Types Of Lymphoma Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is a good thesis statement for lymphoma?
    Were working on term papers in school . I decided to type mine on lymphoma cancer. Im doing both types Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's. But before we start typing we need a good thesis statement. So could someone help me ? Please.

    • ANSWER:
      This might get you started (keep reading article below paragraph, see http./)).

      Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Disease) has a colorful history: It was not the first cancer discovered, but it was one of the first in which treatments were investigated and ultimately successful. Here is a time line of events important in the history of Hodgkin's

      Remember, don't plagiarize!

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate using chemotherapy in children for lymphoma?
    In the US, chemotherapy for Children with Lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system) is ruled by a judge as mandatory. How many survive? What are the statistics?

    • ANSWER:
      Lymphoma is the general name, but there are many sub types of it. It can be Hodgkin's or Non-Hodgkin's (and there are a dozen or so different types of Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas). It therefore depends on the exact type of lymphoma you are referring to - and naturally it depends on how advanced the lymphoma is when it is detected.

      Survival rates for lymphoma are pretty high - normally around 80%

      However, most lymphomas have a high chance of recurrence.

      All the very best

  3. QUESTION:
    How many types of Lymphoma are there?
    I am doing a Advanced Biology research report on Hodgkin's Lymphoma, but I wanted know how many other types of Lymphoma are also out there. I know people say "many" but I was looking for a numerical value or just like "over 20". It was just a way to enhance my paper a little bit.

    • ANSWER:
      Logic is very diminished - as is chivalry - but it is not completely dead.
      Here's the site you need - http://www.oncologychannel.com/nonhodgkins/types.shtml
      This lists 27 types of non-Hodgkins lymphomas.
      If you want to add Hodgkin's lymphomas - it would be ~33.
      http://www.lymphomainfo.net/nhl/classify.html
      Also - http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_Is_Non_Hodgkins_Lymphoma_32.asp
      - - -
      Amazing how so many people think "cancer" is one disease. (Not you)

  4. QUESTION:
    What happens when a cat is put to sleep?
    My beautiful 14yr old cat has feline lymphoma(cancer). It's too far gone for chemo so she's on steroids until they stop working (a few weeks the vet said) then she'll rapidly go downhill. Of course i won't let her suffer but she doesn't seem to be in any pain and as soon as she is i'll have her put to sleep.
    I would like to know exactly how this will be done. Can she be on my lap? Can it be outside? If she's not in any pain and just 'fades away' is it better to spare her the last visit to the vet and let nature take it's course in the comfort and safety of her own home/garden?

    • ANSWER:
      Sadly I have had to do this for 3 of my faithful friends. I'm sure there will be more in the future. I have also helped many friends babies and rescue animals to the Rainbow Bridge too, but I'll refer to just my own.

      Most vets if you so wish will come to your home and probably do it outside for you if you want to. If your vet won;t find one that will. I'm sure having been through this with you though your vet will do anything he/she can to make this as easy as possible. (heck it's never going to be easy, but you know what I mean) Of course it will cost more this way, but to me when it comes to this cost should be the last thing anyone thinks about no matter what the situation.

      There is no better place for her to go than in your lap, but please be arned they usually at least unrinate, sometimes deficate too when they pass. Maybe laying on the grass with the kitty in your arms would be another option if this would bother you. Mine all laied on a towel in my arms.

      With 2 of mine (a dog and a cat) a catheter was placed into their leg then once they were in my arms and I was ready the vet injected into the catheter. With one cat her veins had collapsed so badly the catheter could not be used, and it did take a few seconds longer, but it was still very quick. They just drift off to sleep.

      It is a very peaceful way for them to go. So peaceful they are usually gone within seconds and you only notice it when you see they have stopped breathing.

      God bless you and your kitty. It's the hardest thing you will ever do as a pet owner, but also the most loving and humane when they start to suffer.

      I so hope I have been just a little help. I'm sobbing my heart out as I type so I hope this makes sense.

      I'm so very sorry. Cherish what time you have left, take lots of pictures and remember they only ever really die when we forget them. I know you never will.

  5. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers does a lymph node biopsy detect?
    Does a lymph node biopsy detect Lymphomas, Leukemia, AND cancers that have metastasized to that node? I just had biopsies done in my neck and groin and was told they were negative for cancer. I just want to know that this news rules out Lymphoma, Leukemia, and cancer that could have metastasized and englarged those nodes (i.e. melanoma)... Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Any cancer in the lymph node examined will be found.

  6. QUESTION:
    What are some common cancers that affect children?
    I would like to know what types of cancer children are diagnosed with the most an some of the ones that are hardest to treat. Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      Pediatric cancers are uncommon, but among cancers that do affect children the most common forms are:
      Leukemia (the most common)
      Brain cancers
      Neuroblastomas (tumors outside the brain, usually occur in the first year of life)
      Lymphoma, both Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins
      Wilms tumor (cancer in one or both kidneys, usually occurs in kids aged 2-3)
      Rhabdomyosarcoma (soft tissue sarcoma)
      Retinoblastoma (eye tumor)
      Bone tumors such as osteosarcoma and ewing sarcoma. These tumors are more common in adolescents since that is the period when the bones undergo the most rapid growth.

  7. QUESTION:
    What type of cancers Female teenagers are more at risk for?
    just curious of different types of cancers teenage females are mostly likely to get more at risk. What are the names and causes?...I'm interesed in the medical field

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer fortunately is rare in teenagers, but there are some types that young people should become familiar with . . female teenagers are at risk for germ cell cancers, Ovarian cancer, melanoma, and cervical cancer.

      American Society of Clinical Oncology: Types of Cancer Teens Get
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teens/Overview

      All teens and young adults should become familiar with the types of cancer they are more likely to develop . . it is not breast, lung, or colon cancers that affect the young . . it is blood cancers, lymphoma, brain, germ cell cancers, and sarcoma of the soft tissue or bone that is more common in the young. One field that has long been neglected is the adolescent and young adults with cancer . . so if you have an interest in the medical field this is an area that has tremendous need.

      Unfortunately the mortality rate for teens and young adults is higher than any other age group . .while progress has been made with children under the age of 15 and older adults . . there has been little progress made against the cancers affecting older teens and young adult cancer patients.

  8. QUESTION:
    Can there be different types of cancer inside one house?
    I have my Grandparents, my uncle, my aunt, and the dog in one house, 4 out of the 5 had/have cancer. But, there all different types: thyroid, Hodgkin lymphoma, skin, and luekemia. Is this unusual?

    • ANSWER:
      Some families are more genetically prone to cancer than others (dog's cancer is a coincidence). This just means that you should never skip your yearly pap-smear after the age of 18. You should also have a mammogram at 38 (to use as a base) and then one every year after that. You should never smoke or drink alcohol (both increase cancer risk-- eventhough red wine is ok for heart disease it's bad for cancer) and make sure you discuss non-hormonal options for birth control when you're ready for that.
      All that said, if you have a basement where you live, there is a test sold in Home Depot and Lowe's called a Radon Test. It's about and you leave it in the basement for a day or 2 and it will tell you if your home has a Radon problem. Radon is a radio-active gas known to increse risk of cancer by a HUGE margin. It's easy to find out and worth the . If your home does have a high Radon problem it only costs a few hundred bucks to get it fixed which is much less money than the medical bills it can cause later.
      Good luck.

  9. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for someone with stage 4 cancer?
    Don't know the type of cancer, already started treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      If the cancer has metastasized and is truly stage 4, then ultimate long term recovery chances are very small. However there are always exceptions to every rule. Some types of previously incurable lymphomas are now curable with stem cell or bone marrow transplants, so at least some stage 4 cancers are now sometimes curable. Brain, lung, breast, cervical or ovarian cancer are not curable after reaching stage 4 unless there is a miracle (spontaneous regression). Another thing to remember is that staging is often not as precise as Drs would have you believe, so one Dr's stage 4 is another Dr's stage 2 or 3. good luck to your relative

  10. QUESTION:
    Hi my mother has been diagnosed with lymphoma cancer we do not know what type at the moment?
    Mum is 60 years old and this lymphoma is in her small bowel we have our first appointment next wednesday what should we expect ? (don't know if this makes a difference but mum is a tea to taller and a non smoker) we have to go to the hematology unit .

    • ANSWER:
      At your first visit with the cancer specialist (oncologist), he/she will most likely spend time getting your mother's medical history, both from her and from the records that have been forwarded to him/her from your mother's GP. He/she will perform a very basic physical examination, and will most likely order some more tests, depending on what the GP may have already done. These tests will most likely include simple blood tests, as well as a CT scan or PET scan if not already done, to see if the cancer has spread. He/she will carefully review the results of your mother's biopsy to determine exactly what type of lymphoma it is. Based on all of these results, the oncologist will be able to come up with some options for treatment for your mother, as well as giving her a very rough estimate of what her chances of survival are. It may take more than 2 or 3 visits with the oncologist to finally get to that point, however, so although it is very frustrating to wait when your life is literally on the line like that, The tests do take time to perform and to properly interpret, and no one wants to do things hastily and make a mistake that may very well hurt your mother's chances of recovery.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer a 22yrs old female can have?
    I would like to know what are the cancers a female of 22yrs old could have or develop? Is there any? Please let me know am curious:)

    • ANSWER:
      This is a strange question, but they can have several the most likely In their age group is Hodgkin’s lymphoma and thyroid cancers.

      EDIT: Someone your age is more likely to be struck by lightning than they are to get breast cancer.

  12. QUESTION:
    what is the prognosis for someone diagnosed with lymphoma?
    my dad was just diagnosed with lymphoma cancer, he is a 65 white male who is overweight, if that matters, I need answers please.

    • ANSWER:
      More important than the type of cancer would be the stage and grade of the tumor. Early stages and low grades are 'easier' to treat than advanced stage and high grades. If the cancer has metastasized (spread to distant locations in the body) . . the disease is harder to treat, but not impossible.

      It is difficult to speculate about your fathers cancer. No one can answer that question since there are so many factors to consider . . your fathers age, response to treatment, and overall health need to be considered along with the stage and grade of the tumors. The best person to ask is your fathers oncologist.

      Some resources:

      MedlinePlus: Lymphoma (Non Hodgkins Disease)
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/lymphoma.html

      MedlinePlus: Lymphoma (Hodgkins Disease)
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hodgkinsdisease.html

      Best to you.

  13. QUESTION:
    what is the success rate of radiotherapy in case of hodgkin lymphoma cancer stage 3?
    My sister has been fighting with the disease for more than 2 years now and she had at least 5-6 types of chemo including ICE. Now she was told that the radio is her only chance as she can't even have a transplant due to low percentage survival rates.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 3 means Hodgkin's lymphoma in lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm so I don't think radiotherapy would help because it is done on a specific area and I don't know if the whole diaphragm could be done at the one time but speak to the doctor for the outcome. Good Luck.

  14. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer did Grete Waitz die from?
    This elite marathoner just died after a years-long battle with cancer, but nowhere does it say what kind of cancer she had, as she was keeping it private. Now that she is gone, can it be revealed? She could be an even greater inspiration if we knew more about the specific battle she so courageously fought. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I agree that many would have found inspiration in knowing more about her struggle. She firmly resisted questions on her type of cancer. However, in a story reported in 2005, she described its discovery as following from being short of breath when jogging. Her doctors discovered a significant level of anemia, and did further tests that revealed a cancer as the cause. She also related that she responded well to initial chemotherapy. She ultimately survived 6 years (or more) following the initial diagnosis.

      These details are particularly consistent with a blood cancer, such as a lymphoma, leukemia, or multiple myeloma. Anemia is often a secondary feature of these cancers, as the abnormal cells displace normal blood cell components. And, many cases are initially treatable, although often not curable. I'm most familiar with myeloma, which typically arises later in life (over 40) and can often be put into remission for several years with an assortment of chemical agents. These features are consistent with the few details in Waitz's disclosures. However, there may be non-blood cancers that also cause anemia.

  15. QUESTION:
    How long can you live with lymphoma cancer that is showing up in spleen?
    My grandma (64yrs old) recieved her test results today, hoping to hear that she was in remission the results show the cancer has spread even more in her spleen and some in her liver. She didn't ask her doctor how long she can live with this, but I'd like to hear some experiences of this type.

    • ANSWER:
      If the cancer has spread, there are probably treatments for it: surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation.
      You need to ask the doc if it's growing aggressively or slowly. No one can predict how long any patient will live, but the doc might have some estimate.

  16. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of a person diagnosed with lymphoma of the lungs?
    My sister just got a probable diagnosis of Lymphoma in her lungs. I just want to know how serious this is. So if any one can help, it would be much obliged. And what kind of treatments are there?

    • ANSWER:
      All cancer is very serious and all the different kinds of lymphoma have the potential to be fatal. But, lymphoma that is in the lungs is also potentially CURABLE. A lot depends on what kind of lymphoma your sister has.

      Lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system) is divided into two major types: Hodgkin's Disease (most common in ages 15 to 35) and Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Which kind of lymphoma your sister has will depend on the results of the biopsy.

      Lymphoma that has spread to the lungs generally will be staged as 4. There are four stages in lymphoma; stage 4 denotes disease outside the lymphatic system that has spread to an organ like the lung, liver, or bone marrow.

      Hodgkin's Disease very commonly begins in the chest and may spread to the lungs. Stage IV Hodgkin's Disease has a cure rate with chemotherapy of 50% or better. (Actual prognosis depends on a number of other factors.) I know there are many Hodgkin's survivors who had lung involvement. Hodgkin's Disease is a fairly rare cancer, about 8,000 cases per year. (However, there are a lot of us Hodgkin's survivors running around because it is such a potentially curable cancer.)

      Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a much more diverse group of cancers. There are about 60,000 cases of N-HL every year. There are over 30 different kinds of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. These can range from curable kinds (Burkitts, Diffuse Large B-Cell) to non-curable kinds (mantle cell for example is very difficult to cure). Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are usually grouped together as aggressive or indolent (depending on how fast they spread). Some lymphomas grow very fast, others grow slow.

      Lymphoma is generally treated with chemotherapy, sometimes with the addition of radiation. Very limited lymphoma is sometimes just treated with radiation. Lymphomas tend to be very sensitive to chemotherapy and as I said, even stage IV lymphoma is potentially curable depending on what kind it is.

      I've included some good sources to learn more about lymphoma below.

      Hodgkin's Disease specific:

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/hodgkinslymphoma/

      Non-Hodgkin's specific:

      http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancerinfo/types/non-hodgkins-lymphoma

      Message boards for both N-HL and HD:

      http://www.lymphoma.com/

      The LLS: http://www.leukemia.org/hm_lls

      Lymphoma Information Network: http://www.lymphomainfo.net/

      ACS: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/nws/content/nws_2_1x_what_is_lymphoma_.asp

      Best of luck to your sister.

  17. QUESTION:
    How likely is it that Lymphoma Cancer is genetic?
    Can it run in your family like other cancers?
    Or is that a myth? Specifically Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

    • ANSWER:
      NHL is not genetic but some families do have a slight predisposition to develop various types of NHL (usually not the same exact disease). This might be due to living together in the same area where there is environmental or radiation pollution and has nothing to do with genetics. There is no direct link like if your mother had NHL then your chances of developing NHL are 10%. Also, some types of NHL put a person at risk for developing second types of NHL that are of differing type and aggressiveness. Whatever immune defect causes the first NHL can also tend to cause a second type of NHL in the same person. There is a lot that is not yet known about specific causes for NHL. Much of today's info about cause of NHL is just speculation and not proven facts.

  18. QUESTION:
    If Lymphoma goes into remission does that indicate the person is cured and can live normally?
    My partner unfortunately has been diagnosed with Lymphoma. I am scared that I will lose him. He is beginning an aggressive one month round of Chemo therapy and I'm wondering if after the chemo, the Lymphoma goes into remission, does that eventually mean he is "cured" and can live a normal life?

    • ANSWER:
      A few different things to consider.

      There are two major kinds of lymphoma. There is a specific type called Hodgkin's Disease and then there is Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is basically every other lymphatic system cancer that isn't considered Hodgkin's Disease. There are about 30 different kinds of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

      A remission generally means that the person simply has no evidence of disease. In lymphoma, a person often will go into remission, but then still need more chemotherapy and/or radiation to make sure any microscopic disease has been wiped out. For example, in Hodgkin's Disease, two cycles of "extra" chemotherapy are commonly given beyond the initial remission point.

      A cure in lymphoma is generally defined as being in remission for five or more years, with no relapse. For purposes of defining "cure," the period of time is measured from the end of treatment, not the initial remission point. Hodgkin's Disease and some kinds of Non-Hodgkin's are considered curable. Some kinds of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are considered treatable, but incurable. This means that although it may be possible to control the lymphoma or even achieve a remission, it will almost always come back.

      Lymphoma that comes back after initial remission may bey treated with high dose chemotherapy and stem or bone marrow transplant. This treatment can provide very long-term remission rates for some people, possibly even cure.

      A person with lymphoma in remission should be able to live a normal life. Sometimes the drugs used to treat the lymphoma have long term side effects, but many people return to normal life and are able to exercise, work, etc. It depends on the individual.

      Because lymphoma is such a diverse set of cancers, it is difficult to generalize without knowing what a person's specific subtype is. Generally, the type of lymphoma (HD vs. NHL, then what specific type of NHL), stage of disease, and the person's overall health are most important to determining how well a person does.

      Best of luck to you both.

  19. QUESTION:
    Health insurance - independent contractor with preexisting conditions - what are my options?
    I'm a musician and as an independent contractor, I have to find my own health insurance. My history includes a large thyroid nodule that came back benign a few months ago. I have very specific and perhaps diagnostic symptoms of a type of lymphoma, but I have not been diagnosed with anything, and I'm avoiding doctors until I have insurance that will cover me if it turns out to be cancer. Can I find something legitimate with these possible preexisting conditions? What are my options?

    • ANSWER:
      When you fill out a health insurance application you’re not just asked if you’ve been “diagnosed” with something, but if you’ve shown any symptoms. You need to make sure to answer all questions honestly and accurately (it could come back to haunt you, otherwise).

      The fact is, with your pre-existing conditions it may prove hard to find coverage on your own. You can try. Talk with a licensed health insurance agent to see if there are any insurers in your state who may be likely to approve you. It doesn’t cost anything extra to work with an agent and it can help, especially in cases like this.

      If not, or if you apply and are denied, then you’re going to have to look into your government-sponsored options. This may include your state’s high-risk pool. To learn more, contact your state department of insurance or the non-profit Foundation for Health Coverage Education (coverageforall.org). They can help you see which programs are available in your area.

      Best wishes.

  20. QUESTION:
    If you have cancer that spreads to lymph nodes, what is it called?
    If you have cervical cancer, and it spread into your lymph nodes, do you have lymph node cancer? Or lymphoma? Or just cervical cancer that metastisized to your lymph nodes?

    I already survived this crap but my brother was arguing with me saying that since it was in lymph nodes that means its lymphoma. Maybe I am being stupid, but I really don't think I had anything but stage 2B cervical cancer.

    Is there another term for cancer spread to lymph nodes? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It would be called cervical cancer with lymph node metastases.
      You never had lymphoma.
      Each type of cancer is a completely different disease.
      If your cancer spread to your lungs or your brain you would not have lung cancer or brain cancer. If a biopsy was taken of the cancer In your lungs or brain it would look just like the cancer originally found in your cervix.

  21. QUESTION:
    What are the odds of surviving cancer after a bone marrow transplant?
    My dad has non-hodgkins lymphoma and is going to a specialist because he has stopped responding to his chemotherapy. And they were looking into a bone marrow transplant.
    Any information on it and the outcome would be welcome!

    • ANSWER:
      The odds are pretty good and getting better all the time. The best part is that even stage four lymphoma (some types) are now curable with stem cell or bone marrow transplants. Make sure you dad goes to a major cancer center that does lots of SCT or BMT and he should do just fine. He might have some lingering graft vs host disease but that sure beats stage four lymphoma.

      http://bonemarrow.org/

      http://www.marrow.org/PATIENT/Undrstnd_Disease_Treat/index.html

      http://www.marrow.org/PATIENT/Plan_Life_after_Tx/Managing_Long-Term_Effects_of_/Graft-Versus-Host_Disease/index.html

  22. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer a 13 year old girl can get?
    I know that there are a lot of types that girls this age can't get such as breast, but my friend is being tested for pancreatic cancer. I was wondering if she can get that? Also, what types of cancer CAN 13 year old girls get?

    • ANSWER:
      A 13-year-old *can* get breast cancer, but the chance of that happening is extraordinarily rare. You're more likely to be struck by lightening than to get breast cancer as a teenager. Most industrialized countries keep detailed records of incidences of cancer, including the type, the age of the patient, and other relevant variables. The statistical odds in the United States for breast cancer are currently listed as 0.0% for those under the age of 20. Pancreatic cancer is also extremely uncommon in younger adults, teens, and children. The median age is 73, and it's very unusual for anyone under the age of 45 to be diagnosed with it. Last year 0.0% of the people who were diagnosed with it were under the age of 20, and only 1.5% were under the age of 45.

      Any type of cancer is rare in kids, and in fact, the majority of people with cancer are fifty or over. However, the young do get cancer. The most common types of cancer that affect kids are leukemia, brain tumors, bone cancer, and lymphoma (specifically Hodgkin's Lymphoma).

      Some of the answers you'll get on this site are from very knowledgeable people, but many are from those who are well-meaning but not well-infomed about cancer. These are some good resources:
      http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/cancer_basics/cancer_kinds.html
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/cancerinchildren.html

      Also, the majority of doctors will not tell a young patient that they're being tested for a serious disease that is rare for their age without having already run some basic tests. It's very hard to believe that a 13-year-old would be told she was being tested for pancreatic cancer. That's almost like saying she was being tested for the bubonic plague. Whatever the case may be, I hope she's healthy and well.

      ~ skylark : )

  23. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers does chemotherapy cure?
    I'm currently researching about cancer treatments, and chemo being one of them.
    In my presentation, i'd like to include information on what types of cancers chemo specifically cures, but i can't seem to find any sites on that.
    I know that chemo can be used in combination with other treatments to treat cancer, and that it depends on many factors; but, does anyone know the types of cancers that chemo can cure alone?

    • ANSWER:
      The only cancers that can possibly be cured with chemo only are lymphomas and leukemias.
      Testicular cancer REQUIRES surgery.
      There is a “real cure” to cancer, but it is usually surgery.

  24. QUESTION:
    How fast would the population grow if all cancer was cured?
    I want to calculate the population if a cure for cancer was found. I know that right now the growth rate is about 1.2% every year. What would this figure be if all cancer related deaths were taken out of the equation.

    • ANSWER:
      Umm.. cancer is ALREADY CURABLE. You can cure first stage cancer lesions with surgery where you remove the cancer cells with an added layer of healthy tissue to make sure no cancer cell is left. A lot of tumors respond insanely well to radiotherapy and chemotherapy and the person can be cured.

      Leukemia can be cured. Hodgkin Lymphoma can be cured. Heck, some kinds of brain cancer can be cured. Now, if you were telling me you had pancreatic cancer of any cellular type or an end-stage astrocytoma, I'd say you're out of luck and enjoy your last few months.

      And since most people that get cancer are no longer of childbearing age, the population wouldn't grow by the millions. It's probable the 70 year old guy that got cured of his prostate cancer will die tomorrow from a heart attack.

      Now, if you asked this very same question from diseases like diarrhea which is the #1 killer of children (people that obviously haven't reproduced yet) and which kills children by the hundreds of millions each year, then we can seriously state the world population would be severely altered.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can a person of any age get any type of cancer?
    Like, are there types of cancers that only older people get? Like cervical, breast, and prostate cancer or can children get it too?

    • ANSWER:
      Children do not get cervical, breast and prostate cancers. Although there is a very rare form of cancer children can get in their breast, but it is not the same as an adult.
      I hate it when people answer questions here stating you can get any cancer at any age when it simply is not true.
      Out of every 1 million people under 20 years old 140 get cancer and 76% of those are leukemias and lymphomas.

  26. QUESTION:
    Can breathing mold spores cause lymphoma or other cancers?
    My childrens room is in the basement......we are changing thing quiet a bit down there... I noticed that in one of the corners it looks like mold..( I have the proper people coming out to fit it) I have NO idea how long this has been there,can breathing in the mold spores cause Lymphoma or other cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      There are some reports that suggest cancer is a type of fungi so if this published report is accurate then yes it can. But the poison from the spores is more deadly than cancer. Basements are notorious for toxic mold growth

  27. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get cancer on you tonsils and upper mouth?
    I have various growths that keep growing and taking apart the tonsils. Many have told me that that could be tonsil stones, but is there such a thing as tonsil cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes! Oral cancer can occur anywhere on mouth, and can even grow on your tonsils. However the most common location would include the lip or the tongue.

      Tonsil is a type of lymphoid tissue. This means it helps the body fight off infection. A type of cancer called lymphoma (cancer of the lymphoid organs like spleen, lymph nodes) can also grow there.

      Oral cancer is very common in tobacco smokers, tobacco chewers, and also people who drink alcohol in large amounts (who may also smoke).

  28. QUESTION:
    What could I include in a care package for a young cancer patient?
    My best friend, 23, was recently diagnosed with lymphoma and is undergoing chemotherapy.
    We live about two hours from one another and with her very busy schedule and my work requirements, we can't see each other very often. I want to send her a care package with fun things to keep her spirits up--but also some useful things for her predicament.

    Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      The silver lining of lymphoma is that it's amongst the most treatable forms of cancer, and the survival rate is very high, especially in young people. I don't know what type your friend has (Non-Hodgkins or Hodgkins) but both have favorable outcomes.

      I'm just shy of 18 and recently completed treatment for Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and these are the things that comforted me during chemo and rad:

      MUSIC ~ I seriously don't know how I would have gotten through chemo without my iPhone. You could create a special iMix of encouraging, comforting, and fun songs and burn them to a cd for her to upload to her iTunes. An iTunes gift card would also be thoughtful and useful because she could use it to buy whatever songs she likes as well as movies and TV shows.

      DVDs~ A lot of the chemo centers have dvd players, and you can always just bring your own laptop or watch things on your iPhone. I watched an entire season of "Mad Men" during chemo, and it was an awesome gift I was really happy that my stepmom gave me.

      Candy ~ an specially Sour Patch Kids and Jolly Ranchers. My chemo, ABVD, left a really funky, horrible taste in my mouth and gave me a burning sensation, and sucking on the Jolly Ranchers or SPK really did help.

      Books ~ It would probably be best to just give her a gift card to Barnes & Noble or Borders or wherever so she could select something for herself.

      Magazines ~ You could ask her what her favorite magazine is that she's not currently subscribed to and then get a year's subscription for her. Most are under .

      Socks, blankets and a travel pillow ~ My dad got a whole set of things from n*a*p at Brookstones for me that are awesome. They are unbelievably soft, and really comforting. He got the full-sized things individually, but you can buy a travel set for like or so.

      Art~ I don't know if your friend is into art, but I always brought a sketchpad and colored pencils with me, and it really helped to pass the time.

      Makeup ~ I never bothered with makeup that much before chemo, but during it it sometimes felt really good to wear it. Urban Decay has an awesome line of vegan products that I recommend. You could get her a gift card to Sephora.

      Fortunately, I only lost a small amount of hair so I never needed scarfs or head coverings or anything. Honestly, I would hold off on buying her one until she's told you that she's losing her hair. My hair is very long and would take about 3 years to fully regrow, so I burst into tears just thinking of losing it, and had a panic attack when my aunt gave me a head scarf. If your friend does need one, send it on if you wish, but don't before then. About 1/3 of the girls I know didn't lose their hair during chemo, and hopefully your friend won't either.

      If you click on my profile you'll see links to several cancer support sites for young people. Perhaps you could forward them to your friend.

      Best wishes to you both. : )

  29. QUESTION:
    Does using formula and no breastmilk increase the likelyhood of breast cancer in the infant?
    Or does it just increase the likelyhood of cancer for the mother?
    Concerned mother: I guess cigarettes don't increase risk for cancer because then they wouldn't be on the market.
    Ok read mystic's answer. Not breastfeeding does increase the risk of cancer in the female infant. That is the answer I was looking for.

    • ANSWER:
      It increases the chance of breast cancer in the female infant as well.

      http://www.breastfeeding.com/all_about/all_about_breast_cancer.html
      Women who were breastfed as infants, even if only for a short time,showed an approximate 25% lower risk of developing premenopausal or postmenopausal breast cancer, compared to women who were bottle-fed as an infant.Source: Freudenheim, J. “Exposure to breast milk in infancy and therisk of breast cancer.” Epidemiology 1994 5:324-331

      http://www.promom.org/101/index.html
      Formula feeding increases baby girls' risk of developing breast cancer in later life
      Women who were formula-fed as infants have higher rates of breast cancer as adults. For both premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer, women who were breastfed as children, even if only for a short time, had a 25% lower risk of developing breast cancer than women who were bottle-fed as infants.

      Freudenheim, J. et al. 1994 "Exposure to breast milk in infancy and the risk of breast cancer". Epidemiology 5:324-331

      http://www.promom.org/101/index.html
      Formula fed babies have a higher risk of developing certain childhood cancers
      In a study done by researchers at the University of Minnesota it was found that babies who were breast fed for at least one month had a 21% less chance of getting leukemia than formula fed babies. The risk was 30% for children breast fed for 6 months.

      Shu X-O, et al. "Breastfeeding and the risk of childhood acute leukemia". J Natl Cancer Inst 1999; 91: 1765-72

      # Breastfeeding decreases child's chances of contracting Hodgkins disease
      Hodgkins disease is a type of lymphoma, or cancer of the lymph system. It can develop in children, although it is less likely to do so in children who were breastfed as infants.

      "An Exploratory Study of Environmental and Medical Factors Potentially Related to Childhood Cancer." Medical & Pediatric Oncology, 1991; 19(2):115-21

      http://www.naturalfamilyonline.com/articles/312-formula-report-2.htm
      This study is consistent with several other childhood cancer studies in other nations, with results ranging from 1.45 to 4 times the risk for developing various common childhood cancers for formula-fed babies.

  30. QUESTION:
    How long will chemotherapy last for lymphoma?
    Low grade lymphoma
    And what happens when it goes away. You're in remission right ?

    • ANSWER:
      There are numerous types of lymphoma, and the chemotherapy protocol depends on which one you have and your specifics, like your age, staging, and overall health. Generally, those with low grade lymphoma have a shorter duration of treatment, but that's not always the case. Hodgkin's Lymphoma tends to have a more optimistic prognosis than types of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, but this is partially due to HL being more common amongst adolescents and young adults aged 40 and under who typically are more resilient.

      Cancer never really goes away. When you're in remission it means there is no evidence of the disease in your body. No evidence isn't the same as it no longer existing. Cancer cells can be tiny and insidious. Usually, the highest chance of a relapse is during the first five years after reaching remission, though some have had recurrences much later. Also, having lymphoma puts you more at risk for secondary cancers like leukemia later in life, so it's not something you just walk away from and feel confident that you'll be fine.

      If you'd like a more specific answer, try to add additional details to this question, or ask another one with more information. We really need to know the exact type of lymphoma, the staging, and the patient's age and overall health condition.

      Good luck.

      ~ skylark

  31. QUESTION:
    Would the metro line go through the same zone that caused teens at the high school cancer?
    I have heard that toxic fumes from the oil well around its school caused thyroid, lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease. Would the new proposed metro line go through the same area? This is scary to me. I know everyone has focused on the earthquake fault as reasons to that the metro line is not a good idea, but has anyone looked into the oil wells, gas wells and the oil derrick? I've heard there are 25 oil wells inadequately sealed from years before that may still be hazardous...

    • ANSWER:
      I'm assuming you're referring to the vehemently disputed plan to build an extension tunnel for the LA metro purple line under the campus of Beverly Hills High School? There are reasons why the tunnel might be detrimental to the learning environment of the campus, but unfortunately they were overshadowed by the inaccurate information served up with overwrought emotion by those in most vocal opposition to it. The way to fight is to thoughtfully construct a strategy using proven facts and sound logic, not melodramatic subterfuge and scare tactics. You're singing the same propaganda tunes.

      Facts:
      * No, the metro line will not pose an increased risk of cancer to the students, faculty, or staff of BHHS.
      * No, the now inactive oil rigs are not responsible for the thyroid or lymphoma cancers of BHHS alumni.
      Known causes of these cancers are not petroleum or petroleum products.
      * Hodgkin's Disease, also known as Hodgkin's Lymphoma, is a type of lymphoma. It is often more prevalent in affluent neighborhoods and in children who were not as exposed to typical childhood illnesses.

      In the early 2000s a young alumna of BHHS approached Erin Brokovich, the real-life woman the movie was based on, and compelled her to look into whether the oil rigs that used to be active on the high school campus had caused what appeared to be a suspiciously high number of graduates with specific types of cancer. Sniffing an opportunity for huge publicity Erin agreed and quickly riled up fear within the community. She sprouted a lot of bullshit and only stood on a few pebbles of proven fact. This is why her actions were slammed by medical and legal professionals and the cases dismissed. Time Magazine called it her "junk science," and others described her as a shark in a suit preying on the emotions of the parents and students at BHHS. Fortunately, there were positives to her self-aggrandizing stunts because more time and research were put into both the health of the BHHS campus and the epidemiology of Hodgkin's Disease. The air quality of the region was tested, and the readings of benzene, hexane and other air toxic levels were all considered normal. No evidence of harm was found in 2003 or in any of the subsequent tests.

      The rates of cancer in BHHS alumni are actually not any higher than others in the same age range with similar socioeconomic backgrounds. I was raised in the northern part of Beverly Hills miles from the BHHS campus and diagnosed with Hodgkin's Lymphoma at age sixteen. I never attended BHHS. It's obnoxious to me that people are trying to erroneously use cancer as part of their agenda instead of utilizing facts. I'm in opposition to the tunnel, but I'm also in opposition to the manipulative and absurd tactics that were used to prevent it.

      ~ skylark

      I agree with the first comment to this article:
      http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/opinion-la/la-ol-subway-beverly-hills-20120507,0,734718.story

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age you can get breast cancer at?
    I was wondering this, because one of my friends thinks she has breast cancer, and I thought that thirteen was a very young age at which to develop breast cancer.
    I should have said this. She has a lump in her breast and she went to the doctor and they said its "abnormal." She thinks she has cancer, but she doesn't know for sure yet. She's getting a sonogram done.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast tissue is present in male and females of all ages and thus breast cancer is possible at any age with any sex. However, breast cancer . . primary or secondary in children and young teens is rare. Breast cancer in children is also not the same as an adults breast cancer. There are many different types of cancer and there are several types of breast cancer possible in children. The most common types of breast cancer in children are Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma, Cystosarcoma Phylloides, and Lymphoma.

      As for your 13 year old friend what she is most likely feeling is breast growth caused by puberty. There are often small lumps or 'breast buds' that young teens will feel. However, since no one here can really tell what is happening with your friend it is important that she see a doctor to determine exactly what is going on.

      Here is some information about normal 'breast buds' found in young teens:

      Why are my breasts sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/sore_breasts.html

  33. QUESTION:
    Can anyone describe Lymphoma Cancer to me?
    I am doing a school project on Lymphoma Cancer and i need more info.

    • ANSWER:
      A lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, or of the white blood cells which are produced by lymph nodes. (If you don't know what cancer in general is, cancer is a disease caused by the over-reproudction of abnormal cells in a body part, which can spread to other parts of the body, and if you don't know what the lymphatic system is, it is a part of the circulatory system which helps filter the blood).

      Lymphoma cancer causes loss of function in the lymph nodes and therefore a patient is more prone to infections.

      There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin's Lymphoma, which is a less aggressive type, and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), which can fall into 40 other sub-types (i.e. T-cell lymphoma, Burkitt's Lymphoma)

      Hodgkin's Lymphoma causes lymph nodes to swell. Therefore the most common symptom of the disease is a painless lump in the neck, chest, armpit or groin. The disease can also bring a loss of appetite or fatigue.

      NHL produces symptoms which are similar to leukemia (another type of cancer), because the cancer is often in the white blood cells, therefore symptoms of NHL include frequent infections, night sweats, bone pain and mouth sores (rare).

      However, many of both types of lymphoma produce no symptoms at all.

      One of the risk factors for lymphoma is age. The disease is one of the most common cancers in children and teens, however most young adults have a low risk, yet it increases again in the elderly, as the majority of lymphoma patient are above the age of 60.

      Other risk factors include immune system diseases (i.e. HIV/AIDS), a family history of the disease, or exposure to dangerous chemicals or radiation.

      The disease is often treated non-surgically and treatments include chemotherapy (use of drugs to slow cancer cells), and radiotherapy (use of radiation, such as Gamma Rays or X-rays, to blast cancer cells and kill them).

      Most young lymphoma patients fortunately survive, but for some reason the outlook is poor for the older patients.

      I hope I have helped you with your project. Best of luck!

  34. QUESTION:
    How many men and women will get cancer in their lifetime?
    I once saw a statistic that was like: 2/3 men/women and 1/3 men/women will get cancer in their lifetime. But I can't remember the statistic exactly. Help me out?

    • ANSWER:
      That's from the ACS - American Cancer Society
      1 of 2 men & 1 of 3 women will develop some type of cancer a some time in their lifetime.

      Lifetime risk in men (ACS data)
      All sites1 in 2
      Prostate 1 in 6
      Lung and bronchus1 in 13
      Colon and rectum1 in 18
      Urinary bladder1 in 27
      Melanoma 1 in 41
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma1 in 46
      Kidney1 in 59
      Leukemia 1 in 67
      Oral Cavity 1 in 71
      Stomach1 in 88

      Lifetime risk in women

      All sites 1 in 3
      Breast 1 in 8
      Lung & bronchus 1 in 16
      Colon & rectum 1 in 19
      Uterine corpus 1 in 41
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 1 in 53
      Melanoma 1 in 61
      Ovary 1 in 71
      Pancreas 1 in 76
      Urinary bladder 1 in 85
      Uterine cervix 1 in 142

  35. QUESTION:
    Are there any good links online for any cancer survivor support groups?
    I've been wondering I just beat Lymphoma I had it since May 9 2010 I've been looking here on line but couldn't find anything yet if there are any links that would be great thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I've gathered support and wonderful suggestions from the fellow fighters and survivors I've met through the "Stupid Cancer" network. It's a social networking site primarily for people age 40 and under who have cancer or are supporting loved ones who do, but I believe all ages are welcome. They have support groups in several metro areas as well as an online forum and a page filled with resources. In a couple of weeks they're having a gathering / conference in Vegas. You can create your own page on the site and then search for others to connect with by age, location, or type of cancer.

      One of my contacts here is a lady in her 30s who also had Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and she highly recommended a forum called Webmagic. I haven't spent much time on it, but she said it was an amazing community of people of all ages, and she benefitted from participating in it. http://forums.lymphoma.com/

      The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society has their own forum as well as links to other online and local support groups:
      http://community.lls.org/welcome
      http://www.lls.org/#/resourcecenter/

      I have links to a few other sites that might be helpful to you on my blog. Just scroll down and you'll see a tab titled Cancer Resources on the right sidebar.
      http://thesoultodare.blogspot.com/

      Congratulations on beating lymphoma, and best wishes for a healthy and happy future.

      ~ skylark

      Edit:
      I just found this old answer about lymphoma support groups. It has more suggestions.
      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Amw7cucwSiBRjWeJ_ZLXqCQjzKIX;_ylv=3?qid=20091216143536AAQIzUJ

  36. QUESTION:
    Priest has stomach cancer, Can you tell me about stomach cancer?
    Our parish priest has stomach cancer, i don't know a thing about it can anyone tell me about it?

    • ANSWER:
      What Is Stomach Cancer?
      Cancer of the stomach, or gastric cancer, is a disease in which stomach cells become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Almost all (95%) of stomach cancers start in the glandular tissue that lines the stomach. The tumor may spread along the stomach wall or may grow directly through the wall and shed cells into the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Once beyond the stomach, cancer can spread to other organs.

      Stomach cancers are classified according to the type of tissue where they originate. The most common, adenocarcinomas, start in the glandular stomach lining. Other forms include lymphomas, which involve the lymphatic system, and sarcomas, which involve the connective tissue (muscle, fat, or blood vessels).

      Although the number of stomach cancer cases has declined over the past 60 years, it is still the seventh leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown, but most are believed to result from exposure to carcinogens (various cancer-causing agents), especially nitrates -- substances found in prepared foods (especially meats) that are dried, smoked, salted, or pickled. Carcinogens cause errors in the genetic code that controls growth and repair of cells.

      Various medical conditions are associated with an increased risk of developing stomach cancer. These include gastritis, pernicious anemia, gastric polyps, and gastric (peptic) ulcer. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacterium that infects the lining of the stomach and causes chronic inflammation and ulcers, may also increase the risk of stomach cancer. There is a slightly increased risk of stomach cancer in people who use tobacco or drink alcoholic beverages regularly.

      People who work in certain industries are also at greater risk, including those in the coal mining, nickel refining, and rubber and timber processing industries, and those exposed to asbestos fibers.

      Stomach cancer is most often seen in men over 55, and is more common in Japan, Korea, parts of Eastern Europe, and Latin America than in the United States and Canada. This is thought to be related to the common diet in these countries that consists of nitrate-containing, salted foods, especially meat and fish.

      Stomach cancer can often be cured if it is found and treated at an early stage. Unfortunately, the outlook is poor if the cancer is already advanced.

      Ps. I took this information from www. webmd.com if you need more information.. or want to check for your self... try the web.

      good luck... and an sorry for your priest...

  37. QUESTION:
    What stage of cancer do you think this is?
    My friend was diagnosed with anaplastic T- cell lymphoma. He has a tumor under his armpit. The doctors removed another tumor from his spine and did a biopsy, which is how they found out what type of cancer he had. They left the one under his armpit and hope the chemo will get rid of it. He just had his first round of chemo, and will be doing 3 rounds total, and radition after. What stage of cancer does he have?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.lymphomation.org/t-cell-types.htm
      Sounds like a rare type of blood cancer...I would say he could be stage 3 maybe even more. I'm not a doctor or even a nurse....just read up on the internet so I suggest you ask one of his family members.
      Remeber there is always hope with people with diseases..more ppl are living longer with cancer some are even cured and live to be old so don't give up hope.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is Lymphoma and can you die from it?
    My uncle had a cyst on his side that's been there since 1972, he said and he got it removed because it was changing colors and stuff and he said the doctors dont even know what it is. He said they believe it's lymphoma. What is that and can you die from it?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you mean lipoma which is a benign tumour (not cancer).

      Lymphoma is something else (it is a type of cancer). I'm sure you can google it...

  39. QUESTION:
    Do Leukemia and Lymphoma have VERY similar symptoms, includng the swollen Lymph Nodes?
    Do Leukemia and Lymphoma have VERY similar symptoms, and can you get swollen Lymph Nodes from Leukemia? What causes them in Leukemia. Also, what are the least and most common types of Leukemia and Lymphoma in a teenager. If their symptoms arn't similar what's different about them?

    Thanks a bunch! I highly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      They both involve swollen lymph nodes, which can be hard and irregularly shaped.

      Leukemia and lymphoma are both cancers starting with lymphoid cells (white blood cells), but in leukemia it is in the circulating blood and the bone marrow, and in lymphoma it is in the lymph nodes.

      Lymphoma has two ages where it is most likely to occur: early adulthood, from 15 to 35 years of age, and in people over the age of 55.

      Lymphoma symptoms:
      Night sweats, enlarged lymph nodes (painless), fever, weight loss, itching, fatigue, red colored patches on skin, easy bruising and bleeding, spleen and/or liver enlargement

      Leukemias: There are 4 categories: AML, CML, ALL, CLL.

      the A's stand for "acute" and the C's are for "chronic"
      ML = myelogenous leukemia
      LL= lymphoblastic leukemia

      ALL: peak incidence is at 4 years of age
      AML, CML, CLL: usually in patients > 65 years of age

      Leukemia symptoms:
      Fever, weight loss, fatigue, infection, hard lymph node/s, kidney damage, bleeding/bruising, bone pain, enlarged spleen and or liver.

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the most common kinds of cancer?
    What are the most common types of it and what are the basic treatments that you have to go through?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some forms of cancer we know of:

      bladder cancer

      breast cancer

      carcinoid tumor

      colorectal cancer

      glioblastoma

      liver cancer

      non-small cell lung cancer (NSLC)

      chronic lymphocytic leukemia

      lymphoma (both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s)

      melanoma

      multiple myeloma

      neuroblastoma

      ovarian cancer

      pancreatic cancer

      prostate cancer

      renal cell carcinoma

      throat cancer

      uterine cancer

      Understanding a few processes that your body goes through might provoke you to live a bit better so we can give it a go.

      Sleep - your body is on a universal time clock and it repairs itself somewhere between midnight and 6 a.m..Over time if you can’t or you don’t give it time to repair what do you reckon will happen? Right, a run down or break down will occur. You will get sick or worse.

      Immune system – evidence is mounting and it’s being traced back to your immune system. Stress, toxins, poor eating habits and a slew of other elements are wearing down our immune systems. This is the main defense against many viruses and bacterial invaders. We are starving our troops.

      Nutrition - the very thing that feeds our army which fights diseases is eluding us daily.

  41. QUESTION:
    my best friend has lymphoma cancer i really don't know what it is and i need help?
    My best friend just told me that he has lypmphoma cancer im really scared for him and i dont know what to say to him. I dont know what lymphoma cancer is. How should i support him?

    • ANSWER:
      I hope your friend does OK.

      There are basically 2 major categories of Lymphoma, then a lot of subtypes, that I don't really know that much about.

      First is Hodgkin's Lymphoma. It usually strikes younger adults, more often males. It usually follows a pattern, starting with the upper body, the lymph nodes in the neck or under the arms. It usually spreads on one side, above the diaphragm and then below.If it is above the diaphragm, it is more treatable.

      30 years ago it was nearly always a death sentence. Now it is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, as long as it is found early. I do not know the exact treatments but it would be radiation and/or chemo. Hodgkin's has symptoms that include fever, and some fatigue. Some people who have it will experience pain in the affected nodes if they drink alcoholic beverages. There are also frequent cases of the skin being very itchy.

      Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma can start in just about any lymph gland and spread. I think there are several types, but I do not know all of them. It used to be called Lymphosarcoma. It does not usually have the symptoms like fever and itching, so far as I know. I know more about Hodgkin's because I had two relatives, who were not related to each other, who had Hodgkin's 35 or 40 years ago. Both died because there was not much in the way of treatment.

      Metastized cancer can spread into the lymph nodes from other organs and not be Primary Lymphoma. When any cancer spreads to the lymph nodes from say the breast, or lungs, it is usually a bad sign.

      The lymphatic system is the main part of the immune system. The lymphocytes that are made in the lymphatic system are white blood cells that help fight infection and germs. Some people with AIDS also can get a form of Lymphoma, but many people have it without having AIDS.

      Lymphoma and Leukemia can be very much alike in the sense that the white cells do not fight germs and infection, with Leukemia because there are too many, but ineffective white cells, and in Lymphoma because the lymph nodes are destroyed and the white cells are not produced.

      Just be there for him. He might at some time need help getting to a doctor or something like that, or depending on his circumstances, you might see to it he has nutritious food if he lives alone or anything, or help out family members with things if they need it. Caring for somebody with cancer, if it becomes severe or life-threatening can be very hard on the immediate family as well as the patient.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the cancer types that respond well to chemotherapy?
    Besides Hodgkin's Lymphoma and Lymphocytic Leukemia, are there any other cancer types that respond well to chemo?

    Please indicate your source. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Homework, right? Try the Homework forum.

  43. QUESTION:
    What kind of cancer is usually found in children?
    I am writing a story and a little girl is born with cancer. I want it to be a type of cancer that lets her be a little girl but it can take her life away anytime. I want her to be able to play and not be in the hosiptal all the time and yet I need something severe. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      The most common childhood cancers are leukemia, lymphoma, bone cancer, brain tumors, neuroblastoma (a ususally advanced cancer of the nerve cells) a type of kidney cancer called Wilm's Tumor, and a type of soft tissue cancer called rhabdomyosarcoma.

      I think for the story you are writing, neuroblastoma would fit. A lot of the time, it goes into remission, however, it usually comes back (often years later), and when it does, the survival rates are quite low. Also, it is one of the few cancers you can truly be "born with".

  44. QUESTION:
    What herbs can I take for cancer instead of chemo which is the killer more than the cancer?
    Surgery, Radiotherapy and chemo feel too terrible and invasive. Aren't there plants and preparations that can destroy cancer cells?

    • ANSWER:
      There are no herbs proven to be effective against cancer.

      Nor is there a scrap of evidence that Vitamin C or fasting or grapes or any of the other stuff being recommended here is effective against cancer.

      Can you provide any statistics at all to back up your claim that chemotherapy is more of a killer than cancer?

      Sometimes people get hold of ideas like that because with most cancers there are few ill effects if any until the cancer is quite advanced, and a person with an aggressive and advanced cancer usually looks, feels and behaves like a healthy person.

      Then if they have chemotherapy side effects of the drugs can make them ill, sometimes very ill and frail, while treatment is taking place.

      So some people conclude that the treatment is worse than the disease, and myths about people being killed by chemo bolster this belief.

      It isn't always effective. But in those cases it is the cancer, not the treatment, that kills the patient - they have died in spite of treatment, not because of it. Distressed relatives sometimes look for something or someone to blame, and some conclude that it was the treatment that killed the person.

      With some types of chemotherapy, and in some cancers, there is a very slightly increased chance of developing a second type of cancer later.

      Generally this is more likely to happen when the original cancer was a lymphoma, but it can happen very occasionally with other types of cancer.

      Fortunately this very serious long-term effect is VERY rare; but yes it happens, and yes very occasionally someone dies as a result.

      What type of cancer do you have, and what stage? Your oncologist will be able to tell you by what percentage proposed treatments, including chemo, will increase your survival chances. Has chemotherapy actually been recommended?

  45. QUESTION:
    What type cancer can children die from?
    i know it sounds horrible, but I need a type of disease or cancer that a seven year old boy can die from, its for a story! Please help!

    • ANSWER:
      From http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/cancer/cancer.html
      "Cancer affects only about 14 of every 100,000 children in the United States each year. Among all age groups, the most common childhood cancers are leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer. As kids enter the teen years, there is an increase in the incidence of osteosarcoma (bone cancer)."
      Although ~ 70% of childhood cancers are being cured, 30% still may die from these diseases
      - - -
      From the NCI http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/childhood
      "Among the 12 major types of childhood cancers, leukemias (blood cell cancers) and cancers of the brain and central nervous system account for more than half of the new cases. About one-third of childhood cancers are leukemias. The most common type of leukemia in children is acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The most common solid tumors are brain tumors (e.g., gliomas and medulloblastomas), with other solid tumors (e.g., neuroblastomas, Wilms tumors, and sarcomas such as rhabdomyosarcoma and osteosarcoma) being less common."

  46. QUESTION:
    In follicular lymphoma do they egver remove lymph nodes?
    I have stage 4 follicular lymphoma and I was wondering do they ever remove nodes or is this not a good Idea. Also is stem cell replacement a option. I have heard it has been done in other non hodgens lymphoma.

    • ANSWER:
      As a general rule, the only reason lymph nodes are removed in lymphoma patients is for biopsy. Lymphoma is considered a blood cancer, which means it is presumed to be circulating throughout the body, so removing lymph nodes won't really treat lymphoma.

      To learn more about your treatment options ... first, I would recommend checking out the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society ... it offers free patient help on things like treatment options, where to find doctors, trials, etc. They have people available 10 AM to 5 PM eastern time. Go here: http://www.lls.org/hm_lls

      and click on live patient help up at the top of the page. LLS is also a good place to do research.

      For general information these are good links to get you started:

      http://www.lymphomation.org/type-follicular.htm

      http://www.lymphomainfo.net/nhl/follicular.html

      http://www.nhlcyberfamily.org/types/follicular.htm

      This is also an excellent PDF from the American Cancer Society on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (it is a big file will take a few seconds to download even on a fast connection):

      http://www.cancer.org/downloads/CRI/F9528_00%20NHL.en.03.pdf

      That document outlines treatment options for different kinds of N-HL including follicular lymphoma. Use the index ... the follicular lymphoma info starts around page 35. Stem cell transplant is at least listed there as a possible option.

      You may also want to try and connect with other patients; I am almost certain you will find patients with follicular lymphoma on this forum in the Non-Hodgkin's area: http://forums.lymphoma.com/

      Best of luck to you.

  47. QUESTION:
    What is a cancer that strikes people in their 20's?
    This may sound like a strange question, but what kind of cancer is common in people in their early to middle 20's? Also, how long does cancer usually last before the it's gotten rid of or the worst happens?

    • ANSWER:
      Of course it is possible for a person to be diagnosed with any type of cancer at any age, but it isn’t very likely. You want to know what kinds that will likely strike people in their 20’s. Your question is not strange or impossible to answer.

      Most people in their 20’s tend to get childhood type cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, brain cancer, osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcomas, in addition to testicular cancer for males.

  48. QUESTION:
    Doctors please? What can you tell me about anaplastic plasma cell neoplasma lymphoma?
    A friend was just diagnosed. Is the prognosis at all reasonable for someone with this cancer? He is having a bone marrow biopsy tomorrow. I think they said it was caught early?

    • ANSWER:
      You are probably talking about a rare type of lymphoma called "anaplastic myeloma" or "anaplastic plasmacytoma". I have never diagnosed such a case myself.

      A myeloma (plasmacytoma) is a cancer that originate from a type of cell called plasma cells (long story - You might like to read this for additional information:http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/myeloma/ ).

      That it is analplastic means that the cancerous plasma cells bear very little if any resemblance to normal plasma cells. It is an aggressive type with a poor prognosis. I haven't been able to find any statistics, so I can't give you any percentages.

      You might like to hold on to the thought that poor prognosis doesn't mean no treatment options. And that if your friend was diagnosed in an early stage, he/she may well be in the group with a favourable outcome.


types of lymphoma cancer

Different Types Of Carcinoma

Papaya leaf extract, and tea made from the extract, contain major cancer-fighting properties, according to new research. The humble papaya is gaining credibility in Western medicine for anticancer powers that folk cultures have recognized for generations!

A University of Florida researcher claims that the fruit thwarted growth of cancer cells in lab tests. University of Florida researcher Nam Dang, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues in Japan have documented papaya's dramatic anticancer effect against a broad range of lab-grown tumors, including cancers of the cervix, breast, liver, lung and pancreas.

The researchers used an extract made from dried papaya leaves, and the anticancer effects were stronger when cells received larger doses of the tea. Theyexposed to 10 different types of cancer cell cultures to four strengths of papaya leaf extract and measured the effect after 24 hours. Papaya slowed the growth of tumors in all the cultures.

University of Florida researcher Dr. Nam Dang, and colleagues in Japan have documented papaya's dramatic anticancer effect against a broad range of lab-grown tumors, including cancers of the cervix, breast, liver, lung and pancreas. The researchers used an extract made from dried papaya leaves, and the anticancer effects were stronger when cells received larger doses of the tea.

In a paper published in the Feb. 17 issue of the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Dang and his colleagues also documented for the first time that papaya leaf extract boosts the production of key signaling molecules called Th1-type cytokines. This regulation of the immune system, in addition to papaya's direct antitumor effect on various cancers, suggests possible therapeutic strategies that use the immune system to fight cancers.

The papaya extract did not have any toxic effects on normal cells, avoiding a common and devastating consequence of many cancer therapy regimens. The success of the papaya extract in acting on without toxicity is consistent with reports from indigenous populations in Australia and his native Vietnam, said Dang, a professor of medicine and medical director of the UF Shands Cancer Center Clinical Trials Office.

"Based on what I have seen and heard in a clinical setting, nobody who takes this extract experiences demonstrable toxicity; it seems like you could take it for a long time — as long as it is effective," he said.

Researchers exposed 10 different types of cancer cell cultures to four strengths of papaya leaf extract and measured the effect after 24 hours. Papaya slowed the growth of tumors in all the cultures.

Still in trials but papaya, in tea form has shown some exciting anti-cancer potential.

Whilst tea is difficult to make whilst on the move and time consuming, our Papaya enzyme tablets provide all of the benefits of the leaf.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Are there different types of skin cancer?
    I have problem with my skin, but it isn't cancer, are there different types of skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of skin cancer. Each type is named after which type of cell it begins in. The three most common types of skin cancer are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

      Melanoma
      Melanoma is the most deadly type of skin cancer. It can take many shapes and appearances. Melanoma is usually a dark color like brown, blue, or black. Other signs to look for include:
      Irregular borders
      Asymmetry (one half looks different than the other half)
      Size - melanomas are usually large (bigger than a pencil eraser)

      Basal Cell Carcinoma
      Basal cell carcinomas can be treated easily if found. They can be red, pink, or white in color. Some are a patch of color while others are bumps. Often bumps appear shiny. Sometimes this type of cancer causes sores that never completely heal, or come back shortly after healing.

      Squamous Cell Carcinoma
      Squamous cell carcinomas usually take on one of two forms. It may be a rough patch, or can look and feel like a wart.

  2. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer kills the most women?
    I know there are different types of breast cancer...some are rare..I know IBC kills but doesn't mean most women die of that type because not many women get that rare type. So what is the most common type of breast cancer that women die from? I cannot find that type of information on the internet....I find statistics but they do not state what type of cancer the women had to begin with?

    Thanks for your answers

    • ANSWER:
      What Jon posted is correct.
      Most women have ductal carcinoma and therefore that is what kills most women.

      Metastatic is a stage of cancer not a type.
      Triple negative is also not a type of breast cancer it is the hormone receptor status and does occur with different types.
      DCIS is ductal carcinoma before it becomes invasive and those statistics are separate..

  3. QUESTION:
    What does a person with stage 4 bone cancer look like?
    I have a coworker who claims to have stage 4 terminal bone cancer and at the risk of sounding like a complete a**hole, I think shes lying. I work part-time as a waitress and I have fibromyalgia so Im aware that its possible to look perfectly fine and be very ill and very much in pain. I ache to high heavens after a shift, I could never work a double, I can barely lift trays. But this chick is pulling double shifts after morning sessions of chemo and bone marrow transplants AND works a second job? Is this possible? My father in law nearly died after being diagnosed with esophageal carcinoma, and even though he is a veteran his bills were in excess of 0,000 after treatment. This woman is uninsured, I guess Medicade has excellent benefits? She tells people at work that she will be dead in a year. I just have a gut feeling, maybe because Im an asshole, or maybe because my family has been affected by many different types of cancer. I guess either way this woman is sick. But Id like to know some characteristics of a stage 4 terminal bone cancer patient if anyone knows.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no way she is working that much while she is undergoing treatment.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is a catchy brochure title for skin cancer?
    I'm doing a brochure in school about the different types of skin cancer. (Basal, Squamous, and Melanoma) I have all my information down except for a title. I need a title that will catch someone's attention and read it. Does anyone want to help make a catchy title?

    • ANSWER:
      Brochures Click on a Title to view details and add it to cart.
      ABCDE's of Melanoma
      Basal Cell Carcinoma: The Most Common Skin Cancer
      Plastic Nevi (Atypical Moles) and Risk of Melanoma
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Second Most Common Skin Cancer
      Skin Cancer Prevention Tips
      Self-Examination Card
      Sunproofing Your Baby

      http://www.skincancer.org/apps/catalog/index.php?id=4

  5. QUESTION:
    Information on different types of breast cancer?
    Trying to find out the different types of breast cancer and what options a person has for treatment.Also would like to find a resource to understand the terminology on how to read the pathology report.

    • ANSWER:
      With breast cancer there are ductal cancers (most common) and lobular cancers (less common) and there are other cancers which are very rare so I won't go into them.

      There are then 'carcinomas in situ' which is an extremely early form of cancer, is usually well treated and holds a good prognosis.

      If a cancer is not 'in situ' it is given a grade and stage, depending on how aggressive it is and how far it has spread within the breast itself and the rest of the body. Grade goes from 1-4 (4 being the worst) and stage goes from 1-5 (5 being cancer in other organs as well as breast). The higher each number the worse the cancer, and the more aggressive the treatment might be. For a lady with stage 5 cancer, she will likely be offered palliative care as there is unfortunately no chance of cure.

      Pathology reports will usually mention the receptor status of the cancer.
      ER+ means the cancer is sensitive to oestrogens so anti oestrogen drugs like Tamoxifen will be very helpful in treating it.
      ER- means that tamoxifen will not be useful

      HER+ means a highly aggressive tumour but luckily there is a treatment for HER+ve cancers in the form of Herceptin.
      HER-ve means a less aggressive cancer.

      That vaguely summarises breast cancer in mild detail. In nearly all cases though there is a lot of treatment and a lot of hope for ladies so dont let all this technical talk overly concern you. There will be a team of specialists who know the best treatment for each patient.

      The summary of treatment as I say, depends on the site and stage of the cancer but generally speaking There is
      Lumpectomy- removal of the cancer and preservation of the breast
      Mastectomy- removal of the breast
      Mastectomy and axillary clearance- removal of breast and clearing of nearby lypmh nodes

      Any surgery will be followed by either
      Radiotherapy to the chest wall
      Chemotherapy over a period of months
      Depending on receptor status Tamoxifen is used for up to 5 years, Herceptin I think up to 2 years
      Regular review and follow up mammograms to check for complete cure.

      In addition all ladies with mastectomy are offered breast reconstruction (usually) after treatment has finished to help them recover psychologically/emotionally.

      Hope this helps

  6. QUESTION:
    What do these patients have in common? Pathophysiology question?
    Three patients are diagnosed with different types of cancer. One patient is a life-long smoker and has lung cancer, one has active Crohn disease and has colorectal cancer, and the other is a farmer with newly diagnosed melanoma. Other than the obvious thing, cancer, what do these individuals have in common

    • ANSWER:
      Lung, colorectal and skin cancers are all due to carcinomas.

  7. QUESTION:
    Describe the three different types of malignant tumors?
    What are the three types of malignant tumors? What are their characteristics?

    • ANSWER:
      Carcinoma, sarcoma, leukemia, and lymphoma . . there are four types . . five if you count brain tumors.
      You can look up the characteristics yourself since this sounds like a homework question.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carcinoma
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcoma
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hematological_malignancy
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/brain

  8. QUESTION:
    HPV testing, high- risk forms and link to different types of cancer?
    If the person have high-risk forms of HPV ( that cause cervical cancer or genital warts ) Can this rise the risk of other type of cancers? Can you take some type of tests and what kind ,for other types cancer bace on the high- risk forms or HP?

    • ANSWER:
      Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) that affect tissue of oropharynx. Oropharynx is a middle part of the throat which includes the tonsils, base of the tongue, the soft palate and pharynx walls. This cancers can be divided into two types, HPV-positive and HPV-negative cancers (usually linked to alcohol or tobacco use) .HPV-positive is related to HPV infection and associated with the HPV type 16. HPV 16 is one of the "high-risk" HPVs that may lead to the development of CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia),VIN ( vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia),PIN ( penile intraepithelial neoplasia) or/ and AIN (anal intraepithelial neoplasia). Look for HPV16+ oropharyngeal cancer or HPV+ OPC .
      HPV16, is a causal factor for some head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) but the most common risk factors for head and neck cancer are alcohol and tobacco use.
      Note: the types of HPV that cause genital warts are usually different from the types that cause warts on other parts of the body and types that tend to cause genital warts are not those that cause cervical cancer.Also person can be infected with different types of HPV at the same time.

  9. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are the most common in teens and how do they affect a person?
    I'm writing a story and I want the main character to end up getting cancer. Although I've heard about cancer and read stories about it, I've come to realize I know nothing about the horrific disease.

    *What types of cancer are the most common in teen girls?
    *How would these cancers affect you, hair loss; etc.
    *I know there are stages determining how far along cancer is, what are these stages? How long do you have to live typically during each stage, like how long would you have to live if you are diagnosed with stage 2 cancer?
    *What would be the easiest cancer to hide? I don't want it clearly visible to every one she meets, I want the main character to be able to hide it up until the point she's going to die or somewhat close. Is that possible?
    *Also how long would you typically live with no treatments. Could cancer go away without treatment and if you received treatment a year after being diagnosed would it have any effect?

    Please answer the best you can
    I did know it was the treatment that caused hair loss, guess I should have made that clear based on your answers.

    I respect your answers, I really do. But that's the reason I'm asking. I want to learn about cancer. Do you think people who write about serial killers and crime scenes know what it feels like to murder someone, what the process is when an officer is questioning you, or how to hide the murder scene? No. They research what they want to write about. They watch crime shows/movies, read about it, talk to people who have been there and done that.

    • ANSWER:
      Those people are jerks. Obviously she isn't going to be mass printing the book, it's just to help with her writing. ALSO, she is learning. Is it better to stay ignorant about something and move on to something easier? SHE'S USING YAHOO ANSWERS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING. dream crushers.
      My cousin died of cancer a few years ago, and I don't find this offensive at all.

      While it isn't common, IT DOES HAPPEN. My cousin was 12. He was diagnosed with Lymphona when he was 5, the tumor was taken out, he was cancer free. Then, when he was 9, he was rediagnosed and eventually the treatment was doing more harm then it was good. He went home where he could die peacefully.
      He lost his hair, both times, from Chemotherapy. Do more outside research on that.
      Stages of cancer (generally, not all are the same):

      Stage 0Carcinoma in situ.
      Stage I, Stage II, and Stage IIIHigher numbers indicate more extensive disease: Larger tumor size and/or spread of the cancer beyond the organ in which it first developed to nearby lymph nodes and/or organs adjacent to the location of the primary tumor.
      Stage IVThe cancer has spread to another organ(s).

      Sure, it's possible. All cancer could somewhat be hidden, as long as she doesn't have a tumor growing out of a very visible place. (My cousin had a tumor in his stomach,a round the size of a small melon) But, they become very weak and pale. Sometimes real people don't even realize they have cancer and they have only months to live.

      Cancer is something that is somewhat mysterious. The cells can divide in many different ways, theres always a new thing popping up. That is why it is so hard to find a cure for. My cousin's cancer went away for the first time after treatment, the second time he was so far along, and the various treatments didn't work. It could very well go away with no treatment, it's unlikely, but It can happen..

      other info:
      It was almost cruel to continue to keep my cousin alive by the different treatments. He was unable to eat or swallow after a while, and it became so painful. It was time for him to go.

      There are cancerous tumors, and uncancerous tumors. (or benign)

      Go ahead and do a bit more research. I believe there is a movie (and book) about a girl with cancer, called "My sister's keeper." that might help give perspective just a bit. But the book and movie are very different.

  10. QUESTION:
    With regard to cancer, why do doctors differentiate between carcinomas and sarcomas?
    Are they treated differently? Are there different defining characteristics other than what germ layer they originate from?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells.

      So sarcomas as well as carcinomas have several subtypes.There are several other types that don't fit nicely into the sarcoma or carcinoma categories eg. lymphoma (of which again there are multiple subtypes).

      And this certainly does matter. For most carcinomas/sarcomas, the primary treatment is surgery. But sometimes chemotherapy and/or radiation is needed. Different types of cancer have different responsiveness to the various types of chemotherapy (About 80 different kinds of chemotherapies) and radiation. So the subclassification of cancer is also relevant from a patient perspective.

  11. QUESTION:
    how much chances of survival of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix?
    Hi, my mother have Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and cervical cancer...
    How much chances she have for survival...

    Pls be honest in reply.
    Its 1st stage .

    • ANSWER:
      Jack Mihai,
      Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix is a rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive. The “prognosis” of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix usually refers to the likely outcome of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and may include the duration of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, chances of complications of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix. Naturally, such forecast issues are by their nature unpredictable and there is no way to make a generalised prediction. You would be advised to discuss your mothers daily condition with her oncologist/doctor. You state she has stage 1. That is rather meaningless as it depends what staging system is being used. The TNM system is one of the most widely used staging systems. The TNM system is based on the extent of the tumour (T), the extent of spread to the lymph nodes (N), and the presence of distant metastasis (M). A number is added to each letter to indicate the size or extent of the primary tumour and the extent of cancer spread. For many cancers, TNM combinations correspond to one of five stages. Criteria for stages differ for different types of cancer. For example, bladder cancer T3 N0 M0 is stage III, whereas colon cancer T3 N0 M0 is stage II. I regret that I am not able to be more exact. I wish your mother well.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between these 3 cancers?
    What is the difference between these 3 cancers : basal cell carcinoma,(or basal cell carcinoma epithelioma) , squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma? Need this for an essay so as much info as you can give would be greatly appreciated !

    • ANSWER:
      The difference is on a cellular level. They effect different cells in your skin. You skin is made of layers of different types of cells.

      They also differ in the way they look and spread. You can get far more information by just searching for these words online. You will need to do your own research for your essay

  13. QUESTION:
    Can cyberknife surgery be used for a squamous cell carcinoma?
    My son (40) has been Dx with this type and could lose his tongue and voice box. Jaw bone is slipping out of place and has cout through his chin. Are there any alternatives? He thought he had a toothache. Has had radiation and chemo. He told me that now it is still in the same place, has not moved since Dx. 10/06. He can not eat via mouth. Has a feeding tube. Can I get serious answers only. He just wants to be able to speak and eat food. Can cyberknife help?

    • ANSWER:
      Cyberknife is used almost exclusively for brain and spinal tumors, but doctors have been known to push the envelope if other therapies have been tried and the cancer is still viable. At Beth Israel, Boston, they used it on me for a mass in my lung that is too near the heart for sugery. I am back on chemo now.

      Cyberknife is a system of very precisely targeting the cancer and shooting Gamma Rays at it from many different angles. It is very effective most of the time, but not always.

  14. QUESTION:
    Why is there cancer for different parts of the body?
    Skin cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, etc. Why does cancer attack a specific part of someone's body?
    Also, people get Lung Cancer from smoking, and people can also get Skin Cancer from too much sunlight. How could you get the same disease from two totally different kinds of sources?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't foreign in your body .. cancer is your own DNA . .your own cells that have mutated. Cancer cells were once NORMAL cells. Cancer can occur in any living cell in your body . . any cell . . breast cells, liver cells, brain cells, eye cells, skin cells, tissue cells, muscle cells, bone cells, spinal cells, vaginal cells, penile cells, blood cells, urinary cells, uterine cells . . any cell in the human body can mutate and become malignant. So . . even though you may never have heard of this . . there are at least 200 different types of cancer and at least 200 more subtypes of cancer. Skin, breast, and lung cancers are just more 'common' so you have heard of them before . . but cancer can occur anywhere inside or outside the body . . any age . . both sexes . . and any cell in or on your body.

      Although most cancers are named for the location in the body in which the cells originate . .Cancer isn't always named this way . . there are other cancers in which the name of the cancer comes from the type, shape, or even color of the cell . . here are just a few types of cancer that you may never have heard of because they are less common than breast or lung . . but they are just as deadly:

      Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Astrocytoma, Carcinoid tumor, Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma, Ewings family of tumors, Gastointestinal stromal tumor, desmoplastic small round blue cell tumor, Medulloblastoma, Mesothelioma, Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Wilm's tumor, Fibrosarcoma, Ependymoma, Oligodendroglioma, Esthesioneuroblastoma, Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia, Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma, Chondrosarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma,Epithelioid Sarcoma, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors, Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor to name a few.

  15. QUESTION:
    How can doctors tell whether a cancer is a primary cancer or a secondary cancer?
    Can they tell by the type of cell that it is or do they need to find the primary cancer site first? And how do they do that? If they have some way of scanning the entire body for cancer, why can't patients have that done ahead of time to ease their minds about cancer? (Or is the cost prohibitive for that kind of thing?)

    • ANSWER:
      I am a pathologist, so I will answer you from that perspective.

      The diagnosis is based on a combination of the location of the cancer and the appearance of the cancer cells (and the accompanying normal cells). For instance cancers in the breast or in the bowel are almost always primary cancers. And cancers in the liver are mostly secondary.

      The appearance of the cancer (How cancer cells look and how they are arranged in relation to the adjacent normal structures etc. - long story) is useful in establishing if it is a primary or a secondary cancer.

      For instance a cancer in the liver originating from the small bile ducts inside the liver looks very different from a typical metastatic bowel cancer. And liver cell cancers (hepatocellular carcinomas) have a distinct appearance very different from (most) secondary cancers.

      Sometimes we can see that a liver cancer is a secondary cancer, but we can't tell right away where the primary cancer is. In such situations we do something called immunohistochemistry. This is a special staining technique, which enables us to see if specific proteins, characteristic of specific cancers are present or not. It does not always reveal where the primary location is, but it usually gives some clues on where to look.

      We don't have the evidence that a scanning is an efficient screening method that will reliably detect each and every cancer. But they certainly are invaluable for staging purposes. This is not my field of expertise, so I really can't elaborate on that.

  16. QUESTION:
    What tests are needed to tell what TYPE of cancer you have?
    what tests are needed to tell what type of cancer you have. now where its coming from but the actual cell biology type, such as squamous cell, or small/oat cell, or basal cell, etc. I have been trying to get these answers for a report at school on specifically small cell carcinoma, and all i can find on it is small cell lung carcinoma. i don'tt need the place where it originated from: lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, etc. I need the actual cell biology. Any Citable websites would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society describes the different methods for biopsy and what happens during a cytology test when processing the specimen for histology type:

      ACS: Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_2_3x_testing_biopsy_and_cytology_specimens_for_cancer.asp

  17. QUESTION:
    Are there different kinds of cancer, or are they named only due to the site they invade?
    I know about small cell/large cell, but my mom said my grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, one was a very rare form and the other , a super fast growing one.. Is she just mistaken?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not just named for their location but also for the type of tumor cell they have. In general there are four major types of cancer cells:

      Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      Carcinoma - most common, organs in body
      Sarcoma - rare, bone and soft tissue (fat, muscle, etc)
      Lymphoma - common, cancer of the lympth nodes

      Brain tumors are in a somewhat different category and can be benign, malignant, and still be serious.

      In general there are over hundreds of different types of idenfified cancers. Bascially, any cell in the human body has the potential to become cancerous. Some cancers are exceedingly rare, some cancers are predominately childhood relatd, other cancers affect only the elderly, some are genetic, some are caused by the environment (asbestos), and some cancers have no known cause at all.

      Cancer is also staged and the tumors graded according to how much cancer is present and how abnormal the cells look under a microscope. A stage 1 localized tumor is easier to treat than a stage 4 cancer that has multipled and spred throughout the body.

      It is very possible that you grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, especially if she relapsed. Relapsed cancer has a way of mutating and becoming almost a different cancer which is why chemotherapy can suddenly stop working for a patient.

  18. QUESTION:
    How much exposure to the sun causes skin cancer?
    I want to know anything about the amount of sun/damage one should be concerned about on their skin.
    I know it only takes a few "good burns" to develop certain types of skin cancer but does it classify as a "good burn" if you dont peel and the redness fades after NO more than 2-3 days? I'm fair complected and often get red even after using sunblock and it had me wondering.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer can be caused by one exposure to the sun, although it may take decades to surface. In general, we acquire about 85% of our sun damage that will result in the lovely signs of old age on our skin, including skin cancer, before we turn 30. After that, protection is important for preventing existing damage, ie. cancer, from growing more quickly. Different types of cancer come from different exposures. Squamous cell carcinomas may be linked to burns while basal cell carcinomas often result from long term cumulative exposure - daily activity.

      As for a "good burn" - if you don't peel, then it is a mild burn. Dermatologists look for blistering burns as more problematic, although any significant exposure risks damage.

  19. QUESTION:
    what types of tests are there for cancer screening?
    My mother was diagnosed with stage 4 cancer in her lungs, neck and brain. the doctors aren't even sure what type of cancer is in her lungs, they can't id it. So i am wondering if there are any tests that i can have done to see if i have any chances of getting the cancer too... i have a daughter too.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I'm truly sorry for the fear and anxiety you are living with now and in the future. Cancer is an equal opportunity disease and I speak that from my own personal experience. Lost a kidney to cancer 15 years ago.

      If you were told your mom had lung cancer and she is stage 4 then they had to have done a biopsy. A diagnosis of cancer is dependent on biopsy only. No words, no guesses, no I think. BIOPSY ONLY.

      Cancer is cancer and the only thing that changes it from being just cancer is where primary tumor is located IE: mine was renal cell carcinoma in medical terms and in layman terms kidney cancer. If you're looking for cancer diagnosis such as brain there are different tumors which ascertain if cancer is terminal or good prognosis for full remission. Your mom's cancer primary location is lung with metastasis to brain. I'm a former Hospice nurse and have never seen a physician document neck involvement with lung. I highly assume it is possible but simply stating never saw it in a chart for cancer patient.

      There is only one REAL way at this time to find out if you might possibly be a candidate for cancer and that is a DNA test. Genetics play a big part in cancer being passed down but, no one in my family has ever had cancer. Was the last diagnosis I expected when told my kidney tumor was encapsulated and surgery was to be ASAP. Since I don't have children I won't be passing genetic gene down. Who's not to say my family linkage has had cancer gene for 100's of years and I am the only lucky recipient?

      The world will be a better place when this disease is eradicated. Such pain, misery, loss of loved one, loss of talents, love, and the endless why, who's next......

      Sorry for what you're going through. Don't think my post is going to brighten your days.

      Be kind to yourself, love your mom, hug your children. Take care of yourself, please.

  20. QUESTION:
    when do symptoms of terminal cancer start to show?
    My friend is a 27 yr old single parent who was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer. She was given a year about 5-6 months ago but is showing no sign of illness. She has maintained her weight, if not gained. Her skin and eyes are still bright and energetic. She seems happy and healthy by all accounts. What type of symptoms should we expect to see as her illness progresses and when should we expect to start seeing them?

    • ANSWER:
      "global trotter" has a good answer except we would not expect night sweats with this type of malignancy - assuming this really is an ovarian carcinoma.

      Your friend is extremely young for an ovarian carcinoma.
      How sure are you of the diagnosis?

      Has she been on combination chemotherapy for these last 5-6 months?
      I can't believe they would give up on a 27 year old woman without trying all of the different chemotherapy regimens we have for ovarian carcinomas.

      Where is the metastatic disease?
      Liver? Lungs? Intraperitonal? Retroperitoneal lymph nodes?
      If she does not have liver involvement, we would not expect to see the jaundice and liver failure that "globe trotter" describes.

      What you describe is a person still in good health without weight loss and not appearing sick. It sure would help if we knew where her metastatic (stage IV) ovarian cancer is located. She must have had CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

      And it would help to know what treatment she has received.
      Did she have optimal debulking surgery? What chemotherapy has been tried?

      By the way, doctors do not "give" people set amounts of time to live.
      I know what you mean, but that phrase always bothers me - as if doctors decided the fates of patients. When doctors are pushed to make predictions, we are usually wrong. No one knows the future for any one person. We only provided statistics based on many other people who have had similar situations. Yet each patient is different.

      It does not sound like she is within 6 months of death from the description you provide.

      If she allows it, you might go with her when she sees her medical oncologist. That way you can hear what is really going on from a medical professional who knows all the details of her case details we do not have here.

      From http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview
      Ovarian carcinomas are uncommon in patients younger than 40 years.
      Most cases are diagnosed in the 60 to 70 age group.

  21. QUESTION:
    What is the correct definition of lung cancer?
    I searched up the definition of lung cancer, and went to many websites and they all give me a different meaning of the word.

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is broken into 2 main catagories. Small Cell and Non Small Cell. Although it is uncommon, it is possible that characteristics of both types of lung cancer are present. If this happens, it is called a mixed small cell-large cell carcinoma. In addition to the two main types of lung cancer, other rare types such as sarcomas, and lymphomas can also occur.
      Named for the small round cells that make up this cancer, small cell lung cancer accounts for a much smaller percentage of lung cancer cases than non-small cell lung cancer. SCLC is broken down into three different categories. Small cell carcinoma, mixed small call/large cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma. Each of these different types of lung cancer grows and spread in a different way. Because the cancer cells multiply quickly, SCLC often spreads throughout the body, and although the main cause of SCLC is smoking, there are other risk factors as well, including exposure to second hand smoke, asbestos and radon.

      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Non-small cell lung cancer or (NSCLC) is a much more common form of lung cancer. NSCLC can be broken down into three different types of lung cancer based on the size, shape and chemical composition of the cancer. These types are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is often associated with smoking and is generally found near a bronchus. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma is usually found around the outer regions of the lung. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of NSCLC - especially among women. Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma can appear in any part of the lung, and often grows and spreads quickly.

      The symptoms and risk factors linked to non-small cell carcinoma are very similar to those associated with small cell lung cancer, however, these different types of lung cancer are often treated differently.

  22. QUESTION:
    How would you know if you had cancer?
    I have always heard that early detection is important for successful treatment. But, I have also heard that by the time symptoms are noticable and severe enough to send you to the doctor, many cancers are already advanced.

    What can be done about this? How can cancer be detected before it is advanced? Is there some kind of cancer screening that people do as a part of their regular physicals? Is there one test that can detect many types of cancers, or does each type have a specific test? Do you recommend getting such tests?

    Thanks for your answers!

    • ANSWER:
      With over 200 different types of cancer and just as many subtypes of cancer it is extremely difficult to detect all of them. There is no overall blood test or overall screening that will detect all types of cancer possibilities.

      You can check yourself for breast lumps . . but that won't help you detect a brain tumor. You can test your blood for prostate cancer but that test won't tell you if you have bone cancer. Simply put . . there is no overall screening which will detect all forms of cancer. But there are some things that you can do.

      Certain types of cancer are more common in certain age groups. Find your age group and check the types of cancer you are more likely to get.

      Some quick examples - Children are likely to have cancers that stem from immature or the primitive cells associated with development. Young children and teens can have a cancer called Neuroblastoma . . . a cancer of the central nervous system.

      Teens and young adults - tend to develop hormonal related cancers often associated with growing - ie, teens often get bone cancers, such as osteosarcoma or ewings sarcoma - teens and young adults are more likely to have soft tissue sarcoma (cancer in the joints, tendons, muscles) than older people.

      Young adults - Germ cell tumors associated with testes or ovaries.

      Older adults - more susceptible to lung, colon, and breast carcinoma. Adults tend to get carcinoma associated with their organs (kidney, liver, lung, etc).

      Find out which cancers affect your age group the most and than learn the general signs of that cancer. In young people the types of cancer they have involve unusual lumps or bumps that often appear on the extremities. Young people should be taught to search their entire bodies for lumps . . not just check the breast for females or testicles for males . . but lumps anywhere located on the body. I have known young people to ignore lumps that have grown on their shoulders . . they just think it is odd but they are not alarmed . . and they should be. A lump or bump that begins to grow should be examined immediately. It may be the only symptom that you will ever have until the cancer is very advanced.

      So . . for young adults the number one way to detect cancer is by completely examing the body on a regular basis searching for unusual lumps or bumps that cannot be explained. A regular doctors check up is also essential. Many young people avoid going to the doctor because they feel so healthy and consider a physical a 'waste of money'. However, a regular doctor can establish what you are like when you are well . . and be able to compare your past health with the present to determine if there is anything unusual going on.

      And, that's about it for early detection . . . check for anything unusual on a fairly regular basis and have well physicals. At the moment, little else can be done.

  23. QUESTION:
    what are some different types of names that i can call breast cancer?
    what are ten specific words that i can use for breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      mammary carcinoma
      mammary= breast
      carcinoma= cancerous tumor

  24. QUESTION:
    Are there any statistics on what percentage of people would survive cancer if they received no treatment?
    I realize there are different forms of cancer, and "survive" is a vague term, but I just want to know if there is any knowledge on this topic in general. For example, is it closer to 100% death rate, or maybe something more like 50%?

    • ANSWER:
      There are huge volumes of statistics on this topic, and the answer depends upon the type of cancer, it's aggressiveness, and the age of the patient. It is not possible to give a general answer, since there are more than three hundred different types of cancer, and each behaves differently.

      But one example: treatment is often not recommended for older men with carcinoma of the prostate because it is a chronic condition that progresses slowly and they are more likely to die of something else.

      But for most cancers, this is not the case. Life expectancy without treatment is measured in months to years, and the victim is more likely to die from complications of the cancer.

      The standard treatments for cancer are surgery, irradiation and chemotherapy. These may all be used in some cases, or just irradiation and/or chemotherapy in inoperable tumors.

  25. QUESTION:
    Describe the different types of skin cancers, including the type of cells?
    What is the most common risk factor for skin cancer and how can we protect ourselves from skin cancer?

    How is the blister on Frank’s foot is similar to a burn? Distinguish between first second and third degree burns.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin which can have many causes. The most common skin cancers are basal cell cancer, squamous cell cancer, and melanoma. Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), so a tumor is usually clearly visible. This makes most skin cancers detectable in the early stages. There are three common types of skin cancer, each of which is named after the type of skin cell from which it arises. Unlike many other cancers, including those originating in the lung, pancreas, and stomach, only a small minority of those afflicted will actually die of the disease.[1] Skin cancer represents the most commonly diagnosed cancer, surpassing lung, breast, colorectal and prostate cancer.[1] Melanoma is less common than basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, but it is the most serious -- for example, in the UK there are 9,500 new cases of melanoma each year, and 2,300 deaths.[2] More people now die of Melanoma in the UK than in Australia. It is the most common cancer in the young population (20 – 39 age group).[3] It is estimated that approximately 85% of cases are caused by too much sun.[citation needed] Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common skin cancers. The majority of these are called Basal Cell Carcinomas. These are usually localised growths caused by excessive cumulative exposure to the sun and do not tend to spread.

      Although it is impossible to completely eliminate the possibility of skin cancer, the risk of developing such a cancer can be reduced significantly with the following steps:

      * reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, especially in early years
      * avoiding sun exposure during the day, especially from 9 AM to 4 PM when the sun is highest in the sky
      * wearing protective clothing (long sleeves and hats) when outdoors
      * using a broad-spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB radiation
      * reapply sun block every 2 hours and after swimming
      * chemoprevention using topical imiquimod or 5-fluorouracil[citation needed]

      Although it is generally accepted that UV exposure is the greatest risk factor in melanoma development, some sceptics say no data conclusively proves a link between moderate sun exposure and the likelihood of melanoma.

      Australian scientist Ian Frazer who developed a vaccine for cervical cancer, says that a vaccine effective in preventing for certain types of skin cancer has proven effective on animals and could be available within a decade. The vaccine would only be effective against Squamous Cell Carcinoma.[16]

  26. QUESTION:
    Is there any correlation between breast cancer and lung cancer?
    I am a 52 year ol;d female. Ten years ago I was diagnosed with lobular carcinoma of the breast (in-situ) and had bilateral mastectomies. My mother died of the same type of breast cancer when she was 47. I now have squamous cell lung cancer on the same side as the breast. Could there be a correlation?

    • ANSWER:
      No, they are two different types of cancer. Lobular carcinoma in-situ (LCIS) is really more of an early warning indicator that the patient will develop an invasive cancer in either breast, not just the one it was found in. This is why a bilateral mastectomy was recommended to you. LCIS is non-invasive and therefore incapable of spreading. Many people develop either lung or breast cancer and never develop the other. Good luck with your treatment. I hope all goes well for you.

  27. QUESTION:
    Why are there so many different types of cancer?
    why are there so many types of cancer and which specific types of cancers can be cured?

    please and thanks

    i cant go trick or treating..:((

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a disease characterized by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy or carcinoma. There are over 100 types of cancer, the most common being breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, and prostate cancer.
      Cancers are named in relation to their location in the body, their shape, their effect, or their method of occurrence.
      As far as I am aware, there is no "cure". In some cases the diseased part is cut away medically, or destroyed with chemotherapy, and provided all cancer cells are removed or destroyed, there probably will be no reoccurrence.

  28. QUESTION:
    Moles and Freckles popping up over the last few years?
    I have fair skin, red/blonde hair, and have had light freckles and some moles over the years. However within the last 2 years it seems like they are suddenly popping up all over and they are all different looking, its starting to scare me, is this normal?
    I have spent time in the sun over the years, I have tanned in a tanning bed a few times as well.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of Skin Cancer

      * A small lump (spot or mole) that is shiny, waxy, pale in color, and smooth in texture.
      * A red lump (spot or mole) that is firm
      * A sore or spot that bleeds or become crusty. Also look for sores that don't heal.
      * Rough and scaly patches on the skin.
      * Flat scaly areas of the skin that are red or brown.
      * Any new growth that is suspicious

      Keep in mind that these growths are usually painless, but can be painful. See pictures of basal cell carcinoma and pictures of squamous cell carcinoma for detailed examples.

      These skin cancer symptoms did not include the symptoms of melanoma, a highly dangerous type of skin cancer.

      It is recommended that everyone perform a regular skin self-examination to look for abnormal skin changes. It is also recommended to have a yearly clinical skin exam by your doctor. If you suspect that a lump, spot, or mole may be suspicious of skin cancer, see your doctor. It is recommended that those who are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer see a dermatologist, who is a skin specialist and has more experience in screening for skin cancer.

      Everyone is at risk for developing skin cancer. However, certain characteristics make people more at risk for developing skin cancer:

      * people with freckles
      * those with fair skin tones
      * those who burn easily
      * people with light colored eyes, such as green and blue eyes
      * people with naturally red or blonde hair
      * people who spend a lot of time outdoors
      * people who have a personal or family history of skin cancer or melanoma

      If you are unsure of your skin cancer risk, talk to your doctor. In the meantime, be sure to follow safe sun practices.

  29. QUESTION:
    Whats the best diet for a cat with Carcinoma?
    Hello, my cat has recently been diagnosed with Carcinoma. It is a tumor in her mouth and prognosis is not looking good. I am trying a last ditch effort in trying to put off the effects of the disease as much as possible, and I am hoping there is someone out there who can recommend the best type of food I can give her. :(

    • ANSWER:
      Science Diet Prescpirtion diet n/d was indicated for cancer patients. I'm not 100% its still available. Any high quality name brand food should be sufficient. If her time is limited, I would feed her anything she wants, spoil her with all the good meaty canned food. If any food says that it is indicated for cancer patients, it's just that it has different nutrition to help with secondary effects, just so that it's clear that it isn't a wonder food to cure.

  30. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know someone who has had Stage 2 of Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    My father-in-law was diagnosed with this type of cancer and I would like to know more about. So if you or anyone else know more about this kind of cancer Please reply! Life expectancy, risks, surgeries, complications, etc. My father-in-law refuses to have surgery because he saw his son undergo surgery for a different kind of Cancer and he passed away anyway.

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, squamous cell carcinoma isn't just a blanket cancer. It strikes many different organs including skin, lips, mouth esophagus, bladder, prostate, lungs etc. So. where is this cancer? The site makes a difference but the most important thing is, how early was it caught. You're asking question that his doctor knows because we don't know him. Ask your spouse, it's their father. Life expectancy is great when caught early. but like I said, since we don't know him, no one can possibly tell you what treatments he will have, how long he's has, if surgery is needed or not. Again, blanket answers won't do it. So ask your mother-in-law, your spouse, other in-laws because without his permission, the doctor won't tell you anything, Which is why you're asking here I suppose. Well, I wish him luck and good health.

      I just realized you wrote that he refuses surgery because of what his son went through. I wish someone could get it in his head that his son was an isolated case and doesn't mean the same will happen to him. Why do people do that. They jeopardize their own health because of someone they loved who didn't fair well. If you can, tell him...not everyone can handle diseases the same way. We don't know why his son died, but why risk his life on purpose and leave a family that loves him? He has other children right? I just don't get it. My family has been haunted with cancer for generations. To my knowledge, no one refused treatments if someone else died of the same cancer or similar instances. Gosh, we'd all be dead if that's the case. Try and get through to him. Surgery that can save his life and he's refusing...don't get. I wish him the best, I truly do.

  31. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age you can get breast cancer at?
    I was wondering this, because one of my friends thinks she has breast cancer, and I thought that thirteen was a very young age at which to develop breast cancer.
    I should have said this. She has a lump in her breast and she went to the doctor and they said its "abnormal." She thinks she has cancer, but she doesn't know for sure yet. She's getting a sonogram done.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast tissue is present in male and females of all ages and thus breast cancer is possible at any age with any sex. However, breast cancer . . primary or secondary in children and young teens is rare. Breast cancer in children is also not the same as an adults breast cancer. There are many different types of cancer and there are several types of breast cancer possible in children. The most common types of breast cancer in children are Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma, Cystosarcoma Phylloides, and Lymphoma.

      As for your 13 year old friend what she is most likely feeling is breast growth caused by puberty. There are often small lumps or 'breast buds' that young teens will feel. However, since no one here can really tell what is happening with your friend it is important that she see a doctor to determine exactly what is going on.

      Here is some information about normal 'breast buds' found in young teens:

      Why are my breasts sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/sore_breasts.html

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the chance of an 83-year old surviving chemotherapy?
    My grandpa has a tumor in his stomach but there is a possibility that it may have spread to the lungs. If it did spread, then surgery cannot be done to solve the problem. Would he be able to handle chemotherapy? He has asthma and has well controlled diabetes.

    • ANSWER:
      "Chemotherapy" is a general term for many very different treatments. There are more than 75 chemotherapy drugs and hundreds of different combinations. If this is gastric carcinoma metastatic to lung, the regimens commonly used should pose no great risk of mortality, but gastric cancers that have spread beyond surgery are not likely to be cured.

      What happens so often is that people eventually die of their malignant diseases - while they are on chemotherapy regimens. People often misinterpret the death as caused by the chemotherapy rather than the fact that the cancer was progressing and caused death.

      It is difficult to stop chemotherapy for many patients in the U.S.
      People think we are giving up on them. Many hundreds of times I have tried to gently explain that treatment was not working or no longer working and we should stop. It takes a great deal of time to convince people that no treatment - after chemotherapy is no longer working - is the best way to go. Explaining things carefully for patients and their families is an important role for oncology specialists in my opinion.

      I will expect the thumbs down from people who think that "chemotherapy" killed their loved ones. Chemotherapy of all types weakens patients and should not be continued if the cancer is clearly growing despite treatment. Chemotherapy for placebo effect or just to be "doing something" is not a good idea in my opinion. It also increases the cost of health care without providing benefit.

      BUT - for an 83 year old in good shape with a metastatic gastric carcinoma (if you prove that he has malignancy in the lungs), it is usually worth a try with follow-up studies to asses if it is helping reduce the tumor burden - for awhile. You can always stop the treatments if the side effects are not tolerable or the tumor is not responsive. Every person is different. Every malignancy is different. The only way to know if treatment will help is to try - and then assess the effects. Patients do not have to agree to anything more than one cycle of treatment at a time.

  33. QUESTION:
    How many factors of sun-tan lotion are there?
    I am in class at the moment and I need to know the different factors of sun-tan lotion for a science project. Such as Factor 15, 30. The more Factors you give me, the better. could you also give descriptions of the factors aswell e.g. how strong they are and how well they work for each skin type.

    • ANSWER:
      Sunscreen (also commonly known as sunblock or sun cream) is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the skin exposed to sunlight and thus helps protect against sunburn. Skin lightening products have sunscreen to protect lightened skin because light skin is susceptible to sun damage.

      Sunscreens contain one or more UV filters of which there are three main types:

      * Organic chemical compounds that absorb ultraviolet light (such as oxybenzone, a suspected photocarcinogen)
      * Inorganic particulates that reflect, scatter, and absorb UV light (such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or a combination of both).
      * Organic particulates that mostly absorb light like organic chemical compounds, but contain multiple chromophores, may reflect and scatter a fraction of light like inorganic particulates, and behave differently in formulations than organic chemical compounds.[clarification needed] An example is Tinosorb M.

      Medical organizations such as the American Cancer Society recommend the use of sunscreen because it prevents the squamous cell carcinoma and the basal cell carcinoma. However, the use of sunscreens is controversial for various reasons. Many do not block UVA radiation, which does not cause sunburn but can increase the rate of melanoma (another kind of skin cancer), so people using sunscreens may be getting too much UVA without realizing it. Additionally, sunscreens block UVB, and if used consistently this can cause a deficiency of vitamin D.

      The dose used in FDA sunscreen testing is 2 mg/cm² of exposed skin. Provided one assumes an "average" adult build of height 5 ft 4 in (163 cm) and weight 150 lb (68 kg) with a 32 in (82 cm) waist, that adult wearing a bathing suit covering the groin area should apply 29 g (approximately 1 oz) evenly to the uncovered body area. Considering only the face, this translates to about 1/4 to 1/3 of a teaspoon for the average adult face. Larger individuals should scale these quantities accordingly.

      Contrary to the common advice that sunscreen should be reapplied every 2–3 hours, some research has shown that the best protection is achieved by application 15–30 minutes before exposure, followed by one reapplication 15–30 minutes after the sun exposure begins. Further reapplication is only necessary after activities such as swimming, sweating, or rubbing/wiping.

      However, more recent research at the University of California, Riverside, indicates that sunscreen needs to be reapplied within 2 hours in order to remain effective. Not reapplying could even cause more cell damage than not using sunscreen at all, due to the release of extra free radicals from those sunscreen chemicals which were absorbed into the skin. Some studies have shown that people commonly apply only 1/2 to 1/4 of the amount recommended to achieve the rated Sun Protection Factor (SPF), and in consequence the effective SPF should be downgraded to a square or 4th root of the advertised value.

      George Zachariadis and E Sahanidou of the Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, at Aristotle University, in Thessaloniki, Greece,have now carried out an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometric (ICP-AES) analysis in a multi-element assessment of several commercially available sunscreen creams and lotions. "The objective was the simultaneous determination of titanium and several minor, trace or toxic elements (aluminium, zinc, magnesium, iron, manganese, copper, chromium, lead, and bismuth) in the final products," the researchers say. They concluded that "Most of the commercial preparations that were studied showed generally good agreement to the ingredients listed on the product label". However, they also point out that the quantitative composition of the products tested cannot be assessed because the product labels usually do not provide a detailed break down of all ingredients and their concentrations. They also point out that worryingly, their tests consistently revealed the presence of elements not cited in the product formulation, which emphasised the need for a standardised and official testing method for multi-element quality control of these products.

  34. QUESTION:
    how is cancer discovered at first? if you have no health problems?
    i worry all the time if i have cancer, is there some type of test i can take, to see if i have any cancer in my body anywhere? i don't have a family history i just wonder.

    • ANSWER:
      Try not to worry, as it is just as likely you may get hit by a bus crossing the street, have a heart attack, or any other one of a million risks that we face each day of our lives but don't really pay attention to it or realise.

      The fact is that there is not one test that can detect the many different types and forms of cancer and as te majority of cancers are asymptomatic, they are usually discovered by accident. As was the case with myself after visiting the GP for a general check up and a bit of a cough. Following a general blood test and then being sent off for a chest X-Ray, it was discovered that I had a 7cm lump in the middle of my chest (very rare thymic carcinoma)! Go figure!

      Enjoy your life and stop worrying, for you never know what tomorrow will bring!

  35. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms for thyroid cancer ?

    thanks all..

    cats ... can you tell me what are the other multitude symptoms your daughter had ?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of thyroid cancer (carcinoma of the thyroid), and the most common types (papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma) are highly curable if detected early. Up to 97% of these common types of thyroid cancer that occur in younger people are completely cured with appropriate treatment. Less common types, including medullary carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma, tend to spread more rapidly and extensively than the other types and have a worse prognosis.

      Most commonly, thyroid cancers in the early stage produce no symptoms. As the cancer grows, a small lump or nodule can be felt in the neck. The vast majority of thyroid nodules are caused by benign conditions, but about one per cent of these lumps represent early stages of thyroid cancer. If the cancer spreads, it can cause symptoms that include:

      Problems with swallowing
      Hoarseness
      Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
      Breathing difficulty
      Pain in the throat and/or neck
      Remember, 99% of nodules in the thyroid gland are benign, but only your doctor can determine if a lump in your neck is cancerous. Even the symptoms above can be caused by infections and other benign conditions. If you have a lump in the neck or have the above symptoms, you should visit your doctor to determine the cause of your symptoms.

  36. QUESTION:
    What is the most common type of cancer to get?
    ThiS is for homework.

    • ANSWER:
      It's estimated that more than 11 million people in the United States have some form of cancer. There are more than 200 different types of cancer, although many are quite rare. The following are the 10 most commonly diagnosed cancer types in 2009 and the estimated number of cancer patients affected by each:

      Non-melanoma skin cancer. Affecting more than 1 million people a year, skin cancer can form in the skin cells on any part of the body, though most commonly on skin that’s been exposed to the sun. There are several types of skin cancers, including squamous cell skin cancer, found in the flat cells on the top of the skin, and basal cell skin cancer, found in the round cells deeper inside skin's outer layer. Most commonly, skin cancer affects older people or people who have a compromised immune system.
      Lung cancer. Roughly 219,440 cases of this deadly cancer were diagnosed in 2009. Lung cancer strikes the cells inside the lining of the lungs. There are two primary types of lung cancer — small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. Lung cancer claims nearly 160,000 lives annually.
      Breast cancer. This type of cancer will affect 194,280 people in 2009. This is by far the most common cancer in women, says Len Lichtenfeld, MD, deputy chief medical officer for the American Cancer Society. While the overwhelming majority of breast cancer patients are women, about 1,900 cases are diagnosed in men each year.
      Prostate cancer. Just over 192,200 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed annually. Dr. Lichtenfeld says that this is the most common cancer to affect men, most often men over age 50. The prostate gland is a part of the reproductive system in men and is found at the base of the bladder, near the rectum. This type of cancer develops in the tissues inside the prostate gland.
      Colorectal cancer. There will be about 146,970 new cases of colon and rectal cancers combined in 2010. The colon is part of the large intestine, which helps to break down and digest food, and the rectum is the end of the large intestine that is nearest the anus.
      Bladder cancer. Nearly 71,000 people will receive this diagnosis in 2010. The bladder can be affected by cancer cells that develop within its tissues. The most common type is transitional cell carcinoma, but others, such as adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas, may also occur, depending on which bladder cells are involved.
      Melanoma. Predicted to strike close to 68,720 people, melanoma is another type of skin cancer. It forms in the skin's melanocyte cells, which produce the brown pigment melanin. Because melanoma occurs in skin that contains a lot of pigment, it frequently begins in moles. Melanoma may also be found in other pigmented parts of the body, like the intestines or even the eyes.
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Affecting 65,980 people, this is the term for a number of different but related cancers involving white blood cells, or lymphocytes. This type of cancer is frequently characterized by swollen lymph nodes, fevers, and weight loss. People of any age can develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma. There are many different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that affect different cells and parts of the body, with varying prognoses and treatment.
      Kidney cancer. Kidney cancer is diagnosed in more than 49,000 people each year. The kidneys are the organs that help to excrete waste from the body in the form of urine. Cancer can form inside the tissues or ducts of the kidneys. Although kidney cancer develops mainly in people over 40, one type of kidney tumor usually affects young children.
      Leukemia. Approximately 44,790 cases of leukemia were predicted for 2009. The four main types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. These types of cancer often form inside the bone marrow or other cells and tissues that form blood cells, and are known as blood cancers. Leukemia results in overproduction of certain kinds of white blood cells, which then circulate in the bloodstream. Leukemia can be chronic — a slow-growing type of cancer that begins without symptoms — or acute, meaning the cells can't function normally and symptoms progress rapidly. It affects both adults and children, and kills more children under age 20 than any other cancer.

  37. QUESTION:
    How does smoking cigarettes affect domestic animals?
    Any websites that offer information are appreciated.
    Domestic Animals = dogs and cats mainly.
    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there... second-hand smoke affects pets just as it does humans and sometimes worse.

      Here are two articles which discuss the dangers of second-hand smoke to pets.
      Univ of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine:
      http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/petcolumns/showarticle.cfm?id=473
      Second-hand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke or ETS, is clearly associated with cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular disease in humans. Several studies have shown that up to 20 different carcinogens contained in tobacco smoke can be inhaled by non-smoking bystanders.

      Dr. Timothy Fan, veterinary oncologist at the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital in Urbana, explains that although associations between ETS and diseases in animals have not been as extensively researched, a handful of studies show a correlation between ETS and certain forms of cancer in pets.

      A Tufts School of Veterinary Medicine study found a strong correlation between ETS and an oral cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, in cats. Cats living with smokers had higher incidence of this type of cancer. Cats living with more than one smoker and cats exposed to ETS for longer than five years have an even higher incidence of this cancer.

      Why mouth cancer? Since cats groom themselves quite diligently, cats in smoking households can lick up carcinogens that have been deposited on their fur. Daily grooming over a long period of time can expose the delicate skin in the mouth to hazardous amounts of carcinogens.

      The University of Massachusetts in Amherst also found that cats exposed to ETS have a slightly elevated risk of developing malignant lymphoma, or cancer of the lymph nodes. Since the lymph nodes filter the blood, inhaled or ingested carcinogens can build up in these structures.

      In dogs, ETS is significantly associated with nasal sinus cancer and weakly associated with lung cancer. A study at Colorado State found a higher incidence of nasal cavity tumors in dogs exposed to ETS than in dogs that live in non-smoking households. This higher incidence was specifically found amongst long-nosed breed dogs such as Collies, and there was no significant increase in nasal tumors amongst short- to medium-nosed dogs exposed to ETS.

      Dr. Fan explains that longer-nosed dogs may have a higher incidence of ETS-induced tumors for two reasons. "Smokers inhale smoke through their mouths, and it ends up depositing in the lungs. Bystanders, on the other hand, usually inhale ETS through the nose." Long-nosed dogs' nasal passages have a greater surface area on which carcinogens may be deposited before reaching the lungs.

      "In addition," says Dr. Fan, "since a longer nose has nasal passages with a greater number of cells, there is a greater chance that one of these cells can be mutated by carcinogens into a cancer cell."

      Colorado State also found that although short- to medium-nosed dogs exposed to ETS dont have a greater incidence of nasal tumors than those unexposed, they do have a slightly higher incidence of lung cancer, possibly because their shorter nasal passages are less effective at filtering carcinogens out of inhaled air before it reaches the lungs.

      Unlike humans, who can develop bladder cancer as a result of ETS exposure, dogs and cats generally don't run a higher risk of bladder cancer when exposed.

      As the human-animal bond becomes stronger, we share more of our lives, our leisure time and our living space with our companion animals, and they become exposed to the same environmental hazards that we do. Many of our habits, including smoking, can affect our pets as they would affect any other member of our household.

      Designating a smoking area outside or in a physically separate room of the house may be on way to minimize ETS exposure for pets and other non-smoking family members.

      For more information about environmental tobacco smoke and your pet, consult your veterinarian.

      Another article about lymphoma risks increased due to second-hand smoking: http://www.cbc.ca/health/story/2002/07/31/smoke_cats020731.html

  38. QUESTION:
    Who is the youngest person ever to have colon cancer?
    I really want to know and looked it up and couldn't find it.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer in the pediatric population is quite rare and often when it occurs it is linked to hereditary causes. Childhood colorectal cancers are not the same as an older adult type of cancer (research is still in progress to determine how different). It is rare, but it can happen.

      National Cancer Institute: Colorectal Cancer in children
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/unusual-cancers-childhood/Patient/page4#Section_52

      Colorectal carcinoma in children. (ages 7-16)
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10549756

  39. QUESTION:
    What do you know about cervical cancer?
    a person really close to me has this and I would like to see what you know about it....i have already done some research myself. Please anything is useful, and please no sarcastic answers, this is really important to me.

    • ANSWER:
      It's hard to answer your question because there is SO MUCH information out there and the information depends so much on the stage of her cancer.

      There are different types of cervical cancer. The most common is called carcinoma and involves the squamous (skin) cells of the cervix. The second most common type is called adenocarcinoma which involves glandular cells. Both of these types of cervical cancer are caused by HPV, which is a very common infection most women will have at some point in their lives.

      Cervical cancer is one of the best cancer honestly if you are going to get one. It is typically very slow moving. And with regular pap smears, it can be caught early. Usually in the precancer stage!

      If the cancer has become invasive, it is sometimes treated with surgery only. In fact, if it is very early, there is a fertility-sparing option available called a trachelectomy that removes the cervix and leave the rest of the uterus. If the cancer has spread it is usually treated with radiation and a mild type of chemo that basically just helps the radiation along.

      Please let me know if you have any more questions. I had cervical cancer.

  40. QUESTION:
    My 6 year old female cat has mammary cancer?
    I discovered a lump on my cat and had it removed at my vet. The biopsy came back and it is intraductal mammary carcinoma. The report says it is confined to the ducts. I was wandering if anyone has had a pet with the similair diagnosis? I love my pets and do not want to see anyone suffer. I have an appt with the oncologist June 30th. I was wandering if anyone else had a similair diagnosis with their pet(cat) and what treatment if any was done.

    • ANSWER:
      First, ignore the 2nd answer as it is not only rude but obviously misinformed and incorrect.

      I haven't had this experience personally, but have seen several kitties with mammary cancers in our clinic. It seems to depend on how far advanced the cancer is when it is first discovered, and from your description it sounds like you caught it quickly and had it biopsied, so far you have done everything right. The oncologist will of course give you detailed information about what types of chemotherapy could be used, the benefits/disadvantages of each, how it will be given/how often/cost, etc. Ask many, many questions of the vet and the vet techs, and don't be afraid to go home and think about the options and don't hesitate to call the clinic with further questions. We techs in particular are always available to answer your q's, or will get back to you asap.

      The cases that I'm familiar with of course have all received chemotherapy of one type or another. The chemo is generally very well tolerated. Chemo in pets is not given to cure the cancer, only to try to get the cancer into remission for as long as possible. Quality of life is much more important to an animal than quantity. The chemo is always given at as low a dose as possible so it doesn't make the pet sick. If that does happen, the dose will be lowered or a different medication used, or another medication may be given before or with the chemo to prevent sickness (most commonly nausea/vomiting).

      I must be honest and say that carcinomas generally are aggressive and quick to metastasize, and thus have a poorer prognosis. We usually suggest that treatment will give the best chance at a longer life expectancy and better quality of that life, but if the treatment fails or makes the pet very ill (which luckily doesn't happen very often) then unfortunately euthanasia must be considered.

      Cancer is always a shock to discover and I'm so sorry. Best wishes to you and your kitty.

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for someone with carcinoid syndrome?
    Particularly with a carcinoid tumor in the intestine that has spread to liver or has not?

    • ANSWER:
      From http://www.carcinoid.org/pcf/docs/review.html
      Typical carcinoids are slow growers.

      In those tumors that are somewhat larger and have spread to local tissues and local lymph nodes but which, along with these locally invaded tissues, are still totally removable surgically, the average survival has been 8 years with a range up to 23 years.

      Even when the tumor from the small intestine has spread in a manner that has made complete surgical removal impossible, the older statistics show that approximately one half of the patients survive an average of 5 years. Since various types of treatment have been introduced in the past decade patients appear to have an even longer survival and improved quality of life.

      Atypical carcinoids, which is a group whose microscopic appearance looks different and more aggressively malignant than the typical carcinoid, follow a much more rapid course with a more uncertain outlook. An even worse forecast can be made for the very more malignant rare group called "neuroendocrine carcinoma". Atypical carcinoids can cause the Carcinoid Syndrome, but neuroendocrine carcinoma rarely do.

      The tempo of the course of the illness in patients with Carcinoid Syndrome is different than that of carcinoid victims without the functioning syndrome. However, this has been remarkably improved and the outlook is much more hopeful with the advent of octreotide and similar somatostatin analogues and other new modes of treatment. In the early decades before effective treatment was available the average survival from the onset of flushing for a Carcinoid Syndrome patient was 3 years, and from the time of diagnosis was 2 years, though the range extended to over 10 years. Seventy five percent of the patients would die as a consequence of the harmful effects on the body from the excessive amounts of potent hormones released into their circulation by the tumors. Tumor growth and spread itself was fatal in only 25% of cases. In the last 10 years, since we have used effective combinations of treatment with octreotide(and similar somatostain analogues), various types of surgery, chemotherapy, hepatic artery injections and biological response mediators, the average survival time from the start of treatment (which unfortunately is often quite delayed after the diagnosis is made) has increased to almost 12 years - with a wide range often being observed.

  42. QUESTION:
    For how long can a person live with unchecked skin cancer?
    My friend's mom will not see a doctor, and we've been watching these crusty, black-red things grow on her face (she picks them off but they grow right back) for 2 years. She's developing more growths, which started on one temple, on her neck, cheeks, and now hands.

    She hasn't been given a diagnosis of skin cancer, but I've seen enough of it to know it on sight.

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of skin cancer. Some types like melanoma can be aggressive and deadly while other types like Basal Cell Carcinoma or Squamous Cell are more of a nuisance and can be periodically removed. Patients can live 30 or more years with a less aggressive skin cancer.

      Your friends mom should be seen by a doctor as it is impossible for anyone here to know if what you describe is benign or cancerous. Although it does sound like Squamous Cell or even Actinic keratoses (pre-cancerous). . . again no one knows and the best thing to do is be clinically examined for a diagnosis.

      Types of skin cancer (non-melanoma)
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Cancer+Types/Skin+Cancer+%28Non-Melanoma%29

      Squamous Cell Carcinoma: What it Looks Like
      http://www.skincarephysicians.com/skincancernet/squamous_cell_carcinoma.html

      Basal Cell Carcinoma: What it Looks Like
      http://www.skincarephysicians.com/skincancernet/basal_cell_carcinoma.html

      What Do AKs Look Like? (pre-cancerous)
      http://www.skincarephysicians.com/actinickeratosesnet/looklike.html

  43. QUESTION:
    One of my dogs breasts in larger than the others?
    For about the last year I have noticed one of my small unspayed female dogs breasts is larger than her others, it feels normal she has no health problems and it is not tender. People I've asked say oh that's just her muscle do you think it's anything to worry about? She is 5 years old

    • ANSWER:
      I would never leave a lump uninvestigated. You just never know.
      Take your dog to the vet asap.

      Mammary tumors are the most common tumors in female dogs who have not been spayed. Mammary tumors can be small, simple nodules or large, aggressive growths. With early detection and prompt treatment, even some of the more serious tumors can be successfully treated.

      Mammary tumors are more common in unspayed, middle-aged female dogs (those between 5 and 10 years of age), although they can, on rare occasions, be found in dogs as young as 2 years. These tumors are rare in dogs that were spayed under 2 years of age. Occasionally, mammary tumors will develop in male dogs and these are usually very aggressive and have a poor outcome.

      There are multiple types of mammary tumors in dogs. Approximately one-half of all mammary tumors in dogs are benign and half malignant. Mammary tumors should be properly diagnosed by a biopsy and histopathology to determine which treatment is to be used for that particular type of tumor.

      The common benign form of canine mammary tumors is actually a mixture of several different types of cells. This combination cancer in the dog is called a 'benign mixed mammary tumor' and contains glandular and connective tissue. Other benign tumors include complex adenomas, fibroadenomas, duct papillomas, and simple adenomas.

      Malignant mammary tumors can be: tubular adenocarcinomas, solid carcinomas, anaplastic carcinomas, osteosarcomas, fibrosarcomas, papillary adenocarcinomas, papillary cystic adenocarcinomas, and malignant mixed tumors.

      When tumors first appear they will feel like small pieces of pea gravel just under the skin. They are very hard and are difficult to move around under the skin. They can grow rapidly in a short period of time, doubling their size every month or so.

      Benign growths are often smooth, small and slow growing.
      Signs of malignant tumors include rapid growth, irregular shape, firm attachment to the skin or underlying tissue, bleeding, and ulceration.

      A biopsy or complete tumor removal and testing are almost always needed to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant, and to identify what type it is.
      Tumors, which are more aggressive and may spread to the surrounding lymph nodes or to the lungs. A chest x-ray and physical inspection of the lymph nodes will help in confirming this.

      Mammary cancer spreads to the rest of the body through the release of individual cancer cells from the various tumors into the lymphatics. Mammary glands in specific areas pertaining to the tumor drain and spread their tumor cells forward to axillary lymph nodes, new tumors form at these sites and then release more cells that go to other organs such as the lungs, liver, or kidneys.

      Upon finding any mass within the breast of a dog, surgical removal is recommended unless the patient is very old. If a surgery is done early in the course of this disease, the cancer can be totally eliminated in over 50% of the cases having a malignant form of cancer.
      With some tumor types, especially sarcomas, complete removal is very difficult and many of these cases will have tumor regrowth at the site of the previously removed tumor.
      Chemotherapy has not been a very successful nor a widely used treatment for mammary tumors in dogs.

  44. QUESTION:
    Is it normal for a 13 year old to have lumps in their breast?
    My 13 year old daughter found a lump in each of her breasts. They are pretty soft and they are towards the bottom edge. They aren't cancerous are they?
    No it's not painful at all.

    • ANSWER:
      Any type of lump anywhere on the body should immediately be examined. Childhood breast cancer is extremely rare and different than the adult kind, so yes this could be a form of cancer. Early cancer is asymptomatic, lumps are not painful . . so in a young person a lump that is not painful may be the only symptom of cancer. No one here has anyway of knowing specifically what is going on, only a doctor can tell you.

      It is also possible that the 'lumps' are the result of 'breast buds' common during normal breast development:
      Kids Health: Why are my breast sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/question/just_girls/sore_breasts.html

      The following are the types of primary breast cancer common to children. It is also possible for lumps in the child to be from a secondary cancer located elsewhere in the body:

      http://www.eapsa.org/parents/resources/breast_disorders.cfm

      1. Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma - slow growing, poorly defined tumors growing in a childs breast.

      2. Cystosarcoma Phylloides - fast growing tumors that can stretch the breast tissue.

      3. Lymphoma - there are lymph nodes in breast tissue and it is possible for a child to develop a primary cancer in this location.

      4. Secondary Breast Cancer - cancer located elsewhere in a childs body can spread to the breast.

      This girl should be examined by her pediatrician for a definitive diagnosis. Don't wait. Hopefully it will turn out to be nothing but the normal development of the breast.

      Best wishes.

  45. QUESTION:
    What is an embryonic genetics laboratory technician?
    I'm really interested in finding a career involving reproduction and embryonic development, but I'm having trouble finding information on the job. Any information would be helpful :)

    • ANSWER:
      In 1964, researchers isolated a single type of cell from a teratocarcinoma, a tumor now known to be derived from a germ cell. These cells isolated from the teratocarcinoma replicated and grew in cell culture as a stem cell and are now known as embryonic carcinoma (EC) cells.[4] Although similarities in morphology and differentiating potential (pluripotency) led to the use of EC cells as the in vitro model for early mouse development,[5] EC cells harbor genetic mutations and often abnormal karyotypes that accumulated during the development of the teratocarcinoma. These genetic aberrations further emphasized the need to be able to culture pluripotent cells directly from the inner cell mass.

      In 1981, embryonic stem cells (ES cells) were independently first derived from mouse embryos by two groups. Martin Evans and Matthew Kaufman from the Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge published first in July, revealing a new technique for culturing the mouse embryos in the uterus to allow for an increase in cell number, allowing for the derivation of ES cells from these embryos.[6] Gail R. Martin, from the Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco, published her paper in December and coined the term “Embryonic Stem Cell”.[7] She showed that embryos could be cultured in vitro and that ES cells could be derived from these embryos. In 1998, a breakthrough occurred when researchers, led by James Thomson at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, first developed a technique to isolate and grow human embryonic stem cells in cell culture.[8]

      [edit] Techniques and Conditions for Embryonic Stem Cell Derivation and CultureEmbryonic stem cells are derived from the inner cell mass of the early embryo, which are harvested from the donor mother animal. Martin Evans and Matthew Kaufman reported a technique that delays embryo implantation, allowing the inner cell mass to increase. This process includes removing the donor mother’s ovaries and dosing her with progesterone, changing the hormone environment, which causes the embryos to remain free in the uterus. After 4–6 days of this intrauterine culture, the embryos are harvested and grown in in vitro culture until the inner cell mass forms “egg cylinder-like structures,” which are dissociated into single cells, and plated on fibroblasts treated with mitomycin-c (to prevent fibroblast mitosis). Clonal cell lines are created by growing up a single cell. Evans and Kaufman showed that the cells grown out from these cultures could form teratomas and embryoid bodies, and differentiate in vitro, which all indicate the cells are pluripotent.[6]

      Gail Martin derived and cultured her ES cells differently. She removed the embryos from the donor mother at approximately 76 hours after copulation and cultured them overnight in media containing serum. The following day, she removed the inner cell mass from the late blastocyst using microsurgery. The extracted inner cell mass was cultured on fibroblasts treated with mitomycin-c in media that containing serum and was conditioned by EC cells. After approximately one week, colonies of cells grew out. These cells grew in culture and demonstrated pluripotent characteristics, as demonstrated by the ability to form teratomas, differentiate in vitro, and form embryoid bodies. Martin referred to these cells as ES cells.[7]

      It is now known that the feeder cells provide leukemic inhibitory factor (LIF) and serum provides bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) that are necessary to prevent ES cells from differentiating.[9][10] These factors are extremely important for the efficiency of deriving ES cells. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that different mouse strains have different efficiencies for isolating ES cells.[11] Current uses for mouse ES cells include the generation of transgenic mice, including knockout mice. For human treatment, there is a need for patient specific pluripotent cells. Generation of human ES cells is more difficult and faces ethical issues. So, in addition to human ES cell research, many groups are focused on the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells).

  46. QUESTION:
    How long can someone have hodgkins disease or any other cancer of the lymph nodes without knowing?
    Doesn't your body/lymph nodes eventually swell up?

    • ANSWER:
      Most people diagnosed with cancer are under the impression that it came about suddenly, but this is rarely the case. They have usually had it 5-10 years and didn’t know it as it takes some time before symptoms appear. Most cases of lymphoma will have swollen lymph nodes, but not always. It can be found in an extranodal site with no apparent lymph nodes involved. Or there can be swollen lymph nodes the patient is unaware of as they are internal nodes, which are not palpable.

      EDIT: For every part of the body affected by cancer there is a histological type and some have many more than others. For example we know most breast cancers are ductal carcinomas, most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas, etc. Other cancers like lymphoma have many histological types and are not so cut and dried. Typically some cancers are slow growing such as colon and prostate cancers and those can easily be present for 5-10 years, many prostate cancers are diagnosed and it may be a year or two before any treatment is given, indolent lymphomas work this way as well. Other types of cancer like melanoma may only be present a few months before it is noticed . It depends on the type of cancer. All cancers start on the cellular level and have different rates of growth.

  47. QUESTION:
    Does most women with stage 2a breast cancer always have a recurrence?
    I know that it is rare for stage 1 breast cancer to come back later and metastasize, but is it for stage 2a breast cancer? Stage 2a means no lymph nodes involved.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry, but your statement is very incorrect. This is from the National Cancer Institute:

      Stages of Breast Cancer
      Key Points for This Section

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.
      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.
      The following stages are used for breast cancer:
      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)
      Stage I
      Stage IIA
      Stage IIB
      Stage IIIA
      Stage IIIB
      Stage IIIC
      Stage IV

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.

      The process used to find out whether the cancer has spread within the breast or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.

      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.

      The three ways that cancer spreads in the body are:

      Through tissue. Cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue.
      Through the lymph system. Cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places in the body.
      Through the blood. Cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places in the body.
      When cancer cells break away from the primary (original) tumor and travel through the lymph or blood to other places in the body, another (secondary) tumor may form. This process is called metastasis. The secondary (metastatic) tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the bones, the cancer cells in the bones are actually breast cancer cells. The disease is metastatic breast cancer, not bone cancer.

      The following stages are used for breast cancer:

      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)

      There are 2 types of breast carcinoma in situ:

      Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a noninvasive condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of a breast duct. The abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct to other tissues in the breast. In some cases, DCIS may become invasive cancer and spread to other tissues, although it is not known at this time how to predict which lesions will become invasive.
      Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lobules of the breast. This condition seldom becomes invasive cancer; however, having lobular carcinoma in situ in one breast increases the risk of developing breast cancer in either breast.
      Enlarge

      Pea, peanut, walnut, and lime show tumor sizes.

      Stage I

      In stage I, cancer has formed. The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has not spread outside the breast.

      Stage IIA

      In stage IIA:

      no tumor is found in the breast, but cancer is found in the axillary lymph nodes (the lymph nodes under the arm); or
      the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has spread to the axillary lymph nodes; or
      the tumor is larger than 2 centimeters but not larger than 5 centimeters and has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

      So, there is also no concrete evidence that it is "RARE" for stage I breast cancer to "come back" and "metastasize." When cancer "comes back," it is called a recurrence. When it has "metastasized," that means it has spread to another organ. These are two different situations.

      There are women who had been dx'd with stage 0 or stage I breast cancer, and leapt to stage IV in the blink of an eye.

      You just can't assume that stage I means a person is in the clear.

      Cancer doesn't play favorites. It may never come back for a woman who was diagnosed originally as a stage IIIb. This is why it is crucial for women to be extreme advocates for themselves and be in tune with their bodies.

      By the way, I was diagnosed as a stage IIa/IIb, and I fully intend on NOT having it come back.

  48. QUESTION:
    why does ovarian cancer have a poor prognosis?
    I am doing a paper on different cancers.

    • ANSWER:
      Mainly because there are no early signs or symptoms.
      Also, there is no good early screening test such as mammograms for breast cancers.
      Most ovarian carcinoma patients present with advanced disease.
      For almost any type of malignancy, early detection is the key for improving the prognosis.


different types of carcinoma

Cancer Love Horoscope

Cancer
"Cancer" is house of the Moon .So, Cancerian enjoys good health, bravery, strength, passion, well-built will power, self-esteem, striking & intelligent brain. People born under this sign are basically active, kind, wealthy and hold the good quality of highest emotion for the people in pain. Cancerians are selfish, indomitable to stand in opposition to the badness, which make them different other Zodiac signs. Cancerians shine in educational area, judiciary and in sports. Forecast of Cancer horoscope for 2012 is given below.

Cancer Moon Sign Horoscope: (2012)
2012 is an average year for Cancerian with the 1st half better than the 2nd one. 2012 signifies most important alter in the work area and Cancerian may change business or job. They will be psychologically stressed all over 2012 Unmarried Cancerian will get married in 2012. They may face problems professionally & dealing with family throughout the year at the same time, but as they got flexible nature they'll get success in uniting both actions.

2012 Family Horoscope (Cancer)
Due to the irregular habits sophisticated last year psychological stress and blood pressure related troubles may increased. Healthiness will be better after July though exciting fretfulness, anxiety and restlessness stay unwavering. Dissimilarity with family members and life partner will carry on.

2012 Health Horoscope (Cancer)
Cancerian my be effected from low energy level this year as a result people born under this sign are suggested to be careful regarding health and don't take this issue easy.

2012 Love Horoscope (Cancer)
2012 brings great Stability in love & relationships for the people born under this sign. During this period you will meet your ideals in relationships. Open up your feelings to your partner and try to realize the approach of your partner. 2012 is the year to clear doubts in your connection. In general 2012 is an average year regarding love and relationships for Cancerian.

2012 career/ profession/ Horoscope (Cancer)
Economic projection will improve after March. Handle accounts and finance in sensible way during the period of May to July. Last 6 months of the year showing major expenses which would be a great ethical inoculation for you. In 2012 the month of April, 2nd half of May, September and November looking good period for money and acquire of sumptuousness items.

2012 business Horoscope (Cancer)
The changes in professional area, initiated in 2011, will continue. Entrepreneur expands the business, concerning partners. Purchase of a new office or re-equip old premises quiet possible in ths 1st half of 2012. Don't try to start new business this year because it is not looking beneficial for you. Possibilities of severe economic discrepancy with partners, which might place company to a log jam. The 2nd half of 2012 is looking unfavorable. You should place great reliance on your skills and judgments instead of depending on others.

2012 Money Horoscope (Cancer)
First half of the year is favorable financially. Successful real estate operations are possible this year. Some sponsor's help is possible. Last si months of the year is a more disturbing time, on the other hand, economic sufferers and disagreement linked with money may take place.. You may be nervous in the last 3 months of this year as you can lose power over finance because of unsafe and risky actions.

2012 Students Horoscope (Cancer)
From May onwards Jupiter in Taurus will bring success in academic area but you will have to offer extra hard work this year.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Seventeen Magazine: what is the Cancer horoscope for November?
    Can someone please post the Cancer horoscope as found in the November issue of Seventeen magazine? (not the website)
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      oooooh it says your having the best month (well, im assuming your a cancer anyway) it says "you'll have tons of party invites this month, but November 15 is set to be an especially fun occasion, thanks to the moon. While you're busy dancing with your girls, a hot guy will be checking you out---don't be surprised when he asks you for your number that night." it says your having lots of love this month, and also PARTY TIME! lol I have the cosmo girl one too if you want it

  2. QUESTION:
    What does this reading for cancer mean?
    I was reading my daily love horoscope for cancer and this showed up

    You will begin to experience a sense of relief as someone finally comes out of the closet in terms of how they feel. Within the office environment, you may have put their strange behavior down to a number of things, but not to the fact that they were trying to hide their emotions. They now feel they can cope with the consequences of admitting the truth.

    what does it mean?
    I see...

    so what if you were born at 7:00 pm at night?

    where should i look for my horoscopes?

    • ANSWER:
      The horoscope for Cancer is only valid for someone who was born at EXACTLY sunrise, and has 0-degrees on the cusp of every house. You would be much better off reading the horoscope for your Rising sign, but even there it could be way off, because when they do a write up for Jupiter in the 7th (for example), transiting Jupiter might NOT be in the 7th house in YOUR chart.

      If this is not the case for you, then "your" horoscope is NOT about you. So it doesn't really matter what it means.

      Sun-sign astrology and Sun-sign horoscopes are not valid. Only astrology done with your specific birthdate, time, and place will have any validity for you.

  3. QUESTION:
    What do you think about the Cancer horoscope?
    Anything you would like to add about Cancers, like, dislike.

    • ANSWER:
      I love the Cancer sign. I am a scorpio, so I would say that. There is just something about them that I am drawn to. They are very homey and sensitive in my experience, but that doesn't bother me because they are also very loyal. When they do something nice for you they mean it, and are very helpful always. In my experience they are also fairly intelligent. The only negative I have is they're feelings get hurt too fast, but I am pretty good at dealing with that so it's no big turn off.

  4. QUESTION:
    How long does each horoscope sign have a crush on someone for?
    I'm a Cancer and I find it really hard to get over my crushes. They last a long time. What about the other signs?

    • ANSWER:
      Once Im in love then I can never forget the person. The only reason Id leave them is casue they hurt me, Id never fall in love with someone else and leave them. Once they hurt me, over and over, thats when they kill the love once I had for them and I get very mad and angry, to a point where I do not even remember how I fell in love with them in the first place. BUt if they dont break my trust and my heart, then expect me to love them till the day I die!. However I must say now that I am with my Cancer, he is very special to me and is as emptional as I am and is very careful with hurting my feelings. I feel very different about him and now I know what true love is - I can never get over the love I have for him .. I'll DIE w.o him, I seriously would! ..

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the personality traits for Cancer and what should I look for in a girl?
    I don't usually believe in the horoscope stuff, but since my options for dating are running low, might as well give it a shot.

    • ANSWER:
      The cancer girl is the sweet girl next door.She's the one who will bring you hot soup when she knows your sick.Her traits emotional,loving,cautious,shrewd,loyal..she craves loyalty above all.She's what they say nowadays the "Ride or Die" type.Everything she does its thru her emotions.She can be moody but her love will make up for it.She can be shy..she's definitely not the loud type.She's a classy women.Loves her family & home.She will never look down on you if you don't have money..instead she will help you make money.She forgives but never forgets so never leave her when things get tough cause she' ll never forget who starved with her & she'll definitely give you love like no other.

  6. QUESTION:
    do u think that the cancer horoscope has more positive or negative qualities?
    im a cancer horoscope and was just wondering how ppl view cancers. i've read A LOT about my sign. but wana know wat ppl really think. thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      all the Cancers i've known (with the exception to a few, as with all signs) have been very nurturing, loving and intellectually offering individuals.
      one of my closest friends is a Cancer, and despite the few traits that make her unnerving at times, the good far outweighs the bad. i see Cancer as a passionate, intuitive and extremely intriguing (many see this sign as the least "clear-cut" or malleable of the Zodiac). they're always very intelligent and well-informed on not only their areas of general interest, but numerous random facts and theories, often occult or spiritually based, don't escape their selection of conversation.
      Cancer is said to be one of the best lovers in the Zodiac (behind Scorpio and Leo) because of their intensity and passion towards those they commit themselves to.

  7. QUESTION:
    sun in scorpio moon in cancer? What does that mean in terms of my overall nature?
    I'm wondering what the sun in scorpio and moon in cancer means in terms of the core of my nature. I don't know how much a moon affects you, I feel im very scorpiolike but I'm not sure how the cancer moon plays in there. Also I don't want to have to pay for someone to tell me haha.

    Thanks for your input !

    • ANSWER:
      Free registration available in dhansi.com to Next
      Know your astrology,gemstone,numerology,
      numerology,free Horoscopes Readings
      planetary transit,and how they'll influence your
      love,career,money,business,
      education,personal,property

  8. QUESTION:
    How come Piscean believe in horoscope?
    I've experimented with this and learned that other signs don't believe in horoscope. I'm beginning to feel that I'm believing in the wrong things. Whats wrong with this piscean?
    Cissy - how do you even know that's true for all pisceans? aren't people generally intuitive? How can intuitive be classified for one single group of people. None of this make any sense. And God doesn't make sense either. All in all, I don't believe in horoscope nor God anymore.

    • ANSWER:
      I shouldn't seriously answer this b/c your just going to give BA to whoever agrees with you about it being fake and I won't change your mind but whatever here goes:

      First of all as intuition is one of water sign traits but MYSICISM is generally only pointed to water signs (7/10 psychics are water sign) Scorpio is the ruler of the 8th house (mysticism) Pisces trait are mystic-seer. Mysticsim includes tarot,astrology,fortune telling, etc. The two pisces I know are heavily into it but they didn't even know there was more than just being a pisces.

      I don't know how much you looked up but you are more than just your sun sign. im a scorpio sun(outward personality) with aqua moon(inner emotions) and cap venus(how we love) there's more planetary aspects. Then there are your housesI recently learned that pisces in the 5th house says I see all my partners with rose color glasses and tend to find people with some sort of problem. So far that's true for me and my ex's (Schizo,Anger Issue, Alcoholic)

      Most people who say it's fake don't know it gets deeper than there sun sign and think there sign doesn't go with them. If your talkative gemini but have a pisces mercury your not going to be much of a talker. There's also square, conjunction, and sex tile factors to take in.

      With so much scorpio and cap in my chart I wondered why I was lazy then I found out my sun conjunct my mars(how we get things done) People don't realize sun/sun compatibilty isn't good enough. If you're a pisces with a cancer moon you're not going to get along with a scorpio with an aries moon. It won't work out even if the books say your compatible.

      There's more than I can explain here but before you cast it off maybe you should do some deep studying. I have 50 or more favorite pages to answer questions on here and "the only astrology book you'll ever need" You can't learn it from a few sources.

  9. QUESTION:
    How do you know all of your horoscope signs?
    I only know myself as a virgo, but I hear people saying "I was born a cancer, my moon is libra, and my ascendant is capricorn" or something like that. How do you know that and please tell my where I can find all of my own "signs"?

    • ANSWER:
      You have to go to a reputable astrological website that offers Chart Calculation, such as Astro.com. This website is free, and will provide you your 'Natal Chart' (the absolute first and basic Chart one must have).

      You can also get a 'Synastry Chart' (which is what everybody seems interested in at Yahoo! Answers, *lol*). This is a Chart that compares two people such as for 'Love Relationship' questions; put in you and your lover.

      http://www.astro.com

      For any Chart (Natal, Synastry, etc), you will have to supply Birth Data:

      Day, Month, Year of Birth
      Time of Birth
      Location of Birth

      Usually, this can be found on one's Birth Certificate.

      Once you have your Natal Chart, you can put in other people's Birth Data and get a Natal Chart for them too.

      And, once that's accomplished, you can get that 'Synastry Chart' which compares you with these other people so you can see whose Planets, in what Signs, fall in whose Houses, and the Aspects they all make to each other. In this, you will be able to see what's working in the relationship, what isn't, and why. Just comparing Sun Signs will get you nowhere.

      Here's how to get a Synastry Chart:

      --- GO TO: 'EXTENDED CHART SELECTION'; Click on the box that says 'Natal'--> choose 'SYNASTRY'.

      --- GO TO: TOP OF PAGE and put in whoever's name's you want to compare.

      --- CLICK ON: 'SHOW THE CHART', and a SYNASTRY CHART will be created showing you whose Planets fall in whose Houses, and what Aspects they're all making to each other.
      ________________________

  10. QUESTION:
    Can a Sagittarius girl and Cancer boy really have a good relationship?
    I'm 13 and there's this girl that I love so much. But can it really work out for us? If we like work things out?

    • ANSWER:
      kay kay i am a horoscope freak andddd a sagittarius they are crazy but collected when needed and hella cocky am i right??? yea i noe,, ummm cancer are very passionate and crazy so it would be okay i think but you will clash heads very easily i put it like this the good times are real good and beautiful but the bad times will be horrid

  11. QUESTION:
    Why do people put so much stock into horoscopes?
    I'm not trying to start a fight or insult anyone, and if I offend you I apologize right now because that's not my intention.

    I'm just wondering why people put so much stock into horoscopes. It just seems wrong to me when someone makes a life altering decision (ex: relationship wise) based completely on a horoscope, or they judge someone with a certain horoscope based on his/her horoscope without getting to know them.

    I haven't ever gotten into horoscopes but this is just what I see when surfing Yahoo Answers.

    • ANSWER:
      I think that you have an excellent argument. I agree that it's very superficial and ridiculous to put all of your trust into a Natal Chart or a Horoscope when it comes to determining your relationships and friendships. Relationships should of course be determined by how comfortable and complete the other person makes you feel, emotionally, intellectually, physically, etc, without the help of any written document or ambiguous prediction.

      HOWEVER. There is a difference between horoscopes and astrology. Horoscopes are generally made up garbage. But astrology of the signs and their attributes is a science that deserves attention. The majority of the people on the horoscope site are ignorant about the depths of astrology. There is an astounding amount of truth to astrology if a person knows enough about it and knows how to interpret it correctly. In your Natal Chart you have many different signs, planets, and aspects that shape you into the individual that you are. Let's say, for example, that you are a Libra Sun Sign. Libras are supposed to get along best with Geminis and Aquarians, and completely clash with Capricorns and Cancers. But you should never determine your relationship based on a Sun Sign alone, because there are so many other factors in your Natal Chart that will predict who you can best get along with. If you are a Libra Sun Sign that has a Cancer Moon (Moon Signs determine your emotions), then you can get along very well with a Cancer Sun, and completely debunk the bad relationship reports between Libras and Cancers that you read about on websites.

      I'm sure this is quite confusing. Lol. But the bottom line is...all of those websites out there that give you stereotypical relationship tips about certain Sun Signs give astrology a very bad and false reputation. It's true that you shouldn't put all your stock into horoscopes, but you should delve more deeply into astrology if you actually want to learn the valuable information.

      Find out what your Natal Chart is here:
      http://astro.cafeastrology.com/cgi-bin/astro/natal

      Sun Sign - the one you know, overall state of being
      Ascendant - how you look, appearance
      Moon Sign - how you feel, emotions
      Mercury Sign - how you think and communicate, intellect
      Venus Sign - how you love
      Mars Sign - how you take action, sexual drive

      Match all of your signs with someone else's signs. I didn't believe it would have any bearing at first either but it's frickin true...if your signs line up with theirs in most of these areas you'll get along fine...if they don't...you'll frickin clash with them.

      Check this out too:
      http://www.cafeastrology.com/articles/signcompatiblitygrid.html

  12. QUESTION:
    Can Cancer sign be a sweet couple with a Taurus sign?
    My friend is a Cancer sign but someone he love is Taurus sign. Can they be a sweet couple?

    • ANSWER:
      Alright give me a sec....

      Will be back in a short while

      **********************************************************************
      EDIT:-

      1) Love Stars—Cancer + Taurus
      http://www.psychics.co.uk/horoscopes/love-stars/Cancer-Taurus-compatibility.html

      2) Taurus + Cancer—Astrology on Shine
      http://shine.yahoo.com/astrology/compatibility/love/?sign1=taurus&sign2=cancer

      3) Here’s another
      http://www.forplu.com/community/life&style/feature/horoscope/taurus.htm#love

      **********************************************************************

      EDIT:-

      Here's more

      http://www.gotohoroscope.com/cancer-compatibility.html

      http://www.truthstar.com/lovecorner/compatibility.asp

      http://www.astrology.com.au/compatibility/compatibility.asp?YourSign=TAURUS&PartnerSign=CANCER

  13. QUESTION:
    What are your thought on people of the cancer horoscope?
    How do you feel about cancers? Likes & Dislikes.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancers can be very sensitive emotional signs. My mom is a Cancer and I am a Aquarius so sometimes when she gets in emotional quarrels I just don't understand and just try to stay away. (Yea typical Aquarius in me..) Cancer is also a hopeless Romantic at heart. Relationships and love is important to them.

      Likes- I like how Cancer is very open with their feelings, It's kind of the opposite of me I'm not really open but I admire Cancers that are.
      Dislikes- Sometimes Cancers can act too sensitive about issues and let their emotions get the best of them. They can also be moody at times.

  14. QUESTION:
    Someone who is skilled with horoscopes and astrology?
    I am a Sagittarius in Sun, Pisces in Moon, and Cancer in Rising (born Nov. 26, 1990 in Staten Island Hospital, NY in Richmond). I want emotional and physical characteristics and traits, tendencies, skills, downfalls, and things like that. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Would love to help but its very time consuming. I have too much on my plate these days but i am sure others will volunteer. I don't know about their fee or if they do it for free. I have Cancer rising. I hear you loud and clear. You may feel that at times, you are moody and you go through phases with a Cancer rising. You are a philosopher and probably lead an inner life of your own that may not find expression especially in business matters. Emotionally, you are impressionable and romantic and can be imposed upon by others. You don't hold a grudge and can forgive easily. The down side is that you may under-estimate yourself or your abilities. Cancer rising makes you very sensitive and receptive. Feelings and emotions are active and often rule the head. The mind is practical but you live in the senses.

  15. QUESTION:
    Horoscopes: What do you consider a boring relationship? And How would you feel being in it? Your Sun and Venus?
    Im a Libra/ Scorpio Venus and i feel MISERABLE in a boring relationship. Even if i love the person to pieces its still hard for me to not get down emotionally due to boredom. I need intensity and excitement like all the time. Otherwise i feel dead!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I consider a boring relationship one where I couldn't do just ANYTHING with my partner and be entertained. I should be able to sit with him at home, doing nothing and enjoy that time together without feeling restless. If I can't do that.. then I feel that I'm not really happy or in love.

      Sometimes I start emotional drama. I know I subconsciously do it to spice things up. I don't really mean to though..

      Edit: Oh yeah, sex must be great for me to stay. Haha.

      Libra sun
      Scorpio venus
      Cancer mars

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the personality traits of cancer, especially male?
    According to horoscope alone, is it a very faithful sign? Like they do not tend to cheat?
    sometimes, I find cancer male to be pretty cold and easily offended.
    Are they shallow? like they only care about physical appearance?

    • ANSWER:
      My hubby is a Cancer (although he has a Leo moon and is a monkey in Chinese astrology which both add very different aspects to his personality). I'll give you a bit of an idea of what he's like though.
      He's very shy and quite around those he doesn't know well. It can seem like he is cold and disinterested, but it's really just that he's out of his comfort zone. When he is around his friends he really opens up and becomes a completely different person. He is loud and energetic and loves being the center of attention (this could be due to the monkey sign).
      He is also very, very sensitive. I have to be careful not to say hurtful things to him that I don't mean because he WILL take it personally and will clam up and shut himself off emotionally from me if he is hurt.
      I definitely trust that he will be faithful. He is never flirty with other girls and frankly I think he's too shy or intimidated by other girls to even get to the point where he knows them well enough to be friends even.
      I wouldn't consider him shallow at all. He isn't overly concerned about his own physical appearance (in fact I wouldn't mind if he were a BIT more concerned about it), and though he appreciates it when I look nice, he's not fussed about it either.
      He is an excellent, excellent father and has a lot of fun with our son.
      He's intelligent and very talented, but not very ambitious.
      I love him to death. I'm a Cancer too.

  17. QUESTION:
    Are horoscopes or zodiacs true?Are the zodiacs true for you and your loved one?
    Some people tell me chinese horoscopes arent,the zodiacs are true for me and my bf, and seperatly for me.

    • ANSWER:
      A horoscope is a chart of the positions of the planets at the exact time of your birth - adjusted for your birth location since he books usually
      us GMT. They have to adjust from GMT to your birth time zone.
      So far, everything is based on the science of mathematics. Next
      comes interpretation of the data. This is an art based on study and experience. One astrologer said she looks at 1700 bits of data
      to read your chart. You can learn a great deal about a person by
      their sun sign, but there is much more involved. Get a book like "Linda Goodmans" Sun Signs" and you can learn a lot
      about a person. If your sun sign is Pisces you will probably be
      rather emotional and intuitive. If you rising sign is Leo - your rising sign is your outward personality - so you like to be in the limelight.
      Then the moon position shows your temperament plus also shows how you view your mother. So if moon was in cancer - you would be double
      emotional and see mom as very nurturing.
      That is how you read a chart, blend all the signs, houses, planets and aspects. Layering one on another. Now reading future events is
      done with the same info but used in different ways. It takes much
      practice to do a good job. Some people pick it up easily.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a Cancer female with an Aries guy staying together forever?
    I do believe in Horoscopes. I've been w/ my bf for 4 and a half yrs now & we have a difficult time getting more serious. We're living together for a couple yrs now. We're very different people, almost opposites of each other but still attracted to each other & we know we don't want to live without each other ever. We often argue, have disagreements but we still love each other at the end.

    • ANSWER:
      About 1 in 10,000 the same regardless of sign.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between moon conjunct venus, and Moon square venus?
    How would someone with a moon conjunct venus act in a crisis, compared to someone with Moon square Venus.

    Who would be more open to caring, affectionate, etc.

    (Chart A) Moon Taurus 1 degree Venus Taurus 5 degrees.

    (Chart B) Moon in Cancer 1 degree Venus Libra 8 degrees.

    I have noticed that the moon in Cancer person tends to brag a lot, all the time. Who is more easy going ? Who is stronger when the chips are down ?

    Who is likely to have more patience, and understanding ?

    • ANSWER:
      Dear One,
      In a woman's horoscope these aspects operate upon the health, for the Moon is the plant of fecundity and has rule over the female functions in particular, which are so large a factor in the woman's health, and this is much strengthened by them.
      It indicates a disturbance of the female functions and also gives a tendency to digestive troubles and poor circulation when in the horoscope of either sex. These aspects also give a liability to slander and public scandal as the person so afflicted is fickle and inconstant in his affections, of a sensual nature which loves to flit from flower to flower regardless of the sorrows caused by playing with the heart of others.

  20. QUESTION:
    what is the best match for a cancer boy?
    I was just curious to know that whats the best match for a cancer boy. I mean, in terms of love and understanding, which zodiac sign girl is best compatible with a cancer boy. And also kindly suggest any source for reading daily horoscopes which as per your personal experience is genuine and accurate. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      using the birthdate helps too...I USE RUSSELL GRANT stuff....it is pisces or scorpio
      beliefnet has email horoscopes

  21. QUESTION:
    I am an aquarius with a cancer moon. Like seriously, how emotionally messed up am i?
    I am just wondering what I'm in store for. I'm about to graduate and enter the real world. So how will my sun/moon sign effect my new experiences , especially love wise.

    • ANSWER:
      I know it’s hard to analyse your relationship so much, especially when you’re considering marriage. But a little serious thinking now could save you heartbreak later. A few differences and incompatibilities are normal for a relationship but

      Haha! I like your question. I’m an Aquarian and my sun sign definitely governs my personality over any other signs. Aquarians tend to have a lot of different sorts of acquaintances and friends. Its said they “collect” friends but that’s basically coz an Aquarian doesn’t get easily attached to anyone and likes having people around. But once attached, an Aquarian will remain dedicated forever.

      I’m not sure but Cancerians are pretty emotional and sensitive right? So if your sun and moon sign both have an effect on your personality maybe it’s a good thing because you will have the sensitivity of Cancer and the objectivity of Aquarius, giving you a pretty balanced personality.

      Also, don’t worry about signs controlling your life. I find it more fun just living my life and then comparing my life to my signs & horoscopes etc to see if they were right.

  22. QUESTION:
    What's the good and the bad about Cancers and what sign(s) is(are) most compatible with them?
    I usually just read horoscopes for fun but for some reason I wanna really study and follow it this comming year. My current bf is a pieces. What do you think of Cancers and Pieces together as a couple?

    • ANSWER:
      The good things about Cancers are that u know how to feel peoples emotions and u know how to take care for those u love. Also u r sensitive and calm, and others can easily relax around u.
      I think that the bad side is you moodiness and that often u don't know what u want.

      Maybe the best sign that go with Cancer are the other water signs: Pisces and Scorpio ... And the lest compatible are the fire ones: Leo, Aries, Sagg

      Would u mind to take a look at my question and give me ur opinion as a Cancerian :)

      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Ag5XwnBBrE9FfEJpF5SItC7ty6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20101226142016AAZzDrm

  23. QUESTION:
    How can a female Libra satisfy a male Cancer?
    Ok horoscopes is my only remaining opportunity to get this guy. He's indecisive about whether he wants me or not but is there any way i can get him in horoscope love terms if that's understood? Looking back now, i've made 20 questions about this guy in the month of january:)

    • ANSWER:
      A Cancer man gets fascinated by a Libra woman very easily. As he approaches her with his sensitively humorous attitude, she reacts positively to his approach, giving a good start to the relationship. She not only offers a lovely mate but can also be extremely sensible and give a lot of creative inputs in the business affairs or job of her Cancer male which are always welcomed by him. At times his heroic nature impresses her extremely and she esteems his determination with all her heart. Usually she will be the one to come with the concept of marriage in their relationship, which may not be equally appreciated by the Cancer man at first as he is very cautions regarding every part of life. The over exciting attitude and extravagance of Libra female are the things that irritates him and he may sound either cold or strict at times. However, a bit more of sensibility on her part can make things easy for both of them.

  24. QUESTION:
    What astrology sign do you believe asks in-depth questions?
    Which horoscopes SUN signs have you had the best talks with?

    • ANSWER:
      My deepest conversations have always been with a Capricorn or a Scorpio.
      They always seem to have the strangest opinions on things, and I love Listening to them, I also love speaking with Tauruses too. But I've been told I am a great listener, and person to converse with ^.^ I am a Cancer:D

  25. QUESTION:
    Is it bad for a scorpio woman to marry early in life?
    I plan on marrying early with a cancer man. But in my natal chart it says:

    House VII in Gemini

    Marries quite young, and divorces later. A second marriage doubtless with less passion but a lot of friendship. Frightened of living alone in old age.

    Is this something that will definetely happen? Should I be warned?

    • ANSWER:
      scorpio Sun sign has nothing to do with late marriage in your birth chart

      Is the Houses in your chart that will show you if you have late marriage
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bRwsvSVALoc&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      Vedic Astrology actually explains much better regarding late marriage

      Look up you Sidereal -Vedic Chart & watch video.
      http://www.galacticcenter.org/component/option,com_wrapper/Itemid,90

      Time of birth is on birth certificate or ask your MOMMY :)

      Should make More sense then- Western Astrology not as clear & doesnot have remedies
      -certain "Rising Signs" SHOULD NOT marry until 34+.

      Houses
      1
      2
      5
      7
      8
      11
      12
      Need to be looked at.

      Your MOON & MARS need to be looked at in both charts -to see if compatable

      Manglik or Non Manglik (very important these match) will be a very sad union if these do not match

      marriage matching horoscopes
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7MaTBSK4Ndw&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      Love marriage
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hxUefeGRdYU&feature=youtube_gdata_playerMangluk? Very important

      Most important House in astrology & why ?
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D-zV7XJj7XQ&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      Manglik? - very important to watch
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAw3fSXx4d4&feature=youtube_gdata_player

      I would only get married if a professional vedic astrologer looked at my chart has has been trained for a long time on Eastern Astrology

      You can buy book on KRSchannel & start learning yourself

      I would not just listen to what your read regarding only 7th House

  26. QUESTION:
    What does my zodiac information tell about my personality?
    I made amistake with my last question in which I asked about my zodiac.

    Taurus Sun
    Sagittarius Moon
    Cancer Rising (not Pisces)

    • ANSWER:
      Taurus/Sagittarius
      The combination of your Sun sign and Moon sign blend two signs that are both extroverted and sociable, and enjoy having a good time. Your sense of what constitutes a good time is variable; sometimes simple and earthy, and other times much more venturesome. Your highly developed social sense suggests that you like people, but they must be the right people. You would rather be alone than confined with people that you consider dull or uninteresting. This is not to say you are necessarily class conscious, for you can get along with all types of people with your ability to say the right thing at the right time. Your manner of speaking is, however, forthright and direct and you have no difficulty making your sincerity and decisiveness felt. Your stubborn nature can express itself in such a flexible way that you can discuss a subject at great length without wavering from your original position. A tendency to stick by your very high principles and code make you come across as a moralist and one not above sitting in judgment of friend and acquaintances. You feel you have a right to this as you are a pretty good, law abiding, conventional human being. Talk is a specialty of yours, especially when the talk can take on a personal touch. You always enjoy exchanging tidbits of gossip and passing on rumors. You try to like a good life; full and satisfying in an intellectual sense, but pleasant and luxurious all the same.

      Taurus with Cancer rising, others see you as moody. You may seem quite shy, insecure, and super-sensitive. You give off the impression of reacting emotionally to everything, and also appear as someone who is extremely home and family loving.

      You are also intensely creative. Others see you as capable of nurturing others in a deep capacity and even if you're a man, there is this "mothering" quality to your persona.

      In matters of love, sex and dating, this Ascendant will provide comfort and security to their lover. The ability to turn a relationship into a sanctuary is unparalleled. Sex and emotions can never be separate for Cancer rising, although you can sure this is an extremely sexual sign. Still, for Cancer rising, sex is always better when it comes with love. When this Ascendant does fall in love with someone, the tender affection is an incomparable experience.

      Taureans are deeply romantic and very loyal. They value the harmony a happy home life creates. They will go to extremes to keep their mate happy, which, when it comes to love, is no sacrifice to the sensuous Bull. The Taurean need for the good life is equaled by their need to share that life with someone special.
      Sexually, Taureans are straightforward and down-to-earth. A no-nonsense approach is favored and too much verbalizing or complex fantasizing is not a Taurean trait. This does not mean they are not capable of feeling love. Indeed, the depth of a Taurean's passion may not be understood by others.

      Taurus Sun sign best compatibility Match:
      Cancer, usually this makes the best of all love horoscope combinations. Cancer likes a good home with much affection, and so does Taurus. Deep inside this is what every Taurean hopes to find when undertaking conventional responsibilities (settling down). From an emotional point of view, there is nothing in the stars that bar the prospect of a happy married life between these zodiac sign match ups. One thing the Taurean must remember is that Cancer is exceedingly sensitive, and will crawl into a shell if unhappy emotionally. Taurus on the other hand, knows the Cancer's spirit and instinctively knows how to fix the problem once it arises.

      Cancer and Taurus were just plain born for each other. With this in mind woe is either one if this sun sign relationship does not work out! Just as the love between these two will be the stuff of legends, so will the conflict. The reason for this is that even in hate, there will still be love, and this will be very confusing for both of them, the confusion will translate to fear, and this will make the conflict brutal. Lesson here? If you are in this type of a relationship you should make every effort to avoid alienation.

  27. QUESTION:
    How can I be a Gemini in deep love with a Cancer?
    I read all that Horoscope stuff and I try to find out who I might be better off with. I know how I feel with a Leo and a Aries. I haven't been able to find a Libra but I dunno I love crab. The whole bring you into my shell bit and all. I don't really like feeling like I'm tied down but I love the security it provides.

    • ANSWER:
      A Gemini can easily love a Cancer.

      Gemini and Cancer are side by side signs, so you may actually have some planets in Cancer, and he may have some in Gemini (look at Mercury, Venus, Mars). You may also have compatible moon signs or ascendents. Sun sign is not the only thing in astrology. You might want to find that out first before you declare a Gemini-Cancer relationship hopeless.

      The trick is to understand your differences and work from them. Astrology defines the dynamics of relationships, not the emotions found within them.

      Like you said, you love the security that he provides. A lot of Gemini's forget that stability isn't a bad thing, and it doesn't mean that you can't live a crazy life. You can, but just do it outside of the Cancer's doman, with your friends. Burn yourself out exploring the outside world and come back to your Cancer and their familiar surroundings. They will love it. Cancer will take care of you and feel appreciated.

      That is the biggest thing about Cancers. They need to feel appreciated. They won't "tie you down" unless they feel either a) lonely b) cranky or c) bored. Show the Cancer that it is better if you have time with others, so that time together is more special. Pick up random things for your Cancer when you are out. Cook dinner with Cancer, rather than for Cancer. Find Cancer something to do when you are away, whether it is work, school, seeing friends, video games, a book, whatever, so that nobody gets all mopey/clingy on you. Nobody likes a sad Cancer. Trust me

      Hey, good luck, my Gem. You won't know until you try. ^_^

  28. QUESTION:
    What do u think about virgo boy and cancer girl relationship?
    I m virgo (25 aug) and i love a girl she is cancer (22 july).

    • ANSWER:
      y the hell does it matter what horoscope sign she is?

      if you love her, you love her...dont leave it up to the stars or u will lose her

  29. QUESTION:
    How can i get a pisces man to love me?
    My pisces man is very weird. Its been three days since we have been dating, and he loves my body. He wants to have sex already. But when i said no he told me how i was so immature because im young and this idiot is only a year older then me -___-. How can i make him love me. I heard they are very romantic. For once in my life i really want romance. I just dont know how to get it out of him. HELP PLEASE!?!?

    • ANSWER:
      Pisces is an aquatic horoscope, so according to the laws of the Zodiac, he is only attracted to other aquatic Moiraic horoscopes, like Cancer, and Herpes. If you are not one of those two signs, then you must give him a love potion. These potions can be purchased at http://www.tubgirl.me/

  30. QUESTION:
    Which horoscope would I be perfectly matched with?
    I'm cancer. Which is my perfect compability when it comes to friendship or love
    So which star sign would I get on best with?

    • ANSWER:
      "Don't shoot for the stars; they're hot firey balls of gas!"

      Honestly, do what your heart tells you, don't always depend on the stars for your love life.
      I like astrology as much as the next guy. I'm a libra and I hope to get further acquainted with my new cancer friend ;)

      But, curious as you are, your best suited with a taurus, scorpio, or pisces (maybe another cancer, but you'll both wanna be mothered or depend on each other).

  31. QUESTION:
    Can anyone give me a Pisces life and love horoscope?
    I am a Pisces and would like to know what I should expect in my life and my love life in the year 2011. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      "2011 Yearly Horoscope for Pisces

      Overview

      Don’t stop believing, Pisces! This year is nothing short of miraculous, filled with all-things sublime. Take advantage of lucky Jupiter’s final hurrah in your sign at the start of the year. If you’ve been procrastinating on turning your visions into a goldmine, January is your time to bust a serious move and catch the amazing non-stop momentum of 2011. There’s no spacing out, hiding home or escaping from reality. Things are just too good to miss! Speaking of missing, don’t miss the boat Pisces; Jupiter only enters your sign once every 12 years.

      That said, you do have the auspicious advent of another awesome planetary boon when your planetary ruler, Neptune enters Pisces in April. For the next 14 years, your super-sensitivity and matchless compassion serve you well. You’ll feel like you’re in your own element rather than your usual fish out of water feeling. The world will join with you in feeling the suffering of the world. Your dreams and imaginative powers are nothing to be taken lightly. Divine messages, synchronicity and channeling the gods become a daily experience between April and August, and then again in 2012 to stay.

      Despite your consistent protesting over the ills of materialism and that money is the root of all evil — you may be seriously changing your tune as money seems to be falling from the sky this spring. With six planets lining up in your money sector on May 1, it’s time to make some serious bank — ready or not.

      Romantic

      You’re at your gorgeous, glamorous best in 2011, Pisces. It’s easier than ever to keep a good physical regime going this year. A little effort goes a long way in getting your body into amazing form with the plethora of planets in the super-physical sign of Aries. No more zoning out in front of the tele, it’s time to get back into your body. The better you feel about your physical appearance, the more open you are to love.

      Romance and sensuality are synonymous with the strong influence of fiery and sexy energies surrounding the physical side of life from spring onward. Regardless of your age, you’ll feel like a teenager when all of those planets enter Aries this May. July is especially romantic when Venus enters Cancer and brings loads of pleasure to your love sector. Let your primal instincts take charge and spur you on to greater romantic risks than you ever thought your delicate nature capable of. You might even surprise yourself. Your gut won’t steer you wrong this spring. After June, you’re more inclined to get grounded and mellow your pace in love. This doesn’t mean you should resort to your old defense mechanisms per se. But it does mean that you might want to consider letting things build slowly to prove they are solid. When Neptune enters Pisces in June, you are simply in love with love. This could magnetize a soul mate or a total delusional disaster. It all depends on how grounded and centered you are.

      Career

      This is the year to build your resources, fatten your savings account, and stash money away for some of your bigger dreams. Don’t be afraid of spending either. Money has a way of finding its way right into your humble bank account, especially this spring. You’re not used to such an effortless cash flow and may unconsciously attempt to sabotage your own good fortune. Tell yourself a thousand times a day that you deserve the riches that are coming your way, because you truly do.

      You’ve got to take your talents more seriously, Pisces. No more undercutting yourself and humbly accepting crumbs when you’re worth gold. Take an honest assessment of all of the gifts you bring to the table and you’ll quickly realize that you have been shamefully underpaid. But let any residual false modesty be a thing of the past now that 2011 has come to bring you the big bucks you so deserve.

      When Jupiter leaves your money sector in June, in order to keep the cash flowing you’ll have to work those networking skills. Make sure you’ve got a strong online presence and don’t be afraid to revamp your image and make yourself more visible. You have a tendency to keep yourself invisible. But once people see you and all that you have to offer, they will be all over your talents. Stop doubting yourself and letting that legendary Piscean paranoia interfere in what promises to be one of the most successful and lucrative years of your career."

  32. QUESTION:
    What are the personality characteristics of the zodiac sign Cancer?
    It's my zodiac sign and I always hear different things, therefore I was just curious.

    • ANSWER:
      Professional matters and public responsibilities are subject to reevaluation and revision now, starting with optimistic Jupiter's opposition to realistic Saturn on May 23 that shapes your career and long-term planning. Frustration at work may reach a critical point, yet this opposition will occur twice more within the next year, so there's plenty of time to make adjustments. Uranus, the planet of surprise and innovation, enters your 10th House of Career on May 27. A breakthrough in your profession is likely if you can let go of the past and let your instincts lead you in an entirely new direction.

      Keep In Mind
      Even if you're not ready to take risks professionally, at least let your imagination cultivate visions of a more rewarding career.
      Read More

      Cancer Love Horoscope for May
      Forbidden Fruit
      The love planet Venus is dancing in your secretive 12th House of Escapism until May 19, increasing your need for privacy, yet also allowing you to entertain thoughts about relationships that you normally wouldn't consider. Let your mind wander -- you may discover interesting alternatives for how to be and who to be with. Venus in your 12th house could also bring about a secret liaison with someone. Whether it's just an attraction to an unavailable person or actually doing something you don't want others to know about, the taste of forbidden fruit can be alluring. On May 19 Venus enters your warm and cuddly sign, making you more attractive, even if you're not feeling any more secure -- showing your nurturing side is a powerful invitation to intimacy now.
      Read More

      Cancer Career Horoscope for May
      It's Time to Move Forward
      Teamwork is a key to attaining, maintaining or getting closer to professional success this month with the Sun in your 11th House of Groups through May 20. This may require you to stretch yourself and move out of your comfort zone. Once communicative Mercury turns direct on May 11, it's time to move forward instead of sticking to the old routine. Uranus, the planet of surprises, breakthroughs and major innovation, enters pioneering Aries and your work-related 10th House of Career on May 27 -- where it will spend the better part of the next seven years. The Taurus New Moon on May 13 may bring about a need to prove yourself -- a more desirable way to go is to channel your frustration into creating some newness for yourself.

      Symbol: The Crab
      Ruling Planet: Moon
      Quality: Cardinal
      Element: Water
      Basic Trait: I Feel
      Closest Metal: Silver
      Lucky Day: Monday
      Lucky Colors: Green, Silver-Grey, Cream and White
      Lucky Gems: Opal, Pearl and Moonstone
      Lucky Flowers: Daisies and Wallflowers

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the best website for reeally accurate horoscopes?
    im just looking for an accurate horoscope sight; a free one, too. id appreciate any suggestions! thanks bunches!! : )

    • ANSWER:
      The best are the weekly 'scopes from The Onion. The one the is the most accurate in the world. Here is the latest.

      * Aries
      The presence of Jupiter in your fourth house indicates newfound personal maturity. The presence of empty pizza boxes in your first apartment, however, suggests otherwise
      .
      * Taurus
      Remember: Love is more than just feelings of infatuation and attraction and lust. Usually, there's a few feet of rope also involved.

      * Gemini
      Just when things seem to be going your way, the baboons will suddenly and violently wake up.

      * Cancer
      Most women are attracted to power and status, but then the stars don't need to tell you that, Mr. Daytime Manager of the Court Street Baskin-Robbins.

      * Leo
      Don't worry: They're not laughing at your repeated and costly failures. They're laughing with your repeated and costly failures.

      * Virgo
      It will be born with ten perfect little fingers and ten perfect little toes, much to the horror of everyone at the reptile breeding center.

      * Libra
      It's not so much your intimacy issues, or even your commitment issues that will† stand in your way. It's your Uncanny X-men issues.

      * Scorpio
      You'd pretty much kill for the chance to start things over again, which come to think of it, is how you got yourself into this mess to begin with.

      * Sagittarius
      There's nothing harder in the world than losing a child, especially when wagering with a full house.

      * Capricorn
      You look handsome and dashing in you brand new suit. Now, if only a close friend or relative would die, you'd be all set.

      * Aquarius
      Life has a way of sneaking up on you when you least expect it, which isn't surprising, considering what a complete jerk life can be.

      * Pisces
      You'll lose your oldest and dearest friend to smoking this week, shortly after running out of cigarettes.

      Last one, spot on

  34. QUESTION:
    Which signs do you think work best together?
    I personally think the best couples are Gemini and Aquarius,Gemini and Saggitarius, Cancer and Scorpio, Saggitarius and Aries, and Saggitarius and Aquarius. Who would you consider to be good couples in Astrology?

    • ANSWER:
      once you get past this idea that you are only a SUN sign you will understand that astrology is far far more complex than this!! to answer your question ANY sign can and do make so called good couples.

      First you need to understand that you are NOT the sum total of your sun sign!
      newspaper and magazine astrology is nothing related to the proper astrology that Astrologers use, this is just a pinch of salt entertainment sort. What they do is put each sun sign conjunct the Ascendant and read where the 10 planets fall in any one of the 12 houses. So when you have got your free chart from astro.com you will know your Ascendant sign, then if you want use this type of recreational fun, then you would look up your Ascendant sign to stand any kind of chance of having those planets in the right houses for you….

      You can get an immediate FREE chart interpretation from ASTRO.COM. From ‘free horoscopes tab look for free 'personal portrait' or ‘astroclick portrait’ interpretation of a natal chart in the free horoscope section, you simply put the cursor on a planet and it brings a pop up box to explain what it means to have a planet in that house and any other aspects it has to natal planets. plus FREE six month free transit report in 'short report' Robert Hand gives a valuable in depth explanation of transits here

      This is a VERY common mistake people around here make, but if ONLY you would dip your toe in the lovely warm water of astrology, soon you will be off swimming....

      So synastry (chart comparisons) compares ALL 10planets, Ascendant, Midheaven, Juno, Vertex, Nodes, Part of fortune. so failing no chart appearing you will have to do some research yourself and this is where I come in, for no charge whatsoever (just because I love astrology and this is MY vocation) I will walk you through astrological techniques you are asking about

      In a man’s chart we look at venus and moon, then planets in 7th house the signs/aspects, in the absent of planets then the ruler of 7th house ‘traits’, where it’s placed and aspected.
      In a woman’s chart we look at sun and mars, then planets in 7th house the signs/aspects, in the absent of planets then the ruler of 7th house ‘traits’, where it’s placed and aspected.
      So, if mutable on the angles ie: Ascendant/Descendant (pisces,Gemini,virgo, Saggi) this indicates more than one marriage. Mutable on the Midheaven suggests more than one career. Mutable moons are capable of loving more than one person at the same time

      Just remember planets are modified by signs, where they express are houses and how they express are mathematical *aspects*

      Failing sight of your chart, you will have to do some research for yourself. But if you do post a link I will do my best to analyse and interpret for you.

  35. QUESTION:
    what is the compatibility of a cancer and leo?
    In terms of horoscopes, what is the love compatibility of a cancer and a Leo?

    please don't copy and paste your answers, its annoying and I wont bother reading them.

    Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      An answer to the love compatibility of Cancer and Leo together:
      The Cancer/Leo combination is generally one of mutual understanding for the most part. Basically, each knows how to satisfy the emotional needs within the other. Both signs require dedication and tender, loving care...but while Cancer seeks stability and emotional harmony, Leo craves heartfelt compliments and sincere admiration. Here, both individuals are deeply loyal, even to the point of possessiveness...Cancer for the sake of safety and Leo for the sake of self-confidence. In addition, this pair will be equally committed to an enduring and rewarding relationship. Since the desires are similar, Cancer and Leo may fill very important voids in each other's lives. The mutual preference for comfort and security of both partners will be on a grand scale. This couple enjoy a lovely home and close-knit family, with Leo providing the flair and passion, while Cancer furnishes a sensitive yet intense instinct to nurture. However, the Leo partner will most probably be the bigger, bolder and more vivid of the two...the very picture of majesty and status. Still, it should be noted that since both these zodiac signs are so strong-minded, this is a pair who must constantly work attentively to understand and accept one another.
      So if you try to keep this in mind always,
      it may just work out great. This will be determined on both of
      your efforts and lots of understanding.
      I do hope this helps explain it and Good luck always.

  36. QUESTION:
    What are some characteristics of a Libra?
    I'm a Libra. My birthday is October 7th. I'm a 15 year old girl.
    What are my strengths and weaknesses? What sign goes with my the best, for friendship and for love? What are my best avoided signs for friendship and love? What is a good career for me? Sorry for all the questions but I would love to know(: Please and thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Marry me in 10 years k , lol . im a libra and my only advice is to put yourself first .. trust me the more you get older the more you will find that true i think .. Put yourself b4 others.. you and your friends may have great plans for the future .. but when it comes down to it .. you are born by yourself and you will die by yourself .. thus you must take care of yourself .. its a libra thing to not undertsand this fully .. Again i am one so i know .. Oct 2 Baby weeew ,,, lol anyways .. yeh . i know in fact how valuable love is to us . and it is in our nature to be anything for anyone .. but i dont think thats what life wants of us .. at least me ..

      As for relationship wise good luck on that . if your a libra you love everyone way too much already
      am i right ? when your in a relationship there is really noone else that matters except them .. i know . but you have to look out for yourself .. make sure your not deluding yourself into thinking every relationship is gonna be a life long partnership .. it isnt .. 9 times out of ten if you look back on an x youll wonder wtf you ever saw in them originally and notice all those things that were kinda sighnes it wasnt gonna work to begin with .. and of course this is a cycle .. Not this time youll say ....this time i learned from the last mistake .. YOu Didnt . lol .. trust me ive been playing that game for just about as long as youve been alive 24 yrs old baby thats me .. Ill leave the relationship thingy alone now because in my horoscope/birth chart im supposed to be of the influence that " i may not marry " and im starting to really believe that .. i feel there is too much love in my life for me to not try to give it away on a grand scale .. but yeh thats just me

      So .. Career wise .. Its true the best artists are libras and i could cite many but ill just leave you with one im sure your aware of already . Mr John Lennon . of Beatles Fame .. he is the mecca of what it means to be an artist .. brillant songwriter/singer/musician Peace Advocate etc etc ./. not only did he do something good for himself but he tried to do it GLobally . he tried to spread love .. and thats the main thing .. it dosnt matter if you end up a painter / paper pusher / irs agent .. the only thing i think that will make you happy is givng love back to people .. because although the world isnt perfect .. (it isnt terrible either mind you) .. but it can always be better .. thats our job . Mine and Yours .. to spread love to people in anyway you can ..
      thats why i sit on here answering peoples questions .. there is no reward.. perse ... except the love that i know comes back to me when i try my damndest to give it out
      .. Thats what lifes about girl dont let anyone tell you different , you are here to love people . help them to love.. and everything else with love in it ..

      Any cliche answer can point you to a good site where they tell you all about Libra .. infact thats something to google right there " All About Libra" < should be a nice page with alot of info .. But
      It takes a real lover of people to give you a personal answer . and that only comes from reaching out /extending yourself .. if you want to be happy .. my dear every day u wake up and ask yourself what can i do to change the world .. then take it one step at a time .. o and to further answer your questions ive been best friends with a Cancer .. And A pisces for going on 12 years .. they are good people .. be sure to keep your distance when needed, and these people are usually spot on good friends for life ..
      Leo is another one .. A Leo has a certain sex appeal to us //i dont know how relationship wise it would work .. but i do enjoy there personality very very very much .. more so than most of my "good"friends,, I do wish if i had just one lover for life it would be a leo ..

      You can learn alot from all those sighns .. Ive known a taurus .. to be a straight shooter.. perhaps a lil to blunt for my taste .. An Aquarius may seem like Heaven but they have a stubborn side to them and selfish streak that you will come to hate .. i guarentee it .. be careful with the Aquariuses .. i feel like out of all the people ive known an aquarius broke my heart the worst ..
      Virgo is amazing also . if you find a good one .. remind them constantly how much you adore them .. trust me they forget easy .. My one and only regret i have in life.. and beilive me i should have lots according to some people .. was not kissing a virgo when i had the chance..
      i feel i could have been an entire different person if i had kissed her when she asked.. but i refused.. i feel like that relationship i could have very much still been in some 10 years later now looking back .. but im not . But thats life Cest Le Vie
      so they say

      I hope this answered your question because now my hands and memories hurt from all this .. lol . . I hope you get what your after girll.. and dont chalk it all up to astrology .. thats a map . It shows you places that are already there.. Peace!

  37. QUESTION:
    What should I get my best friend for her birthday?
    Her horoscope is Cancer.She doesn't read much. She loves music, and has tons of animals. She likes memories and pictures.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe a album <-- music one, ask her what band she likes and get her one or get a album and get tons of pictures and fill it with them, and give it to her :)

  38. QUESTION:
    my sign is a cancer and my chinese sign is a snake what is the best suitable job I should look for?
    I'm trying to change my job just do something that will make me happy. What is the job that can be rewarding financially and the job I would love to do, is there such thing as matching the job based on your horoscope sign?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer (June 22 - July 22) Cancers are energetic, kindhearted, imaginative and protective. Their personalities usually fare well in law, psychology, teaching or nursing. Survey respondents said they worked in government, legal services, advertising, higher education, machine operation, transportation and military, all of which are in line with Cancer personality traits.

  39. QUESTION:
    Do you believe in any kind of zodiac horoscope relationships?
    - like signs that are compatible or not compatible..
    Aries and Virgo
    Cancer and Scopio

    etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Nope. Those things are written to apply to everyone. The mind will automatically find the sections that pertain to you so you believe that it is true but if you look closely at each sign you will see that they all describe every personality type. They use universal personality types for each horoscope to make it sound like you are a certain way because you were born under a certain star. I don't believe a person's personality and ability to love should be based on what month they were born in.

      You can miss out on that special person just because you aren't *compatible to your sign*. How can a star know what is in a persons heart or head? With this logic everyone born on the same day would have the same personality traits. So is everyone born on hitler's birthday going to be a psychotic evil man? No

  40. QUESTION:
    Is there a horoscope sign that is compatible with all signs?
    Im curious to know if there is a horoscope sign that every sign can get along well with.
    And is there a sign that all 12 signs could fall in love with?

    • ANSWER:
      Sure. But you have to see astrology as a fate of birth discrimination. Like racism and sexism are.

      Do you accept discrimination based on race, gender, and ethnic background? No one chooses any of these when they are born. Please explain what makes using a calendar better? Astrology is magical thinking fortune telling that some people think should be a lifestyle. It is ancient, made up, unproved, and bigoted.

      This is from another source:
      Astrology and racism share many of the same ideas. For one thing, in both cases a person is being judged by factors beyond their control. Just as people have no control over their skin color, they also have no ability to determine when and where they were born.

      Both astrology and racial stereotypes are based on a framework of belief that basically says: "Without even meeting you, I believe something about you. I can expect this particular sort of behavior or trait (stubbornness, laziness, arrogance, etc.) from members of this particular group of people (Jews, blacks, Aries, Pisces, etc.)."

      When an astrologer finds out a person’s astrological sign, he or she will bring to that experience a pre-existing list of assumptions (prejudices) about that person’s behavior, personality and character. In both cases, the prejudices will cause people to seek out and confirm their expectations.

      Racists will look for examples of characteristics and behaviors in the groups they dislike, and astrologers will look for the personality traits that they believe the person will exhibit. Since people have complex personalities (all of us are lazy some of the time, caring at other times, etc.), both racists and astrologers will find evidence confirming their beliefs.

      Of course, astrologers are not racists. But the belief systems underlying both viewpoints are identical: prejudging individuals based on general beliefs about a group. If we do not assume that African-Americans are lazy, Arabs are terrorists, or Asians are scholastic geniuses, why would we assume that Cancers are emotional, Aries are born leaders, or Geminis are optimistic non-conformists?

      People should be judged as unique, individual persons, not based on what arbitrary group they belong to. To paraphrase Martin Luther King, Jr., a person should be judged not by the color of their skin -- nor the date and time of their birth -- but by the content of their character.

  41. QUESTION:
    What does your daily horoscope say about you today?
    BQ: What's your main source of your daily horoscope? (Newspaper or the Internet?)

    • ANSWER:
      "Unpleasant remarks barely disguised by a pleasant tone can be irritating now, dear Cancer. Ambiguous relations with others may be the order of the day, and questions about boundaries or whether something is casual or intimate can arise. Although cosmic energy feels a little clogged right now, you're nevertheless in good spirits and can find the time for creative, enjoyable activities. During this cycle, talk is good--perhaps even great. Listen to others, express yourself, and get yourself out there. Communicate! Even if you feel like you want to be left alone, others will find ways to intrude. This is a period in which you can successfully use charm, flattery, and your sense of humor to make peace with others and to turn a few heads.

      In love relationships, you will experience greater emotional depth than usual, and consequently your experience with a lover will be much more intense. The only danger to watch out for here is that you may be too possessive of the other person.What goes on in closed quarters is what turns you on the most. There may be a sexual lull in your life during this period. However, there is an equal possibility that you can improve your sex life by bringing more spirituality and fantasy into the picture. Unusual sexual fantasies, attractions, and dreams could feature now. Listen to what your subconscious is telling you in this regard."

      ..Why the hell is it so serious? So far, it's been pretty right. -_- I usually keep that **** to myself, but I panicked, and got really possessive last night.. I thought they might've been running around with someone else, even though it has nothing to do with me, since that's their lover anyway.. I made a promise not to 'see anyone,' casually, but I was so damn angry, I almost ruined everything and called someone.. but I didn't. I didn't. I should watch myself a little more lately, huh? And now I'm in a bad mood anyway, I don't care, shit. It wasn't their fault, and I didn't mean to make them cry..

  42. QUESTION:
    Is a cancer and a gemini make a good match?
    I am a gemini girl and i have a crush on a Cancer male will this work

    (my horoscope is usually correct except instead of being social i hate being around people.)

    • ANSWER:

      Once these two have declared their love, she may shower him with a silvery stream of gifts, and at first his cautious nature will be aghast at such impulsive extravagance. Yet, when she’s not looking, his eyes will fill with tears of pure delight, to be so loved and cherished. He’ll timidly, yet proudly, display her gifts to friends. It proves, you see, that he is loved, and with her instant, flashing intuition she senses this about him.

      He’ll always treat her like a lady. She’ll be thrilled at such lovely make-believe of a gentler time and usually behave accordingly. To her, he is a gentleman, a gallant gentleman, who touches her with occasional glimpses of the little boy within. Then she cries, because he is so vulnerable to hurt, despite his hard outer shell of impassiveness.

      Since both of them live in a world of fantasy and dreams, their sexual rapport can be stimulating for her and fulfilling for him. He supplies the sensual sensitivity and the affection – she supplies the imagination and the variety.

      Often, a Cancerian man respects the Gemini lady he loves so much he can’t seem to abandon himself to total passion with her, as if He believed her so fragile. But she isn’t as fragile as he thinks, never mind her delicate, gentle manner, and her airy, light touch. She needs…to be treated as an adult woman, not as a charming child. When she’s near him, in the dark, she’ll cling to him, and her fears will melt away. Many Gemini girls dislike sleeping in total darkness – but with this man, she may be willing to try. Many Cancerian men equally dislike sleeping without a night light. But with her close beside him, he’ll find darkness a friend.

  43. QUESTION:
    Do we have to follow our zodiac sign to find out about our true element?
    I love fire element but I was born under cancer sign, it mean I have to stick with water element?

    Forgive my grammar.

    • ANSWER:
      Didn't you already ask this? No, wtf.
      Get a natal chart. Here: http://www.0800-horoscope.com/birthchart.php
      Count up how many fire/earth/air/water signs you have in your chart and if you have most of your signs in one category than that's your "true element" or whatever you wanna call it.

  44. QUESTION:
    Does anyone else feel cancer got the short end of the stick?
    Seems to me that cancers always get over looked and are considered homely and just want to do artsy stuff. I'm not like that at all. I love to speed and do extreme things, rafting, sky diving, bungee jumping... Staying at home never seemed like something I'd want to do unless my husband was there. But I'd much rather be out with him doing something than just sitting around at home. Any other cancers feel like we're being mis labled!?

    • ANSWER:
      yes, welcome to world of horoscopes/ astrology. as i used to be an active regular contributer in this section, one day, i just lost interest of being affliliated to who-what-why a cancer women is and i stopped coming as often as i used to. it seems cancers are always weaklings, homely people, bla bla bla....basically always underestimated and never gonna be good enough for some people no matter how hard you try to change their thoughts of you.

      though, i must say, ive noticed some truth or strong coincidences of my birth chart and how my personality/ character is. but im more than what the description tells me so and so wont let it get to my head so much. ive travelled up to 5 continents in my early twenties and they say as per description, cancers are homely people. bah, humbug!! and yet, hey, i can still roast the best ever meatballs you'll want to lick the plate off! guess that makes me 'such' a cancer. lols!

      the thing is, ive learnt over time, we have no one else to blame for our unhappiness but ourselves. start being the person you want to be and just be. ask and demand for what you (you as in figuratively) think or feel you deserved. fight even if you have to. at the end of the day, you'll start feeling accomplished and stop feeling like you just got victimized.

      and so, today i come back to correct my misunderstandings as well as others and hell to whatever some people want to say about that.

      to make it relevant, im cancer sun, aries moon and aqua asc. and a typical astrological answerer would say- maybe you got some scorpio or aries or sag in your birth chart that attributes to your great sense of adventure and bravery. =)

  45. QUESTION:
    What does my Scorpio partner want out of a relationship?
    What ideally makes him happy? How can I, being his Cancer partner make our relationship strong healthy and happy. We love each other so much, but we tend to get into arguments over really stupid things. I know it is most likely me because I know better and realize that conflict never makes a Scorpio come around. How can I better manage my approach with him in situations to make conflicts more seldom. What does my Scorpio really need in his love life to make him happy and fulfilled?
    This is my Horoscope for the day from my local news paper:

    "Partners can appear demanding and exacting. You may need to simply follow orders to keep the peace."

    • ANSWER:
      I wouldn't follow those daily horoscopes. I'm a strong believer of zodiac signs too, but the daily horoscope is too random.

      You may need to compromise more on the little things, but make sure you don't give up your values on the important things. I am a Cancer myself, so I know how you can feel. Just communicate with him as best as you can, while avoiding it becoming an argument. If he starts arguing with you, take a break from the topic and come back to it when he has cooled down.

  46. QUESTION:
    Who came up with astrology and how?
    I think the Babylonions right? I know the planets and constillations are involved but who came up with the traits. I'm sure someone didn't have a pen and pad (not literally) saying okay, Cancers are going to be this, this, and that. And Leos will be like this or that. If there is truth to astrology, which i believe there is, how did they come up with the traits? I'm sure they didn't have like a mass survey with people broken down into groups according to their signs to be studied. So how did everything we know now come to be?

    I hope I'm making sense. . .

    • ANSWER:
      Astrology is best understood by learning how it began. Like most urban yet agricultural peoples of the day, the Babylonians had a pantheon of many gods. They also had a well-developed science of observational astronomy, which served the highly utilitarian purpose of providing a calendar— times to plant and to harvest, as well as times of religious festivals, etc. In this observational scheme each bright planet was important, and the priests whose task it was to make the observations naturally named the planets for the gods in their pantheon— Marduk, Isthar, Nergal, etc. It was a fateful naming. By about 1000 BC there was an extensive Babylonian literature of “planetary omens” based entirely on the arbitrary names of the planet-gods. Since Nergal (Mars) was the god of war, a summer in which red planet Nergal shone down brightly from the sky was a good time to wage war (or a time in which risk of war was great). Since Ishtar (Venus) was the goddess of love, a spring night in which Ishtar shone brilliant and high in the West after sunset was a good time to make love, or go looking for love.

      By about 600 BC the Babylonians had devised the twelve-sign zodiac: markers in the sky along the ecliptic, the apparent path which the sun, moon, and five naked-eye planets— Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn— appear to follow in their apparent motion across the sky. The “horoscope,” a crude earth-centered chart of the positions of the planets along the zodiac at a given moment of time, was devised soon after. The oldest known horoscope was made for April 29, 410 BC; historically, this is the true beginning of astrology. During the classical era dominated by first Greece and then Rome, Babylonian astrologers (called “Chaldeans”) set up shop in most of the large urban areas throughout the civilized world. Greek astronomers scoffed at the Chaldean cultus as a ludicrous combination of primitive astronomy and primitive religion, but to no avail— the Greek and later the Roman public embraced astrology as lovingly as they embraced most of the other bizarre and barbaric cults that wandered toward the shores of the Mediterranean looking for converts. That astrology makes no sense with its Babylonian religious underpinnings removed was apparent to thinking people from the very first. Roman statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 - 43 BC) wrote, in 44 BC, a devastating critique of astrology, which is well worth reading today. Among the points made by Cicero was that no one sees or expects any correlation between the weather conditions at the time of birth of a child and the child's later personality or fortunes. Yet clearly the weather— extreme cold or heavy rain or harsh heat— has far more effect on a living thing than dim lights in the night sky. And even if all children born in December were similar in some way— which they are not— how would an astrologer know that these similarities were thus not due to the weather, due to all the children being born into a cold environment, rather than to the environmentally meaningless situation of the sun being in “Sagittarius,” or whatever?

      Astrology such as we have today really originated at the ancient world's closest equivalent to a university, the great Library of Alexandria. Here scholars of what we would now call pseudoscience performed a synthesis of star-lore from several cultures, Babylonia still dominating. By about 1 AD the dogmas of astrology had reached a state that has not further evolved or developed in any significant way since, despite the incredible advances in astronomy in particular, and science in general, since the late 1500s.

      Much more at link.

  47. QUESTION:
    How does each horoscope sign interact romantically with a Pisces?
    What are romantic relations like for each sign and a Pisces? More detailed, the better. Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      Pisces-Pisces = very sexual
      Pisces-Scorpio = intense, and possessive
      Pisces-Leo= high school crush type of romance.
      Pisces-Capricorn= harmonious but not very romantic
      Pisces-Virgo= karmic balancing act of opposites attracting
      Pisces-Sagitarrius= intellectual and fun
      Pisces-Libra= give and take, Pisces giving, Libra taking
      Pisces-Taurus= dependancy and friendship
      Pisces-Aquarius= never seems to come together on common ground
      Pisces-Aries= friendly companionship
      Pisces-Gemini= mutual respect and fondness. Serious lack of romance.
      Pisces-Cancer= Psychic type of love. Both will understand and be able to provide each other's needs.

      However, Pisces is a mutable sign and can go with any of the twelve zodiacs. It is important to recognize which match would be best for the Pisces overall well being because they can get taken advantage of very easily because of their kind nature. A full birth chart is helpful.

  48. QUESTION:
    Would you like to do a Saturday horoscope survey?
    1. What is your sun/mercury/moon?
    2. What will you do today on the Saturday?
    3. Who do you wish to talk to right now?
    4. What is the sign of that person?
    5. What do you want to say to that person then?
    6. What answer would you expect from that person?
    7. Does that person smoke?
    8. Do you smoke? How much do you smoke a day?
    9. What is the sign of a heavy smoker that you close with?
    10. Your moon, or mercury, which one you like more?
    11. Thank you, I love you.

    • ANSWER:
      1. Gemini/Cancer/Gemini
      2. I fixed my friends car on Saturday, there was some steam coming from under the hood and someone mistook it for smoke and called the cops and the fire people....it was pretty exciting! I was super proud of myself for fixing a car, you know since I'm not actually a mechanic.I saved her like 0
      3. You?
      4. Cancer
      5. I think you're pretty cute ^_*
      6. I know, thankyou
      7. Idk, do you?
      8. No
      9. Taurus
      10. Both, but probably moon cause it fits my personality better
      11. I know, thankyou


cancer love horoscope

Tpyes Of Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer is chemo used for?
    I'm writing a short story and want to have my facts right .... anyone know what tpyes of cancer chemo is used for

    • ANSWER:
      As an English teacher, I must caution you to write what you know.

      If you are bound and determined to write about cancer, then I recommend you go to reputable sites for your information. Places like: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/chemotherapy/MY00536 As you can tell from that site, they never say which cancer (there are over 200 of them) are treated with which chemotherapy (there are over 100 of them). However, it gives you a good overview of chemotherapy itself.

  2. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer is chemo used for?
    I'm writing a short story and want to have my facts right .... anyone know what tpyes of cancer chemo is used for

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    How many women who get cervical cancer will die from it?
    Or if you have any other good cervical cancer stats, I am looking for a percentage of a group tpye of stat, so that I can say "if all of you had cancer, X amount of you would die from it" or something along those lines (class presentation). Please site your source, I need to document all statistics

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2006 over 9,710 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer; at least 1/3 of them will die (www.cdc.gov).

      Citation in APA format:
      Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). (2006). HPV vaccine questions & answers. Retrieved November 8, 2006 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/STDFact-HPV-vaccine.htm

  4. QUESTION:
    Can you raed tihs or suohld I tpye nroaml?
    Also..
    Cure: All world hunger or All cancer
    Yes i can.. "barbie likes to dance to stupid songs about being a barbie girl in a barbie world"

    I read something that said as long as the first and last letter are in place people can read it... so i was testing it.

    • ANSWER:
      Most people will be able to read that because as long as the first and last letters of the word are the same, you can read it, even if the other letters are mixed up. When you're reading, your brain looks at the whole world, not at each letter. (This fact is the subject of many brain teasers.)
      I would stop world hunger because that would save more people. Many cancer patients are able to live a pretty good life with the right treatment, but people who are starving and are not fed are guaranteed to die.

  5. QUESTION:
    Q for woman: Can someone tell me if they have had anything like this going on in w/ their body What could it b
    I my periods are have been irregular for sometime now & the last 2x's that I got it, I have been bleeding VERY HEAVY & it last for just about 2 wks. This time I started on the 27th & still have it 7 it is VERY HEAVY, I have to change my tampon every hour or so. This time I am also have some really sharp pains in my stomach/pelvic area. It hurts even when I sit down on my bottom. I have pain (where a woman would be cut during a normal viganal birth) not sure what its called. My dc. knows about my cycles being long and heavy & just keeps saying if they continue she will do some testing on me. She did an pelvic ultra sound back in Feb. when I first started having problems w/ my irregulary. They found nothing! It seems as things are getting worse with it, ever month that goes by! Does anyone know what could be going on or what may be the problem. Are these signs of any tpye of cancers (like ovarian, etc) or could it be something else? I am not looking for a diagous I know I cant get that
    over a computer and need to see a doctor for that. i am jsut looking to see if anyone has had any experience with this or gone through it and what it turned out to be. I know I can not be havinga miscarraige b/c I have not had any types of sexually incounters for over 2 months. This is a very serious question. Thank you for anyones help on this! I have a doctor appt on the 8th about my sypthoms.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be a number of things, endometriosis, fibroids, poly-cystic ovary syndrome... I would definately let your dr know about all of your symptoms. They will likely want to do a blood panel to check out your hormone levels. There may be a hormone imbalance that is causing the irregular and erratic bleeding.

      I'm sorry you are experiencing this, I really hope that you feel better soon. Good luck at your Dr's appointment

  6. QUESTION:
    Please help! if you have ANY experience please tell me about it! Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Pelvic Pain etc.?
    I have been recently diagnosised with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. I have been to the hospital 5-6 times within the last 4 months with pain and complications. I have a long history of cyst problems and pain also on both sides of my parents family are multiple tpyes of cancers. Now with all this in mind I have had ultrasound that read things like:
    free fluid in pelvis,coagulase positive staph, escherichia coli& possible 2nd gram,Klebsiella pneumoniae, double thickness of endometrial stripe 3.4mm, ovaries contain numerous peripheral subcentimeter cysts,mild prominrnce of right renal pelvis likely an atonic or extrarenal pelvis. What does all of those test findings mean? Im still having pain frequently and it comes on sudden and severe but nobody seems to "fix" the problem or know exactly whats going on? These are my symptoms as of right now: Right Ovarian/pelvic pain, Swollen Thyroid and Right Swollen Tonsil, Headache, Nausea, Vomitting, Fever, and (Crazy Abnormal Bleeding for the last 6 months) Can any help me? One of my doctors wants to test for Endometrial Cancer? Does anyone have similar issues?

    • ANSWER:
      Okay I am going to help you but I am going to explain to you one at a time so that way you understand and I can understand at the same time.

      1. Double thickness of endometrial stripe means there is some endometriosis scarring.
      2. You have a lot of numerous cysts on your ovaries from the side view of the US that was conducted.
      3. Your going to have frequent pain because you have multiple cysts on your ovaries.
      4. You can't fix the problems of the ovaries without surgical removal of the cysts or the cysts rupture on their own causing severe pain.
      5. I never heard of a swollen thyroid because the thyroid is the hormone in your body that balances weight, and other hormone regulated activity that can only be detected with an abnormality through blood tests.
      6. Swollen tonsil, is completely seperated from PCOS
      7. Headache can be due to issues with the pituitary gland.
      8. Nausea and Vomiting can be because of the Head ache
      9. Fever is completely seperated from PCOS also you may have a virus cold or flu
      10. Abnormal bleeding is highly likely with PCOS cause your women parts as I call them are suffering irregular problems and so you are likely to bleed irregular of you may not bleed at all.

      They want to test for the cancer because of the scarring. This can spread a lot of women end up having partial or full hysterectomy due to all these issues.

  7. QUESTION:
    do i have colon cancer, rectal cancer, or any cancer?
    (remember as you read this, i'm a 14 year old boy and ive read that any cancer in teenagers is very low) about 2-3 weeks ago, i went to the bathroom to poop. when i went, it came out, but i still felt like there were some left. this went on for 2-3 weeks, sometimes it felt worse than others. sometimes i could barely feel it, but there was some. other days, when i would sit in a chair or something, i could feel it at the end and it feels very uncomfortable. but today when i went, it felt the same as any other day in the past 2-3 weeks, but i looked at my stool and saw alot of undigested food (corn shells, pea shells, etc) but i saw red pieces, too. I couldn't tell if it was tomatoes (night before, i ate macaroni and TOMATOES), or if it was my gummy vitamin (the one i took this morning was RED) , if it was undigested hot dog (i had HOT DOGS like two nights ago, which were RED), or if it was blood. you really had to bend down like right in the toilet bowl to see it, and they were different scattered places. i pulled one small patch of poop and the red stuff, and i looked at the red stuff carefully, but it was like a mushy tpye thing, and was together, it didn't like run off my finger, it looked alot like a little place of tomato scattered in different places, like the peas and corn in it. the night before, i had macaroni & tomatoes, peas, and corn.

    so was that red stuff probably tomatoes? it wasn't like huge patches of what i noticed.
    my mom told me to look at my bowel movement tomorrow and see if that happens again, but the problem is, i ate soup tonight and it has tomatoes in it too, so it could be that again.

    so, here's basically the summarization questions:

    1. was that red stuff blood, or undigested food (tomatoes, hot dogs, red gummy vitamin, etc.)?
    2. i'm a 14 year old boy, and i'm experiencing the following symptoms: passing stool but feeling like there's still some there that won't come out, sometimes my stomach hurts (but usually before i have to go poop, then it doesn't feel like that anymore), and sometimes having to strain after passing the first poop because the second one comes out more slowly, but is sitting right at the edge, so why not push, right?
    3. i believe teenagers ccan get any cancer, but what are my chances of it being any intestine, colon, rectal, or anything like that type of cancer?
    4. i know i have almost/all the symptoms of IBS, so could that be what it is, more than likely?
    5. can tomatoes sometimes go undigested/unprocessed?

    Thanks for your answer, please don't scare me with your answer, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I think you're over reacting, drama queenish, freaking out FOR NOTHING!!!!!!!!!!!!

  8. QUESTION:
    That me we re-phrase my question is there even going to be a cure for these diseases?
    Cancer is really bad some people live and some die some have better survival rate than other tpyes of caner and there is medical breakthroughs with cancer all the time is just the media does not talk about it...

    But lateral sclerosis (ALS) ,MS, Parkinson's, strokes or spinal cord injury or Grave’s Disease
    and Cystic fibrosis is worse than cancer Most would want to die than live with these horrible disease.

    Well over the past 200 years there has been no progress at all with these diseases. There is no cure or treatment with these diseases.They know more about cancer by a long shot than these diseases.

    My question is there going to be a cure or treatment with these diseases ? Why no medical progress at all with these diseases ?

    • ANSWER:
      I have no idea where you came up with that stuff. I can't speak for all the diseases you mentioned but I myself have CF and assure you I do not want to die. There is no cure but there are treatments you can do to stay healthy. There has been a lot of medical progress with CF, they are coming up with new things all the time! I have hope that I will see some type of a cure within my lifetime. People just need to raise awareness so CF researchers can get the funding they need!


tpyes of cancer

Spleen Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I have a bulldog who has been diagnosed with spleen cancer and is anemic. What can I do about the anemia?
    I have a 50 lb English bulldog who is 9 years old who has been diagnosed with spleen cancer. Her blood work also shows that she is slightly anemic. She is not at the critical levels. I was wondering if my dog could take any medication or anything added to her diet to help with the anemia. She is too cute and I know she does not have much longer with her but I would like to prolong her time as much as I can.

    • ANSWER:
      Her anemia is being caused by the spleen cancer - the spleen controls blood clotting ability. Ask your vet what he recommends.

  2. QUESTION:
    Any treatment for spleen cancer in last stage?
    Can any one tell me what are the treatment or any home remedies for spleen cancer?Please help me!!

    • ANSWER:
      not possible..

  3. QUESTION:
    The vet says my dog might have spleen cancer?
    What is the survival rate of dogs with spleen cancer, and is it treatable?
    my dog is 10 years old and so the vet said that she wouldn't last through surgery. the reason i didn;t know all the details is because im just 15 and my parents just came home with her. please pray for her. her name is bessie.

    • ANSWER:
      They can remove the spleen, but the survival rate afterwords is usually only about 6 months or so. I have seen them removed in dogs because of cancer, but the cancer has usually spread to other parts of the body by the time it's detected in the spleen. The surgery is very difficult and often times requires a blood transfusion. It's not advisable in an older dog.

  4. QUESTION:
    The Vet says my dog might have spleen cancer1?
    What is the survival rate of dogs that have spleen cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Spleen tumors may be benign (hemangiomas) or malignant (hemangiosarcomas). Hemangiosarcoma is a blood-fed sarcoma, a rare but a highly invasive type of cancer. Invariably, both hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas amount to a grouping of rapidly growing blood vessels that eventually rupture, leading to excessive bleeding. This can be a life-threatening situation, because even if the bleeding stops on its own, the spleen is certain to bleed again. If the spleen is not removed, the dog will bleed to death.

      The ideal situation is to remove the spleen as soon as a tumor (benign or malignant) is detected, before the bleeding starts or when the spleen is not actively bleeding. An actively bleeding spleen, however, is a cause of concern for the surgeon and can end in a catch 22 situation. It is not appropriate to wait until the bleeding has stopped and the dog may have lost so much blood that it may not be possible for him to survive surgery.

      A spleen removal surgery may not prove to be the end of it, either. Dog cancer of the spleen is highly aggressive and metastatic. Surgery may save the dog from death from bleeding, only to be fatally overwhelmed with cancer.

  5. QUESTION:
    Can you have mono with no symptoms except a swollen spleen?
    I tested positive for mono but I don't have a sore throat, fever, aches, fatigue etc. Just an uncomfortable and swollen spleen. I know other diseases can cause swollen spleen like cancer so I just want to be sure. Really scared

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    How long do people live with lung cancer when chemo is not an option?
    I just heard of a man who has lung cancer, in his mid-60's, and his liver is to bad for any chemo to be done. I didn't want to ask his sister, who is the one I know, how long he has but I was curious. Without chemo is lung cancer probably only a matter of a month or two or can one live along time. It is stage 2 lung cancer on a man with severe liver damage as the man has battled alcoholism and also the man has some kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Next best option isto go in for 'target therapy' to prolong life and to have a cure too. Details follow--------------

      *CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:-- Details Made available ‘free of cost’ right @ Ur door-steps with the aid of Target Therapy.
      Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, fatigue-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic bloating, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis. etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, lymphatic system, Spleen, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, bone marrow cancer, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover & NO money to bear the costs of chemo. It is most suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and steadily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, skin, lungs, menses [females].
      2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels, by purging out toxins.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.
      All items for a cure—available in Ur vicinity all over the globe.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of bone cancer in a dog?
    I have a Rottweiler and I know they are prone to bone cancer, so I'd like to know what the signs of it are.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Many people as me what to look for to tell if their dogs have cancer. Well, I must confess it is a tough question since there are so many cancers, and they all can present a little differently. I thought I should give you a little summary of some of the biggies.

      First, statistically, cancer TENDS to affect older dogs. So, more lumps and bumps on a young dog are benign than cancerous. One hallmark of a cancer is it worsens over time. Cancers you can see usually get bigger. A growth that stays very small for years is not likely to be a true cancer. Again, this is on average and is not a guarantee.

      Some cancers are visible, while others are internal. The visible ones can be blackish (melanomas), purplish (hemangiosarcomas), fleshy, inflamed and red (histiocytomas), look like a non-healing open sore (squamous cell carcinomas), be firm, hard and deeply attached (fibrosarcomas), or have any appearance (mast cell tumor, the great imitator).

      The internal ones are invisible, so we have to look for overall signs in the dog. When they are far along, cancers usually cause weight loss (cancer cachexia) without an obvious external reason. They often will cause less appetite. Many times dog owners will tell me they think their dog got tired of his or her food. They can cause low energy, where the dog will just lay around a lot.

      Internal cancer signs also depend on where the cancer is happening. For example, a bone tumor (osteosarcoma) might cause a limp, or a bladder tumor (transitional cell carcinoma) might cause straining to urinate, blood in urine, or urinating small amounts frequently. A tumor found in the wall of the stomach might cause vomiting, and in the intestine, diarrhea.

      Some cancers cause internal bleeding, like hemangiosarcoma of the spleen. This bleeding causes sudden weakness and wobbly legs. A nasal tumor like a squamous cell carcinoma might cause discharge or bleeding from a nostril, or sneezing that won’t go away. Lung cancers (bronchial adenocarcima) or tumors of the heart can cause coughing. Lumps in the breast with discharge from teats could be mammary carcinomas.

      The good news is, not all of these signs point to cancer. Lots of other things can cause each and every one of these signs. The important thing to remember is to get it checked out by someone who knows what they are doing. If we are dealing with cancer, moving early is the way to go.

      Best to all,

  8. QUESTION:
    What is the relation between an enlarged spleen and anemia?
    so i was wondering if an enlarged spleen CAUSES anemia.
    OR
    is it a SYMPTOM of anemia
    OR
    is anemia a symptom of an enlarged spleen.

    • ANSWER:
      The relationship is that anemias like hereditary elliptocytosis, hereditary spherocytosis, sickle cell disease and thalassemia can all cause splenomegaly. Splenomegaly isn't itself a disease or anything like that. It's a symptom. Certain infections can also cause splenomegaly. So can cancer and so can other disorders. In fact, there are 26 disorders that can enlarge the spleen.

      And when for any reason the spleen removes too many blood cells and platelets from the bloodstream for destruction, a variety of problems may develop. These problems include anemia as a result of too few red blood cells. This can happen if the spleen is enlarged or diseased from some other disorder. One of the spleen's functions is to remove old, worn out red blood cells from the blood. Inherited conditions such as thalessemia, a type of anemia, cause a more rapid cell death. The spleen can become enlarged from removing so many extra blood cells and, in turn, create a situation of iron-deficiency anemia.

      So the spleen-anemia relationship can work both ways. One can cause the other and vice versa.

  9. QUESTION:
    Are blueberries safe to give a dog who has had a malignant tumor and spleen removed?
    I am looking to give my schnauzer some food choices as he now undergoing chemo after having a malignant tumor and his spleen removed. Given that blueberries are a good source for anti-oxidants, would they be suitable to give a schnauzer who is undergoing chemo? His second chemo treatment is this Wednesday.

    • ANSWER:
      This is something to ask your Vet. In general, blueberries are great cancer fighters, with antioxidants, and are safe to give.

  10. QUESTION:
    What is the diffrence between breast cancer and a tumor?
    My aunt used to have breast cancer but is cured. A tumor appeared by her lower back and it shrunk, it broke her rib though (either her rib or something else she just can't move her body or it hurts)

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer metastasizes, wherein the tumor cells spread to other locations in the body via the lymphatic system or through the bloodstream. These three malignant properties of cancer differentiate malignant tumors from benign tumors,directly invade locally, or metastasize to regional lymph nodes or distant body sites like brain, bone, liver, or other organs.

      In your aunt's case, metastasized form, tertiary stage. Target therapy is worth trying. We treated one such case in 2011 and no side effects.

      Cause: The endocrine glands produce hormones to regulate human traits, namely, Kama [desire], Krodha[anger], Lobha[Selfishness and greed]Moha[[love], Mada[lust] and matsaryas[affections]. Hormonal Imbalance is the root cause of all the chronic and dreaded & incurable diseases/syndromes or it may also be congenital due to genetic predispositions.
      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins in Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, breast[s], lymphatic system, Kidneys, Spleen, gonads, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.
      Target Therapy is worth trying. Why? Because----

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Target Therapy with the aid of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, comprising Ayurveda-[ Using Patented Ayurveda Food & Nutrition Supplements manufactured India and USA, approved by USFDA, in KOSHER, HALAL, GMP, ISO ETC., and made available at Stores in your vicinity in 40 countries all over the globe. No Side Effects.], Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc., U can have sizable & perceivable cure/relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.
      U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, ADD/ADHD, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc.,

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  11. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get cancer on you tonsils and upper mouth?
    I have various growths that keep growing and taking apart the tonsils. Many have told me that that could be tonsil stones, but is there such a thing as tonsil cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes! Oral cancer can occur anywhere on mouth, and can even grow on your tonsils. However the most common location would include the lip or the tongue.

      Tonsil is a type of lymphoid tissue. This means it helps the body fight off infection. A type of cancer called lymphoma (cancer of the lymphoid organs like spleen, lymph nodes) can also grow there.

      Oral cancer is very common in tobacco smokers, tobacco chewers, and also people who drink alcohol in large amounts (who may also smoke).

  12. QUESTION:
    Can you give a dog milk thistle if he has liver and spleen cancer?
    She is taking prednisone and lomustine. Any supplements she should be on?

    • ANSWER:
      You should consult with your dog's specialist or vet before using any supplements while she is being treated as even so called natural supplements can be contraindicated for some drug therapies.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why do so many people wear breast cancer logos? Do they not care about other cancers?
    What about Lung and bronchial - the top killer and second most common cancer in the United States.

    What about Colon and rectal cancer - the second most deadly in the US?

    Shouldn't there be awareness for all types of cancer? Not just breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do so many people ask this question?

      The "success" of the pink ribbon movement is due to hard work. When my mother died of breast cancer metastases in 1989, very few people even TALKED about breast cancer! It was considered to be more of a "sexual" disease (because, gasp, it involves breasts!) and it was brushed under the table as a "female problem."

      Here comes the pink ribbon awareness movement and now almost EVERYONE knows about the disease! That's incredible progress in less than 25 years.

      However, with the success comes major failures. There's not enough plain education about breast cancer. We can see this from all the panicked questions from teenagers "My breasts feel lumpy . . . do I have cancer?"

      There's a lot more to knowing about a disease than simple "awareness."

      Here's a fact for you: Are you "aware" that NOT ONE PERSON has ever died of breast cancer in the breast? That's right, not one! Breast cancer in the breast doesn't kill a soul. It's when the breast cancer moves to other parts of the body that people die. They die of breast cancer in their liver, in their lungs, in their brain, in their spleen, in their kidneys, etc.

      Another fact: Most research dollars are going into treating breast cancer in the breast. Until the past decade, there has been little attention to treating metastatic breast cancer in other parts of the body.

      I can't stand the pink ribbon. I am so much more than the disease that is in my body. I don't claim to be "battling cancer" and even though I am likely to die from this disease, I will not have people saying that "cancer won." My life wins! I have a great life and I'm enjoying living it, every single day, one day at a time.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get Breast cancer metastases after 17 yrs?
    CT scan recently showed problems on the lung pleura and a 5.9cm mass in or on the Spleen. The docs are saying possible metastases but I find that hard to believe after all this time. I do have bad pain in the Spleen area and my doc says there is something nasty going on. I've been referred to St. Vincents Oncology dept. Waiting to hear appt. date. I'm hoping someone with medical knowledge will answer this. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a young doctor in Romania and I have medical knowledge to answer this.
      Unfortunately I saw a case of breast cancer metastases after 18 years. The person had a mastectomy 18 years ago for a mucinous breast carcinoma and after 18 yeras developed metastases in her lung.
      But I find this case extremly rare and I don't belive it's the first thing you should think about. Probably it's something else and your oncologist will know the next step in fing out what it is. I advise you to try a biopsy, or even a splenectomy if he is recommending you such things because it is very important to know what you are dealing with.
      Good luck, and I wish to find more about this when you will know more.
      Cristiana
      P.S. Also, if you want, read my blog about cancers:
      http://www.newcancerguide.com/tag/women-and-cancer/

  15. QUESTION:
    Can h pylori be the cause of my enlarged spleen and anemia?
    Does it have to be a cancer somewhere in my body.

    • ANSWER:
      A gastric ulcer is not associated with an enlarged spleen; also if it is severe enough to cause symptomatic or anemia that is severe enough that is clinically concerning, you would have symptoms of a bleeding ulcer and would be vomiting blood.

  16. QUESTION:
    What Are The Chances Of Getting Colon Cancer If No One Else In My Family Has It?
    I know this sounds a bit strange, but hear me out...
    A few days ago I used a Mystic Eye (something like an oujii board) and I asked how I would die. It said of "Cancer Colon" and in my 70's.
    I'm a bit of a hypochondriac and this got me thinking. Since then I have had stomach pains (not from being worried) most of the time during the past 3 days. Today I had a pain in the lower part of my chest/upper part of my stomach that later moved to around my right kidney.
    My body is achey which it has been for the past few months (the doctor said it was from over-using my muscles from playing bass) today it's been a bit worse but I've been walking around town all day.
    The only people in my family to have Cancer are my aunt on my mother's side who had ovarian cancer and my grandma on my father's side who had lung cancer (and smoked for many years.) I'm 15 years old.
    What are the odds of me getting Colon Cancer?
    I also have shortness of breath which I've had on and off since my muscles/joints started hurting in the beginning of the summer.
    I'm a white male who doesn't smoke, drink or do any drugs. I don't eat much meat other than Mcdonalds hamburgers, and occasionally hamburgers off the grill at home.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer is asymptomatic until the very late stages. It is not a common cancer for a 15 year old at all. Certain age groups tend to have different types of cancer, not always, but enough to think that age is a factor when determining the types of cancer you can get. Colon cancer is bascially a disease of older people, you hear alot about it because there is educational material teaching the public about the disease (just like smoking and breast cancer receive a great deal of media). This is all good for older people who need this information, but it does little good for people your age.

      The types of cancer that teenagers commonly get are often related to growing (growth spurts) and hormones thus you should be looking out for any unusual lumps or bumps located anywhere on the body. Be especially suspicious of any bump that seems to be growing. The types of cancer common to adolescents are:

      1. Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      2. Osteosarcoma - a type of bone cancer
      3. Ewing's sarcoma - a type of bone cancer
      4. Hodgkin's disease - lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow)
      5. non-Hodgkin's lymphoma -lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow)
      6. Germ cell cancers - Testicular cancer
      7. Soft tissue sarcoma - cancer of connective tissue or muscles, example is Rhabdomyosarcoma
      8. Brain tumors - not generally common in teens but two forms to watch for include Astrocytomas (from cells in the brain called astrocytes) and Ependymomas (begin in the lining of brain ventricles).
      9. Melanoma - skin cancer
      10. Thyroid cancer

      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/cancer/cancer.html

      It is possible to have other types of very rare cancer as a teen too, but the above diseases are the most common and the ones that all teens should become aware of. Each age group should become familiar with the types of cancer common for their age . . it narrows the field of over 200 different kinds of cancer down considerably.

      Still, if you have any doubts please go seek out medical advice. Get a complete physical and discuss any concerns with your doctor.

      Best.

  17. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as free cancer testing?
    Both of my grandmothers died of lung cancer. Both smokers. A few years ago, I had a chest exray by a chiropractor and he said the dot on my lung area was calcium. Should I have cancer testing, and is there such a thing as free cancer screening? I am 47 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, details follow--------------

      Instant Diagnosis*of any Disease and or the affected organ[s]---even Cancer, HIV/AIDS or any Incurable Disease/Syndrome with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.

      U may study the details, discuss with Ur family members and friends and understand the concept of ‘Acupressure’ and confirm for Urself, if U or anybody else has cancer/hiv and the affected organs.

      Cancer, lupus, HIV/AIDS, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, etc., —Common Symptoms:
      Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, FATIGUE-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease- Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      Diagnosis--With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender. If all these or most of these points are very painful on thumb pressure, it means one has cancer/hiv/dreaded disease[s].
      Suppose, point no. 11 [prostate] along with no.8 [thyroid, 16 [lymph], then it is prostate cancer.

      If point no. 27 [stomach] along with point no.8, 16, then stomach cancer/ulcer, etc.,
      Point Nos.16, 8, 14, 15, 37—then it is ovarian cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 1-7, 11-15---oral cancer.
      Point Nos.1-6, 8, 11-16, 37 – Brain tumor.
      Point Nos.16, 8, 15,37 –uterine cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 30, 38, 37 –Lung cancer.
      Point No.19, 20, 21, 8, 16, 27—Bowel cancer.
      Point No.6 [throat], 8 [thyroid] and 16 [lymph]—throat cancer.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 11-15 and 37 –Lymphoma.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 37, 27, 29, 30 & 37---Leukemia.
      Note—In every cancer, 8 [thyroid], 16 [lymph] are tender as a precondition.
      Prevention & Cure: Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment and perceivable relief , hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:
      In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has breast cancer. If U press the surrounding area on both palms regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      Cure is available by Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases
      We proved for our own satisfaction “the miracles of acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies’ and made recorded documentation on successfully cured cases of Autism, Muscular Dystrophy, Thalassemia, Breast Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Wilm’s Tumor, Hypothyroidism, etc., etc.

  18. QUESTION:
    How to know if u have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?
    I am 14 and as I know no one in my family ever had any type of cancer
    Yes it it for me. Well I've been suffering for over a year being tired all the time no matter how many hours I sleep, I also take vitamins with 18 grams of iron which didn't work. I've been also realizing that I have a short memory and forgetting things very quickly. How to know if I have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      If you're worried and think you have cancer, go see a doctor immediately. No one here can diagnose you and if you do have cancer, it's nothing to mess with and needs to be treated.

      With symptoms that last for a year it's very unlikely that you have blood cancer, more often called leukemia. It's extremely rare that someone your age would have chronic leukemia, as it is rarely seen in anyone under the age of 55. I, personally, have only heard of it happening twice in someone under 40. Untreated acute leukemia may be fatal within weeks - not a year - which leads me to believe you do not have acute leukemia.

      It seems like your only symptom can be attributed to being a teenager. Teenagers need more sleep than children or adults do because of the growth and changes going on inside and out. If you feel that you're unnaturally tired and weak for someone your age, it may be possible that you're anemic - you may just need a little more iron in your diet or an iron supplement. This can be tested by your physician in a simple blood test. The causes of anemia can vary from something as simple as growing, or something more serious such as leukemia, although leukemia is an extremely rare diagnosis for a fairly common problem. When my son was diagnosed with leukemia, he was diagnosed as anemic less than a week before and had a very sudden onset of anemia symptoms.

      There are lots of symptoms of leukemia but each individual is different. Some display some symptoms while others display other ones. There's no actual tumour as in other cancers but leukemia is a cancer of the cells that create blood cells.

      My son E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump and he was absolutely covered in bruises, it looked like he lost a major fight. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of induction chemo and 3 consolidation rounds, he was given another 2 strong doses of chemo due to a tumour in his liver that has just been typed as a hepatoblastoma. He has is about to start another round of chemo next week. He does stay in the hospital during his chemo. His chemo lasts 7 days and he usually stays for up to 2 weeks - protocol likely to change now. He will also have a bone marrow transplant when a donor becomes available. The chances of relapse with AML are pretty high. Since this is his second time fighting cancer he is considered at a greater risk for relapse so the bone marrow transplant is the best choice for him.

      He had some joint pain at the time of diagnosis. I have to say I didn't really think too much of the joint pain because he doesn't walk well due to one of the previous chemotherapy drugs he had - Vincristine. Because of Vincristine his leg muscles are weaker and he walks with "slapfoot" or "dropfoot" and he trips and falls fairly often. I figured his joint pain was because of falling but since his diagnosis I now see that it was probably because of the leukemia. On treatment he has had a significant amount of bone and joint pain, especially early on. When it's clear that he is in pain, he does get pain meds to help. I think the painkillers do help him but I think even then he does have some pain but duller than without painkillers.

      A leukemia diagnosis is absolutely not a death sentence. It's treatable but you have to keep in mind that it does take lives. I know many children and adults that have gone on to live completely normal lives after getting their No Evidence of Disease (NED) status. Sometimes a patient does relapse but it is absolutely possible that he or she can reach remission and eventually NED status.

      I hope this helped you out some and I hope you're able to come to a conclusion with your physician. If you have any more questions feel free to email me (crazycanuckj@yahoo.ca) or IM me (crazycanuckj).

  19. QUESTION:
    A friend has been diagnosed with Pancreatic ans Spleen Cancer?
    What are his chances? I know they are not good but could you be more precise?

    • ANSWER:
      Dave...Do you mean pancreatic AND spleen cancer? Cancer of the spleen is rare and does not spread to the pancreas. However, cancer of the pancreas can spread to the spleen. This means that the cancer started in the pancreas and later spread to the spleen. Cancer of the pancreas is perhaps the worst type of cancer in that it often grows for a long time before the diagnosis is made. From the time of diagnosis, the outlook is for 6 months to two years of life remaining. Some such tumors have been cured, but very few.

  20. QUESTION:
    How often are doctors right about people having cancer?
    My dad has just been diagnosed with skin cancer but we don't know for sure.

    • ANSWER:
      usually right, bang on.
      and as much as no one wants to ever hear the word,
      we most definitley want the doctor to get that right diagnosis.

      sooner detected, more likely treatable

      this is perhaps no truer than in the case of melanoma, the worst of the skin cancers and one of the most inisidious cancers there are.

      in your father's case, you don't say what type - basal, squamous cell or melanoma.

      basal is almost never a real risk to one's greater health, and are easily excised or frozen off.

      squamous cell also are easily excised and/or frozen off, with low risk of further spread.

      melanomas are critically important to be detected very early and removed by excision or freezing.

      a melanoma that progresses to a stage two, or approximately 2-5 mm in depth, or with very irregular boundaries, is likely to enter its metastatic stage in which melanoma cancer cells separate, enter the blood and lymph systems and then travel and grow into lesions (tumors) in other parts of the body, typically the vital organs such as lungs, kidneys, spleen, liver etc.

      standard protocol for treatment of any melanoma suspect of being in metastasis is excision followed by chemotherapy to kill off metastatic cells.

      fortunately, nowadays early detection prevents most from falling to metastatic melanoma as did a mere two decades ago, when the protocols were different, and we lost our father ...

  21. QUESTION:
    Whats the chances of surviving bowel cancer?
    My Uncle has found out he has it, and that its spread to his liver, on average what are his chances of recovery.
    He lost a kidney and his spleen as he was shot about 3 years back.

    • ANSWER:
      The loss of a kidney and the spleen should not affect negatively the outcome; chemotherapy regimen *could* be adjusted *if* your uncle's renal function is impaired *and* the drugs are eliminated through urine.

      The survival rate at 5 years seems to be 20-30%. Take into account, however, that these data are obviously 5 years old or more, and new drug combinations may have improved the situation.

      Best of luck to your uncle.

  22. QUESTION:
    What are some cancers that you can get from smoking?
    I knoe that u can get tongue cancer, lung cancer, throat cancer, cheek cancer and wat other cancers are there for smoking cigarettes.

    • ANSWER:
      Every type of cancer has the risk increased more than 10 to 15 times by smoking.

      Here's a very very short list of cancers caused by or contributed to by smoking.
      All cancers of the lung, respiratory tract
      All cancers of the brain, spinal cord, nerves
      All cancers of the esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum, anus, liver, spleen, pancreas, gall bladder, bile ducts
      All cancers of the skin
      All cancers of the kidneys, ureters, bladder & urethra
      All cancers of the ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and labia
      All cancers of scrotum, prostate, ejaculatory ducts and penis
      All cancers of muscle, cartilage and bone.

      You see, cigarettes contain 3000 compounds:
      23 of which are Carcinogenic (they directly cause cancer) and are in the dose necessary to cause cancer.
      A further 793 compounds are carcinogenic but are found in a lower dose than is needed to cause cancer.
      A further 1019 components are known to increase the growth of cancer although they do not cause it to start.
      That means a stunning 2000 of the 3000 components of cigarettes are related to cancer.
      And the other 1000? Oh, they cause hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes etc etc. And they cause death of your cerebral neurons (brain cells)
      And of course atleast 300 compounds are addictive even in the most minute quantitites.

      And yet it's legal.

  23. QUESTION:
    Does an enlarged spleen always mean cancer?
    I recently had a CAT scan and it showed an enlarged spleen with mass. Does this always mean that it's cancer? I'm sort of freaked out by this. If anyone, hopefully a medical professional, could answer this question.

    • ANSWER:
      Not always. The mass is often due to to a "pseudotumor"(non cancerous) which can form from inflammatory and lymphatic tissues. Your doctor may just remove your spleen as resecting a tumor from the spleen is very tedious and can have poor outcomes so removal is safer. You can live just fine without your spleen. Best Wishes.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can your organs just stop working with stage 4 cancer of bone and liver?
    Can your organs, brain, heart, lungs pancreas, spleen, gallbladder basically any of the vital organs stop working suddenly with stage 4 cancer. Not bedridden cancer yet.. Just cancer alone that is in the bone, lymph and liver.. Basically can they stop suddenly or would it be a gradual thing that you would get sicker and sicker. Anyone that knows would help.

    • ANSWER:
      It's a gradual process. My sister went through the same thing. Long story short, she ended up with cancer in every major organ in her body. As a nurse I would never have expected one person could live with so many cancers but she did. She live a year and half and ended up bed ridden and by the grace of God, died in her sleep. It's never that simple that organs just give out all at once. I wish you the best if your talking about yourself. God bless

  25. QUESTION:
    What are the main symptoms of cancer?
    My friend has leukemia and i have told her about how i have been feeling lately. I have been very tired and i have strange bumps on the back of my neck. My friend was the same and shes scared i have cancer. Are these symptoms of leukemia?

    • ANSWER:
      You have asked for the main symptoms of cancer. I think you want to know the symptoms of Leukemia cancer as you have elaborated about it in the details of your question. Hence I am giving below the symptoms of Leukemia for your information.

      Leukemia is cancer of your body's blood-forming tissues, including your bone marrow and lymphatic system. It usually starts in your white blood cells.

      The common leukemia symptoms are:

      - Fever or chills
      - Persistent fatigue, weakness
      - Frequent infections
      - Loss of appetite or weight
      - Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
      -Easy bleeding or bruising
      -Shortness of breath when you're physically active, as while climbing steps
      - Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)
      - Excessive sweating, especially at night
      - Bone pain or tenderness

      The severity of signs and symptoms depends on the number of abnormal blood cells and where they collect. You may overlook early symptoms of leukemia because they may resemble symptoms of the flu and other common illnesses-.

  26. QUESTION:
    How long can leukemia go untreated and still be curable?
    I'm writing a story in which one of the main characters will develop cancer. I was thinking of going with leukemia. How early on can you see symptoms and let it go untreated but still be curable? What are the most common symptoms? Any details would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Depends whether your character is a child or adult. There are many different types of leukemia, not just 4 by the way.

      The most common type in childhood is Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia and this is probably the most easily treatable so if you want your character to live this might be the best bet. However acute leukemias progress much more quickly than chronic types, so if you want a good delay before symptoms appear and treatment is sought then you might want to go with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. The problem though is that CLL and CML affect mainly adults, it is quite rare in children so may appear less believable if your character is a child.

      If your main character is an adult then the chronic leukemias are the most common, Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia for example. There can often be delays in recognising symptoms and seeking treatment, and this disease may go on for years but often it changes into an acute leukemia and the patient suddenly declines and often dies.

      Symptoms are many and varied but may include night sweats, fatigue, recurrent infections, headache, easy bruising, joint pains, swollen lymph nodes, unexpected weight loss and swelling of the abdomen from an enlarged spleen.

      There's so much information, but I hope that helps. You can google these diseases yourself to find out more info.

      Good luck with your story.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of Cancer in the Blood?
    Someone told me my future girlfriend has cancer in her blood, what would the symptoms be :-(

    • ANSWER:
      What are symptoms of leukemia?

      Like all blood cells, leukemia cells travel through the body. Depending on the number of abnormal cells and where these cells collect, patients with leukemia may have a number of symptoms.

      Common symptoms of leukemia:

      * Fevers or night sweats
      * Frequent infections
      * Feeling weak or tired
      * Headache
      * Bleeding and bruising easily (bleeding gums, purplish patches in the skin, or tiny red spots under the skin)
      * Pain in the bones or joints
      * Swelling or discomfort in the abdomen (from an enlarged spleen)
      * Swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck or armpit
      * Weight loss

      Such symptoms are not sure signs of leukemia. An infection or another problem also could cause these symptoms. Anyone with these symptoms should see a doctor as soon as possible. Only a doctor can diagnose and treat the problem.

      In the early stages of chronic leukemia, the leukemia cells function almost normally. Symptoms may not appear for a long time. Doctors often find chronic leukemia during a routine checkup—before there are any symptoms. When symptoms do appear, they generally are mild at first and get worse gradually.

      In acute leukemia, symptoms appear and get worse quickly. People with this disease go to their doctor because they feel sick. Other symptoms of acute leukemia are vomiting, confusion, loss of muscle control, and seizures. Leukemia cells also can collect in the testicles and cause swelling. Also, some patients develop sores in the eyes or on the skin. Leukemia also can affect the digestive tract, kidneys, lungs, or other parts of the body.

  28. QUESTION:
    Now a days for many diseases research is revealing Herbs as best remedy? Does our ancestors are wiser?
    For diseases like lever and spleen, Diabetes etc. now a days science making medicens from herbs? Earlier they were used by our ancestors? What does it mean?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it is true and real fact. it is just logic, think of the tribal people or any peoples who live in forest areas there is no multispeciality hospitals and doctors on the mountains , people there live long for more, becasue of systematic life style and everyfood and medicine which they use are made up of herbs only. There are many herb which can cure cancer also, but our people wont face the reality.,it is not much focused or advertised hence people dont care for the herbal medicine.

  29. QUESTION:
    How to now if a cat has skin cancer?
    i took my cat to the vet recently and the vet said she might have skin cancer. My cat has a pink growth/lump just under her eyelid. It looks really painful we have tryed treatment for it but it didnt work. I dont think it bothers her to much but shall i get her checked out again or wait for a while and see what happens. Please help me

    • ANSWER:
      If it's suspected as cancer, the only thing you can do to decide is take a biopsy. Basically, slices if the tissue are taken and stained on a microscope slide. They will also make "cytology impresssions" by pressing a piece of tissue against the slide and then pulling it away to leave cells behind. Then a pathologist will look at the slides and decide whether the cells look normal, if they are dividing abnormally, if they are invading the surrounding tissue, etc. If the growth is benign, it can probably be removed with surgery and may or may not return. If it is malignant, then it really depends on the type of cancer as to what can be done about it. When a biopsy is done, they will decide what cell types make up the tumor, and how it will be approached.
      I would not wait on this. Even certain types of malignant cancers can be treated when caught early enough. If you wait, and it is malignant, the cells may migrate to other parts of the body (lungs, spleen, lymph nodes, liver, etc) and cause cancer there as well. Good luck, cancer is hard to deal with.

  30. QUESTION:
    Can a Splenetic tumor in a dog remain without rupturing?
    My dog is 12 years old and I hate the idea of surgery and the removal of her spleen. She suffers from a little arthritis but otherwise in great health. The tumor is contained in the spleen and no sign of spreading. We won't know if it is benign until removal. I don't want to put my dog through surgery. Is there a possibility that the tumor will not burst?

    • ANSWER:
      It is very unlikely that a spenic tumor will not eventually result in massive abdominal bleeding. The majority of splenic tumors are aggressive cancers, and even the more rare benign forms usually rupture at some point as they grow. You should be aware that if it is a hemangiosarcoma (the aggressive type of tumor), she will likely only live for several months after surgery even with post-operative chemotherapy. If you decide not to pursue surgery, you should be prepared to make the decision to euthanize at any moment.

  31. QUESTION:
    Does white cell count go down with all types of cancer?
    Just wondering if white cell count goes down with cancer? or if it will make you show up as anemic? or what could make you show up on a test as anemic?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on what type of cancer the person has. White blood cell count does not always go down. AML is characterized by a high white blood cell count, whereas ALL is characterized by low white blood cell counts. Although increased numbers of white blood cells are present, they are not functional.

      My son E was diagnosed with a Wilms' Tumour as a newborn, won his battle, and was recently diagnosed with Secondary Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML). AML is related to ALL but is still quite different. His cancer is most likely a secondary cancer caused by the chemotherapy his first time when he fought Wilms. E somehow passed his screenings he has every 3 months back in October but in the end of November we started to notice he wasn't quite himself, and he was diagnosed December 19th.

      E's white blood cell counts were much higher than normal, many people diagnosed with AML have higher WBC counts, but not always. Anemia is not tied to WBC counts, but red blood cells. E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. We took him back and found out that he was very anemic - he had low RBC counts and low iron. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of chemo and 1 consolidation round and he's labeled as being in remission! He still has 4-6 rounds of consolidation chemo left just to make sure all of the cancerous cells are gone.

      E's oncologist explained to us that his high WBC counts were due to the bone marrow not functioning properly and producing a large number of WBCs to fight off his infection. But many of those WBCs were faulty and did not function properly. His anemia was due to his spleen being enlarged and shredding his RBCs as they passed through. Many things could make it look as if you're anemic, it's usually not cancer but in Eli's case, it was.

  32. QUESTION:
    What Organs Can Be Removed Without Adversely Affecting the Body?
    I know of the appendix, gallbladder, kidneys, uterus, tonsils/adenoids, spleen, heart valves, thyroid, thymus, and large intestine. Can the oesophagus be removed? What else can be removed? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it entirely depends on what you mean by "adversely affecting the body". All of those listed, including the appendix, would adversely affect the body. The appendix is an exception because it has a fairly common pathology which can be fatal, and it's function (to repopulate the gut fauna in the event that it's wiped out, e.g. by infection) is pretty trivial in the grand scheme of things, so statistically there's no greater risk to having your appendix out than to keeping it in.

      I think what you mean is that the body *can survive* these organs being removed. Organis with redundant functions (especially things involved with immune system, which is highly redundant) such as the spleen and tonsils, can be removed with barely any day-to-day effect, but there are definitely adverse consequences to not having a spleen - you're more vulnerable to infection. Other examples, such as kidneys, can compensate for the loss of *a* kidney (although if you lose both your kidneys you're on dialysis or you die). It is possible to survive without a large intestine, but not without medical support and/or interventions.

      I also find it telling that you listed uterus and not testicles. ;) Even then, while reproductive function is written off, both of these organs have endocrine functions, so there *will* be adverse effects for the body - it might be possible to *manage* these effects, but they're still present.

      Still, all that's being nitpicky. If your question is "what can you SURVIVE having removed"... well, lots of things, really. Yes, you can remove the oesophagus, although you'll need some way of getting food into your stomach. Roger Ebert, for example, has had most of his jaw removed because of cancer, and can't eat or drink any more. The liver is pretty vital, but it's basically undifferntiated, so you can technically lose big chunks of it before you can't survive (although you'll need to adopt a pretty restricted lifestyle). Life without a pancreas would suck pretty hard - basically you'd get the difficult parts of cystic fibrosis and type I diabetes - but you could probably survive with oral enzymes to help digest your food and insulin injections. You can probably cope without parts of your small intestine, although given this has a slightly more crucial role than your large intestine (being the primary route of food absorption) you don't want to lose too much. If you're going to list the large intestine (survivable only with a colostomy bag), you could probably lose your bladder and most of the urinary tract really (including the prostate).

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the best option for a non malignant tumour on the spleen of a male 14 year Labrador?
    The lab also has a lump in his chest the size of a tennis ball which the Vet is reluctant to treat. His concern is more for the non malignant tumour on the spleen. He has advised surgery should the Lab become serious. The Lab also has small sized lumps over his body which are non threatening. Blood tests show there is no cancer. Otherwise he is happy, alert and his usual self.

    • ANSWER:
      'Reluctant to treat.' That's as far as I got. You need to get a new veterinarian!

  34. QUESTION:
    What are the possible reasones of increasing number of blood platelates.?
    I'm having hypertension. In my report I saw largely increased number of blood platelates. I dont have blood cancer. I would like to have a list of possible reasons for increased blood platelates. can anyone give me the list of the reasons? Also please tell if over stress causes these.

    • ANSWER:
      Don`t worry, you will be alright.
      As, you have mentioned, stress is on one of the reasons for high platelet count.
      There are many other causes stipulated for the higher platelet count.
      Infection, soon after surgery, Injury&trauma,certain type of inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid disease, certain types of drugs like chemotherapy drugs and certain type of cancer are all atributed to the higher platelet count.
      Person , who had their spleen removed also have high platelet count. Because spleen act as a "slaughter house" for blood cells including platelets.
      If you are a smoker, it aggravate the platelet aggregation.

      Irrespective of causes mentioned, people with higher platelet counts are vulnerable to develop blood clots and bruises. Make sure that, you are taking adequate amount of fluids, keep yourself mobile and wear compressive stockins.

      Get it checked with your doctor again and if, the problem is persistant, your doctor may order further investigations and put you in blood thinning drugs to prevent the formation of blood clots.
      Hope, this helps.
      Regards,

  35. QUESTION:
    How is everyone voting for Embryonic Stem Cell Research?
    Some people think that it's "killing a life" but they are embryos that are going to be destroyed anyway! Why not possibly find cures for diseases like multiple sclerosis, diabetes, cancer, parkinson's, alzheimer's, etc...? Tell me what you think!

    • ANSWER:
      As a person that has had Multiple Sclerosis for the past 13 years, I am definitely voting for Obama. Why? Because the last administration said they were for stem cells, but they were very deceptive and it has caused all government funded medical facilities to slow down on their research because Bush's Ethics Adviser thinks that ALL fertilized eggs should "be disposed of properly" (funerals or cremation).

      Adult stem cells can NOT be used in the same ways as embryonic stem cells. They might cause you to grow a fingernail out of your kidney, or hair out of your spleen instead of repairing the organ they were trying to fix.

      Here's a video that was released a couple of years ago that shows amazing progress being made.....

  36. QUESTION:
    What does “fatal liver disease” mean on a TV commercial on a certain medication?
    What does “fatal liver disease” mean on a TV commercial on a certain medication?
    On a TV Commercial, when they advertise about a certain drug and its side effect being one of them as “fatal liver disease”, does it mean, you’ll die from liver cancer or scirrosis?
    Then, why take the drug? Then, why did my doctor prescribe it?

    • ANSWER:
      Most all medications, after they enter the body,
      go to the liver first to be broken down before
      going to the rest of the body. The liver
      is a wonderful organ that can take toxins and
      change them into non toxic forms, also.

      All medications have side effects and warning
      on them. The patient doesn't always see
      these warnings, that the druggist is given, as
      an insert on these medications...if they did,
      they would never take any of them. The
      doctor has to decide if the benefits of
      taking the medication outweighs the risk.
      The doctor also knows the patients medical
      background and if their body chemistry is
      okay to handle the drugs. It is best that
      any medications a patient takes is cleared
      through the doctor first; this includes over
      the counter, herbs, herbal teas, vitamins,
      and minerals, etc. Many drugs can interact
      with other drugs including prescription drugs.

      Some drugs are harder on the liver than other
      ones are (therefore they contain these warnings).
      If a drug is taken in excess of the prescribed
      amount or taken with something like
      alcohol or grapefruit juice...it can cause the
      drug to go toxic in the body and then cause
      damage to the liver cells. Once the liver
      cells become damaged, then the patients
      immune system responds to the damage in
      the body and causes inflammation to develop
      in the liver. Normally, this inflammation is
      to help the body stop any bacteria, virus,
      or other foreign things that enter the body from
      reaching other areas of the body. However,
      now the inflammation is inside the capsule of
      the liver and causes the liver to enlarge in
      size. Once this happens the cells of the liver
      can become so stressed that they start to
      die off. When they do this, the dead cells
      cause scar tissue to develop in the liver and
      then it turns into a progressive disease known
      as Cirrhosis of the liver. This is what they
      mean by fatal liver disease. The public
      is becoming more aware of the dangers that
      are involved in taking these medications,
      but also it is scaring them.
      The drugs companies do extensive research
      and testing on all drugs on the market. That
      is what puts the costs of the drug up so high.
      It may take years to develop the drug and
      then do all of this before it is even approved
      for public use. They have to list all their findings, even if it is just one patients reaction
      out of thousands that has taken the drug.

      As long as your doctor is prescribing the
      medication or recommending this medication,
      it should be okay for you to take. You can
      even ask him about side effects or even
      talk to the druggist about the medication you
      are on. The pharmacies have on their
      computers a system that show if one drug
      interacts with another...they even give patients
      printouts to read about each drug they take.
      So many people don't read these print outs
      but they should. It is almost impossible to
      cover every side effect a patient may have in
      the doctors office.

      Fatal does mean that it could lead to death,
      since the liver isn't an organ, like the spleen
      or gallbladder is...where you can remove it
      and still live.

      I hope this information is of some help to you.

  37. QUESTION:
    How long can someone live with diognosis pseudomyxoma peritonei?
    This is a rare form of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is what I found online...

      Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

      Here is some information from two UK websites on the sugarbaker procedure and prognosis…

      "The (sugarbaker) procedure

      Indications

      Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a rare, borderline malignant, slowly progressing tumour. It arises from the appendix or bowel and spreads throughout the peritoneal cavity, producing a large amount of mucus. Most patients will develop symptoms due to the bulk of the tumour. Most patients will eventually die of this condition, but they often survive for several years.

      Standard treatment for this condition is surgical debulking, in which the surgeon attempts to remove as much tumour as possible. Recurrence is common, and therefore repeated debulking operations may be needed.

      Patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei may be treated using a ‘watch and wait' policy, using surgery only when unacceptable symptoms or life-threatening complications, such as intestinal obstruction, arise.

      Outline of the procedure

      The Sugarbaker technique combines complete surgical tumour removal (complete cytoreduction) with intraoperative heated chemotherapy, and is followed by postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy The operation takes around 10 hours and includes:

      ·removal of the right hemicolon, spleen, gallbladder, greater omentum and lesser omentum
      ·stripping of the peritoneum from the pelvis and diaphragm
      ·stripping of the tumour from the surface of the liver
      ·removal of the uterus and ovaries in women
      ·removal of the rectum in some cases

      Efficacy

      No controlled studies were found. The studies were of poor quality. One of the studies including 385 patients found 5-year survival to be 86% for those with less malignant pathology (adenomucinosis) and 50% for those with more malignant pathology (mucinous adenocarcinoma). However, not all patients in this study were followed up for 5 years, and it is not clear how survival was calculated. Another study found overall 5-year survival to be around 74% in the 98 out of 321 patients who underwent repeat cytoreductive surgery. For more details, refer to the sources of evidence (see Appendix). "
      http://www.nice.org.uk/page.aspx?o=94765

      Re: debulking surgery with concomitant sugarbaker procedure or IPEC (Intraperitoneal perioperative chemotherapy survival rates: “patients median survival is 6 years..with 50 to 70% surviving 5 years and 10-32% for 10 yrs” (see link below for the article)
      http://cinahl.com/cexpress/hta/summ/summ807.pdf (about IPEC or sugarbaker procedure and survival rates…have to hit options button and click on minimize popup first and play around with it to read it..set the type size from 40% to about 80% and click on the pages at the left side..kinda tricky to read it..but need adobe reader first)

      Here are some links to info and clinical trials for the disease..

      Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

      http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Pseudomyxoma%20Peritonei (NORD…scroll down for related support organizations and click on those)
      http://www.pmppals.org/ (PMP Pals..for pseumyxoma peritonei and appendiceal cancer)
      http://www.pmppals.org/trialsandresearch.htm (clinical trials and research links for Pseudomyoma peritonei and appendiceal cancer)
      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=5534 (PMP information and overview)
      http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/pseudomyxoma_peritonei.htm (a complicated study of PMP patients and prognosis)
      http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db_alpha.aspx?CdrID=44256 (definition of PMP..from NCI)
      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search;jsessionid=6596A6E31E3541D7E5EB65FCF6FBB0AB?term=Pseudomyxoma+Peritonei&submit=Search (clinical trials for Pseudomyxoma Peritonei )
      http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/p/pseudomyxoma_peritonei/trials.htm#trial (list of current and past clinical trials for pseudomyxoma peritonei)
      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/info/resources (introduction to clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/finding/treatment-trial-guide (how to find a cancer treatment trial)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)

  38. QUESTION:
    What would cause a dog's spleen to rupture ?
    My 11 year old Blue Heeler died from a ruptured spleen. I need to know what would cause this.

    • ANSWER:
      If it wasn't trauma, it most likely was cancer. Cancers that occur in the spleen tend to get very large quite quickly and when they rupture the animals can bleed out very fast.

      How did they determine that the spleen ruptured? Did they send any of the spleen to a pathologist? That would give you a definitive answer.

      Very sorry to hear about it.

  39. QUESTION:
    What sorts of diseases can nuclear medicine diagnose?
    i know about cancer, is there anything else?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a list

      - Bone scan (neoplasms) - malignancies
      - Abdominal pahologies (spleen,hepatic system, stones( KUB, Gall)
      - Colloid Scans
      - Thyroid scan (Hyperthyroidism)
      - Hydronephrosis and renal related diseases (cystitis, Glomerulonephritis)
      - Pneumonia, Heamorhages, Heamothoraxes, TB,
      - V/Q scans
      - Heart Scan and related Circulatory system.
      - Brain Scan (non CT) PET / SPECT technology
      - Hernias - you name it (inguinal...)
      - Respiratoty disorders

      added:
      And nuclear medicine Helps diagnose. These examinations are Tests exams - Dr will comfirm.

  40. QUESTION:
    What are all the risks of being an alcoholic?
    Obviously some things are obvious.. But alcohol can damage your body and you can get liver problems, cancers, cirrhosis..etc but id like to know more problems. if you are an alcoholic what are the main big health issues e.g cancer that could affect your body..

    Sorry i didnt word it great.

    • ANSWER:
      The liver takes toxins from the blood and converts that to a non toxic form
      that the body can easily dispose of.

      1) over consuming alcohol in a short time period doesn't give the liver cells
      time to make the necessary enzymes to convert the alcohol first to
      acetaldehyde, then to acetate, and then to carbon dioxide and water.
      If not converted completely, it becomes toxic to the liver cells.
      2) consuming alcohol over long time periods can cause the build up
      of fat inside the liver. The fat adds to the pressure in the liver and
      cause damage to the liver cells.

      Both of these damages to the liver cells can lead to the immune
      system of the body responding to this and causing inflammation to
      develop inside the liver. If the cause is not stopped, it can lead
      to the liver cells dying off and forming scar tissue inside the liver.
      A patient is then diagnosed with Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Cirrhosis of the liver means that the liver will start to shrink in size
      and takes on a hard texture. It is basically dying inside the liver
      patient. You asked what other damage it can cause?
      The blood no longer flows through the liver well on its way back
      to the heart. It causes this blood to back up into the portal vein
      and other smaller vessels not used to handling this amount of
      blood (known as varies). These varies can have weak spots
      and break open and a patient can bleed internally or bleed out
      completely. These varies are usually located in the esophagus,
      belly button area, and also the rectum.
      The blood also backs up into the Spleen and cause it to enlarge
      in size. This enlargement of the Spleen can cause the platelet
      cells to become trapped in the spleen instead of going into the blood.

      Since the liver can no longer do the functions of the liver anymore,
      efficiently...it can no longer make the protein to hold fluid inside our
      vessels. This fluid leaks out and collects in the abdominal area.
      It keeps building up and puts pressure on the diaphragm and stomach
      area and other organs of the body. It makes it difficult to breathe and
      eat. Sometimes the fluid can leak pass the diaphragm and
      collect around the heart and lungs.

      The liver can no longer make clotting factors efficiently. The blood no
      longer clots well. Therefore, the patient may bleed and bruise very
      easily.

      I mentioned the the liver takes toxins and converts them into a non toxic
      form...well, now the toxins stay in the blood and this affects every organ
      and every part of the body in some way. The kidneys filter this blood
      and it is next in line to fail after the liver because of this extra work placed
      on it.

      Some of these toxins reach the brain because they are able to go pass
      the blood brain barrier and into the brain...if these toxins are then not
      removed from the body...the patient will go into a coma.

      3) Some people are more sensitive to alcohol than other are and some
      are even allergic to it.

      4) Taking alcohol with drugs can cause such an interaction between them
      that they can instantly damage the liver cells.

      Alcoholic tend to be malnourished and the body doesn't absorb certain
      vitamins and minerals needed. The liver stores certain vitamins and
      minerals and is no longer able to do this efficiently.

      When you look at the disease mostly associated with alcoholics...you
      will see that it depends on how sensitive a patient is to this drug,
      and what the disease progression show it will do to the body.
      Being an alcoholic has either a direct or indirect affect on the whole
      body.

      Most transplant centers have a rule now, that if a patient is an alcoholic,
      they have to be detoxed from alcohol, under a professional doctor care,
      for a period of six months prior to being able to be evaluated for
      being placed on a transplant list. Many die during this time period.

      Alcoholic are more susceptible to develop other disease, cancer,
      and contacting viruses.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you. There is so
      much more that could be added here...but this is a the best summary
      I could provide. Best wishes

  41. QUESTION:
    how long does a person live if he is suffering from blood cancer from past 5 months?
    a friend of mine is suffering from blood cancer. It was detected in october 2010.
    i would like to know how long will he survive?

    • ANSWER:
      Are you talking about chronic or acute lymphocytic leukemia.
      Chronic is a slow progressive cancer where symptoms may take months or years
      depending on the progression of the cancer.
      whereas Acute is a very progressive cancer.
      I know of someone who was diagnosed a year ago who is not showing any symptoms yet.
      He has chronic lymphocytic leukemia .CLL or ALL doesnt go away, It may go into remission but eventually comes back. The more the cancer progresses they will remove spleen, chemotherapy if it attacks the liver & bone marrow transplant is some of the treatments used to slow down the progression of CLL or ALL. There is no cure. No one can determine how long a person may live after diagnosis, it all depends how fast this cancer progresses.

  42. QUESTION:
    is it true that after gallblader remove, make liver and spleen weaker?
    gallbladder remove spleen is out of balance and become weakened. and spleen provide energy to heart, a weak spleen results in a weak heard. and also liver gets weak as well. Is it true?

    • ANSWER:
      No it's not true. The gallbladder is only a holding tank for bile the liver produces to help digest fat. The liver will still produce bile, and it will still deliver it to the intestines via the common duct. There is no effect on the spleen at all, as it is not part of that delivery system. The spleen doesn't provide energy anyway. It is part of the immune system, not the digestive system. Nothing gets weak by removing the gallbladder. It's just a holding tank, and if it's full of stones, you are not eating correctly anyway. As a result you can risk malnutrition, not to mention the chronic and debilitating pain. And it can also raise the risk for developing cancer of the gallbladder. Removing the problem makes more sense than living with the risks.

  43. QUESTION:
    my dog has an extremely enlarged spleen and low red blood count, what could be the problem?
    Vet wants to do remove the spleen, but doesn't have a reason what is causing the spleen to be so enlarged. The spleen takes up most of abdominal cavity. It is an 8 year old male Yorkie. Ultrasound appeared not indicate cancer in spleen.

    • ANSWER:

  44. QUESTION:
    How often should women get a mammogram?
    I have a family history of cancer specifically breast and bone cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Once in a year. Since, U have familial history, the following relevant information may help U to be cancer free for life.

      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      Instant Diagnosis of Breast Cancer with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply..

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      •PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages.
      •Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.
      *Latest updates of Miracles of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011.

  45. QUESTION:
    Why was my aunt denied platelet transfusion?
    My aunt has hepatic cancer and is undergoing chemotherapy. Her cancer is now gone, but the tumor is still there and is still undergoing chemotherapy to shrink the tumor. She went in for chemotherapy the other day and told her that her platelet count was too low so she couldn't get chemotherapy. They gave her 6 months to a year to live. We asked about a platelet transfusion and they told her she couldn't get one. What might contraindicate a platelet transfusion?

    • ANSWER:
      I can't give you any specific answers, but I can give you some information that might let you ask better questions of the doctors. Platelets are normally destroyed in the spleen and liver, they don't live very long- only a week or so in the best circumstances. So transfusing the platelets is only a short term fix at best. If you have a patient with a bleeding problem, and it only requires a one time fix to help them improve- then a platelet transfusion is sensible. A low platelet count in and of itself is just a symptom of something, not necessarily something that can be fixed or will get better. In your aunt's case, her cancer may have progressed to the point where transfusion will not change anything for her. Platelet transfusions are also somewhat risky, and post transfusion infections are a problem, plus a risk of triggering an immune response against them is higher. In your aunts case, chemotherapy has left her immunocompromised at best, and a transfusion at this point might be fatal. But I am not an expert on this, nor the treatment of hepatic cancers on this level. The best person to discuss this with is her oncologist, really. He/she is the person best able to explain why the decision was made, and what effect it has on your aunt's overall condition. It may simply be that she has reached the end of what is possible to offer her in terms of treatment. What happens next you will need to see after you have spoken with the doctor. It may be time has come to make some arrangements to provide for end of life care, as the possibility of a recovery may not exist.

  46. QUESTION:
    What will happen if I stand before gamma radiation rays ?
    I know that i will develop cancer etc.... But how does cancer develop simply by standing in frnt of some rays - we dont develop cancer by sitting in frnt of bulb or tube light's rays ! Then why only gamma ?
    What i also want to ask is when i will stand in front of those rays will any physical change take place for ex. My collapsing, bleeding etc....
    And i would also appreciate if u can tell that how can radiation alter our dna ?
    Thnx for the replies

    • ANSWER:
      It isn't "only gamma." If you are exposed to too strong X rays for too long, you'll have the same issues as if you stood in front of gamma rays for a much briefer period. That's why you should limit the number of X rays you have taken at the dentist for example.

      Gamma and X are bands of the electro-magnetic spectrum, just like visible light. But they are way more energetic than light; so they penetrate deeper into the body and do way more cell damage in a shorter period of time than visible light. And, yes, visible light, the ultra violet end, from the Sun, for example, does do damage; which is why you need to slather on a whole lot of sun screen when you go out in your bikini.

      The damage by all these EM rays is done by ionizing your cells. They actually take on a charge, which immediately kills their ability to function normally. The good news is that if you stay exposed for a short time or to the low energy rays, only a few cells will be killed and your body will regenerate healthy ones to take their place.

      The bad news is that in that enhanced regeneration, the probability that one or more of those replacement cells will be cancerous goes up. And that's where the cancers come from...the replacement cells that have some sort of mutation invoked by the radiation. It is possible that these cancer cells will lie reasonably dormant for years after exposure to the rays. And then, years later, some trigger sets them to multiply without restriction...and that's the nature of cancer.

      Ordinary visible light, like from your light bulbs, cannot penetrate into the skin. And their energy is away from the UV end of visible light; so you won't get a sunburn that damages your surface skin cells.

      We've addressed the cancer results. But when X and gamma rays are very very strong and/or you've been exposed over a continuous period, a whole lot of cells will be ionized and killed. And in that exposure period, new cells will not have time to regenerate. That will cause whatever organs those cells belong to to cease functioning normally. The soft organs (e.g., liver, spleen, and kidney) are the most susceptible to radiation damage. Within a matter of minutes of exposure to high and extended levels of radiation you could fall ill and possibly die of what is called prompt radiation poisoning.

  47. QUESTION:
    How does a person catch infectious diseases?
    What are the main causes by which a person catches infectious diseases such as aids, cancer, kidney infections, spleen disorders etc? Whats the easiest way to catch a disease?

    • ANSWER:
      Very complex question. Some disease are genetic, some are unknown, some are caused by a single mutations in the DNA. Infectious diseases are spread by the bacteria, viruses, fungi etc that cause them and are spread by various routes (sneezing, blood, fecal oral route, contaminated food etc). The easiest one to catch is a cold virus--have someone sneeze your way.

  48. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of a great cancer treatment center?
    My uncle was recently diagnosed with colon cancer stage four, liver cancer, pancreas cancer and brain cancer. He also has diabetes. Doctors say he has probably had this for about eight years, but was never diagnosed. He is given only two months to live. Anyone know of any centers, treatments or survival stories that apply?
    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Gerson Therapy Clinic. Dr Max Gerson's most famous patient was nobel prize winner, Dr. Albert Schweitzer - cured of advanced diabetes at the age of 75.

      To apply for admission to a Gerson Clinic>>>
      http://www.gerson.org/Programs/findgersonclinic.htm

      Gerson Therapy>>>
      http://gerson.org/GersonTherapy/gersontherapy.htm

      Charlotte Gerson on Alternative Cancer Treatments>>>
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkxndocXWhc&feature=related

      "When you truly heal, the body heals everything." - Charlotte Gerson.

      Subject: Brain Cancer

      Case 35 in A Cancer Therapy. Presented by Dr. Gerson in 1946 to U.S. Senate Committee. Ulcer biopsied, U.S. Army, August, 1944: basal cell carcinoma. Surgery removed right mastoid cancer. Recurred April, 1945. Discharged, no treatment. Carried to Dr. Gerson, crying in severe pain, left eye swollen closed, right eye barely open. October, 1945, X-rays showed fist sized tumor at base of skull growing into brain. Almost gone in four weeks. Complete recovery. Remained free of cancer for 49 years. Died of heart attack 1994.

      Subject: Colon Cancer

      ROSAMOND RAY, 81, COLON CANCER, MIGRAINES.
      1953, blood in stool, pain, weakness. Head of Rectal Surgery, Stanford University Medical School did biopsy: malignant polyp 13 cm up from rectum. Doctor stated that without colostomy, she had less than 10% chance of survival. Went to Dr. Gerson's New York clinic in October, 1953. Recovered. Married in 1955. No more migraines after therapy began. Alive and well over 40 years later.

      Subject: Liver Cancer

      DELLA ROBINSON, LIVER CANCER.
      1974, jaundiced. Portland, Oregon hospital liver scan and biopsy proved cancer. Given three to five weeks to live in January, 1975. Weight down to 67 lb. Sent home in severe pain, heavy drugs, semi-coma, hopeless prognosis. Family started Gerson Therapy at home. Able to leave bed in three months, no more pain or drugs. Regained normal 115 lb. weight. Remained well, cancer-free for twenty years. Passed away 1995, age 90, of causes other than cancer.

      Subject: Pancreatic Cancer

      PATRICIA AINEY, PANCREAS CANCER SPREAD TO LIVER (Michael Landon's cancer), SPLEEN AND GALL BLADDER.
      In pain, vomiting blood. Pancreas cancer biopsied January, 1986. CAT scan showed tumor in liver, spleen, gall bladder. Given hopeless prognosis. Began Gerson Therapy in Mexican hospital March, 1986. Patient says "complete turnaround in 10 days." Recovery shown by CAT scan 6 months later amazed her Canadian doctor. Enjoys work, grandchildren. Feels "really good" nine years later.

      Subject: Diabetes

      MELVA BLACKBURN, 79, DIABETES, ARTHRITIS, ALZHEIMERS, KIDNEY, ADRENAL DISEASE, CUSHING'S SYNDROME, ETC.
      Medical problems from 1944. Treated until 1979. Heart, coronary artery disease. Diabetes drugs after 1965. Poor control of legs, feel. Cushing's syndrome (adrenal disease, obesity, fatigue, weakness, osteoporosis, edema, infections). Pneumonia twice/year. Enlarged liver. Arthritis in all joints. Anxiety, ataxia, confusion, aphasia. Alzheimer's (premature old age) diagnosed. Years on drugs, many surgeries. Began Gerson Therapy in Mexican hospital October, 1979. Rapidly improved. All diseases gone, no drugs. Astounded her doctors. Remains active, well 18 years later.


spleen cancer

Carcinoma Of

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is a carcinoma and how is it taken out?
    A relative of mine has a carcinoma on his liver that needs to be removed. Doctors say it's gonna be hard to remove it, but so far the prognosis is good.

    Also, how does it differ from a regular tumor and / or regular cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      A carcinoma "IS" a regular type of cancer involving the liver.
      I have seen hundreds of them.
      It depends if it is a primary or a metastatic carcinoma in (not on) the liver.
      What is the biopsy histology ? You tell us nothing useful to diagnose this case.
      There is no "good" prognosis with a carcinoma involving the liver.
      If you really want to know what is happening,
      go with your relative when he sees his doctors.
      Then study on the internet.
      It takes 13 years of higher education to be a cancer specialist.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is small cell carcinoma, and why is edema in the upper body a serious complication.?
    A family member has small cell carcinoma being treated with chemotherapy in the lung/thoracic area, and recently has developed edema in the arms and chest (not sure specifics of where in the chest the edema is). What is this type of cancer and what is the concern with the edema when it develops secondary to the cancer? Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      oedema of the upper body is due to blockage (partial) of the superior vena cava (the main vein which drains the part of the body above the level of the heart). this is due to infiltration of the vein by the malignant tumour. its a bad prognostic factor.

      as for small cell carcinoma, it is a highly malignant tumour of the lungs, and spreads rapidly. it also produces certain hormones that mimic hormonal imbalance states (paraneoplastic syndrome).

      u can type in "small cell carcinoma" on wikiepedia and check the other details for urself.

  3. QUESTION:
    How long does someone with stage 4 Renal cell carcinoma have?
    My grandfather, 83, has stage 4 renal cell carcinoma. The cancer has spread to his lungs (several tumors on lungs), bladder, gall bladder, and the doctor said he could feel tumors all over. I just want a realistic outlook for his life expectancy. He will be receiving immunotherapy in a few weeks but his general practice doctor seemed to think he had weeks to a few months to live. His oncologist didn't give him a time frame. I just want to know what he is looking at. He already is having trouble breathing.

    • ANSWER:
      No one knows.My wife has stage IV renal cell carcinoma and no one thought she would make it one year.It been a tough road, but shes still here 5 years 5 months latter.

  4. QUESTION:
    Why is basal cell carcinoma the least invasive of all cancers?
    Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) can develop into large unsightly skin tumors but the cells rarely metasize or spread to distant sites like malignant melanoma, lung cancer, colon cancer etc.
    Is it that only certain genes are involved in BCC which mean they fail to become completely immature like other tumor cells, or is it they are more liable to be attacked by the immune system? Any other ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Simon - Great question! Sorry that the answer is not yet known. Most cancer research efforts have been directed towards the malignant tumors which rapidly invade the blood vessels and lymph channels making their spread easily, but not malignant basal cells of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). It may be genetic, as you mention, or the BCC cells may lack certain genes and/or enzymes which would allow the cells to survive in other body locations. It is NOT likely to be related to the immune system as microscopic examination of BCC lesions do not show the tissue changes of immune-type cells adjacent to or invading the BCC as they do with other tumors. Hence, the BCC spreads by ever-widening direct growth from the primary tumor without metastases but able to invade the toughest of nearby tissues, even bone. Might you be interested in such a research career in dermatopathology?

  5. QUESTION:
    What is basal cell carcinoma? and How does it compare with malignant melanoma?
    What is basal cell carcinoma? and How does it compare with malignant melanoma?

    • ANSWER:
      Basal cell carcinoma is mildest form of skin cancer with tendency for only local spread.Most commonly occures in face(Area above a line from tip of nose to ear lobule)
      Surgical wide excision is treatment of choice with very good prognosis.
      On the other hand-
      Malignant Melanoma is most aggressive and virulent form of skin cancer with tendency for early loco regional and distant spread.
      With all modality of treatment,prognosis is very poor.

  6. QUESTION:
    What are the treatment options for invasive Ductal Carcinoma In Situ?
    I was diagnosed with invasive Ductal Carcinoma In Situ. It was 1.7 cm. in size. Had lumpectomy and lymph node biopsy. The pathology they did during surgery came back clean. I am very scared. Any information would be appreciated.
    I thought the invasive diagnosis was unusual also, but I saw the breast biopsy report and that is what it said.

    • ANSWER:
      It is impossible to have “invasive Ductal Carcinoma In Situ” as in situ means non-invasive. Are you saying you have invasive ductal carcinoma AND DCIS? Treatment option should have been discussed with you before you had surgery as what kind of surgery you have is based on your decision. I think you need a other talk with your doctor.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are some treatments for Basal Cell Carcinoma?
    I think i have Basal Cell Carcinoma, And I'm going to the clinic Thursday, and i was wondering what i have to look forward to.. Like what they'll do to treat it.

    • ANSWER:
      Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. It is typically a very slow growing, non-invasive cancer and is treated very effectivly by excision. If the doctor believes the lesion to be suspicious of BCC, they will likely schedule a biopsy to confirm this, and then completely remove it by cutting it out and placing a couple of stiches on the wound.

  8. QUESTION:
    Can anyone please share their experience or advice regarding papillary carcinoma?
    My mother, aged 69, had a 2 centimeter invasive papillary carcinoma removed in a lumpectomy recently. Thankfully, there was no evidence of any of the lymph nodes involved.

    Of course, we are very concerned, and would like to know what are the experiences of those who have been diagnosed with papillary carcinoma. What treatments did you undergo? For how long? What were the side effects/possible contraindications and outcome of your treatments? How did you choose your oncologist?

    Any advice or details you could give us would be sincerely appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I don’t know how many responses you are going to get, as papillary carcinoma of the breast is fairly rare and the information you provide is a little vague. Breast cancer treatment depends on the stage of the disease, the grade and if the hormone receptors are negative or positive none of which you mention. From what you stated your mom is a stage I, right at the edge of a stage IIA.

      She is very luck that it was caught this early as they grow more rapidly than others and when found the tumors are often larger than your mother’s. The lymph nodes are usually negative, but hopefully a sentinel node biopsy was done to be sure. This type of cancer tends to happen most often in black women. For some reason we do not yet understand cancer in general is more aggressive in black patients, so if your mother is black I would have this treated as aggressively as possible to be on the safe side.

      I firmly believe when faced with a significant medical decision you should get at least 2 opinions. If your mom lives in a less populated area she may want to get an opinion from the closest teaching facility as they tend to be involved in the most unusual cases and the cutting edge treatment. It may be too far to travel for treatment, but they can create a treatment plan that can be followed locally. Hope this helps. Best wishes to you both.

  9. QUESTION:
    Can I have a basal cell carcinoma on my foot?
    Has this happened to anyone, what I thought was a wart is infact a basal cell carcinoma. How was it treated if this happened to you. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a major problem in the elderly. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the second most common skin cancer, typically occurs in this age group. Despite a number of modalities readily available for treatment. Consequently, the search for novel treatments continues. To my knowledge, there are only 6 published reports of invasive SCC treated with 5-percent Imiquimod cream. (Imiquimod is a topically applied imidazoquiline immunomodulator that enhances both innate and cell-mediated immunity )
      This is a clinical trial result that has details that may be of interest:- An 89-year-old woman presented with three lesions on her lower limbs. She had previous treatments for multiple basal cell carcinomas, actinic keratoses, Bowen disease, and invasive SCCs at various sites. The new lesions were on the left foot (one) and right lower leg (two) and all showed changes of poorly differentiated SCC histologically. She declined surgical excision; radiotherapy was felt to be a poor option. She was treated with 5-percent imiquimod cream, initially to just the lesion on the dorsum of the foot, for 8-12 hours at night for three nights each week (three times a week). Treatment was well tolerated by week 2, so the frequency was increased to five times a week, and all three lesions treated. Gradually, two lesions diminished in size. Treatment was continued until there was no clinical evidence of residual tumor at these sites (19 weeks) repeat biopsies showed only a focus of dysplastic cells with no invasion (dorsum, left foot), and epidermal hyperplasia with no significant cytological atypia (outer aspect, right lower leg) Neither now showed evidence of invasive SCC. After 16 months there was no recurrence of either lesion. The third lesion (right lower leg,) did not respond to topical imiquimod and was later surgically excised.
      Hope this helps
      Matador 89

  10. QUESTION:
    How fast does invasive ductal carcinoma begin to metastasis?
    Hello, my mother was just diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma, stage 1, however they have not done a CT/Mri, or tested the lymphnodes yet. From a lot of research it seems like the main concern is the spread (metastasis). Does anyone know what the time line is on this and how fast it occurs? thanks. please be honost

    • ANSWER:
      If she is truely stage 1, that means that it has not spread to the lymph nodes.

      If the stage 1 was diagnosed based on tumor size, there is a small chance it has already started spreading. The additional tests will determine this.

      The timeline of met formation is highly variable. I know you want an answer, but without doing the tests she is about to get, I can only tell you that based on the small size of her tumors, the chance is small that it has metasticized. And the speed at which it will metasticize is too variable to give you a meaningful answer.

      .

  11. QUESTION:
    how much chances of survival of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix?
    Hi, my mother have Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and cervical cancer...
    How much chances she have for survival...

    Pls be honest in reply.
    Its 1st stage .

    • ANSWER:
      Jack Mihai,
      Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix is a rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive. The “prognosis” of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix usually refers to the likely outcome of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix and may include the duration of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, chances of complications of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix. Naturally, such forecast issues are by their nature unpredictable and there is no way to make a generalised prediction. You would be advised to discuss your mothers daily condition with her oncologist/doctor. You state she has stage 1. That is rather meaningless as it depends what staging system is being used. The TNM system is one of the most widely used staging systems. The TNM system is based on the extent of the tumour (T), the extent of spread to the lymph nodes (N), and the presence of distant metastasis (M). A number is added to each letter to indicate the size or extent of the primary tumour and the extent of cancer spread. For many cancers, TNM combinations correspond to one of five stages. Criteria for stages differ for different types of cancer. For example, bladder cancer T3 N0 M0 is stage III, whereas colon cancer T3 N0 M0 is stage II. I regret that I am not able to be more exact. I wish your mother well.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of Basil Cell Carcinoma?
    I have a bump on my nose that my doctor thinks is growing and she says it might be basil cell carcinoma. I am looking for a dermatologist to consult with but am wondering if anyone out there knows about these things and also have you ever heard of the morhs (? spelling) treatment? Thank you for any help.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma
      The five most typical characteristics of basal cell carcinoma are quite different from each other. Frequently, two or more features are present in one tumor. In addition, basal cell carcinoma sometimes resembles non-cancerous skin conditions, such as psoriasis or eczema. Only a trained physician, usually a dermatologist, can diagnose this cancer.
      It is advisable to learn the signs of basal cell carcinoma and examine the body regularly, as often as once a month, if at high risk. A full-length mirror and a hand-held mirror can be very useful for the less visible parts of the body. The five warning signs of basal cell carcinoma are:
      •An open sore that bleeds, oozes or crusts, and remains open for three or more weeks. A persistent, non-healing sore is a very common early manifestation.
      •A reddish patch or an irritated area, frequently occurring on the chest, shoulders, arms or legs. Sometimes the patch crusts. It may also itch or hurt. At other times, it persists with no noticeable discomfort.
      •A smooth growth with an elevated, rolled border and an indentation in the center. As the growth slowly enlarges, tiny blood vessels may develop on the surface.
      •A shiny bump (or nodule) that is pearly or translucent and is often pink, red or white. The bump can also be tan, black or brown, especially in dark-haired people, and can be confused with a mole.
      •A scar-like area (white, yellow, or waxy in appearance) which often has poorly defined borders. The skin itself appears shiny or taut. Although a less frequent sign, it can indicate the presence of an aggressive tumor.
      Di

      TARGET THERAPY* for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, HIV/AIDS, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses[females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.


      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.

  13. QUESTION:
    what is the life expectancy rate of a person diagnosed with stage 4 undifferentiated carcinoma?
    our family friend was daignosed with stage 4 undiffirentiated carcinoma?
    he's like 50-55 y/o, and he's planning to undergo cobalt?

    i just want to know what is the life expectancy rate WITH and WITHOUT the procedure?
    thank you
    the doctor orders for chemo and cobalt procedure.

    • ANSWER:
      No one can answer this without knowing the primary site.

  14. QUESTION:
    What is the ribbon color for thymus cancer, more specifically thymic carcinoma?
    My mom was diagnosed with having a thymic carcinoma and i want to know what color ribbon that is associated with.

    • ANSWER:
      its teal

  15. QUESTION:
    How fast does invasive ductal carcinoma metastasis?
    Hello, my mother was just diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma, stage 1, however they have not done a CT/Mri, or tested the lymphnodes yet. From a lot of research it seems like the main concern is the spread (metastasis). Does anyone know what the time line is on this and how fast it occurs? thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the grade. Most women have breast cancer for about 2 years before it can be detected,

  16. QUESTION:
    How to cure basal cell carcinoma skin cancer?
    Hi, I am Klein and i am suffering from basal cell carcinoma skin cancer. I want to know how to cure skin cancer? I have heard about Bec5 curaderm cream works for skin cancer treatment.
    Is this possible?

    • ANSWER:
      Bec5 curaderm is an eggplant extract cream for skin cancer treatment. I found a website while searching of skin cancer treatment which is http://www.bec5curaderm.com/ .
      May this will help you.

  17. QUESTION:
    What type of carcinoma could it possibly be?
    My Dad has some form of carcinoma but we won't know what kind until Monday. He has a lump growing on the back of his neck (not lymphoma;ruled out by testing). He has had a backache, but he has had a history of that. Also has a cold. Has anyone had any experience with this where the first visible symptom was a growth on the neck?

    I just want to know what we will be dealing with. where it started.

    • ANSWER:

  18. QUESTION:
    Can a Lymphoma be confirmed as a secondary of Renal Cell Carcinoma through biopsy of the lymph node?
    The biopsy report of lymph node shows "lymphoma caused probably by renal cell carcinoma". Can the 'probably' factor be removed and can this be confirmed through some other tests?

    • ANSWER:
      I cannot answer your question ; but goggle Mayo clinic and you will get a really good answer

  19. QUESTION:
    what are the chances of my child having hepatocellular carcinoma if his fathers brother died of it at age 8?
    I am considering a sperm donor but he had a brother that died at the age of 8 of Hepatocellular carcinoma. Is this hereditary? What are the risks/chances my child will have it?

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    Carcinoma of the sigmoid with invasion into adjacent tissue. What is the ICD 9 code for this?
    Carcinoma of the sigmoid with invasion into adjacent tissue. What is the ICD 9 code for this?

    • ANSWER:
      You probably would need more specific information. There are many ICD-9 sites on the internet that would be of help to you. Would probably be close to 209.16 to 209.66, with more specifics.

  21. QUESTION:
    How curable is squamous carcinoma of the eye?
    My grandpa has been diagnosed with squamous carcinoma on his eye. So there a tumor on his eyeball. He's going to the optometrist or something to get it surgically removed. I was wondering if it's a very curable cancer or if it's a more incurable type. He probably got it because he works at a golf course, so he's in the sun a lot. Is this something I should be worried about or not?
    anyone know the likelihood of losing the affected eye? I'm not sure how early it was caught.

    • ANSWER:
      Even within certain groups of Cancer the Malignancy can vary quite a bit. Ostio-Sarcoma (Bone Cancer) can almost be Benign, making it very hard to treat, and on the other hand it can be incredibly aggressive, doubling Tumor size in less than a month. My advice as a Cancer Survivor to you is to get him to a Doctor and listen to the Doctor, the chances of someone on here having a good answer are very low. If it does make you feel better the last 20 or so years have had some amazing breakthroughs on cancer treatment.

  22. QUESTION:
    Has anyone had any experience in a cancer treatment called Torisel for Renal Cell Carcinoma?
    My dad was diagnosed with Stage 4 Renal Cell Carcinoma. He started a treatment this week. The treatment is call Torisel. I wonder if anyone has any experience in this drug. If it worked for your loved one and if there was any side effects and how long did it take to have the side effects.

    • ANSWER:
      I believe this is one of the newer mTOR targeted therapy drugs. It is very new. You would probably get more response and better information by going to an online support group with other patients who are using this drug. Good luck.

  23. QUESTION:
    Anyone had any experience with High Grade Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma?
    Diagnosis is High Grade Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma presenting between colon and pelvis (also in lymphnodes in same area). Doctor's are not sure but believe it originated from cervix or uterus. It is being treated as if it were Small Cell Lung Cancer eventhough it is NOT in the lungs.

    Having a hard time finding anything online because it is apparently pretty darn rare. Any information would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      This is not that uncommon. Neuroendocrine cells are all over the body so it can arise in many places other than lung (most common). It is described as small cell carcinoma, an while usually lung, can arise in many sites such as vagina, cervix, rectum, intestine, appendix, etc. They are all generally treated the same, using common small cell lung cancer regimens.
      In general, limited stage disease, loosely defined as disease that can fit within one radiation portal, can be cured occasionally with chemotherapy and radiation- but this is extrapolating from lung cancer patients, where cure rates are <20% with limited stage disease. More extensive disease is not curable, though it does respond very well to chemotherapy or radiation or both.

      Blessings

  24. QUESTION:
    What are the lastest advances in treatments for renal cell carcinoma (stage 3)?
    My best friend has recently been diagnosed with Renal cell carcinoma. Early diagnosis suggest that the cancer has metastasized and spread to the lymph nodes, but has not spread to any other organs. I am interested to know if anyone knows whom are the worlds experts in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (both medical and academic experts). Unfortunately we are British and so the only likelyhood of my friend getting the latest drugs is by partaking in a clinical trial (NICE, the body that regulates which drugs are purchased for UK NHS patients generally do not pay out for the latest expensive treatments) . I would like to know therefore is anybody reading this post who is involved in organising/running clinical trials for drugs to treat RCC who might be able to discuss further options. My friend shows otherwise no symptoms at all apart from once urinating blood. He is in otherwise good health and is aged 33.

    • ANSWER:
      I suggest he contact Shands hospital in Houston.

  25. QUESTION:
    what is the difference between carcinoma and cancer tumors?
    is it lung carcinoma or lung cancer tumors? how are they both two different things

    • ANSWER:
      Carcinoma means cancer starting on skin or some other surface of organs.

      All carcinomas are cacner but not all cancers are carcinomas.

  26. QUESTION:
    Does infrared light therapy help prevent basal cell carcinoma?
    I have had basal cell carcinoma removed from my face. It has been due to sun exposure. I stay away from the sun and live a healthy life but it's still coming back. Could red and infrared light therapy help prevent new recurrences?

    • ANSWER:
      No. There's no definitive proof.

  27. QUESTION:
    how long can you live with squamous carcinoma cancer with out treatment or sugery?
    squamous carcinoma cancer of the lung,how long can you live with out treatments or surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      if with correct treatment - it can be up to 15 years. without treatment - it based on current condition, only your doctor can tell you (who have access to your health db).

  28. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy for small cell carcinoma?
    Hi. My mom was just diagnosed with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and it is in the early stages THANKFULLY! however, i am only 17 and she is hesitant about giving me info and telling me what the future holds for our family, especially since she is a single parent. If you could please give me some info to help me better understand and how to help my mom beat this disease i would forever grateful!!! Life expectancy, treatment, and any encouragement techniques as she is very depressed. thank you all!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Small cell grows quickly, much quicker than non small cell. but small cell responds better to chemo treatments. Your mom may be advised to also have WBR (whole brain radiation) as often lung cancer travels to the brain. Since caught very early, she has a good chance of ridding herself of cancer, but will have to have regular scans as recurrence is almost always. Attached is a yahoo lung cancer group, there you will find people that have beaten small cell and are still surviving and are N.E.D. (no evidence of disease) after a couple of years of treatment.

  29. QUESTION:
    Can chewing tobacco cause Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    We just recently found out that a family member has Squamous Cell Carcinoma and the doctors think it maybe from chewing.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes as can too much sun. It is a moderate type of skin cancer worse than a normal carcinoma but not as bad as melanoma. The thing that you have to worry about with squamous cell carcinoma is that it can metastases and it can also be tough to get rid of.

  30. QUESTION:
    Can women with invasive lobular carcinoma breast feed?
    Invasive lobular carcinoma affect the lobules of the breast, which produce milk for the new born baby.
    so i was wondering if women with invasive lobular carcinoma are allowed to breast feed?
    I was thinking maybe they couldn't because maybe the milk is infected with cancer cells?
    help!

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of renal cell carcinoma patients who have had nephrectomy?
    Diagnosis was renal cell carcinoma. Right kidney was removed with a radical nephrectomy.

    • ANSWER:
      since the affected kidney has already been removed, you have already "upped" your chances of survival. there is now a higher probability of recovering. however, precaution should still be exercised. visit your doctor and have a follow up exam to check wether the surgery was a success and if it was done in time to prevent the spread of the disease. since carcinoma is often caused by too much "bad" carbon in the body, you would do well by not eating "burned meat" that usually happens when cooking in open fire-such as when grilling. good luck!

  32. QUESTION:
    Is squamous cell carcinoma life threatening?
    I had a squamous cell carcinoma removed from my right calf eleven years ago. I now have been told that I have 3 small cancers on both on my hands ( one on the back of my left hand, and 2 on the back of my right hand. What is the possibility of this cancer surfacing somewhere else on my body? Is this type of skin cancer potentially life threatening? Should I be concerned about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Generally not life threatening as long as it's treated quickly. It is the 2nd most common skin cancer. Truthfully. hundreds og thousands are diagnosed evey year, resulting in less than 3k deaths.

  33. QUESTION:
    Is Renal Cell Carcinoma (kidney cancer) stage 2 disqualifying from joining the military?
    I have a family member recently diagnosed with Renal Cell Carcinoma (kidney cancer) stage 2. He lost his kidney as a result. Can he still join the military? or should he forget about joining the army? Which branch will take him? He's bilingual (English-Arabic, most dialects of the Middle East). He has a post-college degree.
    What will the MEPS doctors say?

    • ANSWER:
      Why not look into other federal jobs that would gladly take him as an arabic linguist? There is obviously a large and growing emphasis on recruiting those who speak any of the many arabic dialects at all levels of govt. There are even civilian linguists that work with the military at all levels in translating/transcribing/intelligence etc. CIA, FBI, Homeland Security etc would probably all be possibilities.

  34. QUESTION:
    Where in the body does neuroindocrin carcinoma originate?
    My husband was diagnosed with this cancer. The tumor was in his neck in a lymph node. They removed it and biopsied it and thats when they said it's neuroindocrin carcinoma. They scheduled us for an appointment next week, but until then does anyone know anything about this cancer? Thank you much

    • ANSWER:
      check this out,you will get all the details.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroendocrine_tumor#Classification_of_GEP-NETs_by_site_of_origin_and_by_symptom

  35. QUESTION:
    Where is the best place to receive treatment for Carcinoma Sarcoma in the abdominal area?
    Best treatment Center for Carcinoma Sarcoma?

    • ANSWER:
      You talk to your own oncologist. Everyone reads the same journals. You don't have to go too far.

  36. QUESTION:
    I have just found that I have bronchiolveolar carcinoma?
    I quit smoking for a 1yr and 2 months after 56yr cancer of the lung is what i have The name is bronchiolveolar carcinoma. Is there a treatment for me that is comfortable fo a 72 yr old lady. I am scard to death. and live alone.

    • ANSWER:
      Editor's note:
      Bronchoalveolar carcinoma (BAC) comprises only a small percentage of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) adenocarcinomas, but its unique characteristics have enabled researchers to identify improved therapeutic strategies for BAC patients over the past few years. To gain some perspective on how these strategies have affected outcomes, Medscape spoke with Vincent A. Miller, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York.
      continued on link below
      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/498197

      Here is a forum for you:
      Treatment Of Bronchoalveolar Carcinoma Or Bac
      http://www.cancercompass.com/message-board/message/all,8548,0.htm

  37. QUESTION:
    Does anybody here know more about papillary carcinoma?
    I had a thyroidectomy a couple of weeks ago & the biopsy showed that it'a a papillary carcinoma.I'm so paranoid.What should i do? Any information regarding this type of cancer will be very much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I had that too! May '06 was my TT. I have two great sites for you....www.thyca.org is the national thyroid cancer site, and health.groups.yahoo.com/group/thyca is the "chat" room that I belong to where you can ask questions and get info and tons of support.
      Always get copies of all your paperwork, including the surgeon's report. Get a good endocronologist. Your goal after RAI (radiation) will be to have a low TSH of .1 or lower...NOT "normal" (that is for people with thyroids, and many doctors do not know that) and if you are having RAI, you should go on the LID (low iodine diet) for two weeks before hand to help make your thyroid cancer cells hungry to eat up the radiation. Cancer is scary- and don't let you have anyone tell you "it's the good kind". it does have a very good long term prognosis....but you must be vigalant about it for the rest of you life. You will love these sites, and I look forward to seeing you in the thyca health group on line. good luck.

  38. QUESTION:
    Basal cell carcinoma surgery and skin graft - anyone else had the same?
    I've had a full thickness skin graft for a basal cell carcinoma on my left temple on my face, but after 3 months, my wound site where the cancer was (not the skin graft site) is still painful. Anyone else had this?

    • ANSWER:
      I had a basal cell carcinoma on my nose removed April 3rd 1991.
      Now its beginning to peel. I've made arrangement to see a skin specialist.
      I would suggest you do the same. It can be very painful. The likelihood of the cancer coming back, while still in the back of our minds, is minimal at best, its still there and very real, and very scary. Go see your DR. its important. And refrain from being in the sun. Your to important/special to not go see about it.

  39. QUESTION:
    Why is Thymic Carcinoma so rare? What is the survival rate?
    I was diagnosed with Thymic Carcinoma. Had surgery to remove most of it, doctors are stumped as what to do next. I want to know the survival rate of this type of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know why thymic carcinoma is so rare, but i do know that it is critical that you get a doctor who has treated it before and believes that it is treatable. there is a great resource for people with thymic carcinoma (like my mother) at http://www.thymic.org/. I highly recommend joining the listserve. You'll get great up to the minute information and referrals to docs who know what they are doing.

      Laura

  40. QUESTION:
    Have you or anyone you know survived Hepatocellular Carcinoma?
    My brother-in-law was told he has Hepatocellular Carcinoma (liver cancer) he look really bad and I have been reading about it and the odds of him living are terrible. I'm freaking out and am very depressed. Any advice will be helpful. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      People have survived it, but it is highly dependant on things you have not mentioned. Patients who do well have no portal vein involvement, the cancer can be completely resected with lobectomy and they have good hepatic reserve.

  41. QUESTION:
    one small spot on one lung of small cell carcinoma whats the survival rate?
    my sons father was diagnosed with small cell carcinoma today. He has one small spot as far as they know right now, he doesn't see cancer doctor til next week. what are the survival rates for him? And how to deal with a 5 year old boy with this situation?

    • ANSWER:
      Small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is less common. It was formerly referred to as "oat-cell" carcinoma. Most cases arise in the larger airways (primary and secondary bronchi) and grow rapidly, becoming quite large. The small cells contain dense neurosecretory granules (vesicles containing neuroendocrine hormones), which give this tumor an endocrine/paraneoplastic syndrome association. While initially more sensitive to chemotherapy and radiation, it is often metastatic at presentation, and ultimately carries a worse prognosis. Small-cell lung cancers have long been dichotomously staged into limited and extensive stage disease. This type of lung cancer is strongly associated with smoking.Small cell lung carcinoma has traditionally been classified as limited stage (confined to one half of the chest and within the scope of a single tolerable radiotherapy field) or extensive stage (more widespread disease).Even if relatively early stage, small-cell lung carcinoma is treated primarily with chemotherapy and radiation.
      Prognosis:
      For small-cell lung carcinoma, prognosis is also generally poor. The overall five-year survival for patients with SCLC is about 5%. Patients with extensive-stage SCLC have an average five-year survival rate of less than 1%. The median survival time for limited-stage disease is 20 months, with a five-year survival rate of 20%.

      According to data provided by the National Cancer Institute, the median age at diagnosis of lung cancer in the United States is 70 years, and the median age at death is 72 years.

      (from wikipedia)

  42. QUESTION:
    My dog has Basasquamous Carcinoma, how can I make him more comfortable?
    My Golden has Basasquamous Carcinoma and recently his leg has swollen double in size, is there anything I can do to make him more comfortable? He is on prednisone and pain medicine, but nothing seems to be working. I just want him to be as comfortable as he can be. I welcome any suggestions.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:

  43. QUESTION:
    Where and how can Thymic Carcinoma be treated?
    My husband has thymic (neuroendocrine) carcinoma...a rare cancer.
    We are looking for docotors who specialize in thoracic cancers and medicines to best suit this type.

    • ANSWER:
      Because the disease is rare you will want to reach out to others who have this type of cancer. The support groups are among the best way to find out who or where to find specialists for rare cancers.

      Yahoo Support Group: Thymic Cancers
      http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/thymic/

      Foundation for Thymic Cancer Research
      http://www.thymic.org/

      Resources
      http://www.thymic.org/uploads/mainpdf/thymoma05_pw.pdf
      http://www.thymic.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/nccn-guidelines.pdf
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/thymoma
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?rnav=cridg&dt=42

  44. QUESTION:
    Is Hepatocellular Carcinoma Liver Disease Or Liver Cancer?
    My G-ma was in the hospital and the doctor said she had hepatocellular carcinoma. He told her it was a disease, but i went on google and it said it was cancer so... idk wat it is.

    • ANSWER:
      Carcinoma is in reference to cancer (there are four major types of cancer: Carcinoma, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Sarcoma - all other cancers are subtypes of these top four).

      Carcinoma is more common in older adults . . subtypes include breast, lung, colon, pancreatic and liver cancers.

      Cancer is a disease.

  45. QUESTION:
    what is survival rate with invasive ductal carcinoma?
    i was diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma that might have spread to axillary lymph nodes, (maybe 2) what is average survival rate for this cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi there, your oncologist is the best person to give you any statistics once he/she gets your pathology report. However, I can say that it's certainly not a definite death sentence. I had invasive ductal carcinoma which one lymph node affected 18 months ago. I had a mastectomy, radiotherapy and an now on hormone treatment and apart from the side effects of all that treatment I have no problems connected to cancer. I am very optimistic of a long life from hereonin.

      Good luck to you, it will all become clearer and easier once you know your path results and know what you need to do to get better.

  46. QUESTION:
    what is the difference between a squamous cell and squamous cell carcinoma?
    is a squamous cell some thing that forms squamous cell carcinoma?

    thanks to everyone who answers!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nerve tissue. Epithelial tissues line the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body, and also form many glands. Squamous cells compose one of the layers of this epithelium tissue and when they become cancerous it is called" Squamous cell carcinoma".
      I tried to make this as easily understood as possible but there is allot more to read on the link I pasted here. Best wishes.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squamous_cell_carcinoma

  47. QUESTION:
    How many people died from Melanoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma, and Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    Well I'm doing a science assignment and I cannot find how many people died from Melanoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma, and Squamous Carcinoma in Australia. Please help me answer this asap

    • ANSWER:

  48. QUESTION:
    A few months ago I got my Basal Cell Carcinoma removed and it has been stinging. Is that normal?
    A few months I was told that I had Basal Cell Carcinoma and went down to the doctors and they removed it by cutting out the cancer spot. It was between the size of a eraser head and a dime. It has been stinging a lot lately and feels extra sensitive. I don't know if that is normal or not. Does anyone know what it should feel like as time goes on?

    • ANSWER:


carcinoma of

Cancer Of The Pancreas

Pancreatic cancer is regarded as the deadliest and hard to deal with cancer out there. To address the fast formation of tumors in the body, experts and scientists are busy finding ways to stop the development of cancer and gradually eliminate it from forming. Also, they are busy studying alternative treatments for cancer patients, and one of these alternative medicine for cancer is the use of enzymes. Enzymes are believed to battle against the growth and development of pancreatic cancer, which is notorious in fighting off customary anti-cancer drugs.

Just What Are Enzymes?

Fundamental biochemical elements which take on a vital role in the majority of capabilities in every organ system within the body are known as enzymes. Enzymes are catalysts in a way. They are components that improve the overall pace and strengthen biochemical reactions that handle the basic progress of lifecycles in each productive organism. The entire body cannot do without the aid of enzymes because each and every enzyme active in our body has a individual purpose to fulfill.

Our gastrointestinal tract has digestive enzymes that take apart food on a regular basis. This procedure makes it possible for nutritional requirements to be soaked up and taken in by the bloodstream. Digestive enzymes located in the intestinal juices, pancreatic juices and stomach juices are called proteases or proteolytic enzymes. These proteases facilitate digesting proteins. In addition, proteases are also found to be chockfull of analgesic, anti-inflammatory, to immune-regulating qualities.

Enzymes as Treatment

Traditional medicine have long benefited from the advantages of enzymes. Plant extracts with exceptional numbers of proteolytic enzymes are widely-used in medicines to take care of different diseases even today. In addition to proteolytic enzymes located in plants like bromelain and papain, proteolytic pancreatic enzymes like chymotrypsin and pepsin are also highly valued in enzyme therapy.

Ongoing studies have shown that proteases or proteolytic enzymes can bring in excellent benefits when it comes to cancer therapy by expanding the life of a patient affected by the ailment. It cuts down on symptoms of the illness and the disadvantageous negative effects caused by basic cancer remedies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

A rudimentary enzyme therapy is a routine that features four parts. Patients that have chosen alternative treatments for pancreatic cancer like enzyme therapy are recommended to take in sizeable amounts of enzymes and are also required to manage an organic diet without any processed food. Also, they are requested to take in considerable doses of mineral and vitamin supplements. Everyday detoxification methods like coffee enemas are also carried out to persistently flush out the consequential build-up of waste products located in the liver.

Alternative treatments for pancreatic cancer were meticulously reviewed and evaluated and function as a substitute for basic cancer healing. Treatments like chemotherapy have adverse effects on a cancer patient, thus scientists paid attention to more plant-based, holistic, "gentler" alternatives for treating the Big C. If you need more info with regards to alternative treatments, you can confer with health clinics concentrating on these types of treatments. You never know, alternative treatments for cancer patients could be that regimen that will at last cleanse your system and provide you with a new lease in life.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of a great cancer treatment center?
    My uncle was recently diagnosed with colon cancer stage four, liver cancer, pancreas cancer and brain cancer. He also has diabetes. Doctors say he has probably had this for about eight years, but was never diagnosed. He is given only two months to live. Anyone know of any centers, treatments or survival stories that apply?
    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Gerson Therapy Clinic. Dr Max Gerson's most famous patient was nobel prize winner, Dr. Albert Schweitzer - cured of advanced diabetes at the age of 75.

      To apply for admission to a Gerson Clinic>>>
      http://www.gerson.org/Programs/findgersonclinic.htm

      Gerson Therapy>>>
      http://gerson.org/GersonTherapy/gersontherapy.htm

      Charlotte Gerson on Alternative Cancer Treatments>>>
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkxndocXWhc&feature=related

      "When you truly heal, the body heals everything." - Charlotte Gerson.

      Subject: Brain Cancer

      Case 35 in A Cancer Therapy. Presented by Dr. Gerson in 1946 to U.S. Senate Committee. Ulcer biopsied, U.S. Army, August, 1944: basal cell carcinoma. Surgery removed right mastoid cancer. Recurred April, 1945. Discharged, no treatment. Carried to Dr. Gerson, crying in severe pain, left eye swollen closed, right eye barely open. October, 1945, X-rays showed fist sized tumor at base of skull growing into brain. Almost gone in four weeks. Complete recovery. Remained free of cancer for 49 years. Died of heart attack 1994.

      Subject: Colon Cancer

      ROSAMOND RAY, 81, COLON CANCER, MIGRAINES.
      1953, blood in stool, pain, weakness. Head of Rectal Surgery, Stanford University Medical School did biopsy: malignant polyp 13 cm up from rectum. Doctor stated that without colostomy, she had less than 10% chance of survival. Went to Dr. Gerson's New York clinic in October, 1953. Recovered. Married in 1955. No more migraines after therapy began. Alive and well over 40 years later.

      Subject: Liver Cancer

      DELLA ROBINSON, LIVER CANCER.
      1974, jaundiced. Portland, Oregon hospital liver scan and biopsy proved cancer. Given three to five weeks to live in January, 1975. Weight down to 67 lb. Sent home in severe pain, heavy drugs, semi-coma, hopeless prognosis. Family started Gerson Therapy at home. Able to leave bed in three months, no more pain or drugs. Regained normal 115 lb. weight. Remained well, cancer-free for twenty years. Passed away 1995, age 90, of causes other than cancer.

      Subject: Pancreatic Cancer

      PATRICIA AINEY, PANCREAS CANCER SPREAD TO LIVER (Michael Landon's cancer), SPLEEN AND GALL BLADDER.
      In pain, vomiting blood. Pancreas cancer biopsied January, 1986. CAT scan showed tumor in liver, spleen, gall bladder. Given hopeless prognosis. Began Gerson Therapy in Mexican hospital March, 1986. Patient says "complete turnaround in 10 days." Recovery shown by CAT scan 6 months later amazed her Canadian doctor. Enjoys work, grandchildren. Feels "really good" nine years later.

      Subject: Diabetes

      MELVA BLACKBURN, 79, DIABETES, ARTHRITIS, ALZHEIMERS, KIDNEY, ADRENAL DISEASE, CUSHING'S SYNDROME, ETC.
      Medical problems from 1944. Treated until 1979. Heart, coronary artery disease. Diabetes drugs after 1965. Poor control of legs, feel. Cushing's syndrome (adrenal disease, obesity, fatigue, weakness, osteoporosis, edema, infections). Pneumonia twice/year. Enlarged liver. Arthritis in all joints. Anxiety, ataxia, confusion, aphasia. Alzheimer's (premature old age) diagnosed. Years on drugs, many surgeries. Began Gerson Therapy in Mexican hospital October, 1979. Rapidly improved. All diseases gone, no drugs. Astounded her doctors. Remains active, well 18 years later.

  2. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of a great cancer treatment center?
    My uncle was recently diagnosed with colon cancer stage four, liver cancer, pancreas cancer and brain cancer. He also has diabetes. Doctors say he has probably had this for about eight years, but was never diagnosed. He is given only two months to live. Anyone know of any centers, treatments or survival stories that apply?
    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Your uncle needs a center of excellence for colon cancer. You can use this map in the box below to find a center close to you. Then you need to find out if the ones near you have good experts in colorectal cancer.

      Try to get on a clinical trial if possible as, apart from very strange alternative therapies, it is probably his only chance at surviving this.

  3. QUESTION:
    How do i determine if my stool is yellow or light brown?
    Can i see some pictures of yellow stools. (Just kind of worried about mine) Is it bad to have yellow stools? If its cancer in pancreas is the yellow stool constant?

    • ANSWER:
      I looked it up on Google, and all I got was feces-shaped bread.

      Your doctor could tell you that stuff. Bring a sample to a checkup maybe?

  4. QUESTION:
    What causes pancreas cancer and How to avoid it .Anybody ? ?
    My relative complain of very painful stomach pains , and feeling cold all over, and cannot digest food,; the doctor diagnoze it as cancer of the pancreas.

    • ANSWER:
      Pancreatic cancer occurs when cells in your pancreas develop genetic mutations. These mutations cause the cells to grow uncontrollably and to continue living after normal cells would die. These accumulating cells can form a tumor.

      Understanding your pancreas -
      Your pancreas is about 6 inches (15 centimeters) long and looks something like a pear lying on its side. The pancreas is a crucial part of your digestive system. It secretes hormones, including insulin, to help your body process sugar. And it produces digestive juices to help your body digest food.

      Types of pancreatic cancer -
      The types of cells involved in a pancreatic cancer help determine the best treatment. Types of pancreatic cancer include:

      Cancer that forms in the pancreas ducts (adenocarcinoma). Cells that line the ducts of the pancreas help produce digestive juices. The majority of pancreatic cancers are adenocarcinomas. Sometimes these cancers are called exocrine tumors.

      Cancer that forms in the hormone-producing cells. Cancer that forms in the hormone-producing cells of the pancreas is called endocrine cancer. Endocrine cancers of the pancreas are very rare.

      PREVENTION:

      Although there's no proven way to prevent pancreatic cancer, you can take steps to reduce your risk, including:

      Quit smoking. If you smoke, quit. Talk to your doctor about ways to help you quit, including support groups, medications and nicotine replacement therapy. If you don't smoke, don't start.
      Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight increases your risk of pancreatic cancer. If you need to lose weight, aim for a slow, steady weight loss — 1 or 2 pounds (0.5 or 1 kilogram) a week. Combine daily exercise with a plant-focused diet with smaller portions to help you lose weight.
      Exercise regularly. Aim for 30 minutes of exercise on most days. If you're not used to exercising, start out slowly and work up to your goal.
      Eat a healthy diet. A diet full of colorful fruits and vegetables and whole grains is good for you, and may help reduce your risk of cancer. -

  5. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for a person diagnosed with pancreatic cancer?
    I have a friend with whom I cannot communicate who has recently been diagnosed with cancer of the pancreas and I am wondering how long a minimum to maximum period of time he can survive this disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Generally it is very poor. The only patients who survive are those whose disease was found incidentally. Less than 20% survive the first year, about 3% at 5 years. At stage 4 the median survival is 2-6 months.

  6. QUESTION:
    Father died of cancer in the pancreas, but on death certificate it says gastroenteritis?
    My father passed away early hours this morning, we all new he was suffering from cancer of the pancreas but today when we got his proof of death it states cancer and gastroenteritis?

    I typed it online but it doesn't make sense, it explains it happens after having pancreas cancer but I'm confused. what did he die of?

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry about your dad. I lost my dad two years ago. It's rough.

      But to answer your good question, it is difficult to label one cause of death when people die. As a cancer specialist doctor for 20 years, I filled out hundreds of these certificates. I was always tempted to just say "respiratory arrest" and "cardiac arrest" - since all of us die when we stop breathing and the heart stops. I was at the bedside when many of my patients died. In the vast majority of cases, people stop breathing first - then the heart stops.

      For many of my patients I could have listed half a dozen things that led to death. The underlying malignancy may be the main problem, but often it was a pneumonia or a blood clot or sepsis or a bleeding event that was the last straw. There are many ancillary events that may occur in a cancer patient.

      Gastroenteritis is a bit unusual to be listed as the primary final event - if this is how it was listed on the certificate. The form asks for contributing causes along with the main diagnosis. It may have been filled out late at night by a tired doctor who listed problems in reverse order.

      I can't tell you how many times I filled those forms out very late at night. Paperwork often gets done when patients and their family members are asleep and the phone stops ringing for a few hours.

      Being a cancer doctor is a 24/7 job. At the peak of my practice I was losing 20 people every month to advanced cancers. The worst day was five good people lost in one 24 hour period. I always felt that spending time with the patient and the family was more important than the after death paperwork - though I always had the paperwork done within 24 hours at the expense of sleep. It is necessary, and record keeping is part of the job.

  7. QUESTION:
    How did Patrick Swayze overcome Cancer of the Pancreas and be making movies within a month or two?
    Isnt that the most deadly form of cancer, what treatment would he have had for such a quick recovery?

    • ANSWER:
      i just read in us weekly magazine that he still has cancer, but just like me its being treated he has doctors on location and he still does his treatments

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of living with pancreas cancer?
    I just found out that my uncle has pancreas cancer and it had spread to his liver. They have not determined what "stage" he is in, as this news is very recent. What are the chances that he will overcome this disease and live? Right now I'm hoping for a miracle and praying real hard

    • ANSWER:
      Data from the ACS (American Cancer Society) indicates perhaps 1% chance of five year survival with stage IV pancreatic cancer.
      If the pancreatic cancer has truly spread to the liver, it is stage IV.
      Here's the site http://www.cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_3x_how_is_pancreatic_cancer_staged_34.asp
      5-year relative survival for pancreatic cancer
      Stage IA 37%
      Stage IB 21%
      Stage IIA 12%
      Stage IIB 6%
      Stage III 2%
      Stage IV 1%

      Overall, about 20% of people with pancreatic cancer live at least 1 year after diagnosis, while less than 4% will be alive after 5 years.

  9. QUESTION:
    is it possible to get a pancreas transplant?
    i just found out that my mom has cancer in her pancreas (she's also diabetic),and i was wanting to know if it's possible to get a pancreas transplant? if there is such a procedure how would someone go about doing something like this,is there a waiting list and how would go about such a request etc.

    any info would be most appreciated,thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is possible; I got a kidney/pancreas transplant in 2005 and know other people who have gotten them too. I was Type 1 diabetic.

      Her doctor would need to refer her to a transplant center for an evaluation. I do not know how cancer fits into the equation here; those are questions for the transplant center or her current doctor. Yes, there is a waiting list, like there is for all organs.

      I put a link w/ more info below I hope this is an option for her.

  10. QUESTION:
    How to help a person to overcom a cancer?
    My monther-in -law has a pancreas cancer, i really hope that she can live happily as before.Is it possible that i could do somehting?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to tell you this, but pancreas cancer has a very bad prognosis. Most of the people live up to 1 year (at most) after the diagnosis was established.
      All of you should be very supportive to her, take a good care of her, and try not to mention the disease very often. Try to make her life as better as possible.

  11. QUESTION:
    What is the chance of surviving a pancreas cancer after it started to spread to liver?
    my dad is 80 years old and in a very good physical condition ,he recently diagnose with pancreas cancer which spread to the liver he will start today a chemotherapy as the dr, wish to shrink the size of the tumor ( 32mm),I like to know what is his chances and if anyone know a new medicine to cure him?

    • ANSWER:
      Once Ca Pancreas is inoperable, Median survival is 6 months.
      If he responds very well to chemotherapy, it might be more. best Wishes

  12. QUESTION:
    Is sri Ramachandran hospital good for lung and pancreas cancer?
    The doctor says my father is having a cancer.. It was revealed in biopsy test done on his lump on his neck....It says it's a lung or pancreas cancer.. We took two ct scans and it says there were no cancer cells in his lungs or pancreas.. But there were few masses in his lung route and around the neck.. Now we are planning to take him to India sri Ramachandran hospital in Chennai... Had anyone knw abt that hospital or abt this subject l? Thank u

    • ANSWER:
      I could swear I answered this question already as I rarely find anyone who thinks cells can be seen on CT. I would not send my dog to India for any sort of treatment. Why would you want to leave the US?

  13. QUESTION:
    What benefits will I have with banking my stem cells what can it do for me in the future?
    In other words if I have cancer of the pancreas will it help me? What treatments can stem cells have for me.
    Please also provide references to where I can find information given. Like medical journals web sites ect...

    • ANSWER:
      Stem cells can be used in cancer therapies as in http://www.cancercenter.com/stem-cells.htm

  14. QUESTION:
    Will reccurent pancreatitis lead to cancer of pancreas is thare no cure for acute reccurent pancreatitis?
    Will the reccurent pancreatitis lead to cancer of pancreas. Is there any cure for this disease. Will it come periodically or shoots up on allergic to eatables. Whats the cause of this disease is there no cure for such. People having this at periods should have to depend on glucose and other fluids . Can u specify the cure for this disease.

    • ANSWER:
      well... you should try to go to a doctor... or at least... try a md online group!

      Have a nice day

  15. QUESTION:
    My mother is 72 years old.She had obstructive jaundice.She underwent a byepass surgery to remove block in gall
    My mother is 72 years old.She had obstructive jaundice.She underwent a byepass surgery to remove block in gall bladder.Now , she has cancer in pancreas.Is it advisable to give cancer injection or let her to live as long as she lives.If given injection,what would be the outcomes?Whether she can withstand it?

    • ANSWER:
      I think it would really depend on how your mother feels about things and about life in general. Some people want to fight and others just don't have the energy for it. I would first find out what stage of cancer she is in, there are different levels of severity.

      Do you mean chemotherapy when you say cancer injection? Your best bet would really be to talk to the physician treating her. Based upon her history and current status, plus her own wishes, he can recommend what might be best. Chemo is tough on everybody and it batters the immune system which will leave her open to infection. Only the doctor can really advise whether she is strong enough to survive it.

  16. QUESTION:
    What kind of cancer tumors are present in the liver, lymph, spinal and not in the lungs or blood?
    My Mother in law approx 70 yrs old has tumors pressing on her stomach and pancreas, she has spots on the spine, liver, and her lymph system is involved too. Dr's cant figure out why its not in her blood stream or lungs, any idea?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.cancer-info.we.bs/

      Here is a site with some good information on Cancer. It will definitely help you. Have a look.

  17. QUESTION:
    How bad is non terminal cancer in comparison to terminal?
    I have just found out that a member of my family has NON terminal cancer in their pancreas and liver, they seem to be quite relieved about it has they thought it was terminal? but my question is how much better is it to have NON terminal cancer in comparison to terminal,

    thank u to everyone, it will really mean allot

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer pancreas is detected in late stages only.
      As per your info.cancer is in liver and pancreas,it is then terminal stage only with limited palliative option and very poor prognosis.
      In nonterminal stage therapy options are wide and survival is expected long,but this will not be in this case.

  18. QUESTION:
    How many people in California die of pancreatic cancer each year?
    Also, how many people in California get this cancer each year?

    I need this for a research project in my Health class, help much appreciated, thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      3352 deaths from pancreas carcinoma in California for 2010
      I just did what DeniseDDS said and looked up the NCI data.
      It is broken down by county too. Very easy to access for your project.
      Denise contributes to the data collection in LA.

  19. QUESTION:
    What are the risks associated with post acinar cell tumour of pancreas?
    My relative underwent a surgery for acinar cell tumor of pancreas in 2005. Now she is pregnant. Is it safe for her to have a baby? What are the risks involved and what would be the precautions required so as to ensure she lives for a very long period.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no way to answer you. We do not even know the stage or her treatment. In general the prognosis for pancreatic cancer is not good. Although, acinar cell tumors have a better prognosis than adenocarcinomas. This is a very uncommon cancer and it is very unusual to occur in someone young enough to have children so there is little known about this combination and therefore, impossible to ensure a long life. She has already survived longer than the average person. I hope she stays this way.

  20. QUESTION:
    what kind of cancer is the hardest to cure?
    Cancer is a serious disease that i don't want other to have. Under what condition cancer cell can spread rapidly. How should it be best cured? I have heard that surgery is not the best way to be cured because of its serious side effect. Is there any particular food that the patient should avoid eating. Please answer.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry i disagree with Rachel J and there is plenty of evidence to back this up. The kingdom of Hunza in Pakistan have 0% cancer..in 2000 years. New cells are needed to replace the dying ones....and where do you get the nutrients to create those new cells?...yep your diet. Even the American Medical Association has admitted 65% of all cancers could be prevented by a change of diet and lifestyle. I believe that is higher, but that is the evidence.

      Avoid processed foods for one. A diet high in enzymes is essential and drink plenty of water daily. A detox every so often to get rid of toxin build up is recommended. The only thing that can cure you is your immune system..so improving your immune system is essential. Stress affects the immune system and kills cells so destressing is important. Avoid foods with chemical food additives, foods high in sugar, avoid transfats, polyunsaturated fats, vegetables oils, prescription drugs, vaccines with mercury additives.

      Vitamin D has been proven in so many clinical trials to prevent cancer. Vitamin D activates the immune system so this vitamin is vital for good health. 10 - 15 minutes in the sun during the middle of the day will give you a good supply of vitamin D. However, supplements are more reliable. 5000iu a day is recommended along with a vitamin D serum level of 70ng/ml. In breast cancer vitamin D has shown in many studies to prevent this cancer by 60 - 70%! Other studies show increased prostate cancer in men who drink more than 4 glasses of milk a day. Pancreatic cancer has the lowest life expectancy rate of any cancer. 1% survival rate within 5 years. The pancreas is where digestive enzymes are stored (50% to digest your food, the rest is to come from raw foods in the diet). A diet low in enzymes puts pressure on this organ to try an produce more enzymes. In a study, 100% of americans had an enlarged pancreas by the age of 40. Please check out the following links which goes into this further:

      Diseases don't just happen:
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8L0Fb5ybcg

      Kingdom of Hunza:
      http://www.alkalizeforhealth.net/Lhunzadiet2.htm

      Enzymes for health:
      http://www.brunnerbiz.com/enzymes.html

      Vitamin D Deficiency, the Ignored Epidemic of the Developed World Vitamin D:
      http://jeffreydach.com/2007/06/10/vitamin-d-deficiency--by-jeffrey-dach-md.aspx

      Oils for health:
      http://hubpages.com/hub/cooking-oils

  21. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for pancreatic cancer which has moved to the lung?
    Dad had whip pal op last year and now cancer is back in pancreas and present in the lung

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know about squamous cell cancer in the pancreas?
    I guess I am in denial can't seem to face the fact that my husband has pancreatic cancer that has metastasis. The cancer he has is squamous the doc says it's rare. Does anyone know about squamous?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.springerlink.com/content/k510gq28312j4581/

      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/410612

      http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2601018

      If you would like additional links let me know.

  23. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cervical cancer? I understand it sometimes has no symptoms. But does it ever?
    Is it painful? The doc says I have cysts on my uterus and ovaries as well as my liver and pancreas and in my breasts. I'm getting an endoscopic ultrasound soon but wanted to know from others' experience.

    • ANSWER:
      the most important thing to do when you are at risk for cervical cancer is to get your regular annual pap smears....EVERY YEAR! This documents abnormal changes in your cervical cells. Your doc could also do some blood tests that actually test for cancer. Good luck.

  24. QUESTION:
    Does anyone had ideas of the outcome of chemo to remove pancreas cancer when there is only little cancer left?
    I have had whipples surgery which removed all but 2% of the cancer and are now having chemo to remove the rest. I am lucky enough to have been treated before the cancer reached the liver or lymp knobes. Does anyone have any idea of the outcome of this. I am hoping there are some good news stories I have heard a lot about people not having long to live but all so far have had cancer more advanced then i have had.

    • ANSWER:
      Chemo works differently on each person - your oncologist will monitor your progress to know if it is working for you. That it hasn't spread is a good sign. The estimate is that cancer doubles in size every 6 months - at one cell that is not a problem - but as time passes it becomes a threat. The chemo is meant to kill the remaining cells and thus end the growth. Good luck.

  25. QUESTION:
    What cancers can be cured? What are the treatments that work?
    kidney cancer, bladder cancer, brain cancer, bone cancer, lung cancer, leukemia, breast cancer, liver cancer, pancreas cancer, colon cancer

    • ANSWER:
      as to what cancer can be cured? is a tricky question i believe if one can be cured the other can also be cured. only we need to look in the right direction. we in modern medicines treat cancer as an enemey it is not, it is just a symptom of something basically wrong in the system of the body, the way the the whole body works. cancer is just uncontrolled multiplication of cells it as much a part of the body as all other parts. way to treat the cancer is to treat the whole body and not the part, remove what is wrong with the body and you can cure any cancer. indian ayurvedic system has prescribed and treated cancer on these lines and has achieved a great deal of success. we need to look to alternatives from china, india anywhere we can get some insight into ancient but wise methods. stop treating cancer as an enemey to be attacked with chemicals and harmful radiations.

  26. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of developing cancer?
    I am currently at the age of 25,and I smoke anywhere from one to three cigarettes a day. Back in 2009,during an brief conversation with my "dad". He informed me that three different forms of cancer run in his family,and that some of his aunts(my great aunts) had cancer themselves. What are my chances of developing cancer with a family history of it?

    • ANSWER:
      Almost everyone has some cancer in their family.
      You have the same risk we all have.
      ACS data indicates one of every two men will develop
      some type of cancer in their lifetime.
      For women it is one in three.
      A smoking history increases your risk for a number of cancers.
      From the NCI :
      "Cigarette smoking causes an estimated 443,000 deaths each year,
      including approximately 49,400 deaths due to exposure to secondhand smoke.
      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women
      in the United States, and 90 percent of lung cancer deaths among men are
      due to smoking.
      Smoking causes many other types of cancer, including cancers of the throat,
      mouth, nasal cavity, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, cervix,
      and acute myeloid leukemia."
      Over 31% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. are caused by smoking.

  27. QUESTION:
    How did Steve Jobs Die Apart from Cancer?
    Apart from the pancreas cancer, what do you think he might have died from?

    • ANSWER:
      Lack of oxygen and his blood flow stopped.
      You know, the things that generally happen when you die !

  28. QUESTION:
    What is it like to live with pancreatic cancer?
    I am writing about pancreatic cancer and i need some information from someone with personal experience.

    If you feel comfortable, can you please tell me about your physical, emotional, psychological, and social effects and experiences?!?!

    Thank you so much!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Living with advanced pancreatic cancer

      Finding out that you have been diagnosed with an advanced cancer, or that your cancer has come back, can be devastating. At first, you are likely to experience a whirl of powerful emotions.

      Advanced cancer means your cancer cannot be cured, although you may be offered treatment to try to slow your cancer down. You will need to talk very carefully to your own specialist to understand what the diagnosis means for you, what treatment is available, and how treatment may help you.

      It is important that you feel as well as you possibly can. Ask your specialist, GP or hospital nurse about referral to a symptom control nurse. These are specialist nurses who can work with you and your doctor to help control your cancer symptoms and improve your well being.

      Your feelings:

      Finding out that you have advanced cancer when you are diagnosed, or that your cancer has come back can be devastating. You probably feel confused and find it difficult to take in anything that is being said to you.

      At first, you are likely to experience a whirl of powerful emotions. Anger, fear, and sadness may come one on top of the other, leaving you exhausted. You may think you should be talking all this through with your partner, other family members or close friends. But you may find this impossible to do.

      There is no set way of handling all this. You may need to try to put your own thoughts in order before talking to anyone else. Or you may want to talk straight away to help you work out how you are feeling.

      You may find yourself wondering why you have the cancer. Is it something you have done, or not done? Asking "Why me?" and wondering if you could have prevented your illness is very common amongst people with cancer. Many people blame themselves for no real reason. There is more about the possible causes of pancreatic cancer in about pancreatic cancer: risks and causes. Some cases may be linked to smoking. But lots of people smoke and do not get cancer of the pancreas. So again, why you? We do not know why some people get particular cancers and others who behave the same way (or worse) do not. It just happens. This can be very difficult to deal with. You may feel you have to know why you have the cancer. But you may have to accept that there is no reason why. It is not down to anything you have or have not done in your life.

  29. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer get so much more attention then other cancers?
    Especially prostate cancer. We have a stupidly large number of places for donation, ads, and such. And a whole month, which is the only one that everyone seems to know about (PS September is prostate cancer awareness month). Don't say more people die from it, because that is false.

    • ANSWER:
      It's the most common cancer, apart of those of the skin.

      Being a relatively survivable cancer, you'd think it'd wouldn't receive the amount of attention it does. Cancers of the stomach, brain, prostate, colon, esophagus, kidney lung, pancreas, liver and ovary have far higher mortality rates - being cancers of the internal organs - and yet are given nowhere near the attention breast cancer does. I really think these more deadly cancers deserve more attention than they are given. The mortality rate of localized breast cancer is next to zero, and yet it is favoured over far more dangerous malignancies.

      The amount of research we are giving to breast cancer should not be decreased - since it is so common - but other, more lethal cancers definitely deserve A LOT more attention.

  30. QUESTION:
    What are your chances of surviving pancreatic cancer?
    Even though I don't have it, how often does someone survive a late stage of pancreatic cancer? One of my teachers said he/she survived it. How often does this happen? Or is this a lie?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a few kinds of cancer that can involve the pancreas. Some of them, like the one Steve Jobs of Apple had, are quite survivable. However, most of what is known as "pancreatic cancer" is a horribly aggressive carcinoma that only a small percentage of patients can expect to survive. The five-year survival rate is less than 5%. There are instances of survival, most in instances when the tumor is found early, usually in cases when the patient was undergoing surgery for another condition, such as Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg.

      At the end of the day, there are some survivors of every cancer. Your teacher might well be one.

  31. QUESTION:
    How many men and women will get cancer in their lifetime?
    I once saw a statistic that was like: 2/3 men/women and 1/3 men/women will get cancer in their lifetime. But I can't remember the statistic exactly. Help me out?

    • ANSWER:
      That's from the ACS - American Cancer Society
      1 of 2 men & 1 of 3 women will develop some type of cancer a some time in their lifetime.

      Lifetime risk in men (ACS data)
      All sites1 in 2
      Prostate 1 in 6
      Lung and bronchus1 in 13
      Colon and rectum1 in 18
      Urinary bladder1 in 27
      Melanoma 1 in 41
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma1 in 46
      Kidney1 in 59
      Leukemia 1 in 67
      Oral Cavity 1 in 71
      Stomach1 in 88

      Lifetime risk in women

      All sites 1 in 3
      Breast 1 in 8
      Lung & bronchus 1 in 16
      Colon & rectum 1 in 19
      Uterine corpus 1 in 41
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 1 in 53
      Melanoma 1 in 61
      Ovary 1 in 71
      Pancreas 1 in 76
      Urinary bladder 1 in 85
      Uterine cervix 1 in 142

  32. QUESTION:
    What the chances of recovering from pancreatic cancer?
    My mother has been inform that she has this type of cancer,and normally it happen to men between the ages of 60 and 80, my mom is 65

    • ANSWER:
      So very ,very sorry to hear about your mom.The truth is we can not live without a pancreas there are some medication that will help for a little while but it will only be temporary.Unless their is some magical new surgery it is not good.I may be the only person that answers this question due to the delicate question and I am sorry to be the Bearer of sad news.Go to the Library and read up on how the Pancreas works and that will help you to understand .You also need to know the signs and symptoms to watch for .You also might want to go with her to the Doctor and let him speak with you about your mom's case.You must find time to spend quality time with her NOW.May God Be WITH YOU AND YOUR FAMILY!!!!

  33. QUESTION:
    Has more than one person in your family had pancreatic cancer?
    My aunt and my brother both died from pancreatic cancer. I'm curious if other families have suffered multiple attacks of this type of cancer.

    I'm entering a study at Johns Hopkins Hospital that is trying to figure out if it does run in families and I just wanted some feedback.

    • ANSWER:
      Ignore the first two answers. Pancreas cancer is not rare at all, being the fifth most common cause of cancer-related death in the US. It is a terrible disease, with underfunded research. This is largely because nearly all of the prior research has produced little positive results, so the money goes elsewhere it seems. It is not rare for it to run in families, and certain genetic risk factors have been identified . Kudos to you for helping us study this. JH is a fine institution.

      God bless, best wishes

  34. QUESTION:
    How long can you live with gastric cancer in 4th stage, spread to liver lungs pancreas?
    My husband's father has been diagnosed with gastric cancer. The doctors cannot do much - pretty much nothing, could not offer even chemo and gave him no chances. How long can you live with cancer in its 4th stage? The doctors said a few months maybe a year, but did not really want to talk about it.
    Do you know anybody that has lived years with it?

    • ANSWER:
      With that kind of metastasis, it's impossible to predict, which is why the doc is hesitant to do so. My college roomie's dad had metastatic gastric cancer and was told basically the same thing, but this was 20 years ago, when there were far fewer trials and drugs available.

      It's a little puzzling that he's not on chemo, either for active or palliative reasons. The chemo doesn't represent a cure, but it can definitely extend life. And there may even be clinical trials he'd qualify for. Obviously some people at this point of the disease choose to simply go quietly, but if he is interested in exploring other options, he should. It would be particularly useful if he could identify an onc specializing in gastrointestinal cancers.

      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/cancer-centers-list.html
      If you're interested in learning more, here's a list of NCI designated cancer centers by state. These are the ones recognized by NCI as being the best. He might want a second opinion if there's one near him.

  35. QUESTION:
    How can a blood test show cancer in your blood?
    the cancer is suspected pancreatic cancer
    but the scans don't show anything? is the tumour too small to see on a scan or could it be a mistake?

    • ANSWER:
      There is a tumor marker for pancreatic cancer that does show in the blood. However, it is not a diagnostic test and would not likely show it if the tumor is too small to be seen.

      Your question is kind of vague. Are you saying the blood test was positive for pancreatic cancer, but the scan does not show a tumor? What kind of a scan did you have?

      If this is the case it could be a couple of things:
      There is no cancer.
      The cancer could be in the colon instead.
      The cancer is in the pancreas but cannot be seen on the scan that was used. The pancreatic cancer can be difficult to visualize. Any scan your doctor orders should state that it is to rule out pancreatic cancer this will alert radiology to use contrast and take other measures to be able to visualize the pancreas well. It will also alert the radiologist to call your doctor with other recommendations as needed. Both ultrasound and CT should be done.

  36. QUESTION:
    Effective and safe alternative medicines for pancreas cancer?
    I would like to know of effective and safe alternative medicines for pancreas cancer.
    I'll be grad if I could know how much scientific basis they have.
    I have already checked a paper by Weiger in 2002, so information should hopefully be newer than that.
    Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Dont want to burst your bubble, but there are no proven effective alternative treatments for pancreatitis. Recent very high profile Patrick Swayse tried everything, but eventually succumbed.
      If you have it, make your peace and get professional counselling, to make the most of what you have left.

  37. QUESTION:
    What are sopme of the factors contributing to cancer cachexia?
    What are sopme of the factors contributing to cancer cachexia?

    • ANSWER:
      Cachexia is a wasting syndrome that causes weakness and a loss of weight, fat, and muscle. It commonly occurs in patients with tumors of the lung, pancreas, and upper gastrointestinal tract and less often in patients with breast cancer or lower gastrointestinal cancer.
      Anorexia and cachexia often occur together. Cachexia can occur in people who are eating enough, but who cannot absorb the nutrients. Cancer cachexia is not the same as starvation. Good eating habits during cancer care help the patient cope with the effects of the cancer and its treatment.

  38. QUESTION:
    How does one go about getting cancer?
    What causes cancer? What can I do to avoid it? Basically, what NOT to do?

    • ANSWER:
      Linus has some good lifestyle advice.
      The one thing not to do you already know.
      One third of all cancers are caused by cigarette smoking.
      We could cut the national death rate from cancers by one third after 20 years
      if everyone stopping smoking.
      From the NCI [National Cancer Institute) :
      "Cigarette smoking causes an estimated 443,000 deaths each year,
      including approximately 49,400 deaths due to exposure to secondhand smoke.
      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women
      in the United States, and 90 percent of lung cancer deaths among men and
      approximately 80 percent of lung cancer deaths among women are due to smoking.
      Smoking causes many other types of cancer, including cancers of the throat, mouth,
      nasal cavity, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, and cervix, a
      nd acute myeloid leukemia."

  39. QUESTION:
    What cells, tissues, organs and organ systems are affected by Pancreatic cancer?
    I have so far the pancreas, the liver, the lungs, bone, and brain. Anything else?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer can spread anywhere in the body. Pancreatic cancer is divided into four stages:

      Small and localised (stage one).
      Spread into surrounding structures (stages two or three).
      Spread into other parts of the body (stage four).

      If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body this is known as secondary cancer (or metastatic cancer).

      There's more info on pancreatic cancer here: http://www.nowwhat.org.au/info/factsheets/pancreatic-cancer

  40. QUESTION:
    how long does it take to die from lung cancer?
    My mother is 81 and has small tumors in both lungs. She has decided against a biopsy since she doesn't want any cancer treatment anyway. She says she would rather not even know if she has cancer. How long would it take to die if lung cancer is left untreated.

    • ANSWER:
      Obviously it is impossible for even those of us who are cancer specialist doctors to answer this question blindfolded with both hands tied behind us.

      First - you do not have a diagnosis of a malignancy / any type of cancer.
      There are benign disease that may give the impression of small nodules in the lungs.

      Second - most types of primary lung cancers would not present as widespread lung nodules.

      Third - if it is a malignancy, it would likely be a metastatic malignancy to the lungs.
      Cancer types that may spread to the lungs like this in women include primary cancers of the breast, melanoma skin cancer, renal carcinoma, GYN malignancies such as those of the cervix, uterus, or ovaries, GI malignancies such as gall bladder, pancreas, liver, colon/rectum, stomach, and many others. Some sarcomas could do this too.

      There simply is no way to make such guesses with absolutely no idea which of many diseases she may actually have. If we are to be left blind with no biopsy, about all that her doctors can do is make her comfortable and perhaps do periodic chest x-rays at monthly intervals to see if' 'A' - it is growing and 'B' how fast is it growing - - that is - - if she wants to know.

      What do her doctors tell you about her prognosis ?
      They have examined her, know the complete medical history, seen the x-ray imaging studies, and reviewed her lab work.
      If any lay person (non medical expert) tries to predict an outcome, I'd suggest you ignore it. It would be a pure guess.

  41. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for my husband to get rid off all the cancer in his body?
    my husband just has a diagnosis of cancer tumor in the pancreas, and some part of a parietal peritoneum. they going to operate him next week. I would like to know is it possible for the surgeon to take all cancer out of his body so that he can come back to have normal life without cancer again?

    • ANSWER:
      He will probably need additional therapy to go with the surgery, either chemo, radiation, or both. But he can make it through treatment and be cancer free at the end of it, or at least in remission. You need to talk to his doctor about the path forward, options, and prognosis.

  42. QUESTION:
    What would cause an elevated Lipase blood test, but normal CT scan of pancreas?
    I have an elevated Lipase test for pancreatitis, but my CT scan results were normal of the pancreas. What would cause elevated lipase? What diseases cause elevated lipase?

    • ANSWER:
      "Peaches" is correct. When a doctor orders a test, it is the responsibility of that doctor to explain the results. An elevated lipase must be evaluated in the context of your medical history, physical examination, and many other parameters such as your blood tests for renal (kidney) function, liver function, the complete blood count (CBC), and usually a serum amylase which is often done with the serum lipase. We need all of this information - which your doctor has.

      If you have obtained your own lab results - fine, but make sure you discuss these results when you see you physician - - and make sure you pay attention. I always recommend having a friend or family member along when I explained these things to patients. An extra set of ears helps you recall what is being explained. Sometimes doctors actually do spend time explaining things carefully, and the patients have trouble hearing or understanding what is said.

      Caution - It's not a good idea to place an emergency after hours call to a doctor late at night to explain a lab result - especially if they have explained it already. Even the most caring and patient doctors get a bit upset about getting these calls late at night. Doctors are not perfect - we get tired and grumpy too. This website is not a bad place for this question after hours. ' Quite a few medical people on this site. I expect you will get your answer at your next appointment.

      The negative CT scan only helps exclude causes such as a pancreatic cancer causing this lipase elevation, but that should be comforting news. Whatever the cause (and there are many possibilities), it is less likely to be a malignancy with a negative CT scan. Remember that CT scans do not "see" everything. There is no perfect test in medicine.
      CT scans usually cannot "see" or diagnose pancreatitis.

  43. QUESTION:
    How do you catch pancreatic cancer early?
    How often should I have my pancreas examined for abnormal cell division? Sense I'm young it's impossible for me right? I heard it's only found in people over 45.

    • ANSWER:
      Charles, unless you have reason to suspect, or you are in a high risk group (family member died from it etc), there is really no way to justify testing for this cancer. So the answer is... There is no way to catch it early.

      I suppose that if you had a very good relationship with your Gp, and you were especially tuned into your health and any changes, than you might have a chance of detecting some sort of signal and getting tested early, but this scenario is highly unlikely.
      Pancreatic cancer, like many other cancers, is silent, painless, and sneaky. Sadly, most people will discover it just in time to have a couple of good years left.
      Best Wishes

  44. QUESTION:
    Why died Steve Jobs, which was the real cause of his pancreas cancer?
    i would like to know what killed Steve Jobs,
    I know it was a cancer to the pancreas, but someone now if there's a documented source of this illness he had?
    Abuse of vitamins, pills, drink, drugs, coke, stress, others?
    I guess Jobs was under pression many times, i would like to know what may cause a ill like his.
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      You and everyone else.
      No one knows what causes cancer.

  45. QUESTION:
    How does a person maintain weight during chemotherapy?
    My buddy started chemo treatment 5 months ago for stage-A pancreas cancer. He has lost a lot of weight. I need answers from those who had similar experience or knew someone who had. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Maintaining a patient's weight is difficult enough with cancer wherein the patient is in sort of a catabolic state specially pancreatic cancer. Add to the dilema chemotherapy with its after effects of nausea, vomiting, anorexia, et al. What your friend can do is ask his doctor or consult a dietician as to how your buddy can improve his nutritional status and maybe get some suppliments or even enteral nutrition. He can also take commercially available products from a long list like as was Sustagen, Ensure Plus, etc that may help. They come in different flavors to suit your friends palate. But better still to ask his doctor or a dietician so that they can compute how much of the drink your friend needs on a daily basis. If your friend does not gain weight with oral intake or if he continues to get malnourished, then he might have to be brought to the hospital for parenteral nutrition which is given through an IV line and later even have the IV feeding at home or have a tube inserted into his stomach or small intestines (PEG tube or gstrostomy tube or jejunostomy tube) and given enteral feeding through the tube.

      You can check this site for some information regarding enteral nutrition which includes a list of products available. www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/uspdi/202673.html

  46. QUESTION:
    what do u think the youngest age you can get pancreas cancer is?
    what do u think the youngest age you can get pancreas cancer is? what r some other cancers you can get as a child
    jw because i have had weird stomach pains and thought this might be the cause. I'm 13.

    • ANSWER:
      unfortunately almost all cancers can be found in a child. My nephew was born with kidney cancer and needed surgery when he was six months old (they had to let him grow a little before operating.

  47. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for someone to have stage 4 pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis after?
    after having had an exclusive and complete, state of the art, head to toe medical check up 6 months prior without any red flags.
    Is this a turbo charged cancer or did someone drop the ball?
    My husband's friend and collegue has just been diagnosed.
    To happy Dawg:
    The state of the art physical was one that had the 3D imaging of the entire body. The one that Oprah featured once when she had a physical done with Dr. Mehmet Oz. It's a ,000 dollar test but is the most sophisticated imaging technology available.
    Also, this test is not covered by insurance.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is possible to miss cancer even with a complete state of the art check up. In general there are no symptoms and looking for cancer is like looking for a tiny needle in a haystack. You need to know exactly in the entire body where to look for that one malignant cell that may be cancerous. Sometimes in our anger in a tough medical situation people want to reach out and blame someone. Be extremely angry at the disease, that is where you should focus your energy. It is not any one persons fault.

      Consider this please . . cancer is a progressive disease. It starts out microscopically . . one single mutated cell . . there are no symptoms. That cell begins to multiply uncontrollably. Some of these malignant cells have the ability to double in as little as two to four weeks. It can grow rapidly from that point on . . and still be undetectable. It is extremely difficult to find any type of malignant tumor that is under 2cm. So, unless someone has a medical exam at just the right moment . . cancer can easily be missed. The ease with which cancer can be missed is one reason that doctors recommend to cancer patients to have CT, PET, or MRI pretty routinely (ever 2 to 3 months) in order to detect any growth or spred of the disease. Even with all the imaging tools we have . . cancer tumors can be underestimated . . and may not pick up the extent of the disease.

      So, yes . . in answer to your question . . high grade, aggressive type cancers are 'turbo charged' and can grow uncontrollably within weeks to months. That's why they are so deadly . .by the time anyone notices them they are already advanced.

      PLwC: Pancreatic Cancer
      http://www.plwc.org/portal/site/PLWC/menuitem.6067beb2271039bcfd748f68ee37a01d/?vgnextoid=1357ea7105daa010VgnVCM100000ed730ad1RCRD&vgnextfmt=cancer

      NCI: Pancreatic Cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/pancreatic

      ACOR: Mailing list - The Pancreatic Cancer Support & Information eCommunity
      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/pancreas-onc.html

      Confronting Pancreatic Cancer
      http://www.pancreatica.org/

  48. QUESTION:
    Consumption of capsaicin-rich products, lead to cancer - How correct is this statement?
    Every day we eat little pepper, capsicum, chilli etc., how harmful are they. Does it lead to cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The worries over minor possible carcinogens is dwarfed by the obvious
      association of lung cancer deaths to tobacco use. Over one third of all
      cancer deaths in the U.S. are attributable to smoking cigarettes.
      Any other chemicals marginally associated with malignancies pale
      in comparison.
      From the NCI (National Cancer Institute)
      "Cigarette smoking causes an estimated 443,000 deaths each year,
      including approximately 49,400 deaths due to exposure to secondhand smoke.
      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women
      in the United States, and 90 percent of lung cancer deaths among men
      and approximately 80 percent of lung cancer deaths among women are due
      to smoking.
      Smoking causes many other types of cancer, including cancers of the throat,
      mouth, nasal cavity, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, cervix,
      and acute myeloid leukemia.
      People who smoke are up to six times more likely to suffer a heart attack than
      nonsmokers, and the risk increases with the number of cigarettes smoked.
      Smoking also causes most cases of chronic lung disease.
      In 2009, approximately 20.6 percent of U.S. adults were cigarette smokers.
      Nearly 20 percent of high school students smoke cigarettes."
      Worrying about capsaicin would seem a moot point.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsaicin


cancer of the pancreas

Inflammatory Breast Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is there anything else other than inflammatory breast cancer that this could be?
    Is there anything that could be wrong other that is less serious than inflammatory breast cancer? I have almost all of the symptoms. It is very dry and itchy and the areola will get dry and break open and it will stick to my shirt, and it's very swollen and feels thicker than the other nipple. The actual breast is normal though, it's not larger or reddish. I'm only 18 and breast cancer runs in my family...the only thing I've found online has been breast cancer and I don't want to make my parents pay for a doctors visit if nothing is seriously wrong. I get excema in the winter on my hands, so could it be the cold weather?

    • ANSWER:
      What Denise said.

      At 18 your risk of breast cancer is less than 0.0001%; this is less than half your risk of being struck by lightning. Your risk of inflammatory breast cancer is non-existent.

      Inflammatory breast cancer is so rare that it accounts for only around 1% of all breast cancer cases.

      Only 5 - 10% of all breast cancer cases are hereditary, and breast cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary. having family members who've had breast cancer doesn't mean it runs in your family

  2. QUESTION:
    Is there any breast cancer worse than inflammatory breast cancer?
    I really need to know. I hate seeing my dear mommy suffer with the stage 4 Inflammatory Breast Cancer she is diagnosed with and now I want to give her as much information I can. So please leave me answer you would not usually see in information sites, please?

    • ANSWER:
      I know it's the fastest growing breast cancer,is she attending a cancer facility like
      The City Of Hope in Ca.? Also you should buy or check out a book from the library
      called " Dr. Susan Love's Breast Book"4th edition. It has so much information on all types of Breast Cancer, But only her oncologist can help since every person is different. But you will learn much from her books. She is a clinical professor at UCLA's David Geffen School a teacher,surgeon and activist. I myself have 4th stage breast cancer and almost daily have use for this book. Your Mommy is fortunate to have a daughter like you. God Bless You Both

  3. QUESTION:
    I think I could have inflammatory breast cancer. Should I see my regular doctor or should I go to my OBGYN?
    I think I could have inflammatory breast cancer. Should I see my regular doctor or should I go to my OBGYN?

    • ANSWER:
      Go to your OBGYN but bring information/pictures of IBC to show. A mammogram won't necessarily detect inflammatory breast cancer. Only a punch biopsy and physical presentation can determine if it's IBC. Additional tests include MRI, PET/CT and Sonogram.

      Please don't delay. If you suspect any changes in your breast, please go immediately. IBC is highly aggressive.

  4. QUESTION:
    Does a burning feeling on the skin of breasts signal a possible sign for inflammatory breast cancer?
    Well, lately, someone near and dear to me has stated that she felt a burning feeling on the skin of her left breast. She stated that it wasn't the entire breast, but more like the skin area about the size of the tip of her middle finger. She also stated that whenever she pushes onto it, it just burns... It is kind of hard for me to explain it myself, but I was wondering if this was a possible sign/symptom of inflammatory breast cancer. I asked her about it and she plans to get a mammogram on the 20th of this month.

    • ANSWER:
      My wife presented with an area that was red, warm to the touch and burned/itched. The area had the signature orange peel look to it. So in as few words as possible, yes. Mammograms will not typically pick up IBC. A punch biopsy is the method of diagnosing this monster. Now , take a second for a big breath. IBC is very rare so it is not likely to be the case here. On the other hand, get her butt into see a breast specialist or OBGYN that knows what IBC looks like. I wish you the best of luck.

  5. QUESTION:
    What is the difference in inflammatory breast cancer and invasive breast cancer?
    Or is it the same thing because I was diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and while looking up info I keep seeing inflammatory and I just am wondering if its the same thing or not.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammatory & invasive breast cancers are given these names because of the symptoms they present. But having one doesn't mean that you have the other. For example: a person can have a headache or a brain tumor. But having either one doesn't mean you will suffer from the other.
      Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is marked by some or all of these symptoms: the nipple may be flat or inverted, sudden onset (perhaps over a few days/weeks) of swelling of one breast, nipple discharge, pain or itching, redness that may look like the breast is infected, or thick-feeling areas of the breast. The symptoms and appearance of IBC can sometimes cause a doctor to misdiagnose a patient with just an infection, and some feel mammograms can be inconclusive due to breast density at the time of the swelling.
      Invasive breast cancer is graded in stages of 1-5, and at its higher stages has the traits of invading other parts of the body. This means the cancer has spread outside of the membranes of the breast ducts where it usually starts (Stage 0). It DOESN'T necessarily mean that it's spread throughout the WHOLE body. Most likely it has spread to the surrounding tissue of the breast.
      Please keep researching. Get to know your invader and how to deal with it. Explore all options before making a final decision.
      We hope this helps. Good luck in your journey.

      Mark
      the charityplush.com team

  6. QUESTION:
    How many of you out there have heard of inflammatory breast cancer?
    this is a very dangerous form of breast cancer few women know about. made more dangerous by women not getting treatment for it. Symptoms different than regular breast cancer
    affects women of all ages even young teens. please educate yourself now! possibly save your own or someone you love's life.
    my reason for asking is that I want other people to be aware that there are other types out there and to be informed. I don't want people to die because they had never heard of this.

    • ANSWER:
      Odd you should mention this topic, Rebecca, 'cause just this week I received an email with a video about inflammatory breast cancer. I forwarded it to many of my friends and then deleted it. Now I wish I still had it to send to you. It was very interesting and also quite upsetting. Thanks for bringing the subject to our attention! I'd never heard of it prior to receiving the email!

      gere

  7. QUESTION:
    how can i see a cancer specialist on the weekend?
    I have symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer as well as enlarged lymph nodes and lumps in my left breast - how can i see a specialist before Monday?

    • ANSWER:
      You can’t this is not an emergency. An oncologist will not see you until you are diagnosed with cancer and referred to them by another physician.

  8. QUESTION:
    Why have I had a bruise in my breast for five weeks?
    A bruise showed up on my right breast, about two inches above the nipple, about five weeks ago. I don't remember injuring it--it seemed to appear on its own. There are no other symptoms, nothing else abnormal going on. Why would a bruise last so long? The only thing I can find online is inflammatory breast cancer, but I'm only 27 and that seems unlikely. I had my doctor look three weeks ago and she thought it was okay and would go away on its own, but there has been no change.

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    Question about possibility of breast cancer?
    I am making my mom an appointment tomorrow because everything I have read online freaked me out to death...My mom does not really exercise but recently she worked out for a bit & started dieting & then the next day she developed red spots on her breast & they were more painful and tender than usual but the next day she had her period & the pain kind of went away but the red spots remain & im afraid its the rare form of inflammatory breast cancer has anyone experienced anything like this?

    • ANSWER:
      You are over-reacting and scaring yourself. The presence of a red spots is not indicative of any serious illness and certainly not cancer. Most likely, since your mother just started an exercise routine, she has a mild heat rash. Trapped perspiration against the skin can produce a mild rash.

      There is nothing to worry about. Your mother has no symptoms of cancer or any other serious illness.

  10. QUESTION:
    Is there anyone else here going through treatment for breast cancer?
    I am going through treatment for inflammatory breast cancer since 2004. I'm doing well, have had a few set backs, but all in all, it's good. I have gone through 2 separate times of radiation, 3 separate times of chemo and a bilateral mastectomy. Let me know how you are doing and what you have been going through.

    • ANSWER:
      Please read the details on the page below. I am sure you will find some information useful to you.

  11. QUESTION:
    Are there any survivors of Inflammatory Breast Cancer?
    My mother got diagnosed last year in november with (IBC)! She has gone through so many rounds of chemotherapy and radiation but it seems like it keeps growing. She has a doctor from M.D. Anderson and they have a research study. She is starting a new experimental chemo for just IBC. But i was wondering if anyone survived this type of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Seek out support groups for this type of breast cancer in order to find out information and the best resources . . they will help you:

      IBC Support
      http://www.ibcsupport.org/

      Inflammatory Breast Cancer Research Foundation
      http://www.ibcresearch.org/

      About IBC
      http://www.aboutibc.co.uk/

      IBC Survivors
      http://www.ibcsurvivors.org/

  12. QUESTION:
    What types of breast cancer create thickening of the skin?
    My mom just found out she has a rarer form of breast cancer. Its not the type that is a lump, instead its a thickening of the skin. Its not inflammed or red looking it just feels thick I guess more like a callous and is about 3 inches long. Anyone hear of this type of breast cancer? I have done a search online but only come up with the Inflammatory cancer which I dont think this is. The doctor said its not really an aggressive form if that helps.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflamatory breast cancer is most likely:
      "Although most breast cancers begin as lumps or tumors, inflammatory breast cancer usually starts with a feeling of thickness or heaviness in the breast."
      "Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare and aggressive form of breast cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute, about 1-5% of all breast cancer cases in the United States are inflammatory breast cancers."

      Otherwise, try Invasive Lobular Carcinoma,
      "In other cases, the first sign of ILC is a thickening or hardening in the breast that can be felt, rather than a distinct lump."
      "About 10% of all invasive breast cancers are invasive lobular carcinomas. "

  13. QUESTION:
    What does it mean if one breast is larger than the other? Especially if it just recently happened.?
    This is an issue my friend has. She is not sure whether or not one was always bigger. If it has suddenly become bigger, what could this mean? We googled it and found something called "inflammatory breast cancer" Does anyone know anything about this?

    • ANSWER:
      breast Cancer is a possibility, best to get a mammogram
      chin

  14. QUESTION:
    What is Inflammatory Breast Cancer?
    I'm 24 years old and I am being tested for Inflammatory Breast Cancer. It is really scary and I want to know if anyone can tell me anything about it. What is it and where it comes from?

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare but very aggressive type of breast cancer in which the cancer cells block the lymph vessels in the skin of the breast. This type of breast cancer is called “inflammatory” because the breast often looks swollen and red, or “inflamed.”
      Symptoms of IBC may include redness, swelling, and warmth in the breast, often without a distinct lump in the breast. The redness and warmth are caused by cancer cells blocking the lymph vessels in the skin. The skin of the breast may also appear pink, reddish purple, or bruised. The skin may also have ridges or appear pitted, like the skin of an orange (called peau d'orange), which is caused by a buildup of fluid and edema (swelling) in the breast. Other symptoms include heaviness, burning, aching, increase in breast size, tenderness, or a nipple that is inverted (facing inward) . These symptoms usually develop quickly—over a period of weeks or months. Swollen lymph nodes may also be present under the arm, above the collarbone, or in both places. However, it is important to note that these symptoms may also be signs of other conditions such as infection, injury, or other types of cancer
      Treatment consisting of chemotherapy, targeted therapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and hormonal therapy is used to treat IBC

  15. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
    I want to know what are the symptoms of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      •Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.
      Signs of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 2.00 lac cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  16. QUESTION:
    I have a strange rash on my breast. Could it be cancer?
    I have a strange rash on my right breast that itches, and hurts when I touch it. I am only thirteen years old, but I have already gone through puberty. I have heard about Inflammatory breast cancer, and I have heard that it can affect teens also. Could this be what it is? Should I go to a doctor. Right now, I am the only one who knows about this. If you arent going to say something helpful or nice, please dont answer.

    • ANSWER:
      It is doubtful you have completed puberty as that usually happens around 16-17. Inflammatory breast cancer is rare and does not affect teenagers. You have a rash. You don’t need to be concerned about breast cancer for another 30 years.

  17. QUESTION:
    When cancer metastasizes, are you diagnosed with cancer again or just that it spread?
    I asked a question last night about my mom being diagnosed 6 times. She had breast cancer in both breasts, 10 years apart, and they both spread to numerous areas. An answerer said she wouldn't have been diagnosed 6 times, just 2 with it spreading. I know that her lung, bone, liver and colon cancer is a result of the breast cancer but don't know what to call it besides being diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer again.

    Can someone please clarify this?

    • ANSWER:
      I’m the one who answered your question yesterday.
      Breast cancer does not spread to the contralateral breast unless it is inflammatory breast cancer. Although you did not mention what kind of breast cancer she has I suspect it is ductal carcinoma.
      She has two cancers, one in each breast.
      Each time her breast cancer is found in a new location it is not a new diagnosis it is progression of her original disease.
      If you want to know the correct terminology it is bilateral breast cancer metastatic to the liver, colon, lungs and bone or bilateral stage 4 breast cancer.
      Unfortunately it is not unusual for breast cancer to metastisize 10 years or more after the original diagnosis.

  18. QUESTION:
    Are these symptoms of Inflammatory Breast Cancer?
    I found a boil under my breast a few days ago. It came to a head today but about 2 days ago I noticed that the skin under my breast was thick. I know that this is one of the symptoms of IBC but a nurse told my mom it was soft tissue damage but that just seems odd for boil to do something like that.

    By the way breast cancer runs in my family.

    • ANSWER:
      Less than 10% of breast cancers are hereditary and only 1% of all breast cancers are inflammatory. Have you had multiple family members with inflammatory breast cancer? This would be very unusual, but if you have your local teaching hospital would be interested in following you and your family and this would give you the best possible screenings.

      However, it is more likely that you do not have a hereditary breast cancer in your family and if you are young enough that your mother went with you on a doctors appointment it is doubtful you have breast cancer. The chance of getting breast cancer at 25 years old is 1 in every 20,000. From 15-19 years old it is 1 in every million then for it to be a rare cancer on top of that……you can see how unlikely this is.

  19. QUESTION:
    Are there any outward symptoms that other persons could spot for breast or other cancer?
    Is there a noticeable change in the skin complexion of a caucasian woman if she has breast cancer or some other cancer? How can cancer be diagnosed accurately without a biopsy?

    • ANSWER:
      A biopsy is the only 100% fail proof way to diagnose any type of cancer.

      There may be skin changes in someone with skin cancer, but other cancers typically do not have noticeable signs. Exceptions would be cancers that form tumors so close to the skin that they protrude. Very rare and unlikely.

      Women cannot self-diagnose inflammatory breast cancer, IBC (a rare form of breast cancer), as there are other illnesses that can cause skin changes characteristic of IBC. Even those skin changes are limited to the breast itself and aren't always noticeable to others.

  20. QUESTION:
    What are some symptoms of you having cancer?
    I am just interested in what some symptoms are of you possibly having either skin or breast cancer. Thank you for your answers.

    • ANSWER:
      Losing weight is one, my mum was rather skinny so was my nanna (both had breast cancer) Stage 4

      Breast cancer symptoms vary widely — from lumps to swelling to skin changes — and many breast cancers have no obvious symptoms at all. Symptoms that are similar to those of breast cancer may be the result of non-cancerous conditions like infection or a cyst.

      Some Symptoms of Advanced (Metastatic) Breast Cancer
      Stage 4, or metastatic breast cancer is the most advanced stage of this disease. Metastatic breast cancer is defined as having spread beyond the breast and underarm lymph nodes into other parts of the body.

      * bone pain (bone metastases)
      * shortness of breath (lung metastases)
      * drop in appetite (liver metastases)
      * unintentional weight loss (liver metastases)
      * headaches, neurological pain or weakness (could be brain metastases)
      (This is what my mother had, and it was very noticeable)

      Breast Lumps

      * These lumps can be benign or malignant. Benign lumps do not spread to other parts of the body. A malignant lump is made up of cancer cells. When it first develops, this malignant tumour is confined to the breast. Most lumps are not cancerous

      Changes to look for:

      * A lump, lumpiness or thickening in the breast or armpit – especially if it is in one breast only
      * A change in the size or shape of your breast
      * Skin changes such as dimpling or redness
      * Nipple inversion or discharge
      * A change to the nipple, like a rash, ulcer or itchiness
      * An unusual or persistent pain

      Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) – Aggressive and Unusual Symptoms
      One type of breast cancer that does not appear in lumps is called inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). This aggressive cancer grows in sheets instead of lumps, and it invades nearby skin, resembling a rash. It will not respond to topical creams or antibiotics, and should be treated very promptly. Symptoms:

      * a sudden increase in mature breast size (as much as a cup size in a few days)
      * itching in the skin of the breast that is continuous and not relieved by pills or creams
      * a change in the breast skin color, resulting in pink, red, or dark-colored areas
      * breast is excessively warm to the touch, or harder or firmer than usual
      * unusual pain, which occurs out of the regular cycle
      * sometimes a change in skin texture, similar to the skin of an orange
      * breast skin ulcers (later stage IBC)

  21. QUESTION:
    What does breast cancer feel like?
    Could you tell me where in the breast the lumps occur, what they feel like, etc.?
    What are some other symptoms of breast cancer? Are hair loss and tremors some symptoms?
    At what age can you get breast cancer?
    Any other info I should know?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a ten year survivor of breast cancer. Here goes.
      Tumours can occur in any part of the breast. Generally they are not painful at the outset. The one form of breast cancer that is painful from the start is a nasty little beast known as Inflammatory breast cancer. All women's breasts are somewhat lumpy and nodular to the touch. This is why monthly breast self examination after age twenty is recommended. The woman becomes familiar with the normal look and feel of her breasts, and any changes become immediately apparent ( lumps, orange peel skin, thickening etc.) Mine felt like a large kidney bean that was not too mobile. Cancer usually anchors itself to the blood stream somewhere. Hair loss is not a symptom of breast cancer. It 's a side effect of chemotherapy. Tremors are not a sign of breast cancer either.

      Breast cancer in women under thirty is rare. 1% of all cases in the US occur in women under thirty. I was 43 and considered young for breast cancer.

      A good reference is found here.

      Risk Factors

      When you're told that you have breast cancer, it's natural to wonder what may have caused the disease. But no one knows the exact causes of breast cancer. Doctors seldom know why one woman develops breast cancer and another doesn't.

      Doctors do know that bumping, bruising, or touching the breast does not cause cancer. And breast cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person.

      Doctors also know that women with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop breast cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of getting a disease.

      Some risk factors (such as drinking alcohol) can be avoided. But most risk factors (such as having a family history of breast cancer) can't be avoided.

      Studies have found the following risk factors for breast cancer:

      * Age: The chance of getting breast cancer increases as you get older. Most women are over 60 years old when they are diagnosed.

      * Personal health history: Having breast cancer in one breast increases your risk of getting cancer in your other breast. Also, having certain types of abnormal breast cells (atypical hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS], or ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) increases the risk of invasive breast cancer. These conditions are found with a breast biopsy.

      * Family health history: Your risk of breast cancer is higher if your mother, father, sister, or daughter had breast cancer. The risk is even higher if your family member had breast cancer before age 50. Having other relatives (in either your mother's or father's family) with breast cancer or ovarian cancer may also increase your risk.

      * Certain genome changes: Changes in certain genes, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2, substantially increase the risk of breast cancer. Tests can sometimes show the presence of these rare, specific gene changes in families with many women who have had breast cancer, and health care providers may suggest ways to try to reduce the risk of breast cancer or to improve the detection of this disease in women who have these genetic changes.

      Also, researchers have found specific regions on certain chromosomes that are linked to the risk of breast cancer. If a woman has a genetic change in one or more of these regions, the risk of breast cancer may be slightly increased. The risk increases with the number of genetic changes that are found. Although these genetic changes are more common among women than BRCA1 or BRCA2, the risk of breast cancer is far lower.
      * Radiation therapy to the chest: Women who had radiation therapy to the chest (including the breasts) before age 30 are at an increased risk of breast cancer. This includes women treated with radiation for Hodgkin lymphoma. Studies show that the younger a woman was when she received radiation treatment, the higher her risk of breast cancer later in life.

      * Reproductive and menstrual history:
      o The older a woman is when she has her first child, the greater her chance of breast cancer.
      o Women who never had children are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who had their first menstrual period before age 12 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who went through menopause after age 55 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who take menopausal hormone therapy for many years have an increased risk of breast cancer.

      * Race: In the United States, breast cancer is diagnosed more often in white women than in African American/black, Hispanic/Latina, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native women.

      * Breast density: Breasts appear on a mammogram (breast x-ray) as having areas of dense and fatty (not dense) tissue. Women whose mammograms show a larger area of dense tissue than the mammograms of women of the same age are at increased risk of breast cancer.

      * History of taking DES: DES was given

  22. QUESTION:
    I have pink spots on my chest that are terrifying me. What are they?
    I am 31 years old and have been dealing with anxiety for a few years. The last few months have been very stressful after losing a job. About three months ago a pink spot the size of a pencil erasor formed on the upper part of my left breast. Within the past month I have been noticing similar smaller spots on other parts of my chest. There may be about five or six that are recognizable. They tend to be dark pink while bathing or under stress and more flesh colored at other times. They tend to have dry skin peeling off of them and when looking at them closely they are composed of clusters of tiny pink dots and are darker and more clustered around the edges of each spot. I am terrified I have inflammatory breast cancer, leukemia, or something else deadly. When I press on the spots they briefly lose some color. I have a dermo appointment soon and I am terrified. What are these? Please, no joke answers.

    • ANSWER:
      Seeing an dermatologist was a good idea. It might be just some eczema or a kind of rash, so I would get some cream on it, but he can tell you for sure what it is and how to get rid of it..

  23. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age for a woman to have IBC?
    IBC is a type of breast cancer that is over looked by doctors untill it is too late. This type of breast cancer is the fastest spreading cancer there is. Sadly the only time they can detect it is when the patient is already at Stage 4 of the cancer. The scarist part of that is there is NO Stage 5 of this cancer. Once at stage 4 it results in death. So my question is What is the earliest age for a woman to have IBC?

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately it isn't just IBC that is a fast spreading cancer. There are over 200 different types of cancer and many are extremely aggressive, spread rapidly, and have no treatment protocol. Welcome to the world of rare cancers.

      IBC is a rare type of breast cancer, few people get it, but of course if you are one of the unlucky ones this can be devastating. But, just because a person is diagnosed as stage IV does not mean that the cancer is not treatable. Actually the survival rate for IBC is between 25 to 50 percent . . those odds really aren't that bad when dealing with rare cancers (we are used to seeing figures like 5 to 20 percent or worse). Any age women, including a teen can get this type of cancer . . but again it is very rare . . and makes up about 1 to 6 percent of breast cancers. Anyway you can do a little research about the disease:

      Inflammatory Breast Cancer: Questions and Answers
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/IBC

      People Living with Cancer: Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      http://www.plwc.org/portal/site/PLWC/menuitem.6067beb2271039bcfd748f68ee37a01d/?vgnextoid=70d6ea7105daa010VgnVCM100000ed730ad1RCRD&vgnextfmt=cancer

      And, if you have any interest in rare cancers at all . . take a look at this list . . remember the majority of these rare cancers have a lower survival rate than IBC because there is little research taking place to help these patients. This doesn't mean their cancer can't be treated . . but it is more difficult because no research or protocols are in place to save these patients . . and that statistic includes children.

      Adult and Pediatric Rare cancers (not a complete list)
      http://adult.rare-cancer.org/raw-adult-list.html
      http://pediatric.rare-cancer.org/raw-pediatric-list.html.

      Incidentally the scariest part about a rare cancer is not the stage of the disease (as long as its treatable) .. the scariest part is the lack of treatment options.

  24. QUESTION:
    Why do so few women know about inflammatory breast cancer?
    It's not like it's one of the rarest cancers in the world. I guess the saying is true: If you're in Central Park and hear hooves, look for horses, not zebras.
    Unlike regular breast cancer, you won't find lumps when it comes to inflammatory breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Because we are not told about it; not even by our doctors.

      I agree we need to be told more about it. It could save many lives.

  25. QUESTION:
    Is this a sign of inflammatory breast cancer or not really?
    ok there are pimples on the breast that wont go away. its beeen 2 months. and also there are some broken red blood vessals .

    • ANSWER:
      No,it is not sign of cancer.
      It is most likely infective skin lesions.
      Needs proper treatment and diabetes has to be rule out.

  26. QUESTION:
    My sister has Inflammatory Breast Cancer and I accidentally used a diabetic needle thing after her?
    one that you stick your finger with to check your blood sugar. I didn't know it was already used and Im worried sick. Can I get cancer from using the dirty finger thing that she used? Ive read some online and I think Im safe but not for sure. thanks for any advice and I will NEVER do that again! also why cant cancer patients donate organs if you cant get cancer from somebodys blood? again, thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      You should use nolvadex, it is the best about it you can get information from here http://webmd36.notlong.com/AArJkx5

  27. QUESTION:
    I am looking for information on Inflamatory breast disease, can anyone help?
    I recieved an email several months ago, I understand that this is a form of breast cancer. I would like more information on it.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammatory breast cancer is an especially aggressive type of breast cancer that can occur in women of any age (and, although extremely rarely, in men). It is unique because it often does not present with a lump and therefore often is not detected by mammography or ultrasound. It presents with the signs and symptoms of a breast infection such as mastitis.

      IBC or Inflammatory Breast Cancer causes breast changes in the nipple and surrounding areas. It affects teenagers, and most of them are too embarrassed to show the disfiguration to their parents or doctors, by the time they do it usually too late for treatment. IBC starts out looking like a bug bite or some sort of a sore. And it is not detectable in mammograms. There is a very short open window to catch IBC and the importance of open communication with a mother daughter or father daughter is important to be able to discuss openly about body change or disfiguration.

      (from wikipedia.org)

  28. QUESTION:
    Could this possibly be a sign of inflammatory breast cancer?
    Both of my breast have been slightly itchy. It is nothing to to bad but enough for me to draw concern. I read that it isnt likely to be serious if both breast are itchy. They dont hurt and they arent swollen and they look normal and they feel normal. When I say itchy they are like litle itches, if that makes sense. I have not changed deturgents or soaps etc

    • ANSWER:
      No, it's not a sign of cancer.

  29. QUESTION:
    What type of doctor would treat inflammatory breast cancer?
    I have a school project, and this is the last question I need to answer.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast oncologist, if possible.

  30. QUESTION:
    Statistics On Inflammatory Breast Cancer Needed?
    I am currently doing research on inflammatory breast cancer and I have been unable to locate specific statistics that I need. Any answers to the following are appreciated:

    # of cases diagnosed
    # of deaths reported

    • ANSWER:

  31. QUESTION:
    What are Some Signs of Breast Cancer?
    Other than the lump, what other signs are there that I have breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      •Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.

      Instant Diagnosis of Breast Cancer with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. *Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply..

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      •PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages.

  32. QUESTION:
    How many of you have survived Imflammatory Breast Cancer?
    It is not in the bones, has 6 of 9 lymph nodes involved and one lobular node. Doctor first prescribed antibiotics, then she got biopsy, partial breast removal, now they finally figured out she has IBC. I hope you are doing well.

    • ANSWER:
      Oh my goodness, that is awful! How could they not know from the biopsy?
      Inflammatory breast cancer is the most dangerous form of breast cancer, the diagnosis alone makes her cancer a stage IIIB and is a rare form only about 1% of all breast cancers are IBC. Therefore you may not find a survivor of this cancer here. If this person needs a support group contact the American Cancer Society and they can refer her to one. I hope she does well. Best wishes.

      P.S. – The survival rates quoted by the other person who answered are not correct and absolutely no one has a chance of surviving this disease without surgery.

  33. QUESTION:
    When should I get my first mammogram?
    Please note, I have history on my mothers side and fathers side of breast cancer. My aunt only recovered a few years ago, and my grandmother, on my fathers side, survived it twice. So when should I have my first mammogram?

    • ANSWER:
      When U perceive any of the symptoms, U can go for mammogram. Earlier detected b.c. is curable and longevity shall increase by decades too. causes, symptoms, instant detection with the aid of Acupressure Techniques @ Ur level and cure --are appended for Ur ready reference.

      Why more and more youngsters are prone to “breast cancer”?
      1. Chronic & severe constipation [+ heavy quantum of accumulated feces in the rectum & the large intestine] with a displaced solar plexus. Bad diet with pizzas, burgers, deep freeze and deep fried chicken/pork/hot dogs, high rich calorie diets-obesity, etc. As a result, most of the Americans/Europeans are cancer victims due to chronic constipation issues.
      3. Hormonal imbalance.
      4. Heavy exposure to asbestos, pollution from industrial wastes, tobacco consumption and or smoking..
      5. Chronic & Unhealed wounds/injuries caused by bacterial/viral/metabolic syndromes/diseases with blocked energy + toxins in any internal organ.
      6. Sexual promiscuity, Perverted anal/oral sex, hetero-sex [not mono-sex], homosex amongst transgenders, resulting in chronic and unhealed STDs/infections/wounds/injuries, etc., bad personal hygiene [not washing gonads after coitus] & indiscriminate consumption of birth control pills/steroids by self-medication, 'with no' medical supervision by endocrinologist/gynecologist/physician.
      7. Chronic Stress & Strain.
      8. Lack of exercise & ever increasing obese bodies.
      9. Regular consumption of ‘colas’ with heavy doses of insecticides, freely available in India. Regular & excessive alcohol consumption.
      10. Skin Cancer Exposure to Sun’s rays @ odd hours [90 minutes after sunrise, beyond 60 minutes before sunset and anytime during strong winds] and excessive exposure to radiation emanating from cell phones, transmission towers, etc.,
      11. 24/7-- wearing of bra by the modern woman and avoiding breast feeding the child—breast cancer.
      12. Heavy genetic dispositions with more ‘cancer-stricken ancestors’

      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      •Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.
      Signs of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.

      2. *Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

  34. QUESTION:
    All women do you know about inflammatory breast cancer?
    usually appears with swollen breast, breat pain, retracted nipple and itching. Some doctors will tell you it's a rash you'll be fine but this isn't the case at all.

    • ANSWER:
      Anytime there is a change in your breast get to a dr....and if they dont give you an answer that you feel comfortable with (and a biopsy) go to another dr ASAP.

  35. QUESTION:
    I'm 25 years old and dying of breast cancer, will I suffer too much?
    Inflammatory breast cancer...
    I'm young and I have a 3 month old. The emotional pain is devastating right now... And physical pain in close to unbearable but I'm still pretty "healthy"

    The regular meds such as "Tylenol" and "ibuprofen" are like candy for me....

    Please tell me how much pain will I have?
    Will morphine take it all away?
    Will I become a zombie because of all the pain meds?
    Help...

    • ANSWER:
      Not buying it. I have a friend who is truly dying of breast cancer metastases right now and the physical pain is so unbearable that she is on major pain medications. There is absolutely NO WAY you would only be taking Tylenol or Ibuprofen to manage such pain.

      Your medical team would have already discussed treatments and pain management with you.

  36. QUESTION:
    What do you know about inflammatory breast cancer?
    What is the survivability rate? Do I have a chance? I am 26...

    • ANSWER:
      I just finished reading quite a bit on breast cancer. I'm about to start screening tomorrow due to symptoms that resemble inflammatory type. I read that it is the most agressive and fastest spreading of all types. Usually detected later due to the fact that it spreads in sheets and lumps aren't felt. There are a few sites that explain it well. I didn't bookmark them. I am sorry, you are very young. I am in my 30's. I am wondering the same thing you are right now. Take good care, educate yourself, STAY POSITIVE, and be very pro-active in your treatment. God, I'm so sorry. I will be thinking of you. Be well.

  37. QUESTION:
    Purple spots a sign of breast cancer?
    I have two strange purple spots on the underside of one of my breasts and a 3rd under my other arm. The one under m arm is about the size of a dime and showed up after th other two. Could this be a sign of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Do NOT listen to the first responder!! Many breast cancers cannot be felt, even if they are known to be there through imaging. That's why yearly mammograms are so important. There is one type of cancer that's called Inflammatory Breast Cancer that is often misdiagnosed as either bug bites or an infection because the breast becomes swollen, red, itchy, and tends to feel warm.

      That being said, IBC is not generally referred to as "purple", but more pink and irritated, so odds are against it being so. On top of that, breast cancer tends to stay on one side and EVENTUALLY spread to either the other breast or other places, rather than starting on opposite sides right off the bat. But, it does need to be checked out by your doctor. If you have to wait longer than a few days to get in, write down the dates and details of exactly what's happened. Take measurements regularly to track if there's any growth. This will be very important if there is a problem. If it turns out to be nothing, just toss the paper with a smile on your face. Good luck!

      Blessings

  38. QUESTION:
    Can anyone pleaseee help me in defining the benefits of tomato?
    Can anyone PLEASE define the benefits of a TOMATO in a FUNNY way? I'm linking some it's benefits from an article, they are not homours but can anyone please share some in funny way?
    Here are some: Eating tomatoes
    regularly is good for your heath, as well as
    your palate. Here we look at the different health benefits
    of tomatoes. Wonder fruit?
    Tomatoes are native to South America, but they have been grown and enjoyed in
    Europe for hundreds of years.
    Recently, they have been linked to all kinds
    of health benefits.
    One US study found that eating tomatoes
    regularly could reduce the risk of men
    getting prostate cancer.
    The glossy red fruits (which actually come in
    all kinds of colours, including yellow and
    deep purple) are packed full of vitamins –
    including vitamins A, C and E.
    They also contain flavonoids (natural anti-
    inflammatories), potassium and other
    mineral salts.
    Tomatoes contain a high volume of water,
    and they're refreshing in salads on hot days.
    They're low in calories too, with around 14
    kilocalories per 100g – approximately one
    and a half classic tomatoes, or five to six
    cherry tomatoes.
    Lycopene
    Much of the interest in tomatoes has been
    due to the antioxidant lycopene – which
    helps to mop up damaging free radicals in
    the body that can harm our cells.
    In fact, people living in the West get 85 per
    cent of this nutrient from tomatoes.
    Lycopene may help to ward against:
    prostate cancer
    breast cancer
    stomach cancer
    age-related macular degeneration.
    And it could boost the skins ability to protect
    itself against UV rays.
    Some studies have suggested lycopene may
    play a role in reducing bad cholesterol.
    Lycopene is even one of the main
    ingredients in new 'beauty pills'. A study
    carried out by the dermatology department
    at Charite University, in Berlin, discovered a
    link between lycopene based supplements
    and smoother, less-wrinkled skin.
    Tomatoes should be eaten whole to get the
    full healthy effect.
    'The important t

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Wade,

      What an interesting question. I am not familiar with all of the studies mentioned, but there is a wonderful one that was recently published by the National Academy of Science that states that

      "Vitamin E from seeds, but not supplements, might halt the growth of prostate and lung cancer cells...

      Walnuts, pecans, sesame seeds, as well as sesame oils, have gamma-tocopherol, which kills human prostate and lung cancer cells in lab cultures. The vitamin’s presence interrupts the synthesis of certain fatty molecules called sphingolipids in the cancer cells but leaves healthy human prostate cells unaffected."

      Here is a link to the rest of the article:
      http://www.totalhealthinstitute.com/articles-research/vitamin-e-from-seeds-kills-cancer-cells/

      No matter how you look at it eating healthy and living in a low stress environment is optimal for human health.

      God bless!

  39. QUESTION:
    Why does my left nipple hurts when being touch?
    I did some researches about it, I hope its not breast cancer. Im 15 years old. I think its puberty or something. The one start with g-something. Yea, im going to visit the doctor about it, but I hope its not breast cancer. Im too young; I hope its just puberty. The right one doesnt hurt. The left one has a lump under. Please answer.

    • ANSWER:
      Probably just an infected gland...hormones can play a big part in painful nipples, ducts, etc. Easy treatment with anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen can help. Go to the doc but don't worry about cancer! Good luck.

  40. QUESTION:
    My MIL has been diagnosed with Stage 4 Inflammatory Breast Cancer?
    She is scheduled for a 2nd opinion later this week and has asked us (she is very overwhelmed) to assist with a list of questions. I have looked on line and found nothing. Other then do you agree with the diagnosis and do you agree with the treatment - what other questions should be asked?

    • ANSWER:
      Some things to ask the oncologist:

      1. Do you agree with the diagnosis; if not what else could it be and what needs to be done to answer this question?
      2. Do you have prior experience treating this type of cancer?
      3. What is your history treating this type of cancer (patient outcomes, side effects).
      4. What treatment options do you recommend?
      5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the various treatment options?
      6. Would you be able to use experimental treatments if they are available?

  41. QUESTION:
    How can you tell if You have Breast cancer ?
    My Breast hurt and I wanted to know Symptoms or if you can even tell I don't want. To give my mom a scare so any answers would be Nicee ....

    • ANSWER:
      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      •Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.
      •Free & Instant Diagnosis/Prevention/cure of Breast Cancer and Breast related issues right @ Ur door-steps----with the aid of acupressure maps. Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures, with the aid of acupressure techniques, so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] ‘with no income to spend for mammogram’ with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger, as if U r pumping out air from these affected tender points..
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. *Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.

  42. QUESTION:
    What doctors in Southeast Florida have experience diagnosing and treating inflammatory breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The Moffit Cancer Center in Tampa

  43. QUESTION:
    ladies, i just heard about a breast cancer that?
    most women dont know about. its inflammatory breast cancer. i guess you cant see it on a mam mo gram or a self breast exam there is no lumps. i seen a news clip on it, your breast gets enlarged maybe discolored and the nipple goes in. has anyone else heard of this. from what it said women are dying of it and drs heard about it in school but dont see it much.

    • ANSWER:
      Only about 1% of all breast cancers are inflammatory so doctors do not often see it, but they should be able to recognize it. It is a very aggressive form of breast cancer. The nipple doesn’t necessarily have to be inverted, but the breast does look like there is an infection.

  44. QUESTION:
    How close are we to finding a complete cure for cancer?
    I know several people who have had cancer, some have survived but others were not so lucky. To me, the word “cancer” has got to be the worst 6 letter word known to man-kind. It just fucking sucks.

    Chemo, radiation, surgery etc are not cures, only treatments. And yes sometimes they work, but a lot of the time they don’t.

    How close are we to finding a complete cure? Coz it really sucks that innocent people have to suffer like they do.

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a little comic that actually rather succinctly sums it up: http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=1162

      We won't have a cure for cancer, because cancer isn't a single disease. It's hundreds. Thousands, maybe hundreds of thousands depending on how you count them. Sure, we call them all cancer, but each one is unique, though they share common features. Each one requires its own solution.

      We're inching forward. Painfully slowly up a hundred mountains. And there is progress. Testicular cancer now has something like a 99% cure rate. Inflammatory Breast cancer went from a 1% survival rate to 60% in the late 1990s. That's not perfect but find me someone who will take a one a hundred shot over a 6 in ten.

      There's a lab I ran a quarter ago for upper division undergraduates. I give them a culture of cancer cells, in a dish, MCF7, a breast cancer cell line. There are two variations of it, differing only very very slightly - they're actually taken from the same patient. Same patient. Same cancer. And then we give them some of the drugs that kill cancer cells and let them see what happens. The drugs work very well on one MCF7. They don't work at all on the other MCF7. And keep in mind, these cancer cells are from one woman.

      There's some very promising things. We've got technology and techniques available to make a new kind of vaccine that can teach the body's immune system to go out and kill cancer cells much better than it would otherwise. They're testing some of them now. In five, ten years maybe we could have a shot that could stop you from getting melanoma - that's better than a cure. You never get it.

      But that's one type of cancer. A big nasty one. That same treatment won't work on breast cancer, or bone cancer, or brain cancer.

      There's a team in the lab down the hall from me that works on chemically engineering a better way to kill cancer cells - tools that can take a cancer drug that we now have to administer through an IV, and hit every cell in the body with, and make it so that it only goes to the cancer cells.

      There was another team, not one I know but one that published recently, that took the T-cells out of two patients with Stage 4 Melanoma - a certain death sentence on a very short time scale. They reprogrammed these T-cells genetically, put them back into the patients and the T-cells exterminated the cancer. Fully. That was a total cure, at least in the short term, but it cost millions of dollars of research and weeks of labor by dozens of people to make those cells. Maybe it will be usable some day - and we'll be able to take a blood sample from someone with cancer, tinker with their cells, and make something that will go in and exterminate it.

      A professor in a university near mine took the DNA for one of the genes that's broken in cancer cells- a gene that kills them when they become cancerous. He wrapped the DNA in millions and millions of little plastic balls, so small that they squished the DNA down, and could slip it into a cell. He then used it to put that gene back in cancer cells in mice, in a lung cancer. It was incredibly effective - not a complete cure, not capable of killing the cancer totally, but it savaged it horribly. Much better than any other treatment. Maybe useful one day if they can work the kinks out.

      The thing is, don't go looking for some magic pill that you can take, that will kill every cancer ever. That's not going to happen. It's just not. Remember. Even what we call 'breast cancer' isn't just one type of identical cancer - I can think of at least five major types that are all nearly completely different just off the top of my head.

      It's a long slow road that needs lots of brilliant people working on incredibly difficult problems that are only small, tiny, tiny pieces out of the whole. It's frustrating. It's slow. But cancer - whatever type and whatever form does suck. You're right. But what we can do now was science fiction in 1990. If you'd gone to the best cancer scientist in the world in 1986 and listed those things I put up above, it wouldn't even be science fiction - they'd look at you like you flat out insane. It's important not to stop working just because the problem is so hard - but it's just as important to look back and get a sense of perspective at the amazing distance we've come in so short a time.

  45. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is the most uncommon form?
    I am interested in types of cancer ie breast, lung tongue etc and i amwondering if there is a most uncommon among the discovered types of cancer any help would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Rare Cancer Questions I can answer. Currently studing this in Medical Biology and am currently fighting Breast Cancer.

      SO hear goes. Hope this information can help you.

      Breast Cancer types that are not as common are:
      ~Paget's Diease
      ~Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      ~Scirrhous,
      ~Phyllodes (rarest type)

      Other Cancers that are rare:

      Vagina Cancer, Vulva Cancer, Penis Foreskin Cancer, Finger Cancer,

      Please check out the website http://www.plwc.org click on Cancers and there will be a listed of all the cancers there are. Good luck to you and I hope this could be of some help. :)

  46. QUESTION:
    Do I have a sign of Breast cancer?
    I'm afraid from a long time that do I have a sign of breast cancer or something like that? My breasts are not soft they have developed something inside that's hardening it. On places, its very hard and on some places its soft. I can't talk about it to anyone and I have not been to any doctor so far, because I don't know which kind of doctor to visit? My age is 20 years.

    Any help would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      BREAST CANCER*:
      Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
      •A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
      •Bloody discharge from the nipple
      •Change in the size or shape of a breast
      •Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
      •Inverted nipple
      •Peeling, scaling or flaking of the nipple or breast skin
      •Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
      •Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare, fast-growing type of cancer that often causes no distinct lump. Instead, breast skin may become thick, red, and may look pitted -- like an orange peel. The area may also feel warm or tender and have small bumps that look like a rash.
      Why more and more youngsters are prone to cancer?
      1.A displaced solar plexus.
      2. Bad diet with McDonald’s pizzas, burgers, KFC-deep freeze and deep fried chicken, pork, high rich calorie diets-obesity, etc.
      3. Hormonal imbalance.
      4. Indiscriminate consumption of steroids with no medical supervision by the endocrinologist.
      5. Chronic & Unhealed wounds with blocked energy + toxins in any internal organ.
      6. Sexual promiscuity & indiscriminate consumption of birth control pills 'with no' medical supervision by endocrinologist/gynecologist/physician.
      7. Stress & Strain.
      8. Lack of exercise & ever increasing obese bodies.
      9. Smoking and tobacco/gutka chewing.
      10. Regular consumption of ‘colas’ with heavy doses of insecticides.
      11. Exposure to Sun’s rays @ odd hours.
      12. 24/7-- wearing of bra by the modern woman and avoiding breast feeding the child—breast cancer.

      Instant Diagnosis of Breast Cancer with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply..

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      •PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages.
      •Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.

  47. QUESTION:
    Is inflammatory breast cancer really dangerous?
    I came across a video clip at http://cancernewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2006/12/inflammatory-breast-cancer-ibc.html
    which spoke in depth about inflammatory breast cancer. Is this disease really so dangerous?

    • ANSWER:
      Any cancer is dangerous because if you don't get it early enough it has the potential to spread to other parts of body and kill you.

      I don't know anything about inflammatory breast cancer though and I don't want to look at the clip cause it will make me all depressed and freak out!!

  48. QUESTION:
    Can you get breast cancer from a bruise?
    I have had this bruise on my left breast for almost a week & a half & im not sure if i could get breast cancer from it

    • ANSWER:
      A bruise or red/pinkish/purple discolouration can be an indication of inflammatory breast cancer. Other symptoms include:
      Rapid change of appearance of breast over a period of days/weeks, Thickness, heaviness or visible enlargement of one breast, Unusual warmth of the affected breast, Dimpling on the skin of the affected breast (similar to orange peel), Itchiness, Tenderness, pain or aching and enlarged lymph nodes (under arm, above/below collar bone).

      Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare type of breast cancer that develops rapidly, making the affected breast red, swollen and tender. Inflammatory breast cancer occurs when cancer cells block the lymphatic vessels in the breast, causing the characteristic red, swollen appearance of the breast

      If you're worried it may be a good idea to see your doctor and express your concern.


inflammatory breast cancer

Small Cell Carcinoma

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is small cell carcinoma, and why is edema in the upper body a serious complication.?
    A family member has small cell carcinoma being treated with chemotherapy in the lung/thoracic area, and recently has developed edema in the arms and chest (not sure specifics of where in the chest the edema is). What is this type of cancer and what is the concern with the edema when it develops secondary to the cancer? Thank You.

    • ANSWER:
      oedema of the upper body is due to blockage (partial) of the superior vena cava (the main vein which drains the part of the body above the level of the heart). this is due to infiltration of the vein by the malignant tumour. its a bad prognostic factor.

      as for small cell carcinoma, it is a highly malignant tumour of the lungs, and spreads rapidly. it also produces certain hormones that mimic hormonal imbalance states (paraneoplastic syndrome).

      u can type in "small cell carcinoma" on wikiepedia and check the other details for urself.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy for small cell carcinoma?
    Hi. My mom was just diagnosed with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and it is in the early stages THANKFULLY! however, i am only 17 and she is hesitant about giving me info and telling me what the future holds for our family, especially since she is a single parent. If you could please give me some info to help me better understand and how to help my mom beat this disease i would forever grateful!!! Life expectancy, treatment, and any encouragement techniques as she is very depressed. thank you all!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Small cell grows quickly, much quicker than non small cell. but small cell responds better to chemo treatments. Your mom may be advised to also have WBR (whole brain radiation) as often lung cancer travels to the brain. Since caught very early, she has a good chance of ridding herself of cancer, but will have to have regular scans as recurrence is almost always. Attached is a yahoo lung cancer group, there you will find people that have beaten small cell and are still surviving and are N.E.D. (no evidence of disease) after a couple of years of treatment.

  3. QUESTION:
    one small spot on one lung of small cell carcinoma whats the survival rate?
    my sons father was diagnosed with small cell carcinoma today. He has one small spot as far as they know right now, he doesn't see cancer doctor til next week. what are the survival rates for him? And how to deal with a 5 year old boy with this situation?

    • ANSWER:
      Small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is less common. It was formerly referred to as "oat-cell" carcinoma. Most cases arise in the larger airways (primary and secondary bronchi) and grow rapidly, becoming quite large. The small cells contain dense neurosecretory granules (vesicles containing neuroendocrine hormones), which give this tumor an endocrine/paraneoplastic syndrome association. While initially more sensitive to chemotherapy and radiation, it is often metastatic at presentation, and ultimately carries a worse prognosis. Small-cell lung cancers have long been dichotomously staged into limited and extensive stage disease. This type of lung cancer is strongly associated with smoking.Small cell lung carcinoma has traditionally been classified as limited stage (confined to one half of the chest and within the scope of a single tolerable radiotherapy field) or extensive stage (more widespread disease).Even if relatively early stage, small-cell lung carcinoma is treated primarily with chemotherapy and radiation.
      Prognosis:
      For small-cell lung carcinoma, prognosis is also generally poor. The overall five-year survival for patients with SCLC is about 5%. Patients with extensive-stage SCLC have an average five-year survival rate of less than 1%. The median survival time for limited-stage disease is 20 months, with a five-year survival rate of 20%.

      According to data provided by the National Cancer Institute, the median age at diagnosis of lung cancer in the United States is 70 years, and the median age at death is 72 years.

      (from wikipedia)

  4. QUESTION:
    Anyone had any experience with High Grade Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma?
    Diagnosis is High Grade Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma presenting between colon and pelvis (also in lymphnodes in same area). Doctor's are not sure but believe it originated from cervix or uterus. It is being treated as if it were Small Cell Lung Cancer eventhough it is NOT in the lungs.

    Having a hard time finding anything online because it is apparently pretty darn rare. Any information would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      This is not that uncommon. Neuroendocrine cells are all over the body so it can arise in many places other than lung (most common). It is described as small cell carcinoma, an while usually lung, can arise in many sites such as vagina, cervix, rectum, intestine, appendix, etc. They are all generally treated the same, using common small cell lung cancer regimens.
      In general, limited stage disease, loosely defined as disease that can fit within one radiation portal, can be cured occasionally with chemotherapy and radiation- but this is extrapolating from lung cancer patients, where cure rates are <20% with limited stage disease. More extensive disease is not curable, though it does respond very well to chemotherapy or radiation or both.

      Blessings

  5. QUESTION:
    where can I find comprehensive info on small cell cancer, The web links all have few lines but not enough?
    my husband has small cell carcinoma, and I cant seem to find any place on line that has real information about treatment options, prognosis, etc. The doctor's office hasnt got anything better. I just want to know what we must prepare for.

    • ANSWER:
      There are some excellent online resources beginning with the National Cancer Institute, ACS, and People Living with Cancer:

      NCI: Small Cell Lung Cance Treatement
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/small-cell-lung/Patient

      ACS: Introduction to treatment for small cell lung cancer
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_4x_Introduction_to_Treatment_for_Small_Cell_Lung_Cancer.asp?sitearea=

      Medline Plus: Small Cell lung cancer
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000122.htm

      NCCN: Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology - Small cell lung cancer
      http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/PDF/sclc.pdf

      People Living with Cancer - Lung cancer - Oncologist approved site that features the latest research and resources.
      http://www.plwc.org/portal/site/PLWC/menuitem.6067beb2271039bcfd748f68ee37a01d/?vgnextoid=1d27ea7105daa010VgnVCM100000ed730ad1RCRD&vgnextfmt=cancer

      And, you can join online support groups specifically for this type of cancer:

      ACOR: Mailing list for Small Cell Lung Cancer
      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/lung-sclc.html

      Lung Cancer Alliance
      http://www.alcase.org/

      Best of luck.

  6. QUESTION:
    What tests are needed to tell what TYPE of cancer you have?
    what tests are needed to tell what type of cancer you have. now where its coming from but the actual cell biology type, such as squamous cell, or small/oat cell, or basal cell, etc. I have been trying to get these answers for a report at school on specifically small cell carcinoma, and all i can find on it is small cell lung carcinoma. i don'tt need the place where it originated from: lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, etc. I need the actual cell biology. Any Citable websites would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society describes the different methods for biopsy and what happens during a cytology test when processing the specimen for histology type:

      ACS: Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_2_3x_testing_biopsy_and_cytology_specimens_for_cancer.asp

  7. QUESTION:
    how does non small cell carcinoma lung cancer get created?
    how does non small cell carcinoma lung cancer get created?
    what is the process of this cancer?

    i found a few stages but i need to know how the cancer cells affect the lungs

    • ANSWER:
      I know long active exposure to Nobelium (Is it Nobelium, I'm not sure) generates radioactivity that effects the lungs.

  8. QUESTION:
    What information should I include on a donation jar for a cancer patient?
    My brother in law has been diagnosed with non small cell lung carcinoma which has mestatised to his brain. They have no insurance. I thought the donation jars would at least help them some. If anybody knows how to set up a donation website for them that would be great as well. Thanks in advance for all your help!

    • ANSWER:

  9. QUESTION:
    Where is a good place to find a head covering for a male cancer patient?
    My dad is 52 years old and has small cell carcinoma. He is told he will be losing hair shortly, due to the chemotherapy. I'd like to help him find some 'cool' head coverings. I'm sure 'cool' is different to him and me, but I could still use some direction. Thanks!
    ***Any other gift ideas are welcome.***

    • ANSWER:
      When it comes to men being bald, there are so many bald men it's almost the norm now. Bald is sexy. I like bald men. They can get away with it more than a women and people he doesn't know will never know he's going through chemo. I wish him the best.

  10. QUESTION:
    What is the side effects of using karlitaxel 260(A vial used in cancer treatment?
    My father is suffering from small cell lung carcinoma for the past 6 months in metastasis stage.Now our doctor injected A new vial named karlitaxel 260 for chemotherapy.What r the side effects of this vial?Pls.......................Pls........................

    • ANSWER:
      Nausea,vomiting,loss of appetite,hair loss,loss of taste sensation,joint pain,bleeding or bruising in the injection site and tingling of hands and feet.

  11. QUESTION:
    Is squamous cell carcinoma life threatening?
    I had a squamous cell carcinoma removed from my right calf eleven years ago. I now have been told that I have 3 small cancers on both on my hands ( one on the back of my left hand, and 2 on the back of my right hand. What is the possibility of this cancer surfacing somewhere else on my body? Is this type of skin cancer potentially life threatening? Should I be concerned about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Generally not life threatening as long as it's treated quickly. It is the 2nd most common skin cancer. Truthfully. hundreds og thousands are diagnosed evey year, resulting in less than 3k deaths.

  12. QUESTION:
    Is Sutent the best chemo drug for me?
    I was diagnosed with small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma in June 2008. The origin is my pancreas and has settled in my liver. I have been taking chemotherapy by IV every 21 days until now. My oncologist wants me to start taking Sutent. Is this the best chemo drug for me? Are there any other patients with this that would like to talk?

    • ANSWER:
      Your oncologist would be the only person knowledgeable enough to answer this question. This decision was probably made on your response to your last drug, your recent CT's/MRI's and whether the past drug has worked or not. There is no one on this forum who could answer the question "is this the best chemo drug for me". Others might provide their experiences but could not answer your question.

  13. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is specific for cigarette smokers?
    I thought it was "O-Cell Carcinoma, or something like that.

    • ANSWER:
      Doc8 is correct it is oat cell carcinoma or sometimes referred to as small cell carcinoma. The reason for the name is under a microscope it resembles oat meal. This is an extremely agressive and deadly cancer, and is a great reason to stop smoking if you do so.

  14. QUESTION:
    Hi My brother is suffering from Squamous Cell Carcinoma 4 month doctor remove 2cm tumor and did radiotion ?
    Hi My brother is suffering from Squamous Cell Carcinoma 4 month before doctor remove 2cm tumor and did radiation Again he found small tumor between arms is it curable?plz help what we will do now?

    • ANSWER:
      get your brother to go to his oncologist and ask him/her that question as you are more likely to get a reliable answer that way. sorry to be harsh but that is the best way to find out in this situation as the oncologist will be able to explain to you both further and more extensively.

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma?
    It started with a several skin cancers, then a small tumor under his tongue, then in the lymph node in his neck, then lung cancer, and now this in his neck. All have been removed, but they just found 3 small tumors in both lungs. He refuses radiation and he is 70 years old... How long do we have with him?
    I should add that the tumor they just took out of his neck was Stage 3.

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    Can someone please explain to me this medical report?
    My neighbor's 72 years old.She had radical mastachtomy about 5 years ago and now she has fluid on her lungs so she made some tests.Here's what the report had to say:
    non-small cells
    metastases
    acinar formation
    Massive malignant effusion adenocarsinoma

    Can someone please explain to me what that means?

    Thank you.
    Is it serious? Will she make it?

    • ANSWER:
      Its Lung Cancer type NON SMALL CELL LUNG CARCINOMA
      Its primary cause in ur patient is da spread of remnants of da cancer cells ( called recurrence of disease ) and metastasis means cancer cells ve spreaded from breast tissues to lung parenchyma(lung tissue) and caused fluid accumulation in lungs . It causes difficulty breathing n restricting normal activities of life
      Adenocarcinoma is da cancer of FLUID PRODUCING TISSUES(glands) .. So excessive proliferation of glands leads of xtra secretions n da All da issue thereafter
      Acinar formation is da HistoPathological variant of da tumor cells

  17. QUESTION:
    Are there different kinds of cancer, or are they named only due to the site they invade?
    I know about small cell/large cell, but my mom said my grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, one was a very rare form and the other , a super fast growing one.. Is she just mistaken?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not just named for their location but also for the type of tumor cell they have. In general there are four major types of cancer cells:

      Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      Carcinoma - most common, organs in body
      Sarcoma - rare, bone and soft tissue (fat, muscle, etc)
      Lymphoma - common, cancer of the lympth nodes

      Brain tumors are in a somewhat different category and can be benign, malignant, and still be serious.

      In general there are over hundreds of different types of idenfified cancers. Bascially, any cell in the human body has the potential to become cancerous. Some cancers are exceedingly rare, some cancers are predominately childhood relatd, other cancers affect only the elderly, some are genetic, some are caused by the environment (asbestos), and some cancers have no known cause at all.

      Cancer is also staged and the tumors graded according to how much cancer is present and how abnormal the cells look under a microscope. A stage 1 localized tumor is easier to treat than a stage 4 cancer that has multipled and spred throughout the body.

      It is very possible that you grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, especially if she relapsed. Relapsed cancer has a way of mutating and becoming almost a different cancer which is why chemotherapy can suddenly stop working for a patient.

  18. QUESTION:
    what is the latest treatment for small cell carcinoma of the lung with brain and bone metastases?
    Patient is a 59 year old miner, with pet dogs which recently died of unknown disease... 40 pack years of smoking history...

    • ANSWER:
      Most likely the patient will recieve chemotherapy, radiation and medications such as, pain medication, steriods (to decrease swelling in the brain caused by tumor). That is if the patient decides this route, or there is hospice where the patient decides to live what is left of there life without treatment and just controll symptoms such as pain. Hospice will keep them comfortable, but does not aim at treatment so no chemotherapy or radiation.

  19. QUESTION:
    How can my lady Pat live through her new diagnosis of Lung Cancer?
    She has been diagnosed with Non small cell Broncioalveolar carcinoma in right lung of about 3cm, no lymph node envolvement, probably no matasties in the other lung but cannot be possitive of this.
    She is a long distance swimmer in the cold ocean so is quite fit and has stopped smoking, which she did only several a day until several months ago. She has been a medical assistant to a good oncologist for many years so her treatment will be good medically. I am only hoping that there are other approaches to hopefullness as the medical ones are not very promissing.

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry that your lady has had to suffer such a diagnosis. It is a very sad, difficult thing to hear that someone you care about has to fight for her life. From my experience of having child with a very serious lung disease, I can tell you that the best thing you can do is educate yourself on the matter in whatever ways you can. Find out all you can about treatment options, learn who the best doctors are, and just try to stay positive. You need to face the facts of the matter, of course, but keep in mind that improvement is possible, and don't lose sight of that. Help your lady to always live life to the fullest, which in the end will give her a reason to continue to fight. Hang in there, and I wish you and your lady the best of luck.

  20. QUESTION:
    How large is a cyst when it becomes a mass in or on the kidney in renal cell carcinoma?
    .25cm .43 cm 1.2cm 1.6cm 3.0cm 4.0cm 5.8cm
    What is the procedure if it is 2.0 or smaller?

    • ANSWER:
      A cyst is benign (not cancer).

      Carcinoma is malignant (cancer).

      The only relation they have to each other is they both present as growth of some sort.

  21. QUESTION:
    What are your chances of surviving Lung Cancer?
    If someone was diagnosed with Small Cell Lung Cancer stage 1, what would be the chance or survival / how many years of life would be expected?

    • ANSWER:
      Small cell carcinoma is an aggressive cancer. It grows quickly and it metasticizes quickly but it also responds well to chemo and radiation. Caught this early at stage I and with aggressive treatment, the chances for survival are good.

  22. QUESTION:
    How long would a person live with extensive small cell carcinoma?
    My husband has cancer...hes currently undergoing chemo. What are his chances of survival?

    • ANSWER:
      No one knows but God! I have lived now for going on 9 years after having my total right lung removed. My Tumor was so big that they went in thru my chest to get it and also found cancer in the blood vessels around my heart. I was labeled stage 4 of course and given 20% chance to live 6 months. Good LUCK and keep the faith! Again who knows---only GOD! If you care to e-mail me its dude_port@yahoo.com no clowns please.

  23. QUESTION:
    what is the life expectancy with small cell carcinoma found in lymphnoid?
    it is metastatic and PETscan to be completed for orgin of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Median survival is just 8-12 months, and only 1-5% of patients with extensive stage small cell lung carcinoma treated with chemotherapy live 5 years or longer. :(

  24. QUESTION:
    My mom has been diagnosed with non small cell lung cancer? How long can you live with this?
    She did not say what stage it is. She is having chemo next week for 3 months. She had what the doctors told her was a lung infection but started to cough up blood, her lung collapsed and she had 1 1/2 litres of fluid removed. She is doing better but starts chemo next week. Anyone have a similiar story to share?
    She has never been a smoker, is 64 yrs old and otherwise is in relatively good health.

    • ANSWER:
      I saw hundreds of patients with non-small cell lung carcinomas
      which could not be resected because they were already too advanced.
      No one was ever cured with chemotherapy alone.
      Chemotherapy may buy some extra time - usually measured in months.
      Every person I saw in my NC practice had been a smoker,
      so that makes your mother rare in my experience.
      Survival times varied considerably.
      I believe no one on this site has seen more lung cancer than I have.
      This was one of every six patients I saw,
      and I would rather have seen none of them since chemotherapy offers so little.
      I kept my own records for the first 2000 patients I saw who died.
      On average my non-small lung cancer people might make a year
      or a year and a half if they did well.
      Some died in six months or less when chemotherapy had no impact
      on their disease or their malignancy was very far advanced.
      We cannot see your mom or review her x-rays.
      No doctor in the world can tell you how long she has.
      - - -
      One word of advice, if the chemotherapy does not show clear benefit
      within three months - stop it.
      I was frequently concerned that we were causing more harm than good.
      Often family members would not let us stop trying with more and
      more chemotherapy. There is always another drug we can try.
      Second or third line therapy is obviously not as good as front line therapy.
      You have ever diminishing return for all the toxicity caused by the
      chemotherapy drugs. Chemotherapy does not kill people in my experience.
      Lack of benefit allows the cancer to end life - not the treatment.
      People frequently misconstrue death while someone is on chemotherapy
      as caused by the chemotherapy.
      - - - -
      I spent much of my time trying to talk people out of further chemotherapy
      when it obviously was not working.
      People see that as "giving up" which is unacceptable to many people even
      though we know that no one has ever been cured of non-small cell lung cancer
      with chemotherapy. No cure means that sooner or later the cancer always wins.
      - - - -
      Wish I could give you better news. If your mom has unresectable non-small cell
      lung cancer, this has been my unvarnished experience - if you want the truth.
      There are always exception to the rule. I did not see an exception with this
      type of cancer. The best I saw was two years. I never saw five years survival.
      - - - -
      http://lungcancer.about.com/od/whatislungcancer/a/lungcancersurvivalrates.htm

  25. QUESTION:
    How can doctors tell whether a cancer is a primary cancer or a secondary cancer?
    Can they tell by the type of cell that it is or do they need to find the primary cancer site first? And how do they do that? If they have some way of scanning the entire body for cancer, why can't patients have that done ahead of time to ease their minds about cancer? (Or is the cost prohibitive for that kind of thing?)

    • ANSWER:
      I am a pathologist, so I will answer you from that perspective.

      The diagnosis is based on a combination of the location of the cancer and the appearance of the cancer cells (and the accompanying normal cells). For instance cancers in the breast or in the bowel are almost always primary cancers. And cancers in the liver are mostly secondary.

      The appearance of the cancer (How cancer cells look and how they are arranged in relation to the adjacent normal structures etc. - long story) is useful in establishing if it is a primary or a secondary cancer.

      For instance a cancer in the liver originating from the small bile ducts inside the liver looks very different from a typical metastatic bowel cancer. And liver cell cancers (hepatocellular carcinomas) have a distinct appearance very different from (most) secondary cancers.

      Sometimes we can see that a liver cancer is a secondary cancer, but we can't tell right away where the primary cancer is. In such situations we do something called immunohistochemistry. This is a special staining technique, which enables us to see if specific proteins, characteristic of specific cancers are present or not. It does not always reveal where the primary location is, but it usually gives some clues on where to look.

      We don't have the evidence that a scanning is an efficient screening method that will reliably detect each and every cancer. But they certainly are invaluable for staging purposes. This is not my field of expertise, so I really can't elaborate on that.

  26. QUESTION:
    How long can a person live with renal cell carcinoma (matastatic)?
    My husband is currently in the Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr in Boston having his 2nd week of Interleukin 2. His right kidney was removed 6/5 after having hematuria on 5/15 and being diagnosed the same day. He had no other symptoms. He just turned 50. There are small tumors in the lungs and a very small one in the muscle bed of the removed kidney (which they either didn't catch or see, or subsequently popped up, we don't know which). We have a 7 year old son and I need to know all I can for my son and myself, our future as a family, etc. Any information would be greatly appreciated. We met a man with the same disease who is 6 years out of his surgery. It gave me some hope but I know that everyone is different. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Wow...first let me just say that I'm very sorry that you're having to go though this. Secondly; As much as you'd like an answer right now, I would recommend talking to his doctors. Without a lot of very detailed case information, it's difficult (if not impossible) to make a determination of life expectancy.

  27. QUESTION:
    How does "nuclear molding" appear ?
    Could someone please provide a description of how "nuclear molding" looks like microscopically in the case of small cell lung carcinoma?
    That link didn't help much. It's about small cell carcinoma of the lungs. It didn't describe nuclear molding. Thanks though

    • ANSWER:
      Hope this helps:
      http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/lung-poumon/lcg_j-eng.php
      GOOD LUCK!!

  28. QUESTION:
    One of my dogs breasts in larger than the others?
    For about the last year I have noticed one of my small unspayed female dogs breasts is larger than her others, it feels normal she has no health problems and it is not tender. People I've asked say oh that's just her muscle do you think it's anything to worry about? She is 5 years old

    • ANSWER:
      I would never leave a lump uninvestigated. You just never know.
      Take your dog to the vet asap.

      Mammary tumors are the most common tumors in female dogs who have not been spayed. Mammary tumors can be small, simple nodules or large, aggressive growths. With early detection and prompt treatment, even some of the more serious tumors can be successfully treated.

      Mammary tumors are more common in unspayed, middle-aged female dogs (those between 5 and 10 years of age), although they can, on rare occasions, be found in dogs as young as 2 years. These tumors are rare in dogs that were spayed under 2 years of age. Occasionally, mammary tumors will develop in male dogs and these are usually very aggressive and have a poor outcome.

      There are multiple types of mammary tumors in dogs. Approximately one-half of all mammary tumors in dogs are benign and half malignant. Mammary tumors should be properly diagnosed by a biopsy and histopathology to determine which treatment is to be used for that particular type of tumor.

      The common benign form of canine mammary tumors is actually a mixture of several different types of cells. This combination cancer in the dog is called a 'benign mixed mammary tumor' and contains glandular and connective tissue. Other benign tumors include complex adenomas, fibroadenomas, duct papillomas, and simple adenomas.

      Malignant mammary tumors can be: tubular adenocarcinomas, solid carcinomas, anaplastic carcinomas, osteosarcomas, fibrosarcomas, papillary adenocarcinomas, papillary cystic adenocarcinomas, and malignant mixed tumors.

      When tumors first appear they will feel like small pieces of pea gravel just under the skin. They are very hard and are difficult to move around under the skin. They can grow rapidly in a short period of time, doubling their size every month or so.

      Benign growths are often smooth, small and slow growing.
      Signs of malignant tumors include rapid growth, irregular shape, firm attachment to the skin or underlying tissue, bleeding, and ulceration.

      A biopsy or complete tumor removal and testing are almost always needed to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant, and to identify what type it is.
      Tumors, which are more aggressive and may spread to the surrounding lymph nodes or to the lungs. A chest x-ray and physical inspection of the lymph nodes will help in confirming this.

      Mammary cancer spreads to the rest of the body through the release of individual cancer cells from the various tumors into the lymphatics. Mammary glands in specific areas pertaining to the tumor drain and spread their tumor cells forward to axillary lymph nodes, new tumors form at these sites and then release more cells that go to other organs such as the lungs, liver, or kidneys.

      Upon finding any mass within the breast of a dog, surgical removal is recommended unless the patient is very old. If a surgery is done early in the course of this disease, the cancer can be totally eliminated in over 50% of the cases having a malignant form of cancer.
      With some tumor types, especially sarcomas, complete removal is very difficult and many of these cases will have tumor regrowth at the site of the previously removed tumor.
      Chemotherapy has not been a very successful nor a widely used treatment for mammary tumors in dogs.

  29. QUESTION:
    What creams/oils can i buy to treat skin cancer (bcc)?
    My mum has bcc and is due for sugery,but there are small spots too which they wont remove.
    Anything that can be done?
    Any alternative medicines,creams,oils etc we can buy somewhere?

    • ANSWER:
      The best thing your mom could use would be a sunscreen, preferably one that has as high a rating as she can get. She needs to use that every single day, on all the skin that will be exposed to sunlight. It goes without saying that she would not want to tan- either naturally or in a tanning bed. She should also use the sunscreen underneath her own makeup, either by applying it first or using a lotion/makeup that contains it. Otherwise, there are no lotions, oils or creams that are useful. I can't imagine they would not remove spots because of their small size, other than if they are so numerous in areas that they have to remove them a few at a time. Depending on how extensive, or deep they are, some of the smaller ones can be removed by freezing, or by a prescription cream applied to them to kill them. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common sort of skin cancer, and it very rarely spreads to the rest of the body. It's also slow growing, so there is most likely time to treat all the suspicious spots your mom has- and you don't need to worry quite so much. Try to relax. It's wonderful that you are so concerned for your mother, but honestly- it's not as bad as it sounds. Cancer is a scary word, I know. But not all cancers are the same, and they are not all deadly. A lot of them can actually be removed, or treated, and the person is cured. So get her a lot of sunscreen, and make sure she uses it faithfully. For that matter, it would be a good idea if you used it too. Preserve your skin now, and you will have fewer problems yourself later on in life.

  30. QUESTION:
    What test would be done to see if you have basal cell carcinoma?

    and how long would it take?

    • ANSWER:
      A scraping of the lesion or a small excision for a biopsy sample will be taken then sent to the lab and it usually takes 2-24 hrs depending on the case load of the lab. If the doctor requests a "STAT" or rush on the sample then they can have a read within one hour or less typically.( This is all assuming that the lab is ON SITE and in the hospital or clinic where the sample was procured) If the lab is off site then it could easily take up to several days for the results to come back.

  31. QUESTION:
    Can I get help understanding a medical diagnosis mother?
    On behalf of my Mother and our family I hope there is someone out there who can translate the below. We're prepared for the worst but my mother can't get consultant to put it in plain English - or give her a timeframe.
    Some background first:
    My mother is 63. No pain. Always small/slight but in last month gone from 36kg to 34kg. Lost 1kg in last 2 weeks.
    Diagnosis: Bilateral centrilobular emphysema. Right lung clear. There is a 8.3x6.3cm mass in left lower lobe containing focal area of necrosis. There is a 1.1cm subcarinal lymph node. Focal area of low attenuation within the R lobe of liver and adjacent to the falciform ligament likely focal fatty infiltration. There are subcentimeter retroperitoneal and upper abdominal lymph nodes.
    Conclusion:
    Large left lower lobe lung mass with necrosis is suspicious for bronchogenic carcinoma
    1.1 cm subcarinal lymph node
    A focal low attenuation liver lesion, likely focal fatty infiltration

    Hopefully someone can be honest with us and translate.

    • ANSWER:
      Bronchogenic carcinoma is a cancerous tumor originating in the bronchi. Necrosis is a type of cell death in which cells swell and break open, release their contents and can damage neighboring cells and provoke inflammation, which is happening in the lungs. The Lymph node is a small oval or round gland that makes up part of the immune system that removes bacteria and foreign particles from the body. If it is at 1.1cm it can be harmful to the body as less bacteria can be removed. I'm really sorry.

  32. QUESTION:
    How is mineral makeup especially helpful for people undergoing chemotherapy?
    Is it b/c their skin is more sensitive after the treatments? Do the minerals help heal the skin?

    Any particularly good brands?

    • ANSWER:
      First off, my mother has small cell carcinoma and has finished her rounds of chemo and radiation. DO NOT USE drugstore brands mineral makeup. The reason for this is because they are NOT all natural and they contain harmful chemicals that have been known and are still being tested for causing cancers. I am also sure you have heard about a conection between parabean preservatives and cancer, well BARE ESCENTUALS -LIES! They are NOT all natural. They DO use parabean preservatives in their mineral veils and skin care products and it is not good for your skin. They also use Bismuth oxychloride which is a CHEAP mineral that can cause irritation aggravation and rash. My mother uses faerie organic minerals. http://www.faerieorganic.com they are the best. They are NATURAL! No preservatives AT ALL! No cheap fillers (cornstarch, talc etc) They are good for your skin. They are more high end then bare escentuals as they use an expensive mineral called Boron Nitride that is anti-bacterial and skin perfecting and soothing. They also have anti inflammatory properties due to the zinc oxide. She loves them and knowing they are adamant about being natural makes us all feel good (especially since she is getting compliments about her skin, even while going through chemo). You have to read the reviews on their site. She also uses their skincare as it is ALL natural and organic. They have a sample kit of their makeup for free (you just pay shipping-like .99) Please check it out, I highly recommend this brand for cancer patients! ~

  33. QUESTION:
    What do you need to do to register for disability benefits?
    If you have arthiritus, tendanitus in both knees and a possible torn ACL in the left knee not being able to come up with 00 for deductible if surgery is needed and even if surgery was successful would not be able to keep job due to too much recovery time. Should I just go ahead and register for social security disabilty benefits?

    • ANSWER:
      If your are talking about disability from work, then talk to your HR person. If you are talking about RSDI/SSI, then you need to contact the Social Security Administration office(federal office). There you will do a phone interview and given Forms. SSI is based on income and resources. Then once the SSA are done with the general info, they send your file to the States Disability Determination office(DDS). There the Disability Examiner will request your medical records, send out ADL's to friends/family/employer(well past employer). Then once all the information is in, the DE will decide if more information is needed, like a current or detailed exam, x-rays , psych eval and so on. Then when all the information is in, then the examiner will determine if there is eligible or they will send it on to the doctor/psych that is on staff to make the decision. If the DE made the decision, then it goes to a doctor/psych to review the case and see if the DE made the correct decision. Some cases are clear cut---Small Cell Carcinoma of the lung, well meets listing, just need a path report. Some are not so clear cut. Now, you have to be unable to perform all types of work for 12 months or more. So, if you have surgery and better, but not able to do your past work, you might be denied as to being able to do sedentary or light work, depending on the records/exam and so on.

  34. QUESTION:
    How to answer this science question?
    I need the method as well as the answers thanks.
    Question is a person has an accident and 10 cells of the flesh eating bacterium streptococcus pyogenes enter the wound. At human body temperature, the flesh eating bacterium can divide into two every ten minutes. For every million bacteria 1cm2 of flesh is eaten away. What area of flesh would be eaten after 3 hours of infection?

    • ANSWER:
      Thousands of different commensal microbial species populate Homo sapiens outer and inner body surfaces :

      in saliva 108 bacteria/ mL
      in stomach 103-105 bacteria per gram or mL of luminal contents in mice, consisting mainly of acid-tolerant species (e.g. Lactobacilli spp., Streptococcus spp., Helicobacter pylori) unless patient is treated with antiacids (H2 antagonists, PPI), a risk factor for aspiration pneumonia
      Boas-Oppler bacillus / lactobacillus of Boas-Oppler : a microorganism, probably a species of Lactobacillus, first found in the gastric juice of patients with stomach carcinoma
      in gut 500-1,000 different species exist : their microbiome contains 100-fold more genes than human genome. Gut is colonized ~ 40 hrs after birth.
      in small bowel :
      in duodenum and jejunum : 102-105 bacteria/mL (Streptococcus spp., Lactobacillus spp., Enterobacter spp., Bacteroides spp.)
      in ileum : 108-109 bacteria per gram or mL (Lactobacillus spp., Streptococcus spp., Bacteroides spp., Enterobacter spp.)
      in colon : 1010-1014 bacteria/mL (> 400 species, each present at approximately 109 per gram : Streptococcus spp., Enterococcus spp., Enterobacter spp., anaerobes (Bacteroides spp., Bifidobacterium spp., gram-positive cocci and Clostridium spp., Fusobacterium spp., Peptococcus spp., and Peptostreptococcus spp. (very likely to cause IAI)). By contrast, aerobes and facultative aerobes, including enterobacteria and lactobacilli, are present at only moderate densities (106-108 per gram)
      paracolon bacilli : microorganisms commonly found in the intestinal flora, distinguished by delayed (5–21 days) fermentation of lactose. Organisms of this type belong to the genera Escherichia, Citrobacter, or Klebsiella
      in stools : 1012 bacteria / g (70% w/w)
      There are 2 main difficulties in understanding and measuring these complex flora.
      a comparison of 2 techniques used to assess faecal bacterial numbers - counting colonies of culturable bacteria and estimating numbers using smears - shows that < 50% of intestinal bacteria can be cultured. This is becaue of the precise oxygen requirements of some species and their fastidious (and largely unknown) nutrient requirements
      although most measurements have been made using faecal bacteria, the intestine is not a homogeneous environment - groups of bacteria can also exist on the surface of the mucus layer or deep within it
      Fortunately, there are ways of overcoming the difficulties in culturing intestinal bacteria. The 1.5-kb gene encoding 16S ribosomal RNA is present in multiple copies in bacterial chromosomes, and it is highly polymorphic. Therefore, the nucleotide sequences of this gene (obtained after amplification by PCR) can be used to determine the species of each organism, and the gene can serve as a target (in species-specific in situ hybridization) for studying the spatial arrangement of each bacterial group.
      Bacteroides spp. decorate their capsular polysaccharides and surface glycoproteins with L-fucose, also abundant on the surface of intestinal epithelial cells, and stimulates intestinal epithelial cells to express fucosylated molecules : this molecular mimicry allows Bacteroides to be tolerated by the hostref.
      The majority of 13,355 prokaryotic ribosomal RNA gene sequences from multiple colonic mucosal sites and feces of healthy subjects correspond to uncultivated species and novel microorganisms, with significant intersubject variability and differences between stool and mucosa community compositionref.
      in vagina 108 bacteria / mL : Döderlein's bacillus : one of the gram-positive rods commonly found in vaginal secretions that may consist of mixtures of Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. casei, L. cellobiosisus, L. fermentum, or Leuconostoc mesenteroides. Said by some to be identical with L. acidophilus
      in nose microbiota is dominated by Corynebacterium spp., Microbacterium spp., Rhodococcus spp., Staphylococcus epidermidis,Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis,Staphylococcus haemolyticus,Staphylococcus lugdunensis and Staphylococcus warneri. Under special circumstances, single species, including IgA1 protease-producing bacteria, may become predominant in a restricted area of the nasal mucosaref.
      in skin commensals can be divided into
      permanent (e.g. Staphylococcus epidermidis)
      transient (Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter spp.) : they are a leading cause of nosocomial infections, being present on 31 % of physicians' hands (7.104 CFUs / hand) and 17 % of nurses' hands (4.104 CFUs / hand)

  35. QUESTION:
    How long does someone with lung cancer typically live?
    Someone in my family was just diagnosed with it, and I tried looking it up, but all I found were scary statistics. Most said that people with lung cancer don't typically live longer than a year. That can't be right, can it?
    Is that statistic just for people who don't have it treated? I really want to know because those statistics scared me a little.
    Any help is appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Hello:
      Im Carol I am so far a survivor of small cell carcinoma:
      Usually you live only a few years at most. But if you have
      part of the lung where the cancer is removed and go through
      chemo and than radiation you have a better chance of living.
      They took my left lung July 2004 I spent 3 weeks in the hospital
      and than chemo and radiation.
      Most of the time the doctors don't want to remove part of the
      lung because your chances of surviving the surgery is high but
      I made it and now I have to do treatment 2 X a day with a breathing Machine with a steroid treatment. But I am alive and I try not to
      let the cancer slow me down. A lot of it is I don't give up and I
      refuse to be depressed and I look around and say I can help that
      person do what ever than I just do it. for the 4th of july I made
      cotton candy at a fund raiser. But I have never learned to accept
      what the doctor says as fact. When they say your going to die
      in a year I just say your not God and I don't have a expiration date on me any where so Im here till God calls me home.
      A friend of mine was dx with lung cancer too and he was starting to
      give up but he is doing prity good now. that has been around a year.
      So if pep talks will help do it. If prayer will help do it and if laughter
      will help do it and if surgery will help do it. same with any treatments.
      But don't give up

  36. QUESTION:
    I have just found that I have bronchiolveolar carcinoma?
    I quit smoking for a 1yr and 2 months after 56yr cancer of the lung is what i have The name is bronchiolveolar carcinoma. Is there a treatment for me that is comfortable fo a 72 yr old lady. I am scard to death. and live alone.

    • ANSWER:
      Editor's note:
      Bronchoalveolar carcinoma (BAC) comprises only a small percentage of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) adenocarcinomas, but its unique characteristics have enabled researchers to identify improved therapeutic strategies for BAC patients over the past few years. To gain some perspective on how these strategies have affected outcomes, Medscape spoke with Vincent A. Miller, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York.
      continued on link below
      http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/498197

      Here is a forum for you:
      Treatment Of Bronchoalveolar Carcinoma Or Bac
      http://www.cancercompass.com/message-board/message/all,8548,0.htm

  37. QUESTION:
    What are these small faint bumps on the palm of my hand?
    I noticed last week that I have 3 very faint bumps on the palm of my hand. They are not very noticeable, they don't itch, and they do not hurt. They are somewhat white in nature...you can barely see them. They are only driving me crazy because I don't know what they are. You have to run your finger across my skin to feel them. Have no clue where they came from. Any ideas on what this could be?

    • ANSWER:
      here is everything you need to knowabout skin marks or bumps

      Skin disease Symptoms Usual area of body
      Acne Covered in small pus-filled sacs, blackheads, pimples or sore red bumps Face, chest or back
      Rosacea Flushed appearance or Redness Around cheeks, chin, forehead or nose
      Boil Painful red bump or a cluster of painful red bumps Anywhere
      Cellulitis Red, tender and swollen areas of skin Around a cut, scrape or skin breach
      Insect bite Red and/or itchy bumps on the skin Anywhere and can be sprinked randomly
      Allergic reaction Irregular, raised or flat red sores that appeared after taking medicine/drugs or eating certain foods Anywhere
      Hives Bumps formed suddenly Anywhere but usually first noticed on face
      Seborrheic dermatitis Bumps and swelling Near glands
      Cradle Cap Dry, scaly skin Cover the head of a child
      Irritant contact dermatitis Red, itchy, scaly or oily rash Eyebrows, nose, edge of the scalp, point of contact with jewellery, perfume or clothing.
      Allergic Contact Dermatitis caused by poison ivy, oak or sumac Red, itchy, scaly or oily rash; can also be weeping or leathery. Anywhere that came in contact with the irritant either directly or via transfer (eg. from contaminated clothing.)
      Allergic purpura Small red dots on the skin, or larger, bruise-like spots that appeared after taking medicine Anywhere
      Pityriasis Rosea Started with a single scaly, red and slightly itchy spot, and within a few days, did large numbers of smaller patches of the rash, some red and/or others tan Chest and abdomen
      Dermatitis herpetiformis Intensely itchy rash with red bumps and blisters Elbows, knees, back or buttocks
      Erythema nodosum Large red bumps that seem to bruise and are tender to touch Anywhere
      Psoriasis White, Scaly rash over red, irritated skin Elbows and knees
      Erythema multiforme Red, blotchy rash, with "target like" hives or sores. Anywhere
      Measles Red Rash that is raised with a fever or sore throat. Usually starts first on the forehead and face and spreads downward.
      Chickenpox Multiple blisters with a fever, cough, aches, tiredness and sore throat. Usually starts first on the face, chest and back and spreads downward.
      Shingles Red blisters that are very painful and may crust Anywhere
      Fifth Disease Started as a fever and then developed a bright red rash Cheeks
      Warts Soft bumps forming that don't itch and have no other symptoms Anywhere
      Ringworm Bald spot on the scalp or a ring of itchy red skin Anywhere
      Syphilis Rash that is red but not itchy Palms of hands or soles of feet
      Jock itch, yeast infection or diaper rash Red itchy rash Groin
      Tinea versicolor Light coloured patches Anywhere
      Impetigo Crusted, tan-colored sores Near nose or lip
      Scabies Bite-like sores that itch and spread intensely Usually start on hands or feet and spread everywhere
      Rocky Mountain spotted fever A fine rash with a fever and headache Usually start on arms and legs including the hands and feet
      Lupus erythematosus A butterfly rash with achy joints Forehead and cheeks
      Jaundice or sign of hepatitis Yellowish Skin, whites of eyes and mouth
      Bruise Blue or black area after being hit Anywhere
      Actinic keratoses Scaly, pink, gray or tan patches or bumps Face, scalp or on the backs or the hands
      Keloid or hypertrophic scar Scar that has grown larger than expected Anywhere
      Lipoma Soft or rubbery growth Anywhere
      Milia Lots of white spots On the face of a baby
      Molluscum or contagiosum Small, firm, round bumps with pits in the center that may sit on tiny stalks Anywhere
      Sebaceous cyst Bump with a white dome under the skin Scalp, nape of the neck or upper back
      Skin tag Soft, fleshy growth, lump or bump Face, neck, armpits or groin
      Xanthelasma Yellow area under the skin Under eyelids
      Melanoma Dark bump that may have started within a mole or blemish, or, a spot or mole that has changed in color, size, shape or is painful or itchy Anywhere
      Basal cell carcinoma Fleshy, growing mass Areas exposed to the sun
      Squamous cell carcinoma Unusual growth that is red, scaly or crusted Face, lip or chin
      Kaposi's sarcoma Dark or black raised spots on the skin that keep growing or have appeared recently Anywhere
      Erythema annulare centrifugum (EAC) Pink-red ring or bullseye marks Anywhere

  38. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of bone cancer in a dog?
    I have a Rottweiler and I know they are prone to bone cancer, so I'd like to know what the signs of it are.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Many people as me what to look for to tell if their dogs have cancer. Well, I must confess it is a tough question since there are so many cancers, and they all can present a little differently. I thought I should give you a little summary of some of the biggies.

      First, statistically, cancer TENDS to affect older dogs. So, more lumps and bumps on a young dog are benign than cancerous. One hallmark of a cancer is it worsens over time. Cancers you can see usually get bigger. A growth that stays very small for years is not likely to be a true cancer. Again, this is on average and is not a guarantee.

      Some cancers are visible, while others are internal. The visible ones can be blackish (melanomas), purplish (hemangiosarcomas), fleshy, inflamed and red (histiocytomas), look like a non-healing open sore (squamous cell carcinomas), be firm, hard and deeply attached (fibrosarcomas), or have any appearance (mast cell tumor, the great imitator).

      The internal ones are invisible, so we have to look for overall signs in the dog. When they are far along, cancers usually cause weight loss (cancer cachexia) without an obvious external reason. They often will cause less appetite. Many times dog owners will tell me they think their dog got tired of his or her food. They can cause low energy, where the dog will just lay around a lot.

      Internal cancer signs also depend on where the cancer is happening. For example, a bone tumor (osteosarcoma) might cause a limp, or a bladder tumor (transitional cell carcinoma) might cause straining to urinate, blood in urine, or urinating small amounts frequently. A tumor found in the wall of the stomach might cause vomiting, and in the intestine, diarrhea.

      Some cancers cause internal bleeding, like hemangiosarcoma of the spleen. This bleeding causes sudden weakness and wobbly legs. A nasal tumor like a squamous cell carcinoma might cause discharge or bleeding from a nostril, or sneezing that won’t go away. Lung cancers (bronchial adenocarcima) or tumors of the heart can cause coughing. Lumps in the breast with discharge from teats could be mammary carcinomas.

      The good news is, not all of these signs point to cancer. Lots of other things can cause each and every one of these signs. The important thing to remember is to get it checked out by someone who knows what they are doing. If we are dealing with cancer, moving early is the way to go.

      Best to all,

  39. QUESTION:
    How long do I have with my dad?
    My dad is dying of Stage 4 Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC cancer). What is the approx. amount of time until he passes? Nobody will tell me. :( Please help.
    It's frusterating! :(

    • ANSWER:
      A study in Turkey that used the 1997 AJCC staging system estimated the five year survival rate to be 90% for stage I, 51% for stage II, 22% for stage III and 4.6% for stage IV.[38] The same study estimated the median survival time to be 7.7 years for stage I, 5.0 years for stage II, 3.1 years for stage III and 1.1 years for stage IV

      For those that have tumor recurrence after surgery, the prognosis is generally poor. Renal cell carcinoma does not generally respond to chemotherapy or radiation. Immunotherapy, which attempts to induce the body to attack the remaining cancer cells, has shown promise. Recent trials are testing newer agents, though the current complete remission rate with these approaches are still low, around 12-20% in most series. Most recently, treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors including nexavar, pazopanib, and rapamycin have shown promise in improving the prognosis for advanced RCC since 2004.

      SO WE can tell 1.1 yrs
      but from 2004 life magnize in brazil
      there are references of PATIENTS WHO DID SURVIVE FOR 3 YRS
      AND also on website

      AN ACCOUNT OF A PATIENT

      Quote | Reply Hi Pieper

      I was dx with stage 4 kidney (clear cell) cancer in Jan 06, when left humorous bone broke due to a metastsis. I was 59 at the time. Kidney removed, arm repaired, radiation to arm. I had other mets to both lungs and to bones. One year on Nexavar. At end of year my mets were approximately same size as at the beginning. I have now been on Sutent for over 3 years and all of my mets are significantly smaller today than they were 4 years ago. The volume of my largest lung met is less than 1% of its original volume. Last CT was last Monday. Mets have remained about (within CT resolution limit) the same size for about 2 years. There is a chance that my mets have died. My oncologist and I are considering stopping the Sutent treatment in 4 months after next CT if there is no change. For me Sutent has been a life saver. Sutent has not worked as well for many other people and some people have bad side effects. However, it is the best available treatment.

      look whatever be the case
      it is how u look after him matters
      make him happy
      tell him stories even if lies to motivate him
      give him confidence

      i am here to pray for u

  40. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for a small Basal Cell Carcinoma?

    • ANSWER:
      The survival rate for a small basal cell carcinoma would be 99.99% with the only deaths occuring from a basal cell cancer that had been ignored for many years and allowed to either become so locally destructive that infection became a problem or you ignored the basal cell and allowed it to grow and you happened to be one of the tiny minority of people with a basal cell cancer that happens to metastacize - a very rare thing.

      http://www.skincancer.org/basal/index.php

      The cure rate for initial treatment of a small basal cell carcinoma with a simple excision would be 95% or higher. This cure rate number might be a little lower if the cancer was located on the eyelid, lip or top edge of the ear because of the increased blood flow in those areas or the difficulty in removing all of the cancer. Also the older the age of the person the more difficulty the patient might have in healing but generally speaking prompt treatment cures almost all basal cells. If the location is somewhere simple then you do not really need to worry about survival rates. Just go to the dermatologist, get it removed and move on with your life. There are about 750,000 basal cells removed each year in the US so all experienced dermatologists have removed many of them in the course of their training and practice.

  41. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is chemotherapy least effective against?
    What type of cancer is chemotherapy most effective against and the least effective against?

    • ANSWER:
      Red Angel is correct. According to the study that was done by some Australian oncologists, when a person gets chemotherapy, they have a 2.1% chance of survival in 5 years for all of the cancer's included. The study was called "The Contribution of Cytotoxic Chemotherapy to 5-year Survival in Adult Malignancies. This study took every randomized controlled clinical trial performed in the U.S. from 1990 to 2004 and the results showed the above Cancer cure statistics. According to that study, chemo is most effective against Hodgkin's disease at 40.3% (ABSOLUTE numbers).

      In 1989, a German biostatistician, Ulrich Abel PhD, after publishing dozens of papers on cancer chemotherapy, wrote a monograph "Chemotherapy of Advanced Epithelial Cancer." It was later published in a shorter form in a peer-reviewed medical journal.70 Dr. Abel presented a comprehensive analysis of clinical trials and publications representing over 3,000 articles examining the value of cytotoxic chemotherapy on advanced epithelial cancer. Epithelial cancer is the type of cancer we are most familiar with. It arises from epithelium found in the lining of body organs such as breast, prostate, lung, stomach, or bowel.

      From these sites cancer usually infiltrates into adjacent tissue and spreads to bone, liver, lung, or the brain. With his exhaustive review Dr. Abel concludes that there is no direct evidence that chemotherapy prolongs survival in patients with advanced carcinoma. He said that in small-cell lung cancer and perhaps ovarian cancer the therapeutic benefit is only slight. Dr. Abel goes on to say, "Many oncologists take it for granted that response to therapy prolongs survival, an opinion which is based on a fallacy and which is not supported by clinical studies."

      Over a decade after Dr. Abel’s exhaustive review of chemotherapy, there seems no decrease in its use for advanced carcinoma. For example, when conventional chemotherapy and radiation has not worked to prevent metastases in breast cancer, high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) along with stem-cell transplant (SCT) is the treatment of choice. However, in March 2000, results from the largest multi-center randomized controlled trial conducted thus far showed that, compared to a prolonged course of monthly conventional-dose chemotherapy, HDC and SCT were of no benefit.71 There was even a slightly lower survival rate for the HDC/SCT group. And the authors noted that serious adverse effects occurred more often in the HDC group than the standard-dose group. There was one treatment-related death (within 100 days of therapy) in the HDC group, but none in the conventional chemotherapy group. The women in this trial were highly selected as having the best chance to respond.

      "April" You need to start using the ABSOLUTE NUMBERS and NOT the relative numbers often used by those that want to skew the results to encourage funding of chemo. You madam, are the laughable one here. Get your facts from credible sources.

      EDIT: "April" My you have been indoctrinated well. Because the medical profession in America has gained so much power and money, it is foreign countries that are doing the real research it seems. The drug company studies are the real jokes with all the "Ghost writers" and throwing out the information that does not meet with their agenda and having people like you supporting that insanity makes it difficult to extract the real truth. You simply will NOT find ANY studies done in America that attack the medical industry's use of chemotherapy, it's just too lucrative and way to big of a cash cow.

      You still have the brain tumor? How has our modern medicine helped you? Look at Genetic Engineering fiasco; same issue. Only in America do they NOT label GMO foods, but everywhere else in the world they do and the rest of the world has seen the tests and know how bad it is for you, but NOT in America! Same problem.

      QRA testing is a very accepted method of testing people for many problems that even doctors have not been able to help. So you know, there is a machine that has been developed that gives data in place of the "O" ring testing you mentioned. It is very sophisticated and not only proves the validity of the "O" ring testing, but is very accurate. You need to update your data bank dear.

      Can you name just ONE disease that ANY drug company has "CURED" in the last 100 years? Just one. And don't embarrass yourself by naming vaccines because there is way too much credible data showing how bad vaccines are and how ineffective they are in so many cases.

      good luck

  42. QUESTION:
    What is the correct definition of lung cancer?
    I searched up the definition of lung cancer, and went to many websites and they all give me a different meaning of the word.

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is broken into 2 main catagories. Small Cell and Non Small Cell. Although it is uncommon, it is possible that characteristics of both types of lung cancer are present. If this happens, it is called a mixed small cell-large cell carcinoma. In addition to the two main types of lung cancer, other rare types such as sarcomas, and lymphomas can also occur.
      Named for the small round cells that make up this cancer, small cell lung cancer accounts for a much smaller percentage of lung cancer cases than non-small cell lung cancer. SCLC is broken down into three different categories. Small cell carcinoma, mixed small call/large cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma. Each of these different types of lung cancer grows and spread in a different way. Because the cancer cells multiply quickly, SCLC often spreads throughout the body, and although the main cause of SCLC is smoking, there are other risk factors as well, including exposure to second hand smoke, asbestos and radon.

      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Non-small cell lung cancer or (NSCLC) is a much more common form of lung cancer. NSCLC can be broken down into three different types of lung cancer based on the size, shape and chemical composition of the cancer. These types are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is often associated with smoking and is generally found near a bronchus. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma is usually found around the outer regions of the lung. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of NSCLC - especially among women. Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma can appear in any part of the lung, and often grows and spreads quickly.

      The symptoms and risk factors linked to non-small cell carcinoma are very similar to those associated with small cell lung cancer, however, these different types of lung cancer are often treated differently.

  43. QUESTION:
    What are chances of cervical cancer if you have HPV?
    my 23yo best friend just found out she has HPV and they also found abnormal cells. They are going to run test to see if she has cervical cancer or not. What are the chances of this being cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not listen to these other people! The chance of someone with HPV getting cancer is like the chance of someone who drives a car being killed in a car accident.

      Most people drive cars, and most of us don't die in car crashes. Most people have HPV, and very few people die of cervical cancer. If you have regular pap smears, you reduce your risk of cervical cancer by 99%.

      If you test people in their early 20s for HPV, something like 40-50% will test postive. The FDA doesn't even recommend HPV testing until age 30, simply because testing younger women causes panic for a large group who's infections will mostly just go away on their own.

      The chance of finding cancer after an abnormal pap smear is ridculously low, like 0.01%. And since your friend is only 23, the chance for her to have cervical cancer is probably much smaller than that.

      They are not running tests to see if she has cervical cancer. They are running test to see how far her abnormal cells have progressed. If it is only mild dysplasia (also called CIN 1) it has a really good chance of going away on its own, so they will just watch her closely.

      If it's moderate dysplasia (CIN 2), in someone of her age, the doctors usually would give the option of removing the lesion or just watching it closely to see if it gets better or worse.

      If it's severe dysplasia (CIN 3), doctors will recommend having the bad cells removed by a simple procedure called a LEEP. It's done in the doctor's office. CIN 3 is also known as carcinoma in situ, and it's one step away from cancer. Still, it's a pretty big step. CIN 3 has less than a 25% chance of becoming cancer ever. And usually it takes about 10 years to become cancer. If treated, the chance of CIN 3 becoming cancer is near zero.

      Just make sure she goes to her follow ups and she will be fine.

  44. QUESTION:
    What is the difference in small cell and non-small cell cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a very good question. I hope you find my answer just as good.

      Essentially, we're talking lung cancer and these are the two major types of lung cancer. Nonsmall cell lung cancers (NSCLC) are the more common of the two and tend to be less aggressive (spread more slowly) than small cell lung cancers (SCLC). If you look at SCLC under a microscope, the cells are small while those of NSCLC appear larger than the small cells. There's also a type that's a combination of both. This is mixed small/large cell cancer but this is very uncommon.

      The treatment approaches for NSCLC and SCLC are very different. Most, but by no means all, who are diagnosed with either NSCLC or SCLC are smokers. The remainder are nonsmokers who have had long-term exposure to second-hand smoke and idiopathic cancer.

      There are 3 main subtypes of NSCLC -- Squamous cell (epidermoid) carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large cell (undifferentiated) carcinoma. There are also a few other subtypes of NSCLC, such as adenosquamous carcinoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma, but these are much less common. The treatment approach for the main subtypes is similar and so is the prognosis.

      Other names for SCLC are oat cell cancer, oat cell carcinoma and small cell undifferentiated carcinoma. SCLC often starts in the bronchi near the center of the chest and tends to spread widely through the body fairly early in the course of the disease and is likely to metastacize.

      While the prognosis for either is dependent in part on the stage it's in at time of diagnosis, NSCLC has a better overall prognosis.

  45. QUESTION:
    What kind of blood test should be taken for seminoma and malignancy?
    Hi, guys. I have cryptochidism. I read that people with cryptorchidism have higher risk of having seminoma and malignancy. What kind of blood test should I take to check whether I have any of the cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      Kuzi Chand,
      Nearly all testicular cancers are one of two general types. Based on the characteristics of the cells in the tumour, testicular cancers are classified as seminomas or nonseminomas. Other types of cancer that arise in the testicles are rare and I shall not discuss them here. Seminomas may be one of three types: classic, anaplastic, or spermatocytic. Types of nonseminomas include choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumours. Testicular tumours may contain both seminoma and nonseminoma cells. There are other tests, but as you specifically request details of the blood test, that is what I shall answer. Blood tests that measure the levels of tumour markers. Tumour markers are substances often found in higher-than-normal amounts when cancer is present. Tumour markers such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (ßHCG), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) may suggest the presence of a testicular tumour, even if it is too small to be detected by physical exams or imaging tests. There is now a blood test that will accurately detect early cancer of all types. The test is called AMAS. AMAS stands for "anti-malignin antibody in serum." The test is extremely sensitive; It has an accuracy of greater than 95%. If the test is repeated, the accuracy is greater than 99%. That is to say, that false positive and false negative rates are less than 1%. The test is called AMAS. AMAS stands for "anti-malignin antibody in serum." The test is extremely sensitive; blood levels of this antibody rise early in the course of the vast majority of cancers of all types, regardless of location in the body. The test is especially useful when cancer is suspected but has not been confirmed by a biopsy. Were it not for the intransigence of established authorities, the AMAS test undoubtedly would be much more widely used. Another test that is also overlooked is yet again another safe alternative to all the expensive and/or injurious/invasive tests, and is as follows - All trophoblast cells produce a unique hormone called the chorionic gonadotrophic (CGH) which is easily detected in urine. Thus if a person is either pregnant or has cancer, a simple CGH pregnancy test should confirm either or both. It does, with an accuracy of better than 92% in all cases. If the urine sample shows positive it means either normal pregnancy or abnormal malignant cancer. If the patient is a woman, she either is pregnant or has cancer. If he is a man, cancer can be the only cause. So why are all of the expensive, dangerous biopsies carried out to 'detect' cancerous growths? During biopsies or other procedures, one can dislodge some cancer cells, either into the interstitial fluid where they are carried away to lymph nodes, or possibly into the veins draining the tissue where they enter the vascular tree and travel to the lungs. It is also possible to drag some cells along the needle track or along the surgical incision. So it is possible to increase the incidence of lymphatic and haematogenous spread of the cancer, as well as local implantation along the surgical route or needle tracks. One can only assume that Medicare pays doctors a larger fee for biopsies than pregnancy tests.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  46. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are the most common in teens and how do they affect a person?
    I'm writing a story and I want the main character to end up getting cancer. Although I've heard about cancer and read stories about it, I've come to realize I know nothing about the horrific disease.

    *What types of cancer are the most common in teen girls?
    *How would these cancers affect you, hair loss; etc.
    *I know there are stages determining how far along cancer is, what are these stages? How long do you have to live typically during each stage, like how long would you have to live if you are diagnosed with stage 2 cancer?
    *What would be the easiest cancer to hide? I don't want it clearly visible to every one she meets, I want the main character to be able to hide it up until the point she's going to die or somewhat close. Is that possible?
    *Also how long would you typically live with no treatments. Could cancer go away without treatment and if you received treatment a year after being diagnosed would it have any effect?

    Please answer the best you can
    I did know it was the treatment that caused hair loss, guess I should have made that clear based on your answers.

    I respect your answers, I really do. But that's the reason I'm asking. I want to learn about cancer. Do you think people who write about serial killers and crime scenes know what it feels like to murder someone, what the process is when an officer is questioning you, or how to hide the murder scene? No. They research what they want to write about. They watch crime shows/movies, read about it, talk to people who have been there and done that.

    • ANSWER:
      Those people are jerks. Obviously she isn't going to be mass printing the book, it's just to help with her writing. ALSO, she is learning. Is it better to stay ignorant about something and move on to something easier? SHE'S USING YAHOO ANSWERS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING. dream crushers.
      My cousin died of cancer a few years ago, and I don't find this offensive at all.

      While it isn't common, IT DOES HAPPEN. My cousin was 12. He was diagnosed with Lymphona when he was 5, the tumor was taken out, he was cancer free. Then, when he was 9, he was rediagnosed and eventually the treatment was doing more harm then it was good. He went home where he could die peacefully.
      He lost his hair, both times, from Chemotherapy. Do more outside research on that.
      Stages of cancer (generally, not all are the same):

      Stage 0Carcinoma in situ.
      Stage I, Stage II, and Stage IIIHigher numbers indicate more extensive disease: Larger tumor size and/or spread of the cancer beyond the organ in which it first developed to nearby lymph nodes and/or organs adjacent to the location of the primary tumor.
      Stage IVThe cancer has spread to another organ(s).

      Sure, it's possible. All cancer could somewhat be hidden, as long as she doesn't have a tumor growing out of a very visible place. (My cousin had a tumor in his stomach,a round the size of a small melon) But, they become very weak and pale. Sometimes real people don't even realize they have cancer and they have only months to live.

      Cancer is something that is somewhat mysterious. The cells can divide in many different ways, theres always a new thing popping up. That is why it is so hard to find a cure for. My cousin's cancer went away for the first time after treatment, the second time he was so far along, and the various treatments didn't work. It could very well go away with no treatment, it's unlikely, but It can happen..

      other info:
      It was almost cruel to continue to keep my cousin alive by the different treatments. He was unable to eat or swallow after a while, and it became so painful. It was time for him to go.

      There are cancerous tumors, and uncancerous tumors. (or benign)

      Go ahead and do a bit more research. I believe there is a movie (and book) about a girl with cancer, called "My sister's keeper." that might help give perspective just a bit. But the book and movie are very different.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the most common kinds of cancer?
    What are the most common types of it and what are the basic treatments that you have to go through?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some forms of cancer we know of:

      bladder cancer

      breast cancer

      carcinoid tumor

      colorectal cancer

      glioblastoma

      liver cancer

      non-small cell lung cancer (NSLC)

      chronic lymphocytic leukemia

      lymphoma (both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s)

      melanoma

      multiple myeloma

      neuroblastoma

      ovarian cancer

      pancreatic cancer

      prostate cancer

      renal cell carcinoma

      throat cancer

      uterine cancer

      Understanding a few processes that your body goes through might provoke you to live a bit better so we can give it a go.

      Sleep - your body is on a universal time clock and it repairs itself somewhere between midnight and 6 a.m..Over time if you can’t or you don’t give it time to repair what do you reckon will happen? Right, a run down or break down will occur. You will get sick or worse.

      Immune system – evidence is mounting and it’s being traced back to your immune system. Stress, toxins, poor eating habits and a slew of other elements are wearing down our immune systems. This is the main defense against many viruses and bacterial invaders. We are starving our troops.

      Nutrition - the very thing that feeds our army which fights diseases is eluding us daily.

  48. QUESTION:
    Why does a person with esophageal cancer have a feeding tube inserted into the duodenum instead of the stomach?
    A patient has esophageal cancer and must have a feeding tube inserted. The nurse tells the patient that the tube will be inserted surgically into the duodenum. The wife asks why the tube will not be inserted into the stomach. What should the nurse say?

    • ANSWER:
      Jared,
      There are two main types of esophageal cancer. The most common type of oesophageal cancer, known as adenocarcinoma, develops in the glandular tissue in the lower part of the oesophagus, near the opening of the stomach. It occurs in just over 50 percent of cases. Squamous cell carcinoma grows in the cells that form the top layer of the lining of the oesophagus, known as squamous cells. This type of cancer can grow anywhere along the esophagus. Oesophageal cancer is cancer that develops in the oesophagus, the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. The oesophagus, located just behind the trachea, is about 10 to 13 inches in length and allows food to enter the stomach for digestion. The wall of the oesophagus is made up of several layers and cancers generally start from the inner layer and grow out. A flexible, narrow tube is inserted into some portion of the digestive tract and liquid formulas or liquefied foods are placed into the tube to meet the patient's nutritional needs. The feeding may be pumped into the tube or allowed to drip into the tube continuously or at scheduled feeding times. Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tubes (JEJ or PEJ tubes) are tubes that are put into a part of the small intestine called the jejunum. The jejunum is situated a little way after the stomach. The surgeon puts a tube through an opening in the abdomen and into the jejunum. PEJ tubes are put in using an endoscopy, like a PEG tube – (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy). This type of tube is particularly used for people who have stomach or oesophageal surgery. If the tube goes directly into the small intestine, feeds are usually given slowly all the time. There is usually a pump that controls the speed of the feed passing into the tube, rather than a drip-feed. If the feeding tube is inserted into the stomach, there has to be a period of “rest” to allow the stomach respite from working. Also, it depends on the location of the cancer in the oesophagus, which may influence the location of the jejunostomy tube.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89


small cell carcinoma

Cancer Skin Types

Skin cancer causes

The ultraviolet rays of the sun are considered to be the main cause of skin cancer. The energy which comes from the sun is actually a form of radiation. People cannot see the visible light as well as other rays that it consisted of. For example, infrared radiation which is invisible makes the light of the sun very hot. You can also not see UV due to its invisibility but it causes sunburn and sun tan. The genetic makeup of our genes which is the DNA gets damaged due to the UV rays. It is already a known fact that genes control the growth as well as the overall health of the skin cells. If the genetic damage is way too severe, then it is possible that normal skin cells may start to grow in an uncontrolled or disorderly manner, very typical of cancer cells. The UV rays of the sun are also known to cause sunburn as well as other damages which can make the skin old and wrinkled prematurely.

Ultraviolet radiation is of two two kinds:
Ultraviolet A (UVA) Ultraviolet B (UVB)
Once upon a time, it was normally thought that excessive exposure to UVB rays were the main cause of skin cancer. But now, scientists think that UVA must also be the culprit. But some of the skin cancers are also caused by abnormal genes that children tend to inherit from their parents. Genes are what makes parents and their children look a little bit alike but at the same time, it's also possible parents also transfer some of the diseases to their children through genes. Thus, children end up getting some of the same diseases from their parents.

Skin Cancer Symptoms
A red lump (mole or spot) that is firm Flat scaly areas of the skin that are red or brown. Rough and scaly patches on the skin. A small mole or spot (lump) that is waxy, shiny, smooth in texture and pale in color. A spot or sore that become crusty or bleeds. Also search for sores which don't heal. Scaly and rough patches on the skin. Any new growth which is suspicious
Skin Care Treatment

Surgical removal of the affected skin or mole is the crutch of skin cancer treatment in terms of both basal cell as well as squamous cell carcinomas. Those who are not able to undergo surgical treatment can be treated with external radiation therapy. In radiation therapy, a small beam of radiation is targeted at that particular point where the skin lesion is. What radiation does is that it kills the abnormal growth of the cells and at the same time destroys the lesions. But it should be noted that radiation therapy might cause irritation or burning of the surrounding areas and can also cause fatigue. Yet the side effects associated with radiation therapy are temporary and not long lasting. Nowadays, even a topical cream has recently been approved for the treatment of some particular nonmelanoma skin cancers.In terms of skin cancers that has gone up to 2nd or 3rd stages, immune therapies such as vaccines or chemotherapy are also used. But these treatments are offered as clinical trials which are studies of new therapies to if this therapy work better and is better tolerated than those therapies that are used more frequently.

Generic Aldara Cream - Skin cancer topical treatment

The generic Aldara cream is a prescription medication which is used for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma which is a type of skin cancer and a host of other serious skin diseases. It can be said that Aldara is an expensive medication that has come as off patent and is now available in generic form which means that it can now be purchased at a lesser price.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How likely is it that I will contract some type of cancer?
    Each of my grandparents has died from cancer (skin, lung, pancreatic, and bladder).
    One of my great-grandparents also died from cancer, but I don't remember whicht type. I think bone.
    I know lung and skin cancer are preventable.
    I'm not really worried, just curious. It gets you thinking a little.

    Thanks
    Nope, my biological parents have no cancer and hopefully never wilil.

    • ANSWER:
      All those listed are unrelated cancer types.

      Less than 10% of cancers are due to inherited risk factors and the only reason the reis suspicion of an inhgerited risk is when several closely related family members have the same cancer types.

      It sounds like your risk is average of the general population, 1 in 3 chance if you are femal, 1 in 2 chance if you are male with a 1 in 5 chance over the whole population of dying of cancer.

  2. QUESTION:
    What kind of lotion or tan accelerator should i wear while tanning with type 2 fair skin?
    I never really tanned before but for some reason its bugging me this year. I have dark brown hair green eyes and I'm thinking I'm prolly type 2 cuz i tan on my arms a little. I want to tan and use the right stuff so my skin don't get ate alive. Anyone share the same skin type and have any suggestions? don't tell me i'm gonna get cancer im 19 and i would rather feel good now than look good old. thx

    • ANSWER:
      I'd recommend a tanning lotion with bronzers. Bronzers will help boost your color faster. They are very similar to the bronzers found in self-tanning lotions, which just add color to the top layer of your skin. If you are tanning though, lotions with bronzers won't make you orangey like the self tanners do. The bronzers will simply blend with your tanned skin, and make you look darker. If you are tanning outside, get something with a small spf in it. The higher the spf, the less of the sun's rays get through to your skin...so you probably want a lower spf such as 2 or 4.

      If you're going to the tanning bed, talk with the people that work there about what kind of time you should be starting out with, when to move up on time,etc. They should also be able to tell you your skin type for sure. They'll probably just ask you a few questions, like how easy you burn, does your skin tan in the sun, etc. You will probably want a lotion with bronzers if you're using the tanning bed also. My two favorites are Designer Skin Spellbound, which has 4 bronzers, and Designer Skin Black, which has 20x bronzers. Both have the silicone emulsion formula that makes your skin feel soft and silky after using it.

      Hope this helped!

  3. QUESTION:
    How do you make your skin soft and smooth?
    What kind of body wash and body lotion makes your skin super soft? I'm not sure of my skin type. It's not oily(like my face) but I'm not sure if it's considered dry or normal. My skin is also kinda sensitive and if I use lotion from Bath&Body Works it stings and burns. So if anyone can recommend a good moisturizing lotion and wash that would be fabulous! :)

    • ANSWER:
      1. Staying out of the sun. If you have gotten sunburned before you're 18, you'll have dark spots or brown spots, some get freckles and those will get darker and bumpier as you get older. It's best not to make them darker or bumpy, and staying out of the sun will prevent that. Just from the heat, can make anyone flaky. I use my wide brim hat everywhere I go, and while I'm inside a car as a rider, I use blanket over the window or sit where it's shady. Lotions does not protect you from sunburn, same with cancer and could permanently discolor your skin. Lotions does not protect you from skin diseases. Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      2. Don't go in a tanning bed. You'll aged 10-15 years faster.

      3. Bathing or showering in hot water and too much chlorine can make you looking like 'dishpan hands'. Use warm to cool water. Too much sun & water causes aging, skin's worst enemies.

      4. Use a washcloth when taking a shower. I use Bath & Body (Suave, Dove, Irish Spring, etc.) wash for body & face. No baths! The less you're in the water, the less you'll get wrinkles.

      5. For oily skin, the less you fuss with your skin, the better. Keep your face oil-free & dry from dirt & perspiration. Blot it with a tissue or blotter, and keep them dry. Using powder foundation, blush & eyeshadow is best. Less is best, less product poisoning. Google Elizabeth Taylor when she's 16, then Google her when she's 79.

      6. Servings of 3-5 fresh fruits & vegetables daily. Google: FIVE FOODS TO EAT FOR BEAUTIFUL SKIN
      All the vitamins & minerals you need for good skin care comes from all the healthy foods you eat from Mother Nature, not made by man, those can do more harm than good.

      7. For your hands, wear gloves winter, spring, fall, and wear gloves for every chores you do, so you don't have to wash them often. In the garden, office, kitchen. Thank God for those! Too bad they don't have ones for feet.

  4. QUESTION:
    Why are some cancer so deadly and others so easy to treat ?
    Why is liver cancer , stomach cancer ,kidney cancer ,skin cancer so much easer to treat than pancratic cancer ,lung cancer and brain cancer that is very deadly and little survival rate.

    • ANSWER:
      Actually, you can die from any of them if the cancer is not caught and treated quickly.

      It has a lot to do with the location of the tumor, the grade of the tumor (I, II, III, IV), the type of tumor and how quickly they were able to find it.

      It also depends on the types of treatments available to treat the cancers.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is colloidal silver good for your health?
    I wanted to try this old type of medication they say its good for you. People use this to treat cancer, skin diseases (well not all skin diseases) and many more. I need an advice from an expert. If this stuff good for the body.

    • ANSWER:
      It was an effective treatment for syphilis before penicillin. I have never seen any normal people taking it.
      They were all demented, either before of after.
      Old Doc

  6. QUESTION:
    What hazards or knowledge need to be known before getting a tattoo?
    Where on the body to put/ not put them? What skin preparation is needed?What are the post application effects? How long before swelling settles? Is it particularly painful?
    Are there differences for males or females or differing racial skin types/ colour tones?
    Any and all help appreciated, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Getting a tattoo is a very personal, and important decision...

      You ask is it particularly painful... Depends on your pain threshold. Obviously, there are areas of the body more sensitive than others, (the sole of the foot is supposedly very painful... Lots of nerve endings!) but the level of pain will depend on you personally. I have 4... Back (shoulder), leg, arm and chest... The one on my chest was excrutiating, yet the one on my back (also the biggest one) didn't hurt at all! But placement should take a lot of thought... Are you going to want to be able to hide it? Are you planning to become pregnant? As the second would mean it would be advisable to avoid any areas that may 'expand'... Tattoos will spread naturally with age anyway, so this should too be considered.

      No major skin preperation is really required... Though it is to be noted that generally, a tattooist will not ink on damaged/broken skin, or over any blemishes (moles etc)... They won't tattoo over moles due to the fact that if a mole did develop cancerous cells, the doctors can and will blame the fact you had it tattooed over (even though there is no evidence which states tattooing over moles and freckles adds to the risk of skin cancer) and thus you can sue your tattooist. It also makes the discovery/diagnosis of any potential problems harder.

      The skin following a tattoo has in effect been damaged leaving you with an abrasion. On the skin, bacteria live quite harmlessly and are a normal part of life. However once the skin is broken there is the potential for the skin to be susceptible to these bacteria.

      It's normal for your skin to to heal without any problems if you follow some basic aftercare principles.

      Wash your hands with a simple, unperformed, anti-bacterial wash prior to touching or washing your tattooed skin, and before
      applying any aftercare products.

      Choose a good quality aftercare product that does not contain petroleum (vaseline) as this reduces an effective healing process.

      Never share your aftercare products with anyone and only be responsible for your own hygiene.

      Your artist will have given you aftercare instructions on how to wash and care for your skin after your tattoo. This advice can vary from place to place. Artists will generally have trialed many methods of aftercare over the years and will tell their customers the methods that work well for them. As the end user of this advice you have to decide on how to follow and interpret this information.

      The position of the tattoo on your body and the experience of the Tattoo Artist will also affect the healing process.

      It is quite normal to experience soreness, swelling and scabbing to the area, particularly in the first 7 - 10 days. This can be expected to last potentially up to 3 - 4 weeks, dependent on the size and colours of the art. There may also be peeling and flaking to the area. Avoid the urge to scratch or pick at scabbed/peeling areas. Not only will this affect the look of the finished art, but also leave you wide open to bacteria. Avoid sun bathing/beds and swimming until it is completely healed, and try not to 'soak it' (in bath for example) whilst it is healing.

      Try and protect with sun block for the tattoo's life, as UV rays will fade the colours.

      There is not a great deal of difference when tattooing on darker skin, only perhaps varying the needle depth. When deciding on colours, stay with darker colors such as blues, reds, greens and purples. Darker skin tone will show through the lighter colors such as orange, yellow and white. Depending on how dark skin is sometimes using a deep purple is better for the outline than using black. The darker the skin the greener black appears to look in the skin. Purple seems to appear black in real dark skin.

      In response to the post below this... You will not have your tattoo 'pulled off' in the event of an MRI scan, although it is possible that you MIGHT experience an unpleasant (itching, burning) sensation around the tattooed area, as a result of the metal content in some inks. But this is quite rare and most doctors will deny it.

  7. QUESTION:
    What is the estimated life expectancy of a 72 year old male who has had cancer 3 times?
    (type of cancer is skin)

    • ANSWER:
      I dont know, but I have an old uncle who has had colon cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, 3 heart attacks and two open heart surgeries and he is 88 and still going strong ...looks like he is 70 and can still jump up and click his heels together.. true ..Can tell one joke after the other.. and eats what ever he wants.. He still makes home ice cream at home a couple of times a month... he is the damndest thing ive ever seen..

  8. QUESTION:
    Are there different types of skin cancer?
    I have problem with my skin, but it isn't cancer, are there different types of skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of skin cancer. Each type is named after which type of cell it begins in. The three most common types of skin cancer are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

      Melanoma
      Melanoma is the most deadly type of skin cancer. It can take many shapes and appearances. Melanoma is usually a dark color like brown, blue, or black. Other signs to look for include:
      Irregular borders
      Asymmetry (one half looks different than the other half)
      Size - melanomas are usually large (bigger than a pencil eraser)

      Basal Cell Carcinoma
      Basal cell carcinomas can be treated easily if found. They can be red, pink, or white in color. Some are a patch of color while others are bumps. Often bumps appear shiny. Sometimes this type of cancer causes sores that never completely heal, or come back shortly after healing.

      Squamous Cell Carcinoma
      Squamous cell carcinomas usually take on one of two forms. It may be a rough patch, or can look and feel like a wart.

  9. QUESTION:
    Howcome people say tanning ability has to do with hair color and eye color?
    I have dark brown hair with dark green eyes and I am so pale and hardly tan... To determine one's skin type they ask eye color and hair color. If all this is true I should be like a type 3.....Does this mean I have more melanin because I never try to actually tan. If I actually tried would I have a more successful chance than someone with light hair and light colored eyes?

    • ANSWER:
      I am a natural redhead...with green eyes and very pale skin..I burn to a crisp...I avoid the sun.....it hurts too bad to get burnt like that...plus my sister is a blond and had skin cancer on her arm from the sun....

  10. QUESTION:
    How can someone with fair skin get tan?
    I'm almost 100% Italian, I have fair skin and red/brown hair, I am not Irish at all. Is there anyway to get a little darker for my skin type, I've been going tanning about once a week (Yes i'm aware this is dangerous and causing cancer, no need to explain this to me).

    • ANSWER:
      Naturally fair skin is difficult to tan, and it really depends on your skin type. Some people get rashes, freckles and other skin issues when they stay out in the sun too long. I wouldn't recommend you to tan excessively (because as you said, it can lead to cancer!) but if you really do want a bit more of a summer tan here are a few suggestions:

      Don't go to solariums! If you must tan, go outdoors in the sun. Spend about 1 hour (it's enough, trust me) in the late afternoon (2pm) when the sun is not at its strongest. The sun is strongest at 12pm during summer. If you go out at this time you will more likely burn than tan.

      Apply sun tan lotion to your skin, it will protect you from burning but still allow you to get a tan.

      Limit your tanning schedule to once every two days. If you rush, you're likely to get sunburnt! The reason for this is that over time, your skin will adapt to the melanin produced and produce more to keep up with the exposure. Also, if you work up to a tan slowly it will last much longer. A great-looking natural tan is one that has been developed over time.

      I hope this helps!

  11. QUESTION:
    What is a catchy brochure title for skin cancer?
    I'm doing a brochure in school about the different types of skin cancer. (Basal, Squamous, and Melanoma) I have all my information down except for a title. I need a title that will catch someone's attention and read it. Does anyone want to help make a catchy title?

    • ANSWER:
      Brochures Click on a Title to view details and add it to cart.
      ABCDE's of Melanoma
      Basal Cell Carcinoma: The Most Common Skin Cancer
      Plastic Nevi (Atypical Moles) and Risk of Melanoma
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Second Most Common Skin Cancer
      Skin Cancer Prevention Tips
      Self-Examination Card
      Sunproofing Your Baby

      http://www.skincancer.org/apps/catalog/index.php?id=4

  12. QUESTION:
    Does clean n clear facewash suits for my avg skin type with acnes or not,else wht shd i do 2 get rid of acnes?
    I am a 17 year old boy with lot of acnes and its scars on my face, i have moderate skin type does clean and clear facewash suits me or not, else what should i do to get rid of my acnes?

    • ANSWER:
      No.
      If you have lots of acne & scars, acne products or so called non-allergic or natural products CAN do more harm than good. The less products you use, the better for your skin. Some skin and hair care products can cause acne. To help prevent and control acne flare-ups, take good care of your skin. For example, use a mild soap or cleanser to gently wash your face twice a day. Choose “non-comedogenic” make-up and hair care products. This means that they don't close up the pores. I use a bath wash like Suave Bath & Body when I take a shower, with a washcloth. Treat your face like the rest of your body, take a shower everyday or wash your face everyday.

      The secret is keeping your face clean and oil-free. I also don't use liquid on my face for anything, and very little moisturizer, not even a dime size. Since my face is not dry. Good skin also comes from your good genes. Increase your fresh fruits & vegetables 3-5 servings per day. And programmed your mind to do this day after day, for the rest of your life.

      Acne medication could worsen what ever allergies you have, so instead of trying out one product after another, you're actually spreading it around. Example: ProActiv contains a known carcinogen, at a percentage known to promote skin cancer.

      Smoking has been shown to make acne worse since it diminishes the delivery of oxygen to the skin and robs it of nutrients, thereby inhibiting cars from healing. Not enough reason to quit? Smoke depletes moisture, making skin lose its luster and look wrinkly.

      The beauty industry is a billion dollar business, they know acne is everyone's problem, but instead of saying soap is drying for you, they have to invent an acne product that can worsen the skin as MANY TEENAGERS have experienced during hormonal change, but as you get older those are completely a waste of time & money!

      The FDA has called for more safety studies on benzoyl peroxide because of concern about what happens when skin treated with it is exposed to the sun. Until research can establish or disprove a possible skin cancer link to the use of benzoyl peroxide products, the agency plans to require an extra warning and directions on the labeling: "When using this product, avoid unnecessary sun exposure and use sunscreen." and "If going outside, use a sunscreen. Allow [product name] to dry, then follow directions in the sunscreen labeling. If irritation or sensitivity develops, discontinue use of both products and consult a doctor."

      Source(s)
      I get one tiny zit a month or none. I have very clear, soft & silky complexion and I'm 60 years old, same as when I was in HS.

  13. QUESTION:
    what is a good moisturizer for dry skin?
    I have dry flaky skin on my forehead and my eyebrows between my nose, and chin. I have red on my cheeks nose and forehead. If i get pimples they are small and that is where they are. What is my skin type is it dry, oily, combination, sensitive? What is a good moisturizer for me? I had neutrogena for combination skin but my cheeks felt sticky after i put it on.

    • ANSWER:
      I would recommend the Lluvia line it is all natural and contains anti-inflammatory rainforest botanicals. It really feeds the skin, clears up the acne, and helps the skin heal. The Deep Nourishing Oil is great for healing and repairing dry skin. I've used their Botanical cleanser, the Camu C serum and the replenishing moisturizer. Then I use their crystal exfoliator 2-3x per week to get off the dead skin cell layer that can clog pores.I absolutely love what this line has done for my skin.

      I've never had many good things to say about cosmetics and skin care products, because if you want to be honest about it, probably 98 percent of the skin care products on the market are complete garbage. They do nothing whatsoever to beautify your skin, and, in fact, most of them actually harm your health, because they contain artificial fragrances composed of cancer-causing chemicals. When you put this stuff on your skin, it gets absorbed into your bloodstream and causes liver damage, or even DNA damage. It is a direct promoter of cancer. In fact, according to federal law, nearly all bottles of perfume, deodorant, lotion, shampoo and skin care products are illegally labeled, because they contain cancer-causing ingredients, and yet they have no warnings on the labels whatsoever to alert consumers about those ingredients.

      But now there's a new skincare product line from the Amazon Herb Company that is actually healthy. It actually contains only helpful ingredients. None of those harmful ingredients found in most other skin care and cosmetic products are found in this line. The line is called Lluvia, and it's the first line of personal care products that I have been willing to stand up and talk about as being healthy. These products contain potent rain forest botanicals, but more importantly, they have no artificial fragrance, no fillers and no sodium laureth sulfate. They are not made with things like transmission fluid and brake fluid, which are the chemicals found in most other cosmetic products. This is an exceptional product line.
      My strategy is to create healthy skin from the inside, through outstanding nutrition. I do this by eating raw foods and drinking raw food juices. If you ever want to see a bunch of people with a really vibrant, healthy glow in their skin, just go to a raw food group. Those who have been eating raw foods the longest will probably have the best skin.
      But most of the world isn't going to convert to raw foods, so most people need external nutrition for their skin, and in that case, I think this Lluvia product line is the very best I've found yet. If you're going to put something on your skin, let it be this.
      Lluvia has all the products you might expect in a skin care line: Cleanser, moisturizer, a deep penetrating oil that gives healthy oils to your skin tissues and a nice spray to spritz your face. In addition to these products, they have a camu C serum, which is loaded with camu fruit. As you may know, camu is very high in antioxidants and contains an extremely high level of vitamin C. If you put this serum on your skin, there's no question about it: These nutrients will be absorbed into the skin and provide external nutritional.

      Check it out at http://herbdoctor.amazonherb.net

  14. QUESTION:
    How long will it take to tan?
    I know that I'm able to tan, as I have done so in the past when I was a kid. Like everyone, my skin tone would fluctuate based on the time of year and how much I went outside. I lived in Houston and some summers I was outside quite a bit (I swam, played with friends, etc), so consequently I had a nice tan. Other years I would stay inside more often playing video games. After I turned 13 this was the case more often. Between ages 13 and 18 I only achieved a tan of some sorts a couple of times. The rest of the time I was either pale (will get to my skin type in a second) or had a little color.

    Family history if you think it's necessary, if not skip down to the background on myself: My dad has light brown hair and was able to tan, but it took him a while. He has a natural red hue to his skin and his side of the family isn't know for being tan. He's the only one on his immediate side of his family that has a tan and can tan. It just takes him a while. During his time in Vietnam (he did two tours over there) he was very tan, and stayed that way for a while (when not over on a tour he lived in San Diego). His family also has freckles. He doesn't have any on his face anymore (not since he was a kid), but he has them on his arms etc. I had a few freckles (not man) when I was a kid, but not anymore. I have freckles nowhere else.

    My mom's the tan side. She has brown hair and brown eyes, and as you can imagine, can tan well although she doesn't stay out long enough anymore to tan. Her dad was very tan and would get darker just walking outside to get the paper. The rest of her family has been able to achieve a tan. She has six brothers and sister with varying traits. Most have blue eyes (two don't), and 2/3 of them have brown hair. The other 1/3 have blonde hair.

    Background on myself: My natural skin color (with no sun whatsoever) I would place at about an 11, maybe 12. My hair color is medium brown, maybe a bit darker, and my eye color is blue. I've only had freckles when I was a kid, and only a few. I no longer have them. From my experience when I was younger (and this may be everyone), once I get a base tan I can tan easily without burning. One summer we went to Phoenix, Arizona. I went with a base tan and 3 days later I had a really nice tan.

    As far as burning goes, I was in Hawaii last April with just a little bit of color (just enough to not make me look ghastly pale, but still light colored) and it took me about 45 minutes without any sunscreen to get a little burned. I hardly burned, though, it didn't bother me. However, my feet got burned really bad after going out on a boat for 4 hours without any socks or shoes on.

    Anyways, my question is how often should I tan outside, what type of sunscreen should I use? Where I live now the sun usually isn't that intense (I live in Tennessee now). I can lay out on my roof for about an hour with no sunscreen on and not get burned. It gets in the mid 60's in March (although cold spells can happen), so I plan to start laying outside then. By April I'll be golden and it will be warm enough to go outside whenever. Also, my job now causes me to take frequent trips outside. During a slow day I may spend 1-2 hours outside. During a fast day I can spend up to 5-6 hours outside. I have to wear a shirt, but I can wear shorts. So my calves, face, neck, and arms will get a little more sun during that time.

    So, how long should I tan outside for, how often, and how long would you estimate it would take to establish a base tan. I'd like to get as tan as possible because I'm moving to California late in the summer. So I essentially have from March to the first day of August to tan.
    Sur La Me: Thanks for the info. I know the risks associated with tanning.

    • ANSWER:
      Tanning comes & go, unless you do them everyday 24/7. But in the end the only thing you'll benefit is either moles, freckles, skin tags or discolorations from sunscreens, lotions, etc. and the more you do, the more they get larger, darker & bumpier, even skin diseases like Bullous Pemphegoid or Discoid Lupus. Like exercising, your muscles will sag, when suddenly you stopped, same with getting a tan, they will fade. If you live in California, you'll be tanned by the end of the year maybe even SOONER.

      Tanning, is a result for 'damaged skin' and no products can reverse you from skin cancer or damaged skin, may prevent you from pre-mature aging, but that's part of the billion dollar beauty industry. To get super than you will have to be tanning for @ least 60 years, George Hamilton & Tom Jones are two examples, who ARE super tan! Google them.

      Melanoma is the leading cause of death from skin disease. An estimated 76,259 new cases of skin cancer will be reported particularly among women in their 20's & 30's, and that's 6,020 more than 2011, people died from the disease, according to the National Cancer Institute. Two million people are diagnosed with skin cancer in the US each year, according to the EPA's Sun-Wise Program. That's more than breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer cases combine! Now however, a recently published study suggests that those people with ginger hair and fair complexions face a much higher risk of developing dead skin cancer even if they are completely protected. Nov 2nd, 2012.

      BTW: Lotions does not protect you from nasty, painful burns. Lotions does not protect you from skin cancer. Lotions does not protect you from skin diseases. Lotions does not protect you from discolorations - permanently. And lotions does not protect you from skin tags, freckles, moles, they will only get larger, darker, and bumpier as they are exposed from UV.

      I've been protecting myself from the sun since age 9, but no matter, I got Discoid Lupus. Google that one. It was like someone punched my chin and it gave a purplish mark. It took 12 years for that to fade, so now I'm using a wide brim hat or umbrella for protection. Gene Simmons & Shannon both have been seen hold an umbrella during an event. They were invented before beauty products, for a reason. Google also Bullous Pemphegoid, photos, another skin disorder.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

  15. QUESTION:
    what are the best ways to prevent cancer?
    not just skin cancer but all types...i am so scared that i am going to get it.

    • ANSWER:
      To prevent cancer you must focus on your life style what are thing that you should do and don't here are some ways to prevent cancer:
      1. Avoid Smoking
      2. Practice Sun Safety and Recognize When Skin Changes Occur
      3. Eat Your Fruits and Veggies
      4. Limit Red Meat and Animal Fat
      5. Limit Your Alcohol Intake
      6. Exercise for Cancer Prevention
      7. Know Your Personal and Family Medical History
      8. Know What You're Being Exposed to in Your Work Environment
      These are the ways to prevent cancer if you strictly follow them you will be remain save from thousands of diseases.
      http://mesoblog.org/blog/mesothelioma-healthy-food/

  16. QUESTION:
    How can I get my Boyfriend to go to the Dermatologist to get screened for skin cancer?
    I just read a whole article on skin cancer and they showed what some types of skin cancer may look like. My boyfriend has many moles on his body (over 50) and I am concerned that some may be cancerous.
    Some of his moles did look funny to me. He says that he has no health insurance and just brushes me off when I bring the topic up. I even offered to pay for the dr. appointment and he just responded "whatever"

    Also, how long would it take for skin cancer to progress till he realizes he feel crappy enough that he needs to see a doctor? He thinks skin cancer is a joke and he is invincible to it. I am even thinking about telling his dad. Even though he's 26. At least his dad will care.

    Just so you guys know I am checking his moles periodically for changes in shape and color.

    • ANSWER:
      we have one person in the Pool with us and her back is covered with black moles some very large. She is fine, and mostly keeps covered with a T shirt. I have also seen one woman while shopping her skin is covered with light brown moles,on arms legs neck and face, all that could be seen. These moles even look benign. However I am sure that they have also had to have them checked out. Especially now that you have a Free screening, do talk with him and see if he will go. He has no legitimate excuse, since it is free. And not much to be afraid of. Surprisingly often the men are very hesitant to see a Doctor. I think you should give an ultimatum you see the dermatologist, or I will not be your friend any more !!!

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the top best sunless tanners today?
    Sunless tanners that dont make you look orange. Im going on vacation and i have been tanning in a bed but its not making me tan at all. Ive tried it before and it didn't work, must not have the right skin type.

    • ANSWER:
      never ever, go to a tanning bed ever.
      it increases risk of skin cancer and ages your skin dramatically.
      as for self tanners though, i adore nivea self tanning firming lotion, it makes your skin look really healthy and gives you a nice bronze.

  18. QUESTION:
    How much exposure to the sun causes skin cancer?
    I want to know anything about the amount of sun/damage one should be concerned about on their skin.
    I know it only takes a few "good burns" to develop certain types of skin cancer but does it classify as a "good burn" if you dont peel and the redness fades after NO more than 2-3 days? I'm fair complected and often get red even after using sunblock and it had me wondering.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer can be caused by one exposure to the sun, although it may take decades to surface. In general, we acquire about 85% of our sun damage that will result in the lovely signs of old age on our skin, including skin cancer, before we turn 30. After that, protection is important for preventing existing damage, ie. cancer, from growing more quickly. Different types of cancer come from different exposures. Squamous cell carcinomas may be linked to burns while basal cell carcinomas often result from long term cumulative exposure - daily activity.

      As for a "good burn" - if you don't peel, then it is a mild burn. Dermatologists look for blistering burns as more problematic, although any significant exposure risks damage.

  19. QUESTION:
    What symptoms of mouth or tongue cancer?
    My doc was checking back of my throat and noticed white skin type effect back of tongue and throat and now I have a biopsy on it.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry you are going through this.

      Symptoms of mouth cancer include:

      * A sore that doesn't heal
      * A lump or thickening of the skin or lining of your mouth
      * A white or reddish patch on the inside of your mouth
      * Loose teeth
      * Poorly fitting dentures
      * Tongue pain
      * Jaw pain or stiffness
      * Difficult or painful chewing
      * Difficult or painful swallowing
      * Sore throat
      * Feeling that something is caught in your throat

      Fingers crossed that your biopsy will turn out to be benign. There are a few general information websites included below where you can find out more information.

  20. QUESTION:
    How to change my skin type?
    I want to change my skin type so i have dry skin. My skin is super oily and im just sick of it. Please Help!

    • ANSWER:
      Drink water. Water cleanses your body, helping eliminate toxins. It also hydrates you and rids your skin of dirt and oils. Try to drink half your body weight in ounces (for example, if you weight 100 lbs, drink 50 ounces of water a day).

      Use natural cleansers. Facial cleansers with too many harsh chemicals can actually be harmful to your skin. Proactiv has been known to strip paint off of walls and bleach certain fabrics. Using natural, organic cleansers can help your skin clear up faster and can be much more effective than unnatural cleansers.

      Change your diet. Eat lots of fruits, nuts, seeds, beans etc. Eating healthy along with taking in the right vitamins can do wonders for your skin. Try going vegan for a week to see what it does for you.
      Avoid eating meat, fish, eggs, fried foods, white flour and white sugar products, coffee, tea, soft drinks, alcohol, tobacco, drugs, including contraceptive drugs, and any other stimulating over-the-counter medicines.

      Wear less makeup. Wearing too much makeup will be damaging for your skin in the long run. Chances are people don't notice skin breakouts when they first see you. If you have to wear makeup, use natural and mineral makeup only.

      Don't stay in the sun for too long. Try not to go in the sun for long periods between 10:00 AM - 2:00 PM. That time of day is when the sun's rays are their strongest. Sunlight on your skin is a great source of vitamin D but it it can also lead to wrinkles and skin cancer.
      Remember to use NATURAL sunscreen, SPF 15 or higher.

      Exercise, around 15 minutes a day. Exercising properly can make your skin glow. Be sure to wash your face afterwards, sweat and dirt can clog your pores.
      8Be sure to wash your face properly. Wash two or three times a day with a face wash, and sparingly follow-up with the toner directly on the affected areas.

  21. QUESTION:
    How exactly did Micheal Jacksons skin turn from black to white?
    It is very sad him passing away but with all the videos and footage you really appreciate how he changed colour over the years. Was it a skin condition because it didn't look patchy at all, or did he bleach himself? Or was it a type of skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . ,.-‘”. . . . . . . . . .``~.,
      . . . . . . . .. . . . . .,.-”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .“-.,
      . . . . .. . . . . . ..,/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ”:,
      . . . . . . . .. .,?. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,
      . . . . . . . . . /. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,}
      . . . . . .. . . ./. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,:`^`.}
      . . . . . . . ./. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,:”. . . ./
      . . . . . . .?. . . __. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :`. . . ./
      . . . . . . . /__.(. . .“~-,_. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ,:`. . . .. ./
      . . . . . . /(_. . ”~,_. . . ..“~,_. . . . . . . . . .,:`. . . . _/
      . . . .. .{.._$;_. . .”=,_. . . .“-,_. . . ,.-~-,}, .~”; /. .. .}
      . . .. . .((. . .*~_. . . .”=-._. . .“;,,./`.. . /” . . . ./. .. ../
      . . . .. . .`~,. . ..“~.,. . . . . . . . . ..`. . .}. . . . . . ../
      . . . . . .(. ..`=-,,. . . .`. .. . . . . . . . . . ..(. . . ;_,,-”
      . . . . . ../.`~,. . ..`-.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . /
      . . . . . . `~.*-,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..|,./.....,__
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      . .. `=~-,__. . . `,. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . .`=~-,,.,. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . `:,, . . . . . . . . . . . . . `. . . . . . ..__
      . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .`=-,. . . . . . . . . .,

  22. QUESTION:
    What would happen if i got a chemical peel?
    I am 15 i have pale freckled skin that is sensitived and burns & wrinkles easily it is also very dry. I want to get rid of my freckles and fine wrinkles now with a 25% chemical peel i am going to buy and use i know it will hurt alot & take awhile to heel so i am doing it in the holidays. I have never heard someone as young as i am and with my skin type doing this so i just want to know if this will cause more damage than good???

    • ANSWER:
      I wouldn't recommend it.

      I had Discoid Lupus, caused from the sun. The corner section of my chin was affected. I've been protecting myself from the sun since age 9, so how I got it? Beats me! The fact is I got it! My dermatologist suggested lotions for me to try out, none worked. Suggested chemical peel, but she talked me against it. It took 12 years for them to fade away. If you look closely, I can see but the 'bruised bumpy purplish' mark is gone. It looked like someone punched my chin, before. I suggest you don't. It does more harm than good.

      Chemical peel side effects can include:

      * infection
      * abnormal healing
      * allergic reactions
      * if prone to herpes, possible eruption
      * raised or thickened scarring
      * unanticipated skin color changes or skin blotchiness

      Additional considerations for deeper peels:

      * possible post-operative complications can include scarring, infection or abnormal pigmentation. Tends to have a bleaching effect, and patient may need to wear make-up to match treated and untreated areas.
      * skin pores may appear larger, and the skin may not tan properly.
      * can activate latent cold sore infections.
      * risk of delayed healing and scarring.

      Laser will zap it right out. Cost 0 per session for each large freckle or mole Risk: blistering or sunburn, which can be prevented with the use of sunblock and Aquaphor.
      Example from one who had laser surgery to remove freckles:
      I had laser surgery to remove my freckles yesterday . . .?
      she said it will be sore the first day and boy was it and she said i may have some swelling, well i woke up this morning and the skin under my eyes is swollen so bad that my eyes are almost closed. i took a goodies headache medicine because it says it contains an anti-inflammatory drug, i also have an ice pack on my eyes. What else should i do? Should what i'm already doing help?

      Do you know how many freckles, moles or age spots do you have?

      The next best solution is to avoid the sun. Those freckles, moles or age spots will only get larger and darker.
      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen does not protect you from getting moles or freckles, they will only get darker & bumpier or larger from each exposure from the sun.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      The sun is more powerful than most people think.

  23. QUESTION:
    How many skin cancer cases are in diffrent countries?
    Hello,
    We have to do an oral presentation in Health Education about skin cancer.
    I need to know the skin cancer cases in
    -Australia
    -Unites States
    -Spain
    to make a diagram. Please help me if you know that.

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Ok, couldn't find any from Spain.
      The first link below...
      WARNING! EXTRAPOLATED STATISTICS ONLY! Not based on data sources from individual countries. These statistics are calculated extrapolations of various prevalence or incidence rates against the populations of a particular country or region.
      http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/s/skin_cancer/stats-country.htm
      ...gives some idea.

      Cancer in Australia
      An estimated 111,000 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in Australia in 2009.
      1 in 2 men and 1 in 3 women will be diagnosed with cancer before the age of 85.
      http://www.cancer.org.au/cancersmartlifestyle/SunSmart/Skincancerfactsandfigures.htm

      Estimated new cases and deaths from skin (nonmelanoma) cancer in the United States in 2009:
      New cases: more than 1,000,000Deaths: less than 1,000
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/skin
      Estimated new cases and deaths from melanoma in the United States in 2009:
      New cases: 68,720 Deaths: 8,650
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/melanoma

  24. QUESTION:
    How much sun exposure for a delayed tan?
    How many hours of sun exposure do u need before u can get a delayed tan if ur skin type IV?

    • ANSWER:
      How much exposure for delayed skin cancer, you mean?

      There is no such thing as a healthy tan. Tanning is skin cells in trauma. What you think now is a 'nice glow' is in fact wrinkles and cancer just waiting to happen.

      Buy some bronzer or get over your insecurities.

  25. QUESTION:
    How many factors of sun-tan lotion are there?
    I am in class at the moment and I need to know the different factors of sun-tan lotion for a science project. Such as Factor 15, 30. The more Factors you give me, the better. could you also give descriptions of the factors aswell e.g. how strong they are and how well they work for each skin type.

    • ANSWER:
      Sunscreen (also commonly known as sunblock or sun cream) is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the skin exposed to sunlight and thus helps protect against sunburn. Skin lightening products have sunscreen to protect lightened skin because light skin is susceptible to sun damage.

      Sunscreens contain one or more UV filters of which there are three main types:

      * Organic chemical compounds that absorb ultraviolet light (such as oxybenzone, a suspected photocarcinogen)
      * Inorganic particulates that reflect, scatter, and absorb UV light (such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or a combination of both).
      * Organic particulates that mostly absorb light like organic chemical compounds, but contain multiple chromophores, may reflect and scatter a fraction of light like inorganic particulates, and behave differently in formulations than organic chemical compounds.[clarification needed] An example is Tinosorb M.

      Medical organizations such as the American Cancer Society recommend the use of sunscreen because it prevents the squamous cell carcinoma and the basal cell carcinoma. However, the use of sunscreens is controversial for various reasons. Many do not block UVA radiation, which does not cause sunburn but can increase the rate of melanoma (another kind of skin cancer), so people using sunscreens may be getting too much UVA without realizing it. Additionally, sunscreens block UVB, and if used consistently this can cause a deficiency of vitamin D.

      The dose used in FDA sunscreen testing is 2 mg/cm² of exposed skin. Provided one assumes an "average" adult build of height 5 ft 4 in (163 cm) and weight 150 lb (68 kg) with a 32 in (82 cm) waist, that adult wearing a bathing suit covering the groin area should apply 29 g (approximately 1 oz) evenly to the uncovered body area. Considering only the face, this translates to about 1/4 to 1/3 of a teaspoon for the average adult face. Larger individuals should scale these quantities accordingly.

      Contrary to the common advice that sunscreen should be reapplied every 2–3 hours, some research has shown that the best protection is achieved by application 15–30 minutes before exposure, followed by one reapplication 15–30 minutes after the sun exposure begins. Further reapplication is only necessary after activities such as swimming, sweating, or rubbing/wiping.

      However, more recent research at the University of California, Riverside, indicates that sunscreen needs to be reapplied within 2 hours in order to remain effective. Not reapplying could even cause more cell damage than not using sunscreen at all, due to the release of extra free radicals from those sunscreen chemicals which were absorbed into the skin. Some studies have shown that people commonly apply only 1/2 to 1/4 of the amount recommended to achieve the rated Sun Protection Factor (SPF), and in consequence the effective SPF should be downgraded to a square or 4th root of the advertised value.

      George Zachariadis and E Sahanidou of the Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, at Aristotle University, in Thessaloniki, Greece,have now carried out an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometric (ICP-AES) analysis in a multi-element assessment of several commercially available sunscreen creams and lotions. "The objective was the simultaneous determination of titanium and several minor, trace or toxic elements (aluminium, zinc, magnesium, iron, manganese, copper, chromium, lead, and bismuth) in the final products," the researchers say. They concluded that "Most of the commercial preparations that were studied showed generally good agreement to the ingredients listed on the product label". However, they also point out that the quantitative composition of the products tested cannot be assessed because the product labels usually do not provide a detailed break down of all ingredients and their concentrations. They also point out that worryingly, their tests consistently revealed the presence of elements not cited in the product formulation, which emphasised the need for a standardised and official testing method for multi-element quality control of these products.

  26. QUESTION:
    What are the affects of skin cancer if it goes untreated?
    I just found out that i may have skin cancer, if I don't get any treatment for it what will happen?

    • ANSWER:
      Well the speed and such depends on what type.

      But basically it will continue to grow. At some point, it will start to spread. Then those too will grow and this will continue until it kills you.

      Marv

  27. QUESTION:
    Can skin cancer turn into other types of cancer?
    My mother just found out that she has skin cancer, which I know is the most harmless of all cancers, really. As they tried to take it out, it is much deeper into her than they thought. That's all the information she was able to give me at this point, and I don't know when I'll hear from her again. Should I be worried?

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is skin cancer no matter where it is in the body. If skin cancer shows up in the liver, then it is still skin cancer but it has metastasized. It is possible that the cancer has penetrated more layers of skin that first thought and she may have to have another procedure to get rid of it. I would find out more information from her, or even go to an appointment with her if possible. As long as the doctors say it is still treatable, there is no reason to worry!

      Best of luck to you and your mom.

      LIVESTRONG
      www.livestrong.org

  28. QUESTION:
    My family dr removed a mole and it was basel cell carcinoma. Could he have gotten all the cancer?
    I am going to a dermatologist whom specializes in skin cancer, what is the chances i will have to have surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many types of skin cancer. Some are very dangerous and some are not. My father has a cancerous mole removed and he was fine. Others are not so lucky. The problem with some skin cancers they go deep into the tissue and will require further treatments. Your dermatologist will explain what treatment plan if any he will advise for you. Tanning beds are very harmful stay away from them and also from the sun. Keep covered as much as possible.

  29. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is caused by acidity or basity in our body?
    We already found reflux, stomach cancer (ulcer etc) and skin cancer from acids.

    Please give 2 other diseases caused from acids or bases in our body. [Excessive acid or base].
    please give cure to the ones u said.
    thanks =).
    Kathy didnt answer me question at all.

    • ANSWER:
      Cause-->Effect
      Body acidity-->hyperventilation-->low carbon dioxide in tissues-->vascular restriction-->low tissue oxygen-->Cancer

  30. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to prevent me from getting skin cancer?
    I am very frightened about getting this type of cancer. I am in the sun a lot and don't usually wear sunscreen, where I live it is very hot and the sun is always out really. I do have freckles and I read that it might mean I have a better chance of getting skin cancer. What is the best way to prevent it?

    • ANSWER:
      Either wear sunscreen all the time, wear long sleeved clothes, or just avoid the sun any other way you can. Good luck, but I just love to hang in the sun. I never get burned so it's all good. Some people aren't like that though. I'm sorry.

  31. QUESTION:
    Did people die of skin cancer before sun creams were invented ?
    It seems that the people who get skin cancer - are those who regularly sunbathe - so we have pinned the cause on the Sun.
    But what if it's the use of sun creams for years that causes the cancers ?

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found on the epidermis (the outermost layers of skin) so the tumor is usually clearly visible. There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

      The most common symptoms of any type of skin cancer include changes in the skin that do not heal within 4 weeks, a spot or sore that continue to itch, blood, discolored skin, and changes in existing moles such as ragged, notched or blurred edges of mole or enlargement of mole.

      Signs and symptoms of Basal cell carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma usually looks like a small, slow growing shiny pink or red lump. Sometimes small blood vessels can be seen within the tumor. They usually appear on face, scalp, ears and shoulders. If left untreated, they tend to bleed frequently. This form of skin cancer is least deadly and with proper treatment, it can be completely cured within short period of time.

      Signs and symptoms Squamous cell carcinoma: Squamous cell carcinoma is usually pink, thickened patch on sun-exposed skin. If left untreated, it tends to become crusty, ulcerate or bleed and it may develop into large mass. Squamous cell is second most common skin cancer; it is fatal but not as fatal as melanoma.

      Signs and symptoms of Melanoma: Most melanomas are brown to black looking lesions with irregular border. Signs that might indicate a malignant melanoma include change in diameter, shape, color or elevation of a mole. Other signs are the appearance of a new mole during adulthood on trunk, neck or head or pain, itching, inflammation, ulceration or bleeding in existing mole.

      Take care...

  32. QUESTION:
    Does a skin exam with a dermatologist make sense for somebody who is brown skinned?
    I am brown-skinned and would like to know if a dermatology skin exam makes sense for me. I know that brown-skinned (and black-skinned) people are less prone to skin cancer but nevertheless it is possible for them to get skin cancer. If this kind of screening is useful, how frequent should it be for somebody like me?

    • ANSWER:
      You're right - darker skinned people are less prone to skin cancer. But, they can and do get it and unfortunately it's less likely to be caught early in the easily curable stages.

      This is for 3 reasons:
      (1) darker skinned people don't have the perceived risk and so generally don't take as many precautionary actions as more at risk groups may (like using sunscreen, regular skin exams, or getting new spots checked early)
      (2) many skin cancers appear as dark lesions which are harder to spot against dark skin
      (3) darker-skinned individuals are more prone to the type of melanoma that grows under finger and toe nails and on the feet (which are harder to catch for everyone).

      So - is screening useful? Absolutely! A derm is going to be helpful in spotting things that are tricky for you to, and I promise they won't think it's weird that you're asking. I'd think that frequency would be the same as recommended for most people (once per year), but I'd suggest going ahead and having and exam now to see what the derm recommends for you.

  33. QUESTION:
    How many months/years does it take for a sunburn to become skin cancer?
    I have heard that sunburns do not become skin cancer immediately. How many months or years does it take for a sunburn to become skin cancer?

    My friend recently had a sunburn. Her sunburn was not healing and it became worse, so she went to a dermatologist 3 months after the sunburn happened. The dermatologist found that she has skin cancer. Could it be that she had skin cancer all along, and the recent sunburn did not cause her cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I got from wikipedia that
      Skin cancer is most closely associated with chronic inflammation of the skin. This includes:

      1. Overexposure to UV-radiation can cause skin cancer either via the direct DNA damage or via the indirect DNA damage mechanism. UVA & UVB have both been implicated in causing DNA damage resulting in cancer. Sun exposure between 10AM and 4PM is most intense and therefore most harmful. Natural (sun) & artificial UV exposure (tanning salons) are associated with skin cancer.[citation needed] Since sunbeds cause mostly indirect DNA damage (free radicals) their use is associated with the deadliest form of skin cancer, malignant melanoma.[citation needed]
      2. Chronic non-healing wounds, especially burns. These are called Marjolin's ulcers based on their appearance, and can develop into squamous cell carcinoma.
      3. Genetic predisposition, including "Congenital Melanocytic Nevi Syndrome". CMNS is characterized by the presence of "nevi" or moles of varying size that either appear at or within 6 months of birth. Nevi larger than 20 mm (3/4") in size are at higher risk for becoming cancerous.
      4. Skin cancer is one of the potential dangers of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation.

      Skin can be protected by avoiding sunlight entirely, or wearing protective clothing while outdoors. Skin cancer is usually caused by exposing skin to UV rays excessively.

      about the treatment
      Most skin cancers can be treated by removal of the lesion, making sure that the edges (margins) are free of the tumor cells. These excisions provide the best cure for both early and high-risk disease.

      For low-risk disease, radiation therapy and cryotherapy (freezing the cancer off) can provide adequate control of the disease; both, however, have lower overall cure rates than surgery.

      Mohs' micrographic surgery is a technique used to remove the cancer with the least amount of surrounding tissue and the edges are checked immediately to see if tumor is found. This provides the opportunity to remove the least amount of tissue and provide the best cosmetically favorable results. This is especially important for areas where excess skin is limited, such as the face. Cure rates are equivalent to wide excision. Special training is required to perform this technique.

      In the case of disease that has spread (metastasized) further surgical or chemotherapy may be required.[11]

      Scientists have recently been conducting experiments on what they have termed "immune- priming". This therapy is still in its infancy but has been shown to effectively attack foreign threats like viruses and also latch onto and attack skin cancers. More recently researchers have focused their efforts on strengthening the body's own naturally produced "helper T cells" that identify and lock onto cancer cells and help guide the killer cells to the cancer. Researchers infused patients with roughly 5 billion of the helper T cells without any harsh drugs or chemotherapy. This type of treatment if shown to be effective has no side effects and could change the way cancer patients are treated

      about how many month it's depend on how your skin can deffend from the ultraviolet radiation.
      sorry for my bad english. But sorry about your friend

  34. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer has the best living rate?
    Like what type of cancer has the best rate where you'll probably make it through and live.

    • ANSWER:
      Basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

  35. QUESTION:
    What are the options for skin cancer treatment?
    This is for a class project/exercise on sourcing information through social networking websites & web 2.0 applications. The question is - what type of answers would be received through this communication medium? What kind of communal knowledge exists about this subject? Please note that I do not have skin cancer and would advocate consulting a doctor above all other options. Thank you for your answers!!

    • ANSWER:
      I can not comment about skin cancer social networking but can tell you that with rare cancers social networking can save a patients life. The social networking cancer groups support one another, empower by sharing information and stories about their own cancer journeys. Through social networking we learned about experimental treatments that others had tried . .and we took that information back to the doctors office with us. Social networking, especially with the rare cancers, is instant . .you can always find someone who will answer your questions or encourage you to seek out different options. Many of the patients I communicate regularly with have very, very few treatment options . . many of them have not survived their disease. Through social networking we were able to piece together treatments that might work against those that we knew were not working . . . long before any clinical trial evidence became publically available. We also shared clinical trial information . . what was working or what was failing . . and unfortunately with my sons type of cancer almost everything has failed. I would say through the support groups I've been a member of . . I have seen vast improvements in treatment options over the last four or five years . . and most of the information was learned from the experiences of group members as opposed to being presented the information from our pediatric oncologist. This way of learning also helped when we did consult with the oncologists because we became familiar with the medical terminology and could understand more clearly what the oncologist proposed to do. Social networking has helped in understanding the treatments . . if a doctor didn't explain it clearly, often another patient could explain it.

      Doctors clearly have an understanding of the medical process, but many of them are definitely behind when it comes to social networking about cancer . . many have yet to embrace the phenomenon of cancer support groups sharing information online. Our sons doctor often asked us what other doctors were doing in other parts of the country since she knew we were in communication with other patients. And our doctor always listened to us . . she was able to process the information we shared with her and do her own research to verify what we shared. Through this means my son was offered an experimental treatment called intra abdominal hyperthermic chemoperfusion . . something that had never been done for his age group or disease type . . and I believe that this treatment extended his life by three years.

      Social networking is important, how important remains to be seen. It also seems like in terms of treatment that we were more involved with our doctor . . we felt more in control of the process and more a part of a team fighting for our sons life instead of just letting the doctor decide everything.

  36. QUESTION:
    How does a model of sunscreen work against cancer?
    5. The use of sunscreen can help reduce the risk of skin cancer. From your knowledge of cancer and cell division, propose a model to explain how sunscreen works. How could you determine whether your model is accurate?

    • ANSWER:
      even though this is not too realtated to this question i wanted to pass this video arround and hope u pass it arround too its about inflamator breast cancer This is important because this is a type of cancer that people dont even know they have until its too late so watch and share :)

      http://wmv.fsci.com/KOMOTV/komo_ibc.wmv?...

  37. QUESTION:
    Why is there cancer for different parts of the body?
    Skin cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, etc. Why does cancer attack a specific part of someone's body?
    Also, people get Lung Cancer from smoking, and people can also get Skin Cancer from too much sunlight. How could you get the same disease from two totally different kinds of sources?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't foreign in your body .. cancer is your own DNA . .your own cells that have mutated. Cancer cells were once NORMAL cells. Cancer can occur in any living cell in your body . . any cell . . breast cells, liver cells, brain cells, eye cells, skin cells, tissue cells, muscle cells, bone cells, spinal cells, vaginal cells, penile cells, blood cells, urinary cells, uterine cells . . any cell in the human body can mutate and become malignant. So . . even though you may never have heard of this . . there are at least 200 different types of cancer and at least 200 more subtypes of cancer. Skin, breast, and lung cancers are just more 'common' so you have heard of them before . . but cancer can occur anywhere inside or outside the body . . any age . . both sexes . . and any cell in or on your body.

      Although most cancers are named for the location in the body in which the cells originate . .Cancer isn't always named this way . . there are other cancers in which the name of the cancer comes from the type, shape, or even color of the cell . . here are just a few types of cancer that you may never have heard of because they are less common than breast or lung . . but they are just as deadly:

      Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Astrocytoma, Carcinoid tumor, Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma, Ewings family of tumors, Gastointestinal stromal tumor, desmoplastic small round blue cell tumor, Medulloblastoma, Mesothelioma, Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Wilm's tumor, Fibrosarcoma, Ependymoma, Oligodendroglioma, Esthesioneuroblastoma, Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia, Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma, Chondrosarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma,Epithelioid Sarcoma, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors, Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor to name a few.

  38. QUESTION:
    Can skin cancers appear where your skin has never been sun burnt before?
    When you go to skin clinics they always check on the top of your legs for skin cancer or suspect marks / moles. Im 90% sure that they can spread, but i am just asking out of curiosity.

    • ANSWER:
      There are many types of skin cancer, with basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma being the three most common. The first two types are definitely related to chronic sunlight exposure, mostly of UVB rays. A melanoma, though, is different. These seem to be related to a past sunburn in your childhood, with excessive UVA exposure. These cancers often occur in areas of the body that are generally protected from chronic sunlight (on the trunk or back of the legs). In fact, when these occur in darker skin people, they often occur under the nails or on the palms or soles. So, in truth, the real answer to your question is still not fully known.

  39. QUESTION:
    How does the sun cause skin cancer?
    I know that the sun causes skin cancer, but exactly how does it do it? What is the process of the sun causing the cancer to form or develop? I was just curious. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      The only fatal type of skin cancer is malignant melanoma. It almost always develops on unexposed areas of the body and occurs most often in people who have had very little exposure to the sun and its protective Vitamin D. The sun can cause carcinoma but that can usually be safely removed. The conclusion is that there are far more benefits to moderate sun exposure than risks.

  40. QUESTION:
    Has anyone gotten into the coast guard or other military branch with a history of skin cancer?
    I am a little worried about getting into the coast guard because I have had skin cancer a few times. As of right now I do not have any cancer. I know the coast guard does not give any type of medical waiver to get in. What do you think? Will they care about skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      This is what MEPS will go by:

      2–31. Tumors and malignant diseases
      a. Current benign tumors (M8000), or conditions that interfere with function, prevent the proper wearing of the
      uniform or protective equipment, or will require frequent specialized attention, or have a high malignant potential, such
      as Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome, are disqualifying.
      b. Current or history of malignant tumors (V10) is disqualifying.

      Skin cancer (other than malignant melanoma)
      removed with no residual, is not disqualifying.

  41. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of cancer? How can someone diagnose if he has cancer?
    Just wondering what the symptoms of cancer are? How can a person recongnize if he/she might have cancer? Is there any way you can tell in general?

    What instructions/advices/recommendations could you give?

    Additional info would be helpful!

    Thanks!
    What should I do if I want to make sure I don't have cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are over 200 different types of cancer. Cancer is a progressive disease which means that it starts out very tiny, a microscopic cell . . and starts to grow. When it is small there are rarely any symptoms at all. The body does not recognize a malignant cell as being dangerous or any different that any of the other millions of cells within the body. In fact the body will nurture the cancer cell in the same way it takes care of the rest of the body . . and make it a nice healthy cancer cell. Eventually the cell grows into a nodule or tumor and if it is not bothering any vital structures or nerves . . again, no one will feel anything. The cancer will continue to grow and be nourished by the body (just as the body takes care of organs, bones, skin, tissue it also takes care of cancer tumors). Tumors at this point can start to grow their own blood vessels . . if a patient is lucky they will notice symptoms of fatigue or unusual weight loss as the body continues to nourish the new tumor at the expense of other organs.

      In general, though, there are very, very few warning signs that someone has a malignancy until the cancer is advanced. One of the only warning signs a young person might have that something is wrong is to notice an unusual lump or bump that seems to be growing. Otherwise, most cancers are found by chance.

      The only recommendation I could give anyone is to remain as healthy as you can, diet, exercise, don't smoke or drink excessively, avoid excessive exposure to carcinogens, and stay healthy. This won't prevent all cancers (you might stop smoking, but later get a bone cancer anyway . . but at least you didn't get lung cancer) , but it will cut down on the risks . . . Mostly though staying healthy and fit will help you fight cancer should you ever get it. The healthier you are the stronger you'll be when you have treatment. It makes a difference to not have any secondary health issues when fighting this monster.

  42. QUESTION:
    What type of person has the greatest chance of getting skin cancer?
    Least chance?

    A person with fair skin who burns easily and never tans.

    A person who tans easily.

    A person who burns then the burn turns into a tan.
    No not homework.

    • ANSWER:
      A sun worshiper. this sounds like homework, Go to that section

  43. QUESTION:
    Describe the different types of skin cancers, including the type of cells?
    What is the most common risk factor for skin cancer and how can we protect ourselves from skin cancer?

    How is the blister on Frank’s foot is similar to a burn? Distinguish between first second and third degree burns.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin which can have many causes. The most common skin cancers are basal cell cancer, squamous cell cancer, and melanoma. Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), so a tumor is usually clearly visible. This makes most skin cancers detectable in the early stages. There are three common types of skin cancer, each of which is named after the type of skin cell from which it arises. Unlike many other cancers, including those originating in the lung, pancreas, and stomach, only a small minority of those afflicted will actually die of the disease.[1] Skin cancer represents the most commonly diagnosed cancer, surpassing lung, breast, colorectal and prostate cancer.[1] Melanoma is less common than basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, but it is the most serious -- for example, in the UK there are 9,500 new cases of melanoma each year, and 2,300 deaths.[2] More people now die of Melanoma in the UK than in Australia. It is the most common cancer in the young population (20 – 39 age group).[3] It is estimated that approximately 85% of cases are caused by too much sun.[citation needed] Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common skin cancers. The majority of these are called Basal Cell Carcinomas. These are usually localised growths caused by excessive cumulative exposure to the sun and do not tend to spread.

      Although it is impossible to completely eliminate the possibility of skin cancer, the risk of developing such a cancer can be reduced significantly with the following steps:

      * reducing exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, especially in early years
      * avoiding sun exposure during the day, especially from 9 AM to 4 PM when the sun is highest in the sky
      * wearing protective clothing (long sleeves and hats) when outdoors
      * using a broad-spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB radiation
      * reapply sun block every 2 hours and after swimming
      * chemoprevention using topical imiquimod or 5-fluorouracil[citation needed]

      Although it is generally accepted that UV exposure is the greatest risk factor in melanoma development, some sceptics say no data conclusively proves a link between moderate sun exposure and the likelihood of melanoma.

      Australian scientist Ian Frazer who developed a vaccine for cervical cancer, says that a vaccine effective in preventing for certain types of skin cancer has proven effective on animals and could be available within a decade. The vaccine would only be effective against Squamous Cell Carcinoma.[16]

  44. QUESTION:
    If talc causes cancer, why is it that it is found in antacid tablets and makeup?
    I've heard that talc is bad and causes cancer but why would it be in antacid like tums, in makeup powders and baby powders? Is it bad to use internally? Externally?

    • ANSWER:
      Talc powder is a relatively safe household item, sold globally for use in personal hygiene and cosmetics and used by many millions every year. Some suspicions have been raised about the possibility its use promotes certain types of diseases, mainly cancers of the ovaries and lungs. This is not widely recognized as an established cause.

      The studies reference, by subject: pulmonary issues, lung cancer, skin cancer and ovarian cancer. One of these, published in 1993, was a US National Toxicology Program report, which found that cosmetic grade talc containing no asbestos-like fibers was correlated with tumor formation in rats (animal testing) forced to inhale talc for 6 hours a day, five days a week over at least 113 weeks. A 1971 paper found particles of talc embedded in 75% of the ovarian tumors studied.

      The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers talc (Magnesium Silicate) to be generally recognized as safe for use as an anti-caking agent in table salt in concentrations smaller than 2%.

  45. QUESTION:
    How does a poor person with no insurance get health care?
    I am a 50 year old female. I weighed 200 lbs a year ago. I was on a diet until I was 150 lbs then I stopped because I was at a good weight. However, the pounds kept falling off. I have been losing about a pound a week for months and now I weigh 128 lbs. I am 5'4' and that is the weight I should be according to the universal scale, however I look sickly. All my bones are sticking out because I am big boned. I can feel myself getting weaker everyday and now I am nauseated all the time. I eat good and even eat sweets like crazy because I crave them. My kids and coworkers tell me to see a doctor because of my drastic weight lose and because I look so sickly. The problem is I do not have health insurance and live pay check to pay check. A doctors visit has to be paid up front and I know they will want to run a lot of tests to see what is wrong with me but they want that money up front too. I just don't have it. I cant go to the emergency room because this is not an emergency. I also have had a growth come up on my nose that I believe is called a cancerous horn, which is a type of skin cancer. It looks like a cancer I had removed from my chest many years ago. It has been there for months despite me pulling it off and shaving it off. It just keeps coming back and now is too painful to take off myself anymore. The last time it bled like crazy. If anyone has any good suggestions I would sure appreciate it. I know something is really bad wrong with me and I don't want to just keep losing weight until I die. I have 5 children and 12 grand children who need me.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, you need to go see a doctor right away. You can't remove your own skin cancer, because it will spread.

      If you're poor then you qualify for Medicaid. Call your county about how to sign up. If you're not poor, then sign up on your state's high risk pool.

  46. QUESTION:
    What type of Fake Tanners work best or give the most natural effect?
    I know there are heaps of tanning textures like mouses, lotions, mousturizers, sprays and everything.

    I am looking for a good fake tanning brand- willing to pay whatever it takes for a good, natural looking tan for spring when im out of my winter uniform.

    What types do you think work best? Tanning mousturizers, mouses or sprays??

    And while you're here- does anyone know if getting tanned at salons int those beds with the Uv rays or whatever is increasing your chance of skin cancer? i have heard of this but im interested in this type of tanning so if anyone has info on that- much appriciated (cant spell that well) x)

    Thankss!!

    • ANSWER:
      The most natural look you would get would be from a tanning moisturizer. They are usually more hydrating as well and don't leave your skin feeling dry. I would suggest you try AVENNO's new tanning moisturizer....it comes with a dial you can adjust to make it darker or lighter.

      A mouse is harder to control because it dries quicker and has a tendency to leave streak marks.

      I am a big fan of the spray...I think it works really well...but you would only want this if you want a darker color. With a spray, you still would want to rub it through when you're done spraying...or else it's going to leave run lines.

      MAKE SURE YOU USE A EXFOLIATOR BEFORE YOU SUNLESS TAN. BECAUSE THE DHA IN THE PRODUCT COLORS YOUR DEAD SKIN CELL...and if you have a lot of it in one location...it's going to turn a lot darker...ie your ankle, elbow and knees.

      My favorite brands for tanners are loreal, clarins, comodynes tanning cloths and boot's medium tanning lotion.

      Also with the tanning beds...THEY are an absolutely no to skin. They have strong UVA that age your skin and UVB that burn your skin....and almost all the time...NO one wears sunblock while using those beds. So in a nut shell....the beds will increase your chance of getting skin cancer. If not...it will definitely age you faster...and not in a good way.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the best self tanners for people with fair skin?
    Hey. I have fair/pale skin, and I would like to know what the best self tanners are for my skin type. I don't want to be outrageously dark, but I hate being so white. I've tried Neutrogena MicroMist in medium, but that didn't work so well for me. :(

    I don't naturally tan because I don't want skin cancer, wrinkles, and I burn. :)

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      i work at a tanning bed salon and let me tell you there is two products you need and you dont have to use them in the tanning bed!!! the frist one is spell bound or worship me by designer skin !! they has quadruple bronzers that tan you very gentally i wouldnt recommend laying in the sun with it. at first the worship me has additonial moisterizers in it ,cause only healthy skin tans
      the 2nd product it skin system tinted by supre! its a great moisterizer with the build in bronzers! neither of these products will streek your skin! only suggestions are no matter what products you choose you will need to get a sugar scrub to use in the shower to shed off the dead layers of skin that we all carry around all day then use the moisterizer rub in good then apply the bronzer to body not face thats what make up is for! the reason that people streek with the sunless tanners is because the skin isnt moist enough to activate the tanners! they just lay on your skin where ever you put them. follow these instructions and youll be tan in no time sorry i couldnt just tell you to go to walmart and get some thing. but just go to the nearest tanning salon and ask for these products they should be in stock because they are hott for the season!!!!

  48. QUESTION:
    What is the best tanning lotion for light skin to use in beds?
    I've never been to a tanning bed before and I'm going to start going.. I have really pale skin that DOES tan well, it just also burns pretty easily. I'm not looking to get super dark or anything though. I was wondering if anyone had suggestions for tanning lotions that aren't too expensive and works well for lighter skin? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Use a tan accelerator. It helps you get a good base tan.

      Those with fair skin usually have a hard time getting a tan because they tend to burn very quickly. Light or sensitive skin types are often classified as easily getting burned, and rarely tanning. Individuals who have light/dark skin find they tan more than burn; however, protecting the skin with lotion during any type of sun exposure is important to prevent sun damage and skin cancer.


cancer skin types