm a nursing student)

      "Blood in the sputum (hemoptysis) is most often seen in clients with chronic bronchitis or lung cancer. Clients with tuberculosis, pulmonary infarction, bronchial adenoma, or lung abscess may have grossly bloody sputum."
      Also the end stage of cycstic fibrosis will present with hemoptysis.

      a biggie in the hospital is:
      PULMONARY EMBOLISM
      PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
      A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a collection of particulate matter (solids, liquids, or gaseous substances) that enters venous circulation and lodges in the pulmonary vessels. Large emboli obstruct pulmonary blood flow, leading to decreased systemic oxygenation, pulmonary tissue hypoxia, and potential death. Any substance can cause an embolism, but a blood clot is the most common.

      Pulmonary embolism is the most common acute pulmonary disease (90%) among hospitalized clients. In most people with PE, a blood clot from a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks loose from one of the veins in the legs or the pelvis. The thrombus breaks off, travels through the vena cava and right side of the heart, and then lodges in a smaller blood vessel in the lung. Platelets collect with the embolus, triggering the release of substances that cause blood vessel constriction. Widespread pulmonary vessel constriction and pulmonary hypertension impair gas exchange. Deoxygenated blood shunts into the arterial circulation, causing hypoxemia. About 12% of clients with PE do not have hypoxemia.

      Pulmonary embolism affects at least 500,000 people a year in the United States, about 10% of whom die. Many die within 1 hour of the onset of symptoms or before the diagnosis has even been suspected.

      For clients with a known risk for PE, small doses of prophylactic subcutaneous heparin may be prescribed every 8 to 12 hours. Heparin prevents excessive coagulation in clients immobilized for a prolonged period, after trauma or surgery, or when restricted to bedrest. Occasionally, a drug to reduce platelet aggregation, such as clopidogrel (Plavix), is used in place of heparin.

      A smaller one that popped up in the book:
      GOODPASTURE'S SYNDROME
      PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
      Goodpasture's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which autoantibodies are made against the glomerular basement membrane and neutrophils. The two organs with the most damage are the lungs and the kidney. Lung damage is manifested as pulmonary hemorrhage. Kidney damage manifests as glomerulonephritis that may rapidly progress to complete renal failure (see Chapters 74 and 75). Unlike other autoimmune disorders, Goodpasture's syndrome occurs most often in adolescent or young adult men. The exact cause or triggering agent is unknown.

      COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT
      Goodpasture's syndrome usually is not diagnosed until serious lung and/or kidney problems are present. Manifestations include shortness of breath, hemoptysis (bloody sputum), decreased urine output, weight gain, generalized nondependent edema, hypertension, and tachycardia. Chest x-rays show areas of consolidation. The most common cause of death is uremia as a result of renal failure.

      Spontaneous resolution of Goodpasture's syndrome has occurred but is rare. Interventions focus on reducing the immune-mediated damage and performing some type of renal supportive therapy.

  34. QUESTION:
    I just found out the my sister in law has ovarian cancer, what treatment options does she have?
    can the doctors get rid of the cancer by surgery o r will she have to have a hysterectomy?

    • ANSWER:
      Hysterectomy IS the surgery.
      They can get rid of it this way if it is confined to the ovary.
      No one knows her treatment options until they know what kind of cancer it is and the stage.

  35. QUESTION:
    If insurance companies are so evil then why did they keep paying for my fathers cancer treatment?
    cancer treatments for two years, when he had terminal cancer ,they gave us two more years together that I could never put a price on, and Im dirt poor ?

    • ANSWER:
      .
      Your father had a good insurance plan and a good doctor to advocate for him and his care. Sorry for your loss.

      My mother had Medicare and I paid for an American Express Supplemental Policy. And she had a great team of doctors: her G.P. and her oncologist and a counselor. 1 1/2 years of treatment for breast cancer, including lymph node removal, left her a bald, puking, pain-wracked mess after surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, what is called "The Aggressive Protocol."

      She watched her father go through all that for 6 years in the 1950's, my father went through it for 4 years in the late 1970's, my brother went through it in 1984/5/6, then herself in 1993/4. They ALL died, all bald, puking, skeletal messes, clinging to life while barely alive.

      She had a living will, I was the executor: no extraordinary measures, no resuscitation, no intubation were the 3 big provisions. She had the foresight to have gone through HER "end of life" conference with her G.P and her lawyer YEARS before she ever got sick. When her heart exploded (hemopericardium, cardiac tamponade, and acute transmural infarction), she died an almost-instant, unconscious natural death.

      Her fear had been that she'd have an incident that left her vegetative, full of needles and tubes, semi-aware but immobile and she did NOT consider THAT to be "living." She also told me just before she died, a few weeks before her sudden heart attack, that she deeply regretted her choice to fight the cancer, the onset of which was when she was 75. If she could have done it all over again, she'd have chosen hospice care and lots of on-demand drugs (palliative care) rather than the mess that the standard treatment had left her. But there are no do-overs.

      The point is: she chose her manner of treatment, because she DID have the hospice option which her doctor had mentioned; and she had the end-of-life options because she made them, all thanks to a knowledgeable doctor AND because she had the foresight to research it, think about it and then she DID something about it.

      But her insurance would not pay for it: under the reform proposed, it would HAVE TO pay for the doctor's time to make that information available and to explain the options available. And that's only ONE of the proposed reforms... I honestly don't understand why people (other than Insurance Companies and their lobbyists and the masses of mis- and mal-informed) are objecting to these and other very rational provisions, which include over 160 REPUBLICAN amendments, which are being proposed.

      Teddy Roosevelt opted out of the Republican Party to form the Progressive (Bull Moose) party, because of the 'Pubs' opposition to his health care 'planks' in 1912. He was defeated in the election.
      Harry Truman tried in 1948: same result.
      Clinton tried in 1993/4: same result.
      And now we find ourselves in the same position in 2009.

      I must ask:
      AREN'T 97 GODDAMNED YEARS LONG ENOUGH TO WAIT?
      .

  36. QUESTION:
    How can my grandparents save or sell their house?
    Due to a lot of messiness, including my grandmother currently undergoing breast cancer treatment and a botched sale of their business to people who refused to pay for it, my grandparents are in danger of losing their house. No one in my family is in a position to help because they all work for the family business. They have about 3 months to work with and have had their house on the market for about a year. It is a gorgeous 3 bedroom log house on a mountain bluff in Tennessee for which they are asking less than the value of the home. I am baffled as to why they can't sell it!! What can they do at this point - are there any last resort measures to sell a house, programs for older adults, or cancer patients?? Any advice would be appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      It would be helpful to know how much equity your grandparents have in the home to offer different alternatives. However, the reverse mortgage is an option however it's more of a last resort. You may want to have them check their home owner's insurance because a lot of companies offer a clause for covering payments due to health related issues, possibly they opted for this. Also how far behind are they? How did someone refuse to pay for the business they owned? There are probably ways to deal with that as well. Do they really want to sell or are they doing it just to avoid foreclosure? You can IM me and we can discuss it and I'll see if I can be of any assistance.

  37. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between stages IA, IB and 2 in cancer(s)?
    The type of cancer is cervical. The survival rate drops by 13% from A to B in stage 1. What are the chances of getting all the cancer w/surgery and what are the treatment options after surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      I am not sure where you are getting your staging information as there are 7 classes for stage 1 for cervical cancer I, IA, IAI, IA2, IB, IBI and IB2.
      The 5 year survival rate for all the stage 1’s range from 75-95%. We do not have statics on “getting it all” at surgery as there is really know way of knowing that until later on which is reflected by the 5 year survival rates.

  38. QUESTION:
    Can a woman be treated for ovarian cancer while she's pregnant in her first trimester?
    Would any of the treatment options be pregnancy-safe? i.e. Surgery, Chemo, or Radiation? Would they at least notice if you were pregnant before they started doing the treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      It would be very unsafe to have treatment while pregnant. I would think they would check for that first!! If you are in that situation please tell them!!!

  39. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for an elderly dog with lymphoma?
    My 11 year old yellow lab's bloodwork came back indicating a growth in the liver, she has several skin lesions that are, so far, unexplained. they dont seem to be any kind of dermatological disorder and the vet feels that her bloodwork and skin lesions might be an indication of lymphoma. this dog has been my bestfriend for 11 years, and she's going in for an ultrasound on saturday. if she does have a malignant tumor in her liver, or even worse, lymphoma... how long might she have left? and what are the treatment options?

    • ANSWER:
      Generally if a dog has lymphoma they will have one or many enlarged lymph nodes. These are found under her ears and jawline, in the neck, under the arms, and the backs of her thighs. Usually a fine needle aspirate is done to find out if there is any indication of lymphoma or if it is simply infection. A biopsy- which is a slightly larger sample is sometimes needed as well. If your dogs bloodwork came back with elevated liver enzymes it can be an indication of several things- cancer being one of them. It can also be an infection of the liver or an indication that the liver is begining to fail. Liver infection can often be treated with antibiotics and sometimes I.V. fluids. Liver failure can be treated with a special diet and medications to help it work more efficiently. I have seen dogs go several years with a good quality of life in both of these cases. If it is a tumor an the liver- unfortunately there is not a whole lot that can be done. Some medications can help to improve her quality of life and make her confortable until the end. Some times antibiotics help to head off infection caused by the tumor. In the case of lymphoma- The dog is usually put on steroid therapy with prednisone- this can make them drink more water and act more hungry, and sometimes pant and pace some, but overall it greatly improves her longevity- it will also help greatly with any arthritis or allergies that she may have. Chemotherapy is also used at the same time- usually consisting of weekly or every other week injections and bloodwork- some oral chemo drugs are also used. This is a good way to prolong her life with out major side affects. Most dogs do not get sick from chemotherapy like people do and it doesn't really affect their day to day life much. Occasionally they will feel a little droopy if their blood cell counts get to low from the chemo and you will have to skip a week of treatment. I have seen dogs live up to 2 1/2 more years with a good quality of life on this treatment and others only 6 months. I am very sorry that you have to go through this with your friend, I recently lost my 10 year old golden retriever to a brain tumor and a close friends golden to lymphoma ( he went 2 years with chemo treatment befor he felt bad.) Good luck and I wish the best for both of you. Send me an update after your ultrasound results or if you have any more questions. I hope it turns out to be nothing serious.

  40. QUESTION:
    How would you encourage a friend who has just been told she has stage 5 and 3-4 months to live.?
    I will be going to see her next month. Cancer treatment center helped me some, but of course she has to be the one to fight it. I don't think she even realizes she is knocking on deaths door. When hospice comes in, it is just to keep you at a comfortable existance. I don't know. I'm scared as I am sure she is. Any advice on this?

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to read.
      There is no stage 5 in cancer.Stage 4 is advanced terminal stage.
      Hospice is good option as she needs comfortable existance,good care,good nutrition and loads of emotional support from near and dear one.
      Treatment is palliative to reduce her suffering but she needs to be kept cheerfull.

  41. QUESTION:
    Our beloved 18 year old cat Sable is about to die. How do we handle the grief?
    Sable has been my bestest buddy. He's been there for me through all my brain cancer treatments and he always is by my side when I'm ill. We've shared his joys and his sorrows and he ours. He is my constant companion and my nap-mate. How do I now be there for him during his final days? And when he passes, what is an appropriate memorial/burial?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry for your impending loss. I just loss my beloved 18-year-old Miss Kitty two weeks ago, so I know how wrenching a decision it is. I had a feeling that she was winding things down in the last weeks, and I had a feeling that day that something was wrong. But I knew I made the best decision for her.

      When you have to say goodbye, try to have a friend or family member with you to help with the details. I was an absolute wreck when the vet did the procedure, even though I knew there was no hope for her. I'm grateful my boyfriend was there to help me. I arranged for a cremation and printed a photo to keep by my bed (I live in a small apartment, so having her buried really wasn't an option). I then donated the leftover food and a few other things to the local humane society, where one cat all but demanded I take her home. But that's another story. If you choose to bring another companion home, please adopt from a shelter or rescue, and do it when your heart tells you it's right.

      There is a website that helped me through the first rough days, www.petloss.com. There is a message board and a chatroom, and you will find other grieving people who may be able to help you through yours.

  42. QUESTION:
    Does someone who is about to die lack decisional capacity?
    For example, lets say we have a cancer patient who wants to be enrolled in a trial. This patient is a doctor. We'll call him Doctor Y. However, s/he does not meet the requirements for the trial. The patient asks their doctor, Doctor T, to fudge the data of the trial, and enter him/her into it because all other treatment options have been exhausted.

    Do you think doctor Y has decisional capacity when making the decision to ask Dr. T to fudge the data?

    Do you think doctor Y is completely autonomous?

    would love to hear input. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Tough situation and, being not a doctor, I can't say for sure but...

      Yes I think that Y has the ability to make a decision. I think that if Y still wants to live then Y is showing an ability to think clearly because naturally and logically want to live. I think that Y is autonomous because, I find that I am autonomous and want to live. Cancer does not make people want to live, most already want to live before they get cancer.

      I think that trials are usually fairly exclusive in who they select as participants. This means that people rejected for participating in trail could actually be cured in the trial but just are currently not being tested. Trials often are expanded over time, but if you are about to die then you might die before they let you in. The trial could save your life. This is why many people want to join trails even though it is risky and not proven yet.

      I'm not saying that trails should be done any other way though.

      I hope that someone close to you is not in this situation.

      I hope this helps.

      Feel free to contact me for clarification through my blog
      http://happybeeballoon.blogspot.ca/

  43. QUESTION:
    My father has cancer in his colon, 2 of the 3 lobes in his liver,lymph nodes and pelvis. What are the chances?
    He is being treated at the Michael E. Debakey VA hospital in houston. They have not told us yet how aggressive or what treatment options are. What do the chances of battling this and winning look like? Please only doctors or nurses

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 4 colon cancer is not curable. The 5 year survival rate is 5%. Although aggressiveness plays a part in how long he will survive, the cancer is already wide spread and the most immediate danger is how much it has damaged his liver. I’m sorry to say it is not likely your father will be in the 5%. How long he survives will depend on how he responds to treatment.

  44. QUESTION:
    What does it mean to a patient where you are stuck w only 1 treatment option?
    My father is on prostate cancer, and despite other treatments he is only from now on hormone therapy?

    He has tried other treatments but no good. Is that usually a bad sign that the end might be near for him than we expected?
    My dad has tried Chemo and Radiation therapy and told me he has tried some Lupron drugs before. I live in another state so I cannot see his situation.

    • ANSWER:
      What other treatments are you suggesting?
      Have you talked to his doctor?
      This has nothing to do with how much time someone may have.

      So are you saying he should go back to those?
      There is something wrong if he has had chemo as it has nothing to offer prostate cancer patients.
      You were saying the other day it is in his node so radiation is not going to help.

  45. QUESTION:
    Is there any successful cancer treatment for dogs?
    Besides the treatment to give a dog more months to live...is there any successful treatment that would give years to a dog?
    I don't know yet...I will have the results in 2 days.
    I am just preparing myself for the worse... because my husband does not want to do the treatment if it's not proven to work... and I am like totally lost.
    she does have a liver problem, but it could be something else.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on a lot of different factors:
      the type of cancer,
      what stage the cancer is in,
      where the cancer is located,
      whether or not it has metastasized,
      the age and overall health of the dog.

      Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are all available for animals—your vet can suggest what she thinks is the best option.

      Ask you vet about oncology specialists in your area if your dog does have cancer. Cornell, Tufts and Angell animal medical centers are all excellent; perhaps you can call one of them and ask some questions.

      I am so sorry to hear about your dog. (One of my cats died of a very aggressive form of cancer.)

      Best wishes,
      Cat

  46. QUESTION:
    I need a picture comparing two types of cancer treatments?
    hey guys please i need you help. I'm writing an English paper on different cancer treatments and our assignment is to find an image relating to the essay topic and then do a detailed analysis on the image to show what message it's trying to get across to the viewers. please if you have any images that would help post here. your help is greatly appreciated, Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      Best given first..

      http://alternativecancer.us/table_white_small.jpg

      http://img.medscape.com/article/703/402/703402-tab2.jpg

      http://www.davinciprostatectomy.com/www/site5/treatment-options/ProstateCancerTreatmentComparison-Chart1.gif

      http://www.davinciprostatectomy.com/www/site5/treatment-options/ProstateCancerTreatmentComparison-Chart2.gif

  47. QUESTION:
    Alternative cancer treatments and scientific research on ?
    Lots of foods and what not have been tested and found to kill cancer

    cells.Berries have all kinds of anti cancer substances.

    MD Anderson does all kinds of research on experimental

    cancer treatments . Resveratrol,emodin and turmeric

    Sloan Kettering does research on it.

    Pub Med .gov has research reports from all over the world

    on all kinds of cancer killing substances.

    The Nation Cancer Inst has tested everything.

    Will it cure you ?

    • ANSWER:
      There may be some benefits which is exactly why MD Anderson and Sloan Kettering are doing the research . .to see if the claims can be proven with REAL scientific data and research . . so far the research has been less than spectacular and hardly the stand up proclaimation for a cure . . still research continues so that if any benefit actually exists on some types of cancers than it can be used for treatments. There are over 200 different types of cancer and just as many subtypes . . it is possible that some of these alt treatments may benefit some people or some stages of the disease . . hardly call any of them a 'cure' for cancer though.

      As for food . . remember that cancer is your own unique DNA, your own cells . . it isn't something foreign in the body. The food we eat supposedly is to make our bodies strong . . there is evidence that some foods that we eat not only make the body strong but will strengthen and encourage the cancer to grow as well. This is why doctors encourage people who use alternatives to tell them which treatments they are using . . in some cases the alternatives intetere with the traditional cancer treatments and unfortunately in some cases actually promote cancer growth.

      I have know many cancer patients . .the majority of them with advanced cancer and unfortunately most have died. When people are dealing with a rare cancer with few treatment options they will often 'try out' the alternative medicine . . so I have known quite a few who have done this. Out of at least 200 patients with advanced sarcoma . . only the patients who went with traditional medicine have survived more than five years . . I don't anyone who tried the alternative route who survived. That has been my observation.

  48. QUESTION:
    What treatment options work best for dog/canine cancer?
    Our 7 year old English Cocker Spaniel was just diagnosed with prostate cancer a few days ago. We're looking for people who have had success with treatment plans (chemo, holistic, etc.). Our vet has him on piroxicam to help shrink his prostate down, but we would love to hear any success stories anyone has.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear about your dog. A study was conducted a few years back at University of Missouri vet school that found a higher success rate with using a combination of piroxicam and mitoxantrone than with either drug used alone so that might be something worth discussing with your vet.

      That's the most effective treatment option of which I'm aware. Though surgery and chemotherapy are options, they are not good ones as they don't often prove successful and have inherent risks.

      Best of luck with it.


cancer treatment options

Cancer Causes

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are some diseases/kinds of cancer caused by smoking cigarettes?
    I have never smoked cigarettes and I never will. I'm just curious. I know of a few diseases/cancers caused from smoking but I know there are a lot more. Please list as many as you can. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      smoking slows down the flow of blood to your limbs sometimes resulting in amputation.
      it causes your lungs to be covered in tar resulting in cancer.
      carbon monoxide from smoking causes your airways to clog up resulting in less air being sent to your lungs. it also causes lung failure
      smoking is bad on your heart in different ways resulting in heart attacks heart deases and strokes.
      smoking also cause bronchitis

  2. QUESTION:
    If you touch a toy which has cancer-causing substance and touch another surface, will it be transfered?
    I have touched a toy which is very cheap and low quality. I doubt that it contains cancer-causing substance. I touched to my cellphone and bag after holding this toy in my hand for a long time. Do you think that my cellphone and bag now has that cancer-causing substance on it? Should I wipe them?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't bet it matters whether you wipe them off - the cancer these things would cause is FAR down the road. And cell phones are shown to cause cancer anyway.... So you can't win at this game.

  3. QUESTION:
    Which government will be the first to openly showcase their " cancer causing weapons " ?
    What better way to assassinate someone or kill people than to give them cancer which would only appear later down the line ? I would be willing to bet that it already exists or is being researched in some part of the world and we need detection devices which could warn us of this . The US GOV probably has vans or trucks or aircraft with cancer causing DNA destroying devices in there driving around the world killing people from a distance safely and quietly ? Is this perhaps why so many develop cancer ? Or " A " reason ?

    • ANSWER:
      We already did that when we nuked Japan back in WWII. Do you have any idea how many Japanese civilians developed cancer afterwards?

  4. QUESTION:
    Does cancer or any other form of cancer causes electric like shocks in your body?
    these past few mths and days i have been having right side chest pain and painful pin pricks all over my body, and headache.I also have other symptoms. when to a neurologist and he has not gotten back to me on my blood test results but from what i know is i am 100% HIV negative.Just wandering whether Cancer causes this symptoms especially Lung Cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      You might want to check the RSV site on the net. It is a neurological disorder that can cause what you're experiencing. Most cases go undiagnosed for an extended period of time due to the symptoms. If not treated within the first 6 months it is irreversible. If you've broken a bone lately definitely check this out.

  5. QUESTION:
    Why does lung cancer cause a change in cough?
    Specifically, in a long-term smoker, why does lung cancer cause a PRODUCTIVE cough, with greater amounts of sputum? I cannot understand this since the cilia are depleted/absent, and if the person previously had a dry non-productive cough, why does it suddenly become productive?
    FYI: The question is for a cancer research project for school for my pathophysiology class
    Thank you everyone for your answers thus far :-) It is much appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Because its a disease

  6. QUESTION:
    Is it true that aspartame is a cancer causing ingredient in gum?
    Is it true that aspartame is a cancer causing ingredients in gum? I know that they did lab tests on rats and it was found connected to some cancers, but what about for humans? Almost all gum contains it and BHA and BHT, is gum safe to eat with these ingredients? What kind of gum is the most safe?

    • ANSWER:
      I stay away from all aspartame products for this reason and can't stand seeing children that drink or eat anything that is diet (especially diet pop).

  7. QUESTION:
    Is it possible that people are deliberately putting cancer causing chemicals in our food and water supplies ?
    I read a story a couple years ago about a man who killed another man by putting radium or something in his friends food to cause cancer . After-all what better way to kill someone than to cause their deaths years down the line ? My question is would private or public entities deliberately put cancer causing chemicals in our food and if so would they be justified if the reason was to control population ?

    • ANSWER:
      It's difficult to imagine a less efficient or less cost-effective method of population control - a random disease that is not contagious and that can take months or years to kill the individuals it strikes, or not kill them at all, with simultaneously a research programme in place that ensures that survival rates have never been so high...

      Most people who develop cancer are over 60, and so will have already reproduced if they were going to - so it would be failure in terms of controlling birth rates too.

      And the conspiracy would need to be world-wide - the world's governments haven't managed to agree on anything else, but they agree on this one? In many countries people don't have to pay for their health care, including cancer treatment; cancer treatment in these countries costs their governments untold billions - yet their cancer rates are the same as in the US (whence most of these conspiracy theories originate).

      Nah, a fast-spreading virus would be a more efficient method of population control than a randomly occurring non-infectious, not necessarily fatal disease that mainly affects those past childbearing age. That's what I would choose if I was writing this particular fiction

  8. QUESTION:
    How does cancer cause a fever?
    It just seems odd to me. I mean, I guess I see how lymphoma or leukemia might cause it, since your immune system is reduced substantially, but how do advanced carcinomas or sarcomas (i.e. colon, esophageal, stomach cancers) cause a fever? I mean, if the sed rate is fine, then there should be no inflammation within the body, which means there's no infection and there SHOULD be no fever. What's up?
    So only chemotherapy or radiation causes fever?

    • ANSWER:
      If someone is getting chemo and the white blood cell count falls, a fever can result. This happened to me when I was being treated for cancer, and I ran fevers a few times. My doc would shoot me up with Neupogen, which makes the white cells accelerate their multiplying, and then the fever would subside and I could continue with my chemotherapy protocol.

  9. QUESTION:
    Why are charbroiled meat and cigarette smoke cancer causing agents? A) the benzene rings become arene oxides w?
    Why are charbroiled meat and cigarette smoke cancer causing agents?
    A) the benzene rings become arene oxides which undergo addition reactions with DNA
    B) The nicotine kills DNA
    C) the benzene rings are nonreactive
    D) the meat is not fully cooked

    this one should be easy.

    • ANSWER:
      A. Benzene rings, aka PolyAromatic Amines will get bioactivated by the body's Cytochrome P450 to become an epoxide form that can form DNA adducts and become carcinogenic. A good reason why you shouldn't eat meat that's been burnt. The same applies to BBQ where oil drips into the charcoal and becomes cyclized to Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

  10. QUESTION:
    Why would it take Johnson & Johnson 2 more years to remove cancer causing chemicals from its baby shampoo?
    Why would it take Johnson & Johnson 2 more years to remove cancer causing chemicals from its baby shampoo?

    Two chemicals known to cause cancer in babies remain in Johnson & Johnson's baby shampoo sold in the U.S, even though the company already makes versions without them in other countries. The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics has unsuccessfully been urging the world's largest health care company for 2 1/2 years to remove the cancer-causing chemicals (dioxane and quaternium-15) from Johnson's Baby Shampoo. Johnson & Johnson said it is reducing or gradually phasing out the chemicals, but it would take two more years to do so. That would be 4 1/2 years from the time it was discovered by Johnson & Johnson.

    According to a report, obtained by The Associated Press, one of the suspect chemicals, quaternium-15, is a preservative that works by releasing formaldehyde. Formaldehyde, used as an embalming fluid, was declared a known human carcinogen this past June by the U.S. National Toxicology Program.

    Formaldehyde is also a skin, eye and respiratory irritant, and Quaternium-15 is still an ingredient in Johnson & Johnson's Baby Shampoo sold in the U.S., Canada, China, Indonesia and Australia, but research this summer found it's not in the same product sold in at least eight other countries, from the U.K. and Denmark to Japan and South Africa.

    According to Analytical Sciences LLC of Petaluma, Calif., 1,4-dioxane was contained in Johnson & Johnson's Baby Shampoo, Oatmeal Baby Wash, Moisture Care Baby Wash and Aveeno Baby Soothing Relief Creamy Wash. Analytical Sciences also tested multiple Johnson & Johnson baby product samples from the U.S. finding the chemicals in many of them. Consumer groups in South Africa, Sweden and Japan stated that quaternium-15 was not being used in products in their countries.

    There is evidence that formaldehyde is associated with nose, lung and blood cancers such as leukemia. An infant's scalp is more permeable than an adult's, so exposure to the chemicals cause more harm for babies than adults. To expose a child, during a very vulnerable period of development, when the effect is even greater, and at a time when Johnson & Johnson knows of its dangers, it still intends to take two more years before it stops using those chemicals in its products.

    Do we need less governmental regulation, so that corporations do not have to go to the trouble of making products safe? According to Republican legislators, we do need less regulation, because it cuts into the profit margin.

    • ANSWER:
      its a terrible fact that many companies produce products with toxic chemicals in them, especially for children. There are even baby formula powders that contain aspartame, its criminal.
      People need to be better educated to know what these toxic chemicals are, to read labels, and to boycott these products because only when a companies profits are hit do they take action because the almighty dollar is more important to them than the health and wellbeing of consumers.
      Sadly, this is one of many evils lurking in society. We cant rely on government agencies to do the job they are paid to do. One would think they are trying to make us all sick and/or kill us so that we are forever dependant on a health system that is failing us.

  11. QUESTION:
    Do Navy Machinist Mates work with alot of toxic cancer causing things?
    I was curious as to if the machinist mates worked with alot of toxic cancer causing items and equipment? Not submarine or Avation but just the regular ships. My grandpa said when he served as a submarine MM his buddy who also was on the same submarine as a MM died from cancer from the toxic. Do they still use toxic stuff?

    • ANSWER:
      Most cancer causing carcinogens have been phased out by all branches of the service. And the ones that remain are used under very strict & controlled circumstances. In your grandfathers time, not much was known about cancer and it's causes.

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the cancer causing substance in tobacco smoke?
    well, i just need to know the cancer causing SUBSTANCE in tobacco SMOKE. Not really any details. Just that. Plz help me!
    Well, I don't actually smoke. I just need 2 know this answer. I can't find it ANYWHERE! PLZ HELP ME! Remember, cancer substance from smoke, not the tobacco. thx ppl! =)

    • ANSWER:
      Well, for a start, the smoke itself is a carcinogen. Inhaling hot smoke damages the tiny Villi in your respiratory tract, and this can cause cancer without any help from chemicals. But chemicals there are, and plenty of them. Nicotine is the main chemical inhaled in tobacco smoke, it's a mild stimulant and highly addictive. Even though Nicotine is not known to cause cancer by itself, it is the most dangerous as it acts on brain cells causing the smoker to feel 'relaxed' even though it actually speeds up the metabolic process, much like speed, Crystal Meth, or 'E'. Without it people wouldn't smoke.

      No one nows for sure which of the dozens of chemicals inhaled in smoke causes cancer, so there is no really definitive answer to your question. There has, however, been research to suggest that the most likely culprits are Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, or PAHs. They don't know whether tobacco smoke contains a lot of this stuff, or whether smoking just prevents your body from getting rid of the stuff properly (you can also get PAHs from eating burnt food or just breathing polluted air).

      Again, this doesn't prove for sure that PAHs cause lung cancer, but if you had to pick one substance that'd be my guess.

      Good luck and DON'T SMOKE!!!! EVER!!!

  13. QUESTION:
    Do you know that there has never been one recorded proven case of someone dying of cancer caused by smoking?
    Do you know that there has never been one recorded proven case of someone dying of cancer caused by smoking? Not one, would you believe. Please tell me that the Launcet is wrong?

    • ANSWER:
      Well 'proof' is quite difficult to come by. How would you prove that one single factor in on person's lifestyle was the difinitive cause of anything? There are usually many factors, and smoking may well be one of them, but to record a case as 'cancer caused by smoking' we'd have to understand the disease better than we do now.

      What can be proved is more to do with statistics. There is a *high correlation* between smoking and premature death due to lung disease or certain cancers, ie. that if you smoke you are more likely to get these diseases, and that you can cut your *risk* of these diseases by not smoking.

  14. QUESTION:
    I need to know could testicular cancer cause a hormonal imbalance that could cause cystic acne on the back ?
    could testicular cancer cause a hormonal imbalance that could cause cystic acne on the back ?

    • ANSWER:
      Theoretically possible but not a symptom commonly listed or looked for.

      If you are looking for a cause of your cystic acne see a Dr.

      If you have been diagnosed with testicular cancer then acne is the least of your problems

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the risk to cancer (oncology) nurses from working with dangerous chemotherapy drugs?
    What is the risk to nurses working in the cancer field (oncology) due to their proximity to cancer causing drugs and radiation and chemotherapy? I am hearing stories of many oncology nurses loosing their hair?

    • ANSWER:
      Oncology nurses are no more exposed to cancer causing agents than anyone else. If they work with radiation, they are generally far away from where the radiation is being applied and if they are in close proximity, they will wear dosimeters.that measure your exposure to radiation.

      Chemo drugs are bagged and generally given through IVs, so unless they are sticking the needle into their own arms, they are not getting exposed to chemo drugs. None of the nurses I see have lost hair.

  16. QUESTION:
    my father is suffering from throe(Gala) cancer. cause of cancer is lot of smoking. What is best treatment in?
    My father is suffering from throe(Gala) cancer. cause of cancer is lot of smoking. What is the result of Homeopathic treatment in such types of cancer. and what will be the best for treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      There is only one logical option , go for operation if surgeon is saying it is operable , this will be followed by Radiotherapy , good five years will be trouble free , till then some thing new might come up for treatment , so hope in science helps.

  17. QUESTION:
    Do different brands of cigarettes contain variant levels of cancer causing agents?
    I was wondering whether or not different brands of cigarettes contain different levels of cancer causing agents, because I'm sure that each manufacturing company and brand have different recipes and methods as to the way in which their cigarettes are made and how the tobacco is harvested and fertilized etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Statistically insignificant variations.

  18. QUESTION:
    So Which Cancer-causing agents (carcinogens) usually act on cells that are dividing. Which of the four tissue?
    I need to know Cancer-causing agents usually act on cells that are dividing.Which of the four tissues would carcinogens most influence? Least influence?

    • ANSWER:
      Consult your text book for more homework information.

  19. QUESTION:
    Could cancer cause you to lose your period?
    I am a 14 year old girl.I have not had my period for over a year, and I am supposed to get tests down this summer to find out why I've been missing it. I was curious, could cancer cause a missed period?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer can make your body do insane things.

      But don't assume it's cancer.
      It's rare that 14 year olds get that.

  20. QUESTION:
    I have invented a foodstuff that produces 69 cancer causing chemicals, can i sell it?
    With the government advertising over Christmas that they know cigerettes produce 69 cancer causing chemicals why on earth have they not banned it instantly ?

    Is this institutional murder ?

    I would not be allowed to introduce a new breakfast food to my B&B menu that immitted 69 cancer causing chemicals, is this double standards ?

    If i invented a toaster that could kill you in 69 different ways would i be allowed to sell it ?

    Perhaps the TAX smokescreen is clouding thier judgement.......

    By the way, this is not a judgment on pro or anti smoking, i believe in voluntary euthanasia so its up to you, but it is a judgment on hypocrisy

    • ANSWER:
      Too true blue........it's all about tax........but watch out for some thing else to be taxed when the f@g sale's diminish.

  21. QUESTION:
    A question about cancer causing carcinogens found in weed?
    They say that weed has 70% more cancer causing carcinogens then what tobacco does. The difference is that tobacco also has a chemical that can activate these carcinogens causing them to form cancer, and it's a chemical that weed does not have.

    My question: If blunt wraps are also made out of tobacco, and some people still smoke cigarettes when they smoke weed, can the chemical found in tobacco that causes these carcinogens to activate, activate the carcinogens that the weed is putting in your body making you that much more prone to catching cancer?

    Please no lecturing

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I don't believe so. I tried looking into that and could not find anything that suggests and smoking tobacco makes weed worse in that sense. Also smoke weed not tobacco, I do both sadly. Weed is fine and doesn't do any harm, actually it just makes me a happier better person. However tobacco is the fucking devil so hard to quit.

  22. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver?
    Is there a difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver? If so what is it? Someone on here said I am at risk for liver cancer cause of how much I drink but that confused me cause can liver cancer be caused by drinking a lot? I know cirrhosis can be but what about liver cancer? And which hurts more cirrhosis or liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is properly considered to be a cancer which starts in the liver.
      The most frequent liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer because adenomas are usually benign). This tumor also has a variant type that consists of both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma components. The cells of the bile duct coexist next to the bile ducts that drain the bile produced by the hepatocytes of the liver. Cancers which arise from the blood vessel cells in the liver are known has hemangioendotheliomas.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function.
      Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic, i.e., of unknown cause.

  23. QUESTION:
    What will you do if you suddenly finds out that your dad have a cancer?
    I'm not quite shock of it when I heard that my dad's sickness is cancer, cause I already heard from one of his Doctor friend before that it was potential cancer. Although I think that it was possible but after that I always prayed every night hoping that he'll get better. I feel sad about it, even though we are not that close. I know that I should be strong for him but its sad that whenever I think of him I pity him.

    • ANSWER:
      I think this is a good chance for you to strengthen the relationship with your dad. I just lost a friend to cancer. Her friends, family, and community rallied around her. But it was a very tough battle to the end. It lasted years. Many of them are suffering today that she is gone. I think the time spent with a cancer patient as the end nears is priceless. You should get closer to your father because there is a chance the cancer could take its toll soon. However, the strength of family support can also help him survive the brutal chemotherapy and radiation treatment if that is the path.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the risk to cancer (oncology) nurses from working with dangerous chemotherapy drugs?
    What is the risk to nurses working in the cancer field (oncology) due to their proximity to cancer causing drugs and radiation and chemotherapy? I am hearing stories of many oncology nurses loosing their hair?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, proper precautions are very important among the exposed health personnel as anti-neoplastic agents and radiation are known occupational hazards.

      The following health effects have been reported in hospital workers exposed to antineoplastic agents:
      diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea, skin rashes, hair loss, adverse reproductive effects such as disruption of menstrual cycle, fetal loss, and birth defects, etc.

  25. QUESTION:
    How can somebody die from lung cancer caused by secondhand smoking?
    my mother died from lung cancer caused by secondhand smoke but i dont understand how she died from lung cancer if she didnt smoke

    • ANSWER:
      If somebody breathes in cigarette smoke it can hurt them, no matter who is actually smoking the cigarette.

      Actually, the smoke coming off the lit end is usually worse, being completely unfiltered.

  26. QUESTION:
    What is the relative risk for this form of breast cancer among eastern European Jewish women in the U.S?
    Breast cancer caused by the BRCA1 gene affects 1 in 800 women in the general U.S population. Among Jewish people of eastern European descent, it affects 2 in 100.What is the relative risk for this form of breast cancer among eastern European Jewish women in the U.S?

    • ANSWER:
      A woman’s lifetime risk of developing breast cancer is greatly increased if she inherits an altered BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. Recent studies suggest that the risk may be as high as 50%-80% for those carrying mutations. It is important to note that not all carriers of a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation will develop breast cancer.

      Among individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, researchers have found that approximately 1 in 40 carry an altered BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, compared to 1 in 345 in the general population. Among people with alterations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, three particular alterations have been found to be most common in the Ashkenazi Jewish population—two in the BRCA1 gene and one in the BRCA2 gene. While there is still debate as to whether breast cancer rates are higher in Jewish women as compared to the general population, the proportion of breast cancer that is hereditary is higher in Jewish women of Ashkenazi descent.

  27. QUESTION:
    How old should you be to get checked for breast cancer?
    I'm 15 and I would like to get checked for breast cancer cause i've been in karate and i get kicked
    in the breast a lot. well did. and i was wondering if its okay to get it now or if i'm not developed enough to get one yet.

    Also i have a small bump on my right side thats 5 fingers below my collar bone, could it be
    an inflated something? I'm honestly not sure what it could be.

    Please no rude comments.
    Just looking for some advice and help. thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      You start getting physical exams when you are 18 when you get your pap smear.
      Breast cancer screening starts when you are 40 years old, unless you have a first degree relative with breast cancer, then you start when you are 10 years younger than they were at diagnosis if that makes less than 40 years old.
      Talk to your mom about your current problem she will know if you need a doctor, but breast cancer is not a concern.

  28. QUESTION:
    Why are cancer rates higher in developed industrial nations?
    Many cancer-causing chemicals, such as certain pesticides, are banned in the United States and other industrialized nations, but are still used heavily in developing nations. Why, then, do you think cancer rates are higher in the developed industrial nations?

    • ANSWER:
      According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer rates in developed nations are twice as high as in developing countries. They attribute the higher rates to:

      1) earlier onset of the tobacco epidemic
      2) earlier exposure to occupational carcinogens
      3) diet
      4) lifestyle.

      http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2003/pr27/en/#

      Best wishes and good luck.

  29. QUESTION:
    How many types of cancer come from rainforests?
    I'm doing a persuasive speech and my topic is pro deforestation. How many cancer causing agents can be found in rainforests? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't found in the rainforests.. There is nothing pro about our balanced life supply being destroyed faster than it could ever begin to grow back. It's destroying our ecosystem. Potential cures and treatments for some diseases, illnesses, and cancers will be lost forever.

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the American workers doing that is causing virtually every manufacturing job to leave the USA?
    Is it the workers, the consumers or the CEO's that is to blame?
    Read the lables EVERYTIME you buy ANYTHING. Some nuts and fruit comes from Vietnam, China, Indonesia. Eleven million gallons of toxic, cancer causing agent orange was sprayed over Vietnam. You feel safe eating stuff from there? Babies and dogs have died due to the toxins in Chinese baby formula and ingredients in dog food. Why do we keep buying stuff made someplace else while our own family members can not find jobs?

    • ANSWER:
      Unions are responsible.

      I wonder just how many can afford a USA made blouse at a name brand store at 55 dollars when they can go to Wally World and get the same type for 12 dollars.

      I have no double they would love to by Made in the USA but alas can not afford the union dues tacked on.

  31. QUESTION:
    What is it about cancer that causes weight loss?
    My wife has stage IV kidney cancer.Lately she has been losing weight,even though her latest scans show stable disease.Just wondering what is it about cancer that causes weight loss?
    Ben, I am not talking about being over weight and wanting to shed a few pounds.I am talking about weight lose caused by cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      The weight loss many people with advanced cancer experience may be caused by increased metabolism due to their disease, according to a study published in the International Journal of Cancer, (Vol. 93, No. 3: 380-383).

      This means that it is especially important for patients with advanced cancer to increase their food intake to maintain body weight and optimize their health, say experts.

      "We know that as the disease progresses, nutrition becomes a matter of concern," says Terri Ades, RN, MS, AOCN, director of quality of life and health promotion strategy for the American Cancer Society (ACS). "Often patients are undernourished and lose weight, and we cannot fully explain why."

      In the study, Swedish researchers looked at food intake in almost 300 advanced cancer patients with solid tumors, age 30 to 90 years old. Participants kept a careful diary of everything they ate for four days. During that period, the research team measured the patients’ weight, weight loss, and resting metabolism.

      More than 40% of these patients were 10% or more below their normal long-term weight levels, but this did not seem to be due to lower food intake. Almost half of them had an unusually high resting metabolic rate, but the people with high metabolisms didn’t seem to eat an extra amount of food.

      "Usually when someone uses extra energy, they have a sense of hunger and eat more food, which provides the body with needed nutrients," Ades says. "In this study, in this group of patients, that did not seem to happen."

  32. QUESTION:
    How do I tan without being at risk for skin cancer?
    Every year, i like to lay under the sun and get a tan. All of my friends do the same thing, and we're all in constant competition for who's tanner. I have been getting more and more worried about skin cancer caused by bathing in UV rays. How do I still get my nice summer tan, without being at risk for skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Any naturally tanning will slightly increase your risk for skin cancer. The less you burn, the less likely you are to get melanoma or any skin cancer. So make sure you tan slowly, and apply sunscreen.

      If you do tan, as I do, the best thing to do is get yearly check-ups with a dermotologist. If caught early, which skin cancer ussualy is, its basically always curable. So stay on top of it.

  33. QUESTION:
    I can sue the company I worked for if I found out that I was using chemicals known to cause cancer?
    I have been working with a certain product that goes on wood for months and finally quit because I found out the stuff we use is known to the state of California to cause cancer. No one ever told me it did. I have even been cleaning said product with scrapes on my skin. Yuck!!!
    Do you think I can file a lawsuit? They never told me it was cancer causing. I live in Montana just in case you know Montana's laws.

    • ANSWER:
      By law they must give you access to the Material Safety Data Sheets. They come from the manufacturer of the chemicals and should be located at a "Right to know station" in the work place. Check with OSHA

  34. QUESTION:
    How long would cancer in the bone take to spread?
    My Grandad was diagnosed with mouth cancer, caused alcoholism and heavy smoking, September last year. When he stopped therapy they said he was too weak to operate on, but miraculously he gained health and the hospital allowed the possibility for an operation ... But recently we found out that he definately can't have the operation because the cancer spread to his bones.

    Does anyone roughly know how long might be left? I found out by accident and am not ready for another shock, so its best I prepare myself.

    Thanks in advance :)

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry about your grandad.

      When cancer spreads to the bones from where it started, usually the end is far off. There's no way to know the "time" . Some patients go quickly, others not.

      At this point, the most important thing is to keep him comfortable. Sometimes, radiation therapy to ease the pain (not cure) is used. The challenge is sometimes to find the right type and amount of narcotics to keep him comfortable, but awake.

      The family should look into hospice care. The doctors, nurses, and aides focus on helping the patient and his/her family in cases like this.

  35. QUESTION:
    What kind of cancer could cause a dog to limp?
    My dogs been limping and someone said cancer could cause it. What kind of cancer could cause a dog to limp?

    • ANSWER:
      A tumor could have formed on another organ & could be pressing on the spinal cord, causing limited motion.

      He could also be limping because he sprained his leg, it doesn't always mean something like cancer.

      Get him checked out since you are concerned about it.

  36. QUESTION:
    Is cancer a mutation formed by the nuclear tests of the 1940's?
    It seem's to me that after the bomb's went off, the nuclei did not stop moving, which seems like something that would cause the genetic mutations of now, along with cancer causing mutations.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.

  37. QUESTION:
    what kinds of cancer can cause facial disfigurements?
    i mean can any cancer cause facial disfigurements if it spreads? or is it just cancers of the facial area that would lead to disfigurements?

    • ANSWER:
      The most common cause of facial disfigurements due to cancer is from skin cancer. These cancers can erode the face and if advanced even the bones. Those not advanced enough to erode the face can be disfiguring from the surgery depending on the size and if it is a recurrence and may require plastic surgery.

  38. QUESTION:
    How to get a hold of a breast cancer scentsy warmer?
    I need help getting a hold of a breast cancer cause scentsy warmer?! anyone know how i can besides ebay..... they were discontiuned a year ago but i have a customer asking for one!

    • ANSWER:
      I would go on the Scentsy consultant's forum and post there. I bet someone has still got one. ;)

  39. QUESTION:
    dog has cancer should I be feeding her more?
    Just found out that my dog has cancer. she can still eat fine and everything though. Should I be feeding her more since the cancer causes weight loss? she used to get a cup of food and now we are giving her 1 1/3 cups.
    ps. the cancer is in her spline and has spread to her lungs.

    • ANSWER:
      Hard question because it depends. What kind of cancer does she have and what kind of treatment will she get.

      If it is a digestive tract cancer, then you'll need a special diet at some point more than likely. If not, then you may have other nutritional imbalances that some cancers create, such as kidney cancer or bladder cancer.

      Usually weight loss is a later stage effect if left untreated. Chemo causes it because it affects the appetite. If the dog isn't obese at all and could use a few pounds, then by all means get her nice and padded before chemo starts. It will help. If not doing chemo, then talk to the vet because obesity can speed up some cancers.

      If you post more information, perhaps I can give you more details.

  40. QUESTION:
    What would a radioactive ocean cause to our world?
    From CNN: "the fuel can spill out of the damaged containment unit and spread radioactivity and cancer-causing isotopes through the air and water." So say this situation happens to an ocean, what would happen to all the marine life? Could there be a catastropic chain of events that could effect the circle of life due to a radioactive ocean? Even if the crisis in japan is handled, every power plant is created near a large body of water of some sort, so this could be a problem of the future as well.

    • ANSWER:
      Uh. You know that back during the Cold War the Soviets dumped several reactor cores into the oceans already, including the partially melted down core from the icebreaker Lenin, right? A radioactive ocean is not a real possibility.

  41. QUESTION:
    How horrible is it that republicans make jokes about withholding the cure for cancer?
    Are all cancers caused by a virus? Do men always die earlier from cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      No, cancer (formally known as morphism of neoplasm) is not caused by viruses. The word "morphism" is used because the cells seem to change out of nowhere.

      A cell becomes cancerous when it quits following the genetic code for reasons we cannot pinpoint. You see our cells are very simple, and they are only capable of doing two things: following our genetic imprint and double checking with the cells around them.

      For reasons unknown, some cells might take on a third roll. That roll is transforming itself into something that is not in the genetic code and is not an activity of the surrounding cells. That third roll is called "cancer". The problem we have with curing cancer is that we cannot establish what makes a cell decide to change to something against the genetic code. Sometimes cancer appears to be much like a callous, affecting cells that have taken too much abuse.

      Once enough cells grow cancerous, normal cells will begin to follow their lead and become cancerous as well.

      If it were a simple as a viral problem, we could cure cancer this very day. It is not.

  42. QUESTION:
    What food can I give my dog with liver cancer that will give her nutrients and create her appetitie?
    Liver cancer causing no appetite.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm so sorry you are dealing with this. There is a prescription food called a/d (for acute diet). It's made by Hill's.It's easy to thin out if necessary and very palatable and calorie dense. You have to get it from a vet.

      Good luck.

  43. QUESTION:
    What all health problems does smoking pot cause?
    I mean you never hear of anyone dying from smoking weed. You just chill out and sit around. Lately though I've heard that it causes cancer and "one joint delivers 4 times as much cancer causing chemicals than a cigarette." So I was wandering, from health proffessionals, or experienced smokers, what health problems does it cause. I'm thinking about starting to smoke, but I'm one to weigh my decisions out. If you use a vaporizer, which technically doesn't burn the plant for you to inhale smoke, then can it cause cancer? Answer some of these for me if you don't mind.

    • ANSWER:
      A vaporizor will not burn the bud , thus no carbon monoxide will be inhaled. As for the other side effects you might get hungry and giggly. Doctors will tell you all the bad stuff i.e., killing brain cells, you do what u want!!

  44. QUESTION:
    Could skin Cancer caused from the sun affect the persons genes?
    I know that Skin Cancer is caused in two ways..

    1- UVA and UVB rays from over sun exposer
    2- Inherited from parents.

    My questions is.. Could Skin Cancer from the sun( UVA, UBV) could affect the persons genes that could possibly be passed to the offspring??

    Thanks for the help!

    • ANSWER:
      No one knows what causes cancer, including skin cancer. I don’t know where you got the idea that it is caused one of two ways. And no skin cancer does not affect your genes.

  45. QUESTION:
    What is the medical definition of Cancer?
    Can someone actually explain what the medical definition of Cancer actually is... ?

    I have a rough idea what Cancer is, a few different types and some treatment, but how is cancer caused and what does it actually do to your body?

    • ANSWER:
      I find this characterisation useful:

      A neoplasm is a lesion made of cells that have escaped the normal mechanisms that regulate cellular growth. A malignant neoplasm (cancer) invades and destroys the surrounding tissue, and if left untreated will result in death because of spread.

      Benign neoplasms (non-cancerous tumors) have also escaped the normal mechanisms that regulate cellular growth, but they don't spread, and are rarely lethal.

      You might find this site informative: http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/

  46. QUESTION:
    What can cause these symptoms besides throat cancer?
    What besides throat cancer cause sore throat, some pain, sometimes problems swallowing for longer than 3 months? I don't think I had temperature during that period ether.

    • ANSWER:
      Mono? Throat infections? acid reflux? Even STDS although thats very unlikey.

      There are many things. If you have had a sore thorat for 3 months you should get it check out and get on some antibiotics possiby.

  47. QUESTION:
    why does chemotherapy drugs designed to fight cancer often cause a person's hair to fall out?
    1 ) why do you think that chemotherapy drugs that are designed specially to fight cancer , often cause a person's hair to fall out?

    2) what is or are any potential advantage that would result from deletion of relatively large segment of chromosome? why?

    3) what is or are any potential advantage that would result from duplication of a region of chromosome ? why?

    • ANSWER:
      The drugs that are used in chemotherapy target rapidly-multiplying cells and causes them to stop working, because hair cells are rapid-multiplying this is what causes them to stop working.

      As for the other questions im not sure .. sorry :S

  48. QUESTION:
    what keeps tobacco plants from getting cancer?
    This might be a stupid question, but I have always wondered. If nicotine is an cancer causing alkaloid, than what keep the tobacco plants safe from its cancerous effects?

    • ANSWER:
      Freaking hysterical! Loved this question- gave it a star. Kudos on making me laugh.


cancer causes

Types Of Lymphoma Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is a good thesis statement for lymphoma?
    Were working on term papers in school . I decided to type mine on lymphoma cancer. Im doing both types Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's. But before we start typing we need a good thesis statement. So could someone help me ? Please.

    • ANSWER:
      This might get you started (keep reading article below paragraph, see http./)).

      Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Disease) has a colorful history: It was not the first cancer discovered, but it was one of the first in which treatments were investigated and ultimately successful. Here is a time line of events important in the history of Hodgkin's

      Remember, don't plagiarize!

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate using chemotherapy in children for lymphoma?
    In the US, chemotherapy for Children with Lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system) is ruled by a judge as mandatory. How many survive? What are the statistics?

    • ANSWER:
      Lymphoma is the general name, but there are many sub types of it. It can be Hodgkin's or Non-Hodgkin's (and there are a dozen or so different types of Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas). It therefore depends on the exact type of lymphoma you are referring to - and naturally it depends on how advanced the lymphoma is when it is detected.

      Survival rates for lymphoma are pretty high - normally around 80%

      However, most lymphomas have a high chance of recurrence.

      All the very best

  3. QUESTION:
    How many types of Lymphoma are there?
    I am doing a Advanced Biology research report on Hodgkin's Lymphoma, but I wanted know how many other types of Lymphoma are also out there. I know people say "many" but I was looking for a numerical value or just like "over 20". It was just a way to enhance my paper a little bit.

    • ANSWER:
      Logic is very diminished - as is chivalry - but it is not completely dead.
      Here's the site you need - http://www.oncologychannel.com/nonhodgkins/types.shtml
      This lists 27 types of non-Hodgkins lymphomas.
      If you want to add Hodgkin's lymphomas - it would be ~33.
      http://www.lymphomainfo.net/nhl/classify.html
      Also - http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_Is_Non_Hodgkins_Lymphoma_32.asp
      - - -
      Amazing how so many people think "cancer" is one disease. (Not you)

  4. QUESTION:
    What happens when a cat is put to sleep?
    My beautiful 14yr old cat has feline lymphoma(cancer). It's too far gone for chemo so she's on steroids until they stop working (a few weeks the vet said) then she'll rapidly go downhill. Of course i won't let her suffer but she doesn't seem to be in any pain and as soon as she is i'll have her put to sleep.
    I would like to know exactly how this will be done. Can she be on my lap? Can it be outside? If she's not in any pain and just 'fades away' is it better to spare her the last visit to the vet and let nature take it's course in the comfort and safety of her own home/garden?

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly I have had to do this for 3 of my faithful friends. I'm sure there will be more in the future. I have also helped many friends babies and rescue animals to the Rainbow Bridge too, but I'll refer to just my own.

      Most vets if you so wish will come to your home and probably do it outside for you if you want to. If your vet won;t find one that will. I'm sure having been through this with you though your vet will do anything he/she can to make this as easy as possible. (heck it's never going to be easy, but you know what I mean) Of course it will cost more this way, but to me when it comes to this cost should be the last thing anyone thinks about no matter what the situation.

      There is no better place for her to go than in your lap, but please be arned they usually at least unrinate, sometimes deficate too when they pass. Maybe laying on the grass with the kitty in your arms would be another option if this would bother you. Mine all laied on a towel in my arms.

      With 2 of mine (a dog and a cat) a catheter was placed into their leg then once they were in my arms and I was ready the vet injected into the catheter. With one cat her veins had collapsed so badly the catheter could not be used, and it did take a few seconds longer, but it was still very quick. They just drift off to sleep.

      It is a very peaceful way for them to go. So peaceful they are usually gone within seconds and you only notice it when you see they have stopped breathing.

      God bless you and your kitty. It's the hardest thing you will ever do as a pet owner, but also the most loving and humane when they start to suffer.

      I so hope I have been just a little help. I'm sobbing my heart out as I type so I hope this makes sense.

      I'm so very sorry. Cherish what time you have left, take lots of pictures and remember they only ever really die when we forget them. I know you never will.

  5. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers does a lymph node biopsy detect?
    Does a lymph node biopsy detect Lymphomas, Leukemia, AND cancers that have metastasized to that node? I just had biopsies done in my neck and groin and was told they were negative for cancer. I just want to know that this news rules out Lymphoma, Leukemia, and cancer that could have metastasized and englarged those nodes (i.e. melanoma)... Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Any cancer in the lymph node examined will be found.

  6. QUESTION:
    What are some common cancers that affect children?
    I would like to know what types of cancer children are diagnosed with the most an some of the ones that are hardest to treat. Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      Pediatric cancers are uncommon, but among cancers that do affect children the most common forms are:
      Leukemia (the most common)
      Brain cancers
      Neuroblastomas (tumors outside the brain, usually occur in the first year of life)
      Lymphoma, both Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins
      Wilms tumor (cancer in one or both kidneys, usually occurs in kids aged 2-3)
      Rhabdomyosarcoma (soft tissue sarcoma)
      Retinoblastoma (eye tumor)
      Bone tumors such as osteosarcoma and ewing sarcoma. These tumors are more common in adolescents since that is the period when the bones undergo the most rapid growth.

  7. QUESTION:
    What type of cancers Female teenagers are more at risk for?
    just curious of different types of cancers teenage females are mostly likely to get more at risk. What are the names and causes?...I'm interesed in the medical field

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer fortunately is rare in teenagers, but there are some types that young people should become familiar with . . female teenagers are at risk for germ cell cancers, Ovarian cancer, melanoma, and cervical cancer.

      American Society of Clinical Oncology: Types of Cancer Teens Get
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teens/Overview

      All teens and young adults should become familiar with the types of cancer they are more likely to develop . . it is not breast, lung, or colon cancers that affect the young . . it is blood cancers, lymphoma, brain, germ cell cancers, and sarcoma of the soft tissue or bone that is more common in the young. One field that has long been neglected is the adolescent and young adults with cancer . . so if you have an interest in the medical field this is an area that has tremendous need.

      Unfortunately the mortality rate for teens and young adults is higher than any other age group . .while progress has been made with children under the age of 15 and older adults . . there has been little progress made against the cancers affecting older teens and young adult cancer patients.

  8. QUESTION:
    Can there be different types of cancer inside one house?
    I have my Grandparents, my uncle, my aunt, and the dog in one house, 4 out of the 5 had/have cancer. But, there all different types: thyroid, Hodgkin lymphoma, skin, and luekemia. Is this unusual?

    • ANSWER:
      Some families are more genetically prone to cancer than others (dog's cancer is a coincidence). This just means that you should never skip your yearly pap-smear after the age of 18. You should also have a mammogram at 38 (to use as a base) and then one every year after that. You should never smoke or drink alcohol (both increase cancer risk-- eventhough red wine is ok for heart disease it's bad for cancer) and make sure you discuss non-hormonal options for birth control when you're ready for that.
      All that said, if you have a basement where you live, there is a test sold in Home Depot and Lowe's called a Radon Test. It's about and you leave it in the basement for a day or 2 and it will tell you if your home has a Radon problem. Radon is a radio-active gas known to increse risk of cancer by a HUGE margin. It's easy to find out and worth the . If your home does have a high Radon problem it only costs a few hundred bucks to get it fixed which is much less money than the medical bills it can cause later.
      Good luck.

  9. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for someone with stage 4 cancer?
    Don't know the type of cancer, already started treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      If the cancer has metastasized and is truly stage 4, then ultimate long term recovery chances are very small. However there are always exceptions to every rule. Some types of previously incurable lymphomas are now curable with stem cell or bone marrow transplants, so at least some stage 4 cancers are now sometimes curable. Brain, lung, breast, cervical or ovarian cancer are not curable after reaching stage 4 unless there is a miracle (spontaneous regression). Another thing to remember is that staging is often not as precise as Drs would have you believe, so one Dr's stage 4 is another Dr's stage 2 or 3. good luck to your relative

  10. QUESTION:
    Hi my mother has been diagnosed with lymphoma cancer we do not know what type at the moment?
    Mum is 60 years old and this lymphoma is in her small bowel we have our first appointment next wednesday what should we expect ? (don't know if this makes a difference but mum is a tea to taller and a non smoker) we have to go to the hematology unit .

    • ANSWER:
      At your first visit with the cancer specialist (oncologist), he/she will most likely spend time getting your mother's medical history, both from her and from the records that have been forwarded to him/her from your mother's GP. He/she will perform a very basic physical examination, and will most likely order some more tests, depending on what the GP may have already done. These tests will most likely include simple blood tests, as well as a CT scan or PET scan if not already done, to see if the cancer has spread. He/she will carefully review the results of your mother's biopsy to determine exactly what type of lymphoma it is. Based on all of these results, the oncologist will be able to come up with some options for treatment for your mother, as well as giving her a very rough estimate of what her chances of survival are. It may take more than 2 or 3 visits with the oncologist to finally get to that point, however, so although it is very frustrating to wait when your life is literally on the line like that, The tests do take time to perform and to properly interpret, and no one wants to do things hastily and make a mistake that may very well hurt your mother's chances of recovery.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer a 22yrs old female can have?
    I would like to know what are the cancers a female of 22yrs old could have or develop? Is there any? Please let me know am curious:)

    • ANSWER:
      This is a strange question, but they can have several the most likely In their age group is Hodgkin’s lymphoma and thyroid cancers.

      EDIT: Someone your age is more likely to be struck by lightning than they are to get breast cancer.

  12. QUESTION:
    what is the prognosis for someone diagnosed with lymphoma?
    my dad was just diagnosed with lymphoma cancer, he is a 65 white male who is overweight, if that matters, I need answers please.

    • ANSWER:
      More important than the type of cancer would be the stage and grade of the tumor. Early stages and low grades are 'easier' to treat than advanced stage and high grades. If the cancer has metastasized (spread to distant locations in the body) . . the disease is harder to treat, but not impossible.

      It is difficult to speculate about your fathers cancer. No one can answer that question since there are so many factors to consider . . your fathers age, response to treatment, and overall health need to be considered along with the stage and grade of the tumors. The best person to ask is your fathers oncologist.

      Some resources:

      MedlinePlus: Lymphoma (Non Hodgkins Disease)
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/lymphoma.html

      MedlinePlus: Lymphoma (Hodgkins Disease)
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hodgkinsdisease.html

      Best to you.

  13. QUESTION:
    what is the success rate of radiotherapy in case of hodgkin lymphoma cancer stage 3?
    My sister has been fighting with the disease for more than 2 years now and she had at least 5-6 types of chemo including ICE. Now she was told that the radio is her only chance as she can't even have a transplant due to low percentage survival rates.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 3 means Hodgkin's lymphoma in lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm so I don't think radiotherapy would help because it is done on a specific area and I don't know if the whole diaphragm could be done at the one time but speak to the doctor for the outcome. Good Luck.

  14. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer did Grete Waitz die from?
    This elite marathoner just died after a years-long battle with cancer, but nowhere does it say what kind of cancer she had, as she was keeping it private. Now that she is gone, can it be revealed? She could be an even greater inspiration if we knew more about the specific battle she so courageously fought. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree that many would have found inspiration in knowing more about her struggle. She firmly resisted questions on her type of cancer. However, in a story reported in 2005, she described its discovery as following from being short of breath when jogging. Her doctors discovered a significant level of anemia, and did further tests that revealed a cancer as the cause. She also related that she responded well to initial chemotherapy. She ultimately survived 6 years (or more) following the initial diagnosis.

      These details are particularly consistent with a blood cancer, such as a lymphoma, leukemia, or multiple myeloma. Anemia is often a secondary feature of these cancers, as the abnormal cells displace normal blood cell components. And, many cases are initially treatable, although often not curable. I'm most familiar with myeloma, which typically arises later in life (over 40) and can often be put into remission for several years with an assortment of chemical agents. These features are consistent with the few details in Waitz's disclosures. However, there may be non-blood cancers that also cause anemia.

  15. QUESTION:
    How long can you live with lymphoma cancer that is showing up in spleen?
    My grandma (64yrs old) recieved her test results today, hoping to hear that she was in remission the results show the cancer has spread even more in her spleen and some in her liver. She didn't ask her doctor how long she can live with this, but I'd like to hear some experiences of this type.

    • ANSWER:
      If the cancer has spread, there are probably treatments for it: surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation.
      You need to ask the doc if it's growing aggressively or slowly. No one can predict how long any patient will live, but the doc might have some estimate.

  16. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of a person diagnosed with lymphoma of the lungs?
    My sister just got a probable diagnosis of Lymphoma in her lungs. I just want to know how serious this is. So if any one can help, it would be much obliged. And what kind of treatments are there?

    • ANSWER:
      All cancer is very serious and all the different kinds of lymphoma have the potential to be fatal. But, lymphoma that is in the lungs is also potentially CURABLE. A lot depends on what kind of lymphoma your sister has.

      Lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system) is divided into two major types: Hodgkin's Disease (most common in ages 15 to 35) and Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Which kind of lymphoma your sister has will depend on the results of the biopsy.

      Lymphoma that has spread to the lungs generally will be staged as 4. There are four stages in lymphoma; stage 4 denotes disease outside the lymphatic system that has spread to an organ like the lung, liver, or bone marrow.

      Hodgkin's Disease very commonly begins in the chest and may spread to the lungs. Stage IV Hodgkin's Disease has a cure rate with chemotherapy of 50% or better. (Actual prognosis depends on a number of other factors.) I know there are many Hodgkin's survivors who had lung involvement. Hodgkin's Disease is a fairly rare cancer, about 8,000 cases per year. (However, there are a lot of us Hodgkin's survivors running around because it is such a potentially curable cancer.)

      Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a much more diverse group of cancers. There are about 60,000 cases of N-HL every year. There are over 30 different kinds of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. These can range from curable kinds (Burkitts, Diffuse Large B-Cell) to non-curable kinds (mantle cell for example is very difficult to cure). Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are usually grouped together as aggressive or indolent (depending on how fast they spread). Some lymphomas grow very fast, others grow slow.

      Lymphoma is generally treated with chemotherapy, sometimes with the addition of radiation. Very limited lymphoma is sometimes just treated with radiation. Lymphomas tend to be very sensitive to chemotherapy and as I said, even stage IV lymphoma is potentially curable depending on what kind it is.

      I've included some good sources to learn more about lymphoma below.

      Hodgkin's Disease specific:

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/hodgkinslymphoma/

      Non-Hodgkin's specific:

      http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancerinfo/types/non-hodgkins-lymphoma

      Message boards for both N-HL and HD:

      http://www.lymphoma.com/

      The LLS: http://www.leukemia.org/hm_lls

      Lymphoma Information Network: http://www.lymphomainfo.net/

      ACS: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/nws/content/nws_2_1x_what_is_lymphoma_.asp

      Best of luck to your sister.

  17. QUESTION:
    How likely is it that Lymphoma Cancer is genetic?
    Can it run in your family like other cancers?
    Or is that a myth? Specifically Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

    • ANSWER:
      NHL is not genetic but some families do have a slight predisposition to develop various types of NHL (usually not the same exact disease). This might be due to living together in the same area where there is environmental or radiation pollution and has nothing to do with genetics. There is no direct link like if your mother had NHL then your chances of developing NHL are 10%. Also, some types of NHL put a person at risk for developing second types of NHL that are of differing type and aggressiveness. Whatever immune defect causes the first NHL can also tend to cause a second type of NHL in the same person. There is a lot that is not yet known about specific causes for NHL. Much of today's info about cause of NHL is just speculation and not proven facts.

  18. QUESTION:
    If Lymphoma goes into remission does that indicate the person is cured and can live normally?
    My partner unfortunately has been diagnosed with Lymphoma. I am scared that I will lose him. He is beginning an aggressive one month round of Chemo therapy and I'm wondering if after the chemo, the Lymphoma goes into remission, does that eventually mean he is "cured" and can live a normal life?

    • ANSWER:
      A few different things to consider.

      There are two major kinds of lymphoma. There is a specific type called Hodgkin's Disease and then there is Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is basically every other lymphatic system cancer that isn't considered Hodgkin's Disease. There are about 30 different kinds of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

      A remission generally means that the person simply has no evidence of disease. In lymphoma, a person often will go into remission, but then still need more chemotherapy and/or radiation to make sure any microscopic disease has been wiped out. For example, in Hodgkin's Disease, two cycles of "extra" chemotherapy are commonly given beyond the initial remission point.

      A cure in lymphoma is generally defined as being in remission for five or more years, with no relapse. For purposes of defining "cure," the period of time is measured from the end of treatment, not the initial remission point. Hodgkin's Disease and some kinds of Non-Hodgkin's are considered curable. Some kinds of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are considered treatable, but incurable. This means that although it may be possible to control the lymphoma or even achieve a remission, it will almost always come back.

      Lymphoma that comes back after initial remission may bey treated with high dose chemotherapy and stem or bone marrow transplant. This treatment can provide very long-term remission rates for some people, possibly even cure.

      A person with lymphoma in remission should be able to live a normal life. Sometimes the drugs used to treat the lymphoma have long term side effects, but many people return to normal life and are able to exercise, work, etc. It depends on the individual.

      Because lymphoma is such a diverse set of cancers, it is difficult to generalize without knowing what a person's specific subtype is. Generally, the type of lymphoma (HD vs. NHL, then what specific type of NHL), stage of disease, and the person's overall health are most important to determining how well a person does.

      Best of luck to you both.

  19. QUESTION:
    Health insurance - independent contractor with preexisting conditions - what are my options?
    I'm a musician and as an independent contractor, I have to find my own health insurance. My history includes a large thyroid nodule that came back benign a few months ago. I have very specific and perhaps diagnostic symptoms of a type of lymphoma, but I have not been diagnosed with anything, and I'm avoiding doctors until I have insurance that will cover me if it turns out to be cancer. Can I find something legitimate with these possible preexisting conditions? What are my options?

    • ANSWER:
      When you fill out a health insurance application you’re not just asked if you’ve been “diagnosed” with something, but if you’ve shown any symptoms. You need to make sure to answer all questions honestly and accurately (it could come back to haunt you, otherwise).

      The fact is, with your pre-existing conditions it may prove hard to find coverage on your own. You can try. Talk with a licensed health insurance agent to see if there are any insurers in your state who may be likely to approve you. It doesn’t cost anything extra to work with an agent and it can help, especially in cases like this.

      If not, or if you apply and are denied, then you’re going to have to look into your government-sponsored options. This may include your state’s high-risk pool. To learn more, contact your state department of insurance or the non-profit Foundation for Health Coverage Education (coverageforall.org). They can help you see which programs are available in your area.

      Best wishes.

  20. QUESTION:
    If you have cancer that spreads to lymph nodes, what is it called?
    If you have cervical cancer, and it spread into your lymph nodes, do you have lymph node cancer? Or lymphoma? Or just cervical cancer that metastisized to your lymph nodes?

    I already survived this crap but my brother was arguing with me saying that since it was in lymph nodes that means its lymphoma. Maybe I am being stupid, but I really don't think I had anything but stage 2B cervical cancer.

    Is there another term for cancer spread to lymph nodes? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It would be called cervical cancer with lymph node metastases.
      You never had lymphoma.
      Each type of cancer is a completely different disease.
      If your cancer spread to your lungs or your brain you would not have lung cancer or brain cancer. If a biopsy was taken of the cancer In your lungs or brain it would look just like the cancer originally found in your cervix.

  21. QUESTION:
    What are the odds of surviving cancer after a bone marrow transplant?
    My dad has non-hodgkins lymphoma and is going to a specialist because he has stopped responding to his chemotherapy. And they were looking into a bone marrow transplant.
    Any information on it and the outcome would be welcome!

    • ANSWER:
      The odds are pretty good and getting better all the time. The best part is that even stage four lymphoma (some types) are now curable with stem cell or bone marrow transplants. Make sure you dad goes to a major cancer center that does lots of SCT or BMT and he should do just fine. He might have some lingering graft vs host disease but that sure beats stage four lymphoma.

      http://bonemarrow.org/

      http://www.marrow.org/PATIENT/Undrstnd_Disease_Treat/index.html

      http://www.marrow.org/PATIENT/Plan_Life_after_Tx/Managing_Long-Term_Effects_of_/Graft-Versus-Host_Disease/index.html

  22. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer a 13 year old girl can get?
    I know that there are a lot of types that girls this age can't get such as breast, but my friend is being tested for pancreatic cancer. I was wondering if she can get that? Also, what types of cancer CAN 13 year old girls get?

    • ANSWER:
      A 13-year-old *can* get breast cancer, but the chance of that happening is extraordinarily rare. You're more likely to be struck by lightening than to get breast cancer as a teenager. Most industrialized countries keep detailed records of incidences of cancer, including the type, the age of the patient, and other relevant variables. The statistical odds in the United States for breast cancer are currently listed as 0.0% for those under the age of 20. Pancreatic cancer is also extremely uncommon in younger adults, teens, and children. The median age is 73, and it's very unusual for anyone under the age of 45 to be diagnosed with it. Last year 0.0% of the people who were diagnosed with it were under the age of 20, and only 1.5% were under the age of 45.

      Any type of cancer is rare in kids, and in fact, the majority of people with cancer are fifty or over. However, the young do get cancer. The most common types of cancer that affect kids are leukemia, brain tumors, bone cancer, and lymphoma (specifically Hodgkin's Lymphoma).

      Some of the answers you'll get on this site are from very knowledgeable people, but many are from those who are well-meaning but not well-infomed about cancer. These are some good resources:
      http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/cancer_basics/cancer_kinds.html
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/cancerinchildren.html

      Also, the majority of doctors will not tell a young patient that they're being tested for a serious disease that is rare for their age without having already run some basic tests. It's very hard to believe that a 13-year-old would be told she was being tested for pancreatic cancer. That's almost like saying she was being tested for the bubonic plague. Whatever the case may be, I hope she's healthy and well.

      ~ skylark : )

  23. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers does chemotherapy cure?
    I'm currently researching about cancer treatments, and chemo being one of them.
    In my presentation, i'd like to include information on what types of cancers chemo specifically cures, but i can't seem to find any sites on that.
    I know that chemo can be used in combination with other treatments to treat cancer, and that it depends on many factors; but, does anyone know the types of cancers that chemo can cure alone?

    • ANSWER:
      The only cancers that can possibly be cured with chemo only are lymphomas and leukemias.
      Testicular cancer REQUIRES surgery.
      There is a “real cure” to cancer, but it is usually surgery.

  24. QUESTION:
    How fast would the population grow if all cancer was cured?
    I want to calculate the population if a cure for cancer was found. I know that right now the growth rate is about 1.2% every year. What would this figure be if all cancer related deaths were taken out of the equation.

    • ANSWER:
      Umm.. cancer is ALREADY CURABLE. You can cure first stage cancer lesions with surgery where you remove the cancer cells with an added layer of healthy tissue to make sure no cancer cell is left. A lot of tumors respond insanely well to radiotherapy and chemotherapy and the person can be cured.

      Leukemia can be cured. Hodgkin Lymphoma can be cured. Heck, some kinds of brain cancer can be cured. Now, if you were telling me you had pancreatic cancer of any cellular type or an end-stage astrocytoma, I'd say you're out of luck and enjoy your last few months.

      And since most people that get cancer are no longer of childbearing age, the population wouldn't grow by the millions. It's probable the 70 year old guy that got cured of his prostate cancer will die tomorrow from a heart attack.

      Now, if you asked this very same question from diseases like diarrhea which is the #1 killer of children (people that obviously haven't reproduced yet) and which kills children by the hundreds of millions each year, then we can seriously state the world population would be severely altered.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can a person of any age get any type of cancer?
    Like, are there types of cancers that only older people get? Like cervical, breast, and prostate cancer or can children get it too?

    • ANSWER:
      Children do not get cervical, breast and prostate cancers. Although there is a very rare form of cancer children can get in their breast, but it is not the same as an adult.
      I hate it when people answer questions here stating you can get any cancer at any age when it simply is not true.
      Out of every 1 million people under 20 years old 140 get cancer and 76% of those are leukemias and lymphomas.

  26. QUESTION:
    Can breathing mold spores cause lymphoma or other cancers?
    My childrens room is in the basement......we are changing thing quiet a bit down there... I noticed that in one of the corners it looks like mold..( I have the proper people coming out to fit it) I have NO idea how long this has been there,can breathing in the mold spores cause Lymphoma or other cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      There are some reports that suggest cancer is a type of fungi so if this published report is accurate then yes it can. But the poison from the spores is more deadly than cancer. Basements are notorious for toxic mold growth

  27. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get cancer on you tonsils and upper mouth?
    I have various growths that keep growing and taking apart the tonsils. Many have told me that that could be tonsil stones, but is there such a thing as tonsil cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes! Oral cancer can occur anywhere on mouth, and can even grow on your tonsils. However the most common location would include the lip or the tongue.

      Tonsil is a type of lymphoid tissue. This means it helps the body fight off infection. A type of cancer called lymphoma (cancer of the lymphoid organs like spleen, lymph nodes) can also grow there.

      Oral cancer is very common in tobacco smokers, tobacco chewers, and also people who drink alcohol in large amounts (who may also smoke).

  28. QUESTION:
    What could I include in a care package for a young cancer patient?
    My best friend, 23, was recently diagnosed with lymphoma and is undergoing chemotherapy.
    We live about two hours from one another and with her very busy schedule and my work requirements, we can't see each other very often. I want to send her a care package with fun things to keep her spirits up--but also some useful things for her predicament.

    Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      The silver lining of lymphoma is that it's amongst the most treatable forms of cancer, and the survival rate is very high, especially in young people. I don't know what type your friend has (Non-Hodgkins or Hodgkins) but both have favorable outcomes.

      I'm just shy of 18 and recently completed treatment for Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and these are the things that comforted me during chemo and rad:

      MUSIC ~ I seriously don't know how I would have gotten through chemo without my iPhone. You could create a special iMix of encouraging, comforting, and fun songs and burn them to a cd for her to upload to her iTunes. An iTunes gift card would also be thoughtful and useful because she could use it to buy whatever songs she likes as well as movies and TV shows.

      DVDs~ A lot of the chemo centers have dvd players, and you can always just bring your own laptop or watch things on your iPhone. I watched an entire season of "Mad Men" during chemo, and it was an awesome gift I was really happy that my stepmom gave me.

      Candy ~ an specially Sour Patch Kids and Jolly Ranchers. My chemo, ABVD, left a really funky, horrible taste in my mouth and gave me a burning sensation, and sucking on the Jolly Ranchers or SPK really did help.

      Books ~ It would probably be best to just give her a gift card to Barnes & Noble or Borders or wherever so she could select something for herself.

      Magazines ~ You could ask her what her favorite magazine is that she's not currently subscribed to and then get a year's subscription for her. Most are under .

      Socks, blankets and a travel pillow ~ My dad got a whole set of things from n*a*p at Brookstones for me that are awesome. They are unbelievably soft, and really comforting. He got the full-sized things individually, but you can buy a travel set for like or so.

      Art~ I don't know if your friend is into art, but I always brought a sketchpad and colored pencils with me, and it really helped to pass the time.

      Makeup ~ I never bothered with makeup that much before chemo, but during it it sometimes felt really good to wear it. Urban Decay has an awesome line of vegan products that I recommend. You could get her a gift card to Sephora.

      Fortunately, I only lost a small amount of hair so I never needed scarfs or head coverings or anything. Honestly, I would hold off on buying her one until she's told you that she's losing her hair. My hair is very long and would take about 3 years to fully regrow, so I burst into tears just thinking of losing it, and had a panic attack when my aunt gave me a head scarf. If your friend does need one, send it on if you wish, but don't before then. About 1/3 of the girls I know didn't lose their hair during chemo, and hopefully your friend won't either.

      If you click on my profile you'll see links to several cancer support sites for young people. Perhaps you could forward them to your friend.

      Best wishes to you both. : )

  29. QUESTION:
    Does using formula and no breastmilk increase the likelyhood of breast cancer in the infant?
    Or does it just increase the likelyhood of cancer for the mother?
    Concerned mother: I guess cigarettes don't increase risk for cancer because then they wouldn't be on the market.
    Ok read mystic's answer. Not breastfeeding does increase the risk of cancer in the female infant. That is the answer I was looking for.

    • ANSWER:
      It increases the chance of breast cancer in the female infant as well.

      http://www.breastfeeding.com/all_about/all_about_breast_cancer.html
      Women who were breastfed as infants, even if only for a short time,showed an approximate 25% lower risk of developing premenopausal or postmenopausal breast cancer, compared to women who were bottle-fed as an infant.Source: Freudenheim, J. “Exposure to breast milk in infancy and therisk of breast cancer.” Epidemiology 1994 5:324-331

      http://www.promom.org/101/index.html
      Formula feeding increases baby girls' risk of developing breast cancer in later life
      Women who were formula-fed as infants have higher rates of breast cancer as adults. For both premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer, women who were breastfed as children, even if only for a short time, had a 25% lower risk of developing breast cancer than women who were bottle-fed as infants.

      Freudenheim, J. et al. 1994 "Exposure to breast milk in infancy and the risk of breast cancer". Epidemiology 5:324-331

      http://www.promom.org/101/index.html
      Formula fed babies have a higher risk of developing certain childhood cancers
      In a study done by researchers at the University of Minnesota it was found that babies who were breast fed for at least one month had a 21% less chance of getting leukemia than formula fed babies. The risk was 30% for children breast fed for 6 months.

      Shu X-O, et al. "Breastfeeding and the risk of childhood acute leukemia". J Natl Cancer Inst 1999; 91: 1765-72

      # Breastfeeding decreases child's chances of contracting Hodgkins disease
      Hodgkins disease is a type of lymphoma, or cancer of the lymph system. It can develop in children, although it is less likely to do so in children who were breastfed as infants.

      "An Exploratory Study of Environmental and Medical Factors Potentially Related to Childhood Cancer." Medical & Pediatric Oncology, 1991; 19(2):115-21

      http://www.naturalfamilyonline.com/articles/312-formula-report-2.htm
      This study is consistent with several other childhood cancer studies in other nations, with results ranging from 1.45 to 4 times the risk for developing various common childhood cancers for formula-fed babies.

  30. QUESTION:
    How long will chemotherapy last for lymphoma?
    Low grade lymphoma
    And what happens when it goes away. You're in remission right ?

    • ANSWER:
      There are numerous types of lymphoma, and the chemotherapy protocol depends on which one you have and your specifics, like your age, staging, and overall health. Generally, those with low grade lymphoma have a shorter duration of treatment, but that's not always the case. Hodgkin's Lymphoma tends to have a more optimistic prognosis than types of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, but this is partially due to HL being more common amongst adolescents and young adults aged 40 and under who typically are more resilient.

      Cancer never really goes away. When you're in remission it means there is no evidence of the disease in your body. No evidence isn't the same as it no longer existing. Cancer cells can be tiny and insidious. Usually, the highest chance of a relapse is during the first five years after reaching remission, though some have had recurrences much later. Also, having lymphoma puts you more at risk for secondary cancers like leukemia later in life, so it's not something you just walk away from and feel confident that you'll be fine.

      If you'd like a more specific answer, try to add additional details to this question, or ask another one with more information. We really need to know the exact type of lymphoma, the staging, and the patient's age and overall health condition.

      Good luck.

      ~ skylark

  31. QUESTION:
    Would the metro line go through the same zone that caused teens at the high school cancer?
    I have heard that toxic fumes from the oil well around its school caused thyroid, lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease. Would the new proposed metro line go through the same area? This is scary to me. I know everyone has focused on the earthquake fault as reasons to that the metro line is not a good idea, but has anyone looked into the oil wells, gas wells and the oil derrick? I've heard there are 25 oil wells inadequately sealed from years before that may still be hazardous...

    • ANSWER:
      I'm assuming you're referring to the vehemently disputed plan to build an extension tunnel for the LA metro purple line under the campus of Beverly Hills High School? There are reasons why the tunnel might be detrimental to the learning environment of the campus, but unfortunately they were overshadowed by the inaccurate information served up with overwrought emotion by those in most vocal opposition to it. The way to fight is to thoughtfully construct a strategy using proven facts and sound logic, not melodramatic subterfuge and scare tactics. You're singing the same propaganda tunes.

      Facts:
      * No, the metro line will not pose an increased risk of cancer to the students, faculty, or staff of BHHS.
      * No, the now inactive oil rigs are not responsible for the thyroid or lymphoma cancers of BHHS alumni.
      Known causes of these cancers are not petroleum or petroleum products.
      * Hodgkin's Disease, also known as Hodgkin's Lymphoma, is a type of lymphoma. It is often more prevalent in affluent neighborhoods and in children who were not as exposed to typical childhood illnesses.

      In the early 2000s a young alumna of BHHS approached Erin Brokovich, the real-life woman the movie was based on, and compelled her to look into whether the oil rigs that used to be active on the high school campus had caused what appeared to be a suspiciously high number of graduates with specific types of cancer. Sniffing an opportunity for huge publicity Erin agreed and quickly riled up fear within the community. She sprouted a lot of bullshit and only stood on a few pebbles of proven fact. This is why her actions were slammed by medical and legal professionals and the cases dismissed. Time Magazine called it her "junk science," and others described her as a shark in a suit preying on the emotions of the parents and students at BHHS. Fortunately, there were positives to her self-aggrandizing stunts because more time and research were put into both the health of the BHHS campus and the epidemiology of Hodgkin's Disease. The air quality of the region was tested, and the readings of benzene, hexane and other air toxic levels were all considered normal. No evidence of harm was found in 2003 or in any of the subsequent tests.

      The rates of cancer in BHHS alumni are actually not any higher than others in the same age range with similar socioeconomic backgrounds. I was raised in the northern part of Beverly Hills miles from the BHHS campus and diagnosed with Hodgkin's Lymphoma at age sixteen. I never attended BHHS. It's obnoxious to me that people are trying to erroneously use cancer as part of their agenda instead of utilizing facts. I'm in opposition to the tunnel, but I'm also in opposition to the manipulative and absurd tactics that were used to prevent it.

      ~ skylark

      I agree with the first comment to this article:
      http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/opinion-la/la-ol-subway-beverly-hills-20120507,0,734718.story

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age you can get breast cancer at?
    I was wondering this, because one of my friends thinks she has breast cancer, and I thought that thirteen was a very young age at which to develop breast cancer.
    I should have said this. She has a lump in her breast and she went to the doctor and they said its "abnormal." She thinks she has cancer, but she doesn't know for sure yet. She's getting a sonogram done.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast tissue is present in male and females of all ages and thus breast cancer is possible at any age with any sex. However, breast cancer . . primary or secondary in children and young teens is rare. Breast cancer in children is also not the same as an adults breast cancer. There are many different types of cancer and there are several types of breast cancer possible in children. The most common types of breast cancer in children are Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma, Cystosarcoma Phylloides, and Lymphoma.

      As for your 13 year old friend what she is most likely feeling is breast growth caused by puberty. There are often small lumps or 'breast buds' that young teens will feel. However, since no one here can really tell what is happening with your friend it is important that she see a doctor to determine exactly what is going on.

      Here is some information about normal 'breast buds' found in young teens:

      Why are my breasts sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/sore_breasts.html

  33. QUESTION:
    Can anyone describe Lymphoma Cancer to me?
    I am doing a school project on Lymphoma Cancer and i need more info.

    • ANSWER:
      A lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, or of the white blood cells which are produced by lymph nodes. (If you don't know what cancer in general is, cancer is a disease caused by the over-reproudction of abnormal cells in a body part, which can spread to other parts of the body, and if you don't know what the lymphatic system is, it is a part of the circulatory system which helps filter the blood).

      Lymphoma cancer causes loss of function in the lymph nodes and therefore a patient is more prone to infections.

      There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin's Lymphoma, which is a less aggressive type, and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), which can fall into 40 other sub-types (i.e. T-cell lymphoma, Burkitt's Lymphoma)

      Hodgkin's Lymphoma causes lymph nodes to swell. Therefore the most common symptom of the disease is a painless lump in the neck, chest, armpit or groin. The disease can also bring a loss of appetite or fatigue.

      NHL produces symptoms which are similar to leukemia (another type of cancer), because the cancer is often in the white blood cells, therefore symptoms of NHL include frequent infections, night sweats, bone pain and mouth sores (rare).

      However, many of both types of lymphoma produce no symptoms at all.

      One of the risk factors for lymphoma is age. The disease is one of the most common cancers in children and teens, however most young adults have a low risk, yet it increases again in the elderly, as the majority of lymphoma patient are above the age of 60.

      Other risk factors include immune system diseases (i.e. HIV/AIDS), a family history of the disease, or exposure to dangerous chemicals or radiation.

      The disease is often treated non-surgically and treatments include chemotherapy (use of drugs to slow cancer cells), and radiotherapy (use of radiation, such as Gamma Rays or X-rays, to blast cancer cells and kill them).

      Most young lymphoma patients fortunately survive, but for some reason the outlook is poor for the older patients.

      I hope I have helped you with your project. Best of luck!

  34. QUESTION:
    How many men and women will get cancer in their lifetime?
    I once saw a statistic that was like: 2/3 men/women and 1/3 men/women will get cancer in their lifetime. But I can't remember the statistic exactly. Help me out?

    • ANSWER:
      That's from the ACS - American Cancer Society
      1 of 2 men & 1 of 3 women will develop some type of cancer a some time in their lifetime.

      Lifetime risk in men (ACS data)
      All sites1 in 2
      Prostate 1 in 6
      Lung and bronchus1 in 13
      Colon and rectum1 in 18
      Urinary bladder1 in 27
      Melanoma 1 in 41
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma1 in 46
      Kidney1 in 59
      Leukemia 1 in 67
      Oral Cavity 1 in 71
      Stomach1 in 88

      Lifetime risk in women

      All sites 1 in 3
      Breast 1 in 8
      Lung & bronchus 1 in 16
      Colon & rectum 1 in 19
      Uterine corpus 1 in 41
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 1 in 53
      Melanoma 1 in 61
      Ovary 1 in 71
      Pancreas 1 in 76
      Urinary bladder 1 in 85
      Uterine cervix 1 in 142

  35. QUESTION:
    Are there any good links online for any cancer survivor support groups?
    I've been wondering I just beat Lymphoma I had it since May 9 2010 I've been looking here on line but couldn't find anything yet if there are any links that would be great thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I've gathered support and wonderful suggestions from the fellow fighters and survivors I've met through the "Stupid Cancer" network. It's a social networking site primarily for people age 40 and under who have cancer or are supporting loved ones who do, but I believe all ages are welcome. They have support groups in several metro areas as well as an online forum and a page filled with resources. In a couple of weeks they're having a gathering / conference in Vegas. You can create your own page on the site and then search for others to connect with by age, location, or type of cancer.

      One of my contacts here is a lady in her 30s who also had Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and she highly recommended a forum called Webmagic. I haven't spent much time on it, but she said it was an amazing community of people of all ages, and she benefitted from participating in it. http://forums.lymphoma.com/

      The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society has their own forum as well as links to other online and local support groups:
      http://community.lls.org/welcome
      http://www.lls.org/#/resourcecenter/

      I have links to a few other sites that might be helpful to you on my blog. Just scroll down and you'll see a tab titled Cancer Resources on the right sidebar.
      http://thesoultodare.blogspot.com/

      Congratulations on beating lymphoma, and best wishes for a healthy and happy future.

      ~ skylark

      Edit:
      I just found this old answer about lymphoma support groups. It has more suggestions.
      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Amw7cucwSiBRjWeJ_ZLXqCQjzKIX;_ylv=3?qid=20091216143536AAQIzUJ

  36. QUESTION:
    Priest has stomach cancer, Can you tell me about stomach cancer?
    Our parish priest has stomach cancer, i don't know a thing about it can anyone tell me about it?

    • ANSWER:
      What Is Stomach Cancer?
      Cancer of the stomach, or gastric cancer, is a disease in which stomach cells become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Almost all (95%) of stomach cancers start in the glandular tissue that lines the stomach. The tumor may spread along the stomach wall or may grow directly through the wall and shed cells into the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Once beyond the stomach, cancer can spread to other organs.

      Stomach cancers are classified according to the type of tissue where they originate. The most common, adenocarcinomas, start in the glandular stomach lining. Other forms include lymphomas, which involve the lymphatic system, and sarcomas, which involve the connective tissue (muscle, fat, or blood vessels).

      Although the number of stomach cancer cases has declined over the past 60 years, it is still the seventh leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown, but most are believed to result from exposure to carcinogens (various cancer-causing agents), especially nitrates -- substances found in prepared foods (especially meats) that are dried, smoked, salted, or pickled. Carcinogens cause errors in the genetic code that controls growth and repair of cells.

      Various medical conditions are associated with an increased risk of developing stomach cancer. These include gastritis, pernicious anemia, gastric polyps, and gastric (peptic) ulcer. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacterium that infects the lining of the stomach and causes chronic inflammation and ulcers, may also increase the risk of stomach cancer. There is a slightly increased risk of stomach cancer in people who use tobacco or drink alcoholic beverages regularly.

      People who work in certain industries are also at greater risk, including those in the coal mining, nickel refining, and rubber and timber processing industries, and those exposed to asbestos fibers.

      Stomach cancer is most often seen in men over 55, and is more common in Japan, Korea, parts of Eastern Europe, and Latin America than in the United States and Canada. This is thought to be related to the common diet in these countries that consists of nitrate-containing, salted foods, especially meat and fish.

      Stomach cancer can often be cured if it is found and treated at an early stage. Unfortunately, the outlook is poor if the cancer is already advanced.

      Ps. I took this information from www. webmd.com if you need more information.. or want to check for your self... try the web.

      good luck... and an sorry for your priest...

  37. QUESTION:
    What stage of cancer do you think this is?
    My friend was diagnosed with anaplastic T- cell lymphoma. He has a tumor under his armpit. The doctors removed another tumor from his spine and did a biopsy, which is how they found out what type of cancer he had. They left the one under his armpit and hope the chemo will get rid of it. He just had his first round of chemo, and will be doing 3 rounds total, and radition after. What stage of cancer does he have?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.lymphomation.org/t-cell-types.htm
      Sounds like a rare type of blood cancer...I would say he could be stage 3 maybe even more. I'm not a doctor or even a nurse....just read up on the internet so I suggest you ask one of his family members.
      Remeber there is always hope with people with diseases..more ppl are living longer with cancer some are even cured and live to be old so don't give up hope.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is Lymphoma and can you die from it?
    My uncle had a cyst on his side that's been there since 1972, he said and he got it removed because it was changing colors and stuff and he said the doctors dont even know what it is. He said they believe it's lymphoma. What is that and can you die from it?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you mean lipoma which is a benign tumour (not cancer).

      Lymphoma is something else (it is a type of cancer). I'm sure you can google it...

  39. QUESTION:
    Do Leukemia and Lymphoma have VERY similar symptoms, includng the swollen Lymph Nodes?
    Do Leukemia and Lymphoma have VERY similar symptoms, and can you get swollen Lymph Nodes from Leukemia? What causes them in Leukemia. Also, what are the least and most common types of Leukemia and Lymphoma in a teenager. If their symptoms arn't similar what's different about them?

    Thanks a bunch! I highly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      They both involve swollen lymph nodes, which can be hard and irregularly shaped.

      Leukemia and lymphoma are both cancers starting with lymphoid cells (white blood cells), but in leukemia it is in the circulating blood and the bone marrow, and in lymphoma it is in the lymph nodes.

      Lymphoma has two ages where it is most likely to occur: early adulthood, from 15 to 35 years of age, and in people over the age of 55.

      Lymphoma symptoms:
      Night sweats, enlarged lymph nodes (painless), fever, weight loss, itching, fatigue, red colored patches on skin, easy bruising and bleeding, spleen and/or liver enlargement

      Leukemias: There are 4 categories: AML, CML, ALL, CLL.

      the A's stand for "acute" and the C's are for "chronic"
      ML = myelogenous leukemia
      LL= lymphoblastic leukemia

      ALL: peak incidence is at 4 years of age
      AML, CML, CLL: usually in patients > 65 years of age

      Leukemia symptoms:
      Fever, weight loss, fatigue, infection, hard lymph node/s, kidney damage, bleeding/bruising, bone pain, enlarged spleen and or liver.

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the most common kinds of cancer?
    What are the most common types of it and what are the basic treatments that you have to go through?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some forms of cancer we know of:

      bladder cancer

      breast cancer

      carcinoid tumor

      colorectal cancer

      glioblastoma

      liver cancer

      non-small cell lung cancer (NSLC)

      chronic lymphocytic leukemia

      lymphoma (both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s)

      melanoma

      multiple myeloma

      neuroblastoma

      ovarian cancer

      pancreatic cancer

      prostate cancer

      renal cell carcinoma

      throat cancer

      uterine cancer

      Understanding a few processes that your body goes through might provoke you to live a bit better so we can give it a go.

      Sleep - your body is on a universal time clock and it repairs itself somewhere between midnight and 6 a.m..Over time if you can’t or you don’t give it time to repair what do you reckon will happen? Right, a run down or break down will occur. You will get sick or worse.

      Immune system – evidence is mounting and it’s being traced back to your immune system. Stress, toxins, poor eating habits and a slew of other elements are wearing down our immune systems. This is the main defense against many viruses and bacterial invaders. We are starving our troops.

      Nutrition - the very thing that feeds our army which fights diseases is eluding us daily.

  41. QUESTION:
    my best friend has lymphoma cancer i really don't know what it is and i need help?
    My best friend just told me that he has lypmphoma cancer im really scared for him and i dont know what to say to him. I dont know what lymphoma cancer is. How should i support him?

    • ANSWER:
      I hope your friend does OK.

      There are basically 2 major categories of Lymphoma, then a lot of subtypes, that I don't really know that much about.

      First is Hodgkin's Lymphoma. It usually strikes younger adults, more often males. It usually follows a pattern, starting with the upper body, the lymph nodes in the neck or under the arms. It usually spreads on one side, above the diaphragm and then below.If it is above the diaphragm, it is more treatable.

      30 years ago it was nearly always a death sentence. Now it is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, as long as it is found early. I do not know the exact treatments but it would be radiation and/or chemo. Hodgkin's has symptoms that include fever, and some fatigue. Some people who have it will experience pain in the affected nodes if they drink alcoholic beverages. There are also frequent cases of the skin being very itchy.

      Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma can start in just about any lymph gland and spread. I think there are several types, but I do not know all of them. It used to be called Lymphosarcoma. It does not usually have the symptoms like fever and itching, so far as I know. I know more about Hodgkin's because I had two relatives, who were not related to each other, who had Hodgkin's 35 or 40 years ago. Both died because there was not much in the way of treatment.

      Metastized cancer can spread into the lymph nodes from other organs and not be Primary Lymphoma. When any cancer spreads to the lymph nodes from say the breast, or lungs, it is usually a bad sign.

      The lymphatic system is the main part of the immune system. The lymphocytes that are made in the lymphatic system are white blood cells that help fight infection and germs. Some people with AIDS also can get a form of Lymphoma, but many people have it without having AIDS.

      Lymphoma and Leukemia can be very much alike in the sense that the white cells do not fight germs and infection, with Leukemia because there are too many, but ineffective white cells, and in Lymphoma because the lymph nodes are destroyed and the white cells are not produced.

      Just be there for him. He might at some time need help getting to a doctor or something like that, or depending on his circumstances, you might see to it he has nutritious food if he lives alone or anything, or help out family members with things if they need it. Caring for somebody with cancer, if it becomes severe or life-threatening can be very hard on the immediate family as well as the patient.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the cancer types that respond well to chemotherapy?
    Besides Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Lymphocytic Leukemia, are there any other cancer types that respond well to chemo?

    Please indicate your source. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Homework, right? Try the Homework forum.

  43. QUESTION:
    What kind of cancer is usually found in children?
    I am writing a story and a little girl is born with cancer. I want it to be a type of cancer that lets her be a little girl but it can take her life away anytime. I want her to be able to play and not be in the hosiptal all the time and yet I need something severe. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      The most common childhood cancers are leukemia, lymphoma, bone cancer, brain tumors, neuroblastoma (a ususally advanced cancer of the nerve cells) a type of kidney cancer called Wilm's Tumor, and a type of soft tissue cancer called rhabdomyosarcoma.

      I think for the story you are writing, neuroblastoma would fit. A lot of the time, it goes into remission, however, it usually comes back (often years later), and when it does, the survival rates are quite low. Also, it is one of the few cancers you can truly be "born with".

  44. QUESTION:
    What herbs can I take for cancer instead of chemo which is the killer more than the cancer?
    Surgery, Radiotherapy and chemo feel too terrible and invasive. Aren't there plants and preparations that can destroy cancer cells?

    • ANSWER:
      There are no herbs proven to be effective against cancer.

      Nor is there a scrap of evidence that Vitamin C or fasting or grapes or any of the other stuff being recommended here is effective against cancer.

      Can you provide any statistics at all to back up your claim that chemotherapy is more of a killer than cancer?

      Sometimes people get hold of ideas like that because with most cancers there are few ill effects if any until the cancer is quite advanced, and a person with an aggressive and advanced cancer usually looks, feels and behaves like a healthy person.

      Then if they have chemotherapy side effects of the drugs can make them ill, sometimes very ill and frail, while treatment is taking place.

      So some people conclude that the treatment is worse than the disease, and myths about people being killed by chemo bolster this belief.

      It isn't always effective. But in those cases it is the cancer, not the treatment, that kills the patient - they have died in spite of treatment, not because of it. Distressed relatives sometimes look for something or someone to blame, and some conclude that it was the treatment that killed the person.

      With some types of chemotherapy, and in some cancers, there is a very slightly increased chance of developing a second type of cancer later.

      Generally this is more likely to happen when the original cancer was a lymphoma, but it can happen very occasionally with other types of cancer.

      Fortunately this very serious long-term effect is VERY rare; but yes it happens, and yes very occasionally someone dies as a result.

      What type of cancer do you have, and what stage? Your oncologist will be able to tell you by what percentage proposed treatments, including chemo, will increase your survival chances. Has chemotherapy actually been recommended?

  45. QUESTION:
    What type cancer can children die from?
    i know it sounds horrible, but I need a type of disease or cancer that a seven year old boy can die from, its for a story! Please help!

    • ANSWER:
      From http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/cancer/cancer.html
      "Cancer affects only about 14 of every 100,000 children in the United States each year. Among all age groups, the most common childhood cancers are leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer. As kids enter the teen years, there is an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (bone cancer)."
      Although ~ 70% of childhood cancers are being cured, 30% still may die from these diseases
      - - -
      From the NCI http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/childhood
      "Among the 12 major types of childhood cancers, leukemias (blood cell cancers) and cancers of the brain and central nervous system account for more than half of the new cases. About one-third of childhood cancers are leukemias. The most common type of leukemia in children is acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The most common solid tumors are brain tumors (e.g., gliomas and medulloblastomas), with other solid tumors (e.g., neuroblastomas, Wilms tumors, and sarcomas such as rhabdomyosarcoma and osteosarcoma) being less common."

  46. QUESTION:
    In follicular lymphoma do they egver remove lymph nodes?
    I have stage 4 follicular lymphoma and I was wondering do they ever remove nodes or is this not a good Idea. Also is stem cell replacement a option. I have heard it has been done in other non hodgens lymphoma.

    • ANSWER:
      As a general rule, the only reason lymph nodes are removed in lymphoma patients is for biopsy. Lymphoma is considered a blood cancer, which means it is presumed to be circulating throughout the body, so removing lymph nodes won't really treat lymphoma.

      To learn more about your treatment options ... first, I would recommend checking out the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society ... it offers free patient help on things like treatment options, where to find doctors, trials, etc. They have people available 10 AM to 5 PM eastern time. Go here: http://www.lls.org/hm_lls

      and click on live patient help up at the top of the page. LLS is also a good place to do research.

      For general information these are good links to get you started:

      http://www.lymphomation.org/type-follicular.htm

      http://www.lymphomainfo.net/nhl/follicular.html

      http://www.nhlcyberfamily.org/types/follicular.htm

      This is also an excellent PDF from the American Cancer Society on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (it is a big file will take a few seconds to download even on a fast connection):

      http://www.cancer.org/downloads/CRI/F9528_00%20NHL.en.03.pdf

      That document outlines treatment options for different kinds of N-HL including follicular lymphoma. Use the index ... the follicular lymphoma info starts around page 35. Stem cell transplant is at least listed there as a possible option.

      You may also want to try and connect with other patients; I am almost certain you will find patients with follicular lymphoma on this forum in the Non-Hodgkin's area: http://forums.lymphoma.com/

      Best of luck to you.

  47. QUESTION:
    What is a cancer that strikes people in their 20's?
    This may sound like a strange question, but what kind of cancer is common in people in their early to middle 20's? Also, how long does cancer usually last before the it's gotten rid of or the worst happens?

    • ANSWER:
      Of course it is possible for a person to be diagnosed with any type of cancer at any age, but it isn’t very likely. You want to know what kinds that will likely strike people in their 20’s. Your question is not strange or impossible to answer.

      Most people in their 20’s tend to get childhood type cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, brain cancer, osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcomas, in addition to testicular cancer for males.

  48. QUESTION:
    Doctors please? What can you tell me about anaplastic plasma cell neoplasma lymphoma?
    A friend was just diagnosed. Is the prognosis at all reasonable for someone with this cancer? He is having a bone marrow biopsy tomorrow. I think they said it was caught early?

    • ANSWER:
      You are probably talking about a rare type of lymphoma called "anaplastic myeloma" or "anaplastic plasmacytoma". I have never diagnosed such a case myself.

      A myeloma (plasmacytoma) is a cancer that originate from a type of cell called plasma cells (long story - You might like to read this for additional information:http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/myeloma/ ).

      That it is analplastic means that the cancerous plasma cells bear very little if any resemblance to normal plasma cells. It is an aggressive type with a poor prognosis. I haven't been able to find any statistics, so I can't give you any percentages.

      You might like to hold on to the thought that poor prognosis doesn't mean no treatment options. And that if your friend was diagnosed in an early stage, he/she may well be in the group with a favourable outcome.


types of lymphoma cancer

Different Types Of Carcinoma

Papaya leaf extract, and tea made from the extract, contain major cancer-fighting properties, according to new research. The humble papaya is gaining credibility in Western medicine for anticancer powers that folk cultures have recognized for generations!

A University of Florida researcher claims that the fruit thwarted growth of cancer cells in lab tests. University of Florida researcher Nam Dang, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues in Japan have documented papaya's dramatic anticancer effect against a broad range of lab-grown tumors, including cancers of the cervix, breast, liver, lung and pancreas.

The researchers used an extract made from dried papaya leaves, and the anticancer effects were stronger when cells received larger doses of the tea. Theyexposed to 10 different types of cancer cell cultures to four strengths of papaya leaf extract and measured the effect after 24 hours. Papaya slowed the growth of tumors in all the cultures.

University of Florida researcher Dr. Nam Dang, and colleagues in Japan have documented papaya's dramatic anticancer effect against a broad range of lab-grown tumors, including cancers of the cervix, breast, liver, lung and pancreas. The researchers used an extract made from dried papaya leaves, and the anticancer effects were stronger when cells received larger doses of the tea.

In a paper published in the Feb. 17 issue of the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Dang and his colleagues also documented for the first time that papaya leaf extract boosts the production of key signaling molecules called Th1-type cytokines. This regulation of the immune system, in addition to papaya's direct antitumor effect on various cancers, suggests possible therapeutic strategies that use the immune system to fight cancers.

The papaya extract did not have any toxic effects on normal cells, avoiding a common and devastating consequence of many cancer therapy regimens. The success of the papaya extract in acting on without toxicity is consistent with reports from indigenous populations in Australia and his native Vietnam, said Dang, a professor of medicine and medical director of the UF Shands Cancer Center Clinical Trials Office.

"Based on what I have seen and heard in a clinical setting, nobody who takes this extract experiences demonstrable toxicity; it seems like you could take it for a long time — as long as it is effective," he said.

Researchers exposed 10 different types of cancer cell cultures to four strengths of papaya leaf extract and measured the effect after 24 hours. Papaya slowed the growth of tumors in all the cultures.

Still in trials but papaya, in tea form has shown some exciting anti-cancer potential.

Whilst tea is difficult to make whilst on the move and time consuming, our Papaya enzyme tablets provide all of the benefits of the leaf.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Are there different types of skin cancer?
    I have problem with my skin, but it isn't cancer, are there different types of skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of skin cancer. Each type is named after which type of cell it begins in. The three most common types of skin cancer are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

      Melanoma
      Melanoma is the most deadly type of skin cancer. It can take many shapes and appearances. Melanoma is usually a dark color like brown, blue, or black. Other signs to look for include:
      Irregular borders
      Asymmetry (one half looks different than the other half)
      Size - melanomas are usually large (bigger than a pencil eraser)

      Basal Cell Carcinoma
      Basal cell carcinomas can be treated easily if found. They can be red, pink, or white in color. Some are a patch of color while others are bumps. Often bumps appear shiny. Sometimes this type of cancer causes sores that never completely heal, or come back shortly after healing.

      Squamous Cell Carcinoma
      Squamous cell carcinomas usually take on one of two forms. It may be a rough patch, or can look and feel like a wart.

  2. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer kills the most women?
    I know there are different types of breast cancer...some are rare..I know IBC kills but doesn't mean most women die of that type because not many women get that rare type. So what is the most common type of breast cancer that women die from? I cannot find that type of information on the internet....I find statistics but they do not state what type of cancer the women had to begin with?

    Thanks for your answers

    • ANSWER:
      What Jon posted is correct.
      Most women have ductal carcinoma and therefore that is what kills most women.

      Metastatic is a stage of cancer not a type.
      Triple negative is also not a type of breast cancer it is the hormone receptor status and does occur with different types.
      DCIS is ductal carcinoma before it becomes invasive and those statistics are separate..

  3. QUESTION:
    What does a person with stage 4 bone cancer look like?
    I have a coworker who claims to have stage 4 terminal bone cancer and at the risk of sounding like a complete a**hole, I think shes lying. I work part-time as a waitress and I have fibromyalgia so Im aware that its possible to look perfectly fine and be very ill and very much in pain. I ache to high heavens after a shift, I could never work a double, I can barely lift trays. But this chick is pulling double shifts after morning sessions of chemo and bone marrow transplants AND works a second job? Is this possible? My father in law nearly died after being diagnosed with esophageal carcinoma, and even though he is a veteran his bills were in excess of 0,000 after treatment. This woman is uninsured, I guess Medicade has excellent benefits? She tells people at work that she will be dead in a year. I just have a gut feeling, maybe because Im an asshole, or maybe because my family has been affected by many different types of cancer. I guess either way this woman is sick. But Id like to know some characteristics of a stage 4 terminal bone cancer patient if anyone knows.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no way she is working that much while she is undergoing treatment.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is a catchy brochure title for skin cancer?
    I'm doing a brochure in school about the different types of skin cancer. (Basal, Squamous, and Melanoma) I have all my information down except for a title. I need a title that will catch someone's attention and read it. Does anyone want to help make a catchy title?

    • ANSWER:
      Brochures Click on a Title to view details and add it to cart.
      ABCDE's of Melanoma
      Basal Cell Carcinoma: The Most Common Skin Cancer
      Plastic Nevi (Atypical Moles) and Risk of Melanoma
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Second Most Common Skin Cancer
      Skin Cancer Prevention Tips
      Self-Examination Card
      Sunproofing Your Baby

      http://www.skincancer.org/apps/catalog/index.php?id=4

  5. QUESTION:
    Information on different types of breast cancer?
    Trying to find out the different types of breast cancer and what options a person has for treatment.Also would like to find a resource to understand the terminology on how to read the pathology report.

    • ANSWER:
      With breast cancer there are ductal cancers (most common) and lobular cancers (less common) and there are other cancers which are very rare so I won't go into them.

      There are then 'carcinomas in situ' which is an extremely early form of cancer, is usually well treated and holds a good prognosis.

      If a cancer is not 'in situ' it is given a grade and stage, depending on how aggressive it is and how far it has spread within the breast itself and the rest of the body. Grade goes from 1-4 (4 being the worst) and stage goes from 1-5 (5 being cancer in other organs as well as breast). The higher each number the worse the cancer, and the more aggressive the treatment might be. For a lady with stage 5 cancer, she will likely be offered palliative care as there is unfortunately no chance of cure.

      Pathology reports will usually mention the receptor status of the cancer.
      ER+ means the cancer is sensitive to oestrogens so anti oestrogen drugs like Tamoxifen will be very helpful in treating it.
      ER- means that tamoxifen will not be useful

      HER+ means a highly aggressive tumour but luckily there is a treatment for HER+ve cancers in the form of Herceptin.
      HER-ve means a less aggressive cancer.

      That vaguely summarises breast cancer in mild detail. In nearly all cases though there is a lot of treatment and a lot of hope for ladies so dont let all this technical talk overly concern you. There will be a team of specialists who know the best treatment for each patient.

      The summary of treatment as I say, depends on the site and stage of the cancer but generally speaking There is
      Lumpectomy- removal of the cancer and preservation of the breast
      Mastectomy- removal of the breast
      Mastectomy and axillary clearance- removal of breast and clearing of nearby lypmh nodes

      Any surgery will be followed by either
      Radiotherapy to the chest wall
      Chemotherapy over a period of months
      Depending on receptor status Tamoxifen is used for up to 5 years, Herceptin I think up to 2 years
      Regular review and follow up mammograms to check for complete cure.

      In addition all ladies with mastectomy are offered breast reconstruction (usually) after treatment has finished to help them recover psychologically/emotionally.

      Hope this helps

  6. QUESTION:
    What do these patients have in common? Pathophysiology question?
    Three patients are diagnosed with different types of cancer. One patient is a life-long smoker and has lung cancer, one has active Crohn disease and has colorectal cancer, and the other is a farmer with newly diagnosed melanoma. Other than the obvious thing, cancer, what do these individuals have in common

    • ANSWER:
      Lung, colorectal and skin cancers are all due to carcinomas.

  7. QUESTION:
    Describe the three different types of malignant tumors?
    What are the three types of malignant tumors? What are their characteristics?

    • ANSWER:
      Carcinoma, sarcoma, leukemia, and lymphoma . . there are four types . . five if you count brain tumors.
      You can look up the characteristics yourself since this sounds like a homework question.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carcinoma
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcoma
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematological_malignancy
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/brain

  8. QUESTION:
    HPV testing, high- risk forms and link to different types of cancer?
    If the person have high-risk forms of HPV ( that cause cervical cancer or genital warts ) Can this rise the risk of other type of cancers? Can you take some type of tests and what kind ,for other types cancer bace on the high- risk forms or HP?

    • ANSWER:
      Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) that affect tissue of oropharynx. Oropharynx is a middle part of the throat which includes the tonsils, base of the tongue, the soft palate and pharynx walls. This cancers can be divided into two types, HPV-positive and HPV-negative cancers (usually linked to alcohol or tobacco use) .HPV-positive is related to HPV infection and associated with the HPV type 16. HPV 16 is one of the "high-risk" HPVs that may lead to the development of CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia),VIN ( vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia),PIN ( penile intraepithelial neoplasia) or/ and AIN (anal intraepithelial neoplasia). Look for HPV16+ oropharyngeal cancer or HPV+ OPC .
      HPV16, is a causal factor for some head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) but the most common risk factors for head and neck cancer are alcohol and tobacco use.
      Note: the types of HPV that cause genital warts are usually different from the types that cause warts on other parts of the body and types that tend to cause genital warts are not those that cause cervical cancer.Also person can be infected with different types of HPV at the same time.

  9. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are the most common in teens and how do they affect a person?
    I'm writing a story and I want the main character to end up getting cancer. Although I've heard about cancer and read stories about it, I've come to realize I know nothing about the horrific disease.

    *What types of cancer are the most common in teen girls?
    *How would these cancers affect you, hair loss; etc.
    *I know there are stages determining how far along cancer is, what are these stages? How long do you have to live typically during each stage, like how long would you have to live if you are diagnosed with stage 2 cancer?
    *What would be the easiest cancer to hide? I don't want it clearly visible to every one she meets, I want the main character to be able to hide it up until the point she's going to die or somewhat close. Is that possible?
    *Also how long would you typically live with no treatments. Could cancer go away without treatment and if you received treatment a year after being diagnosed would it have any effect?

    Please answer the best you can
    I did know it was the treatment that caused hair loss, guess I should have made that clear based on your answers.

    I respect your answers, I really do. But that's the reason I'm asking. I want to learn about cancer. Do you think people who write about serial killers and crime scenes know what it feels like to murder someone, what the process is when an officer is questioning you, or how to hide the murder scene? No. They research what they want to write about. They watch crime shows/movies, read about it, talk to people who have been there and done that.

    • ANSWER:
      Those people are jerks. Obviously she isn't going to be mass printing the book, it's just to help with her writing. ALSO, she is learning. Is it better to stay ignorant about something and move on to something easier? SHE'S USING YAHOO ANSWERS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING. dream crushers.
      My cousin died of cancer a few years ago, and I don't find this offensive at all.

      While it isn't common, IT DOES HAPPEN. My cousin was 12. He was diagnosed with Lymphona when he was 5, the tumor was taken out, he was cancer free. Then, when he was 9, he was rediagnosed and eventually the treatment was doing more harm then it was good. He went home where he could die peacefully.
      He lost his hair, both times, from Chemotherapy. Do more outside research on that.
      Stages of cancer (generally, not all are the same):

      Stage 0Carcinoma in situ.
      Stage I, Stage II, and Stage IIIHigher numbers indicate more extensive disease: Larger tumor size and/or spread of the cancer beyond the organ in which it first developed to nearby lymph nodes and/or organs adjacent to the location of the primary tumor.
      Stage IVThe cancer has spread to another organ(s).

      Sure, it's possible. All cancer could somewhat be hidden, as long as she doesn't have a tumor growing out of a very visible place. (My cousin had a tumor in his stomach,a round the size of a small melon) But, they become very weak and pale. Sometimes real people don't even realize they have cancer and they have only months to live.

      Cancer is something that is somewhat mysterious. The cells can divide in many different ways, theres always a new thing popping up. That is why it is so hard to find a cure for. My cousin's cancer went away for the first time after treatment, the second time he was so far along, and the various treatments didn't work. It could very well go away with no treatment, it's unlikely, but It can happen..

      other info:
      It was almost cruel to continue to keep my cousin alive by the different treatments. He was unable to eat or swallow after a while, and it became so painful. It was time for him to go.

      There are cancerous tumors, and uncancerous tumors. (or benign)

      Go ahead and do a bit more research. I believe there is a movie (and book) about a girl with cancer, called "My sister's keeper." that might help give perspective just a bit. But the book and movie are very different.

  10. QUESTION:
    With regard to cancer, why do doctors differentiate between carcinomas and sarcomas?
    Are they treated differently? Are there different defining characteristics other than what germ layer they originate from?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells.

      So sarcomas as well as carcinomas have several subtypes.There are several other types that don't fit nicely into the sarcoma or carcinoma categories eg. lymphoma (of which again there are multiple subtypes).

      And this certainly does matter. For most carcinomas/sarcomas, the primary treatment is surgery. But sometimes chemotherapy and/or radiation is needed. Different types of cancer have different responsiveness to the various types of chemotherapy (About 80 different kinds of chemotherapies) and radiation. So the subclassification of cancer is also relevant from a patient perspective.

  11. QUESTION:
    how much chances of survival of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix?
    Hi, my mother have Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and cervical cancer...
    How much chances she have for survival...

    Pls be honest in reply.
    Its 1st stage .

    • ANSWER:
      Jack Mihai,
      Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix is a rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive. The “prognosis” of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix usually refers to the likely outcome of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and may include the duration of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, chances of complications of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix. Naturally, such forecast issues are by their nature unpredictable and there is no way to make a generalised prediction. You would be advised to discuss your mothers daily condition with her oncologist/doctor. You state she has stage 1. That is rather meaningless as it depends what staging system is being used. The TNM system is one of the most widely used staging systems. The TNM system is based on the extent of the tumour (T), the extent of spread to the lymph nodes (N), and the presence of distant metastasis (M). A number is added to each letter to indicate the size or extent of the primary tumour and the extent of cancer spread. For many cancers, TNM combinations correspond to one of five stages. Criteria for stages differ for different types of cancer. For example, bladder cancer T3 N0 M0 is stage III, whereas colon cancer T3 N0 M0 is stage II. I regret that I am not able to be more exact. I wish your mother well.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between these 3 cancers?
    What is the difference between these 3 cancers : basal cell carcinoma,(or basal cell carcinoma epithelioma) , squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma? Need this for an essay so as much info as you can give would be greatly appreciated !

    • ANSWER:
      The difference is on a cellular level. They effect different cells in your skin. You skin is made of layers of different types of cells.

      They also differ in the way they look and spread. You can get far more information by just searching for these words online. You will need to do your own research for your essay

  13. QUESTION:
    Can cyberknife surgery be used for a squamous cell carcinoma?
    My son (40) has been Dx with this type and could lose his tongue and voice box. Jaw bone is slipping out of place and has cout through his chin. Are there any alternatives? He thought he had a toothache. Has had radiation and chemo. He told me that now it is still in the same place, has not moved since Dx. 10/06. He can not eat via mouth. Has a feeding tube. Can I get serious answers only. He just wants to be able to speak and eat food. Can cyberknife help?

    • ANSWER:
      Cyberknife is used almost exclusively for brain and spinal tumors, but doctors have been known to push the envelope if other therapies have been tried and the cancer is still viable. At Beth Israel, Boston, they used it on me for a mass in my lung that is too near the heart for sugery. I am back on chemo now.

      Cyberknife is a system of very precisely targeting the cancer and shooting Gamma Rays at it from many different angles. It is very effective most of the time, but not always.

  14. QUESTION:
    Why is there cancer for different parts of the body?
    Skin cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, etc. Why does cancer attack a specific part of someone's body?
    Also, people get Lung Cancer from smoking, and people can also get Skin Cancer from too much sunlight. How could you get the same disease from two totally different kinds of sources?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't foreign in your body .. cancer is your own DNA . .your own cells that have mutated. Cancer cells were once NORMAL cells. Cancer can occur in any living cell in your body . . any cell . . breast cells, liver cells, brain cells, eye cells, skin cells, tissue cells, muscle cells, bone cells, spinal cells, vaginal cells, penile cells, blood cells, urinary cells, uterine cells . . any cell in the human body can mutate and become malignant. So . . even though you may never have heard of this . . there are at least 200 different types of cancer and at least 200 more subtypes of cancer. Skin, breast, and lung cancers are just more 'common' so you have heard of them before . . but cancer can occur anywhere inside or outside the body . . any age . . both sexes . . and any cell in or on your body.

      Although most cancers are named for the location in the body in which the cells originate . .Cancer isn't always named this way . . there are other cancers in which the name of the cancer comes from the type, shape, or even color of the cell . . here are just a few types of cancer that you may never have heard of because they are less common than breast or lung . . but they are just as deadly:

      Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Astrocytoma, Carcinoid tumor, Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma, Ewings family of tumors, Gastointestinal stromal tumor, desmoplastic small round blue cell tumor, Medulloblastoma, Mesothelioma, Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Wilm's tumor, Fibrosarcoma, Ependymoma, Oligodendroglioma, Esthesioneuroblastoma, Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia, Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma, Chondrosarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma,Epithelioid Sarcoma, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors, Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor to name a few.

  15. QUESTION:
    How can doctors tell whether a cancer is a primary cancer or a secondary cancer?
    Can they tell by the type of cell that it is or do they need to find the primary cancer site first? And how do they do that? If they have some way of scanning the entire body for cancer, why can't patients have that done ahead of time to ease their minds about cancer? (Or is the cost prohibitive for that kind of thing?)

    • ANSWER:
      I am a pathologist, so I will answer you from that perspective.

      The diagnosis is based on a combination of the location of the cancer and the appearance of the cancer cells (and the accompanying normal cells). For instance cancers in the breast or in the bowel are almost always primary cancers. And cancers in the liver are mostly secondary.

      The appearance of the cancer (How cancer cells look and how they are arranged in relation to the adjacent normal structures etc. - long story) is useful in establishing if it is a primary or a secondary cancer.

      For instance a cancer in the liver originating from the small bile ducts inside the liver looks very different from a typical metastatic bowel cancer. And liver cell cancers (hepatocellular carcinomas) have a distinct appearance very different from (most) secondary cancers.

      Sometimes we can see that a liver cancer is a secondary cancer, but we can't tell right away where the primary cancer is. In such situations we do something called immunohistochemistry. This is a special staining technique, which enables us to see if specific proteins, characteristic of specific cancers are present or not. It does not always reveal where the primary location is, but it usually gives some clues on where to look.

      We don't have the evidence that a scanning is an efficient screening method that will reliably detect each and every cancer. But they certainly are invaluable for staging purposes. This is not my field of expertise, so I really can't elaborate on that.

  16. QUESTION:
    What tests are needed to tell what TYPE of cancer you have?
    what tests are needed to tell what type of cancer you have. now where its coming from but the actual cell biology type, such as squamous cell, or small/oat cell, or basal cell, etc. I have been trying to get these answers for a report at school on specifically small cell carcinoma, and all i can find on it is small cell lung carcinoma. i don'tt need the place where it originated from: lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, etc. I need the actual cell biology. Any Citable websites would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society describes the different methods for biopsy and what happens during a cytology test when processing the specimen for histology type:

      ACS: Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_2_3x_testing_biopsy_and_cytology_specimens_for_cancer.asp

  17. QUESTION:
    Are there different kinds of cancer, or are they named only due to the site they invade?
    I know about small cell/large cell, but my mom said my grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, one was a very rare form and the other , a super fast growing one.. Is she just mistaken?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not just named for their location but also for the type of tumor cell they have. In general there are four major types of cancer cells:

      Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      Carcinoma - most common, organs in body
      Sarcoma - rare, bone and soft tissue (fat, muscle, etc)
      Lymphoma - common, cancer of the lympth nodes

      Brain tumors are in a somewhat different category and can be benign, malignant, and still be serious.

      In general there are over hundreds of different types of idenfified cancers. Bascially, any cell in the human body has the potential to become cancerous. Some cancers are exceedingly rare, some cancers are predominately childhood relatd, other cancers affect only the elderly, some are genetic, some are caused by the environment (asbestos), and some cancers have no known cause at all.

      Cancer is also staged and the tumors graded according to how much cancer is present and how abnormal the cells look under a microscope. A stage 1 localized tumor is easier to treat than a stage 4 cancer that has multipled and spred throughout the body.

      It is very possible that you grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, especially if she relapsed. Relapsed cancer has a way of mutating and becoming almost a different cancer which is why chemotherapy can suddenly stop working for a patient.

  18. QUESTION:
    How much exposure to the sun causes skin cancer?
    I want to know anything about the amount of sun/damage one should be concerned about on their skin.
    I know it only takes a few "good burns" to develop certain types of skin cancer but does it classify as a "good burn" if you dont peel and the redness fades after NO more than 2-3 days? I'm fair complected and often get red even after using sunblock and it had me wondering.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer can be caused by one exposure to the sun, although it may take decades to surface. In general, we acquire about 85% of our sun damage that will result in the lovely signs of old age on our skin, including skin cancer, before we turn 30. After that, protection is important for preventing existing damage, ie. cancer, from growing more quickly. Different types of cancer come from different exposures. Squamous cell carcinomas may be linked to burns while basal cell carcinomas often result from long term cumulative exposure - daily activity.

      As for a "good burn" - if you don't peel, then it is a mild burn. Dermatologists look for blistering burns as more problematic, although any significant exposure risks damage.

  19. QUESTION:
    what types of tests are there for cancer screening?
    My mother was diagnosed with stage 4 cancer in her lungs, neck and brain. the doctors aren't even sure what type of cancer is in her lungs, they can't id it. So i am wondering if there are any tests that i can have done to see if i have any chances of getting the cancer too... i have a daughter too.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I'm truly sorry for the fear and anxiety you are living with now and in the future. Cancer is an equal opportunity disease and I speak that from my own personal experience. Lost a kidney to cancer 15 years ago.

      If you were told your mom had lung cancer and she is stage 4 then they had to have done a biopsy. A diagnosis of cancer is dependent on biopsy only. No words, no guesses, no I think. BIOPSY ONLY.

      Cancer is cancer and the only thing that changes it from being just cancer is where primary tumor is located IE: mine was renal cell carcinoma in medical terms and in layman terms kidney cancer. If you're looking for cancer diagnosis such as brain there are different tumors which ascertain if cancer is terminal or good prognosis for full remission. Your mom's cancer primary location is lung with metastasis to brain. I'm a former Hospice nurse and have never seen a physician document neck involvement with lung. I highly assume it is possible but simply stating never saw it in a chart for cancer patient.

      There is only one REAL way at this time to find out if you might possibly be a candidate for cancer and that is a DNA test. Genetics play a big part in cancer being passed down but, no one in my family has ever had cancer. Was the last diagnosis I expected when told my kidney tumor was encapsulated and surgery was to be ASAP. Since I don't have children I won't be passing genetic gene down. Who's not to say my family linkage has had cancer gene for 100's of years and I am the only lucky recipient?

      The world will be a better place when this disease is eradicated. Such pain, misery, loss of loved one, loss of talents, love, and the endless why, who's next......

      Sorry for what you're going through. Don't think my post is going to brighten your days.

      Be kind to yourself, love your mom, hug your children. Take care of yourself, please.

  20. QUESTION:
    when do symptoms of terminal cancer start to show?
    My friend is a 27 yr old single parent who was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer. She was given a year about 5-6 months ago but is showing no sign of illness. She has maintained her weight, if not gained. Her skin and eyes are still bright and energetic. She seems happy and healthy by all accounts. What type of symptoms should we expect to see as her illness progresses and when should we expect to start seeing them?

    • ANSWER:
      "global trotter" has a good answer except we would not expect night sweats with this type of malignancy - assuming this really is an ovarian carcinoma.

      Your friend is extremely young for an ovarian carcinoma.
      How sure are you of the diagnosis?

      Has she been on combination chemotherapy for these last 5-6 months?
      I can't believe they would give up on a 27 year old woman without trying all of the different chemotherapy regimens we have for ovarian carcinomas.

      Where is the metastatic disease?
      Liver? Lungs? Intraperitonal? Retroperitoneal lymph nodes?
      If she does not have liver involvement, we would not expect to see the jaundice and liver failure that "globe trotter" describes.

      What you describe is a person still in good health without weight loss and not appearing sick. It sure would help if we knew where her metastatic (stage IV) ovarian cancer is located. She must have had CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

      And it would help to know what treatment she has received.
      Did she have optimal debulking surgery? What chemotherapy has been tried?

      By the way, doctors do not "give" people set amounts of time to live.
      I know what you mean, but that phrase always bothers me - as if doctors decided the fates of patients. When doctors are pushed to make predictions, we are usually wrong. No one knows the future for any one person. We only provided statistics based on many other people who have had similar situations. Yet each patient is different.

      It does not sound like she is within 6 months of death from the description you provide.

      If she allows it, you might go with her when she sees her medical oncologist. That way you can hear what is really going on from a medical professional who knows all the details of her case details we do not have here.

      From http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview
      Ovarian carcinomas are uncommon in patients younger than 40 years.
      Most cases are diagnosed in the 60 to 70 age group.

  21. QUESTION:
    What is the correct definition of lung cancer?
    I searched up the definition of lung cancer, and went to many websites and they all give me a different meaning of the word.

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is broken into 2 main catagories. Small Cell and Non Small Cell. Although it is uncommon, it is possible that characteristics of both types of lung cancer are present. If this happens, it is called a mixed small cell-large cell carcinoma. In addition to the two main types of lung cancer, other rare types such as sarcomas, and lymphomas can also occur.
      Named for the small round cells that make up this cancer, small cell lung cancer accounts for a much smaller percentage of lung cancer cases than non-small cell lung cancer. SCLC is broken down into three different categories. Small cell carcinoma, mixed small call/large cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma. Each of these different types of lung cancer grows and spread in a different way. Because the cancer cells multiply quickly, SCLC often spreads throughout the body, and although the main cause of SCLC is smoking, there are other risk factors as well, including exposure to second hand smoke, asbestos and radon.

      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Non-small cell lung cancer or (NSCLC) is a much more common form of lung cancer. NSCLC can be broken down into three different types of lung cancer based on the size, shape and chemical composition of the cancer. These types are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is often associated with smoking and is generally found near a bronchus. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma is usually found around the outer regions of the lung. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of NSCLC - especially among women. Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma can appear in any part of the lung, and often grows and spreads quickly.

      The symptoms and risk factors linked to non-small cell carcinoma are very similar to those associated with small cell lung cancer, however, these different types of lung cancer are often treated differently.

  22. QUESTION:
    How would you know if you had cancer?
    I have always heard that early detection is important for successful treatment. But, I have also heard that by the time symptoms are noticable and severe enough to send you to the doctor, many cancers are already advanced.

    What can be done about this? How can cancer be detected before it is advanced? Is there some kind of cancer screening that people do as a part of their regular physicals? Is there one test that can detect many types of cancers, or does each type have a specific test? Do you recommend getting such tests?

    Thanks for your answers!

    • ANSWER:
      With over 200 different types of cancer and just as many subtypes of cancer it is extremely difficult to detect all of them. There is no overall blood test or overall screening that will detect all types of cancer possibilities.

      You can check yourself for breast lumps . . but that won't help you detect a brain tumor. You can test your blood for prostate cancer but that test won't tell you if you have bone cancer. Simply put . . there is no overall screening which will detect all forms of cancer. But there are some things that you can do.

      Certain types of cancer are more common in certain age groups. Find your age group and check the types of cancer you are more likely to get.

      Some quick examples - Children are likely to have cancers that stem from immature or the primitive cells associated with development. Young children and teens can have a cancer called Neuroblastoma . . . a cancer of the central nervous system.

      Teens and young adults - tend to develop hormonal related cancers often associated with growing - ie, teens often get bone cancers, such as osteosarcoma or ewings sarcoma - teens and young adults are more likely to have soft tissue sarcoma (cancer in the joints, tendons, muscles) than older people.

      Young adults - Germ cell tumors associated with testes or ovaries.

      Older adults - more susceptible to lung, colon, and breast carcinoma. Adults tend to get carcinoma associated with their organs (kidney, liver, lung, etc).

      Find out which cancers affect your age group the most and than learn the general signs of that cancer. In young people the types of cancer they have involve unusual lumps or bumps that often appear on the extremities. Young people should be taught to search their entire bodies for lumps . . not just check the breast for females or testicles for males . . but lumps anywhere located on the body. I have known young people to ignore lumps that have grown on their shoulders . . they just think it is odd but they are not alarmed . . and they should be. A lump or bump that begins to grow should be examined immediately. It may be the only symptom that you will ever have until the cancer is very advanced.

      So . . for young adults the number one way to detect cancer is by completely examing the body on a regular basis searching for unusual lumps or bumps that cannot be explained. A regular doctors check up is also essential. Many young people avoid going to the doctor because they feel so healthy and consider a physical a 'waste of money'. However, a regular doctor can establish what you are like when you are well . . and be able to compare your past health with the present to determine if there is anything unusual going on.

      And, that's about it for early detection . . . check for anything unusual on a fairly regular basis and have well physicals. At the moment, little else can be done.

  23. QUESTION:
    what are some different types of names that i can call breast cancer?
    what are ten specific words that i can use for breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      mammary carcinoma
      mammary= breast
      carcinoma= cancerous tumor

  24. QUESTION:
    Are there any statistics on what percentage of people would survive cancer if they received no treatment?
    I realize there are different forms of cancer, and "survive" is a vague term, but I just want to know if there is any knowledge on this topic in general. For example, is it closer to 100% death rate, or maybe something more like 50%?

    • ANSWER:
      There are huge volumes of statistics on this topic, and the answer depends upon the type of cancer, it's aggressiveness, and the age of the patient. It is not possible to give a general answer, since there are more than three hundred different types of cancer, and each behaves differently.

      But one example: treatment is often not recommended for older men with carcinoma of the prostate because it is a chronic condition that progresses slowly and they are more likely to die of something else.

      But for most cancers, this is not the case. Life expectancy without treatment is measured in months to years, and the victim is more likely to die from complications of the cancer.

      The standard treatments for cancer are surgery, irradiation and chemotherapy. These may all be used in some cases, or just irradiation and/or chemotherapy in inoperable tumors.

  25. QUESTION:
    Describe the different types of skin cancers, including the type of cells?
    What is the most common risk factor for skin cancer and how can we protect ourselves from skin cancer?

    How is the blister on Frank’s foot is similar to a burn? Distinguish between first second and third degree burns.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin which can have many causes. The most common skin cancers are basal cell cancer, squamous cell cancer, and melanoma. Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), so a tumor is usually clearly visible. This makes most skin cancers detectable in the early stages. There are three common types of skin cancer, each of which is named after the type of skin cell from which it arises. Unlike many other cancers, including those originating in the lung, pancreas, and stomach, only a small minority of those afflicted will actually die of the disease.[1] Skin cancer represents the most commonly diagnosed cancer, surpassing lung, breast, colorectal and prostate cancer.[1] Melanoma is less common than basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, but it is the most serious -- for example, in the UK there are 9,500 new cases of melanoma each year, and 2,300 deaths.[2] More people now die of Melanoma in the UK than in Australia. It is the most common cancer in the young population (20 – 39 age group).[3] It is estimated that approximately 85% of cases are caused by too much sun.[citation needed] Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common skin cancers. The majority of these are called Basal Cell Carcinomas. These are usually localised growths caused by excessive cumulative exposure to the sun and do not tend to spread.

      Although it is impossible to completely eliminate the possibility of skin cancer, the risk of developing such a cancer can be reduced significantly with the following steps:

      * reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, especially in early years
      * avoiding sun exposure during the day, especially from 9 AM to 4 PM when the sun is highest in the sky
      * wearing protective clothing (long sleeves and hats) when outdoors
      * using a broad-spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB radiation
      * reapply sun block every 2 hours and after swimming
      * chemoprevention using topical imiquimod or 5-fluorouracil[citation needed]

      Although it is generally accepted that UV exposure is the greatest risk factor in melanoma development, some sceptics say no data conclusively proves a link between moderate sun exposure and the likelihood of melanoma.

      Australian scientist Ian Frazer who developed a vaccine for cervical cancer, says that a vaccine effective in preventing for certain types of skin cancer has proven effective on animals and could be available within a decade. The vaccine would only be effective against Squamous Cell Carcinoma.[16]

  26. QUESTION:
    Is there any correlation between breast cancer and lung cancer?
    I am a 52 year ol;d female. Ten years ago I was diagnosed with lobular carcinoma of the breast (in-situ) and had bilateral mastectomies. My mother died of the same type of breast cancer when she was 47. I now have squamous cell lung cancer on the same side as the breast. Could there be a correlation?

    • ANSWER:
      No, they are two different types of cancer. Lobular carcinoma in-situ (LCIS) is really more of an early warning indicator that the patient will develop an invasive cancer in either breast, not just the one it was found in. This is why a bilateral mastectomy was recommended to you. LCIS is non-invasive and therefore incapable of spreading. Many people develop either lung or breast cancer and never develop the other. Good luck with your treatment. I hope all goes well for you.

  27. QUESTION:
    Why are there so many different types of cancer?
    why are there so many types of cancer and which specific types of cancers can be cured?

    please and thanks

    i cant go trick or treating..:((

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a disease characterized by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy or carcinoma. There are over 100 types of cancer, the most common being breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, and prostate cancer.
      Cancers are named in relation to their location in the body, their shape, their effect, or their method of occurrence.
      As far as I am aware, there is no "cure". In some cases the diseased part is cut away medically, or destroyed with chemotherapy, and provided all cancer cells are removed or destroyed, there probably will be no reoccurrence.

  28. QUESTION:
    Moles and Freckles popping up over the last few years?
    I have fair skin, red/blonde hair, and have had light freckles and some moles over the years. However within the last 2 years it seems like they are suddenly popping up all over and they are all different looking, its starting to scare me, is this normal?
    I have spent time in the sun over the years, I have tanned in a tanning bed a few times as well.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of Skin Cancer

      * A small lump (spot or mole) that is shiny, waxy, pale in color, and smooth in texture.
      * A red lump (spot or mole) that is firm
      * A sore or spot that bleeds or become crusty. Also look for sores that don't heal.
      * Rough and scaly patches on the skin.
      * Flat scaly areas of the skin that are red or brown.
      * Any new growth that is suspicious

      Keep in mind that these growths are usually painless, but can be painful. See pictures of basal cell carcinoma and pictures of squamous cell carcinoma for detailed examples.

      These skin cancer symptoms did not include the symptoms of melanoma, a highly dangerous type of skin cancer.

      It is recommended that everyone perform a regular skin self-examination to look for abnormal skin changes. It is also recommended to have a yearly clinical skin exam by your doctor. If you suspect that a lump, spot, or mole may be suspicious of skin cancer, see your doctor. It is recommended that those who are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer see a dermatologist, who is a skin specialist and has more experience in screening for skin cancer.

      Everyone is at risk for developing skin cancer. However, certain characteristics make people more at risk for developing skin cancer:

      * people with freckles
      * those with fair skin tones
      * those who burn easily
      * people with light colored eyes, such as green and blue eyes
      * people with naturally red or blonde hair
      * people who spend a lot of time outdoors
      * people who have a personal or family history of skin cancer or melanoma

      If you are unsure of your skin cancer risk, talk to your doctor. In the meantime, be sure to follow safe sun practices.

  29. QUESTION:
    Whats the best diet for a cat with Carcinoma?
    Hello, my cat has recently been diagnosed with Carcinoma. It is a tumor in her mouth and prognosis is not looking good. I am trying a last ditch effort in trying to put off the effects of the disease as much as possible, and I am hoping there is someone out there who can recommend the best type of food I can give her. :(

    • ANSWER:
      Science Diet Prescpirtion diet n/d was indicated for cancer patients. I'm not 100% its still available. Any high quality name brand food should be sufficient. If her time is limited, I would feed her anything she wants, spoil her with all the good meaty canned food. If any food says that it is indicated for cancer patients, it's just that it has different nutrition to help with secondary effects, just so that it's clear that it isn't a wonder food to cure.

  30. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know someone who has had Stage 2 of Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    My father-in-law was diagnosed with this type of cancer and I would like to know more about. So if you or anyone else know more about this kind of cancer Please reply! Life expectancy, risks, surgeries, complications, etc. My father-in-law refuses to have surgery because he saw his son undergo surgery for a different kind of Cancer and he passed away anyway.

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, squamous cell carcinoma isn't just a blanket cancer. It strikes many different organs including skin, lips, mouth esophagus, bladder, prostate, lungs etc. So. where is this cancer? The site makes a difference but the most important thing is, how early was it caught. You're asking question that his doctor knows because we don't know him. Ask your spouse, it's their father. Life expectancy is great when caught early. but like I said, since we don't know him, no one can possibly tell you what treatments he will have, how long he's has, if surgery is needed or not. Again, blanket answers won't do it. So ask your mother-in-law, your spouse, other in-laws because without his permission, the doctor won't tell you anything, Which is why you're asking here I suppose. Well, I wish him luck and good health.

      I just realized you wrote that he refuses surgery because of what his son went through. I wish someone could get it in his head that his son was an isolated case and doesn't mean the same will happen to him. Why do people do that. They jeopardize their own health because of someone they loved who didn't fair well. If you can, tell him...not everyone can handle diseases the same way. We don't know why his son died, but why risk his life on purpose and leave a family that loves him? He has other children right? I just don't get it. My family has been haunted with cancer for generations. To my knowledge, no one refused treatments if someone else died of the same cancer or similar instances. Gosh, we'd all be dead if that's the case. Try and get through to him. Surgery that can save his life and he's refusing...don't get. I wish him the best, I truly do.

  31. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age you can get breast cancer at?
    I was wondering this, because one of my friends thinks she has breast cancer, and I thought that thirteen was a very young age at which to develop breast cancer.
    I should have said this. She has a lump in her breast and she went to the doctor and they said its "abnormal." She thinks she has cancer, but she doesn't know for sure yet. She's getting a sonogram done.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast tissue is present in male and females of all ages and thus breast cancer is possible at any age with any sex. However, breast cancer . . primary or secondary in children and young teens is rare. Breast cancer in children is also not the same as an adults breast cancer. There are many different types of cancer and there are several types of breast cancer possible in children. The most common types of breast cancer in children are Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma, Cystosarcoma Phylloides, and Lymphoma.

      As for your 13 year old friend what she is most likely feeling is breast growth caused by puberty. There are often small lumps or 'breast buds' that young teens will feel. However, since no one here can really tell what is happening with your friend it is important that she see a doctor to determine exactly what is going on.

      Here is some information about normal 'breast buds' found in young teens:

      Why are my breasts sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/sore_breasts.html

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the chance of an 83-year old surviving chemotherapy?
    My grandpa has a tumor in his stomach but there is a possibility that it may have spread to the lungs. If it did spread, then surgery cannot be done to solve the problem. Would he be able to handle chemotherapy? He has asthma and has well controlled diabetes.

    • ANSWER:
      "Chemotherapy" is a general term for many very different treatments. There are more than 75 chemotherapy drugs and hundreds of different combinations. If this is gastric carcinoma metastatic to lung, the regimens commonly used should pose no great risk of mortality, but gastric cancers that have spread beyond surgery are not likely to be cured.

      What happens so often is that people eventually die of their malignant diseases - while they are on chemotherapy regimens. People often misinterpret the death as caused by the chemotherapy rather than the fact that the cancer was progressing and caused death.

      It is difficult to stop chemotherapy for many patients in the U.S.
      People think we are giving up on them. Many hundreds of times I have tried to gently explain that treatment was not working or no longer working and we should stop. It takes a great deal of time to convince people that no treatment - after chemotherapy is no longer working - is the best way to go. Explaining things carefully for patients and their families is an important role for oncology specialists in my opinion.

      I will expect the thumbs down from people who think that "chemotherapy" killed their loved ones. Chemotherapy of all types weakens patients and should not be continued if the cancer is clearly growing despite treatment. Chemotherapy for placebo effect or just to be "doing something" is not a good idea in my opinion. It also increases the cost of health care without providing benefit.

      BUT - for an 83 year old in good shape with a metastatic gastric carcinoma (if you prove that he has malignancy in the lungs), it is usually worth a try with follow-up studies to asses if it is helping reduce the tumor burden - for awhile. You can always stop the treatments if the side effects are not tolerable or the tumor is not responsive. Every person is different. Every malignancy is different. The only way to know if treatment will help is to try - and then assess the effects. Patients do not have to agree to anything more than one cycle of treatment at a time.

  33. QUESTION:
    How many factors of sun-tan lotion are there?
    I am in class at the moment and I need to know the different factors of sun-tan lotion for a science project. Such as Factor 15, 30. The more Factors you give me, the better. could you also give descriptions of the factors aswell e.g. how strong they are and how well they work for each skin type.

    • ANSWER:
      Sunscreen (also commonly known as sunblock or sun cream) is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the skin exposed to sunlight and thus helps protect against sunburn. Skin lightening products have sunscreen to protect lightened skin because light skin is susceptible to sun damage.

      Sunscreens contain one or more UV filters of which there are three main types:

      * Organic chemical compounds that absorb ultraviolet light (such as oxybenzone, a suspected photocarcinogen)
      * Inorganic particulates that reflect, scatter, and absorb UV light (such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or a combination of both).
      * Organic particulates that mostly absorb light like organic chemical compounds, but contain multiple chromophores, may reflect and scatter a fraction of light like inorganic particulates, and behave differently in formulations than organic chemical compounds.[clarification needed] An example is Tinosorb M.

      Medical organizations such as the American Cancer Society recommend the use of sunscreen because it prevents the squamous cell carcinoma and the basal cell carcinoma. However, the use of sunscreens is controversial for various reasons. Many do not block UVA radiation, which does not cause sunburn but can increase the rate of melanoma (another kind of skin cancer), so people using sunscreens may be getting too much UVA without realizing it. Additionally, sunscreens block UVB, and if used consistently this can cause a deficiency of vitamin D.

      The dose used in FDA sunscreen testing is 2 mg/cm² of exposed skin. Provided one assumes an "average" adult build of height 5 ft 4 in (163 cm) and weight 150 lb (68 kg) with a 32 in (82 cm) waist, that adult wearing a bathing suit covering the groin area should apply 29 g (approximately 1 oz) evenly to the uncovered body area. Considering only the face, this translates to about 1/4 to 1/3 of a teaspoon for the average adult face. Larger individuals should scale these quantities accordingly.

      Contrary to the common advice that sunscreen should be reapplied every 2–3 hours, some research has shown that the best protection is achieved by application 15–30 minutes before exposure, followed by one reapplication 15–30 minutes after the sun exposure begins. Further reapplication is only necessary after activities such as swimming, sweating, or rubbing/wiping.

      However, more recent research at the University of California, Riverside, indicates that sunscreen needs to be reapplied within 2 hours in order to remain effective. Not reapplying could even cause more cell damage than not using sunscreen at all, due to the release of extra free radicals from those sunscreen chemicals which were absorbed into the skin. Some studies have shown that people commonly apply only 1/2 to 1/4 of the amount recommended to achieve the rated Sun Protection Factor (SPF), and in consequence the effective SPF should be downgraded to a square or 4th root of the advertised value.

      George Zachariadis and E Sahanidou of the Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, at Aristotle University, in Thessaloniki, Greece,have now carried out an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometric (ICP-AES) analysis in a multi-element assessment of several commercially available sunscreen creams and lotions. "The objective was the simultaneous determination of titanium and several minor, trace or toxic elements (aluminium, zinc, magnesium, iron, manganese, copper, chromium, lead, and bismuth) in the final products," the researchers say. They concluded that "Most of the commercial preparations that were studied showed generally good agreement to the ingredients listed on the product label". However, they also point out that the quantitative composition of the products tested cannot be assessed because the product labels usually do not provide a detailed break down of all ingredients and their concentrations. They also point out that worryingly, their tests consistently revealed the presence of elements not cited in the product formulation, which emphasised the need for a standardised and official testing method for multi-element quality control of these products.

  34. QUESTION:
    how is cancer discovered at first? if you have no health problems?
    i worry all the time if i have cancer, is there some type of test i can take, to see if i have any cancer in my body anywhere? i don't have a family history i just wonder.

    • ANSWER:
      Try not to worry, as it is just as likely you may get hit by a bus crossing the street, have a heart attack, or any other one of a million risks that we face each day of our lives but don't really pay attention to it or realise.

      The fact is that there is not one test that can detect the many different types and forms of cancer and as te majority of cancers are asymptomatic, they are usually discovered by accident. As was the case with myself after visiting the GP for a general check up and a bit of a cough. Following a general blood test and then being sent off for a chest X-Ray, it was discovered that I had a 7cm lump in the middle of my chest (very rare thymic carcinoma)! Go figure!

      Enjoy your life and stop worrying, for you never know what tomorrow will bring!

  35. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms for thyroid cancer ?

    thanks all..

    cats ... can you tell me what are the other multitude symptoms your daughter had ?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of thyroid cancer (carcinoma of the thyroid), and the most common types (papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma) are highly curable if detected early. Up to 97% of these common types of thyroid cancer that occur in younger people are completely cured with appropriate treatment. Less common types, including medullary carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma, tend to spread more rapidly and extensively than the other types and have a worse prognosis.

      Most commonly, thyroid cancers in the early stage produce no symptoms. As the cancer grows, a small lump or nodule can be felt in the neck. The vast majority of thyroid nodules are caused by benign conditions, but about one per cent of these lumps represent early stages of thyroid cancer. If the cancer spreads, it can cause symptoms that include:

      Problems with swallowing
      Hoarseness
      Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
      Breathing difficulty
      Pain in the throat and/or neck
      Remember, 99% of nodules in the thyroid gland are benign, but only your doctor can determine if a lump in your neck is cancerous. Even the symptoms above can be caused by infections and other benign conditions. If you have a lump in the neck or have the above symptoms, you should visit your doctor to determine the cause of your symptoms.

  36. QUESTION:
    What is the most common type of cancer to get?
    ThiS is for homework.

    • ANSWER:
      It's estimated that more than 11 million people in the United States have some form of cancer. There are more than 200 different types of cancer, although many are quite rare. The following are the 10 most commonly diagnosed cancer types in 2009 and the estimated number of cancer patients affected by each:

      Non-melanoma skin cancer. Affecting more than 1 million people a year, skin cancer can form in the skin cells on any part of the body, though most commonly on skin that’s been exposed to the sun. There are several types of skin cancers, including squamous cell skin cancer, found in the flat cells on the top of the skin, and basal cell skin cancer, found in the round cells deeper inside skin's outer layer. Most commonly, skin cancer affects older people or people who have a compromised immune system.
      Lung cancer. Roughly 219,440 cases of this deadly cancer were diagnosed in 2009. Lung cancer strikes the cells inside the lining of the lungs. There are two primary types of lung cancer — small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. Lung cancer claims nearly 160,000 lives annually.
      Breast cancer. This type of cancer will affect 194,280 people in 2009. This is by far the most common cancer in women, says Len Lichtenfeld, MD, deputy chief medical officer for the American Cancer Society. While the overwhelming majority of breast cancer patients are women, about 1,900 cases are diagnosed in men each year.
      Prostate cancer. Just over 192,200 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed annually. Dr. Lichtenfeld says that this is the most common cancer to affect men, most often men over age 50. The prostate gland is a part of the reproductive system in men and is found at the base of the bladder, near the rectum. This type of cancer develops in the tissues inside the prostate gland.
      Colorectal cancer. There will be about 146,970 new cases of colon and rectal cancers combined in 2010. The colon is part of the large intestine, which helps to break down and digest food, and the rectum is the end of the large intestine that is nearest the anus.
      Bladder cancer. Nearly 71,000 people will receive this diagnosis in 2010. The bladder can be affected by cancer cells that develop within its tissues. The most common type is transitional cell carcinoma, but others, such as adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, may also occur, depending on which bladder cells are involved.
      Melanoma. Predicted to strike close to 68,720 people, melanoma is another type of skin cancer. It forms in the skin's melanocyte cells, which produce the brown pigment melanin. Because melanoma occurs in skin that contains a lot of pigment, it frequently begins in moles. Melanoma may also be found in other pigmented parts of the body, like the intestines or even the eyes.
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Affecting 65,980 people, this is the term for a number of different but related cancers involving white blood cells, or lymphocytes. This type of cancer is frequently characterized by swollen lymph nodes, fevers, and weight loss. People of any age can develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma. There are many different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that affect different cells and parts of the body, with varying prognoses and treatment.
      Kidney cancer. Kidney cancer is diagnosed in more than 49,000 people each year. The kidneys are the organs that help to excrete waste from the body in the form of urine. Cancer can form inside the tissues or ducts of the kidneys. Although kidney cancer develops mainly in people over 40, one type of kidney tumor usually affects young children.
      Leukemia. Approximately 44,790 cases of leukemia were predicted for 2009. The four main types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. These types of cancer often form inside the bone marrow or other cells and tissues that form blood cells, and are known as blood cancers. Leukemia results in overproduction of certain kinds of white blood cells, which then circulate in the bloodstream. Leukemia can be chronic — a slow-growing type of cancer that begins without symptoms — or acute, meaning the cells can't function normally and symptoms progress rapidly. It affects both adults and children, and kills more children under age 20 than any other cancer.

  37. QUESTION:
    How does smoking cigarettes affect domestic animals?
    Any websites that offer information are appreciated.
    Domestic Animals = dogs and cats mainly.
    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there... second-hand smoke affects pets just as it does humans and sometimes worse.

      Here are two articles which discuss the dangers of second-hand smoke to pets.
      Univ of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine:
      http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/petcolumns/showarticle.cfm?id=473
      Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke or ETS, is clearly associated with cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular disease in humans. Several studies have shown that up to 20 different carcinogens contained in tobacco smoke can be inhaled by non-smoking bystanders.

      Dr. Timothy Fan, veterinary oncologist at the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital in Urbana, explains that although associations between ETS and diseases in animals have not been as extensively researched, a handful of studies show a correlation between ETS and certain forms of cancer in pets.

      A Tufts School of Veterinary Medicine study found a strong correlation between ETS and an oral cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, in cats. Cats living with smokers had higher incidence of this type of cancer. Cats living with more than one smoker and cats exposed to ETS for longer than five years have an even higher incidence of this cancer.

      Why mouth cancer? Since cats groom themselves quite diligently, cats in smoking households can lick up carcinogens that have been deposited on their fur. Daily grooming over a long period of time can expose the delicate skin in the mouth to hazardous amounts of carcinogens.

      The University of Massachusetts in Amherst also found that cats exposed to ETS have a slightly elevated risk of developing malignant lymphoma, or cancer of the lymph nodes. Since the lymph nodes filter the blood, inhaled or ingested carcinogens can build up in these structures.

      In dogs, ETS is significantly associated with nasal sinus cancer and weakly associated with lung cancer. A study at Colorado State found a higher incidence of nasal cavity tumors in dogs exposed to ETS than in dogs that live in non-smoking households. This higher incidence was specifically found amongst long-nosed breed dogs such as Collies, and there was no significant increase in nasal tumors amongst short- to medium-nosed dogs exposed to ETS.

      Dr. Fan explains that longer-nosed dogs may have a higher incidence of ETS-induced tumors for two reasons. "Smokers inhale smoke through their mouths, and it ends up depositing in the lungs. Bystanders, on the other hand, usually inhale ETS through the nose." Long-nosed dogs' nasal passages have a greater surface area on which carcinogens may be deposited before reaching the lungs.

      "In addition," says Dr. Fan, "since a longer nose has nasal passages with a greater number of cells, there is a greater chance that one of these cells can be mutated by carcinogens into a cancer cell."

      Colorado State also found that although short- to medium-nosed dogs exposed to ETS dont have a greater incidence of nasal tumors than those unexposed, they do have a slightly higher incidence of lung cancer, possibly because their shorter nasal passages are less effective at filtering carcinogens out of inhaled air before it reaches the lungs.

      Unlike humans, who can develop bladder cancer as a result of ETS exposure, dogs and cats generally don't run a higher risk of bladder cancer when exposed.

      As the human-animal bond becomes stronger, we share more of our lives, our leisure time and our living space with our companion animals, and they become exposed to the same environmental hazards that we do. Many of our habits, including smoking, can affect our pets as they would affect any other member of our household.

      Designating a smoking area outside or in a physically separate room of the house may be on way to minimize ETS exposure for pets and other non-smoking family members.

      For more information about environmental tobacco smoke and your pet, consult your veterinarian.

      Another article about lymphoma risks increased due to second-hand smoking: http://www.cbc.ca/health/story/2002/07/31/smoke_cats020731.html

  38. QUESTION:
    Who is the youngest person ever to have colon cancer?
    I really want to know and looked it up and couldn't find it.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer in the pediatric population is quite rare and often when it occurs it is linked to hereditary causes. Childhood colorectal cancers are not the same as an older adult type of cancer (research is still in progress to determine how different). It is rare, but it can happen.

      National Cancer Institute: Colorectal Cancer in children
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/unusual-cancers-childhood/Patient/page4#Section_52

      Colorectal carcinoma in children. (ages 7-16)
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10549756

  39. QUESTION:
    What do you know about cervical cancer?
    a person really close to me has this and I would like to see what you know about it....i have already done some research myself. Please anything is useful, and please no sarcastic answers, this is really important to me.

    • ANSWER:
      It's hard to answer your question because there is SO MUCH information out there and the information depends so much on the stage of her cancer.

      There are different types of cervical cancer. The most common is called carcinoma and involves the squamous (skin) cells of the cervix. The second most common type is called adenocarcinoma which involves glandular cells. Both of these types of cervical cancer are caused by HPV, which is a very common infection most women will have at some point in their lives.

      Cervical cancer is one of the best cancer honestly if you are going to get one. It is typically very slow moving. And with regular pap smears, it can be caught early. Usually in the precancer stage!

      If the cancer has become invasive, it is sometimes treated with surgery only. In fact, if it is very early, there is a fertility-sparing option available called a trachelectomy that removes the cervix and leave the rest of the uterus. If the cancer has spread it is usually treated with radiation and a mild type of chemo that basically just helps the radiation along.

      Please let me know if you have any more questions. I had cervical cancer.

  40. QUESTION:
    My 6 year old female cat has mammary cancer?
    I discovered a lump on my cat and had it removed at my vet. The biopsy came back and it is intraductal mammary carcinoma. The report says it is confined to the ducts. I was wandering if anyone has had a pet with the similair diagnosis? I love my pets and do not want to see anyone suffer. I have an appt with the oncologist June 30th. I was wandering if anyone else had a similair diagnosis with their pet(cat) and what treatment if any was done.

    • ANSWER:
      First, ignore the 2nd answer as it is not only rude but obviously misinformed and incorrect.

      I haven't had this experience personally, but have seen several kitties with mammary cancers in our clinic. It seems to depend on how far advanced the cancer is when it is first discovered, and from your description it sounds like you caught it quickly and had it biopsied, so far you have done everything right. The oncologist will of course give you detailed information about what types of chemotherapy could be used, the benefits/disadvantages of each, how it will be given/how often/cost, etc. Ask many, many questions of the vet and the vet techs, and don't be afraid to go home and think about the options and don't hesitate to call the clinic with further questions. We techs in particular are always available to answer your q's, or will get back to you asap.

      The cases that I'm familiar with of course have all received chemotherapy of one type or another. The chemo is generally very well tolerated. Chemo in pets is not given to cure the cancer, only to try to get the cancer into remission for as long as possible. Quality of life is much more important to an animal than quantity. The chemo is always given at as low a dose as possible so it doesn't make the pet sick. If that does happen, the dose will be lowered or a different medication used, or another medication may be given before or with the chemo to prevent sickness (most commonly nausea/vomiting).

      I must be honest and say that carcinomas generally are aggressive and quick to metastasize, and thus have a poorer prognosis. We usually suggest that treatment will give the best chance at a longer life expectancy and better quality of that life, but if the treatment fails or makes the pet very ill (which luckily doesn't happen very often) then unfortunately euthanasia must be considered.

      Cancer is always a shock to discover and I'm so sorry. Best wishes to you and your kitty.

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for someone with carcinoid syndrome?
    Particularly with a carcinoid tumor in the intestine that has spread to liver or has not?

    • ANSWER:
      From http://www.carcinoid.org/pcf/docs/review.html
      Typical carcinoids are slow growers.

      In those tumors that are somewhat larger and have spread to local tissues and local lymph nodes but which, along with these locally invaded tissues, are still totally removable surgically, the average survival has been 8 years with a range up to 23 years.

      Even when the tumor from the small intestine has spread in a manner that has made complete surgical removal impossible, the older statistics show that approximately one half of the patients survive an average of 5 years. Since various types of treatment have been introduced in the past decade patients appear to have an even longer survival and improved quality of life.

      Atypical carcinoids, which is a group whose microscopic appearance looks different and more aggressively malignant than the typical carcinoid, follow a much more rapid course with a more uncertain outlook. An even worse forecast can be made for the very more malignant rare group called "neuroendocrine carcinoma". Atypical carcinoids can cause the Carcinoid Syndrome, but neuroendocrine carcinoma rarely do.

      The tempo of the course of the illness in patients with Carcinoid Syndrome is different than that of carcinoid victims without the functioning syndrome. However, this has been remarkably improved and the outlook is much more hopeful with the advent of octreotide and similar somatostatin analogues and other new modes of treatment. In the early decades before effective treatment was available the average survival from the onset of flushing for a Carcinoid Syndrome patient was 3 years, and from the time of diagnosis was 2 years, though the range extended to over 10 years. Seventy five percent of the patients would die as a consequence of the harmful effects on the body from the excessive amounts of potent hormones released into their circulation by the tumors. Tumor growth and spread itself was fatal in only 25% of cases. In the last 10 years, since we have used effective combinations of treatment with octreotide(and similar somatostain analogues), various types of surgery, chemotherapy, hepatic artery injections and biological response mediators, the average survival time from the start of treatment (which unfortunately is often quite delayed after the diagnosis is made) has increased to almost 12 years - with a wide range often being observed.

  42. QUESTION:
    For how long can a person live with unchecked skin cancer?
    My friend's mom will not see a doctor, and we've been watching these crusty, black-red things grow on her face (she picks them off but they grow right back) for 2 years. She's developing more growths, which started on one temple, on her neck, cheeks, and now hands.

    She hasn't been given a diagnosis of skin cancer, but I've seen enough of it to know it on sight.

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of skin cancer. Some types like melanoma can be aggressive and deadly while other types like Basal Cell Carcinoma or Squamous Cell are more of a nuisance and can be periodically removed. Patients can live 30 or more years with a less aggressive skin cancer.

      Your friends mom should be seen by a doctor as it is impossible for anyone here to know if what you describe is benign or cancerous. Although it does sound like Squamous Cell or even Actinic keratoses (pre-cancerous). . . again no one knows and the best thing to do is be clinically examined for a diagnosis.

      Types of skin cancer (non-melanoma)
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Cancer+Types/Skin+Cancer+%28Non-Melanoma%29

      Squamous Cell Carcinoma: What it Looks Like
      http://www.skincarephysicians.com/skincancernet/squamous_cell_carcinoma.html

      Basal Cell Carcinoma: What it Looks Like
      http://www.skincarephysicians.com/skincancernet/basal_cell_carcinoma.html

      What Do AKs Look Like? (pre-cancerous)
      http://www.skincarephysicians.com/actinickeratosesnet/looklike.html

  43. QUESTION:
    One of my dogs breasts in larger than the others?
    For about the last year I have noticed one of my small unspayed female dogs breasts is larger than her others, it feels normal she has no health problems and it is not tender. People I've asked say oh that's just her muscle do you think it's anything to worry about? She is 5 years old

    • ANSWER:
      I would never leave a lump uninvestigated. You just never know.
      Take your dog to the vet asap.

      Mammary tumors are the most common tumors in female dogs who have not been spayed. Mammary tumors can be small, simple nodules or large, aggressive growths. With early detection and prompt treatment, even some of the more serious tumors can be successfully treated.

      Mammary tumors are more common in unspayed, middle-aged female dogs (those between 5 and 10 years of age), although they can, on rare occasions, be found in dogs as young as 2 years. These tumors are rare in dogs that were spayed under 2 years of age. Occasionally, mammary tumors will develop in male dogs and these are usually very aggressive and have a poor outcome.

      There are multiple types of mammary tumors in dogs. Approximately one-half of all mammary tumors in dogs are benign and half malignant. Mammary tumors should be properly diagnosed by a biopsy and histopathology to determine which treatment is to be used for that particular type of tumor.

      The common benign form of canine mammary tumors is actually a mixture of several different types of cells. This combination cancer in the dog is called a 'benign mixed mammary tumor' and contains glandular and connective tissue. Other benign tumors include complex adenomas, fibroadenomas, duct papillomas, and simple adenomas.

      Malignant mammary tumors can be: tubular adenocarcinomas, solid carcinomas, anaplastic carcinomas, osteosarcomas, fibrosarcomas, papillary adenocarcinomas, papillary cystic adenocarcinomas, and malignant mixed tumors.

      When tumors first appear they will feel like small pieces of pea gravel just under the skin. They are very hard and are difficult to move around under the skin. They can grow rapidly in a short period of time, doubling their size every month or so.

      Benign growths are often smooth, small and slow growing.
      Signs of malignant tumors include rapid growth, irregular shape, firm attachment to the skin or underlying tissue, bleeding, and ulceration.

      A biopsy or complete tumor removal and testing are almost always needed to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant, and to identify what type it is.
      Tumors, which are more aggressive and may spread to the surrounding lymph nodes or to the lungs. A chest x-ray and physical inspection of the lymph nodes will help in confirming this.

      Mammary cancer spreads to the rest of the body through the release of individual cancer cells from the various tumors into the lymphatics. Mammary glands in specific areas pertaining to the tumor drain and spread their tumor cells forward to axillary lymph nodes, new tumors form at these sites and then release more cells that go to other organs such as the lungs, liver, or kidneys.

      Upon finding any mass within the breast of a dog, surgical removal is recommended unless the patient is very old. If a surgery is done early in the course of this disease, the cancer can be totally eliminated in over 50% of the cases having a malignant form of cancer.
      With some tumor types, especially sarcomas, complete removal is very difficult and many of these cases will have tumor regrowth at the site of the previously removed tumor.
      Chemotherapy has not been a very successful nor a widely used treatment for mammary tumors in dogs.

  44. QUESTION:
    Is it normal for a 13 year old to have lumps in their breast?
    My 13 year old daughter found a lump in each of her breasts. They are pretty soft and they are towards the bottom edge. They aren't cancerous are they?
    No it's not painful at all.

    • ANSWER:
      Any type of lump anywhere on the body should immediately be examined. Childhood breast cancer is extremely rare and different than the adult kind, so yes this could be a form of cancer. Early cancer is asymptomatic, lumps are not painful . . so in a young person a lump that is not painful may be the only symptom of cancer. No one here has anyway of knowing specifically what is going on, only a doctor can tell you.

      It is also possible that the 'lumps' are the result of 'breast buds' common during normal breast development:
      Kids Health: Why are my breast sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/question/just_girls/sore_breasts.html

      The following are the types of primary breast cancer common to children. It is also possible for lumps in the child to be from a secondary cancer located elsewhere in the body:

      http://www.eapsa.org/parents/resources/breast_disorders.cfm

      1. Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma - slow growing, poorly defined tumors growing in a childs breast.

      2. Cystosarcoma Phylloides - fast growing tumors that can stretch the breast tissue.

      3. Lymphoma - there are lymph nodes in breast tissue and it is possible for a child to develop a primary cancer in this location.

      4. Secondary Breast Cancer - cancer located elsewhere in a childs body can spread to the breast.

      This girl should be examined by her pediatrician for a definitive diagnosis. Don't wait. Hopefully it will turn out to be nothing but the normal development of the breast.

      Best wishes.

  45. QUESTION:
    What is an embryonic genetics laboratory technician?
    I'm really interested in finding a career involving reproduction and embryonic development, but I'm having trouble finding information on the job. Any information would be helpful :)

    • ANSWER:
      In 1964, researchers isolated a single type of cell from a teratocarcinoma, a tumor now known to be derived from a germ cell. These cells isolated from the teratocarcinoma replicated and grew in cell culture as a stem cell and are now known as embryonic carcinoma (EC) cells.[4] Although similarities in morphology and differentiating potential (pluripotency) led to the use of EC cells as the in vitro model for early mouse development,[5] EC cells harbor genetic mutations and often abnormal karyotypes that accumulated during the development of the teratocarcinoma. These genetic aberrations further emphasized the need to be able to culture pluripotent cells directly from the inner cell mass.

      In 1981, embryonic stem cells (ES cells) were independently first derived from mouse embryos by two groups. Martin Evans and Matthew Kaufman from the Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge published first in July, revealing a new technique for culturing the mouse embryos in the uterus to allow for an increase in cell number, allowing for the derivation of ES cells from these embryos.[6] Gail R. Martin, from the Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco, published her paper in December and coined the term “Embryonic Stem Cell”.[7] She showed that embryos could be cultured in vitro and that ES cells could be derived from these embryos. In 1998, a breakthrough occurred when researchers, led by James Thomson at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, first developed a technique to isolate and grow human embryonic stem cells in cell culture.[8]

      [edit] Techniques and Conditions for Embryonic Stem Cell Derivation and CultureEmbryonic stem cells are derived from the inner cell mass of the early embryo, which are harvested from the donor mother animal. Martin Evans and Matthew Kaufman reported a technique that delays embryo implantation, allowing the inner cell mass to increase. This process includes removing the donor mother’s ovaries and dosing her with progesterone, changing the hormone environment, which causes the embryos to remain free in the uterus. After 4–6 days of this intrauterine culture, the embryos are harvested and grown in in vitro culture until the inner cell mass forms “egg cylinder-like structures,” which are dissociated into single cells, and plated on fibroblasts treated with mitomycin-c (to prevent fibroblast mitosis). Clonal cell lines are created by growing up a single cell. Evans and Kaufman showed that the cells grown out from these cultures could form teratomas and embryoid bodies, and differentiate in vitro, which all indicate the cells are pluripotent.[6]

      Gail Martin derived and cultured her ES cells differently. She removed the embryos from the donor mother at approximately 76 hours after copulation and cultured them overnight in media containing serum. The following day, she removed the inner cell mass from the late blastocyst using microsurgery. The extracted inner cell mass was cultured on fibroblasts treated with mitomycin-c in media that containing serum and was conditioned by EC cells. After approximately one week, colonies of cells grew out. These cells grew in culture and demonstrated pluripotent characteristics, as demonstrated by the ability to form teratomas, differentiate in vitro, and form embryoid bodies. Martin referred to these cells as ES cells.[7]

      It is now known that the feeder cells provide leukemic inhibitory factor (LIF) and serum provides bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) that are necessary to prevent ES cells from differentiating.[9][10] These factors are extremely important for the efficiency of deriving ES cells. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that different mouse strains have different efficiencies for isolating ES cells.[11] Current uses for mouse ES cells include the generation of transgenic mice, including knockout mice. For human treatment, there is a need for patient specific pluripotent cells. Generation of human ES cells is more difficult and faces ethical issues. So, in addition to human ES cell research, many groups are focused on the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells).

  46. QUESTION:
    How long can someone have hodgkins disease or any other cancer of the lymph nodes without knowing?
    Doesn't your body/lymph nodes eventually swell up?

    • ANSWER:
      Most people diagnosed with cancer are under the impression that it came about suddenly, but this is rarely the case. They have usually had it 5-10 years and didn’t know it as it takes some time before symptoms appear. Most cases of lymphoma will have swollen lymph nodes, but not always. It can be found in an extranodal site with no apparent lymph nodes involved. Or there can be swollen lymph nodes the patient is unaware of as they are internal nodes, which are not palpable.

      EDIT: For every part of the body affected by cancer there is a histological type and some have many more than others. For example we know most breast cancers are ductal carcinomas, most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas, etc. Other cancers like lymphoma have many histological types and are not so cut and dried. Typically some cancers are slow growing such as colon and prostate cancers and those can easily be present for 5-10 years, many prostate cancers are diagnosed and it may be a year or two before any treatment is given, indolent lymphomas work this way as well. Other types of cancer like melanoma may only be present a few months before it is noticed . It depends on the type of cancer. All cancers start on the cellular level and have different rates of growth.

  47. QUESTION:
    Does most women with stage 2a breast cancer always have a recurrence?
    I know that it is rare for stage 1 breast cancer to come back later and metastasize, but is it for stage 2a breast cancer? Stage 2a means no lymph nodes involved.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry, but your statement is very incorrect. This is from the National Cancer Institute:

      Stages of Breast Cancer
      Key Points for This Section

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.
      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.
      The following stages are used for breast cancer:
      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)
      Stage I
      Stage IIA
      Stage IIB
      Stage IIIA
      Stage IIIB
      Stage IIIC
      Stage IV

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.

      The process used to find out whether the cancer has spread within the breast or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.

      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.

      The three ways that cancer spreads in the body are:

      Through tissue. Cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue.
      Through the lymph system. Cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places in the body.
      Through the blood. Cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places in the body.
      When cancer cells break away from the primary (original) tumor and travel through the lymph or blood to other places in the body, another (secondary) tumor may form. This process is called metastasis. The secondary (metastatic) tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the bones, the cancer cells in the bones are actually breast cancer cells. The disease is metastatic breast cancer, not bone cancer.

      The following stages are used for breast cancer:

      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)

      There are 2 types of breast carcinoma in situ:

      Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a noninvasive condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of a breast duct. The abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct to other tissues in the breast. In some cases, DCIS may become invasive cancer and spread to other tissues, although it is not known at this time how to predict which lesions will become invasive.
      Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lobules of the breast. This condition seldom becomes invasive cancer; however, having lobular carcinoma in situ in one breast increases the risk of developing breast cancer in either breast.
      Enlarge

      Pea, peanut, walnut, and lime show tumor sizes.

      Stage I

      In stage I, cancer has formed. The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has not spread outside the breast.

      Stage IIA

      In stage IIA:

      no tumor is found in the breast, but cancer is found in the axillary lymph nodes (the lymph nodes under the arm); or
      the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has spread to the axillary lymph nodes; or
      the tumor is larger than 2 centimeters but not larger than 5 centimeters and has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

      So, there is also no concrete evidence that it is "RARE" for stage I breast cancer to "come back" and "metastasize." When cancer "comes back," it is called a recurrence. When it has "metastasized," that means it has spread to another organ. These are two different situations.

      There are women who had been dx'd with stage 0 or stage I breast cancer, and leapt to stage IV in the blink of an eye.

      You just can't assume that stage I means a person is in the clear.

      Cancer doesn't play favorites. It may never come back for a woman who was diagnosed originally as a stage IIIb. This is why it is crucial for women to be extreme advocates for themselves and be in tune with their bodies.

      By the way, I was diagnosed as a stage IIa/IIb, and I fully intend on NOT having it come back.

  48. QUESTION:
    why does ovarian cancer have a poor prognosis?
    I am doing a paper on different cancers.

    • ANSWER:
      Mainly because there are no early signs or symptoms.
      Also, there is no good early screening test such as mammograms for breast cancers.
      Most ovarian carcinoma patients present with advanced disease.
      For almost any type of malignancy, early detection is the key for improving the prognosis.


different types of carcinoma

Cancer Love Horoscope

Cancer
"Cancer" is house of the Moon .So, Cancerian enjoys good health, bravery, strength, passion, well-built will power, self-esteem, striking & intelligent brain. People born under this sign are basically active, kind, wealthy and hold the good quality of highest emotion for the people in pain. Cancerians are selfish, indomitable to stand in opposition to the badness, which make them different other Zodiac signs. Cancerians shine in educational area, judiciary and in sports. Forecast of Cancer horoscope for 2012 is given below.

Cancer Moon Sign Horoscope: (2012)
2012 is an average year for Cancerian with the 1st half better than the 2nd one. 2012 signifies most important alter in the work area and Cancerian may change business or job. They will be psychologically stressed all over 2012 Unmarried Cancerian will get married in 2012. They may face problems professionally & dealing with family throughout the year at the same time, but as they got flexible nature they'll get success in uniting both actions.

2012 Family Horoscope (Cancer)
Due to the irregular habits sophisticated last year psychological stress and blood pressure related troubles may increased. Healthiness will be better after July though exciting fretfulness, anxiety and restlessness stay unwavering. Dissimilarity with family members and life partner will carry on.

2012 Health Horoscope (Cancer)
Cancerian my be effected from low energy level this year as a result people born under this sign are suggested to be careful regarding health and don't take this issue easy.

2012 Love Horoscope (Cancer)
2012 brings great Stability in love & relationships for the people born under this sign. During this period you will meet your ideals in relationships. Open up your feelings to your partner and try to realize the approach of your partner. 2012 is the year to clear doubts in your connection. In general 2012 is an average year regarding love and relationships for Cancerian.

2012 career/ profession/ Horoscope (Cancer)
Economic projection will improve after March. Handle accounts and finance in sensible way during the period of May to July. Last 6 months of the year showing major expenses which would be a great ethical inoculation for you. In 2012 the month of April, 2nd half of May, September and November looking good period for money and acquire of sumptuousness items.

2012 business Horoscope (Cancer)
The changes in professional area, initiated in 2011, will continue. Entrepreneur expands the business, concerning partners. Purchase of a new office or re-equip old premises quiet possible in ths 1st half of 2012. Don't try to start new business this year because it is not looking beneficial for you. Possibilities of severe economic discrepancy with partners, which might place company to a log jam. The 2nd half of 2012 is looking unfavorable. You should place great reliance on your skills and judgments instead of depending on others.

2012 Money Horoscope (Cancer)
First half of the year is favorable financially. Successful real estate operations are possible this year. Some sponsor's help is possible. Last si months of the year is a more disturbing time, on the other hand, economic sufferers and disagreement linked with money may take place.. You may be nervous in the last 3 months of this year as you can lose power over finance because of unsafe and risky actions.

2012 Students Horoscope (Cancer)
From May onwards Jupiter in Taurus will bring success in academic area but you will have to offer extra hard work this year.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Seventeen Magazine: what is the Cancer horoscope for November?
    Can someone please post the Cancer horoscope as found in the November issue of Seventeen magazine? (not the website)
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      oooooh it says your having the best month (well, im assuming your a cancer anyway) it says "you'll have tons of party invites this month, but November 15 is set to be an especially fun occasion, thanks to the moon. While you're busy dancing with your girls, a hot guy will be checking you out---don't be surprised when he asks you for your number that night." it says your having lots of love this month, and also PARTY TIME! lol I have the cosmo girl one too if you want it

  2. QUESTION:
    What does this reading for cancer mean?
    I was reading my daily love horoscope for cancer and this showed up

    You will begin to experience a sense of relief as someone finally comes out of the closet in terms of how they feel. Within the office environment, you may have put their strange behavior down to a number of things, but not to the fact that they were trying to hide their emotions. They now feel they can cope with the consequences of admitting the truth.

    what does it mean?
    I see...

    so what if you were born at 7:00 pm at night?

    where should i look for my horoscopes?

    • ANSWER:
      The horoscope for Cancer is only valid for someone who was born at EXACTLY sunrise, and has 0-degrees on the cusp of every house. You would be much better off reading the horoscope for your Rising sign, but even there it could be way off, because when they do a write up for Jupiter in the 7th (for example), transiting Jupiter might NOT be in the 7th house in YOUR chart.

      If this is not the case for you, then "your" horoscope is NOT about you. So it doesn't really matter what it means.

      Sun-sign astrology and Sun-sign horoscopes are not valid. Only astrology done with your specific birthdate, time, and place will have any validity for you.

  3. QUESTION:
    What do you think about the Cancer horoscope?
    Anything you would like to add about Cancers, like, dislike.

    • ANSWER:
      I love the Cancer sign. I am a scorpio, so I would say that. There is just something about them that I am drawn to. They are very homey and sensitive in my experience, but that doesn't bother me because they are also very loyal. When they do something nice for you they mean it, and are very helpful always. In my experience they are also fairly intelligent. The only negative I have is they're feelings get hurt too fast, but I am pretty good at dealing with that so it's no big turn off.

  4. QUESTION:
    How long does each horoscope sign have a crush on someone for?
    I'm a Cancer and I find it really hard to get over my crushes. They last a long time. What about the other signs?

    • ANSWER:
      Once Im in love then I can never forget the person. The only reason Id leave them is casue they hurt me, Id never fall in love with someone else and leave them. Once they hurt me, over and over, thats when they kill the love once I had for them and I get very mad and angry, to a point where I do not even remember how I fell in love with them in the first place. BUt if they dont break my trust and my heart, then expect me to love them till the day I die!. However I must say now that I am with my Cancer, he is very special to me and is as emptional as I am and is very careful with hurting my feelings. I feel very different about him and now I know what true love is - I can never get over the love I have for him .. I'll DIE w.o him, I seriously would! ..

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the personality traits for Cancer and what should I look for in a girl?
    I don't usually believe in the horoscope stuff, but since my options for dating are running low, might as well give it a shot.

    • ANSWER:
      The cancer girl is the sweet girl next door.She's the one who will bring you hot soup when she knows your sick.Her traits emotional,loving,cautious,shrewd,loyal..she craves loyalty above all.She's what they say nowadays the "Ride or Die" type.Everything she does its thru her emotions.She can be moody but her love will make up for it.She can be shy..she's definitely not the loud type.She's a classy women.Loves her family & home.She will never look down on you if you don't have money..instead she will help you make money.She forgives but never forgets so never leave her when things get tough cause she' ll never forget who starved with her & she'll definitely give you love like no other.

  6. QUESTION:
    do u think that the cancer horoscope has more positive or negative qualities?
    im a cancer horoscope and was just wondering how ppl view cancers. i've read A LOT about my sign. but wana know wat ppl really think. thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      all the Cancers i've known (with the exception to a few, as with all signs) have been very nurturing, loving and intellectually offering individuals.
      one of my closest friends is a Cancer, and despite the few traits that make her unnerving at times, the good far outweighs the bad. i see Cancer as a passionate, intuitive and extremely intriguing (many see this sign as the least "clear-cut" or malleable of the Zodiac). they're always very intelligent and well-informed on not only their areas of general interest, but numerous random facts and theories, often occult or spiritually based, don't escape their selection of conversation.
      Cancer is said to be one of the best lovers in the Zodiac (behind Scorpio and Leo) because of their intensity and passion towards those they commit themselves to.

  7. QUESTION:
    sun in scorpio moon in cancer? What does that mean in terms of my overall nature?
    I'm wondering what the sun in scorpio and moon in cancer means in terms of the core of my nature. I don't know how much a moon affects you, I feel im very scorpiolike but I'm not sure how the cancer moon plays in there. Also I don't want to have to pay for someone to tell me haha.

    Thanks for your input !

    • ANSWER:
      Free registration available in dhansi.com to Next
      Know your astrology,gemstone,numerology,
      numerology,free Horoscopes Readings
      planetary transit,and how they'll influence your
      love,career,money,business,
      education,personal,property

  8. QUESTION:
    How come Piscean believe in horoscope?
    I've experimented with this and learned that other signs don't believe in horoscope. I'm beginning to feel that I'm believing in the wrong things. Whats wrong with this piscean?
    Cissy - how do you even know that's true for all pisceans? aren't people generally intuitive? How can intuitive be classified for one single group of people. None of this make any sense. And God doesn't make sense either. All in all, I don't believe in horoscope nor God anymore.

    • ANSWER:
      I shouldn't seriously answer this b/c your just going to give BA to whoever agrees with you about it being fake and I won't change your mind but whatever here goes:

      First of all as intuition is one of water sign traits but MYSICISM is generally only pointed to water signs (7/10 psychics are water sign) Scorpio is the ruler of the 8th house (mysticism) Pisces trait are mystic-seer. Mysticsim includes tarot,astrology,fortune telling, etc. The two pisces I know are heavily into it but they didn't even know there was more than just being a pisces.

      I don't know how much you looked up but you are more than just your sun sign. im a scorpio sun(outward personality) with aqua moon(inner emotions) and cap venus(how we love) there's more planetary aspects. Then there are your housesI recently learned that pisces in the 5th house says I see all my partners with rose color glasses and tend to find people with some sort of problem. So far that's true for me and my ex's (Schizo,Anger Issue, Alcoholic)

      Most people who say it's fake don't know it gets deeper than there sun sign and think there sign doesn't go with them. If your talkative gemini but have a pisces mercury your not going to be much of a talker. There's also square, conjunction, and sex tile factors to take in.

      With so much scorpio and cap in my chart I wondered why I was lazy then I found out my sun conjunct my mars(how we get things done) People don't realize sun/sun compatibilty isn't good enough. If you're a pisces with a cancer moon you're not going to get along with a scorpio with an aries moon. It won't work out even if the books say your compatible.

      There's more than I can explain here but before you cast it off maybe you should do some deep studying. I have 50 or more favorite pages to answer questions on here and "the only astrology book you'll ever need" You can't learn it from a few sources.

  9. QUESTION:
    How do you know all of your horoscope signs?
    I only know myself as a virgo, but I hear people saying "I was born a cancer, my moon is libra, and my ascendant is capricorn" or something like that. How do you know that and please tell my where I can find all of my own "signs"?

    • ANSWER:
      You have to go to a reputable astrological website that offers Chart Calculation, such as Astro.com. This website is free, and will provide you your 'Natal Chart' (the absolute first and basic Chart one must have).

      You can also get a 'Synastry Chart' (which is what everybody seems interested in at Yahoo! Answers, *lol*). This is a Chart that compares two people such as for 'Love Relationship' questions; put in you and your lover.

      http://www.astro.com

      For any Chart (Natal, Synastry, etc), you will have to supply Birth Data:

      Day, Month, Year of Birth
      Time of Birth
      Location of Birth

      Usually, this can be found on one's Birth Certificate.

      Once you have your Natal Chart, you can put in other people's Birth Data and get a Natal Chart for them too.

      And, once that's accomplished, you can get that 'Synastry Chart' which compares you with these other people so you can see whose Planets, in what Signs, fall in whose Houses, and the Aspects they all make to each other. In this, you will be able to see what's working in the relationship, what isn't, and why. Just comparing Sun Signs will get you nowhere.

      Here's how to get a Synastry Chart:

      --- GO TO: 'EXTENDED CHART SELECTION'; Click on the box that says 'Natal'--> choose 'SYNASTRY'.

      --- GO TO: TOP OF PAGE and put in whoever's name's you want to compare.

      --- CLICK ON: 'SHOW THE CHART', and a SYNASTRY CHART will be created showing you whose Planets fall in whose Houses, and what Aspects they're all making to each other.
      ________________________

  10. QUESTION:
    Can a Sagittarius girl and Cancer boy really have a good relationship?
    I'm 13 and there's this girl that I love so much. But can it really work out for us? If we like work things out?

    • ANSWER:
      kay kay i am a horoscope freak andddd a sagittarius they are crazy but collected when needed and hella cocky am i right??? yea i noe,, ummm cancer are very passionate and crazy so it would be okay i think but you will clash heads very easily i put it like this the good times are real good and beautiful but the bad times will be horrid

  11. QUESTION:
    Why do people put so much stock into horoscopes?
    I'm not trying to start a fight or insult anyone, and if I offend you I apologize right now because that's not my intention.

    I'm just wondering why people put so much stock into horoscopes. It just seems wrong to me when someone makes a life altering decision (ex: relationship wise) based completely on a horoscope, or they judge someone with a certain horoscope based on his/her horoscope without getting to know them.

    I haven't ever gotten into horoscopes but this is just what I see when surfing Yahoo Answers.

    • ANSWER:
      I think that you have an excellent argument. I agree that it's very superficial and ridiculous to put all of your trust into a Natal Chart or a Horoscope when it comes to determining your relationships and friendships. Relationships should of course be determined by how comfortable and complete the other person makes you feel, emotionally, intellectually, physically, etc, without the help of any written document or ambiguous prediction.

      HOWEVER. There is a difference between horoscopes and astrology. Horoscopes are generally made up garbage. But astrology of the signs and their attributes is a science that deserves attention. The majority of the people on the horoscope site are ignorant about the depths of astrology. There is an astounding amount of truth to astrology if a person knows enough about it and knows how to interpret it correctly. In your Natal Chart you have many different signs, planets, and aspects that shape you into the individual that you are. Let's say, for example, that you are a Libra Sun Sign. Libras are supposed to get along best with Geminis and Aquarians, and completely clash with Capricorns and Cancers. But you should never determine your relationship based on a Sun Sign alone, because there are so many other factors in your Natal Chart that will predict who you can best get along with. If you are a Libra Sun Sign that has a Cancer Moon (Moon Signs determine your emotions), then you can get along very well with a Cancer Sun, and completely debunk the bad relationship reports between Libras and Cancers that you read about on websites.

      I'm sure this is quite confusing. Lol. But the bottom line is...all of those websites out there that give you stereotypical relationship tips about certain Sun Signs give astrology a very bad and false reputation. It's true that you shouldn't put all your stock into horoscopes, but you should delve more deeply into astrology if you actually want to learn the valuable information.

      Find out what your Natal Chart is here:
      http://astro.cafeastrology.com/cgi-bin/astro/natal

      Sun Sign - the one you know, overall state of being
      Ascendant - how you look, appearance
      Moon Sign - how you feel, emotions
      Mercury Sign - how you think and communicate, intellect
      Venus Sign - how you love
      Mars Sign - how you take action, sexual drive

      Match all of your signs with someone else's signs. I didn't believe it would have any bearing at first either but it's frickin true...if your signs line up with theirs in most of these areas you'll get along fine...if they don't...you'll frickin clash with them.

      Check this out too:
      http://www.cafeastrology.com/articles/signcompatiblitygrid.html

  12. QUESTION:
    Can Cancer sign be a sweet couple with a Taurus sign?
    My friend is a Cancer sign but someone he love is Taurus sign. Can they be a sweet couple?

    • ANSWER:
      Alright give me a sec....

      Will be back in a short while

      **********************************************************************
      EDIT:-

      1) Love Stars—Cancer + Taurus
      http://www.psychics.co.uk/horoscopes/love-stars/Cancer-Taurus-compatibility.html

      2) Taurus + Cancer—Astrology on Shine
      http://shine.yahoo.com/astrology/compatibility/love/?sign1=taurus&sign2=cancer

      3) Here’s another
      http://www.forplu.com/community/life&style/feature/horoscope/taurus.htm#love

      **********************************************************************

      EDIT:-

      Here's more

      http://www.gotohoroscope.com/cancer-compatibility.html

      http://www.truthstar.com/lovecorner/compatibility.asp

      http://www.astrology.com.au/compatibility/compatibility.asp?YourSign=TAURUS&PartnerSign=CANCER

  13. QUESTION:
    What are your thought on people of the cancer horoscope?
    How do you feel about cancers? Likes & Dislikes.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancers can be very sensitive emotional signs. My mom is a Cancer and I am a Aquarius so sometimes when she gets in emotional quarrels I just don't understand and just try to stay away. (Yea typical Aquarius in me..) Cancer is also a hopeless Romantic at heart. Relationships and love is important to them.

      Likes- I like how Cancer is very open with their feelings, It's kind of the opposite of me I'm not really open but I admire Cancers that are.
      Dislikes- Sometimes Cancers can act too sensitive about issues and let their emotions get the best of them. They can also be moody at times.

  14. QUESTION:
    Someone who is skilled with horoscopes and astrology?
    I am a Sagittarius in Sun, Pisces in Moon, and Cancer in Rising (born Nov. 26, 1990 in Staten Island Hospital, NY in Richmond). I want emotional and physical characteristics and traits, tendencies, skills, downfalls, and things like that. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Would love to help but its very time consuming. I have too much on my plate these days but i am sure others will volunteer. I don't know about their fee or if they do it for free. I have Cancer rising. I hear you loud and clear. You may feel that at times, you are moody and you go through phases with a Cancer rising. You are a philosopher and probably lead an inner life of your own that may not find expression especially in business matters. Emotionally, you are impressionable and romantic and can be imposed upon by others. You don't hold a grudge and can forgive easily. The down side is that you may under-estimate yourself or your abilities. Cancer rising makes you very sensitive and receptive. Feelings and emotions are active and often rule the head. The mind is practical but you live in the senses.

  15. QUESTION:
    Horoscopes: What do you consider a boring relationship? And How would you feel being in it? Your Sun and Venus?
    Im a Libra/ Scorpio Venus and i feel MISERABLE in a boring relationship. Even if i love the person to pieces its still hard for me to not get down emotionally due to boredom. I need intensity and excitement like all the time. Otherwise i feel dead!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I consider a boring relationship one where I couldn't do just ANYTHING with my partner and be entertained. I should be able to sit with him at home, doing nothing and enjoy that time together without feeling restless. If I can't do that.. then I feel that I'm not really happy or in love.

      Sometimes I start emotional drama. I know I subconsciously do it to spice things up. I don't really mean to though..

      Edit: Oh yeah, sex must be great for me to stay. Haha.

      Libra sun
      Scorpio venus
      Cancer mars

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the personality traits of cancer, especially male?
    According to horoscope alone, is it a very faithful sign? Like they do not tend to cheat?
    sometimes, I find cancer male to be pretty cold and easily offended.
    Are they shallow? like they only care about physical appearance?

    • ANSWER:
      My hubby is a Cancer (although he has a Leo moon and is a monkey in Chinese astrology which both add very different aspects to his personality). I'll give you a bit of an idea of what he's like though.
      He's very shy and quite around those he doesn't know well. It can seem like he is cold and disinterested, but it's really just that he's out of his comfort zone. When he is around his friends he really opens up and becomes a completely different person. He is loud and energetic and loves being the center of attention (this could be due to the monkey sign).
      He is also very, very sensitive. I have to be careful not to say hurtful things to him that I don't mean because he WILL take it personally and will clam up and shut himself off emotionally from me if he is hurt.
      I definitely trust that he will be faithful. He is never flirty with other girls and frankly I think he's too shy or intimidated by other girls to even get to the point where he knows them well enough to be friends even.
      I wouldn't consider him shallow at all. He isn't overly concerned about his own physical appearance (in fact I wouldn't mind if he were a BIT more concerned about it), and though he appreciates it when I look nice, he's not fussed about it either.
      He is an excellent, excellent father and has a lot of fun with our son.
      He's intelligent and very talented, but not very ambitious.
      I love him to death. I'm a Cancer too.

  17. QUESTION:
    Are horoscopes or zodiacs true?Are the zodiacs true for you and your loved one?
    Some people tell me chinese horoscopes arent,the zodiacs are true for me and my bf, and seperatly for me.

    • ANSWER:
      A horoscope is a chart of the positions of the planets at the exact time of your birth - adjusted for your birth location since he books usually
      us GMT. They have to adjust from GMT to your birth time zone.
      So far, everything is based on the science of mathematics. Next
      comes interpretation of the data. This is an art based on study and experience. One astrologer said she looks at 1700 bits of data
      to read your chart. You can learn a great deal about a person by
      their sun sign, but there is much more involved. Get a book like "Linda Goodmans" Sun Signs" and you can learn a lot
      about a person. If your sun sign is Pisces you will probably be
      rather emotional and intuitive. If you rising sign is Leo - your rising sign is your outward personality - so you like to be in the limelight.
      Then the moon position shows your temperament plus also shows how you view your mother. So if moon was in cancer - you would be double
      emotional and see mom as very nurturing.
      That is how you read a chart, blend all the signs, houses, planets and aspects. Layering one on another. Now reading future events is
      done with the same info but used in different ways. It takes much
      practice to do a good job. Some people pick it up easily.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a Cancer female with an Aries guy staying together forever?
    I do believe in Horoscopes. I've been w/ my bf for 4 and a half yrs now & we have a difficult time getting more serious. We're living together for a couple yrs now. We're very different people, almost opposites of each other but still attracted to each other & we know we don't want to live without each other ever. We often argue, have disagreements but we still love each other at the end.

    • ANSWER:
      About 1 in 10,000 the same regardless of sign.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between moon conjunct venus, and Moon square venus?
    How would someone with a moon conjunct venus act in a crisis, compared to someone with Moon square Venus.

    Who would be more open to caring, affectionate, etc.

    (Chart A) Moon Taurus 1 degree Venus Taurus 5 degrees.

    (Chart B) Moon in Cancer 1 degree Venus Libra 8 degrees.

    I have noticed that the moon in Cancer person tends to brag a lot, all the time. Who is more easy going ? Who is stronger when the chips are down ?

    Who is likely to have more patience, and understanding ?

    • ANSWER:
      Dear One,
      In a woman's horoscope these aspects operate upon the health, for the Moon is the plant of fecundity and has rule over the female functions in particular, which are so large a factor in the woman's health, and this is much strengthened by them.
      It indicates a disturbance of the female functions and also gives a tendency to digestive troubles and poor circulation when in the horoscope of either sex. These aspects also give a liability to slander and public scandal as the person so afflicted is fickle and inconstant in his affections, of a sensual nature which loves to flit from flower to flower regardless of the sorrows caused by playing with the heart of others.

  20. QUESTION:
    what is the best match for a cancer boy?
    I was just curious to know that whats the best match for a cancer boy. I mean, in terms of love and understanding, which zodiac sign girl is best compatible with a cancer boy. And also kindly suggest any source for reading daily horoscopes which as per your personal experience is genuine and accurate. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      using the birthdate helps too...I USE RUSSELL GRANT stuff....it is pisces or scorpio
      beliefnet has email horoscopes

  21. QUESTION:
    I am an aquarius with a cancer moon. Like seriously, how emotionally messed up am i?
    I am just wondering what I'm in store for. I'm about to graduate and enter the real world. So how will my sun/moon sign effect my new experiences , especially love wise.

    • ANSWER:
      I know it’s hard to analyse your relationship so much, especially when you’re considering marriage. But a little serious thinking now could save you heartbreak later. A few differences and incompatibilities are normal for a relationship but

      Haha! I like your question. I’m an Aquarian and my sun sign definitely governs my personality over any other signs. Aquarians tend to have a lot of different sorts of acquaintances and friends. Its said they “collect” friends but that’s basically coz an Aquarian doesn’t get easily attached to anyone and likes having people around. But once attached, an Aquarian will remain dedicated forever.

      I’m not sure but Cancerians are pretty emotional and sensitive right? So if your sun and moon sign both have an effect on your personality maybe it’s a good thing because you will have the sensitivity of Cancer and the objectivity of Aquarius, giving you a pretty balanced personality.

      Also, don’t worry about signs controlling your life. I find it more fun just living my life and then comparing my life to my signs & horoscopes etc to see if they were right.

  22. QUESTION:
    What's the good and the bad about Cancers and what sign(s) is(are) most compatible with them?
    I usually just read horoscopes for fun but for some reason I wanna really study and follow it this comming year. My current bf is a pieces. What do you think of Cancers and Pieces together as a couple?

    • ANSWER:
      The good things about Cancers are that u know how to feel peoples emotions and u know how to take care for those u love. Also u r sensitive and calm, and others can easily relax around u.
      I think that the bad side is you moodiness and that often u don't know what u want.

      Maybe the best sign that go with Cancer are the other water signs: Pisces and Scorpio ... And the lest compatible are the fire ones: Leo, Aries, Sagg

      Would u mind to take a look at my question and give me ur opinion as a Cancerian :)

      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Ag5XwnBBrE9FfEJpF5SItC7ty6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20101226142016AAZzDrm

  23. QUESTION:
    How can a female Libra satisfy a male Cancer?
    Ok horoscopes is my only remaining opportunity to get this guy. He's indecisive about whether he wants me or not but is there any way i can get him in horoscope love terms if that's understood? Looking back now, i've made 20 questions about this guy in the month of january:)

    • ANSWER:
      A Cancer man gets fascinated by a Libra woman very easily. As he approaches her with his sensitively humorous attitude, she reacts positively to his approach, giving a good start to the relationship. She not only offers a lovely mate but can also be extremely sensible and give a lot of creative inputs in the business affairs or job of her Cancer male which are always welcomed by him. At times his heroic nature impresses her extremely and she esteems his determination with all her heart. Usually she will be the one to come with the concept of marriage in their relationship, which may not be equally appreciated by the Cancer man at first as he is very cautions regarding every part of life. The over exciting attitude and extravagance of Libra female are the things that irritates him and he may sound either cold or strict at times. However, a bit more of sensibility on her part can make things easy for both of them.

  24. QUESTION:
    What astrology sign do you believe asks in-depth questions?
    Which horoscopes SUN signs have you had the best talks with?

    • ANSWER:
      My deepest conversations have always been with a Capricorn or a Scorpio.
      They always seem to have the strangest opinions on things, and I love Listening to them, I also love speaking with Tauruses too. But I've been told I am a great listener, and person to converse with ^.^ I am a Cancer:D

  25. QUESTION:
    Is it bad for a scorpio woman to marry early in life?
    I plan on marrying early with a cancer man. But in my natal chart it says:

    House VII in Gemini

    Marries quite young, and divorces later. A second marriage doubtless with less passion but a lot of friendship. Frightened of living alone in old age.

    Is this something that will definetely happen? Should I be warned?

    • ANSWER:
      scorpio Sun sign has nothing to do with late marriage in your birth chart

      Is the Houses in your chart that will show you if you have late marriage
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bRwsvSVALoc&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      Vedic Astrology actually explains much better regarding late marriage

      Look up you Sidereal -Vedic Chart & watch video.
      http://www.galacticcenter.org/component/option,com_wrapper/Itemid,90

      Time of birth is on birth certificate or ask your MOMMY :)

      Should make More sense then- Western Astrology not as clear & doesnot have remedies
      -certain "Rising Signs" SHOULD NOT marry until 34+.

      Houses
      1
      2
      5
      7
      8
      11
      12
      Need to be looked at.

      Your MOON & MARS need to be looked at in both charts -to see if compatable

      Manglik or Non Manglik (very important these match) will be a very sad union if these do not match

      marriage matching horoscopes
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7MaTBSK4Ndw&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      Love marriage
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hxUefeGRdYU&feature=youtube_gdata_playerMangluk? Very important

      Most important House in astrology & why ?
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D-zV7XJj7XQ&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      Manglik? - very important to watch
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAw3fSXx4d4&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      I would only get married if a professional vedic astrologer looked at my chart has has been trained for a long time on Eastern Astrology

      You can buy book on KRSchannel & start learning yourself

      I would not just listen to what your read regarding only 7th House

  26. QUESTION:
    What does my zodiac information tell about my personality?
    I made amistake with my last question in which I asked about my zodiac.

    Taurus Sun
    Sagittarius Moon
    Cancer Rising (not Pisces)

    • ANSWER:
      Taurus/Sagittarius
      The combination of your Sun sign and Moon sign blend two signs that are both extroverted and sociable, and enjoy having a good time. Your sense of what constitutes a good time is variable; sometimes simple and earthy, and other times much more venturesome. Your highly developed social sense suggests that you like people, but they must be the right people. You would rather be alone than confined with people that you consider dull or uninteresting. This is not to say you are necessarily class conscious, for you can get along with all types of people with your ability to say the right thing at the right time. Your manner of speaking is, however, forthright and direct and you have no difficulty making your sincerity and decisiveness felt. Your stubborn nature can express itself in such a flexible way that you can discuss a subject at great length without wavering from your original position. A tendency to stick by your very high principles and code make you come across as a moralist and one not above sitting in judgment of friend and acquaintances. You feel you have a right to this as you are a pretty good, law abiding, conventional human being. Talk is a specialty of yours, especially when the talk can take on a personal touch. You always enjoy exchanging tidbits of gossip and passing on rumors. You try to like a good life; full and satisfying in an intellectual sense, but pleasant and luxurious all the same.

      Taurus with Cancer rising, others see you as moody. You may seem quite shy, insecure, and super-sensitive. You give off the impression of reacting emotionally to everything, and also appear as someone who is extremely home and family loving.

      You are also intensely creative. Others see you as capable of nurturing others in a deep capacity and even if you're a man, there is this "mothering" quality to your persona.

      In matters of love, sex and dating, this Ascendant will provide comfort and security to their lover. The ability to turn a relationship into a sanctuary is unparalleled. Sex and emotions can never be separate for Cancer rising, although you can sure this is an extremely sexual sign. Still, for Cancer rising, sex is always better when it comes with love. When this Ascendant does fall in love with someone, the tender affection is an incomparable experience.

      Taureans are deeply romantic and very loyal. They value the harmony a happy home life creates. They will go to extremes to keep their mate happy, which, when it comes to love, is no sacrifice to the sensuous Bull. The Taurean need for the good life is equaled by their need to share that life with someone special.
      Sexually, Taureans are straightforward and down-to-earth. A no-nonsense approach is favored and too much verbalizing or complex fantasizing is not a Taurean trait. This does not mean they are not capable of feeling love. Indeed, the depth of a Taurean's passion may not be understood by others.

      Taurus Sun sign best compatibility Match:
      Cancer, usually this makes the best of all love horoscope combinations. Cancer likes a good home with much affection, and so does Taurus. Deep inside this is what every Taurean hopes to find when undertaking conventional responsibilities (settling down). From an emotional point of view, there is nothing in the stars that bar the prospect of a happy married life between these zodiac sign match ups. One thing the Taurean must remember is that Cancer is exceedingly sensitive, and will crawl into a shell if unhappy emotionally. Taurus on the other hand, knows the Cancer's spirit and instinctively knows how to fix the problem once it arises.

      Cancer and Taurus were just plain born for each other. With this in mind woe is either one if this sun sign relationship does not work out! Just as the love between these two will be the stuff of legends, so will the conflict. The reason for this is that even in hate, there will still be love, and this will be very confusing for both of them, the confusion will translate to fear, and this will make the conflict brutal. Lesson here? If you are in this type of a relationship you should make every effort to avoid alienation.

  27. QUESTION:
    How can I be a Gemini in deep love with a Cancer?
    I read all that Horoscope stuff and I try to find out who I might be better off with. I know how I feel with a Leo and a Aries. I haven't been able to find a Libra but I dunno I love crab. The whole bring you into my shell bit and all. I don't really like feeling like I'm tied down but I love the security it provides.

    • ANSWER:
      A Gemini can easily love a Cancer.

      Gemini and Cancer are side by side signs, so you may actually have some planets in Cancer, and he may have some in Gemini (look at Mercury, Venus, Mars). You may also have compatible moon signs or ascendents. Sun sign is not the only thing in astrology. You might want to find that out first before you declare a Gemini-Cancer relationship hopeless.

      The trick is to understand your differences and work from them. Astrology defines the dynamics of relationships, not the emotions found within them.

      Like you said, you love the security that he provides. A lot of Gemini's forget that stability isn't a bad thing, and it doesn't mean that you can't live a crazy life. You can, but just do it outside of the Cancer's doman, with your friends. Burn yourself out exploring the outside world and come back to your Cancer and their familiar surroundings. They will love it. Cancer will take care of you and feel appreciated.

      That is the biggest thing about Cancers. They need to feel appreciated. They won't "tie you down" unless they feel either a) lonely b) cranky or c) bored. Show the Cancer that it is better if you have time with others, so that time together is more special. Pick up random things for your Cancer when you are out. Cook dinner with Cancer, rather than for Cancer. Find Cancer something to do when you are away, whether it is work, school, seeing friends, video games, a book, whatever, so that nobody gets all mopey/clingy on you. Nobody likes a sad Cancer. Trust me

      Hey, good luck, my Gem. You won't know until you try. ^_^

  28. QUESTION:
    What do u think about virgo boy and cancer girl relationship?
    I m virgo (25 aug) and i love a girl she is cancer (22 july).

    • ANSWER:
      y the hell does it matter what horoscope sign she is?

      if you love her, you love her...dont leave it up to the stars or u will lose her

  29. QUESTION:
    How can i get a pisces man to love me?
    My pisces man is very weird. Its been three days since we have been dating, and he loves my body. He wants to have sex already. But when i said no he told me how i was so immature because im young and this idiot is only a year older then me -___-. How can i make him love me. I heard they are very romantic. For once in my life i really want romance. I just dont know how to get it out of him. HELP PLEASE!?!?

    • ANSWER:
      Pisces is an aquatic horoscope, so according to the laws of the Zodiac, he is only attracted to other aquatic Moiraic horoscopes, like Cancer, and Herpes. If you are not one of those two signs, then you must give him a love potion. These potions can be purchased at http://www.tubgirl.me/

  30. QUESTION:
    Which horoscope would I be perfectly matched with?
    I'm cancer. Which is my perfect compability when it comes to friendship or love
    So which star sign would I get on best with?

    • ANSWER:
      "Don't shoot for the stars; they're hot firey balls of gas!"

      Honestly, do what your heart tells you, don't always depend on the stars for your love life.
      I like astrology as much as the next guy. I'm a libra and I hope to get further acquainted with my new cancer friend ;)

      But, curious as you are, your best suited with a taurus, scorpio, or pisces (maybe another cancer, but you'll both wanna be mothered or depend on each other).

  31. QUESTION:
    Can anyone give me a Pisces life and love horoscope?
    I am a Pisces and would like to know what I should expect in my life and my love life in the year 2011. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      "2011 Yearly Horoscope for Pisces

      Overview

      Don’t stop believing, Pisces! This year is nothing short of miraculous, filled with all-things sublime. Take advantage of lucky Jupiter’s final hurrah in your sign at the start of the year. If you’ve been procrastinating on turning your visions into a goldmine, January is your time to bust a serious move and catch the amazing non-stop momentum of 2011. There’s no spacing out, hiding home or escaping from reality. Things are just too good to miss! Speaking of missing, don’t miss the boat Pisces; Jupiter only enters your sign once every 12 years.

      That said, you do have the auspicious advent of another awesome planetary boon when your planetary ruler, Neptune enters Pisces in April. For the next 14 years, your super-sensitivity and matchless compassion serve you well. You’ll feel like you’re in your own element rather than your usual fish out of water feeling. The world will join with you in feeling the suffering of the world. Your dreams and imaginative powers are nothing to be taken lightly. Divine messages, synchronicity and channeling the gods become a daily experience between April and August, and then again in 2012 to stay.

      Despite your consistent protesting over the ills of materialism and that money is the root of all evil — you may be seriously changing your tune as money seems to be falling from the sky this spring. With six planets lining up in your money sector on May 1, it’s time to make some serious bank — ready or not.

      Romantic

      You’re at your gorgeous, glamorous best in 2011, Pisces. It’s easier than ever to keep a good physical regime going this year. A little effort goes a long way in getting your body into amazing form with the plethora of planets in the super-physical sign of Aries. No more zoning out in front of the tele, it’s time to get back into your body. The better you feel about your physical appearance, the more open you are to love.

      Romance and sensuality are synonymous with the strong influence of fiery and sexy energies surrounding the physical side of life from spring onward. Regardless of your age, you’ll feel like a teenager when all of those planets enter Aries this May. July is especially romantic when Venus enters Cancer and brings loads of pleasure to your love sector. Let your primal instincts take charge and spur you on to greater romantic risks than you ever thought your delicate nature capable of. You might even surprise yourself. Your gut won’t steer you wrong this spring. After June, you’re more inclined to get grounded and mellow your pace in love. This doesn’t mean you should resort to your old defense mechanisms per se. But it does mean that you might want to consider letting things build slowly to prove they are solid. When Neptune enters Pisces in June, you are simply in love with love. This could magnetize a soul mate or a total delusional disaster. It all depends on how grounded and centered you are.

      Career

      This is the year to build your resources, fatten your savings account, and stash money away for some of your bigger dreams. Don’t be afraid of spending either. Money has a way of finding its way right into your humble bank account, especially this spring. You’re not used to such an effortless cash flow and may unconsciously attempt to sabotage your own good fortune. Tell yourself a thousand times a day that you deserve the riches that are coming your way, because you truly do.

      You’ve got to take your talents more seriously, Pisces. No more undercutting yourself and humbly accepting crumbs when you’re worth gold. Take an honest assessment of all of the gifts you bring to the table and you’ll quickly realize that you have been shamefully underpaid. But let any residual false modesty be a thing of the past now that 2011 has come to bring you the big bucks you so deserve.

      When Jupiter leaves your money sector in June, in order to keep the cash flowing you’ll have to work those networking skills. Make sure you’ve got a strong online presence and don’t be afraid to revamp your image and make yourself more visible. You have a tendency to keep yourself invisible. But once people see you and all that you have to offer, they will be all over your talents. Stop doubting yourself and letting that legendary Piscean paranoia interfere in what promises to be one of the most successful and lucrative years of your career."

  32. QUESTION:
    What are the personality characteristics of the zodiac sign Cancer?
    It's my zodiac sign and I always hear different things, therefore I was just curious.

    • ANSWER:
      Professional matters and public responsibilities are subject to reevaluation and revision now, starting with optimistic Jupiter's opposition to realistic Saturn on May 23 that shapes your career and long-term planning. Frustration at work may reach a critical point, yet this opposition will occur twice more within the next year, so there's plenty of time to make adjustments. Uranus, the planet of surprise and innovation, enters your 10th House of Career on May 27. A breakthrough in your profession is likely if you can let go of the past and let your instincts lead you in an entirely new direction.

      Keep In Mind
      Even if you're not ready to take risks professionally, at least let your imagination cultivate visions of a more rewarding career.
      Read More

      Cancer Love Horoscope for May
      Forbidden Fruit
      The love planet Venus is dancing in your secretive 12th House of Escapism until May 19, increasing your need for privacy, yet also allowing you to entertain thoughts about relationships that you normally wouldn't consider. Let your mind wander -- you may discover interesting alternatives for how to be and who to be with. Venus in your 12th house could also bring about a secret liaison with someone. Whether it's just an attraction to an unavailable person or actually doing something you don't want others to know about, the taste of forbidden fruit can be alluring. On May 19 Venus enters your warm and cuddly sign, making you more attractive, even if you're not feeling any more secure -- showing your nurturing side is a powerful invitation to intimacy now.
      Read More

      Cancer Career Horoscope for May
      It's Time to Move Forward
      Teamwork is a key to attaining, maintaining or getting closer to professional success this month with the Sun in your 11th House of Groups through May 20. This may require you to stretch yourself and move out of your comfort zone. Once communicative Mercury turns direct on May 11, it's time to move forward instead of sticking to the old routine. Uranus, the planet of surprises, breakthroughs and major innovation, enters pioneering Aries and your work-related 10th House of Career on May 27 -- where it will spend the better part of the next seven years. The Taurus New Moon on May 13 may bring about a need to prove yourself -- a more desirable way to go is to channel your frustration into creating some newness for yourself.

      Symbol: The Crab
      Ruling Planet: Moon
      Quality: Cardinal
      Element: Water
      Basic Trait: I Feel
      Closest Metal: Silver
      Lucky Day: Monday
      Lucky Colors: Green, Silver-Grey, Cream and White
      Lucky Gems: Opal, Pearl and Moonstone
      Lucky Flowers: Daisies and Wallflowers

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the best website for reeally accurate horoscopes?
    im just looking for an accurate horoscope sight; a free one, too. id appreciate any suggestions! thanks bunches!! : )

    • ANSWER:
      The best are the weekly 'scopes from The Onion. The one the is the most accurate in the world. Here is the latest.

      * Aries
      The presence of Jupiter in your fourth house indicates newfound personal maturity. The presence of empty pizza boxes in your first apartment, however, suggests otherwise
      .
      * Taurus
      Remember: Love is more than just feelings of infatuation and attraction and lust. Usually, there's a few feet of rope also involved.

      * Gemini
      Just when things seem to be going your way, the baboons will suddenly and violently wake up.

      * Cancer
      Most women are attracted to power and status, but then the stars don't need to tell you that, Mr. Daytime Manager of the Court Street Baskin-Robbins.

      * Leo
      Don't worry: They're not laughing at your repeated and costly failures. They're laughing with your repeated and costly failures.

      * Virgo
      It will be born with ten perfect little fingers and ten perfect little toes, much to the horror of everyone at the reptile breeding center.

      * Libra
      It's not so much your intimacy issues, or even your commitment issues that will† stand in your way. It's your Uncanny X-men issues.

      * Scorpio
      You'd pretty much kill for the chance to start things over again, which come to think of it, is how you got yourself into this mess to begin with.

      * Sagittarius
      There's nothing harder in the world than losing a child, especially when wagering with a full house.

      * Capricorn
      You look handsome and dashing in you brand new suit. Now, if only a close friend or relative would die, you'd be all set.

      * Aquarius
      Life has a way of sneaking up on you when you least expect it, which isn't surprising, considering what a complete jerk life can be.

      * Pisces
      You'll lose your oldest and dearest friend to smoking this week, shortly after running out of cigarettes.

      Last one, spot on

  34. QUESTION:
    Which signs do you think work best together?
    I personally think the best couples are Gemini and Aquarius,Gemini and Saggitarius, Cancer and Scorpio, Saggitarius and Aries, and Saggitarius and Aquarius. Who would you consider to be good couples in Astrology?

    • ANSWER:
      once you get past this idea that you are only a SUN sign you will understand that astrology is far far more complex than this!! to answer your question ANY sign can and do make so called good couples.

      First you need to understand that you are NOT the sum total of your sun sign!
      newspaper and magazine astrology is nothing related to the proper astrology that Astrologers use, this is just a pinch of salt entertainment sort. What they do is put each sun sign conjunct the Ascendant and read where the 10 planets fall in any one of the 12 houses. So when you have got your free chart from astro.com you will know your Ascendant sign, then if you want use this type of recreational fun, then you would look up your Ascendant sign to stand any kind of chance of having those planets in the right houses for you….

      You can get an immediate FREE chart interpretation from ASTRO.COM. From ‘free horoscopes tab look for free 'personal portrait' or ‘astroclick portrait’ interpretation of a natal chart in the free horoscope section, you simply put the cursor on a planet and it brings a pop up box to explain what it means to have a planet in that house and any other aspects it has to natal planets. plus FREE six month free transit report in 'short report' Robert Hand gives a valuable in depth explanation of transits here

      This is a VERY common mistake people around here make, but if ONLY you would dip your toe in the lovely warm water of astrology, soon you will be off swimming....

      So synastry (chart comparisons) compares ALL 10planets, Ascendant, Midheaven, Juno, Vertex, Nodes, Part of fortune. so failing no chart appearing you will have to do some research yourself and this is where I come in, for no charge whatsoever (just because I love astrology and this is MY vocation) I will walk you through astrological techniques you are asking about

      In a man’s chart we look at venus and moon, then planets in 7th house the signs/aspects, in the absent of planets then the ruler of 7th house ‘traits’, where it’s placed and aspected.
      In a woman’s chart we look at sun and mars, then planets in 7th house the signs/aspects, in the absent of planets then the ruler of 7th house ‘traits’, where it’s placed and aspected.
      So, if mutable on the angles ie: Ascendant/Descendant (pisces,Gemini,virgo, Saggi) this indicates more than one marriage. Mutable on the Midheaven suggests more than one career. Mutable moons are capable of loving more than one person at the same time

      Just remember planets are modified by signs, where they express are houses and how they express are mathematical *aspects*

      Failing sight of your chart, you will have to do some research for yourself. But if you do post a link I will do my best to analyse and interpret for you.

  35. QUESTION:
    what is the compatibility of a cancer and leo?
    In terms of horoscopes, what is the love compatibility of a cancer and a Leo?

    please don't copy and paste your answers, its annoying and I wont bother reading them.

    Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      An answer to the love compatibility of Cancer and Leo together:
      The Cancer/Leo combination is generally one of mutual understanding for the most part. Basically, each knows how to satisfy the emotional needs within the other. Both signs require dedication and tender, loving care...but while Cancer seeks stability and emotional harmony, Leo craves heartfelt compliments and sincere admiration. Here, both individuals are deeply loyal, even to the point of possessiveness...Cancer for the sake of safety and Leo for the sake of self-confidence. In addition, this pair will be equally committed to an enduring and rewarding relationship. Since the desires are similar, Cancer and Leo may fill very important voids in each other's lives. The mutual preference for comfort and security of both partners will be on a grand scale. This couple enjoy a lovely home and close-knit family, with Leo providing the flair and passion, while Cancer furnishes a sensitive yet intense instinct to nurture. However, the Leo partner will most probably be the bigger, bolder and more vivid of the two...the very picture of majesty and status. Still, it should be noted that since both these zodiac signs are so strong-minded, this is a pair who must constantly work attentively to understand and accept one another.
      So if you try to keep this in mind always,
      it may just work out great. This will be determined on both of
      your efforts and lots of understanding.
      I do hope this helps explain it and Good luck always.

  36. QUESTION:
    What are some characteristics of a Libra?
    I'm a Libra. My birthday is October 7th. I'm a 15 year old girl.
    What are my strengths and weaknesses? What sign goes with my the best, for friendship and for love? What are my best avoided signs for friendship and love? What is a good career for me? Sorry for all the questions but I would love to know(: Please and thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Marry me in 10 years k , lol . im a libra and my only advice is to put yourself first .. trust me the more you get older the more you will find that true i think .. Put yourself b4 others.. you and your friends may have great plans for the future .. but when it comes down to it .. you are born by yourself and you will die by yourself .. thus you must take care of yourself .. its a libra thing to not undertsand this fully .. Again i am one so i know .. Oct 2 Baby weeew ,,, lol anyways .. yeh . i know in fact how valuable love is to us . and it is in our nature to be anything for anyone .. but i dont think thats what life wants of us .. at least me ..

      As for relationship wise good luck on that . if your a libra you love everyone way too much already
      am i right ? when your in a relationship there is really noone else that matters except them .. i know . but you have to look out for yourself .. make sure your not deluding yourself into thinking every relationship is gonna be a life long partnership .. it isnt .. 9 times out of ten if you look back on an x youll wonder wtf you ever saw in them originally and notice all those things that were kinda sighnes it wasnt gonna work to begin with .. and of course this is a cycle .. Not this time youll say ....this time i learned from the last mistake .. YOu Didnt . lol .. trust me ive been playing that game for just about as long as youve been alive 24 yrs old baby thats me .. Ill leave the relationship thingy alone now because in my horoscope/birth chart im supposed to be of the influence that " i may not marry " and im starting to really believe that .. i feel there is too much love in my life for me to not try to give it away on a grand scale .. but yeh thats just me

      So .. Career wise .. Its true the best artists are libras and i could cite many but ill just leave you with one im sure your aware of already . Mr John Lennon . of Beatles Fame .. he is the mecca of what it means to be an artist .. brillant songwriter/singer/musician Peace Advocate etc etc ./. not only did he do something good for himself but he tried to do it GLobally . he tried to spread love .. and thats the main thing .. it dosnt matter if you end up a painter / paper pusher / irs agent .. the only thing i think that will make you happy is givng love back to people .. because although the world isnt perfect .. (it isnt terrible either mind you) .. but it can always be better .. thats our job . Mine and Yours .. to spread love to people in anyway you can ..
      thats why i sit on here answering peoples questions .. there is no reward.. perse ... except the love that i know comes back to me when i try my damndest to give it out
      .. Thats what lifes about girl dont let anyone tell you different , you are here to love people . help them to love.. and everything else with love in it ..

      Any cliche answer can point you to a good site where they tell you all about Libra .. infact thats something to google right there " All About Libra" < should be a nice page with alot of info .. But
      It takes a real lover of people to give you a personal answer . and that only comes from reaching out /extending yourself .. if you want to be happy .. my dear every day u wake up and ask yourself what can i do to change the world .. then take it one step at a time .. o and to further answer your questions ive been best friends with a Cancer .. And A pisces for going on 12 years .. they are good people .. be sure to keep your distance when needed, and these people are usually spot on good friends for life ..
      Leo is another one .. A Leo has a certain sex appeal to us //i dont know how relationship wise it would work .. but i do enjoy there personality very very very much .. more so than most of my "good"friends,, I do wish if i had just one lover for life it would be a leo ..

      You can learn alot from all those sighns .. Ive known a taurus .. to be a straight shooter.. perhaps a lil to blunt for my taste .. An Aquarius may seem like Heaven but they have a stubborn side to them and selfish streak that you will come to hate .. i guarentee it .. be careful with the Aquariuses .. i feel like out of all the people ive known an aquarius broke my heart the worst ..
      Virgo is amazing also . if you find a good one .. remind them constantly how much you adore them .. trust me they forget easy .. My one and only regret i have in life.. and beilive me i should have lots according to some people .. was not kissing a virgo when i had the chance..
      i feel i could have been an entire different person if i had kissed her when she asked.. but i refused.. i feel like that relationship i could have very much still been in some 10 years later now looking back .. but im not . But thats life Cest Le Vie
      so they say

      I hope this answered your question because now my hands and memories hurt from all this .. lol . . I hope you get what your after girll.. and dont chalk it all up to astrology .. thats a map . It shows you places that are already there.. Peace!

  37. QUESTION:
    What should I get my best friend for her birthday?
    Her horoscope is Cancer.She doesn't read much. She loves music, and has tons of animals. She likes memories and pictures.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe a album <-- music one, ask her what band she likes and get her one or get a album and get tons of pictures and fill it with them, and give it to her :)

  38. QUESTION:
    my sign is a cancer and my chinese sign is a snake what is the best suitable job I should look for?
    I'm trying to change my job just do something that will make me happy. What is the job that can be rewarding financially and the job I would love to do, is there such thing as matching the job based on your horoscope sign?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer (June 22 - July 22) Cancers are energetic, kindhearted, imaginative and protective. Their personalities usually fare well in law, psychology, teaching or nursing. Survey respondents said they worked in government, legal services, advertising, higher education, machine operation, transportation and military, all of which are in line with Cancer personality traits.

  39. QUESTION:
    Do you believe in any kind of zodiac horoscope relationships?
    - like signs that are compatible or not compatible..
    Aries and Virgo
    Cancer and Scopio

    etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Nope. Those things are written to apply to everyone. The mind will automatically find the sections that pertain to you so you believe that it is true but if you look closely at each sign you will see that they all describe every personality type. They use universal personality types for each horoscope to make it sound like you are a certain way because you were born under a certain star. I don't believe a person's personality and ability to love should be based on what month they were born in.

      You can miss out on that special person just because you aren't *compatible to your sign*. How can a star know what is in a persons heart or head? With this logic everyone born on the same day would have the same personality traits. So is everyone born on hitler's birthday going to be a psychotic evil man? No

  40. QUESTION:
    Is there a horoscope sign that is compatible with all signs?
    Im curious to know if there is a horoscope sign that every sign can get along well with.
    And is there a sign that all 12 signs could fall in love with?

    • ANSWER:
      Sure. But you have to see astrology as a fate of birth discrimination. Like racism and sexism are.

      Do you accept discrimination based on race, gender, and ethnic background? No one chooses any of these when they are born. Please explain what makes using a calendar better? Astrology is magical thinking fortune telling that some people think should be a lifestyle. It is ancient, made up, unproved, and bigoted.

      This is from another source:
      Astrology and racism share many of the same ideas. For one thing, in both cases a person is being judged by factors beyond their control. Just as people have no control over their skin color, they also have no ability to determine when and where they were born.

      Both astrology and racial stereotypes are based on a framework of belief that basically says: "Without even meeting you, I believe something about you. I can expect this particular sort of behavior or trait (stubbornness, laziness, arrogance, etc.) from members of this particular group of people (Jews, blacks, Aries, Pisces, etc.)."

      When an astrologer finds out a person’s astrological sign, he or she will bring to that experience a pre-existing list of assumptions (prejudices) about that person’s behavior, personality and character. In both cases, the prejudices will cause people to seek out and confirm their expectations.

      Racists will look for examples of characteristics and behaviors in the groups they dislike, and astrologers will look for the personality traits that they believe the person will exhibit. Since people have complex personalities (all of us are lazy some of the time, caring at other times, etc.), both racists and astrologers will find evidence confirming their beliefs.

      Of course, astrologers are not racists. But the belief systems underlying both viewpoints are identical: prejudging individuals based on general beliefs about a group. If we do not assume that African-Americans are lazy, Arabs are terrorists, or Asians are scholastic geniuses, why would we assume that Cancers are emotional, Aries are born leaders, or Geminis are optimistic non-conformists?

      People should be judged as unique, individual persons, not based on what arbitrary group they belong to. To paraphrase Martin Luther King, Jr., a person should be judged not by the color of their skin -- nor the date and time of their birth -- but by the content of their character.

  41. QUESTION:
    What does your daily horoscope say about you today?
    BQ: What's your main source of your daily horoscope? (Newspaper or the Internet?)

    • ANSWER:
      "Unpleasant remarks barely disguised by a pleasant tone can be irritating now, dear Cancer. Ambiguous relations with others may be the order of the day, and questions about boundaries or whether something is casual or intimate can arise. Although cosmic energy feels a little clogged right now, you're nevertheless in good spirits and can find the time for creative, enjoyable activities. During this cycle, talk is good--perhaps even great. Listen to others, express yourself, and get yourself out there. Communicate! Even if you feel like you want to be left alone, others will find ways to intrude. This is a period in which you can successfully use charm, flattery, and your sense of humor to make peace with others and to turn a few heads.

      In love relationships, you will experience greater emotional depth than usual, and consequently your experience with a lover will be much more intense. The only danger to watch out for here is that you may be too possessive of the other person.What goes on in closed quarters is what turns you on the most. There may be a sexual lull in your life during this period. However, there is an equal possibility that you can improve your sex life by bringing more spirituality and fantasy into the picture. Unusual sexual fantasies, attractions, and dreams could feature now. Listen to what your subconscious is telling you in this regard."

      ..Why the hell is it so serious? So far, it's been pretty right. -_- I usually keep that **** to myself, but I panicked, and got really possessive last night.. I thought they might've been running around with someone else, even though it has nothing to do with me, since that's their lover anyway.. I made a promise not to 'see anyone,' casually, but I was so damn angry, I almost ruined everything and called someone.. but I didn't. I didn't. I should watch myself a little more lately, huh? And now I'm in a bad mood anyway, I don't care, shit. It wasn't their fault, and I didn't mean to make them cry..

  42. QUESTION:
    Is a cancer and a gemini make a good match?
    I am a gemini girl and i have a crush on a Cancer male will this work

    (my horoscope is usually correct except instead of being social i hate being around people.)

    • ANSWER:

      Once these two have declared their love, she may shower him with a silvery stream of gifts, and at first his cautious nature will be aghast at such impulsive extravagance. Yet, when she’s not looking, his eyes will fill with tears of pure delight, to be so loved and cherished. He’ll timidly, yet proudly, display her gifts to friends. It proves, you see, that he is loved, and with her instant, flashing intuition she senses this about him.

      He’ll always treat her like a lady. She’ll be thrilled at such lovely make-believe of a gentler time and usually behave accordingly. To her, he is a gentleman, a gallant gentleman, who touches her with occasional glimpses of the little boy within. Then she cries, because he is so vulnerable to hurt, despite his hard outer shell of impassiveness.

      Since both of them live in a world of fantasy and dreams, their sexual rapport can be stimulating for her and fulfilling for him. He supplies the sensual sensitivity and the affection – she supplies the imagination and the variety.

      Often, a Cancerian man respects the Gemini lady he loves so much he can’t seem to abandon himself to total passion with her, as if He believed her so fragile. But she isn’t as fragile as he thinks, never mind her delicate, gentle manner, and her airy, light touch. She needs…to be treated as an adult woman, not as a charming child. When she’s near him, in the dark, she’ll cling to him, and her fears will melt away. Many Gemini girls dislike sleeping in total darkness – but with this man, she may be willing to try. Many Cancerian men equally dislike sleeping without a night light. But with her close beside him, he’ll find darkness a friend.

  43. QUESTION:
    Do we have to follow our zodiac sign to find out about our true element?
    I love fire element but I was born under cancer sign, it mean I have to stick with water element?

    Forgive my grammar.

    • ANSWER:
      Didn't you already ask this? No, wtf.
      Get a natal chart. Here: http://www.0800-horoscope.com/birthchart.php
      Count up how many fire/earth/air/water signs you have in your chart and if you have most of your signs in one category than that's your "true element" or whatever you wanna call it.

  44. QUESTION:
    Does anyone else feel cancer got the short end of the stick?
    Seems to me that cancers always get over looked and are considered homely and just want to do artsy stuff. I'm not like that at all. I love to speed and do extreme things, rafting, sky diving, bungee jumping... Staying at home never seemed like something I'd want to do unless my husband was there. But I'd much rather be out with him doing something than just sitting around at home. Any other cancers feel like we're being mis labled!?

    • ANSWER:
      yes, welcome to world of horoscopes/ astrology. as i used to be an active regular contributer in this section, one day, i just lost interest of being affliliated to who-what-why a cancer women is and i stopped coming as often as i used to. it seems cancers are always weaklings, homely people, bla bla bla....basically always underestimated and never gonna be good enough for some people no matter how hard you try to change their thoughts of you.

      though, i must say, ive noticed some truth or strong coincidences of my birth chart and how my personality/ character is. but im more than what the description tells me so and so wont let it get to my head so much. ive travelled up to 5 continents in my early twenties and they say as per description, cancers are homely people. bah, humbug!! and yet, hey, i can still roast the best ever meatballs you'll want to lick the plate off! guess that makes me 'such' a cancer. lols!

      the thing is, ive learnt over time, we have no one else to blame for our unhappiness but ourselves. start being the person you want to be and just be. ask and demand for what you (you as in figuratively) think or feel you deserved. fight even if you have to. at the end of the day, you'll start feeling accomplished and stop feeling like you just got victimized.

      and so, today i come back to correct my misunderstandings as well as others and hell to whatever some people want to say about that.

      to make it relevant, im cancer sun, aries moon and aqua asc. and a typical astrological answerer would say- maybe you got some scorpio or aries or sag in your birth chart that attributes to your great sense of adventure and bravery. =)

  45. QUESTION:
    What does my Scorpio partner want out of a relationship?
    What ideally makes him happy? How can I, being his Cancer partner make our relationship strong healthy and happy. We love each other so much, but we tend to get into arguments over really stupid things. I know it is most likely me because I know better and realize that conflict never makes a Scorpio come around. How can I better manage my approach with him in situations to make conflicts more seldom. What does my Scorpio really need in his love life to make him happy and fulfilled?
    This is my Horoscope for the day from my local news paper:

    "Partners can appear demanding and exacting. You may need to simply follow orders to keep the peace."

    • ANSWER:
      I wouldn't follow those daily horoscopes. I'm a strong believer of zodiac signs too, but the daily horoscope is too random.

      You may need to compromise more on the little things, but make sure you don't give up your values on the important things. I am a Cancer myself, so I know how you can feel. Just communicate with him as best as you can, while avoiding it becoming an argument. If he starts arguing with you, take a break from the topic and come back to it when he has cooled down.

  46. QUESTION:
    Who came up with astrology and how?
    I think the Babylonions right? I know the planets and constillations are involved but who came up with the traits. I'm sure someone didn't have a pen and pad (not literally) saying okay, Cancers are going to be this, this, and that. And Leos will be like this or that. If there is truth to astrology, which i believe there is, how did they come up with the traits? I'm sure they didn't have like a mass survey with people broken down into groups according to their signs to be studied. So how did everything we know now come to be?

    I hope I'm making sense. . .

    • ANSWER:
      Astrology is best understood by learning how it began. Like most urban yet agricultural peoples of the day, the Babylonians had a pantheon of many gods. They also had a well-developed science of observational astronomy, which served the highly utilitarian purpose of providing a calendar— times to plant and to harvest, as well as times of religious festivals, etc. In this observational scheme each bright planet was important, and the priests whose task it was to make the observations naturally named the planets for the gods in their pantheon— Marduk, Isthar, Nergal, etc. It was a fateful naming. By about 1000 BC there was an extensive Babylonian literature of “planetary omens” based entirely on the arbitrary names of the planet-gods. Since Nergal (Mars) was the god of war, a summer in which red planet Nergal shone down brightly from the sky was a good time to wage war (or a time in which risk of war was great). Since Ishtar (Venus) was the goddess of love, a spring night in which Ishtar shone brilliant and high in the West after sunset was a good time to make love, or go looking for love.

      By about 600 BC the Babylonians had devised the twelve-sign zodiac: markers in the sky along the ecliptic, the apparent path which the sun, moon, and five naked-eye planets— Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn— appear to follow in their apparent motion across the sky. The “horoscope,” a crude earth-centered chart of the positions of the planets along the zodiac at a given moment of time, was devised soon after. The oldest known horoscope was made for April 29, 410 BC; historically, this is the true beginning of astrology. During the classical era dominated by first Greece and then Rome, Babylonian astrologers (called “Chaldeans”) set up shop in most of the large urban areas throughout the civilized world. Greek astronomers scoffed at the Chaldean cultus as a ludicrous combination of primitive astronomy and primitive religion, but to no avail— the Greek and later the Roman public embraced astrology as lovingly as they embraced most of the other bizarre and barbaric cults that wandered toward the shores of the Mediterranean looking for converts. That astrology makes no sense with its Babylonian religious underpinnings removed was apparent to thinking people from the very first. Roman statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 - 43 BC) wrote, in 44 BC, a devastating critique of astrology, which is well worth reading today. Among the points made by Cicero was that no one sees or expects any correlation between the weather conditions at the time of birth of a child and the child's later personality or fortunes. Yet clearly the weather— extreme cold or heavy rain or harsh heat— has far more effect on a living thing than dim lights in the night sky. And even if all children born in December were similar in some way— which they are not— how would an astrologer know that these similarities were thus not due to the weather, due to all the children being born into a cold environment, rather than to the environmentally meaningless situation of the sun being in “Sagittarius,” or whatever?

      Astrology such as we have today really originated at the ancient world's closest equivalent to a university, the great Library of Alexandria. Here scholars of what we would now call pseudoscience performed a synthesis of star-lore from several cultures, Babylonia still dominating. By about 1 AD the dogmas of astrology had reached a state that has not further evolved or developed in any significant way since, despite the incredible advances in astronomy in particular, and science in general, since the late 1500s.

      Much more at link.

  47. QUESTION:
    How does each horoscope sign interact romantically with a Pisces?
    What are romantic relations like for each sign and a Pisces? More detailed, the better. Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      Pisces-Pisces = very sexual
      Pisces-Scorpio = intense, and possessive
      Pisces-Leo= high school crush type of romance.
      Pisces-Capricorn= harmonious but not very romantic
      Pisces-Virgo= karmic balancing act of opposites attracting
      Pisces-Sagitarrius= intellectual and fun
      Pisces-Libra= give and take, Pisces giving, Libra taking
      Pisces-Taurus= dependancy and friendship
      Pisces-Aquarius= never seems to come together on common ground
      Pisces-Aries= friendly companionship
      Pisces-Gemini= mutual respect and fondness. Serious lack of romance.
      Pisces-Cancer= Psychic type of love. Both will understand and be able to provide each other's needs.

      However, Pisces is a mutable sign and can go with any of the twelve zodiacs. It is important to recognize which match would be best for the Pisces overall well being because they can get taken advantage of very easily because of their kind nature. A full birth chart is helpful.

  48. QUESTION:
    Would you like to do a Saturday horoscope survey?
    1. What is your sun/mercury/moon?
    2. What will you do today on the Saturday?
    3. Who do you wish to talk to right now?
    4. What is the sign of that person?
    5. What do you want to say to that person then?
    6. What answer would you expect from that person?
    7. Does that person smoke?
    8. Do you smoke? How much do you smoke a day?
    9. What is the sign of a heavy smoker that you close with?
    10. Your moon, or mercury, which one you like more?
    11. Thank you, I love you.

    • ANSWER:
      1. Gemini/Cancer/Gemini
      2. I fixed my friends car on Saturday, there was some steam coming from under the hood and someone mistook it for smoke and called the cops and the fire people....it was pretty exciting! I was super proud of myself for fixing a car, you know since I'm not actually a mechanic.I saved her like 0
      3. You?
      4. Cancer
      5. I think you're pretty cute ^_*
      6. I know, thankyou
      7. Idk, do you?
      8. No
      9. Taurus
      10. Both, but probably moon cause it fits my personality better
      11. I know, thankyou


cancer love horoscope

Tpyes Of Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer is chemo used for?
    I'm writing a short story and want to have my facts right .... anyone know what tpyes of cancer chemo is used for

    • ANSWER:
      As an English teacher, I must caution you to write what you know.

      If you are bound and determined to write about cancer, then I recommend you go to reputable sites for your information. Places like: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/chemotherapy/MY00536 As you can tell from that site, they never say which cancer (there are over 200 of them) are treated with which chemotherapy (there are over 100 of them). However, it gives you a good overview of chemotherapy itself.

  2. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer is chemo used for?
    I'm writing a short story and want to have my facts right .... anyone know what tpyes of cancer chemo is used for

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    How many women who get cervical cancer will die from it?
    Or if you have any other good cervical cancer stats, I am looking for a percentage of a group tpye of stat, so that I can say "if all of you had cancer, X amount of you would die from it" or something along those lines (class presentation). Please site your source, I need to document all statistics

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2006 over 9,710 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer; at least 1/3 of them will die (www.cdc.gov).

      Citation in APA format:
      Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). (2006). HPV vaccine questions & answers. Retrieved November 8, 2006 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/STDFact-HPV-vaccine.htm

  4. QUESTION:
    Can you raed tihs or suohld I tpye nroaml?
    Also..
    Cure: All world hunger or All cancer
    Yes i can.. "barbie likes to dance to stupid songs about being a barbie girl in a barbie world"

    I read something that said as long as the first and last letter are in place people can read it... so i was testing it.

    • ANSWER:
      Most people will be able to read that because as long as the first and last letters of the word are the same, you can read it, even if the other letters are mixed up. When you're reading, your brain looks at the whole world, not at each letter. (This fact is the subject of many brain teasers.)
      I would stop world hunger because that would save more people. Many cancer patients are able to live a pretty good life with the right treatment, but people who are starving and are not fed are guaranteed to die.

  5. QUESTION:
    Q for woman: Can someone tell me if they have had anything like this going on in w/ their body What could it b
    I my periods are have been irregular for sometime now & the last 2x's that I got it, I have been bleeding VERY HEAVY & it last for just about 2 wks. This time I started on the 27th & still have it 7 it is VERY HEAVY, I have to change my tampon every hour or so. This time I am also have some really sharp pains in my stomach/pelvic area. It hurts even when I sit down on my bottom. I have pain (where a woman would be cut during a normal viganal birth) not sure what its called. My dc. knows about my cycles being long and heavy & just keeps saying if they continue she will do some testing on me. She did an pelvic ultra sound back in Feb. when I first started having problems w/ my irregulary. They found nothing! It seems as things are getting worse with it, ever month that goes by! Does anyone know what could be going on or what may be the problem. Are these signs of any tpye of cancers (like ovarian, etc) or could it be something else? I am not looking for a diagous I know I cant get that
    over a computer and need to see a doctor for that. i am jsut looking to see if anyone has had any experience with this or gone through it and what it turned out to be. I know I can not be havinga miscarraige b/c I have not had any types of sexually incounters for over 2 months. This is a very serious question. Thank you for anyones help on this! I have a doctor appt on the 8th about my sypthoms.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be a number of things, endometriosis, fibroids, poly-cystic ovary syndrome... I would definately let your dr know about all of your symptoms. They will likely want to do a blood panel to check out your hormone levels. There may be a hormone imbalance that is causing the irregular and erratic bleeding.

      I'm sorry you are experiencing this, I really hope that you feel better soon. Good luck at your Dr's appointment

  6. QUESTION:
    Please help! if you have ANY experience please tell me about it! Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Pelvic Pain etc.?
    I have been recently diagnosised with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. I have been to the hospital 5-6 times within the last 4 months with pain and complications. I have a long history of cyst problems and pain also on both sides of my parents family are multiple tpyes of cancers. Now with all this in mind I have had ultrasound that read things like:
    free fluid in pelvis,coagulase positive staph, escherichia coli& possible 2nd gram,Klebsiella pneumoniae, double thickness of endometrial stripe 3.4mm, ovaries contain numerous peripheral subcentimeter cysts,mild prominrnce of right renal pelvis likely an atonic or extrarenal pelvis. What does all of those test findings mean? Im still having pain frequently and it comes on sudden and severe but nobody seems to "fix" the problem or know exactly whats going on? These are my symptoms as of right now: Right Ovarian/pelvic pain, Swollen Thyroid and Right Swollen Tonsil, Headache, Nausea, Vomitting, Fever, and (Crazy Abnormal Bleeding for the last 6 months) Can any help me? One of my doctors wants to test for Endometrial Cancer? Does anyone have similar issues?

    • ANSWER:
      Okay I am going to help you but I am going to explain to you one at a time so that way you understand and I can understand at the same time.

      1. Double thickness of endometrial stripe means there is some endometriosis scarring.
      2. You have a lot of numerous cysts on your ovaries from the side view of the US that was conducted.
      3. Your going to have frequent pain because you have multiple cysts on your ovaries.
      4. You can't fix the problems of the ovaries without surgical removal of the cysts or the cysts rupture on their own causing severe pain.
      5. I never heard of a swollen thyroid because the thyroid is the hormone in your body that balances weight, and other hormone regulated activity that can only be detected with an abnormality through blood tests.
      6. Swollen tonsil, is completely seperated from PCOS
      7. Headache can be due to issues with the pituitary gland.
      8. Nausea and Vomiting can be because of the Head ache
      9. Fever is completely seperated from PCOS also you may have a virus cold or flu
      10. Abnormal bleeding is highly likely with PCOS cause your women parts as I call them are suffering irregular problems and so you are likely to bleed irregular of you may not bleed at all.

      They want to test for the cancer because of the scarring. This can spread a lot of women end up having partial or full hysterectomy due to all these issues.

  7. QUESTION:
    do i have colon cancer, rectal cancer, or any cancer?
    (remember as you read this, i'm a 14 year old boy and ive read that any cancer in teenagers is very low) about 2-3 weeks ago, i went to the bathroom to poop. when i went, it came out, but i still felt like there were some left. this went on for 2-3 weeks, sometimes it felt worse than others. sometimes i could barely feel it, but there was some. other days, when i would sit in a chair or something, i could feel it at the end and it feels very uncomfortable. but today when i went, it felt the same as any other day in the past 2-3 weeks, but i looked at my stool and saw alot of undigested food (corn shells, pea shells, etc) but i saw red pieces, too. I couldn't tell if it was tomatoes (night before, i ate macaroni and TOMATOES), or if it was my gummy vitamin (the one i took this morning was RED) , if it was undigested hot dog (i had HOT DOGS like two nights ago, which were RED), or if it was blood. you really had to bend down like right in the toilet bowl to see it, and they were different scattered places. i pulled one small patch of poop and the red stuff, and i looked at the red stuff carefully, but it was like a mushy tpye thing, and was together, it didn't like run off my finger, it looked alot like a little place of tomato scattered in different places, like the peas and corn in it. the night before, i had macaroni & tomatoes, peas, and corn.

    so was that red stuff probably tomatoes? it wasn't like huge patches of what i noticed.
    my mom told me to look at my bowel movement tomorrow and see if that happens again, but the problem is, i ate soup tonight and it has tomatoes in it too, so it could be that again.

    so, here's basically the summarization questions:

    1. was that red stuff blood, or undigested food (tomatoes, hot dogs, red gummy vitamin, etc.)?
    2. i'm a 14 year old boy, and i'm experiencing the following symptoms: passing stool but feeling like there's still some there that won't come out, sometimes my stomach hurts (but usually before i have to go poop, then it doesn't feel like that anymore), and sometimes having to strain after passing the first poop because the second one comes out more slowly, but is sitting right at the edge, so why not push, right?
    3. i believe teenagers ccan get any cancer, but what are my chances of it being any intestine, colon, rectal, or anything like that type of cancer?
    4. i know i have almost/all the symptoms of IBS, so could that be what it is, more than likely?
    5. can tomatoes sometimes go undigested/unprocessed?

    Thanks for your answer, please don't scare me with your answer, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I think you're over reacting, drama queenish, freaking out FOR NOTHING!!!!!!!!!!!!

  8. QUESTION:
    That me we re-phrase my question is there even going to be a cure for these diseases?
    Cancer is really bad some people live and some die some have better survival rate than other tpyes of caner and there is medical breakthroughs with cancer all the time is just the media does not talk about it...

    But lateral sclerosis (ALS) ,MS, Parkinson's, strokes or spinal cord injury or Grave’s Disease
    and Cystic fibrosis is worse than cancer Most would want to die than live with these horrible disease.

    Well over the past 200 years there has been no progress at all with these diseases. There is no cure or treatment with these diseases.They know more about cancer by a long shot than these diseases.

    My question is there going to be a cure or treatment with these diseases ? Why no medical progress at all with these diseases ?

    • ANSWER:
      I have no idea where you came up with that stuff. I can't speak for all the diseases you mentioned but I myself have CF and assure you I do not want to die. There is no cure but there are treatments you can do to stay healthy. There has been a lot of medical progress with CF, they are coming up with new things all the time! I have hope that I will see some type of a cure within my lifetime. People just need to raise awareness so CF researchers can get the funding they need!


tpyes of cancer

Spleen Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I have a bulldog who has been diagnosed with spleen cancer and is anemic. What can I do about the anemia?
    I have a 50 lb English bulldog who is 9 years old who has been diagnosed with spleen cancer. Her blood work also shows that she is slightly anemic. She is not at the critical levels. I was wondering if my dog could take any medication or anything added to her diet to help with the anemia. She is too cute and I know she does not have much longer with her but I would like to prolong her time as much as I can.

    • ANSWER:
      Her anemia is being caused by the spleen cancer - the spleen controls blood clotting ability. Ask your vet what he recommends.

  2. QUESTION:
    Any treatment for spleen cancer in last stage?
    Can any one tell me what are the treatment or any home remedies for spleen cancer?Please help me!!

    • ANSWER:
      not possible..

  3. QUESTION:
    The vet says my dog might have spleen cancer?
    What is the survival rate of dogs with spleen cancer, and is it treatable?
    my dog is 10 years old and so the vet said that she wouldn't last through surgery. the reason i didn;t know all the details is because im just 15 and my parents just came home with her. please pray for her. her name is bessie.

    • ANSWER:
      They can remove the spleen, but the survival rate afterwords is usually only about 6 months or so. I have seen them removed in dogs because of cancer, but the cancer has usually spread to other parts of the body by the time it's detected in the spleen. The surgery is very difficult and often times requires a blood transfusion. It's not advisable in an older dog.

  4. QUESTION:
    The Vet says my dog might have spleen cancer1?
    What is the survival rate of dogs that have spleen cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Spleen tumors may be benign (hemangiomas) or malignant (hemangiosarcomas). Hemangiosarcoma is a blood-fed sarcoma, a rare but a highly invasive type of cancer. Invariably, both hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas amount to a grouping of rapidly growing blood vessels that eventually rupture, leading to excessive bleeding. This can be a life-threatening situation, because even if the bleeding stops on its own, the spleen is certain to bleed again. If the spleen is not removed, the dog will bleed to death.

      The ideal situation is to remove the spleen as soon as a tumor (benign or malignant) is detected, before the bleeding starts or when the spleen is not actively bleeding. An actively bleeding spleen, however, is a cause of concern for the surgeon and can end in a catch 22 situation. It is not appropriate to wait until the bleeding has stopped and the dog may have lost so much blood that it may not be possible for him to survive surgery.

      A spleen removal surgery may not prove to be the end of it, either. Dog cancer of the spleen is highly aggressive and metastatic. Surgery may save the dog from death from bleeding, only to be fatally overwhelmed with cancer.

  5. QUESTION:
    Can you have mono with no symptoms except a swollen spleen?
    I tested positive for mono but I don't have a sore throat, fever, aches, fatigue etc. Just an uncomfortable and swollen spleen. I know other diseases can cause swollen spleen like cancer so I just want to be sure. Really scared

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    How long do people live with lung cancer when chemo is not an option?
    I just heard of a man who has lung cancer, in his mid-60's, and his liver is to bad for any chemo to be done. I didn't want to ask his sister, who is the one I know, how long he has but I was curious. Without chemo is lung cancer probably only a matter of a month or two or can one live along time. It is stage 2 lung cancer on a man with severe liver damage as the man has battled alcoholism and also the man has some kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Next best option isto go in for 'target therapy' to prolong life and to have a cure too. Details follow--------------

      *CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:-- Details Made available ‘free of cost’ right @ Ur door-steps with the aid of Target Therapy.
      Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, fatigue-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic bloating, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis. etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, lymphatic system, Spleen, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, bone marrow cancer, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover & NO money to bear the costs of chemo. It is most suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and steadily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, skin, lungs, menses [females].
      2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels, by purging out toxins.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.
      All items for a cure—available in Ur vicinity all over the globe.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of bone cancer in a dog?
    I have a Rottweiler and I know they are prone to bone cancer, so I'd like to know what the signs of it are.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Many people as me what to look for to tell if their dogs have cancer. Well, I must confess it is a tough question since there are so many cancers, and they all can present a little differently. I thought I should give you a little summary of some of the biggies.

      First, statistically, cancer TENDS to affect older dogs. So, more lumps and bumps on a young dog are benign than cancerous. One hallmark of a cancer is it worsens over time. Cancers you can see usually get bigger. A growth that stays very small for years is not likely to be a true cancer. Again, this is on average and is not a guarantee.

      Some cancers are visible, while others are internal. The visible ones can be blackish (melanomas), purplish (hemangiosarcomas), fleshy, inflamed and red (histiocytomas), look like a non-healing open sore (squamous cell carcinomas), be firm, hard and deeply attached (fibrosarcomas), or have any appearance (mast cell tumor, the great imitator).

      The internal ones are invisible, so we have to look for overall signs in the dog. When they are far along, cancers usually cause weight loss (cancer cachexia) without an obvious external reason. They often will cause less appetite. Many times dog owners will tell me they think their dog got tired of his or her food. They can cause low energy, where the dog will just lay around a lot.

      Internal cancer signs also depend on where the cancer is happening. For example, a bone tumor (osteosarcoma) might cause a limp, or a bladder tumor (transitional cell carcinoma) might cause straining to urinate, blood in urine, or urinating small amounts frequently. A tumor found in the wall of the stomach might cause vomiting, and in the intestine, diarrhea.

      Some cancers cause internal bleeding, like hemangiosarcoma of the spleen. This bleeding causes sudden weakness and wobbly legs. A nasal tumor like a squamous cell carcinoma might cause discharge or bleeding from a nostril, or sneezing that won’t go away. Lung cancers (bronchial adenocarcima) or tumors of the heart can cause coughing. Lumps in the breast with discharge from teats could be mammary carcinomas.

      The good news is, not all of these signs point to cancer. Lots of other things can cause each and every one of these signs. The important thing to remember is to get it checked out by someone who knows what they are doing. If we are dealing with cancer, moving early is the way to go.

      Best to all,

  8. QUESTION:
    What is the relation between an enlarged spleen and anemia?
    so i was wondering if an enlarged spleen CAUSES anemia.
    OR
    is it a SYMPTOM of anemia
    OR
    is anemia a symptom of an enlarged spleen.

    • ANSWER:
      The relationship is that anemias like hereditary elliptocytosis, hereditary spherocytosis, sickle cell disease and thalassemia can all cause splenomegaly. Splenomegaly isn't itself a disease or anything like that. It's a symptom. Certain infections can also cause splenomegaly. So can cancer and so can other disorders. In fact, there are 26 disorders that can enlarge the spleen.

      And when for any reason the spleen removes too many blood cells and platelets from the bloodstream for destruction, a variety of problems may develop. These problems include anemia as a result of too few red blood cells. This can happen if the spleen is enlarged or diseased from some other disorder. One of the spleen's functions is to remove old, worn out red blood cells from the blood. Inherited conditions such as thalessemia, a type of anemia, cause a more rapid cell death. The spleen can become enlarged from removing so many extra blood cells and, in turn, create a situation of iron-deficiency anemia.

      So the spleen-anemia relationship can work both ways. One can cause the other and vice versa.

  9. QUESTION:
    Are blueberries safe to give a dog who has had a malignant tumor and spleen removed?
    I am looking to give my schnauzer some food choices as he now undergoing chemo after having a malignant tumor and his spleen removed. Given that blueberries are a good source for anti-oxidants, would they be suitable to give a schnauzer who is undergoing chemo? His second chemo treatment is this Wednesday.

    • ANSWER:
      This is something to ask your Vet. In general, blueberries are great cancer fighters, with antioxidants, and are safe to give.

  10. QUESTION:
    What is the diffrence between breast cancer and a tumor?
    My aunt used to have breast cancer but is cured. A tumor appeared by her lower back and it shrunk, it broke her rib though (either her rib or something else she just can't move her body or it hurts)

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer metastasizes, wherein the tumor cells spread to other locations in the body via the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream. These three malignant properties of cancer differentiate malignant tumors from benign tumors,directly invade locally, or metastasize to regional lymph nodes or distant body sites like brain, bone, liver, or other organs.

      In your aunt's case, metastasized form, tertiary stage. Target therapy is worth trying. We treated one such case in 2011 and no side effects.

      Cause: The endocrine glands produce hormones to regulate human traits, namely, Kama [desire], Krodha[anger], Lobha[Selfishness and greed]Moha[[love], Mada[lust] and matsaryas[affections]. Hormonal Imbalance is the root cause of all the chronic and dreaded & incurable diseases/syndromes or it may also be congenital due to genetic predispositions.
      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins in Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, breast[s], lymphatic system, Kidneys, Spleen, gonads, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.
      Target Therapy is worth trying. Why? Because----

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Target Therapy with the aid of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, comprising Ayurveda-[ Using Patented Ayurveda Food & Nutrition Supplements manufactured India and USA, approved by USFDA, in KOSHER, HALAL, GMP, ISO ETC., and made available at Stores in your vicinity in 40 countries all over the globe. No Side Effects.], Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc., U can have sizable & perceivable cure/relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.
      U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, ADD/ADHD, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc.,

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  11. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get cancer on you tonsils and upper mouth?
    I have various growths that keep growing and taking apart the tonsils. Many have told me that that could be tonsil stones, but is there such a thing as tonsil cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes! Oral cancer can occur anywhere on mouth, and can even grow on your tonsils. However the most common location would include the lip or the tongue.

      Tonsil is a type of lymphoid tissue. This means it helps the body fight off infection. A type of cancer called lymphoma (cancer of the lymphoid organs like spleen, lymph nodes) can also grow there.

      Oral cancer is very common in tobacco smokers, tobacco chewers, and also people who drink alcohol in large amounts (who may also smoke).

  12. QUESTION:
    Can you give a dog milk thistle if he has liver and spleen cancer?
    She is taking prednisone and lomustine. Any supplements she should be on?

    • ANSWER:
      You should consult with your dog's specialist or vet before using any supplements while she is being treated as even so called natural supplements can be contraindicated for some drug therapies.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why do so many people wear breast cancer logos? Do they not care about other cancers?
    What about Lung and bronchial - the top killer and second most common cancer in the United States.

    What about Colon and rectal cancer - the second most deadly in the US?

    Shouldn't there be awareness for all types of cancer? Not just breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do so many people ask this question?

      The "success" of the pink ribbon movement is due to hard work. When my mother died of breast cancer metastases in 1989, very few people even TALKED about breast cancer! It was considered to be more of a "sexual" disease (because, gasp, it involves breasts!) and it was brushed under the table as a "female problem."

      Here comes the pink ribbon awareness movement and now almost EVERYONE knows about the disease! That's incredible progress in less than 25 years.

      However, with the success comes major failures. There's not enough plain education about breast cancer. We can see this from all the panicked questions from teenagers "My breasts feel lumpy . . . do I have cancer?"

      There's a lot more to knowing about a disease than simple "awareness."

      Here's a fact for you: Are you "aware" that NOT ONE PERSON has ever died of breast cancer in the breast? That's right, not one! Breast cancer in the breast doesn't kill a soul. It's when the breast cancer moves to other parts of the body that people die. They die of breast cancer in their liver, in their lungs, in their brain, in their spleen, in their kidneys, etc.

      Another fact: Most research dollars are going into treating breast cancer in the breast. Until the past decade, there has been little attention to treating metastatic breast cancer in other parts of the body.

      I can't stand the pink ribbon. I am so much more than the disease that is in my body. I don't claim to be "battling cancer" and even though I am likely to die from this disease, I will not have people saying that "cancer won." My life wins! I have a great life and I'm enjoying living it, every single day, one day at a time.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get Breast cancer metastases after 17 yrs?
    CT scan recently showed problems on the lung pleura and a 5.9cm mass in or on the Spleen. The docs are saying possible metastases but I find that hard to believe after all this time. I do have bad pain in the Spleen area and my doc says there is something nasty going on. I've been referred to St. Vincents Oncology dept. Waiting to hear appt. date. I'm hoping someone with medical knowledge will answer this. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a young doctor in Romania and I have medical knowledge to answer this.
      Unfortunately I saw a case of breast cancer metastases after 18 years. The person had a mastectomy 18 years ago for a mucinous breast carcinoma and after 18 yeras developed metastases in her lung.
      But I find this case extremly rare and I don't belive it's the first thing you should think about. Probably it's something else and your oncologist will know the next step in fing out what it is. I advise you to try a biopsy, or even a splenectomy if he is recommending you such things because it is very important to know what you are dealing with.
      Good luck, and I wish to find more about this when you will know more.
      Cristiana
      P.S. Also, if you want, read my blog about cancers:
      http://www.newcancerguide.com/tag/women-and-cancer/

  15. QUESTION:
    Can h pylori be the cause of my enlarged spleen and anemia?
    Does it have to be a cancer somewhere in my body.

    • ANSWER:
      A gastric ulcer is not associated with an enlarged spleen; also if it is severe enough to cause symptomatic or anemia that is severe enough that is clinically concerning, you would have symptoms of a bleeding ulcer and would be vomiting blood.

  16. QUESTION:
    What Are The Chances Of Getting Colon Cancer If No One Else In My Family Has It?
    I know this sounds a bit strange, but hear me out...
    A few days ago I used a Mystic Eye (something like an oujii board) and I asked how I would die. It said of "Cancer Colon" and in my 70's.
    I'm a bit of a hypochondriac and this got me thinking. Since then I have had stomach pains (not from being worried) most of the time during the past 3 days. Today I had a pain in the lower part of my chest/upper part of my stomach that later moved to around my right kidney.
    My body is achey which it has been for the past few months (the doctor said it was from over-using my muscles from playing bass) today it's been a bit worse but I've been walking around town all day.
    The only people in my family to have Cancer are my aunt on my mother's side who had ovarian cancer and my grandma on my father's side who had lung cancer (and smoked for many years.) I'm 15 years old.
    What are the odds of me getting Colon Cancer?
    I also have shortness of breath which I've had on and off since my muscles/joints started hurting in the beginning of the summer.
    I'm a white male who doesn't smoke, drink or do any drugs. I don't eat much meat other than Mcdonalds hamburgers, and occasionally hamburgers off the grill at home.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer is asymptomatic until the very late stages. It is not a common cancer for a 15 year old at all. Certain age groups tend to have different types of cancer, not always, but enough to think that age is a factor when determining the types of cancer you can get. Colon cancer is bascially a disease of older people, you hear alot about it because there is educational material teaching the public about the disease (just like smoking and breast cancer receive a great deal of media). This is all good for older people who need this information, but it does little good for people your age.

      The types of cancer that teenagers commonly get are often related to growing (growth spurts) and hormones thus you should be looking out for any unusual lumps or bumps located anywhere on the body. Be especially suspicious of any bump that seems to be growing. The types of cancer common to adolescents are:

      1. Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      2. Osteosarcoma - a type of bone cancer
      3. Ewing's sarcoma - a type of bone cancer
      4. Hodgkin's disease - lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow)
      5. non-Hodgkin's lymphoma -lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow)
      6. Germ cell cancers - Testicular cancer
      7. Soft tissue sarcoma - cancer of connective tissue or muscles, example is Rhabdomyosarcoma
      8. Brain tumors - not generally common in teens but two forms to watch for include Astrocytomas (from cells in the brain called astrocytes) and Ependymomas (begin in the lining of brain ventricles).
      9. Melanoma - skin cancer
      10. Thyroid cancer

      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/cancer/cancer.html

      It is possible to have other types of very rare cancer as a teen too, but the above diseases are the most common and the ones that all teens should become aware of. Each age group should become familiar with the types of cancer common for their age . . it narrows the field of over 200 different kinds of cancer down considerably.

      Still, if you have any doubts please go seek out medical advice. Get a complete physical and discuss any concerns with your doctor.

      Best.

  17. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as free cancer testing?
    Both of my grandmothers died of lung cancer. Both smokers. A few years ago, I had a chest exray by a chiropractor and he said the dot on my lung area was calcium. Should I have cancer testing, and is there such a thing as free cancer screening? I am 47 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, details follow--------------

      Instant Diagnosis*of any Disease and or the affected organ[s]---even Cancer, HIV/AIDS or any Incurable Disease/Syndrome with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.

      U may study the details, discuss with Ur family members and friends and understand the concept of ‘Acupressure’ and confirm for Urself, if U or anybody else has cancer/hiv and the affected organs.

      Cancer, lupus, HIV/AIDS, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, etc., —Common Symptoms:
      Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, FATIGUE-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease- Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      Diagnosis--With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender. If all these or most of these points are very painful on thumb pressure, it means one has cancer/hiv/dreaded disease[s].
      Suppose, point no. 11 [prostate] along with no.8 [thyroid, 16 [lymph], then it is prostate cancer.

      If point no. 27 [stomach] along with point no.8, 16, then stomach cancer/ulcer, etc.,
      Point Nos.16, 8, 14, 15, 37—then it is ovarian cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 1-7, 11-15---oral cancer.
      Point Nos.1-6, 8, 11-16, 37 – Brain tumor.
      Point Nos.16, 8, 15,37 –uterine cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 30, 38, 37 –Lung cancer.
      Point No.19, 20, 21, 8, 16, 27—Bowel cancer.
      Point No.6 [throat], 8 [thyroid] and 16 [lymph]—throat cancer.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 11-15 and 37 –Lymphoma.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 37, 27, 29, 30 & 37---Leukemia.
      Note—In every cancer, 8 [thyroid], 16 [lymph] are tender as a precondition.
      Prevention & Cure: Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment and perceivable relief , hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:
      In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has breast cancer. If U press the surrounding area on both palms regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      Cure is available by Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases
      We proved for our own satisfaction “the miracles of acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies’ and made recorded documentation on successfully cured cases of Autism, Muscular Dystrophy, Thalassemia, Breast Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Wilm’s Tumor, Hypothyroidism, etc., etc.

  18. QUESTION:
    How to know if u have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?
    I am 14 and as I know no one in my family ever had any type of cancer
    Yes it it for me. Well I've been suffering for over a year being tired all the time no matter how many hours I sleep, I also take vitamins with 18 grams of iron which didn't work. I've been also realizing that I have a short memory and forgetting things very quickly. How to know if I have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      If you're worried and think you have cancer, go see a doctor immediately. No one here can diagnose you and if you do have cancer, it's nothing to mess with and needs to be treated.

      With symptoms that last for a year it's very unlikely that you have blood cancer, more often called leukemia. It's extremely rare that someone your age would have chronic leukemia, as it is rarely seen in anyone under the age of 55. I, personally, have only heard of it happening twice in someone under 40. Untreated acute leukemia may be fatal within weeks - not a year - which leads me to believe you do not have acute leukemia.

      It seems like your only symptom can be attributed to being a teenager. Teenagers need more sleep than children or adults do because of the growth and changes going on inside and out. If you feel that you're unnaturally tired and weak for someone your age, it may be possible that you're anemic - you may just need a little more iron in your diet or an iron supplement. This can be tested by your physician in a simple blood test. The causes of anemia can vary from something as simple as growing, or something more serious such as leukemia, although leukemia is an extremely rare diagnosis for a fairly common problem. When my son was diagnosed with leukemia, he was diagnosed as anemic less than a week before and had a very sudden onset of anemia symptoms.

      There are lots of symptoms of leukemia but each individual is different. Some display some symptoms while others display other ones. There's no actual tumour as in other cancers but leukemia is a cancer of the cells that create blood cells.

      My son E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump and he was absolutely covered in bruises, it looked like he lost a major fight. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of induction chemo and 3 consolidation rounds, he was given another 2 strong doses of chemo due to a tumour in his liver that has just been typed as a hepatoblastoma. He has is about to start another round of chemo next week. He does stay in the hospital during his chemo. His chemo lasts 7 days and he usually stays for up to 2 weeks - protocol likely to change now. He will also have a bone marrow transplant when a donor becomes available. The chances of relapse with AML are pretty high. Since this is his second time fighting cancer he is considered at a greater risk for relapse so the bone marrow transplant is the best choice for him.

      He had some joint pain at the time of diagnosis. I have to say I didn't really think too much of the joint pain because he doesn't walk well due to one of the previous chemotherapy drugs he had - Vincristine. Because of Vincristine his leg muscles are weaker and he walks with "slapfoot" or "dropfoot" and he trips and falls fairly often. I figured his joint pain was because of falling but since his diagnosis I now see that it was probably because of the leukemia. On treatment he has had a significant amount of bone and joint pain, especially early on. When it's clear that he is in pain, he does get pain meds to help. I think the painkillers do help him but I think even then he does have some pain but duller than without painkillers.

      A leukemia diagnosis is absolutely not a death sentence. It's treatable but you have to keep in mind that it does take lives. I know many children and adults that have gone on to live completely normal lives after getting their No Evidence of Disease (NED) status. Sometimes a patient does relapse but it is absolutely possible that he or she can reach remission and eventually NED status.

      I hope this helped you out some and I hope you're able to come to a conclusion with your physician. If you have any more questions feel free to email me (crazycanuckj@yahoo.ca) or IM me (crazycanuckj).

  19. QUESTION:
    A friend has been diagnosed with Pancreatic ans Spleen Cancer?
    What are his chances? I know they are not good but could you be more precise?

    • ANSWER:
      Dave...Do you mean pancreatic AND spleen cancer? Cancer of the spleen is rare and does not spread to the pancreas. However, cancer of the pancreas can spread to the spleen. This means that the cancer started in the pancreas and later spread to the spleen. Cancer of the pancreas is perhaps the worst type of cancer in that it often grows for a long time before the diagnosis is made. From the time of diagnosis, the outlook is for 6 months to two years of life remaining. Some such tumors have been cured, but very few.

  20. QUESTION:
    How often are doctors right about people having cancer?
    My dad has just been diagnosed with skin cancer but we don't know for sure.

    • ANSWER:
      usually right, bang on.
      and as much as no one wants to ever hear the word,
      we most definitley want the doctor to get that right diagnosis.

      sooner detected, more likely treatable

      this is perhaps no truer than in the case of melanoma, the worst of the skin cancers and one of the most inisidious cancers there are.

      in your father's case, you don't say what type - basal, squamous cell or melanoma.

      basal is almost never a real risk to one's greater health, and are easily excised or frozen off.

      squamous cell also are easily excised and/or frozen off, with low risk of further spread.

      melanomas are critically important to be detected very early and removed by excision or freezing.

      a melanoma that progresses to a stage two, or approximately 2-5 mm in depth, or with very irregular boundaries, is likely to enter its metastatic stage in which melanoma cancer cells separate, enter the blood and lymph systems and then travel and grow into lesions (tumors) in other parts of the body, typically the vital organs such as lungs, kidneys, spleen, liver etc.

      standard protocol for treatment of any melanoma suspect of being in metastasis is excision followed by chemotherapy to kill off metastatic cells.

      fortunately, nowadays early detection prevents most from falling to metastatic melanoma as did a mere two decades ago, when the protocols were different, and we lost our father ...

  21. QUESTION:
    Whats the chances of surviving bowel cancer?
    My Uncle has found out he has it, and that its spread to his liver, on average what are his chances of recovery.
    He lost a kidney and his spleen as he was shot about 3 years back.

    • ANSWER:
      The loss of a kidney and the spleen should not affect negatively the outcome; chemotherapy regimen *could* be adjusted *if* your uncle's renal function is impaired *and* the drugs are eliminated through urine.

      The survival rate at 5 years seems to be 20-30%. Take into account, however, that these data are obviously 5 years old or more, and new drug combinations may have improved the situation.

      Best of luck to your uncle.

  22. QUESTION:
    What are some cancers that you can get from smoking?
    I knoe that u can get tongue cancer, lung cancer, throat cancer, cheek cancer and wat other cancers are there for smoking cigarettes.

    • ANSWER:
      Every type of cancer has the risk increased more than 10 to 15 times by smoking.

      Here's a very very short list of cancers caused by or contributed to by smoking.
      All cancers of the lung, respiratory tract
      All cancers of the brain, spinal cord, nerves
      All cancers of the esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum, anus, liver, spleen, pancreas, gall bladder, bile ducts
      All cancers of the skin
      All cancers of the kidneys, ureters, bladder & urethra
      All cancers of the ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and labia
      All cancers of scrotum, prostate, ejaculatory ducts and penis
      All cancers of muscle, cartilage and bone.

      You see, cigarettes contain 3000 compounds:
      23 of which are Carcinogenic (they directly cause cancer) and are in the dose necessary to cause cancer.
      A further 793 compounds are carcinogenic but are found in a lower dose than is needed to cause cancer.
      A further 1019 components are known to increase the growth of cancer although they do not cause it to start.
      That means a stunning 2000 of the 3000 components of cigarettes are related to cancer.
      And the other 1000? Oh, they cause hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes etc etc. And they cause death of your cerebral neurons (brain cells)
      And of course atleast 300 compounds are addictive even in the most minute quantitites.

      And yet it's legal.

  23. QUESTION:
    Does an enlarged spleen always mean cancer?
    I recently had a CAT scan and it showed an enlarged spleen with mass. Does this always mean that it's cancer? I'm sort of freaked out by this. If anyone, hopefully a medical professional, could answer this question.

    • ANSWER:
      Not always. The mass is often due to to a "pseudotumor"(non cancerous) which can form from inflammatory and lymphatic tissues. Your doctor may just remove your spleen as resecting a tumor from the spleen is very tedious and can have poor outcomes so removal is safer. You can live just fine without your spleen. Best Wishes.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can your organs just stop working with stage 4 cancer of bone and liver?
    Can your organs, brain, heart, lungs pancreas, spleen, gallbladder basically any of the vital organs stop working suddenly with stage 4 cancer. Not bedridden cancer yet.. Just cancer alone that is in the bone, lymph and liver.. Basically can they stop suddenly or would it be a gradual thing that you would get sicker and sicker. Anyone that knows would help.

    • ANSWER:
      It's a gradual process. My sister went through the same thing. Long story short, she ended up with cancer in every major organ in her body. As a nurse I would never have expected one person could live with so many cancers but she did. She live a year and half and ended up bed ridden and by the grace of God, died in her sleep. It's never that simple that organs just give out all at once. I wish you the best if your talking about yourself. God bless

  25. QUESTION:
    What are the main symptoms of cancer?
    My friend has leukemia and i have told her about how i have been feeling lately. I have been very tired and i have strange bumps on the back of my neck. My friend was the same and shes scared i have cancer. Are these symptoms of leukemia?

    • ANSWER:
      You have asked for the main symptoms of cancer. I think you want to know the symptoms of Leukemia cancer as you have elaborated about it in the details of your question. Hence I am giving below the symptoms of Leukemia for your information.

      Leukemia is cancer of your body's blood-forming tissues, including your bone marrow and lymphatic system. It usually starts in your white blood cells.

      The common leukemia symptoms are:

      - Fever or chills
      - Persistent fatigue, weakness
      - Frequent infections
      - Loss of appetite or weight
      - Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
      -Easy bleeding or bruising
      -Shortness of breath when you're physically active, as while climbing steps
      - Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)
      - Excessive sweating, especially at night
      - Bone pain or tenderness

      The severity of signs and symptoms depends on the number of abnormal blood cells and where they collect. You may overlook early symptoms of leukemia because they may resemble symptoms of the flu and other common illnesses-.

  26. QUESTION:
    How long can leukemia go untreated and still be curable?
    I'm writing a story in which one of the main characters will develop cancer. I was thinking of going with leukemia. How early on can you see symptoms and let it go untreated but still be curable? What are the most common symptoms? Any details would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Depends whether your character is a child or adult. There are many different types of leukemia, not just 4 by the way.

      The most common type in childhood is Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia and this is probably the most easily treatable so if you want your character to live this might be the best bet. However acute leukemias progress much more quickly than chronic types, so if you want a good delay before symptoms appear and treatment is sought then you might want to go with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. The problem though is that CLL and CML affect mainly adults, it is quite rare in children so may appear less believable if your character is a child.

      If your main character is an adult then the chronic leukemias are the most common, Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia for example. There can often be delays in recognising symptoms and seeking treatment, and this disease may go on for years but often it changes into an acute leukemia and the patient suddenly declines and often dies.

      Symptoms are many and varied but may include night sweats, fatigue, recurrent infections, headache, easy bruising, joint pains, swollen lymph nodes, unexpected weight loss and swelling of the abdomen from an enlarged spleen.

      There's so much information, but I hope that helps. You can google these diseases yourself to find out more info.

      Good luck with your story.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of Cancer in the Blood?
    Someone told me my future girlfriend has cancer in her blood, what would the symptoms be :-(

    • ANSWER:
      What are symptoms of leukemia?

      Like all blood cells, leukemia cells travel through the body. Depending on the number of abnormal cells and where these cells collect, patients with leukemia may have a number of symptoms.

      Common symptoms of leukemia:

      * Fevers or night sweats
      * Frequent infections
      * Feeling weak or tired
      * Headache
      * Bleeding and bruising easily (bleeding gums, purplish patches in the skin, or tiny red spots under the skin)
      * Pain in the bones or joints
      * Swelling or discomfort in the abdomen (from an enlarged spleen)
      * Swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck or armpit
      * Weight loss

      Such symptoms are not sure signs of leukemia. An infection or another problem also could cause these symptoms. Anyone with these symptoms should see a doctor as soon as possible. Only a doctor can diagnose and treat the problem.

      In the early stages of chronic leukemia, the leukemia cells function almost normally. Symptoms may not appear for a long time. Doctors often find chronic leukemia during a routine checkup—before there are any symptoms. When symptoms do appear, they generally are mild at first and get worse gradually.

      In acute leukemia, symptoms appear and get worse quickly. People with this disease go to their doctor because they feel sick. Other symptoms of acute leukemia are vomiting, confusion, loss of muscle control, and seizures. Leukemia cells also can collect in the testicles and cause swelling. Also, some patients develop sores in the eyes or on the skin. Leukemia also can affect the digestive tract, kidneys, lungs, or other parts of the body.

  28. QUESTION:
    Now a days for many diseases research is revealing Herbs as best remedy? Does our ancestors are wiser?
    For diseases like lever and spleen, Diabetes etc. now a days science making medicens from herbs? Earlier they were used by our ancestors? What does it mean?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it is true and real fact. it is just logic, think of the tribal people or any peoples who live in forest areas there is no multispeciality hospitals and doctors on the mountains , people there live long for more, becasue of systematic life style and everyfood and medicine which they use are made up of herbs only. There are many herb which can cure cancer also, but our people wont face the reality.,it is not much focused or advertised hence people dont care for the herbal medicine.

  29. QUESTION:
    How to now if a cat has skin cancer?
    i took my cat to the vet recently and the vet said she might have skin cancer. My cat has a pink growth/lump just under her eyelid. It looks really painful we have tryed treatment for it but it didnt work. I dont think it bothers her to much but shall i get her checked out again or wait for a while and see what happens. Please help me

    • ANSWER:
      If it's suspected as cancer, the only thing you can do to decide is take a biopsy. Basically, slices if the tissue are taken and stained on a microscope slide. They will also make "cytology impresssions" by pressing a piece of tissue against the slide and then pulling it away to leave cells behind. Then a pathologist will look at the slides and decide whether the cells look normal, if they are dividing abnormally, if they are invading the surrounding tissue, etc. If the growth is benign, it can probably be removed with surgery and may or may not return. If it is malignant, then it really depends on the type of cancer as to what can be done about it. When a biopsy is done, they will decide what cell types make up the tumor, and how it will be approached.
      I would not wait on this. Even certain types of malignant cancers can be treated when caught early enough. If you wait, and it is malignant, the cells may migrate to other parts of the body (lungs, spleen, lymph nodes, liver, etc) and cause cancer there as well. Good luck, cancer is hard to deal with.

  30. QUESTION:
    Can a Splenetic tumor in a dog remain without rupturing?
    My dog is 12 years old and I hate the idea of surgery and the removal of her spleen. She suffers from a little arthritis but otherwise in great health. The tumor is contained in the spleen and no sign of spreading. We won't know if it is benign until removal. I don't want to put my dog through surgery. Is there a possibility that the tumor will not burst?

    • ANSWER:
      It is very unlikely that a spenic tumor will not eventually result in massive abdominal bleeding. The majority of splenic tumors are aggressive cancers, and even the more rare benign forms usually rupture at some point as they grow. You should be aware that if it is a hemangiosarcoma (the aggressive type of tumor), she will likely only live for several months after surgery even with post-operative chemotherapy. If you decide not to pursue surgery, you should be prepared to make the decision to euthanize at any moment.

  31. QUESTION:
    Does white cell count go down with all types of cancer?
    Just wondering if white cell count goes down with cancer? or if it will make you show up as anemic? or what could make you show up on a test as anemic?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on what type of cancer the person has. White blood cell count does not always go down. AML is characterized by a high white blood cell count, whereas ALL is characterized by low white blood cell counts. Although increased numbers of white blood cells are present, they are not functional.

      My son E was diagnosed with a Wilms' Tumour as a newborn, won his battle, and was recently diagnosed with Secondary Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML). AML is related to ALL but is still quite different. His cancer is most likely a secondary cancer caused by the chemotherapy his first time when he fought Wilms. E somehow passed his screenings he has every 3 months back in October but in the end of November we started to notice he wasn't quite himself, and he was diagnosed December 19th.

      E's white blood cell counts were much higher than normal, many people diagnosed with AML have higher WBC counts, but not always. Anemia is not tied to WBC counts, but red blood cells. E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. We took him back and found out that he was very anemic - he had low RBC counts and low iron. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of chemo and 1 consolidation round and he's labeled as being in remission! He still has 4-6 rounds of consolidation chemo left just to make sure all of the cancerous cells are gone.

      E's oncologist explained to us that his high WBC counts were due to the bone marrow not functioning properly and producing a large number of WBCs to fight off his infection. But many of those WBCs were faulty and did not function properly. His anemia was due to his spleen being enlarged and shredding his RBCs as they passed through. Many things could make it look as if you're anemic, it's usually not cancer but in Eli's case, it was.

  32. QUESTION:
    What Organs Can Be Removed Without Adversely Affecting the Body?
    I know of the appendix, gallbladder, kidneys, uterus, tonsils/adenoids, spleen, heart valves, thyroid, thymus, and large intestine. Can the oesophagus be removed? What else can be removed? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it entirely depends on what you mean by "adversely affecting the body". All of those listed, including the appendix, would adversely affect the body. The appendix is an exception because it has a fairly common pathology which can be fatal, and it's function (to repopulate the gut fauna in the event that it's wiped out, e.g. by infection) is pretty trivial in the grand scheme of things, so statistically there's no greater risk to having your appendix out than to keeping it in.

      I think what you mean is that the body *can survive* these organs being removed. Organis with redundant functions (especially things involved with immune system, which is highly redundant) such as the spleen and tonsils, can be removed with barely any day-to-day effect, but there are definitely adverse consequences to not having a spleen - you're more vulnerable to infection. Other examples, such as kidneys, can compensate for the loss of *a* kidney (although if you lose both your kidneys you're on dialysis or you die). It is possible to survive without a large intestine, but not without medical support and/or interventions.

      I also find it telling that you listed uterus and not testicles. ;) Even then, while reproductive function is written off, both of these organs have endocrine functions, so there *will* be adverse effects for the body - it might be possible to *manage* these effects, but they're still present.

      Still, all that's being nitpicky. If your question is "what can you SURVIVE having removed"... well, lots of things, really. Yes, you can remove the oesophagus, although you'll need some way of getting food into your stomach. Roger Ebert, for example, has had most of his jaw removed because of cancer, and can't eat or drink any more. The liver is pretty vital, but it's basically undifferntiated, so you can technically lose big chunks of it before you can't survive (although you'll need to adopt a pretty restricted lifestyle). Life without a pancreas would suck pretty hard - basically you'd get the difficult parts of cystic fibrosis and type I diabetes - but you could probably survive with oral enzymes to help digest your food and insulin injections. You can probably cope without parts of your small intestine, although given this has a slightly more crucial role than your large intestine (being the primary route of food absorption) you don't want to lose too much. If you're going to list the large intestine (survivable only with a colostomy bag), you could probably lose your bladder and most of the urinary tract really (including the prostate).

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the best option for a non malignant tumour on the spleen of a male 14 year Labrador?
    The lab also has a lump in his chest the size of a tennis ball which the Vet is reluctant to treat. His concern is more for the non malignant tumour on the spleen. He has advised surgery should the Lab become serious. The Lab also has small sized lumps over his body which are non threatening. Blood tests show there is no cancer. Otherwise he is happy, alert and his usual self.

    • ANSWER:
      'Reluctant to treat.' That's as far as I got. You need to get a new veterinarian!

  34. QUESTION:
    What are the possible reasones of increasing number of blood platelates.?
    I'm having hypertension. In my report I saw largely increased number of blood platelates. I dont have blood cancer. I would like to have a list of possible reasons for increased blood platelates. can anyone give me the list of the reasons? Also please tell if over stress causes these.

    • ANSWER:
      Don`t worry, you will be alright.
      As, you have mentioned, stress is on one of the reasons for high platelet count.
      There are many other causes stipulated for the higher platelet count.
      Infection, soon after surgery, Injury&trauma,certain type of inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid disease, certain types of drugs like chemotherapy drugs and certain type of cancer are all atributed to the higher platelet count.
      Person , who had their spleen removed also have high platelet count. Because spleen act as a "slaughter house" for blood cells including platelets.
      If you are a smoker, it aggravate the platelet aggregation.

      Irrespective of causes mentioned, people with higher platelet counts are vulnerable to develop blood clots and bruises. Make sure that, you are taking adequate amount of fluids, keep yourself mobile and wear compressive stockins.

      Get it checked with your doctor again and if, the problem is persistant, your doctor may order further investigations and put you in blood thinning drugs to prevent the formation of blood clots.
      Hope, this helps.
      Regards,

  35. QUESTION:
    How is everyone voting for Embryonic Stem Cell Research?
    Some people think that it's "killing a life" but they are embryos that are going to be destroyed anyway! Why not possibly find cures for diseases like multiple sclerosis, diabetes, cancer, parkinson's, alzheimer's, etc...? Tell me what you think!

    • ANSWER:
      As a person that has had Multiple Sclerosis for the past 13 years, I am definitely voting for Obama. Why? Because the last administration said they were for stem cells, but they were very deceptive and it has caused all government funded medical facilities to slow down on their research because Bush's Ethics Adviser thinks that ALL fertilized eggs should "be disposed of properly" (funerals or cremation).

      Adult stem cells can NOT be used in the same ways as embryonic stem cells. They might cause you to grow a fingernail out of your kidney, or hair out of your spleen instead of repairing the organ they were trying to fix.

      Here's a video that was released a couple of years ago that shows amazing progress being made.....

  36. QUESTION:
    What does “fatal liver disease” mean on a TV commercial on a certain medication?
    What does “fatal liver disease” mean on a TV commercial on a certain medication?
    On a TV Commercial, when they advertise about a certain drug and its side effect being one of them as “fatal liver disease”, does it mean, you’ll die from liver cancer or scirrosis?
    Then, why take the drug? Then, why did my doctor prescribe it?

    • ANSWER:
      Most all medications, after they enter the body,
      go to the liver first to be broken down before
      going to the rest of the body. The liver
      is a wonderful organ that can take toxins and
      change them into non toxic forms, also.

      All medications have side effects and warning
      on them. The patient doesn't always see
      these warnings, that the druggist is given, as
      an insert on these medications...if they did,
      they would never take any of them. The
      doctor has to decide if the benefits of
      taking the medication outweighs the risk.
      The doctor also knows the patients medical
      background and if their body chemistry is
      okay to handle the drugs. It is best that
      any medications a patient takes is cleared
      through the doctor first; this includes over
      the counter, herbs, herbal teas, vitamins,
      and minerals, etc. Many drugs can interact
      with other drugs including prescription drugs.

      Some drugs are harder on the liver than other
      ones are (therefore they contain these warnings).
      If a drug is taken in excess of the prescribed
      amount or taken with something like
      alcohol or grapefruit juice...it can cause the
      drug to go toxic in the body and then cause
      damage to the liver cells. Once the liver
      cells become damaged, then the patients
      immune system responds to the damage in
      the body and causes inflammation to develop
      in the liver. Normally, this inflammation is
      to help the body stop any bacteria, virus,
      or other foreign things that enter the body from
      reaching other areas of the body. However,
      now the inflammation is inside the capsule of
      the liver and causes the liver to enlarge in
      size. Once this happens the cells of the liver
      can become so stressed that they start to
      die off. When they do this, the dead cells
      cause scar tissue to develop in the liver and
      then it turns into a progressive disease known
      as Cirrhosis of the liver. This is what they
      mean by fatal liver disease. The public
      is becoming more aware of the dangers that
      are involved in taking these medications,
      but also it is scaring them.
      The drugs companies do extensive research
      and testing on all drugs on the market. That
      is what puts the costs of the drug up so high.
      It may take years to develop the drug and
      then do all of this before it is even approved
      for public use. They have to list all their findings, even if it is just one patients reaction
      out of thousands that has taken the drug.

      As long as your doctor is prescribing the
      medication or recommending this medication,
      it should be okay for you to take. You can
      even ask him about side effects or even
      talk to the druggist about the medication you
      are on. The pharmacies have on their
      computers a system that show if one drug
      interacts with another...they even give patients
      printouts to read about each drug they take.
      So many people don't read these print outs
      but they should. It is almost impossible to
      cover every side effect a patient may have in
      the doctors office.

      Fatal does mean that it could lead to death,
      since the liver isn't an organ, like the spleen
      or gallbladder is...where you can remove it
      and still live.

      I hope this information is of some help to you.

  37. QUESTION:
    How long can someone live with diognosis pseudomyxoma peritonei?
    This is a rare form of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is what I found online...

      Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

      Here is some information from two UK websites on the sugarbaker procedure and prognosis…

      "The (sugarbaker) procedure

      Indications

      Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a rare, borderline malignant, slowly progressing tumour. It arises from the appendix or bowel and spreads throughout the peritoneal cavity, producing a large amount of mucus. Most patients will develop symptoms due to the bulk of the tumour. Most patients will eventually die of this condition, but they often survive for several years.

      Standard treatment for this condition is surgical debulking, in which the surgeon attempts to remove as much tumour as possible. Recurrence is common, and therefore repeated debulking operations may be needed.

      Patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei may be treated using a ‘watch and wait' policy, using surgery only when unacceptable symptoms or life-threatening complications, such as intestinal obstruction, arise.

      Outline of the procedure

      The Sugarbaker technique combines complete surgical tumour removal (complete cytoreduction) with intraoperative heated chemotherapy, and is followed by postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy The operation takes around 10 hours and includes:

      ·removal of the right hemicolon, spleen, gallbladder, greater omentum and lesser omentum
      ·stripping of the peritoneum from the pelvis and diaphragm
      ·stripping of the tumour from the surface of the liver
      ·removal of the uterus and ovaries in women
      ·removal of the rectum in some cases

      Efficacy

      No controlled studies were found. The studies were of poor quality. One of the studies including 385 patients found 5-year survival to be 86% for those with less malignant pathology (adenomucinosis) and 50% for those with more malignant pathology (mucinous adenocarcinoma). However, not all patients in this study were followed up for 5 years, and it is not clear how survival was calculated. Another study found overall 5-year survival to be around 74% in the 98 out of 321 patients who underwent repeat cytoreductive surgery. For more details, refer to the sources of evidence (see Appendix). "
      http://www.nice.org.uk/page.aspx?o=94765

      Re: debulking surgery with concomitant sugarbaker procedure or IPEC (Intraperitoneal perioperative chemotherapy survival rates: “patients median survival is 6 years..with 50 to 70% surviving 5 years and 10-32% for 10 yrs” (see link below for the article)
      http://cinahl.com/cexpress/hta/summ/summ807.pdf (about IPEC or sugarbaker procedure and survival rates…have to hit options button and click on minimize popup first and play around with it to read it..set the type size from 40% to about 80% and click on the pages at the left side..kinda tricky to read it..but need adobe reader first)

      Here are some links to info and clinical trials for the disease..

      Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

      http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Pseudomyxoma%20Peritonei (NORD…scroll down for related support organizations and click on those)
      http://www.pmppals.org/ (PMP Pals..for pseumyxoma peritonei and appendiceal cancer)
      http://www.pmppals.org/trialsandresearch.htm (clinical trials and research links for Pseudomyoma peritonei and appendiceal cancer)
      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=5534 (PMP information and overview)
      http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/pseudomyxoma_peritonei.htm (a complicated study of PMP patients and prognosis)
      http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db_alpha.aspx?CdrID=44256 (definition of PMP..from NCI)
      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search;jsessionid=6596A6E31E3541D7E5EB65FCF6FBB0AB?term=Pseudomyxoma+Peritonei&submit=Search (clinical trials for Pseudomyxoma Peritonei )
      http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/p/pseudomyxoma_peritonei/trials.htm#trial (list of current and past clinical trials for pseudomyxoma peritonei)
      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/info/resources (introduction to clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/finding/treatment-trial-guide (how to find a cancer treatment trial)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)

  38. QUESTION:
    What would cause a dog's spleen to rupture ?
    My 11 year old Blue Heeler died from a ruptured spleen. I need to know what would cause this.

    • ANSWER:
      If it wasn't trauma, it most likely was cancer. Cancers that occur in the spleen tend to get very large quite quickly and when they rupture the animals can bleed out very fast.

      How did they determine that the spleen ruptured? Did they send any of the spleen to a pathologist? That would give you a definitive answer.

      Very sorry to hear about it.

  39. QUESTION:
    What sorts of diseases can nuclear medicine diagnose?
    i know about cancer, is there anything else?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a list

      - Bone scan (neoplasms) - malignancies
      - Abdominal pahologies (spleen,hepatic system, stones( KUB, Gall)
      - Colloid Scans
      - Thyroid scan (Hyperthyroidism)
      - Hydronephrosis and renal related diseases (cystitis, Glomerulonephritis)
      - Pneumonia, Heamorhages, Heamothoraxes, TB,
      - V/Q scans
      - Heart Scan and related Circulatory system.
      - Brain Scan (non CT) PET / SPECT technology
      - Hernias - you name it (inguinal...)
      - Respiratoty disorders

      added:
      And nuclear medicine Helps diagnose. These examinations are Tests exams - Dr will comfirm.

  40. QUESTION:
    What are all the risks of being an alcoholic?
    Obviously some things are obvious.. But alcohol can damage your body and you can get liver problems, cancers, cirrhosis..etc but id like to know more problems. if you are an alcoholic what are the main big health issues e.g cancer that could affect your body..

    Sorry i didnt word it great.

    • ANSWER:
      The liver takes toxins from the blood and converts that to a non toxic form
      that the body can easily dispose of.

      1) over consuming alcohol in a short time period doesn't give the liver cells
      time to make the necessary enzymes to convert the alcohol first to
      acetaldehyde, then to acetate, and then to carbon dioxide and water.
      If not converted completely, it becomes toxic to the liver cells.
      2) consuming alcohol over long time periods can cause the build up
      of fat inside the liver. The fat adds to the pressure in the liver and
      cause damage to the liver cells.

      Both of these damages to the liver cells can lead to the immune
      system of the body responding to this and causing inflammation to
      develop inside the liver. If the cause is not stopped, it can lead
      to the liver cells dying off and forming scar tissue inside the liver.
      A patient is then diagnosed with Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Cirrhosis of the liver means that the liver will start to shrink in size
      and takes on a hard texture. It is basically dying inside the liver
      patient. You asked what other damage it can cause?
      The blood no longer flows through the liver well on its way back
      to the heart. It causes this blood to back up into the portal vein
      and other smaller vessels not used to handling this amount of
      blood (known as varies). These varies can have weak spots
      and break open and a patient can bleed internally or bleed out
      completely. These varies are usually located in the esophagus,
      belly button area, and also the rectum.
      The blood also backs up into the Spleen and cause it to enlarge
      in size. This enlargement of the Spleen can cause the platelet
      cells to become trapped in the spleen instead of going into the blood.

      Since the liver can no longer do the functions of the liver anymore,
      efficiently...it can no longer make the protein to hold fluid inside our
      vessels. This fluid leaks out and collects in the abdominal area.
      It keeps building up and puts pressure on the diaphragm and stomach
      area and other organs of the body. It makes it difficult to breathe and
      eat. Sometimes the fluid can leak pass the diaphragm and
      collect around the heart and lungs.

      The liver can no longer make clotting factors efficiently. The blood no
      longer clots well. Therefore, the patient may bleed and bruise very
      easily.

      I mentioned the the liver takes toxins and converts them into a non toxic
      form...well, now the toxins stay in the blood and this affects every organ
      and every part of the body in some way. The kidneys filter this blood
      and it is next in line to fail after the liver because of this extra work placed
      on it.

      Some of these toxins reach the brain because they are able to go pass
      the blood brain barrier and into the brain...if these toxins are then not
      removed from the body...the patient will go into a coma.

      3) Some people are more sensitive to alcohol than other are and some
      are even allergic to it.

      4) Taking alcohol with drugs can cause such an interaction between them
      that they can instantly damage the liver cells.

      Alcoholic tend to be malnourished and the body doesn't absorb certain
      vitamins and minerals needed. The liver stores certain vitamins and
      minerals and is no longer able to do this efficiently.

      When you look at the disease mostly associated with alcoholics...you
      will see that it depends on how sensitive a patient is to this drug,
      and what the disease progression show it will do to the body.
      Being an alcoholic has either a direct or indirect affect on the whole
      body.

      Most transplant centers have a rule now, that if a patient is an alcoholic,
      they have to be detoxed from alcohol, under a professional doctor care,
      for a period of six months prior to being able to be evaluated for
      being placed on a transplant list. Many die during this time period.

      Alcoholic are more susceptible to develop other disease, cancer,
      and contacting viruses.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you. There is so
      much more that could be added here...but this is a the best summary
      I could provide. Best wishes

  41. QUESTION:
    how long does a person live if he is suffering from blood cancer from past 5 months?
    a friend of mine is suffering from blood cancer. It was detected in october 2010.
    i would like to know how long will he survive?

    • ANSWER:
      Are you talking about chronic or acute lymphocytic leukemia.
      Chronic is a slow progressive cancer where symptoms may take months or years
      depending on the progression of the cancer.
      whereas Acute is a very progressive cancer.
      I know of someone who was diagnosed a year ago who is not showing any symptoms yet.
      He has chronic lymphocytic leukemia .CLL or ALL doesnt go away, It may go into remission but eventually comes back. The more the cancer progresses they will remove spleen, chemotherapy if it attacks the liver & bone marrow transplant is some of the treatments used to slow down the progression of CLL or ALL. There is no cure. No one can determine how long a person may live after diagnosis, it all depends how fast this cancer progresses.

  42. QUESTION:
    is it true that after gallblader remove, make liver and spleen weaker?
    gallbladder remove spleen is out of balance and become weakened. and spleen provide energy to heart, a weak spleen results in a weak heard. and also liver gets weak as well. Is it true?

    • ANSWER:
      No it's not true. The gallbladder is only a holding tank for bile the liver produces to help digest fat. The liver will still produce bile, and it will still deliver it to the intestines via the common duct. There is no effect on the spleen at all, as it is not part of that delivery system. The spleen doesn't provide energy anyway. It is part of the immune system, not the digestive system. Nothing gets weak by removing the gallbladder. It's just a holding tank, and if it's full of stones, you are not eating correctly anyway. As a result you can risk malnutrition, not to mention the chronic and debilitating pain. And it can also raise the risk for developing cancer of the gallbladder. Removing the problem makes more sense than living with the risks.

  43. QUESTION:
    my dog has an extremely enlarged spleen and low red blood count, what could be the problem?
    Vet wants to do remove the spleen, but doesn't have a reason what is causing the spleen to be so enlarged. The spleen takes up most of abdominal cavity. It is an 8 year old male Yorkie. Ultrasound appeared not indicate cancer in spleen.

    • ANSWER:

  44. QUESTION:
    How often should women get a mammogram?
    I have a family history of cancer specifically breast and bone cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Once in a year. Since, U have familial history, the following relevant information may help U to be cancer free for life.

      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      Instant Diagnosis of Breast Cancer with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply..

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      •PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages.
      •Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.
      *Latest updates of Miracles of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011.

  45. QUESTION:
    Why was my aunt denied platelet transfusion?
    My aunt has hepatic cancer and is undergoing chemotherapy. Her cancer is now gone, but the tumor is still there and is still undergoing chemotherapy to shrink the tumor. She went in for chemotherapy the other day and told her that her platelet count was too low so she couldn't get chemotherapy. They gave her 6 months to a year to live. We asked about a platelet transfusion and they told her she couldn't get one. What might contraindicate a platelet transfusion?

    • ANSWER:
      I can't give you any specific answers, but I can give you some information that might let you ask better questions of the doctors. Platelets are normally destroyed in the spleen and liver, they don't live very long- only a week or so in the best circumstances. So transfusing the platelets is only a short term fix at best. If you have a patient with a bleeding problem, and it only requires a one time fix to help them improve- then a platelet transfusion is sensible. A low platelet count in and of itself is just a symptom of something, not necessarily something that can be fixed or will get better. In your aunt's case, her cancer may have progressed to the point where transfusion will not change anything for her. Platelet transfusions are also somewhat risky, and post transfusion infections are a problem, plus a risk of triggering an immune response against them is higher. In your aunts case, chemotherapy has left her immunocompromised at best, and a transfusion at this point might be fatal. But I am not an expert on this, nor the treatment of hepatic cancers on this level. The best person to discuss this with is her oncologist, really. He/she is the person best able to explain why the decision was made, and what effect it has on your aunt's overall condition. It may simply be that she has reached the end of what is possible to offer her in terms of treatment. What happens next you will need to see after you have spoken with the doctor. It may be time has come to make some arrangements to provide for end of life care, as the possibility of a recovery may not exist.

  46. QUESTION:
    What will happen if I stand before gamma radiation rays ?
    I know that i will develop cancer etc.... But how does cancer develop simply by standing in frnt of some rays - we dont develop cancer by sitting in frnt of bulb or tube light's rays ! Then why only gamma ?
    What i also want to ask is when i will stand in front of those rays will any physical change take place for ex. My collapsing, bleeding etc....
    And i would also appreciate if u can tell that how can radiation alter our dna ?
    Thnx for the replies

    • ANSWER:
      It isn't "only gamma." If you are exposed to too strong X rays for too long, you'll have the same issues as if you stood in front of gamma rays for a much briefer period. That's why you should limit the number of X rays you have taken at the dentist for example.

      Gamma and X are bands of the electro-magnetic spectrum, just like visible light. But they are way more energetic than light; so they penetrate deeper into the body and do way more cell damage in a shorter period of time than visible light. And, yes, visible light, the ultra violet end, from the Sun, for example, does do damage; which is why you need to slather on a whole lot of sun screen when you go out in your bikini.

      The damage by all these EM rays is done by ionizing your cells. They actually take on a charge, which immediately kills their ability to function normally. The good news is that if you stay exposed for a short time or to the low energy rays, only a few cells will be killed and your body will regenerate healthy ones to take their place.

      The bad news is that in that enhanced regeneration, the probability that one or more of those replacement cells will be cancerous goes up. And that's where the cancers come from...the replacement cells that have some sort of mutation invoked by the radiation. It is possible that these cancer cells will lie reasonably dormant for years after exposure to the rays. And then, years later, some trigger sets them to multiply without restriction...and that's the nature of cancer.

      Ordinary visible light, like from your light bulbs, cannot penetrate into the skin. And their energy is away from the UV end of visible light; so you won't get a sunburn that damages your surface skin cells.

      We've addressed the cancer results. But when X and gamma rays are very very strong and/or you've been exposed over a continuous period, a whole lot of cells will be ionized and killed. And in that exposure period, new cells will not have time to regenerate. That will cause whatever organs those cells belong to to cease functioning normally. The soft organs (e.g., liver, spleen, and kidney) are the most susceptible to radiation damage. Within a matter of minutes of exposure to high and extended levels of radiation you could fall ill and possibly die of what is called prompt radiation poisoning.

  47. QUESTION:
    How does a person catch infectious diseases?
    What are the main causes by which a person catches infectious diseases such as aids, cancer, kidney infections, spleen disorders etc? Whats the easiest way to catch a disease?

    • ANSWER:
      Very complex question. Some disease are genetic, some are unknown, some are caused by a single mutations in the DNA. Infectious diseases are spread by the bacteria, viruses, fungi etc that cause them and are spread by various routes (sneezing, blood, fecal oral route, contaminated food etc). The easiest one to catch is a cold virus--have someone sneeze your way.

  48. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of a great cancer treatment center?
    My uncle was recently diagnosed with colon cancer stage four, liver cancer, pancreas cancer and brain cancer. He also has diabetes. Doctors say he has probably had this for about eight years, but was never diagnosed. He is given only two months to live. Anyone know of any centers, treatments or survival stories that apply?
    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Gerson Therapy Clinic. Dr Max Gerson's most famous patient was nobel prize winner, Dr. Albert Schweitzer - cured of advanced diabetes at the age of 75.

      To apply for admission to a Gerson Clinic>>>
      http://www.gerson.org/Programs/findgersonclinic.htm

      Gerson Therapy>>>
      http://gerson.org/GersonTherapy/gersontherapy.htm

      Charlotte Gerson on Alternative Cancer Treatments>>>
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkxndocXWhc&feature=related

      "When you truly heal, the body heals everything." - Charlotte Gerson.

      Subject: Brain Cancer

      Case 35 in A Cancer Therapy. Presented by Dr. Gerson in 1946 to U.S. Senate Committee. Ulcer biopsied, U.S. Army, August, 1944: basal cell carcinoma. Surgery removed right mastoid cancer. Recurred April, 1945. Discharged, no treatment. Carried to Dr. Gerson, crying in severe pain, left eye swollen closed, right eye barely open. October, 1945, X-rays showed fist sized tumor at base of skull growing into brain. Almost gone in four weeks. Complete recovery. Remained free of cancer for 49 years. Died of heart attack 1994.

      Subject: Colon Cancer

      ROSAMOND RAY, 81, COLON CANCER, MIGRAINES.
      1953, blood in stool, pain, weakness. Head of Rectal Surgery, Stanford University Medical School did biopsy: malignant polyp 13 cm up from rectum. Doctor stated that without colostomy, she had less than 10% chance of survival. Went to Dr. Gerson's New York clinic in October, 1953. Recovered. Married in 1955. No more migraines after therapy began. Alive and well over 40 years later.

      Subject: Liver Cancer

      DELLA ROBINSON, LIVER CANCER.
      1974, jaundiced. Portland, Oregon hospital liver scan and biopsy proved cancer. Given three to five weeks to live in January, 1975. Weight down to 67 lb. Sent home in severe pain, heavy drugs, semi-coma, hopeless prognosis. Family started Gerson Therapy at home. Able to leave bed in three months, no more pain or drugs. Regained normal 115 lb. weight. Remained well, cancer-free for twenty years. Passed away 1995, age 90, of causes other than cancer.

      Subject: Pancreatic Cancer

      PATRICIA AINEY, PANCREAS CANCER SPREAD TO LIVER (Michael Landon's cancer), SPLEEN AND GALL BLADDER.
      In pain, vomiting blood. Pancreas cancer biopsied January, 1986. CAT scan showed tumor in liver, spleen, gall bladder. Given hopeless prognosis. Began Gerson Therapy in Mexican hospital March, 1986. Patient says "complete turnaround in 10 days." Recovery shown by CAT scan 6 months later amazed her Canadian doctor. Enjoys work, grandchildren. Feels "really good" nine years later.

      Subject: Diabetes

      MELVA BLACKBURN, 79, DIABETES, ARTHRITIS, ALZHEIMERS, KIDNEY, ADRENAL DISEASE, CUSHING'S SYNDROME, ETC.
      Medical problems from 1944. Treated until 1979. Heart, coronary artery disease. Diabetes drugs after 1965. Poor control of legs, feel. Cushing's syndrome (adrenal disease, obesity, fatigue, weakness, osteoporosis, edema, infections). Pneumonia twice/year. Enlarged liver. Arthritis in all joints. Anxiety, ataxia, confusion, aphasia. Alzheimer's (premature old age) diagnosed. Years on drugs, many surgeries. Began Gerson Therapy in Mexican hospital October, 1979. Rapidly improved. All diseases gone, no drugs. Astounded her doctors. Remains active, well 18 years later.


spleen cancer