Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How early should ovarian cancer be detected?
    If ovarian cancer is detected early, there is a greater chance of treating it and better prognosis. How soon after the cancer first begins does it have to be detected? Are we talking days, weeks, months?

    • ANSWER:
      I always thought is was undetectable.

      FYI,

      It is unknown what percentage of early-stage ovarian cancer produces symptoms. The vast majority of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer do experience symptoms. However, since most of these women are diagnosed in more advanced stages, it's impossible to tell how many of them had symptoms before the cancer started to spread. It IS known that 90% of women who are diagnosed in Stage I come to their doctors with symptoms before diagnosis, and also that far too many cases of ovarian cancer take months to diagnose - a recent study showed that almost half took more than three months, and 11% took longer than a year. So it seems logical to assume that some substantial percentage of women do have early symptoms.

      - The common symptoms are non-specific - usually caused by other things. The list below contains a number of possible symptoms of ovarian cancer. But these symptoms can also result from a wide variety of non-cancerous conditions. If a woman has trouble zipping up her jeans, she's more likely to blame middle-aged spread than ovarian cancer. Thankfully, a gas pain isn't ordinarily a dire signal. Still, if a woman suddenly starts experiencing any of the symptoms below, and they persist for more than a 2-3 weeks, she should get those symptoms checked out.

      - There is no one "marker symptom". Although abdominal swelling/bloating is the most often-mentioned first symptom, some studies show that even this is true only for a minority of ovarian cancer cases. Because each symptom will affect only some women, it is vital that women educate themselves about the whole constellation of symptoms associated with ovarian cancer.

      - Denial. Of course, no one wants to think about cancer. But think about this: The lifetime risk of women worldwide for ovarian cancer is 1 in 70. In the U.S. it is 1 in 55. Think about your high school graduating class. Your church. Your workplace. The numbers of women you know. How many of them are likely to get ovarian cancer? OVARIAN CANCER IS NOT RARE.

      Women MUST begin to educate themselves about this insidious disease.

      WARNING SYMPTOMS OF OVARIAN CANCER

      Contact your MD if you develop one or more of these symptoms and they persist for 2-3 weeks:

      -Abdominal Swelling/Bloating/Clothes Too Tight
      -Abdominal/Pelvic Pain or Pressure or Feeling "Full"
      -Gastrointestinal Symptoms (such as gas, indigestion, nausea, or changes in bowel movements)
      -Vaginal Bleeding or Discharge
      -Urinary Problems - Urgency, Burning, or Spasms
      -Fatigue and/or Fever
      -Pain During Intercourse
      -Back Pain
      -Difficulty Breathing

  2. QUESTION:
    What stage of ovarian cancer might this be?
    I just found out my sister has ovarian cancer and that they cant operate because it is attached to her pelvic bone - so she has 2 options, heavy chemo or to run its course. I am looking more for the stage or statistics so I can understand the gravity of the situation as what I have been told seems grim.

    • ANSWER:
      How is ovarian cancer staged?
      Staging is the process of finding out how widespread a cancer is. Most ovarian cancers that are not obviously widespread are staged at the time of surgery. One of the goals of surgery for ovarian cancer is to obtain tissue samples for diagnosis and staging. In order to stage the cancer, samples of tissues are taken from different parts of the pelvis and abdomen and examined under the microscope.

      Staging is very important because ovarian cancers have a different prognosis at different stages and are treated differently. The accuracy of the staging may determine whether or not a patient will be cured. If the cancer isn’t properly staged, then cancer that has spread outside the ovary may be missed and not treated. Once a stage has been given it does not change, even when the cancer comes back or spreads to new locations in the body.

      Ask your cancer care team to explain the staging procedure. Also ask them if they will perform a thorough staging procedure. After surgery, ask what your cancer's stage is. In this way, you will be able to take part in making informed decisions about your treatment. One of the reasons why it is important to be operated on by a gynecologic oncologist is that you are more likely to be properly staged.

      Ovarian cancer can be staged according to the AJCC/TNM System. This describes the extent of the primary Tumor (T), the absence or presence of metastasis to nearby lymph Nodes (N), and the absence or presence of distant Metastasis (M). This closely resembles the system that is actually used by most gynecologic oncologists, called the FIGO system. Both rely on the results of surgery for the actual stages. Fallopian tube cancer is staged like ovarian cancer, but with different "T" categories. Primary peritoneal cancer (PPC) is staged like ovarian cancer, with all cases being either stage III or IV depending on whether the cancer has spread to distant sites.

      T categories for ovarian cancer

      Tx: No description of the tumor's extent is possible because of incomplete information.

      T1: The cancer is confined to the ovaries -- one or both.

      T1a: The cancer is only inside one ovary - it isn’t on the outside of the ovary, it doesn’t penetrate the tissue covering the ovary (called the capsule) and isn’t in fluid taken from the pelvis.
      T1b: The cancer is inside both ovaries but doesn't penetrate to the outside and isn’t in fluid taken from the pelvis (like T1a except the cancer is in both ovaries).
      T1c: The cancer is in one or both ovaries and is either on the outside of an ovary, grown through the capsule of an ovary, or is in fluid taken from the pelvis.
      T2: The cancer is in one or both ovaries and is extending into pelvic tissues.

      T2a: The cancer has spread (metastasized) to the uterus and/or the fallopian tubes but isn’t in fluid taken from the pelvis.
      T2b: The cancer has spread to pelvic tissues besides the uterus and fallopian tubes but it isn’t in fluid taken from the pelvis.
      T2c: The cancer has spread to the uterus and/or fallopian tubes and/or other pelvic tissues (like T2a or T2b) and is also in fluid taken from the pelvis.
      T3: The cancer is in one or both ovaries and has spread to the abdominal lining outside the pelvis. This lining is called the peritoneum.

      T3a: The cancer metastases are so small that they cannot be seen except under a microscope.
      T3b: The cancer metastases can be seen but no tumor is bigger than 2 centimeters (0.8 inches).
      T3c: The cancer metastases are larger than 2 centimeters (0.8 inches).

  3. QUESTION:
    Relative goes in to a specialist on monday for stage diagnosis of ovarian cancer she is 83 yrs old?
    my close relative who is 83 years old found out she has ovarian cancer, but on monday will go into a specialist to find out the stage she is in... she has been having diarrhea for the past 2 weeks and has become weak and very thin...i was thinking she maybe at a stage 3? (sounds like it has spread?) any other persons out there that might think what stage she is at?

    • ANSWER:
      You are asking those who answer your question (and a vast majority of the would-be contributors here aren't even qualified to answer this question) to speculate about a matter that can only be determined after the appropriate tests have been done. Everything that can be done to assess and treat her malignancy and to keep her comfortable will be done. In the meantime, she has time to prepare in the event the news is bad. The mother of my attorney was told she had ovarian cancer, and she resigned herself to the inevitable. I told her that she would be a lot more comfortable later on if she were to take steps to get her cancer diagnosed and treated rather than to suffer the miseries and shortened life span that would inevitable come if she did nothing. She heeded my advice, and it turned out that her cancer was limited to the involved ovary! She was one of the very lucky ones. I can only hope that your relative will be just as fortunate.

  4. QUESTION:
    what are my risks of getting ovarian cancer ?
    hey guyz.. my grandmother from my mother's side had ovarian cancer and died after 2 years of her diagnosis because it was very aggressive .. i wanna.. i dnt have any other family member with ovarian or breast cancer. I wanna know am i at a high risk of getting it ?

    • ANSWER:
      As with all types of cancer, hereditary ovarian cancer is rare.

      Only 5% of ovarian cancers are hereditary, caused by an inherited faulty gene.

      A higher than average risk of ovarian cancer would mean having two or more relatives on the same side of the family diagnosed with ovarian cancer or breast cancer at a young age.

      So if your grandmother's was the only case in your family history, you wouldn't appear to be at any increased risk.

      Also, you don't say at what age your grandmother was diagnosed, but cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is less likely to be hereditary.

  5. QUESTION:
    Has anyone heard of the granulosa cell tumor that causes ovarian cancer?
    It's a rare form of ovarian cancer that doctors don't really know how to treat. Anyone diagnoised with it?

    • ANSWER:
      I had not heard about this until I read your question so I did a little bit of research. This is a hormone based cancer that almost always occurs in the ovaries. Depending on when detected and size, etc. there is actually a very good prognosis so doctors are able to treat it. What is a major problem with this type of cancer is that it has the ability to reappear 20 to 30 years later, this occurrence is very common. That is the area that they are really having a problem treating. Here are a few links regarding studies and pathology reports on this.
      http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/ovary_granulosacelltumor.htm
      Here are some statistics on prognosis and survival with this disease.
      PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT CHARACTERIZATION
      Prognostic Factors

      All tumors have malignant potential

      90% are stage I, limited to the ovary

      Size of the tumor, mitotic figures, and nuclear atypia important in overall survival

      5 Year Survival
      With no atypia-survival 92%
      With moderate atypia-survival 30%

      10 Year Survival

      Tumors <5 cm-survival 100%
      Tumors 6-15 cm-survival 57%

      3 MF-survival 37%
      Metastasis

      Recurence can occur in the pelvis and lower abdomen

      Distant metastases are rare but tumors may recure 2-3 decades after initial diagnosis
      Treatment

      Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for postmenopausal woman

      Salpingo-oophorectomy may be acceptable in younger woman wishing to preserve fertility

      Hope this helps you a little.

  6. QUESTION:
    I think I have ovarian cancer. What is the best way to talk to my dr?
    I have been very sick since Sept. 2011. My doctors haven't been able to provide a diagnosis. Recently I was reading an article about ovarian cancer. This covers all of my symptoms, even those my doctor said weren't related. I have every symptom that the article listed.

    • ANSWER:
      Reading articles can be a great way to get info but can cause worries that may be unfounded. Some of the symptoms could be due to pre - existing conditions or simple coincidence. I wouldn't stress out until you speak to your doctor. I would be very open and honest and state what you think may be the problem and why, doctors realise that you know your body best. By telling them what you think it is , will help them to rule it out and put your mind at ease, had a similar issue but was testicular cancer. I know its a worry , and can be awkward, but its best to be honest with your doc

  7. QUESTION:
    when do symptoms of terminal cancer start to show?
    My friend is a 27 yr old single parent who was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer. She was given a year about 5-6 months ago but is showing no sign of illness. She has maintained her weight, if not gained. Her skin and eyes are still bright and energetic. She seems happy and healthy by all accounts. What type of symptoms should we expect to see as her illness progresses and when should we expect to start seeing them?

    • ANSWER:
      "global trotter" has a good answer except we would not expect night sweats with this type of malignancy - assuming this really is an ovarian carcinoma.

      Your friend is extremely young for an ovarian carcinoma.
      How sure are you of the diagnosis?

      Has she been on combination chemotherapy for these last 5-6 months?
      I can't believe they would give up on a 27 year old woman without trying all of the different chemotherapy regimens we have for ovarian carcinomas.

      Where is the metastatic disease?
      Liver? Lungs? Intraperitonal? Retroperitoneal lymph nodes?
      If she does not have liver involvement, we would not expect to see the jaundice and liver failure that "globe trotter" describes.

      What you describe is a person still in good health without weight loss and not appearing sick. It sure would help if we knew where her metastatic (stage IV) ovarian cancer is located. She must have had CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

      And it would help to know what treatment she has received.
      Did she have optimal debulking surgery? What chemotherapy has been tried?

      By the way, doctors do not "give" people set amounts of time to live.
      I know what you mean, but that phrase always bothers me - as if doctors decided the fates of patients. When doctors are pushed to make predictions, we are usually wrong. No one knows the future for any one person. We only provided statistics based on many other people who have had similar situations. Yet each patient is different.

      It does not sound like she is within 6 months of death from the description you provide.

      If she allows it, you might go with her when she sees her medical oncologist. That way you can hear what is really going on from a medical professional who knows all the details of her case details we do not have here.

      From http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview
      Ovarian carcinomas are uncommon in patients younger than 40 years.
      Most cases are diagnosed in the 60 to 70 age group.

  8. QUESTION:
    What is the rationale for these 3 different antineoplastic drugs being ordered?
    a patient who has received a diagnosis of ovarian cancer and these are her drugs...

    doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 IV every 21 days
    cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 IV on day 1 every 4 weeks
    trastuzymab (herceptin) IV on day 1 and every 4 weeks

    what are the adverse effects this patient is most likely to experience while taking these three drugs?
    nope...it looks like just IVs

    • ANSWER:
      Is she pre- or post- op?? On any orals, qd??

  9. QUESTION:
    what is the rationale for these 3 different antineoplastic drugs being ordered?
    a patient who has received a diagnosis of ovarian cancer and these are her drugs...

    doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 IV every 21 days
    cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 IV on day 1 every 4 weeks
    trastuzymab (herceptin) IV on day 1 and every 4 weeks

    what are the adverse effects this patient is most likely to experience while taking these three drugs?

    • ANSWER:
      the rationale is that a combo is a one two punch on the Cancer cells
      what one doesnt kill the other will

      as for side effects of each one?
      google the medications
      ask the GYN Oncologist

  10. QUESTION:
    Will a history of ovarian cancer affect me getting the pill?
    Is it possible that my Grandma's history of ovarian cancer will affect me getting the pill?
    Statistics and opinions welcome.
    thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Only a small proportion of ovarian cancers have a genetic link.

      If your Grandmother was over the age of 50 at diagnosis it makes it less likely hers was genetically related.

      If no other family members have developed breast or ovarian cancer it is less likely to be genetically related.

      If it is not genetically related then you are at no greater risk than anyone else, so no affect on your prescription

  11. QUESTION:
    hi all. I was just woundering if there is a link between ovarian cancer and the HPV?
    I have ovarian cancer that will claim my life here. I also had an abnormal pap test in 2000 which was CIN2 as that was only pre cancerous cells. I since have had them removed. so do I still carry the HPV virus in my body from having pre cancer in 2000? and is it linked to ovarian cancer? Please serious replys only.

    • ANSWER:
      No HPV is only linked to cervical cancer, not ovarian cancer. Re: the CIN2 - did you have a repeat pap that was clear following the removal? You should have had a couple repeat paps after removal or did you have your cervix removed?

      I am very sorry about your diagnosis.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are my risks of developing Breast Cancer? How can I reduce the risk?
    My great grandma's, one of my great aunts, and two of my aunts Have had breast cancer. allot of them had it in there 30's and 40's. My grandma did not have breast cancer, but had ovarian cancer. My mom has been tested, but luckily came negative so far.
    Sorry, only one of my great gandmas had it.

    • ANSWER:
      Only 5-10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors, the rest are random.

      You say that your mother has been tested and found negative - do you mean she has been tested for one of the faulty BRCA genes that are the cause of hereditary cancer?

      Although most cases aren't hereditary, with your family history, and particularly with most of the family members being young when they got it, it does sound as if you might be at increased risk - unless your mother has tested negative for the faulty genes, in which case I think I'm right in saying you won't have the gene.

      That's the first thing you need to know; your mother may already know whether your relatives' cancer was hereditary.

      Other than hereditary factors, nobody knows what causes breast cancer, and so nobody knows how to prevent it. No foods or diets have been shown to have any effect. I used to think my organic vegan diet would protect me from cancer, but it didn't.

      There are known risk factors, some avoidable and some not, but they ARE only risk factors; having one, some or all of them does not mean you will get breast cancer, and many, many people who are diagnosed with breast cancer have none of these risk factors. They are:

      Genetic – but only 5-10% of breast cancers are genetic/hereditary

      Getting older - the greatest risk factor

      Having children at an older age or not at all. The more children a woman has may also slightly lower her risk. Breast-feeding helps protect against the disease. The longer a woman breastfeeds her children, the more she lowers her risk.

      Starting periods at a younger than average age (under 12) or having a late menopause (after 55)
      .
      Taking the contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) causes a small increase in risk. However, the risk gradually returns to normal after you stop taking them.

      Being overweight (especially after the menopause).

      Regularly drinking more than 1 unit of alcohol per day slightly increases the risk of breast cancer.

      Having a previous diagnosis of breast cancer increases the risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast.

      As I said though, someone may tick all of these boxes, and never get cancer.

  13. QUESTION:
    How do you say good bye to someone you love that has only months to live?
    My best friend, has Ovarian cancer that she just found out has spread to her liver and lungs. She has been given 4-6 months to live. How can I say good bye to someone that means the world to me? Right now, I am just trying to focus on positive things. I know that it will get more difficult as the time progresses though.

    • ANSWER:
      I know how hard this is. I have brain cancer. We don't know how long I have; everyone has their own opinion.

      What I don't like is someone who avoids me because they are uncomfortable and don't know what to say. They think I don't want to talk about it. But they are wrong. I do want to talk about it. It helps me put things in perspective. It also reminds me that my time is limited and that I should enjoy every single day.

      DO be a best friend - by calling her daily to simply say, "hey, I'm thinking about you",

      DO pick fresh flowers out of your garden and take them to her. Explain how these flowers make you think of her.

      DO tell her how special she is and what a difference she has made in your life. Tell her what you have learned from her.

      DO things for her to help; especially as her time dwindles. Make dinners to freeze, help with household chores, offer run errands for and with her.

      DO listen when she wants to talk and cry. Most times, words are not needed from you. What is needed is your love and your time. She needs someone to listen to her. Really LISTEN!

      DO NOT cry incessantly. Your friend needs you and your strength right now and while it is okay to cry, don't make it the totality of your time together.

      DO NOT talk about how unfair this is. We are all dealt our own hand in life and it is how we deal with it that truly speaks to our character. No one goes without some kind of issues or problems.

      DO NOT be minimalistic or blase about the cancer. Do not minimalize her concerns or fears. They are real and are rational. She doesn't need you to tell her that you're tired of hearing about it. Think of how tired she is of dealing with it.

      DO NOT tell her that everything will be all right. With all due respect, you are not a medical professional and are not qualified to give that diagnosis.

      My heart goes out to you. Most times, people don't know what to say and so they back away from their family one or friend who so desperately needs them at their critical time. There is no more lonely feeling than thinking that your family and friends don't care, when in fact, they are just scared.

  14. QUESTION:
    I need to find an obgyn that works with special issues and can't find one?
    I have had Ovarian Cancer and I am 25 yrs old. The doctors say my reproductive system doesn’t work anymore but they don’t know for sure. I need to find and OBGYN in the Sacramento Ca area that has experience with post cancer patients. I have a lot of medical (women’s things) to work out. Dose anyone know of a good if not great one in the area?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. I'm sorry to hear about your diagnosis. I had ovarian cancer at age 19. While I don't know of a particular doctor to see in Sacto, I can make some general suggestions. For example: if you can get to the hospital affiliated with the UC Davis medical school, that might be a good option--teaching hospitals have all the latest knowledge. And look up a reproductive endocrinologist there--these are fertility experts, and will know the appropriate tests to do.

      Good luck!

      You might also think about looking for peer support here: http://www.pofsupport.org/

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy decrease for women who had early puberty?
    I've had my first period at the age of 9,and obviously knew I was precocious ,but have just recently found out about all the risks that it involves.
    I'm 23 years old,and looking at a future of breast ,cervical,ovarian cancer and generally decreased life expectancy. How much does a woman who had an early onset menstruation live? 40-45?
    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Current life expectancy ratings are incorporating the incidences of organ cancers related to precocious puberty, and more importantly, based on EXISTING records of women who are much older...and therefore were not able to access medical treatments that are available today.

      The early onset of menstruation does nothing to directly effect your life expectancy. Chances are -- IF you even get cancer, with modern medical treatments and diagnosis options available (now and in the future) -- you can expect to live to the ripe old age of everyone else....70, 80, whatever.

  16. QUESTION:
    How does Ovarian Cancer affect family members? Can you still have kids with Ovarian Cancer?
    I'm doing a research paper on Ovarian Cancer and need some help. If you had this type of cancer, I would to know anything you would like to share. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Ovarian cancer is known as the Silent Killer. It is often referred to this way because its symptoms have nothing to do with the actual diagnosis. These include (but are not limited to): lower back pain, change in appetite, unexplained weight changes, increased abdominal size, constant lack of energy, and nausea. Unfortunately, the diagnosis is often missed... and this results in death.

      Having a family history of ovarian cancer increases your risk. Having a first degree relative (mother, sister, etc.) who's battled ovarian cancer yields your actual risk of also developing the disease to 5%.

      Ovarian cancer generally strikes women around the time of menopause, so childbearing is not the greatest concern.

      Good luck on your paper, I hope I've offered at least a little help.

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the pathophysiology of ovarian cancer"?? ?
    I have to do a case study on a patient with ovarian cancer under the following headings history, pathophysiology, diagnosis and nursing care required. But I'm not really sure what should be include in the pathophysiology part. thanks for any help!!

    • ANSWER:
      all types of cancer is unknown in origin but there are many factors to consider why a certain person do have cancer, but since your query is in a form of a case study... i have not yet included it in my blog.

  18. QUESTION:
    What could cause pelvic, lower back and hip pain?
    I've been having pain (dull period pain-like ache) in my lower abdomen, back and hips for nearly 4 months. I've had an ultrasound to rule out ovarian cancer,cysts and endometriosis but now the doctors are puzzled. I've been referred to a gynaecologist as the pain seems to become worse before a period and during ovulation. Also, the pain in my lower back and hips gets worse while sitting. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      The first doctor has a diagnosis. That's why he sent you to a specialist.

  19. QUESTION:
    Rare cancer was not diagnosed for a long time?
    I have a rare ovarian cancer that was not diagnosed after seeing four gynecologists. My ultrasound was misread and the radiologist said the growth was a benign fibroid. I am so sad because I tried soo hard to get help from the doctors and suffered with many symptoms. Finally the last doctor opened me up and found and a large tumor. I'm stage 3. How can I get past the what-ifs and concentrate on my recovery?

    • ANSWER:
      Receiving a diagnosis of ovarian cancer is difficult and life changing. Fortunately, medical advances have made treatments more effective. Women diagnosed in the earliest stages have a five-year survival rate of nearly 93 percent, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).
      Until recently, ovarian cancer was known as a "silent killer" because it usually wasn't found until it had spread to other areas of your body. But new evidence shows that most women may have symptoms even in the early stages, and awareness of symptoms may hopefully lead to earlier detection.
      Early detection is important; still, only about 20 percent of ovarian cancers are found before tumor growth has spread beyond the ovaries. Your chance of surviving ovarian cancer is better if the cancer is found early.

      Treatment of ovarian cancer usually involves a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.
      Surgery
      In most cases, you'll want to have a gynecologic oncologist perform ovarian cancer surgery because they often have more training and experience with this type of operation.
      Chemotherapy
      After surgery, you'll most likely be treated with chemotherapy — drugs designed to kill any remaining cancer cells. The initial regimen for ovarian cancer includes the combination of carboplatin (Paraplatin) and paclitaxel (Taxol) injected into the bloodstream (intravenous administration). Clinical trials have found that this combination is effective, though researchers are continually looking for ways to improve on it. A more intensive regimen has recently been shown to improve survival in women with advanced ovarian cancer by combining standard intravenous chemotherapy with chemotherapy injected directly into the abdominal cavity through a catheter placed at the time of the initial operation. This intra-abdominal infusion exposes hard-to-reach cancer cells to higher levels of chemotherapy than can be reached intravenously.

      Lifestyle and home remedies
      Eating well
      Good nutrition is especially important for people undergoing cancer treatment. But eating well can be difficult for a time if your treatment includes chemotherapy or radiation therapy. You may feel nauseated or lose your appetite, and foods may taste bland or unpleasant. You may find that the last thing you want to do is plan meals.Even so, eating well during cancer treatment can help you maintain your stamina and your ability to cope with the side effects of treatments. Good nutrition may also help you prevent infections and remain more active.
      Remember these strategies for eating well when you don't feel well:
      * Eat protein-rich foods. Foods high in protein can help build and repair body tissues. Choices include eggs, yogurt, cottage cheese, peanut butter, lean meat, poultry, fish, beans and lentils.
      * Keep an open mind about the foods you might eat. Something that is unappealing today might taste better to you next week.
      * When you do feel well, make the most of it. Eat as many healthy foods as you can. Prepare meals that you can easily freeze and reheat. Also look for low-fat frozen dinners and other prepared foods.
      * Pack calories into the foods you eat. For example, spread butter, jam or honey on bread. Sprinkle foods with chopped nuts.
      * Eat smaller amounts of food more frequently. If you can't face the thought of a large meal, try eating small amounts of food more often. Keep fruits and vegetables handy for snacking.
      Staying active
      Even if you don't feel well, try to stay physically active. A regular, short walk or climbing the stairs can keep your muscles from deteriorating due to lack of use. Exercise can also help prevent fatigue and depression and reduce anxiety.
      In addition, activities that require repetitive movement, such as swimming, can produce a mental state similar to that achieved with meditation. The same is true of yoga and other stretching exercises.
      I'm sorry it's so long but I wanted to make sure you have a fighting chance. your attitude is good, move on & fight.

  20. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of ovarian cancer and IBS diagnosis being mistaken one for the other?
    In everything I have read, the stmptoms are very similar. One of the only differences I have seen is that low back pain is not usually listed as a symptom of IBS.

    • ANSWER:
      With IBS constipation and diarrhea are the dominant factors. There may be pain butprobablyy not a whole lot and it will be around your stomach area. Constipation and diarrhea are not that common for ovarian cancer. If you are concerned about having either of the two I would see a doctor very soon.

  21. QUESTION:
    Possible to check for ovarian cancer while pregnant?
    11 weeks preg. Had symptoms of ovarian cancer before I got pregnant, meant to get another ultrasound, unexpectedly got pregnant a few weeks after stopped taking orthotrycyclen because of depression, worried.. is it possible to do a transvaginal ultrasoudn while pregnant? What can i do?

    • ANSWER:
      Certainly ultrasound is helpful in your case. This will aid your doctor to the proper diagnosis and treatment course.Treatment is similar to non-pregnant cases of Ovarian cancer & for some bioethical issues (you are pregnant) the age of gestation also matters. But before that the ultrasound will characterize what type of mass it is that defines it as malignant or benign.The character of these masses are graded and scored.Moreover doppler scans are also requested.The goldstandard , however that will document such will be a histopathologic report.Now, this entails you to see more of your perinatologist and a gynecologic oncologist .They will give you a hand...Hope I helped

  22. QUESTION:
    How common is it for a chihuahua to get ovarian cancer?
    what if they are not being bred or spayed? what is the average age for diagnosis?

    • ANSWER:
      the chances go up every heat cycle
      also her chances are increased if her food contains any of the known contributors...

      http://www.gomestic.com/Pets/What-is-in-Your-Dogs-Food.77020
      (see the link to see what pet food ingredients contribute as risk factors)

      cancer is the leading killer of pets next to accidents.

  23. QUESTION:
    is it possible to have ovarian cancer at age 17?
    Starting after my 17th birthday, i've been having really bad and sharp abdominal pains, they last for days and weeks at a time. I also noticed myself feeling fine one second and then have the biggest urge to go pee. My body also gets really achy randomly, and my crams during menstration have increased horrifically. is it possible i could have ovarian cancer?
    I've gone to the ER due to the pains before, and they ruled out an ovarian cyst.

    • ANSWER:
      immortal - Ovarian cancer at age 17 is extremely rare. It can arise from an unusual benign ovarian tumor called a mature teratoma (or dermoid cyst) when one of the benign tissue components becomes malignant. Most physicians won't see one in a lifetime. For your history, especially since no "cyst" or other mass was felt, you likely have another problem. One more common possibility is a condition known as endometriosis when tiny specks of tissue normally limited to the inner lining of the uterus seeds the belly. This may cause recurring cramps and pains, and sometimes some internal bleeding. Often the diagnosis is made by the Gyn MD who inserts a small scope in the abdomen to find these endometrial seeds. I suggest you see a gynecologist (MD) for an examination and discussion of this possible disorder and anything else.

  24. QUESTION:
    When is the last time you had a hard cry?
    Mine was today when i heard about my friend had ovarian cancer, not because she had it but they found out what the problem was...
    It was a diagnosis and hopefully it will be cured.

    • ANSWER:
      The last time I had a hard cry was when my mother passed from cancer a year ago :(

      I hope your friend is ok, I'll keep her in my prayers.

  25. QUESTION:
    Could Hashimoto Thyroiditis cause similar symptoms to premenopause?
    I'm 21 years old, and I am going to be tested in the next week or so for Hashimoto's.

    Because I am showing all symptoms of this disease, I also got thinking if one of my other problems could be connected to this: hot flashes, and no periods.

    For about three years, I had my period without a break in between cycles (yes, three years of constant bleeding) and doctors were unable to figure out why. For about two years now, I have been suffering from very long breaks during my periods along with very intense hot flashes. My mother, who is going to menopause, has similar symptoms.

    Has anyone with Hashimoto's ever had menopause-like hot flashes?

    In case this helps, I am adopted but do know that my biological mother had ovarian cancer in her late 20's. Could this be a sign of that?

    • ANSWER:
      It is odd for someone to skip over HypOthyroidism & go straight to Hashi's. It is, however, the main cause of HypO. Yes, there can be hot flashes. Likely to be cancer? NO!

      Thyroid disease is missed more than found. Three reasons: 1) not checking for antibodies; 2) going by wrong TSH 'normal' range; and, 3) not listening to symptoms.

      You need testing for thyroid ANTIBODIES as well as TSH. TSH ‘norm’ should be .3 – 3 (w/ most feeling best at < 2, like maybe ONE) but, for diagnosis, may not mean much if ANTIBODIES are present which is indicative of Hashimoto’s Autoimmune Thyroiditis (cycles between HYPER & HYPO at start)…it is the main cause of eventual HypOthyroidism but worse (...OR Graves Disease – HypERthyroid from beginning [different antibodies]).

      You will have to INSIST they test for the antibodies. [anti-TPO and TgAb for Hashi’s] They can code so that ins will pay.

      WARNING: Doctors seem not to want to find/treat thyroid disease. You may have to go to more than one doctor before you get the right tests, interpretation, and treatment. Best wishes.

      ALWAYS GET COPIES OF YOUR LABS.

      Ck these:
      http://thyroid.about.com/bio/Mary-Shomon-350.htm
      http://www.stopthethyroidmadness.com/
      http://www.thyrophoenix.com/index.html
      http://thyroid.about.com/cs/newsinfo/l/blguidelines.htm

      God bless you

  26. QUESTION:
    What are the actual systems of ovarian and cervical cancer?
    I seem to have all of the symptoms that I have researched: fullness in stomach, pain in pelvic during intercourse, persistent gas and back pain. I'm a slim woman yet I look as if I'm 4 months pregnant. Could it be gynecological cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, it could be a gynecological cancer, such as ovarian cancer, but there are other things it could be as well because these are vague symptoms.

      You really need to get to your gynecologist as soon as possible for an exam, possibly a transvaginal ultrasound and blood tests. As the others say, it's really not something you want to wait around and find out what people say here, because we can't possibly make a diagnosis for you. And if it is any type of cancer you want to get a diagnosis as early as possible.

      I know it's scary to find out but you may also find out there is a benign process going on, and that would be a relief.

  27. QUESTION:
    Whats the difference between an ovarian cyst and ovarian cancer?
    My sister has an 'ovarian cyst' 15 cm i n width..... The average cyst rarely exceeds 5 cm...... can a cyst turn into cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Ovarian cyst is:

      An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the ovary. Many cysts are completely normal. These are called functional cysts. They occur as a result of ovulation (the release of an egg from the ovary). Functional cysts normally shrink over time, usually in about 1 to 3 months. If you have a functional cyst, your doctor may want to check you again in 1 to 3 months to make sure the cyst has gotten smaller. In certain cases, your doctor may want you to take birth control pills so you won't ovulate. If you don't ovulate, you won't form cysts.

      If you are menopausal and are not having periods, you shouldn't form functional cysts. If you do have a cyst, your doctor will probably want you to have a sonogram so he or she can look at the cyst. What your doctor decides to do after that depends on your age, the way the cyst looks on the sonogram and if you're having symptoms such as pain, bloating, feeling full after eating just a little, and constipation.

      Ovarian Cancer:

      Recognizing ovarian cancer symptoms

      Ovarian cancer often shows no obvious signs or symptoms until late in its development. Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:

      General abdominal discomfort and/or pain (gas, indigestion, pressure, swelling, bloating, cramps)

      Nausea, diarrhea, constipation, or frequent urination

      Loss of appetite

      Feeling of fullness even after a light meal

      Weight gain or loss with no known reason

      Abnormal bleeding from the vagina

      These symptoms may be caused by ovarian cancer or by other, less serious conditions. It is important to check with a doctor about any of these symptoms.

      To help find the cause of symptoms, a doctor evaluates a woman's medical history. The doctor also performs a physical exam and orders diagnostic tests. Some exams and tests that may be useful are described below:

      Pelvic exam includes feeling the uterus, vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, and rectum to find any abnormality in their shape or size. (A Pap test, a good test for cancer of the cervix, is often done along with the pelvic exam, but it is not a reliable way to find or diagnose ovarian cancer.)

      Ultrasound refers to the use of high-frequency sound waves. These waves, which cannot be heard by humans, are aimed at the ovaries. The pattern of the echoes they produce creates a picture called a sonogram.

      CA-125 assay is a blood test used to measure the level of CA-125, a tumor marker that is often found in higher-than-normal amounts in the blood of women with ovarian cancer.

      Lower GI series, or barium enema, is a series of x-rays of the colon and rectum. The pictures are taken after the patient is given an enema with a white, chalky solution containing barium. The barium outlines the colon and rectum on the x-ray, making tumors or other abnormal areas easier to see.

      CT (or CAT) scan is a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body created by a computer linked to an x-ray machine.

      Biopsy is the removal of tissue for examination under a microscope. A pathologist studies the tissue to make a diagnosis. To obtain the tissue, the surgeon performs a laparotomy (an operation to open the abdomen). If cancer is suspected, the surgeon performs an oophorectomy (removal of the entire ovary). This is important because, if cancer is present, removing just a sample of tissue by cutting through the outer layer of the ovary could allow cancer cells to escape and cause the disease to spread.

      If the diagnosis is ovarian cancer, the doctor will want to learn the stage (or extent) of disease. Staging is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Staging may involve surgery, x-rays and other imaging procedures, and lab tests. Knowing the stage of the disease helps the doctor plan treatment.

  28. QUESTION:
    People talk about cancer survival in 2, 5, 10 year intervals. When does the clock start?
    Does it start when the cancer is discovered? When they think the cancer started growing? If it has metastasized from somewhere else, does the clock start over again? My husband learned he had kidney cancer in 2007. He had a complete nephrectomy in October. The doctor told him that the tumor had probably been growing for two years before we found it. Last September the kidney cancer spread to the plural lining in his lungs. Now it has spread to his lymph nodes. If he has a 5 year expected survival rate, when did the clock start?

    • ANSWER:
      I'd like to see what Denisedds has to say about this if she sees this question. She is a tumor registrar - statistics expert. Stage IV renal carcinoma - what percentage five year survival rate did your medical oncologist tell you?

      No experienced oncology doctor would say a person has five years to live. We never know that so far in advance. We usually quote percentage five year survivals for people in similar situations with various types and stages of cancers.

      The "clock" as you put it starts when the biopsy diagnosis is made and the malignant disease is initially staged. The statistics do change when metastatic disease is later identified. You now know that the renal cancer cells had already spread to the pleura and the lymph nodes before the nephrectomy in 2007. The cancer cells were microscopic in the pleura and lymph nodes in 10/07 - too small to detect with any scans.

      BUT - Statistics never tell us what one special individual will do. Statistics are averages from the experiences of a large number of people who are not really alike even though they have the same general diagnosis. No two people I saw with renal carcinomas were exactly the same. No two women with breast cancers are ever the same.

      People may become too caught up in numbers or statistics from other people. No one can precisely predict the future of one person with statistics based on a large group of other people.

      The urologist who did the initial surgery in October 2007 could not have known how long that primary tumor had been growing. He or she was just making a guess. Our thinking is that most tumors go through ~70% of their cellular divisions or growth by the time they reach 1 cm in diameter - about the size of a marble. Most of the growth of a malignant tumor - either a primary or a metastatic lesion - occurs before we can see the tumor mass with any scans.

      Maybe your doctor meant that it may have been visible for two years before it was finally detected. That is the problem with kidney cancers (and pancreatic and lung and ovarian cancers). There often are no signs or symptoms until they are already advanced.

  29. QUESTION:
    What are the symptons of ovarian cancer, and how do I deecifer them from ordinary problems?
    How can I tell if I have any of the symptoms or if I am just over-analyzing?

    • ANSWER:
      First of all please consult an oncologist telling your problems. His is the best judge to evaluate the stage and grade and treatments to be given etc. What we can tell you here are only general things, which you yourself can get from webpages and books. As it is Ovarian Cancer is a dangerous type of cancer and require immediate attention. So do the needful as above. Best of Luck.

      However I am giving the symptoms you may notice about this disease for your information

      Ovarian cancer is a malignant ovarian neoplasm (an abnormal growth located on the ovaries).

      Symptoms

      sense of pelvic heaviness
      vaginal bleeding
      weight gain or weight loss
      abnormal menstrual cycles
      unexplained back pain that worsens over time
      increased abdominal girth
      non specific gastrointestinal symptoms:
      vague lower abdominal discomfort
      increased gas
      indigestion
      lack of appetite
      nausea and vomiting
      inability to ingest usual volumes of food
      bloating
      Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
      increased urinary frequency/urgency
      excessive hair growth

      Note: There may be no symptoms until late in the disease.
      In particular, women should watch for symptoms occurring in groups and lasting two weeks or more.

      Treatment

      Surgery is the preferred treatment and is frequently necessary for diagnosis. Studies have shown that surgery performed by a specialist in gynecologic oncology usually result in a higher rate of cure. Chemotherapy is used as after surgery to treat any residual disease. Until recently, intravenous chemotherapy was used in treating patients with advanced ovarian cancer. A recent study has shown that women with advanced ovarian cancer live longer if chemotherapy is given into the abdomen. Now doctors are recommending chemotherapy delivered to the abdomen as a preferred method of treating advanced ovarian cancer. This treatment is referred to as intraperitoneal chemoperfusion. Chemotherapy can also be used to treat women who have a recurrence. Radiation therapy is rarely used in ovarian cancer in the United States.

  30. QUESTION:
    How do chemotherapy drugs interact chemically with cancer cells to get rid of the cancerous cells?
    I have to give a chemistry project tomorrow in class and I need to have a basic understanding of what goes on chemically between chemotherapy drugs and the cancerous cells. Like what element interacts with what and how the chemo drugs stop the cancer cells from replicating. If anyone even has a most basic chemical explanation as to what occurs I would really appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      Chemotherapy works by destroying cancer cells; unfortunately, it cannot tell the difference between a cancer cell and some healthy cells. So chemotherapy eliminates not only the fast-growing cancer cells but also other fast-growing cells in your body, including, hair and blood cells.

      Some cancer cells grow slowly while others grow rapidly. As a result, different types of chemotherapy drugs target the growth patterns of specific types of cancer cells. Each drug has a different way of working and is effective at a specific time in the life cycle of the cell it targets.

      So, the chemicals are designed to go after specific cells that have a particular metabolic rate.

      Chemotherapy has NOT been very effective and the 5 year survival rate is very poor. It is expensive; a cancer patient is worth about 0,000 to the medical community.

      In 1972, according to the American Cancer Societies own figures, 33% of cancers had a five year survival rate. We should also point out that at that same time 33% of cancers went away on their own. Today, according to the ACS, the five year survival rate for cancer has risen to 40%. However, what they do not tell you is that:

      1.The statistics are invalid because they combine data of both local and metastasized cancers; and that the comparisons are not randomized [Ulrich Abel, Advanced Epithelial Cancer", 1990 (no longer in print) ]
      2.Cancers not factored into the original statistics are now factored in, such as skin cancers, many of which are not fatal and that the statistics are purposely inflated by including people with benign cancers.
      3.Technology has helped us to find cancers earlier, thus the survival time from diagnosis to eventual death has lengthened.
      4.They are now including in their stats non deadly skin cancers.

      By shrinking tumors, chemotherapy encourages stronger cancer cells to grow and multiply and become chemo resistant. Then there are the new cancers caused by chemotherapy, or secondary cancers. This quaint side effect is often overlooked in the lists of side effects in a drug's accompanying literature, though you can find this information quite easily at the National Cancer Institute. We pride ourselves in America for being technologically advanced and that our technology is rooted in a foundation of good science.

      Wrong.

      When it comes to medicine, little at all is based upon science. Again we shall point to the Office of Technological Assessment’s paper: Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Medical Technologies in which we are told that fewer than 20% of all medical procedures have been tested, and that of those tested, half were tested badly.

      Medicine in America is not about healing.

      Most telling, according to Ralph Moss in his book Questioning Chemotherapy, is that in a good number of surveys, chemotherapists have responded that they would neither recommend chemotherapy for their families nor would they use it themselves. In an unpublished cohort study in which it was revealed that only 9% of oncologists took chemotherapy for their cancers.

      "Most cancer patients in this country die of chemotherapy.

      Chemotherapy does not eliminate breast, colon, or lung cancers. This fact has been documented for over a decade, yet doctors still use chemotherapy for these tumors,” Allen Levin, MD UCSF The Healing of Cancer.

      Additionally, Irwin Bross, a biostatistician for the National Cancer Institute, discovered that many cancers that are benign (though thought to be malignant) and will not metastasize until they are hit with chemotherapy. In other words, he's found that many people who've been diagnosed with metastatic cancer did not have metastatic cancer until they got their chemotherapy.

      For many cancers, chemotherapy just does not improve your survival rate. Some of these are colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, bladder, breast, ovarian, cervical and corpus uteri, head and neck. Knowing this, oncologists still recommend a regimen of chemotherapy, why?

      The answer you will get from oncologists that are honest is this: “We give it to patients so they won't give up hope and fall into the hands of quacks.” Quacks? Implicit in the definition of quackery is the sale of worthless or dangerous nostrums for profit. Who exactly are the quacks? Just because someone is wearing a white smock, has a title, and works in a nice air conditioned office, does NOT take away what he is. Con men don't look like crooks or they would never get anyone to buy into what they are selling. Looking credible does NOT mean they are.

      Dr Ulrich Abel, who poured over thousands and thousands of cancer studies, published his shocking report in 1990 stating quite succinctly that chemotherapy has done nothing for 80% of all cancers; that 80% of chemotherapy administered was absolutely worthless.

      To give a fair and accurate assessment of chemotherapy in your report, you should also tell people how it is NOT very effective and only a smal

  31. QUESTION:
    What are the statistics for surviving ovarian cancer?
    Would appreciate it if you could provide sources to accompany your responses. Also, would appreciate hearing stories of recovery. I have a friend who is going in for surgery on Thursday to remove a large (soccer ball sized) tumour. How common is this size of tumour? What are her chances?

    • ANSWER:
      Check out www.ovariancancer.com this site provides info.. I have included some here for you.
      One woman out of every fifty-five (approximately 1.8%) will develop ovarian cancer some time in her life time.

      In 2003, approximately 25,000 women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Approximately 14,500 women will die of the disease.

      Over 70% of all women with ovarian cancer will not be diagnosed until the disease has spread beyond the ovary. This is because the symptoms of early ovarian cancer are often vague and can mimic other common medical problems.

      Ovarian cancer is most common in women who have already gone through menopause. The average age for developing ovarian cancer is 61 years old.

      For the small number of women who are fortunate enough to have their cancer diagnosed before it has spread beyond the ovary, the chance for cure is 85 to 90%. However, for the majority of women in whom the disease has spread beyond the ovary, the chance of living for five years after the diagnosis is between 20 and 25%.

  32. QUESTION:
    ALL and every possible symptom of ovarian cancer?
    ALL and every possible symptom of ovarian cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms are basically something you might feel that is unusual, like pain or a pressure sensation. Over the past five years, research has shown that some ovarian cancer symptoms do occur earlier, but are simply ignored by either the patient or the physician.

      Late Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
      Unfortunately, in three out of four patients, cancer of the ovary is usually discovered during late stages when it has already spread inside the abdomen to other organs, like the stomach and intestines. At that point, the cure rates are much lower.

      Symptoms in later stages may include unexplained weight loss or gain, persistent abdominal bloating or pain, or feeling full early while eating.

      Early Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
      Early stage ovarian cancer may not cause many symptoms, or they may be vague and overlooked. In addition, vague abdominal or pelvic symptoms are most often NOT caused by cancer. If they go away within a few days to a week, they may simply be intestinal disturbances due to something you ate or a viral infection.

      The key to earlier diagnosis is not to ignore persistent symptoms that are not explained by any other condition, especially when you feel symptoms mainly in the pelvis. These might include increasing pelvic pressure or pain, change in bowel habits such as diarrhea or constipation, or bladder irregularities like more frequent or urgent urination.

      Symptoms in your pelvis may be due to an enlarging ovary putting pressure on your bladder or bowel. Most of the time, growth of an ovarian tumor or mass is not cancerous, but you may still need treatment even for benign enlargement.

      The take-home message is that if you have abdominal or pelvic symptoms that are new, seem unusual, persist for several weeks, or are worsening, tell your doctor. This is especially important if you are over 50 years of age and/or have a family history of cancer, especially breast or ovarian cancer.

      Some types of ovarian cancer can occur in younger women, but they are unusual. Regardless, you should not ignore persistent symptoms like the ones described and should insist that your doctor seek a reasonable explanation for these symptoms.

  33. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are detected by blood tests?
    Without actually looking for a certain kind of cancer, what kind of cancer would be detected by a normal, check-up type of blood work?

    • ANSWER:
      Regular blood tests normally include a "Full Blood Count" and "Liver Function Test".
      Any extreme irregularities in these tests would warrent further testing - but would not in itself immediately highlight cancer.
      If your white blood cell count was down, for example, this is not necessarily a sign you have leukaemia - the doctor would put together your whole profile, including other symptoms such as easy bruising, lethargy, fatigue etc and more specific tests (such as a bone marrow biopsy) would be required to confirm diagnosis.

      Most cancer blood screening is actually specific tests. One such example is PSA - which is used to monitor men for Prostate cancer.
      When men start screening for prostate cancer (anywhere from 40+ depending on family history - every man over 50 should be regularly screened) they will have a prostate physical examination and a screening blood test. Honestly, most men obviously prefer to have a blood test every year rather than the physical!

      If the Prostate Serum Antigen (PSA) level comes back high, this is a trigger that something is wrong with the Prostate and further tests are carried out.

      Other cancers that can be detected by blood test are Ovarian cancer. This is a very silent cancer, which is often not detected until very advanced as often there are no obvious physical signs. A simple blood test for the CA125 marker will show something is amiss if it returns a high reading. Again, further tests would be required to detect if there is cancer and where it is.

      This test has improved since 1996 - and is now sometimes referred to as CA125-II

      There are non-cancerous causes of CA125 being elevated as well - so an abnormally high reading is not automatically a diagnosis.

  34. QUESTION:
    Can you tell is you have cervical cancer or other reproductive organ cancer with a blood test?
    Overall, can't you go get a blood test to see if you have cancer, then you have to do other things to tell where it's at right? I know a pap smear is to tell if you have cervical cancer, but what if your cervix is all scarred from previous laser therapies, and it can't tell, or if it's deeper inside your cervix?

    • ANSWER:
      I am a cytotechnologist an I diagnose pap smears. You cannot diagnose cervical cancer through a blood test. I must be diagnosed through Pap Smear, Colposcopy, or Biopsy. Ultimately it should always be biopsy confirmed before a hysterectomy. GYN's use a brush or broom to access deep in the cervix to collect the endocervical portion of the specimen. Scarring can hinder access to a lesion and thus diagnosis, but it is not very common. If a woman has cervical Ca, those cells will be shed at some point and they will be detected on the pap smear. Anything further up, like Endometrial or ovarian cancers are only found accidentally on a pap smear.

  35. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as free cancer testing?
    Both of my grandmothers died of lung cancer. Both smokers. A few years ago, I had a chest exray by a chiropractor and he said the dot on my lung area was calcium. Should I have cancer testing, and is there such a thing as free cancer screening? I am 47 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, details follow--------------

      Instant Diagnosis*of any Disease and or the affected organ[s]---even Cancer, HIV/AIDS or any Incurable Disease/Syndrome with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.

      U may study the details, discuss with Ur family members and friends and understand the concept of ‘Acupressure’ and confirm for Urself, if U or anybody else has cancer/hiv and the affected organs.

      Cancer, lupus, HIV/AIDS, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, etc., —Common Symptoms:
      Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, FATIGUE-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease- Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      Diagnosis--With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender. If all these or most of these points are very painful on thumb pressure, it means one has cancer/hiv/dreaded disease[s].
      Suppose, point no. 11 [prostate] along with no.8 [thyroid, 16 [lymph], then it is prostate cancer.

      If point no. 27 [stomach] along with point no.8, 16, then stomach cancer/ulcer, etc.,
      Point Nos.16, 8, 14, 15, 37—then it is ovarian cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 1-7, 11-15---oral cancer.
      Point Nos.1-6, 8, 11-16, 37 – Brain tumor.
      Point Nos.16, 8, 15,37 –uterine cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 30, 38, 37 –Lung cancer.
      Point No.19, 20, 21, 8, 16, 27—Bowel cancer.
      Point No.6 [throat], 8 [thyroid] and 16 [lymph]—throat cancer.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 11-15 and 37 –Lymphoma.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 37, 27, 29, 30 & 37---Leukemia.
      Note—In every cancer, 8 [thyroid], 16 [lymph] are tender as a precondition.
      Prevention & Cure: Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment and perceivable relief , hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:
      In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has breast cancer. If U press the surrounding area on both palms regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      Cure is available by Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases
      We proved for our own satisfaction “the miracles of acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies’ and made recorded documentation on successfully cured cases of Autism, Muscular Dystrophy, Thalassemia, Breast Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Wilm’s Tumor, Hypothyroidism, etc., etc.

  36. QUESTION:
    How serious is ovarian cancer?
    besides the obvious....My sons Faience has ovarian cancer and seems to want to put treatment off until after the wedding Not sure but it seems that way.

    How cn I advise her?

    Should she postpone the wedding

    Wedding is nin September.
    thank you. I will not push either way I am just gaining information for myself so that I am informed while respecting her privacy

    • ANSWER:
      Ovarian cancer is very dangerous and we have not yet learned how to manage it well. The 5-year survival rate for stage III-IV has remained as low as 12% for more than 30 years now. Tumors of low malignant potential tend to occur most often in premenopausal women and remain confined to the ovary for long periods of time, but even with this diagnosis I would not risk putting off treatment for more than 6 months and I cannot imagine her doctor would agree with this. This being said, I would leave the advising to her doctors. They are the best ones to advise her anyway. If you say anything you run the risk of alienating your son. If they are old enough to get married they are old enough to make their own decisions. I hope everything works out well for all of you.

  37. QUESTION:
    How likely is it that a bladder fistula is cancerous? Should I worry?
    I had never even heard of one and had no sense of urgency when I started showing symptoms. Embarrassing... but for other women who should know to contact the Dr...passing air when urinating is Dr warranted. I finally called the Dr thinking it just isn't normal and she skipped the office visit and set an appt. with a urologist. I don't have Crohn's disease and I haven't had any recent surgeries. Just by process of elimination I've really narrowed down the possible reasons. Ovarian, Uterine, and colon cancers run in my family. Is it a pretty high chance that it is cancer? Should I pack my bags for the next life or is it pretty common and easily taken care of? Is surgery the next step?
    I am waiting to see a urologist. So, I am going to see a Dr. My mind is just going nuts and thought maybe someone had some knowledge while I wait.

    • ANSWER:
      Pneumaturia (passing air through the urethra while voiding) can be caused by three general things. 1. Recent instrumentation of the bladder (e.g. having a catheter) - this usual on lasts a most a few hours; 2. An infection with gas forming bacteria; and, 3. a fistula to the bladder.

      For there to be air in the bladder, the fistula need to connect to a structure that normally contains air. This makes the bowel the most likely cause. Although the uterus and vagina are possible; it is pretty ruled out be lack of total incontinence. Ovarian cancer would be unusually. But possible. It could set up a fistula involving colon and urinary tract.

      In my experience the most common possible cause of an entrovesical fistula is diverticulitis (an inflammatory disease of the colon - most in those older the 45). The second most common in my experience is a surgical mishap such a hysterectomy. There are many other benign causes of entrovesical fistulas. An example of a usual cause is called Fraley Syndrome; this occurs when a stone in the appendix (usually inflamed) digs its way into the bladder.

      Colorectal cancers are well known to cause enterovesical fistulas. It needs to be considered in the diagnosis - but inflammatory causes are more common.

      It is also possible to have a fistula between the gut and upper ureter. This is rare, in my career I may not seen this.

      In answer to your final question - do not pack your bags. It is fairly common and most the time is easily treated (obviously depends on what the cause is). The step(s) are to see what is going on. The first steps frequently include a urine analysis and culture, plus a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis. A cystoscopy is also needed. Other tests based on the findings from the above include colonoscopy, barium enema or a charcoal swallow.

      Good luck!

  38. QUESTION:
    Can a 13 year old get testicular cancer?
    I am a little older now but at around that age i noticed something. I had an undescended testicle when i was born. The growth or lump, is painless and is very visible and possibly is not attached to the testicle itself. The testicle itself is smaller then my other one but obviously that can be unrelated. There is no family history of this and if it is testicular cancer, what other symptoms should i feel?

    • ANSWER:
      To answer your question indirectly . .and not specifically about what is happened to you . . the answer is yes, boys can get testicular cancer at your age (though you are a bit young at 13) . .so, you should definitely go to a doctor to have this examined. No one here can tell you specifically what you have . . this needs to be seen by a medical doctor who can make an examination and diagnosis. Testicular cancer affects males between the ages of 15 - 35. It is considered a germ cell cancer . . females will get ovarian cancer, and males testicular . . both are germ cell cancers.

      Kids Health: Types of Cancer Teens Get
      http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/cancer/types_of_cancer.html

      How to Perform a Testicular Examination
      http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/guys/tse.html

      I know two young people who have had testicular cancer . . one is 17 and is just finishing high school. He is in remission and currently doing well. The other was about 21 years old and he died.

      Cancer in teenagers is different than cancer found in early childhood and cancer found in adults . .

      ASCO: Cancer in Teenagers - Age specific information
      http://www.ascocancerfoundation.org/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teenagers/Overview

      Don't fool around with what is potentially a life threatening illness . .go see a doctor.

  39. QUESTION:
    Is there a certain age group where women are more susceptible to ovarian cancer?
    Or are women in general susceptible to it?

    • ANSWER:
      Ovarian cancer (OC) accounts for approximately 3 percent of cancers in women. It is the 9th most common cancer occurring in women but it is the deadliest gynecological cancer.

      General stats on OC:
      Age group affected: women > 45 yo
      Average age at diagnosis: 63 yo
      Average age at death: 71 yo
      Risk of developing invasive cancer: 1 in 71
      Lifetime risk of dying from invasive ovarian cancer: 1 in 95.

      Risk factors:
      - family history of cancer
      - personal history of cancer
      - Age > 55 years old
      - nulliparity - no pregnancy
      - menopausal hormone therapy

  40. QUESTION:
    Under the Affordable Care Act (Obama Care) will I be able to receive coverage for a prostate screen?
    I know women screening for breast, ovarian, cervical cancer is covered for women. I wasn't sure about prostate, for men.
    Really? Does this mean prostate exams where the doctor has to feel your prostate? Why am I always being told that I need to have regular prostate exams after 40?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you want to talk about this. You clearly have an agenda.

      Summary of Recommendation and Evidence
      The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer (D recommendation).
      See Clinical Considerations section for a discussion about implementation of this recommendation.
      Return to Contents
      Rationale
      Importance
      Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men in the United States, with a lifetime risk for diagnosis currently estimated at 15.9%. Most cases of prostate cancer have a good prognosis, even without treatment, but some are aggressive; the lifetime risk of dying of prostate cancer is 2.8%. Prostate cancer is rare before age 50 years and very few men die of prostate cancer before age 60 years. Seventy percent of deaths due to prostate cancer occur after age 75 years (1).

      http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/prostatecancerscreening/prostatefinalrs.htm

      (CBS News) The United States Preventive Services Task Force announced in its final recommendation Monday that healthy men should no longer get screened for prostate cancer with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test because a resulting diagnosis may do more harm than good.
      http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-57439340-10391704/panels-psa-test-recommendations-spark-debate-among-doctors-cancer-survivors/

      ADD: Sigh.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostate_cancer_screening

  41. QUESTION:
    Has anyone been diagnosed with Ovarian cancer? What were your symptoms?
    I have had lower back pain for over three weeks, nausea, constipation and diahrea, terrible bloating, tenderness. Today I have fever, chills...generally feeling terrible. Anyone with any advice would be appreciated.
    And if you can tell me what tests were performed to confirm diagnosis.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of ovarian cancer are nonspecific and mimic those of many other more common conditions, including digestive and bladder disorders. It isn't unusual for a woman with ovarian cancer to be diagnosed with another condition before finally learning she has cancer. The key seems to be persistent or worsening signs and symptoms. With most digestive disorders, symptoms tend to come and go, or they occur in certain situations or after eating certain foods. With ovarian cancer, there's typically little fluctuation — symptoms are constant and gradually worsen.

      Recent studies have shown that women with ovarian cancer are more likely than are other women to consistently experience the following symptoms:

      Abdominal pressure, fullness, swelling or bloating
      Urinary urgency
      Pelvic discomfort or pain
      Additional signs and symptoms that women with ovarian cancer may experience include:

      Persistent indigestion, gas or nausea
      Unexplained changes in bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation
      Changes in bladder habits, including a frequent need to urinate
      Loss of appetite
      Unexplained weight loss or gain
      Increased abdominal girth or clothes fitting tighter around your waist
      Pain during intercourse (dyspareunia)
      A persistent lack of energy
      Low back pain
      Doctors can usually diagnose ovarian cancer within three months of women first noticing symptoms, but sometimes it may take six months or longer before a diagnosis can be made.

      This link will explain the tests performed to show if you have ovarian cancer

      http://www.cancerfacts.com/GeneralContent/Ovarian/Gen_Symptoms.asp?CB=9

      I hope this helps answer you question and Good Luck :) xoxo

  42. QUESTION:
    I had a sub total/hysterectomy with a bilateral salpingo oophrectomy years ago. now they found an adnexal mass?
    I don't understand this diagnosis cause I thought it would be related to ovaries which I don't have. I have been told it is about 4 cm and it is causing me pain. I am still waiting on results from a CA125 test. Should I be worried?

    • ANSWER:
      Well... you should be a little concerned, but it's not time to freak out. Most lumps that they find are benign. Chances are this is, too, whatever it is. But technically, you can still get ovarian cancer even if you don't have ovaries, because the epithelial layer that surrounds each ovary also lines the abdominal cavity and various abdominal organs. Those cells have similar properties to the ovary casings. But again, it's a long shot that it's a problem.

  43. QUESTION:
    Do yopu know anyone who has had or been diagnosed with ovarian cancer?
    If so what age were they and what symptoms did they experience? Also what test were they given for diagnosis? Thankyou x

    • ANSWER:
      want to know about full details
      visite the url

  44. QUESTION:
    Does Fibrocystic Breat Disease and ovarian cysts have any kind of relation to each other?
    I have had FBD since my early teens, and now I am 18 and I have had two ovarian cysts(that I know of within the last 3 months) rupture. Is there any kind of relation between these two conditions? and could this effect my fertility?

    • ANSWER:
      No not in relations...Bra Cancer is much different and it is a cancer as far as I know cancer is malignant and damage is done on normal cells as Cancer feeds off the body to be a over growth of cells and the cells are accepted by the body not as foe but as friend yet the cancer feeds until is uses up the good of the body and rots...
      So far in my recent diagnosis of fibroids...It is not cancerous and at any time fibrois appear..due to being obese as a feature in Black Women more...durring 40's and women who have not had children and are close to menopausal stages the fibroids will dry up...The body is making one last big bang...stage is set to give yourself a chance or one last call before closing time the fibroids can be treated with drugs or removed by lazer and healing time is 2 to 3 days on a treatment...Total removal of the lining by historectomy will remove the area only responsible for the growth and rinder you unable to have children...even the treatment says no children stage...It can be avoided the idea is to prolong your female hormones nature given and not rush into menopause
      A Pause for the Men...I understand that The Big S is still on and Poppin...Either Way...You are quite young for this so look to speed up having your children ...Tell the doctor children are a option in your future...You can still have a baby soon...Cover the basis legal...Marrage if the Guy agrees is a better option than child support or welfare or with your parents help....for you it is possible..option.
      Take care to be here for a long time unless you bleed heavy and unless you are in pain You can live with fibroids for a long time and not have a problem and they grow slow so you have plenty of time to see how you are going to proceed
      Not many doctors will tell you anything you have to be a big vigulanty on the web and look up sources.
      Web MD and Fibroids section of Yahoo was a big brace for me.
      Details even the National NDCC will send you a book for free
      booklet...
      I would read about MS and Fibroids and as I turn 40..I go for a checkup and the doctor finds things and I thought I was the picture of health to me ... Overly healthy in a way the fibroids do not hurt me until they started ultrasounding and picking with them in test...I am looking at option of hystorectomy..I want this as a last resort...Kind of thanking God I have options
      Lazar...Emoblization...Therapy Support Groups...I am not going to give up and give in without a fight...While I still have God and a great fight in me to try to live...
      I heard on the radio One woman said it is common and she can feel hers being fed if she drinked sweet tea or fried chicken...I too feel to cut of the source of it being fed and it will need to die or fall out or burn out or cut out ...Idea it is genetics and it will come back and case out other areas...
      I have a big choice to make even with the doctors I feel I got to answer to God for myself...I lay on MRI tables thinking of the people before me and after me....The times in church when they said to prepare for times like these in your health with your faith ...I am not going to give up on God and I wonder about what must I face to be saved...What must I give up to be saved...A man on the Radio said You do not know what you must give up to be saved in this race for life.. Or how what you are going to face will be a great help to others going through on the journey...So I made a decision to follow Christ example...and I figure he gave up his life ....for us and many of us can not face what he faced for us. He ask for so little to live right and some of us can not even face living right and following the so called rules and staying off Jerry and Maurry...It seems like nothing happens to them...They just mess up a poor innocent baby...and have to work harder to make a great life come for the child...

  45. QUESTION:
    symptoms of ovarian cancer also compacted bowel and very short of breath?
    can any of these things be connected in any way, my doctor thinks its bronchitis. nothing on x-ray or blood test. are there any doctors out there ? I would like a second opinion. how can i get a second opinion urgent?

    • ANSWER:
      How old are you ?
      I ask this over and over on this site.
      Young people do not develop most cancers including Ovarian CA.
      You cannot get a second opinion here without giving us
      a complete medical history.
      We would also need to see your x-rays and blood test results.
      Then we would have to examine you.
      And we don't even have your age ? ?
      What makes you think you have ovarian carcinoma ?
      If you have a biopsy diagnosis of ovarian Ca,
      we would need to see those slides too.

  46. QUESTION:
    Can all cancers be detected in blood tests?
    If not, which cancers can?

    • ANSWER:
      No.

      Complete blood count (CBC). This common blood test measures the amount of various types of blood cells in a sample of your blood. Blood cancers may be detected using this test if too many or too few of a type of blood cell or abnormal cells are found. A bone marrow biopsy may help confirm a diagnosis of a blood cancer.

      Urine cytology. Examining a urine sample under a microscope may reveal cancer cells that could come from the bladder, ureters or kidneys.

      Blood protein testing. A test to examine various proteins in your blood (electrophoresis) can aid in detecting certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with multiple myeloma. Other tests, such as a bone marrow biopsy, are used to confirm a suspected diagnosis.

      Tumor marker tests. Tumor markers are chemicals made by tumor cells that can be detected in your blood. But tumor markers are also produced by some normal cells in your body and levels may be significantly elevated in noncancerous conditions. This limits the potential for tumor marker tests to help in diagnosing cancer.

      The best way to use tumor markers in diagnosing cancer hasn't been determined. And the use of some tumor marker tests is controversial. Examples of tumor markers include prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) for ovarian cancer, calcitonin for medullary thyroid cancer, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for liver cancer and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) for germ cell tumors, such as testicular cancer and ovarian cancer.

      Though blood and urine tests can help give your doctor clues, other tests are usually necessary to make the diagnosis. For most forms of cancer, a biopsy — a procedure to obtain a sample of suspicious cells for testing — is usually necessary to make a definitive diagnosis.

      In some cases, tumor marker levels are monitored over time. Your doctor may schedule follow-up testing in a few months. Tumor markers are most often helpful after your cancer diagnosis. Your doctor may use these tests to determine whether your cancer is responding to treatment or whether your cancer is growing.

  47. QUESTION:
    CA -125 test of 235 is high what are my chances of having ovarian cancer?
    I'm having surgery next week to get the actual results. Gosh I am so afraid. I'm trying to have courage but I can't believe this.

    • ANSWER:
      235 is 'high' compared to the baseline of 0 to 35, however MANY things cause an elevated CA-125 level (many have nothing to do with ovarian cancer). I find it curious (distrubing) they are scheduling you for surgery based solely on a CA-125 reading....typically ultrasound and then CT-scan are in order. Surgery is only done when tumors are seen and they need to 'debulk' (i.e., cut away the visible cancer).

      CA-125 is only approved by the FDA for 'monitoring' your treatment progress, NOT for diagnosis. Sounds like malpractice to me if that's all they based this on.

      Here is a good discussion board to get involved in: http://www.medhelp.org/forums/OvarianCancer/wwwboard.html

  48. QUESTION:
    What do you think about the "breast cancer gene test"?
    My sister and I were told that because our mother was diagnosed at age 29 with breast cancer and died from it at age 39 that we need to get the test. We are both scared because we don't want to know if we carry the gene or not. What good can come from getting the test?

    • ANSWER:
      For you and other readers (even though it was not your question) the BRCA1 and BRCA2 tests for breast cancer are not a diagnosis of cancer, merely a test to detect if a mutation has occured at a point in your "code" that is common among those individuals who have breast cancer. There is also testing done for ovarian cancer as their is a strong link between breast and ovarian cancers across generations.

      Now back to your question specifically, if you do not want to know what your BRCA test results are for personal reasons, you do not have to have it performed...'nuff said. However, (and I hedge this without reviewing your moms case) due to the early onset of your mother's disease and failure at 10 years, it isn't a stretch to believe you are at an increased risk for breast/ovarian cancer over and above the 1 in 8 lifetime risk females are already gambling with, right?. As to the benefit of the test, if you are found to have mutations in the BRCA testing process, and you were wanting to take care of a potential problem...given your family history (as you presented it here...how about aunts, grandmothers, sisters, etc?) you could be a candidate for a i.e. prophylactic mastectomy type of treatment regimen for disease that may be present but at a "pre-clinical" presenting stage.

      I wish you luck with your decision and please do not hold yourself hostage if you decide to not do it, you can always have it done later...but please, please perform self exams and see your physician regularly...and also maintain the annual screening mammogram regimen recommended by your doctors. Good luck!


ovarian cancer diagnosis

Major Types Of Cancer

Medical research has shown that stem cells hold a major promise in curing incurable diseases, or medical conditions where the effects of treatment were limited. Stem cells, a type of cells found in the bone marrow of human beings (and umbilical cord of newborn), have a unique ability to grow into any type of human cell. Using the stem cells, an injured part of the body can be healed. The cells can be injected at the injured part and the healing process begins once the cells start multiplying. Stem cell transplant has shown promising results in treating different types of diseases. This includes certain types of cancers, diabetes, thalassemia, etc. Stem Cell Transplant India facilities are finally taking shape with public and private partners coming up to establish excellent facilities in the country. This is being done with two objectives in mind. The first major objective is to provide the facilities to Indian patients, and the second is to promote medical tourism in India.

As per a recent estimate, 2 to 3 % population in India is suffering from rare diseases. The number of cancer patients in the country is also on rise. Stem cell therapy can be of big help to these patients and their family members who have been slowly losing all hope for recovery due to the unavailability of any effective treatment or due to the high cost of the treatments. Stem Cell Transplant India is also expected to attract a number of oversees customers. This is on account of the availability of quality good services and its low cost. A steam cell treatment in Western countries (US, UK) can cost something around one crore rupees that comes to about 0,000. As compared to their western counterparts, hospitals in India offer the same services in just about 10-12 lakhs (,000). Government agencies offer the treatment at still lower cost. The cost of the treatment may be just around 3-5 lakh rupees. Stem Cell Bank India facilities are also available. Indian companies such as Relicord have brought up excellent Cryo banks facilities. Companies such as Reecord are coming up with good marketing policies to promote cord harvesting in India.

Stem cell therapy is available across in India at major hospitals. This includes AIIMS (NEW DELHI), Tata Memorial Hospital (MUMBAI), Jaslok Hospital (MUMBAI), CMC (Vellore, TAMIL NADU), Army Hospital (NEW DELHI) and at few other centers. The quality of services available at these centers is the best in the country and at par with the best in the world. Many medical cases requiring stem cell treatment have been successfully treated at these centers. This includes aplastic anaemia, and thalassemia cases. More research is being done to treat cases suffering from other kind of problems such as certain type of cancers. Apart from the medical facilities, laboratories and Cryo banks are also being set up at various places to make sure that the stem cells can be fetched from donor's blood. The labs also have the required expertise to draw and store cord cells from umbilical cord of the newborn. Some of the major companies include Relicord (a company of Reliance Life Sciences), Reecord, and others. More Stem Cell Bank India facilities are expected to come up soon.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the major three types of vagina cancer or cancers relating to the vagina.?
    And how is each one detected, treated, and what age women commonly have those types of cancers.

    • ANSWER:
      Vaginal cancer is rare with less than 1,500 cases a year. There are not 3 major types as 85% a squamous cell carcinomas. I’m sure this stuff is in your book.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is cancer? what does it have to do with the cell cycle? and what are the major types? ?
    My teacher gave me this assignment and i cannot figure out some of this stuff. He explained that by "broad/major types" he did not mean lung cancer, breast cancer, etc...so what does he mean?!! help me!!

    • ANSWER:
      Try looking up "cancer types" then look at things like "small cell carcinoma", "large cell carcinoma", Squamous cell carcinoma" etc

  3. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer awareness get so much more support than other important causes?
    Don't get me wrong I think breast cancer awareness is an extremely important cause, but the survival rate is much higher than other types of cancer (ex. pancreatic cancer). And other major causes like world hunger, literacy and animal rescue don't get nearly enough attention as they should.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know. I feel the same way. I think brain, lung, pancreatic, ovarian cancers and leukemia should get awareness too.

  4. QUESTION:
    Anyone know the statistics of Birth Control linking to any type of Cancer?
    Anyone know the statistics of Birth Control linking to any type of Cancer?

    I’m worried since Birth Control is a hormone and all, and on both sides of the family I have like every cancer you can think of heredity wise. Will taking Birth Control heighten my risk for Breast or Cervical Cancer or any type of cancer for that matter? My Aunt on my Mom’s side has had Cancers around her female part, and has had Breast Cancer like 3 times. My grandma on my Dad’s side had Breast Cancer, and then died from some other odd cancer (probably from all the chemo from treating the Breast Cancer). This is a big concern of mine and is why I’ve tried avoiding taking Birth Control for so long. Please give me some hard evidence to prove or disprove so I know if I’ve made a major mistake or not.

    • ANSWER:
      My answer is this...the success rate of birth control pills is measured in a way that you probably wouldn't expect. It is measured by comparing the number of deaths in women caused by taking birth control to the number of deaths in women caused by becoming pregnant.

  5. QUESTION:
    What make pancreatic cancer so different from other cancers?
    From everything that I have read about pancreatic cancer it is uncurable. Breast cancer, leukemia, and other kinds of cancer can be cured/brought into remission and I was wondering what is so different about pancreatic cancer that does not allow this type of cancer to be cured/go into remission?

    • ANSWER:
      Pancreatic cancer can be treated for cure under very specific conditions. It spreads by local invasion and via lymphatic channels. If it is caught early prior to invasion in the local vasculature, it can be treated for cure via several procedures - Whipple (pancreaticoduodenectomy), Total Pancreatectomy, or Distal Pancreatectomy. A major issue is catching it early. The symptoms of this disease early on are usually no symptoms, vague abdominal pain, mild discomfort. It is hard to detect. There is also no good screening that is cost effective. The reason for this is the cancer is not that common, and the tests available are not that cheap. This makes for a very inefficient screening method. The ones out there currently that can detect pancreatic cancer include CT scan of the abdomen and Endoscopic Ultrasound. Both of these tests have their own drawbacks. CT scan of the abdomen involves radiation that may set you up for a cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound requires sedation, a specialist (gastroenterologist), and has risks of perforation. Also the tests need to have a high degree of sensitivity (meaning that there is a high number of people who have the disease also test positive). Endoscopic ultrasound is being used more for symptomatic pancreatic cancer, but I do not know of studies used for screening the general population.

      Another issue is it's proximity to other organs. It is near the duodenum, stomach, inferior vena cava, aorta. It is also a part of the biliary system and liver. It can spread to many important organs easily.

      There is some increased hope on the horizon as new chemotherapy drugs are being developed. Dr. Vickers at the University of Minnesota is doing clinical trials on a new medication that will hopefully help with treating the disease.

  6. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer considered more important than every other type of cancer?
    Why is it that everywhere I go people always get hyped up for breast cancer awareness, yet when it comes to some other type of cancer, they don't care? I see all these people pouring out their sympathy for some woman with breast cancer, yet when it comes to a male diagnosed with prostate cancer, no one gives a crap. Why aim for one type of cancer, instead of cancer in general?
    I got this answer from another question;
    "Men are affected by cancer much more then women

    For those of you saying breast cancer is the deadliest...that is BS...it is the 5th leading cancer in WOMEN over the age of 50!

    -only 1% of men get breast cancer...so yes it is very gender biased!

    -susan komen does NOT care about men or children. They are a sexist organization.

    -men die from prostate cancer at almost the same rate that women do of breast cancer (yet women will not support the fight against prostate cancer)

    -If i said, "save the TATA's" before the pink campaign came to light...I would have been slapped.

    -I will NOT dontate to such a selfish cause and neither should you.

    -find a CURE for cancer...not just a cancer that affects WOMEN OVER THE AGE OF 50"

    • ANSWER:
      Most, if not all, of your assertions are correct. Breast cancer is not the most common cause of cancer in females and not a major cause of death. It is disfiguring to have breasts removed and since they are sexual and visible features of women a slick campaign has elevated this issue to national importance. And yes, fund raisers and businesses associated with fund raising make a ton of money each year off this campaign. But a cure for cancer is practically impossible since it is genetic and built in into all of us at the time of conception. It is about detection and treatment. All cancers are genetic. Environmental causes do generate cancers such as smoking anything and poisons and chemicals. You have established your policy on this issue. Thanks for sharing.

  7. QUESTION:
    Why do so many people wear breast cancer logos? Do they not care about other cancers?
    What about Lung and bronchial - the top killer and second most common cancer in the United States.

    What about Colon and rectal cancer - the second most deadly in the US?

    Shouldn't there be awareness for all types of cancer? Not just breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do so many people ask this question?

      The "success" of the pink ribbon movement is due to hard work. When my mother died of breast cancer metastases in 1989, very few people even TALKED about breast cancer! It was considered to be more of a "sexual" disease (because, gasp, it involves breasts!) and it was brushed under the table as a "female problem."

      Here comes the pink ribbon awareness movement and now almost EVERYONE knows about the disease! That's incredible progress in less than 25 years.

      However, with the success comes major failures. There's not enough plain education about breast cancer. We can see this from all the panicked questions from teenagers "My breasts feel lumpy . . . do I have cancer?"

      There's a lot more to knowing about a disease than simple "awareness."

      Here's a fact for you: Are you "aware" that NOT ONE PERSON has ever died of breast cancer in the breast? That's right, not one! Breast cancer in the breast doesn't kill a soul. It's when the breast cancer moves to other parts of the body that people die. They die of breast cancer in their liver, in their lungs, in their brain, in their spleen, in their kidneys, etc.

      Another fact: Most research dollars are going into treating breast cancer in the breast. Until the past decade, there has been little attention to treating metastatic breast cancer in other parts of the body.

      I can't stand the pink ribbon. I am so much more than the disease that is in my body. I don't claim to be "battling cancer" and even though I am likely to die from this disease, I will not have people saying that "cancer won." My life wins! I have a great life and I'm enjoying living it, every single day, one day at a time.

  8. QUESTION:
    How to know if u have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?
    I am 14 and as I know no one in my family ever had any type of cancer
    Yes it it for me. Well I've been suffering for over a year being tired all the time no matter how many hours I sleep, I also take vitamins with 18 grams of iron which didn't work. I've been also realizing that I have a short memory and forgetting things very quickly. How to know if I have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      If you're worried and think you have cancer, go see a doctor immediately. No one here can diagnose you and if you do have cancer, it's nothing to mess with and needs to be treated.

      With symptoms that last for a year it's very unlikely that you have blood cancer, more often called leukemia. It's extremely rare that someone your age would have chronic leukemia, as it is rarely seen in anyone under the age of 55. I, personally, have only heard of it happening twice in someone under 40. Untreated acute leukemia may be fatal within weeks - not a year - which leads me to believe you do not have acute leukemia.

      It seems like your only symptom can be attributed to being a teenager. Teenagers need more sleep than children or adults do because of the growth and changes going on inside and out. If you feel that you're unnaturally tired and weak for someone your age, it may be possible that you're anemic - you may just need a little more iron in your diet or an iron supplement. This can be tested by your physician in a simple blood test. The causes of anemia can vary from something as simple as growing, or something more serious such as leukemia, although leukemia is an extremely rare diagnosis for a fairly common problem. When my son was diagnosed with leukemia, he was diagnosed as anemic less than a week before and had a very sudden onset of anemia symptoms.

      There are lots of symptoms of leukemia but each individual is different. Some display some symptoms while others display other ones. There's no actual tumour as in other cancers but leukemia is a cancer of the cells that create blood cells.

      My son E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump and he was absolutely covered in bruises, it looked like he lost a major fight. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of induction chemo and 3 consolidation rounds, he was given another 2 strong doses of chemo due to a tumour in his liver that has just been typed as a hepatoblastoma. He has is about to start another round of chemo next week. He does stay in the hospital during his chemo. His chemo lasts 7 days and he usually stays for up to 2 weeks - protocol likely to change now. He will also have a bone marrow transplant when a donor becomes available. The chances of relapse with AML are pretty high. Since this is his second time fighting cancer he is considered at a greater risk for relapse so the bone marrow transplant is the best choice for him.

      He had some joint pain at the time of diagnosis. I have to say I didn't really think too much of the joint pain because he doesn't walk well due to one of the previous chemotherapy drugs he had - Vincristine. Because of Vincristine his leg muscles are weaker and he walks with "slapfoot" or "dropfoot" and he trips and falls fairly often. I figured his joint pain was because of falling but since his diagnosis I now see that it was probably because of the leukemia. On treatment he has had a significant amount of bone and joint pain, especially early on. When it's clear that he is in pain, he does get pain meds to help. I think the painkillers do help him but I think even then he does have some pain but duller than without painkillers.

      A leukemia diagnosis is absolutely not a death sentence. It's treatable but you have to keep in mind that it does take lives. I know many children and adults that have gone on to live completely normal lives after getting their No Evidence of Disease (NED) status. Sometimes a patient does relapse but it is absolutely possible that he or she can reach remission and eventually NED status.

      I hope this helped you out some and I hope you're able to come to a conclusion with your physician. If you have any more questions feel free to email me (crazycanuckj@yahoo.ca) or IM me (crazycanuckj).

  9. QUESTION:
    What type cancer can children die from?
    i know it sounds horrible, but I need a type of disease or cancer that a seven year old boy can die from, its for a story! Please help!

    • ANSWER:
      From http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/cancer/cancer.html
      "Cancer affects only about 14 of every 100,000 children in the United States each year. Among all age groups, the most common childhood cancers are leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer. As kids enter the teen years, there is an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (bone cancer)."
      Although ~ 70% of childhood cancers are being cured, 30% still may die from these diseases
      - - -
      From the NCI http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/childhood
      "Among the 12 major types of childhood cancers, leukemias (blood cell cancers) and cancers of the brain and central nervous system account for more than half of the new cases. About one-third of childhood cancers are leukemias. The most common type of leukemia in children is acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The most common solid tumors are brain tumors (e.g., gliomas and medulloblastomas), with other solid tumors (e.g., neuroblastomas, Wilms tumors, and sarcomas such as rhabdomyosarcoma and osteosarcoma) being less common."

  10. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of getting Breast Cancer?
    My mom had it last year, and we just found out my grandma has it. My moms side of family is very prone to it but my dads side has never had any type of cancer. I had a 21 year old sister and Im 17 female. What are my chances of getting it?

    • ANSWER:
      About 80% of women who develop breast cancer have no identifiable risk factors for breast cancer other than age. Even that, it is not the cancer that is inherited, it's the gene that's passed on from generation to generation.. The remaining 20% may have one or more blood relatives with breast cancer, and of those women, less than half will have cancer as a result of a clearly identifiable inherited genetic factor.. This leaves about 5-10% of women who develop breast cancer having an identifiable inherited genetic factor. At 17 you certainly have no worries. Age is, as I said, the major factor. Even if you're tested for the BRACA gene and test positive, still doesn't mean you will positively get breast cancer. Your chances are increased with a positive results, but even those who tested negative still get breast cancer. In other words, it's a crap shoot. My family, all of who tested positive for the braca gene, had breast cancer. As long as your doctor knows your family history, she will take the necessary steps to check for it. You will probably have a mammogram earlier in life. but breast cancer is not a death sentence. Caught early enough, it can be cured. One more thing, at your age, do not do breast checks because you will feel lumps but it's only your hormones, not tumors.

  11. QUESTION:
    What do I do when my 17 year old friend has Hodgkins Disease?
    I just found out one of my bestfriends has Hodgkins disease. It's a type of cancer in the Lymphoma catagory (excuse my spelling). She doesn't deserve this. No one deserves any major illness. How can I deal with this knowing that there's a chance she might not live. She's only 17. How can I hide my fear and support her? What do I do? Thank you guys. Please help. Have a great night everyone. God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      I am 22 years old, and I found out I had Hodgkins 2 months ago. I thought having cancer meant I might die from it too, but I did my research and Hodgkins has a very low death rate. It is one of the most treatable forms of cancers. As long as she gets treatment early she should be fine. I am lucky I am in the initial stage of Hodgkins (I think stage 1B), so my Oncologist scheduled me to have 6 months of chemotherapy (2 every month). I try to stay positive during treatments. I had only three chemotherapy sessions so far, but I think I am responding well to treatment since all my Hodgkin symptoms (itching, coughing, periodic fevers, and night sweats) are gone. Chemotherapy was not as bad as I thought it would be either. I sit in a chair for about four hours and have medicine administered into my body by an IV. The only down part for me is that I feel nauseated for 4-5 days after chemotherapy. Everyone responds differently to treatment. I think it is wonderful you care so much about your friend and want to support her. I think researching more information about Hodgkins Lymphoma will help ease your fear. Just telling your friend you will be there to support her and will be there to talk if she wants to helps. It might seem like a small gesture, but that is what my friends did for me and it made me feel a lot more positive. Best wishes for your friend to stay positive and get better!

  12. QUESTION:
    Can you get cancer if you take homeopathy remedy Carcinosin on regular basis?
    I was recommended to take a homeopathy remedy Carcinosin. Since this remedy is made from breast cancer cells, I am worried if I can get a cancer from taking this remedy on regular basis. Or can it increase the chance of me getting cancer if I keep taking it? We have a few types of cancer in the family. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      do not bother, from homeopathy you cannot get anything - do not waste your money! if you are afraid of brest cancer - stop taking pill, as these are major causative for breast cancer.

      when i was young intern, breast cancer affected pubescent girls and menopausal women, and rare people with hormonal disorders (men and women are prone to that in very similar rate), as pill was introduced in 60's and become extremely popular in 70's, number of hormonal (and that is primarily breast) cancers increased manifolds. please feel free and google that bit, biggest statistical research was done in 1978 - over 2million women participated and there was statistically significant increase in breast cancers in women on the pill.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why does everyone focus mainly on breast cancer?
    There are many types of cancer, but why are we so focused on breasts.

    • ANSWER:
      It's not true that 'everyone' focuses on breast cancer.

      It is certainly true that breast cancer has a higher profile than other cancers, and there is a simple reason for this - hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and Breast Cancer Awareness Month were started by ordinary women, most of them with breast cancer or who had lost family members to breast cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      People who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition (not a cancer). Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fundraising and agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc.

      Individuals don't have unlimited time, and choose their campaigns. And that's what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did, and worked their socks off.

      It's thanks to the hard work of those women that breast cancer is no longer the major killer and the automatic death sentence it used to be - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average os 112 women die from breast cancer every day. That's one every 15 minutes.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other diseases, including other cancers, and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising.

      There are other cancer awareness months, ribbons etc; but no cancer campaign has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has. Anyone can start an awareness campaign for any illness - but if they want it to be as successful as the breast cancer campaigning, they'll have to be prepared to be as dedicated and work as hard.

  14. QUESTION:
    Why did Steve Jobs need to eat frequent meals during his battle with cancer?
    I was reading his biography made in 2012. It is called "Steve Jobs The Man who Thought Differently". They talked about his cancer in parts of the book. He underwent a "Modified Whipple" surgery in 2004. The book said because of the major surgery, doctors told Jobs he would need to eat frequent meals, by getting plenty of proteins such as meat, fish, and other whole milk products.

    Why do people with his type of cancer need to eat often. We all need to eat to surviver, right?

    • ANSWER:
      Eating small, frequent, meals is actually better for everyone. Keeps blood glucose levels and energy levels more constant throughout the day.

  15. QUESTION:
    How many people have died from cancer from September 2001 until now in the US?
    How many people have died from cancer from September 2001 until this September. If you can also add how many people have died from aggressive invasive treatment like chemo and radio therapy and surgery before the cancer got them that would help too.

    • ANSWER:
      Almost six million people have died of cancer in the U.S. since September 2001. In fact, there are almost as many people dying of cancer each day in the U.S. as there were who died in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

      A tremendous number of these deaths could be eliminated if people stopped smoking. Lung cancer is the deadliest of cancers and kills more people than all the other major types of cancer combined, and 95% of lung cancer is completely preventable—simply by not smoking.

  16. QUESTION:
    How close are we to finding a complete cure for cancer?
    I know several people who have had cancer, some have survived but others were not so lucky. To me, the word “cancer” has got to be the worst 6 letter word known to man-kind. It just fucking sucks.

    Chemo, radiation, surgery etc are not cures, only treatments. And yes sometimes they work, but a lot of the time they don’t.

    How close are we to finding a complete cure? Coz it really sucks that innocent people have to suffer like they do.

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a little comic that actually rather succinctly sums it up: http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1162

      We won't have a cure for cancer, because cancer isn't a single disease. It's hundreds. Thousands, maybe hundreds of thousands depending on how you count them. Sure, we call them all cancer, but each one is unique, though they share common features. Each one requires its own solution.

      We're inching forward. Painfully slowly up a hundred mountains. And there is progress. Testicular cancer now has something like a 99% cure rate. Inflammatory Breast cancer went from a 1% survival rate to 60% in the late 1990s. That's not perfect but find me someone who will take a one a hundred shot over a 6 in ten.

      There's a lab I ran a quarter ago for upper division undergraduates. I give them a culture of cancer cells, in a dish, MCF7, a breast cancer cell line. There are two variations of it, differing only very very slightly - they're actually taken from the same patient. Same patient. Same cancer. And then we give them some of the drugs that kill cancer cells and let them see what happens. The drugs work very well on one MCF7. They don't work at all on the other MCF7. And keep in mind, these cancer cells are from one woman.

      There's some very promising things. We've got technology and techniques available to make a new kind of vaccine that can teach the body's immune system to go out and kill cancer cells much better than it would otherwise. They're testing some of them now. In five, ten years maybe we could have a shot that could stop you from getting melanoma - that's better than a cure. You never get it.

      But that's one type of cancer. A big nasty one. That same treatment won't work on breast cancer, or bone cancer, or brain cancer.

      There's a team in the lab down the hall from me that works on chemically engineering a better way to kill cancer cells - tools that can take a cancer drug that we now have to administer through an IV, and hit every cell in the body with, and make it so that it only goes to the cancer cells.

      There was another team, not one I know but one that published recently, that took the T-cells out of two patients with Stage 4 Melanoma - a certain death sentence on a very short time scale. They reprogrammed these T-cells genetically, put them back into the patients and the T-cells exterminated the cancer. Fully. That was a total cure, at least in the short term, but it cost millions of dollars of research and weeks of labor by dozens of people to make those cells. Maybe it will be usable some day - and we'll be able to take a blood sample from someone with cancer, tinker with their cells, and make something that will go in and exterminate it.

      A professor in a university near mine took the DNA for one of the genes that's broken in cancer cells- a gene that kills them when they become cancerous. He wrapped the DNA in millions and millions of little plastic balls, so small that they squished the DNA down, and could slip it into a cell. He then used it to put that gene back in cancer cells in mice, in a lung cancer. It was incredibly effective - not a complete cure, not capable of killing the cancer totally, but it savaged it horribly. Much better than any other treatment. Maybe useful one day if they can work the kinks out.

      The thing is, don't go looking for some magic pill that you can take, that will kill every cancer ever. That's not going to happen. It's just not. Remember. Even what we call 'breast cancer' isn't just one type of identical cancer - I can think of at least five major types that are all nearly completely different just off the top of my head.

      It's a long slow road that needs lots of brilliant people working on incredibly difficult problems that are only small, tiny, tiny pieces out of the whole. It's frustrating. It's slow. But cancer - whatever type and whatever form does suck. You're right. But what we can do now was science fiction in 1990. If you'd gone to the best cancer scientist in the world in 1986 and listed those things I put up above, it wouldn't even be science fiction - they'd look at you like you flat out insane. It's important not to stop working just because the problem is so hard - but it's just as important to look back and get a sense of perspective at the amazing distance we've come in so short a time.

  17. QUESTION:
    Do you think a vegan diet could cure bowel cancer?
    I was watching videos on youtube and a vegan called ''liferegenerator'' mentioned in one of his videos that a vegan lifestyle or diet could be the cure for types of cancer. Could this really be true or is it just wishful thinking?

    • ANSWER:
      Eating meat is a major contributor to many cancers, especially bowel, breast and intestinal cancers. Avoiding meat in the first place puts you at a great advantage against suffering from these life threatening diseases. I think once you have already got the cancer, a vegan diet will not have much effect but will be beneficial to general health so it would still be preferable to go vegan.

  18. QUESTION:
    Are there different kinds of cancer, or are they named only due to the site they invade?
    I know about small cell/large cell, but my mom said my grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, one was a very rare form and the other , a super fast growing one.. Is she just mistaken?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not just named for their location but also for the type of tumor cell they have. In general there are four major types of cancer cells:

      Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      Carcinoma - most common, organs in body
      Sarcoma - rare, bone and soft tissue (fat, muscle, etc)
      Lymphoma - common, cancer of the lympth nodes

      Brain tumors are in a somewhat different category and can be benign, malignant, and still be serious.

      In general there are over hundreds of different types of idenfified cancers. Bascially, any cell in the human body has the potential to become cancerous. Some cancers are exceedingly rare, some cancers are predominately childhood relatd, other cancers affect only the elderly, some are genetic, some are caused by the environment (asbestos), and some cancers have no known cause at all.

      Cancer is also staged and the tumors graded according to how much cancer is present and how abnormal the cells look under a microscope. A stage 1 localized tumor is easier to treat than a stage 4 cancer that has multipled and spred throughout the body.

      It is very possible that you grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, especially if she relapsed. Relapsed cancer has a way of mutating and becoming almost a different cancer which is why chemotherapy can suddenly stop working for a patient.

  19. QUESTION:
    What sort of relationship is known to occur between a Taurus mother and Cancer child?
    I am expecting a Cancer baby and also am married to a Cancer husband (father.) What dynamics are likely to occur as a result of this particular astrological combination?

    • ANSWER:
      When a Cancer child relates to a Taurus parent, it's generally a good combination. They are two positions apart within the Zodiac. Such Signs tend to have strong ties and a good understanding of one another's inner workings. This family has a lot in common, and both Signs crave security. While Taurus prefers a more material sense of security, Cancer seeks an emotional sense. They both appreciate having a solid home base, a strong family, nice possessions, good food: all the comforts of domestic life. Theirs is often the ideal family with the type of strong ties that others envy. Both parent and child will enjoy being in their home, appreciating quiet dinners or filling family photo albums as a group activity. Their only major problems arise when Taurus insists on having things their way and causes Cancer to sulk. Taurus has Fixed habits, and they won't change an opinion once it's formed. As a result, Taurus needs to understand Cancer's emotional sensitivity, and Cancer needs to be more open about their needs instead of relying on emotional blackmail. The best aspect of the Taurus-Cancer family relationship is the solid, reliable team they form. Both Signs are dependable and nurturing, strongly oriented toward domestic life, and very devoted to the family. A mutual love of security and home makes theirs an ideal family relationship.

  20. QUESTION:
    What organizations allow you to volunteer with cancer patients?
    Hi all,

    Wondering if anyone knows of any charities where volunteers spend time with cancer patients, particularly kids/teenagers. I had cancer as a young teenager and there was a (local) program where survivors would spend time with you, playing video games or cards or whatever. I now live far away from where I grew up, and was wondering if anyone knows of any organization that does this or who I should contact if I'm interested? (Local hospital, etc)

    • ANSWER:
      Contact your local hospital and ask if they take volunteers in pediatrics. Unless it's a big hospital, you will not be abel to work with just one type of diagnosis (cancer)- you'll be volunteering to work with children with all sorts of medical problems. If you have a major children's hospital nearby, this may be your best bet. They may take volunteers specifically for the oncology department.

      If you Google your local hospitals, you'll find their websites. Search the sites for "volunteer department" and contact the number listed for that.

      Also, you can see if you have a Gilda's Club nearby. This is a support organization for people with cancer and their families that often takes volunteers. Go here http://www.gildasclub.org/ourclubhouses.asp to see if there is one near you.

      Just one word of advice... it's minor, but it can make a difference. When inquiring about volunteering, state that you are looking to help people with cancer instead of cancer patients. People first language is a little bit more gentle.

      Good luck!

  21. QUESTION:
    what can I do to reduce my chances of getting any forms of cancer?
    I know so many people that have cancer and I do not want it. What can I do to reduce my risk of getting cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, the major factor involved is something beyond anyone's control - your genetic makeup. Unless, of course, you have had dangerous environmental exposures to mutagenic (DNA damaging) chemicals or radiation or something like asbestos.

      If your family has a history of cancer, that is a pretty good indication that you might be at a higher risk. As we continue to learn more about the different etiologies of certain types of cancers, we continue to develop more genetic tests to determine what risk categories people might fall into. (For example, BRCA testing in women for breast cancers.)

      The other answers are correct in some sense - eat healthy, exercise, avoid polluted air etc. etc. However, the bottom line is that there is little you can do to prevent cancer in light of your genetic makeup. When it comes to cancer, your best bet is to know your family history, speak with your physician about any concerns you have, and (if applicable) undergo genetic screening tests. If a developing cancer is caught early, it is often easy to treat and may never come back.

  22. QUESTION:
    Are some people more cancer prone than others?
    I know people who chain smoke but have never had any signs or symptoms of cancer. I smoke a few a day, but yet ive had three cancer scares?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer's a sneaky bugger, and nobody knows why of two people with the same risk factors (or lack of them), one will develop cancer and the other won't.

      Fewer than 10% of all cancer cases are hereditary; and while there are known risk factors for most types of cancer, many people who have not been exposed to those risk factors develop cancer - as with smoking, which is a major risk factor for lung cancer and a risk factor for some other types of cancer (not all types).

      Cancer is largely a random disease. You are increasing your risk of lung cancer by smoking at all, though

  23. QUESTION:
    What is the relationship between radiation and cancer?
    How are they related(does radiation cause cancer)?
    Radiation such as mircowaves and what not.

    • ANSWER:
      You are using 2 broad terms creating a short question requiring long answers. There are many types of radiation, and almost 300 different types of cancer. Some types of radiations do cause some types of cancers. e.g.

      UV rays from sun are a factor in skin cancers.
      Excessive X-rays (e.g. from CT scans)
      radiation from Radon a factor in lung cancers.
      radioactive materials are factor in thyroid and other cancers. Microwaves in major amounts have some evidence to cancer causes.

      Radiation is also a treatment for cancers.
      Gamma rays for treating cancer such as brain cancer.
      radioactive Iodine I131 kills thyroid cells and thyroid cancer.

  24. QUESTION:
    Does the government have a cure for cancer but is keeping it from us?
    There is this boy that I go to school with and he swears the government has a cure for cancer. His quote is, "The government has a cure for cancer, but they don't give it out for population control."
    I believe he is wrong, but then again it is possible. Does anyone know the truth or where to find it? I would like to get this settled before graduation in a few months. Please give me your opinion or an honest answer. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have, and most likely won’t find a single cure for all cancers.

      On the internet there are many claims of miraculous "natural" cancer cures that are being suppressed. Here some of them are listed, with links to sites explaining what is wrong with them: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/suppressed-by-scientists-and-big-pharma-the-hidden-cancer-cure-but-which-one/

      It would be a very inefficient method of population control because cancer develops slowly, and mostly manifest itself relatively late in life ie. after reproductive age.

      It would also be very hard (impossible) to hide. This is because it would have to be tested in a large number of cancer patients to know if it actually is useful as a cancer cure. I am a taxpayer funded pathologist/cancer researcher, and I would not keep my mouth shut if I had observed that some new treatment was able to accomplish miracles.

      So there are lots of reasons why the establishment really want to find a cure. Here are some of them:
      1) Owners/employees (And their love ones) of pharmaceutical companies suffer from cancer too.
      2) Researchers wouldn't be able to keep their mouth shut if they found a miraculous cure or even a major breakthrough.
      3) Progress in cancer treatment is happening even though not as fast as we all would like to. Some cancers are even easily cured.
      4) Pharmaceutical companies wouldn't lose money for finding a cure - They would increase their income considerably.
      5) Also members of governments (and their love ones) sometimes get cancer

  25. QUESTION:
    What type(s) of cancer are common in young children?
    I know it's not a pleasant subject, but it's for a book I'm writing, and I want it to be medically correct. If possible, I'd also like to know the symptoms, treatment, recovery rate, and things like that. I really don't want to offend or sadden anyone with this question, I know it's a very serious topic, but I want to be able to show cancer patients respect by getting the facts correct in my story. Thank you so much for your help.

    • ANSWER:
      Look at this website there are all of the symptoms and I believe it says how common they are:

      http://www.ped-onc.org/diseases/SOCC.html

      Leukemia is the MOST common
      Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow, the spongy center of the bones that makes blood cells. It accounts for approximately 35% of all childhood cancers; approximately 1 in 1000 children will be diagnosed with leukemia by the age of 19, although it is more common in children under the age of 10. In leukemia, abnormal white blood cells divide out of control and crowd out the normal cells in the bloodstream. The abnormal white blood cells are not mature, and therefore cannot carry out their infection-fighting function in the blood. These cells crowd out healthy white blood cells, as well as the red blood cells which carry oxygen to the body and the platelets which cause the blood to clot.
      Leukemia is treated by combination chemotherapy and sometimes radiation. The five year survival rate for children diagnosed with leukemia and subsequently treated is approximately 70%.

      Then neuroblastoma
      Neuroblastoma is a cancer of the sympathetic nervous system. It accounts for 5%-7% of all childhood malignancies; about 1 in 6000 children will be diagnosed with neuroblastoma by the age of five. Neuroblastoma is a solid, malignant tumor which manifests as a lump or mass in the abdomen or around the spinal cord. Treatment will be determined by many factors, including the stage of the disease at diagnosis and your child's age. Neuroblastoma is often present at birth, but is most often diagnosed much later when the child begins to show symptoms of the disease. The average age at diagnosis is two. About 25% of newly diagnosed neuroblastomas are found in children under the age of one. This age group has the best prognosis, with cure rates as high as 90%. It is not yet known why children under the age of one do so much better.

      Then Wilm Tumor
      Wilms tumor is a cancerous tumor on the kidney, although it is totally unrelated to adult kidney cancer. It accounts for 6-7% of childhood cancer cases. It occurs in about 8 in 1 million children under age 14; it is more common in children under age 7. Wilms is best treated when it is found early, before it has spread to other areas of the body. Treatment for Wilms includes surgery, chemotherapy, and possibly radiation, depending on how far the cancer has spread. The 5 year survival rate for children treated for Wilms tumor is approximately 90%.

      Also this website:
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/childhood

      What are the most common types of childhood cancer?
      Among the 12 major types of childhood cancers, leukemias (blood cell cancers) and cancers of the brain and central nervous system account for more than half of the new cases. About one-third of childhood cancers are leukemias. The most common type of leukemia in children is acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The most common solid tumors are brain tumors (e.g., gliomas and medulloblastomas), with other solid tumors (e.g., neuroblastomas, Wilms tumors, and sarcomas such as rhabdomyosarcoma and osteosarcoma) being less common.

  26. QUESTION:
    What are the long term effects of the HPV vaccine ?
    I recently heard about the vaccine,
    and was seriously considering it,
    but then I realized, what are the longterm effects ?
    It's supposed to prevent cervical cancer, but what if in 20 years, it gives you cervical cancer of some other type of cancer,
    please help me , make this decision!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not sure, why on earth people are expecting this to cause things twenty years down the road. When you get a shot of penicillin does that do something in twenty years? Can you think of a single medical procedure, barring major surgery that involves the removal of an organ, that is fine for two decades and then creates a major problem? More importantly, do you know of any vaccine that does such a thing? There isn't one. They don't work that way. If there were some major physiological problem cropping up, in 15 million vaccines over six years, we would have seen -something-. These things just don't pop up out of the blue for no good reason.

      And do remember, this vaccine doesn't 'sit' in your system for twenty years. It's gone in a matter of hours. What stays with you are your immune B-Cells and T-Cells. Just like -every- other infection on earth.

      You know what's in this vaccine? Recombinant HPV protein. Basically they grew just the outside of HPV in a test tube, mixed it up with some water, adjutants and preservatives to keep mold from growing in it. That recombinant protein? it's -exactly- the same as HPV. Basically you are tricking your immune system into thinking you have been attacked by HPV, when in fact there's no DNA behind it and it's harmless. Like target practice with paper cutouts. But when you do encounter the real HPV, your immune system knows exactly what it looks like. It has CD8 T-Cells and antibodies all ready to go to wipe the virus out, rather than giving it two weeks to get a foothold before rolling out the big guns.

      There's a massive amount of fearmongering about this vaccine. Most of it comes from the religious right, and fundamentalist christian organizations who don't want to see a vaccine for an STD out. People being able to have sex without horrible, crippling consequences doesn't fit well with their religious view of sexual behavior. In short, they don't care about your health, they're interested in pressing their cultural view. They've distorted data into essentially libelous falsitudes which will compromise the health of I don't even want to think how many women.

      Beyond that, our friends the anti-vaccine whackjobs have picked up on this and started screaming. Using the exact same data that the religious whackjobs came up with, they're running around screaming conspiracy and murder and all the like. Ask them when the last time they saw a rubella baby or someone with polio was. Really. These people have zero credibility.

      The fact is, thousands of young otherwise healthy women die each year from cervical cancer. Thousands more get full hysterectomies and some of the most brutal chemotherapy we've got. Tens of thousands get other gynecological problems caused by the virus. God knows how many more get warts from two of the strains in here. And half the people in urban areas are infected with at least one of the HPV strains.

      Oh yeah, and those 'hundreds and hundreds of HPV strains'? Most of them are harmless. Many of them don't cause warts. There's a handful of nasty ones. The vaccine hits the 4 that cause 70% of cervical cancer, and 90%+ of actual warts. Essentially all the rest do less damage than a weak head cold.

  27. QUESTION:
    How many types of car that use green fuel?
    I mean how many types of fuel they're using and what brand of car currently using it?

    • ANSWER:
      I currently run Bio Fuel (straight vegetable) in a 1999 Dodge 3500 truck. But all Cummins engines were modified from the factory to run on BioD since around 1992 without any modification.

      Most vehicles are already equipped to run on Alternative Energy. In fact you’re probably even driving one right now and didn’t even know it. Go to www agua-luna com for a list of this vehicles

      Ethanol doesn’t go bad like petroleum it’s just Alcohol. It’s what preserves your wine and gets better as the years go by.

      Ethanol is a much cleaner fuel than petrol (gasoline):

      It is a renewable fuel made from plants

      It is not a fossil-fuel: manufacturing it and burning it does not increase the greenhouse effect

      It provides high octane at low cost as an alternative to harmful fuel additives

      Ethanol blends can be used in all petrol engines without modifications

      Ethanol is biodegradable without harmful effects on the environment

      It significantly reduces harmful exhaust emissions
      Ethanol's high oxygen content reduces carbon monoxide levels more than any other oxygenate: by 25-30%, according to the US EPA

      Ethanol blends dramatically reduce emissions of hydrocarbons, a major contributor to the depletion of the ozone layer

      High-level ethanol blends reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by up to 20%

      Ethanol can reduce net carbon dioxide emissions by up to 100% on a full life-cycle basis

      High-level ethanol blends can reduce emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) by 30% or more (VOCs are major sources of ground-level ozone formation)

      As an octane enhancer, ethanol can cut emissions of cancer-causing benzene and butadiene by more than 50%

      Sulphur dioxide and Particulate Matter (PM) emissions are significantly decreased with ethanol.

      Lastly and my favorite.. It can be made at home.
      It will cost about .10 to .20/gal to make the alcohol from various feed-stocks like corn, barley, potatoes, or Jerusalem artichokes. You will also have by-products which you can sell or use as animal feed, reducing the total cost down to about $.95/gal.

      Biofuel is recognized by both the US Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Energy as an alternative fuel, and qualifies for mandated programs under the Clean Air Act Amendments and the Environmental Protection Act of 1992 (EPAct).

      USDA Clears Air with Biofuel: Buses and other diesel-burning vehicles run cleaner if they mix biofuel with regular diesel fuel, said the US Department of Agriculture at a biofuel fuel seminar at a USDA research center.

      Conversely most major automotive manufacturers (Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors, etc) recommend the use of bio fuels, and nearly every car manufacturer in the world approves ethanol blends in their warranty coverage.

      In fact your probably even driving an ethanol car and didn't even know it.

      The trick is finding fuel.

      I've been producing biofuel for about 3 years now, it's not extremely difficult. Basically you need general household ingredients, a processor (or still for ethanol) and some used oil. Blend it, let separate, screen and use. I complied a guide a while back to help walk you threw the process step by step, just email me or check out..

      www agua-luna com

      Hope this helped, feel free to contact me personally if you have any questions if you’d like assistance in making your first self sufficient steps, I’m willing to walk you step by step threw the process. I’ve written several how-to DIY guides available at www agua-luna com on the subject. I also offer online and on-site workshops, seminars and internships to help others help the environment.

      Dan Martin
      Alterative Energy / Sustainable Consultant, Living 100% on Alternative & Author of How One Simple Yet Incredibly Powerful Resource Is Transforming The Lives of Regular People From All Over The World... Instantly Elevating Their Income & Lowering Their Debt, While Saving The Environment by Using FREE ENERGY... All With Just One Click of A Mouse...For more info Visit:

      www AGUA-LUNA com
      Stop Global Warming!!!

  28. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for a dog to survive cancer?
    Is it possible? We found a lump on our dog, he is going into surgery on thursday morning, if it is cancer is it possible that he will survive? It is on his leg so its not near lungs or anything but is it possible? What can i do to help him?
    it is a red lump, about the length of a hand from his foot. It is red and he licks/scrathes at it and it bleeds a lot. its about the size of a quarter.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it's possible.
      Survival does depend on a number of factors including the type & stage of the cancer.

      My Dobermann Boris was four years old when he was diagnosed with aggressive skin cancer. The proposed treatment was major surgery & four sessions of carboplatin {chemotherapy} which wouldn't be gruelling & the average survival time was 6 ~ 12 months of good health.

      I opted for treatment.....with treatment he lived an additional 3.5 years {& he lived life to the full).

      I appreciated every extra day that the treatment afforded & would not hesitate to opt for treatment again, *if* it was in my dog's best interest.

      I now have every lump removed sent for analysis & question/research/get a second opinion if I am not satisfied/have doubts.

      Whatever happens, I'm sure you are guided by what is in your dog's best interest. Treatment isn't always the best option for a dog diagnosed with cancer, but if you can prolong life in a way that's in the dog's best interest, as was the case with Boris, it can be very rewarding.

      Best wishes to you & your dog.

  29. QUESTION:
    What science majors should I choose if I will be doing Medicine as post grad?
    Hey guys;
    I will be doing a degree called combined medicine, it's guaranteed entry to post graduate medicine. For the 3 year undergraduate degree I can choose science (advanced), commerce, music or arts. Since I am not into commerce, music and arts so I will not be doing any of those. I am most likely going to do science I emailed the University of Sydney regarding the majors and they said I am allowed to do two majors (1 major if I choose Medical Science) so what majors should I choose? This isn't as simple as choosing whatever interests me, there are two things to take into consideration:
    1) If I choose majors that don't relate to medicine, like physics and mathematics that means people who do say medical science, chemistry, biology or anything that relates to medicine will have an advantage when we start studying medicine.
    2) If I choose physics + mathematics (my two best subjects) majors I can easily make a lot of money while studying medicine by working as a private tutor on the weekends teaching high school students or first year university students for about per hour (really cheap compared to tutoring companies) I can make about 0 per weekend, or I can expand my job and make a tutoring company so I can make much more money, or I can just work for a company...
    So what do you guys think? Study majors that give me an advantage in medicine or majors that are in demand for tutoring so I can make money (since medicine is about a 10 year degree, I will need to make money) before I graduate and work as a doctor. Do physics and mathematics relate in anyway to medicine? I know that physics has applications in medicine like MRI, machines, laser etc... but would physics and maths degrees benefit me as much as if I was to do say nanotechnology, chem etc... in post grad studies, I mean can I be a doctor that works only with medical machines or is that the job of a bio-med engineer?
    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      The doctor can specialize to INTERPRET the imaging (radiologist) but the guys that take the images are a different profession (radiographers). The people who use radiation, etc to treat cancer are 'radiotherapists' which are again a different profession and not doctors. While there is physics in medicine in terms of a bit of hydraulics type stuff (and basic maths i.e. statistics), these are not primary subjects used at all. The likes of biology, biochemistry, organic chemistry (somewhat), population health, neuroscience, etc are much more pertinent. I would take the medical science major if I were you. You'll have to learn it all anyways and medschool is much tougher than basic science classes (I speak from experience because I did both), and being 'behind' the rest of the class is unnecessary stress. You can still tutor your physics and maths... no reason you can't (assuming you mean high school). I tutored high school through my medical studies (in everything from Shakespeare and poetry to chemistry and bio).

  30. QUESTION:
    What causes colon cancer and how does it develop?
    I'm very curious about this cancer that's finished with alot of peoples life including one of my family members. Please give me answers. Thankyou

    • ANSWER:
      There are many factors that can cause colon cancer or can cause one to be more suseptible to it. One being heredity, diet is a MAJOR factor. It is of utmost importance that we put the necessary types of foods in our body. If we put the kind of sugar in our gas tanks that we put in our body, our car wouldn't last a day!
      We should be eating plenty of fruit, veggies and whole grains along with a small amount of proteins. The intestines get clogged with all the junk we stuff our face with and then putrify. If you put some food in a container and set it on the counter for a few days you wouldn't want to smell it. Why? It has putrified. We can throw that food out but the body cannot as easily get rid of putrified food without intestinal brooms called roughage or fiber from fruits, veggies and whole grains. I have a wonderful article for you if you'd like to read it. feel free to click on my picture and email me, I will send it to you. Remember an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure! I too have had loved ones die of colon cancer...it's no picnic!

  31. QUESTION:
    How close are they to find a cure to cancer?
    The title is self explanatory really. Obviously there are people out there who are working on trying to find a cure for cancer, so how close are they to actually finding one? Does anyone know?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have (and probably wont find) a single cure for all cancers.

      That being said, many cancers are cured on a daily basis. Most of them through surgery, but some of them are treated with additional radio-/chemotherapy. And some cancers are cured by chemotherapy alone. And treatment is getting more and more effective.

      And there are lots of reasons why the establishment really want to find a cure. Here are some of them:
      1) Owners/employees (And their love ones) of pharmaceutical companies suffer from cancer too.
      2) Researchers wouldn't be able to keep their mouth shut if they found a miraculous cure or even a major breakthrough.
      3) Progress in cancer treatment is happening even though not as fast as we all would like to. Some cancers are even easily cured.
      4) Pharmaceutical companies wouldn't lose money for finding a cure - They would increase their income considerably.
      5) Also members of governments (and their love ones) sometimes get cancer

      And the progress in survival is not only a result of early detection, but that is important too. You might like to take a look at how progression has been made in the treatment of childhood cancers: http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/childhoodcancer/survival/ Children are not part in screening programs, so what you see is not just a consequence of earlier detection.

  32. QUESTION:
    How does cancer really kill people?
    I know that cancer is in other words the abnormal proliferation of cells, especially those that should've gone through apoptosis, but how does that kill people? Are oncogenes and mutations in tumor suppressors the only way to cause cancerous cells?

    • ANSWER:
      Good question.
      There are a variety of ways that malignancies kill.
      I'd say the majority of patients die at the end with either major organ failure or infection in their weakened condition.
      With leukemias the immune system and bone marrow blood cell production is compromised and the person dies from infection or bleeding.
      Lung cancers can erode into a major blood vessel and cause death by bleeding, but this is not very common - I saw or heard about such cases 5 times in 20 years as a cancer specialist doctor.
      Usually the malignancy grows to the point that it weakens the host - the person - and causes progressive weight loss, malnourishment, and death from an overwhelming tumor burden - but it can also cause organ failure such as liver metastases causing liver failure, brain involvement causing death from brain herniation, lung involvement causing death from pulmonary insufficiency and so forth. It isn't pretty - and that is why we fear these diseases so much.

      Oncogenes and mutations in tumor suppressors are major causes, but there are many other factors that contribute to the development of the many types of malignant diseases. This is why it is so irrational for people to ask "When will there be a cure for cancer?" This comes up frequently on Yahoo Answers. Many people have no idea how complex these diseases really are - although you seem to have a good grasp of the situation.

      In response to "Sarah's" answer above, I would say that stress contributes to lapses in the immune system surveillance that nips many malignancies in the bud so to speak. When cells go haywire (to use a technical term), we believe that the normal immune system kills them early in a young healthy person. I don't believe stress cause the actual mutations themselves, but I don't know everything.

  33. QUESTION:
    What kind of doctor works with breast cancer?
    Let's say I want to be a doctor that works with treating breast cancer. What type of doctor is that (name of doctor) and what education should I get?

    • ANSWER:
      You have to be a regular doctor and then specialise in Oncology.

      An oncologist will deal in all types of cancer including Breast cancer. Oncology is the study of cancer. There are five major areas of oncology: etiology, prevention, biology, diagnosis, and treatment. As a clinical discipline, it draws upon a wide variety of medical specialties; as a research discipline, oncology also involves specialists in many areas of biology and in a variety of other scientific areas. Oncology has led to major progress in the understanding not only of cancer but also of normal biology.

      There are several sub-specialties within oncology. Moreover, oncologists often develop an interest and expertise in the management of particular types of cancer.

      Oncologists may be divided on the basis of the type of treatment provided.

      Radiation oncology: treatment primarily with radiation, a process called radiotherapy.
      Surgical oncology: surgeons who specialize in tumor removal.
      Medical oncology: treatment primarily with drugs, e.g. chemotherapy.
      Interventional oncology: interventional radiologists who specialize in minimally invasive image guided tumor therapies.
      Gynecologic oncology: focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system.
      Pediatric oncology: concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children
      In the United Kingdom and several other countries, oncologists may be either clinical or medical oncologists. The main difference is that clinical oncologists deliver radiotherapy, while medical oncologists do not. (This difference does not apply in North America: the terms, clinical oncologist and medical oncologist are used interchangeably.)

      In most countries it is now common that patients are treated by a multidisciplinary team. These teams will meet on regular basis and discus the patients under their care. These teams consist of the medical oncologist , a clinical oncologist or radiotherapist, a surgeon (sometimes there a second reconstructive surgeon) , a radiologist , a pathologist , an organ specific specialist like a gynaecologist or dermatologist, and sometimes the general practitioner is also involved. These disease oriented teams are sometimes in conflict with the general organisation and operation in hospitals. Historically hospitals are organised in a organ or technique specific manner. Multidisciplinary teams operate over these borders and it is sometimes difficult to define who is in charge.-

      So can select your course and do it according after compleation of baisc medicines and surgery. -

  34. QUESTION:
    Has anyone heard of the granulosa cell tumor that causes ovarian cancer?
    It's a rare form of ovarian cancer that doctors don't really know how to treat. Anyone diagnoised with it?

    • ANSWER:
      I had not heard about this until I read your question so I did a little bit of research. This is a hormone based cancer that almost always occurs in the ovaries. Depending on when detected and size, etc. there is actually a very good prognosis so doctors are able to treat it. What is a major problem with this type of cancer is that it has the ability to reappear 20 to 30 years later, this occurrence is very common. That is the area that they are really having a problem treating. Here are a few links regarding studies and pathology reports on this.
      http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/ovary_granulosacelltumor.htm
      Here are some statistics on prognosis and survival with this disease.
      PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT CHARACTERIZATION
      Prognostic Factors

      All tumors have malignant potential

      90% are stage I, limited to the ovary

      Size of the tumor, mitotic figures, and nuclear atypia important in overall survival

      5 Year Survival
      With no atypia-survival 92%
      With moderate atypia-survival 30%

      10 Year Survival

      Tumors <5 cm-survival 100%
      Tumors 6-15 cm-survival 57%

      3 MF-survival 37%
      Metastasis

      Recurence can occur in the pelvis and lower abdomen

      Distant metastases are rare but tumors may recure 2-3 decades after initial diagnosis
      Treatment

      Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for postmenopausal woman

      Salpingo-oophorectomy may be acceptable in younger woman wishing to preserve fertility

      Hope this helps you a little.

  35. QUESTION:
    Is the whole conspiracy on the "cure for cancer supressed" real or built around fallacy?
    I read somewhere about that people believe that a cure for cancer has been discovered but has been suppressed due to over population. What are your views on this?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have, and most likely won’t find a single cure for all cancers.

      That being said, many cancers are cured on a daily basis. Most of them through surgery, but some of them are treated with additional radio-/chemotherapy. And some cancers are cured by chemotherapy alone.

      And there are lots of reasons why the establishment really want to find a cure. Here are some of them:
      1) Owners/employees (And their love ones) of pharmaceutical companies suffer from cancer too.
      2) Researchers wouldn't be able to keep their mouth shut if they found a miraculous cure or even a major breakthrough.
      3) Progress in cancer treatment is happening even though not as fast as we all would like to. Some cancers are even easily cured.
      4) Pharmaceutical companies wouldn't lose money for finding a cure - They would increase their income considerably.
      5) Also members of governments (and their love ones) sometimes get cancer

      On the internet there are many claims of miraculous "natural" cancer cures that are being suppressed. Here some of them are listed, with links to sites explaining what is wrong with them: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/suppressed-by-scientists-and-big-pharma-the-hidden-cancer-cure-but-which-one/

  36. QUESTION:
    What would be a respectable major for this type of work?
    I'm a junior in high school, but I'm looking at colleges and trying to figure out a major that would fit what I would like to do as a career.
    I'm interested in helping children with diseases such as cancer, and helping them cope with it.
    Other than which major this would most likely fall under, what sort of job would fit this description?

    Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Psychology for your major certainly comes to mind. As for the job it would fit, hospitals often have counselors to assist patients in dealing with their diseases.

  37. QUESTION:
    What would i have to major in to be a Pediatric oncology nurse ?
    I really love kids and i wanna work with kids that sick with cancer... what classes would i have to take??? Would this be hard r not?

    • ANSWER:
      Focus on becoming a nurse first. Pediatric oncology is arguably among the toughest fields in medicine just due to the nature of the work. The tragedy of terminally-ill children can be extremely saddening after a while. The challenge isn't so much in the work but the emotional beating you might endure.

      The classes to become a nurse include a lot of science. Lots of chemistry, physics, biology, biochem, and maybe some psychology, depending on the program. You can be a pre-nursing major if your college or university offers the program or you could attend a community college for the degree. Google "RN [your local area] programs." Type in your nearest major city and go from there.

  38. QUESTION:
    Since trillions of dollars have been given to cancer research, and very little improvement in treatment?
    If a cure for cancer is found, won't the drug companies be the big profit makers. Where does the money raised for research go; to the drug companies?? I've lost 4 family members to cancer, so i'm very cynical, sorry.

    • ANSWER:
      There have been major improvements in the detection and treatment of cancer. There are new drugs on the market that attack cancer cells in novel ways. Drugs like Herceptin have been life altering for women with a certain type of breast cancer.

      Research is just that, research. And a lot of research goes to dead ends. A lot of research money was spent prior to the latest advances in genetic testing and molecular imaging. It is the nature of technology.

  39. QUESTION:
    What is phytoestrogens and does it cause or prevent breast cancer?
    I was looking for how it affects you, but I cant really find anything on google. So does anyone know if it causes breast cancer or prevents it, and what are some foods that contain phytoestrogens?

    • ANSWER:
      More than 300 foods have been shown to contain phytoestrogens. Most food phytoestrogens are from one of three chemical classes, the isoflavonoids, the lignans or the coumestans. Isoflavonoid phytoestrogens are found in beans from the legume family; soybeans and soy products are the major dietary source of this type of phytoestrogens. Lignan phytoestrogens are found in high fiber foods such as cereal brans and beans; flaxseeds contain large amounts of lignans. The coumestan phytoestrogens are found in various beans such as split peas, pinto beans, and lima beans; alfalfa and clover sprouts are the foods with the highest amounts of coumestans.
      Phytoestrogens are a group of chemicals found in plants that can act like the hormone estrogen. There's conflicting evidence whether the phytoestrogen in soy helps prevent or increases risk, which probably means it has no effect one way or the other.

      http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/factsheet/diet/fs1.phyto.cfm

  40. QUESTION:
    What is in the blood that requires dfrent diet according to blood type?
    They said difrent diets is needed according to blood type. . In which i can only remember that my blood type, type O, should eat meat..like our body needs meat.

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly, the so-called science supporting the "Eat Right for Your Blood Type" by Dr. D'Adamo is based upon speculation and conjecture at this point. The observations of reactions of various blood types has not been verified through peer reviewed science.

      One thing that is clear is the fact that most people on earth become lactose intollerant after they are weaned from their mother's milk. In other words, most adults cannot properly digest dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, butter, and ice cream. The good news is that leafy greens such as kale, collards, and chard provide for better calcium balance, iron, and partial proteins. Legumes and whole grains provide complete protein components without the negative qualities of cow milk protein.

      In terms of meat products such as fish, beef, pork, and poultry, there are strong correlations between high consumption of animal protein and vascular disease, diabetes, and the most common forms of cancer. Read the book "The China Study" by Professor T. Colin Campbell if you need the citations.

      If you choose to eat animal based products, it's a good idea to consume them as flavorings and not as a major part of any meal. If you choose to give up animal based food products completely, then you need to make sure you have adequate B12, D, and Omega-3 fats.

      If you insist on pursuing the pseudo science, then check out this link:

      http://dadamo.com/

      If you are interested in the real science behind healthy eating, check out this web site:

      http://www.tcolincampbell.org/

      Please do your own due diligence to determine which approach is more likely true.

  41. QUESTION:
    Will a cure for cancer never happen because the pharmaceutical companies would lose money?
    is it true that a cure for cancer will never happen because the pharmaceutical companies make more money from ongoing treatments than a one-off cure?

    think about it! it makes sense!

    why would they want a cure...which would result in a one-off payment to cure cancer...when they can charge you an arm and a leg over many years "treating" the disease?

    it really is disgraceful!

    • ANSWER:
      You have asked this question on the cancer and alt med forums as well. The answer is still the same. Io-mcg has given you very good and detailed answers. I will give some headlines, but I hope that anyone who finds this question will read Io-mcg's answer (which I hope very much will appear here too).

      1) Cancer is not one disease - every cell type in your body may give rise to it's own type of cancer.
      2) Owners/employees (And their love ones) of pharmaceutical companies suffer from cancer too.
      3) Researchers wouldn't be able to keep their mouth shut if they found a miraculous cure or even a major breakthrough.
      4) Progress in cancer treatment is happening even though not as fast as we all would like to. Some cancers are even easily cured.
      5) Pharmaceutical companies wouldn't lose money for finding a cure - They would increase their income considerably.
      6) Not all cancer research is funded by pharmaceutical companies - Some of it is funded by the public.

      What is really disgraceful is the abusive behaviour displayed by some proponents of your idea against people who actually have/had cancer, and opted for conventional treatment.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are some common misconceptions about cancer?
    I'm doing a biology ISU on Cancer and one section of my book is about theories and misconceptions about cancer. If you know of any, feel free to share!
    Thanks for you time, I really appreciate it! :)

    • ANSWER:
      The most common ones that appear on these pages are:

      *'Cancer is a modern day, man-made disease'. In fact, of course, it is an ancient disease as old as humankind and older. Evidence of cancerous tumours has been found in the fossil remains of dinosaurs and the The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), the world's oldest documented case of cancer is from ancient Egypt around 1500 BC, and he oldest available specimen of a human cancer is found in the remains of skull of a female who lived during the Bronze Age (1900-1600 BC).

      *'Cancer rates have increased hugely in recent years/decades'. The statistics show this is not true.

      *'Cancer is usually hereditary'. In fact fewer than 10% of cancer cases are hereditary

      *'Anyone of any age can get any type of cancer'. Most people diagnosed with most types of cancer are over 60. There are a few types of cancer that happen only or mainly to children and young people, but the biggest risk factor for most types of cancer is being over 60.

      *'There is a 'cure for cancer' that is hidden to protect the profits of the pharmaceutical companies'. The full answer to that BS is too long to reproduce here, so here's a link to a question on the subject with some good answers - including my own :) The 'Best Answer' is nonsense though:

      http://au.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20101128195215AAnUEIt

      *'Cancer is caused by avoidable lifestyle factors'. Nobody knows what causes cancer; there are a few avoidable risk factors for some of the 200+ types of cancer. But nobody knows why of two people with the same risk factors or lack of them, one will develop cancer and the other won't. There is no solid evidence to link diet with cancer; the exception is that a diet high in red and processed meat ids a major risk factor for colorectal cancers.

      *'Smoking causes cancer'. Both true and false - smoking is a major risk factor for a few of the 200+ diseases that come under the umbrella title of 'cancer'. It is not a known risk factor for most types of cancer.

  43. QUESTION:
    Is there a scholarship for someone who has had major spinal fusion surgery?
    Is there a scholarship for someone who has had major spinal fusion surgery?
    i had spinal surgery when i was 16 and now I'm looking for scholarships i was going to go through the military and get my education paid for. but now i cant because of the surgery. there has to be something.

    • ANSWER:
      Probably--they have them out there for some of the craziest reasons I have ever seen...you need to use search engines and type in "scholarship + medical conditions" and see what you can find...

      The American Cancer Society, for example, offers a scholarship to cancer survivors who go on to college...

      Good Luck!

  44. QUESTION:
    Why does it seem like breast cancer awareness is given a higher priority?
    I lost my granddad to sinus cancer, my brother to neuroblastoma, and my dad nearly died of lymphoma. But why does it seem like the only kind of cancer awareness emphasized is breast cancer?
    I'm just saying, I don't see any "Awareness Months" for other types.

    • ANSWER:
      Several decades ago women were less open about having breast cancer in part because it was considered to affect a more private part of the body, and there was a lack of societal awareness of the disease. In the early1980s Nancy Brinker established the Susan G Komen for the Cure foundation in memory of her sister who died from breast cancer at an unusually young age (36), and became an outspoken advocate for breast cancer. She organized volunteers to help her cause, and over time their efforts along with their donors grew. It now has over 120 affiliates around the world and numerous sponsor affiliates. The organization has since been criticized for their proliferation of marketing and the use of its funds, but it can be credited for *helping* (it cannot have sole credit) to make a cancer that was once rarely publicly discussed extremely well-known. Breast cancer awareness didn't just happen; there was a concentrated, decades-long effort.

      There are awareness campaigns for numerous other types of cancer, but they haven't yet garnered as much attention or as many corporate sponsors with deep pockets. Komen (somewhat controversially) partnered with major companies like GE, 3M, and Old Navy to have the pink ribbon on everything from blenders to Post It notes, to tee shirts to "promote" breast cancer awareness. In reality, only a small percentage of the proceeds from those products go to breast cancer research. Other organizations have started to build momentum. "Movember," for example, has steadily gained more participants and publicity. It's a month-long awareness and fundraising campaign for prostate cancer and other diseases that primarily affect men. Guys grow out mustaches during the month (kinda as their version of the pink ribbon) and organize fundraisers. My college campus as well as numerous others were very involved. My boyfriend's entire fraternity grew out mustaches and had two well-attended fundraising events that month that each raised several thousand dollars. More celebrities and corporate sponsors have become involved, so I imagine that in the future it will have wider attention.

      Consider small ways you could do your part to fundraise and promote awareness for the cancers that have affected your loved ones. No, you're not going to be able to get a ribbon for neuroblastoma awareness put on a toaster, but you don't need to do that anyway. You can in your own way do something. One of the reasons I joined a sorority was to belong to an organization of intelligent women who could help me raise awareness for Hodgkin's Lymphoma, a type of cancer I was diagnosed with at 16. We had two fundraising and awareness events last year, and have two more planned for this year in addition to participating in four marathons that fundraise for the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. There were over 100 girls and supporters from my college who ran in the Nike's Women Marathon in San Francisco last fall to fundraise for the LLS, and next month two busses of us are going to LA to run in the LA Marathon. We've been training and fundraising for months. Check the "Team in Training" link below to see if there are any runs or other events in your area that you might like to participate in.

      ~ skylark

  45. QUESTION:
    Does every skin cancer start with a mole?
    i was just wondering if every skin cancer had to begin in a mole.

    • ANSWER:
      No, Skin cancers are of 3 major types: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma.
      Skin cancer is the most common of all human cancers.
      Cancer occurs when normal cells undergo a transformation during which they grow and multiply without normal controls.

      Medical professionals often refer to these changes as dysplasia. Some specific dysplastic changes that occur in skin are as follows:

      * Actinic keratosis is a patch of red or brown, scaly, rough skin, which can develop into squamous cell carcinoma.

      * A nevus is a mole, and dysplastic nevi are abnormal moles. These can develop into melanoma over time.

      Moles are simply growths on the skin. They are very common. Very few moles become cancer.

      An individual's moles usually look pretty much alike. A mole that looks different from the others should be examined by your health care provider.

      Dysplastic nevi are not cancer, but they can become cancer.

  46. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to recover from Cervical Cancer surgery?
    If a woman has surgery to rid herself of Cervical Cancer, I'd like to know what would be the treatment process and the time it'd take to recover from this type of procedure. A friend of mine has it, and I'd like to learn more about it. I don't want to touch the topic with her because she's quite sensitive about it, but I'd like to be knowledgeable about it.

    • ANSWER:
      When she wakes up after a hysterectomy or other major operation for cervical cancer she will have a drip inserted into her arm to give her fluids. She will have a tube (catheter) to drain her urine, and a tube to drain her wound. Because she will not be able to move around freely, she will have injections to thin her blood and help prevent clots. She will also have elastic stockings to wear to help the blood flow in her legs.

      She may well have pain for the first week or so.

      Her wound will be covered up for a couple of days. Any wound drains will stay in until they stop draining fluid. They usually come out about 2 to 7 days after the operation. And any stitches or clips will stay in for at least 7 to 10 days.

      After major abdominal surgery, she will need to rest at home for at least a month after she comes out of hospital.

  47. QUESTION:
    What percentage of people who get cancer die from it?
    I know in most developed countries the chance of getting cancer is 33% but what I want to know is what percentage of those 33% die from it? I've looked on most of the major cancer research websites and I can't find the answer.

    • ANSWER:
      You won't be able to find a definitive answer because there are many types of cancer and the outcome of treatment can very from person to person. there are also undiagnosed people who die from cancer and people in whom the cancer re-occurs time and time again. It's an extremely broad area with infinite variants.

  48. QUESTION:
    What type of education should I pursue to get into the medical research field?
    I am currenty in high school, and plan on entering the medical field. Although I have considered becoming a doctor, surgeon, etc., these choices seem too "boring". I would rather be working to find new cures for cancer, AIDS, or other types of medical disorders and working to advance medical science.

    I'm not sure what type of degree I should pursue in college, and what path of study I should pursue in medical school. Any suggestions would be great.

    • ANSWER:
      You could follow the requirements for pre-med, but they are rather loose -- most Med Schools only require one year each of calculus, chemistry, organic chemistry, biology and physics. That is enough to start the study of medicine, but it is not enough to get a good job in research. After you get out of med school if you want to do mostly research there are lots of hospitals and research institutions that you could work at.
      If you don't want to do Med School then you need to major in physics, chemistry or biology. And then you need to start right in on your MS degree, because if you only have a BS you will be the lab flunkey, not a real researcher. If you get a MS then you will be half a flunkey and half a researcher, at least for a few years until you get some experience. Then if you are really good, you will maybe be considered a legitimate researcher. If you want to be in charge of the research and make a good living and manage the lab, then you need a PhD.
      So plan on a long, long time in school, lots of debts when you get out. Hopefully you will get a job in research.

      One area you may not have considered is pharmacy. It used to be easy to get into pharmacy school but not any more. Now, because there are so many interesting research jobs, getting into pharmacy school is as hard as getting into med school. In general, you need to take about the same courses that you need for med school, only in med school they expect you to spend four years as an undergrad before you start, but in pharmacy school you usually spend only two years as an undergrad... so you have to take the chem, organic chem and physics right away starting in your freshman year.


major types of cancer

Lung Cancers Types

Cancer of the lung arises when cancerous cells develop in your lungs and could spread quickly throughout your body. Even though family history and contact with hazardous elements, like asbestos, may contribute, people who smoke cigarettes are 10 to 20 times prone to develop and die from lung cancer. Besides staying away from cigarettes, a balanced and healthy diet can help avoid lung cancer and enhance wellness when you have it.

When you have lung cancer, consuming a well-balanced, healthy diet can protect against complications, enhance physical strength, and improve the possibilities for full recovery. Eating well when confronted with cancer can also encourage satisfaction.

Vegetables and fruits

Vegetables and fruits contain many of the abundant antioxidants of all the food groups. They aid in fighting free-radical damage that leads to chronic conditions such as cancer. They even boost your immune system, so you are better capable to defend against infections that could interfere with lung cancer recovery. Berries such as strawberries, blackberries and blueberries are a powerful antioxidant sources. However, other fruits, like oranges, grapefruit and kiwi, and vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, kale and peppers are usually full of antioxidants.

Whole grain products

Whole grain products are fiber-rich and contain B-vitamins that can help reduce symptoms of lung cancer. Types of whole-grain foods include oat bran, oatmeal, cereal, millet, brown rice and quinoa. Avoid grains which are processed, because these have been stripped of their nutrient value. Processed grains include white bread, white rice, pasta and flour.

Omega-3 fatty acid

Lung cancer patients must take in omega-3 fats to help with a tougher immune system, decreased inflammatory reaction and tissue repair for maximum recovery. Fish like salmon, halibut, herring, tuna and mackerel, contain more omega-3 fats when compared to most foods. However, fish-oil nutritional supplements, walnuts, flaxseeds and flaxseed oil and linseed oil are also high in omega-3 fatty acids, should you not like fish.

Dairy products

Dairy products are powerful cancer recovery foods as they are so rich in protein and calcium. This is really important for physical strength and keeping a healthy weight when recovering from lung cancer. Milk, cheese, yogurt and eggs are nutrient-dense dairy sources. Most dairy products have low-fat and non-fat versions. While these are typically better, use the regular versions for those who have problems eating a sufficient amount of calories during recovery.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    National Cancer Institute or Roswell Cancer Institute for treatment?
    My father has just been diagnosed with lung cancer, type and stage unknown at this time. Im trying to decide between joining a study through the National Cancer Institute or getting treatment at Roswell Park. Looking for words or wisdom from those who have been there, done that.

    • ANSWER:
      That depends on type and stage. He shouldn't be deciding anything at this point

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the treatments for lung cancer?
    I know theres many types of lung cancer, but of the more serious types, what are the treatments?

    How affective are they?

    What are the survival rates for anyone with any type of lung cancer?

    Please tell me everything you know about treatment, survival rates, diagnosis, etc.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      lung cancer is being diagnosed by the x-ray, biopsy mainly the treatment part is it we have the surgical removal either partly or totally and radio therapy--chemo therapy-only in non invasive and stage one the longevity could be predicted in other cases es the complication over rid the disease result in fatalty ---please read ---www.webmd.com/lung cancer/lung cancer-prognosis

  3. QUESTION:
    Life expectancy of someone with small cell lung cancer?
    Has anyone, or do you know anyone that has beat lung cancer of this type? Thanks for answers.
    This person has not smoked for 25 yrs, and is male and over 60.
    They were not given the stage of the cancer by the doctor. I would venture to say it was an early diagnosis from the timetable that they spoke of.

    • ANSWER:
      Small Cell Lung Cancer is one in which a percentage of folks may have long term survival. It is a cancer that is very responsive to treatment, but many cases tend to recur. If diagnosed early (Limited Stage) chemotherapy and radiation will allow 20% of cases to survive at least 5 years. If diagnosed late (Extensive Stage), 5 year survival is much worse (around 1%).

  4. QUESTION:
    How long can you smoke until you get lung cancer?
    Lots of people smoke without getting lung cancer. Plus smoking doesn't cause other types of cancer. How long can I smoke until I get cancer? I figue I got 10 years of smoking that I can enjoy.
    But all the cool celebs like Jennifer Aniston, Applegate and Swazye smoke. And they are all fine.

    • ANSWER:
      Usually it takes about 20 pack years before you get cancer. To calculate your pack years, multiply the number of packs per day you smoke by the number of years that you've smoked. That's how many pack years you have, and like I said, it usually takes 20 pack years before carcinogenic changes take place....

      However..... Lung cancer just happens to be the most publicized danger from smoking. It doesn't affect everyone. But the cardiovascular effects of smoking tobacco occur in EVERYONE, most people jsut don't notice them. As a smoker, you are damaging the blood vessles in your body... this can lead to high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke a lot sooner than you might think. And lets not forget the glorious diseases of emphysema and COPD (chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) in which you basically suffocate. The reason why only one third of people get cancer from smoking? The other two thirds have probably already died from one of the aforementioned causes. The sooner you quit, the better your health will be. Being tobaccoless for 15 years reduces your risk of stroke and heart attack to that of someone who never smoked. So seriously, try to quit! Your body will love you for it!

  5. QUESTION:
    What is the kind of chocolate packs twice the "antioxidant punch" of red wine?
    And also helps fight heart disease, lung cancer, and type 2 diabetes and so on as promoted by "Prevention" Magazine"

    • ANSWER:
      Dark chocolate is chock full of antioxidants!!

  6. QUESTION:
    What type of things I can talk about in my presentation about a Lung cancer walk?
    What type of things I can talk about in my presentation about a Lung cancer walk?

    • ANSWER:
      lung cancer -signs, symptoms, treatment, education, prevention....seek more advice from the American Lung Association.

  7. QUESTION:
    Is chemotheraphy effective on curing lung cancer? Does people actually survive with this type of sickness?
    I have a relative who has a lung cancer but she doesn't even smoke.
    I have a relative who has a stage 4 lung cancer but she doesn't even smoke.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know all that much, but as my Grandma has been diagnosed with lung cancer a few days ago, I'll try to share as much info as I have.
      It really differs from person to person. Chemotherapy may work on some, and may not on others. It depends on how your body responds to the medicine. The survival rate for lung cancer is very low.. but that doesn't mean there aren't survivors. Keep your faith and cherish every moment you spend with your relative. My Grandma started chemotherapy today, and it's been tough. It's not an easy thing to go through and the most important thing is to be there for your relative whenever they need you. I am so sorry you have to go through this, and if you ever need to talk feel free to e-mail me.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of surviving lung cancer?
    My sister has just been diagnosed with lung cancer and i want to know what are the survival rates?

    • ANSWER:
      Survival statistics depend on a huge number of factors, the type of lung cancer, the staging and the age and general health of the patient.

  9. QUESTION:
    If a person has lung cancer and lymph nodes are discovered there, can they be cured with radiation or chemo?
    My sister was operated on for lung cancer, the mass removed. Now doctors have discoverd lymph nodes at the top of her lungs and are suggesting radiation or chemo. What will be the results? Could she be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      Both.

      Can she be cured is the question. It depends on which TYPE of radiation is used. I wouldn't go for TRADITIONAL radiation. I would use DR. Gil Lederman in New York. http://RSNY.org is his webpage to see what he does, he specialises in this. I went to him for two months. He's fantastic. He will return your call immediately. 1-212-995-6700 ask for RSNY- Dr. Lederman. It is Cabrini Medical Center in Manhattan.2270East 19th Street. Don't be decieved that it looks like an old run down hospital because it's New York. Once you get inside and see the updated equipment, you will be very extremely impressed with this hospital.

      Also there is a special LUNG HOSPITAL if you google "lung cancer", you will find this. or 'lung cancer hospital'. They even do lung transplants now there. I spoke to a personal representative immediately on line, she recommended a lot of stuff to me, but her alternative thing was MD. ANDERSON cancer clinic in texas. THEN if that didn't work, return to them.

      So MD worked so far I suppose. My local doctors are working inconnection with MD Anderson, I go back and forth every three months since last July for comparison check ups. So far, at least all we've done this time is it has stopped growing, not illiminating it, but stopped growing, at least. Wow, almost a year, bummer. But this natural stuff, I FEEL it, I feel differently, I can't wait for the next scans!

      http://www.aworldwithoutcancer also is NATURAL way to go
      http://healingcanceral naturally.com but slower. Get her the treatments FIRST, then get started on these natural stuff ok?
      LYMPH NODES is serious, that means that it has spread to the blood stream and is in the REST OF THE BODY. She MUST have Chemotherapy to get those out IMMEDIATELY. Then the radiation probably is how they will do it.

      Best wishes. Get her started on this natural stuff soon as posssible too. My doctor doesn't care that I am on it. He says philophsy is -- " If you THINK it is working, it MAY help you get better", because it is POSITIVE thinking and he much much believes a cancer patient NEEDS positive thinking. But if a cancer patient doesn't think that a certain treatment he is on will work, there is a very good chance that it won't work. Because of the negative thinking too. What a weird reaction we can have on our own bodies huh? But it's true. My brother in law just died of bladder cancer, he didn't beleive his chemotheraphy or ANY treatments would work on him, he was TOTALLY negative during the year and a half of all his treatments, etc. I could see the difference. Sometimes things would excell to be really good, then he would say, "It's just a fluke", then it would go bad again. So keep her positive. DON'T LET PEOPLE SAY, 'I'm Sorry" to her. Because she already IS. Those words HURT to us. Instead say -- I have heard of your situation and HOPE THINGS WILL IMPROVE or something like that. In other words -- tell them to be positive to her when people visit, do not say negative things like -- I am sorry, that is negative and makes one cry or hurt in heart -- ok? They teach us that in therapy!

      again, best wishes. It's going to be a LONG hard time ahead. Especially for the care-giver. That person will need help too. so when people ASK -:what can I do? LET THEM HELP. Let them do a "chemo" day with her. LET THEM babysit half a day with her when the time comes, etc OK? It will help her spirits too, EVEN IF SHE SLEEPS through it. She will wake now and then! I spent my time in a huge easy chair in the den or on our couch and my friends and family just surrounded me during the day and literally baby sat me through it and still do. It is amazing how that lifts your spirit.

  10. QUESTION:
    Is it possible that my friend got lung cancer 30 years ago from being exposed to Asbestos?
    My friend was diagnosed with Lung Cancer recently and was told that it possibly started around 30 years ago. He worked for print/press company where they printed newspapers and magazines. Could it be possible that Asbestos was present in perhaps the equipment that was used ? He also worked at the Opticians where there were chemicals being released?

    • ANSWER:
      The most likely cause of lung cancer is smoking. If your friend has never smoked regularly (more than 10 cigarettes per day fr more than six months) even if it was years ago, then there culd be another reason for his lung cancer. If he has been a smoker, then that is most likely the cause.

      As another answerer says, asbestos exposure causes a very specific type of cancer called mesothelioma. Cancers caused by smoking are usually located in the main bronchi.

      Some people who have never smoked get a type of cancer called adenocarcinoma of te lung, which sometimes occurs deep inside the lungs.

      If you think that his exposure to chemicals at the printing plant may ave been a factor, you should try to contact his work colleagues from that time in the first instance to find out if others who did not smoke have developed lung cancer also.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the recovery rates of lung surgery for stage IV lung cancer?
    I have battled lung cancer for 2 years and have the opportunity to have a portion of my right lung removed. What are the typical outcomes and after affects of such surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      I agree with Denisedd.

      If you are planning surgery, your surgeon should be carefully explaining the expected benefits verses the risks of the operation. Your surgeon and medical oncologist and perhaps the radiation oncologist should be discussing your situation as a group to provide all points of view regarding surgery. If you have correctly listed your lung carcinoma as stage IV - widespread disease - the doctors must consider where else you have disease and how much benefit you might gain from a partial lung resection.

      Your doctors know the details of your case which you do not provide for us.
      What was the initial stage?
      What was the histopathology - the type of lung cancer?
      Where has it spread?
      What treatments have already been tried?
      What is the tumor volume - roughly estimated?

      We should not be offering advice at this distance with so little information.
      We don't even know your age?

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the sines of lung cancer I think I might have it?
    I am a 42 year old female. I don't smoke but have been exposed to second hand smoke all my life. Sometimes especially a lot lately I wheeze when I breath and have shallow breathing. There is no lung cancer in the family but there are other types of cancer in my family.

    • ANSWER:
      If you think you have cancer why would you post on here? Go see a doctor!

  13. QUESTION:
    How long do lung cancer patients survive untreated?
    I do not have lung cancer, but I'm somewhat curious b/c someone I know may and are waiting for the confirmation.

    • ANSWER:
      What the doctor's do is take the type of cancer and severity of it, and take an average survival rate. Now with my mom, she had the small cell lung cancer. They told her 3-6 months untreated. It was stage 4. So it will depend on the stage of the cancer too. Treated they said up to 18 months. But because they really don't know, you can't really go by the prediction. My mom was treated, and she passed away within 4 months.

  14. QUESTION:
    How long does a stage 3b lung cancer patient have to live while getting treatment?
    My grandmother is about 56 years old, she has advanced stage 3b lung cancer and she's going to start getting treatment soon. i know no one actually knows when anyone is going to die but please give me a proper estimate.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 3B of lung cancer is generally considered to be much more invasive and poor in prognosis. The patient only has a 5% to 10% prognosis of survival during the next five years. It is considered to be advanced lung cancer, and it includes tumors present in the lungs, distant lymph nodes and other parts of the chest such as the esophagus or heart. In addition to rapid tumor growth and spreading, the patient exhibits a malignant pleural effusion, which is a concentration of fluid containing cancer cells between layers lining the lungs.
      3B Treatment

      3B lung cancer is incurable, but it is still treatable. Stage 3B cancer is generally inoperable, and a combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment is generally pursued. Roughly 13 months after initial 3B cancer treatment, 50% of patients are deceased.

      However, the chances of her survival shall increase by years with Immunity boosters. Details follow-----------

      IMMUNITY* BOOSTERS: How to prevent cancer? How to recover ‘fast’ from the impact of chemotherapy/illness/excessive Radiation? Here is a way out. Preparation for Surgery and Post Surgical recovery, Post-Blood Transfusions & Prevention of illnesses by keeping Ur immunity levels intact while getting treatment for HIV/AIDS, Cancer, any dreaded and incurable disease condition.Longevity of cancer/hiv survivors can be increased by leaps and bounds. To get back hair growth after chemo.
      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11.Triphala Churan [1 tsp churan + 1 cup of butter milk @ night before sleep] to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins for life.
      12.Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless her. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  15. QUESTION:
    How long can you have lung cancer before you start to feel symptoms?
    Like can someone have lung cancer for say fifteen years before they detect one noticeable symptom or figure out that something isn't right, or would one not make it that long before feeling something?

    • ANSWER:
      About 70% of tumor growth /cell division occurs "under the radar."
      A nodule the size of a marble contains roughly one billion cancer cells.
      Once it reaches ~ a trillion cells it is large enough to cause death.
      It may take years for a cancer to become large enough to detect
      on x-ray imaging studies. The lead time varies from cancer to cancer,
      and it can vary among people with the same type of cancer.
      The best time detect any of the many types of cancer is before
      it is large enough to cause any symptoms.
      If a person is coughing up blood, the malignancy must be far advanced.

  16. QUESTION:
    How is it possible that Andy Kaufman died of lung cancer despite being a non-smoker?
    I thought to get lung cancer you need a pathology of either: 1) being a smoker or 2) cancer would've had to have started somewhere else and spread to lungs?

    • ANSWER:
      90% of primary lung cancers are caused by people smoking. 10% of primary lung cancers are caused by other things - mesothelioma is a type of lung cancer caused by long-term exposure to asbestos, a small (incredibly small) number are caused by genetic predisposition and some just happen because of "bad luck".

      Cancer that spreads to the lungs from somewhere else is not lung cancer. For example, liver cancer that has spread to the lungs would be something like "liver cancer with lung metastasis". It's still liver cancer because that is here it originated. It doesn't automatically become lung cancer.

      To summarize, roughly 90% of lung cancers are caused by smoking. The other 10% have to be caused by something else.

  17. QUESTION:
    Is it rare to get lung cancer at an early age?
    Is it rare to get lung cancer at an early age? How long does it take before you die? Also can it be stopped via lung transplants?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it would be extremely rare to have lung cancer at an early age . . there are biological reasons . . the biology of a child is different than that of an older adult . . thus age groups have different types of cancers . . there are specific cancers for four identified age groups. What this means is that cancer is often age specific .. there are cancers of childhood, cancers of adolescents, cancers of young adults, and cancers of older adults (over 50). Lung cancer is almost predominately a disease of older adults and sometimes adults younger than 50 will get it also. It is very rare to occur in children, adolescents, or young adults under 30. However, cancer is deceptive and for every rule there is an exception . . so, while rare . . yes, children and the young can develop a subtype of lung cancer.

      Even with advanced stages, no one knows how long an individual will survive. Treatment for lung cancer would generally not involve a lung transplant.

      You can locate young lung cancer survivors online at groups such as Planet Cancer and I'm too young for this

      http://www.planetcancer.org/
      http://i2y.com/

  18. QUESTION:
    If you have lung cancer from asbestos exposure, it is mesothelioma or can you have other types of lung cancer?
    If your lung cancer is from asbestos, is it diagnosed mesothelioma or can you have other types?

    • ANSWER:
      There are actually several types of cancers for which asbestos is implicated. There is even a gall bladder cancer. Asbestos caused lung cancer does not have to be mesothelioma.

  19. QUESTION:
    How long do people live with lung cancer when chemo is not an option?
    I just heard of a man who has lung cancer, in his mid-60's, and his liver is to bad for any chemo to be done. I didn't want to ask his sister, who is the one I know, how long he has but I was curious. Without chemo is lung cancer probably only a matter of a month or two or can one live along time. It is stage 2 lung cancer on a man with severe liver damage as the man has battled alcoholism and also the man has some kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Next best option isto go in for 'target therapy' to prolong life and to have a cure too. Details follow--------------

      *CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:-- Details Made available ‘free of cost’ right @ Ur door-steps with the aid of Target Therapy.
      Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, fatigue-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic bloating, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis. etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, lymphatic system, Spleen, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, bone marrow cancer, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover & NO money to bear the costs of chemo. It is most suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and steadily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, skin, lungs, menses [females].
      2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels, by purging out toxins.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.
      All items for a cure—available in Ur vicinity all over the globe.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  20. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with Lung Cancer?
    My mother was just recently diagnosed with Lung cancer, only thing is, it has metastasized to her brain and bones. We only found out 2 weeks ago after her memory had been lost. After taking Decadron her memory has been better but now she has lots of trouble walking. I need to know how long she has, so I can prepare mentally and to arrange for a funeral....Right now I am in the dark. Can someone please help!

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry about your mom, in my experience as a nurse lung cancer is the fastest to advance and hardest to treat. ask about hospice to be arranged in your home if her doctor finds it appropriate. i would expect a few months at best. obviously it depends on the type of cancer as well. ask the oncologist for a straight forward no bull answer of her prognosis. if it cannot be treated effectively i would question if chemo is ordered, it will make her last days even more miserable. i am sorry to be pessimistic, i hope you are not offended by my answer.

  21. QUESTION:
    When diagnosed with terminal cancer why do some live longer than others?
    By this question i mean for example lung cancer 2 people have the same type and same stage. Why will some live longer? Does it have anything to do with diet or how strong your immune system is?

    • ANSWER:
      Our human bodies are unique. While patterns and response rates can be averaged statistically, the fact remains that we are all different.

      Treatment plans vary and people's response rates vary. There are statistical anomalies of 3 out of 1,000 people surviving Stage IV breast cancer that has multiple metastases all over the body. How in the world do those three survive when 997 do not? No one knows.

      Same goes for variance in other diseases.

  22. QUESTION:
    What is the correct definition of lung cancer?
    I searched up the definition of lung cancer, and went to many websites and they all give me a different meaning of the word.

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is broken into 2 main catagories. Small Cell and Non Small Cell. Although it is uncommon, it is possible that characteristics of both types of lung cancer are present. If this happens, it is called a mixed small cell-large cell carcinoma. In addition to the two main types of lung cancer, other rare types such as sarcomas, and lymphomas can also occur.
      Named for the small round cells that make up this cancer, small cell lung cancer accounts for a much smaller percentage of lung cancer cases than non-small cell lung cancer. SCLC is broken down into three different categories. Small cell carcinoma, mixed small call/large cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma. Each of these different types of lung cancer grows and spread in a different way. Because the cancer cells multiply quickly, SCLC often spreads throughout the body, and although the main cause of SCLC is smoking, there are other risk factors as well, including exposure to second hand smoke, asbestos and radon.

      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Non-small cell lung cancer or (NSCLC) is a much more common form of lung cancer. NSCLC can be broken down into three different types of lung cancer based on the size, shape and chemical composition of the cancer. These types are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is often associated with smoking and is generally found near a bronchus. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma is usually found around the outer regions of the lung. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of NSCLC - especially among women. Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma can appear in any part of the lung, and often grows and spreads quickly.

      The symptoms and risk factors linked to non-small cell carcinoma are very similar to those associated with small cell lung cancer, however, these different types of lung cancer are often treated differently.

  23. QUESTION:
    How much would a chest x-ray cost to diagnose lung cancer?
    My very close friend is having problems with breathing, and he's feeling some back and chest pain. He's lived in a house with a smoker for a long time, and he believes that it could be lung cancer. He's nearly broke, his family won't do anything to help him, and he has no insurance. Now we're wondering how much a chest x-ray would cost to check out if he has any sort of lung cancer. He lives in Wisconsin if that helps in anyway.

    • ANSWER:
      How old is your friend? If he is young, it probably isn't a primary lung carcinoma.
      Only about 3% of primary lung carcinomas occur in people under 45 years of age.
      A simple PA and lateral chest x-ray should be less than 0,
      but it varies all over the country.
      Wisconsin - I do not know. Expense could vary from city to rural areas.
      Of course no x-ray ever diagnoses a malignant disease.
      Only a biopsy can make a diagnosis of a cancer type.

  24. QUESTION:
    What are my odd of getting cancer when on both sides of the family?
    My fathers side of the family has all died of lung cancer, brain tumors, or another type of cancer. My dad is alive and healthy. My mom was recently diagnosed with lung cancer and a brain tumor.

    • ANSWER:
      There is some evidence on heredity on brain tumors. Anyway the numbers are too low to worry about.
      I wish well for everyone in your family

  25. QUESTION:
    how long does it take to die from lung cancer?
    My mother is 81 and has small tumors in both lungs. She has decided against a biopsy since she doesn't want any cancer treatment anyway. She says she would rather not even know if she has cancer. How long would it take to die if lung cancer is left untreated.

    • ANSWER:
      Obviously it is impossible for even those of us who are cancer specialist doctors to answer this question blindfolded with both hands tied behind us.

      First - you do not have a diagnosis of a malignancy / any type of cancer.
      There are benign disease that may give the impression of small nodules in the lungs.

      Second - most types of primary lung cancers would not present as widespread lung nodules.

      Third - if it is a malignancy, it would likely be a metastatic malignancy to the lungs.
      Cancer types that may spread to the lungs like this in women include primary cancers of the breast, melanoma skin cancer, renal carcinoma, GYN malignancies such as those of the cervix, uterus, or ovaries, GI malignancies such as gall bladder, pancreas, liver, colon/rectum, stomach, and many others. Some sarcomas could do this too.

      There simply is no way to make such guesses with absolutely no idea which of many diseases she may actually have. If we are to be left blind with no biopsy, about all that her doctors can do is make her comfortable and perhaps do periodic chest x-rays at monthly intervals to see if' 'A' - it is growing and 'B' how fast is it growing - - that is - - if she wants to know.

      What do her doctors tell you about her prognosis ?
      They have examined her, know the complete medical history, seen the x-ray imaging studies, and reviewed her lab work.
      If any lay person (non medical expert) tries to predict an outcome, I'd suggest you ignore it. It would be a pure guess.

  26. QUESTION:
    What is the minimal age for lung cancer?
    Can a 20 or 25- year old get lung cancer? They have both been light smoker for about 4 years. I ask this because on "thank you for smoking" there was a 16-year old kid who had lung cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      There is primary lung cancer which older adults generally have and of which most people think of as 'lung cancer'. The piece you are missing is that metastatic cancer of ANY kind can travel to the lung and create a secondary cancer in the lung. Thus, anyone with metastatic cancer at any age can have lung cancer as well as brain cancer and liver cancer. In general, metastatic cells follow the blood sytem route . .which means the places that receive the most blood often end up with mets to that area. The lung, liver, and brain are the most areas for metastatic cancer to travel to. Thus a 16 year old would probably not have a primary lung cancer, his lung cancer is probably a secondary metastatic nodule or tumor. Remember that metastatic means that the original cancer cells can move anywhere in the body and start a brand new cancer . . however, that new cancer is still made up of that first type of cell (ie a bone cancer cell goes to the lung . .is still a bone cancer cell, but now it is growing in the lung.)

      It would be unusual for a child or teen to have a primary lung cancer, but it can happen. It would usually be a different type of lung cancer though than what affects an adult.

  27. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of lung cancer?
    I know that it is based mostly on the 5-year survival rate of 14 percent, but I believe that must mostly be because most people don't find out until it's in its later stages.

    My friend is 18 and just found out he has lung cancer. He's going in for more tests to confirm what stage it is in but it can't be that far along I'm guessing with how young he is. Do you have any information as to the survival rate of those in the preliminary stages of lung cancer? What are the chances of eradicating it?

    • ANSWER:
      49 % of people diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer live for at least five years after diagnosis.

      It's difficult to determine the chances of eradicating it because overall survival rates don't specify whether cancer survivors are still undergoing treatment at five years or if they've become cancer-free (achieved remission). Other types of survival rates that give more specific information include:

      1) Disease-free survival rate.
      2) Progression-free survival rate.

      I wasn't able to find much information with these two survival rates, but hopefully someone else can add to this answer. You might be able to find this data by searching for specific treatment regimens and their effectiveness. At the National Cancer Institute (NIH), they calculate these values for clinical trials.

  28. QUESTION:
    Is there any correlation between breast cancer and lung cancer?
    I am a 52 year ol;d female. Ten years ago I was diagnosed with lobular carcinoma of the breast (in-situ) and had bilateral mastectomies. My mother died of the same type of breast cancer when she was 47. I now have squamous cell lung cancer on the same side as the breast. Could there be a correlation?

    • ANSWER:
      No, they are two different types of cancer. Lobular carcinoma in-situ (LCIS) is really more of an early warning indicator that the patient will develop an invasive cancer in either breast, not just the one it was found in. This is why a bilateral mastectomy was recommended to you. LCIS is non-invasive and therefore incapable of spreading. Many people develop either lung or breast cancer and never develop the other. Good luck with your treatment. I hope all goes well for you.

  29. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of surviving advanced Lung Cancer?
    My mums Husband has been diagnosed with Lung Cancer 7 weeks ago its advanced and in-operable, He has had Radio-theropy to stop it from spreading, but is there any chance of him getting better. I really need to know we are going through a hard time with this and just need a bit of hope.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I am not sure if there is any. My mom has had the very same thing happening to here and she has been placed on medical marijuana and she has not had any sickness from the RT and has not lost any hair. She seems to be in better spirits than we (family) are. I have been doing a lot of praying and the whole event has turned me to a more family friendly type person. I have asked my mom if she would write us (her boys) all a letter to be read by us after her passing. So I guess the most we can do is to get them as comfortable as possible and have the best quality of time that is remaining.

  30. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of someone having lung cancer?
    My father in law recently was diagnoised with lung cancer. He has two growths in his lower left lung. The size is small, one is 7 mm and the other is 12 mm. he hasn't smoked in 5 yrs or more. What are his chances of full recovery?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancer_information/cancer_type/lung

      this is a good site for information on lung cancer.

  31. QUESTION:
    what is the lung cancer survival rate and from where can I get the details?
    what is the lung cancer survival rate and from where can I get the details?

    • ANSWER:
      There are several types of lung cancer- survival time depends on time, when detected, what treatment is possible, what treatment is used and the patients response to treatment.

  32. QUESTION:
    How commonly does lung cancer spread to the nose?
    Is it common that lung cancer spreads to the nose or area around it?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer can metastasize anywhere . . but in general cancer cells follow the blood system or lymphatic system and lodge in areas like the liver, lungs, bones, and brain. But microscopic malignant cells that spill into the blood stream/lymph node system can go all over the body including the nose .. it's not common . . but happens.

      NCI: Metastatic cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/metastatic

  33. QUESTION:
    What types of questions to ask a doctor for an interview?
    I am doing my senior project on lung cancer. I need a community relationship. Therefore, i am going to interview a doctor but i do not know what types of questions to ask him for my project.

    • ANSWER:
      First, you must decide on what type of doctor you interview. A chest surgeon would probably have the most experience with lung cancer. Other than that, a pulmonary specialist or an older internist. I say older because he or she is more likely to have wider experience.

      You could ask how many of his patients with lung cancer were heavy smokers, vs. less than a pack a day smokers vs. non-smokers. Were there other occupational risks such as coal miners, asbestos workers, etc. Did any of the non-smokers who develop lung cancer have other risk factors? Were their homes tested for radon? What is the average survival rate for lung cancer after 2 years, 5 years? What is the average post-operative patient's quality of life after surgery? Does the surgeon have any feeling for the impact a diagnosis of lung cancer has on the patient's family?

      You should probably research the answers yourself before you interview the surgeon, and compare your findings with the answers the surgeon gave you. Good luck.

  34. QUESTION:
    Is there a cure for brain and lung cancer yet?
    I was just wondering because my mom told me that my great uncle has a tumor in his brain and lungs. I think he might get some type of surgery, but she didn't really tell me a lot of details. Is there a cure for brain and lung cancer yet? Thank you for answering.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    how high is the likelihood to die of lung cancer as a pasive smoker compared to a surgery?
    I have back problems and think I will take drogs tilI I die. Will surgery kill me or I will have lung cancer as a passive smoker ? What is the likelihood to die from what I told above?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many things you can do if you consider yourself to be a high risk for cancer. The following is a simple list followed by detains for each item on the list.

      Mammograms - Is all that radiation necessary? Safe? No. No.
      Antioxidants - Nothing beats Cantron and Protocel.
      Ellagic acid is a good preventative for some cancers.
      IP-6 a good preventative and treatment for most cancers.
      Cooked Foods and Safe Cooking reduce breast cancer Irradiated foods there is some cancer risk, better to wash your food.
      Wearing Brassieres all day prevents lymph circulation.
      Parabens found in many lotions may be dangerous.
      Sunlight is one of the best cancer preventatives.
      Vitamin D up to 70% reduction in cancer,
      Love as a Preventative is not as hard as you might think.

      Mammography and Mammograms
      The section presents evidence concerning the dangers and short comings of mammograms and presents a couple of alternatives for breast cancer detection.
      Dangers of Radiation
      Dr. John Gofman, M.D., Ph. D. who was the biomedical director and associate director of the Atomic Energy Commission's Livermore National Laboratory and is now Professor Emeritus, Molecular and Cell Biology, at the University of California, Berkeley and is also on the faculty at the University of California Medical School at San Francisco (UCSF), has written an extensive study** to support his hypothesis that medical radiation is probably the principal cause of cancer mortality in the United States.
      The Moss report Mammograpy - the Hidden Downside** presents and often overlooked aspect of mammograms:
      "Mammography is undoubtedly good at picking up slow-growing cancers. It is also good at detecting so-called 'in situ' lesions, that is, the latent, precancerous lesions that have not yet developed – and might never develop - into truly invasive cancers. But these are not the kinds of breast cancer that are most likely to kill. That distinction belongs to the faster-growing tumors, and it is precisely these faster growing malignancies that mammography typically fails to catch."
      Also quoted in this Moss Report, Prof. Samuel Epstein, MD, of the University of Illinois pointed out:
      "Even assuming that high quality screening of a population of women between the ages of 50 and 69 would reduce breast cancer mortality by up to 25 percent, yielding a reduced relative risk of 0.75, the chances of any individual woman benefiting are remote. For women in this age group, about 4 percent are likely to develop breast cancer annually, about one in four of whom, or 1 percent overall, will die from this disease. Thus, the 0.75 relative risk applies to this 1 percent, so 99.75 percent of the women screened are unlikely to benefit" (Epstein 2001).
      Better/Safer Testing - Thermograms
      DITI, or digital infrared thermal imaging, also called a thermogram, is a safe diagnostic test that measures changes in skin surface temperature. An infrared scanning camera detects skin surface temperatures and shows them on a color monitor. In healthy people, there is a symmetrical skin pattern. Breast cancer appears as an irregular pattern.
      DITI has been used in human medicine for the past 20 years. Recent break-troughs in PC-based designed has allowed more practitioners to be able to afford the equipment. Most Naturopaths in your area will be aware of this type of testing. Some have thermogram practitioners come to their offices on a periodic basis.
      See also AMAS For Early Detection under the Safer Tests subsection of the Home page.

      Antioxidants
      Even the FDA has agreed that antioxidants act as cancer preventatives. Cantron and Protocel are among the most powerful antioxidants ever tested so they can be used as a preventative. When taking them as a preventative, a reduced schedule can be used and a person does not have to avoid all the things that interfere with Cantron or Protocel.

      Ellagic Acid
      Ellagic acid is a good preventative for these cancers:
      Breast
      Cervical
      Colon
      Esophageal
      Leukemia
      Liver
      Lung
      Pancreatic
      Prostate
      Skin
      Tongue

      Cesium Chloride
      Cesium chloride with potassium is a good general preventative as is laetrile. All together, that makes five alternative cancer treatments that act to prevent cancer. Which one will work best with your unique body chemistry? Once again, the only way to tell is to test each on your body. A quick way to do this is to use the Alternative Cancer Test Kit. With the Test Kit you can energetically test 0 worth of treatments for only . For more information, click the Test Kit.

      IP-6
      IP-6, also known as inositol hexaphosphate, has shown effectiveness in preventing and treating a wide range of cancers including colon cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, chronic myeloid leukemia, rhabdomyosarcomas, pancreatic cancer, melanomas, and Barrett's adenocarcinoma and can be given to cats and dogs.
      IP6 has been studied for cancer prevention and treatment since the 1950s. For prevention most people are taking 500 to 1000 mg a day in two doses on an empty stomach. Those at high risk for cancer, fatty liver, or kidney stones are taking from 1000 to 2000 mg a day in two doses on an empty stomach. People with cancer are taking 4000 to 7000 mg a day in two doses on an empty stomach along with 1,200 - 1800 mg inositol.
      Toxicity studies have shown that a daily dose of 9000 mg of IP-6 for 3 years did not produce harmful side effects.

      Cooked Foods Increase Cancer in Women - Acrylamide
      A 2007 Dutch study, the Cohort Study involving 120,000 people found that acrylamide, a chemical caused by frying, baking, roasting, or grilling can double the chances of women getting ovarian and womb cancer. Foods that are cooked less contain less acrylamide. Cutting the crust of of bread reduces the number of carbos and acrylamide. Home-cooked meals contain much lower amounts of the acrylamide than processed products, fast food, or restaurant food.

      Safe Cooker - Solar Oven
      The Solar Oven Society** is a not-for-profit organization. Every solar oven purchased in the USA helps offset the cost of sending solar ovens to Third World countries where the need for solar cooking is so great. Solar cooking is:
      Safe because the temperature used kills bacteria but does not form acrylamide
      Inexpensive because after the 0 oven purchase the fuel is free.
      Healthy because it retains the enzymes in food which are essential for good health
      To purchase the solar oven for 0 including shipping** (free shipping is significant, only companies that rarely get a return include shipping in the cost because they must refund shipping as well as the product cost) go to: http://solarovens.org/

      Irradiated Foods
      This is an excellent article** that explains the cancer risk, slight although present and a better alternative: washing your food.

      Wearing Brassieres for Extended Periods
      An extensive study of over 4700 women (2056 previously diagnosed with breast cancer, 2674 never diagnosed with breast cancer) was run by authors Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer that indicated a positive correlation between breast cancer and the length of time that women wore bras per day.
      Those who wore a bra all day long (defined in the study as any period more than 12 hours) had statistically 21 times greater risk of breast cancer than those who only wore a bra for only part of the day (defined in the study as any period up to 12 hours). Women who wore their bras all day and night (essentially 24 hours per day) had a 5 times greater chance of developing breast cancer than those who wore it all day-long.
      The study conjectured that wearing a bra may constrict the flow of lymph fluid in the breast, which then causes the higher risk of breast cancer. Lymph fluid is the natural watery fluid which surrounds and bathes cells in body tissues. Lymph fluid carries disease-fighting cells and helps remove accumulated toxins, some of which may be carcinogenic (cancer-causing). The impaired flow of lymph fluid is thought to allow toxins to build up, thus causing breast tissue cells to be exposed to higher concentrations of cancer-causing toxins for longer periods of time. The study suggested that women wear their bras for fewer hours, thus giving their breasts time to "recover" and also not wearing bras that feel constrictive or tight.
      For more details on the study, conducted by Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer, see their book Dressed to Kill, (Avery Publishing Group, New York, 1995). ISBN 0-89529-664-0. Available from The Naturist Society, P.O. Box 132, Oshkosh, WI 54902, Tel. 414-426-5009.

      Lotions Potions and Parabens
      Parabens are preservatives that are found in most body lotions, deodorants, and shampoos. In 2004 the University of Reading tested 20 human breast tumors for the presence of parabens. They found parabens in every tumor. Apparently parabens had seeped into breast tissue after being applied to the skin in the form of lotions or deodorants. The reason this is significant is that parabens are able to mimic the action of the female hormone estrogen. Although more research is needed it seems prudent to reduce your exposure to parabens. Also 1,4-Dioxane, a by-product of short cut manufactureing, is considered a chemical known to cause cancer. The following are parabens and 1,4-Dioxane free brands of lotion: Aubrey Organics, Dr. Hauschka, Nourish Food for Your Healthy Skin, EO, Avalon Organics, Burt's Bees, Desert Essence, and Zia.

      Sunlight
      Contrary to popular belief, sunlight has the highest success rate for:
      Safely stopping tumor growth, not destroying tumors (the only effect that conventional medicine recognizes), but stopping growth.
      Preventing cancer by stimulating the body's vitamin D production.
      Preventing influenza like the bird flu also by vitamin D production.
      Fair skin and the number of moles are the major risk factor for melanoma (ski

  36. QUESTION:
    What can you tell me about lung cancer?
    I need some information about lung cancer. There's two parts to my question so really think about this.

    Part 1
    I know that cancer can spread throughout the body, but I was wondering if there were any types of lung cancer that can, or will, spread from your lungs to your brain?

    Part 2
    If there is a type of lung cancer that can, or will, spread from your lungs to your brain, will that type of cancer cause delusions if it does in fact spread to the brain?

    So, basically what I'm looking for is... Is there a type of lung cancer that can spread to the brain and cause delusions once it does? I'd also like to know what that type, or perhaps types, of lung cancer that is. I don't need to know how one might treat said lung cancer, I just need to know what the name of that type of lung cancer is.
    I know that there's gotta be a doctor or a scientist out there with a yahoo account! All I need is someone to give me a simple answer! Please, just give me an answer!

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is considered the deadliest cancer and is the leading reason for cancer deaths occurring in the United States. Being aware of lung cancer is like taking the first step towards saying “NO” to lung cancer.

      Read more information you got here: http://www.factsbarn.com/facts-about-lung-cancer/

  37. QUESTION:
    How do you treat small cell lung cancer?
    My uncle was diagnosed a few weeks ago and the doctors told him it was supposedly the easiest to treat and that he had at least 5 years left to live. They also told him the cancer was inoperable and started him quickly on chemo. He's not taking any oral medicine. The information I have found on the internet says small cell is the hardest to treat and has the worst prognosis. Can anyone give me some information about small cell lung cancer and how to treat it?

    • ANSWER:
      Choosing a treatment plan

      If you have small cell lung cancer, the main treatment will most likely be chemotherapy, either alone or with radiation. Very rarely, surgery might be done if it is limited stage cancer.

      After the cancer is found and staged, your doctor will talk to you about treatment choices. Give yourself time to take in the information you have learned. The most important things to think about include the stage and type of cancer, your overall health, the likely side effects of the treatment, and the chance of curing the cancer or helping you live longer. Age alone should not keep you from having treatment.
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_2_4x_How_Is_Small_Cell_Lung_Cancer_Treated.asp?sitearea=

  38. QUESTION:
    Is skin cancer as "deadly" as lung cancer and so many other types of cancers?
    My grandma just died of lung cancer just 2 weeks ago.

    My mom has had skin cancer removed 8x's now.

    Is skin cancer more "removable" than other cancers are?

    • ANSWER:
      No cancer is harmless or benign – benign means non-cancerous.
      Skin cancer can be as deadly as lung cancer. It depends on the type of cancer you are referring to and the stage of those cancers.
      I guess you could say skin cancer is more “removable” than others since it is on the skin it is easier to remove. However, any cancer that has spread is usualloy not removable.

  39. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between metastasized brain cancer and cancer that started in the brain?
    My mother had lung cancer a year ago and although it has not returned, she now has a tumor in her brain the size of a dime. It is cancerous .... so what is the prognosis and what is the difference between this type of brain cancer (where it originated in the lungs) and brain cancer that originiates in the brain. Also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer originating in a particular organ for the first time is called Primary neoplasm.

      Metastasis is its secondary spread through blood or lymph.

      Prognosis really depends on histological type of the cancer but metastasis generally requires more aggressive treatment in the form of chemo & radio because it is wide-spread.

      My best wishes are with your mother and you as her family in the battle against this cancer.

  40. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to treat small cell carncinoma Lung cancer?
    My Mom was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. She's 63, breast cancer survivor of 6 yrs, 1 pack a day, 2 heart attacks, and high blood pressure... please help... i love my MOM....
    My Mom was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. Her "cyst" is only 1 1/2 centimeters along. Today we begin the first doctor appt... Please help.. i love her Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Without treatment, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has the most aggressive clinical course of any type of pulmonary tumor, with median survival from diagnosis of only 2 to 4 months. Compared with other cell types of lung cancer, SCLC has a greater tendency to be widely disseminated by the time of diagnosis but is much more responsive to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

      Because patients with small cell lung cancer tend to develop distant metastases, localized forms of treatment, such as surgical resection or radiation therapy, rarely produce long-term survival. With incorporation of current chemotherapy regimens into the treatment program, however, survival is unequivocally prolonged, with at least a 4- to 5-fold improvement in median survival compared with patients who are given no therapy. Furthermore, about 10% of the total population of patients remains free of disease during 2 years from the start of therapy, the time period during which most relapses occur. Even these patients, however, are at risk of dying from lung cancer (both small- and non-small cell types). The overall survival at 5 years is 5% to 10%.

  41. QUESTION:
    Is there a cure for brain and lung cancer?
    Okay, I know I already asked this but the other answers were REALLY confusing. Can you please make it understandable for a blonde 13 year old? Aha, thanks!
    I was just wondering because my mom told me that my great uncle has a tumor in his brain and lungs. I think he might get some type of surgery, but she didn't really tell me a lot of details. Is there a cure for brain and lung cancer yet? Thank you for answering!

    • ANSWER:
      This is informative. http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=J5gTtVfiOwc

  42. QUESTION:
    3rd generation birth control like NuvaRing is known to increase pulmonary embolisms. What about lung cancer?
    There are types of lung cancer that are estrogen based just like breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      No they don’t.

  43. QUESTION:
    Lung cancer that has spread to the liver?
    As I type this question my heart is breaking. We just received news that my stepmother has lung cancer and it has spread to her liver. She didnt have any signs or symptoms until about a month ago. She thought she had bronchitis. After testing it was found to be cancer. The docs haven't given a prognosis. I am beside myself with worry and wonder if anyone has dealt with this and the prognosis given.

    • ANSWER:
      My sister recently died with lung cancer as a result of another cancer that metastasized to her lungs. When the liver is involved, the prognosis is not good. I'm sorry to say this, but I won't lie about it either. I pray she knows the peace that passes all understanding. Know this...she will no longer be agony. I know it's a cliche but it's so true. God bless

  44. QUESTION:
    How does genetics play a role in lung cancer?
    I'm wondering how i can explain dna/genetics when talking about lung cancer. thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      First, fewer than 10% of all cancer cases, in all types of cancer, are due to hereditary factors.

      As far as lung cancer is concerned, most cases are linked to smoking; people who have never smoked do get lung cancer, but in around 90% of cases smoking is implicated.

      There is research into the impact of family history on lung cancer, and it is likely that there is at least one faulty lung cancer gene that can be passed down in families.

      If you have a first degree relative (parent, sibling, child) with lung cancer, your risk of lung cancer is doubled.

      It is very hard to sort out the facts though, because of the major role smoking plays in lung cancer. Families of smokers will all be exposed to cigarette smoke and so have an increased risk of lung cancer whether they have inherited a faulty gene or not.

  45. QUESTION:
    How common is it to develop heart problems after lung surgery?
    My lung cancer surgery (which was successful) was just over a year ago (I just posted about scar tissue pain) and have developed two types of abnormal heart beats recently and continue with shortness of breath which is getting worse. Just trying to come up with explanations so I can stop "bugging" my doctors. Lung doctor suggest cardiac problems but it does not appear that way. I am waiting on results of a stress test and echo.

    • ANSWER:
      The circulatory system consists of systemic circulation, pulmonary circulation and coronary circulation. If one part of the circulatory system is affected, the other two parts of the circulatory system will bound to fail immediately or later.
      Only the pulmonologist/ cardiologist can say about the prognosis of the disease with reference to your medical records.

  46. QUESTION:
    Is there a high chance of me getting cancer?
    My mom's had basil cell and malignant melanoma. My younger sister had a mole that they had to remove because it was close to turning into cancer. My grandma has had breast cancer, and my grandfather had lung cancer.

    Since these are all different types of cancer, will they all increase my chances of any type of cancer? Or do they only increase my chances of getting that specific type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a dreadful illness and one that puts dread into everyone at sometime in their life, and whilst sometimes cancer can be genetic, which then it would be one specific time like breast cancer, it does not mean that because your mother had it and thankfully recovered that you will get it too. To call breast cancer genetic in your family, it would have to strike down at least 4 close relatives, so try not to worry about that.

      Moles are something most of us have, and again sometimes they can change for no reason, but often its the sun and being out in the sun to much with out protection that causes that, So always make sure you use sun block and a strong one too. Sun blocks do not stop people tanning, it just takes a little longer with them, that's all. So knock that one out of your mind too. And of course last but not least your grandfather having lung cancer, well statistics prove if 10 people get lung cancer, then 9 of them were or had been smokers, so again you can remove that worry from your mind. If you smoke then yes it time to seriously think about stopping.

      Eat red meat in moderation, chicken is fine. Eat lots of vegetables and fruit, look after your general health, drink water to keep the system flushed, and the high chances are you will never never get cancer.

      I hope this has put your mind at rest.
      Good Luck
      Billie UK.

  47. QUESTION:
    Where can i find statistics on lung pain and how often that is lung cancer?
    i am so scared, it's a really scary thing reading about the low survival rates of people with lung cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      The percentage of lung cancer that can be cured with chemo alone is 25 % and those disease free after 5 years is also 25%.It also depends on the type of cancer (aggressive type versus mild) and location. If the tumor is small & localized in the base of the lung the prognosis is better for often surgery is very effective & all of the tumor can be removed.If the cancer is closer to the neck (bronchial area) there is a higher threat of the tumor blocking the airway & also of spreading to the lymph nodes.So it really all depends on type & location.I've seen patients do well & recover & also seen patients who had aggressive cancer come in, get diagnosed, & only survive 3 months. You really need to consult with your doctor so you know exactly what you are dealing with. Good luck.

  48. QUESTION:
    how to write a research paper about lung cancer?
    i don't know where to start. where do i go to get information about lung cancer? what is a good website to find scholarly journal articles? what would be a good topic to talk about of this subject? what does a research paper include?

    • ANSWER:
      Its a huge topic, so I think you have to break it down into sections.

      What is lung cancer? What are the different types? Who gets the different types? What are the causes of the various types? What is the treatment and the survival rate?

      Are there controversies with lung cancer-eg what is the risk of passive smoking?

      For one paper that's a lot to cover, so I think I would concentrate on the different types of lung cancer, and how some of these are linked to smoking and others may not be. For more general papers, search for reviews and that will give you an overview of the subject.


lung cancers types

List Of Cancer Symptoms

Due to hectic routine life, most people are taking help of drugs like Ambien to become relax. But taking this type of drug is dangerous and according to studies, the risk of Ambien addiction is increasing as the sleep medication prescription is becoming out of control. Ambien addiction cases are increasing with huge number of patients. Most people are suffering with sleeping problems and they prefer to take this drug as a medicine. But more use of ambien means your body needs higher dosage of this drug and it results into the Ambien addiction. Slowly persons become dependent on the effect of this drug.

Apart from this addiction, people have to know about Chlamydia disease like its symptoms and treatment. If you will search on the internet, you will easily get all the detailed information about Chlamydia treatment. Now many females are infected with this type of disease, hence, this treatment is necessary for new born babies. To treat this disease, generally antibiotics are used. Taking one gram of azithromycin orally is considered as the most convenient single dose Chlamydia treatment. The cost of other treatments is quite high as compared to other available treatments. Hence, most doctors are now recommending usual alternative treatments such as oral dose of 100 mg doxycycline twice in a day and patients have to follow this medical help at least for one week. It's better to get information about breast cancer, because in the first stage, patient is unable to recognized signs of breast cancer. As the time passes, patients suddenly feel unbearable pain in the lumps of breast's tissues and it is quite small to detect.

During this type of cancer, surrounding area of nipples becomes red. Scaliness and abnormal puffiness around the nipple are two major symptoms of breast cancer. The list of signs of breast cancer includes lumpy growth of breast area especially below the armpits, swelling around the breast area, change of skin color etc. This cancer can be easily curable in the first stage. Some signs are easy to recognize and some are difficult to observe. Hence, it's better to perform regular medical check up after every two to three months. Some patients are suffering with other symptoms as well like thickening of the breast area, change in the size of breast, irregular development of nipple shape, warm sensation in the breast area and sometimes, nipple may turn inward and rashes are occurring on nipple area. If patients will observe carefully, then she will definitely notice that dimples are developing on the skin of the breast, blood stained discharge from nipples and breast area becomes scaly or swallow. By following proper medical help or treatment, patient can be easily cured from this dangerous cancer. If you are also suffering with any of these signs of breast cancer, then without wasting your time just consult your doctor. Every time it is not necessary that showing these signs doesn't mean you are the patient of breast cancer. After pregnancy, the chances of this type of cancer are increases.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How do you know if you have breast cancer?
    I'm 13 years old, and for soem reason I have weird scratch marks around my niples. They look like when you wear too tight jeans and once you take them off there's that weird mark left there from the indent. Kinda liek a stretch mark.
    Does anybody know what it is?? And also, is this a signe of breast cancer? Please leav a list of breast cancer symptoms aswell if you can.
    Thanks!!!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I doubt at 13 that you have breast cancer but its good that you pay attention to your body and changes that it goes through. only a doctor can tell for sure if it is cancer. if you are still concerned about it have your mom or dad schedule you an appointment. here is the list of symptoms that you asked for though:

      A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area.
      A change in the size or shape of the breast.
      A discharge from the nipple.
      A change in the color or feel of the skin of the breast, areola, or nipple (dimpled, puckered, or scaly).

  2. QUESTION:
    How do you call the medical condition whereby a cancer patient presents symptoms of another type of cancer?
    How do you call the medical condition whereby a cancer patient presents symptoms of another type of cancer that he does not have (ex. a pancreatic cancer patient with lung cancer symptoms)?

    • ANSWER:
      That is not a condition and there isn’t a name for it. Symptoms help in the diagnosis process. If a patient is seen in the emergency room for example, they may be admitted listing a few to several probable diagnosis based on tests done up to that point.

  3. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have colon cancer so young?
    My husband has every symptom listed of colon cancer except for weight loss, but he is only 31 years old. This just can't be right... I made him get checked out today and now we are just waiting for a specialist to to look at his colon next week.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer can occur at any age, but the symptoms are far more commonly displayed by lesser illnesses. Colonic cancers are more prevalent in older patients, but there has been an increase in the number of younger patients who follow a western style diet high in processed foods.

      "Common illnesses are common" is one of the first things quoted to medical students, and there are many common ailments which singly or in combination can cause all of the symptoms of colonic cancer. Accurate diagnosis involves taking tissue samples for microscopic examination and the process in which this is done can be a bit uncomfortable but is not painful.

      The internet and self-diagnosis can in many ways be more worrying than the illness itself. Stop assuming it's cancer and let the expert make a diagnosis. Even if your worst fears are realised, then early detection and modern treatment ensure a high survival rate; treatments have dramatically improved even in the three years that I've been interested in oncology.

  4. QUESTION:
    What were your thyroid cancer symptoms?
    I was just diagnosed with hypothyroidism as well as nodules that may be cancerous. To those of you who have had thyroid cancer, what kinds of symptoms did you experience prior to your diagnosis? I know symptoms are different for everyone, but I'm really worried right now, and any information you can give me about this would be really helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      The only symptom I had was a large, hard lump on my throat. Many people have nodules, and the vast majority (95%) are benign, so more likely than not, you don't have to worry.. Here's a list of symptoms: http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/thyroid/thyroid-cancer-symptoms also check out http://thyca.org for everything you've wanted to know about thyroid cancer.

  5. QUESTION:
    How does a doctor know if you have cancer?
    Obviously a doctor has ways and can know for sure if you have cancer but, if you're just going to the doctor for a cold or some minor thing how would a doctor know to look and see if you have cancer? Does it have symptoms or say you have it and you don't know it but you never go to the doctor how would you find out? I'm just confused about this. Because the doctor isn't going to just be like ok now let me check for cancer at some random moment at you're appointment for strep throat or something. Anyways I don't know if I'm just rambling on or if this makes sense but I don't know how else to describe what I'm trying to ask.

    • ANSWER:
      A very good question. How a doctor finds that you are having cancer. You will not go to any doctor just for paying and chatting with him. You will have some ailment which you felt require a doctors attention and medication. After going to him you only say your problem however it is minor or negligible and from that he suspects something and ask you certain questions to find out what is wrong with you exactly. This is called diagnosis. If he suspects anything he may ask you to go for certain tests right from Blood, urine, or some Major tests and by this he will get confirmed of his doubt and announce you.

      The General Signs and symptoms of Cancer -

      Roughly, cancer symptoms can be divided into three groups:

      Local symptoms: unusual lumps or swelling (tumor), hemorrhage (bleeding), pain and/or ulceration. Compression of surrounding tissues may cause symptoms such as jaundice.

      Symptoms of metastasis (spreading): enlarged lymph nodes, cough and hemoptysis, hepatomegaly (enlarged liver), bone pain, fracture of affected bones and neurological symptoms. Although advanced cancer may cause pain, it is often not the first symptom.

      Systemic symptoms: weight loss, poor appetite and cachexia (wasting), excessive sweating (night sweats), anemia and specific paraneoplastic phenomena, i.e. specific conditions that are due to an active cancer, such as thrombosis or hormonal changes.

      Every single item in the above list can be caused by a variety of conditions (a list of which is referred to as the differential diagnosis). Cancer may be a common or uncommon cause of each item.

      So, if anyone has even slightest doubt of any disease he should see a qualified doctor and he will guide-

  6. QUESTION:
    How early should ovarian cancer be detected?
    If ovarian cancer is detected early, there is a greater chance of treating it and better prognosis. How soon after the cancer first begins does it have to be detected? Are we talking days, weeks, months?

    • ANSWER:
      I always thought is was undetectable.

      FYI,

      It is unknown what percentage of early-stage ovarian cancer produces symptoms. The vast majority of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer do experience symptoms. However, since most of these women are diagnosed in more advanced stages, it's impossible to tell how many of them had symptoms before the cancer started to spread. It IS known that 90% of women who are diagnosed in Stage I come to their doctors with symptoms before diagnosis, and also that far too many cases of ovarian cancer take months to diagnose - a recent study showed that almost half took more than three months, and 11% took longer than a year. So it seems logical to assume that some substantial percentage of women do have early symptoms.

      - The common symptoms are non-specific - usually caused by other things. The list below contains a number of possible symptoms of ovarian cancer. But these symptoms can also result from a wide variety of non-cancerous conditions. If a woman has trouble zipping up her jeans, she's more likely to blame middle-aged spread than ovarian cancer. Thankfully, a gas pain isn't ordinarily a dire signal. Still, if a woman suddenly starts experiencing any of the symptoms below, and they persist for more than a 2-3 weeks, she should get those symptoms checked out.

      - There is no one "marker symptom". Although abdominal swelling/bloating is the most often-mentioned first symptom, some studies show that even this is true only for a minority of ovarian cancer cases. Because each symptom will affect only some women, it is vital that women educate themselves about the whole constellation of symptoms associated with ovarian cancer.

      - Denial. Of course, no one wants to think about cancer. But think about this: The lifetime risk of women worldwide for ovarian cancer is 1 in 70. In the U.S. it is 1 in 55. Think about your high school graduating class. Your church. Your workplace. The numbers of women you know. How many of them are likely to get ovarian cancer? OVARIAN CANCER IS NOT RARE.

      Women MUST begin to educate themselves about this insidious disease.

      WARNING SYMPTOMS OF OVARIAN CANCER

      Contact your MD if you develop one or more of these symptoms and they persist for 2-3 weeks:

      -Abdominal Swelling/Bloating/Clothes Too Tight
      -Abdominal/Pelvic Pain or Pressure or Feeling "Full"
      -Gastrointestinal Symptoms (such as gas, indigestion, nausea, or changes in bowel movements)
      -Vaginal Bleeding or Discharge
      -Urinary Problems - Urgency, Burning, or Spasms
      -Fatigue and/or Fever
      -Pain During Intercourse
      -Back Pain
      -Difficulty Breathing

  7. QUESTION:
    What cancer is similar to symptoms of being pregnant?
    Is there a cancer (preferably for women) that symptoms and signs are similar and can be mistaken for being pregnant? If so can anyone list any? It's for a story I'm writing you see! Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Mucinous cystadenomas or cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary
      can present as huge abdominal/pelvic masses.
      This could make a woman appear to be pregnant.
      http://www.mypacs.net/cases/MUCINOUS-CYSTADENOMA-OVARY-857115.html
      http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255865-overview

  8. QUESTION:
    What treatment is out there for small brain tumors that come from breast cancer?
    My daughter has tumors now in her brain from the breast cancer. The breast cancer tumors stopped growing and shrank slightly from treatment with ixempra and xeloda. What treatment works best for the brain tumors?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some links to information and resources. You have to trust the oncologist and neurologist and pray for her...she could consider joining a clinical trial..

      Brain Tumor Information

      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search?term=brain+tumors&submit=Search (brain tumor clinical trials…hit map tab for local trials and don’t forget to turn pages)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/clinical_trials/ (clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/results/brain (results of brain cancer clinical trials)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/ask_a_professional/ (click on “email a professional” to ask a question about brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/physician_listings/ (neurologist link listings..to find a physician)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/ (diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/brain_anatomy/index2.html (National Brain Tumor Foundation…brain anatomy…run the hand over the brain to view areas and a function box will appear underneath the illustration)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment/index.html (common brain tumor treatments and side effects)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment_center_database/index.html (treatment center database)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/survivor_stories/index.html (survivor stories)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/faq/index.html (frequently asked questions)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/brain_tumor_orgs/ (link list of brain tumor organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/alternative_therapy/ (alternative therapy links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/treatment_resources/ (treatment resources links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/other_sites/ (related sites link list)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/find.asp (brain tumor support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/online.html (brain tumor online support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/pediatric.html (pediatric support groups…listed for other readers who might need…)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/message_boards/ (brain tumor message boards)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/caregivers_corner/ (caregivers corner)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/cancer_orgs/ (link list of cancer organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/financial_assistance/ (financial assistance link list)

      Disability help
      http://www.new-horizons.org/ (organization to help the disabled..resource)
      http://www.new-horizons.org/faqcat.html (frequently asked questions about disability
      help)

      Medicine help
      http://www.pparx.org (partnership for prescription alliance…help with free or low cost medicines)
      http://www.copays.org/ (Patient Advocate Organization…copay assistance for malignant brain tumors)

      Nutrition and Support for cancer patients
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_6.asp? (nutrition for cancer patients)
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MIT/mit_0.asp (supporting cancer patients)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)

  9. QUESTION:
    What are some things that increase your risk for cancer?
    List as many as possible please. I need to know all of what to watch out for.

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately . . all these answers are addressing older adults who develop cancer over a long period of time and not a teenager or young adult who might get cancer. It's good that you know that as you age you might get these types of cancer . .but that hardly helps you now if you are a young adult.

      The reason is that there are few known risks for young people who develop cancer . . so we do not know how to prevent it. No one wants to say that . . that we do not know why young people get cancer. So all the talk is about how to prevent it when you are over 40 years old.

      People here will give you an entire list of 'risk' factors that will not apply to you if you are under the age of 30 years old. Which will give you a false sense of security . . you will feel that if you avoid red meat, sun exposure, smoking, drinking, carcinogens, and eat healthy and exercise that you will be 'protected' from getting cancer. You can do every single thing 'right' and still get cancer . . that is the secret that no one tells you . . you might be able to reduce your risk of getting lung cancer by not smoking . . but that is only one out of over 200 different types of cancer. And if you are a teen or young adult . . it is rare that you would get that type of cancer at all . . you need to focus on what type of cancer an Adolescent or Young Adult can get . . and be on the watch for that.

      AYA can get a mix of either childhood cancers, older adult cancers, or cancers that are unique to this age group. One type that is rarely mentioned but which every young person should become aware of the symptoms . . a red flag symptom . . is any unexplained, painless, growing lump or bump located anywhere on the body (over 1-2cm and growing). Do not let good health fool you into thinking everything is okay . . cancer rarely has symptoms until it is advanced. So you can easily ignore lumps or bumps because they don't hurt and you feel healthy. Just be aware of the possibility.

      Other than that . . get a yearly check up with your doctor to establish a healthy 'base line' . Stay as healthy as possible, exercise, avoid smoking, drinking, fatty foods . . because if you ever do get cancer than you will have a better chance at survival if you are healthy to begin with.

      So it isn't 'risk' factors to look out for . . it is trying to detect the cancer at an early stage . . that's the challenge . . if you are young.

  10. QUESTION:
    How to qualify for disability please check my list of health problems?
    With this list of problems, does anyone think they can get approved for disability? Individual's age is 60, has been working for over 40 years, and is able to walk and work but is also suffering from a list of problems. Person is getting weak and tired each day, person is a home attendant.

    History of chronic back pain,
    recent leg pain,
    trouble breathing sometimes like a panic attack,
    Insomnia,
    chronic acid reflux,
    and heart palpitations

    • ANSWER:
      Hi - qualifying for disability is going to be reliant upon proof from that person's Doctor that the person is suffering from chronic conditions that require on-going treatment.

      Simply stating 'recent leg pain' would be discounted, for a start. Insomnia, acid reflux and palpitations can usually be sorted out very quickly and would not qualify as a 'disability'. Likewise with the potential 'panic attack' symptoms. The only potentially real disability here is the chronic back pain, although the person would have to show past and present treatment and an initial diagnosis from their Doctor.

      People with cancer are even being turned down for 'disability', so read into that what you will. Times and Governments are getting tough, even nasty.

      Good luck.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the symptons for breast cancer in dogs?
    I have a siberian husky named Alisa, I have had her ever since i was five and now I'm 14. There is a considerable sized lump around one of her teets. Could this be cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Dog cancer symptoms are of grave concern to all pet owners. Although we don't want to see cancer in our dog; as a responsible pet owner you need to be aware of the various symptoms of dog cancer.

      We will list some of the most important cancer symptoms so that you will be informed and able to let your veterinarian know of any change in your dog's health.

      Before we continue please understand that these indicators of dog cancer are just that. They are simply things to watch concerning your dogs' health

      * Unusual swellings or tumors that get larger over time...

      Finding a lump on your dog is scary to say the least. Now most lumps that we find are not cancerous. When we tell the vet about the lump she will probably want to do a needle biopsy. This will enable the veterinarian to make a diagnosis. There is a good chance that it is simply a lipoma. These commonly found lumps are generally benign, but they occasionally can be cancerous. Warts and cysts are types off non-cancerous lumps

      * Open sores that fail to heal

      Open sores can be the result of flea and tick allergies. Another possibility is allergic reaction to the shampoo you are using. A staph infection can also be the culprit.

      * Problems urinating or defecating

      Prostate cancer is rarely found in dogs. Less than 1% of older dogs are diagnosed with prostate cancer.The most common signs are problems with urinating and defecating and weakness of the rear leg. Prostate cancer is often the cause of bloody urine in older dogs. it is most often found in unaltered dogs

  12. QUESTION:
    How often should you check for cancer, to 'make sure' you don't die from it?
    How often? Like, to make sure that, if you do have cancer, it is still perfectly treatable?
    Yes, but I mean a measure such as: "Well, pratically every cancer is operable or curable if it is only 1 month old, so you should get screened every month"
    Something in the lines of that!

    • ANSWER:
      There are few ways to know if you have cancer. Cancer is an umbrella term for over 200 different types of disease which all have varying degrees of severity depending on stage and grade.

      So . . what can you do? To begin with you need to realize something that few others seem to know . . that types of cancer are AGE SPECIFIC. Which means that only certain types of cancers occur according to a persons age. That narrows down that whole 200 list of different types of cancers. To further narrow down the list . . some of these cancers are more common than others . . thus there are specific types of cancers that occur only in childhood, specific types that occur in adolescents, specific types that occur more commonly in young adults and specific types that occur only in older adults over the age of 60.

      ASCO: Age specific information
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Children
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teens
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Young+Adults
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Older+Adults

      There are exceptions, unfortunately, to every rule . . which means that some of these cancers cross over the age groups . . but it is uncommon . . thus a childhood cancer like Neuroblastoma never occurs in older adults and breast cancer almost never occurs in children or teens. You can check your age group in the above links for the types of cancer you may wish to 'screen' or look out for . . and that will narrow down cancer for you according to your age.

      If you are a teen it does little good for you to be 'screened' for colon cancer or even breast cancer if your age group never or rarely gets this type of cancer.

      The single most important fact that any age group should learn is something very easy to do . . and that is to self check your body . . any location really . . for any unexplained, unusual painless lumps or bumps present for over a month, over 2cm, and appear to be growing. This can be an obvious lump on the skin, or something that you poke around and feel . . and cannot explain easily. Most lumps and bumps are going to turn out to be benign or swelling or an infection . . but just being aware that strange and painless bumps could indicate a malignancy may be enough to motivate people to get it checked out by a doctor and if it is early cancer . . be treated. So . . in effect . . self examination for any unusual lumps could catch cancer early enough to increase your odds for survival (there is never any guarantees with cancer, even if found early).

      Other than the obvious . . there really are few ways to detect cancer . . so other ways would be to have a yearly physical - not so the doctor can screen for cancer, but so that the doctor can keep a record of what your body is like when it is healthy - that way should something odd start happening, there will be a place to begin (cancer is deceptive and can hide or mimic many other types of disease). Also the more healthy you remain the easier time you will have fighting cancer should you ever get it.

      Keep in mind too that symptoms that are often reported such as 'weight loss' are far easier to detect in older adults than it is in children, teens or young adults . . fluctuations of weight is so common in the young that they can often go for months on end not noticing and still feel healthy and strong. So weight loss is not a good indicator of cancer in young people.

      Stay aware, check moles, check unusual lumps, check your own body when you shower, know which types of cancer occur most commonly according to your age group . . get a regular physical and stay healthy. Not much else you can do.

  13. QUESTION:
    What are some ways people have tried to cure cancer?
    Just a list of a few theories that people have come up with to cure the disease, but failed. its for an essay, thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Technically all methods fail at least some of the time, at least all the ones I know of. Orthodox therapies like surgery, radiation and chemotherapy don't have 100% cure rates. Many alternative therapies boast to have higher survival rates than standard, but in all honesty they rarely are tested at or near an equal level with the orthodox methods, so it's very hard to say exactly what is successful and what is failure.

      To list a few theories that orthodox medicine assumes to be failures, rightly or wrongly, I'll mention laetrile or amygdalin, a bitter-tasting chemical found in apricot kernels, drupe pits, and in smaller amounts in other plants. This is believed by some to be an essential vitamin (designated vitamin B17) as a necessary molecule the body requires to keep the natural healing processes out of control so they do not become cancerous, and that cancer itself is a symptom of a deficiency of this vitamin. Foods containing amygdalin have been all but eliminated from most diets in people of the 1st world because of its bitter taste, so cancer rates have increased in large part because of this, and that eating a vegetarian diet including plants containing B17 will virtually assure that cancer will be prevented, and if present, either eliminated or arrested in growth so long as the diet is maintained.

      Another therapy used was the use of mega-doses of Vitamin C, fed to patience intravenously in amounts between one hundred and one thousand times the daily recommended amount. Also hydrazine sulfate was used as well, though I forget the details on that.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is anyone familiar with the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer?
    I have been experiencing pelvic pain, pressure, and cramping in addtion to lower back pain for the past few weeks. It feels similar to the uncomfort I feel during menstruation. I am only 29 years old but seem to be experiencing several of the symptoms listed for this particular cancer. I would appreciate any information you may have on the subject. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. I am an OB/GYN. It is rare to have Ovarian Cancer at your age, but possible. Some of the symptoms associated with Ovarian Cancer can be a lot of things. What I strongly suggest is a visit to your Gynecologist. He/She will be able to order blood tests, and if needed an Ultra-Sound. I would not worry too much, but it is always better to be safe. Ovarian Cancer is usually Post-Menopausal, and does not show symptoms until later. Get checked. Good Luck.

  15. QUESTION:
    Can lower back pain be a symptom of a sports hernia?
    I have all the normal symptoms of a sports hernia (such as aching lower abs on one side, groin pain that is irritated by activity and doesn't go away with rest). However, I have a lot of lower back pain on the same side as my ab pain. Is it possible that these are related?

    • ANSWER:
      1-10 of 938,000 for hernia lower back pain (About) - 0.23 sec
      SPONSOR RESULTS
      Detroit Lower Back Pain
      www.thepaincenterusa.com - Call for multi-disciplinary approach to back & neck pain management.
      Tampa Bay Chiropractic Services
      www.wolfechiro.com - Experiencing back pain or need a massage? See our list of services.
      WEB RESULTS
      Back Pain - eMedicineHealth
      Read about back pain treatment, prevention, symptoms, and causes. ... Back pain in the lower back or low back pain is a common concern, affecting up ...www.emedicinehealth.com/back_pain/article_em.htm - 39k
      Hernia
      Hernia - This is a protrusion of the abdomen (belly) through the ... Lower back and Buttock Pain. Piriformis syndrome. Sacroiliac joint pain. Facet joint pain ...www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/cybertherapist/front/frontthigh/hernia.htm - 37k - Cached
      MSM benefits Lower Back Pain
      ... and the 15% MSM massaging gel highly benefit lower back pain. ... Lower back pain is often the result of stones that have built-up in the kidneys ...www.wellnessex.com/lower_back_pain.htm - 33k - Cached
      Back pain - low
      Back pain - low, Pain felt in your lower back may come from the spine, muscles, ... other areas like your mid or upper back, a hernia in the groin, or a problem in ...www.umm.edu/ency/article/003108.htm - 18k - Cached
      Low Back Pain
      Pain felt in your lower back may come from the spine, muscles, nerves, or other ... areas like your mid or upper back, a hernia in the groin, or a problem ...www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003108.htm - 33k - Cached
      Hiatal Hernia Treatment - Sleep Comfort Adjustable Beds
      ... its built-in Hiatal Hernia Treatment can give you ... Upper or Lower Back Pain ... many different ailments -- from lower back pain to gastric acid reflux -- by ...www.sleep-comfort.com/sleep_health.htm - 21k - Cached
      Back Pain - RadiologyChannel.net
      Back Pain, how to prevent and treat back pain, as well as anatomical ... out, it may press on nerves, causing back pain and pain in the lower extremities. ...www.radiologychannel.net/backpain - 31k - Cached
      Back pain - low
      Pain felt in your lower back may come from the spine, muscles, nerves, or other ... other areas like your mid or upper back, a hernia in the groin, or a problem in ...www.pennhealth.com/ency/article/003108.htm - 33k - Cached
      Lumbago (lower back pain)
      Lumbago is the term used to describe general lower back pain. ... Hernia. Fracture of the ribs. Breast pain. Sternoclavicular joint sprain. Shoulder Injuries ...www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/cybertherapist/back/lowback/lumbago.htm - 45k - Cached
      'No-Cause' Back Pain Really Hurts
      People with long-lasting lower back pain often don't know why they hurt. ... Back Pain. 6. Lung Cancer. 7. Gout. 8. Hernia. 9. Kidney Stones. 10. Adult ADHD ...men.webmd.com/news/20021028/no-cause

  16. QUESTION:
    What are some natural medications that have helped you cope with your cancer?
    im getting very weak and tired, my pain is increasing, and its getting harder to breathe and stay awake. have youd found anything to help you with your symptoms? something to boost energy and mental well being? perferably something natural. thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Paw Paw Cell Reg (cell regulator)
      Cat's Claw
      Aloe Vera
      Acai Berry (and most any kind of berry)
      Vitamin C, D, E
      Amino Acid -- L-Arginine
      Korean Ginseng

      Take your pick of any of the above items, research their cancer fighting properties, and consult a ND as to what dosage you should take with your age, weight, and how advanced your condition is. I go an awesome ND who could figure all this out for you, but I am not sure I should be listing her info online. Hopefully another ND would be as skilled.

  17. QUESTION:
    How can i get started in helping people with cancer or some kind of sickness?
    One of my goals in life is help people in need, firght cancer, help kids in hospitals, etc. I would like to make some kind of organization or something like that.
    I know there's hope :D

    • ANSWER:
      Educate yourself on the healing power of water and salt and then educate others.

      After oxygen, water and salt are the two most important elements in the body - so much so, that they make up 75% of the tissues, 85% of the brain and 94% of the blood.

      The list of functions that water and salt have is enormous - without either one, we'd all die.

      Yet, people are incredulous at the idea that something as simple and abundant as water can do anything more than quench thirst. They're stuck on the adage, "if it sounds too good to be true, it is". But they don't realize that most of the non-injury-related and inherited diseases are caused by unintentional dehydration, and if not left to become permanently damaged, can be reversed or even cured. This includes everything from a runny nose to multiple sclerosis and cancer.

      Doctors downplay the value of water in favor of dispensing medications that only address the symptoms and not the disease. In doing this, they keep you dependent on the medication and subsequent office visits which he makes money from (there is no profit in prescribing water).

      There are only a relative few who are promoting the watercure concept, but the numbers are growing. The medical communities denounce the water cure for obvious reasons.

      You can start your education by clicking on the link below.

  18. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for someone to have stage 4 pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis after?
    after having had an exclusive and complete, state of the art, head to toe medical check up 6 months prior without any red flags.
    Is this a turbo charged cancer or did someone drop the ball?
    My husband's friend and collegue has just been diagnosed.
    To happy Dawg:
    The state of the art physical was one that had the 3D imaging of the entire body. The one that Oprah featured once when she had a physical done with Dr. Mehmet Oz. It's a ,000 dollar test but is the most sophisticated imaging technology available.
    Also, this test is not covered by insurance.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is possible to miss cancer even with a complete state of the art check up. In general there are no symptoms and looking for cancer is like looking for a tiny needle in a haystack. You need to know exactly in the entire body where to look for that one malignant cell that may be cancerous. Sometimes in our anger in a tough medical situation people want to reach out and blame someone. Be extremely angry at the disease, that is where you should focus your energy. It is not any one persons fault.

      Consider this please . . cancer is a progressive disease. It starts out microscopically . . one single mutated cell . . there are no symptoms. That cell begins to multiply uncontrollably. Some of these malignant cells have the ability to double in as little as two to four weeks. It can grow rapidly from that point on . . and still be undetectable. It is extremely difficult to find any type of malignant tumor that is under 2cm. So, unless someone has a medical exam at just the right moment . . cancer can easily be missed. The ease with which cancer can be missed is one reason that doctors recommend to cancer patients to have CT, PET, or MRI pretty routinely (ever 2 to 3 months) in order to detect any growth or spred of the disease. Even with all the imaging tools we have . . cancer tumors can be underestimated . . and may not pick up the extent of the disease.

      So, yes . . in answer to your question . . high grade, aggressive type cancers are 'turbo charged' and can grow uncontrollably within weeks to months. That's why they are so deadly . .by the time anyone notices them they are already advanced.

      PLwC: Pancreatic Cancer
      http://www.plwc.org/portal/site/PLWC/menuitem.6067beb2271039bcfd748f68ee37a01d/?vgnextoid=1357ea7105daa010VgnVCM100000ed730ad1RCRD&vgnextfmt=cancer

      NCI: Pancreatic Cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/pancreatic

      ACOR: Mailing list - The Pancreatic Cancer Support & Information eCommunity
      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/pancreas-onc.html

      Confronting Pancreatic Cancer
      http://www.pancreatica.org/

  19. QUESTION:
    why is breast cancer more important than other cancers?
    I notice there is a bunch more attention given to breast cancer than any other popular cancer. Is it fair there is a breast cancer awareness month and not a testicular cancer awareness month or maybe a rectal cancer awareness month?

    • ANSWER:
      March is Colorectal Cancer Awareness month. Testicular cancer is pretty rare and the death rate from it is not high, so it doesn't really compare to breast cancer, which kills an average of 112 women every day in the US alone (that's one every 15 minutes).

      But the reason breast cancer has a consistently higher profile than other cancers is simple - sheer hard work.

      People who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition (not a cancer). Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fundraising and agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc.

      Individuals don't have unlimited time, and choose their campaigns.

      Similarly, breast cancer awareness campaigns and Breast Cancer Awareness Month were started by ordinary women, most of them with breast cancer or who had lost family members to breast cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      And while there are other cancer awareness months, days, ribbons etc (here's a list http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MED/content/MED_1_Cancer_Calendar.asp) no cancer awareness campaign has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has.

      Any group of people can start an awareness campaign for any illness - but if they want it to be as successful as the breast cancer campaigning, they'll have to be prepared to be as dedicated and work as hard. If testicular and colorectal cancers are causes close to your heart – and good for you if they are – you and a group of friends could start an awareness campaign; that’s where breast cancer awareness started. But you'll have to be prepared to work as hard as those women did.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other diseases, including other cancers, and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising.

      But it does sometimes annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers.

  20. QUESTION:
    What does it mean if someone is diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer?
    Someone very close to me has been diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer, I think in stage I. What does this mean?

    • ANSWER:
      Estrogen (ER) can cause breast cancer to grow.
      Progesterone (PR) can cause breast cancer to grow.
      Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (Her2) -- an overexpression of this gene can cause breast cancer to grow.

      Every time a woman is diagnosed with breast cancer, the pathologist also tests for whether or not ER, PR or Her2 causes the cancer to grow. This is done in a laboratory and the results are noted as positive or negative (with the occasional equivocal). A positive result for the hormones (ER and PR) would mean that hormone suppressive drugs will be needed. A positive result for the Her2 gene would mean a different type of drug would be needed to suppress that gene.

      When a breast cancer is determined to be "triple-negative," it means that all three tests came up negative. In other words, there is no identified cause as to what causes that particular cancer to grow. (Not all cancers are alike.)

      According to the breastcancer.org, about 10-20% of breast cancers are triple negative. If you'd like to learn more about it, I encourage you to go to their site:

      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/diagnosis/trip_neg/

      @Dr.dhananjaya Bhupathi . . . It is considered to be bad forum etiquette to copy information from a website without giving credit. Your opening paragraph is straight from the Triple Negative Breast Cancer Foundation (R). You should have credited them by listing: http://www.tnbcfoundation.org/

  21. QUESTION:
    What do you say when someone tells you they've been diagnosed with cancer?
    When someone tells you they've been diagnosed with cancer what is a response that will come across to the person telling you as not annoying or shallow?

    • ANSWER:
      Tell them you are sorry to hear that. Don't come across like "I'm SO SORRY to hear that." Simply say (in a normal tone), "I'm sorry..... if there is anything I can do, if I have the resources, please let me know."

      These are a list of ]b]"PLEASE DON'Ts"[/b] that we placed on the door of my mother's room while she was dying of cancer:

      * Stop by Without Calling
      (When Calling, Ask if Patient is Willing to Have Company

      * Stay longer than 10 minutes

      * Relate horror stories about people you know who were treated poorly in long-term care facilities

      * Relate the symptom-by-symptom experiences of family members and friends who have had any type of surgery

      * Talk about other people's illnesses and complaints

      * [Don't] Stay in the Room while any professional enters

      *******************DO NOT AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH PATIENT'S Medical Care; don't talk to doctors, don't ask questions, don't approach nurses or doctors with alternative medical treatments.

  22. QUESTION:
    what is the best way to avoid cancer >?
    There is a long history of cancer in my family and I DO NOT want to get it when I am older so I am trying to figure out what I can eat or do to avoid it ? I have been eating tomatoes and spinach on a daily..

    What are the healthy effects of spinach ?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi,

      Both of my parents died of cancer, and I was young then. I am as old as my mother was when she got cancer, and I really want to avoid it too.

      None of my brothers and sisters ever smoked, and we think that is their primary cause. Much of the research that I am doing tells me that all cancer patients are overly acidic, and that by eating a more alkaline diet, I can make my body less acidic, and less likely to host cancer cells.

      So I read a book called The PH Miracle for Diabetes. It has helped me lose some weight, and also I found that I used to have some diabetes symptoms, yet don't have them anymore. Like falling sleep after a meal that is high in sugars, like pasta and cheese, or rice. I used to drink 1 liters of soft drinks daily, and have not had a soft drink since July.

      I am drinking alkaline water, and I think that is helping as well. Keep eating vegetables, and try to avoid these things. Eggs, cheese, animal fats in general, and most milk products.

      By reducing cheese, my friend was able to reduce his medications for type 2 diabetes a lot. They also form acids in the body. Eggs are loaded with cholesterol, and not so good for you anyway. I am not saying that this alone will help you avoid cancer, but you can avoid diabetes with it, and your vital organs will be in better shape to fight off other things.

      Also when I say avoid cheese and eggs, if they are listed in bread or say a little in a burrito, then that is acceptable. I still eat cake made with eggs, just don't eat 3 eggs with bacon on weekends anymore. That used to be a favorite of mine. Who knows what my cholesterol was back then.

      I used to bake a potato, then fry it in bacon greese, with onions, bell pepper, and then top with grated cheese. I don't do that anymore, and will eat a sweet potato with cinnamon istead. Much better for you, and you don't need to top it with anything else, no sour cream, no butter, or sugars required.

      Cinnamon is very good for a diabetic.

      Good Luck !

  23. QUESTION:
    Can a teenage girl develop breast cancer?
    I understand that this question has been asked many times, but I am not asking because I am concerned for my health. I am simply curious. Also, I apologize in advance if this question evokes memories of loved ones lost to this awful disease.
    So, could a teenage girl develop breast cancer? And if she could, would treating it be easier/harder than treating an older woman for the same disease at the same stage? Lastly, what are some treatments that the girl may receive to try and rid her of the cancer?
    Thank you all in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello,

      I am glad to see that you are curious about breast cancer and the actions you can take to help reduce your risks.

      First off, yes, teenagers can get breast cancer. The likelihood of developing breast cancer under the age of 30 is low, accounting for only 0.5% of cancers but it is possible.

      Treating breast cancer for a teenager, man, or women is the same, the best course of action would be discussed between you and your doctor but may include chemotherapy, radiation, mastectomy, etc. This all depends on what stage you are in among other things.

      The good news is that there are things you can do now to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer in the future. This includes eating a healthy diet, getting 30 minutes of exercise per day, limiting your alcohol intake, and not smoking. Another very important thing is early detection, early detection is key to saving lives because the sooner you can catch the disease the less invasive the the treatments will be. There is not right or wrong way to do this, do whatever feels comfortable for you, I like to use my fingertips and feel in a circular motion around my breasts, armpit and collarbone area for lumps. Keep in mind that not all lumps mean breast cancer, they should be checked by your health care professional.

      Here is a complete list of things to look for: Lumps either in the breast, along the chest bone, and in the armpit area (these lumps do not come and go, but remain and may grow over time), unusual change in breast shape or size, changes in the skin of the breast (dimpling or puckering, thickening and discolouration – “orange peel” effect, redness, swelling and increased warmth), nipple changes (crusting, ulcers or scaling, inverted nipples – if it is sudden and not your norm, nipple discharge, itching of the nipple or breast)
      While these signs and symptoms may be due to other breast conditions, they should be checked by a trained health care professional. Talk to your doctor if you notice any of the above!

      For some women these are not changes but rather they are how they breast normally are, this is important to note, you should become familiar with how your breasts normally are. Breasts will develop and change over time during various stages of life – puberty, menstruation (monthly period), pregnancy and menopause. As a teenager going through puberty, they may notice the following: hair around the nipples, inverted nipples, nipple discharge, sensitivity or discomfort, swelling, tenderness, increased lumpiness, stretch marks, Montgomery bumps, and/or different sized breasts
      Some of these will disappear over time but some remain. What is “normal” for one person may not be normal for someone else.
      Everyone should know what is “normal” for them, and know what changes are normal over the course of the month. If something changes which is unexpected, talk to a health care professional.

      I hope this information helps.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can homepathy treat and cure stage IV breast cancer spread to the bones ?
    I have heard of R P Patel, but do we have cases of stage IV cancer spread to bones, being cured through homoeopathy ?

    • ANSWER:
      As it is the Stage IV of cancer is when it spreads to other parts of the body. It is becoming a very critical proposition if it spreads to bones or through Lymph nodes. Even the chances of curing it by Chemo theraphyis doubtful -

      SO THE CURE TREAT AND CURE STAGE IV BREAST CANCER BY HOMEOPATY IS NEXT TO IMMPOSIBLE.

      So do not go after Homeopathy and please do go about as adviced by your Oncologist.

      Homeopathic medicine addresses symptoms rather than conditions. So, instead of looking for a list of medicines to help breast cancer, a homeopathic approach would call for you to take medicines to heal your specific symptoms. Homeopathy is an alternative to radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery.-

  25. QUESTION:
    How far is Domperidone used in the treatment of nausea associated with cancer treatment?
    Can i have details of articles journals or ANY info on use of Domperidone in the treatment of nausea associated with cancer treatment.
    Thanks a ton,norton-g,but what i wanted to know was that domperidone has shown to cause side effects.how much safe is it to use on cancer patients?

    • ANSWER:
      Sunny N cool - Nausea and vomiting (emesis) (N&V) are common symptoms in patients with advanced cancer. Domperidone is a first choice antiemetic in many countries. Headache, dizziness, dry mouth, nervousness, flushing, or irritability may occur the first several days as your body adjusts to the medication. Trouble sleeping, stomach cramps, hot flashes and leg cramps have also been reported. If any of these effects continue or become bothersome, inform your doctor. Notify your doctor immediately if you develop: chest pain, slow/fast/irregular heartbeat, swelling of the feet or ankles, difficulty urinating, swelling of the breasts or discharge from the nipple in men or women, menstrual changes, sexual difficulties. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

      PRECAUTIONS: Tell your doctor your medical history, especially of: history of breast cancer, allergies. Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages. This medication should be used only if clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Domperidone passes into breast milk. Due to the potential risks to a nursing infant, breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding (see also Uses section).

  26. QUESTION:
    How do people find out if they have cancer?
    This may sound like a stupid question, but how do people know that they have cancer before they see a doctor? Like what makes them see a doctor. I always worry about getting cancer, and I always make myself think I have it. Call me crazy!

    • ANSWER:
      There are seven warning signs of cancer that were blasted on TV and radio as public information at one time.

      The American Cancer Society has identified 7 symptoms which could be a sign of cancer.

      * A change in bowel or bladder habits
      * A sore that does not heal
      * Unusual bleeding or discharge from any place
      * A lump in the breast or other parts of the body
      * Chronic indigestion or difficulty in swallowing
      * Obvious changes in a wart or mole
      * Persistent coughing or hoarseness

      If you experience any of these warning signs, you should see your doctor right away. It does not mean you have cancer, but it is a sign you should not ignore.

      Below are lists of symptoms for various parts of the body. It is important to note that the listed symptoms can also be a sign of a benign disease. It does not necessarily mean that cancer is present.

      Other symptoms to report to your doctor:

      Prostate

      * A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
      * Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine
      * Inability to urinate
      * Weak or interrupted flow of urine
      * Painful or burning urination
      * Painful ejaculation
      * Blood in urine or semen
      * Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs

      Colon

      * Blood on the stool or in the toilet water
      * Diarrhea alternately with constipation
      * Persistent diarrhea or constipation
      * Change in the size, shape of the stool
      * Abdominal or pelvic pain
      * Excessive/unusual gas, bloating
      * Weight loss
      * Weakness

      Bladder

      * Blood in the urine
      * Burning with urination
      * Bladder spasms/pain
      * Intense urge to urinate

  27. QUESTION:
    How much does cancer surgery cost for ferrets and is it worth it?
    hi. i have two adorable pet ferrets, a girl named nickie and a boy named snowball. they're very young, both about two years. but recently ive noticed that snowball can barely walk...he slips on his two back legs and gets up and tries again. he's lost a lot of weight, too. nickie has been losing hair at the base of her tail since january. i took them to the vet, and she said they might have cancer and if they do (she'll check again), they'll need surgery. i heard that surgery is really risky, and sometimes it's just not worth it. but as more time passes, i'm afraid if i dont get them the surgery they need they'll die young and ill be devastated. wat should i do???

    • ANSWER:
      Hey Girl,

      (I thought I saw the name Danielle when I first answered)

      First, My heart goes out to you! Your Kits sound Very Much Loved!

      About 6 years ago, I got my best friend and I, 2 Ferrets; Riot and Rhapsody. Riot needed a blocked kidney removed at age 2 and that cost 0.

      Early this year, Rhapsody needed nodules removed from her nerve endings, she had similar symptoms as your little boy. Her surgery and follow-up care was about 00. She never recovered and eventually passed. One of the major problems was that in California, Ferrets are illegal. Rhapsody needed transfusions and we were only able to locate one person willing and able to give blood (the donor must be over a certain weight, under a certain age and usually male).

      This spring, we heard of a guy that had to give up his boy and girl or risk losing his apartment, so we adopted his two Kits.

      Now, Riot, the 6 1/2 year old, is getting to be like an old girl. Her vision is not as good, she is losing hair (it's not uncommon in certain breeds) at her tail. Her back legs are not as powerful as they used to be. I know that the average life span of a ferret is 9 years, but it's possible that she may not be with us as long as we would like.

      A couple of things that have helped:

      1). I add Pedialyte (you can find it in the baby section of most any Grocery store or Target/Walmart) to their water bottles a few times per week. When Rhapsody was being cared for, they kept on injecting electrolytes into her. Add it to the water, don't give it to them straight. They like the Orange or Grape the most. (I also buy the generic when it is available -- there doesn't seem to be any difference other than price).

      2). I give Riot her own time where she can eat FerretVite. It's a vitamin supplement. She has more energy after she eats it, but beware, it's also making her fat!

      My friend and I don't feel that she (Rhapsody) had good Veterinary care. The Vets didn't seem to agree on her treatments.

      I am listing two websites that will be able to answer some of your Medical and Care questions. Also, please feel free to contact me (send me an e-mail and I will answer you back so you have my address in your mail folder) anytime that you need to! If I can't answer your questions, I will try to get you an answer as soon as I can.

      The cost is ultimately going to be your final decision. I don't know if I knew ahead of time, if I would have spent so much on Miss Rhapsody, but it all boiled down to; She was just a little baby girl that never hurt nobody!

      Good luck and Nickie and Snowball are very lucky you are their Mom!

      James in San Diego

  28. QUESTION:
    What are ways to induce cancer except for smoking cigarettes?
    Give me a list of don'ts & definite don'ts when it comes to cancer!

    • ANSWER:
      Why are more and more young people getting cancer? What are Prime Causes*?
      1. Chronic & severe constipation [+ heavy quantum of accumulated feces in the rectum & the large intestine] with a displaced solar plexus. Bad diet with McDonald’s pizzas, burgers, KFC-deep freeze and deep fried chicken, pork, high rich calorie diets-obesity, etc. As a result, most of the Americans/Europeans are cancer victims due to chronic constipation issues.
      3. Hormonal imbalance.
      4. Heavy exposure to asbestos, pollution.
      5. Chronic & Unhealed wounds/injuries caused by bacterial/viral/metabolic syndromes/diseases with blocked energy + toxins in any internal organ.
      6. Sexual promiscuity, bad personal hygiene [not washing gonads after coitus] & indiscriminate consumption of birth control pills 'with no' medical supervision by endocrinologist/gynecologist/physician.
      7. Stress & Strain.
      8. Lack of exercise & ever increasing obese bodies.
      9. Smoking and tobacco/gutka chewing. 90% lung-cancer victims are smokers, an American study reveals; as per Web Med News.
      10. Regular consumption of ‘colas’ with heavy doses of insecticides, freely available in India..
      11. Exposure to Sun’s rays @ odd hours [90 minutes after sunrise, beyond 60 minutes before sunset and anytime during strong winds] and excessive exposure to radiation emanating from cell phones, transmission towers, etc.,
      12. 24/7-- wearing of bra by the modern woman and avoiding breast feeding the child—breast cancer.
      13. Heavy genetic dispositions with more ‘cancer-stricken ancestors’.
      CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:--
      1. Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].
      2.. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, Noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      3. Acupressure techniques a MUST to ensure faster recovery.
      4. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspartame and colas made in India, etc.
      5. How to prevent Sunburn*: Expose Ur body and or the affected parts within 90 minutes from sunrise & within 60 minutes before sunset. During strong winds, no exposure please. Any extra exposure shall be @ Ur own peril.
      6. Prevention of genetic disorders:- The Indian Mythology says that, the three Gods-the Brahma, the Vishnu, the Maheshwera sit together to ensure prana prathista in the mother's womb through a hole in the middle of the infant's brain and ensure safe passage of Atma into the new-born in the midst of music, praising all three Gods. It applies to all religions of the world. Be it the Christ, the Allah, the Budha, the Vardhaman Mahaveer, etc., etc. Read out respective religious books/scriptures for the benefit of the fetus in the offing in the mother’s womb, throughout pregnancy. No sex from 3rd month onwards until delivery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue. Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  29. QUESTION:
    How fast does swelling occur for testicular cancer?
    my friends left testicle is really swollen but there is no pain or discoloration. If the swelling occurred within a few hours could it still be testicular cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      As a testicular cancer survivor, I suggest that he does the “man exam,” or self-exam for testicular cancer. There can be a lot of different symptoms, but testicle swelling is pretty common. The swelling can happen pretty quickly depending on the type of testicular cancer it is. Remember, the sooner a doctor can catch it the better the outcome, and most likely the less treatment will be required. The doctor’s test is quick and painless, a simple ultrasound, so it’s really no big deal going to the doctor. This site has links to credible testicular cancer resources, and shows the self-exam with a list of symptoms. Hopefully it's nothing serious. Good luck and take care.

      http://www.ManExam.org
      ManExam Coalition for Testicular Cancer Awareness

  30. QUESTION:
    How many times do patient goes under diagnosis (cancer test) while being under treatment for cancer?
    Hello,
    I am doing a research on cancer.
    I need to know how many times do patient goes under diagnosis (cancer test) while being under treatment for cancer?
    I understand it all varies depending upon type of cancer and stage of disease. But still need to get round about figure.
    I also need to know how much time normally cancer treatment lasts. This again can be average/round about figure as mentioned earlier.

    Regards

    • ANSWER:
      Laboratory Tests that Detect Cancer

      Since prevention is one of the most important cancer-fighting tools, it is important that cancer be detected as early as possible before it spreads. For warning signs, go to our Cancer Symptoms page.

      There are numerous cancer detection and prevention tests that can be used to detect cancer. We are listing the tests that are considered alternative or less toxic than standard conventional tests. Some of these tests are not used by conventional physicians, but you can always ask them to look into the test. It is important to understand that one should not rely on any one test - some tests can result in false positives or negatives. One must take all clinical factors into consideration to back up a diagnosis.

      AMAS - Anti-malignin antibody screen test is designed to pick up cancers well in advance of other signs and symptoms, months before conventional medical tests can detect it. However, for advanced cancer, if the antimalignin antibody is wiped out, the test won't work. For this, other types of testing is recommended. We have also heard of a few breast cancer patients have received a false negative on this test. Again, it is important not to rely on any one test. Oncolab will send a free test kit for you to take to your doctor. The test runs 5 in addition to your doctor's office charges for drawing blood. Call 1-800-9CATest for a test kit and information.

  31. QUESTION:
    What is the best and worse kind of birth control for women and why?
    I am concerned not only with effectiveness, but also with comfort, ease of use, symptoms, and convenience.
    Please don't say abstinence. I am happily married, and if I want to stay that way abstinence is not an option.
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      condoms are your best choice when it comes to safety and health

      though birth control pills are effective, they come with many complications and possible long term effects.
      the list is huge ranging from
      blood clots
      cancer
      heart disease
      low libido
      and so on

      it may be effective but it definitely isn't for everyone.
      remember too that it is easy to forget taking a pill everyday and therefor complications come.

      there is the birth control patch which is a better choice. its failure rate is less than one and it doesn't cause the same problems a oral contraceptive would. that doesn't mean you wont have problems such as headaches, depression, tenderness, nausea and vomiting and so on. it can cause more severe problems also because your hormones are being manipulated just like when taking pills.

      natural planning- staying abstaining when you are ovulating though it isnt too good i would assume because it would limit your sex life with your partner.

      keep away from spermicide because it has harsh chemicals. never use the plan b pill because it can cause heart and brain problems as well as stomach cancer after just 2 uses.

      honestly stick to the condom

  32. QUESTION:
    How rigorous do I have to be in avoiding gluten for celiac disease?
    I have a provisional diagnosis of celiac disease, but have been symptom free - except for some absorption issues. So now I have to live gluten-free. But I'm the mom, chief clerk and bottle washer. How careful do I have to be when I make regular food for my family? Can I still bake their light, fluffy and tender birthday cakes using cake flour? Sandwiches on regular bread for them? Since I don't have symptoms, isn't it going to be impossible to tell how much is too much?

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms or not, the damage is still being done to your body. You MUST be as careful as you can when you have a "mixed" household.(meaning gluten and non-gluten eaters)
      This means separate cooking pots, cooking utensils, separate toaster, dish washing sponges, etc. Set up a area in the kitchen that is gluten free.Do NOT allow anything to get into that area. You have to realize that the amount of gluten to trigger a reaction is just slightly more than 20 parts per MILLION, so we are talking less than a crumb to set off the reaction.
      If you use those flours in your 'normal' baking, then you need to set up the area ahead of time so you can contain the flour dust poof (it can travel up to 3 feet.) I have heard of people having reactions from inhaling the dust and then swallowing it, so be very careful to keep your face out of the way and wash your hands, face, arms, etc. well after using unsafe flours, just to be on the safe side. Most of my friends with celiac mix all of that stuff up outside and then bring it in the house to cook only. Most eating of gluten is outdoors where it can not cross contaminate the kitchen. I have a friend who had an oven installed in the garage for her husband to prepare and cook his artisan breads in.He does not bring those flours into the house as it simply isn't worth the risk.
      Personally, I just went 100% gluten free in my kitchen except for packaged breads that we keep in the dining room (on a server in there) and the crumbs are kept clean using disposable towels. That way no crumbs end up in drawers or on the wrong dish sponge, etc. On nicer days sandwiches with gluten bread are made and eaten outside. I find that it is best to have one safe haven in a world full of gluten out there!

      Remember, the more strict you are with your diet, the less likely you are to cause the autoimmune reaction, and the less chance of cancer you have at a later time. Go as gluten free as you can, you owe it to yourself and your family to be here as long as you can!
      Sorry, but gluten free is hard work, but well worth it!

      Also, once you get that diagnosis of celiac, your children, siblings and parents will need to get tested (and continue to get tested throughout life because it can trigger at any time) as this is a genetic based autoimmune disease.
      Please go to celiac.com to get more information on setting up a safe gluten free area for you and to download the unsafe ingredient list. The gluten free mall has some great gluten free shopping guides that are real lifelines.
      Good luck, hope you get your diagnosis soon, happy healing!

      p.s. really good gf sites are out there! Try Katrina's Kitchen, gluten free girl, gluten frieda, celiac.com lots of great everyday easy things to make so going gf for your whole family won't be that bad! Enjoy your new, healthy lifestyle!

  33. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of ovarian cancer and IBS diagnosis being mistaken one for the other?
    In everything I have read, the stmptoms are very similar. One of the only differences I have seen is that low back pain is not usually listed as a symptom of IBS.

    • ANSWER:
      With IBS constipation and diarrhea are the dominant factors. There may be pain butprobablyy not a whole lot and it will be around your stomach area. Constipation and diarrhea are not that common for ovarian cancer. If you are concerned about having either of the two I would see a doctor very soon.

  34. QUESTION:
    What is important to ask/tell my gastroenterologist?
    I am going to the gastroenterologist today for the first time. I have actually never been to ANY specialist before. Do I stick with this gastro problem when describing symptoms, general practice doctors visits for this illness, etc, or will he want to know all my history? Family history?

    I know he will guide me in what info he wants, but I need to know if I need to be calling parents to find out what everyone has beforehand.

    Also, will my referring general practice doctor have forwarded all my results or do I need to go get them to bring them to the specialist?
    ALSO: do they hate it when you have some suggestion based on your own research what it could be? Should I shut up and let him do his job or voice my ideas?
    LOL sorry, thats a special intestines and stomach doctor.
    Thanks DocQ. Have any time to look at my Stomach Issues, Help!?!?! question for a couple days ago?
    THANKS!
    http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=An2tEWhlxQ_pNoxAeY8yn6zsy6IX?qid=1006041809890

    • ANSWER:
      If I were you I'd bring my test results with me. They should be forwarded, but with the new HIPPA privacy laws things get very complicated. It will greatly simplify things for the doc. At the very least bring a complete list of your meds with doses and frequency. (Or better yet, just bring them)

      How much history depends on what your complaint is. In general I want to hear about any cancer, any hereditary diseases, any allergies, anything that's still going on. I don't care if you broke your arm when you were ten. I do care about anything that put you in the hospital or was a major deal. (Like childhood rheumatic fever for example). I would give all your symptoms.

      If the disease is hereditary then you want to list everyone in your family who had it.

      Internet research is a fact of life these days. I wouldn't be afraid to bring it up. Because it sends certain good signals (you're educated, you're motivated, you can take responsibility for your health). But don't be too offended if he/she says it's not relevant because you don't have the 10+ years of training to put it into perspective. (i.e., you probably can't evaluate how good the study was, how applicable it is to your case, and haven't seen a parade of 'breakthroughs' become less impressive after long term scrutiny)

      Docs are by nature conservative, a one in a thousand risk sounds small, but if I took one with each of my patients that would mean that I'd going to hurt 3 or 4 people this year.

      Good luck

  35. QUESTION:
    How to ban fluoride from the water supply in your city/town?
    There have been new evidence that shows fluoride can cause bone cancer and make people dumb. Fluoride is a industrial waste product from fertilizer and aluminum.. For f**k sake we are the people and we should be making decisions on what we want and dont want in our water.

    • ANSWER:
      Ask the people of Pagosa Springs

      http://www2.fluoridealert.org/Alert/United-States/Colorado/Fluoride-Controversy-in-Pagosa-Springs

      To quote the beginning:

      "On March 11, 2005, the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District (PAWSD) voted 4 - 1 to stop the water fluoridation program in Pagosa Springs. Congratulations to Cathy Justus for her tireless efforts educating citizens in Pagosa about this issue!

      On Tuesday evening, the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District Board of Directors allowed a group of concerned citizens, headed by Cathy and Wayne Justus, to voice their concerns regarding fluoridation of the district’s water.

      There were about 40 community members present, apparently all opposed to fluoridation. Cathy began her talk by posing two questions to the board members: Do you know what fluoride is? and Where does it come from?

      There were murmured answers from a couple of the board members, but the only concrete answer was provided by PAWSD director Gene Tautges, who said that the fluoride compound they use comes from Japan. Cathy pointed out that Japan does not fluoridate their own water supply. She explained that fluorine is a gas; fluoride is anything it bonds to.

      Justus then went on to recount the sordid history of fluoride: it was once used as rat poison in the 1930s; in the 1940s it was released through manufacturing chimneys in such high quantities that it poisoned livestock and crops. The government then started requiring “chimney scrubbers” to remove the worst of the contaminants from the smoke.

      Cathy says that it is the by-product of these chimney scrubbers, a slag-like substance called gravy, that is the source of the fluoride that is added to the nation’s drinking water supply. Important to note, Justus says, is that the gravy compound also includes traces of such ingredients as arsenic and silica, which are not listed on the labeling. “This is highly toxic waste and has NEVER been approved by the FDA,” she said.

      The reason for Cathy’s interest in water-supply fluoridation? Horses. The Justuses have been raising expensive Quarter Horses practically their entire lives, first in California, then in Pagosa when they moved here more than 20 year ago. Their horses come from long lines of champions and have been ranked among the best in the world. Her voice breaking at times, Cathy described a history of equine problems ranging from Cushing’s Disease (a thyroid condition) to neurological disorders to frequent colics to lameness to infertility – problems that began to plague their horses within a few years of moving to Pagosa Springs and drinking city water. According to Cathy, none of the local vets could explain what could be causing such a vast array of symptoms."

      (end quote)

      ... that's right - Cathy Justus was able to prove that her horses had died from the fluoride in the water, and the Water District was forced to back off on the fluoridation plan.

      If it can kill a horse, what is it doing to your children?

      People who tout the benefits of fluoride are most likely speaking from the heart but they are among the indoctrinated. No dentist would knowingly recommend poisoning to their patients, but most do exactly that.

      Fluoride is poison. It is not only found in our water and our toothpaste, but it is also in our food and beverages. It is absorbed by our skin when we shower.

      For more reading, go here:

      http://www.fluoridedebate.com/

      The answer to your question is "from the grass roots", and it can be done. Its just a matter of education and determination.

      As free people we deserve the right to CHOOSE whether to poison our bodies. Let the indoctrinated take it in supplement form.

  36. QUESTION:
    How long does it take for someone who is diagnosed with type II diabetes to begin experiencing nerve problems?
    I've only been diagnosed since this past April and I am already experiencing numbness and pain in my feet and my vision is getting blurry. Does this mean that I've had the illness for some time and didn't know it? Should I be taking insulin or medication with these symptoms rather than relying on diet and exercise?

    Also, I have depression that doesn't respond to treatment with anti-depressants for very long. Could the diabetes be causing this? Would medication or insulin help stop the depression?

    • ANSWER:
      Here;s what to do.

      There are 4 key steps to controlling glucose levels :
      1) EXERCISE- Walking is fine but Nordic Walking is Great. Exercise also lowers Glucose levels , lowers Cholesterol and lowers Blood Pressure. Google it.Exercise is Non-Negotiable !!!That's why it is Number 1 on the list.
      2) Knowledge- http://www.phlaunt.com/diabetes/index.ph… This is a great site for info
      3) Meds. Metformin to start. Never , ever take Actos or Avandia. They may kill you. Bone fractures, heart problems and what diabetics really don't need is that they change Bone Stem Cells to Fat Cells.Also never ever take Onglyza or Januvia . They can can inhibit the body's immune system and let cancer spread.
      4) Diet- A low carb diet is in order. I can't count carbs so I use Mendoza's Glycemic Index Diet. Great for the whole family. http://www.mendosa.com/gilists.htm

      Now to the numbness and pain. If your doctor does not treat the pain first , get a new one. Tramadol is the best you can get. Mostly non addictive. Then 500 mcg. of Mecobalamin.Neurontin does no really work.

      And yes you have had diabetes for a long time. Many discover diabetes with the numbness and pain in the feet.This is for life, so you might as well accept it. Depression is a complication of diabetes.
      Wellbutrin is a great anti depression. It is the only one that doesn;t mess with your sex life.Try it.
      I found that with age my depression relaxed. Mainly because I accept life without being is so much control of it.

      Take care

      Buff

  37. QUESTION:
    What makes people think its ok to smoke in their car with kids?
    We have a new law in my state that makes it illegal to smoke in your car when you have minors inside. People showed up in force to protest the new law. How in the world could you argue that its OK? Your kids shouldnt be subjected to your cancer. I see fools smoking and driving around with the windows up because it's too cold to have them down. Why cant they just wait until the drive is over and smoke outside or wherever? Is the addiction so bad they cant see that their killing their own kids?

    • ANSWER:
      The Most Deadly Addictive Substance
      Cigarettes not only are among the most addictive drugs of abuse but are “by far the most deadly,” observes the former director of the Institute for the Study of Smoking Behavior and Policy, Thomas C. Schelling. Quitting is hard, he says in the January 24, 1992, issue of Science magazine. The success rate for quitting for two years or more is 1 in 5 per attempt. Why is it so hard to quit? Schelling lists these reasons: Cigarettes are cheap, quickly available, portable, and storable; they produce no impairment of any faculty; and smoking requires no equipment. “The damage is slow in arriving,” he says. “The people who suffer cancer and lung and heart disease from smoking have typically smoked for three decades or more before symptoms appear.” Although nicotine is the main addictive substance in cigarette smoke, Schelling also suspects that the taste of tobacco smoke and the mood control produced by smoking may add to the addiction. Why is relapse so common? “Most smokers who have quit are rarely more than 5 minutes from the nearest cigarette, and it takes only the briefest loss of control to consummate the urge to smoke,” he says. (Also the people that do that are selfish only thinking of themselves.)

  38. QUESTION:
    What is causing pain in the right testicle and the upper inner thigh?
    A friend of mine has had pain in his testicle, upper thigh, and he said yesterday he noticed his right 1 is sitting higher then his left. I looked it up on a few different sites and the closest 1's to his symptoms is testicular pain and testicular torsion. He doesn't want to believe me that he needs medical attention or at least go get check out. He says it hurts for about 30 min. at a time and 4-5 times a day. Can you guys give him your opinions, Please?

    • ANSWER:
      As a testicular cancer survivor, I suggest that he does the “man exam,” or self-exam for testicular cancer. There can be a lot of different symptoms, but testicle pain is pretty common. Remember, the sooner a doctor can catch it the better the outcome, and most likely the less treatment will be required. The doctor’s test is quick and painless, a simple ultrasound, so it’s really no big deal going to the doctor. This site has links to credible testicular cancer resources, and shows the self-exam with a list of symptoms. Hopefully it's nothing serious. Good luck and take care.

      http://www.ManExam.org
      ManExam Coalition for Testicular Cancer Awareness

  39. QUESTION:
    What are natural remedies to help cure serious "C" grade problem gastrointestinal?
    Acid reflux is believed to be causing damage, told could develop into cancer. The Big-Pharma medicine causes health problems from side-effects. Has to be another way. Doctor prescribes medicine, two small meals a day, no eating after 5pm, no tea, coffee, etc..
    Damage is at the junction from stomach to intestines.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't think the doctor is right. Eat smaller meals throughout the day, think grazing and not eating. Start with the biggest meal in the morning and eat the smallest one at around 6-7pm (4 hours before sleep).

      Eliminate acid reflux symptoms causing foods. There are lists of them which can be found virtually anywhere.

      Sleep with your upper body elevated, do a bit of cardio to keep your body in shape and try to reduce stress.

      When you need to take some meds, do so before sleep and keep to OTC whenever possible (mylanta, alka seltzer or tums).

  40. QUESTION:
    what kind of health issues could cause a dog to not hold weight?
    My 3 year old German Shepherd female won't hold weight. She has no other symptoms just won't hold weight. Some foods will bulk her up for a short while but then she drops it all. I'm looking for suggestions of test or heath issues to look into more with my vet.

    • ANSWER:
      worms, intestinal bacteria, internal problems, disease of an organ, cancer, The vet can do a blood panel to help figure this out it is not very expensive usually about 120-160 ...Good luck
      You don't say what foods you have tried but check out recall lists and keep the dog off things like soy..gluten. corn meal..he may have digestive troubles also..Try wellness, Innova something along those lines if you haven't

  41. QUESTION:
    How do I know if I have Testicular Cancer?
    My left testical has been having a aching feeling all day, it doesn't have lumps or tender to the touch or anything but it just kinda hurts its hard to explain. I'm 17 years old, & I haven't had sex for 4 months or longer. My uncle had Testicular cancer so I know how serious it really can be, if I need to see a doctor PLEASE let me know :(

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a testicular cancer survivor and suggest you do the self-exam for TC. And should you feel you have any of the symptoms, get to a doctor immediately. Symptoms vary greatly from man to man, but testicle aching is a common symptom. The sooner a doctor can catch it the better the prognosis, and most likely the less treatment will be required. TC is the #1 cancer for men 15-35. It could also be a blocked vein, an infection or a benign cyst - or nothing at all. Only a doc can make an accurate diagnosis! Remember the sooner TC is caught the better - talk to your uncle! This site has links to credible TC resources, and shows the self-exam with a list of symptoms. Good luck and hopefully it's nothing serious.

      http://www.manexam.org
      (ManExam Coalition for Testicular Cancer Awareness)

  42. QUESTION:
    What is medical marijuana prescribed for in Arizona?
    I would like to know if anyone has had personal experience obtaining a medical card in AZ, and what ailment it was prescribed for.
    There is an obvious list of conditions that marijuana will treat, but I need something that will work without proof (medical documentation/tests).
    Arizona is not as lax as the California system, so it has to be something more legitimate.
    Thanks for any help!

    • ANSWER:
      Medical Marijuana is legal in Arizona. Here is a general list of sicknesses with symptoms and/or side effects that have been treated with medical marijuana:

      Agoraphobia
      AIDS Related Illness
      Alcohol Abuse
      Alcoholism
      Alopecia Areata
      Amphetamine Dependency
      Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
      Angina Pectoris
      Ankylosis
      Anorexia
      Anorexia Nervosa
      Anxiety Disorders
      Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
      Arthritis
      Asthma
      Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
      Autoimmune Disease
      Back Pain
      Back Sprain
      Bell's Palsy
      Bipolar Disorder
      Brain Tumor, Malignant
      Bruxism
      Bulimia
      Cachexia
      Cancer
      Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
      Cerebral Palsy
      Cervical Disk Disease
      Chemotherapy
      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
      Chronic Pain
      Chronic renal failure
      Cocaine Dependence
      Colitis
      Conjunctivitis
      Constipation
      Crohn's Disease
      Cystic Fibrosis
      Damage to Spinal Cord Nervous Tissue
      Degenerative Arthritis
      Delirium Tremens
      Diabetes
      Depression
      Diabetic Peripheral Vascular Disease
      Diarrhea
      Diverticulitis
      Dysthymic Disorder
      Eczema
      Emphysema
      Emphysema
      Endometriosis
      Epididymitis
      Epilepsy
      Fibromyalgia
      Gastritis
      Genital Herpes
      Glaucoma
      Graves Disease
      Headaches, Cluster
      Headaches, Migraine
      Headaches, Tension
      Hemophilia A
      Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
      Hepatitis C
      Hereditary Spinal Ataxia
      HIV/AIDS
      Hospice Patients
      Huntington's Disease
      Hypertension
      Hypertension
      Hyperventilation
      Hypoglycemia
      Impotence
      Insomnia
      Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
      Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
      Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
      Intractable Vomitting
      Lipomatosis
      Lou Gehrig's Disease
      Lyme Disease
      Lymphoma
      Major Depression
      Malignant Melanoma
      Mania
      Melorheostosis
      Meniere's Disease
      Motion Sickness
      Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)
      Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
      Muscle Spasms
      Muscular Dystrophy
      Myeloid Leukemia
      Nail-Patella Syndrome
      Nightmares
      Obesity
      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
      Opiate Dependence
      Osteoarthritis
      Panic Disorder
      Parkinson's Disease
      Peripheral Neuropathy
      Peritoneal Pain
      Persistent Insomnia
      Porphyria
      Post Polio Syndrome (PPS)
      Post-traumatic arthritis
      Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
      Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
      Prostatitis
      Psoriasis
      Pulmonary Fibrosis
      Quadriplegia
      Radiation Therapy
      Raynaud's Disease
      Reiter's Syndrome
      Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rosacea
      Schizoaffective Disorder
      Schizophrenia
      Scoliosis
      Sedative Dependence
      Seizures
      Senile Dementia
      Severe Nausea
      Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
      Sinusitis
      Skeletal Muscular Spasticity
      Sleep Apnea
      Spasticity
      Spinal Stenosis
      Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
      Stuttering
      Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)
      Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
      Tenosynovitis
      Thyroiditis
      Tic Douloureux
      Tietze's Syndrome
      Tinnitus
      Tobacco Dependence
      Tourette's Syndrome
      Trichotillomania
      Viral Hepatitis

      You can get a medical marijuana card in Arizona if you can follow instruction mentioned below:

      Find a Medical Marijuana Doctor near by your area. Get your doctor to write a statement and/or prescription that he recommends medical marijuana to treat your ailment. If your doctor will not give you a statement contact the THC Foundation, they have several medical cannabis clubs in different states that support medical marijuana and will be able to help you either find a doctor, or get your statement from your doctor. Get the documentation done. With proper documentation you can get a Medical Marijuana Card.

  43. QUESTION:
    Can having a bump on you nipple mean you have breast cancer?
    My best friend, she's 13, she's told me she's afraid of having breast cancer because she has a little by her nipple. She's freaking out and she doesn't want to tell her mom, but i keep telling her to tell her mom. She doesn't know if its breast cancer or at least a symptom of breast cancer. Can someone help me explain to her? I have no idea if it is or not. Please & Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      Your friend probably has nothing to worry about, but here is an extensive list of breast cancer signs - go over it together and I hope it will relax your friend: http://the-cancer-disease.com/breast-cancer-treatments/symptoms-of-breast-cancer

  44. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of diabetes and when should I be tested?
    Lately I've found myself urinating quite oftem, very thristy, and feeling very nauseated when I have eaten something in a few hours. Could this possibly be symptons of diabetes?

    Diabetes does run in the family and I just found out that two more realitives were diagnosed. They are much older though, I'm only 23. I'm hoping that I am just being paranoid.

    What are the symptoms and what can I do to make sure I don't get them if at all possible?

    • ANSWER:
      Go get checked if there is any doubt at all. Here are a list of symptoms. Some people don't have any symptoms, and some people have symptoms not listed here.

      Constant thirst
      Frequent urination
      Constant hunger
      Unexplained weight gain or loss
      Blurry vision
      Slow healing wounds
      Reoccurring yeast infection in women, itching penis in men
      Frequent boils
      Irritability
      Headaches
      Tingling sensation in arms,hands,feet or legs
      Leg cramps

      Watch your diet, and get daily exercise. You have a risk factor since it is in your family. Taking care of yourself now can keep diabetes at bay for awhile, but there is no way to actually prevent it. It does not matter if you are overweight or not. Diabetes causes the weight gain in many people in a lot of cases. 51% of type 2 diabetics have never been over weight and have a normal diet. Type 1 can be diagnosed from infancy to around age 30. This is the type that is insulin dependent. Type 2 is usually diagnosed after the age of 30 and is treated with oral med, insulin or both. Some people can control it for many years by diet and exercise, but it usually requires medication in later years. Type 2 is becoming more prevelant recently in grade school age kids over the last few years, and they expect a great rise in the number of people that develop it. Certain drugs, (sterioids,
      cortisterioids, some blood pressure medications, certain drugs used in cancer treatment, are among some of the drugs) disease that affects the pancreas, and injury to the pancreas can also lead to or contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. There is no cure for type 2 or type 1 except pancreas transplant.

  45. QUESTION:
    What are other diseases/infections with the same symptoms as a UTI?
    I've have constant UTI pain since I was born, I'm currently fifteen years old. Although some of the pain was due to actual UTI's, most of the time it hasn't been. I was wondering what other diseases or infections have the same symptoms as a UTI?

    I'm also not a virgin, and although I use a form of protection during intercouse, I still realize an STD is always a possibility.

    • ANSWER:
      Are you a guy or a girl???

      I'll just give you a list for both Male and Female causes.

      *Cystitis - acute bacterial
      *Kidney stones
      *Vulvovaginitis
      *Epididymitis
      *Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
      *Obstructive uropathy
      *Orchitis
      *Prostatitis
      *Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
      *Vaginal yeast infection
      *Urethritis
      *Prostatitis - nonbacterial
      *Atrophic vaginitis
      *Chlamydia
      *Neutropenia
      *Urethral stricture
      *Gonorrhea
      *Cancer - renal pelvis or ureter
      *Reactive arthritis
      *Enlarged prostate
      *Prostate cancer
      *Bladder cancer
      *Endometrial cancer
      *Genital herpes
      *Cancer - vulva

      Go to a doctor, hope i helped :)

  46. QUESTION:
    What happens if you get low on vitamin D?
    I just want a list of what is more likely to happen in your body if you get low on vitamin D.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms include Weak Muscles
      Pains in legs and muscles
      Hearing Loss
      Muscle spasms caused by a low calcium level
      Weight gain / Obesity (may be acting thru reduction of Calcium levels)
      Aggravation of the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease
      Your health risks are Osteoporosis
      Allows infections to enter the brain (Blood-Brain Barrier fails)
      "Association between low levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and breast cancer risk"
      "levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D decline, and thus intestinal calcium absorption declines"
      "relationship between obesity and serum 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D concentrations"
      "significant relationships between 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and muscle strength in both sexes

  47. QUESTION:
    What does it mean if you have a deteriorating jaw bone?
    My dad went to the dentist for jaw pain and found out his left jaw area is almost completely deteriorated. He also has a bad infection as a result. He is going in for more tests later this week but I can't wait... Could this be bone cancer?? Why else would this be?

    • ANSWER:
      This condition is called, "NICO" (neuralgia induced cavitational osteonecrosis). It is caused by bad dental work, primarily. Dentists have known about this problem since the inception of modern dentistry introduced by Dr. Black, DDS in 1915. Modern dentistry ignores NICO because there is typically no pain involved when it is happening and so called "modern dentistry" is actually causing NICO to happen and it is rampant in the U.S.

      When NICO is found, modern dentistry does what the medical industry does to people and only treats the symptoms, not the "root cause." 99% of ALL cancer is from infection(s) and yes, NICO can lead to cancer, but not just in the jaw bone, but most anywhere else in the body as a result.

      Many breast cancers, brain tumors, thyroid problems, (and the list goes on and on) are caused by this problem.

      What happens is a root canal is done, for example, by drilling out the root cavity of a tooth, then sanitizing the root cavity with hydrogen peroxide or hypochlorite solution (that only kills about 30% of the germs with either of these solutions) and using gutta percha that is a soft latex type material fills the canal. Dentists believe that the gutta percha sanitizes the canal further, but what happens is that the gutta percha does NOT fill all the canal and the solutions do not kill a lot of the bacteria. Additionally, most dentists ignore the root ligament at the bottom of the root and bacteria then have their way with the jaw bone and the patient feels NO pain from this, so it is ignored.

      All infections deplete the body of minerals and so most people with NICO have a mineral deficiency and the deterioration of the jaw bone causes capillaries to be destroyed and further accelerates the bone deterioration because of low blood flow. The body's immune system CANNOT fight this problem.

      Additionally, in regard to cancer, the aniline chemicals used to deaden the nerves before working on your teeth are AGGRESSIVELY CARCINOGENIC because they produce aniline homologs and they are cumulative. The more work you have done, the more susceptible you are to infection and cancer. Septocaine is the only aniline chemical that does NOT produce these aniline homologs.

      To fix this problem, I strongly suggest you don't just go to a typical dentist to address this. I would go to a good biological dentist and work along with a Certified Nutritional Therapist that understands QRA testing and this will give you the best chance of him getting healthy again.

      good luck to you

  48. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?
    I have never had ovarian cysts, and I don't have medical insurance to go get it checked out if there is no reason to worry. I had a UTI recently and don't know if maybe it is connected. I have a sharp pain that comes and goes in the left side of my lower abdomen. A friend told me it is ovarian cysts, so I am wondering, those of you who have had them, what symptoms did you experience?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.ovarian-cysts.com/articles/ovarian-cyst-symptoms/index.php
      Check out this site. It has a good list of symptoms. However, abdominal pain can come from a large variety of things, so it might not be cysts. A doctor also should be able to detect cysts or irregularities with a pap smear during your annual feminine exam. If you had one recently that was regular then you are probably OK. You should definitely get one every year though, even if you have to go to a free clinic or something. The NBCCEDP does free ones in some places and Planned Parenthood also offers them for a low cost. I go even though I don't like to. Our church secretary Vicki, the sweetest and best person you would ever know, died last year at only 52 years old from cervical cancer that had gone undetected. Anyway, just to be sure I would have it checked.

      http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/


list of cancer symptoms

Lung Canser

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can an 18 year old get lung canser from smoking?
    Ive only been smoking since i was 15-16 and not heavily at all. Ive just recently been buying my own decks and now I have a horrible cough and I can tell its because of smoking its like continues. I thought you can only get lung canser from smoking if youre like 50 and been smoking for 30 years not for 4 years.

    • ANSWER:
      At this age you will not get lung cancer .
      You sure are at higher risk of getting it in older age if you continue to smoke.

  2. QUESTION:
    What cancers are considered hereditary?
    I have had cervical cancer and several people in my family have died of different types of cancer,lung canser mostly, also skin cancer and pancreatic cancer. I want to know if my chances of developing another type of cancer are greater due to this.

    • ANSWER:
      having a positive family history increases your chances,but this does not mean that you'll have cancer for sure.
      the only hereditary case is familial polyposis,which is a massive number of polyps in the intestines,that will turn into a colon cancer in 100% of the cases.and the bad thing about it that it is familial.
      once you find it in a member of a family,you have to screen the rest.

  3. QUESTION:
    What do you do when your dad starts beating you and threatining you?
    My mom died of lung canser November 20 of 2012. Ever since she died my dad has been under alot of stress and pain from our loss. About a week after that my grades dropped from honer roll to flunking. Thats when he started getting on at me about my grades. Now, after 11 weeks without mom, he is picking me up by my hair, cussing at me, threating to beat me to the point where i would need to go to the hospital ,and attempting to make traps to give him a reason to beat me. I live with my dad and my 1 year old brother who i love to no end. He has left bruises on me and the law states that a mark shall not be left on the child 30 minutes after punishment. And better yet, he is my real uncle, married in, because my real mom, on my adopted dead mom's side, couldn't take care of me. I have lived with my now dad 9 years. How can i stop him from hurting me? I already wear underware with duct tape surrounding it. Should i wear a whole duct tape suit under my clothes? Please give me advice. I've already tried to commit seicide and run away. What would you do?

    • ANSWER:
      Talk to a trusted family member to see if you would be able to live with them instead. If that can't happen, I would threaten this man by telling him you'll call child protected services if he puts his hand on you one more time. Don't be suicidal, it's not worth it. Your little brother needs you too. Why do you wear underwear with ducttape around?

  4. QUESTION:
    what is the average age a smoker gets lung canser?
    what is the average age?
    what is the youngest age?

    • ANSWER:
      Lung Cancer linked to cigarette smoking depends on the AMOUNT of cigarettes smoked per day. More than 1 pack a day; the Average is 10-15 yrs. This again depends on your General Health Status.

      Remember: In general, Cancer is painless but when it becomes painful the Cancer will be Terminal and you will join the "RIP Family".

  5. QUESTION:
    why if a person of lung canser and have nemonia cant move?
    why if a person of lung Cancer and have pneumonia nemonia...... cant move?

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    is lymphoma cancer in lungs spinal and lower abdomen consider stage 2B ?
    is hodgkin lymphoma canser in lungs spinal and lower abdomen consider stage 2B ? or is it a different stage ?

    • ANSWER:
      Any metastasis beyond lymph node involvement would be stage 4.

  7. QUESTION:
    Can anyone give me a support group for people that have had a lung removed?
    I'm about to have half of my lung removed becuase of canser, I'd like to find a support group so I can ask them some questions

    • ANSWER:
      Try www.2ndwind.org. While this site deals primarily with lung transplants, it also provides a forum for people with all kinds of lung problems. Since a lot of these people have had at least one lung surgery, they can probably help with most of your questions. This is a terrific group of caring people who understand lung disease.

      You can also go to www.lungusa.org for more information on lung cancer, treatment options, support in your area. Good luck to you and keep fighting the good fight.

  8. QUESTION:
    Is it true that marijuana smoke is worse than cigarette smoke?
    According to ChaCha, "marijuana smoke has been found to contain more canser-causing agents than is found in tobacco smoke."

    So is there more of a risk of getting cancer from smoking weed over cigarettes???

    • ANSWER:
      No , marijuana is grown naturally all tho some( assholes) pardon the language, add checmials that make they're bud grow stronger but eaither way cigarrets contain a gang of different chemicals the box pretty much says it all , matter of fact no one has died or has developed lung cancer from marijuana and millions have died and have cancer cuz of cigarrets. P.s not all peope grow weed with chemicals the more natural it is the better the high is

  9. QUESTION:
    How to not be so tired during the day?
    I'm really lazy and tired and I don't want to do anything but I don't wanna fall asleep. How can I be awake more.

    • ANSWER:
      Be honest. When you first heard the words "energy crisis," did you think of Arab oil embargoes or yourself?

      If you throught of yourself-struggling to start your inner engine in the morning, desperate to keep it humming after lunch in the afternoon, and only to willing to let it sputter to a stop in the evening-you are not alone.

      Everyone, at one time or another, feels fatigued. And who wouldn't like to have more energu than they now have?

      Unfortunately, having more energy is a lot like having more money it's easier to talk about it than to get it. Yet it's easier to increase your energy than you probably realize.

      Of course, the broad prescription from doctors is still the same: Get plenty of rest, eat a balanced diet, and exerice. But here, we, physicians and other authorities on fatigue go beyond these generalities and offer more specific, high octane suggestion.

      Warm up. "Give yourself an extra 15 minutes in the morning before you start your day," says Vickey Young, M.D,. an assistant professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin.

      "That way you don't start off feeling rushed and tired."

      Eat a three-piece breakfast. The three components of a good breakfast are carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, advises Rick Ricer, M.D,. assistant professor of clinical family medicine at Ohio State University College oof Medicine

      Of course you don't want to add fat to your breakfast table. You will get plenty of fat plenty of fats, a good form of storable energy, in the protients you eat.

      But even cereal (a complex carbohydrate) with milk (a source of protient) can get your day off to a good start. Wheat toast and muffins are also good complex carbohydrate option.

      For protients, you might want to consider low-fat yogurt and cottage cheese, or a small piece of chicken or fish.

      Meanwhile, Dr. Ricer warns not to eat an ultra-high carbohydrate breakfast laden with simple sugars. "You can actually overactivate your insulin and your blood sugar will drop, that can leave you jittery."

      Know where you're going. If you don't you will probably be too tired to get there. "Take time each morning to set specific goals for the day," says David Sheridan, M.D an associate professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine.

      "Determine what you want to do; don't let the routine control you."

      MEDICAL ALERT:
      When Tired Means Sick.

      Fatigue may be just a signal that you need to manage your life better, or that a cold or flu is coming on.

      But it also can be a warning sign of serious illness. "Anything that's chronic-diabetes, lung disease, enemia-willcause fatigue," says Rick Ricer, M.D.

      Fatigue is also a symptom of many other illesses, including hepatitis, mononucleosis, thyroid disease, and canser. So if your tiredness persist, don't try to diagnose yourself, see a doctor.

  10. QUESTION:
    How long can the avreg person survive if he or her has canser?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many different kinds of cancer. Cancer also can be broken down into levels, with lower levels less dangerous than higher ones. If there was a specific kind of cancer you wanted to know about you could more easily get an answer, like lung cancer or colon cancer.

  11. QUESTION:
    do kids with smoing parents have a higher chance of getting lung canser?
    my child has horrible SYSTEMS and dad smocks ALOT letting the smoke get in to the house to my child's lungs !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      yes it is called as passive smoking
      if u have breadth have any tobacco contents it will leads to lung cancer and brain cancer
      try electronic cigarettes and feel the same like normal tobacco cigars

  12. QUESTION:
    what could happen if i keep getting high?
    what could happen if i keep getting high? i mean it what could happen anyways? i might have done it a hundred times nothing happened to me. my mouth gets dry, i feel tired, dizzy, i say stupid things, and my eyes go red. thats all that happened. its not like i fainted or went into a coma. just tell me what could happen. can any health problems start or what?
    yes, i am talking about marijuana.

    • ANSWER:
      sounds like your talking about weed and i certainly hope you are lol

      there are no real health hazards

      killing braincells - load of shit, new studies have shown that marijuana actaully stimulates braincell growth

      short term memory loss - some what true, esp while high, but the idea that it actually damages your memory is a load of shit.. ppl will ALWAYS forget only what they do not care about, and when it comes to the little pointless complications that society seems to cram down our throats as being sooooooooo important and necessary for human progress, they are quite easily forgotten once one sees there true irrelevance.

      makes you lazy - load of shit, ppl make themselves lazy by not being enthusiastic about life and what it has to offer, lots off ppl take everything for granted and are grateful for nothing and so they give nothing back. Many pot smokers are like this but that doesnt mean the pot is to blame.

      makes you crazy - if anything it does just the opposite

      makes you paranoid - its not the pot making you paraniod its you

      kills your cardio - load of shit, just eat right, exercise and use moderation

      gives you lung canser - load of shit, nobody in history has died from marijuanna use

  13. QUESTION:
    Do you think Joe Pa death was hastened by Penn State Scandal?
    I would say "YES!" Wether he did wrong or not - the stress of it all?
    The case is not closed- Joe Paterno was not the actual abuser. It was Sandusky( asst coach) who actual is accused of the 40 crimes against young children. But I agree with you agreeing with me!

    • ANSWER:
      He knew he was sick. The situation with Sandusky didn't change that. This was going to be his last year, regardless. I don't think the canser in his lungs cared about Sandusky.

  14. QUESTION:
    Does smoking marihuana cause Lung Canser?
    I konw that it kills the neurons but does it cause another type of disease?

    • ANSWER:
      No but it causes spelling dissorders..

  15. QUESTION:
    what defines a person being disabled?
    In regards to a person being on long term disabilty for 8 years from Breast Cancer. Can they cancel her long term disablity if the canser is in remission?

    • ANSWER:
      I have a brother that has colon cancer in remission, and a daughter that has had cancer 3 times, the last time losing 1/2 of her lung, my mother-in-law who lost both breasts to cancer and had uterine cancer, my cousin who just recently died of cancer, and none of them ever had been on disability. After eight years, why would she still need disability if she is in remission?

  16. QUESTION:
    How bad does an abortion hurt. ?
    Worse than labor, like a miscarriage, or bad period. What should I take before the procedure to help with the cramping. Surgical.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know how much pain is involve with an abortion : But

      This is Alternative Medicine and I will take every opportunity I get , to try and make
      yahoo answer better.

      Hurt and Surgical, are words that would mean pain and cutting or opening the body. Any time there is a wound, cut, scrape it will effect the immune system So the key is to boost your immune system.

      This is not to say you need to become a full-fledged vegetarian to prevent and treat disease (although some certainly advise it). But most most experts do recommend that you eat like one.

      Why? Because most of these plant foods--fruits, vegetables and legumes-- are nutrient--dense, meaning they're extremely low in fat while being high in fiber and key nutrients that help protect against and treat illness. But fruits and vegetables offer an additional nutritional payback.

      "While you could get the nutrients you need from taking vitamin supplements, the advantage to getting them in fruits and vegetables is that you also get other micro nutrients that you can't get in a pill--trace minerals and other compounds that are believed to play a key roles in protecting against certain diseases and possibly even helping to heal them," says Barbara Klein, Ph.D., associate scientific editor for the Journal of Food Science.

      Dr. Klein, who is also professor of foods and nutrition at the University of Illinois at Urbana--Champaign, where studies of phytochemicals in soy products are ongoing.
      "It appears that these micronutrients may be the real secret to staying healthy."

      Most research indicates that these tongue-twisting phytochemicals protect against an array of cancer, particularly those that line the body's organs, including the lungs bladder, cervix, colon, stomach, rectum, larynx and pancreas, says Herbert E. Pierson, Ph.D vice-president for research and development at Preventive Nutrition Consultants in Woodenville, Washington.

      Researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore have already concluded that one phytochemical found in broccoli, sulforaphane, appears to help protect against breast cancer in animal studies

      And another research team found that animals exposed to tobacco carcinogens were half as likely to develop lung canser when fed a diet rich in watercress compared with those who didn't eat the vegetable.

      These phytochemicals stop cancer in different ways. Having a piece of orange or some strawberries , and you'll consume flavonoids that prevent cancer causing hormones from latching on to a cell, says Dr. Pierson.

      Having some green peppers or pineapple, and you'll get p-courmaric acid and chlorogenic acid, substances that stop cancer cells from forming. Have a slice of tomato, and you'll get up several hundred different phytochemicals, most of which seem to play some role i stopping tumors before they form.

  17. QUESTION:
    do i make my dad go to hospital against his wishes?
    my dad has had lung canser now my mom was with him he has taken a funny turn my mom said to him shell call me he said no then she wanted to call me but again he said no when i got home my mom told me what had happend i feel responsable do i take him to the hospitial or phone for an ambulance

    • ANSWER:
      unfortunately if your dad doesn't want to go to hospital you can't really make him. the same goes if you call and ambulance, the ambulance crew can't force him to go they can only advise him to. will he allow you to phone for the doctor to come to his home ?, then i would go with that, then again you have to abide with his wishes.
      i know this is upsetting for you, and to you he is just being stubborn. you have to see it from his perspective, he has lung cancer and he is likely very scared and if he's had a lot of treatment he probably just wants to be left alone. its not your fault in anyway. hopefully he will change his mind and let you phone for the doctor.

  18. QUESTION:
    Culture group.... Why do some people say all races are EQUAL?
    No race is equal. We are all different in every possible way!!!

    our appearance is different.
    our genetics are different.
    Our cultures and traditions are different
    Our lifestyle and way of life is different
    Our IQs are different
    Our skills and abilities are different (black people are the best track runners, white people are the best weightlifters, Asian people are the best at gymnastics

    Our brains and skull shapes are different, therefore so is our thinking (what is cool to one is not cool to the other)

    our weaknesses are different. Black people are not meant for harsh, cold, snowy weather. White people are not meant for extremely hot, sunny, clear sky weather. Etc.

    Our health problems are different. Blacks get sickle cell, 90% of black people cannot digest Lactose, blacks are more likely to get heart attack and lung canser. Whites are more likely to get skin caner, etc.

    and the list goes on. Every race is so different from the other.
    @smart n sassy EVEN ANIMALS BLEED RED YOU IDIOT.

    • ANSWER:
      Races are not the same in society's eyes. Neither is gender, religions, or any other category that keeps us divided. In God's eye, we were created equal and will be judged equally. We all need food, clothing, and shelter. We all want to be loved and accepted. It's us as human beings that love to point out any small difference and place each other in categories. In that sense, no we're not the same.

  19. QUESTION:
    For harmone inbalance what i have to take remedies in home?

    • ANSWER:
      Stomp out the smokes.

      Besides increasing your risk for heart disease and lung canser, smoking triggers the release of stress hormones in the body. Quitting is the most important thing you can do to feel less stressed and more relaxed.

      Curb the caffeine.

      Caffeine is a stimulant that can trigger the fight-or-flight response to stress, so avoid coffee, tea, cola, chocolate and other foods and beverage containing caffeine.

      Calm down with carbs.

      Eating grains, vegetables and fruits loaded with complex carbohydrates, such as spaghetti, baked beans and apples, can trigger the release of hormones that will help relax you.

      Work up a sweat.

      Regular exercise is a fundamental part of any relaxation program. It can lower anxiety, fend off depression and help increas a person's self-esteem. Try walking for 15 to 20 minutes a day.

      Make time for a daily chuckle.

      Humor is a powerful ally in your muest for relaxation. A good laugh triggers the release of endorphins, chemical in the brain that produce feeling of euphoria.

      It also suppresses the production of cortisol, a hormone reeased when you're under stress that indirectly raises blood pressure by causing your body to retain salt. so try to find humor in daily life.

      The relaxation response also performs another vital task. 'this type of deep relaxtion is associated with healing in many different ways," Dr. Fahrion says.

      "When you get very deeply relaxed, for example the body releases growth hormones that help repair and restore damage tissue."

  20. QUESTION:
    i need information about squamous Cancer?
    ITS A TYPE OF LUNG CANSER

    • ANSWER:
      There are three types of non-small cell lung cancer. Squamous cell is one of the three types. All three subtypes are treated similarly so when you search just look for non small cell lung cancer info. This type lung cancer is often associated with tobacco smokers. Here is a good web page to start looking at.

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/non-small-cell-lung/patient

      While this is a cancer of the squamous cell type, non small cell lung cancer of the squamous variety is much more aggressive and dangerous than squamous cell skin cancer. good luck

  21. QUESTION:
    does fate exist if so freewill can not if freewill exist fate can not are all actions inevitable or chosen?
    the question applies to everybody your thoughts?

    • ANSWER:
      both exist
      fate gives you a choice
      example ( If your fate is to die of ciggerets)
      choose
      smoke or dont smoke
      if you choose to smoke
      you die if lung canser
      if you choose to not to smoke
      you die from being hit by a ciggeret truck
      either one you choose gives you the same out come
      no matter what you choose you end up the same

  22. QUESTION:
    Can weed cause any health problems?
    I heard it dosn't cause any health problems . so why is weed illegal and cigarettes are ? cigarettes cause WAY more deaths and cause canser

    • ANSWER:
      It can't be good for you to inhale smoke from burning plant material. But pot has never been shown to have caused anyone to get lung cancer or COPD. This might be partly because people who smoke pot don't smoke nearly as much of it as tobacco smokers smoke tobacco. And it might be partly because there's never been systematic research into pot's health effects, as there has been with tobacco.

      So why is it illegal? It's a long story. It starts with the Progressive Era at the beginning of the last century. People decided the govt. needed to step in and regulate narcotics--morphine, opium, cocaine, etc. And even today most people think that was a good idea. But the same public-spirited mood led to prohibition of alcohol just a few years later, and that was a catastrophe. After repealing Prohibition, they looked around for other things to control, and pot was the logical target. Most people saw it as something that was used mostly by blacks and Mexicans, so it was a way of keeping minorities under control.

      Also Wm Randolph Hearst, the richest and most influential man in the world, owned tracts of forest to make paper for his chain of newspapers. He learned that hemp can grow 8 times as much fiber for paper as trees, and he didn't want competition. So he fought a crusade against pot in his newspapers. It was Hearst that picked the name 'marijuana' because it sounded more foreign. He published lurid stories about people smoking pot and then going off on rampages of murder and rape.

      So now that we know it's not dangerous, at least much less dangerous than alcohol or tobacco, why is it STILL illegal? Because no politician wants to be the first to suggest we should reconsider it. He knows he'll immediately be bashed by his opposition as 'soft on drugs'. And it's -still- about keeping minorities under control.

      The 'War on Drugs' started by Nixon was never really about drugs to begin with. It was a justification for eroding the Bill of Rights. It gave cops the right to hassle people on the street without 'probable cause'. To break down doors, to confiscate property summarily without due process, etc. etc.

      The War on Terror can be seen as just an extension of this, allowing the govt. to imprison people indefinitely without even charges against them.

  23. QUESTION:
    xray of my chest?
    i hurt my back at work and went to have some xrays done they came back but they found a tumor on my lungs and told me i need to right away see a doctor and have a cat scan i have smoked for 15 years is it possable that it may be lung canser and if so do people beat it what does it make you feel like or can it be nothing and i should not worry thank you

    • ANSWER:
      yes it might be a lung cancer,, maybe its benign or malignant tumor..i will feel sad if im in your shoes.. have a lung biopsy to be sure if it is benign or malignant.. & for more informations you need to know..

  24. QUESTION:
    PLEASE GIVE ME A ANSER ABOUT NY 72 YEAR OLD DAD AND HIS 23 YEAR OLD WIFE?
    onestly i dont know what to do my mom died in 1999 of lung canser .Since then my dad had been on the prowel for a new lady.I love my fater he has alway provied for me and my sister and brother and raised me well.im 41 now i have 2 kidds and a wife .There are things to think about tho no one would ever wish for inheritance excuse my spelling here lol tho half the estate is my moms and was left to us kidds.i only want the estate to help my daughter and my son not for me and my DAD went off married a phillippino girl thats 23 years old!all i think will be lost of the estate.My sister has talked to my dad so has my brother tho i will only talk behind his bach to my sister and brouther i dunno how to tell him how i feel.Could this girl realy love him? or does she just want the money and citizenship to canada?could any of you ladies fall in love with a man at his age of 72?i tell him DAD i want you to be happy and i do tho with a woman his age that knows and love my 6 year old daughter and my 11 year old son.Should i come clean with him?tell him how i feel?he will only get mad with me i have never spoken against my father tho this time im fighting with my emotions my mom is rolling over in her grave im sure.he never calls and doesnt pay attention to his grandchildren and i fight with my wife all the time about this Please people help me This if my kidds future

    • ANSWER:
      all you can do is talk to him about your worries
      but it is up to you to provide for your kids not him.

  25. QUESTION:
    This keep's happening to me.?
    A year ago I wrote on yahoo answer's about my grandmother on my dads side that had passed away. Well now my other grandmother on my moms side is in the hospital cause they believe she had a heart attack. They said she had 94% carbon monoxide in her lungs and only 6% of oxygen in her lungs. Some say they dont believe she will make it this time but she is SUCH a strong woman and she has lived through lung canser, breast cancer, and many more. I love her and I have such a close bond with her. She is 73 years old by the way. I dont think i will be able to handle it if she is gone. I mean I had a close bond with my other grandmother but not more than this one and I still broke down that time. I cant take it anymore. What am I ganna do?

    • ANSWER:
      First off, let me tell you, I know how hard it is to watch this. My mother died from lung cancer 5 years ago, and we watched her go through the same thing- oxygen jumping from one place to another, eventually dropping way too low.

      Do you have another family member to talk to about any of this? Parents, siblings, or even another relative or friend? If not (and don't take this the wrong way), might I suggest looking for a counselor to talk to? I know it's not something that anyone wants to hear, but talking to someone outside of the situation really does help. They don't judge you, or put you down, and obviously the cannot tell anyone else.

      I know it hurts to see this happening, but you also have to remember that it isn't good for her to suffer, either. I was so angry when my mom passed, because I felt she'd been ripped from my life...But as time went on, I realized that she was much better off, after all the hurt and suffering she endured throughout the whole thing.

      I will keep you and your family in my prayers...hang in there hun...

  26. QUESTION:
    How do i make my dad stop smoking?
    My dad smokes i hate the smell and it dose ealy bad to me cause i like talking 2 him and when i do somtimes he takes his cigerret out and he starts to smoke. he nos that its bad but he cant stop.

    my mum takes him to a psycologist every week.
    he stopped smoking at home but he still goes outside to smoke.

    i dont want him 2 get lung canser i want him 2 live and i want everyone in my famaly to live aslong as they can and if they die i dont want it to be cause of smoking!!

    my dad is 43 he been smoking since he was 20 somthing
    iam 11 and i have a doble out somthing i had the fontan hart operation.
    my bro is 13
    my mum is 46

    can anyone tell me how i can make my dad stop smoking.

    thanks in advance
    freddy b
    if i hide his ciggertes he will buy new ones or if i put viniger he'll buy new ones

    • ANSWER:
      try not to thinking about smoking a lot, im doing the same thing for new years too but i dont smoke as much only like 3 to 5 cigarrets a day but when im gonna quit for an undetermined time i the day before i smoke as much as i can until i cant no more, until i get sick and then more, its unhealthy but it helps you realize why you are doing it and than later in life you are gonna feel just as sick without smoking that much of them, when you stop smoking the next day, brush your teeth everytime you think of a smoke if you are at your house, if not drink water, if you are at work try chewing gum and if you want to buy that nicotine gum buy it but just use it when you actually think you need nicotine cause you actually dont so thats for extremme stuff i would recommend usind that gum and also regular gum it tricks your mind a little, try working out or doing that requires heavy breathing and your lungs will start getting healthy again and they will reject future cig smoke, random advices but they work for some ppl, good luck...

  27. QUESTION:
    A few questions about Oncoligists/family doctor....?
    ******How much would a starting Oncologist make?
    And im not in it for the money, i dont think its fair that people have to die because of cancer, which they dont do anything to them self to cause it unless its lung canser. I want to help people.
    ******What would need to do to open a private pratice?
    ******How much does a family doctor make per year?
    ******How do you open a private practice?
    and my final question is.....
    ******How many years should i wait to attempt to open a private practice.

    Thanks for helping me out. Even known im only a freshmen in High School i want to figure out what i want to do with my life so i can take classes now to help prepare me for the major tests in collage.

    Thanks again for helping

    Joe

    • ANSWER:
      It's nice to think 16-18 years ahead for the big goal, let's start with the small goals first. You know what you need to do to get into medical school. Achieve high grades, take leadership roles in clubs/activities, and do well on standardized tests. With hard work, you'll get in and from there, you'll figure out which specialty you'll practice in. Besides, a lot can change in 16 years. So, no point in planning for the small stuff 16 yrs from now.

  28. QUESTION:
    I think my dad has cancer?!?!?!?! :"(?
    my mom just told that my dad has been acting different because hes worried. I asked her why she thinks that and she told me that lately hes been bleeding from his nose a lot and i said maybe its just the weather change and she told me that he went to the doc a while back and he told him that he had a small ball in his mouth. He never got it cheach up, and i think it might be getting worse. A lot of his side of the fam have died from cancerone of his brother died of bone caanser a year go and his other brother died like 3 years ago from lung canser!!!! :( he told my mom that if he does have something he does not want to know. but i do :( he's in his 60 btw...if u ever had a family member go through this or you have been through this please tell me your story...than you!

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Smiles,

      I think your Dad's symptoms boil down to only 2 things,

      - - 1. The behaving differently, which your Mum is putting down to his being worried, (rightly or wrongly), and

      - - 2. The nosebleeds.

      I don't know if you agree with your Mum, that your Dad is behaving in a funny way?

      Your Dad may have some ordinary cause for the nosebleeds, like a sore inside his nose, or his having high blood pressure. This would be the most likely thing.

      On the other hand, his blood may not be clotting properly, so that each blood-clot that stops the bleeding, easily gets shaken loose again, and so the bleeding re-starts.

      To decide which of these it is, (if he wants that), - - he needs to have the inside of his nose looked at by an Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist, ( which is a fairly minor job), - and he also needs his blood-clotting checked. This is also a fairly minor job, - in the first instance he needs a small blood-test called a "Full Blood Count " doing, (also called an "FBC.").

      Bone cancer can be a rare cause of having poor blood-clotting, but it is a very big jump to go from nose-bleeds to bone cancer all in one leap.

      Similarly a brain cancer can cause a person to behave in a funny way, - but again that is rare, compared to the common-or-garden nosebleed causing anxiety. I expect you have had the occasional nose-bleed yourself. You always seem to be losing so much blood, and the nosebleed never wants to stop. And it's so messy.

      There is one thing that *will* get worse, if his nosebleeds continue, - and that is, that all these small blood-losses will add up, and that will make him anemic, (short of iron).

      Your Dad is right in one way, - if he has the most serous thing possible, (which is bone cancer), - then it's getting a bit late to do anything about it, and it will probably not be possible to cure it fully. But I think that's just so unlikely.

      I guess what may happen, is that eventually your Mum may nag your Dad so much that he goes and gets it checked; or perhaps his nosebleeds will start spoiling his clothes and spoiling the bed sheets. Or he may lose a lot of blood overall, so that he does get anemic, and because of that, very tired and short-of-breath.

      I am saying there is probably just a simple cause for it all, but that eventually if the nosebleeds continue, they will get too bad to cope with, - one way or another, - and he will have to go to the doctor. I do hope so.

      Maybe if you haven't already, you could speak to your Dad yourself, and tell him how much you love him, and that his illness is a big worry to you.

      I don't think the family history of cancer is very conclusive. Lung cancer is much more often caused by being a heavy smoker, - and bone cancer is most often caused in older peple, by some *other* cancer spreading into the bones.

      I hope this is of some help.

      Best wishes,

      Belliger
      retired uk gp

  29. QUESTION:
    please someone help me, i feel so lost, and i dunno where head no more. it all hurts to much.?
    im having trouble in my life atm, im 16 near 17, i just lost my gf she cheated on me, but now she haunting me contact all my friends flirting with them. she always flirted with guys. and i was with her a year and a half pretty much. but now she txt me nasty things, and flirting with guys even more, being dirty and all that shit. and then my parents there always shouting in the middle of the night, and there say there only together because of me. and soon as i leave they wont be together anymore. were close to not haveing a house. because my dad has an illness just like lung canser, its just slower, and my nan got canser to atm. i been try to look for happyness. but the pressure is getting to me. and i dunno if im strong enough. i dont see a light no more. my ex is really really hurting me so much. all she is doing. with guys and now my mates. i had a twin that died, that im start to wish we swop places, i dunno where head and how to be happy. its hurting to much. all of it.

    • ANSWER:

  30. QUESTION:
    is it bad to sleep if you have lung canser?

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    Can inhaling fumes from bleach(clorox) give me cancer or damage my lungs? If inhaled once.?
    Today I used bleach to clean the tiles stained of urine ftom my dog. I over did it and the bleach caused me to start coughing uncontrolably until i left the area. My question is does this one time exposure tu the fumes give me canser? Or has it already damaged my lungs?

    • ANSWER:
      No. If it could, Clorox would have been banned a long time ago.
      Just don't try mixing it with ammonia - that's mustard gas and THAT can kill you.

      >

  32. QUESTION:
    how rare is lung canser for a 18 year old?

    • ANSWER:
      It is very rare. Passive smoking, congenital issues, and the following causes may hasten the onset even @ an early age.

      Why are more and more young people falling victims to the demon- “CANCER”? What are Prime Causes* & Preventive/Curative Measures?
      1. Chronic & severe constipation [+ heavy quantum of accumulated feces in the rectum & the large intestine] with a displaced solar plexus. Bad diet with pizzas, burgers, deep freeze and deep fried chicken/pork/hot dogs, high rich calorie diets-obesity, etc. As a result, most of the Americans/Europeans are cancer victims due to chronic constipation issues.
      3. Hormonal imbalance.
      4. Heavy exposure to asbestos, pollution from industrial wastes, tobacco consumption and or smoking..
      5. Chronic & Unhealed wounds/injuries caused by bacterial/viral/metabolic syndromes/diseases with blocked energy + toxins in any internal organ.
      6. Sexual promiscuity, Perverted anal/oral sex, hetero-sex [not mono-sex], homosex amongst transgenders, resulting in chronic and unhealed STDs/infections/wounds/injuries, etc., bad personal hygiene [not washing gonads after coitus] & indiscriminate consumption of birth control pills 'with no' medical supervision by endocrinologist/gynecologist/physician.
      7. Chronic Stress & Strain.
      8. Lack of exercise & ever increasing obese bodies.
      9. Out of every 10 lung cancer patients, 9 are smokers. Tobacco dipping, chewing and smoking [pot]/hukka by females hasten menopause and for the males lung/throat/esophageal/oral cancer assured—an American study published in WebMD.com.

      10. Regular consumption of ‘colas’ with heavy doses of insecticides, freely available in India. Regular & excessive alcohol consumption.
      11. Skin Cancer Exposure to Sun’s rays @ odd hours [90 minutes after sunrise, beyond 60 minutes before sunset and anytime during strong winds] and excessive exposure to radiation emanating from cell phones, transmission towers, etc.,
      12. 24/7-- wearing of bra by the modern woman and avoiding breast feeding the child—breast cancer.
      13. Heavy genetic dispositions with more ‘cancer-stricken ancestors’

      CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:--
      1. Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].
      2.. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, Noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      3. Acupressure techniques a MUST to ensure faster recovery.
      4. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried food products, like--chicken, mutton red meat, beef & pork, etc.,. Say No to Diet sodas with aspartame and colas with heavy deposits of insecticides, etc.
      5. How to prevent Sunburn*: Expose Ur body and or the affected parts within 90 minutes from sunrise & within 60 minutes before sunset. During strong winds, no exposure please. Any extra exposure shall be @ Ur own peril.

      6. A man can enjoy sex up to 90 years and a woman up to 69 years. Free sex within the wedlock prevents prostate cancer[male] and breast cancer[female].
      CURE is available by TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue. Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 2.00 lac cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  33. QUESTION:
    what is small cell canser? How can you tell if you have it?

    • ANSWER:
      Small cell lung cancer has been called oat cell cancer because the cells resemble oats when seen under a microscope. This cancer usually originates in the lung's large central airways (the bronchi). It accounts for about 20% of all lung cancers. In some cases, small cell tumors also include cells that have non small cell features. This condition is called a mixed tumor.

      Small cell lung cancer is among the fastest growing cancers. In two-thirds of people with this cancer, the cancer already has spread (metastasized) by the time of diagnosis. The cancer can spread easily because of the constant flow of fluids through the lungs. These fluids consist of blood and lymph (a protein-filled fluid from the lymphatic system). The fluids can carry cancer cells to lymph nodes, the heart, the other lung and to organs outside of the chest. Small cell lung cancers spread most commonly to the brain, liver, adrenal glands and bone.

      Symptoms

      Although some cancers do not have any symptoms at first, others are diagnosed during an evaluation for any of the following:

      A persistent cough
      Coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
      Shortness of breath or wheezing
      Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
      Fatigue
      Difficulty swallowing
      Pain in the chest, shoulder or arm
      Bone pain
      Hoarseness
      Headaches, confusion or seizures
      Swelling of the face, neck or upper extremities

      Diagnosis

      Lung cancer often is discovered on a chest X-ray, where it appears as a gray or whitish area. Other imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can further determine the size, shape and location of the tumor, and locate areas where the tumor has spread. This helps to find the best place to obtain a sample of the tumor to diagnose small cell versus other types of lung cancer, such as squamous cell or adenocarcinoma of the lung. The type of cancer determines the treatment.

      Small cell lung cancer sometimes can be diagnosed with a technique called sputum cytology, in which mucus from the lungs (sputum) is examined under a microscope to check for abnormal cells. Cancer cells also can be found in the fluid between the lung and the chest wall (requiring a procedure that uses a needle to remove fluid) or in lymph nodes next to the lung (requiring a surgical procedure).

      Another diagnostic technique is needle aspiration, in which fluid or tissue is removed (aspirated) from lymph nodes or suspicious masses. Cells also can be removed during bronchoscopy. A fiber optic viewing tube is inserted into the lung through the mouth and bronchial tubes. It allows the doctor to examine the tumor directly and to remove cells for examination.

      In addition to the above tests, you may need a bone scan, bone marrow biopsy, CT scan of the head and additional biopsies to determine the degree of tumor spread. Small cell lung cancer has two stages:

      Limited cancer is confined to one lung and nearby lymph nodes.
      Extensive cancer has spread to both sides of the chest or beyond the chest.

  34. QUESTION:
    Can somebody transplant new lungs if he/she have metastatic lung canser at the final stages?
    My girlfriend before a year or so discover that she had thyroid canser. A little later made metastasis to the gull blater (it is removed) and the liver that docs take out a very small piece. Everything seemed ok but this ...thing went to the lungs too. Right now everything is clean (thyroid, liver) exept the lungs. The docs said she has maybe 1 year of life left and that they can give her chemo so strong at this point, that is ging to effect her quality of life very bad, and that it dont worth it cause she has no change ...as they say. She is a very healthy girl (no smoke, no drink and stuff) but she is dellicate and tired from chemo so far. Can she make a lung transpant like this? Is this happening to that situations? We know is going to be difficault but what changes we have to safe her life?

    • ANSWER:
      Nothing will help, I'm sorry. A transplant won't help either. A lung transplant would only respread the cancer throughout her body. Only chemo will help, but she's now not strong enough to be able to cope with it.

  35. QUESTION:
    Canser please answer!.!.?
    Why is there so much reserch on Brest Canser and not on others?

    • ANSWER:
      1)Breast cancer is a very common cancer and the number 2 killer from cancer deaths. with lung cancer being number 1. Each year, 211,000 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed and 43,300 people die.

      2)It affects young people. People in there 40's and 50's shouldn't have to die of the disease.

      3)Breast cancer is a preventable cancer (in the sense that we can catch it early and treat it with good results). If breast cancer is caught early 5 yrs survival rate is about 95%, With mammagrams and monthly breast exams alot of cases can be caught early and treated with good results.

      and a different persceptive but an honest one

      4)Because breast cancer is such a common cancer, pharmaceutical and biotech companies are willing to invest billions of dollars on the research. I mean (get real) why would a company invest that much money in something that only treats 1000 patients. Where is the return on investment. Do I think this is right? Well, if there is limited research money you do have to choose your battles.

      5)I bet that there is also a strong lobby group.

      The above post sums up why lung cancer get so little reseach dollars as compared to breast CA.

  36. QUESTION:
    will canser ever be eradicated ?
    is there a chance that at the speed that medcine is advancing taking into acount that 50 years ago people died from flu will there ever be a cure for canser mabe in the next 50 years

    • ANSWER:
      We can only hope so but not soon. As an example HIV is a combination of 2 cancers plus a retro cancer. It is the most complex type known.

      As with breast cancer, there are 4 types which are all treated differently and have different origins. With so many cancers, it is not the same as having a cancer but what type, in what stage, are other organs involved

      A person with breast cancer would not be treated the same as one with lung cancer or with colon cancer if you get my point.

      It is true that much progress has been made but I believe the only true cure will come from gene therapy, which is years away.

  37. QUESTION:
    WHAT IS THE BEST AFFORDABLE LIFE INSURENCE?

    • ANSWER:
      it can be hard to shop for life insurance when there is different types. you need to ask yourself which type you want and what it is for. do you want something with low monthly payments but high coverage or do you want something that will build value so you can cash it in at a later date. there are life insurance that covers almost anything and then there is some that covers only acedental. also it depends on your helth. if you have medical conditions or you are a high risk for something (like you smoke so you are a high risk for lung canser or heart disease) which raises the amount you will have to pay. you need to ask yourself these questions and then do your shoping.

  38. QUESTION:
    i see a mass in my lung is a canser?

    • ANSWER:

  39. QUESTION:
    If they are real, do you think dragons would get long canser from all that fire and smoke?
    I'm bord and need somthing to look fowerd to after the school cay.

    • ANSWER:
      What about the ones with short canser?

      Your English is atrocious. You should look forward to more study after school.

      Besides, if dragons were real, they only produce fire from the back of their throat, not from their lungs. The smoke is unburned fiery breath that is already in the atmosphere.

      They may only be in danger of lung cancer if they were to inhale their smoke or the smoke from other dragons.

  40. QUESTION:
    where can i help find acure?
    how canihelp find a cure for breast or canser of the lungs and lymphnodes

    • ANSWER:
      Contact Marty Murray in Rye, New York. I have a methodology which can be used to solve all types of problems including the ones you have mentioned. You can help me spread the word.

  41. QUESTION:
    need help with my homework !!!?
    i need reasons why people with canser from smoking need help by the nhs !!!

    • ANSWER:
      How will my health benefit?
      You will reduce your risk of developing illness, disability or death caused by cancer, heart or lung disease.
      You will reduce your risk of gangrene or amputation caused by circulatory problems.
      You will protect the health of those around you by not exposing them to secondhand smoke.
      You will reduce the chances of your children suffering from asthma or glue ear.
      You will improve your fertility levels and your chance of a healthy pregnancy and baby.
      You will improve your breathing and general fitness.
      You will enjoy the taste of food more.
      How will my lifestyle improve?
      You will save money - as much as several hundred pounds a month, if you're a heavy smoker.
      You will no longer smell of stale tobacco.
      The appearance of your skin and teeth will improve.
      You will feel more confident in social situations - you won't be worrying about the secondhand smoke you create anymore.
      As a non-smoker, you may even find you get approached more often by potential new friends and partners when out socialising.
      Your home will smell fresh and you will no longer be staining your walls with nicotine.
      You will reduce the risk of fire in your home.

      Hope This Helps :) x

  42. QUESTION:
    what are the symptoms of canser?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no one set of symptoms. There's probably hundreds of kinds of cancer, all with different symptoms. You at least need to narrow it down to the kind of cancer - skin, bone, lung, liver, thyroid,stomach, colon, brain, breast, testicle, etc.

      The symptoms Vahid mentions are also symptoms for all kinds of other problems and do not define cancer for the most part.

  43. QUESTION:
    does cancer goes capital, in "Breast cancer?
    do cancer goes capital in breast cancer, lung cancer, etc, for example: "Breast canser" or 'Breast Cancer"

    • ANSWER:
      You'd use lower case for both words, unless it's in a title; in that case, follow the established style of the university, journal, etc. It might be either of the following:

      A Comparative Study of Breast Cancer in Various Ethnic Populations, 1990-2000
      A comparative study of breast cancer in various ethnic populations, 1990-2000

      (Personal preference: example #1 ... but I've had headings "reduced" to mostly lower case now and again.)

      ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

  44. QUESTION:
    how do i hide smoking?
    im 13 n i smoke i no its bad bt how do i stop my mum n dad findin owt??? they will kill me if they do plzz help

    • ANSWER:
      JUST WAIT TILL YOU GET LUNG CANSER, THAT SHOULD HELP! YOU ARE STUPID!!!! I JUST QUIT AFTER 18 YEARS AND I DONT KNOW WHY I STARTED BUT I CAN THINK OF MANY REASONS WHY I QUITE. I HOPE THEY FIND OUT AND KICK YOUR LITTLE ASS!!!

  45. QUESTION:
    why should u stop smoking? read this and it will give u some tips ok?
    1.canser
    2.could die
    3.heart atack
    4.black lungs
    5.won't be abel to talk

    PlEaSe sToP sMoKiNg!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    p.s THIS WERE FREE TIPS SO LISTIN TO THEM AND ME

    • ANSWER:
      it's not always that simple
      anyone who smokes knows the risks

      it's not something you can just stop at command
      you have to want to

      trust me
      people don't say "oh i'm gonna go smoke and increase my chance of lung cancer"
      they say "i'm so freaking stressed....i need a smoke"

  46. QUESTION:
    what is canser?
    what does it do?cause and effect?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells. When they don't grow the way they are supposed to..... What kind of side effects or symptoms you have depends on the type of cancer you have - or where it is. For example, if you have lung cancer you might feel short of breath. If you have colon cancer, you might have pain and suffer from constipation or diarrhea. Cancer in the brain might change your vision, affect your memory, speech, or balance. Cancer of the blood might affect your ability to fight off infection or cause anemia and make you very fatigued There are many many many different kinds of cancer.

  47. QUESTION:
    whats squamous cell canser?

    • ANSWER:
      Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a form of cancer of the carcinoma type that may occur in many different organs, including the skin, lips, mouth, esophagus, urinary bladder, prostate, lungs, vagina, and cervix. It is a malignant tumor of squamous epithelium (epithelium that shows squamous cell differentiation).

  48. QUESTION:
    okay.... is just me?
    Is just me or has EVERYONE! forgotten ALL the OTHER cancers in the WORLD? Yes it is OCT.1 " BREAST CANCER" month; but what's the month for Lung cancer? What is the month for Prostate canser? Skin CANCER? Not to make "BREAST CANCER" sound " TEEN TINY" But What the He!! is happening with everyone else??!!!!! I come from a family with more than a dozen cases of cancer. Please answer for me??! send this quest to who ever you see fit. THANK YOU TO THOSE WHO TAKE THIS SERIOUS>

    • ANSWER:
      well i have had a grandmother and a great grandmother die of breast cancer....i see your point and where you are coming from....it should be cancer all around month...its some serious stuff....my greatgrandfather has lung cancer and it seems like the people without breast cancer are getting the shaft a little...


lung canser

Lip Cancer Symptoms

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How long does it take for smokers to get cancer?
    You always see pictures of the detrimental effects of smoking from anti-smoking campaigns. How long/how much smoking would it take for a smoker to develop cancer (mouth, lung etc.)? Is it really that common?

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      This is based upon statistics. The risk of lung cancer seems to be partially genetically determined. Overall, one might say that out of one hundred cigarette smokers who have smoked one pack of cigarettes per day for twenty years, about seven will have developed lung cancer. With longer or heavier exposures, the odds increase. But lung cancers can develop many years before they become clinically apparent. One example we were shown when I was in medical school was a series of x-rays where there was a small lesion, called a coin lesion, in the right upper lobe of the lung in a smoker. With annual chest x-rays, the nodule was eventually noticed by a radiologist in the thirteenth film, and a small bronchogenic carcinoma was removed at surgery, along with the entire right upper lobe of lung. In another instance, a physician who formerly practiced in my community stopped smoking at the age of 34, but developed a smoker's lung cancer only 24 years later! How long did he have the cancer before it caused symptoms? I suspect it was many years, since it was far advanced when it was found. The cancers of the lip, tongue, lung, urinary bladder, etc., that develop in smokers may also develop in non-smokers, but only very raqrely. Also, we know that 25% of cigarette smokers of all ages die younger than non-smokers. I'm sure that there are really good statistics available from the National Institutes of Health. In any case, I wouldn't advise anyone to smoke cigarettes or to use any other tobacco product, because users and smokers just don't live as long as non-users and non-smokers!

  2. QUESTION:
    Is it bad to have a habit of sucking blood out of my lip?
    I take out about a teaspoon a day and whipe it on the inside of my jacket or sleeve. I heard it causes cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I would agree with the other two comments before me, but i do have something to add! Depending on where the cut is, it is a risk of an infection! As any other open wound would be, you have to be aware of what is going around that when it is open, not to mention its on your mouth! Think of all the bacteria that you could have on your sleeve and then you wipe your mouth on it! If you cant break the habit just yet, i would highly suggest investing in something to wipe your mouth clean aside from your sleeve. If you havent had any issues with infection yet, doesnt mean it won't happen!

      But in general you should always seek professional help when having medical concerns, no matter how small of an issue you may think it is! Little signs and symptoms can add up to something greater than what the average person would know about! Take care of your body :)

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a successful surgery on a meningioma brain tumor?
    My mom was diagnosed with a Meningioma brain tumor months ago. The doctors decided to wait a while and see what her symptoms were and if the tumor was growing. Eventually, she started getting bad headaches and her vision worsened. Shes now at the point that shes been laid off of work due to her unstability when walking. It's a really scary situation to deal with, she lives 9 hours from me with my brother and sister. Shes already put my name on everything she owns, including my siblings. I'm only 22 and am a broke college student who cant even afford my own rent. If anybody knows, can you please tell me of similar conditions and their outcomes? I've looked up some info but havent really gotten an everyday explanation that i can understand fully. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I am SO sorry you are going through this.

      I had a brain tumor removed in March of 2004. I was having really bad headaches, wild mood swings, and neck pain for about a year. I kept going to my doctor to try to get some relief. But all he would do is give me Motrin, and ignore me (stupid military docs). Motrin didnt help at all. The headaches got SO bad, that I was forcing myself to not go to sleep at night because I would always wake up with headaches that left me screaming in pain (literally). It was unbearable. So finally I went back to the doc, and told him that he either gave me a CAT scan, or I was reporting him for neglagence. Well, THAT got the ball rolling. He gave me a CAT scan, and an MRI, and thats how they discovered I had a brain tumor.

      I had what was called a Nerve Sheath Tumor. Its not cancer, and they dont know how (or why) it got there. Its one of those tumors that has no rules, and grows for no reason. They said that I could have had it for a few years, and it was just starting to hurt because it was getting pretty big. It was located right where my brain stem met my brain. I had surgery at Walter Reed on March 30, 2003. It took 12 doctors 14 hours to remove it. I also had to spend a month in the hospital recovering. They literally had to saw my head open, and left a 5 inch long scar on my scalp. The side of my head is held together with Titanium (the original piece of skull is still there, but the Titanium holds it together. And I can no longer feel the left side of my face, including my eye, tongue, and lips. But I would do it all over again, just to get rid of those headaches.

      I now enjoy a normal life, with minimal discomfort. I have to be careful to not lift anything heavy, and I can no longer play contact sports. But besides that, I am OK. Even the loss of feeling doesnt bother me anymore. Its actually a good thing when I go to the Dentist. Hehe!! Like I said, I would do it all over again to not have those headaches any more.

      From the description you are giving, it sounds like your doctors are doing the right thing. You dont want to operate on someone unless you HAVE to. The most important thing you can do right now is be there for your mom (sounds like you are already), and be strong for her. No one can know for sure what the outcome will be. And believe me, I know thats the WORST part of the whole thing. If it does turn out that your mom needs surgery, then look at it this way: Its a chance for her to get better. It is not likely that something will go wrong with the surgery, or that it wont help her. Once that kind of tumor is gone, its gone forever. Then maybe she will have a chance at a normal life again.

      PLEASE dont hesitate to email me with more questions. I'm almost the same age as you, and I understand what you are going through.

  4. QUESTION:
    I have a discoloring on my top lip. What sould I do and what could be the causes of this?
    I do not do drugs and am pretty sure i dont have cancer on my lip.
    It is a very light discoloring.
    Im a male and only 14.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be a symptom of AIDS. Is it a black or brown colour? anyway, if it persists, see your doctor.

  5. QUESTION:
    How long does it take to stop smoking for good?
    Today is the first day of the rest of my life. I have made the decision to be a non smoker and committed to getting it done (for many reasons but the most is consistency in what i say).

    I understand the that there will be withdrawal pangs, But i am feeling pretty ill of the back of it (cold flu symptoms etc)

    What can i expect and what are the best ways to deal with it. I am not using any nicotine replacement therapy's, As i want to kick the habit and the addiction as together.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I can only tell you how it was for me. I saw a film of lung cancer, we had just had our first grandchild, and my Son asked us to go into the garage if we wanted to smoke whilst in her company, I said that is it, and I have never smoked since that day, I was close on 40 per day, I have never put one to my lips since, my food tasted of food, my purfume worked, my hair stopped smelling of nicotine, I did put a few pounds on, but soon got that under control, but, best of all, I was amazed at how the money mounted up in my little ciggie box! The irony of this tale is, she grew up to smoke, but, I am glad to say, now that she has her own family has joined her old nan on the waggon! Best of luck, it is all a mind thing anyway!xx

  6. QUESTION:
    Why do I get gooey White stuff forming in my mouth and edges of my lips?
    It's not plaque, I brush my teeth 3 times a day and I take care of my teeth. The White gooey stuff is forming around my mouth and edges of my lips.
    I was wondering if it could be dehydration?
    I always drink a lot, have at least 10 cups of water because I'm always so thirsty and tired.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Excellant,

      Oral thrush or 'candidiasis' is an infection of yeast fungi belonging to the genus Candida, on the mucous membranes of the mouth. It is often caused by Candida albicans, but sometimes it can be caused by Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis. Oral thrush is the term which is generally used to describe candidiasis in the mouths of babies. If it occurs in the mouth or throat of adults, it is usually referred to as candidiasis or moniliasis. Signs and symptoms of oral thrush may develop suddenly. Moreover, they may persist for a long time.

      Oral Thrush

      Symptoms

      •Pain in the mouth

      •Creamy-white lesions on the tongue, inner cheeks

      •Sometimes lesions on the roof of the mouth, gums and tonsils

      •Lesions look like cottage cheese

      •Loss of taste

      •A cottony feeling in the mouth cavity

      •Lesions spread into esophagus, creating difficulty in swallowing

      Causes

      •Consumption of sugar rich diet is the main cause of oral thrush as candida requires sugar and moisture for survival. Diabetic patients have high blood glucose levels and so are more susceptible to thrush and other fungal infections than others.

      •Too much of antibiotics kills useful bacteria, disturbing the balance. Lack of defending bacteria and other microbes results in easily caught infection of candida fungus in the mouth and also in other body parts.

      •A weak immune system can result in oral thrush. So, people suffering from HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer, vaginal yeast infections, etc. are most likely to be attacked by candida.

      •Wearing ill-fitted dentures leads to constant irritation and inflammation of gums and mouth parts, leading to candidiasis.

      Home Remedies for Oral Thrush

      For Adults

      Besides proper medication, regular consumption of yogurt is one of the best oral thrush home remedies. Yogurt contains acidophilus, a bacterium, which helps in destroying excess fungus. Thus yogurt can naturally treat and prevent candida infection.

      You may opt for candida cleanse diet to get rid of candida infection. Avoiding sugar and fermented food products can help cure candida infection. Garlic exhibits anti fungal properties. Onions also help cure oral thrush. You may use combination of onion and garlic in your food.

      Add a few drops of tea tree oil to some water and hold the water in your mouth for a minute and spit it. Do not drink the mixture. You can also use a mixture of tepid water, apple cider vinegar and a pinch of salt, to rinse your mouth till the oral thrush heals. You may simply rinse your mouth with tepid water containing half tea spoon of salt.

      Oral thrush treatment also includes 'following a healthy, balanced and high fiber diet', to maintain correct blood sugar levels. Wearing perfectly fitting dentures is necessary. Keeping your mouth, tongue, teeth and gums clean is equally important. Maintaining oral hygiene helps prevent thrush. Smoking and dry mouth can lead to oral thrush. So drinking plenty of water and following a healthy lifestyle is necessary to avoid the problem of thrush.

      Anti fungal home mouthwashes can be prepared. For example, take equal parts of a tincture consisting of licorice, myrrh, and echinacea and use one teaspoon of this mixture with water as a mouthwash, every three to four hours.

      Take care! Mama Bear

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of throat cancer?
    I've been a heavy smoker for nearly ten years (I've since quit, but my throat hasn't). I've been a heavy drinker for most of that time too (and since quit). I'm 27, and terrified that I may have throat cancer. It's just constantly sore. I even wake during the night with the pain sometimes. Please help, I don't know what to do. I've been to see the doctor but he was useless, he simply perscribed patches to get me away from the smokes. It's been like this for well over a year now.

    • ANSWER:
      Hiya.

      A very sore throat
      Abnormal lumps in the throat
      Sometimes a sore tongue
      Painless ulcer or sores in the mouth that do not heal.
      White, red or dark patches in the mouth that will not go away.
      Ear-ache.
      Unusual bleeding or numbness in the mouth.
      A lump in your lip, mouth or gums.
      Enlarged lymph glands in the neck.
      If the cancer affects the tongue it may cause some slurring of speech.
      If the cancer affects the mouth it may cause you to loose teeth or cause pain during swallowing or chewing.

      Sometimes, the sore throat can come and go when it please's. It makes swallowing painful.

      Go to the websites below for more info.

  8. QUESTION:
    How long will it take for the pain to subside? Does anyone else have a similar problem?
    Sorry, this is a little long, but I really need you're help.

    My mom has been experiencing constant pain in her right foot. We've been running around from one doc to another, trying to find a cure and solve this problem. We've got the MRI done for her right leg as well as the back(Lumbo-Sacral Spine) MRI. The leg MRI is normal. But the back MRI shows a problem. I'm going to mention some of the points below.

    It says that a loss of lumbar lordosis is noted.

    Minimal osteophytic lipping of vertebral bodies is noted.

    Schmorl's nodes are noted at multiple dorso-lumbar levels.

    Degenerative endplate changes are noted within lower end of L5 and upper end of S1 verterbral bodies.

    Facet arthropathy is noted at L3-4, L4-5 AND L5-S1 levels.

    Also, a minimal marrow oedema within subarticular portions of bilateral iliac bones.

    Mild posterior bulge of L4-5 AND L5-S1 discs indenting the thecal sac and mild compromising the neural foramina.

    Early cervical and lumbar spondylosis.

    We've started with physiotherapy, and she's been adviced bed-rest and is on pain killers.The problem is that the pain isn't subsiding and she feels a constant, burning and poking needles sensation in her right leg. I'm curious to know how long will it take for the pain to subside? Has anyone else experienced such a problem? Please help me out with all the information you'll have. I'll really appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry to hear you and your mom are dealing with this. I'm sure it's very hard to watch her going through this. Since you've seen a lot of doctors already (I am not a doctor but do have some knowledge in the area), it's very difficult to give you specific advice because some of what I would suggest would likely have already been tried or be counter-indicated because of other things you haven't shared here. You shared a lot, but I'm sure you have enough to write a book.

      I am concerned about the advice for bed rest and painkillers and wonder if other doctors would agree with that--other doctors might say bed rest and painkillers if they had all the information about her that your doctors have. Spondylosis with the other degenerative elements of this--her spine is not in good shape and will be expected to progress and get worse--can be nasty and make it hard to walk, no question. BUT... some MDs *might* advise you differently even seeing everything. Believe me I am not minimizing what she's going through.

      The problem is that one, assuming by painkillers you mean substances like Norco, narcotic painkillers cause their own problems if used daily for more than a few weeks. Perhaps that is part of her history, because it could account for some of her pain. Narcotics can often *increase* your sensitivity to pain when used long-term, and that's part of what raises my concern with her going forward. With someone who's a terminal cancer patient, narcotics dependence is not a concern, but with someone with *early* spondylosis, it is. Perhaps they are only being used temporarily to get her up and moving in therapy.

      Two, bed rest may make this worse. Part of the reason they're prescribing physiotherapy is to correct her posture, but it's also to get her moving. Bed rest counteracts that. It weakens back and leg muscles and makes it increasingly hard to support body weight and get around. Many back doctors advise back rest for a couple of *days* with *spasming* back pain, but then you have to get out of bed and get moving even if it hurts. She may have other medical conditions you don't mention (weight? heart or respiratory condition? diabetes? etc.) that may limit her mobility, fitness, and endurance as well. Other doctors are going to be taking this into account, but I can't with only the MRI report and her symptoms to go on.

      Her back pain and (I'm assuming) some difficulty moving and walking is likely coming from the facet arthropathy and the degeneration in the vertebrae. What's likely causing her burning right leg and foot pain (and some back pain) is what's happening with her intervertebral disks in the lower back. See the mention of "compromising the neural foramina" on the MRI report? The nerves which go from brain down to feet travel through the vertebral foramina, a small opening in each vertebra. She's got disks that are pressing on nerves that send pain sensation to the right foot and leg. The Scmorl's nodes are also extra tissue growing adjacent to the disks that are contributing to this pain.

      The first thing many doctors would try with this picture is strong prescription-level steroid anti-inflammatories such as a Medrol Dosepak although diabetes or sensitivity to steroids may make that hard to do or impossible--and some physiotherapy. If that has been tried and is not helping, she might consider spinal surgery if she is otherwise a good surgical candidate. Risky (it won't always work and can make things worse) and expensive, spinal surgery can alleviate this kind of back and leg pain that is searing enough to need narcotics but isn't responding to conservative treatment.

      Note that her painkillers are not going to have any long-term effect--since you asked how long it will take for her pain to subside--unless she gets moving and gets benefit from therapy. Painkillers only work (if they work at all) for a few hours and do nothing to cure the cause of the pain long-term. The anti-inflammatories may help in a few weeks if they shrink the disks off the nerves, but if two or three courses of steroid anti-inflammatories and therapy have been tried and have not helped, then I think surgery is the next thing to consider, because painkilllers aren't going to fix this. If she's not willing to consider surgery, consider asking your doctor for a referral to a pain management clinic.

      Wishing you both better luck and better health.

  9. QUESTION:
    what are some of the early signs of lip cancer from dip?
    how can i tell if i have signs of cancer. ive been dipping for about 7 months and i dont know any symptoms of mouth cancer. also i went to the dentist 2 weeks ago, would he have seen any signs?

    • ANSWER:
      You're too immature to be making life altering decisions. Evidence: this question.

  10. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of skin cancer ?
    I want to know because I have are under my armpit and stomach that keeps itching but under my are a little bump has formed and the area around has turned black. I have little areas of dry skin on my left arm and my lips are constantly peeling. So could give me some signs?

    • ANSWER:
      You do not have skin cancer signs.
      Skin cancer signs, symptoms are-
      The main symptoms of skin cancer include crabs or changes in the skin which does not heal, or ulcers in the skin, discoloration of skin and visible changes in previously existing moles.

      * In the case of the basal cell carcinoma generally a raised, smooth, pearly bump on the skin of the head, neck or shoulders is visible sometimes crusting and bleeding in the centre of the tumour also develops.
      * In the case of Squamous cell carcinoma a thick patch develops red in colour. Ulcers and bleeding can also develop.
      * The melanomas have brown or black coloured lesions. The signs of malignant melanoma include a change in size, shape, colour or elevation in the pre existing mole.

  11. QUESTION:
    I'm looking for a home remedy for shingles, read where they are a virus,needing a remedy?
    I have shingles just below my lower lip, are there any good home remedies, I did read where if one had chicken pox in there life they are susceptible to this virus, no cure but need some good home remedy,

    • ANSWER:
      hiya, i feel for you - i had shingles when i was 16 - its a dormant virus stays in your body once you have had chicken pox - can be bought out by stress, illness, fatigue etc when i had it i didnt do anything about it until about 2 weeks later and was only perscibed ibrupfen - i used calamine lotion to calm the itching and soreness, ice packs - or a damp cloth also works to ease the itchiness/pain.

      i also pulled this from a website for u .........

      Home Remedy Treatments for Shingles

      While it's imperative that you see your doctor if you suspect you have shingles, you may also want to try some of the following home remedies to ease the pain.

      Cool the pain. Cold packs can help relieve the pain from hot, blistered skin. Gently place a cold cloth on the blisters or wrap a towel around the affected area and pour ice water on it. Apply for 20 minutes, then leave off for 20 minutes, and repeat until the pain decreases. You can also try a cold milk compress in the same manner.

      Stay in bed. Rest will help your body's defenses come to your rescue.

      Take an anti-inflammatory drug. Ibuprofen helps reduce inflammation and is the first line of defense in fighting the pain. Aspirin may be another option. If you are allergic to ibuprofen and aspirin, take over-the-counter (OTC) acetaminophen (it can help relieve pain, although it doesn't fight inflammation). If these don't help, ask your doctor to prescribe something for the pain. Codeine or other mild narcotics can help reduce the pain in the early phase of shingles. For a list of precautions to take when using over-the-counter analgesics, click here.

      Rub on relief. Your doctor may recommend or prescribe a topical local anesthetic cream to be used on your blistered skin. Be leery of OTC topical products that contain diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or any ingredient ending in -caine, however; these can cause an allergic reaction and thus may worsen the situation.

      Don't pop the blisters. The temptation may be unbearable, but you will only prolong healing time and open the door to scarring and secondary infection.

      Don't spread them. Although it won't bring relief to you, stay away from people who are at risk: Avoid people with any sort of immune problem, such as transplant or cancer patients and children who haven't yet been exposed to chicken pox.

      Consider a hot-pepper fix. If the blisters have healed, but the pain persists, what options do you have? Apply hot peppers? Not exactly.
      But applying an OTC cream (such as Zostrix) that contains capsaicin,
      which is derived from hot peppers, may help. However, many doctors don't recommend capsaicin therapy since it may actually worsen pain for the first two or three days. If you're really suffering, ask your doctor for advice on trying this remedy.

      Try to relax. For lingering discomfort from shingles (or from any type of chronic pain, really), consider learning self-hypnosis, imagery, or meditation or engaging in some other activity that can help you relax. Coping with pain is stressful, and stress, in turn, may increase pain perception. Finding a reliable home remedy to calm yourself certainly won't hurt you, and it may help you deal more effectively with the pain.

      Try TENS. You may be able to relieve the symptoms of shingles with a TENS (which stands for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) device. In theory, TENS blocks pain signals from reaching the brain with a weak electrical current (which is painless, though you will feel a tingling sensation). You can purchase a TENS unit to use at home for around 0. Your doctor's office or local hospital may be able to give you information on where to purchase one of these.

      Consider an antidepressant. Some studies have shown that low doses of antidepressant medications help relieve shingles-related pain, even in patients who are not suffering from depression. How? Some antidepressants block the removal of a neurotransmitter called serotonin. Extra amounts of circulating serotonin may keep pain signals from reaching the brain. Talk it over with your doctor to determine if an antidepressant might help you cope with continuing pain following a shingles outbreak.

      From relaxation techniques to antidepressants, the home treatment options to ease the pain of shingles are varied. The good news is one of the home remedies just might work!

      i hope some of this helps and that it goes away soon :)

  12. QUESTION:
    Help with dry mouth and other annoying symptoms?
    I have horrible dry mouth, chapped lips, and I swear my teeth are moving and they hurt. Has anyone had anything like this happen? It's really weird but getting pretty bad. My tongue hurts, my throat hurts. I went to the dentist and have no cavities. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      What causes dry mouth?

      There are several causes of dry mouth. These include:

      Side effect of certain medications. Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and nonprescription drugs, including drugs used to treat depression, anxiety, pain, allergies and colds (antihistamines and decongestants), obesity, acne, epilepsy, hypertension (diuretics), diarrhea, nausea, psychotic disorders, urinary incontinence, asthma (certain bronchodilators), and Parkinson's disease. Dry mouth is also a side effect of muscle relaxants and sedatives.
      Side effect of certain diseases and infections. Dry mouth can be a side effect of medical conditions, including Sjogren's syndrome, HIV/AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, anemia, cystic fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, Parkinson's disease, stroke, and mumps.
      Side effect of certain medical treatments. Damage to the salivary glands, the glands that produce saliva, for example, from radiation to the head and neck and chemotherapy treatments for cancer, can reduce the amount of saliva produced.
      Nerve damage. Dry mouth can be a result of nerve damage to the head and neck area from an injury or surgery.
      Dehydration. Conditions that lead to dehydration, such as fever, excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss, and burns can cause dry mouth.
      Surgical removal of the salivary glands.
      Lifestyle. Smoking or chewing tobacco can affect saliva production and aggravate dry mouth. Continuously breathing with your mouth open can also contribute to the problem.

      How is dry mouth treated?

      If you think your dry mouth is caused by certain medications you are taking, talk to your doctor. He or she may adjust the dose you are taking or switch you to a different drug that doesn't cause dry mouth.

      In addition, an oral rinse to restore mouth moisture may be prescribed. If that doesn't help, a medication that stimulates saliva production, called Salagen, may be prescribed.

      Other steps you can take that may help improve saliva flow include

      Sucking on sugar-free candy or chewing sugar-free gum
      Drinking plenty of water to help keep your mouth moist
      Protecting your teeth by brushing with a fluoride toothpaste, using a fluoride rinse, and visiting your dentist regularly
      Breathing through your nose, not your mouth, as much as possible
      Using a room vaporizer to add moisture to the bedroom air
      Using an over-the-counter artificial saliva substitute.

  13. QUESTION:
    Is there a pill that is used to treat cancer?
    We recently found out that my dad has cancer, but my mom doesnt think he's telling the truth. He said he is being treated with a pill. Is there really a pill to treat cancer? If there is, what is it called?
    The tumors are in his gums.

    My parents are divorced. She did ask if she could go to the next appointment and he said no.

    • ANSWER:
      There are different kinds of cancer treatment available in a pill form. It is not just one kind. The pill will differ depending on what kind or nature of cancer a person got.

      Since you mentioned the tumor is in his gum I believe you are trying to figure out that he got cancer of the gums. Now if that is the case, the current treatment used for gum cancer is either surgery to remove the tumors or by radiotherapy or combination of both. The use of any drug with this kind of cancer is still on research trials. Probably, the pills he is taking are not exactly for cancer but are prescribed as supplementation or some sort of supportive treatment most probably to alleviate the symptoms,combat side effects or to boost his health.

      But we cannot be certain on that unless the exact location of cancer is known. We cannot be sure if he really got cancer of the gums or anywhere else.

      Anyway, it would just be appropriate to know the details of his condition. If he really got cancer, support of significant others is much needed by your father. It plays a great role in treating cancer so it will be pretty smart to find out what is going on with your father.

      This link might be helpful:
      http://cancer.uchc.edu/patients_families/treatment_types/headneck/lip_oral.html

  14. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have experiences with throat cancer?
    My husband has just been diagnosed with head and neck cancer, he has lumps in his neck, does anyone have experience with this?

    • ANSWER:
      Introduction
      Recently, you've noticed a pale lump inside your mouth that doesn't seem to be healing. It's not like anything you've seen before. What you may have encountered is an early sign of oral or throat (oropharyngeal) cancer.

      The American Cancer Society estimates more than 30,000 new cases of oral and throat cancer occur annually in the United States. Oral cancer includes cancer of your lips, mouth, tongue, gums and salivary glands. Throat cancer involves cancer of the part of your throat just behind your mouth. It's estimated that more than 7,000 Americans die of oral and throat cancers annually.

      Periodic self-examination of your mouth is the best way to detect the early signs of oral and throat cancer. And, when detected early, oral cancer is almost always successfully treated. Unfortunately, many oral and throat cancers are far advanced by the time a doctor is made aware of the situation. This is because oral and throat cancers are usually painless in their early stages or have minor symptoms similar to other health problems, such as a toothache.

      Signs and symptoms
      An early indication of oral and throat cancer is one or more changes in the way the soft tissues of your mouth usually look or feel. Signs and symptoms may include:

      A sore in your mouth that doesn't heal or increases in size
      Persistent pain in your mouth
      Lumps or white, red or dark patches inside your mouth
      Thickening of your cheek
      Difficulty chewing or swallowing or moving your tongue
      Difficulty moving your jaw, or swelling or pain in your jaw
      Soreness in your throat or feeling that something is caught in your throat
      Pain around your teeth, or loosening of your teeth
      Numbness of your tongue or elsewhere in your mouth
      Changes in your voice
      A lump in your neck
      Bad breath
      Most oral cancers arise on the lips, tongue or on the floor of the mouth. They also may occur inside your cheeks, on your gums or on the roof of your mouth.

      Causes
      Oral and throat cancer appears to occur as a result of damage to the DNA in the cells in your mouth and throat. Using tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption can damage these tissues. The combination of smoking or chewing tobacco and excessive drinking creates a much higher risk of oral and throat cancer. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet light also can cause damage. Damage to cells may cause them to malfunction and mutate into cancer cells.

      Risk factors

      A variety of factors that you can control increase your risk of oral cancer. These include:

      Use of tobacco. Tobacco can damage cells in the lining of the oral cavity and upper throat. Smokers are much more likely to develop oral or upper throat cancers than nonsmokers are. About 90 percent of people who develop these cancers use some form of tobacco. Tobacco use is more prevalent among men, so oral cancer is more common in men than in women.

      People who use smokeless or chewing tobacco are at even higher risk of cancers of the cheek and inner surface of the lips. Aside from oral and throat cancers, using smokeless tobacco can cause other serious health problems, including other cancers, gum disease and possibly cardiovascular disease.

      Excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol also can damage cells inside your mouth and upper throat. Roughly three-fourths of people with oral and upper throat cancers are frequent drinkers of alcohol. The combination of alcohol and tobacco use significantly increases your risk.
      Chronic denture irritation. Irritation caused by dentures doesn't itself appear to be a factor in oral cancer. However, poorly fitting dentures can trap particles of tobacco and alcohol, and prolonged exposure to these known risk factors may further increase your risk of oral cancer.
      Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. Too much ultraviolet light can damage the cells on your lips and increase your risk of lip cancer. Almost one in three people with lip cancer have jobs that keep them outdoors for long periods of time.
      White patches on the tongue or inside of the cheek (leukoplakia). Most of the time leukoplakia isn't dangerous. But leukoplakia can be serious, as some of the patches may show early signs of cancer, and many cancers of the mouth occur in areas in which leukoplakia is adjacent. Leukoplakia may result from a variety of causes, including smoking or chewing tobacco products or ill-fitting dentures.
      Red raised patches inside the mouth (erythroplakia). Erythroplakia is more likely than leukoplakia to indicate a developing cancer. The majority of these are eventually diagnosed as cancer. These areas often bleed easily if scraped.
      Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a group of sexually transmitted viruses that have been linked to most cases of cervical cancers. More recently, HPV has been found to be a factor in about one out of five oral cancers.

      When to seek medical advice
      See your doctor if you:

      Notice sores inside your mouth that don't heal
      Have lumps or white, red or dark patches in your mouth
      Feel persistent pain or have a loss of feeling inside your mouth
      Have repeated bleeding in your mouth
      Notice any change in the way the soft tissues of your mouth look and feel
      Any of the above factors may indicate oral cancer. If you have any of these signs and symptoms that last more than two weeks, see your doctor. The earlier you seek medical advice, the better your chances of successful treatment.

      Screening and diagnosis
      Diagnosis initially involves you and your dentist or doctor discussing the history of your signs and symptoms and your doctor performing an examination of your mouth. To determine whether abnormal-appearing areas within your mouth are cancerous, your doctor will need to take a small tissue sample (biopsy) to be examined in the laboratory.

      Almost all oral and throat cancers are of the squamous cell type (squamous cell cancer or carcinoma). Squamous cells are firm and flat, and they form the lining of the oral cavity and upper throat as well as the surface of your skin. Squamous cell cancer begins with abnormal cells located only on the surface. As it progresses, the malignant cells invade deeper layers of the oral cavity and upper throat and may spread to your lymph nodes as well as to other parts of your body.

      For your doctor to determine if the oral or throat cancer has spread, and if so how far it has spread, you'll need to undergo imaging procedures, which may include:

      X-ray. Your doctor may want to see dental X-rays as well as X-rays of your head and chest.
      Computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. A CT scan allows your doctor to see your organs in two-dimensional slices. Split-second computer processing creates these images as a series of very thin X-ray beams are passed through your body. An MRI scanner uses no X-rays. Instead, a computer creates tissue-slice images from data generated by a powerful magnetic field and radio waves. These images can be viewed from any direction or plane. These images help determine the extent of the mass and whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
      Ultrasound. This imaging technique uses no radiation. Instead, it combines high-frequency sound waves and computer processing. Ultrasound is especially good for providing information about the shape, texture and makeup of tumors and cysts. While you relax on a bed or examining table, a wand-like device (transducer) is placed next to your head. It emits inaudible sound waves that are reflected back to the transducer (similar to sonar). Those reflected sound waves are then translated into a moving image by a computer.
      Many oral and throat cancers aren't detected until they're far advanced. When detected early, squamous cell cancer can often be successfully treated.

      Treatment
      Doctors use surgery and radiation therapy to treat oral and throat cancer in the earliest stages. For cancer in more advanced stages, doctors use surgery combined with radiation therapy or radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy.

      Your treatment plan should be developed for you specifically based on multiple factors by an integrated team of doctors including surgeons, cancer specialists (oncologists) and oncologists who specialize in treating cancer with radiation (radiation oncologists). Treatment options include:

      Surgery. The type of surgery you may need depends on the size and location of the tumor. Doctors can surgically remove tumors that haven't grown into nearby tissues with relatively few side effects. However, if the tumor has invaded nearby tissues, the operation is more extensive.

      Sometimes surgeons need to remove bone tissue from the jaw or the roof of the mouth. To treat a cancer of your tongue or the upper part of your throat, your surgeon may need to remove tissues that you use to swallow and in some cases your voice box (larynx). If the cancer has spread beyond your mouth, your surgeon may also need to remove lymph nodes in your neck.

      You may not have any major side effects from surgery to remove a small tumor from your mouth. However, extensive surgery may require major adjustments in the way you chew, swallow, breathe and speak. You may need a prosthetic device in your mouth to replace removed portions of your teeth, gums and jaw. In more advanced cases, you may need to use tubes for feeding and breathing and an artificial voice aid for speaking.

      Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses X-rays to kill cancer cells. Doctors may use this therapy alone to treat small tumors or combined with chemotherapy to treat large tumors. Radiation therapy may also be used along with surgery to destroy small amounts of cancer cells that doctors can't remove during surgery.
      Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. You take these drugs either through your veins (intravenously) or orally. The type of drugs and the length of treatment depend on the size and location of the tumor. In the case of a large and invasive tumor, chemotherapy may be used in combination with radiation therapy and in place of surgery.
      Angiogenesis inhibitors. Cetuximab (Erbitux) is a medication that stops the growth of new blood vessels that cancers need to grow. This drug has recently been approved for use along with chemotherapy in cancers of the oral cavity.
      Recovery and rehabilitation
      Following removal of an extensive tumor, reconstructive surgery or speech pathology may enhance your recovery and rehabilitation.

      Reconstructive surgery. The goal of reconstructive surgery is to improve your appearance and to help you adjust to difficulties you may have with chewing, swallowing, speaking or breathing.

      Sometimes you'll need grafts of skin or tissue from other parts of your body to rebuild areas in your mouth, throat or jaw. You may also need to have a dental prosthesis implanted to replace a part of your jaw removed during surgery. If you've had extensive surgery in your neck, you may also undergo surgery to create a hole in your neck (tracheostomy) to help you breathe more easily. If muscles you need for swallowing have been removed, you'll need surgery to create a hole in your abdomen (gastrostomy) in order to receive food directly into your stomach through a feeding tube.

      Rehabilitation. Adjusting to life after surgery may mean working with a speech therapist and dietitian. A speech therapist can help you overcome problems with speech and swallowing. If you've lost the ability to speak, you can learn to speak by forcing air up through your esophagus (esophageal speech). Artificial devices also are available to help you speak or speak more loudly.

      A dietitian can help you choose foods that are suitable for you if you've lost some of your ability to chew and swallow. In addition, you may benefit from sessions with a physical therapist and occupational therapist to help you make adjustments in your personal life and work life

      Prevention
      Tobacco and alcohol are by far the most important risk factors for oral and throat cancer. You can greatly reduce your risk by not smoking and limiting the amount of alcohol you drink. Other steps you can take to help prevent oral and throat cancer or its progression include:

      Use well-fitting dentures. If you wear dentures, be sure they fit properly and are well cleaned and rinsed. Oral irritation may increase your risk of oral cancer.
      Don't chew on the tissues on the inside of your mouth (inner cheek). Doing so irritates your oral tissues. This may occur during sleep, along with teeth grinding (bruxism). Talk with your dentist if this is a problem for you.
      Limit your exposure to the sun. Ultraviolet light damages the skin on your lips and increases your risk of oral cancer. When you're out in the sun, use lip balm that contains sunscreen and wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect your face and lips.
      Check your mouth and tongue periodically. Standing in front of a mirror, use your forefinger and thumb to pull facial tissue aside to get a good view and feel of the tissue on the inside of your lips, your cheeks and elsewhere inside your mouth, especially under your tongue. Look for bumps and for changes in color. Use your thumbs and fingers to check for lumps and tender spots. If you notice changes, talk to your dentist or doctor. Oral and throat cancer can be successfully treated, but success depends on early detection.
      Visit your dentist twice a year. Most dentists perform a thorough examination of your mouth during each visit. He or she should conduct a direct as well as indirect (mirrored) observation of all the tissues inside your mouth.
      Eat a nutrient-rich diet. Aim for at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily. A poor diet has been linked to oral and other cancers.

      Coping skills
      A diagnosis of cancer can be extremely challenging. Remember that no matter what your concerns or prognosis, you're not alone. Here are some strategies and resources that may make dealing with cancer easier:

      Know what to expect. Find out everything you can about your cancer — the type, stage, your treatment options and their side effects. The more you know, the more active you can be in your own care.

      In addition to talking with your doctor, look for information in your local library and on the Internet. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) will answer questions from the public. You can reach NCI at 800-4-CANCER, or 800-422-6237. Or contact the American Cancer Society at 800-ACS-2345, or 800-227-2345.

      Be proactive. Although you may feel tired and discouraged, don't let others — including your family or your doctor — make important decisions for you. It's vital that you take an active role in your treatment.
      Maintain a strong support system. Having a support system can help you cope with any issues, pain and anxieties that might occur. Although friends and family can be your best allies, they may sometimes have trouble dealing with your illness.

      If so, the concern and understanding of a formal support group or others coping with cancer can be especially helpful. Although support groups aren't for everyone, they can be a good source for practical information. You may also find you develop deep and lasting bonds with people who are going through the same things you are.

      Set reasonable goals. Having goals may help you feel in control and can give you a sense of purpose. But don't choose goals you can't possibly reach. You may not be able work a 40-hour week, for example, but you may be able work at least half time. In fact, many people find that continuing to work can be helpful.
      Take time for yourself. Eating well, relaxing and getting enough rest can help combat the stress and fatigue of cancer. Also, plan ahead for the downtimes, when you may need to rest more or limit what you do.
      Stay active. Receiving a diagnosis of cancer doesn't mean you have to stop doing the things you enjoy or normally do. For the most part, if you feel well enough to do something, go ahead and do it. It's important to stay involved as much as you can.
      Look for a connection to something beyond yourself. Having a strong faith or a sense of something greater than yourself may help you successfully cope with cancer.

  15. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms for Skin cancer?
    Just out of curiosity,i'm just wondering what happens when someone has skin cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Where skin cancer develops
      Skin cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also form on areas that rarely see the light of day — your palms, beneath your fingernails, the spaces between your toes or under your toenails, and your genital area.

      Skin cancer affects people of all skin tones, including those with darker complexions. When melanoma occurs in those with dark skin tones, it's more likely to occur in areas not normally considered to be sun-exposed.

      Basal cell carcinoma signs and symptoms
      Basal cell carcinoma usually occurs in sun-exposed areas of your body, such as your face, ears or scalp. Basal cell carcinoma may appear as:

      A pearly or waxy bump
      A flat, flesh-colored or brown scar-like lesion
      Squamous cell carcinoma signs and symptoms
      Most often, squamous cell carcinoma occurs on sun-exposed areas of your body, such as your face, lips, ears and hands. Squamous cell carcinoma may appear as:

      A firm, red nodule
      A flat lesion with a scaly, crusted surface
      Melanoma signs and symptoms
      Melanoma can develop anywhere on your body, in otherwise normal skin or in an existing mole that becomes cancerous. Melanoma most often appears on the trunk, head or neck of affected men. In women, this type of cancer most often develops on the lower legs. In both men and women, melanoma can occur on skin that hasn't been exposed to the sun. Melanoma can affect people of any skin tone. In people with darker skin tones, melanoma tends to occur on the palms or soles, or under the fingernails or toenails.

      Melanoma signs include:

      A large brownish spot with darker speckles
      A mole that changes in color, size or feel or that bleeds
      A small lesion with an irregular border and portions that appear red, white, blue or blue-black
      Dark lesions on your palms, soles, fingertips or toes, or on mucous membranes lining your mouth, nose, vagina or anus
      Signs and symptoms of less common skin cancers
      Other, less common types of skin cancer include:

      Kaposi sarcoma. This rare form of skin cancer develops in the skin's blood vessels and causes red or purple patches on the skin or mucous membranes. Kaposi sarcoma mainly occurs in people with weakened immune systems, such as people with AIDS, and in people taking medications that suppress their natural immunity, such as people who've undergone organ transplants. Kaposi sarcoma can also occur in older adults of Mediterranean heritage.
      Merkel cell carcinoma. Merkel cell carcinoma causes firm, shiny nodules that occur on or just beneath the skin and in hair follicles. Merkel cell carcinoma is usually found on sun-exposed areas on the head, neck, arms and legs.
      Sebaceous gland carcinoma. This uncommon and aggressive cancer originates in the oil glands in the skin. Sebaceous gland carcinomas — which usually appear as hard, painless nodules — can develop anywhere, but most occur on the eyelid, where they're frequently mistaken for other eyelid problems.
      When to see a doctor
      Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice any changes to your skin that worry you. Not all skin changes are caused by skin cancer. Your doctor will investigate your skin changes to determine a cause.

  16. QUESTION:
    Is it only if u have leukemia or anemia then you will have a pale face and pale lips?
    I have a very pale face even though my skin colour is dark. people often thought that im sick just by looking at my face. Then one of my friend tell me that her friends has also got a very pale face and lips and she has leukemia. so im very scare abt it.

    • ANSWER:
      Many other things can cause pale skin. Leukemia comes with a host of other symptoms and it is very rare for a child to get it. When you get a bruise from everytime someone touches you, maybe then you should go to the doctor for that. Pale is not a symptom of cancer.

      You may be anemic for instance. Or maybe that's just the way your skin is colored. There are a million things that could be up with you. Ask your mom if she thinks something is wrong. Your parents would probably notice something is wrong with you before you do.

  17. QUESTION:
    What are the tell-tale signs of brain and testicular cancer.?
    I'm doing an extra-credit project for my anatomy class and I need to know what the tell-tale signs of testicular and brain cancer are.

    • ANSWER:
      The signs for brain cancer vary with each person, so I can give you mine. Several years before my diagnosis, I got high blood pressure, then a tingling down my arm. I had an eye twitch that lasted 4 months. Then after that went away, I had shimmery floaters in my peripheral vision that would come and go. I had a slight increase in headaches, along with a slight worsening. I was very scatterbrained and a little forgetful. I felt like there was something in my ear. Then as it progressed, the tingling in my arm turned to throbbing numbness up to my head. What I thought was sinus pressure, I would get a pounding pressure in my head. It felt like my teeth were being forced out and would only last for a few seconds. Then, this lasted for months, I would get a funny feeling in the pit of my stomach...like something bad was gonna happen, (the aura). About 4 years after these little things started happening, I thought I was getting the flu, was taking some meds. Then on a wednesday, I had a migraine that only lasted a couple hours. Afterwards, I got up, got a shower and went to work. My boss fussed at me for going to work sick; he knew something was wrong. I was off the next day, then I went to work friday. I started feeling odd, then my face went a little numb and I had trouble forming my words. I had someone take me outside because I didn't know what was gonna happen. A few minutes later, I stopped speaking. I was thinking but couldn't make my words come out. My boss called 911. I could hear him freaking out lol. They thought I was doing drugs! Kept asking me what I had taken. Then they thought my blood sugar was low, (oh yeah that was an early symptom also). When they went to give me orange juice, I started seizing, chewing my lip repeatedly. They put me on a gurney, into the ambulance and that's the last I remember...

  18. QUESTION:
    Should I seek a second opinion, or is it time to give it up?
    I have a 16 year old golden retriever who has a tumor towards the back of her mouth on her lip. Today the vet said she's too old to operate, and all he feels comfortable doing is treating her symptoms and pain. He's worried that anesthesia at her age would kill her. We took a biopsy today, and I'll find out next week if it's cancer.

    He's seen her since she was a puppy, and has never steered me wrong before. Should I seek a second opinion, or is this what most vets would say?

    • ANSWER:
      It obviously sounds like you trust your vet, if you've had no reason to doubt his decision in the past then I doubt that he is advising you wrongly now. She is old and any operation will be risky, if it is cancer then I would take your vets advise. I think it would be better to treat the symptoms and help with the pain and enjoy the time she has left, than risk the operation and maybe lose her sooner.

  19. QUESTION:
    What causes endometriosis to develop into cancer?
    My mom had endometriosis badly resulting in 8 years of infertility, but it didn't turn cancerous.
    My aunt had endometriosis badly and it did turn cancerous.

    I am concerned that I may have endometriosis but I am only 24. What are the odds endo can turn cancerous and how soon should I be concerned about this?

    Thanks to anyone with any knowledge of the subject.
    Tasha, thanks for the info. Is there any way I can contact you with further questions?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Leah. Sorry to read about your aunt and your mum. I hope they are doing better now.
      I am a nurse and a fellow, longtime sufferer of endometriosis. Many things contribute to whether or not someone gets cancer, this could include (but isn't limited to): genetics, smoking/alcohol/drug consumption, amount of exposure to sunlight, dietary habits, etc (the list is long). Cancers and tumours that spread have certain characteristics as well. For example a tumour/s has an excellent blood supply, which it can create itself. Cancerous cells can easily break off and travel through the blood stream or lymphatic system. Some cancers run in families and occur in the same places (I once knew a nurse who said most of her family had suffered from lip melanomas or had died from them). Tumours can also grow extremely fast, others are slow growing. There is no rule of thumb saying someone will/will not get cancer, although some people have more risk factors, ie: smoking cigarettes for 30 years will put you at more risk for lung diseases/disorders and lung cancer.
      If endometriosis is controlled, it probably will not evolve into cancer. However if left unchecked, the cells migrate to other parts of the body and could evolve into cancer (endometrial cells are highly migratory). I even read of a case in a nursing journal where a woman had bleeding from her ear every month, and it turned out she had endometrial cells in her ear which were bleeding when she menstruated!
      The percentage of getting endometrial cancer from having endometriosis is anywhere from 40 - 70%. But nobody can give you absolute statistical numbers - they would probably frighten you anyway. For instance, just because you have endometriosis doesn't mean you WILL get endometrial cancer. Nobody can say if someone will or will not get cancer. Some people seem more predisposed to cancers than others, even when they lead a healthy lifestyle and have no or minimal risk factors (for reasons still largely unknown).
      Getting cancer also depends upon your lifestyle. Your best bet is to control heavy bleeding (oral contraceptives can do this), eat healthy, don't smoke, cut down (or cut out) caffeine, limit alcohol, etc (you know the drill). Also control stress, like do yoga, pilates, exercise 3 x a week and don't get overly upset about things.
      Worrying about whether or not you get cancer is fruitless. If you do get it, you can deal with it then. BUT MOST IMPORTANT OF ALL: have regular pap smears - and for all you so called 'medical' buffs out there with no health degree - no, pap smears DO NOT detect endometrial cancer, but changes in the cell/tissue structure (this is one way to catch abnormalities or cancer/s early). Only laparoscopies and a biopsy/ies can detect endometrial cells or cancer. For any severe abdominal pain, unexplained, persistent bleeding, abnormal/unusual bloating, persistent nausea and/or vomiting, referred back or flank pain (any symptom or any pain unusual for you, or which you are worried about), see a Dr ASAP or attend your nearest emergency department immediately. Also most cancers have excellent treatment nowadays, so don't worry too much. Get out there and enjoy life as you are only 24!
      Good luck.

  20. QUESTION:
    Is it normal that my hands shake all the time?
    I am a 17 year old girl and i am perfectly healthy. My hands are constantly shaking that sometimes its hard for me to apply eye makeup or pluck my eye brows. Just small things like that that i have trouble doing. Sometimes im just applying some lip balm or chapstick and i start shaking like crazy. Ive had this for a long time but it just occured to me that maybe this is a problem. Btw i dont skoke anything or drink like crazy. Is this normal?

    • ANSWER:
      No, it's not normal. You might want to get checked out. And please consult a doctor, instead of googling your symptoms. Seriously. You'd get all sorts of weird results from Cancer to Parkinson's.

  21. QUESTION:
    what could be wrong if my upper labial frenulum is swollen?
    the thin piece of skin within my lip is swollen and is very sore...i just want to know what could be wrong.

    • ANSWER:
      Most likely you scraped it while biting into something rough.....happens with toast or tacos a lot. Sometimes people scratch it while they are brushing their teeth, make sure your toothbrush is not too old, they get worn out and scratchy after a while.

      You could also have a cancer sore in the area, these are painful, but go away on their own in time. If the area gets more swollen, or starts to bleed or any other weird symptom, have a dentist take a peek.

  22. QUESTION:
    What are the very early signs of oral/throat/mouth cancer?
    Wondering if the following symptoms are advanced stages or early stages:
    *sores in the mouth
    *swollen lips/cheek
    *trouble swallowing
    *feels like something is in my throat
    * Jaw pain

    I'm 26 years old and am a smoker :(

    I am 26 years old and have been smoking for about 12 years. I smoke about 2 packs a day

    • ANSWER:
      Painless lump in the mouth.

  23. QUESTION:
    What are the very early signs of oral/throat/mouth cancer?
    Wondering if the following symptoms are advanced stages or early stages:
    *sores in the mouth
    *swollen lips/cheek
    *trouble swallowing
    *feels like something is in my throat
    * Jaw pain

    I'm 26 years old and am a smoker :(
    I am 26 years old and have been smoking for about 12 years. I can smoke up to two packs per day...

    • ANSWER:
      With my bil, he had a lump on his gum that stayed sore. The dentist misdiagnosed it as a jagged tooth hitting his gum. By the time it hemorrhaged, it was all the way down his throat and he was terminal. He died 2 years later at half his body weight. He never smoked a day in his life. He was in his mid 30's.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is Madopar 250mg effective and helpful in treating Parkinson's diesea ? How about side effect ?
    My mum is at the age of 83, recently she has slight tremor of hand and lips, the doctor prescribed her to take Madopar 250mg ( half tablet three times a day after meals ), will this medication cause any complication or any serious side effect ? Is it a necessity to take this medication ?
    What is the meaning of " motor and/or non-motor - of Parkinson's disease " ?

    • ANSWER:
      Without knowing all of your mother's symptoms, it is difficult to know if it is a necessity that she take Madopar. I do know that if she has an accurate Parkinson's disease diagnosis, it is important that she begin treatment and therapies.

      I am surprised that your mother's doctor began treatment with Madopar, a dopaminergic, even at a moderate dosage. Madopar has been found to be more effective in longer term use for avoiding the off time dyskinesias according to one study.

      Has your mother actually be diagnosed with Parkinson's disease or is she just experiencing tremors which are associated with aging? Is she experiencing any other symptoms - motor and/or non-motor - of Parkinson's disease?

      How is your mother's memory? Can she remember to take every dose? This is very important as with Madopar she must not miss a does. Titrating up to the prescribed dosage and down (if discontinuing) is mandatory.

      Madopar has several side effects of which you should both be aware before she begins taking it. It can cause a reddish discoloration of urine,saliva and sweat. While this is normal, it can be a bit of a surprise if she is not prepared for it. Madopar can also cause diarrhea, palpitations, some mood and mental changes, rash, dizziness,and can cause slight tremors.

      Madopar (levodopa and benserazide hcl) is usually prescribed to improve muscle control and to control nausea caused by other meds. It also has several contraindications but I am assuming that your mother's doctor would not have prescribed it if she already had kidney and liver issues, glaucoma, skin cancer, or had been recently taking MAO inhibitors.

      I am also assuming that she was not prescribed Madopar MR or HBS which are coated release forms because that pill cannot be cut in half. I know that Madopar is commonly used in the UK, but there are other treatment options which could be discussed.

      By the way, Madopar also comes in capsule form making it easier to swallow but impossible to cut in half. And there is a 125mp form available although it is probably more expensive that splitting the 250mg tablet.

      If your mother is not exercising now, it would be a good time to begin. There are many chair exercises which would provide some benefit in the long run. And certainly hand and finger exercises that require stretching.

      One last comment, although there are genetic forms of the disease, PD is not categorized as an infectious disease.

      additional reading:
      http://www.ehow.com/about_5318212_madopar-side-effects.html
      http://www.anti-aging-meds.com/products/madopar.html

  25. QUESTION:
    I have little bumps around my vagina and one by my anus . What can this be ?
    I woke up this morning with itchy little bumps around my vagina some on my lip and others around the area where I pee. I have another on by my anus and its really painful. I've only had sex with one person which is my boyfriend we have had unprotected sex before he hasn't been with someone else without using a condom so it's his first experience of unprotected sex. When I pee it kinda burns and when I walk its not comfortable at all. What can it be and what can I do so the pain can go away ?

    • ANSWER:
      Genital warts (or Condylomata acuminata, venereal warts, anal warts and anogenital warts) is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by some sub-types of human papillomavirus (HPV). It is spread through direct skin-to-skin contact during oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected partner. Warts are the most easily recognized symptom of genital HPV infection, where types 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts cases.[1]
      Although it is estimated that only a "small percentage"[2] (between 1%[3] and 5%[4]) of those infected with genital HPV develop genital warts, those infected can still transmit the virus. Other types of HPV also cause cervical cancer and probably most anal cancers, however it is important to underline that the types of HPV that cause the overwhelming majority of genital warts are not the same as those that can potentially increase the risk of genital or anal cancer.
      ] HPV prevalence at any one time has been observed in some studies at 27% over all sexually active people, rising to 45% between the ages of 14 and 19.

      Genital warts often occur in clusters and can be very tiny or can spread into large masses in the genital or penis area. In other cases they look like small stalks. In women they occur on the outside and inside of the vagina, on the opening (cervix) to the womb (uterus), or around (or inside) the anus. They are approximately as prevalent in men but the symptoms may be less obvious. When present, they usually are seen on the tip of the penis. They also may be found on the shaft of the penis, on the scrotum, or around (or inside) the anus. Rarely, genital warts also can develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sex with an infected person.
      The viral particles are able to penetrate the skin and mucosal surfaces through microscopic abrasions in the genital area, which occur during sexual activity. Once cells are invaded by HPV, a latency (quiet) period of months to years (decades) may occur. HPV can last for several years without a symptom.
      Having sex with a partner whose HPV infection is latent and demonstrates no outward symptoms still leaves one vulnerable to becoming infected. If an individual has unprotected sex with an infected partner, there is a 70% chance that he or she will also become infected. The immune system eventually clears the virus through interleukins, which recruit interferons, which slow viral replication

  26. QUESTION:
    Does Skin cancer always start on the skin?
    is it possible for it to say develop on the lymph nodes (is that what they are called) first, or does it always begin on the skin and then work its way inwards ?

    sorry if the question is dumb, just curious about this .

    • ANSWER:
      Yes.

      These small, scaly patches are caused by too much sun, and commonly occur on the head, neck, or hands, but can be found elsewhere. They can be an early warning sign of skin cancer, but it’s hard to tell whether a particular patch will continue to change over time and become cancerous. Most do not, but doctors recommend early treatment to prevent the development of squamous cell skin cancer. Fair-skinned, blond, or red-haired people with blue or green eyes are most at risk.
      Related to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis is a precancerous condition that usually appears on the lower lips. Scaly patches or persistent roughness of the lips may be present. Less common symptoms include swelling of the lip, loss of the sharp border between the lip and skin, and prominent lip lines. Actinic cheilitis may evolve into invasive squamous cell carcinoma if not treated.

      WebMD.com

      Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, fatigue-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis. etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].
      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  27. QUESTION:
    How can I cure my hemorrhoids without surgery?
    I've had hemorrhoids for three years and it sucks! Is there any natural way I can get rid of them? I don't want to go into surgery because it looks painful.

    • ANSWER:
      all the symptoms cited-an offshoot of a disturbed solar plexus. If Ur solar plexus is set right with the aid of acupressure techniques and constipation issues are resolved, U can have total and permanent cure.

      Can Chronic Constipation* ever Cure, permanently?
      Yes.
      Most of “the cancer issues” pertaining to alimentary canal –esophagus, stomach, intestines, colon, liver, gall bladder, appendix, sigmoid colon, rectum, etc., are linked to excessive accumulation of feces in the rectum and large intestine. The accumulated fecal matter over weeks/months/years & putrefied fecal matter, with billions of pathogenic bacteria + toxins produced thereat---weighing even 8-10 Kgs., is an offshoot of chronic constipation, as per an American research study—says Dr.Manthena Satyanarayana Raju, the world famous celebrity in ‘Nature Cure’ and the Chairman of the biggest nature cure hospital in the world with 700-bed strength started on 01022012 @ Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh, India..
      Terms and conditions.
      1. As and when u get up from bed, in the early morning, after mouth wash, just take 2 glasses of plain water. and then 2 hours after every breakfast/lunch/dinner take one glass of water every one hour. Finish Ur dinner before sunset; so that u can give rest of 12 hrs., to Ur digestive system for the fecal matter to move down Ur intestines for its total purge. Do not take any water during breakfast, lunch and dinner, excepting when Ur throat is choked with food particles. That too a small gulp of water only.
      2. Avoid/Minimize salt, baking soda, bakery products, pizzas, burgers, mutton and non-veg. Say no to McDonald’s Pizzas, burgers, KFC’s deep freeze and deep fried chicken, etc.

      3. Include in Ur diet, half-pound rice, sprouted green gram, horse gram, beans, soya beans; black salt, butter milk, wheat powder without filtering/sieving of out bran; green juice, raw vegetables, like tomato, spinach, coriander leaves, hybiscus esculantus/lady's finger/Hindi-bendi , etc.
      4.After sitting on the toilet seat, just massage hard Ur chin [below the lower lip] with Ur thumb and middle finger for 3 to 5 minutes continuously. It shall make hard stools soft and Ur defecation shall be total. The entire rectum gets vacated completely.
      5.1 tsp of triphala churan [available @ any local Ayurveda shop] + 1 cup of butter milk every night before sleep.
      6.For letting out accumulated feces, best remedy is with an enema set, just for 3 days b.d.s.

      The more U follow like rituals, U can out beat not only constipation, but also cancer, hiv/aids, diabetes and all other modern diseases.
      •PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  28. QUESTION:
    I have what looks like a wart in my mouth?
    I have what looks like a wart in my mouth like behind my lip. It's been there for a couple weeks now. Its not a sore, it's hard and doesn't hurt. Its just there and really annoying. Does anyone know how to get rid of it?

    • ANSWER:
      Calcifications of/in salivary glands can and do occur. You may feel the lump without any side effects for a lengthy period of time, but then you may suddenly start to notice symptoms (like excessive salivation). A blocked salivary gland is at pretty high risk to get infected, so it should be checked out at the first sign of any discomfort. Drink lots of warm water with lemon if you feel this might be the issue.

      If it doesn't feel like that, it would probably be wise to have it checked out. Cancers often start as painless lumps, so they are left alone and left to run rampant.

  29. QUESTION:
    What is Ammonium Muriaticum and how is it used?
    Someone told me to take this as a homeopathic remedy for muscle tightness. I understand that I should talk to medical professionals before trying anything like this... That being said, I am interested in learning more about this substance from anyone who knows.

    • ANSWER:
      AMMONIUM MURIATICUM, Below is the proving of the remedy taken from the Materia Medica of Homeopathic Medicine By Dr.William Boericke MD :-

      AMMONIUM MURIATICUM
      Sal Ammoniac

      A state of prostration bordering on a typhoid state is produced by this remedy. All mucous secretions are increased and retained. It is especially adapted to fat and sluggish patients who have respiratory troubles. Coughs associated with catarrhs and affections of liver. A tendency to irregular circulation, blood seems to be in constant turmoil, pulsations, etc. Many groups of symptoms are accompanied by cough, profuse glairy secretions. Its periods of aggravations are peculiarly divided as to the bodily region affected; thus the head and chest symptoms are worse mornings, the abdominal in the afternoon, the pains in the limbs, the skin and febrile symptoms, in the evenings. "Boiling" sensation.

      Mind.--Melancholy, apprehensive; like from internal grief. Desire to cry, but cannot. Consequences of grief.

      Head.--Hair falls out, with itchings and dandruff. Feels full, compressed; worse mornings.

      Eyes.--Mist before eyes, optical illusions in incipient cataract; capsular cataract.

      Nose.--Free acrid, hot watery discharge corroding the lip. Sneezing. Nose sore to touch; ulcerative pain in nostrils. Loss of smell. Obstructed, stuffy feeling; constant and unavailing efforts to blow it out. Itching.

      Face.--Inflammatory face-ache. Mouth and lips sore and excoriated.

      Throat.--Throbbing in, and swelling of tonsils, can scarcely swallow. Sore spot behind uvula, relieved by eating. Internal and external swelling of throat with viscid phlegm. So touch, it cannot be hawked up. Tonsillitis. Stricture of œsophagus.

      Stomach.--Thirst for lemonade, regurgitation of food, bitter waterbrash. Nausea. Gnawing in stomach. Epigastric pain immediately after eating. Cancer of stomach.

      Abdomen.--Splenic stitches, especially in the morning, with difficult breathing. Pain around navel. Abdominal symptoms appear during pregnancy. Chronic congestion of liver. Excessive fatty deposit around abdomen. Much flatus. Strained feeling in groin.

      Rectum.--Itching and hæmorrhoids, soreness with pustules. Hard, crumbly stool, or covered with glairy mucus. Stinging in perineum. Green mucus stools alternate with constipation. During and after stool, burning and smarting in rectum. Hæmorrhoids after suppressed leucorrhœa.

      Female.--Menses too early, too free, dark, clotted; flow more at night. Pain as if sprained in left side of abdomen during pregnancy. Diarrhœa, greenish mucous stools, and navel pain during menses. Leucorrhœa, like white of an egg (Alum; Bor; Calc p); with pain about the navel; brown, slimy after every urination.

      Respiratory.--Hoarseness and burning in larynx. Dry, hacking, scraping cough; worse lying on back or right side. Stitches in chest. Cough loose in afternoon, with profuse expectoration and rattling of mucus. Oppression of chest. Burning at small spots in chest. Scanty secretion. Cough with profuse salivation.

      Back.--Icy coldness between shoulders; not relieved by warm covering, followed by itching. Bruised pain in coccyx when sitting. Backache, as if in a vise when sitting.

      Extremities.--Pain as from ulceration in finger tips. Shooting and tearing in tips of finger and toes. Ulcerative pain in heels. Contraction of hamstring tendons. Sciatica, worse sitting, better lying. Neuralgic pain in amputated limbs. Offensive sweaty feet. Pain in feet during menses.

      Skin.--Itching, generally evenings. Blisters on various parts. Intense burning better cold applications.

      Fever.--Chilliness evenings after lying down and on awakening, without thirst. Heat in palms and soles. Sub acute, low fevers due to unhealthy climate. Lowest potencies.

      Modalities.--Better, open air. Worse, head and chest symptoms in the morning; abdominal symptoms in the afternoon.

      ______________________________________________
      I hope the information provided is of help to you !
      Take Care and God Bless you !

  30. QUESTION:
    How much does a first penetration hurts? For how many sessions will it continue to hurt, usually?

    My wife was a virgin when I married her. We have been making love seven times and she's still crying. She's still hurt. I'm bothered because I hate to see her cry while I get all the pleasure. I love her so much!

    • ANSWER:
      It does NOT always go away after the first time. It took me a while for the pain to go away. Pain during sex is called dyspareunia.

      About 6 weeks after I lost my virginity, I saw the doctor because I was still having pain. It turned out to be the remnants of my hymen. It wasn't enough for a surgical intervention, but it was enough to keep the opening from stretching without a bit of coaxing every time. The doctor gave me a prescription for a numbing cream and told me to come back in five months.

      It turned out I didn't need it. I didn't like using it, and it went away on its own.

      In my case, it was the hymen. I think in MOST cases of it's lack of proper lubrication. Make sure she's very very wet before you enter. If she's not lubricating much on her own, you can buy lubricants at the store. Why not use your hands or lips to bring her to orgasm before you have sex? That way you know she will receive pleasure every time, and it should get her wet. Try exploring her vagina with your fingers... she should be very slippery inside.

      Another important consideration is that she could have Bacterial Vaginosis or a Yeast Infection. These are caused by imbalances of the normal bacteria, NOT by sexually transmitted diseases. If she's feeling a burning or chafing, it could be one of these. If thats the case, a simple antibiotic should clear things up quickly. She may not be showing any other symptoms.

      Its important to consider where she's having pain. Is it near the entrance? Is it deeper in? Does it feel like a burning sensation? Is it a dull pain? Is it spread out? Is it localized? Does it feel like she's cut or torn? Does she hurt for a long time or only during sex? A doctor can help sort all that out.

      A short list of possible causes:

      Common:
      - not enough lubrication
      - infection

      Less common:
      - stubborn hymen (broken, but not completely)
      - vaginismus (involuntary spasm of the vaginal muscles upon entry, sometimes related to fear of intimacy or expectation of pain).
      - vulvar vestibulitis (the glands that release lubrication become irritated and inflamed easily).
      - vulvodynia (lasting pain in the area around the opening of the vagina.)
      - Polycyststic Ovary Syndrome (an endochrine disorder)
      - Endometriosis (uterine tissue growing in the wrong places).
      - A pelvic mass (variety of causes. not cancer, but collected material).
      - Bowel or bladder disease (everything is close together in there. You can put pressure on both through penetration).
      - Scar tissue (prevents stretching. can result from infections.)
      - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (deeper infection, seriously bad).
      - Menopause (lower estrogen causes problems)
      - Interstitial Cystitis (an autoimmune disorder)
      - Sjögren's syndrome (an autoimmune disorder)

      That's hardly everything it could be. Painful intercourse is a symptom of a lot of different things. Some of those things don't have to do with the reproductive organs at all. She probably doesn't have any of those things, but it would be a good idea to go see a doctor. She really should, just because it could be an infection, and those don't go away without treatment.

      I think most women only experience pain the first time, so this isn't completely normal. It warrants a check-up. However, its probably something simple, so don't be afraid.

      I'm glad she's with a caring husband who is doing everything he can to help solve this problem. I'm sure that it is easier for her to handle this difficult issue because you are being supportive.

      Good luck! I hope you and your wife are able to figure this out soon.

  31. QUESTION:
    What are the doifferent types of surgeons?
    I want to become a surgeon but im a long ways off still. Just wondering what are the different tyoes, i know neuro and cardiovascular what else?

    • ANSWER:
      Cardiothoracic surgeonCardiothoracic surgeons treat diseases of the chest wall, gullet, lungs, pleura and heart. Cardiac surgeons limit their practice to the heart and its major blood vessels. Thoracic surgeons specialise in chest surgery but do not perform heart surgery.

      Colorectal surgeonColorectal surgeons specialise in the surgical treatment of disorders of the lower intestine (the colon, anus and rectum). Examples include treatment for cancer, ulcerative colitis, twists of the colon causing obstruction, or investigate bleeding or other symptoms. Colorectal surgeons also treat hernias, piles, fissures and fistulas and rectal prolapse.

      Ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeon (also known as an otorhinolaryngologist from the Greek words for ear, nose and larynx)

      ENT surgeons operate on disease of this part of the body (eg the tonsils and adenoids, the nose and nasal sinuses, tumours of the throat, and sometimes the salivary glands and the thyroid gland).

      Endocrine surgeonEndocrine surgeons specialise in the surgery of diseases of the hormone-producing glands (eg the thyroid, and the adrenal glands or the pancreas).

      Neonatal surgeonMore specialised than paediatric surgeons, neonatal surgeons operate on very young babies up to the age of one or two months old, including premature babies. They treat conditions such as congenital obstructions of the gullet, bowel or anus, urinary obstruction or reflux, or abnormalities of the spinal cord such as spina bifida.

      Obstetrician and gynaecologistA surgeon who specialises in the care of the pregnant woman and her foetus (obstetrics) and women’s conditions, especially those affecting the reproductive organs (gynaecology). Obstetric surgeons’ work includes normal and abnormal childbirth, Caesarean sections and termination of pregnancy. Gynaecological surgeons operate on the uterus, cervix, ovaries and associated organs and structures, and are involved in the treatment of fertility.

      OphthalmologistOpthalmologists undertake surgery of the eyes, eyelids and bony surrounds of the eye (the orbits). Examples of an ophthalmologists work include cataract operations, lens implants, corneal grafts, treating ocular injuries, squints, diabetic retinopathy and rodent (malignant) ulcers near the eyelids.

      Oral and Maxillofacial surgeonSometimes called a faciomaxillary or an oromaxillofacial surgeon. This specialist holds qualifications in surgery as well as in dentistry. Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons perform operations on the head and neck not included in ENT, ophthalmology or neurosurgery (there may be some overlap). Oral and maxillofacial surgeons operate on tumours and cysts of the face, jaw, tongue and salivary glands, or after accidents or sports injuries to this part of the body. They also treat congenital or developmental disorders of the skull, facial bones and jaws, including cleft palate.

      Orthopaedic surgeonOrthopaedic surgeons specialise in bone and major joint disease. Their work includes treating fractures, performing hip and knee replacements, examining the inside of the joints (arthroscopy), operations for back problems and correcting abnormal foot or leg development in children (e.g. club foot). Some orthopaedic surgeons specialise further to become experts in hand, knee, shoulder or spinal operations.

      Paediatric surgeonPaediatric surgeons treat surgical conditions in children up to the age of 14-16 years, such as hernias, undescended testes, congenital abnormalities of the gut, kidney or urinary system, and childhood tumours.

      Plastic and reconstructive surgeonThese surgeons deal with surgery of the skin and soft tissues all over the body. The skills of plastic and reconstructive surgeons are required for serious burns and skin grafting; reconstruction after accidents or cancer; removal of warts, moles or tattoos; removal of excess fat from the very overweight (including liposuction); cosmetic surgery of the nose, eyelids, face, lips, ears, breasts; repair of tendons and damaged joints in the hands; and skin and soft tissue repairs in large wounds. Surgery carried out simply to improve appearance is called cosmetic surgery.

      Upper gastro-intestinal surgeonUpper gastro-intestinal surgeons specialise in operations on the stomach (and sometimes the gullet), hiatus hernia, biliary system, pancreas, upper intestines, and the appendix.

      Urological surgeonsUrological surgeons treat problems in the urinary system (eg kidney and bladder stones and tumours, enlargement of the prostate, disorders of the penis, testis or scrotum).

      Vascular surgeonVascular surgeons operate on the blood vessels (ie arteries and veins) for conditions such as blockages or dilations (aneurysms) in the major arteries in the abdomen or legs. They also operate for conditions such as varicose veins or complications of venous thrombosis, and carry out bypass grafts in the abdomen or lower limb. Vascular surgeons may also undertake major and minor amputations of the lower limbs, and microsurgery on small blood vessels (eg in reconnecting a severed finger).

      I hope this helped.

  32. QUESTION:
    What would be symptoms of your first cigarette?
    Last night i had a cigarette and a cuople puffs of this one dudes. i din't drink, but i have this headache, not really bad but i can notice it. My chest feels weird, kinda empty like, and i have the munchies... i was at a concert so it could of been the screamo music but, yeah... please help. OH! and i smell like smoke too, tried to cover it up with a monster drink, didn't help cause my clothes smell of it too... i'm fourteen. not good is it?

    • ANSWER:
      Your body can't handle it not now, or maybe not ever. Don't see why you wanna smoke cause that's just ruining your life, gonna give you cancer, gonna get problems to breathe, you're gonna look really old when you start smoking, when you get hooked then u'll be wasting you money on it, then your lips gonna get black. It kills. STOP NOW!
      Why waste time smoking try to "look cool" when it's a major turn off? CCome on, i'm sure you're smarter than that!

  33. QUESTION:
    what is the most unhealthiest way to lose weight fast?
    is it laxitives,bulemia,water pills or a combination of all three?if i do all three how much and how fast weight will i lose?

    • ANSWER:
      I use to have anorexia, and it sucked.

      Before you do anything, I suggest a look at the complications of these weight loss techniques:

      Malnutrition
      Dehydration
      Electrolyte imbalance, which can cause cardiac arrest or brain damage from a stroke
      Hyponatremia
      Damaging of the voice
      Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
      Teeth erosion and cavities, gum disease
      Salivary gland swelling (sialadenosis)
      Potential for gastric rupture during periods of binging
      Esophageal reflux
      Irritation, inflammation, and possible rupture of the esophagus
      Laxative dependence
      Peptic ulcers and pancreatitis
      Emetic toxicity due to ipecac abuse
      Swelling of the face and cheeks, especially the lower eyelids, due to the high pressure of blood in the face during vomiting; for the same reason Purpura can occur, a rash caused by burst blood vessels.
      Callused or bruised fingers
      Dry or brittle skin, hair, and nails, or hair loss
      Lanugo
      Edema
      Muscle atrophy
      Decreased or increased bowel activity
      Digestive problems that may be triggered, including celiac and Crohn's disease
      Low blood pressure (hypotension)
      Orthostatic hypotension
      High blood pressure (hypertension)
      Iron deficiency
      Anemia
      Hormonal imbalances
      Hyperactivity
      Depression
      Insomnia
      Amenorrhea
      Infertility
      High risk pregnancy, miscarriage, still-born babies
      Diabetes
      High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
      Ketoacidosis
      Osteoporosis
      Arthritis
      Russell's sign (scarring on the knuckles or back of the hand due to self-induced vomiting over long periods of time)
      Weakness and fatigue also along with depression
      Cancer of the throat or cancer of the voice box
      Liver failure
      Kidney infection and failure
      Heart failure, heart arrhythmia, angina
      Seizure
      Paralysis
      Death caused by heart attack or heart failure; lung collapse; internal bleeding, stroke, kidney failure, liver failure; pancreatitis, gastric rupture, perforated ulcer, depression and suicide. Stunted growth
      Endocrine disorder, leading to cessation of periods in girls (amenorrhoea)
      Decreased libido; impotence in males
      Starvation symptoms, such as reduced metabolism, slow heart rate (bradycardia), hypotension, hypothermia and anemia
      Abnormalities of mineral and electrolyte levels in the body
      Thinning of the hair
      Growth of lanugo hair over the body
      Constantly feeling "cold"
      Zinc deficiency
      Reduction in white blood cell count
      Reduced immune system function
      Pallid complexion and sunken eyes
      Creaking joints and bones
      Collection of fluid in ankles during the day and around eyes during the night
      Tooth decay
      Constipation
      Dry skin
      Dry or chapped lips
      Poor circulation, resulting in common attacks of 'pins and needles' and purple extremities
      In cases of extreme weight loss, there can be nerve deterioration, leading to difficulty in moving the feet
      Headaches
      Brittle fingernails
      Bruising easily

  34. QUESTION:
    If I have two spontaneous pnemothoraxs what are the chances of another and how do I prevent?
    Also what other conditions could be a factor of my health I heard my likelihood of diabetes and other conditions could occur but I'm not sure what. I don't know what articles are true, also with factual information, and for the most part it is hard to find info on prevention or techniques of helping my lungs work. Any info to help would be much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      JoeBuck,
      A pneumothorax is a collection of free air in the chest outside the lung that causes the lung to collapse. Your lungs and chest wall are both elastic. As you inhale and exhale, your lungs recoil inward while your chest wall expands outward. The two opposing forces create a negative pressure in the space between your rib cage and lung. When air enters that space, either from inside or outside your lungs, the pressure it exerts can cause all or part of the affected lung to collapse. A spontaneous pneumothorax, also referred to as a primary pneumothorax, occurs in the absence of a traumatic injury to the chest or a known lung disease. A secondary (also termed complicated) pneumothorax occurs as a result of an underlying condition. Spontaneous pneumothorax is the type of pneumothorax most common in men between the ages of 20 and 40, particularly in tall, thin men. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk for spontaneous pneumothorax. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is thought to develop when a small air blister (bleb) on the top of the lung ruptures. Blebs are caused by a weakness in the lung tissue and can rupture from changes in air pressure when you're scuba diving, flying, mountain climbing or, according to some reports, listening to extremely loud music. Additionally, a primary spontaneous pneumothorax may occur while smoking marijuana, after a deep inhalation, followed by slow breathing out against partially closed lips that forces the smoke deeper into the lungs. But most commonly, blebs rupture for no obvious reason. Genetic factors may play a role in primary spontaneous pneumothorax because this condition may run in families. A primary spontaneous pneumothorax is usually mild because pressure from the collapsed portion of the lung may in turn collapse the bleb. A secondary spontaneous pneumothorax develops in people who already have a lung disorder, especially emphysema, which progressively damages your lungs. Other conditions that can lead to secondary spontaneous pneumothorax include tuberculosis, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, lung cancer, asthma and interstitial lung disease. In these cases, the pneumothorax occurs because the diseased lung tissue is next to the pleural space. Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax can be more severe and even life-threatening because diseased tissue may open a wider hole, allowing more air into the pleural space than does a small, ruptured bleb. Additionally, people with lung disease already have reduced lung reserves, making any reduction in lung function more serious. A secondary spontaneous pneumothorax almost always requires chest tube drainage for treatment. You would be advised to consult your doctor for advice on this subject. There are examinations and tests to exclude various causes. You do not indicate any insight into the causes of the two that you have suffered, it therefore follows that your problem needs to be properly examined to determine the cause and to starting a proper treatment regimen to suit your needs. (See my second paragraph below)

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      I add a link with details of this subject

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
      Pneumothorax#Spontaneous_pneumothorax

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  35. QUESTION:
    Can you be allergic to alcohol?
    If so, what are the symptoms and how soon are they noticed?

    • ANSWER:
      Some people are more sensitive to the effects of alcohol than are others. However, this doesn't mean you have an alcohol allergy.

      A true food allergy involves your immune system. In such cases, your immune system mistakenly identifies a specific food or a component of that food as a harmful substance. Signs and symptoms of food allergy include tingling in the mouth, hives, breathing difficulties, and swelling of your lips, tongue or throat.

      An alcohol allergy would be very uncommon. However, you could be allergic to other ingredients in an alcoholic beverage, such as wheat or sulfur dioxide, a preservative. There are also substances in some alcohol beverages such as wine that can cause flushing or even rashes.

      Still, it's more likely that you have an alcohol intolerance — which means you are more sensitive to the normal effects of alcohol. Alcohol can cause a variety of immediate adverse effects on the body, including headache, rapid heartbeat, nausea or vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain, nasal congestion, or warm, red, itchy skin.

      Many people of Asian descent experience an unusual flushing reaction after drinking alcohol — even in very small amounts. This is caused by a genetic disorder in which the body is unable to break down alcohol completely. Some research suggests that people who experience alcohol flush reaction may be at increased risk of alcohol-related conditions, such as cancer of the esophagus and liver disease.

      The only solution to all of these problems is to avoid alcohol.

      Rarely, severe pain following alcohol ingestion may be a sign of a more serious underlying disorder, such as Hodgkin's disease — also known as Hodgkin's lymphoma. If you experience unusual symptoms after ingesting alcohol, consult your doctor.

  36. QUESTION:
    what are the symptoms of neck cancer?
    years ago,i feel hardness in certain (left back) side of my neck.but now i feel the hardness increase gradually and slowly.

    • ANSWER:
      Actually there is nothing like Neck Cancer. It is throat cancer or Head and neck cancer. The term head and neck cancers refers to a group of cancers found in the head and neck region. This includes tumors found in:

      -The oral cavity (mouth). The lips, the tongue, the teeth, the gums, the lining inside the lips and cheeks, the floor of the mouth (under the tongue), the roof of the mouth and the small area behind the wisdom teeth are all included in the oral cavity.
      -The oropharynx (which includes the back one-third of the tongue, the back of the throat and the tonsils).
      -Nasopharynx (which includes the area behind the nose).
      -Hypopharynx (lower part of the throat).
      -The larynx (voice box, located in front of the neck, in the region of the Adam's apple). In the larynx, the cancer can occur in any of the three regions: the glottis (where the vocal cords are); the supraglottis (the area above the glottis), and the subglottis (the area that connects the glottis to the windpipe).

      The most frequently occurring cancers of the head and neck area are oral cancers and laryngeal cancers. Almost half of all the head and neck cancers occur in the oral cavity, and a third of the cancers are found in the larynx. By definition, the term "head and neck cancers" usually excludes tumors that occur in the brain.

      Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice any new signs and symptoms that are persistent and last more than two weeks. Most throat cancer symptoms aren't specific to cancer, so your doctor will likely investigate other more common causes first.

      Make an appointment with your doctor and have an evaluation immediately by them.Most head and neck cancer symptoms aren't specific to cancer, so your doctor will likely investigate other more common causes first. -

  37. QUESTION:
    How to get your hard headed woman to quit smoking while pregnant?
    Me and my gurlfriend are expecting to have a baby in November. It's great and all, but I have a problem. The thing is my gurlfriend continues to smoke six to eight of them a day, even after we agreed she must butt out, that was two weeks ago. Still to this day she puffs on them like she's not pregnant. I am just wondering what it is I can do or say that will make her think long and hard, and ultimately butt out for good, or until after baby is born. I am getting frustrated with her. I am starting to believe she doesn't care about it or doesn't want the child to come out 100%. I want a perfect healthy baby with no defects. What can I do or say?

    • ANSWER:
      Smoking contributes to a lot of illness including cancer, respiratory diseases and cardio vascular diseases. The harmful effects of smoking do not end with smokers; second hand smoke also affects non smokers and caused deaths due to lung cancer and heart diseases.Smoking is a strong habit that is hard to stop but it can be stopped and you have to find the best effective way to quit smoking before your health starts to deteriorate.

      There are numerous ways to quit smoking available today, but how can you find the best one?Now I will show you some common ways to quit Smoking:

      1 One way to stop smoking is through Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT). While this is not the best effective way to stop smoking and this is for short time use, about 20-40% of smokers find success on this method. This therapy includes wearing patches, chewing nicotine-containing gums and nicotine nasal spray or inhaler. This method reduced the physical symptoms of withdrawal from smoking like irritability and tiredness.

      2 Cold turkey is another way to stop smoking. This is the most popular method though not the best effective way to stop smoking. This contributes to only 5% of success per try. Cold turkey means to stop smoking immediately and without preparation. Smokers have to try this over and over again to succeed.

      3 The Gum is good for many smokers because it gives you something to do with your mouth while kicking the smoking habit. With most nicotine gum, you chew the gum a few times and store it between the lip/cheek and gum. The nicotine is then released through your gums and cheek. This is a great way to quit smoking because you satisfy the chemical and some of the mental dependency of smoking.

      http://www.squidoo.com/best-ways-to-quit-smoking/
      http://www.squidoo.com/how-to-quit-smoking-with-hypnosis/

  38. QUESTION:
    At what tempature should i bring my 4yr old daughter to the doctors?
    Her temp was 99.6 last night. I gave her some cough medicine bc she's coughing, stuffy nose etc. I took her temp this am when she got up and its now at 100.5.

    • ANSWER:
      At four, a trip to the doctors/ER is required only if she has a fever that lasts a few days or her behavior is markedly off, lethargic, if motrin/tylenol and home remedies don't bring it down etc. My kids run fevers in the 104s and 105s and, most of the time, they don't require a trip to the ER. Sometimes, they don't even need to go to the doctors. It's only if the fever lasts or continues getting worse or their behavior changes. For example, they come down with a cold that seems to be going away then all of a sudden the fever spikes -- this is a sign that they've developed a secondary bacterial infection that will need antibiotics. Or, they are vomiting with a high fever and become lethargic, which could mean that they are dehydrated and need fluids.

      I know fevers can be scary and it's awful when your child is sick but try to think of a fever as a good thing -- it's the body's way of fighting off infection and killing the germs so your child can get better. Most fevers are caused by viruses and there is nothing a doctor can do about those except to treat the symptoms and let it run its course. If my child was ill with a fever in the low 100s but still acting normally, I probably wouldn't even give motrin. If, however, he/she has a fever in the 99s but is acting ill and complaining of things, then I would treat the fever.

      I attached a link will all sorts of info. on fevers if you want to read it. It states that a call to the doctor isn't necessary for an older child until it hits 102.2 or...

      * refuses fluids or seems too ill to drink adequately
      * has persistent diarrhea or repeated vomiting
      * has any signs of dehydration (urinating less than usual, not having tears when crying, less alert and less active than usual)
      * has a specific complaint (e.g., sore throat or earache)
      * still has a fever after 24 hours (in kids younger than 2 years) or 72 hours (in kids 2 years or older)
      * has recurrent fevers, even if they only last a few hours each night
      * has a chronic medical problem such as heart disease, cancer, lupus, or sickle cell anemia
      * has a rash
      * has pain with urination

      And to head to the ER if...
      * inconsolable crying
      * extreme irritability
      * lethargy and difficulty waking
      * rash or purple spots that look like bruises on the skin (that were not there before the child got sick)
      * blue lips, tongue, or nails
      * infant's soft spot on the head seems to be bulging outward or sunken inwards
      * stiff neck
      * severe headache
      * limpness or refusal to move
      * difficulty breathing that doesn't get better when the nose is cleared
      * leaning forward and drooling
      * seizure
      * abdominal pain

  39. QUESTION:
    who knows what is this symptomps from? I have problems in my stomachache?
    I'm 18 yrs old and i have some symptoms on my my stomach about 1 month and have, i really need to someone help me.
    I have diarrhea, bowel movement, stool, some times i have blood in my stool, weight loose about 5 kg, and we dont have anybody that have cancer in my family.
    How know whats my problem?

    • ANSWER:
      That's a good bit of weight to lose and I'm pretty concerned that you could be getting seriously dehydrated. You should see a doctor as soon as possible and get checked for something called C. Diff and possibly parasites. Chrones is another possibility.

      Did your symptoms come on suddenly? Do you have a fever? How many times a day are you having diarrhea? Are your lips really chapped? What color is your urine? Is it clear, light yellow, orange, dark orange, or brown? Are you also nauseated? Have you vomited at all? Have you taken any antibiotics in the past few months?

  40. QUESTION:
    What r signs symptoms and preventive measures of mouth cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms can include mouth sores that do not heal, persistent mouth pain, thickening of the cheek, and loss of teeth. These are only a few of the mouth cancer symptoms of which you should be aware.

      Do not use chewing tobacco, cigarettes, cigars or pipes.
      No oral sex.
      Drinking large quantities of alcoholic beverages is associated with increased risk for mouth cancer.

      Use lip balm for lip protection.

  41. QUESTION:
    How can a man be tested for HPV?
    To be honest, I'm worried about HPV. I'm not in a relationship with anyone right now, but apparently you can get, not only cervical/uterine cancer from vaginal sex, but throat or mouth cancer through oral sex. Pretty scary, huh?

    So can a man be tested for HPV? Any information on this would be very helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      Swight voice: Fact - There is no test for men.

      - There is no protection against HPV. The only protection is NO SEX! Once are exposed to someon that has it, a condom won't protect you ever! Any Dr. will tell you this. Now, you can use a condom for oral sex just as long as your lips don't slip and contact his unprotected genitals.

      - 80% of the population has it since it NEVER goes away due to the fact it's a virus.

      - There are times where HPV is dormant. You know how people say it goes away within 2 years. The real fact is after two or so years the symptoms will subside but you still are infected with the virus. Like I mentioned before, there is NO cure.

      - The best way to handle HPV is to get regular paps to keep an eye on it.

  42. QUESTION:
    How can I fix my cold sore?
    It is like little bumps, blisters.. and they are like spreading from the corner of my mouth the inside of my lip a bit. Im scared. I want to know the natural remedies.. food i shhould eat.. and could you guys tell me what home remedies i can do at home? I put alcohol already, and antibacterial petroleum jelly over it.. and i also popped it to leak the pus out..

    • ANSWER:
      If you’re looking for a safe, natural remedy for cold sores, I suggest Broccoli.

      Scientific studies indicate that indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a compound found naturally in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage and brussels spouts, can inhibit reproduction in various types of herpes virus, which likely is the cause of the cold sore symptoms you are experiencing. Study results indicated that I3C blocked the herpes virus from reproducing by at least 99.9%.

      Because I3C is found naturally in broccoli and its relatives, the compound appears to be totally safe. Additionally, cruciferous vegetables contain several other compounds which have been shown to be beneficial cancer preventatives.

      Herpes differs from other common viral infections because once a person has it, it is with them for life. Although a vast number of adults in the U.S. harbor this pernicious bug, some never or seldom experience active symptoms. Active eruptions often result from elevated levels of stress, or other conditions affecting an individual’s immune system. When the virus is active (with visible symptoms) it can be transmitted to others, so use caution in this regard.

      Personal experience has made me a broccoli believer. After reading an article about one of the studies a couple of years back, I decided to give it a try by increasing the frequency and quantity of broccoli in my diet. I mostly eat my broccoli raw: in salads, or as a snack by dipping it in hummus or sprinkled with vinegar and olive oil. Raw is best, but steaming doesn’t seem to diminish the effect. I’m a brussels sprouts fan, as well, and those I steam.

      I used to get some really ugly cold sores on occasion—particularly in conjunction with extremely stressful situations. Since I adopted the “Broccoli Cure,” my bouts with the virus have been much less frequent, and typically far milder when they do occur.

      I would also caution against picking at the blisters, which might invite additional infection from bacteria, which could make the outbreak worse, and possibly cause permanent scarring. I’ve heard blood poisoning is even a possibility in such circumstances, but I can’t swear to it.

      My best advice is just to avoid the possibility of unnecessary complications, and use mild soap and water to keep the affected area clean. Alcohol probably won’t do any better, and I bet it hurts like crazy.

  43. QUESTION:
    Does any Accutane side effects last longer then the length of taking the pill?
    I want to take Accutane because I've tried everything my doctor said it was next on the list. I was wondering if any of the side effects such as stunt growth or birth defects will last any longer then how ever long I take the pill for example If I take the pill for 30 days will my growth only be stunt for 30 days? Or for ever? Same with birth defects.

    Thank you :)

    • ANSWER:
      Accutane Side Effects
      While Accutane has proven to be effective in the treatment of skin conditions and cancers, it does have several known side effects, some of which are very dangerous. Some side effects may persist long after treatment has ended.

      Many patients have experienced serious adverse reactions following Accutane treatment and have filed Accutane lawsuits to seek compensation for medical expenses, pain and suffering caused by these side effects. If you have experienced serious side effects caused by Accutane and wish to receive additional information about your legal options, please call 1-800-439-8180.

      Side effects of Accutane include:

      Acne flare-ups
      Severe skin dryness, especially on the lips, nostrils, genitals, and eyes
      Hair thinning
      Headache
      Hair loss
      Thinning of the skin, making bruising and cuts more likely and slower to heal
      Eczema
      Fatigue
      Brittle nails
      Increased sensitivity to sunlight
      Menstrual problems, including irregular or heavier period
      Gastrointestinal problems, including diarrhea
      Muscle pain
      Skin conditions and infections, including impetigo, paronychia, and pyogenic granuloma
      More severe side effects of Accutane include:

      Severe depression
      Suicidal thoughts
      Birth defects
      Liver damage, with symptoms of nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss, and jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin)
      Allergic reaction to isotretinoin, resulting in liver disease and other health complications
      Patients with a family history of depression are discouraged from taking Accutane, as the risk for depression can be worsened.

      Accutane is known to cause severe birth defects, making the use of proper birth control imperative while completing treatment.

  44. QUESTION:
    How does valtrex work?
    The doctor prescribed valtrex taken three times a day for 10 days. Symptoms of a cold sore on the lip but never a blister or sore. Itching, burning, tingling and crawling feel around mouth. Medicine was not taken but symptoms gone on lip. A day later nose started itching around it and on it. If prescribtion is picked up and taken will it stop the symptoms and next time it show up will it come on stronger than before. Is cold sores only contagious when there is a sore? Concerned about washing face and body with wash cloth can it spread in that manner?

    • ANSWER:
      Valtrex is a nucleoside analog of guanine (1 of the 4 building blocks of DNA) but you have to go a bit into biochemitry to really understand whats going on. Actually, valtrex is a prodrug converted to aciclovir by the liver then viral and cellular kinases convert the aciclovir (a prodrug as well) to the nucleotide analogs. Valtrex increases bioavailability but is no different from Aciclovir once metabolised by the liver. These chemicals do not actually target Herpes per se. Rather, they are more readily incorporated into viral polymerase than cellular DNA. Viral kinases convert aciclovir into a monophosphate form where as the cell then converts it to a triphosphate. These phosphorylated analogs in turn, are what prevent viral DNA synthesis. I suppose another way to look at what im saying is-- herpes actually "target" the drugs, not the other way around. Cellular (your own) polymerase can also incorporate the analogs into DNA chains which would have a mutagenic effect. Usually, cell death is the typical result of analog mutagenicity as seen by other analogs used in cancer chemotherapy and other anti-virals. But, since viral polymerase binds much more readily than cellular polymerase to these particular analogs, its toxicity and side effects are low.

  45. QUESTION:
    Smoking 3 Years - Urgent What Are The Chances Of Tongue Cancer?
    I'm currently 16 years old and have been smoking properly for about 2 1/2 years i know i'm over reacting but, rather be safe then sorry. I was looking in the mirror and noticed a purplish sort of formation at the back of tongue and my first thought was tongue cancer and my mind started wondering with multiple different things and i'm just wanting to know what the possibilities could be of someone of such a young age developing such a thing and what other possibilities it could be please give me something it's urgent.

    • ANSWER:
      symptoms cited-----an offshoot of tongue ulcers; though not cancer.

      Mouth/Tongue/Lip Ulcers*

      1.OIL PULLING*:
      Utility--- removes toxins from the body, more so from the mouth, tongue, lips, gums, teeth, stomach, cervix, uterus, lungs, heart, liver, intestines, ears, brain, etc., etc.
      . However, U may use sun flower oil, ground nut oil or til oil, rice bran oil, mustard oil, etc.,
      Procedure: Every morning, in an empty stomach, take 2 tsp of cooking oil. [saturated fatty acids and oils should not be used, like, Dalda/Vanaspati, coconut oil or ghee] and put it in Ur mouth and rinse it for 10 minutes; until it becomes white liquid. Spit it out and then rinse with luke warm water and then brush Ur teeth.
      2. Paint Ur tongue, gums, palate, etc., with glycerine-the best oral antiseptic, before sleep every night.
      3. Riboflavin tablet ---1 daily.
      U shall be fine in a few days.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers' on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.

  46. QUESTION:
    How would you no you have skin cancer?
    Well like a month ago i went to the beach to a be-day and ever sence my nose started to peel!Now when i woke up a week ago there is thyis big bump on my nose!I have no idea if it is or not!I put lotion on it everyday like 10 times a day and still doesn't work!Just give me the answer plz....!

    • ANSWER:
      skin cancer is the most common cancer.
      you should go see a doctor.
      i dont think you have skin cancer but some common symptoms are...

      Firm, pearly bump with tiny blood vessels in a spiderlike appearance (telangiectasias).
      Red, tender, flat spot that bleeds easily.
      Small, fleshy bump with a smooth, pearly appearance, often with a depressed center.
      Smooth, shiny bump that may look like a mole or cyst.
      Scarlike patch of skin, especially on the face, that is firm to the touch.
      Bump that itches, bleeds, crusts over, and then repeats the cycle and has not healed in 3 weeks.
      Change in the size, shape, or color of a wart or mole.

      Persistent, firm, red bump on sun-exposed skin.
      Patch of skin that feels scaly, bleeds, or develops a crust. The patch may get bigger over a period of months and form a sore.
      Skin growth that looks like a wart.
      Sore that does not heal or an area of thickened skin on the lower lip, especially if you smoke or use chewing tobacco or your lips are often exposed to the sun and wind.

  47. QUESTION:
    what are the early symptoms of oral cancer?
    I have an infection in my mouth that has developed around an abscessed tooth and I'm concerned that it might be the early stages of cancer, the area around the tooth(the gum and inner cheek)are swollen and in a lot of pain

    • ANSWER:
      The following are the common signs and symptoms:

      * Swellings/thickenings, lumps or bumps, rough spots/crusts/or eroded areas on the lips, gums, or other areas inside the mouth

      * The development of velvety white, red, or speckled (white and red) patches in the mouth

      * Unexplained bleeding in the mouth

      * Unexplained numbness, loss of feeling, or pain/tenderness in any area of the face, mouth, or neck

      * Persistent sores on the face, neck, or mouth that bleed easily and do not heal within two weeks

      * A soreness or feeling that something is caught in the back of the throat

      * Difficulty chewing or swallowing, speaking, or moving the jaw or tongue

      * Hoarseness, chronic sore throat, or changes in the voice

      * Ear pain

      * A change in the way your teeth or dentures fit together – a change in your "bite"

      * Dramatic weight loss

      I think what you're describing is just a bad infection/abscess. You should see your dentist as soon as possible.

  48. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between acute, latent and chronic pathogens?

    • ANSWER:
      Thu,
      Acute pathogens is street slang for full blown AIDS… however, to continue! A pathogen is defined as any disease-producing agent, especially a virus, bacterium, or other microorganism. Acute refers to a rapid onset, as in acute infection, a short course. An acute pathogen causes a disease characterized by a relatively sudden onset of symptoms that are usually severe. An episode of acute disease results in recovery to a state comparable to the patient's condition of health and activity before the disease. Latent is the same as dormant. Lying and awaiting reactivation. An example would be the herpes simplex virus. HSV-1 usually establishes latency in the trigeminal ganglion, a collection of nerve cells near the ear. From there, it tends to recur on the lower lip or face. HSV-2 usually sets up residence in the sacral ganglion at the base of the spine. From there, it recurs in the genital area. With regard to a chronic pathogen, here we are looking at a pathogen that causes a chronic disease. A number of chronic diseases have now been linked, in some cases definitively, to an infectious etiology, these include - peptic ulcer disease with Helicobacter pylori, cervical cancer with several human papillomaviruses, Whipple’s disease with Tropheryma whipplei, Lyme arthritis and neuroborreliosis with Borrelia burgdorferi. Good luck with your test/exam!

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89


lip cancer symptoms

Types Of Eye Cancer

Your eye sight cannot be taken for granted. These are windows to your health. They show how you feel, your pain and anxieties. To save your sight, eye health and eye care are important. The eye doctor can help you save or protect your sight from various eye problems. The eye specialist at the eye clinic can provide solutions to common eye disorders and treat your eye problems as early as possible. Eye Health centers can provide comprehensive testing and eye examinations. The vision testing for contact lenses and prescription glasses can be performed for those whose vision requires them. Their facilities are fully equipped with state-of-the-art equipment or medical instrument for refractive surgery like Lasik, Pre-lasik and PRK are also provided upon request.

The eye specialists are qualified, experienced and highly-trained on the treatment for eye diseases and contagious eye conditions. They are licensed to provide treatment for eye conditions like floaters, color blindness, cataracts, sore eyes, retinal tear, retinal detachment, eye floaters, etc. They can easily identify various eye diseases like pink eye, diabetic retinopathy, red eye, macular degeneration and many others. Ophthalmologists are expert with many vision problems such as astigmatism, double vision, presbyopia, myopia and others. They are also familiar with various ways of correcting poor and bad eye sight. These people can be trusted and guarantee to provide high quality eye care for both children and adult.

One out of three senior citizens can be suffering from poor sight. These conditions have no warning symptoms and adults assume their eye condition is due to old age. Most of them are suffering from blurry or cloudy vision and find it difficult to read, sew and drive. They are facing common vision-impairing disease like glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic eye disease. Glaucoma attacks the optic nerve of the eyes. Tiny "blind spots" on the eye can cause blindness. The doctor can provide eye drops at the onset of detection. Cataracts affect adult's eye sight. They can be suffering from double vision, poor night-vision and have blurry or cloudy vision. The eye specialist can prescribe eye glasses or contact lenses for adult with cataracts. Macular degeneration or AMD affects the part of the eye known as macula. It is an eye disease that prevents adult from seeing fine or smallest detail as in sewing and reading. People with high blood cholesterol and smokers are at risk and they can have blurred vision and wavy lines. People with diabetes are more likely to have diabetic retinopathy as well as other eye disease like cataracts and glaucoma. Adults need eye health care at least once a year for effective treatment. In order to preserve eye health and maintain good vision, people are advised to have regular eye check-up from an eye specialist.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How can i apply for medical emergency visa of usa from dubai and how much it will cost?
    I am an iranian physician and my patient is sufferin from eye cancer. It is not impossible to treat this type of eye cancer in Iran (according to Iranian Medical Consultation Board).

    • ANSWER:
      Medical Visas
      Like applicants for any other type of visitor visa, applicants for a visitor visa for medical treatment must show they qualify under the provisions of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act.

      go to the officiel link at this page :
      http://dubai.usconsulate.gov/dubai/medical_visas.html

  2. QUESTION:
    At which stage of the cell cycle would you expect Rb to act?
    Some forms of cancer are caused by mutations in genes that normally tell cells not to divide if conditions aren’t right. One example of such a gene is Rb, which causes a type of eye cancer in children called retinoblastoma when it's mutated. At which stage of the cell cycle would you expect Rb to act?

    • ANSWER:
      Rb is a tumour supressor protein. Rb would probably act at the G1- S stage. Rb would prevent G1 cells with damaged DNA from entering the S phase so that any damaged DNA is prevented from replicating in the S phase, so no mutation can occur.

  3. QUESTION:
    What Are The Symtoms of All or Some Types of Eye Cancer?
    Could Someone tell me
    *names of eye cancer
    *What the Symtoms Are of the eye cancer

    • ANSWER:
      well, eye cancer is also called melanoma, here are some sites i found:
      ~
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_3x_how_is_eye_cancer_diagnosed_74.asp
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/eye-melanoma/DS00707/DSECTION=symptoms
      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=18546

  4. QUESTION:
    What does this mean, two black dots in the color of my left eye?
    k so the other day i was looking in the mirror at my eyes cause i was told by many how unique they r, my cuzin calls them starburst eyes lol. but anyway i noticed to tiny black dots on the top of the color part of my left eye...does this mean anything? i was jw cause i was told it was a type of eye cancer??

    • ANSWER:
      /yes its a mole. It will be sign of cancer if the shape is irregular as well ass the color.

  5. QUESTION:
    What are some common cancers that affect children?
    I would like to know what types of cancer children are diagnosed with the most an some of the ones that are hardest to treat. Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      Pediatric cancers are uncommon, but among cancers that do affect children the most common forms are:
      Leukemia (the most common)
      Brain cancers
      Neuroblastomas (tumors outside the brain, usually occur in the first year of life)
      Lymphoma, both Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins
      Wilms tumor (cancer in one or both kidneys, usually occurs in kids aged 2-3)
      Rhabdomyosarcoma (soft tissue sarcoma)
      Retinoblastoma (eye tumor)
      Bone tumors such as osteosarcoma and ewing sarcoma. These tumors are more common in adolescents since that is the period when the bones undergo the most rapid growth.

  6. QUESTION:
    What is eye cancer and is it cureable?
    I woke up this morning with this lump on my inner eyelid its not noticable from the outside and is sore when i blink. its probably not eye cancer but id like to know more about it and if its cureable? Does anyone have any info.?

    • ANSWER:
      It is unlikely to be a cancerous lump, there are far more common things that can cause lumps on your eyelids then cancer. Go to see your optician to have it looked at.

      There are many different types of cancers that can affect the eyes. Some are extremely aggressive and require prompt treatment, others are very slowly progressive. Whether it can be cured or not depends on how long it has been there, whether it had spread to anywhere else, what type of cancer it is, where in the eye it is, etc.

      Don't be worrying about cancer just yet, it it more likely to be a blocked gland or a stye or a chalazion

  7. QUESTION:
    If you or a loved one has had cancer has it opened up your eyes to other types of cancer?
    For instance, my wife had breast cancer and it has opened my eyes into other types of cancer. I am finding people at work with colon and pancreatic cancers and I have read books about people's experience with childhood cancers. So, because of your cancer or a loved ones cancer have you gain insight or knowledge in the other cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. When my son was first diagnosed I was too frightened to look at the material, but after awhile I began doing research and put together an online directory of every aspect of cancer . . . from diagnosis, to types, research, hospitals, charities, support groups, wish foundations, angel flights, summer cancer camps, hospitality housing, treatment options, alternatives, complementary/integrative med, foundations, memorial pages, childhood palliative care, and hospice . . I did focus more on childhood cancers, adolescents, and sarcoma though than the other subtypes of cancer . . also I read every research article I could find, many at ASCO or the National Library of Medicine. I just read alot. I have also established a few support groups and have located about a hundred patients with rare sarcoma that did not know of our existence . . we reach out alot to let patients know that they are not alone. I also reach out to our local community and have offered support to others facing cancer . . if I have the name of the cancer I can research it for them. We learned so much when our son went through this . . and willingly share with others who may feel alone or not know what to do next. It is one way for us to pay back for all the support that we received during that time period. I drop by here on occasion too.

  8. QUESTION:
    What is someone is afraid to get treatment for cancer?
    What if you know someone with cervical cancer and they are afraid of getting treatment or further treatment for that cancer. How would you tell them to get treatment? What if they are afraid? What if they don't have time? What if they just don't want to go through the pain assiciated with it, how do you convince them to get treatment? What would you say to a friend to help them?

    • ANSWER:
      As a true friend, U can help her after studying the relevant literature on 'any cancer cure'. Ur subtle as well moral support shall help her immensely. Good luck. God bless U and Ur friend with ever lasting friendship and affection.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS,Crohn’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses [females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.

      • I studied all the books of Dr.Vora and helped my beloved Mummy in 1992 by strict compliance of all the stipulated instructions.
      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc.,:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days & thereafter to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.

  9. QUESTION:
    How long will it be before cancer is cured?
    I've heard many stories about a new treatment that promises a virus to attack cancer cells....How long will it take before they decide it is safe for the public? WHat kind of testing have they been doing exactly, and why isn't this story front page news EVERY DAY?

    • ANSWER:
      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. U may try ---------
      TARGET THERAPY* for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS,Crohn’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses [females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.


      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc., :

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days & thereafter to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.

  10. QUESTION:
    How many different types of headlice did Bob Marley have in his hair when he died?
    I heard that because of the extreme measures he took to have dreadlocks, there were 47 different types of headlice found when he passed away. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      1)
      This is probably the biggest myth about dreadlocks. One popular urban legend concerning this myth is that when Bob Marley died of cancer in 1981, the doctors found a few dozen new species of lice in his hair. This simply is not true. Far from being dirty savages, Africans have had methods of cleaning and caring for braids and dreadlocks for centuries. With today's modern science, even more ways exist to clean dreads with commercial soaps and solutions specifically designed for this style of hair. Scores of these dread care products are available online.
      http://www.africanbynature.com/eyes/openeyes_dreadlocks.html

      2) bob marley had 15 different species of head lice in his hair.

      thats a fact.
      http://www.afterdawn.com/news/archive/10006.cfm

  11. QUESTION:
    What type of tanning lotion is the best?
    I know that tanning is bad for you...so spare the drama about skin cancer. My question is I have really fair skin, and I go tanning for about two months, just so I don't burn when it really gets nice out to tan outside. I've used the same lotion now for awhile and I wanted to know if anyone had any tanning lotion knowledge. So I'm looking for a tanning lotion that suits fair skin, and somewhat dry as well. Anyone have any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      You should try Designer Skin, I just love it. I'm a blond girl with blue eyes, and with very fair skin. I had the hardest time getting any color when I tanned. I got a Paradisio free sample pack in the mail and used it right away at my tanning salon and just fell in love with it. I have the best tan of my life :)

      If you're looking to give it a try, I'd recommend seeing if you could get a free sample first. I'm not sure if there are any more available, but I got mine here http://freesampleprincess.com/designer-skin-paradisio-tanning-lotion-free-sample

      I hope that helps :)

  12. QUESTION:
    What is it that makes people have different coloured eyes?
    Is there a chemical in your eye that makes your eye a certain colour?

    I know that it genetics plays a role on eye colour but is there anything else that plays a role?

    • ANSWER:
      The pigment that makes eye colour is Melanin - the same pigment that changes skin colour.
      This is why certain skin types often (though not always) have a "linked" eye colour. Not many blue-eyed black guys.

      Eye colur, though, is controlled by two parameters:
      how much melanin is in your iris, and
      how thick your iris is.

      Lots of melanin + thick iris = dark brown eyes
      Lots of melanin + thin iris = hazel eyes
      Little melanin + thick iris = green eyes
      Little mlanin + thin iris = blue eyes.

      Amount of melanin and iris thickness are also linked, which is why brown and blue are more common than green or hazel.

      Of course, it isn't just a "yes/no" answer - there are "shades of grey" in both amount of melanin and iris thickness, which is why eye colour is so variable.

      Also, interestingly, I remember reading about a glaucoma (eye disease) treatment: they were eye-drops, and it turned out in clinical trials that they sometimes made blue eyed people turn brown-eyed. The company developing it had to stop in case it was causing uncontrolled growth of melanocytes (which might have led to melanoma cancer in the eyes).

  13. QUESTION:
    How would you, as a health care professional, help the cancer survivors cope and understand cancer and chronic?
    How would you, as a health care professional, help the cancer survivors cope and understand cancer and chronic?

    • ANSWER:
      I am not any sort of professional, but for some reason I know about cancer pretty enough... Maybe somehow this still *little* understanding is lowering my risk of getting this disease by many precautions taken everyday (not all can be made since poison is everywhere and escalating) ... First its important to know and understand your enemy... Basically cancer is always fully a part of your body... Level of this connection is indicating if its removal is lethal or not (like you can figure out if you have just finger to be cut out or its your heart and you are stuck with little hope)... Cancer is yours body cells but just gone mad and acting in danger to your body (some people even wish that their cancer type is just a taint on healthy body)... Cancer is a creation of cells mutation making healthy cell turn into unnaturally multiplying tumour (often spreading in organism by circulation systems like blood and then growing in new body parts)... Sometimes growth is even slow but just in lethal place making organs die from no oxygen, growing pressure or no feeding to healthy essential organ... Everyone body has the defense system to deal with most of the dangers (mainly outside bio and physical damage like viruses and contamination), but this system has the borders of its endurance... and cancer is usually a production of this border crossing (further is only death)... Your body can react to cancer appearance if to speak about little amount of wrongly acting cells (some cancer is even breaking through this though) and here is also a hope for some chemotherapy and radiotherapy patients, but your defense system can fail to overwhelming *attack* (growth)... or you can weaken your defense system for the moment like by using antibiotics or by going through disease or any other same effecting factor (many cancers are just too late in diagnosis) ... Its pretty ironic that two of cancer creating factors are the first and quite effective methods to deal with cancer... Their use came from fact that too much radiation or chems can kill cancer (what could happen to cells at begging instead of their change into cancer if not a balanced dose from factors)... It reminds attempt to chase disease from body by use of fire... in controlled doses (wounding you instead of killing)... Torture of today world (and russian roulette)... Cancer is like parasite born from own body by unfortunate circumstances that turn into horror from fact of unfair battle... Cancer survivors are simply not full winners until their body is fully clear from cancer and their defense system is restored and cancer factors are deleted from life (gaining back weight and body harmony)... Many ands for good eye... and thin line to cross... I guess its a bit hard to track all the understanding of cancer since its actually a base name for a lot of diseases of same nature... I guess the only one way to gain some advantage is to take some precautions seriously before cancer will clutch its hands on our body... Cancer is one of the most difficult dangers to life... I think even worse than AIDS... and ironically... rating in possibility with blindly evolving civilization (since many raised and new factors are coming from new polluting technologies - like most of them).

  14. QUESTION:
    Any way to help a lady with breast cancer?
    My sister's hand hurts and swollen. Not sure if it affects from her breast cancer or what? Is there anyway to help her? We went to see a doctor and they use some chemotherapy and radiation therapy. They don't care for her hand. She is so pitiful when her children are still very young. Thanks in advance for your ideas.

    • ANSWER:
      Ur concern, love & affection for Ur beloved sister is fine. It is this affection 'in action' to save her life vis-a-vis Ur entire family. Details follow:

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS,Crohn’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses [females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.

      • I studied all the books of Dr.Vora and helped my beloved Mummy in 1992 by strict compliance of all the stipulated instructions.
      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc.,:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days & thereafter to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.
      In order to prove the “Miracles of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies”, we made Recorded documentations with cure for Autism, Thalassemia, breast cancer, Wilm’s tumor, Arthritis, Muscular Dystrophy, HIV/AIDS, Autism, etc., etc.

      Latest updates* on “Miracles of Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies.” With recorded documentation.

      • 2. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011.

  15. QUESTION:
    when do symptoms of terminal cancer start to show?
    My friend is a 27 yr old single parent who was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer. She was given a year about 5-6 months ago but is showing no sign of illness. She has maintained her weight, if not gained. Her skin and eyes are still bright and energetic. She seems happy and healthy by all accounts. What type of symptoms should we expect to see as her illness progresses and when should we expect to start seeing them?

    • ANSWER:
      "global trotter" has a good answer except we would not expect night sweats with this type of malignancy - assuming this really is an ovarian carcinoma.

      Your friend is extremely young for an ovarian carcinoma.
      How sure are you of the diagnosis?

      Has she been on combination chemotherapy for these last 5-6 months?
      I can't believe they would give up on a 27 year old woman without trying all of the different chemotherapy regimens we have for ovarian carcinomas.

      Where is the metastatic disease?
      Liver? Lungs? Intraperitonal? Retroperitoneal lymph nodes?
      If she does not have liver involvement, we would not expect to see the jaundice and liver failure that "globe trotter" describes.

      What you describe is a person still in good health without weight loss and not appearing sick. It sure would help if we knew where her metastatic (stage IV) ovarian cancer is located. She must have had CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

      And it would help to know what treatment she has received.
      Did she have optimal debulking surgery? What chemotherapy has been tried?

      By the way, doctors do not "give" people set amounts of time to live.
      I know what you mean, but that phrase always bothers me - as if doctors decided the fates of patients. When doctors are pushed to make predictions, we are usually wrong. No one knows the future for any one person. We only provided statistics based on many other people who have had similar situations. Yet each patient is different.

      It does not sound like she is within 6 months of death from the description you provide.

      If she allows it, you might go with her when she sees her medical oncologist. That way you can hear what is really going on from a medical professional who knows all the details of her case details we do not have here.

      From http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview
      Ovarian carcinomas are uncommon in patients younger than 40 years.
      Most cases are diagnosed in the 60 to 70 age group.

  16. QUESTION:
    What types of jobs are there in the medical profession?
    I have to start choosing a career path and I have NO idea.
    I like medical stuff, though I don't know what subjects to choose etc.

    I got like, 80% in Chem (a test)
    and we haven't done a human bio section yet

    But we have a career link day soon.

    But what types of areas are there to specialise in?

    Eg. Oncology, Immunology etc :)

    Please help me? Thankyou very much.

    • ANSWER:
      I will provide different fields and industries. Usually these will be for doctors and/or nurses (registered).

      Allergy-- work with people who have allergies and other problems
      Anaesthesiology -- administers sedatives and other medicines before procedures.
      Anatomy -- studies the structures of the body.
      Audiology -- hearing tests and other disorders
      Bacteriology -- study of bacterias
      Biomedical -- research about bacteria and viruses
      Biochemistry -- molecular structures of various disorders
      Cardiology -- disorders and functions of the heart and circulatory systems
      Clinical Research -- research for new clinical methods
      Critical Care -- works with people in ICU
      Cytology -- study of the cells within the body
      Dentistry -- works with patients on Oral disorders and care
      Dermatology -- works with people on skin disorders
      Emergency Medicine -- a whole variety of conditions coming in.
      Embryology -- deals with patients who are in early stages of pregnancy
      Epidemiology -- researches about flus and other diseases
      Endocrinology-- works with patients who have hormone problems
      Endontology -- works with patients who have oral disorders
      Fertility -- helps with patients who need information on fertility
      Gastroenterology -- works with patients who have stomach and intestine problems.
      Genetics -- helps to detect genetic disorders
      Geriatrics -- works with older patients and their disorders
      General Practitioner -- a whole hodge podge of conditions
      Gynecology -- female reproductive system and problems associated
      Hematology -- blood problems and working with blood
      Hepatology -- works with patients who have liver problems
      Histology -- works with patients with tissue problems
      Immunology -- works with patients who have immunity problems
      Infectious Diseases -- works with patients who have viruses or bacteria
      Internist-- works with problems inside the body
      Industrial Medicine -- works with problems at the work place
      Medicine -- whole hodge podge of conditions
      Medical Technology -- looks at improving technology within medicine
      Microbiology -- works with blood work, and with other conditions
      Neonatology -- works with patients who have new borns.
      Nephrology -- works with patients who have kidney problems
      Neurology -- works with patients who have nervous system issues
      Nuclear Medicine -- works with dyes to examine patient conditions
      Nutrition -- works with patients who need help with their diet
      Ophthalmology -- works with patients who have eye diseases.
      Oncology -- works with patients who have cancer.
      Orthopedics -- works with patients who have bone disorders
      Obstetrics -- deals with patients who are pregnant
      Otolaryngology -- deals with patients who have issues with ear throat and nose
      Palliative Care -- works with patients who are at the end of their life.
      Pathology -- works with patients who have diseases.
      Pharmacology-- deals with drugs and coming up with new drugs
      Physical Medicine-- deals with rehabilitation in patients
      Pain Management -- deals with patients who have pain
      Physiology -- deals with the movement and functioning of the patient
      Psychology -- deals with the mind. cannot prescribe
      Pediatrics -- deals with children
      Podiatry -- deals with the feet
      Periorthodontics -- deals with the mouth and surrounding organs
      Psychiatry -- medical doctor in the mind can prescribe
      Pulmonology -- deals with conditions of the lungs
      Public Health -- deals with things like immunizations etc.
      Radiology -- deals with x-rays, ct scans, barium enemas, ultrasounds
      Respirology -- deals with the lungs and surrounding areas
      Reproductive Medicine-- deals with female and male system
      Rheumatology -- deals with arthritic patients
      Sleep Medicine -- deals with sleep disorders
      Sports Medicine -- deals with sports and how to help patients with sports related injuries.
      Surgery -- deals with fixing patients who are hurt or ill.
      Toxicology -- deals with toxins in the body.
      Travel Medicine -- vaccinations and other shots for travelling
      Urgent Care -- ICU medicine and other high risk patients
      Urology -- deals with the male system and urinary system
      Veterinary Medicine -- deals with conditions in animals
      Wilderness Medicine -- deals with conditions that you can get in the wilderness.

  17. QUESTION:
    Why is there cancer for different parts of the body?
    Skin cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, etc. Why does cancer attack a specific part of someone's body?
    Also, people get Lung Cancer from smoking, and people can also get Skin Cancer from too much sunlight. How could you get the same disease from two totally different kinds of sources?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't foreign in your body .. cancer is your own DNA . .your own cells that have mutated. Cancer cells were once NORMAL cells. Cancer can occur in any living cell in your body . . any cell . . breast cells, liver cells, brain cells, eye cells, skin cells, tissue cells, muscle cells, bone cells, spinal cells, vaginal cells, penile cells, blood cells, urinary cells, uterine cells . . any cell in the human body can mutate and become malignant. So . . even though you may never have heard of this . . there are at least 200 different types of cancer and at least 200 more subtypes of cancer. Skin, breast, and lung cancers are just more 'common' so you have heard of them before . . but cancer can occur anywhere inside or outside the body . . any age . . both sexes . . and any cell in or on your body.

      Although most cancers are named for the location in the body in which the cells originate . .Cancer isn't always named this way . . there are other cancers in which the name of the cancer comes from the type, shape, or even color of the cell . . here are just a few types of cancer that you may never have heard of because they are less common than breast or lung . . but they are just as deadly:

      Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Astrocytoma, Carcinoid tumor, Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma, Ewings family of tumors, Gastointestinal stromal tumor, desmoplastic small round blue cell tumor, Medulloblastoma, Mesothelioma, Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Wilm's tumor, Fibrosarcoma, Ependymoma, Oligodendroglioma, Esthesioneuroblastoma, Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia, Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma, Chondrosarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma,Epithelioid Sarcoma, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors, Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor to name a few.

  18. QUESTION:
    Can cancer sickness have a natural remedy instead of chemotherapy?
    Do natural remedies like Ganodama & Spirulina ttreat cancer compleately?

    • ANSWER:
      You have a number of good answers above - especially the answer from "lo_mcg."

      Many chemotherapy drugs are "natural" remedies obtained from plants.

      Examples of plant alkaloids used in chemotherapy are actinomycin D, doxorubicin, and mitomycin.

      One of our best relatively new agents - Taxol - comes from the bark of the Pacific Yew tree.

      Vinblastine and Vincristine are commonly used chemotherapy agents obtained from Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle).

      Camptothecin and Irinotecan come from Camptotheca acuminata.

      We in oncology have no bias against using natural remedies. We have been using them for over 40 years. But they have to be proven effective in controlled clinical trails - not just touted based on unscientific anecdotal evidence.

      In the long history of medical concoctions used throughout the European "Dark Ages and into the 1900's in America, people have used medicines that were not proven effective and in many cases did more harm than good. Calomel (mercury) is a good example. Even today there are naive people wasting money on useless medicines, and there are many sellers looking to make money from the unfortunate people who want to try anything in desperate situations. I spent a great deal of time in my oncology practice trying to talk people out of trying chemotherapy when I thought the odds of harm exceeded the chances for a real benefit. But many people will not accept the no treatment option and look elsewhere for a miraculous cure.

      Cytotoxic chemotherapy is rough. I have always said that we have to "half kill" someone to cure a cancer with chemotherapy, but there are types of cancer that respond well and can be very effectively treated with these medicines - many of which were found in nature's plants.

      Our hope is that non-specific cytotoxic chemotherapy agents will be replaced some day with more specific treatments such as the monoclonal antibody preparations now coming into clinical use. I predict that in the future we will look back at this time as barbaric for the use of present toxic, non-specific chemotherapy agents. Until that day comes, we use the best we have - the treatment that have been proven effective scientifically. Otherwise we are back to shamans and witch doctors chanting or mixing up "Theriac" with owl's toe and eye of newt.

  19. QUESTION:
    Does most women with stage 2a breast cancer always have a recurrence?
    I know that it is rare for stage 1 breast cancer to come back later and metastasize, but is it for stage 2a breast cancer? Stage 2a means no lymph nodes involved.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry, but your statement is very incorrect. This is from the National Cancer Institute:

      Stages of Breast Cancer
      Key Points for This Section

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.
      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.
      The following stages are used for breast cancer:
      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)
      Stage I
      Stage IIA
      Stage IIB
      Stage IIIA
      Stage IIIB
      Stage IIIC
      Stage IV

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.

      The process used to find out whether the cancer has spread within the breast or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.

      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.

      The three ways that cancer spreads in the body are:

      Through tissue. Cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue.
      Through the lymph system. Cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places in the body.
      Through the blood. Cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places in the body.
      When cancer cells break away from the primary (original) tumor and travel through the lymph or blood to other places in the body, another (secondary) tumor may form. This process is called metastasis. The secondary (metastatic) tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the bones, the cancer cells in the bones are actually breast cancer cells. The disease is metastatic breast cancer, not bone cancer.

      The following stages are used for breast cancer:

      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)

      There are 2 types of breast carcinoma in situ:

      Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a noninvasive condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of a breast duct. The abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct to other tissues in the breast. In some cases, DCIS may become invasive cancer and spread to other tissues, although it is not known at this time how to predict which lesions will become invasive.
      Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lobules of the breast. This condition seldom becomes invasive cancer; however, having lobular carcinoma in situ in one breast increases the risk of developing breast cancer in either breast.
      Enlarge

      Pea, peanut, walnut, and lime show tumor sizes.

      Stage I

      In stage I, cancer has formed. The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has not spread outside the breast.

      Stage IIA

      In stage IIA:

      no tumor is found in the breast, but cancer is found in the axillary lymph nodes (the lymph nodes under the arm); or
      the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has spread to the axillary lymph nodes; or
      the tumor is larger than 2 centimeters but not larger than 5 centimeters and has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

      So, there is also no concrete evidence that it is "RARE" for stage I breast cancer to "come back" and "metastasize." When cancer "comes back," it is called a recurrence. When it has "metastasized," that means it has spread to another organ. These are two different situations.

      There are women who had been dx'd with stage 0 or stage I breast cancer, and leapt to stage IV in the blink of an eye.

      You just can't assume that stage I means a person is in the clear.

      Cancer doesn't play favorites. It may never come back for a woman who was diagnosed originally as a stage IIIb. This is why it is crucial for women to be extreme advocates for themselves and be in tune with their bodies.

      By the way, I was diagnosed as a stage IIa/IIb, and I fully intend on NOT having it come back.

  20. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?
    I have smoked for 14 years, and the last 3 years I have been coughing a lot and the mucus is there but I cant seem to cough it up, can someone tell me if this is cancer or emphysema?

    • ANSWER:
      Lung Cancer Symptoms
      Lung cancer symptoms that suggest lung cancer include:
      •Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)
      •Hemoptysis (Coughing Up Blood)
      •Chronic Coughing or Change in Regular Coughing Pattern
      •Wheezing
      •Chest Pain or Pain in the Abdomen
      •Cachexia (Weight Loss), Fatigue, and Loss of Appetite
      •Dysphonia (Hoarse Voice)
      •Clubbing of the Fingernails (Uncommon)
      •Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing).
      If the cancer grows in the airway, it may obstruct airflow, causing breathing difficulties. This can lead to accumulation of secretions behind the blockage, predisposing the patient to pneumonia. Many lung cancers have a rich blood supply. The surface of the cancer may be fragile, leading to bleeding from the cancer into the airway. This blood may subsequently be coughed up.

      Depending on the type of tumor, so-called paraneoplastic phenomena may initially attract attention to the disease. In lung cancer, these phenomena may include Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (muscle weakness due to auto-antibodies), hypercalcemia, or syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Tumors in the top (apex) of the lung, known as Pancoast tumors, may invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system, leading to changed sweating patterns and eye muscle problems (a combination known as Horner's syndrome) as well as muscle weakness in the hands due to invasion of the brachial plexus.

      Many of the symptoms of lung cancer (bone pain, fever, and weight loss) are nonspecific; in the elderly, these may be attributed to comorbid illness. In many patients, the cancer has already spread beyond the original site by the time they have symptoms and seek medical attention. Common sites of metastasis include the brain, bone, adrenal glands, contralateral (opposite) lung, liver, pericardium, and kidneys. About 10% of people with lung cancer do not have symptoms at diagnosis; these cancers are incidentally found on routine chest radiograph.

      Lung Cancer Causes
      The main causes of lung cancer (and cancer in general) include carcinogens (such as those in tobacco smoke), ionizing radiation, and viral infection. This exposure causes cumulative changes to the DNA in the tissue lining the bronchi of the lungs (the bronchial epithelium). As more tissue becomes damaged, eventually a cancer develops.

      •Smoking
      Smoking, particularly of cigarettes, is by far the main contributor to lung cancer. Across the developed world, almost 90% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. In the United States, smoking is estimated to account for 87% of lung cancer cases (90% in men and 85% in women). Among male smokers, the lifetime risk of developing lung cancer is 17.2%; among female smokers, the risk is 11.6%. This risk is significantly lower in nonsmokers: 1.3% in men and 1.4% in women. Cigarette smoke contains over 60 known carcinogens, including radioisotopes from the radon decay sequence, nitrosamine, and benzopyrene. Additionally, nicotine appears to depress the immune response to malignant growths in exposed tissue.
      The length of time a person smokes (as well as rate of smoking) increases the person's chance of developing lung cancer. If a person stops smoking, this chance steadily decreases as damage to the lungs is repaired and contaminant particles are gradually removed. In addition, there is evidence that lung cancer in never-smokers has a better prognosis than in smokers, and that patients who smoke at the time of diagnosis have shorter survival times than those who have quit.
      Passive smoking—the inhalation of smoke from another's smoking—is a cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers. A passive smoker can be classified as someone living or working with a smoker as well. Studies from the U.S., Europe, the UK, and Australia have consistently shown a significant increase in relative risk among those exposed to passive smoke. Recent investigation of sidestream smoke suggests that it is more dangerous than direct smoke inhalation.

      What Are The Symptoms Of Emphysema?
      The first sign of emphysema is shortness of breath when you are exerting yourself. Eventually, this shortness of breath may occur even when you are at rest.

      As the disease progresses, the following symptoms which are related to one of the other major lung diseases also caused by smoking - bronchitis - may occur:

      •Difficulty breathing (dyspnea - this can also be caused by emphysema)

      •Coughing (with or without sputum)

      •Wheezing (this can also be caused by emphysema itself)

      •Excess mucus production

      •A bluish tint to the skin (cyanosis)

      Nice To Know:

      If wheezing occurs, it helps to know whether it is found while breathing in or out (or both). Wheezing at the end of a complete exhalation is usually due to bronchitis. Wheezing that begins early in expiration is usually due to emphysema or the combination of bronchitis and emphysema - COPD.

      If you only wheeze when you breathe in, you probably have asthma (or, very rarely, a narrowing of you

  21. QUESTION:
    What types of make-up colors would look good on me?
    I have very pale skin, dark brown, shoulder- length hair, and blue-gray eyes. I have tons of freckles, and I'm also slightly sunburnt(yes, I had on sunscreen, and no, I can't tan).
    I'm having my senior pictures done on Wednesday, and I want to look my best. I don't like to wear a ton of make-up; usually just bronzer(on eye's too), lip-gloss, and a little clear mascara. I usually keep what I do wear pretty natural. I just don't know what would look good, and I'll be changing to several different outfits. Can you help me? Any help is greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Try a fair skin tone loose powder, peach powder blush on, dark brown mascara, olive or any other subtle green eyeshadow and a mauve lipstick-pink with purple undertone-. Also try the Frieda or Frederich Glaze for Brown Hair-really deepens the color of brown hair and gives it a WOW Shine-comes in red,blonde and brown. Can also try a subtle liquid makeup one that is barely there but one has to get the right shade and shouldn't be able to tell difference face and neck has to be blended in. I prefer the loose powder with sunscreen( Sunscreen should be every AM whether sunny or cloudy or rainy-Neutragena Sunscreen +30 is great for also moisturizes.-you'll be glad for protects not only cancer but also from wrinkles) Instead of Mascara I take a darkbrown eyebrow pencil and line top lid right where lashes end and smudge a bit and also lower lash line-right where lashes go into skin not too dark why dark brown just right. For me its Eyebrow pencil-brows and eyes, blush on(a must for me for adds color to my face) and mauve lipstick. A must every AM is Witch hazel after cleaning, Sunscreen-neutrogena +30. The witch hazel keeps skin clear and eyes from being puffy. Hope I helped. I just know tht you'll look great..

  22. QUESTION:
    What type of lotion should I use in a tanning bed?
    I would prefer something with a SPF. I want to be tan, but I don't want cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      the place you go tanning if its a salon shouold have a variety of products for that. if you dont go to a salon I would stop by one that does have tanning beds abd ask them, my sister is a hair dresser who has beds and they sell lots of awesome products that will allow you to tan wothout the cancer. also a tip protect your eyes so you dont lose vision its really common and will hit you in a few years starting with loss of nite vision.

  23. QUESTION:
    How long can a stage IV esophogeal cancer patient live?
    My Mum was diagnosed in January 2012 with IV Oesophogeal Cancer. She isn't in any pain and is to be treated pallatively. My sister and I are both nurses and are looking after her. She has lost alot of weight so was stented yesterday but I wondered what other people's experience was on life expectancy. Its the question you don't want to ask but really need to know.

    Regards

    Kate

    • ANSWER:
      Chemo by acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies can ensure fresh lease of a decade or so.
      Details follow--------------------Being in a noble profession--Nursing His blessings shall be wth U to save Ur beloved Mom.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover. It is more suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and stedily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses [females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.

      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc.,:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days & thereafter to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      In order to prove ‘for our satisfaction’ on the “Miracles of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies”, we made Recorded documentations with cure for Autism, Thalassemia, breast cancer, Wilm’s tumor, Arthritis, Muscular Dystrophy, HIV/AIDS, Autism, etc., etc.

  24. QUESTION:
    How come we even use cancer as a way to divide us?
    Isn't cancer the same disease, whether it's of the lungs, breast, skin, or eyes, for that matter? Shouldn't we come together and seek a cure for cancer as a whole?

    • ANSWER:
      There are almost 300 defined types of cancer. Most are named not for where they are but from the type of mutated cells they are formed by. e.g. Lung cancer can be found in the brain, skin cancer on the liver, etc.

      The NCI takes a more even approach to spending research dollars by spending based on death and incident rates. BTW Men are more likely to have cancer in their lifetime and die from it. Breast cancer is 2nd worse cancer killer in women and gets most of the publicity.

  25. QUESTION:
    why is DNA replication important in eurkaryotic cells?
    I have to type a report, and I have no idea why DNA replication is important. Help?

    • ANSWER:
      eukaryotic cells make up animals, plants, fungi and protists.

      these cells have various cell types: skin, eye, nerves, mucles, bones, liver, etc. All these cells started with one fertilized egg which contained the DNA for that individual animal/human.
      As the animal embryo grew bigger cells eventually became specialized as these various cell types. That process required duplication of the DNA for cells to be able to divide and contain the same DNA code as the original fertilized egg. During cell division, the DNA came with instructions on which genes were turned off to produce the right kind of cells.

      DNA is the code for life and it determines how a given animal or plant will function and grow. So each time a cell divides it needs to duplicate the code for the daughter cells. Mutations happen at times during the cell division, or the DNA is damaged by radiation etc and cancers or other undesirable results happen to the DNA in a cell. Sometimes by accident a mutation can be neutral or beneficial to the animal/plant.

      So DNA replication and cell division are the most important functions of living cells on this planet. Without them life as we know it would not exist.

  26. QUESTION:
    In general, what rising signs are you most attracted to?
    Sometimes when you don't know that person's chart but you think that person is a specific sign due to how they act, or how they look. Then tell me what rising signs you find that most amuses you or draw your attention to.

    Let's say that person has the Scorpio type of eyes, charming gesture of a Libra, or know-it-all Aquarius type of confidence etc. Tell me what rising sign characteristics you're most attracted to then.

    BQ: What's your sun and rising sign?

    • ANSWER:
      Hmmmmm good question! let's see I like Sagittarius Rising and Leo Rising. Not only because they are complimentary to my Aries Rising but because warm and welcoming qualities bring out that extroverted qualities in me.

      I also like Gemini Rising because they people alway seem very interesting style wise like Lady Gaga, Rihanna and Tim Burton.

      Lastly I like people with Cancer Rising because they always seem caring and genuine when they talk.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are some examples of human genetic mutations?
    Visible to the eye and with information not to hard to find, please.

    • ANSWER:
      Well the obvious one is cancer, which is caused by a series of mutations in the dna, mutations that override or mess up dna's ability to fix mistakes caused during reproduction, or shut down the mutated cells. Then other mutations in the strand cause cell reproduction to go into hyper drive, producing more mutated cells that clump together and form a tumor, which then can be visible according to size and type.
      Many other mutations are caused by outside influences, your environment, your lifestyle choices, and your inherent genetic makeup from your parents. Other than that, are you looking for genetic anomalies, such as being born with an extra or missing toe, or grotesque alterations from radiation exposure or mercury poisoning? Some things inherited are through recessive genes only dominant if both your parents have that gene. Do you need mutations in certain organs, or in certain sections of DNA?

  28. QUESTION:
    How could school work and homework ever compete with video games? Any ideas?
    My son and his friends go after Halo 3 and Guitar Hero like they are mad scientists on the verge of a cure for cancer. They could stay up all night, skip meals, even turn down a trip to the mall, just to get to the next level on their video game. How can educators ever generate such enthusiasm and interest for academics? Who says academics have to be so boring? Who says we couldn’t merge the two (video games and academics)? How can we do it?

    • ANSWER:
      MARIO TEACHES TYPING!!!

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Teaches_Typing

      I kid, i kid, that game was terrible.

      Video gaming and education are closer than a lot of teachers think. Complex video games can build reflexes, encourage complex problem solving (legend of zelda, anyone?) hand-eye co-ordination and many other skills.

      Here's a thought : Teach what kids or students want to learn.

      That's really down to the government, though.

      So you're screwed.

      :(

  29. QUESTION:
    How many types of cancer are there?
    my grandmas brother died of colon cancer and im sad so i want to get all the colors of cancer ribbons so i can support ppl wit cancer. i can imagine how the families feel. :-[ i miss him..

    • ANSWER:
      Over 200 types of cancers. They are -

      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma, Childhood
      AIDS-Related Cancers
      AIDS-Related Lymphoma
      Anal Cancer
      Appendix Cancer
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebellar
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebral

      Basal Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic
      Bladder Cancer
      Bladder Cancer, Childhood
      Bone Cancer, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
      Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Adult
      Brain Tumor, Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors and Pineoblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors, Childhood (Other)
      Breast Cancer
      Breast Cancer and Pregnancy
      Breast Cancer, Childhood
      Breast Cancer, Male
      Bronchial Tumors, Childhood
      Burkitt Lymphoma

      Carcinoid Tumor, Childhood
      Carcinoid Tumor,Gastrointestinal
      Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
      Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Central Nervous System Lymphoma, Primary
      Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Cervical Cancer
      Cervical Cancer, Childhood
      Childhood Cancers
      Chordoma, Childhood
      Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
      Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
      Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
      Colon Cancer
      Colorectal Cancer, Childhood
      Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome

      Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Endometrial Cancer
      Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Ependymoma, Childhood
      Esophageal Cancer
      Esophageal Cancer, Childhood
      Ewing Family of Tumors
      Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
      Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
      Eye Cancer, Intraocular Melanoma
      Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma

      Gallbladder Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood
      Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extracranial, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal
      Germ Cell Tumor, Ovarian
      Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
      Glioma, Adult
      Glioma, Childhood Brain Stem
      Glioma, Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
      Glioma, Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic

      Hairy Cell Leukemia
      Head and Neck Cancer
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Hypopharyngeal Cancer
      Hypothalamic and Visual Pathway Glioma, Childhood

      Intraocular Melanoma
      Islet Cell Tumors (Endocrine Pancreas)

      Kaposi Sarcoma
      Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
      Kidney Cancer, Childhood

      Laryngeal Cancer
      Laryngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Childhood
      Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic
      Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous
      Leukemia, Hairy Cell
      Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
      Liver Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Liver Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell
      Lung Cancer, Small Cell
      Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
      Lymphoma, Burkitt
      Lymphoma, Cutaneous T-Cell, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Primary Central Nervous System

      Macroglobulinemia, Waldenström
      Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma
      Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Melanoma
      Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
      Merkel Cell Carcinoma
      Mesothelioma, Adult Malignant
      Mesothelioma, Childhood
      Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary
      Mouth Cancer
      Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndrome, Childhood
      Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm
      Mycosis Fungoides
      Myelodysplastic Syndromes
      Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
      Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic
      Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Acute
      Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute
      Myeloma, Multiple
      Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic

      Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Neuroblastoma
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

      Oral Cancer, Childhood
      Oral Cavity Cancer, Lip and
      Oropharyngeal Cancer
      Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
      Ovarian Cancer, Childhood
      Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
      Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor
      Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumor

      Pancreatic Cancer
      Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood
      Pancreatic Cancer, Islet Cell Tumors
      Papillomatosis, Childhood
      Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
      Parathyroid Cancer
      Penile Cancer
      Pharyngeal Cancer
      Pheochromocytoma
      Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Pineoblastoma and Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
      Pituitary Tumor
      Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
      Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
      Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
      Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
      Prostate Cancer

      Rectal Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer, Childhood
      Renal Pelvis and Ureter, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Respiratory Tract Carcinoma Involving the NUT Gene on Chromosome 15
      Retinoblastoma
      Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood

      Salivary Gland Cancer
      Salivary Gland Cancer, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Ewing Family of Tumors
      Sarcoma, Kaposi
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Adult
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Uterine
      Sézary Syndrome
      Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Skin Cancer, Childhood
      Skin Cancer (Melanoma)
      Skin Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
      Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Small Intestine Cancer
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Adult
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Childhood
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer, Childhood
      Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood

      T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Testicular Cancer
      Throat Cancer
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma, Childhood
      Thyroid Cancer
      Thyroid Cancer, Childhood
      Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
      Trophoblastic Tumor, Gestational

      Unknown Primary Site, Carcinoma of, Adult
      Unknown Primary Site, Cancer of, Childhood
      Unusual Cancers of Childhood
      Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Urethral Cancer
      Uterine Cancer, Endometrial
      Uterine Sarcoma

      Vaginal Cancer
      Vaginal Cancer, Childhood
      Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Vulvar Cancer

      Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
      Wilms Tumor
      Women's Cancers

      The above are as given in web site - http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/alphalist
      of National Cancer Institute.

      For cancer awareness ribbons, please note each cancer has a different color ribbon. Full details can be had at website -
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/

  30. QUESTION:
    Is there some type of medical or nursing degree I can do quickly after having a BA in an unrelated field?
    I have a Bachelor's in Accounting, but am finding a very difficult time getting work. My girlfriend is in school for nursing. I am trying to get into the medical field because it is booming. Does anyone know of any type of accelerated programs that will accept my Bachelor's, so that I can spend a year or 2 and become a nurse or something?

    • ANSWER:
      Google all the colleges and junior colleges near you and see if they offer Associate Degrees in nursing.
      That's a two year program and i would think your BA degree would make you look good as an applicant. Then, once you get your nursing license, you can always take more classes to get your BS degree in nursing (BSN). With your BA degree, you may already be eligible to get into a BSN program if you take some prerequisite courses like biology,chemistry, human anatomy, microbiology, etc. Just call all the school you are interested in and see what they offer.

      Are you sure you want to be in the medical field? Accounting takes a very different type personality than nursing. Do you think blood and urine and feces will bother you. Could you clean up a patient who has vomited all over the place? Would you freak out if a patient vomited on you, which could happen. Could you change a dressing on a patient who has a big, open wound? Can you stick needles in patients? Do odors bother you. Some patients have really terrible cancers or other issues that really do not smell good at all. How well can you handle stress and pressure? Would you fall apart if someone had a seizure right before your very eyes? ALL of nursing is not like that, but you have to see at least some of that at some point in your training and nursing career.

      If none of that would bother you, than go for it!! And while some of it may bother you in the beginning, you will get used to it if you really have a desire to make a difference in someone's life.

      If the above WOULD bother you, think about a career in x-ray, radiation therapy, ultrasound, or nuclear medicine. You would still work with patients, but generally you won't have to deal with as much "drama".

  31. QUESTION:
    What effects does honey have if i pour a drop of it into my eyes everyday?
    I heard that it lightens your iris color, I heard that its essence cleans your eyes, makes them sparkly then again, I heard that it's very bad for your eyes because it contains bacteria so on and so on...
    Hey, I didn't ask for you to comment on my question. I want a legit answer or hush it. ;]

    • ANSWER:
      although I have heard of people using this, I personally would not use that.

      Instead I would use the eyewash formula by Dr Schulze and his teacher Dr Christopher.

      You an buy it at herbdoc.om on the products page or make it yourself easily.

      You will also nee distilled water and a glass eye cup.

      Here is the formula..for best results, use organic or wildcrafted herbs as they are 7-10 times higher in the phytochemcials that cure and prevent diseases. purchase them in the bulk herb section of local health food store or online by typing bulk organic herbs (and the herb you want) into the search engine

      Ingredients:

      One part each:

      1 part bayberry bark
      1 part eyebright herb
      1 part golden seal root
      1 part red raspberry leaves
      1/8 part cayenne

      directions and uses are found at both these sites. Schulze added one part of a few other herbs but his original one is exactly the one Dr Christopher used as above.

      http://www.herballegacy.com/Herbal_Eyebright.html

      http://curezone.com/schulze/handbook/eyebright.asp

      more on the eyes found by going through these links/sites

      http://www.herballegacy.com/search.php?zoom_query=eye+

      This formula has cured glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and fixed blindness.

      It works best in a comprehensive program as the one Christopher described with the intestinal cleanse #1 and #2 (sold at herbdoc.com) his was similar and called the lower bowel formula.

      Schulze used it in the clinic with his foundational program. He said to take the formula several times a day by mouth (60 drops is the dose for 150 lp person, 90 drops (3 dropperfuls) for a 225 lb person and 120 drops per dose (4 dropperfuls) for a 300 lb person and 30 drops for a 75 lb person etc.

      also use in the eyes about 6 times a day as directed (diluted with the eye exercises)

      He also recommended taking brain herbs like organic ginkgo tincture and organic rosemary tincture or his brain formula would work. Also use a slant board once a day and drink 3cups of fresh carrot juice (drink the juice within 15 minutes ..do not store).

      Also works better with the mucusless diet or a mainly raw, vegan, whole food diet. your eyes willsparkle and the gunk is pushed out improving vision and strengthening the eyes.

      The only thing you might notice is the eye may be glued shut upon waking..this is the gunk coming out of the eye and not infection..just rub a warm washcloth over eye before opening if it is glued shut.

      Do not let the cayenne scare you..I was a fraid to try this for years when I saw Schulze use hundreds of times more cayenne than the 1/4 part until I accidentally had habenero pepper juice on my hands from wahing out the seeds and rubbed both eyes.

      I was completely blinded for an hour and unable to open my eyes but when I finally could, my eyese looked better than in eyes..very shiney and clear.

      I figured if I could go through that, I could try the eyewash and did and it was nothing..stung a little for 2 minutes or so. Schuilze has recommended starting at 1/4 part cvayeen tand then goiung to 1/2 part cayeene then 3/4 part and then one part and more if desired.

      But I do not know of anything that lightens the iris. I heard George malchus (spelling)? who wrote the book hallejah diet speak and read his book last week and he had gone on a 100% raw vegan whole foods diet to reverse colon cancer and thern after a year when his cancer was cured (the same cancer had killed his mom), he went to a 85% raw vegan diet.

      He spoke of when on the standard american diet., his vision getting progressively worst and needing to get three more progressively stronger eye glasses. When on the raw strong diet (85%) he saw his glasses needed to be downsized to lessor strength as his eyes kept getting better.'

      Dr Schulze who cured the incurables said that every cell in our bodies is completely remade within two years..if a cell will not die, our body kills it. when we eat animal, bad or cooked foods, each time the new cells gets a little worst, but when we eat a mainly raw diet of plant foods, each time the cell renews it is a little better and this is why he now at age nearly 80, he recently passed his driver's test with no glasses and 20-20 vision. so diet has a lot to do with all degeneration.

  32. QUESTION:
    Can cigarette smoke irritate your eyes if you have contaccts?
    I just got contacts, live around non-smokers. But every weekend i go to be with my parents, and they smoke, could the smoke irritate my eyes?

    • ANSWER:
      Cigarette smoke can irritate your eyes (with or without contacts). In can irritate your lungs, it can give you lung and many other types of cancer. It causes emphysema, premature aging and wrinkling of the skin and makes you smell bad. It can make your children grow up without a
      parent(s). It can make your children grow up without parents or grandparents. It can prevent your children from going to college because their parents have died from cancer and the children no longer have a way to pay for college. In other cigarette smoke is not good.

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the best wrinkle cream for eyes and face?
    I am 28 and have always had dry skin. I am looking for a really good product that I can maintain to prevent wrinkles... especially around my eyes and to help with the puffiness and darkness under my eyes. I already do the whole cucumber thing, so I just you guys to share what you use and what you recommend.... Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      It is everyone's desire to keep their youthful and glowing skin intact and keep the unsightly furrows, wrinkles, lines and sagging skin at bay. With a little research, know-how, precaution and investing in a good skin care regimen, it is possible to delay both the intrinsic and extrinsic signs of aging with the best anti wrinkle cream. A few tips and an anti aging wrinkle cream will help you live a wrinkle-free life while you get to fall in love with your skin - again.

      The good old sunscreen

      Using a broad spectrum sunscreen that is suitable for your skin type and features an SPF of 15 to 30 is your best bet to keep photo aging at bay. The strong UV rays breakdown the skin's defenses and the collagen which is the building protein of the skin. This makes the skin lose its ability to renew itself in a healthy pattern and leads to various maladies like lines, wrinkles, freckles, sun spots, pigmentation as well as skin cancer.

      So remember to shield your skin from the sun and also equip yourself with shades, hats or umbrellas and wear protective clothing to ward off any premature aging symptoms and signs.

      An ideal skin care and anti aging regimen

      In order to extract the best out of your natural skin care, it is absolutely essential to prep your skin and make it ready for your products. For this, either a regular exfoliation at home or a microdermabrasion treatment at a clinic or spa is a good idea. While the former can be performed once or twice a week, the latter procedure should be performed by a trained professional.

      The idea is to get rid of the dead skin cells that just sit on the dermal surface and give a dull and lifeless appearance. This also aids in the proper absorption of your anti-aging products.

      Next, it is important to choose the products best suited for your skin type. Investing in a quality antioxidant serum or cream will help in combating free radicals which leads to premature aging. A quality anti aging wrinkle cream used in the right way can significantly delay the signs of aging.

      All the best

  34. QUESTION:
    Howcome people say tanning ability has to do with hair color and eye color?
    I have dark brown hair with dark green eyes and I am so pale and hardly tan... To determine one's skin type they ask eye color and hair color. If all this is true I should be like a type 3.....Does this mean I have more melanin because I never try to actually tan. If I actually tried would I have a more successful chance than someone with light hair and light colored eyes?

    • ANSWER:
      I am a natural redhead...with green eyes and very pale skin..I burn to a crisp...I avoid the sun.....it hurts too bad to get burnt like that...plus my sister is a blond and had skin cancer on her arm from the sun....

  35. QUESTION:
    How is a child tested for cancer?
    I have 3 year old nephew identical twins. The older one has retinoblastoma(cancer in one eye) It was suggested that we get the other twin tested for cancer too just to be safe. We scheduled an appointment at the hospital in a few days for him to be tested. I just wanted to know what testing for this cancer or any cancer involves and how long it takes? His parents aren't in the picture. Their dad recently died and their mom is not in the picture.

    • ANSWER:
      I remember your previous question and answered you.
      The reason I brought up his twin brother is because there is an inheritable genetic form of retinoblastoma with a mutation on chromosome 13. I don’t know if this is the type your nephew has or not, as there is another type which is not inheritable, but since they are twins I thought it was important for you to have the information so that you could discuss it with the doctor.
      “Cancer” is not a single disease there are more than 200 diseases called cancer.
      To check his brother for retinoblastoma the doctor will do an eye exam and check reflection from the eye's retina.

  36. QUESTION:
    What problems can you find out from an eye check up?
    Hi!(:
    Well latley I've been getting headaches and not being able to read for long so my mom said i might need glasses. I have normally had pretty good vision all my life but idk. I was just wondering what they do during an eye appiontment and what problems they can find out from looking in yours eyes?
    Thanks!!(:

    • ANSWER:
      When you first go for an eye exam, they will take your medical history. Then they will test for a number of common eye problems. They will look at your eyes initially to make sure you do not have misaligned yes like one eye looking to the left when the other one is looking straight ahead. They will have you look at a picture of a large fly and ask you to pick it up by the wing to see if you have depth perception. You will be asked to read letters on an eye chart and to read a couple of sentences close up to see if you are near sighted or far sighted. The examiner will look at your eyes to make sure there are no abnormal growths on the out side of your eye.

      The examiner will have you put your head in a head rest and will shine a line of light in your eye. In this the examiner is looking for defects in your cornea, your iris and your lens. At this time your eye pressure will be measured with this machine or by putting you in another machine that blows a puff of air in your eye. The examiner may touch a strip of paper with some dye on it to your lower lid and tell you to blink. Then they will look at your eye with a type of black light. If there are any defects in your cornea, they would become visible to the examiner here. They might for instance find a scratch on your cornea.

      Once this external exam is completed, the examiner will put drops in your eye to dilate them and will have you sit in a room with low light for about twenty minutes. Once you eyes are dilated, you will be examined again to see any problems inside your eye. The examiner will look all the way back to your retina. This exam will find evidence of long term diabetes, hypertension, macular degeneration, brain tumor evidence, anemia, parasites in the eye, evidence of multiple sclerosis or a disease called retinitis pigmentosis. Malignant melanomas are a type of cancer that can be found in the eye. This just scratches the surface of what might be found. The link below is an attempt to list them all.

      Someone once said that ophthalmology is all of medicine wrapped up in a little ball.

  37. QUESTION:
    Which planet and or aspects in astrology are associated with tumor ?
    And the disease cancer ? ( not the astrological sign )

    Two of my friends grandmas just recently passed away due to malignant tumors, and my aunty is probably leaving soon, so I am asking out of curiosity. I know this is more of medical astrology, which is something I don't really study or believe in due to my career field.

    I heard Pluto is associated with tumors and such.?
    Oh I can't even bother to thumb down you both.

    • ANSWER:
      I've eyed this question several times, and not written anything because of the complexity involved in what I want to say. I answered a non-astrology question along this line the other day. The asker wanted to know how to combine the chances of being in the percentage group which develops cancer, and then from there what would be the chances of dying from cancer if he was among the former group.

      I've read that in astrology, Pluto involves the cancer cells themselves. But there's so many variables involved, plus percentages change from study to study, and from year to year. What I'm saying is there's several issues here. There is the percentage which develops cancer, and dies from it. There's the percentage which develops cancer, but survives, and the cancer returns later on. There's the percentage which develops cancer, survives, but then dies of other causes. The majority of cancer are thought to be spontaneous, with some studies showing inherited tendencies. We know there a prevalence of cancer from abuse of certain types of eating habits, alcoholism and smoking. Then there's a small percentage of cases where a proto-oncogene becomes altered by a mutation, and this causes the development of a cancer of some kind. There are many known proto-oncogenes, which all lead to the development of different kinds of cancers.

      So with all those issues, it would have to be more than one aspect. From what I know of astrology, I'd suggest aspects and timing as complex as the subject matter in the previous paragraph. In my own case, and my family history of different proto-oncogenes, I've found a relation between Jupiter, Saturn, Mercury, Sun and Mars.

      With ovarian cancer, by astrological rules I would think Venus and Moon would be involved, but I would still include Jupiter, Saturn, Mercury, Sun and Mars. I've found Mars to be a big indicator of the surgical procedures involved. Jupiter seems to relate to the person's ability or willingness to help with the healing process, or make it worse. There's a lot more to it than this, and some astrologers will have different findings, since my focus has been on charts of those with different proto-oncogenes. The 6th house is important for health matters, and the 8th is related to death. I've found that the 4th is crucial to the end of life descriptions, but I won't go beyond on that particular subject. Rulers of the houses involved have to be examined, and then the timing would involve transits and progressions for knowing when.

      So I don't think there's a lone specific planet associated with tumors. Jupiter seems to be the hub of development in the proto-oncogenes in my family, but only with how it aspects other planets, and the house placements.

      While I'm on that subject, I can't think of a more informed person than yourself to collect data, do the research, and publish a book on it.

  38. QUESTION:
    What kind of lotion or tan accelerator should i wear while tanning with type 2 fair skin?
    I never really tanned before but for some reason its bugging me this year. I have dark brown hair green eyes and I'm thinking I'm prolly type 2 cuz i tan on my arms a little. I want to tan and use the right stuff so my skin don't get ate alive. Anyone share the same skin type and have any suggestions? don't tell me i'm gonna get cancer im 19 and i would rather feel good now than look good old. thx

    • ANSWER:
      I'd recommend a tanning lotion with bronzers. Bronzers will help boost your color faster. They are very similar to the bronzers found in self-tanning lotions, which just add color to the top layer of your skin. If you are tanning though, lotions with bronzers won't make you orangey like the self tanners do. The bronzers will simply blend with your tanned skin, and make you look darker. If you are tanning outside, get something with a small spf in it. The higher the spf, the less of the sun's rays get through to your skin...so you probably want a lower spf such as 2 or 4.

      If you're going to the tanning bed, talk with the people that work there about what kind of time you should be starting out with, when to move up on time,etc. They should also be able to tell you your skin type for sure. They'll probably just ask you a few questions, like how easy you burn, does your skin tan in the sun, etc. You will probably want a lotion with bronzers if you're using the tanning bed also. My two favorites are Designer Skin Spellbound, which has 4 bronzers, and Designer Skin Black, which has 20x bronzers. Both have the silicone emulsion formula that makes your skin feel soft and silky after using it.

      Hope this helped!

  39. QUESTION:
    What would you like to ask?What's with the thing on facebook where girls post types of makeup as their status?
    why are girls putting up statuses like mascara lipstick eye liner and stuff in facebook
    i know.but what exactly is that.i know abt the months.but whats with the cosmetics?

    • ANSWER:
      I personally haven't and haven't seen this happening.

      A lot of people post what they like to their facebook [there for cosmetics, clothing etc.]

      It may also be an inside joke or game.

      There are also lots of games on Facebook, a lot of them consist of making the guy 'guess' what they mean, usually to help raise issues such as breast cancer etc.
      Like when everyone was posting... I like it on the floor, I like it on the stairs etc. This was to raise awareness and guys expected it to be dirty minded, when it was all so innocent, they were talking about where they placed their bags when they got home.
      Also another one was mentioning chocolate, making it sound dirty minded to those who didn't know what it was for...such as, I love nuts etc.

      Why don't you try mailing one of them and asking them what it is about, they did it, they would know :)

  40. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to infect your eyes with athletes foot?
    What would the symptoms be? I have been diagnosed with dry eyes but feel it is more severe and the imitation tears provided by my doctor have no effect whatsoever!

    • ANSWER:
      It appears that people are giving you a lot of variable answers to this question.

      The correct answer is YES, however athletes foot is usually caused by a fungus. Most fungi like low oxygen environments. Since the eyes can defend themselves well in normal healthy people and are constantly exposed to air, fungus problems are mainly an issue of the immunosuppressed. If the surface tissue is damaged, fungus can gain a foothold in the deeper tissues causing a nasty infection.

      It should be noted that antibiotics by definition kill bacteria, and are worthless in fungal infections. There are a few anti-fungal medications for the eyes, but it is unlikely you have this type of infection. Most immunosuppressed people are on medications after organ transplants, have AIDS, or taking chemotherapy for cancer. You would need to consult your internal medicine doctor for help.

      Dry eye can come in mild, moderate, and severe degrees. If you actually have severe dry eyes, the artificial tears may not be effective alone, but may require more aggressive treatment, such as the use of steroids and ointments. Most doctors will start out by prescribing the most passive treatment, and based upon your response, step up the treatment if not effective. You should re-visit your doctor and see if you can move on to the next level.

  41. QUESTION:
    How do I give my friend eye cancer?
    I have already tried using Wii remotes and Lynx deodorant but none of that seems to be working.

    • ANSWER:
      A retinoblastoma isn't a joking matter, nor is any other type of eye neoplasm.

  42. QUESTION:
    How does a very fair skinned person get tan?
    Ok, I have bleach blonde hair and light blue eyes. During the summer, I NEVER get tan! If I try, I get sun burned! I have to wear that baby sunscreen that never absorben. It's and is so thick that it looks like your a ghost, or I get burned. I don't to use fake tanner or a spray tan. I just want a nice, even, natural tan. Any ways. Any experiances (sp?) ?

    • ANSWER:
      You can't, not every skin type can tan, typically very fair with light hair and eyes is KNOWN for being unable to tan. Tanning beds will make NO difference (just give you cancer faster). They produce the same type of rays as the sun produces, they just do it artificially rather than naturally. If you burn in the sun you WILL burn WORSE in a tanning booth.

      If you want color then your only option will be self tanners, I've had some very good results with netroguena products (especially their spray version, very easy, never orange). They also have an AWESOME spray sunscreen, water proof, sweat proof, very light and comes in SPF 70 (I think they might even have 100 now, yes I'm obsessive about protection, I don't want wrinkles or cancer). You are SUPPOSED to use a lot of sunscreen, if you are wearing a bikini then you should be using a golf ball sized amount or you're actually REDUCING the effectiveness of the sunscreen, some times even reducing the SPF by as much as half as what's labeled on the bottle.

  43. QUESTION:
    Can bone marrow transplants affect the recipients characteristics like for example hair color?
    Have relations with cancer and this question came up, the idea that bone marrow transplants could affect bodily characteristics like hair color is to me strange because I can't see the mechanism how this would occur. Is it true?

    • ANSWER:
      No, not the hair color, all the the chemo used in treatment and the conditioning regimen for the transplant can. This is usually temporary though.

      This probably came up because bone marrow transplants change a part of your dna. The marrow and blood of the patient will change to that of the donor.

      For example, I had a transplant this summer. While the rest of my body is uneffected, my marrow and blood now has the dna of my donor, rather than my own dna. My blood type also changed to that of my donor, from 0+ to a+.

      However, the dna in the blood does not effect other physical characteristics of the body.

      Anyone who goes through any kind of transplant goes through this. For example, someone with a kidney transplant. The new kidney will have the dna of the donor, not the patient.

      This is called chimerism. Wiki has some good info about this phenomana and how it occurs in science as well as nature. In fact, it is more common than orginially though. However, you dont know it until you do dna tests. For example, while not all, but a lot of people with two diff eye colors are chimeras.

      Anyways, look up www.marrow.org, it has a lot of info about the transplant and how it works.

  44. QUESTION:
    What should I get my grandad for Christmas?
    So my grandad and I are really close. He is really cool. He is retired. He likes golf and like making and building things. He has cancer and a fungus somewhere so he has a strict diet and he can't go outside. So he can't have any sweets. I have a right budget but I wanna get him something cool. Help!

    • ANSWER:
      FUN GADGETS for boyfriends, brothers, dads:
      1. Dynaflex Powerball.
      2. Golf GPS.
      3. Finger drums(let their fingers do the drums).
      4. USB missile launcher.
      5. Snowball maker.
      6. Magic wand remote.
      7. Tablet computer floor stand.
      8. USB desktop fan.
      9. Swiss army knife USB.
      10.Tape-to-MP3 converter.
      11.Laser projection keyboard.
      12.Electric scooter.
      ``````````````````````````````````````…
      For Girls
      1. Video games for girls
      2. Sims 3 video game.
      3. Game console like a wii and a couple of games.
      4. A Visa credit card with a limited amount of money on it. They can be used at any store.
      5. Electric scooter.
      6. Terry cloth bath robe with matching bath slippers.
      7. Matching nail polish and lip stick.
      8. Kitchen appliances for learning to cook.
      9. Chairs for girls and teen ager girls; click this link, hope it shows:
      http://www.pbteen.com/shop/furniture/lounge-seating/?bnrid=3730901&cm_ven=Dotomi&cm_cat=Remarketing&cm_pla=Click&cm_ite=All#

      ``````````````````````````````````````…
      Suggestions for others:
      1. A Visa credit card with a limited amount of money on it. They can be used at any store.
      2. Food items such as a large basket of fruit. You can find these at grocery stores when it gets close to Christmas.
      3. Christmas Flowers.
      4. Christmas box of foods such as summer sausages, cheeses, and etc.
      5. Large box of good brand chocolates.
      6. Wine.
      7. DVD movies.
      8. Netflix
      9. Something for the house or bedroom.
      10.Box of frozen rib eye steaks from a mail order steak house. They come in dry ice. Take out the dry ice and put steaks in their box into a freezer.
      11.Crock Pot.
      12.Kitchen electric grill such as the George Foreman type...but there are many more brands to choose from if you wish.

  45. QUESTION:
    How do doctors put aside their emotions?
    I plan on going to medical school and becoming a doctor, preferably an oncologist (a tumor/cancer doctor basically). And I know that, since patients die quite often from cancer and such, that it is a very emotional profession. So how are oncologists, and other doctors for that matter, able to set aside their emotions and maintain their professional and logical side?

    • ANSWER:
      I think it's more that they don't show the depth of their feelings in front of their patients. I used to do medical transcription. I once typed a chart note dictated by a doctor who had just told one of his patients that he had cancer, and he mentioned that the patient's wife was crying.

      The doctor himself sounded professional, but also upset. I myself was teary-eyed while typing the report. I think every doctor approaches this problem in a different way, just as police officers do who have to tell a family that one of their close relatives has been murdered, raped, or whatever. I think there's no easy way to do it, and I think most doctors and other professionals simply promise themselves that they will do the very, very best they can for that patient or that family, whatever the outcome might be.

      I also have attended lectures by a Dr. Sperry out in Georgia, who works with the Georgia Bureau of Investigations. He has said that, sometimes, the sheer number of cases helps you distance yourself, a little, because you can't look on that much death and feel deeply emotionally involved, or you wouldn't be able to do your job--and the best way that you can serve the victim is to do your job well.

      Most doctors become doctors because they love people and want to help them. I think, if you keep that in mind, you'll find a way to balance it, somehow. Wishing you the very best in your career.

  46. QUESTION:
    How curable is squamous carcinoma of the eye?
    My grandpa has been diagnosed with squamous carcinoma on his eye. So there a tumor on his eyeball. He's going to the optometrist or something to get it surgically removed. I was wondering if it's a very curable cancer or if it's a more incurable type. He probably got it because he works at a golf course, so he's in the sun a lot. Is this something I should be worried about or not?
    anyone know the likelihood of losing the affected eye? I'm not sure how early it was caught.

    • ANSWER:
      Even within certain groups of Cancer the Malignancy can vary quite a bit. Ostio-Sarcoma (Bone Cancer) can almost be Benign, making it very hard to treat, and on the other hand it can be incredibly aggressive, doubling Tumor size in less than a month. My advice as a Cancer Survivor to you is to get him to a Doctor and listen to the Doctor, the chances of someone on here having a good answer are very low. If it does make you feel better the last 20 or so years have had some amazing breakthroughs on cancer treatment.

  47. QUESTION:
    What questions are asked when being recruited/enrolling in the armed forces?
    I've been thinking about joining the Army for some time, but have a couple of "skeletons in my closet". I had my experimental phase in high school, and maybe shoplifted, etc. Does anyone know what type of personality tests are done, or if they ask you specific things like that? Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      The above answers are correct, but I'll just add a little bit, because I just went through my physical day before yesterday. I'll warn you: It's going to be a REALLY long day when you go to MEPS. You're going to be seeing ALOT of different people, and every time you face someone new, they're most likely going to be asking you "Do you have a history of broken bones or surgeries? Have you ever done any illegal drugs?" They're going to have you sign ALOT of papers saying that you've been completely honest and the papers will state the punishment for lying. I signed at least twenty papers. It starts to get really old.
      You're going to arrive at MEPS around 5am. You're going to get stickered, which takes a while, and then you're going to start your physical. They're going to take your blood pressure, get your hearing done, your sight, your briefing (which is sitting in cramped desks for about an hour going over more paperwork and a breathalyzer. You're going to pee in a cup in front of alot of people (boys, I'm not sure how it works, but they all have to physically watch you pee. girls, you get stalls, but they watch you through the mirrors, and all the other girls can see.), and then you get your blood drawn, not specifically in that order, but it's a very long process, especially if there's alot of people. And every time you enter a new room, your pretty much getting questioned over and over again, especially in the briefing. Most people confessed to stuff in the briefing, which is BAD. They'll most likely tell you it's no big deal, but believe me, it is. They'll try to disqualify you for anything. So just say no to everything unless it's an issue. Some girl blurted out "I have a bump on my skin, and I think it's cancer. Is that okay?" If anything is suspicious like that, your enlistment will get delayed because they'll have you go to the doctor to get it looked at. If anything was broken and you say so, then they'll tell you no and have you go and get xrays and a record, and most likely more.
      After the briefing comes the worst part: the actual exam. I'm a female, and we all had to stand in a room in our underwear and do all kinds of funky movements (the duck walk, dropping on our knees on the hard floor, finger movements, wrist movements, knee kicks, walking fast, etc.). You get weighed and measured and get your skin examined for scars and piercings or any other abnormalties. Then we'd all have to undress infront of each other and then see the doctor privately. He's going to be looking in your ears and eyes and throat and check your back and privates and feet and all that fun stuff.
      So basically, if it doesn't affect you, don't mention it! I had a hairline fracture in my wrist when I was a little kid. I never mentioned it, and I'm qualified. I have "suspicious" scars, and I just lied about them. I had chicken pox and had my tonsils taken out, but I mentioned that because I know that they're ok.
      They're going to DRILL you on the law about lying. They tell you the maximum punishments (2 years of confinement with removal of all payments and allowance and a dishonorable deployment), but my recruiter said it's never happened. Remember, they have ALOT of people to go over a day. So unless it was a huge issue (like pins or a huge break in an arm or leg or cancer), don't mention it and just keep your cool.

  48. QUESTION:
    What are the characteriristics of a Scorpio ascendant girl?
    scorpio rising on the cancer decan and with mars in cancer, how does she look like, how does she act, etc also she has midheaven in sagittarius what do ppl think of her. p.s. i do NOT take astrology for granted it is fun studying it but i never take this information for granted, it is just for kicks ii

    • ANSWER:
      Gwen Stefani has a Scorpio ascendant. I would say it is mostly in the eyes and the stare. Kind of mysterious or even a little creepy on some levels. They have really intense eyes and astrologers have said that the Scorpio Asc. can have a dark brooding Sexuality underneath (see also, Peter Steele of Type O Negative). I use celebs because they are easy to find through a simple Google search. Always remember that Ascendant is like a Wolf in Sheep's clothing, her moon is her true personality. Scorpio rules Sex and Death, so the Scorpio ascendant APPEARS intense.


types of eye cancer

Metastasized Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How can you tell if the symptoms are due to morphine use or if the cancer has progressed to the brain?
    My grandfather has metastasized bladder cancer that has already progressed to his bones. I am his caretaker and I am worried that the cancer may have progressed to his brain. His cognitive abilities are slowing, he can not remember what he's trying to say and he's increasingly sleepy. He also has trouble walking, but he also has fluid built up in his legs, which impairs that.

    My question is due to that fact that he is also on morphine everyday for his existing conditions and pain. How can I if the cognitive and lethargy being from the morphine and percocet intake or if it is a sign of brain cancer?

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Is brachytherapy still helpful for a prostate cancer patient who has metastasized cancer cells?
    the cancer cells spread in the patient's body, is seed brachytherapy applicable in the patient's case?or do you have any suggestions?thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Not really no, brachytherapy is very localised becaused it's treating the tumour from the inside so if it's already spread the radioactive seeds will have no effect on the mets because they will be too distant to recieve enough dose i'm afraid.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between metastasized brain cancer and cancer that started in the brain?
    My mother had lung cancer a year ago and although it has not returned, she now has a tumor in her brain the size of a dime. It is cancerous .... so what is the prognosis and what is the difference between this type of brain cancer (where it originated in the lungs) and brain cancer that originiates in the brain. Also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer originating in a particular organ for the first time is called Primary neoplasm.

      Metastasis is its secondary spread through blood or lymph.

      Prognosis really depends on histological type of the cancer but metastasis generally requires more aggressive treatment in the form of chemo & radio because it is wide-spread.

      My best wishes are with your mother and you as her family in the battle against this cancer.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with metastasized leiomyosarcoma cancer?
    I had uterine cancer about 2 years ago. I had a total hysterectomy. Now in January I was diagnosed with the cancer in my lungs. 2 of the tumors were a little bigger than 2 cm. with multiple tumors in both lungs. Now with 18 weeks of chemo the 2 larger tumors have shrunk to about 60 percent. What is my life expectancy?

    • ANSWER:
      God can help you live a better life if you want Him to help you. You can have a personal relationship with God by saying the prayer below. God is our Creator, all-knowing, all-powerful, eternal, holy, love. God loves us and sent us His Son, Jesus Christ, so we can go to heaven if we know and follow Him. Forever means without end -- time on and on without death. Forever is what happens after we die. Either we go to heaven and be with God forever, or we go to hell which is very bad and painful forever. The good people who are saved believers in Jesus Christ go to heaven. The bad people go to hell. We need to know and follow God in this world to get to heaven in the next world. We follow God by loving and obeying Him and loving others for Him. Jesus Christ, God's Son, is our bridge to God. Jesus died on the cross to cancel our sins. We need to accept Jesus into our life as our Lord and Savior forever to receive God's blessing and forgiveness plus go to heaven to be with God forever after we die. This is about being a born-again Christian. Faith in God is a gift from God. You can pray for faith in God. Just speak out and ask God for the faith to believe in Him and to follow Him. Some people find faith in God when they realize the beauty in the world is made by God. Evolution can't explain the world's natural beauty, for example, the parks in the world, animals, flowers, peacocks, sunsets, butterflies, rainbows, etc. After you have your faith on, you can pray a sinner's prayer to be a born-again Christian. This prayer is very important and should be said with a sincere heart and faith in God. This is the prayer: "Dear God, I know that I am a sinner and that Jesus Christ is the sacrifice for our sins. I have done the following sins (state these out) and I pray to discontinue these sins. I pray to receive Jesus Christ into my life as my Lord and Savior forever. In Jesus' name, amen." I'm Lutheran and I like the Baptist churches. You could find a good Christian church and try a weekly Bible study group with them to learn more. You can pray to God about your daily life. God bless.

  5. QUESTION:
    What Awareness Ribbon is the correct one?
    My parters sister has metastasised breast cancer. i love her very much and i wish to get an awareness ribbon tattoo in her honour, but i was wondering if the correct color is pink (breast cancer awareness) or lavander (all cancer awareness), or, can i mix them? im confused because the cancer has metastasised, as i mentioned and it has moved on to other organs, although it was originally breast cancer. i would be very gratefull if anyone could help me with this as i'm a bit confused. thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t really understand your question. It is a tattoo and your body whatever you want to do is correct.
      I can tell you if it started out as breast cancer it is always breast cancer. It doesn’t turn into some other disease.

  6. QUESTION:
    My BIL has carcinomatous meningitis from metastasized cancer?
    My BIL had esophageal cancer that was succesfully (?) treated with chemo/radiation/surgery. Now they found cancer in spinal fluid a few months after surgery. Doctors said it is carcinomatous meningitis. They plan to put a shunt in his head to give him chemo. I googled, and doesn't look hopeful. Has anyone undergone this treatment, or know anyone who has? Life expectancy? Thanks in advance, we are trying to remain hopeful.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm so sorry to hear about your BIL. My sister received the same diagnosis just yesterday. I think it's important that you and your family get answers straight from your BIL's doctor(s), because what I might tell you could very well be different from what your BIL's condition is. I would never want to give anyone false hope, or make them think the situation is any more grim than it is. In my sister's case, the prognosis is not good, but I don't know that to be true for everyone who gets this.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the survival chances for offspring born to women with cancer in the long-term?
    I ask this mostly on a personal-level because I am one of these offspring. I was wondering whether the cancer can affect the quality of life of the offspring in later life because of poorly sequenced DNA damaged by the mother's cancerous state? I have often pondered this and am just wondering what effect disease has on the genome for future generations (maybe even the effects skip a generation??)

    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      1. You may have inherited a set of genes that increase the likelihood of you getting cancer. Some of these may be triggered by environmental influences. You should probably avoid extremes: don't get too fat, don't get too thin, don't climb Mt Everest, don't do any deep diving, don't get drunk.

      2. If your mother had active metastasizing cancer at the time she was pregnant with you, we'd be having a different conversation, i.e. asking if you had tumors cut out of you when you were an infant.

  8. QUESTION:
    How do chemotherapy drugs interact chemically with cancer cells to get rid of the cancerous cells?
    I have to give a chemistry project tomorrow in class and I need to have a basic understanding of what goes on chemically between chemotherapy drugs and the cancerous cells. Like what element interacts with what and how the chemo drugs stop the cancer cells from replicating. If anyone even has a most basic chemical explanation as to what occurs I would really appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      Chemotherapy works by destroying cancer cells; unfortunately, it cannot tell the difference between a cancer cell and some healthy cells. So chemotherapy eliminates not only the fast-growing cancer cells but also other fast-growing cells in your body, including, hair and blood cells.

      Some cancer cells grow slowly while others grow rapidly. As a result, different types of chemotherapy drugs target the growth patterns of specific types of cancer cells. Each drug has a different way of working and is effective at a specific time in the life cycle of the cell it targets.

      So, the chemicals are designed to go after specific cells that have a particular metabolic rate.

      Chemotherapy has NOT been very effective and the 5 year survival rate is very poor. It is expensive; a cancer patient is worth about 0,000 to the medical community.

      In 1972, according to the American Cancer Societies own figures, 33% of cancers had a five year survival rate. We should also point out that at that same time 33% of cancers went away on their own. Today, according to the ACS, the five year survival rate for cancer has risen to 40%. However, what they do not tell you is that:

      1.The statistics are invalid because they combine data of both local and metastasized cancers; and that the comparisons are not randomized [Ulrich Abel, Advanced Epithelial Cancer", 1990 (no longer in print) ]
      2.Cancers not factored into the original statistics are now factored in, such as skin cancers, many of which are not fatal and that the statistics are purposely inflated by including people with benign cancers.
      3.Technology has helped us to find cancers earlier, thus the survival time from diagnosis to eventual death has lengthened.
      4.They are now including in their stats non deadly skin cancers.

      By shrinking tumors, chemotherapy encourages stronger cancer cells to grow and multiply and become chemo resistant. Then there are the new cancers caused by chemotherapy, or secondary cancers. This quaint side effect is often overlooked in the lists of side effects in a drug's accompanying literature, though you can find this information quite easily at the National Cancer Institute. We pride ourselves in America for being technologically advanced and that our technology is rooted in a foundation of good science.

      Wrong.

      When it comes to medicine, little at all is based upon science. Again we shall point to the Office of Technological Assessment’s paper: Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Medical Technologies in which we are told that fewer than 20% of all medical procedures have been tested, and that of those tested, half were tested badly.

      Medicine in America is not about healing.

      Most telling, according to Ralph Moss in his book Questioning Chemotherapy, is that in a good number of surveys, chemotherapists have responded that they would neither recommend chemotherapy for their families nor would they use it themselves. In an unpublished cohort study in which it was revealed that only 9% of oncologists took chemotherapy for their cancers.

      "Most cancer patients in this country die of chemotherapy.

      Chemotherapy does not eliminate breast, colon, or lung cancers. This fact has been documented for over a decade, yet doctors still use chemotherapy for these tumors,” Allen Levin, MD UCSF The Healing of Cancer.

      Additionally, Irwin Bross, a biostatistician for the National Cancer Institute, discovered that many cancers that are benign (though thought to be malignant) and will not metastasize until they are hit with chemotherapy. In other words, he's found that many people who've been diagnosed with metastatic cancer did not have metastatic cancer until they got their chemotherapy.

      For many cancers, chemotherapy just does not improve your survival rate. Some of these are colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, bladder, breast, ovarian, cervical and corpus uteri, head and neck. Knowing this, oncologists still recommend a regimen of chemotherapy, why?

      The answer you will get from oncologists that are honest is this: “We give it to patients so they won't give up hope and fall into the hands of quacks.” Quacks? Implicit in the definition of quackery is the sale of worthless or dangerous nostrums for profit. Who exactly are the quacks? Just because someone is wearing a white smock, has a title, and works in a nice air conditioned office, does NOT take away what he is. Con men don't look like crooks or they would never get anyone to buy into what they are selling. Looking credible does NOT mean they are.

      Dr Ulrich Abel, who poured over thousands and thousands of cancer studies, published his shocking report in 1990 stating quite succinctly that chemotherapy has done nothing for 80% of all cancers; that 80% of chemotherapy administered was absolutely worthless.

      To give a fair and accurate assessment of chemotherapy in your report, you should also tell people how it is NOT very effective and only a smal

  9. QUESTION:
    Do you feel obama is doing a good job?
    I do, even tho I am not 100% in agreement (don't support the war at all and feel health care reform should be stronger and we should be ignoring republicans who are obstructionist whining nasty nay sayers), I still think Obama is a sniffle compared to Dubya's metastasized cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes.

  10. QUESTION:
    What is cancer and can someone explain in detail of what happened in the movie "cancer warriors"?
    What is Cancer?
    How are angiogenesis and telomerase related to cancer?
    Lastly, can someone explain what happened in the movie "Cancer Warriors" in detail? Like what it is teaching you about. Best one gets full points

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is when any cell in the body continues to replicate without stopping- its a bit more complicated than that but in general these cells have mutated (changed) their DNA to the point that they continue to grow beyond the bodys ability to stop it. Why is that so bad? well they usually grow pretty fast and need nutrients, blood and oxygen to do that- so they invade other tissues space and can break off and implant somewhere else- anywhere it can get food, eliminate waste and grow. It can be very bad if it gets into the lymphatic system which is a pipeline to the entire body, but in some cases like colon cancer which has a really low mortality- the cancer cellular growth is so slow most times the cancer can be caught early and removed. Cancers with higher mortality affect more vital organs first either grow rapidly, or metastasize quickly.

      Cancer can be cured if you can take out all the abberant (abnormal) cells, the problem is its hard to make sure you get every single cell, and you would have had to caught the cancer before any one single cancer cell spread to another tissue, or lymphatic vessel which is hard to do... this is why screening is so important esp for breast, lung and liver cancer which are the cancers most easily spread throughout the body.

      Angiogenesis is a medical term which describes the growth of new blood vessels. It doesnt have to be bad- with coronary artery disease in the heart the heart muscle will grow new blood vessels to try to get around tiny blockages and fat occluded vessels. Same thing with the eye and hypertension, the eye will put out new blood vessels to provide collateral flow to keep the organ hydrated and nourished.

      The problem is cancer cells have very high blood demands (compared to normal cells) because of their unrestrained growth rate- as such the cancer cells send out signals and new blood vessels are made- problem is these vessels dont work as well as the ones you normally have and they tend to leak causing edema, inflammation among other things which can cause trouble depending on its location

      Telomerase- is an enzyme that is involved in cellular replication ( in particular DNA replication within cells)... Telomerase is responsible for maintaining the length of the ends of the chromosomes. It adds specific nucleotide repeats to the ends of human chromosomes. Why? With each replication cycle the ends of chromosomes tend to get truncated by the mechanistic process of replication. Telomerase helps keep all the chromosomes balanced length.

      Now certain genetic diseases that cause a problem with telomerase affect the chromosome length during replication... its a problem because when they shorten you lose the ability to make functional proteins... not good. however for cancer research if we can attack the telomerase inside cancercells and stop it from working then theoretically the cancer cells would die as the chromosomes got shorter and shorter with each cycle. Sounds great- problem is they really dont know how to find telomerase or its structure... but when they can isolate it the great part is the drug would have little side effects because most all cells in the body are not actively replicating and so telomerase would be inactivated leaving the drug to have its strongest effect on the cancer cells.

      Cancer Warriors is a PBS movie available for free watching online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/cancer/program.html

      It talks about a new drug called Endostatin which will attack the new blood vessels (angiogensis) talked about earlier- in that sense it will "starve" the cancer because no matter what genetic malformations allowed the cell to grow uncontrolled- it cannot replicate without energy, oxygen, and nutrients. They are trying to find a drug which not only stops angiogenesis but can do it selectively- meaning affect only abnormal cancer cell angiogenesis... you dont want to stop angiogenesis in the body in general because we need to create new vessels to get past obstructions, to repair after traumatic events, to create collateral flow etc...

      So far Endostatin has not shown any effect on 63 patients total of two separate trials- so its not an approved anti-angiogenic drug

      The movie talks about angiogenesis, its discovery, research on animals, and how endostatin should work. It goes into the discovery of angiogenesis and its role in tumors... Dr Judah Folkman - whose research in angiogenesis led to the discovery of endostatin and worked in childrens cancer research died in Jan of this year from a heart attack

      Side note: there is research out there using viruses and even antibodies (small proteins which can tell normal material from extraneous material) which can be targeted to deliver chemotherapy to the specific tissue affected by cancer and spare the patient of the harmful side effects of chemotherapy. Again a lot of this is in research but so much money is pouring out to cure these deadly cancers a breakthrough is s

  11. QUESTION:
    How long can a woman with breast cancer live after the cancer has metastasized?
    My friend has had breast cancer for many years. It is spreading everywhere. It is now in her liver. How long can she live for?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry to hear about your friend. I'm a guy and I have breast cancer to (metastised into the bones so far). When it starts hitting the major organs like it's doing to her now (liver, kidneys etc) then it's only a matter of a short time before she'll probably pass on. By saying short I mean probably within a year. I'm no dr and mine is spreading as well but so far it's not hit any organs yet (I've had it for nearly 8.5 years diagnosed just 2 years ago though...long story). Just be there for her and comfort her in any way you can, sometimes by just listening to what she has to say and not saying anything. Take care

  12. QUESTION:
    Does an alkaline acidic foods help with cancer?
    There is no question that over a lifetime, you will reduce their chances of developing cancer if their diet is high in fiber and low in fat (especially from animal sources) and includes lots of fruit, vegetables and whole grains. But does it make any difference what you eat after you have cancer? What if the cancer has spread? Will a special diet like the alkaline acidic foods diet help?

    • ANSWER:
      If you already have cancer, even the most enthusiastic nutritionally oriented establishment specialist maybe reluctant to tell you that there is no dietary regime which makes a significant difference once a cancer has spread or metastasized.

      Many cancer patients feel instinctively that food must play some role in its causation. Yet they hesitate to follow any diet that has not been proven effective or is ridiculed by mainstream doctors. There are many dietary regimes which promises to be effective against cancer; yet despite their differences most of these nutritional regimes are basically vegetarian, low in fat and high in fiber - much like what has been established in the prevention and management of cancer. The theory surrounding alkaline acidic foods is simple: All foods that we digest release an alkaline base (bicarbonate) or an acid into blood and tissues of the body depending on the mineral compounds it contains. It's believed that an excess of acid in the body fluids develops when base or bicarbonate is lost. Maintaining a good balance between internal acidity and base is needed to remain healthy. Ideally a well balanced alkaline acidic foods diet will contain 80% alkaline food and only 20% acidic food as is the recommended by Dr. Ragnar Berg, the world’s famous Swedish nutritionist.

  13. QUESTION:
    What is the percentage of people surviving stage 3b lung cancer?
    Cancer has reached an area in the brain? My dad has cancer, just wondering how long will he live. He was diagnosed about a month ago?
    He's already received radiation.

    • ANSWER:
      If the lung cancer has metastasized to the brain, it is stage IV.
      Survival at five years is 1% or one in a hundred.
      http://www.lung-cancer.com/lung-cancer-survival-rate.html
      I personally have never seen a patient like this survive more than two years,
      and I saw hundreds of stage IV lung cancer patients.
      The following reference lists average length of survival at eight months.
      That would fit with my experience. That is an average.
      I lost some at less that six months and a few made it a year.
      Of course his medical oncologist or radiation oncologist who know your dad
      and his medical history would be the best ones to make guesses regarding
      survival. Go with your dad and ask them when your dad has a doctor's appointment.
      We have not seen your dad nor his x-ray studies.
      You have not even given us his age.
      So all we can do is show you statistics.
      He's had radiation ? Where - to the chest or the head or both ?
      - - - -
      Sorry to give you such bad news. I assume people on this site want honest answers.
      Was your dad a cigarette smoker ? Every single one of the many hundreds of people
      with lung cancers I saw in North Carolina had been a smoker. I estimated that the
      average person I saw with lung cancer had smoked half a million cigarettes before
      their diagnosis was made. Smoking causes 90% of the lung cancers in men.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is primary brain cancer considered a rare disease?
    Or is it a common occurrence? I thought that secondary brain cancer is more common, because doesn't secondary mean that it spreads?

    • ANSWER:
      Primary brain cancer is considered a fairly uncommon cancer, however, since I was diagnosed, I've met more with primary brain cancer than any other cancer. Kinda of like buying a cool car you never see. Then after you buy it, you see that same car all over town.
      Secondary brain cancer isn't brain cancer. It's whatever cancer metastasized to your brain, like, lung cancer mets to brain.

      lol td all you want, i am, of course, correct lol

  15. QUESTION:
    besides the seven signs of cancer are there any other ways of finding out if a person has the disease?
    Recently a neighbour died from cancer. Although I visited this person, I could not tell. A relative said that the doctor found fluid on his lungs and could do nothing about it.What are some of the common and not so common signs of cancer whether in male or female?

    • ANSWER:
      No, you cannot tell . . because the body is a large place . . and cancer refers to one cell that has mutated and begun to grow. Cancer is a progressive disease, which means it will start out very, very small and grow indefinitely. Cancer is your own cells . . any one of them . . any of them at any given time can develop cancer . . a kidney cell is different than a brain cell that is different from a colon cell . . so there is absolutely no way to know in the early stages that you have cancer. The body does not recognize a tumor as anything foreign and can co-exist quite awhile with the tumor. It isn't until the late or advanced stages that you start to have symptoms . . sometimes . .

      Cancer is progressive . . it starts out small and grows . . when it gets big enough it may start to invade local tissue and cause some type of vague pain, uneasiness, or other symptom. By the time cancer becomes noticed it is usually already large, more than one, and it may have metastasized which means it send new metastatic cells into the blood stream. Those new cancer cells can travel anywhere in the body and start a whole new colony of cancer. That is probably what happened to your neighbor. Cancer is often not that painful until the very end stages . . it will hurt only if the tumor is invading tissue, disrupting body functions, or pressing on nerves. Otherwise . . no pain.

      Wish there were more signs . . but the truth is that cancer can be totally misdiagnosed for quite some time . . especially in young people.

  16. QUESTION:
    What is a realistic prognosis for stage 3 primary liver cancer?
    My brother, age 50, has advanced hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis. He has now been diagnosed with stage 3 primary liver cancer. Surgery is not an option. His abdominal cavity continues to fill with fluid which is removed about twice a week. What is a realistic life expectancy?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m sorry but it doesn’t really matter if the cancer metastasizes to a distant site nor will diet or exercise make a difference. When he feels like eating he should eat whatever he wants. Although treatment may prolong life in an individual patient it does not increase the median survival. What really matters is if there is vein involvement, he will last longer if there is not. A realistic range is about 3-7 months. At this point what is important is keeping him comfortable. You may want to talk to his doctor about hospice. Their main focus is supportive care to give him the best quality of life, pain management and to assist him and the family through this process. Best wishes to you both.

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the affect of skin cancer on your body?
    I know how skin cancer is detected and treated, but what exactly does it do to your body when you get. Please explain in detail and links will be very appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Quite simple. Basal and Squamous cell carcinomas destroy tissues at the surface of the skin, and if left untreated, can develop deep lesions that can become problematic. Its unlikely you would let them get that far along without doing something about them.

      Melanoma, on the other hand, is a silent killer. Its hard to detect because it has no real symptoms, outside of shape, size, and color. Generally it has to be diagnosed by a doctor. Treatment is quite simple, if caught in time, it is simply surgically removed.

      If left untreated, and it metastasizes into the body, then a serious problem exists that might not be fixable.

      General rules, if its the size of a pencil eraser, has irregular borders, has black or blue coloration, is associated with a mole, or it can be quite flat, and/or recent changes have occurred, you should see a physician very soon.

  18. QUESTION:
    When cancer metastasizes, are you diagnosed with cancer again or just that it spread?
    I asked a question last night about my mom being diagnosed 6 times. She had breast cancer in both breasts, 10 years apart, and they both spread to numerous areas. An answerer said she wouldn't have been diagnosed 6 times, just 2 with it spreading. I know that her lung, bone, liver and colon cancer is a result of the breast cancer but don't know what to call it besides being diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer again.

    Can someone please clarify this?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m the one who answered your question yesterday.
      Breast cancer does not spread to the contralateral breast unless it is inflammatory breast cancer. Although you did not mention what kind of breast cancer she has I suspect it is ductal carcinoma.
      She has two cancers, one in each breast.
      Each time her breast cancer is found in a new location it is not a new diagnosis it is progression of her original disease.
      If you want to know the correct terminology it is bilateral breast cancer metastatic to the liver, colon, lungs and bone or bilateral stage 4 breast cancer.
      Unfortunately it is not unusual for breast cancer to metastisize 10 years or more after the original diagnosis.

  19. QUESTION:
    When a human being gets cancer can the cancer cells be identified as belonging to an organ and a patient?
    In other words, if a scientist just had a group of cancer cells could they match those cells to a particular person and the particular organ that was cancerous? Would that match be based on DNA? Or, is the DNA of a cancer cell enough mutated that it could not be connected to a specific patient?

    • ANSWER:
      Without patient information, then it probably cannot be done with confidence. Your question is a little ambiguous. A primary tumor is the original tumor and could be located in the lung for example. This may spread (metastasize) to a different organ such as liver. As such cells taken from this liver tumor (metastasis) would in fact be more like lung cancer. Where the cancer cells are taken from then is critical.

      DNA from cancer cells is mutated but you should still be able to pick out the patient sample from other patient samples IF you have normal cells from that patient and normal cells from other patients.

      Because of the way patient records and samples are handled and because it would require access to multiple patient samples and data, patients should not be concerned that their tumor can be tracked back to them as individuals.

  20. QUESTION:
    How can a thyroid cancer metastasize into only one part of the body?
    My brother had been diagnosed with thyroid cancer and his cancer managed to metastasize into his liver. My question is, how is it that cancer in one part of the body can metastasize into one part of the body but not the surrounding areas? Or is it just a matter of time?

    • ANSWER:
      It happens that way cancer.I have found that the liver is much more susceptible to mestatization than other organs because of its functional ties to soo many organs as well as its role in the the body.if he has been treated with chemotherapy or radiation its likely to get the brunt of the effects because of its clean up function.....hopefully in trying to manage it the doctors won't set off a series of mestizaton on the other organs due to exposure of more chemotherapy agents due to the livers reduced function.
      I hope you and your family the best.

  21. QUESTION:
    How are cancer cells similar to normal cells, and how are they different?
    I know that a similarity would be cells regenerate, and a difference would be cancer cells grow uncontrollably.
    Is there anything else?

    • ANSWER:
      There are 6 hallmarks of a cancer cell:
      1 - They are able to produce molecules that promote their own growth
      2 - They are resistant to molecules from other cells that would limit their growth
      3- They are able to avoid apoptosis (normal cell death)
      4 - They are able to replicate endlessly
      5- They are able to promote the generation of new blood vessels to supply them with nutrients
      6 - They are able to metastasize (migrate) to other regions of the body

      The basic idea, as already mentioned is that cancer cells can replicate endlessly and are out of the control of the body.

      In most early cancers, the cells themselves tend to look like the tissue from which they originate. Thus, at an early stage, a lung cancer will look a lot like a normal lung cell, except for the fact that it keeps growing. These early cancers are the ones referred to as benign, because they tend to stick around in the tissue they originate from and are usually easily removed.

      However, as cancer cells mature, they look less and less like the original tissue cell. In fact, mature cancer cells actually resemble stem cells. If you think about it their are many similarities, both reproduce endlessly and both are immortal. The difference between a stem cell and a mature cancer cell is that the cancer cell cannot be regulated by the body. The mature cancer cell also gains the ability to metastasize at which point it is considered malignant since it can invade other tissues making complete removal difficult.

  22. QUESTION:
    What are the tests to detect if i my cancer was transferred to my baby?
    i was diagnosed with thyroid cancer last 2006 after radiation i was declared free cancer.on 2008 i got pregnant.my OB and my nuclear md, told me that it was safe to push through with the pregnancy.now my nuclear md, after check up he told me that im 70% free of cancer after three years already.i was so worried that i might transfer the same disease to my daughter.are there tests to detect early symptoms of the same disease?thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      I’m not sure what you mean by “transfer”. If you mean hereditary, cancer rarely is and I have never heard of a thyroid cancer being hereditary. There is really no point in testing a baby for this anyway. If you are 70% free of cancer, does that mean you have cancer now? Was your thyroid removed? And does this mean by “transfer” you mean metastasize? This is such a rare occurrence and never with thyroid cancer - that I am aware of it really is not an issue. I have to agree with rogerrabbitanddoe I think your medication is more of an issue.

  23. QUESTION:
    Is it possible doctors would put a woman into a medically induced coma because of advanced cervical cancer?
    My sister has cervical cancer. She's very far ahead and currently has the tumor the size of an orange. Because of complications (stomach infection, hole in bladder due to tumor rubbing up on it) she has not yet been able to begin chemo. Is it possible that doctors would put her into a medically induced coma for treatment? Do you know at what stage she is at if she already has a tumor?

    • ANSWER:
      I do not see why your sister would be a candidate for a medically induced coma. Such extreme treatment options are used in very few circumstances and generally not in cancer treatment. Chemotherapy does not involve medically induced comas, so I don't know where you got that idea.

      Your sister's treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Her oncologist will offer a treatment plan with the best prospects. If your sister's cancer has metastasized (stage 4), then the goal of treatment is to slow down the spread of her disease, as cancer eradication is no longer possible at that point.

      Read more about cervical cancer at the attached website.

  24. QUESTION:
    How long would it take for a healthy person to develop stage 4 cancer?
    My grandfather was recently diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer. He had been going to the doctor every 6 months to get his lungs checked on because he had some problems with them in the past, but none of them were cancerous. I would like to know if its possible that his health went from good to him having stage 4 cancer in only 6 months, or if the cancer had been growing for a while and the doctor just didnt see it.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. Cancer doesn't seem to mind how healthy you are at all . . many, many normal healthy people get cancer. And, unfortunately it is very possible for someone to develop stage IV cancer quickly . . . there are many different types of cancer, some slow growing that can take years, and some so aggressive and fast they can overwhelm a person in days, weeks, or months. I am so sorry about your grandfather, hopefully since he has been in good health with frequent checkups he can undergo treatment.

      So both the situations that you mention could have occurred in your grandfathers case . . cancer is a progressive disease which means it starts out microscopic . . no doctor would be able to detect the cancer until it was significantly large enough to see on a CT . . so if his doctor saw him six months ago and never noticed anything unusual . . the cancer would have been too small at that time to detect. If this is an aggressive type of cancer . .it is possible for it to grow very fast within six months time . . enough for it to be a stage IV. Cancer patients after they are diagnosed and in treatment are monitored every three months using CT, PET, or MRI to see if the cancer shrinks or grows . . . so three months is the general time period to notice if cancer is growing or not.

      In my sons case he was 17 years old, healthy, playing high school basketball and had just had a sports physical at the end of December. His doctor told us he was a healthy kid with no problems at all . . clean bill of health. Almost two months later around the first of March he was diagnosed with stage IV abdominal sarcoma . . he was filled with multiple tumors . .some as large as volley balls . . that is how quickly his cancer grew. Reports are that his type of tumor grows in as little as 48 hours . . . in one month the cancer can metastasize . . scary, scary stuff . . . my son lost his battle with desmoplastic small round cell tumor after three years . . we still maintain hope for others with this type of cancer . . all young . . all mostly male . . its rotten.

      Give your grandfather a hug . . he is so lucky to have you on his side.

      Best.

  25. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between anal cancer and colon cancer?
    I was reading a story that Farrah Fawcet has anal cancer. I thought we called it colon cancer or is there a difference?

    • ANSWER:
      Anal cancer and colon cancer are not exactly the same thing. Colon cancer occurs in the colon, also known as the large intestine. It usually occurs as the result of malignant (cancer) degeneration of a precancerous lesion known as a polyp. Anal cancer occurs in the anal canal. A different type of cell lines the anal canal and thus, it is a different type of cancer. They metastasize (spread) differently and are treated in somewhat different ways depending on the cell type involved.

  26. QUESTION:
    What particles can the stomach not digest and cancer cells can digest?
    I am conducting a project for school on stomach cancer.
    And I'm having a little trouble.

    What types of particles can the stomach not digest?
    What types of particles can the cancer cells digest?

    I know this has been asked before, but I need a compiled list. I have some already such as chewing gum and others. Help would be appreciated and if you have a source that would be even better.

    Thanks!
    Particles is refering to substances, both molecular and physical substances that cannot be broken down. For instance, CH4 is a "particle" in this definition. So is chewing gum.

    • ANSWER:
      I can help if you define "particles" for me.

      Edit: Fine, so you meant compounds/substances.

      so your question is:

      What types of compounds can the stomach not digest? There are a lot of compounds that stomach cannot digest, for example cellulose, we simply eliminate the cellulose when we eat it.
      What types of compounds can the cancer cells digest? With cancer cell you mean a cell that is growing "out of control" and metastasized already? Or you mean a tumoural cell? I am going to get that you mean a tumoral cell. Well a tumoral cell works exactly as any other cell in our body, when it becomes a cancer cell, then it loses the functions and structure that were connected to the originary tissues, so it loses its specification. A cancer cell's food is the same as every other sane cell, the only difference is not what it "eats" but how much it eats, but the food is always the same, Oxygen, glucose etc.

      CH4 is a gas and it is a compound not a particle, particle usually indicates either a very small entity or grain (e.g. in a powder).

  27. QUESTION:
    How does Colon Cancer get to Stage 4 without any symptoms?
    I have read many people write about how they or people they know have Stage 4 colon cancer and never had any symptoms. How is this possible? How could someone be completely healthy, have a perfect CBC,etc and yet have something that could potentially kill them in a short span?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, this is the case of many types of cancer. Some cancers can grow and develop without causing symptoms or only cause very vague symptoms. Often times this occurs in areas where there is a lot of room for the tumor to grow without initially affecting the function of the surrounding normal structures. For example, the colon, particularly the cecum, is very large. A tumor can grow to a large size there without causing any symptoms. It would have to get to a massive size to cause obstruction of the digestive tract or to affect other nearby organs. As it grows without symptoms, it can eventually metastasize (spread to distant organs by way of the blood stream and/or lymphatic system).

      Stage 4 means that it has metastasized. A tumor does not need to be large to metastasize. Some types of cancer are more prone to spread than others. For example, melanoma (an aggressive form of skin cancer) metastasizes very readily and often people first present with symptoms from a distant metastasis and never even noticed the small primary tumor on the skin of their leg, back, or buttock.

      A CBC just looks at blood cells and counts them (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, hematocrit). While some cancers can cause anemia many do not, and a lot of other things can cause anemia. Some cancers can cause changes in white blood cells (such as leukemia) but many do not. In other words, the CBC would not detect most types of cancer. A colonoscopy on the other hand would be able to demonstrate the colon tumor rather easily.

  28. QUESTION:
    What type of cancers are fatal and the patient can survive for more than a few months?
    I just wanna know :) well besides cancer are there any type of sickness which comes quite suddenly and kills you in a short time? Something with no cure perhaps?

    • ANSWER:
      Metastatic Stage 4 cancer is fatal. Metastatic means it originated in one place but by the time it was found or during treatment in hopes of curing it, it has spread. Any cancer (minus your leukemias) can do this. In males, the most aggressive and hard to diagnose cancers are pancreatic and prostate; in females, it is ovarian. By the time they are found, they have the highest rates of metastasizing. Stage 4 means it has become so aggressive and spread so much that basically, the patients are treated with "comfort measures", such as pain medication and what not. A patient can attempt surgery, radiation, and chemo, but inevitably, the end is the same.

  29. QUESTION:
    My friend had a block dissection and has skin cancer again is this treatable?
    My friend sunbathed a lot years ago and had a mole removed as it was possibly cancerous. 25 years later she was diagnosed with skin cancer and had 29 lymph nodes removed from her armpit. She has been back to the hospital and they have found another fatty lump which they believe is malignant. Is the prognosis poor?

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a nasty animal. If she had cancerous lymph nodes, the ones they removed, that means the cancer has spread or the big word metastasized.

      Any time cancer moves from one place to another it's never a good sigh. But don't put the cart in front of the horses. You need to know the size, stage, grade and understand what all of that means.

      Cancer isn't an immediate death sentence and lots of times you even get a reprieve or pardon. Don't panic and don't give up hope.

  30. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of stage IV Breast cancer?
    It has metastasized to one lung and spots on the other lung. It is also in the clavical bone.

    Your answers are appreciated!
    Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Wait do you have cancer? If so, I am really sorry and I'm praying for you. If not, I hope you don't get it.

  31. QUESTION:
    How long does someone have with breast cancer ?
    I just found out that my aunt has breast cancer am she's not going to get treated for it. How much longer do I have with her ?

    • ANSWER:
      Depends on the type of Breast Cancer, what stage it was in when diagnosed and if it has metastasized (spread) to other organs.

      Some breast cancers are slow growing and some are very aggressive. The earlier it's caught, the better chance she has for recovery if she chooses to get treated. If it's Stage 3 or 4 with an aggressive cancer, then you may not have long to spend time with her. Not everyone reacts the same either.

  32. QUESTION:
    Is it true that after operation of any cancer disease, the cell cancer is still exist?
    after we have an operation to throw the cancer, we are going better. but after several years, may be the cell cancer can exist again. is it true?

    • ANSWER:
      Not exactly. Cancer is determined by stages from 1 - 4 with 4 being the most advanced. Cancer is also determined by grades from low to high. Cancer that is in stage 1 and low grade may be removed surgically and never reappear in the life time of the patient. Same with stage 2. The complication comes in at stage 3 and stage 4, high grade tumors. These type of tumors are so advanced that they have not only taken on their own separate blood supply they have also either started or are already 'spreading their seed'. Advanced cancer can 'metastasized' which means they can reproduce by sending out tiny microscopic 'cells' in a process called 'seeding'.
      The microscopic cells can travel through the lymphatic system or the blood stream and lodge in distant sites away from the original tumor. That is what becomes difficult to treat.

      If a patient has only had surgery to remove the primary tumor, but the tumor has 'seeded' and spread to a distant site . . than in several years (time is actually undetermined) the seeded cancer (like spreading weeds) will appear. Because of the chances of metastasis doctors will often recommend systemic chemotherapy in the hopes of killing off those microscopic cells.

      So, in answer to your question . . it is not that a new type of cancer has appeared . . it is that the original cancer (or its seeds) have never really had been completely gone in the first place .. it was just too small to be seen.

  33. QUESTION:
    How many months after treatment would breast cancer metastasize to other parts of the body?
    If you make a graph and number months after treatment which month number would get most of the hits lets say on a scatter gram?

    So if it is typically 18 months after treatment would that be typically when most cancers reoccur? I am trying to stay positive but I want to also make these times her best.

    • ANSWER:
      Dave, there is no answer for this. I saw many hundreds of women with breast cancers. There was no month in my experience that would show a concentration of "hits' on a scatter diagram. I've seen metastatic disease show up clinically one year, 2 years, 5 years, 10 years and even 20 years after the original primary cancer was treated. No two people were the same.

      Obviously - when it does recur - the metastatic disease had been there all of the time but had been dormant or too small to be clinically evident. A billion breast cancer cells makes a tumor mass only ~1cm in diameter. We cannot see a million residual cells on any scans or imaging studies. So when follow up scans are all negative - that is terrific - but there could still be millions of residual cells somewhere in the body that we just cannot see because they are too small to show up.

      The chances improve with each passing disease free year, but these women are never really out of the woods entirely. We often use the five year disease free interval as a bench mark, but that is not always safe with breast carcinomas.

      If metastatic breast carcinoma does eventually show up, it must have been there since the original diagnosis. You (you and your wife) went through adjuvant chemotherapy hoping to knock out any cells that remained. You didn't know for sure if they were there are not. You don't know whether the chemotherapy succeeded in eradicating every last cell if there actually were residual cells that had spread via the bloodstream. With adjuvant chemotherapy we are treating disease we cannot see on the chance that it may be there and might be reponsive to the chosen combination of chemotherapy drugs. We make a best "guess" based on many studies trying to find what gives people the best chance for a long disease free survival.

      When metastatic disease eventually does show up, it is just that it has grown large enough to finally be detected. We have to remember that malignancies always begin as microscopic disease.

      Added note - 5,000 and counting - WOW ! !
      Costs have truly gotten way out of hand. It was much less in the 1980's and 1990's when I was in practice - perhaps one third of that amount for the treatment you describe. Too many people are taking excessive profits these days, and I don't mean just the doctors. Drug company profit taking is just too much. Health insurance company profit taking is also excessive. We must have health care reimbursement reform in the USA. Medicine should not be such a high profit business - it shouldn't be a business at all. These are people's lives we are dealing with. 5,000 is ridiculous.

  34. QUESTION:
    Why are some people saying Donna Summer died from lung cancer, and others say that she didn't ?
    Why are some people saying now that it was breast cancer ?
    Could somebody please confim what type of cancer she had ?
    Thanks.
    Sorry amy, but I had to give you a thumbs down as you made me out to be a liar.
    Please go to Google and put Donna Summer breast cancer ,push search and you will see at least a couple of dozen stories which say she had breast cancer, not lung cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      It's likely that it was lung cancer.

      The confusion can be that breast cancer, in and of itself, kills no one. No one dies of breast cancer in the breast. They die when it spreads (metastasizes) to distant organs. The most common areas of breast cancer metastases are lungs, liver, bones and brain.

      My mother died of breast cancer metastases when it spread to her lungs. The coroner stated that she died of lung cancer. This was in 1989 and much has been learned since then. My mother's death certificate *should* say breast cancer.

      I think (I really don't know) that if Donna Summer had breast cancer that it would have most likely made the news long before her death. But then again, her family said she kept her illness private, so who knows for sure?

  35. QUESTION:
    What happens if radiation and chemo does not work on throat and neck stage iv cancer?
    My sister was diagnosed with stage IV neck and throat cancer . How can you tell if it works and if it doesnt, what is next step. She is really suffering with sores in her mouth. neck has been burned. After 3 doctors and 9 mos, Mayo finally found it. My biggest question is - what is survival for 5 yrs.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on what you mean by Stage IV. with throat and neck cancers, they can be staged by the size of the tumor. I was diagnosed with Stage IV cancer due to the size of the tumor in my lymph node. It is responding to chemo and I will start radiation in two weeks, and I hope to be cancer free, or at least in full remission by February.

      I get mouth sores now with my chemo regime, and radiation will produce worse side effects: having no taste buds, no saliva, the worst sore throat of my life... There are some things she can take to help with the mouth issues, biotene is a mouth rinse, Magic Mouthwash is a numbing agent, I was also give MuGard, but have not tried it. During chemo, my mouth issues last about a week, then I start to recover.

      As for survivability, it depends on what she has and if it is anywhere else. If she was a heavy smoker and drinker, the prognosis is worse than for people who have HPV related throat and neck cancers, like me. If it has metastasized, then the issue is compounded by where else it has gone. I am glad that she is getting better care now. The key is to listen to what the doctors say, and don't get crushed or elated by results on the tail ends of the bell curves. I hope she does well and responds to treatment.

  36. QUESTION:
    How long will my dog live for with cancer?
    My collie x has been diagnosed with severe liver failure due to possible cancer of bile duct. How long has she got left with us? She's still lively and although a bit skinny the same as she's always been.

    • ANSWER:
      How long is a piece of string?

      That really is the case with cancer, because no two dogs progress at the same rate, respond to treatment in the same way, there are too many variables that can have an impact on how long a dog will have a good quality of life.

      I had a dog diagnosed with aggressive cutaneous melanoma that had metastasized to the lymph nodes, he had major surgery & chemotherapy [which he sailed through, did not require sedation because he was so calm when it was administered by intravenous drip, then jumped into the car to go home.

      Ask your vet for the dog's prognosis, & if they have had the results back if your dog was sent to a veterinary hospital for a specialist opinion.

  37. QUESTION:
    What is the diffrence between breast cancer and a tumor?
    My aunt used to have breast cancer but is cured. A tumor appeared by her lower back and it shrunk, it broke her rib though (either her rib or something else she just can't move her body or it hurts)

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer metastasizes, wherein the tumor cells spread to other locations in the body via the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream. These three malignant properties of cancer differentiate malignant tumors from benign tumors,directly invade locally, or metastasize to regional lymph nodes or distant body sites like brain, bone, liver, or other organs.

      In your aunt's case, metastasized form, tertiary stage. Target therapy is worth trying. We treated one such case in 2011 and no side effects.

      Cause: The endocrine glands produce hormones to regulate human traits, namely, Kama [desire], Krodha[anger], Lobha[Selfishness and greed]Moha[[love], Mada[lust] and matsaryas[affections]. Hormonal Imbalance is the root cause of all the chronic and dreaded & incurable diseases/syndromes or it may also be congenital due to genetic predispositions.
      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins in Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, breast[s], lymphatic system, Kidneys, Spleen, gonads, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.
      Target Therapy is worth trying. Why? Because----

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Target Therapy with the aid of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, comprising Ayurveda-[ Using Patented Ayurveda Food & Nutrition Supplements manufactured India and USA, approved by USFDA, in KOSHER, HALAL, GMP, ISO ETC., and made available at Stores in your vicinity in 40 countries all over the globe. No Side Effects.], Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc., U can have sizable & perceivable cure/relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.
      U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, ADD/ADHD, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc.,

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the least deadly place to get cancer?
    I want to know where, if I got cancer, where I would have a better chance of living through it.

    • ANSWER:
      Basal cell carcinoma is a type of common skin cancer and because it rarely metastasizes it is considered less life threatening than other cancers. Basal cell skin cancer occurs more often on the face. Both my parents have this type of skin cancer and see a dermatologist regularly. She monitors anything that looks like a basal cell carcinoma and removes it right in the office. It's been over ten years since they were diagnosed and other than seeing their doctor regularly it has had no impact on their lives. (my Dad had it on his ear, my Mom on her nose).

      Basal Cell Carcinoma
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_1x.asp?rnav=criov&dt=51

  39. QUESTION:
    What are the odds for throat cancer at stage 4? How long does my husband have?
    Voice box was removed, chemo and radiation completed. Dr's won't give me the odds of survial. Cancer found in 3 out of 21 lymph nodes. Had another pet scan today, waiting on results.
    Results from pet scan were not good. They are saying there is a mass in the upper left deep cervical chain. Shows intense FDG intake? Strongly suspicious for metastaic malignancy. They are talking another surgery, not sure what he should do. A reoccurence this soon??

    • ANSWER:
      Throat cancers can be cured in 90% of patients if detected early. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or lymph nodes in the neck 50-60% of patients can be cured. If the cancer has spread (metastasized) to parts of the body outside the head and neck, the cancer is not curable and treatment is aimed at prolonging quality of life.

      In your husbands case, it is impossible to tell since every patient is different. Has the cancer metastasized to other organs (not counting the lymph nodes). Was the chemo/ radiation successful?

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cancer of the esophagus?
    Sever heart burn can cause cancer of the esophagus but what are the symptoms that one could have before diag.?

    • ANSWER:
      Severe heartburn is a symptom of many illnesses. If you are having severe heartburn, you really should see your doctor instead of imagining the worst. So many illnesses share the same symptoms...symptoms are so general.

      Do you know that 50% of the people with esophageal cancer have NO symptoms at all? Those that do have symptoms, usually have them after the disease has already metastasized. Please see your doctor to find out what is really going on!

  41. QUESTION:
    What would happen to a cancer victim who never?
    Goes to the doctor or ever really figures out they have cancer?
    I know it depends and that this may seem like a dumb question but I'd just really like to know.
    Would they just die one day or what?

    • ANSWER:
      You don't just have cancer, then you die. It can be an excruciatingly slow, painful death, as the organs shut down or they lose the ability to get oxygen to the brain and then a stroke or heart attack occurs. There is all sorts of horrible scenarios depending what cancer they have, especially when most cancers can and will metastasize to the brain and other organs.

  42. QUESTION:
    Can anyone give me sone details about metastatic brain cancer and life expectancy?
    My mother is 70 years old and was diagnosed with metastatic brain cancer. We would like some idea of a timeframe as to how long we will have her with us. We have not found the original source of the cancer at this time as we are awaiting test results. Any information is greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Detailed Guide:
      What Is Metastatic Cancer?

      Local, Regional, and Distant (Metastatic) Spread of Cancer

      Metastatic cancer is a cancer that has spread from its primary site (the part of the body in which it developed) to other parts of the body. If cells break away from a cancerous tumor, they can travel to other areas of the body. There, they may settle and form "colony" tumors. In their new location, the cancer cells continue growing. The spread of a tumor to a new part of the body is called metastasis.

      It is important to understand the difference between metastasis and local spread, because they affect a patient's prognosis (the outlook for chances of survival) and treatment options in different ways.

      Local spread means that a growing cancer extends beyond the organ in which it developed, into nearby organs and tissues. For example, the cervix (lower part of the uterus or womb) is located in front of the rectum and behind the bladder. Very large cancers of the cervix may extend into the rectum or bladder.

      Metastasis involves spread of cancer cells through the bloodstream, or the lymph system. The lymph system consists of lymph vessels (similar to veins except that they contain tissue waste products and immune system cells instead of blood). These lymph vessels lead to lymph nodes, bean-shaped collections of immune system cells that are important in fighting infections. Cancer cells that break off from tumors and enter the lymph vessels may be carried to lymph nodes where they may continue to grow and form metastases. Doctors sometimes call metastasis to lymph nodes near the place a cancer developed regional spread. This is to distinguish it from distant spread or distant metastasis. Distant spread generally occurs when cancer cells break off from tumors and enter the bloodstream, travel to other organs, and continue to grow into new tumors.

      When cancer spreads, it is still named after the part of the body where it started. For example, if prostate cancer spreads to the bones, it is still called prostate cancer, and if breast cancer spreads to the lungs it is still breast cancer.

      Recurrence and Metastasis

      Recurrence is the medical term used when cancer comes back in a patient who appeared to be in remission (free of cancer) after treatment. Cancer can recur locally, in the same organ it developed in or, if that organ was removed by surgery, in a nearby remaining organ or tissue. For example, local recurrence of breast cancer means cancer started to grow again in the same breast after lumpectomy and radiation therapy or in the chest wall, skin or muscle after a mastectomy. A regional recurrence usually means cancer has come back in nearby lymph nodes or in the area that lymph nodes had been removed from. After apparently complete removal of a mouth or throat cancer, growth of cancer in lymph nodes of the neck would be considered regional recurrence. A distant recurrence involves any other part of the body not included in local or regional recurrence. After surgery for apparently localized prostate cancer, the cancer might recur distantly in bones, the liver, or the lungs.

      But, recurrence is not the only time a cancer will metastasize. Some cancers are discovered to have spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant organs shortly after the cancer is first diagnosed, and before treatment is started. In some cases, a metastasis may be discovered before the primary (original) tumor is found. For example, a patient may go to the doctor because lymph nodes in the neck are growing larger. After a biopsy reveals cancer in these lymph nodes, additional examinations or x-rays may find that the cancer actually started in the throat. Even if a cancer has spread very widely throughout the body before it is discovered, the cancer's appearance under a microscope can sometimes tell doctors where it started. But, some cancers lack these microscopic clues to their origin, and it may be impossible to determine exactly where they started. This condition is called cancer of unknown primary, and is discussed further in a separate American Cancer Society document.

      So, cancer can recur without metastasizing (a local recurrence) and can metastasize without recurring locally (cancer found to have metastasized when first diagnosed).

      Significance of Metastasis to the Patient

      Most people who die of cancer have metastases at the time of their death. And, these metastases are directly responsible for the majority of cancer deaths. Most common cancers (prostate, breast, colon, lung, for example) develop in organs that can be completely or partially removed by surgery. Even though these operations cause effects, they could cure patients if metastasis did not occur. Most of the serious consequences of these cancers occur because of spread to other parts of the body. In some cases, the most serious effect of cancer is its spread to a particularly essential part of the body, such as areas of the brain. In other cases, spread to and growth in many organs creates so many cancer cells that the body's normal metabolism is disrupted.

      However, cancer can be fatal even if it does not metastasize. Cancers that start in the brain may be impossible to remove without causing severe brain damage. In fact, brain tumors rarely spread beyond the nervous system. Growth and local spread of these cancers often interfere with parts of the brain necessary for life. A tumor may become very large without ever metastasizing. It may then press against vital tissues such as nerves, the brain, or blood vessels. Leukemia can cause death by interfering with normal blood functions without the defective cells ever leaving the tissues they started in (the bone marrow and bloodstream).

      The link below will help you understand about brain cancer and the information above is just general information about metastatic cancer. Since working in hospice I have taken care of many brain tumor patients. I have seen some that have lived with the disease for over a decade and some that have only lived a few days/weeks. Don't be afraid to ask your mother's doctors lots of questions. That is what they are their for. If you are not satisfied with the answer don't hesitate to get a 2nd 3rd etc opinions

  43. QUESTION:
    How can cancer go undetected by a doctor?
    I have an uncle that just died from lymphoma cancer. He was cancer free during his check-up two months ago. Two weeks ago he was feeling tired and weak and made an appointment to see his doctor. After tests were run, he was told he was in the last stages of lymphoma cancer. He died this past Monday. He lived for two weeks after his check-up.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a progressive disease, which means it starts very small and begins to grow indefinitely . . problem is that different cancers in unique bodies can all grow at different rates . . and cancer that has metastasized has sent hundreds and hundreds of new cancer cells all through the body . . and they can all grow at different rates . . some slow, some fast . . sometimes all together. Usually it takes about two to three months for an aggressive cancer to be revealed . . which is why CT are scheduled every three months or so. Unfortunately if the cancer is particularly aggressive, which happens in advanced cases . . than the cancer can grow suddenly all at once all through the body at the same time . . which may be what happened to your uncle. When the doctor examined him two months ago the cancer scattered about his body was still too small to detect . . within those two months the cancer grew aggressively which was why he felt so tired.

      Cancer is deceptive . . be angry at the disease . . cancer can easily go undetected by doctors . . especially if it is hidden behind organs or body structures or is just too small to see when the patient is examined . . what is frustrating is that had your uncle gone in to see the doctor four weeks ago . . it might have made a difference . . that is something no one will ever know. It just depends on how fast his cancer was growing (it can grow like wildfire in a matter of days in some cases)

  44. QUESTION:
    When you have cancer are school and employers required to give you the time off for treatment?
    What happens if you get cancer while you're going to a private high school or college and you've already paid? Do they make you pay to take the classes again when you're better? It would suck to lose the money you spent when it's not your fault. How about with work? Are companies allowed to fire somebody who has to miss a lot of work because they're sick?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1998 and it has metastasized to her lungs, bone, liver and colon with a second diagnoses of breast cancer in between. She has worked full time throughout her treatments, which have been weekly since at least 2005. There are a couple periods of time where she did not work; a month when she almost died from an infection in 2004, a week for breast radiation in 2008 and 6 months on disability when her sciatica caused (severe) problems because of hip radiation in 2009.

      She has to use sick or personal time for chemo, which is usually 3 or 8 hours every Thursday depending on the week. She also has to put that time down on her FMLA and go on short term disability when applicable. They do not give her any special treatment and they are not required to. They've actually changed the PTO policies and made it harder for her.

      I believe FMLA requires an employer to keep an open position at the company if an employee is on an extended leave but they are not required to give the same job back. I'm not sure about school/college.

  45. QUESTION:
    How many months/years does it take for a sunburn to become skin cancer?
    I have heard that sunburns do not become skin cancer immediately. How many months or years does it take for a sunburn to become skin cancer?

    My friend recently had a sunburn. Her sunburn was not healing and it became worse, so she went to a dermatologist 3 months after the sunburn happened. The dermatologist found that she has skin cancer. Could it be that she had skin cancer all along, and the recent sunburn did not cause her cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I got from wikipedia that
      Skin cancer is most closely associated with chronic inflammation of the skin. This includes:

      1. Overexposure to UV-radiation can cause skin cancer either via the direct DNA damage or via the indirect DNA damage mechanism. UVA & UVB have both been implicated in causing DNA damage resulting in cancer. Sun exposure between 10AM and 4PM is most intense and therefore most harmful. Natural (sun) & artificial UV exposure (tanning salons) are associated with skin cancer.[citation needed] Since sunbeds cause mostly indirect DNA damage (free radicals) their use is associated with the deadliest form of skin cancer, malignant melanoma.[citation needed]
      2. Chronic non-healing wounds, especially burns. These are called Marjolin's ulcers based on their appearance, and can develop into squamous cell carcinoma.
      3. Genetic predisposition, including "Congenital Melanocytic Nevi Syndrome". CMNS is characterized by the presence of "nevi" or moles of varying size that either appear at or within 6 months of birth. Nevi larger than 20 mm (3/4") in size are at higher risk for becoming cancerous.
      4. Skin cancer is one of the potential dangers of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation.

      Skin can be protected by avoiding sunlight entirely, or wearing protective clothing while outdoors. Skin cancer is usually caused by exposing skin to UV rays excessively.

      about the treatment
      Most skin cancers can be treated by removal of the lesion, making sure that the edges (margins) are free of the tumor cells. These excisions provide the best cure for both early and high-risk disease.

      For low-risk disease, radiation therapy and cryotherapy (freezing the cancer off) can provide adequate control of the disease; both, however, have lower overall cure rates than surgery.

      Mohs' micrographic surgery is a technique used to remove the cancer with the least amount of surrounding tissue and the edges are checked immediately to see if tumor is found. This provides the opportunity to remove the least amount of tissue and provide the best cosmetically favorable results. This is especially important for areas where excess skin is limited, such as the face. Cure rates are equivalent to wide excision. Special training is required to perform this technique.

      In the case of disease that has spread (metastasized) further surgical or chemotherapy may be required.[11]

      Scientists have recently been conducting experiments on what they have termed "immune- priming". This therapy is still in its infancy but has been shown to effectively attack foreign threats like viruses and also latch onto and attack skin cancers. More recently researchers have focused their efforts on strengthening the body's own naturally produced "helper T cells" that identify and lock onto cancer cells and help guide the killer cells to the cancer. Researchers infused patients with roughly 5 billion of the helper T cells without any harsh drugs or chemotherapy. This type of treatment if shown to be effective has no side effects and could change the way cancer patients are treated

      about how many month it's depend on how your skin can deffend from the ultraviolet radiation.
      sorry for my bad english. But sorry about your friend

  46. QUESTION:
    How commonly does lung cancer spread to the nose?
    Is it common that lung cancer spreads to the nose or area around it?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer can metastasize anywhere . . but in general cancer cells follow the blood system or lymphatic system and lodge in areas like the liver, lungs, bones, and brain. But microscopic malignant cells that spill into the blood stream/lymph node system can go all over the body including the nose .. it's not common . . but happens.

      NCI: Metastatic cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/metastatic

  47. QUESTION:
    Is there really a natural cure for cancer?
    The doctors are now saying there is nothing left to do for my mother's lung cancer, I want to know is there something out there that can help her. I want to know is there something natural that can cure.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi! There are no known cures for cancer. I do have a friend that is 77 years old that was diagnosed with prostate cancer last year. His PSA was 3,360. Yes this is the highest I have ever heard of. The cancer had metastasized and was in his lungs, bones, spine and lymph nodes. Needless to say the doc said there was nothing to be done, the cancer was everywhere. 1 ½ years later, no treatment other than hormone shots and a product called Immunocal and the cancer is not to be found.

      The Product Immunocal will help. Immunocal is not a cure. It is clinically proven to raise Glutathione in the body and the body does what it was designed to do - fight off pathogens and diseases.

      In a nutshell, Glutathione is a molecule found and produced in every cell of the body. It is responsible for the proper functioning of the immune system, detoxification, recycling of antioxidants and several other things. Glutathione is the first line defense against diseases. And along with liver, lungs are the largest user of Glutathione in the body. Best resource of information is in the book "Glutathione (GSH). Your body's most powerful protector" by Jimmy Gutman, MD, researcher and emergency physician. Chapter 5 of this book addresses Cancer and the role of Glutathione in cancer prevention, treatment and recovery. It also explains how to raise Glutathione safely and effectively (there are different ways including taking Immunocal) since you can't get Glutathione in your system by eating Glutathione. Or email me from my profile page if you want more information. I lost my mom to breast cancer in 2000. I didn't know all this back then. I am trying to educate people. Olga

  48. QUESTION:
    Chemotherapy is usually given to "strong" cancer patients, is this not a contradiction in terms ?
    That is, people with cancer will as a rule have compromised immune systems, yet treatments inherently toxic are prescribed. You think this is a contradiction ?

    • ANSWER:
      About 40% of cancer patients die of malnutrition before they would have died of their cancer. Two of the causes of this malnutrition, which are related to chemotherapy: First, chemotherapy makes a person very nauseous and causes them to throw-up.

      Second, chemotherapy destroys the lining of the digestive tract of many cancer patients, making it impossible for the body to absorb the nutrients of the foods they eat, leading to malnutrition. As one person put it, even if a cancer patient eats like a king, they can literally die of malnutrition.

      Because chemotherapy and radiation destroy a person's immunity system, many cancer patients die of opportunistic infections, such as sepsis or pneumonia.

      Because chemotherapy and radiation kill white blood cells (white blood cells are the body's natural defense against cancer), chemotherapy and radiation destroy not only a body's natural defense against the cancer they currently have, it also destroys the body's defense against new cancers.

      Because chemotherapy and radiation kill red blood cells (red blood cells carry oxygen to the cancer cells and oxygen helps keep cancer from spreading), cancer cells do not get a normal supply of oxygen. Since cancer cells are anaerobic, this allows them to thrive and divide faster.

      Chemotherapy and radiation frequently kill a vital organ of a patient, such as the liver or heart. Once this happens, without a transplant, nothing, not even alternative cancer treatments, can save the patient.

      Surgical biopsies can release cancer cells into the blood stream, causing the possibility that the biopsy will cause the cancer to spread, meaning metastasize. Some cancer surgeries can also cause cancer cells to get into the blood stream, especially if the surgery does not "get" all of the cancer cells.

      Chemotherapy and radiation can dramatically increase the probability that a person will get certain types of cancer. For example, many women treated by chemotherapy and radiation for breast cancer later develop uterine cancer. Chemotherapy drugs are not only toxic, they are carcinogenic.
      Many cancer patients are so devastated by the sickness and nausea orthodox treatments give them, that they lose the will to live, meaning they lose the will to keep fighting their cancer.


metastasized cancer

Cancer Facts

Human body is made up of millions of cells. When any organism including human born it contain a single cell but gradually the cell starts dividing and form a well-organized multi cellular human body. Cells are the structural and functional unit of human body. All the important functions of human body are performed by the cell. Many similar types of cells combined to form a tissue. Many tissues combined to form an organism's body. The cells continuously divide for a certain period of time but after a specific period of time it gets stopped. This cell division is controlled by some internal factors like some proteins, enzymes and last but not the least is gene.

What is Cancer? Though human body has a well-organized system but some time some abnormalities may occur in the human body. Some of these abnormalities may be fetal for human being. One of them is abnormal and uncontrolled cell division which causes a dangerous disease called cancer. Cancer is a kind of disease where cell division becomes uncontrolled. This due to the genes or factors which controls cell division becomes damage. The cancer affected cells become irregular in shape and shortly starts spreading all over the body. Cancer is mainly two types benign and malignant. The first one is not so much dangerous because it cannot spread and it is also called tumor. The second one is dangerous because it spreads vary rapidly.

Cause of Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by mutation or structural changes in the. There are many elements which cause cancer, these elements are called carcinogens. Some carcinogens are benzene, UV ray of sun light etc. Tobacco is an another dangerous carcinogen which cause cancer Many foods specially the fast foods which can be found in the market can cause cancer. One of the most dangerous cancer causing agents is tobacco. It can cause cancer in many parts of human body like lungs, throats etc. Cancer can also be caused due to different pollutants like Arsenic, Lead etc.

Types of Cancer Cancer can affect any part of human body. According to the affected area cancer may be of many types like
Carcinoma: Cancer occurred in epithelial tissue
Myeloma: Cancer occurred in connective tissue
Leukemia: Abnormal increase in WBC count. It is also called blood cancer
Liver Cancer: Cancer in liver
Breast Cancer: Cancer in breast.

Treatment for Cancer In the previous time cancer was an incurable disease but as the science progresses the treatment of cancer getting discovered. There are many treatment for cancer such as
Chemotherapy: In this process cancer cells are killed by applying different chemicals.
Radiation Therapy: In this process different radioactive rays like x-ray, Gama-ray are used to destroy the cancer cells.
Surgery: The Cancer affected area can be removed by surgery etc.

Cancer clinics Now a days many cancer clinics are developed all over the world where the cancer treatment and research are occurring side by side.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How does a cancer girl win over a cancer boy?
    Hi, I'm cancer and this guy I like is also cancer, in fact my birthday is the 24th of june and his the 25th.
    I hurt him in the past, and now it's complicated between us. I want to make it all right between us but don't know how. I get really shy around him so I always act like he isn't there. And I know I hurt him when I do this. Please help me!!!

    • ANSWER:
      my friends are both cancer and they don't get along very well

  2. QUESTION:
    Is it Moral to collect cans for breast cancer awarness week and use the money to buy weed?
    What if I hand out suckers and a sheet with breast cancer facts

    • ANSWER:
      if your in a situation where you got no money and need to smoke then yeah i think it would be alright. you just gotta look at the situation like this; i am informing people about breast cancer and just taking their empty cans off their hands, saving them a trip to the store. then toke up brother

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the mechanism by which colloidal platinum nanoparticles kill cancer?
    It has been well known for decades that platinum and compounds of platinum kill cancer. In fact, most chemo drugs for cancer are platinum compounds. It has been widely reported in the alternative medical community that platinum nanoparticles in colloidal form will also kill cancer. Do the nanoparticles kill cancer by the same means as the compounds? Is there scientific data available that details the mechanism?

    • ANSWER:
      I had not heard of that info before.
      I would advise you to do what I did - when you wonder about the scientific value of some data you found, run it through the NCBI database. It is the clearinghouse for scientific data.
      I queried "platinum nanoparticles cancer" and found 5 publications. It seems there are Phase I studies about platinum nanoparticles, the main advantage seems to be the drug delivery right to the tumor. However, there does NOT seem any data so far that would support any overwhelming optimism, even if the alternative community sees this differently.
      Read some of the article summaries yourself, they're quite interesting.

  4. QUESTION:
    Does this sound like I have brain cancer?
    Ok, so I have major migraines and pains in my temple of my forehead. I have had numerous occurrences where I have felt majorly dizzy. I have felt very tired all the time. I have also had a lot of loss of appetite. I went to my doctor and he recommended a CT. Does it sound like I could possibly have cancer? Fact answers only please!

    • ANSWER:
      Headaches caused by brain tumors are not migraines.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is cervival cancer caused by an uncut penis or because of tampons?
    Seems women always want to blame men, but why would a natural penis (uncircumcized) give them cancer when in fact they are using non-natural products like tampons? Maybe that is the real cause of cervical cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      It's caused by the HPV virus which is transferred from skin to skin contact. You can't get it from a tampon. Some people have falsely claimed intact guys are more likely to spread the virus but that is incorrect. It's got nothing to do with blaming men, it's just most women get the virus from men they have sex with. However that man would have got it from a woman so it's stupid trying to follow the chain to lay blame.

      Harriet

  6. QUESTION:
    why is there more breast cancer awareness?
    come October all you'll hear about is breast cancer awareness. Why no testicular cancer awareness. if there is then its not nearly pumped out there as breast cancer. And i think that is also something that people should be concerned about. I dont know much about cancer facts. im wondering what reason is behind informing people way more about breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    is it safe to have fibreglass insulation in a room?
    Hi,
    I used some fibre glass insulation in my bed room to plug a gap between my heater and the wall. Is it safe? I read the label that it may cause cancer. The fact that it is in my bedroom scares me! Is there any alternative because the gap is pretty big ~ 2 inches.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it could be unsafe...(and itchy) Take it out and get yourself a can of expanding foam insulation. It works GREAT!

  8. QUESTION:
    Can a rattlesnake bite make you immune to cancer?
    I heard that after being bit by a rattlesnake you become immune from getting cancer. Is this fact or fiction?

    • ANSWER:
      If you believe that you also probably believe they have taken the word gullible out of the dictionary

  9. QUESTION:
    What do you think of the girl who was born four years after her father death thanks to frozen sperm ?
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-538429/The-baby-girl-born-using-frozen-sperm-father-killed-cancer-FOUR-years-ago.html

    Little Jaimie-Rose was born four years after her father's was dead by cancer. This fact was possible thanks to her dad's frozen sperm and to the bravery of her mother.

    What do you think of Jaimie-Rose case ?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a very sad story. Sounds like a A&E Special.

  10. QUESTION:
    I am awaiting confirmation from genetics as to whether I have Lynch Syndrome?
    I am Absolutely sure. I have studied the subject and of course mapped my family history against all criteria not only the Amsterdam. My doctors is not taking any risk with my history and has not waited for confirmation and I have commenced screening. I have studied colorectal cancer endometrial cancer renal cancer in fact all linked and incidental cancers etc but I would like to know if anyone can make a direct link between endometrial stromal sarcoma and lynch syndrome.

    • ANSWER:
      The endometrial stromal sarcoma is not associated with Lynch syndrome. The uterine carcinosarcoma is a rare manifestation of Lynch syndrome, but it does occur.

  11. QUESTION:
    What causes the drastic weight loss which often precedes (and can indicate)a cancer diagnosis?
    Often people get a drastic weight loss just before being diagnosed with cancer and in fact sudden weight loss is a cancer danger signal. Since all cancers are not gastric in origin, yet the weight loss seems to be common wherever in the body the cancer eventually turns out to be, what is it that causes weight to drop off?

    • ANSWER:
      Depending on where the cancer is located, the disease itself may interfere with the gastrointestinal tract or cause imbalances in the body by overproducing or underproducing hormones that control metabolic activities. Cancer cells can produce toxins in the body to make you lose your appetite. Your body may also be expending a lot of energy trying to fight off the cancer. It can also be stress related.

  12. QUESTION:
    What do you think of a woman who conceived her daughter using frozen sperm from her deceased husband ?
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-538429/The-baby-girl-born-using-frozen-sperm-father-killed-cancer-FOUR-years-ago.html

    Lisa gave birth to her daughter Jaimie-Rose four years after her husband died from cancer. This fact was possible because she used frozen sperm from her deceased husband.

    What do you think of Jaimie-Rose's birth ?

    • ANSWER:
      I think its a tragic but lovely story
      The woman has got an eternal reminder of her loving husband in their child
      to me it's a never-ending story of love

  13. QUESTION:
    What do you think of a woman who conceived her daughter using frozen sperm from her deceased husband ?
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-538429/The-baby-girl-born-using-frozen-sperm-father-killed-cancer-FOUR-years-ago.html

    Lisa gave birth to her daughter Jaimie-Rose four years after her husband died from cancer. This fact was possible because she used frozen sperm from her deceased husband.

    What do you think of Jaimie-Rose's birth ?

    • ANSWER:
      That made me cry, darn pregnancy hormones. I think that's amazing. It seems like he was really her soul mate. Instead of going out and finding some other guy (like many people do after the death of a spouse), she wanted to continue her family with HIM. It must have felt like a miracle for her, having a little piece of her husband inside her after all that time he was gone. That little girl is very special.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it true that every one will hv lung cancer even with out even smoking and how is it possible or chewing tc?
    What we see the advt in on TV SHOWS ON CANCER is a fact?

    • ANSWER:
      I think maybe you misunderstood what you "saw" on tv.

  15. QUESTION:
    Question about cancer and tabacco smoking please read?
    Hello. I don't have a family history with any type of cancers. Nobody in my whole family ever had cancers. Is it still possible for me to get cancer considetating the fact I am a tabacco smoker? I smoke nearly only one pack a week.

    Thank you.
    If so, how long can I safely smoke?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no safe limit on the time you can smoke without it causing lung cancer. My dad was the first in his family to get lung cancer and he was a smoker ad he smoked for a long time before he got lung cancer but the damage he done to his lungs would probably have been done a long time before cancer developed. I am also a smoker and i am 56 and as yet I don't have lung cancer but I could live to 100 without getting it or i could get it in a few months, it is just a gamble we take but I presume you are young and not been smoking for a long time so you still have a chance to stop smoking without it having caused any damaged to your lungs - my dad survived the lung cancer and gave up smoking but died 3 years later with stomach cancer and he was 76 years old. it is not just smoking that can put us at a higher risk on cancer as bad diet, alcohol and lack of exercises also puts us at a higher risk. I also have a distant aunt who is 96 years old and smokes and drinks everyday and she does not have lung cancer so it shows it is just your luck, Good Luck

  16. QUESTION:
    How can cancer develop in really healthy people taking good care of themselves?
    A heavy smoker can develop lung cancer because of harmful chemicals overtime to his lungs. But sometimes, lung cancer can develop in a nonsmoker's lung. Or breast cancer can develop in a healthy woman's body.

    Don't get me wrong. I know that healthy people are much less likely to get cancer. However, sometimes cancer can develop in healthy people.

    • ANSWER:
      We all possess a gene for cancer. Even scientist don't know why some get it nd others don't. Cancer cells don't care how young you are or how healthy you are. If it manifest itself, then it will. Its almost like they have a mind of their own. My sister-in-law never smoked, always ate well and at 33 developed breast cancer which later traveled to her lungs and killed her. it is no respecter of anyone. My own sister never smoked either. In fact she's the only one who didn't. She developed breast cancer and 15 yrs later got brain cancer. No one knows why, we can only hope that scientist can pin point the whys someday. Be blessed

  17. QUESTION:
    Could cancer develope after stubbing a toe?
    About 3-4 years ago I kicked a backpack because I was mad and it had like 3 textbooks in it and my big toe got stubbed so bad that it hurt for, my guess is, up to a year after it happened.
    I never got it checked out and I never really mentioned to anyone that it hurt so much, I just simply put up with it.

    I heard that this could develope into cancer, fact or myth?

    • ANSWER:
      No. Just use your common sense . . how many people do you know who have stubbed their toes and gone on to develop cancer?

      No one knows what 'causes' cancer . . but we have a pretty good idea what doesn't cause cancer . . and that is injuries . . people suffer injuries constantly and yet are not at any higher risk for cancer than anyone else.

      So, no scientific documented evidence exists that anyone has ever gotten cancer after stubbing their toe.

  18. QUESTION:
    How do chemotherapy drugs interact chemically with cancer cells to get rid of the cancerous cells?
    I have to give a chemistry project tomorrow in class and I need to have a basic understanding of what goes on chemically between chemotherapy drugs and the cancerous cells. Like what element interacts with what and how the chemo drugs stop the cancer cells from replicating. If anyone even has a most basic chemical explanation as to what occurs I would really appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      Chemotherapy works by destroying cancer cells; unfortunately, it cannot tell the difference between a cancer cell and some healthy cells. So chemotherapy eliminates not only the fast-growing cancer cells but also other fast-growing cells in your body, including, hair and blood cells.

      Some cancer cells grow slowly while others grow rapidly. As a result, different types of chemotherapy drugs target the growth patterns of specific types of cancer cells. Each drug has a different way of working and is effective at a specific time in the life cycle of the cell it targets.

      So, the chemicals are designed to go after specific cells that have a particular metabolic rate.

      Chemotherapy has NOT been very effective and the 5 year survival rate is very poor. It is expensive; a cancer patient is worth about 0,000 to the medical community.

      In 1972, according to the American Cancer Societies own figures, 33% of cancers had a five year survival rate. We should also point out that at that same time 33% of cancers went away on their own. Today, according to the ACS, the five year survival rate for cancer has risen to 40%. However, what they do not tell you is that:

      1.The statistics are invalid because they combine data of both local and metastasized cancers; and that the comparisons are not randomized [Ulrich Abel, Advanced Epithelial Cancer", 1990 (no longer in print) ]
      2.Cancers not factored into the original statistics are now factored in, such as skin cancers, many of which are not fatal and that the statistics are purposely inflated by including people with benign cancers.
      3.Technology has helped us to find cancers earlier, thus the survival time from diagnosis to eventual death has lengthened.
      4.They are now including in their stats non deadly skin cancers.

      By shrinking tumors, chemotherapy encourages stronger cancer cells to grow and multiply and become chemo resistant. Then there are the new cancers caused by chemotherapy, or secondary cancers. This quaint side effect is often overlooked in the lists of side effects in a drug's accompanying literature, though you can find this information quite easily at the National Cancer Institute. We pride ourselves in America for being technologically advanced and that our technology is rooted in a foundation of good science.

      Wrong.

      When it comes to medicine, little at all is based upon science. Again we shall point to the Office of Technological Assessment’s paper: Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Medical Technologies in which we are told that fewer than 20% of all medical procedures have been tested, and that of those tested, half were tested badly.

      Medicine in America is not about healing.

      Most telling, according to Ralph Moss in his book Questioning Chemotherapy, is that in a good number of surveys, chemotherapists have responded that they would neither recommend chemotherapy for their families nor would they use it themselves. In an unpublished cohort study in which it was revealed that only 9% of oncologists took chemotherapy for their cancers.

      "Most cancer patients in this country die of chemotherapy.

      Chemotherapy does not eliminate breast, colon, or lung cancers. This fact has been documented for over a decade, yet doctors still use chemotherapy for these tumors,” Allen Levin, MD UCSF The Healing of Cancer.

      Additionally, Irwin Bross, a biostatistician for the National Cancer Institute, discovered that many cancers that are benign (though thought to be malignant) and will not metastasize until they are hit with chemotherapy. In other words, he's found that many people who've been diagnosed with metastatic cancer did not have metastatic cancer until they got their chemotherapy.

      For many cancers, chemotherapy just does not improve your survival rate. Some of these are colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, bladder, breast, ovarian, cervical and corpus uteri, head and neck. Knowing this, oncologists still recommend a regimen of chemotherapy, why?

      The answer you will get from oncologists that are honest is this: “We give it to patients so they won't give up hope and fall into the hands of quacks.” Quacks? Implicit in the definition of quackery is the sale of worthless or dangerous nostrums for profit. Who exactly are the quacks? Just because someone is wearing a white smock, has a title, and works in a nice air conditioned office, does NOT take away what he is. Con men don't look like crooks or they would never get anyone to buy into what they are selling. Looking credible does NOT mean they are.

      Dr Ulrich Abel, who poured over thousands and thousands of cancer studies, published his shocking report in 1990 stating quite succinctly that chemotherapy has done nothing for 80% of all cancers; that 80% of chemotherapy administered was absolutely worthless.

      To give a fair and accurate assessment of chemotherapy in your report, you should also tell people how it is NOT very effective and only a smal

  19. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cancer? How can someone diagnose if he has cancer?
    Just wondering what the symptoms of cancer are? How can a person recongnize if he/she might have cancer? Is there any way you can tell in general?

    What instructions/advices/recommendations could you give?

    Additional info would be helpful!

    Thanks!
    What should I do if I want to make sure I don't have cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are over 200 different types of cancer. Cancer is a progressive disease which means that it starts out very tiny, a microscopic cell . . and starts to grow. When it is small there are rarely any symptoms at all. The body does not recognize a malignant cell as being dangerous or any different that any of the other millions of cells within the body. In fact the body will nurture the cancer cell in the same way it takes care of the rest of the body . . and make it a nice healthy cancer cell. Eventually the cell grows into a nodule or tumor and if it is not bothering any vital structures or nerves . . again, no one will feel anything. The cancer will continue to grow and be nourished by the body (just as the body takes care of organs, bones, skin, tissue it also takes care of cancer tumors). Tumors at this point can start to grow their own blood vessels . . if a patient is lucky they will notice symptoms of fatigue or unusual weight loss as the body continues to nourish the new tumor at the expense of other organs.

      In general, though, there are very, very few warning signs that someone has a malignancy until the cancer is advanced. One of the only warning signs a young person might have that something is wrong is to notice an unusual lump or bump that seems to be growing. Otherwise, most cancers are found by chance.

      The only recommendation I could give anyone is to remain as healthy as you can, diet, exercise, don't smoke or drink excessively, avoid excessive exposure to carcinogens, and stay healthy. This won't prevent all cancers (you might stop smoking, but later get a bone cancer anyway . . but at least you didn't get lung cancer) , but it will cut down on the risks . . . Mostly though staying healthy and fit will help you fight cancer should you ever get it. The healthier you are the stronger you'll be when you have treatment. It makes a difference to not have any secondary health issues when fighting this monster.

  20. QUESTION:
    What causes prostate cancer and what are the symptoms?
    My father recently died with prostate cancer. He was going to the doctors for years. It was in the advanced stages before it was found. Why didn't the doctors check his prostate before this? He was in pain and agony and it spread to his hips and bones. It really makes me mad I didn't pick up the symptoms and neither did a professional. He wasn't even 70. Life just isn't the same without him.

    • ANSWER:
      I had the same feelings, when I lost my beloved father in 1972. I converted all my deep love and affection to my mother and brothers and sisters. In 1992, I lost my mother for liver cancer and a younger sister predeceased in 1985 for leukemia. I got wild to see the end of cancer.Thereby, I became an expert in cancer diagnosis with "no costs"; that too instantaneously. Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies are very much handy not only to diagnose, but also to prevent and cure. I am striving to diagnose cancer, HIV through through this wonderful and philanthropic site 'Yahoo Answers'. It has become my life goal. When U lost Ur beloved Dad for 'cancer' I think if U know the causes, with preventive care, U can be "cancer free" for life.

      Why are more and more young people falling victims to the demon- “CANCER”? What are Prime Causes* & Preventive/Curative Measures?
      1. Chronic & severe constipation [+ heavy quantum of accumulated feces in the rectum & the large intestine] with a displaced solar plexus. Bad diet with McDonald’s pizzas, burgers, KFC-deep freeze and deep fried chicken, pork, hot dogs, high rich calorie diets-obesity, etc. As a result, most of the Americans/Europeans are cancer victims due to chronic constipation issues.
      3. Hormonal imbalance.
      4. Heavy exposure to asbestos, pollution from industrial wastes, tobacco consumption and or smoking..
      5. Chronic & Unhealed wounds/injuries caused by bacterial/viral/metabolic syndromes/diseases with blocked energy + toxins in any internal organ.
      6. Sexual promiscuity, Perverted anal/oral sex, hetero-sex, lesbians, homosex amongst transgenders, bad personal hygiene [not washing gonads after coitus] & indiscriminate consumption of birth control pills 'with no' medical supervision by endocrinologist/gynecologist/physician.
      7. Chronic Stress & Strain.
      8. Lack of exercise & ever increasing obese bodies.
      9. Smoking and tobacco/gutka chewing. 90% lung-cancer victims are smokers, an American study reveals; as per Web Med News.
      10. Regular consumption of ‘colas’ with heavy doses of insecticides, freely available in India. Regular & excessive alcohol consumption.
      11. Skin Cancer Exposure to Sun’s rays @ odd hours [90 minutes after sunrise, beyond 60 minutes before sunset and anytime during strong winds] and excessive exposure to radiation emanating from cell phones, transmission towers, etc.,
      . 12. 24/7-- wearing of bra by the modern woman and avoiding breast feeding the child—breast cancer.
      13. Heavy genetic dispositions with more ‘cancer-stricken ancestors’
      14. Facts on Lung Cancer vis-à-vis Smoking:
      Prudent to stop smoking forthwith permanently------Because, out of every 10 lung cancer patients-9 are smokers-An American Research Study published in WebMD.com.

      CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:--
      1. Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].
      2.. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, Noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      3. Acupressure techniques a MUST to ensure faster recovery.
      4. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspartame and colas made in India, etc.
      5. How to prevent Sunburn*: Expose Ur body and or the affected parts within 90 minutes from sunrise & within 60 minutes before sunset. During strong winds, no exposure please. Any extra exposure shall be @ Ur own peril.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  21. QUESTION:
    i have survived cancer twice and would like to start a foundation for helping others?
    my foundation would consists of treatment options facts and recomendations to hospitals.
    for example i.u. medical center.

    • ANSWER:
      Why don't you want to start your own blog? http://medicationforum.blogspot.com/2010/07/breast-cancer-awareness.html

  22. QUESTION:
    How long do cancer patients in Canada have to wait before starting treatment?
    Honest question. I've read that if you get cancer in Canada and can't afford to go outside Canada for treatment, you're pretty much dead.

    What's the average wait time between starting treatment after being diagnosed with cancer in Canada?

    • ANSWER:
      I have had cancer twice - the first time was 20 years ago. The last time was a different type of cancer and that was diagnosed 4 years ago. I waited a month with the first cancer but only because I did not want to go to a different city. The last time, I was diagnosed on Thursday and was operated on two days later on a Saturday. Obviously, I recovered both times, so.....

      Don't believe everything you hear. In fact, if it is coming from the status quo in the States and has anything to do with Universal medicare as practiced in Canada, you might be well advised not to listen to it at all.

  23. QUESTION:
    How many people have gotten throat cancer due to smoking marijuana?
    My boyfriend was smoking marijuana for 15 years. He and I both worry about him acquiring throat and lung cancer. What do you think are the odds and how many people have gotten throat and lung cancer due to smoking marijuana?

    • ANSWER:
      Not one case of cancer in history has beet attributed to marijuana use. That is because it does not cause cancer. In fact marijuana has been proven to cure cancer (read sources). Marijuana does not cause heart disease, emphysema or other tobacco related diseases. A commonly believed myth is tht marijuana is equal to a certain number of cigarettes but clearly it is not.

  24. QUESTION:
    How long does cancer exist?When was the first case diagnosed and what type of cancer was it?
    Okay I just want to know if cancer has been around forever. Can someone give me more info on this disease's origin.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer has been around as long as life itself, with the potential for it to develop in any multicellular organism. It has been a hot topic in modern medicine because prior to the advent of antibiotics and advanced lifesaving techniques, people most often died of acute disease or traumatic injury. Nowadays, we have the "luxury" of dying of chronic illnesses related to old age, such as cancer and heart disease.

      As far as the history of diagnosing cancer goes, the diagnosis for any type of cancer was previously called "consumption." It wasn't until well into the 20th century that doctors began differentiating between cancer types at any meaningful level.

      If you're interested, the reason why people tend to get cancer as they get older is a pretty complicated process that still isn't fully understood, but it ultimately all boils down to mutations in DNA. Cancer is not a condition that just suddenly develops overnight. A cell or group of cells may develop abnormalities, but still be noncancerous at that point (a condition called "precancerous"). Part of what makes cancer so difficult to treat is the fact that by the time a group of cells become a full-blown malignancy, they have already picked up so many survivalist mutations that they are extremely difficult to kill. And in a manner analogous to the way bacteria become resistant to antibiotics, cancer cells can become resistant to treatments like chemotherapy because though a large number of the cancer cells may be killed, a few that have a mutation enabling them to survive the treatment chemicals will survive and reproduce - so in time, the only cancer cells you have left are resistant to a particular treatment or treatments. And it isn't as simple as going in and cutting the cancer out, either - because by the time a group of cells are a full-blown cancer, they have gained the ability to delocalize, thus making it literally impossible to ever remove every single malignant cell via surgery.

  25. QUESTION:
    When diagnosed with terminal cancer why do some live longer than others?
    By this question i mean for example lung cancer 2 people have the same type and same stage. Why will some live longer? Does it have anything to do with diet or how strong your immune system is?

    • ANSWER:
      Our human bodies are unique. While patterns and response rates can be averaged statistically, the fact remains that we are all different.

      Treatment plans vary and people's response rates vary. There are statistical anomalies of 3 out of 1,000 people surviving Stage IV breast cancer that has multiple metastases all over the body. How in the world do those three survive when 997 do not? No one knows.

      Same goes for variance in other diseases.

  26. QUESTION:
    How conscious is a person about to die from cancer?
    My mother is in the final stage of pancreatic cancer. We have hospice care at our home and they always have a nurse with her in her room. Shes on a lot of pain medication and they say her liver and kidney's are failing. How conscious is she? Shes not responsive but what is going on in her mind?
    I've been too afraid to go up to her room because i'm disturbed by how skinny and jaundiced she is.
    Essentially i'm asking even though shes sleeping all but 25 minutes a day is she suffering?

    • ANSWER:
      When I was a nursing student, we were told that the last thing to go is hearing. In fact, hearing is keener near death. She's not responsive because she's on so many pain meds, I'm sure she's on a high dose of morphine. In all honesty, I don't think she is suffering because of her medications. I want you to know this and it's very important. Go to your mother and talk to her. I was in a coma after my fourth child was born. I couldn't respond or react to anything but I heard everything that was being said. I even heard the Dr tell my husband that he didn't expect me to survive. Inside, I was screaming. Your mother may not respond to what you say but please, let her know you're there. It's so important for dying patient to know that someone they love is with them. Don't deprive her of the love that she gave to you. She's not sleeping all but 25 min. It may seem that way. but she is most likely alert in her mind and she's screaming too. She will hear you. I know she will. I know what it's like to watch your mother fade away. We stayed by my mother's side constantly for the last week of her life. She was in a coma but we sang to her, talked to her, even laid in the bed with her. When my mom died 3 yrs ago, she knew her children were there. I'm not saying for you to do all those things. My mom was cut-up and always joking around which is why we sang etc. So go see her. You have to look beyond the weight issue and jaundice. Picture her the way she was. It's hard, believe me I know, but you will have no doubts when her time comes. You can hold your head up and people will know you were with her to the end. Gosh, I wish I could put my arms around you right now. I am so sorry you have to see this, go through it too. but she is your mom and she was always with you when you young and sick. Now it's your turn to return that love. Talk to her like you always did. She won't respond, but she'll hear you. God bless both of you.

  27. QUESTION:
    How a cancer should get a scorpio to open up?
    Should a cancer be a little expressive of their feelings toward a scorpio guy that they are dating? Will this help the scorpio learn that it is ok to express emotions if the cancer is being slightly expressive at times at well?

    • ANSWER:
      to be honest with you i am a F cancer as well, i seem to attract and date Scorpio's pretty much all the time my ex i thought with a little bit of my tender, loving, care he would open up but noooo didnt no work at all all it did was making him fake the emotions and and take advantage of how such a great person i am he took advantage of the fact that i was gunna be there for him no matter what shit i did live with him after all but no sweet heart , it sux to say but a Scorpio is not our best soul mate, i wont say to just give up but i will say try to be cautious and try not to show so much emotions with him n get attached feelings just yet so u dont get your heart broken

  28. QUESTION:
    I want to start an charitable organization/camp for kids whose parents have cancer?
    I'm wanting to start up a charitable organization for kids whose parents either are currently battling cancer or whose parents have passed away from cancer. As part of the organization I'd like to maybe start a summer camp where kids can come to get away from everything and be with others who are going through the same thing. I'd like to have the usual summer camp acitivites there.
    Aside from the camp, I'd like to have a year-round place where kids can go and support each other and get information and advice.
    Any ideas on how to get this kind of thing started? Any tips or information you can provide would be really helpful. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      That sounds like a very worthy effort. In fact, there are a few organizations doing this - so you could either join forces to help them or contact them for ideas in replicating their model in your community.

      A good starting point would be Camp Kesem National at www.campkesem.org.

  29. QUESTION:
    What do you think of the relatively new cervical cancer vaccine?
    I am 16 years old, not sexually active, and considering getting the cervical cancer vaccine. My mom and I have talked about it, and she's talked to her gyno, and we all think it's a good idea to get it. Just wondering, for those who have already taken it, do you have any opinions on it? Thanks for the input!
    my understanding is that you don't necessarily have to have sex to get cervical cancer...just a small correction there

    • ANSWER:
      As far as I'm concerned it is really a bit of an issue, particularly with respect to young school age girls where the Gardasil vaccine is also being promoted strongly. This vaccination cannot be taken lightly and although it is said to provide protection for upto 85% of HPV, there seems to have been an insufficient length of time (approx. 5 years) of trials to determine any likely side effects. This and the fact that the trials where conducted by the manufacturerers themselves (Merck and GlaxoSmithKline) and not an independant body, is of concern in itself! Further the age of the study group was 15 -26 years, and yet it is being promoted to girls under 15 that have yet to reach puberty. What effect is this likely to have? Who knows?
      There are numerous articles on the safety and possible side effects and indeed the long term effectiveness of Gardasil to raise sufficient doubt in ones mind as to the necessity of having this particular vaccine. In all it appears that this drug was rushed through before full approval and in fact the FDA have stipulated for Merck to continue the monitoring and long term trial for girls under 15 years to confirm its safety. For us as parents there is sufficient doubt as to the safety that we postponed getting the vaccination for our daughter, until further studies and information comes to hand.

      Following are some links to articles on the vaccine which you may wish to read. Ultimately it comes down to a risk evaluation of your own self and if you believe that you may sufficiently at risk of contracting the disease and the precautions that you may need to take so as to minimise the risk.

  30. QUESTION:
    How do I stop feeling emotionally distant to some people after cancer?
    Alot of our friends and family bailed on us after my husband had cancer. You would think they would rally by our side, but instead, still avoid us like the plague.I read alot of other peoples answers on here saying it happened to them as well. The thing is , Im bumping into these people here and there, and I really don't know how to react. I want to feel happy to talk to them, and see them, but I do feel so emotionally distant and a bit angry now.

    What should I do?
    Be cheerful around them?

    • ANSWER:
      I think when you go through any type of tragedy you really find out who your true friends are. Those that stuck by me in my difficult times were true friends. Those that bailed were good time friends. Speak to them the same you would speak to any acquaintance. No need to be hateful. Be pleasant and wish them well. But move on. You should concentrate your energies on those that stood by you and your husband and stop worrying about those that bailed. Even though you may want to feel happy to see them the fact is that they turned out to be not as good a friend as you thought. So feeling angry and distant now is normal. Also because you have been through something that really makes you reevaluate what is important in life it makes you see the world differently than you did before. Some of the things you had in common with these people may not be true for you anymore. So basically just be cordial and be yourself. At this point you don't owe them anything.

  31. QUESTION:
    How can I persuade my grandpa to continue on with his radiation cancer treatment?
    My grandpa is diagnosed with throat cancer. He is currently finishing his third week of radiation therapy, and has two more weeks of this treatment. Howvever, he doesn't want to continue anymore because his voice has changed, throat is becoming painful, no taste in food, harder to eat (all are symptoms from radiation therapy). He says the tumour in his throat has decreased, so he says he doesn't want to keep going for the treatments.
    What should I do to persuade him to continue on? I understand that it must be tough for him.
    Any thoughts are appreciated. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      You can't. He is an adult and presumably knows the possible risks of discontinuing treatment and will decide whether for him those risks outweigh the likely benefits or not

      Eight years ago I made the decision to discontinue my chemotherapy when I had completed two thirds of the recommended number of sessions. I had to make my peace with the fact that if my cancer returned or didn't go into remission, I would never know whether continuing with treatment would have made a difference

      I did talk about it with family members; I knew they loved me and were fearful, and that some didn't understand. But this one was about me and only me.

      Sorry, I know this isn't what you wanted to hear

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the best reaction to someone telling you their relative has cancer?
    Recently I've been told by a couple of my friends that one of their relatives has cancer and their not sure if they'll be okay. So when they tell me this I can't think of anything to say other than "I'm sorry" and I tell them to stay positive but I i feel like thats not enough, so if anyone has a good way to reassure someone who is sad because their relative has cancer please help.

    • ANSWER:
      This can be difficult if you are coming to terms with your own trauma related to death and dying. If you are in a place to do it, listen deeply for the feelings of the person who is sharing their story. Go beyond facts and problem solving to the core of what they are saying. Learn how that person is reacting to the situations and listen without judgement.

      If you are in a position to do it, offer to listen to the person whenever they are ready to share their feelings. It's OK to be sad and distressed. It's OK to be depressed. Don't provide solutions. You cannot know what to do, if you do not listen with your entire being. You must first be there and hear the other person.

      Trying to fix things or put things in a positive light will only shut down the communication. You want to open it up if you can.

  33. QUESTION:
    How easy do you think it would be to raise money to participate in a charity event for Breast Cancer?
    I am considering registering for the 3 day walk for breast cancer in San Diego. One of the requirements in order to participate is to raise a minimum of 00 in pledges or donations. If I can't raise the money then I'd have to write the check myself or drop out. How easy do you think it would be to raise the money and what suggestions do you have to do it?
    Here is the link to the site supporting the walk.
    http://www.the3day.org/

    • ANSWER:
      Perhaps you should stand in a window front nekkid with a sign saying accepting donations.

      Have you asked everyone at work? If not working have you asked all your friends and family? Have you posted a website with what is going on and how they can help? Maybe on your 360 page? You could walk around your neighborhood and pass out flyer's with your contact information and the facts about the event. I will go back and look at your link and think about it some and let you know. Good luck

  34. QUESTION:
    Is anyone else upset that breast cancer is the only publicized awareness month?
    I'm all for cancer awareness but why is breast cancer the only publicized cancer awareness month? Many people suffer from all types of cancer daily and I've had family suffer from both Leukemia and Pancreatic Cancer. It's seems that if a celebrity is diagnosed with a cancer or has died from a cancer that's the only way awareness will be publicized. Now that Patrick Swayze has passed I'm sure Pancreatic cancer will be well known coming this November (Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month) Does anyone agree?

    • ANSWER:
      No, I don't agree.

      Breast cancer awareness and Breast Cancer Awareness Month are not high profile because of celebrity deaths, but for a much simpler reason - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, many of them with cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising. I too have had family members suffer from other cancers - lung, testicular, stomach and cervical cancers and leukaemia, all but one of them dying of their cancers.

      There are, as you point out, other cancer awareness months, weeks, ribbons etc; but the fact is none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has.

      Now, I've had breast cancer and I personally very much dislike BC Awareness Month - or Pink October as the more cynical of us call it.

      Support for those with a deadly disease that kills on average 33 women a day in the UK and 112 a day in the US (the only stats I have, I'm not being ethnocentric) has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets.

      The pink fluffy stuff infuriates me, and I'm not at all 'tickled pink' by Asda's (Walmart's) trivialisation of an illness that may yet kill me. October magazines carry stories from cheerful survivors who claim to have the all-clear (there is no all-clear with breast cancer), and often say bc has changed their lives for the better - very different from anybody I know who's had breast cancer.

      And it has negative consequences for breast cancer patients too - I believe that the whole thing is counter-productive, that the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is 1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told - by people who don't have it - that it's a 'good' cancer to get) and 2) easily curable.

      I've even heard it said that it's a ‘fashionable’ or 'sexy' cancer - my sexy prosthesis and sexy scarred, one-breasted body are evidence that it's no such thing.

      In all the pink trivia, it's easy for people to lose sight of the fact that breast cancer is a devastating illness with disfiguring surgery, grueling treatments and so far no cure.

      I don't wear a pink ribbon and as someone in remission from breast cancer I support the Think Before You Pink and Pink Stinks! campaigns, both started by women with breast cancer

      http://thinkbeforeyoupink.org/?page_id=13

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers - and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started ny those women who started all the breast cancer awareness. They'd have to be as dedicated and prepared to work as hard though.

  35. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer getting so much more awareness than others?
    I think any type of cancer is serious, but I'm tired of ONLY seeing things for breast cancer. Commercials, profitable organizations, walks, etc. My dad was diagnosed with bladder cancer over the summer, and although they "removed" it, it's very likely to keep coming back, but it seems like society doesn't look at it as being just as serious. I know people are aware and do things to help, and it's not just bladder cancer that I'm worried about, but why is breast cancer getting all the attention?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it's currently Breast Cancer Awareness month, so breast cancer is obviously high profile at the moment.
      But yes, it does have a higher profile generally than other cancers, and there's a very simple reason -sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to breast cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination, enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      People have limited time, and choose their campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition (not a cancer). Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising and agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. What they're doing is what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day (that's one every 15 minutes), and in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns ad months for other types of cancer - but the plain fact is that none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has, hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising.

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast cancer awareness.They'd have to be as dedicated and work as hard though

  36. QUESTION:
    What are some tips to help survive cancer and pneumonia?
    My girlfriend as had pneumonia for 4 months now and it is serious. She was recently diagnosed with cancer (I expect lung cancer). She is 18 and she does not eat but she does try and drink a lot as well as have a drip and she sleeps a lot now. She will fight anything to get better and she won't give up fighting it for a second.

    Please would anyone help us or give us any tips to help my girlfriend get better. Any piece of information could potentially help save her life so please do not hesitate anything.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes main tip stay away from doctors and traditional treatments which will eventually kill her.
      Cancer cures have been around for 50 years but the medical establishment and the mainstream media suppress them.

      BUY THIS BOOK AND READ THE FACTS ABOUT CANCER AND HOW TO BEAT IT NATURALLY!

      What have you got to loose? a few quid, it will cure your girlfriend. Read it, explosive, shocking and uplifting.

      "Cancer, why we're still dying to know the truth" by Phillip Day Get it on Amazon.com or at phillipday.com

      Good luck.

  37. QUESTION:
    Does chemotherapy work in helping to cure liver cancer?
    How effective is chemotherapy. I know someone who has primary liver cancer (so hasn't spread anywhere in the body) and is about to start chemotherapy in order to shrink the tuma/s on the liver to then remove them surgically.

    • ANSWER:
      If you study the figures, you'll find plenty of opinions on both sides. The ACS claims a 44% percent success rate in treating all cancers with chemotherapy, but their figures are based on five year survival rates.

      Ten year survival rates for cancer treated with chemotherapy are less than ten percent.
      That is a lower survival rate than untreated cancers.

      The sad fact of the matter is that cancer is a billion dollar industry, and there are many people with great influence, who have a vested interest in keeping cancer alive.

      The key to their profit has always been the patenting of pharmaceutical drugs and treatments of the symptoms, and not the cause. They claim not to understand the cause of cancer, and yet fervently deny any cure exists, and if you suggest otherwise, they claim you are a quack. For almost a hundred years, doctors have come forward with effective treatments for all kinds of cancer, and been suppressed; Because natural remedies cannot be patented, and hence reap no profit for the pharmaceutical industry.

      Cancer is caused by imbalance and toxicity in the system.
      It is brought on by elements in our air and water, but primarily our food. The majority of food in America today is toxic, and can cause a wide variety of diseases, from cancer, to diabetes, to heart problems and immune dysfunction.
      Chemotherapy does nothing to treat this cause. In fact, it introduces more toxins into they system and cripples the immune system.

      Don't take my word for it, do your research online. Google "chemotherapy survival rates"
      Then, if you're as unsatisfied with western treatments as I am, google these:
      Tai Chi
      QiGong
      Gerson
      Hoxsey

      Modern medicine will tell you this is all quackery...
      From atop the growing pile of chemotherapy treated and radiated corpses, 56 million annually.
      Ask yourself if you would trust the same men who push pills on you during the nightly news, between commercials for greasy fast food burgers and shiny American cars made in Mexico, or are they just in it for the money?

      The answer might save your friend's life.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the correctly cancer recurrence rate after 5 years?
    I had a stage 3 colorectal (symoid) cancer 6 years ago, and things went well other than a few blockages. It is possible that there are still cancer cells within my body, although the machines cannot detect these cells (too small) and I do not have cancer symtoms.

    So, what is the chance that the cancer will come back at my symoid site or spreaded to my liver or lung?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you need to be thinking about the fact that nothing is showing now and you have no symptoms--be thankful!

      Live your life well and think positively. Studies have found people who think positively about their health, usually are healthy.

      My mom had collarectal cancer and that was long ago when the medical technology was not what it is today. She survived, still alive and very healthy at 80 years old!

      Do all the right things to keep your body healthy; eat only organic, non-fat, high fiber foods. Learn how to put into your body only the purest things; water for one out the tap is not healthy. Exercise, get sunlight year round, take vitamins (vitamin D is known to help with rectal cancers, but take it with calcium).

  39. QUESTION:
    How do people with breast cancer feel about the attention breast cancer gets?
    Do you feel like breast cancer awareness is just used by companies to make buying their product more attractive?

    Do you like the attention breast cancer gets or feel exploited by it?

    • ANSWER:
      I think there's two issues in your question: the first concerns the fact that breast cancer has a higher profile than other types of cancer.The second concerns the involvement of big business in this high profile.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      And then big business cashed in..

      It's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day; in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      That greedy manufacturers see people's concern and sympathy for cancer patients, and their desire to find a cure, as an opportunity to make cash is not the fault of breast cancer campaigners.

      But like many women who have or have had breast cancer, I detest Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Support for those with a deadly disease has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets. I'm not 'tickled pink' by the disease that may yet kill me being turned into a commercial beanfeast.

      And quite aside from the commercial aspect, all the pink, fluffy, fun excesses have negative consequences for breast cancer patients too – the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is

      1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told – by people who don’t have it – that it’s a ‘good’ cancer to get) and

      2) easily curable.

  40. QUESTION:
    Do you believe in the risks that microchips can cause cancer in pets? Is your pet microchipped?
    Two of my dogs are microchips. But ive heard that microchips have actually caused cancer in 1% of the rats they were tested on. Then again, that's a rat. So my question is do you believe in the risks of microchips causing cancer?
    I dont TD people who answer my question. I always TU for that.

    • ANSWER:
      I've NEVER known of a dog to have a bad reaction to a microchip. I'm a vet tech student. Needless to say, I've witnessed many dogs being microchipped. Never once seen one go bad.

      Is it a possibility? Yes. But if a dog were to have such a bad reaction to a microchip that it caused cancer, then that dog is very likely to get it anyways. Then there is the fact that MOST strains of lab rats were bred to produce cancer to aid in research. I wouldn't be suprised if more then 50% of the rats they tested on got cancer at one point or another. How they could link 1% of it to the microchips in particular is beyond me. At my school, we have lab rats. We use them to practice restraint and for lab animal classes. Even with great care, probably 75% of them grow a tumor at some point or other. Luckily, we are a vet tech school, and most tumors are removed immedietly. Most also grow back or grow new tumors.

      There was an article about a pom that bled to death after receiving a microchip. Honestly, an 18g needle is NOTHING, even for a smaller dog, and if THAT was enough to cause that much bleeding, there was some kind of medical issue that prevented that dog from clotting. There are just no veins in the scruff that could lead to that much bleeding unless the blood wasn't clotting naturally.

      My cats are microchipped because only 1 in 10 lost cats is ever returned to it's owner, and over 70% of all shelter cats are euthanized. That means only 1 in 4 shelter cats are adopted, the rest are euthanized. My dogs are microchipped because to lose them would be like losing a member of the family. I will not take that risk with my animals.

  41. QUESTION:
    How many cases of breast cancer in teenage girls exist?
    I've been asking about breast cancer on here because I'm 17 and found a smooth, non-mobile pea sized lump under my nipple that I'm getting checked out today, just for safes. The answers I got were very reasurring its benign, but now I'm just wondering: How many teen girls in the US have been diagnosed with breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The number is so small that statistics aren't kept. I think right now, there are fewer than 10 teenagers in the US with breast cancer. In fact, that number may be fewer than five.

      A woman is classified as a "young" cancer patient if she is diagnosed before age 40. Even my diagnosis at age 48 was considered to be "young."

      Your chances of having breast cancer are about 1 in 1.3 million. It's great that you are getting it checked out . . . it's always better to err on the side of caution . . . but don't get yourself worked up over it.

      Good luck at your appointment.

  42. QUESTION:
    What is it with cancers and life expectancy?
    Every mag i usually read, it says lots of medical problems everyday, such as Vitamin supplements can reduce your life expectancy, drinking fluoride water may cause bone cancer in boys, hair dyes are likely to cause Leukemia (ALL) and people who live near nuclear chemical factories are at risk of developing non-hodkins lymphoma and leukemia.

    This has to be true, it was all over the news?

    Is that why we got to try and stop polluting the air and clean out the water pipes to reduce the risks? It's just crazy!

    Whats your opinion on this?

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not assume that because something is said in a newspaper or magazine that it is the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth.
      You sound most confused about this matter and it is not the sort of matter to worry about without knowing the facts which are known and the 'facts' which are not proven and/or are just rumours.
      The best answers can invariably be found at your doctor's surgery because if he/she does not know he/she can refer you to someone who is experienced in such matters and give good guidance as to where truth lies. I know that not all doctors know all the answers. Not all the answers are available - hence all the research.

      Set your mind at rest as far as you are able or life will be a miserable existence and that we do not want.

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of survival if a person is diagnosed from stomach cancer in its early stage?
    actually, i know a person who was diagnosed from stomach cancer two years ago in its early stage. i want to know what can be done to cure it and what are the chances, how long is it going to take and what are the costs? Doctors/Oncologists please help!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not a Dr or Oncologist but my dad died of stomach cancer. Only because he wouldn't go to the Dr when I suggested it. Then it was to late because the Dr said had he come in earlier, he would have been cured. As it was they tried and removed 1/3 of his stomach. His age, 78, was against him and his stubbornness. So I know if stomach cancer is caught early it can be cured. That's a fact.

  44. QUESTION:
    why is it that american doctors do not tell their cancer patients about sugar?
    Why is it that most american doctors do not tell cancer patients about the fact that sugar is fuel to cancer cells?

    • ANSWER:
      Understanding What A Cancer Diet Is
      With regards to a cancer treatment, every food that we eat or drink can be categorized into several different categories:

      1.Foods that feed and strengthen the cancer cells (e.g. refined sugar, refined flour, soda pop, etc.)
      2.Foods that cause cancer (e.g. trans fatty acids [margarine, french fries and virtually every other processed food you buy], aspartame [Diet Coke, NutraSweet, Equal, etc.], MSG, polyunsaturated oils [e.g. corn oil], etc.)
      3.Foods that directly interfere with alternative treatments for cancer (e.g. chlorine, fluoride, alcohol, coffee, etc.)
      4.Foods that occupy and distract the immunity system from focusing on killing the cancer cells (e.g. beef, turkey, dairy products, etc.)
      5.Foods that contain nutrients that kill the cancer cells, stop the spread of cancer, or in some other way help treat the cancer (e.g. purple grapes with seeds and skin, red raspberries with seeds, strawberries with seeds, broccoli, cauliflower, several herbs, carrots, pineapples, almonds, etc.)
      In addition there are things like cooking vegetables. The cooking destroys the enzymes in the vegetables and make them far less digestible and far less effective in treating cancer. Pasteurizing fruit drinks also does this.

      Ideally, during a cancer treatment, if foods are allowed on a particular diet, 100% of everything you eat should be in the category of "Foods that contain nutrients that kill the cancer cells, stop the spread of cancer, or in some other way help treat the cancer." Whenever you eat a food that is not in that category, you are interfering with your cancer treatment! This is why so many cancer diets are very high in certain raw vegetables and certain raw fruits.

      Juicing of certain raw vegetables and raw fruits is also good in some cases (but not all cases, especially when the seeds are important) because the vegetables and fruits are more easily digested (translation: more nutrients get to the cancer cells). However, when you juice you throw away a lot of nutrients.

      Some cancer treatments are virtually 100% raw vegetables and raw fruits. Thus, by living on a diet of foods and drinks known to be harmful to cancer cells and the spreading of the cancer, by combining this diet with one or more cancer treatments (e.g. Essiac Tea), you are supercharging the treatment, and just as importantly, not interfering with the treatment.

      But also understand that not all vegetables and fruits are equal at treating cancer. Some vegetables do not contribute significantly to treating cancer and some fruits do not contribute significantly to treating cancer (at least not that we know of at the current time). On the other hand, some vegetables are very potent cancer killers, as are some fruits.

      This concept is so important I am going to say it another way. Several of the publicized alternative cancer treatments include a vegan diet, meaning animal products are excluded and vegetables and fruits are eaten raw, when possible. However, a vegan diet is not a good cancer diet. These vegan diets should be converted to a "raw food" diet, meaning, as defined on this web site, a vegan diet that is predominantly vegetables and fruits that are known to treat cancer!

      http://clem.mscd.edu/~boettner/CancerTutor/AltTreatments/Alt_Diet.html

      I agree medical hospitals and nutritionist are ignorant about giving patients good quality cancer fighting foods they will feed them coffee, beef, pork, eggs, sugar, white flour, white rice, etc. they don't have a clue to how much damage they are doing to them, this is an obsevation I have personally made while visiting cancer patients.

      The first element is the "cancer diet," meaning the things a cancer patient should and should not eat and drink. Many foods, such as meats, sugar, dairy products, etc. severely interfere with the cancer treatment because they feed the cancer cells, or do some other damage to the treatment. No alternative cancer treatment can be stronger than the "cancer diet"!! In other words, the cancer diet is just as important as the cancer treatment!

  45. QUESTION:
    How long will a dog live if we leave her breast cancer untreated?
    I noticed a small lump about the size of half of my thumb on my dog's nipple and a rice-sized lump near another one. It feels hard when you touch it but my dog doesn't seem to be in pain when we press on it. We think it's breast cancer but my parents say that since she's already 12 years old there's not point spending so much money on such a risky surgery.

    How long will she live from now if we don't do the surgery?

    How big will the tumor grow?

    And will she be in pain if we don't do the surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, first you would have to know that it is in fact cancer and the only way to tell for sure is to go to a vet. Many older dogs develop fatty tissue tumours that aren't cancerous and are just a side effect of the aging on their body. Dogs are more prone to liver cancer than anything else.

      Assuming it is cancer (which I'm not convinced that it is), she'll likely last about 6 months.

      The tumours can grow to any size but don't often get larger than a golf ball.

      And yes, if it is tumour, in her later stages she will be in a great amount of pain (just like any human that has cancer). The tumours press on tissues and nerves and cause high amounts of pain. If you should choose not to do anything, your dog will suffer. If you discover it is cancer and can't be bothered spending the money on surgery and treatment, the most humane thing you can do is to put your dog down and end the suffering of the poor animal.

  46. QUESTION:
    When a human being gets cancer can the cancer cells be identified as belonging to an organ and a patient?
    In other words, if a scientist just had a group of cancer cells could they match those cells to a particular person and the particular organ that was cancerous? Would that match be based on DNA? Or, is the DNA of a cancer cell enough mutated that it could not be connected to a specific patient?

    • ANSWER:
      Without patient information, then it probably cannot be done with confidence. Your question is a little ambiguous. A primary tumor is the original tumor and could be located in the lung for example. This may spread (metastasize) to a different organ such as liver. As such cells taken from this liver tumor (metastasis) would in fact be more like lung cancer. Where the cancer cells are taken from then is critical.

      DNA from cancer cells is mutated but you should still be able to pick out the patient sample from other patient samples IF you have normal cells from that patient and normal cells from other patients.

      Because of the way patient records and samples are handled and because it would require access to multiple patient samples and data, patients should not be concerned that their tumor can be tracked back to them as individuals.

  47. QUESTION:
    Why mongrels have a less chance to receive compatible marrow in case of transplant?
    Is the Nature against racial mixture in case of transplant of marrow?

    Will be it a way of Nature to says that mix of races no are biologically correct; or would be, perhaps, a failure of Nature?

    There was a case of indigenous of a tribe of a country of South America that had not breast cancer, due to fact of that tribe no mixed with other races [DNA testing proved that] that had genes with cancer, since start of colonization ago.

    • ANSWER:
      Genes don't get cancer.
      Genes that are malfunctioning in some way can cause cancer.

      EDIT: Did you run into this article at one point in time? http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1993074,00.html

      I actually don't disagree with what you said.

  48. QUESTION:
    How are cancer cells similar to normal cells, and how are they different?
    I know that a similarity would be cells regenerate, and a difference would be cancer cells grow uncontrollably.
    Is there anything else?

    • ANSWER:
      There are 6 hallmarks of a cancer cell:
      1 - They are able to produce molecules that promote their own growth
      2 - They are resistant to molecules from other cells that would limit their growth
      3- They are able to avoid apoptosis (normal cell death)
      4 - They are able to replicate endlessly
      5- They are able to promote the generation of new blood vessels to supply them with nutrients
      6 - They are able to metastasize (migrate) to other regions of the body

      The basic idea, as already mentioned is that cancer cells can replicate endlessly and are out of the control of the body.

      In most early cancers, the cells themselves tend to look like the tissue from which they originate. Thus, at an early stage, a lung cancer will look a lot like a normal lung cell, except for the fact that it keeps growing. These early cancers are the ones referred to as benign, because they tend to stick around in the tissue they originate from and are usually easily removed.

      However, as cancer cells mature, they look less and less like the original tissue cell. In fact, mature cancer cells actually resemble stem cells. If you think about it their are many similarities, both reproduce endlessly and both are immortal. The difference between a stem cell and a mature cancer cell is that the cancer cell cannot be regulated by the body. The mature cancer cell also gains the ability to metastasize at which point it is considered malignant since it can invade other tissues making complete removal difficult.


cancer facts

Types Of Blood Cancer

You might have heard of the diseases toxic shock syndrome and blood cancer but you are not fully aware of what these are. These are life-threatening disorders especially when not treated immediately. Here are some important information that you should know about these disorders.

Toxic shock syndrome or TSS is a fatal disease caused by bacterial toxins that circulate in the blood. This was first discovered in 1978 among young children. However, it only became known when an epidemic happened in 1981 among women who were using tampons. Caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria, there are also risk factors that can predispose a person to having toxic shock syndrome. These risk factors include childbirth, foreign bodies such as the packings used to stop nose bleeding, surgery, use of tampons, infection of wounds and using barrier contraceptives like vaginal sponge.

The signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome vary for each individual and the underlying cause of the disease. The most common manifestation of TSS is fever with the body temperature going as high as 38.9 0C. This is often accompanied by body weakness, confusion and decreased blood pressure. In some, there can be rashes similar to that of sunburn that can occur in all parts of the body even the mouth, palms, soles of the feet, the mouth and lips. Other signs and symptoms include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headache, sore throat, light-headedness and fainting.

Because toxic shock syndrome is a severe disease, a person who is suffering from this disorder should be brought to the hospital immediately and is usually admitted at the intensive care unit. Foreign materials that are believed to be the cause of TSS such as tampons and nasal packing should be removed immediately and drainage should be done to wound infections. Antibiotic therapy is necessary and it is usually done intravenously. Other treatment methods include aggressive fluid therapy, dialysis if there are kidney problems and oxygen therapy if there is breathing difficulty.

Meanwhile, blood cancer is a general term for malignancies that involve the lymphatic system, the bone marrow and the blood. The three types of blood cancer include leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Leukemia, the most common of the three is the condition when there are more white blood cells in the body which are actually abnormal cells. Lymphoma is the presence of tumors that are malignant in the lymphatic system. Lastly, myeloma refers to the malignancy of plasma cells, the cells which produce antibodies and are located in the bone marrow.

There are different signs and symptoms of blood cancers and these usually depend on the type of cancer. The most common ones are body weakness, easy fatigability and breathlessness. There can also be excessive bruising even for minimal injuries as well as excessive bleeding. Fever is often recurrent and during the night, there is profuse sweating. There is also nausea, vomiting and anorexia which lead to weight loss. Abdominal pain is also a common manifestation as well as confusion, headaches and decrease in urination.

The treatment of blood cancer is generally the same with other cancers - chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Bone marrow transplant can also be done if there is a compatible donor. While on these therapies, supportive care is also very important. You should make sure that a person who is suffering from blood cancer should have the care that he needs so that his optimum health is maintained. The treatment is a long-term process for it can take months to years so you should be patient.

Blood cancer and toxic shock syndrome are serious diseases that should not be ignored. Once you recognize the abovementioned signs and symptoms, you should immediately see your doctor so as not to delay treatments.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What type of blood cancer could my character have?
    I'm writing a story and I would like to add a character with blood cancer.
    Shes 16. And I was wondering if there are any blood cancers people that young can get

    • ANSWER:

  2. QUESTION:
    Is there any chance that any type of blood cancer, could be sexually transmitted?
    My sister was diagnose with blood cancer and the doctor informed her that it was sexually transmitted by her ex husband. She has been through chemo. That`s why is hard for me to believe this, now they said that she transmitted it to her new husband, is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      Her dr isn't very smart, because it can't be sexually transmitted. HIV is though...

  3. QUESTION:
    how long does a person last with blood cancer?
    i know this one guy that has blood cancer. he's been having it since he was 3 years old.now he's 17. and i've been hearing a lot of cases lately from friends that family members have cancer and they don't last that long. and i've been wondering about how long can a person last with blood cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Blood cancer, or leukemia, is actually a cancer of the cells that create blood cells. It isn't actually the blood cells, themselves, that are cancerous. Cancer of any kind is dangerous - there is no such thing as a good cancer. Leukemia takes lives of children and adults every day but at the same time, there are many survivors that are in remission and doing very well. The most common cancer for children and young people is leukemia, and the most common type of leukemia is called either Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). How well a patient does depends on so many different factors including age, cell counts, what type and subtype of leukemia he or she has, the will to fight, and so many other factors.

      My son E was diagnosed with a Wilms' Tumour as a newborn, won his battle, and was recently diagnosed with Secondary Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML). AML is related to ALL but is still quite different. His cancer is most likely a secondary cancer caused by the chemotherapy his first time when he fought Wilms. E somehow passed his screenings he has every 3 months back in October but in the end of November we started to notice he wasn't quite himself, and he was diagnosed December 19th.

      There are lots of symptoms of leukemia but each individual is different. Some display some symptoms while others display other ones. E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of chemo and he's labeled as being in remission! He still has 4-6 rounds of consolidation chemo left just to make sure all of the cancerous cells are gone.

      A leukemia diagnosis is absolutely not a death sentence. It's treatable but you have to keep in mind that it does take lives. I know many children and adults that have gone on to live completely normal lives after getting their No Evidence of Disease (NED) status. Sometimes a patient does relapse but it is absolutely possible that he or she can reach remission and eventually NED status.

      I hope this helped you out some. If you have any more questions feel free to email me (crazycanuckj@yahoo.ca) or IM me (crazycanuckj).

  4. QUESTION:
    How to build care giver cancer centre?
    I’ve got blood cancer and doing a Tradional FRESH Herb and Fruit therapy. Within 3 months, my cancer cells can be elimated up to 90%. Although you have got a same type of cancer with others, but you will get different medicine and treatments, depand of your own conditions.
    So I think If this work for me and other people here in Indonesia, it can work for other people in other parts in this world.
    Now I want to welcome you If only you want to INVESTIGATE THE FORMULA we have taken, I really welcome, for the progressive of Natural Medication Science.
    In near time of the future, I am planning to provide a house that anybody who want this treatment can stay and any organization who want to investigate this formula can set their laboratory.
    Is this plan OK/deserve? How to make it really work?

    • ANSWER:
      Go for it

  5. QUESTION:
    If blood cancer is cured in its first stage can it come back again ?
    A femals being cured of the first stage blood cancer at the age of 22 years can she get married and have childrens?

    • ANSWER:
      What type of leukemia and what was the treatment? I am an aml patient, diagnosed at 21, went through chemo relapsed one year ago at 23 went through transplant this past summer. It was possible that I was still fertile until my transplant. It has been confirmed (well, something like 99% chance anyways) that the transplant treatment fried all my eggs.
      But, that is NOT the case for all patients. A lot of leukemia patients do go on to have children (ofcourse, having cancer does not effect whether you can get married). You really (or the person in question) needs to talk to a fertility specialist and I figure this person already knows that.
      I will tell that within the first 5 years of remission relapse chances are high. Unfortunatly, if it is an acute type, the body simply wont survive long enough to complete an early pregnancy and a fetus will not survive the harsh chemo that is needed for leukemia. If this person is preg if/when they relpase, the abortion vs death question will have to be answered. For that reason I never tried during my remission and I am very glad I never did try because while I would have gone through the abortion it would not have mattered in the end because I know it would drive me insane (that is why I never tried during my remission).
      I will also tell you that while I can foster, In my state I cannot adopt through the public system since I have been treated for and am still at high risk for a life threatening disease.

  6. QUESTION:
    Hi Please give me any information u know about free Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment in India?
    hi,my friend's brother is suffering from Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia which is one type of blood cancer. she lost her parents too and cannot afford her brother's treatment and she needs help with her borhter's treatment.please let me know if you know any hospitals in India providing free treatment for cancer. please help me with this.

    thanks a lot in advance

    • ANSWER:

  7. QUESTION:
    is it safe to have a baby with a blood cancer patient?
    my wife and me had been married for six months till recently she has been diagonised with blood cancer.... Can we plan for a child and is it safe for my wife to concieve ?

    • ANSWER:
      Impossible to answer. There is no such diagnosis as "blood cancer."
      There are over 20 types of leukemia or plasma cell dyscrasias and various stages of each. Any of these would be a concern for the life of your wife rather than her ability to conceive children.
      No one here can answer this question with no diagnosis, stage, treatment plan, prognosis.
      Her hematologist oncologist should be explaining this to you and your wife.
      It is his or her job, and that doctor knows the case details which are not provided here.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the possible reasones of increasing number of blood platelates.?
    I'm having hypertension. In my report I saw largely increased number of blood platelates. I dont have blood cancer. I would like to have a list of possible reasons for increased blood platelates. can anyone give me the list of the reasons? Also please tell if over stress causes these.

    • ANSWER:
      Don`t worry, you will be alright.
      As, you have mentioned, stress is on one of the reasons for high platelet count.
      There are many other causes stipulated for the higher platelet count.
      Infection, soon after surgery, Injury&trauma,certain type of inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid disease, certain types of drugs like chemotherapy drugs and certain type of cancer are all atributed to the higher platelet count.
      Person , who had their spleen removed also have high platelet count. Because spleen act as a "slaughter house" for blood cells including platelets.
      If you are a smoker, it aggravate the platelet aggregation.

      Irrespective of causes mentioned, people with higher platelet counts are vulnerable to develop blood clots and bruises. Make sure that, you are taking adequate amount of fluids, keep yourself mobile and wear compressive stockins.

      Get it checked with your doctor again and if, the problem is persistant, your doctor may order further investigations and put you in blood thinning drugs to prevent the formation of blood clots.
      Hope, this helps.
      Regards,

  9. QUESTION:
    What is this rare type of blood cancer that attacks organs and blood cells, causing uncontrollable mood swings?
    I don't know very much about cancer and how it works and affects people. Someone mentioned they had a type of cancer that affects them this way, does anyone know what its called?

    • ANSWER:
      When asked for their opinion on cancer tests, a lot of doctors say that, cancer blood tests and other lab tests are the first steps, which help a doctor to make a cancer diagnosis. As we wade through the dawn of 21st century, we are faced with newer diseases and never ending challenges. One such (a deadly one) is the cancer. It is a disease with no guaranteed cure and in most cases, it is fatal. More than 10 million people in a year, come in the cadaverous mouth of this monster.

      Blood tests alone can also sometimes show the presence or absence of cancer. If the doctor suspects that you have cancer, he may like to order certain cancer blood tests or other laboratory tests, such as an analysis of urine or a biopsy of a suspicious area, to help guide the diagnosis. Cancer blood tests give the doctor clues to the body's inside, which can very well be the missing pieces from the puzzle. Just because the doctor has ordered cancer blood tests or other tests to look for signs of cancer doesn't mean that a cancer diagnosis has been made and you have cancer.

      Reduce your anxiety by learning more about cancer blood tests, how they are done and how they prove to be lifesaving.

      The Blood Tests

      Samples collected with cancer blood tests are always analyzed in a lab for signs of cancer. The samples may show cancer cells directly, proteins or any other substance made by the cancer. Blood tests give the doctor an idea of how well your organs are functioning and if they've been affected by any cancer.

      Examples of blood tests used to diagnose cancer include:

      1. Complete blood count (CBC): This common test measures the amount of various types of blood cells in your blood sample. The abnormality is in terms of too many or too few cells of a particular type or abnormal cells.

      2. Blood protein testing (electrophoresis): This test examines various proteins in blood and can aid in detecting certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with multiple myeloma (cancer of plasma cells). Other tests, such as a bone marrow biopsy, are used to confirm a suspected diagnosis (like the blood cancer).

      3. Tumor marker tests: Tumor markers are chemicals made by tumor cells that can be detected in the blood. But tumor makers are also produced by some normal cells in your body and levels could also be significantly elevated in noncancerous conditions. This limits the potential for such kind of tests to help in diagnosing cancer.

      Interpreting the results

      Test results are interpreted very carefully because several factors can influence test outcomes, such as variations in your body or even your diet. In addition, noncancerous conditions can sometimes cause abnormal test results. And, in other cases, cancer may be present even though the blood test results don't show the same. Doctors usually use test results to determine whether your levels fall within a normal range or they may compare your results with those from past tests.

      Though blood tests can help give your doctor clues, other tests are usually necessary to make a confirmed diagnosis. For most forms of cancer, a biopsy - a procedure to obtain a sample of suspicious cells for testing - is usually necessary to make a definitive diagnosis. In some cases, tumor marker levels are monitored over time. The doctor may schedule follow-up testing in a few months. He may use these tests to determine whether if you have cancer or that your cancer is responding to treatment or whether your cancer is growing.

      The basic problem with this sort of a disease is that oftentimes it is found in stages too advanced for the best treatment opportunities. Half of all patients diagnosed with lung cancer die within a year of diagnosis. Getting tested at an earlier stage is the only possible way to control the devastation that, this disease can cause. So the test results must always be discussed with your doctor and after his opinion, with your family. Ask the doctor what your results say about your health and in cases of positive diagnosis, what should be the future course of action
      Take care...

  10. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when blood comes from your mouth?
    so, when your lungs bleed and blood comes from your mouth... what does it mean? it is bad? can it be cured? cos it happens to someone i know sometimes. I'm kind of scared and this person does go to hospital sometimes. :( whats going on? and he has a history of blood cancer, is it repeating?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it is bad. Type your question in the Medical Resource Dictionary and it will give u a better understanding of what could be going on.

  11. QUESTION:
    Is their any correlation between blood type and cancer?
    I just got through reading a book that says there is. For instance it says that blood type a is much more prone to cancer than blood type b, has anybody heard anything about this?

    • ANSWER:
      Despite research no conclusive evidence exists that blood type is significant in the development of cancer . . some evidence has suggested that some types of cancer such as lung cancer may have an association with Blood Type O and I believe that some studies have made mention of breast cancer and blood type A . . however the significance of this is not really clear and may not have a biological connection (it may have more to do with socio-economic status of those who were tested). Research is ongoing . . but so far nothing conclusive correlates in the manner you suggest.

      Go back to your book and look for Clinical Research data . . you should be able to find literature about the topic at the National Library of Medicine. If your book holds no bibliography of where it got this 'information' . . than it is probably someones unsubstanciated opinion. If the credit is there than look it up, read the reports and than look for differing opinions. There is a ton of misinformation presented as fact . . make sure to seek out verifiable research.

  12. QUESTION:
    Can you have a high lymph count and low neutrophilis, and not have any type of blood cancer?
    My brother's lymph count is high and neutrophilis is low. & i am about to worry myself sick over this. Please tell me that their are other things, better than any form of cancer, that this could be a result of. He is perfectly fine, he plays soccor, is a typical 15 year old boy. Nothing seems wrong.

    • ANSWER:
      Impossible to answer without the complete CBC report
      and preferably a microscopic look at his peripheral blood smear.
      What does his doctor say ?
      There must have been a doctor who ordered the complete blood count test.
      You are asking us for an answer without giving us the results of the report
      which his doctor must surely have. You are paying that doctor for an explanation.
      We also have no medical history - which his doctor must have.

  13. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when you dream of having cancer?
    Okay so i had a dream where i went to the doctor and that doctor sended me to another clinic. I go there with my mom but my mom didn't want to come with me so she stayed in the car. I go in the clinic and they said i had blood cancer, but that didnt suprise me at all. I told my mom but she didnt care at all.

    So what does this mean? :/

    • ANSWER:
      I would get checked out by a doctor just to be safe. It may not predict actually illness, but a more symbolic illness, but you want to be safe and get checked out. Encourage your mother, too, as she is in the dream. On a more symbolic level, it could indicate indifference on your mom's part to your health and well being.

      Most dreams are messages from the subconscious mind, which picks up on cues and clues that the conscious mind is in denial of. Basically, I believe that there are FOUR types of dreams: 1. symbolic dreams; 2. dreams that rehash the day's events; 3. messages from the subconscious that are straight messages and not symbolic, and finally, 4 psychic/premonition dreams or dreams that actually predict coming events.

      I have had many psychic dreams. It is a gift. Those who do not or have not had them do not understand the gift.

  14. QUESTION:
    What is the worst illness you have ever had?
    Type in the name of the worst illness you have ever had. Include a few detailed sentences of why it was the worst. Best detailed answer gets 10 points. Mine was Luekemia, which is blood cancer. I spent 3 years in the hospital....

    • ANSWER:
      Crohn's disease. Spent my whole life in and out of the hospital. One time I couldn't even have a drop of water or an ice chip by mouth for 4 months because I puked non stop. Weighed 67 lbs at the end of that stay (5'2" tall at the time).

      I had my colon burst, have had iv's in my chest and neck, have to go for day surgery once overy few weeks for the next year or so.

      Have kidney stones at least twice a year because of it, which hurts like he**.

      Have had more surgeries than birthdays and still having them.

  15. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer should i do, for my research proj.?
    I have to make a brochure on a type of cancer, and i don't really know which type i should do, i have ike 20 people in my class, and i want to do something different from anyone(no breast or skin cancer), so what should i do..thanks

    • ANSWER:
      My "favorite" kind of cancer [meaning the one I personally find most interesting to study, being that I want to be an oncologist when I grow up] is brain cancer. The brain is so complex and such a mystery even in our day and age that studying it and diseases and conditions relating to it make for good discussion topics.

      www.cancer.org is a very thorough, informational site that I suggest you check out

      Leukemias and other blood cancers are also interesting to study due to the vastness of the circulatory system and the affect on the rest of the body that a blood disease can have.

      Hope this helps and good luck! ;-)

  16. QUESTION:
    My elder brother is in australia sydney and he is admitted to hospital for one month coz he have blood cancer.
    he had bloods from his mouth 3-4 times . so please tell me that how serious is that ?the reports tell that he had blood cancer. what is going to happen now?

    • ANSWER:
      Leukemia or leukaemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes). It is part of the broad group of diseases called hematological neoplasms. Leukemia is not one disease but a complex group of diseases. There are four main types of leukemia: acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid (or myelogenous) leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Leukemia, like other cancers, result from somatic mutations in the DNA which activate oncogenes or deactivate tumour suppressor genes, and disrupt the regulation of cell death, differentiation or division. These mutations may occur spontaneously or as a result of exposure to radiation or carcinogenic substances and are likely to be influenced by genetic factors. Cohort and case-control studies have linked exposure to petrochemicals, such as benzene, and hair dyes to the development of some forms of leukemia. The symptoms that you describe that your elder brother has, resemble those of acute leukemia, in this, the symptoms appear suddenly and worsen rapidly. Symptoms of acute leukemia include - severe infection, paleness (a sign of anemia), feeling weak and short of breath, nosebleeds, easy bruising, purple blotches on the skin, headaches, irritability, vomiting, joint and bone pain, swollen glands, swollen, painful, bleeding gums.

      I add a link with details of this subject.

      http://www.revolutionhealth.com/
      conditions/cancer/leukemia/
      supportive-care

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  17. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are detected by blood tests?
    Without actually looking for a certain kind of cancer, what kind of cancer would be detected by a normal, check-up type of blood work?

    • ANSWER:
      Regular blood tests normally include a "Full Blood Count" and "Liver Function Test".
      Any extreme irregularities in these tests would warrent further testing - but would not in itself immediately highlight cancer.
      If your white blood cell count was down, for example, this is not necessarily a sign you have leukaemia - the doctor would put together your whole profile, including other symptoms such as easy bruising, lethargy, fatigue etc and more specific tests (such as a bone marrow biopsy) would be required to confirm diagnosis.

      Most cancer blood screening is actually specific tests. One such example is PSA - which is used to monitor men for Prostate cancer.
      When men start screening for prostate cancer (anywhere from 40+ depending on family history - every man over 50 should be regularly screened) they will have a prostate physical examination and a screening blood test. Honestly, most men obviously prefer to have a blood test every year rather than the physical!

      If the Prostate Serum Antigen (PSA) level comes back high, this is a trigger that something is wrong with the Prostate and further tests are carried out.

      Other cancers that can be detected by blood test are Ovarian cancer. This is a very silent cancer, which is often not detected until very advanced as often there are no obvious physical signs. A simple blood test for the CA125 marker will show something is amiss if it returns a high reading. Again, further tests would be required to detect if there is cancer and where it is.

      This test has improved since 1996 - and is now sometimes referred to as CA125-II

      There are non-cancerous causes of CA125 being elevated as well - so an abnormally high reading is not automatically a diagnosis.

  18. QUESTION:
    What type of cancers Female teenagers are more at risk for?
    just curious of different types of cancers teenage females are mostly likely to get more at risk. What are the names and causes?...I'm interesed in the medical field

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer fortunately is rare in teenagers, but there are some types that young people should become familiar with . . female teenagers are at risk for germ cell cancers, Ovarian cancer, melanoma, and cervical cancer.

      American Society of Clinical Oncology: Types of Cancer Teens Get
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teens/Overview

      All teens and young adults should become familiar with the types of cancer they are more likely to develop . . it is not breast, lung, or colon cancers that affect the young . . it is blood cancers, lymphoma, brain, germ cell cancers, and sarcoma of the soft tissue or bone that is more common in the young. One field that has long been neglected is the adolescent and young adults with cancer . . so if you have an interest in the medical field this is an area that has tremendous need.

      Unfortunately the mortality rate for teens and young adults is higher than any other age group . .while progress has been made with children under the age of 15 and older adults . . there has been little progress made against the cancers affecting older teens and young adult cancer patients.

  19. QUESTION:
    How would you feel about a President instituting this type of tax?
    People are given a year to get their BMIs under control, and then taxed per pound over their ideal BMI. Just think how that would lessen the healthcare burden, e.g. high blood pressure, cancer, and diabetes, in this country! What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      I think your soviet flag suits your ideas old chap lol

  20. QUESTION:
    what are the chances of being diagnosed with leukemia, if you had a blood test 6months ago that was normal?
    or any type of cancer in that matter? for example lymphoma?

    please and thank you be specific if you have to!

    • ANSWER:
      The identical chances you had six months ago . . cancer is a progressive disease . .it is entirely possible that six months ago everything was normal . . and today you have cancer. Every day is a new day as far as cancer is concerned. Six months ago the cancer may not have been extensive enough to be detected . . but now it is because it has progressed enough to be found. Cancer is deceptive.

  21. QUESTION:
    What cancer would form on the ribcage?
    Hello, I'm curious as to what type of cancer would form on the outside of the lower rib cage. The outside part of the rib cage meaning you can feel the cancerous growth.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      A sarcoma is a cancer of the bone, muscles, ligament, cartiliage, fat, blood vessels, and soft tissue in the body. There are over 50 sub types of sarcoma . .and there are a few that are known to form on the ribcage as a primary site or as a metastatic site.

      A few well known types of sarcoma found in the rib cage: Ewings sarcoma, osteosarcoma, Primitive neuroectodermal tumor, Chondrosarcoma, and there are other soft tissue types as well.

      You can conduct a search at the National Library of Medicine for relevant research and data concerning primary ribcage sarcomas.

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

      Primary Ewing's sarcoma of the ribs. A report from the intergroup Ewing's sarcoma study.
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6821866

      ABC - Survivor stories about primary rib cancer
      http://www.abc-survivors.net/bone_cancer/ribs

  22. QUESTION:
    What type of Cancer is be very hard to treat?
    What type of cancers can occur ? Which type ir worst ? what are the possibilities of life after Cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      All cancers can be hard to treat. It's like the question "how long is a peice of string?" always different depending on the patient/medical history/lifestyle etc.

      From what I've seen and heard blood cancer is the 100% worst. As is lung cancer an bowel cancer

  23. QUESTION:
    Whan doctors do blood tests is everything tested or are there specific types of blood tests for every illness?
    example:
    is the same type of blood test used to find pregnancy used for cancer?
    or
    is the same type of test used for brain cancer used for lukemia?

    can something be overlooked?

    • ANSWER:
      Dr.'s request blood test for specific things, they don't usually ask for the whole gambit available of tests, and they would probably have to draw alot more blood than a few little tubes of blood in order to do that. something can always be overlooked, of course. you have to be open and honest with your Dr about your symptoms...they are not mind readers.

  24. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer did Grete Waitz die from?
    This elite marathoner just died after a years-long battle with cancer, but nowhere does it say what kind of cancer she had, as she was keeping it private. Now that she is gone, can it be revealed? She could be an even greater inspiration if we knew more about the specific battle she so courageously fought. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree that many would have found inspiration in knowing more about her struggle. She firmly resisted questions on her type of cancer. However, in a story reported in 2005, she described its discovery as following from being short of breath when jogging. Her doctors discovered a significant level of anemia, and did further tests that revealed a cancer as the cause. She also related that she responded well to initial chemotherapy. She ultimately survived 6 years (or more) following the initial diagnosis.

      These details are particularly consistent with a blood cancer, such as a lymphoma, leukemia, or multiple myeloma. Anemia is often a secondary feature of these cancers, as the abnormal cells displace normal blood cell components. And, many cases are initially treatable, although often not curable. I'm most familiar with myeloma, which typically arises later in life (over 40) and can often be put into remission for several years with an assortment of chemical agents. These features are consistent with the few details in Waitz's disclosures. However, there may be non-blood cancers that also cause anemia.

  25. QUESTION:
    What is the worst type of cancer?
    I've heard that liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, and blood cancers are the worst, but what do you think?

    I'm really curious. I personally think that liver cancer is the worst. It's super painful.

    • ANSWER:
      Pancreatic cancer is the worst form of cancer. My mother died from Ovarian cancer. That is painful too. Cancer is my biggest fear! It is the one thing I hope I never develop. Someday, we will look back at cancer the way we do at TB; deadly, but curable.

  26. QUESTION:
    What caused the development of different Blood types?
    For instance, Blood type AB emerged a little more than 1000 years ago. What caused the creation of various blood types in human beings?

    • ANSWER:
      Very likely different blood groups developed as protection against infectious diseases common in those populations.

      Tuberculosis, malaria, h. pylori, candidiasis all have links to blood groups. There are probably other bacterial/viral/fungal infections that do as well. So do some cancers (which may have infectious triggers).

      Our genetic heritage offers us protection from a lot of crud.

  27. QUESTION:
    Is there any connection between your blood type and immunity towards cancer?
    I read somewhere years ago about a study that showed that not all of us are cancer risk people. Study showed that people with a most popular blood type like A and B are much likely to get type of cancer rather then AB + and especially -. Now i cant find an article. I was doing numbers of researches online and i dont seem to find any connection other then stomach cancer in patients who happened to be Type A. Does anyone know anything about this or heard anything of this study? Websites are welcome!
    Obvious that none of us are immune to jack **** in this world full of all kinds of parasites, diseases, bacterias, etc! Maybe i should of phased it better when i wrote the very first sentence, but i kind of explained myself later on saying that there may be an uncertain difference between blood groups and their risk to get cancer at some point of their life rather then other ones that may have less chance and risk period. I know there was a study and there is no need to just knock it down just because you never heard of it. There is definitely a study between A type and stomach cancer, so its not just some kind of new breakthrough that i discovered.

    • ANSWER:
      There is a book by Peter D'Adamo that addresses these issues - I can't remember the title, but with the authors name, I'm sure you can find it.

  28. QUESTION:
    Is there evidence that diets based on blood type promote health?
    My neighbor is always going on about her diet based on blood type, which is supposed to make her arthritis better. I don't want to argue with her about it because she says she actually feels better, and she doesn't take Tylenol all the time now. However I read somewhere that the science behind the theory is pretty flimsy. I don't know much about it and I would like to know if any research has been done that supports it.

    • ANSWER:
      No, there is no evidence to support it.

      There's no real connection between blood type and diet. The diet's advocates are offering a quick-fix idea to match your personal disease potential to a specific diet, but they're doing it by matching a diet to something unconnected with disease. It's like taking a bunch of puppies and kittens and trying to figure out which should get puppy chow and which should get kitten chow, but basing it on the color of their owner's hair.

      The original author has announced that he is involved in clinical trials, including a cancer and an arthritis trial, but neither of the results have been published. This is kind of like claiming you've found the cure to HIV, and it's drinking orange juice, but you're not going to let anyone else look at your data. Would you believe him then? Other researchers have attempted to find connections, but have found none.

      Personal success stories are the result of changing their diet from unhealthy to healthy. Your neighbor feels better because she stopped eating certain unhealthy foods and started eating certain healthy foods. Whatever her blood type was, it would have worked for her. Anyone who makes that kind of change will feel better.

      Another problem is that blood type genes aren't connected to diet-type genes, and get mixed around very quickly in even just one generation. The theory behind the blood type involves when the blood types evolved, and what humans were theoretically eating at the time. The idea is that your other genes should match what humans were eating then, because blood type is passed down genetically, too.

      Imagine someone with type A blood who has a child with someone with type B blood. The child would have a mix of type A and type B "diet" genes, right? However, the child's blood type could end up being A, B, AB, or O (without going into details on how blood type is passed down; you can read more about that here: http://www.paternityangel.com/Articles_zone/Blood/BloodType1.htm or at any of the many other websites that go over blood typing and genetics). The more generations you go through, the more mixed together all of the different "diet" genes get, and the less connected they are to any of the blood type genes.

      He bases a lot of his claims on "lectins". Lectins are present in everything, and are a sugar-binding protein. There are some that bind to some blood types; known ones are very specific to particular organisms, not found throughout entire food groups. The known ones are not specific for the ABO blood types, either (there are many different blood typing systems). More commonly, lectins bind to red blood cells in a non-ABO specific manner.

      You can find plenty of other criticisms that involve more of the specific claims made by the diet's advocates.

  29. QUESTION:
    Can blood cancer be transfer from another person to you , when you have sex with her ?
    i don't know exactly what kind of blood cancer she have , and also i don't know how she got it...
    another question is , in case blood cancer can transfer , something like condom can make a sex safe ?

    • ANSWER:
      No. Leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma (which are the main types of blood cancer) cannot be transmitted through the blood or any other bodily fluids. It is usually passed on through genetics or it is acquired by the individual through abnormal or uncontrolled cell division. Cancer is not a virus such as AIDS, and cannot be transmitted from person to person. Cancer is not a contagious disease.

      I would still use a condom to protect yourself from viruses that are sexually transmitted.

  30. QUESTION:
    How to know if u have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?
    I am 14 and as I know no one in my family ever had any type of cancer
    Yes it it for me. Well I've been suffering for over a year being tired all the time no matter how many hours I sleep, I also take vitamins with 18 grams of iron which didn't work. I've been also realizing that I have a short memory and forgetting things very quickly. How to know if I have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      If you're worried and think you have cancer, go see a doctor immediately. No one here can diagnose you and if you do have cancer, it's nothing to mess with and needs to be treated.

      With symptoms that last for a year it's very unlikely that you have blood cancer, more often called leukemia. It's extremely rare that someone your age would have chronic leukemia, as it is rarely seen in anyone under the age of 55. I, personally, have only heard of it happening twice in someone under 40. Untreated acute leukemia may be fatal within weeks - not a year - which leads me to believe you do not have acute leukemia.

      It seems like your only symptom can be attributed to being a teenager. Teenagers need more sleep than children or adults do because of the growth and changes going on inside and out. If you feel that you're unnaturally tired and weak for someone your age, it may be possible that you're anemic - you may just need a little more iron in your diet or an iron supplement. This can be tested by your physician in a simple blood test. The causes of anemia can vary from something as simple as growing, or something more serious such as leukemia, although leukemia is an extremely rare diagnosis for a fairly common problem. When my son was diagnosed with leukemia, he was diagnosed as anemic less than a week before and had a very sudden onset of anemia symptoms.

      There are lots of symptoms of leukemia but each individual is different. Some display some symptoms while others display other ones. There's no actual tumour as in other cancers but leukemia is a cancer of the cells that create blood cells.

      My son E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump and he was absolutely covered in bruises, it looked like he lost a major fight. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of induction chemo and 3 consolidation rounds, he was given another 2 strong doses of chemo due to a tumour in his liver that has just been typed as a hepatoblastoma. He has is about to start another round of chemo next week. He does stay in the hospital during his chemo. His chemo lasts 7 days and he usually stays for up to 2 weeks - protocol likely to change now. He will also have a bone marrow transplant when a donor becomes available. The chances of relapse with AML are pretty high. Since this is his second time fighting cancer he is considered at a greater risk for relapse so the bone marrow transplant is the best choice for him.

      He had some joint pain at the time of diagnosis. I have to say I didn't really think too much of the joint pain because he doesn't walk well due to one of the previous chemotherapy drugs he had - Vincristine. Because of Vincristine his leg muscles are weaker and he walks with "slapfoot" or "dropfoot" and he trips and falls fairly often. I figured his joint pain was because of falling but since his diagnosis I now see that it was probably because of the leukemia. On treatment he has had a significant amount of bone and joint pain, especially early on. When it's clear that he is in pain, he does get pain meds to help. I think the painkillers do help him but I think even then he does have some pain but duller than without painkillers.

      A leukemia diagnosis is absolutely not a death sentence. It's treatable but you have to keep in mind that it does take lives. I know many children and adults that have gone on to live completely normal lives after getting their No Evidence of Disease (NED) status. Sometimes a patient does relapse but it is absolutely possible that he or she can reach remission and eventually NED status.

      I hope this helped you out some and I hope you're able to come to a conclusion with your physician. If you have any more questions feel free to email me (crazycanuckj@yahoo.ca) or IM me (crazycanuckj).

  31. QUESTION:
    What are some different types of radition?
    What are some different types of radiation oppesed from alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays? A website that would give ll the information about these would be great. Like what are benificial uses and policy regulations and so on and so forth.
    I already have everything about apha, beta, and gamma.

    • ANSWER:
      Basically there are three types, alpha particles, beta particles and electromagnetic waves.

      Alpha particles are actually the nucleus of Helium atoms without any electrons. Alpha particles are composed of two positive protons and two neutral neutrons. They are electrically charged because there are no electrons to balance the charge. Alpha particles tear electrons away from any material they encounter. This is why alpha particles are known as "ionizing radiation". Because of their mass and size, alpha particles do not penetrate solid materials and ordinary paper can shield a person from this sort of radiation. However, many radioactive substances decompose and produce this kind of radiation. If ingested or inhaled, the alpha particles generated interact directly with body tissue and the ionization can harm cells. This can also damage DNA, leading to cancer. Curie discovered the radioactive elements Radium and Polonium but died of leukemia, a kind of blood cancer. It was probably caused by exposure to radioactive materials.

      Beta particles are electrons which some radioactive elements emit as they decay. Electrons are smaller than alpha particles and can penetrate far deeper into solid objects. They are also ionizing because the electron has a negative charge with nothing to balance it.

      Electromagnetic radiation is composed of photons, which are simutaneously waves and particles. The energy of a photon is determined by its frequency. The electomagnetic spectrum begins with low frequency radio waves and ends with very high frequency gamma rays. Radioactive material can emit visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X rays or gamma rays. X rays and gamma rays have the highest energy and also are the most penetrating forms of radiation. X rays can only be deflected by the densest materials, which is why lead is used as a radiation shield. However gamma rays are energetic enough to penetrate any material. The effects of electromagnetic radiation is basically what infrared and visible light does when it shines on matter. It will heat the surface of a solid object because it is too low in energy to penetrate the surface. X rays and gamma rays heat the material uniformely and are high enough in energy to influence subatomic particles such as electrons. Because of this, electromagnetic radiation like X rays and Gamma rays are the most dangerous forms of radiation. Fortunately they are produced mostly in outer space and are known as cosmic rays. These rays rarely travel to the surface of the earth because they are deflected away by the earth's magnetic field, which acts like a powerful radiation shield.

      The energy of radioactive particles is also a function of the speed of the particle as well as the wavelength. Alpha particles and beta particles vary in energy because the particles can emerge from radioactive elements at different speeds. The standard unit of energy is the electron-volt. The average radioactive particle has about a million electron volts. Radium also generates a very peculiar particle. Radium is so unstable it can actually generate the nucleus of a carbon atom. This has three times the charge as an alpha particle and is extremely ionizing. Radium was named for the rays of light this metal can produce. Solutions of Radium salts glow a pretty blue light. Radium is incredible dangerous, but is also very common in the environment. Its presence in granite rock is the source of the radioactive gas radon, which is what this metal decomposes into after loosing an alpha particle. The Radon in turn looses another alpha particle and the gas becomes the metal Thorium. It is estimated there is 1 gram of Radium in every square mile of earth 6 inches in depth.

      FYI:

      All the radioactive elements on earth were created inside a giant star which exploded over 10 billion years ago. The heavy metals drifted through space, mixed with a nebula and our solar system came into being, rich in radioactive elements created elsewhere.

      Radium was once a health food. The American patent elixer "Radiothor" contained small amounts of radium salts. The FDA actually prosecuted manufacturers whose products were not actually radioactive. A muscular actor was hired to promote the product but soon became ill and died. It was noted that photographic film laid atopt the casket exposed itself with an X ray image of the actor's bones.

      We have learned many things about radiation since than!

      Barzil nuits can sometimes contain Radium. The tree has one of the most extensive root systems of any tree and the many square miles of roots soak up every mineral in the enviromment, including Radium. The tree sheds this by concentrating it in the nuts. Fortunately, the Radium levels are very small and aren't as risky as "Radiothor" was. Still, some nuts can be detected with geiger counters.

      Potassium is radioactive. One of the isotopic forms of Potassium is mildly radioactive. Potassium is a vital mineral for both plants and an

  32. QUESTION:
    What is cancer? how many types of cancers were ever found and recorded?
    what are the causes of cancer? why, with our advanced medical technology, we are still unable to cure the same and provide a right dose of vaccine? what's the chances of one making a full recovery from the deadly deasese? what has the WHO done to tackle this issue before we even talk about AIDS?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.

      Normal body cells grow, divide, and die in an orderly fashion. During the early years of a person's life, normal cells divide more rapidly until the person becomes an adult. After that, cells in most parts of the body divide only to replace worn-out or dying cells and to repair injuries.

      Because cancer cells continue to grow and divide, they are different from normal cells. Instead of dying, they outlive normal cells and continue to form new abnormal cells.

      Cancer cells develop because of damage to DNA. This substance is in every cell and directs all activities. Most of the time when DNA becomes damaged the body is able to repair it. In cancer cells, the damaged DNA is not repaired. People can inherit damaged DNA, which accounts for inherited cancers. More often, though, a person's DNA becomes damaged by exposure to something in the environment, like smoking.

      Cancer usually forms as a tumor. Some cancers, like leukemia, do not form tumors. Instead, these cancer cells involve the blood and blood-forming organs and circulate through other tissues where they grow.

      Often, cancer cells travel to other parts of the body where they begin to grow and replace normal tissue. This process is called metastasis. Regardless of where a cancer may spread, however, it is always named for the place it began. For instance, breast cancer that spreads to the liver is still called breast cancer, not liver cancer.

      Not all tumors are cancerous. Benign (noncancerous) tumors do not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body and, with very rare exceptions, are not life threatening.

      Different types of cancer can behave very differently. For example, lung cancer and breast cancer are very different diseases. They grow at different rates and respond to different treatments. That is why people with cancer need treatment that is aimed at their particular kind of cancer.

      AEROBIC exercise and circuit training should be prescribed to all cancer patients.
      The call follows the results of a pilot study which found that women who underwent controlled exercise classes during their treatment for breast cancer were better at fighting the debilitating effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

      For more info about cancer and WHO/Cancer please visit:
      http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/index.html

  33. QUESTION:
    What activates or triggers the white blood cells to attack your red ones?
    So then you get cancer? Is there any reason as to why the just turn negative on your body?

    • ANSWER:
      Not really a Respiratory question but here goes. White blood cells that are cancerous, are not mature and may attack any part of the body that they come in contact with. But you have to have certain canters, leukemia is one that comes to mind, before this will happen. Other causes would be an infection that attaches itself to the red blood cells, or a transfusion of the wrong type of blood.

  34. QUESTION:
    What is in the blood that requires dfrent diet according to blood type?
    They said difrent diets is needed according to blood type. . In which i can only remember that my blood type, type O, should eat meat..like our body needs meat.

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly, the so-called science supporting the "Eat Right for Your Blood Type" by Dr. D'Adamo is based upon speculation and conjecture at this point. The observations of reactions of various blood types has not been verified through peer reviewed science.

      One thing that is clear is the fact that most people on earth become lactose intollerant after they are weaned from their mother's milk. In other words, most adults cannot properly digest dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, butter, and ice cream. The good news is that leafy greens such as kale, collards, and chard provide for better calcium balance, iron, and partial proteins. Legumes and whole grains provide complete protein components without the negative qualities of cow milk protein.

      In terms of meat products such as fish, beef, pork, and poultry, there are strong correlations between high consumption of animal protein and vascular disease, diabetes, and the most common forms of cancer. Read the book "The China Study" by Professor T. Colin Campbell if you need the citations.

      If you choose to eat animal based products, it's a good idea to consume them as flavorings and not as a major part of any meal. If you choose to give up animal based food products completely, then you need to make sure you have adequate B12, D, and Omega-3 fats.

      If you insist on pursuing the pseudo science, then check out this link:

      http://dadamo.com/

      If you are interested in the real science behind healthy eating, check out this web site:

      http://www.tcolincampbell.org/

      Please do your own due diligence to determine which approach is more likely true.

  35. QUESTION:
    What causes cancer and what causes it to spread?
    I don't see how cancer can just grow and grow without the body being aware of it, technically speaking the human body should have evolved to compensate if we have had it for thousands of years which leads me to a logical conclusion; it is a fairly recent health problem with humans.

    How does it spread too? It makes no sense for it to just 'spread', it isnt a virus or anything.

    Half of these terms I do not understand, are these terms loose terms for the public and is there a more detailed explanation as to how cancer works?

    • ANSWER:
      Nobody knows what causes cancer; there are risk factors for different types of cancer, but these are things that have been observed to increase a person's risk of that cancer, they are not causes.

      Cancer happens when when normal cells change so that they grow in an uncontrolled way. This uncontrolled growth causes a tumour to form.

      When cancer 'spreads', it spreads within the body of the person with cancer,not from person to person. It isn't contagious.

      Some cells from the primary cancer break away, travel to another part of the body and start growing there; this is called secondary cancer or metastasis. Cancer cells do not stick together as well as normal cells; they also may produce substances that stimulate them to move.

      Briefly they can spread in three ways:

      Local spread: the cancer grows directly into nearby body tissues.

      Through the blood circulation: the cancer cell must becomes detached from the primary tumour. It must then slip through the wall of a blood vessel to get into the bloodstream.

      Through the lymphatic system: similar to the way it spreads through the bloodstream. The cancer cell becomes detached from the primary tumour, then travels in the circulating lymph fluid until it gets stuck in the small channels inside a lymph node. There it begins to grow into a secondary cancer.

      You are wrong in concluding that this is a recent health problem; cancer is an ancient disease as old as humankind.

      The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), and the world's oldest documented case of cancer is from ancient Egypt, in 1500 BC. The details were recorded on a papyrus, documenting 8 cases of tumours occurring on the breast.

      The oldest available specimen of a human cancer is found in the remains of skull of a female who lived during the Bronze Age (1900-1600 BC). The tumour in the woman's skull was suggestive of head and neck cancer

      http://medicineworld.org/cancer/history.html

  36. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cancer? How can someone diagnose if he has cancer?
    Just wondering what the symptoms of cancer are? How can a person recongnize if he/she might have cancer? Is there any way you can tell in general?

    What instructions/advices/recommendations could you give?

    Additional info would be helpful!

    Thanks!
    What should I do if I want to make sure I don't have cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are over 200 different types of cancer. Cancer is a progressive disease which means that it starts out very tiny, a microscopic cell . . and starts to grow. When it is small there are rarely any symptoms at all. The body does not recognize a malignant cell as being dangerous or any different that any of the other millions of cells within the body. In fact the body will nurture the cancer cell in the same way it takes care of the rest of the body . . and make it a nice healthy cancer cell. Eventually the cell grows into a nodule or tumor and if it is not bothering any vital structures or nerves . . again, no one will feel anything. The cancer will continue to grow and be nourished by the body (just as the body takes care of organs, bones, skin, tissue it also takes care of cancer tumors). Tumors at this point can start to grow their own blood vessels . . if a patient is lucky they will notice symptoms of fatigue or unusual weight loss as the body continues to nourish the new tumor at the expense of other organs.

      In general, though, there are very, very few warning signs that someone has a malignancy until the cancer is advanced. One of the only warning signs a young person might have that something is wrong is to notice an unusual lump or bump that seems to be growing. Otherwise, most cancers are found by chance.

      The only recommendation I could give anyone is to remain as healthy as you can, diet, exercise, don't smoke or drink excessively, avoid excessive exposure to carcinogens, and stay healthy. This won't prevent all cancers (you might stop smoking, but later get a bone cancer anyway . . but at least you didn't get lung cancer) , but it will cut down on the risks . . . Mostly though staying healthy and fit will help you fight cancer should you ever get it. The healthier you are the stronger you'll be when you have treatment. It makes a difference to not have any secondary health issues when fighting this monster.

  37. QUESTION:
    What r types of cancer mostly found in teenagers and what does it do?
    Please help my best friend has cancer she's 16 and I wanna know if anyone can name the kind she has who has it right is winner.

    • ANSWER:
      maybe leukemia? a cancer of the blood cells
      no one really wins, my sis died from this in '06

  38. QUESTION:
    Does having a rare blood type make it harder to treat cancer?
    My sister was just diagnosed with stage 3B Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. I don't know her blood type but I know that in college she donated it because she said it was rare and in need. Is this going to affect her chances of fighting it? She's 32 almost 33, just got married and wanted to start up a family so this is devestating to us.

    • ANSWER:
      No it does not. Cancer is treated with chemotherapy and or radiation.

  39. QUESTION:
    How long does a stage 3b lung cancer patient have to live while getting treatment?
    My grandmother is about 56 years old, she has advanced stage 3b lung cancer and she's going to start getting treatment soon. i know no one actually knows when anyone is going to die but please give me a proper estimate.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 3B of lung cancer is generally considered to be much more invasive and poor in prognosis. The patient only has a 5% to 10% prognosis of survival during the next five years. It is considered to be advanced lung cancer, and it includes tumors present in the lungs, distant lymph nodes and other parts of the chest such as the esophagus or heart. In addition to rapid tumor growth and spreading, the patient exhibits a malignant pleural effusion, which is a concentration of fluid containing cancer cells between layers lining the lungs.
      3B Treatment

      3B lung cancer is incurable, but it is still treatable. Stage 3B cancer is generally inoperable, and a combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment is generally pursued. Roughly 13 months after initial 3B cancer treatment, 50% of patients are deceased.

      However, the chances of her survival shall increase by years with Immunity boosters. Details follow-----------

      IMMUNITY* BOOSTERS: How to prevent cancer? How to recover ‘fast’ from the impact of chemotherapy/illness/excessive Radiation? Here is a way out. Preparation for Surgery and Post Surgical recovery, Post-Blood Transfusions & Prevention of illnesses by keeping Ur immunity levels intact while getting treatment for HIV/AIDS, Cancer, any dreaded and incurable disease condition.Longevity of cancer/hiv survivors can be increased by leaps and bounds. To get back hair growth after chemo.
      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11.Triphala Churan [1 tsp churan + 1 cup of butter milk @ night before sleep] to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins for life.
      12.Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless her. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  40. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver?
    Is there a difference between liver cancer and cirrhosis of the liver? If so what is it? Someone on here said I am at risk for liver cancer cause of how much I drink but that confused me cause can liver cancer be caused by drinking a lot? I know cirrhosis can be but what about liver cancer? And which hurts more cirrhosis or liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is properly considered to be a cancer which starts in the liver.
      The most frequent liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (also named hepatoma, which is a misnomer because adenomas are usually benign). This tumor also has a variant type that consists of both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma components. The cells of the bile duct coexist next to the bile ducts that drain the bile produced by the hepatocytes of the liver. Cancers which arise from the blood vessel cells in the liver are known has hemangioendotheliomas.

      Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function.
      Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease, but has many other possible causes. Some cases are idiopathic, i.e., of unknown cause.

  41. QUESTION:
    How long can you have lung cancer before you start to feel symptoms?
    Like can someone have lung cancer for say fifteen years before they detect one noticeable symptom or figure out that something isn't right, or would one not make it that long before feeling something?

    • ANSWER:
      About 70% of tumor growth /cell division occurs "under the radar."
      A nodule the size of a marble contains roughly one billion cancer cells.
      Once it reaches ~ a trillion cells it is large enough to cause death.
      It may take years for a cancer to become large enough to detect
      on x-ray imaging studies. The lead time varies from cancer to cancer,
      and it can vary among people with the same type of cancer.
      The best time detect any of the many types of cancer is before
      it is large enough to cause any symptoms.
      If a person is coughing up blood, the malignancy must be far advanced.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are some reasons for unexplained bruises?
    Ihave a large bruise on my thigh that is very dark. It does hurt a little, but I didn't fall or bump my leg. It has a lump inside it, and is a about the size of a softball, I'm not sure where it came from.

    I am 27, and do not take any type of blood thinners like asprin.

    • ANSWER:
      Some people, especially women, are more prone to bruising than others, so one possible explanation may be that you are less likely to notice the injury that triggered the bruising. Moreover, as people grow older and continue to expose themselves to the damaging effects of the sun, the skin becomes more susceptible to bruising. With time, the skin thins, losing some of its fatty layer that cushions blood vessels against damage. Also, capillary walls become more fragile, and tissues that support blood vessels weaken as people age. So, the bumps — especially to the arms and legs — that once went unnoticed may now, as bruises, be hard to miss.

      Sometimes, unexplained bruises, or blood spots under the skin that look like bruises, can point a finger at more serious medical conditions, including:

      effects of medications or supplements — aspirin, anticoagulants (blood thinners), corticosteroids, and dietary supplements, such as fish oil, ginkgo, ginger, and garlic
      a bleeding or clotting disorder
      nutritional deficiencies of vitamins B12, C, K, or folic acid
      inflammation of a blood vessel(s)
      liver disease
      sepsis — a widespread presence of infection-causing organisms or their toxins in the blood or tissues
      chronic inflammatory diseases, e.g., lupus
      certain cancers, including Hodgkin's disease, leukemia, or multiple myeloma
      Anytime unusually large and painful bruises appear for no apparent reason, or are severe after only a minor injury, it is important to consult a health care provider. Other reasons to speak with a provider may include bruising easily while also bleeding from the gums, nose, or intestinal tract; a bruise accompanied by swelling and pain, especially if taking a blood-thinning medication; and, bruises that do not show signs of healing after two weeks or those that do not heal completely after four weeks.

      If any of these sound familiar, please see a health care provider as soon as possible. If these signs are not familiar, but the unexplained bruises or diabetes is of further concern to you, a talk with a provider can be helpful in figuring things out. At Columbia, call Health Services at Columbia at x4-2284 or log in to Open Communicator for an appointment.

  43. QUESTION:
    besides the seven signs of cancer are there any other ways of finding out if a person has the disease?
    Recently a neighbour died from cancer. Although I visited this person, I could not tell. A relative said that the doctor found fluid on his lungs and could do nothing about it.What are some of the common and not so common signs of cancer whether in male or female?

    • ANSWER:
      No, you cannot tell . . because the body is a large place . . and cancer refers to one cell that has mutated and begun to grow. Cancer is a progressive disease, which means it will start out very, very small and grow indefinitely. Cancer is your own cells . . any one of them . . any of them at any given time can develop cancer . . a kidney cell is different than a brain cell that is different from a colon cell . . so there is absolutely no way to know in the early stages that you have cancer. The body does not recognize a tumor as anything foreign and can co-exist quite awhile with the tumor. It isn't until the late or advanced stages that you start to have symptoms . . sometimes . .

      Cancer is progressive . . it starts out small and grows . . when it gets big enough it may start to invade local tissue and cause some type of vague pain, uneasiness, or other symptom. By the time cancer becomes noticed it is usually already large, more than one, and it may have metastasized which means it send new metastatic cells into the blood stream. Those new cancer cells can travel anywhere in the body and start a whole new colony of cancer. That is probably what happened to your neighbor. Cancer is often not that painful until the very end stages . . it will hurt only if the tumor is invading tissue, disrupting body functions, or pressing on nerves. Otherwise . . no pain.

      Wish there were more signs . . but the truth is that cancer can be totally misdiagnosed for quite some time . . especially in young people.

  44. QUESTION:
    Is it okay to go behind someones back and use their blood for cancer fighting discoveries?
    It was a science question in class and the teacher wanted to know if when a doctor took out blood from your body, found it to be a natural leukemia fighter and then the doctor selling the blood without you knowing, to a company to make millions of dollars off of your blood.

    • ANSWER:
      Is this a science question or ethics question?

      Normally they ask permission to use your blood for research purposes.

      The amount of blood taken in a blood test generally is only enough for the tests being run.

      I have regular blood tests for a variety of things, and the number and types of vials change depending on the tests needed at that time.

      It would be highly unlikely that there would be enough blood left over to "sell" without you being aware they have taken it!

      Ethically, it would be wrong. Practically it would be unfeasible.

  45. QUESTION:
    Are there Families who have had children die of Cancer giving college money to Cancer survivors?
    I was talking to my teacher donating blood as a cancer survivor and she brought up how there are families who have had children who have past away because of cancers, and have had college money set aside for them and are giving some or all of the money to a cancer surviving child. I am a cancer survivor. I was 8 when i was diagnosed with Acute Leukemia and am now 16 as a junior in high school. Can anyone point me to where i can start to look for such families or if they even exist?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are 5 scholarship funds tied to cancer:

      http://www.scholarships.com/financial-aid/college-scholarships/scholarships-by-type/cancer-scholarships/

      As a survivor, you would be eligible to compete for the Cancer For College, Cancer Survivor's Fund, and Youth Cancer Survivor College Scholarship. You might also be eligible for the Working Against Cancer’s Survival Scholarship Program, but that looks more geared toward people going back to school.

  46. QUESTION:
    Would you connect with the dead if you could?
    I sort of connect with one of my bests friends, sadly he died from leukemia, (a type of blood cancer), and I have seen him in my dreams and he talks to me in my dreams, but he told me that they gave him lots of blood transfusions. It was so sad, and painful, but if you could actually see ghosts only when you wanted to, would you?

    • ANSWER:
      No thanks, let them rest in peace

  47. QUESTION:
    How close are we to finding a complete cure for cancer?
    I know several people who have had cancer, some have survived but others were not so lucky. To me, the word “cancer” has got to be the worst 6 letter word known to man-kind. It just fucking sucks.

    Chemo, radiation, surgery etc are not cures, only treatments. And yes sometimes they work, but a lot of the time they don’t.

    How close are we to finding a complete cure? Coz it really sucks that innocent people have to suffer like they do.

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a little comic that actually rather succinctly sums it up: http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1162

      We won't have a cure for cancer, because cancer isn't a single disease. It's hundreds. Thousands, maybe hundreds of thousands depending on how you count them. Sure, we call them all cancer, but each one is unique, though they share common features. Each one requires its own solution.

      We're inching forward. Painfully slowly up a hundred mountains. And there is progress. Testicular cancer now has something like a 99% cure rate. Inflammatory Breast cancer went from a 1% survival rate to 60% in the late 1990s. That's not perfect but find me someone who will take a one a hundred shot over a 6 in ten.

      There's a lab I ran a quarter ago for upper division undergraduates. I give them a culture of cancer cells, in a dish, MCF7, a breast cancer cell line. There are two variations of it, differing only very very slightly - they're actually taken from the same patient. Same patient. Same cancer. And then we give them some of the drugs that kill cancer cells and let them see what happens. The drugs work very well on one MCF7. They don't work at all on the other MCF7. And keep in mind, these cancer cells are from one woman.

      There's some very promising things. We've got technology and techniques available to make a new kind of vaccine that can teach the body's immune system to go out and kill cancer cells much better than it would otherwise. They're testing some of them now. In five, ten years maybe we could have a shot that could stop you from getting melanoma - that's better than a cure. You never get it.

      But that's one type of cancer. A big nasty one. That same treatment won't work on breast cancer, or bone cancer, or brain cancer.

      There's a team in the lab down the hall from me that works on chemically engineering a better way to kill cancer cells - tools that can take a cancer drug that we now have to administer through an IV, and hit every cell in the body with, and make it so that it only goes to the cancer cells.

      There was another team, not one I know but one that published recently, that took the T-cells out of two patients with Stage 4 Melanoma - a certain death sentence on a very short time scale. They reprogrammed these T-cells genetically, put them back into the patients and the T-cells exterminated the cancer. Fully. That was a total cure, at least in the short term, but it cost millions of dollars of research and weeks of labor by dozens of people to make those cells. Maybe it will be usable some day - and we'll be able to take a blood sample from someone with cancer, tinker with their cells, and make something that will go in and exterminate it.

      A professor in a university near mine took the DNA for one of the genes that's broken in cancer cells- a gene that kills them when they become cancerous. He wrapped the DNA in millions and millions of little plastic balls, so small that they squished the DNA down, and could slip it into a cell. He then used it to put that gene back in cancer cells in mice, in a lung cancer. It was incredibly effective - not a complete cure, not capable of killing the cancer totally, but it savaged it horribly. Much better than any other treatment. Maybe useful one day if they can work the kinks out.

      The thing is, don't go looking for some magic pill that you can take, that will kill every cancer ever. That's not going to happen. It's just not. Remember. Even what we call 'breast cancer' isn't just one type of identical cancer - I can think of at least five major types that are all nearly completely different just off the top of my head.

      It's a long slow road that needs lots of brilliant people working on incredibly difficult problems that are only small, tiny, tiny pieces out of the whole. It's frustrating. It's slow. But cancer - whatever type and whatever form does suck. You're right. But what we can do now was science fiction in 1990. If you'd gone to the best cancer scientist in the world in 1986 and listed those things I put up above, it wouldn't even be science fiction - they'd look at you like you flat out insane. It's important not to stop working just because the problem is so hard - but it's just as important to look back and get a sense of perspective at the amazing distance we've come in so short a time.

  48. QUESTION:
    What is type b acute lymphoblastic leukemia?
    I just heard recently that my cousin has type b acute lymphoblastic leukemia and I was just wondering what exactly it is? what the symptoms are? what does it mean by type b? and can it be treated or can it kill you no matter what?

    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of blood cancer. Other names for ALL are acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute lymphoid leukemia. Leukemia affects either B lymphocytes( a type of white blood cell) or T lymphocytes (another type of white blood cell). Immunophenotyping is used to find out if the patient's leukemia cells are B cells or T cells. Most people with ALL have the B-cell type or "type B". Immunophenotyping is a procedure that is used to identify a specific type of cell in a sample of blood, marrow or lymph node cells. This procedure can be important in helping to decide on the best treatment for your cousin.

      The symptoms are: Aches in arms, legs & back, bruising for no apparent reason, enlarged lymph nodes, a low-grade fever without obvious cause, headaches, pale skin, pinhead-size red spots under the skin (petechiae, pronounced puh-TEE-kee-ee) (this is bleeding), prolonged bleeding from minor cuts and scrapes, shortness of breath during physical activity, fatigue and vomiting. But ALL can't be diagnosed by these symptoms alone because they're shared by other conditions as well.

      I don't know how old your cousin is but ALL is the most common type of leukemia in children under the age of 15 although it can occur at any age. Most children who have had ALL have been successfully treated and cured.

      In case you're ready to ask "How did he get this?" Research is still ongoing to pinpoint the precise genetic changes that cause a normal cell to become cancerous. And ALL starts with a change to a single cell in the bone marrow. The cause and the risk factors haven't been determined yet.


types of blood cancer