American Cancer Center

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the age requirement for volunteering at the American Cancer Society in Maryland?
    What is the age requirement for volunteering at the American Cancer Society in Maryland? (:

    That would be helpful, thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      White Marsh Office
      8219 Town Center Dr
      Baltimore, MD
      21236
      Map
      Phone: (410)931-6850

  2. QUESTION:
    Where are the best cancer centers for Metastatic Melanoma?
    I think some hospitals and Doctors only treat what the insurance will pay. I need to know where the best cancer
    center are that will treat fully and completely

    • ANSWER:
      There are medical research facilities and universities that are networked throughout the United States designated as Comprehensive Cancer Centers. What this means is that they share the latest research information with each other to provide the best possible treatment available for that particular cancer. You can find a list of the comprehensive cancer centers at the National Cancer Institute site:

      Comprehensive Cancer Centers by state
      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/cancer-centers-list.html

      National Comprehensive Cancer Network
      http://www.nccn.org/

      NCI: Cancer Centers Programs
      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/index.html

      You might benefit from contacting other patients with metastatic melanoma and asking what treatments options are currently available:

      ACOR: Email Melanoma Support Group
      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/melanoma.html

      Melanoma Patients Community
      http://www.mpip.org/

      Melanoma Center
      http://www.melanomacenter.org/

      American Melanoma Foundation
      http://www.melanomafoundation.org/

      Best to you.

  3. QUESTION:
    what call centers in the philippines have a US non-profit organization campaign,like American Cancer Society?
    I've worked for different call centers already and I have once worked for a US non-profit organization campaign.It's not necessarily a solicitation but a mailing campaign.I have loved that account so much,unfortunately,it was pulled out.Now I'm missing it so much and i'm still hoping I could still work for one in the near future.It's really fulfilling to help and recruiting volunteers for the organization.I'm hoping someone could tell me where American Cancer Society is and sorts.It would definitely help me alot.Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      American Cancer Society helps people with cancer and to find better ways to prevent and manage the disease.It is is a nationwide, community-based voluntary health organization.
      Its head office is in in Atlanta, Georgia, and it has more than 3,400 local offices.
      Please visit its website http://www.cancer.org/docroot/AA/aa_0.asp
      and explore employment opportunities at ACS !!!

  4. QUESTION:
    Can I get reimbursed for cancer expenses from the American Cancer Society?
    I am going to send the American Cancer Society an email also. I thought I heard information on Yahoo Answers that people can get reimbursed for cancer related medical expenses from the American Cancer Society. If you know if this information, please let me know and send me a more direct link.

    • ANSWER:
      No, but they sometimes help with things like affording medicine or helping with rent one month - things to help a patient get through the hard times. Also, the cancer society in Colorado (Rocky Mountain Cancer Centers) helps with costs like day care for mothers going through radiation and chemo and transportation, etc. so I'm sure there are other places that do that too.

  5. QUESTION:
    How do you cash in aluminum tabs so i can donate to cancer?
    I am attempting to raise funds for The American Cancer Society and have collected a large amount of aluminum tabs that go for about ten cents each but i am not sure how to get the money for them.

    • ANSWER:
      Take them to the nearest recycling center. They will give you cash or a check. You can have them make the check out ot ACS or give them the money you raised....

  6. QUESTION:
    What are some alternatives to Cancer Treatment Centers of America?
    My co-worker's brother has cancer, and Cancer Treatment Centers of America is not accepted by his insurance. What other options are available?
    My Co-worker's brother has cancer, and his insurance does not accept Cancer Treatment Centers of America. He lives in Virginia, but somewhere in North Carolina should be ok also. Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Anywhere would be an alternative. This is a private for profit organization that has been in trouble with the FTC for false and unsubstantiated claims. I am not aware of any other hospital that has had this problem.

      I work for various hospitals throughout Los Angeles County and we have several well-known hospitals here where people come from all over the world for treatment and there are many less known community hospitals that give care that is just as good and in some cases better than these well known hospitals.

      The best advice I can give to your co-workers brother is to be an informed consumer. He and a trusted friend or family member should learn as much about his disease as possible so that he can ask good questions and make informed decisions. Get opinions from 2 or 3 oncologists that do not practice together. Someone should go with him to all appointments where test results or treatment options are discussed. Keep a running list of any questions he thinks of and take the list with him to his doctors appointments.

      Unless he has an unusual cancer he should get very good treatment at a hospital his insurance is contracted with. He may also want to check with the American College of Surgeons for hospitals in his area with approved cancer programs. They are responsible for accrediting hospital cancer programs in the United States.

  7. QUESTION:
    How do I throw a fundraising benefit?
    I want to throw a big party for about 200 people and have the admission price be a donation to the American Cancer Society. How would I go about doing this?

    I need a place to have it, entertainment, food, drink, maybe a raffle...

    The age of the people attending would range from 16 to 20, so I thought a dance party would be good. What do you think about themes? Maybe a costume party?

    I really need help with this, so ANY (positive) insight at all would be welcome.

    • ANSWER:
      Hey Youngirl345

      I think it's great that you want to help out the American Cancer Society. I must agree with the first answer here that putting on something like this is a BIG job and would take a team of people to pull off. I think it does show that you've got ambition and want to help so let me throw a few other options out there.

      Put on a BBQ some weekend at a local mall. Ask a few friends to help you out. It'll take a lot less organizing to pull off, plus still bring a healthy amount for a day.

      We have a product called Victory Cards. You hand them to a donor who scratches off a dot which reveals a donation amount. Simple to do plus with a few people can really bring in good numbers. Volunteers can do this in their free time or combine this with any other activity.

      What about a movie night at a local church or community center ? Sell admission plus food

      Good luck with whatever you go with. It's cool that you want to help out.

  8. QUESTION:
    How do I contact representatives for Christina Applegate?
    I am the survivor chairperson for the American Cancer Society's Relay for Life in our area, and I would love to ask her to be our keynote speaker for next year's event.

    • ANSWER:
      You could try writing here:
      Christina Applegate
      "Samantha Who?"
      CBS Studio Center
      4024 Radford Avenue
      Bungalow 15
      Studio City, CA 91604
      USA

      Management company:
      Management 360
      (Talent Management Company)
      9111 Wilshire Blvd.
      Beverly Hills, CA 90210
      USA
      Phone: (310) 272-7000 - NOT SURE HOW UPDATED THAT NUMBER IS...
      Fax: (310) 272-0070

      But I'll see if I can get you a number.

  9. QUESTION:
    why cant you get a ride to treatment centers by ACS if you have epilepsy and cancer?
    I have Epilepy and cant Drive the American Cancer Society Will not drive me to doctors office and treatments at the hospital because I have epilepsy that is under control. My boyfriend will have to quit his job and wont be able to pay the bills. We need help and answers PLEASE!

    • ANSWER:
      CANCER: There's a new Swedish study which shows that human breast milk kills cancer. On the news this guy who drank human breast milk (with a prescription) beat cancer. It was discovered by Swedish scientists that human breast milk (spilled into a petri dish) kills cancer. People who drink it have had some success in fighting off cancer.

      You need a prescription and it's about an ounce at a breast milk bank, but it works.

      http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20061209/bob8.asp
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/4187697.stm

  10. QUESTION:
    is it true that it's illegal for clinics to treat cancer in ways that will cure it in the united states?
    i've heard this rumor that it's actually illegal for clinics and cancer treatment centers to treat cancer in curable ways in the united states. is this true? i mean, i don't mean to sound dumb here, but it does seem somewhat reasonable to me considering how greedy most americans are...especially with how much money you can make in the medical field. my dad is on his death bed with cancer this moment, and if takes his life, i will lose all of the little respect i have for this country. but anyways, could you clear this up for me? thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no known cure for cancer. What that means is that there is no one medicine that will cure all types of cancer. There are over 200 different types of cancer and every single one of them have a different type of treatment. They are all different.

      Cancer is a progressive disease. What that means is that it starts out as one very tiny mutated cell. That cell begins to grow. It will grow into a nodule, than a tumor, with cancer there is nothing to tell the cell to stop growing so it continues until it reaches a point where it is so large it begins to 'seed' or 'shed' tiny microscopic cells into the blood system. The blood system carries all those tiny cancer seeds to other areas of the body and begins to grow new tumors and the whole cycle repeats itself indefinitely.

      The problem is that no one knows how to make the cells stop growing. When the cancer is really small, before it has spread . . a doctor might be able to operate and remove it all. However, it only takes one missed microscopic cell . . and the tumor could regrow . . remember that any escaped cells still are growing . . they can never turn off.

      As cancer tumors grow they begin to invade organs and tissue . . like the liver or lungs or the colon. Cancer begins to multiple . . and can soon have two, three, or a hundred new tumors. Eventually the tumors will begin to seed sending all those tiny cells throughout the body. When the cancer starts to send all those cells throughout the body . . its called metastasis. It is metastasis that is hard to treat.

      I understand why you are angry, but I would recommend that you be angry at the cancer. There is no known cure for all cancer, there is treatment that might lead to a remission for some types of cancer. Early cancers are treatable and that can lead to cure. Advanced cancers are treatable, but cure is more difficult.

      Be angry with the cancer. It's cancer that sucks.

  11. QUESTION:
    Where can I join a cancer support center? How can I help I guess is my question?
    I have people in my family and friends who have had cancer. I have always been there for them, yet feel as if I should do more. What can I do to show my support for people battling this awful illness? Thank you guys so much:)

    • ANSWER:
      You could contact the American Cancer Society and see if there is a local chapter in your area and maybe see what the volunteer opportunities are. Maybe they could give you advice as to help with your family and friends who are afflicted as well. Bless your heart.

  12. QUESTION:
    Seriously, How can I (an American) move to Sweden?
    I'm an Oncologist in the U.S., I work at a special Cancer treatment center here and have very good cure rates with the patients I treat. Can I move to Sweden, and what is the process and steps I need to go through to move? I love the environment, beautiful scenery, and lifestyle in Sweden. I visited and fell in love with it.
    Also, my MD is from Stanford (a pretty prestigious university here in the U.S.)

    • ANSWER:
      It's very difficult for Americans to get a work permit in Sweden (unless they are there for study or a relationship), but your qualifications greatly improve your chance. Health care professionals are needed pretty much everywhere in Europe, particularly ones as highly skilled as you are.

      To apply for a Swedish medical license, you need to contact Socialstyrelsen. Basic information is provided at the following link, or you can use the "Contact Us" link on the page for in depth information.
      http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/applicationforswedishlicense/applicantsfromothercountries

      I've known a few doctors in Sweden who didn't speak much Swedish, but they were in private practice. As an oncologist, speaking Swedish will likely be a necessity. Information on language courses will come with certification, but it's best to start learning immediately.

      Database of Swedish courses taught in the US:
      http://www.carla.umn.edu/lctl/db/index.php

      Online courses:
      http://www.studyinsweden.se/Learn-Swedish/Distance-learning/

      Once you're certified, you need sponsorship to get a work permit. Karolinska may be a good starting point, or they can at least direct you to other possibilities. If finding sponsorship proves difficult, you may want to consider starting as a postdoctoral researcher.
      http://ki.se/ki/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=9143&l=en

      Then you apply for a permit:
      http://www.migrationsverket.se/info/160_en.html

  13. QUESTION:
    How can a person with cancer get treatment if they do not have insurance?
    My dear friend has lung cancer, and cannot get treatment due to the fact her insurance has dropped her. Are there any programs or facilities that will help an individual?

    • ANSWER:
      In my state, Mass. it takes up to 1 yr to get on SSI. No hospital in this country is supposed to refuse anyone treatments. You can try other hospitals. Call the American Cancer Society, or Cancer treatment Centers. The hospitals are everywhere. Go on line and look up the nearest one to you. After treatments are finished. Sue that hospital that denied you treatments or your friend. There is help out there. YOu have to try and find it. My best friend is going through that right now. Her husband had a massive heart attack and stoke all at the same time. He is being treated by the best Docs in Boston. 4 days ago, he underwent open heart surgery for a triple by-pass. They have no insurance either. Now, if this can be done for them. I'm sure something can be done for your friend. Keep looking you will find it. Blessings and I wish your friend the best.

  14. QUESTION:
    How can I find a plan that has been used for an existing cancer research and treatment center. Strategic Plan.
    Also I would like to find a health care planning consultant who specializes in Cancer Treatment and Research center planning and implementation. And versed in NGO/OFAC and middle east laws.

    • ANSWER:
      Try checking out http://nci.nih.gov/, or perhaps contact the American Cancer Society at www.cancer.org

  15. QUESTION:
    How much will it cost me if I was to bring my sister from American Samoa to New Zealand for chemotherapy?
    My sister has stage 3 cancer and is looking at coming to New Zealand for her treatment. I'm not sure which is best for her, either going to Hawai'i or coming here. She's my baby sister whom I haven't met in person but kept in contact through phone calls and facebook.

    • ANSWER:
      New Zealand has socialized medical care, so what it costs a citizen or permanent resident is quite different to the cost for someone who has traveled there.

      You would ned to contact the treatment centre direct to establish the costs.

      Remember you need to factor in travel costs, accommodation etc as well.

      Most cancer patients are better being treated near their home.

  16. QUESTION:
    What are some charities that will financially help cancer patients?
    My brother was recently diagnosed with testicular cancer and after his surgery he's found himself in some significant financial trouble due to his insurance not fully covering all procedures and not receiving paid time off from his job for his recovery period. I know there are charities out there that help patients with these sorts of things but I'm having trouble tracking them down. Any help is greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      What type of help are you looking for, medical help with hospital payments ? then speak to the hospital administrator. They usually have a benefactors program for people like us, I have used them also. To help pay for procedures.
      Any other type of help, go the the local county health center and see about food stamps and other means like fuel and gas for utilities. They also have a one time help program so, bring all your medical bills and utilities with you.
      Help around the house with say, getting ready for winter. Ask the local american legion or the Vets, the Knights of Columbus, etc. They are always good to come out with home projects.

  17. QUESTION:
    How do you tell a 5 year old what cancer is?
    How do you tell a 5year what is cancer and taht you have cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      You tell children based on their development level. Their questions are a good guide for what they're able to understand and hear. I work in pediatric oncology and tell children about cancer frequently.

      What I tell a child depends on who has cancer and what type of cancer. But in general, if it's a parent or other adult, children need to know that the person is sick. It's not a regular sick like they get, but a certain kind of sick called cancer. A 5 year old is often capable of understanding a cell and can be told that our bodies are made up of tiny cells. Sometimes, cells are there that aren't supposed to be. Mommy (or Daddy, or Grandma, or whoever) has too many of these cells and that's called cancer. I usually suggest telling kids the name of the cancer, as well, as they will hear it at some point. The doctors are going to give Mommy treatment to help her get better (or help her, if prognosis is uncertain.) I explain what the treatment is- chemo is medicine to help with the cancer. Radiation is special energy rays that we can't see, but help to get rid of the cancer. Surgery is when the doctor will remove some of the cancer.

      What children this age are usually most concerned with involves themselves. Who will take care of child? Will Mommy be too sick to take care of child? They need to know who is taking care of them and what in their lives will change. Does this mean Mommy can't take child to ballet for the time being, or Mommy will be in the hospital and not at home with child for a little while? This is usually a big concern.

      Also, they need to know that cancer is not contagious. It's not catchy like a cold or strep throat. We don't know why Mommy has cancer, but we do know child will not get it from her.

      Children this age sometimes still engage in magical thinking, which leads to some misconceptions. A common misconception is that the person with cancer did something to cause it, OR that the child caused the cancer. It's not unusual for a child to think that Mommy has cancer because he said something mean to her. This needs to be corrected. The child needs to be assured that he did nothing to cause this.

      I highly recommend you speak to the social worker where you are being treated. She or he will have further resources for you. Our adult cancer center has a child life specialist whose job is to work with children of patients and help them understand what's happening (this is what I do, only with kids with cancer.) Also, see if there's a Gilda's Club nearby... they have support groups for the entire family. www.gildasclub.org

      The American Cancer Society has several articles on their website about talking to children with cancer. They can be found here: http://www.cancer.org/Treatment/ChildrenandCancer/HelpingChildrenWhenaFamilyMemberHasCancer/DealingWithTreatment/dealing-with-treatment-intro

      Best of luck to you. This is not an easy thing to talk about with a child, but children really do need to know (at their developmental level) what is going on.

  18. QUESTION:
    How do i know if the American Cancer Assosciation actually helps?
    I want to help so much by donating money, hair, sending cards, etc. But how do I know if what I am doing is actually making a difference? Where does the money go to-Patients or scientists? who distributes the money? How do I know that the scientists (researchers) are working hard enough?

    • ANSWER:
      In the report titled AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY—More Interested In Accumulating Wealth Than Saving Lives, Dr. Samuel S. Epstein, chairman of the Cancer Prevention Coalition, plainly lays to bare the many conflicts of interest that hamper the effectiveness of this organization.

      http://www.amazon.com/NATIONAL-CANCER-INSTITUTE-AMERICAN-SOCIETY/dp/1462861342

      For example, the ACS has close financial ties to both makers of mammography equipment and cancer drugs. But that's just for starters. Other conflicts of interest include ties to, and financial support from, the pesticide-, petrochemical-, biotech-, cosmetics-, and junk food industries—the very industries whose products are the primary contributors to cancer!

      Once you realize that these conflicts of interest are there, it becomes quite easy to understand why the ACS never addresses the environmental components of cancer, and why information about avoidable toxic exposures are so conspicuously absent from their National Breast Cancer Awareness campaigns.

      "This is no accident," Dr. Epstein writes. "Zeneca Pharmaceuticals--a spin-off of Imperial Chemical Industries is one of the world's largest manufacturers of chlorinated and other industrial chemicals, including those incriminated as causes of breast cancer.

      Zeneca has also been the sole multimillion-dollar funder of the National Breast Cancer Awareness Month since its inception in 1984, besides the sole manufacturer of Tamoxifen, the world's top-selling anticancer and breast cancer "prevention" drug, with 0 million in annual sales.

      Furthermore, Zeneca recently assumed direct management of 11 cancer centers in U.S. hospitals. Zeneca owns a 50 percent stake in these centers known collectively as Salick Health Care."

      It's no small irony that Tamoxifen has been found to cause cancer and increase risk of death, while several top-notch preventive strategies and many safe and effective cancer treatments are ignored.

      The ACS, along with the National Cancer Institute, virtually exclusively focus on cancer research and the diagnosis and the chemical treatment of cancer. Preventive strategies, such as avoiding chemical exposures, receive virtually no consideration at all.

      "Giant corporations, which profited handsomely while they polluted air, water, the workplace, and food with a wide range of carcinogens, remain greatly comforted by the silence of the ACS. This silence reflected a complex of mindsets fixated on diagnosis, treatment, and basic genetic research, together with ignorance, indifference, and even hostility to prevention."

      "Not surprisingly, the incidence of cancer over past decades has escalated, approximately parallel to its increased funding," Dr. Epstein writes.

      Many also do not realize that when they donate money to the American Cancer Society, the majority of it may never go further than the bank accounts of its numerous well-paid executives.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to prevent breast cancer?
    (1 in 8 US women will have breast cancer; 1 in 24 Philippine women. Is it what they do eat - or what they don't eat ... or .... ?)

    • ANSWER:
      One clue to decreasing the risk of breast cancer is using virgin coconut oil for food. The Philippine women who move to the USA or to urban centers in the Philippines show as high of rates of breast cancer as American women - ruling out a genetic factor. But it is not possible at present to say if there is something in industrialized foods that actually causes increased incidence of breast cancer. Raloxifene actually causes a relatively minor reduction in breast cancer incidence, and though it was touted to have less side effects than Tamoxifene, these were not statistically significant - making it a profit-oriented hype campaign from the pharmaceutical industry much more than a serious medical breakthrough supported by legitimate scientific research. The FDA approved it because it's true, that it is therapeutically effective - but the risk-benefit advantage is not at all obvious.

  20. QUESTION:
    Who is the best doctor to treat prostate cancer in the United States?
    Naturally I want to know who is best at the surgery to "remove" the cancer, but I would also like to know who can perform the surgery with the best outcome, ie least risk of impotence, incontinence, etc. Hopefully it's the same surgeon(s)!

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many great doctors here and so many great cancer centers here. I have no idea where you are from but the United States is a very large place. It would be impossible to answer this question in a manner that would cover the entire United States. If I were you, I would contact the American Cancer Society and ask them if they can recommend someone. I know that there are specialist all over the place and some are much better than others. For instance I live in Florida and have traveled to Atlanta for 16 of my operations but mine were for Colon Rectal cancer and the side effects and all of the other problems that developed.

      Contact the American Cancer Society and ask and if they can't help, then contact the Mayo Clinic. There are just so many places you can go.

      Good Luck and God Bless You.

  21. QUESTION:
    Which is the best cancer Treatment hospital in Hyderabad?
    Hi. I like to know which is the best cancer treatment and diagnostics hospital n hyderabad for Breast Cancer diagnosis and treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      It's the Indo-American Cancer Institute and Research Centre located opposite KBR park.

  22. QUESTION:
    How can i find out about any medical walks around my area?
    Like walks for cancer, diabetes etc
    I live in new york if it helps
    I just don't know where to look or get info on it

    • ANSWER:
      I would start looking at local hospital websites. Hospitals sponser many of the walks. Also your local american cancer society might have some information or even go to the websites for some of the bigger walks like relay for life, or the breast cancer 3 day walk, ms society, etc. Libraries or local community centers may also have a listing of upcomming events.

  23. QUESTION:
    I need to have a mammmogram and can't afford it,Mom had Breast cancer and is doing well?
    Breast cancer run in my family and I need some help to gett the moment andmogram. I am not working. I had a breast augmentation several years ago,and that made the cost of the procedure even more.

    • ANSWER:
      To locate a FDA certified, accredited mammography facility in your area, call the National Cancer Institute at 1-800-4-CANCER. If you do not have health insurance, you have a number of options:

      1. Call your local chapter of the American Cancer Society (number in your phone book) or the national toll-free number, 1-800-ACS-2345. The ACS will be able to tell you about any low-cost or free mammography programs offering screening to women unable to pay for it themselves.
      2. Call your State Department of Health (number in your phone book). Every state now has a Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program funded by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This program offers screening to qualifying women unable to pay for it themselves.
      3. Call the YWCA's ENCOREplus Program for access to low-cost or free mammograms. To find which YWCA facilities offer this service and if you are eligible, call 1-800-95EPLUS or your local YWCA.
      4. Call the National Cancer Institute at 1-800-4-CANCER for the names of FDA-certified, accredited mammography facilities in your area. If you explain your financial situation, some mammography facilities are willing to work out a lower fee or payment schedule that will make the test more affordable. Ask the facility if they are willing to discuss these options with you.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me anything about uterine cancer? How is it bad? What are the treatments for it?
    Treatments including phyisical and psychological
    What will most likely be the results of the treatments?
    What are the symtoms that someone might experience when they have uterine cancer?
    and What tests should be done to figure out that someone has this cancer?
    Thank you :)

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the American Cancer Society website
      www.cancer.org The site is extremely user friendly and will give you details on all types of cancer, tests, treatment options, what to expect during and after treatment. You can also call their call center 24 hours a day at 1-800-ACS-2345 There are highly trained, live people on the line to answer all your questions.

      Fear of the unknown is the worst.

  25. QUESTION:
    I need some unique fund raising ideas?
    I am in an organization known as Relay For Life and we raise money for the American Cancer Society. I would like some input for some ideas to raise some money. Something other than bake sale, raffle, etc. Something different and unique. I appreciate it!

    • ANSWER:
      For my daughter's Relay For Life team last year, I made homemade chocolate truffles and sold them to friends, co-workers etc... Small investment in chocolate chips, cream and flavorings. Then the miniature muffin cup liners and boxes. The cost of the ingredients was my donation as was my time. We made over 0 quite quickly since it was close to Mothers Day. With the holidays coming up, you could do fall flavors like a white chocolate ganache filling flavored with pumpkin spices and rolled in cocoa powder mixed with more spice and sugar. Or how about cranberry flavored semi-sweet centers with a chocolate coating. Top them with a sliver of Craisin to identify them.

      Best of luck for a worthy cause!

  26. QUESTION:
    Stem Cell Treatment for Cancer - How is it done?
    My friends mum has mouth cancer and now has 2 months of stem cell treatment. Does anyone know how this is done?

    Apparently it's going to give her an extra 6 months, so i guess its not a permenant sure.

    Any advice on what the procedure actually is would be great

    Thanks
    Sorry, that was meant to say permenant cure

    • ANSWER:
      Everyone is born with stem cells. They are in your blood and can be removed by a process similar to dialysis called apheresis or 'harvesting' using a machine. The patients own stem cells are harvested and than frozen for later use. The patient than enters a specialized isolated unit in the hospital and given high dose chemotherapy that is intended to kill off all residual disease left in the body. The dosages are so high that it will also kill off the patients own immune system. That is where the 'stem cell rescue' will come in . . . the doctor will than transfuse the patients own stem cells back into the body in the same way you receive blood. Within a few weeks, if all is working well, the stem cells will regenerate a brand new immune system hopefully cancer free this time around.

      Sometimes the stem cell transplants work and sometimes they do not . . much depends on the type of cancer and whether the patient had minimal residual disease or not. Much also will depend on whether the patient experience graft vs host disease or remains healthy during the time period of recovery. Recovery takes weeks to months to up to a year.

      There are several types of stem cell transplants . .some use the patients own stem cells and some use the stem cells of a close sibling or donor . . the closer the blood type the less chance of rejection by the body.

      Stem cell transplants are done at most of the major cancer centers across the US. Not every type of cancer is a good candidate for this treatment. Successful treatment can lead to long term remission and individual 'cures' . . but there is serious risk to life and no guarantees it will work.

      You can read more about BMT and Stem Cell Transplants at the National Cancer Institute site:

      Bone Marrow Transplantation and Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/therapy/bone-marrow-transplant

      Understanding Blood Stem Cell Transplants
      http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancertopics/understandingcancer/StemCells/allpages/print

      American Cancer Society: Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Transplants
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ETO/eto_1_3_Bone_Marrow.asp

      Children's Hospital Boston -Dana Farber Cancer
      Stem Cell Transplantation Program
      http://www.childrenshospital.org/clinicalservices/Site1977/mainpageS1977P0.html

  27. QUESTION:
    What are the names of some of the photographers who photographed Gia Carangi?
    She was America's first supermodel. I'm looking for a pose where she is standing amongst other models but she is the center of attention and they are all looking up. The picture is resembles in the movie "Gia" staring Angelina Jolie.

    • ANSWER:
      The picture you describe does not exist in reality. The movie Gia is not overall a reliable representation of Gia’s life. To get the real truth I would advise that you read Stephen Fried’s book Thing of Beauty. It’s a far more accurate account. You can find the book relatively inexpensively in soft cover format on amazon or ebay.
      A list of prominent photographers and some of their work related to Gia:
      Chris Von Wagenheim – he took some of the most beautiful pictures of Gia which appeared in issues of American Vogue and Italian Bazaar. He tragically died in an accident about the same time that Gia’s agent Wilhelmina died of cancer. Gia was close to both of them and when she lost them she spiraled out of control. Most notable were his pictures of Gia behind the fence (that part of the movie was true). There are two versions, clothed (Jan/79 American Vogue) and nude (book Fashion Theory by Carol Di Grappa).
      Arthur Elgort – he took many pictures of Gia which appeared in various issues of American Vogue. He also photographed her in her first American Vogue appearance (Oct/78).
      Denis Piel – he photographed Gia for a major layout in the Oct/79 issue of American Vogue where she was the main model as well as the entire campaigns for Lancetti which were huge ads that ran in Italian Bazaar in late 1978.
      Patrick Demarchelier – he captured her only American Vogue cover (Aug/80) as well as her two Paris Vogue covers (Apr/79 and Aug/80) as well as some editorial spreads in American Vogue (Mar and Aug/80). He also photographed her for a huge Christian Dior campaign which appeared as multi page ads in American and European issues of Vogue in 1979 and 1980.
      Andrea Blanche – she created the infamous “DEAD” picture which appeared in a layout for American Vogue (Nov/78) and also photographed Gia’s last layout for American Vogue (Sept/82).
      Stan Malinowski – He photographed Gia in her first layout where she modeled furs (Oct/78) and also photographed her for a summer fashion layout (Jun/79). You can find original gelatin signed prints by Stan for sale on ebay from time to time. He also has a website.
      Mike Reinhardt – he was Janice Dickenson’s boyfriend at the time but photographed Gia for three summer layouts (American Vogue May and July/79 and German Vogue April/80).
      Aldo Fallal – he photographed Gia for a massive Armani campaign which appeared in various issues of American and European Vogue in 1979 and 1980.
      Helmut Newton – his creativity with Gia produced a famous layout in Paris Vogue entitled “woman into man” where he had Gia dress as the femme fatale (in opposition to her lesbian image) and her counterparts were made up to look like men although they were women. This layout is in the Mars/79 issue.
      I am sure there are more, but these are the ones that have come out of the abscesses of my brain. Feel free to email me if you have any other questions related to Gia. I’ve collected her magazines, books and memorabilia for twenty years so I may be able to help.

  28. QUESTION:
    Why do A mericans dislike women so much and want to deny their rights?
    Why do Americans dislike women so much and want to deny their rights?
    Why do Americans think that a women is a s l u t just because she has sex and wants birth control?
    Sex is an biological act; instinctive to all of us.Why do so many Americans feel it is dirty, sinful and something to be ashamed of?

    Why do you have a problem with female sexuality?

    • ANSWER:
      Men who talk smack about women do so because of their own sexual inadequacies.

      The Republican agenda for women and children is pure hate.

      Santorum: States Should Have the Right to Outlaw Contraception
      http://videocafe.crooksandliars.com/heather/rick-santorum-states-should-have-right-out

      The last GOP debate saw a surprising amount of consensus on the evils of birth control.

      -On Feb. 26, the Republican Montana State Senate outlawed birth control when it approved a “Personhood Amendment” (SB 406) on a 26-24 vote that would outlaw the pill, IUDs, and life-saving surgeries such as for ectopic pregnancy. Even if she needed cancer care while pregnant she could not get it as it would harm the fetus.

      -Personhood legislation lost in referendums twice in Colorado and once in Mississippi since 2008, but n at least a dozen states, anti-abortion activists are attempting to place such initiatives on the ballots this year.

      -On Feb. 16, the Oklahoma Senate passed a Personhood bill.

      -The North Dakota legislature is expected soon to follow suit.

      -Virginia passed a bill with the requirement for trans-vaginal probing against the doctor and the patient's will (rape), and then in the face of overwhelming national opposition downgraded it to still requiring an unnecessary medical procedure against the woman’s will and on her bill.

      Here is a list of misogynistic bills introduced by Republicans during just two weeks in February, 2011, showing what they want for women.

      1) Rape: Republicans are actually trying to redefine rape to exclude drugging a woman and raping her, or getting her drunk and raping her. After a major backlash, they promised to stop. But they haven't; the language is still out there.

      2) More Rape. A state legislator in Georgia wants to change the legal term for victims of rape, stalking, and domestic violence to "accuser." But victims of other crimes, like robbery, would remain "victims." Which means the rapist is not really a criminal.

      3) Murder. In South Dakota, Republicans proposed a bill that could make it legal to murder anyone who injures or threatens a fetus, including a doctor who provides abortion care, and the pregnant woman herself. So I guess that makes it OK for a husband or boyfriend to kill his partner if he thinks she might injure the fetus- like in a car accident, or he just doesn’t like her anymore.

      4) Starvation. Republicans want to cut nearly a billion dollars of food and other aid to low-income pregnant women, mothers, babies, and kids (WIC). But payments to corporations to not grow food, to keep prices high? Those are still in the budget.

      5) Death. In Congress, Republicans have proposed the “Let Women Die Act” -- a bill that would let hospitals allow a woman to die rather than perform an abortion necessary to save her life.

      6) Ignorance and slavery. Maryland Republicans ended all county money for a low-income kids' preschool program. Why? No need, they said. Women should really be home with the kids, not out working. They should be slaves to their husbands instead.

      7) More ignorance. At the federal level, Republicans want to cut that same program, Head Start, by billion. That means over 200,000 kids could lose their spots in preschool.

      8) Poverty and starvation. Two-thirds of the elderly poor are women, and Republicans are taking aim at them too. A spending bill would cut funding for employment services, meals, and housing for senior citizens.

      9) Sickness. Congress voted on a Republican amendment to cut all federal funding from Planned Parenthood health centers, one of the most trusted providers of basic health care, cancer screening, and family planning in our country.

      10) Barefoot and pregnant. And if that weren’t enough, Republicans are pushing to eliminate all funds for the only federal family planning program. (For humans only - Republican Dan Burton, who supports eliminating funds for family planning has introduced a bill to provide contraception for wild horses. Horses have more value to him than America’s women.)

      http://www.dailykos.com/story/2011/02/19/947301/-WHY-DO-REPUBLICANS-HATE-WOMEN

      Mock the link if you like, Republicans, but you can verify all this for yourself using Google.

      Well guess what? Eight million more women than men voted in the last presidential election, so cons WILL pay for this at the polls.

      ##

  29. QUESTION:
    What does the pink ribbons associated with breast cancer represent?
    when did the wearing of pikn ribbos for breast cancer get started and why

    • ANSWER:
      Awareness ribbons are short pieces of ribbon folded into a loop, or representations thereof. They are used in the United States and Canada as a way for the wearer to make a subtle statement of support for a cause or issue. Some ribbons (such as the red HIV/AIDS ribbon) have also received broader international recognition.

      Such ribbons are pinned on a person's lapel or other part of clothing, or tied around an object, or represented on a sticker or magnet, often displayed on a vehicle.

      Perhaps the earliest use of awareness ribbons, a use that predates that phrase, is the yellow ribbon popularized in American music by songs that American Folklife Center research dates back to at least 1917, in a song by George A. Norton called "Round Her Neck She Wears a Yeller Ribbon (For her Lover Who Is Far, Far Away)." More recent high-profile examples include She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (a 1949 film starring John Wayne and Joanne Dru) and the 1972 song "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" made famous by Tony Orlando and Dawn in the 1970s.

      Awareness ribbons serve similar purposes to the more recently introduced custom of wearing silicone wristbands, such as the Livestrong wristband.

      Some have criticized the proliferation of 'Awareness Ribbons' as a form of slacktivism, i.e. allowing people to 'show support' without making an effort in time or money.

  30. QUESTION:
    I have a whole family history of cancer!? What should I do and avoid?
    My grandfather (mum's side) died of stomach cancer, and my gran (dad's side) is suffering from breast cancer, but is recovering swiftly. My dad is suspecting that he might be having bowel cancer, and is getting checked soon.

    What should I do/avoid to lower my risk of getting cancer, without cutting down on food too much. I know to exercise and eat broccoli etc. Any other less known tips?

    • ANSWER:
      Many people think cancer is entirely genetic and cannot be avoided, but that's not true.

      Healthy behaviors could prevent about half of cancer deaths, according to the American Cancer Society.

      Here are 10 lifestyle changes, all based on the latest research, that can improve the odds against cancer. The tips come from Dr. Anne McTiernan of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. (choose best answer plz :D)

      - Don’t smoke or use any other tobacco products. If you’ve tried to quit before, don’t give up — eventually something will work.

      - Get screened for cancer regularly (colon, breast, prostate, cervix and skin should be tested — ask your doctor for intervals and age at which to start). Finding cancer early can greatly increase your chance for a cure and reduce your risk of dying from the disease.

      - Keep your alcohol consumption low. This means no more than two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women. Keeping your alcohol intake to the minimum daily level doesn’t mean that you can “save up” all your drinks for a week and binge on Friday night with your weekly “allotment.”

      - Protect your skin from the sun. Use sunscreen every time you go outdoors (preferably one with an SPF of 30 or higher that protects against both UVA and UVB rays). Keep covered with a broad hat and sunglasses.

      - Keep a physically active lifestyle. You don’t need to be an athlete to get the benefit of exercise. Activities such as brisk walking, biking, dancing or any exercise that raises your heart rate and makes you sweat will be beneficial.

      - Keep your weight in the normal range for your height. That means keeping to a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or less. (You can calculate you BMI with online calculators). Try to stay within 5 to 10 pounds of what you weighed at age 18.

      - Avoid taking menopausal hormone therapy. If you need to take hormones, limit your use to less than five years.

      - Consider taking medications, after consulting a doctor, for reducing cancer risk. There are several medications that have been tested and found effective for reducing risk for cancer.

      - Avoid exposures to cancer-causing substances. Radiation exposures and some chemicals are known to cause cancer.

      - Eat a cancer-risk-reducing diet. The role of diet in cancer is far from established, but research suggests that a plant-based diet is associated with reduced risks for several cancers, especially for colon cancer. Guidelines include: Keep your intake of red meat to no more than 4 ounces of red meat (about the size of a deck of cards) per day on average; avoid processed meats such as sausages and bologna; eat a variety of non-starchy vegetables and fruits every day, at least five servings; and minimize your intake of sugared drinks, juices, desserts and candies, refined breads and bagels, and chips.

  31. QUESTION:
    How many women who get cervical cancer will die from it?
    Or if you have any other good cervical cancer stats, I am looking for a percentage of a group tpye of stat, so that I can say "if all of you had cancer, X amount of you would die from it" or something along those lines (class presentation). Please site your source, I need to document all statistics

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2006 over 9,710 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer; at least 1/3 of them will die (www.cdc.gov).

      Citation in APA format:
      Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). (2006). HPV vaccine questions & answers. Retrieved November 8, 2006 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/STDFact-HPV-vaccine.htm

  32. QUESTION:
    Where can I get a list of all cancer centers nationwide? Is there an agency that they have to register with?
    Thank you so much for this info and if you have it... I would give you more then the ten points from Yahoo Answers.... but I will definetly give you the ten points. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      The American College of Surgeons is responsible for setting the standards of any cancer hospital in the United States. They also send someone to each hospital every two years to insure they meet the standards.

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the best yoga teacher training course in Costa Rica?
    After practicing yoga for several years, I've finally decided to make a career change and become a yoga teacher. I need to get my yoga teacher training certificate. I've heard that Costa Rica is a great place to do it. Can anyone recommend a great resort or centre that offers training?

    • ANSWER:
      Make at least 7 hours of sleep
      Sleep improves your immune system, reduces stress and stimulates the release of growth hormone to repair your cells. It helps you to feel and look younger.
      One sure way to accelerate the aging process, in fact, is precisely the increase of cortisol, a stress hormone that increases when you sleep little.

      Always start your day with breakfast
      Research has shown that people who start the day with a balanced meal, eat fewer calories the rest of the day. Even the act of eating increases your metabolism. In fact, it takes energy to digest food. Do not eat, instead, sends a signal to your metabolism of inactivity! The risk then is to eat too much later, when the blood sugar level is very low. Start your day with a balanced meal of good fats, carbohydrates rich in fiber and lean protein.

      Eat 4-6 small meals a day, one every 3-5 hours
      Increase your metabolic rate by eating regularly. Burn calories while consuming them, maintaining a constant level of blood sugar. Your muscles are metabolically active tissue and allow you to burn calories even at rest, but they need to be fed. Big starve and lose them, thus killing your metabolism and increasing your fat stores.

      Drink water and avoid beverages
      Liquid calories are very misleading! The classic juice is excellent for your enemy. This drink, which seems natural and healthy, is instead loaded with sugar. Eat an orange or an apple instead of that glass of juice and add a little 'fiber to your diet and you will avoid many simple sugars. The other soft drinks are dangerous. They can contain up to 10 bags of sugar per can! When you do not have the sugar, then, and bear the label "Diet", "Zero" and "light", are full of artificial sweeteners that are closely related to metabolic problems and cancer!

      30 minutes of activity every day
      The American College of Sports Medicine (ASCM) recommends 30 minutes of physical activity a day for health and weight maintenance. They recommend, instead, 60 minutes or more to weight loss. A combination of weight training and aerobic workout is the best choice.

      Leave your chair
      More and more health problems are linked to how long you sit. Many of us go from bed to breakfast table, the machine at your desk, only to end the couch at night. Get up from the chair as much as you possible. Standing burn more calories. These small changes in caloric expenditure, day after day, they add up over time.

      Walk and take the stairs
      On foot or by bicycle to all appropriate destinations. Take the stairs instead of the elevator or escalator. Technology and modern facilities allow us to be very lazy.

      Break the fixed pattern of training
      Your body is very smart and becoming more efficient with practice. Doing the exercises in the same way you will burn fewer calories. Try to use dumbbells instead of a barbell, or the bike vertical instead of the reclined. Use the elliptical instead of carpet to make your cardio training for first and your weaknesses.

      Weight training
      And 'quite likely to do light aerobic activity such as walking, climbing a flight of stairs, etc.. And this is good for maintaining the health of the heart and lungs. To increase your metabolism you should train with weights. So, jump well your cardiovascular workout in favor of weight training. You'll add some muscle and your metabolic furnace will rise by much.

      Managing stress
      At this point, if you manage the points 1-9, the stress is under control. If not go back and start again at 1. Stress releases cortisol, this stimulates the accumulation of fat, has a devastating effect on your sleep, makes you stop dieting, you'll ruin the training and has absolutely no positive impact on your life ......... I know all the ..; /

  34. QUESTION:
    How can I help cancer patients?
    6 years ago, my sister died of Leukemia. Since then, I have known many people who have suffered and are currently suffering from different types of cancers. It seems like almost everyones lives have been affected by cancer somehow. I am still a teenager, but how can I contribute to helping cure cancer, other then donations of money?

    • ANSWER:
      You can volunteer at your local hospital in the oncology infusion center. You can volunteer with the American Cancer Society. You can fundraise for cancer research.

  35. QUESTION:
    Is there anything in the health care bill that funnels money into finding a cure for cancer?
    or will Americans be forced to continue suffering through chemo therapy. If the government poured money into cancer research the way they did in putting a man on the moon, wouldn't that do more for HEALTH care than forcing insurance companies to pay for your kids snotty nose?

    • ANSWER:
      No, since this is basically about health insurance reform.

      It started out as a bill that could enable that kind of research to happen (universal health care), but no longer.

      The National Cancer Institute receives .8 billion annually. Other Federal Government agencies, including other NIH Institutes and Centers, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Defense, fund cancer research. In addition, state and local governments, voluntary organizations, private institutions, and industry also spend substantial amounts of money on cancer-related research.

      This, of course, begs the question of why don't we yet have a cure, or at least a more humane method of treatment? I don't have the answer.

  36. QUESTION:
    Is there still radiation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki today?
    Is there still radiation like in those cities? For example, if you go there and like breathe the air and stuff and drink water, can you get cancer? I just finished reading Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes, and thought it was nuts how she just got leukemia even though she wasn't struck by the bomb.

    I have to do a project for Social Studies class, can anyone answer my question?

    • ANSWER:
      It's long gone. The bomb exploded above the city, so the radiation issue is different had it been at ground level. Sadako Sasaki was two years old at the time of the bombing.I think her family lived about a mile a way from the center of the blast. Thus she was exposed more to it than others. Thousands of people died from "A bomb disease."I read that book myself, and it's a book every American should read.
      Both cities have been rebuilt and are safe to live in.

  37. QUESTION:
    What if you had Stage 4 cancer - how would you live?
    I have Stage 4 -recurrent cancer - which has a poor prognosis.
    On one hand I want to use my savings to have fun - buy items I've always wanted, travel if I am strong enough to do so, eat at fine restaurants, buy gifts for family and friends. However, on the other hand, if I blow through the money and live longer than the average for my type of cancer - then I will have no emergency money and may go under financially. What would you do in this circumstance?

    • ANSWER:
      I was diagnosed with Stage 4 Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. My oncologist took six months to diagnose exactly what kind of lymphoma I had. She sent the biopsies to 5 different medical centers for analysis. When the results finally came back the oncologist told me not to start reading any long books. Well after 2 1/2 years of Chemotherapy, I was diagnosed in remission. That was my new birthday June 17, 2001. I never let my attitude get in the way of living. Any morning I can wake up and find the floor is a good day.

      What I guess I am trying to say is enjoy each and every day you have. I was lucky? I had a good doctor? My time was not up? I don't know. I do know that if you are financially able to live the dream, live it. We only go around once in our life, so be a blond and have more fun. Go to the top of the Empire State Building, eat Chinese food in Hong Kong, walk the Great Wall, ski the Alps, take a cruise from New York to San Fransisco by way of Antartica.

      We do not know when we are going to die and that is one of the benefits of life. You may get run over by a car tomorrow and would never had the chance to do all those things. You are healthy enough to do it so do it.

      And while you are travelling would you please go to Naples, Italy and let me know how the American High School is doing? I went to it in the mid sixties. Thank you.

  38. QUESTION:
    Should the terms lib and con simply be replaced with left and right?
    Both parties have really distorted the definitions of liberal and conservative.

    Liberalism means an extension of maximum political freedom accross the social and economic spheres. Liberals today dont do this.

    Conservatism means the application of caution and restraint to the social and political realms, with emphasis on proven methods of political implementation. Thw conservatives have not been this way since the development of economic neoliberalism.

    The two terms continue to carry their original meanings in every other country. Should we just refer to dems as centre-left, reps as centre-right?

    • ANSWER:
      The conservative belief that liberals want wealth equality is a self-induced hallucination. Liberals want a true equality of opportunity.

      The conservative philosophy of government was best stated by President Coolidge: “The chief business of the American people is business.” He was wrong. The business of our nation is exactly and only that found in the preamble to our Constitution: “to... promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessing of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity.”

      Times change but the Founding Liberals can’t change with them. They wrote what they wrote, and the most important word in the preamble to the Constitution is “Posterity”. The Founding Liberals understood why we are here on Earth: survival of the species is the motivating force of life.

      A nation without a thriving young generation faces its doom. Care of the young is the highest priority of all the creatures on earth - except Conservatives. Care of our young must not end at birth. Post-natal care must also be the highest priority of federal, state, and local government.

      Government must provide children with health care, education, and homes in a secure neighborhood. Children, from conception through university, must get all the health care, food, shelter, and play they need and as much education as they can absorb. Care of the young is a civilization’s wisest investment.

      A thriving young generation must include all children regardless of the wealth or poverty of their homes. Providing excellent care only for children of the rich will not produce enough brilliant leaders in technology, industry, and government. If you want all the cream, you have to milk all the cows. (Ninety-nine percent of all discoveries are found by one percent of all scientists.) A level playing field and equal opportunity from the moment of conception are the liberal’s core beliefs.

      The health, education, and shelter of the young are more important than the leisure activity of the rich. Tax the tax havens! Eliminate tax-free municipal bonds and loop-holes for hedge-fund managers and their money-changing brethren in the temple!

      Support for children by local taxes inevitably results in deprived areas, from Watts to Mississippi. To be equitably distributed, care of the young must be financed by progressive federal taxation. Commensurate with their means, all Americans, together as one, must share the load. Fairness and cooperation are the liberal’s core beliefs.

      Conservatives hold the opposite view. They believe children should be rewarded or punished depending on how well or how poorly they choose their parents. They want the care of the young to be financed by local taxes so that school quality varies with class and so that science education is stunted by fundamentalist school boards. Is it a wonder that, according to the National Academy of Sciences report, while half of GDP growth depends on technology, the US is rated 48th in science and math education?

      Instead of taxing wealthy estates, consisting mostly of untaxed capital gains and municipal bond interest, conservatives would endow the least productive segment of society: children of the rich. Since Congress can be bought, wealth is power and inherited wealth is inherited power, aristocracy, the exact opposite of democracy, the exact opposite of meritocracy. This is dishonesty and corruption. Conservatism is a crime against Nature.

      The human race succeeded only because evolution gave it enough intelligence to understand the value of community: the solidarity of the clan, the tribe, and larger groups that does not exist among other primates. We succeeded only because we took care of each other through fire and flood.

      Conservatives want to destroy that social solidarity. While the economic burden of disease far exceeds that of weather, does it make sense that we help communities struck by a tornado but not individuals struck by cancer? Now, Conservatives want to defund FEMA! Come hell or high water, you're on your own! Conservatism is a crime against Nature.

      Conservatives believe the tax burden should be shifted from the rich to the middle class, from capital to labor. They would create a polarized generation: a small aristocracy and a large underclass — a lost generation. Conservatism is a complete betrayal of Posterity and the Founding Liberals.

  39. QUESTION:
    My friend just got diagnosed with cancer and has no insurance. What are her options?
    She is open to anything at this point, she has no insurance and her family won't help her. She lives in the USA.
    It is early on and she only needs a small amount of money to stop the spread of cancer right now, but if she waits more than a year, she won't be able to eradicate it.
    She has already tried for Medicaid and all that, she doesn't qualify.

    • ANSWER:
      Dudeman - There is a way or two in which to go. First, she could get the 1-800 phone number of the American Cancer Society and call to explain her situation and ask for help. She could also contact the county health clinic or nearest, large medical center where the doctors are often looking for patients to join cancer treatment programs at little or no cost to the patient. Her doctor should also be able to refer her to a free treatment center.

  40. QUESTION:
    does anyone know were i can find cancer survior stoires that touch your heart?
    my cousin and I are hosting a benefit for light the night...i would like to read off some inspiring stories of Cancer survivors and i just cant find any...i need them ASAP can anyone help me?

    • ANSWER:
      Try the American Cancer Society/ Relay for life website.

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/FPS/fps_0.asp?level=1

      These came off the Relay For Life (McKinney Texas website), but tons of us have stories to share.

      2009 Relay for Life Survivor Story

      Survivors and Spouses

      Cancer does not just impact the Survivor. How much easier the load is for the Survivor to carry when they have someone to share the journey with them.

      Jean Sisky shared an experience with us about her husband:

      After my second or third chemo, when I went to the infusion center, I apologized to the nurses because I wasn’t feeling well enough to put my make up on that day. I promised to wear lipstick the next day to show that I was feeling better. My nurse said if I came in with lipstick on – they would all put lipstick on.

      When my husband and I arrived, I was wearing lipstick and my nurse had several different colors lined up on the counter. She handed my husband a bright red color, asked him to put it on…which he gladly did, and kept it on the entire course of my treatment that day.

      Another one of the million reasons I love him!!

      Steven Kuryla echoed the same sentiment:

      My wife Karen never gave up on me. I would not be here today without her caring, nagging love.

      I love the positive team attitude that Jean and Steve have. It is a powerful message about how we care for and about one another. Sylvia Medel says this about her experience with her husband’s cancer:

      With us two together, hand-in-hand, the fight for cancer has become lighter and bearable, and brings us to celebrate life, as each day unfolds, fresh and new.

      I pray that your burden is lighter today. See you at Relay!!

      Barb Lowe
      --------------------------------------------------------
      Laughter is the best medicine:

      A survivor story shared by Carol Edwards

      I went for a pedicure appointment during chemo. I never wore a wig, so I was in my usual baseball cap.

      As I was leaving, a lady sat in a stylist chair and her hair was full of foil pieces. I walked up to her and said, “You better be careful. Last week, she did the same to me and every piece of my hair fell out.”

      With that, I took my baseball cap off.

      The customer yelled and the stylist laughed so hard.

      As I was leaving, I heard her saying, “No!! She has been taking chemo. I didn’t do that!”

  41. QUESTION:
    Why do we get diseases Christians only please ?
    Where in the bible does it tell us why we get diseases that can threaten our lives like cancer and diabetes? Why does god give us cancer and what not. Even if we are real believers.

    • ANSWER:
      NSECT-BORNE DISEASE
      A Growing Problem

      IT IS BEDTIME in a Latin-American home. A mother lovingly tucks her young son in and bids him good night. But in the dark a sleek, black kissing bug, less than an inch [less than 3 cm] long, slips out of a crevice in the ceiling over the bed. It drops undetected onto the sleeping child's face and almost imperceptibly pierces the soft skin with its beak. As the bug gorges itself on blood, it also discharges its parasite-laden waste. Without waking, the boy scratches his face, rubbing the infected feces into the wound.

      The kissing bug

      As a result of this one encounter, the child contracts Chagas' disease. Within a week or two, he gets a high fever and his body swells. If he survives, the parasites may take up residence in his system, invading his heart, nerves, and internal tissues. As many as 10 to 20 years may pass without symptoms. But then he may develop lesions in his digestive tract, experience cerebral infection, and ultimately die of heart failure.

      This fictionalized account realistically depicts how Chagas' disease can be contracted. In Latin America, millions may be at risk of receiving this kiss of death.

      Today 1 person in 6 is infected with an insect-borne disease

      Houseflies carry disease-causing agents on their feet

      Man's Multilegged Companions
      "Most of the major fevers of man are produced by micro-organisms that are conveyed by insects," states the Encyclopædia Britannica. People commonly use the term "insect" to include not only true insects—six-legged creatures such as flies, fleas, mosquitoes, lice, and beetles—but also eight-legged creatures such as mites and ticks. Scientists list all of these under the larger category of arthropod—the largest division in the animal kingdom—which includes at least a million known species.

      The vast majority of insects are harmless to man, and some are very beneficial. Without them, many of the plants and trees that people and animals depend on for food would not be pollinated or bear fruit. Some insects help to recycle waste. Many insects feed exclusively on plants, while certain ones eat other insects.

      Of course, there are insects that annoy man and beast with their painful bite or simply by their presence in vast numbers. Some also wreak havoc on crops. Worse, however, are insects that spread sickness and death. Insect-borne diseases "were responsible for more human disease and death in the 17th through the early 20th centuries than all other causes combined," states Duane Gubler of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

      Presently, about 1 out of every 6 people is infected with a disease acquired through insects. Besides causing human suffering, insect-borne disease imposes a heavy financial burden, especially on developing countries—those that can least afford it. Even a single outbreak can be costly. One such incident in western India in 1994 is said to have drained billions of dollars from the local and world economies. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the world's poorest countries will be unable to advance economically until such health problems are brought under control.

      How Insects Make Us Sick
      There are two main ways that insects serve as vectors—transmitters of disease. The first is by mechanical transmission. Just as people can track dirt into a home on unclean shoes, "houseflies may carry on their feet millions of microorganisms that, in large enough doses, can cause disease," says the Encyclopædia Britannica. Flies can pick up contamination from feces, for example, and pass it on when they land on our food or drink. In this way humans contract such debilitating and deadly illnesses as typhoid, dysentery, and even cholera. Flies also help to spread trachoma—the leading cause of blindness in the world. Trachoma can blind by scarring the cornea—the clear part of the eye in front of the iris. Worldwide, some 500,000,000 humans suffer from this scourge.

      Cockroaches, which thrive in filth, are also suspected of mechanically transmitting disease. In addition, experts link a recent steep rise in asthma, especially among children, to cockroach allergies. For instance, picture Ashley, a 15-year-old girl who has spent many nights struggling to breathe because of her asthma. As her doctor is about to listen to her lungs, a cockroach falls out of Ashley's shirt and runs across the examination table.

      Diseases on the Inside
      When insects harbor viruses, bacteria, or parasites inside their bodies, they can spread disease a

  42. QUESTION:
    which donation place is best to donate?
    Me and my fiance is getting married this October. We will not goingto throw big wedding and decided to do donation instead but we do not know where should we donate. Can anyone give me idea? I wanna visit to the centre and donate and taking care. As a newly wedded couple we would like to keep have good memory.

    • ANSWER:
      I think that is a wonderful idea. In my opinion one of the best places to donate is the Salvation Army because they help everyone, and help people all over the world, and without question. Other good options are the Red Cross, the American or Canadian Cancer Society, a special donation for the relief of the Hurricane Sandy victims or hurricane victims in Haiti, children's hospitals, or special olympics.

  43. QUESTION:
    Any advice for uninsured unemployed American 41 yr old with breast lump?
    It is about the size of a cranberry very close to the surface of aureola. Can I just pay cash for a biopsy or do I have to go through mammogram and sonograms first?

    • ANSWER:
      Generally, you will be required to have some sort of imaging test before the doctors will do a biopsy. In fact, many times, an ultrasound or mammogram will provide sufficient information, so a biopsy is not needed. But you have options....

      To locate a FDA certified, accredited mammography facility in your area, call the National Cancer Institute at 1-800-4-CANCER. If you do not have health insurance, you have a number of options:

      ****Call your local chapter of the American Cancer Society (number in your phone book) or the national toll-free number, 1-800-ACS-2345. The ACS will be able to tell you about any low-cost or free mammography programs offering screening to women unable to pay for it themselves.
      ****Call your State Department of Health (number in your phone book). Every state now has a Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program funded by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This program offers screening to qualifying women unable to pay for it themselves.
      ****Call the YWCA's ENCOREplus Program for access to low-cost or free mammograms. To find which YWCA facilities offer this service and if you are eligible, call 1-800-95EPLUS or your local YWCA.
      ****Call the National Cancer Institute at 1-800-4-CANCER for the names of FDA-certified, accredited mammography facilities in your area. If you explain your financial situation, some mammography facilities are willing to work out a lower fee or payment schedule that will make the test more affordable. Ask the facility if they are willing to discuss these options with you.

      Best wishes....

  44. QUESTION:
    How do American Indian Casinos benefit members of the tribe?
    Are they paid a share of the net income?
    I know the tribes get money, but HOW do the MEMBERS of the tribe BENEFIT?

    • ANSWER:
      Most benefit members of the tribe by putting money back into the community....not by paying out individual per cap payments.

      My Band has a Casino.....it took several years of operation before any money started coming back into the community. In order to get the casino, we had to take out an extremely large loan....NOT from a Canadian bank, as they wouldn't lend it. From a bank in Sweden. They own partial shares in our Casino.....at least until the loan is paid off. The first few years profit went right back into the casino......staff, upkeep, licensing fees, taxes, utilities, food & beverage...........and to pay back a certain portion of the loan.

      After those couple years, we were doing well enough, that money could come back into the community. We fixed roads, aging homes, added a new scholarship, the community centre, fire department, our other businesses....a marina, gas station and boat tour corp... Then, after many community things were taken care of, we put some of the profit into our legal endeavors........fighting the Canadian government for moneys owed to us for sale of a tract of land in 1856, that we were never paid for......and a few other broken treaties or annexed tracts of land/islands.
      After that, we started putting money into the surrounding non-Native community. The local fire department, Sick Kids Hospital, the local high schools, Cancer research, the town hall remodel and various other charities and events. WE are a charity casino.

      What is left over after all that, gets distributed amongst citizens, in the form of a Christmas bonus, each year. Its not the ridiculous amount people assume it would be. Enough to take the worry out of Christmas expenses and take care of some other minor responsibilities that come with being an adult. An amount on par with that which my Father received as a Christmas bonus once he had been with his company for fifteen years.

      Now we are doing well as a community........yet we still can't get around the government regulations to allow us to fix our archaic water treatment plant. We have a Casino, contribute millions of dollars via taxes and donations to the Province, government and surrounding communities each year, yet still can't drink the water from our taps. There are about thirty-forty homes on the Island owned by non-Natives.....the government trucks in their water, free of charge. We have to go into town and buy ours.

  45. QUESTION:
    How to get my hair to grow fast!!!?
    I am an African american and my hair just won't grow!!! my hair has stayed the same length for about 3-4 years. I know it takes a little longer for African american hair to grow but is there any remidey or some sort of thing you do to get your hair to grow???

    • ANSWER:
      Heat & chemicals are hair's worst enemies. Relaxers, if you've got those on your hair, contains formaldehyde causing cancer. Weaves & braids, also tampers the growth. Since I have KNOW IDEA how your hair had been styled previously . . .

      Seen predominately in African-American women, this type of hair loss, central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, centers on the vertex (crown) of the scalp and spreads peripherally.
      “Any style that causes too much tension and traction on the hair, such as braiding with artificial hair weaved in, can possibly lead to scarring hair loss,” says study author Angela Kyei, MD, a dermatologist at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio.
      In the study, 326 African-American women answered questionnaires about their hair-grooming methods, health status, and other demographic information. Dermatologists then performed a scalp examination to grade hair loss.
      Nearly 60% of the women showed signs of advanced central hair loss with scarring. The women were also more likely to have type 2 diabetes and bacterial scalp infections, and sport hair styles associated with traction, including braids and weaves, the study showed.
      “But hair loss is permanent, meaning that we can inject steroids or creams but it won't bring your hair back, so it’s very important to seek help with dermatologists early on,” she says.

      Your hair is the most fragile of all hair types. They snap & break easily. So you need more TLCs than thin hair. No chemicals. No relaxers specially! No heating styling tools. Finger comb is best or use a wide tooth comb. Do what Oprah & Michelle Obama have been, going natural, using plastic curlers to set their hair. Use oil or conditioner to keep them moisturized. Heat & chemicals are your hair's worst enemies.

      The hair of many black women is very fragile and studies have demonstrated that normal brushing and combing the hair can result in breakage. Brushing your hair 100-times a day is a no-no for your hair. Only comb and brush your hair to style it. Also avoid rubber bands or other implements that can physically cut into and break the hair shaft.

      Otherwise:
      If you've straightened your hair in the past, it may grow slowly or none at all.
      Google: "Foods for Healthy Hair" http://www.foodforhealthyhair.com/ http://sg.news.yahoo.com/food-for-healthy-hair.html - or 10 Best Foods for Your Hair.
      http://www.channelstv.com/home/2012/07/03/10-best-foods-for-your-hair/
      NO MATTER which link you picked, they all suggest the same foods. Your hair may be the fastest-growing tissue in the body but, unlike the skin, it cannot repair itself. That is why getting the right balance of vitamins and proteins is imperative. Don't expect to look like you've stepped out of a hair commercial the day after you've changed your diet. It is likely to take at least three months before you actually see tangible results. Hair is dead, but hair also has electrical energy; the negative charge of damaged hair can lead to flyways and unruly hair.

      Growing healthy hair doesn't come from a bottle or pills and hair products do not speed hair growth. Any hair oil, is another form to keep hair moisturized, nothing more. If you're in HS, your hair & nails should be growing normally, and as healthily as possible, since you're eating healthy foods. But when hair isn't growing as fast, it's because they've been tampered with: chemicals, hair straightening, etc. . .

  46. QUESTION:
    What are some positions that would be available in a hospital for volunteering?
    What kinds of things would you be doing? Is there something like visiting with people and cheering them up?

    • ANSWER:
      HEY! I have a orientation at the hospital next week and they gave me a paper of what I can do as a volunteer...

      Here are the things

      Ambassador/Greeter

      Art Cart

      American Cancer Society/Cancer Center Resource Room

      Book Cart

      Cancer Center

      Clerical

      Central Transport

      Emergency Department:In my city they expect one year commitment on this department..and usually there's a long waiting list

      Food Services

      Gift Shop

      Lost belongings/ED

      Music therapy: You can actually play instruments to patient of course soothing music and if you know how to play..

      Patient Advocate/Endoscopy

      Patient Service Volunteer: You ask patients if they need anything and if something is bothering them and you can let the doctor know..

      Patient Visiting: This is the one you want to do, you can actually talk to patient and cheer them up and its sad because no family member visits them so it would be great to have you to help in that department! they will look forward seeing you!

      Patient Representative:I'm not to sure what this one means exactly damn i should've took notes!

      Pet therapy: Do you have pets that are well trained and nice?

      Recovering Room: i wish i can give you more information on this because im not to sure what they do..

      Surgical Waiting Room: Help people find information/or help them find rooms and you can offer support

      These apply in my state of RI but im sure they should have patient visiting!

      Good Luck and lets hope we have a wonderful time and experience which im sure we will!

  47. QUESTION:
    Do you think that sugery in a cancer patient only makes the cancer grow?
    I knew one who had prostrait cancer and after surgery it spread
    I knew one who had cancer in his arm and after surgery it spread
    so i just want to know everyone else's opinion....THANKS!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Not true. This is one of the top ten cancer Myths according to the American Cancer Society.

      Myths and half-truths about Cancer
      The Top 10 Cancer Myths and Misunderstandings in the United States

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/PED_11_Cancer_Myths.asp

      Cancer Myth 10
      What someone does as a young adult has little impact on their chances of getting cancer later in life.

      Cancer Myth 9
      There is currently a cure for cancer, but the medical industry won't tell the public about it because they make too much money treating cancer patients.

      Cancer Myth 8
      Electronic devices, like cell phones, can cause cancer in the people who use them.

      Cancer Myth 7
      Some injuries can cause cancer later in life.

      Cancer Myth 6
      Living in a polluted city is a greater risk for lung cancer than smoking a pack of cigarettes a day.

      Cancer Myth 5
      Treating cancer with surgery causes it to spread throughout the body. False. Surgeons know how to safely remove tumors and take biopsies without spreading cancer.

      Cancer Myth 4
      Household bug spray can cause cancer.

      Cancer Myth 3
      You can prevent skin cancer by putting on one application of sunscreen at the start of each day.

      Cancer Myth 2
      Regularly eating meat cooked on a charcoal grill won't increase cancer risk. It can increase the risk, it is best not to eat too much grilled foods.

      Cancer Myth 1
      There is a misconception that the risk of dying from cancer in the United States is increasing. Statistics are being taken out of context leading to many Americans being confused. It's not true.

      http://health.discovery.com/centers/cancer/top10myths/top10myths.html

  48. QUESTION:
    How can we redirect the charitable tendencies of Democrats to private organizations instead of government?
    Nothing wrong with wanting to help others, just not when you compel them to do it. What's the best way to get dems pointed in the right direction?

    • ANSWER:
      Obama's Proposal to Reduce Charitable Deductions Would Hurt Civil Society, Expand Government. The President claims that his tax plan will only have a small negative effect on charitable giving. Scholars at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University estimated that, had Obama's proposed changes been in place in 2006, total itemized contributions from wealthy households would have dropped almost billion.
      http://philanthropy.com/news/updates/index.php?id=7285

      This amount alone represents more than the annual operating budgets of the American Cancer Society, World Vision, St. Jude's Children's Hospital, Habitat for Humanity, and the American Heart Association combined.

      President Obama has stated his desire to help "folks who have fallen on very hard time. Yet he is standing by his proposal to lower deductions for charitable giving, which would hamper efforts by nonprofits to help needy families. o_O


american cancer center

Types Of Cancer Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer can female teens get?
    Im 15 and my mom wants me to check into some vaccines she wants me to get that helps prevent some type of cancer.

    Cervical cancer pops in mind for some reason.

    Well i know i don't want to get the vaccine, but i still want to know what types of cancer female teens can get.

    If possible, explain them & please don't use big words.
    Cause then i wont understand anything lol

    • ANSWER:
      not sure of very many dif kinds but you definitely want to get the vaccine for hpv im 30 and just about everyone i know my age and around my age has it. Me and 1 friend have had the precancerous cells we had in the office procedure to have the part of our cervix cut out that had displasia (precancerous cells) and 2 that I know have had the cancer and had to have a BIG chunk of their cervix cut out with in the hospital outpatient surgery

  2. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer awareness get so much more support than other important causes?
    Don't get me wrong I think breast cancer awareness is an extremely important cause, but the survival rate is much higher than other types of cancer (ex. pancreatic cancer). And other major causes like world hunger, literacy and animal rescue don't get nearly enough attention as they should.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know. I feel the same way. I think brain, lung, pancreatic, ovarian cancers and leukemia should get awareness too.

  3. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is the most uncommon form?
    I am interested in types of cancer ie breast, lung tongue etc and i amwondering if there is a most uncommon among the discovered types of cancer any help would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Rare Cancer Questions I can answer. Currently studing this in Medical Biology and am currently fighting Breast Cancer.

      SO hear goes. Hope this information can help you.

      Breast Cancer types that are not as common are:
      ~Paget's Diease
      ~Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      ~Scirrhous,
      ~Phyllodes (rarest type)

      Other Cancers that are rare:

      Vagina Cancer, Vulva Cancer, Penis Foreskin Cancer, Finger Cancer,

      Please check out the website http://www.plwc.org click on Cancers and there will be a listed of all the cancers there are. Good luck to you and I hope this could be of some help. :)

  4. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer considered more important than every other type of cancer?
    Why is it that everywhere I go people always get hyped up for breast cancer awareness, yet when it comes to some other type of cancer, they don't care? I see all these people pouring out their sympathy for some woman with breast cancer, yet when it comes to a male diagnosed with prostate cancer, no one gives a crap. Why aim for one type of cancer, instead of cancer in general?
    I got this answer from another question;
    "Men are affected by cancer much more then women

    For those of you saying breast cancer is the deadliest...that is BS...it is the 5th leading cancer in WOMEN over the age of 50!

    -only 1% of men get breast cancer...so yes it is very gender biased!

    -susan komen does NOT care about men or children. They are a sexist organization.

    -men die from prostate cancer at almost the same rate that women do of breast cancer (yet women will not support the fight against prostate cancer)

    -If i said, "save the TATA's" before the pink campaign came to light...I would have been slapped.

    -I will NOT dontate to such a selfish cause and neither should you.

    -find a CURE for cancer...not just a cancer that affects WOMEN OVER THE AGE OF 50"

    • ANSWER:
      Most, if not all, of your assertions are correct. Breast cancer is not the most common cause of cancer in females and not a major cause of death. It is disfiguring to have breasts removed and since they are sexual and visible features of women a slick campaign has elevated this issue to national importance. And yes, fund raisers and businesses associated with fund raising make a ton of money each year off this campaign. But a cure for cancer is practically impossible since it is genetic and built in into all of us at the time of conception. It is about detection and treatment. All cancers are genetic. Environmental causes do generate cancers such as smoking anything and poisons and chemicals. You have established your policy on this issue. Thanks for sharing.

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the major three types of vagina cancer or cancers relating to the vagina.?
    And how is each one detected, treated, and what age women commonly have those types of cancers.

    • ANSWER:
      Vaginal cancer is rare with less than 1,500 cases a year. There are not 3 major types as 85% a squamous cell carcinomas. I’m sure this stuff is in your book.

  6. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are the most common in teens and how do they affect a person?
    I'm writing a story and I want the main character to end up getting cancer. Although I've heard about cancer and read stories about it, I've come to realize I know nothing about the horrific disease.

    *What types of cancer are the most common in teen girls?
    *How would these cancers affect you, hair loss; etc.
    *I know there are stages determining how far along cancer is, what are these stages? How long do you have to live typically during each stage, like how long would you have to live if you are diagnosed with stage 2 cancer?
    *What would be the easiest cancer to hide? I don't want it clearly visible to every one she meets, I want the main character to be able to hide it up until the point she's going to die or somewhat close. Is that possible?
    *Also how long would you typically live with no treatments. Could cancer go away without treatment and if you received treatment a year after being diagnosed would it have any effect?

    Please answer the best you can
    I did know it was the treatment that caused hair loss, guess I should have made that clear based on your answers.

    I respect your answers, I really do. But that's the reason I'm asking. I want to learn about cancer. Do you think people who write about serial killers and crime scenes know what it feels like to murder someone, what the process is when an officer is questioning you, or how to hide the murder scene? No. They research what they want to write about. They watch crime shows/movies, read about it, talk to people who have been there and done that.

    • ANSWER:
      Those people are jerks. Obviously she isn't going to be mass printing the book, it's just to help with her writing. ALSO, she is learning. Is it better to stay ignorant about something and move on to something easier? SHE'S USING YAHOO ANSWERS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING. dream crushers.
      My cousin died of cancer a few years ago, and I don't find this offensive at all.

      While it isn't common, IT DOES HAPPEN. My cousin was 12. He was diagnosed with Lymphona when he was 5, the tumor was taken out, he was cancer free. Then, when he was 9, he was rediagnosed and eventually the treatment was doing more harm then it was good. He went home where he could die peacefully.
      He lost his hair, both times, from Chemotherapy. Do more outside research on that.
      Stages of cancer (generally, not all are the same):

      Stage 0Carcinoma in situ.
      Stage I, Stage II, and Stage IIIHigher numbers indicate more extensive disease: Larger tumor size and/or spread of the cancer beyond the organ in which it first developed to nearby lymph nodes and/or organs adjacent to the location of the primary tumor.
      Stage IVThe cancer has spread to another organ(s).

      Sure, it's possible. All cancer could somewhat be hidden, as long as she doesn't have a tumor growing out of a very visible place. (My cousin had a tumor in his stomach,a round the size of a small melon) But, they become very weak and pale. Sometimes real people don't even realize they have cancer and they have only months to live.

      Cancer is something that is somewhat mysterious. The cells can divide in many different ways, theres always a new thing popping up. That is why it is so hard to find a cure for. My cousin's cancer went away for the first time after treatment, the second time he was so far along, and the various treatments didn't work. It could very well go away with no treatment, it's unlikely, but It can happen..

      other info:
      It was almost cruel to continue to keep my cousin alive by the different treatments. He was unable to eat or swallow after a while, and it became so painful. It was time for him to go.

      There are cancerous tumors, and uncancerous tumors. (or benign)

      Go ahead and do a bit more research. I believe there is a movie (and book) about a girl with cancer, called "My sister's keeper." that might help give perspective just a bit. But the book and movie are very different.

  7. QUESTION:
    What's a reliable cancer/ cancer research foundation to donate to?
    I recently got quite a sum of money and am planning to donate to assist patients with cancer or cancer research. I also want to make sure that the money goes directly into helping the cause, and not into someone's paycheck. Plz help me find the most reliable/ best foundations or let me know what you recommend! Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      You didn't say if you were looking for a specific type of cancer. Try www.charitynavigator.com You can read up on the groups and see what percentage of the budget is spent on overhead, salaries, etc.

      kate - www.aftercancernowwhat.wordpress.com

  8. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are common during late adolescence and early adulthood?
    Is there a good website to look up this information? I tried googling it I'm not getting any good results.
    I'm just curious as to what types of cancer I should be aware or concerned about. I am 18 and I know I shouldn't be too concerned about cancer at this age, but it does happen.
    I don't know my medical history and I have no idea whether my family has a history of cancer or not.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer of all types is rare in young people.

      Women are advised to begin breast self-exams at 20. Besides that, just be conscious of changes in your body and discuss concerns with your doctor as appropriate.

      The number one killer of young people is accidents. Tens of thousands of young people die accidentally every year. Motor vehicle accidents are the biggest killer. But falls, drowning, shootings, and drug-related incidents take a terrible toll as well. Here is how to increase your chances of dying from old age:

      1) Always wear a seat belt.

      2) Obey the speed limit.

      3) Never drive drunk or impaired. Don't be a passenger of someone who is drunk or impaired.

      4) Wear a helmet on motorcycles and bikes.

      5) Learn to swim, never swim alone, never swim at night, and never swim while drunk or impaired.

      6) Stay away from ladders and roofs.

      7) Stay away from situations where illegal drugs may be present

      8) Do not handle firearms unless you have completed a firearms safety class.

  9. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer the only type of cancer that gets it's own specific ribbon color?
    With all the different types of cancer it seems breast cancer gets the most press and the most funding for research. I like breasts as much as the next man, but I had testicular cancer, my dad nearly died of colon cancer, and my uncle Ed and friend John did die from lung cancer. Trust me ladies I sympathize, but our testicles and lungs are just as important as your breasts, and if I'm going to donate to save breasts I at least want to see nipples on basic cable.

    • ANSWER:
      Its all about raking in the $$$. They do not and have never cared about us as human living souls.

      Oh, and they DO KNOW WHAT CAUSES CANCER. They have known the answer to this for years. Same goes for diabetes etc.

      I simply refuse to buy into their lies and deceits.

      Remember it is ONLY ABOUT THE $$$.

  10. QUESTION:
    If you or a loved one has had cancer has it opened up your eyes to other types of cancer?
    For instance, my wife had breast cancer and it has opened my eyes into other types of cancer. I am finding people at work with colon and pancreatic cancers and I have read books about people's experience with childhood cancers. So, because of your cancer or a loved ones cancer have you gain insight or knowledge in the other cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. When my son was first diagnosed I was too frightened to look at the material, but after awhile I began doing research and put together an online directory of every aspect of cancer . . . from diagnosis, to types, research, hospitals, charities, support groups, wish foundations, angel flights, summer cancer camps, hospitality housing, treatment options, alternatives, complementary/integrative med, foundations, memorial pages, childhood palliative care, and hospice . . I did focus more on childhood cancers, adolescents, and sarcoma though than the other subtypes of cancer . . also I read every research article I could find, many at ASCO or the National Library of Medicine. I just read alot. I have also established a few support groups and have located about a hundred patients with rare sarcoma that did not know of our existence . . we reach out alot to let patients know that they are not alone. I also reach out to our local community and have offered support to others facing cancer . . if I have the name of the cancer I can research it for them. We learned so much when our son went through this . . and willingly share with others who may feel alone or not know what to do next. It is one way for us to pay back for all the support that we received during that time period. I drop by here on occasion too.

  11. QUESTION:
    HPV testing, high- risk forms and link to different types of cancer?
    If the person have high-risk forms of HPV ( that cause cervical cancer or genital warts ) Can this rise the risk of other type of cancers? Can you take some type of tests and what kind ,for other types cancer bace on the high- risk forms or HP?

    • ANSWER:
      Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) that affect tissue of oropharynx. Oropharynx is a middle part of the throat which includes the tonsils, base of the tongue, the soft palate and pharynx walls. This cancers can be divided into two types, HPV-positive and HPV-negative cancers (usually linked to alcohol or tobacco use) .HPV-positive is related to HPV infection and associated with the HPV type 16. HPV 16 is one of the "high-risk" HPVs that may lead to the development of CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia),VIN ( vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia),PIN ( penile intraepithelial neoplasia) or/ and AIN (anal intraepithelial neoplasia). Look for HPV16+ oropharyngeal cancer or HPV+ OPC .
      HPV16, is a causal factor for some head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) but the most common risk factors for head and neck cancer are alcohol and tobacco use.
      Note: the types of HPV that cause genital warts are usually different from the types that cause warts on other parts of the body and types that tend to cause genital warts are not those that cause cervical cancer.Also person can be infected with different types of HPV at the same time.

  12. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer the most important?
    Out of all the types of cancer, why is breast cancer the one that gets so much attention? Why do I never see people wearing shirts that spread awareness of pancreatic cancer? From what I've heard, breast cancer has a pretty high survival rate, and that it is far from the worst kind.

    • ANSWER:
      It's not...just old white women give it all the attention

  13. QUESTION:
    How can genetic diseases cause a person to be more susceptible to cancer?
    For example, I read an article about Bloom Syndrome and it is closely associated with various types of cancer. It said an affected person develops specific types of cancer in many cases. Cancer is also prevalent in many other rapid aging diseases and other diseases where a person suffers from a genetic mutation. How does this occur?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is basically a group of ordinary human cells that have started dividing when they should not be doing so, and will keep replicating until they are either killed or the patient dies (normal cells have self-regulation systems which control when and how they divide).

      Your genes have a very important role in the self-regulation systems used to control when they divide and to stop them doing it when they aren't supposed to. If something goes wrong with your genes that can put you at an elevated risk of something going wrong.

      A lot of cancers are caused by some kind of mutation in the body itself. Additionally, having certain genes can put you at elevated risk of something going wrong later.

  14. QUESTION:
    Why is it that breast cancer is always being recognized but not the other types of cancers?
    They have other types of cancer out there such as prostate cancer and Colin cancer but I have never seen awareness acts placed to help start a foundation to help find the cure for it. Thank you for any responses that you may have and have a nice day. ( this is your personal opinion)

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it's Breast Cancer Awareness Month right now, so that's why you're hearing more about breast cancer at the moment.

      But yes, breast cancer does have a higher profile than other cancers, and there's a very simple reason - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      People have limited time for campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition. Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising, agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. They're doing what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day (that's one every 15 minutes); in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns and months for other cancers - but the fact is that none has had the hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has - hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness and fund raising.

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. There is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast. If prostate and colon cancers are causes close to your heart - and good for you if they are - there is nothing to stop you from enlisting the help of a couple of friends to start an awareness and fundraising campaign for any one of them. You'd have to be prepared to be as dedicated and to work as hard as those women though.

      Talking of prostate cancer, have you heard of the 'Movember' campaign? It's a sponsored moustache growing event throughout each November to raise awareness and money for men's cancers, and prostate cancer in particular.

      The founder of the 'Movember' movement noticed the success of breast cancer campaigns and copied it. He openly acknowledges his debt to (and admiration for) the hard work done by women around breast cancer. It inspired him to work similarly hard around the cancers he felt passionately about. And in 2009 Movember raised £5m for prostate cancer research in the 30 days of November in the UK alone.

      Now THERE'S someone who didn't waste any time wondering about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers, realised that the solution wasn't less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers, and started a campaign which became hugely successful in a very short space of time. Nothing to stop any person or group of people doing the same.

  15. QUESTION:
    Is cancer the result of negligent input validation of the part of humans?
    I wouldn't find cancer to be an object, that would fit more along the lines of a virus, which has its own set of methods and data types. Cancer could also be an exception, but a human is already compiled at birth so that wouldn't make sense. What about a run-time error?

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers are there that kill within a year?
    I'm doing a term paper on different types of cancer and I need to find a few more types of cancer that, if not treated, can kill within one year. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Any cancer can kill within a year if it is end stage when discovered. An infection from a hangnail can kill if left untreated.

      I would suggest looking up the American Cancer Society and reading their 2006 Facts and Figures. You should be able to get all the statistics you are seeking.

      Timelines? Statistics? Just numbers. Patients are people and that is the shifting variable in the equation.

      Good luck on that term paper.

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for cancer?
    im not talkin bout a specific type of cancer, just cancer in general. Like is it 1 of 2 survive or 4 of 5 or 1 of 5?

    • ANSWER:
      hi,

      Cancer survival rates are basically statistics which are averages of a large number of patients suffering from cancer at various stages. They tell a patient the percentage of people who survive a certain type of cancer at a particular stage for a particular period of time. These percentages are gathered from research based on hundreds or thousands of cancer patients. These averages can be of two types, overall and relative.

      Overall cancer survival rates include people of all ages, sexes and at all stages of cancer. For instance, the overall pancreatic cancer survival rates for 5 years is 5%. This indicates that only 5 out of 100 people diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer will survive 5 years. Conversely, it also means that 95 people out of 100 patients diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer will die within 5 years of diagnosis. These figures include men and women of all ages suffering from Pancreatic Cancer at all stages.

      Relative survival rates narrow down the prediction to certain specifics like specific stages of cancer, for certain sexes or for certain treatments. For instance, while the overall statistics for Lung Cancer indicate that only 20% survive for 1 year after diagnosis, 6% survive for 5 years and 5% survive for 10 years, more relative survival rates based on the stages of Lung Cancer indicate a 70-80% 5 year survival rate at stage 0, 50% at stage 1, 30% at stage 2, 15% at stage 3 and less than 2% at stage 4.

      Cancer survival rates are used to give patients and doctors an idea or an estimation of a patients prognosis. At no point can they be used as a definite indicator of the outcome of the disease, because no two patients are alike, or no two cancers, even the same type in two different people are alike.

      Hope this helps.

  18. QUESTION:
    What tests are needed to tell what TYPE of cancer you have?
    what tests are needed to tell what type of cancer you have. now where its coming from but the actual cell biology type, such as squamous cell, or small/oat cell, or basal cell, etc. I have been trying to get these answers for a report at school on specifically small cell carcinoma, and all i can find on it is small cell lung carcinoma. i don'tt need the place where it originated from: lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, etc. I need the actual cell biology. Any Citable websites would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society describes the different methods for biopsy and what happens during a cytology test when processing the specimen for histology type:

      ACS: Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_2_3x_testing_biopsy_and_cytology_specimens_for_cancer.asp

  19. QUESTION:
    How often do people with cancer get cancer again in a different location, not related to the previous cancer?
    Statistically, does getting cancer decrease the risk of getting a different type of cancer (not related to the previous cancer)?

    • ANSWER:
      Based on data from a national meeting a few years back there were 2.7 million cases reported from nine SEER registries from 1973-1999 of these 10% developed a second primary.

  20. QUESTION:
    Can pineapple stems help slightly reduce your change for various types of cancer?
    i was reading online that there are nutrients hidden om the stems of the pineapple, and they can help slightly reduce your chances for various types of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is in your genes....if you're going to get it, you're going to get it.

  21. QUESTION:
    Who tracks newly diagnosed cancer cases regarding cancer clusters?
    Just curious....
    I work in (as a HUC) a pediatric ER and I have noticed quite a few newly diagnosed brain tumor type cancers.
    I was wondering if hospitals somehow track this and report it to the EPA so they can investigate possible cancer clusters?

    • ANSWER:
      That's what DeniseDDS does in LA county, California.
      She is a tumor registrar.
      She is also by far the number 1 answerer on this site.

  22. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is this and is it normal?
    My mother in law who is now in the hospital was diagnosed with a tumor. Tonight we found out that it was cervical cancer (cancer en la matriz). Her cervix has been removed. However, she is not able to go through chemo therapy because her kidneys are not functioning correctly, she is unable to urinate and has been in pain. Her legs are swelling. They are supposed to drain her. I'm not sure how and my husband and I are not very familiar with the disease. His mother is in Mexico and I just want some clarification on whether this is normal and what the process is.

    • ANSWER:
      No this is not normal and I suspect it has more to do with her kidneys than her cancer.

  23. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is it when you have a brain tumor?
    My friend has a brain tumor and I don't know what type of cancer it came with. The tumor is the growing type if that helps at all.

    • ANSWER:
      Every brain tumor is not cancer and many are not.
      Just about any kind of cancer can be found in the brain. It can be a brain primary or spread to the brain form somewhere else in the body.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the deadliest cancer type in children?
    I'm writing a story about a teenage girl (15- 17) with cancer and i need to know what the deadliest type of cancer is in children. a cancer that is really hard to diagnose in children and is very deadly.

    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Most Leukemia's aren't deadly infact it's cure rate is quite high.Osteosarcoma is a deadly bone cancer common in teenagers.

  25. QUESTION:
    What foods should people with cancer eat?
    Hi all, my grandpa has cancer and he has diarrhea and he bleeds when he has to go toilet. It's a type of cancer but I forgot its name...anyway. He is nearly 90 and he is going to get a operation but we're all scared he might never come out of the operation room. So currently, I just want to know what types of food can help with cancer? Cancer fighting foods to be exact and what types of food should be prevented. The medicine isn't very effective so we're just trying to change his diet. Help please, and thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Do not change his diet now . . allow him to eat whatever he wants as it is now all about the calories. He needs calories. You might encourage him to eat small frequent meals instead of large meals. Ask his doctor about using Immodium to control the diarrhea.

      You can find some good resources about nutrition for the cancer patient at the American Cancer Society website:

      ACS: When treatment causes eating problems
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_6_1_when_treatment_causes_eating_problems.asp

  26. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers does chemotherapy cure?
    I'm currently researching about cancer treatments, and chemo being one of them.
    In my presentation, i'd like to include information on what types of cancers chemo specifically cures, but i can't seem to find any sites on that.
    I know that chemo can be used in combination with other treatments to treat cancer, and that it depends on many factors; but, does anyone know the types of cancers that chemo can cure alone?

    • ANSWER:
      The only cancers that can possibly be cured with chemo only are lymphomas and leukemias.
      Testicular cancer REQUIRES surgery.
      There is a “real cure” to cancer, but it is usually surgery.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are all the symtoms for one type of cancer?
    What are all the symtoms for one type of cancer? And please put the link down on your answer were you got the info from.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't need the link. I can tell you from experience:

      Brain Tumors (mine has been upgraded to brain cancer)

      1) Headaches - severe, that come out of nowhere and can last from a few minutes to a few days.

      2) Blurred vision and/or sensitivity to lights

      3) Nauseau and/or vomiting

      4) Cognitive problems - forgetfullness, mood swings, being unreasonable, etc.

      5) Severe Fatigue or a sense of having no energy

      These are the main symptoms but there are others. If you want more information, check out www.abta.org (the American Brain Tumor Association).

  28. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer will keep you in the hospital, but not on bed rest?
    For example, a cancer that you always need a lot of tests and treatments for, so you have to stay in the hospital, but you're not on bed rest, so you can still walk around and everything?
    Does that exist?
    I'm writing a story where the main character has this type of cancer, so I need to do some research but can't find anything like this. If there's nothing, I could just make up something... But I'd like to keep it as realistic-fictional as possible, please.
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      For long term inpatient care - any of the many (at least 7) types of acute myelogenous leukemia would work. Some of these people stay in the hospital for many months if remission is not achieved. They need daily blood counts, platelet transfusions, red blood cell transfusions, IV antibiotics, etc. It is not safe for them to be at home with no white cells and no platelets - but they do not necessarily have to stay in bed. Though they may be in isolated rooms due to infection risks. I've seen patients like this in house (in the hospital) - for six months - - and longer.

  29. QUESTION:
    I was wondering what type of cancer kills in a matter of weeks?
    I know there are many types of cancer but what one kills a person in under 3 months or so. A political person from Canada has died very quickly from this Cancer that took him very quickly.

    • ANSWER:
      No cancer kills in a matter of weeks.
      By the time people are diagnosed they have had it for years it takes that long to see it on imagining.
      However, I have seen a lot of patients who die quickly after diagnosis. That can be from many cancers, but they have usually had symptoms for awhile. I just had a guy in his 50s who had a tooth pulled and the dentist could not stop the bleed so he was sent to the ER. Turns out he had leukemia and was dead 8 days later. He claimed he did not have symptoms, but that is hard to believe.
      The median survival for pancreatic cancer is 2-6 months. Stage 4 melanoma is 7 weeks.

  30. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer takes time for you to die ?
    I heard that my friends boyfriend had cancer but he could still do a few things normaly like walk but then a week later he died. I wanted to know what type of cancer is that ? Im just curious.

    • ANSWER:
      When doctors informed actor Michael Landon ( Little House on the Prairie/Bonanza ) that he had pancreatic cancer, they told him he only had a few weeks to live. Landon told them that was ridiculous and proceeded to do 100 push ups in front of the doctor. Sure enough Landon died a few weeks later. Pancreatic cancer can kill very fast.

      Prostate cancer on the other hand is generally pretty slow. They say men usually die "with" prostate cancer, not from it. There are exceptions, but prostate cancer is usually not fast enough to kill men. They die from other causes old old age before any death caused by prostate cancer.

  31. QUESTION:
    What does it mean to dream of a family member who passed away from cancer getting cancer?
    I have been having dreams of my father who passed away a year ago wednesday. My father died from cancer, and in the dreams he keeps getting diagnosed with different types of cancers and in the dream I cry hysterically like its new. What could this mean or symbolize?

    • ANSWER:
      Your father died a year ago, so his suffering and death are on your mind and you are re-living the disappointment and sorrow in your dreams. Similar dreams happened to me several times after my brother died from cancer. The dreams eventually went away. It's normal for these type of dreams to occur, especially at remarkable dates such as the death date or birthday.

  32. QUESTION:
    What is the worst type of cancer to get?
    There are so many different types of cancers. Cancer could happen anywhere in the body. I heard that some cancers is worse than others. I heard that blood cancer is one of the worst. Which cancer is most deadly?

    and how long is the predicted life span when diagnosed?

    • ANSWER:
      Impossible to answer this question although you will receive lots of opinions. Here is the reason . . cancer is not one disease but literally over 200 different types . .to further complicate matters cancer is a progressive disease. Which means it begins microscopically and begins to grow. Some types of cancer grow very, very slowly and can grow for thirty years or more . . essentially it is possible for the patient to outlive the cancer. And, than there are other types of cancer that are extremely fast, aggressive and can double in a matter of days, weeks, or months . . . these types do not often have 'common and recognizable names' . . one of the more common is pancreatic cancer. And yet, when they talk about panreatic cancer what is 'worst' about it is that it is almost always found in an advanced or stage IV condition. It isn't necessarily the type of cancer you get that is 'worst' . .it is the stage or the progression of the cancer that is the worst type. Any type of cancer that has reached stage IV has become deadly . . because now it is Metastatic which means that the original tumor is now replicating and sending new malignant (microscopic) cells into the blood stream or lymphatic system. Those metastatic cells travel througout the body (hundreds of them) and can lodge at a distant location and set up a whole new colony of cancer . .that will repeat itself indefinitely . . the new colony will seed, reseed, until the body is filled with cancer. That is the worst type of cancer to get . .Metastatic cancer . . and all cancers can become metastatic.

      That being said . . some of the worst types of cancer to get would be ones that are aggressive with a high grade of tumor . .these types of cancer are invasive and spread faster than treatment can react. Among the most deadly are sarcoma . .which has few treatment options and has had little research. It is also a disease that afflicts young adults more often than older adults. At the moment if you are a teen or young adult and you get cancer . .you are far more likely to die from your disease than an older adult or a child.

      So . . it isn't always just the kind of cancer you get . . you need to consider the stage . .and your age group.

      Most people who die from cancer have metastasis at the time of death.

      ACS: What is Metastatic Cancer?
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_is_metastatic_cancer_67.asp

      The worst type of cancer to get . .is the kind you get.

  33. QUESTION:
    How do doctors narrow down type of cancer?
    My friend has been found to have spots on liver, bones, and spine.
    She is now going in for a breast biopsy. And no one is saying what type of cancer, or what stage this is. Anyone know anything about this, or what she should expect?
    Thank you for your answer Tark~ that was kinda my fear.
    thanks both of you for your answers!

    • ANSWER:
      Type of cancer is determined, at least in part, from microscopic examination of the cells.

      The biopsy will assist in determining what type of cancer she is dealing with.

      It sounds like it is stage 4 due to the extensive metastasis.

  34. QUESTION:
    Can you have two types of cancer at once?
    Like, can you have Leukemia and something else.
    I know if you're diagnosed with a type of cancer, it can metastasize to other parts of the body, but it is still the same type of cancer.
    Can you have two completely different types of cancer at once. Like, lets say Leukemia and Neuroblastoma for example.
    How would they be treated?
    Would you be on two treaments?
    What if the leukemia treatment is like 6 months but Neuroblastoma is a few years? Then what?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom has skin cancer and lung cancer right now, so to answer your question, yes you can.

  35. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer has the best living rate?
    Like what type of cancer has the best rate where you'll probably make it through and live.

    • ANSWER:
      Basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

  36. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer would be best and easiest to write about?
    I'm fourteen and I'm writing a novel about a girl of the same age having cancer.
    I don't really know what types of cancer I could choose from and I don't want it to be leukimia, i fear it would be too similar to 'My Sister's Keeper'
    Any help would be appreciated :)

    • ANSWER:
      To portray any cancer accurately, you will need to do research. There are nuances to everything. Pick something you are interested in, and start with a website like www.cancer.gov that will explain the basics of the disease and treatment. You could also check out some forums where people talk about having cancer to get a better idea of what it's like to have cancer. It's great that you are interested in being original and accurate :)

  37. QUESTION:
    What are types of cancer that cause you to pass out?
    What are some types of cancer or diagnosis that cause you to pass out?
    I'm not a nurse. I'm only 16 but I want to be a nurse.

    • ANSWER:
      anything to do with the brain and/or circulatory system. in a nut shell. cancers spread. too broad of a question.

  38. QUESTION:
    Why do so many people wear breast cancer logos? Do they not care about other cancers?
    What about Lung and bronchial - the top killer and second most common cancer in the United States.

    What about Colon and rectal cancer - the second most deadly in the US?

    Shouldn't there be awareness for all types of cancer? Not just breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do so many people ask this question?

      The "success" of the pink ribbon movement is due to hard work. When my mother died of breast cancer metastases in 1989, very few people even TALKED about breast cancer! It was considered to be more of a "sexual" disease (because, gasp, it involves breasts!) and it was brushed under the table as a "female problem."

      Here comes the pink ribbon awareness movement and now almost EVERYONE knows about the disease! That's incredible progress in less than 25 years.

      However, with the success comes major failures. There's not enough plain education about breast cancer. We can see this from all the panicked questions from teenagers "My breasts feel lumpy . . . do I have cancer?"

      There's a lot more to knowing about a disease than simple "awareness."

      Here's a fact for you: Are you "aware" that NOT ONE PERSON has ever died of breast cancer in the breast? That's right, not one! Breast cancer in the breast doesn't kill a soul. It's when the breast cancer moves to other parts of the body that people die. They die of breast cancer in their liver, in their lungs, in their brain, in their spleen, in their kidneys, etc.

      Another fact: Most research dollars are going into treating breast cancer in the breast. Until the past decade, there has been little attention to treating metastatic breast cancer in other parts of the body.

      I can't stand the pink ribbon. I am so much more than the disease that is in my body. I don't claim to be "battling cancer" and even though I am likely to die from this disease, I will not have people saying that "cancer won." My life wins! I have a great life and I'm enjoying living it, every single day, one day at a time.

  39. QUESTION:
    How long can cancer USUALLY go undiagnosed before death?
    Specifically Osteosarcoma (a type of bone cancer), but if deadly cancers such as those have about the same time frame of no treatement, how long would you go without dying?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no correct answer to this question. 5 year survival rates etc. only measure the time from diagnosis until death. If a cancer is not diagnosed, there is no way to measure length of time from the first mutation that initiates cancer until death.

  40. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when you have breast cancer in three different areas?
    My friend just found out that she has breast cancer in her right breast but three different lump types of cancer in one breast, and it has effected her lymph nodes at least two of them. What are her chances and what stage cancer would that be? She is going to be having a mascetomy and chemo.

    • ANSWER:
      I am not sure what you mean in lump types.
      It is very common for cancer to spread to lymph nodes. Especially in the breast tissue. Lymph nodes are usually extracted during the mascetomy and if cancer is present, radiation and/or chemo is also a common practice.

      Basically, Chemo kills off all cells. Good and bad. The person usually feels really tired and horribly sick. Their immune system ( the system that protects from disease and virus) is severly depressed. People with colds or infections should say away from her. She will not have a defense system to fight off the simplest cold.
      Just be there for your friend, let her know that you are there for her, But at the same time keep your distance if she needs time to morn her loss.
      Please dont ever say you know how she feels, because unless you have been through it, you dont.
      Also, sometimes the best communications is to be silent. Allow your friend to talk, just comfort her.
      I hope all works out for her and I will keep her in my prayers

  41. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer kills the most women?
    I know there are different types of breast cancer...some are rare..I know IBC kills but doesn't mean most women die of that type because not many women get that rare type. So what is the most common type of breast cancer that women die from? I cannot find that type of information on the internet....I find statistics but they do not state what type of cancer the women had to begin with?

    Thanks for your answers

    • ANSWER:
      What Jon posted is correct.
      Most women have ductal carcinoma and therefore that is what kills most women.

      Metastatic is a stage of cancer not a type.
      Triple negative is also not a type of breast cancer it is the hormone receptor status and does occur with different types.
      DCIS is ductal carcinoma before it becomes invasive and those statistics are separate..

  42. QUESTION:
    Is anyone else upset that breast cancer is the only publicized awareness month?
    I'm all for cancer awareness but why is breast cancer the only publicized cancer awareness month? Many people suffer from all types of cancer daily and I've had family suffer from both Leukemia and Pancreatic Cancer. It's seems that if a celebrity is diagnosed with a cancer or has died from a cancer that's the only way awareness will be publicized. Now that Patrick Swayze has passed I'm sure Pancreatic cancer will be well known coming this November (Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month) Does anyone agree?

    • ANSWER:
      No, I don't agree.

      Breast cancer awareness and Breast Cancer Awareness Month are not high profile because of celebrity deaths, but for a much simpler reason - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, many of them with cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising. I too have had family members suffer from other cancers - lung, testicular, stomach and cervical cancers and leukaemia, all but one of them dying of their cancers.

      There are, as you point out, other cancer awareness months, weeks, ribbons etc; but the fact is none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has.

      Now, I've had breast cancer and I personally very much dislike BC Awareness Month - or Pink October as the more cynical of us call it.

      Support for those with a deadly disease that kills on average 33 women a day in the UK and 112 a day in the US (the only stats I have, I'm not being ethnocentric) has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets.

      The pink fluffy stuff infuriates me, and I'm not at all 'tickled pink' by Asda's (Walmart's) trivialisation of an illness that may yet kill me. October magazines carry stories from cheerful survivors who claim to have the all-clear (there is no all-clear with breast cancer), and often say bc has changed their lives for the better - very different from anybody I know who's had breast cancer.

      And it has negative consequences for breast cancer patients too - I believe that the whole thing is counter-productive, that the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is 1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told - by people who don't have it - that it's a 'good' cancer to get) and 2) easily curable.

      I've even heard it said that it's a ‘fashionable’ or 'sexy' cancer - my sexy prosthesis and sexy scarred, one-breasted body are evidence that it's no such thing.

      In all the pink trivia, it's easy for people to lose sight of the fact that breast cancer is a devastating illness with disfiguring surgery, grueling treatments and so far no cure.

      I don't wear a pink ribbon and as someone in remission from breast cancer I support the Think Before You Pink and Pink Stinks! campaigns, both started by women with breast cancer

      http://thinkbeforeyoupink.org/?page_id=13

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers - and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started ny those women who started all the breast cancer awareness. They'd have to be as dedicated and prepared to work as hard though.

  43. QUESTION:
    what should my 3 main points be if i do my informative speech on cancer?
    i was think

    I. types of cancer

    II. how cancer occures

    III. treatments for cancer

    i dont know about thwe first one though what do you think.

    • ANSWER:
      What about focussing on the fact that even twenty years ago, having cancer was almost certainly a death sentence, and how things have improved in last 20 years.

      As a cancer patient, I have tried to write a lot of positive stuff on www.after-cancer.com - things get better every day.

      Verite R

  44. QUESTION:
    What is this rare type of blood cancer that attacks organs and blood cells, causing uncontrollable mood swings?
    I don't know very much about cancer and how it works and affects people. Someone mentioned they had a type of cancer that affects them this way, does anyone know what its called?

    • ANSWER:
      When asked for their opinion on cancer tests, a lot of doctors say that, cancer blood tests and other lab tests are the first steps, which help a doctor to make a cancer diagnosis. As we wade through the dawn of 21st century, we are faced with newer diseases and never ending challenges. One such (a deadly one) is the cancer. It is a disease with no guaranteed cure and in most cases, it is fatal. More than 10 million people in a year, come in the cadaverous mouth of this monster.

      Blood tests alone can also sometimes show the presence or absence of cancer. If the doctor suspects that you have cancer, he may like to order certain cancer blood tests or other laboratory tests, such as an analysis of urine or a biopsy of a suspicious area, to help guide the diagnosis. Cancer blood tests give the doctor clues to the body's inside, which can very well be the missing pieces from the puzzle. Just because the doctor has ordered cancer blood tests or other tests to look for signs of cancer doesn't mean that a cancer diagnosis has been made and you have cancer.

      Reduce your anxiety by learning more about cancer blood tests, how they are done and how they prove to be lifesaving.

      The Blood Tests

      Samples collected with cancer blood tests are always analyzed in a lab for signs of cancer. The samples may show cancer cells directly, proteins or any other substance made by the cancer. Blood tests give the doctor an idea of how well your organs are functioning and if they've been affected by any cancer.

      Examples of blood tests used to diagnose cancer include:

      1. Complete blood count (CBC): This common test measures the amount of various types of blood cells in your blood sample. The abnormality is in terms of too many or too few cells of a particular type or abnormal cells.

      2. Blood protein testing (electrophoresis): This test examines various proteins in blood and can aid in detecting certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with multiple myeloma (cancer of plasma cells). Other tests, such as a bone marrow biopsy, are used to confirm a suspected diagnosis (like the blood cancer).

      3. Tumor marker tests: Tumor markers are chemicals made by tumor cells that can be detected in the blood. But tumor makers are also produced by some normal cells in your body and levels could also be significantly elevated in noncancerous conditions. This limits the potential for such kind of tests to help in diagnosing cancer.

      Interpreting the results

      Test results are interpreted very carefully because several factors can influence test outcomes, such as variations in your body or even your diet. In addition, noncancerous conditions can sometimes cause abnormal test results. And, in other cases, cancer may be present even though the blood test results don't show the same. Doctors usually use test results to determine whether your levels fall within a normal range or they may compare your results with those from past tests.

      Though blood tests can help give your doctor clues, other tests are usually necessary to make a confirmed diagnosis. For most forms of cancer, a biopsy - a procedure to obtain a sample of suspicious cells for testing - is usually necessary to make a definitive diagnosis. In some cases, tumor marker levels are monitored over time. The doctor may schedule follow-up testing in a few months. He may use these tests to determine whether if you have cancer or that your cancer is responding to treatment or whether your cancer is growing.

      The basic problem with this sort of a disease is that oftentimes it is found in stages too advanced for the best treatment opportunities. Half of all patients diagnosed with lung cancer die within a year of diagnosis. Getting tested at an earlier stage is the only possible way to control the devastation that, this disease can cause. So the test results must always be discussed with your doctor and after his opinion, with your family. Ask the doctor what your results say about your health and in cases of positive diagnosis, what should be the future course of action
      Take care...

  45. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between Colon Cancer and Intestinal Cancer?
    And how does one get screened for Intestinal cancer?

    Colon cancer runs in my family and I have a colonoscopy every year. But I found out that a close relative has Intestinal cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      As other peole pointed out, "colon" cancer is a cancer specific of the large intestin, whereas "intestinal" cancer could affect any part of the intestine (including the small intestine, i.e. duodenum, ileum and jujenum).

      If colon cancer runs in your family, you are likely to have FAP, or Familial adenomatous polyposis, an inherited colorectal cancer syndrome. People with the classic type of familial adenomatous polyposis may begin to develop multiple noncancerous (benign) polyps (growths) in the colon as early as their teenage years.
      This cancer usually develops in the lower part of the digestive system, including the large intestine (colon) and rectum. However, the FAP syndrome could present a risk factor for the cancer of the small intestine (what your relative might have), therefore this person could also carry the genetic mutation that confers cancer predisposition (the APC gene, in the case of FAP).

      Feel free to contact me for more information

  46. QUESTION:
    How should I overcome my cancer phobia?
    Hi guys! So sadly over the summer i lost a friend to Ewing Sarcoma. He was only 16 when he passed and when i saw people posting on his Facebook page saying R.I.P i flipped out. I knew he had cancer but I really had no idea what cancer was. All i knew was that it was a growth in your body (Tumor). So i typed in cancer symptoms cancer treatment ect. Ever since that day I've been paranoid about cancer and constantly thinking i have cancer even though i dont. How can i overcome this fear? It's so hard to concentrate in school because of this. Also what are the chances of a 15 year old boy to even develop any type of cancer? Just curious
    Chemoangel do you have any advice? :D

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. By Living Life to it's fullest. :) Enjoy Life, there is so much of it! Live for your Friend! Please don't be paranoid. You can go your whole life without even the slightest threat of cancer. Your chances are the same as anyone else's. Grieve for your friend, but don't dwell on your own fear...you will get nowhere in life. If you must, join to get the word out on Ewing Sarcoma, or do some volunteer work in memory of your friend. But don't put a dent in your life worrying about Cancer that you may never experience in your life time. My grandmother is 98 years old, and she watched her parents, husband, and son go through and lose their battle with Cancer, but she is still alive and kicking. Now imagine if she spent her whole life worrying about dying, what would she accomplish? Nothing. You may live to be 100 years old, kiddo....ENJOY YOURSELF.

  47. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is early detection NOT a factor?
    I know in most cases of cancer it's best to detect it as early as possible, what type of cancer is it not as important to detect early?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you're asking "Which cancers grow the most slowly?" One type is prostate cancer, which is very common in older men but which takes so long that most men die of other causes first. Other than that though, the general rule is that the earlier the better.

  48. QUESTION:
    Anyone know the statistics of Birth Control linking to any type of Cancer?
    Anyone know the statistics of Birth Control linking to any type of Cancer?

    I’m worried since Birth Control is a hormone and all, and on both sides of the family I have like every cancer you can think of heredity wise. Will taking Birth Control heighten my risk for Breast or Cervical Cancer or any type of cancer for that matter? My Aunt on my Mom’s side has had Cancers around her female part, and has had Breast Cancer like 3 times. My grandma on my Dad’s side had Breast Cancer, and then died from some other odd cancer (probably from all the chemo from treating the Breast Cancer). This is a big concern of mine and is why I’ve tried avoiding taking Birth Control for so long. Please give me some hard evidence to prove or disprove so I know if I’ve made a major mistake or not.

    • ANSWER:
      My answer is this...the success rate of birth control pills is measured in a way that you probably wouldn't expect. It is measured by comparing the number of deaths in women caused by taking birth control to the number of deaths in women caused by becoming pregnant.


types of cancer cancer

What Are Different Types Of Cancer

As most of us know there are many health benefits that are associated with following a nutritious diet. Among them are lowering your cholesterol, preventing heart disease and diabetes along with preventing excessive weight gain. One thing that has not yet been proven is whether eating a nutritious diet can help prevent diseases such as cancer. Scientists are conducting various studies to determine what role antioxidants and free radicals play in this matter. It is known that antioxidants shield cells from free radicals that cause cell damage which could possibly lead to cancer. There have been numerous studies done and it has been proven that eating foods that are high antioxidants can cause damage to the free radicals thus reducing cancer risk. Even though some studies have not shown positive results, they are ongoing and hopefully they will show concrete evidence in the future that they do reduce cancer. Eating a diet that is rich in antioxidants is still very good for your body and it may prove to be more beneficial in future years to come.

The primary way to get antioxidants into your body is to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. The various colors of these foods are said to represent different benefits. If they are the same color, they represent the same cancer-fighting nutrient. This is why it is a good idea to eat a variety of colors because that way, there will be different antioxidants in your body to fight different types of cancers and they will also provide your body with different types of vitamins and minerals.

You should also eat plenty of red fruits and vegetables because they contain lycopene which may also prevent cancer. It is also very good for your heart and good for your memory. Red foods include things such as watermelons, tomatoes, strawberries, red apples and cherries to name a few. There are many more that you can choose from.

Another important antioxidant that is good for your body is beta-carotene. It can be found in orange-colored foods such as carrots, cantaloupe, pumpkin, sweet potatoes and papayas.

Carotenoids are an antioxidant that can be found in yellow fruits and vegetables such as oranges, pineapples, lemons, yellow squash and corn. They also contain vitamin c which is great for your immune system.

Lutein and indoles are two other antioxidants that are good for your body. Along with reducing your risk for cancer, they are also good for your eyes and they promote strong bones and teeth. Examples of these foods include broccoli, spinach, avocado, green apples and grapes, green pears and cucumbers to name a few. There are also beans such as green lentils and edamame that contain these antioxidants.

Anthocyanins and phenolics are anti-aging antioxidants that can be found in blue and purple foods. These antioxidants may have the added benefit of helping you with memory function. Examples of these foods include blackberries, blueberries, black olives, plums and raisins.

Last of all, you should eat plenty of foods that are rich in Vitamins A,C, and E as they are very good for your health. You can find Vitamin A in liver, sweet potatoes, milk and egg yolk. Vitamin C can be found in most fruits and vegetables and Vitamin E can be found in nuts and oils.

You can improve your overall health greatly by eating a nutritious diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables and best of all, you could possibly be preventing cancer during your lifetime.

I hope that you enjoyed this article and if you would like some great free information on eating healthy, please visit my web site where you will find some great tips to help you live a long and healthy life.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Are there different types of skin cancer?
    I have problem with my skin, but it isn't cancer, are there different types of skin cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different types of skin cancer. Each type is named after which type of cell it begins in. The three most common types of skin cancer are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

      Melanoma
      Melanoma is the most deadly type of skin cancer. It can take many shapes and appearances. Melanoma is usually a dark color like brown, blue, or black. Other signs to look for include:
      Irregular borders
      Asymmetry (one half looks different than the other half)
      Size - melanomas are usually large (bigger than a pencil eraser)

      Basal Cell Carcinoma
      Basal cell carcinomas can be treated easily if found. They can be red, pink, or white in color. Some are a patch of color while others are bumps. Often bumps appear shiny. Sometimes this type of cancer causes sores that never completely heal, or come back shortly after healing.

      Squamous Cell Carcinoma
      Squamous cell carcinomas usually take on one of two forms. It may be a rough patch, or can look and feel like a wart.

  2. QUESTION:
    What types of cancers are there that kill within a year?
    I'm doing a term paper on different types of cancer and I need to find a few more types of cancer that, if not treated, can kill within one year. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Any cancer can kill within a year if it is end stage when discovered. An infection from a hangnail can kill if left untreated.

      I would suggest looking up the American Cancer Society and reading their 2006 Facts and Figures. You should be able to get all the statistics you are seeking.

      Timelines? Statistics? Just numbers. Patients are people and that is the shifting variable in the equation.

      Good luck on that term paper.

  3. QUESTION:
    Are there different types of treatments for prostate cancer stages 3 and 4?
    Are there different types of prostate cancer treatments for stages 3 and 4? Or they use the same treatments?

    thanks!!

    • ANSWER:
      The are several treatments from the most severe of removing the prostate to cooking the cancer with radiation to chemotherapy to injecting radioactive seeds into the prostate to kill the cancer.

  4. QUESTION:
    Can you have two types of cancer at once?
    Like, can you have Leukemia and something else.
    I know if you're diagnosed with a type of cancer, it can metastasize to other parts of the body, but it is still the same type of cancer.
    Can you have two completely different types of cancer at once. Like, lets say Leukemia and Neuroblastoma for example.
    How would they be treated?
    Would you be on two treaments?
    What if the leukemia treatment is like 6 months but Neuroblastoma is a few years? Then what?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom has skin cancer and lung cancer right now, so to answer your question, yes you can.

  5. QUESTION:
    Why does there seem to be a cancer epidemic these days?
    I've been noticing news of celebrities with different types of cancer and a lot of people I know and friend's of loved ones who have found out they have cancer? Is it something that is in the food we're eating and lifestyle or is it genetics?

    • ANSWER:
      I think it is because of advancements in cancer detecting techniques. Doctors are now able to detect cancer at very early stages due to new high resolution CT and other Imaging.This has not increased the rates just the number of survivors.

  6. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer kills the most women?
    I know there are different types of breast cancer...some are rare..I know IBC kills but doesn't mean most women die of that type because not many women get that rare type. So what is the most common type of breast cancer that women die from? I cannot find that type of information on the internet....I find statistics but they do not state what type of cancer the women had to begin with?

    Thanks for your answers

    • ANSWER:
      What Jon posted is correct.
      Most women have ductal carcinoma and therefore that is what kills most women.

      Metastatic is a stage of cancer not a type.
      Triple negative is also not a type of breast cancer it is the hormone receptor status and does occur with different types.
      DCIS is ductal carcinoma before it becomes invasive and those statistics are separate..

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the different types of oral cancer?
    I'm doing a project in my dental rotation class, and I've decided to report on oral cancer. I want to narrow this broad topic down to some smaller aspects, which is why I need the different types. If you can help me, it will be greatly appreciated! Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      check out the site that helps most people that have the disease, to get a feel for what you need to know. www.oralcancerfoundation.org

  8. QUESTION:
    What can I write to someone diagnosed with cancer?
    My mom's fiance's mother was diagnosed with 3 different types of cancer. Since she's 80, she's too old to have the tumor removed & she was given a year to live. She's like my grandmother. I want to write her a really sentimental letter, but I need ideas. I don't want it to make her cry, because she's upset, but I don't want it to be happy & funny.

    • ANSWER:
      You see, you have a wonderful idea but why, why not make it happy and funny. She needs to be happy and laugh. I am a geriatric psych nurse and my entire career was working with the elderly. Most of them are jovial, happy and of course she is sad. She's just be told her life is close to the end. You don't have to be old to get news like that and sadness comes with it. Tell her you will be there when she needs you. Tell her how you feel about her, but don't underestimate her, herself. Even though she's 80, if you're not honest, she will be able to see it. So that's the bottom line, be yourself but show her how you care about her. Does she live far from you? If not, take time to visit her. I am so sorry about her condition. Many of us on this site know what it's like to be told you cancer, but we don't know what it's like to be told our lives are coming to an end. God bless her and you for being so loving to her.

  9. QUESTION:
    How often should you get checked for cancer?
    my friend said she goes every week for a check up and a full range of tests for different types of cancer. now i feel like im not going enough!

    • ANSWER:
      There are only screening exams for 4 cancers and no one needs a checkup once a week nor would a doctor do one once a week.

  10. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer the only type of cancer that gets it's own specific ribbon color?
    With all the different types of cancer it seems breast cancer gets the most press and the most funding for research. I like breasts as much as the next man, but I had testicular cancer, my dad nearly died of colon cancer, and my uncle Ed and friend John did die from lung cancer. Trust me ladies I sympathize, but our testicles and lungs are just as important as your breasts, and if I'm going to donate to save breasts I at least want to see nipples on basic cable.

    • ANSWER:
      Its all about raking in the $$$. They do not and have never cared about us as human living souls.

      Oh, and they DO KNOW WHAT CAUSES CANCER. They have known the answer to this for years. Same goes for diabetes etc.

      I simply refuse to buy into their lies and deceits.

      Remember it is ONLY ABOUT THE $$$.

  11. QUESTION:
    What does it mean to dream of a family member who passed away from cancer getting cancer?
    I have been having dreams of my father who passed away a year ago wednesday. My father died from cancer, and in the dreams he keeps getting diagnosed with different types of cancers and in the dream I cry hysterically like its new. What could this mean or symbolize?

    • ANSWER:
      Your father died a year ago, so his suffering and death are on your mind and you are re-living the disappointment and sorrow in your dreams. Similar dreams happened to me several times after my brother died from cancer. The dreams eventually went away. It's normal for these type of dreams to occur, especially at remarkable dates such as the death date or birthday.

  12. QUESTION:
    Information on different types of breast cancer?
    Trying to find out the different types of breast cancer and what options a person has for treatment.Also would like to find a resource to understand the terminology on how to read the pathology report.

    • ANSWER:
      With breast cancer there are ductal cancers (most common) and lobular cancers (less common) and there are other cancers which are very rare so I won't go into them.

      There are then 'carcinomas in situ' which is an extremely early form of cancer, is usually well treated and holds a good prognosis.

      If a cancer is not 'in situ' it is given a grade and stage, depending on how aggressive it is and how far it has spread within the breast itself and the rest of the body. Grade goes from 1-4 (4 being the worst) and stage goes from 1-5 (5 being cancer in other organs as well as breast). The higher each number the worse the cancer, and the more aggressive the treatment might be. For a lady with stage 5 cancer, she will likely be offered palliative care as there is unfortunately no chance of cure.

      Pathology reports will usually mention the receptor status of the cancer.
      ER+ means the cancer is sensitive to oestrogens so anti oestrogen drugs like Tamoxifen will be very helpful in treating it.
      ER- means that tamoxifen will not be useful

      HER+ means a highly aggressive tumour but luckily there is a treatment for HER+ve cancers in the form of Herceptin.
      HER-ve means a less aggressive cancer.

      That vaguely summarises breast cancer in mild detail. In nearly all cases though there is a lot of treatment and a lot of hope for ladies so dont let all this technical talk overly concern you. There will be a team of specialists who know the best treatment for each patient.

      The summary of treatment as I say, depends on the site and stage of the cancer but generally speaking There is
      Lumpectomy- removal of the cancer and preservation of the breast
      Mastectomy- removal of the breast
      Mastectomy and axillary clearance- removal of breast and clearing of nearby lypmh nodes

      Any surgery will be followed by either
      Radiotherapy to the chest wall
      Chemotherapy over a period of months
      Depending on receptor status Tamoxifen is used for up to 5 years, Herceptin I think up to 2 years
      Regular review and follow up mammograms to check for complete cure.

      In addition all ladies with mastectomy are offered breast reconstruction (usually) after treatment has finished to help them recover psychologically/emotionally.

      Hope this helps

  13. QUESTION:
    What type of cancers Female teenagers are more at risk for?
    just curious of different types of cancers teenage females are mostly likely to get more at risk. What are the names and causes?...I'm interesed in the medical field

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer fortunately is rare in teenagers, but there are some types that young people should become familiar with . . female teenagers are at risk for germ cell cancers, Ovarian cancer, melanoma, and cervical cancer.

      American Society of Clinical Oncology: Types of Cancer Teens Get
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teens/Overview

      All teens and young adults should become familiar with the types of cancer they are more likely to develop . . it is not breast, lung, or colon cancers that affect the young . . it is blood cancers, lymphoma, brain, germ cell cancers, and sarcoma of the soft tissue or bone that is more common in the young. One field that has long been neglected is the adolescent and young adults with cancer . . so if you have an interest in the medical field this is an area that has tremendous need.

      Unfortunately the mortality rate for teens and young adults is higher than any other age group . .while progress has been made with children under the age of 15 and older adults . . there has been little progress made against the cancers affecting older teens and young adult cancer patients.

  14. QUESTION:
    Where can I find statistics on the success of different cancer treatments?
    I need to find data/statistics that demonstrate the effectiveness of different types of cancer treatment, all I can find is statistics on survival and diagnosis ect, but not anything related to the actual treatment used. Does anyone know where I can find any data on this, im really stuck :(
    any help appreciated
    thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Denise is right. The kind of statistics you are looking for is found in papers on controlled studies, where efficacy of new treatments (under testing) are compared to older treatments. Sometimes comparisons are given in reviews. See for example this one: http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/content/10/4/250.full Figure 2 illustrate effectiveness of various types of treatments of metastatic bowel cancer.

      Be aware that cancer is a collective term of approximately 200 different diseases. The most effective treatment of bowel cancer is not necessarily the most effective treatment of other types of cancer.

  15. QUESTION:
    How many curies of iridium-192 is used when placed in the body for medical treatment?
    I know it is probably different for different types of cancer or different treatments. I am just looking for a ball park. 10 curies? 20 curies? Surely not as high as 50-100 curies.

    • ANSWER:
      To my knowledge, we do not have a radiation oncologist answering questions here.
      Only a radiation specialist would know this.
      In fact the radiation oncologist might not know.
      They have physicists help them with the technical aspects of radiation therapy.
      You should ask your radiation oncologist when next you see him or her.
      You can't expect the mostly lay people on this site to know this.
      Of course you could try looking this up yourself on the internet.
      http://uwlbrachycourse.wetpaint.com/page/Iridium-192
      http://www.chemistryblog.net/iridium-192.html
      What will you do with this information when you obtain it ?
      The risks and benefits of using Iridium192 should have been fully explained
      by the radiation oncologist BEFORE the treatments were started.

  16. QUESTION:
    Can there be different types of cancer inside one house?
    I have my Grandparents, my uncle, my aunt, and the dog in one house, 4 out of the 5 had/have cancer. But, there all different types: thyroid, Hodgkin lymphoma, skin, and luekemia. Is this unusual?

    • ANSWER:
      Some families are more genetically prone to cancer than others (dog's cancer is a coincidence). This just means that you should never skip your yearly pap-smear after the age of 18. You should also have a mammogram at 38 (to use as a base) and then one every year after that. You should never smoke or drink alcohol (both increase cancer risk-- eventhough red wine is ok for heart disease it's bad for cancer) and make sure you discuss non-hormonal options for birth control when you're ready for that.
      All that said, if you have a basement where you live, there is a test sold in Home Depot and Lowe's called a Radon Test. It's about and you leave it in the basement for a day or 2 and it will tell you if your home has a Radon problem. Radon is a radio-active gas known to increse risk of cancer by a HUGE margin. It's easy to find out and worth the . If your home does have a high Radon problem it only costs a few hundred bucks to get it fixed which is much less money than the medical bills it can cause later.
      Good luck.

  17. QUESTION:
    What does a person with stage 4 bone cancer look like?
    I have a coworker who claims to have stage 4 terminal bone cancer and at the risk of sounding like a complete a**hole, I think shes lying. I work part-time as a waitress and I have fibromyalgia so Im aware that its possible to look perfectly fine and be very ill and very much in pain. I ache to high heavens after a shift, I could never work a double, I can barely lift trays. But this chick is pulling double shifts after morning sessions of chemo and bone marrow transplants AND works a second job? Is this possible? My father in law nearly died after being diagnosed with esophageal carcinoma, and even though he is a veteran his bills were in excess of 0,000 after treatment. This woman is uninsured, I guess Medicade has excellent benefits? She tells people at work that she will be dead in a year. I just have a gut feeling, maybe because Im an asshole, or maybe because my family has been affected by many different types of cancer. I guess either way this woman is sick. But Id like to know some characteristics of a stage 4 terminal bone cancer patient if anyone knows.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no way she is working that much while she is undergoing treatment.

  18. QUESTION:
    Is there a high chance of me getting cancer?
    My mom's had basil cell and malignant melanoma. My younger sister had a mole that they had to remove because it was close to turning into cancer. My grandma has had breast cancer, and my grandfather had lung cancer.

    Since these are all different types of cancer, will they all increase my chances of any type of cancer? Or do they only increase my chances of getting that specific type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a dreadful illness and one that puts dread into everyone at sometime in their life, and whilst sometimes cancer can be genetic, which then it would be one specific time like breast cancer, it does not mean that because your mother had it and thankfully recovered that you will get it too. To call breast cancer genetic in your family, it would have to strike down at least 4 close relatives, so try not to worry about that.

      Moles are something most of us have, and again sometimes they can change for no reason, but often its the sun and being out in the sun to much with out protection that causes that, So always make sure you use sun block and a strong one too. Sun blocks do not stop people tanning, it just takes a little longer with them, that's all. So knock that one out of your mind too. And of course last but not least your grandfather having lung cancer, well statistics prove if 10 people get lung cancer, then 9 of them were or had been smokers, so again you can remove that worry from your mind. If you smoke then yes it time to seriously think about stopping.

      Eat red meat in moderation, chicken is fine. Eat lots of vegetables and fruit, look after your general health, drink water to keep the system flushed, and the high chances are you will never never get cancer.

      I hope this has put your mind at rest.
      Good Luck
      Billie UK.

  19. QUESTION:
    Please help, my fiancé is 23 and has lost both his parents to cancer in the last year?
    My fiancé is 23 and has lost both of his parents to cancer in the last year... His dad passed just this morning and I have never dealt with the death of a loved one until now. For the last 5 months I have been taking care of my finances father that was dying of lung and brain cancer... I watched him go from driving himself to treatments to forgetfulness to falling to bedridden to coma and then death. I got really attached to him and he treated me like a daughter (which I lack in my life given my biological fathers selfish choices).
    Last year my finances mother passed away from breast cancer that metastasized so much to the point of having 7 different types of cancer before she passed. Not 3 weeks after her death his father was diagnosed with stage 4B lung cancer, my fiancé didn't even have time to mourn his mother's death before his dad started chemo. As of now he has lost 7 family members in 5 years and only has one aunt that lives a thousand miles away and a sister that is coping by running, so it's just us. I feel very sad and very concerned, as well as ill-equipped for the situation..I can't seem to control my emotions, I miss him already I can't imagine what my fiancé REALLY feels on the inside.. Any thoughts, tips, or encouraging comments would be deeply appreciated

    • ANSWER:

  20. QUESTION:
    If cancers are just rogue cells how are there different types?
    What makes one brain or bone or skin cancer different from the others that affect the same organ? If it's a malfunction cell whether it's brain, skin, or bone how are there different types of bone/brain/skin/liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes that is a very good observation. Why indeed? The doctor's model of cancer is based on the model of biology and that is based on Darwinian evolutionary theory. I think it is a load of c--p. I have found that cancer is about strem-cell mediated immunity.. erroneously ignited owing to the way a person is maltreated by others in relationship. Go to this website and read the posts of KYRANI.
      http://www.noetic.org/noetic/issue-seventeen-december/unexpected-remission/

  21. QUESTION:
    What type of genetic mutation can cause breast cancer?
    I have to make a brochure about a genetic disorder for my biology class & I'm doing mine on breast cancer. There's many different types of breast cancer, but some are related to gene mutations. I've been researching this online, but I can't figure out what TYPE of genetic mutation causes breast cancer (substitution, deletion, insertion, inversion, translocation, or duplication). does anyone know? if you find a site with the answer, please link it below. thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Normally I don't give direct homework answers but I feel this can be very confusing so I will as long as you promise to read the link I give you for the explanation.
      It is: Translocation.
      MORE READING: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutation
      Scroll down to the section headed: ---Classification of mutation types---
      Good Luck on this.

  22. QUESTION:
    What cancers are considered hereditary?
    I have had cervical cancer and several people in my family have died of different types of cancer,lung canser mostly, also skin cancer and pancreatic cancer. I want to know if my chances of developing another type of cancer are greater due to this.

    • ANSWER:
      having a positive family history increases your chances,but this does not mean that you'll have cancer for sure.
      the only hereditary case is familial polyposis,which is a massive number of polyps in the intestines,that will turn into a colon cancer in 100% of the cases.and the bad thing about it that it is familial.
      once you find it in a member of a family,you have to screen the rest.

  23. QUESTION:
    What is a good technical book to help me learn about basic medical diagnostics?
    I am a computer scientist with an "application area" of biology. Strange I know, my point is I have at least a basic understanding of biological principles, and a more detailed understanding of a few specific areas (microbiology, biochemistry, genetics, etc). Enough background info: I recently have found myself wanting to know basics about various medical issues (both diagnostics and treatment). I'm looking for a book that can give me a basic overview of a wide range of "medical problems", as well as a bit of slightly more technical information. A book that might answer,

    What is the cause of allergies (physiology)?
    What happens when a person has an allergic reaction?
    What common parasitic worms are there, what are their symptoms, what are their treatments?
    Different types of cancer, their treatments, and how they work exactly?

    I find myself looking at the body more as a complicated machine, I'd love to know more about how it works in relationship to problems.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Clinical Methods
      By
      Hutchinson Bumford
      is a small book of immense help.
      You will have to read a few references given in the book also

  24. QUESTION:
    How can a cure for cancer be so hard when there are so many cancer cases?!?
    I understand there are many different types of cancers and many different locations for cancer to occur, but this is a problem that has been going on for ages and yet there are no advances.

    It's 2010, a new year, we have a new president - first black one at that- and yet we are no steps closer to a cure?

    There must be something wrong with America because we have more cancer cases than other nations.

    Any ideas or opinions about this topic?

    • ANSWER:
      Our cells will probabilistically suffer from errors. Unless error correction and prevention is properly carried out, the errors will survive, and might be passed along to daughter cells. Normally, the body safeguards against cancer via numerous methods, such as: apoptosis, helper molecules. However these error-correction methods often fail in small ways, especially in environments that make errors more likely to arise and propagate. Cancer is thus a progressive disease, and these progressive errors slowly accumulate until a cell begins to act contrary to its function in the organism.

      Thus cancer often explodes in something similar to a chain reaction caused by a few errors, which compound into more severe errors. Errors which produce more errors are effectively the root cause of cancer, and also the reason that cancer is so hard to treat: even if there were 10,000,000,000 cancerous cells and one killed all but 10 of those cells, those cells and other error-prone precancerous cells could still self-replicate or send error-causing signals to other cells, starting the process over again. This rebellion-like scenario is an undesirable survival of the fittest, where the driving forces of evolution work against the body's design and enforcement of order. In fact, once cancer has begun to develop, this same force continues to drive the progression of cancer towards more invasive stages, and is called clonal evolution.

  25. QUESTION:
    What is a catchy brochure title for skin cancer?
    I'm doing a brochure in school about the different types of skin cancer. (Basal, Squamous, and Melanoma) I have all my information down except for a title. I need a title that will catch someone's attention and read it. Does anyone want to help make a catchy title?

    • ANSWER:
      Brochures Click on a Title to view details and add it to cart.
      ABCDE's of Melanoma
      Basal Cell Carcinoma: The Most Common Skin Cancer
      Plastic Nevi (Atypical Moles) and Risk of Melanoma
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Second Most Common Skin Cancer
      Skin Cancer Prevention Tips
      Self-Examination Card
      Sunproofing Your Baby

      http://www.skincancer.org/apps/catalog/index.php?id=4

  26. QUESTION:
    I have a white spot in my inner lips is it a cancer?
    I am 18 and I have been smoking for 4 months now. I smoke about 5- 10 cigarettes per day. From today I have noticed that there is a white spot in the inner side of my lower lip. And if I scratch it the skin pills off. Also, I have a slight burning sensation. Is it a lips cancer? Can I develop a cancer at 18 by just smoking for 4 months?
    Thank you!

    P.S : I have a family history of different types of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a good site http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/leukoplakia/DS00458
      It could be leukoplakia. Unusual at age 18 with such a limited exposure to tobacco.
      Only a biopsy could tell you for certain what this is.
      We certainly cannot tell you - sight unseen - over the internet.

  27. QUESTION:
    At my school I am putting on a cancer awareness week?
    which will involve all sorts of different types of cancer throughout the week. But I am struggling to think of ways to get people involved throughout the school day. I'd like to have some activities that would raise awareness. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Dearest, Kyle. Might I suggest you set up laboratories for students to research cures for these forms of cancer? I would hope that the Seedrow Woolly populous would be competent enough to be aware of the existence of cancer. I wish you the best of luck. ;]

  28. QUESTION:
    How many cancers can be caused by smoking ?
    does anyone know the number of different types of cancers that can be caused by smoking a cigarette ?

    • ANSWER:
      How many??? I think it's either 243 or 247, I'm not sure which???

      No, all kidding aside:

      Statistics show that 54% of mouth cancers, 50% of cancers of the oesophagus and 70% of cancers of the larynx are attributed to smoking. Around 40% of stomach cancers are caused from smoking, as are 30% of cancers of the penis.

      For females, there is a greater risk of developing cervical cancer if she is a smoker. 19% of cervical cancer cases can be attributed to smoking, although heavy smokers may have an increased risk of developing this type of cancer of up to 80%.

      It is true however, that lung cancer is the most common form of cancer developed by smokers. Around 90% of all lung cancers are caused directly by smoking and statistics show that one in four smokers will eventually die of lung cancer.

      In 2003 in the US, 157,200 people died from lung cancer only and around 170,000 new cases were diagnosed. Figures from the American Cancer Society show that more people died from lung cancer the following year.

      Without a doubt, smokers are much more likely to develop lung cancer than non-smokers. Statistics for male smokers show that males have a 20% increased risk of developing lung cancer whilst female smokers have a 13% increased risk.

      Smoking is the biggest avoidable risk of developing any form of cancer and once a person stops smoking the risks are reduced almost immediately.

  29. QUESTION:
    How often do people with cancer get cancer again in a different location, not related to the previous cancer?
    Statistically, does getting cancer decrease the risk of getting a different type of cancer (not related to the previous cancer)?

    • ANSWER:
      Based on data from a national meeting a few years back there were 2.7 million cases reported from nine SEER registries from 1973-1999 of these 10% developed a second primary.

  30. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when you have breast cancer in three different areas?
    My friend just found out that she has breast cancer in her right breast but three different lump types of cancer in one breast, and it has effected her lymph nodes at least two of them. What are her chances and what stage cancer would that be? She is going to be having a mascetomy and chemo.

    • ANSWER:
      I am not sure what you mean in lump types.
      It is very common for cancer to spread to lymph nodes. Especially in the breast tissue. Lymph nodes are usually extracted during the mascetomy and if cancer is present, radiation and/or chemo is also a common practice.

      Basically, Chemo kills off all cells. Good and bad. The person usually feels really tired and horribly sick. Their immune system ( the system that protects from disease and virus) is severly depressed. People with colds or infections should say away from her. She will not have a defense system to fight off the simplest cold.
      Just be there for your friend, let her know that you are there for her, But at the same time keep your distance if she needs time to morn her loss.
      Please dont ever say you know how she feels, because unless you have been through it, you dont.
      Also, sometimes the best communications is to be silent. Allow your friend to talk, just comfort her.
      I hope all works out for her and I will keep her in my prayers

  31. QUESTION:
    Why is only breast cancer a big deal?
    Now don't confuse me for somebody who doesn't take breat cancer seriously, I think it is a big deal and needs to be cured. But my question is that there is hundreds of different types of cancer, and why is breast cancer seem to be the only one that people care about? My grandma has leukemia, a friend of mine had a tumor,my step grandpa died from brain cancer, and my great grandpa died from lung cancer. Nobody makes a big deal about those. Why only breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The answer to why breast cancer has a higher profile than other cancers is simple - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      People have limited time for campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition. Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising, agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. They're doing what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day; in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns and months for other cancers - but the fact is that none has had the hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has - hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness and fund raising.

      The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast cancer awareness.

      It's up to you to make a big deal about the things you care about, with like-minded people

  32. QUESTION:
    One of the most common cancers in men is prostate cancer. Once detected, there are many different types of tre?
    One of the most common cancers in men is prostate cancer. Once detected, there are many
    different types of treatment available. Which are different types of
    treatments available and pick one that you feel would be most effective.
    1. Explain why you chose this particular treatment
    2. Explain why you feel that this treatment is more effective than another.

    • ANSWER:
      You need to do your own homework.
      If there is something you don't understand ask, but expecting others to do your work for you is cheating.

  33. QUESTION:
    What are some ways to get cancer?
    I am studying cancer in science (No, you guys aren't doing my homework for me) and I was wondering what kinds of factors can lead to different types of cancer. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Being born. Living. Living to an old age.

  34. QUESTION:
    HPV testing, high- risk forms and link to different types of cancer?
    If the person have high-risk forms of HPV ( that cause cervical cancer or genital warts ) Can this rise the risk of other type of cancers? Can you take some type of tests and what kind ,for other types cancer bace on the high- risk forms or HP?

    • ANSWER:
      Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) that affect tissue of oropharynx. Oropharynx is a middle part of the throat which includes the tonsils, base of the tongue, the soft palate and pharynx walls. This cancers can be divided into two types, HPV-positive and HPV-negative cancers (usually linked to alcohol or tobacco use) .HPV-positive is related to HPV infection and associated with the HPV type 16. HPV 16 is one of the "high-risk" HPVs that may lead to the development of CIN (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia),VIN ( vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia),PIN ( penile intraepithelial neoplasia) or/ and AIN (anal intraepithelial neoplasia). Look for HPV16+ oropharyngeal cancer or HPV+ OPC .
      HPV16, is a causal factor for some head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) but the most common risk factors for head and neck cancer are alcohol and tobacco use.
      Note: the types of HPV that cause genital warts are usually different from the types that cause warts on other parts of the body and types that tend to cause genital warts are not those that cause cervical cancer.Also person can be infected with different types of HPV at the same time.

  35. QUESTION:
    What are some different types of radition?
    What are some different types of radiation oppesed from alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays? A website that would give ll the information about these would be great. Like what are benificial uses and policy regulations and so on and so forth.
    I already have everything about apha, beta, and gamma.

    • ANSWER:
      Basically there are three types, alpha particles, beta particles and electromagnetic waves.

      Alpha particles are actually the nucleus of Helium atoms without any electrons. Alpha particles are composed of two positive protons and two neutral neutrons. They are electrically charged because there are no electrons to balance the charge. Alpha particles tear electrons away from any material they encounter. This is why alpha particles are known as "ionizing radiation". Because of their mass and size, alpha particles do not penetrate solid materials and ordinary paper can shield a person from this sort of radiation. However, many radioactive substances decompose and produce this kind of radiation. If ingested or inhaled, the alpha particles generated interact directly with body tissue and the ionization can harm cells. This can also damage DNA, leading to cancer. Curie discovered the radioactive elements Radium and Polonium but died of leukemia, a kind of blood cancer. It was probably caused by exposure to radioactive materials.

      Beta particles are electrons which some radioactive elements emit as they decay. Electrons are smaller than alpha particles and can penetrate far deeper into solid objects. They are also ionizing because the electron has a negative charge with nothing to balance it.

      Electromagnetic radiation is composed of photons, which are simutaneously waves and particles. The energy of a photon is determined by its frequency. The electomagnetic spectrum begins with low frequency radio waves and ends with very high frequency gamma rays. Radioactive material can emit visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X rays or gamma rays. X rays and gamma rays have the highest energy and also are the most penetrating forms of radiation. X rays can only be deflected by the densest materials, which is why lead is used as a radiation shield. However gamma rays are energetic enough to penetrate any material. The effects of electromagnetic radiation is basically what infrared and visible light does when it shines on matter. It will heat the surface of a solid object because it is too low in energy to penetrate the surface. X rays and gamma rays heat the material uniformely and are high enough in energy to influence subatomic particles such as electrons. Because of this, electromagnetic radiation like X rays and Gamma rays are the most dangerous forms of radiation. Fortunately they are produced mostly in outer space and are known as cosmic rays. These rays rarely travel to the surface of the earth because they are deflected away by the earth's magnetic field, which acts like a powerful radiation shield.

      The energy of radioactive particles is also a function of the speed of the particle as well as the wavelength. Alpha particles and beta particles vary in energy because the particles can emerge from radioactive elements at different speeds. The standard unit of energy is the electron-volt. The average radioactive particle has about a million electron volts. Radium also generates a very peculiar particle. Radium is so unstable it can actually generate the nucleus of a carbon atom. This has three times the charge as an alpha particle and is extremely ionizing. Radium was named for the rays of light this metal can produce. Solutions of Radium salts glow a pretty blue light. Radium is incredible dangerous, but is also very common in the environment. Its presence in granite rock is the source of the radioactive gas radon, which is what this metal decomposes into after loosing an alpha particle. The Radon in turn looses another alpha particle and the gas becomes the metal Thorium. It is estimated there is 1 gram of Radium in every square mile of earth 6 inches in depth.

      FYI:

      All the radioactive elements on earth were created inside a giant star which exploded over 10 billion years ago. The heavy metals drifted through space, mixed with a nebula and our solar system came into being, rich in radioactive elements created elsewhere.

      Radium was once a health food. The American patent elixer "Radiothor" contained small amounts of radium salts. The FDA actually prosecuted manufacturers whose products were not actually radioactive. A muscular actor was hired to promote the product but soon became ill and died. It was noted that photographic film laid atopt the casket exposed itself with an X ray image of the actor's bones.

      We have learned many things about radiation since than!

      Barzil nuits can sometimes contain Radium. The tree has one of the most extensive root systems of any tree and the many square miles of roots soak up every mineral in the enviromment, including Radium. The tree sheds this by concentrating it in the nuts. Fortunately, the Radium levels are very small and aren't as risky as "Radiothor" was. Still, some nuts can be detected with geiger counters.

      Potassium is radioactive. One of the isotopic forms of Potassium is mildly radioactive. Potassium is a vital mineral for both plants and an

  36. QUESTION:
    What are my odds of getting cancer?
    My mom and 3 of her sisters had different types of cancer there mother had cancer my fathers mom had cancer and they all passed away what are my odds?

    • ANSWER:
      Hereditary cancer is rare, fewer than 10% of all cancer cases are hereditary. Cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      A sign that cancer MIGHT (only might) be hereditary with in a family is when several members of the same side of that family have had the SAME TYPE of cancer, especially if some developed it at a younger than usual age.

      Note - same type of cancer; always the same type.

      Several members of your extended family having had different types of cancer is NOT hereditary.

      Both my parents had cancer; so did two of my mother's siblings, and two of my grandparents, as well as two cousins. No members of my immediate or extended family are considered at increased risk of any type of cancer. And of my parents' six children - all now in their 50s and 60s - I am the only one who has developed cancer, and mine too is non-hereditary and is unrelated to theirs

      One in three women and one in two men will develop cancer over a lifetime of 80+ years, with most cases occurring after the age of 60

  37. QUESTION:
    How can I help cancer patients?
    6 years ago, my sister died of Leukemia. Since then, I have known many people who have suffered and are currently suffering from different types of cancers. It seems like almost everyones lives have been affected by cancer somehow. I am still a teenager, but how can I contribute to helping cure cancer, other then donations of money?

    • ANSWER:
      You can volunteer at your local hospital in the oncology infusion center. You can volunteer with the American Cancer Society. You can fundraise for cancer research.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are 3 different types of Stem cells? How do scientists think they can treat 2 illnesses with them?
    Can anyone give me some information on three different types of stem cell?
    And some information on 2 illnesses and scientists/whoever think they can treat these illnesses using stem cells?

    I'd be grateful for any information you can give me.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      To answer this question you need to understand how an embryo develops. Stem cells are magic, they have the ability clone, to divide by Mitosis.

      the first cells we get, in the embryo are all stem cells, and they are all Totipotent stem cells (a.k.a omnipotent). These wonderful stem cells can differentiate into embryonic and extra-embryonic cell types. in other words they can make the cells of the baby, the umbilical chord, and the placenta...

      Such cells can construct a complete, viable, organism. These cells are produced from the fusion of an egg and sperm cell. Cells produced by the first few divisions of the fertilized egg are also totipotent.

      The zygote, this proto embryo develops into enough cells to start making the organs, and the stem cells change, as does the zygote into an embryo. Here the stem cells are now Pluripotent - they are the descendants of totipotent cells and can differentiate into nearly all cells, i.e. cells derived from any of the three germ layers. To develop organs, our stem cells have split into teams.

      they go through a few more changes as we develop into a fetus... Multipotent stem cells can differentiate into a number of cells, but only those of a closely related family of cells.
      Oligopotent stem cells can differentiate into only a few cells, such as lymphoid or myeloid stem cells.

      Finally you end up with stem cells of the Unipotent type, that can produce only one cell type, their own, but have the property of self-renewal which distinguishes them from non-stem cells (e.g. muscle cells).

      So imagine a medical problem like cancer, where a type of cells have mutated, what if you could put in pluripotent, or totipotent cells to help repair the damage?

      Medical researchers believe that stem cell therapy has the potential to dramatically change the treatment of human disease. A number of adult stem cell therapies already exist, particularly bone marrow transplants that are used to treat leukemia (Royal Sussex Hospital in Brighton). In the future, medical researchers anticipate being able to use technologies derived from stem cell research to treat a wider variety of diseases including cancer, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injuries, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, and muscle damage, amongst a number of other impairments and conditions.

      You could treat baldness, mend missing teeth, cure blindness, and deafness. You could repair brain cells damaged by strokes, altzheimers or Parkinsons, and even mend sever learning difficulties. Bullet wounds, spinal problems, and birth defects would be a thing of the past?

  39. QUESTION:
    How many different types of headlice did Bob Marley have in his hair when he died?
    I heard that because of the extreme measures he took to have dreadlocks, there were 47 different types of headlice found when he passed away. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      1)
      This is probably the biggest myth about dreadlocks. One popular urban legend concerning this myth is that when Bob Marley died of cancer in 1981, the doctors found a few dozen new species of lice in his hair. This simply is not true. Far from being dirty savages, Africans have had methods of cleaning and caring for braids and dreadlocks for centuries. With today's modern science, even more ways exist to clean dreads with commercial soaps and solutions specifically designed for this style of hair. Scores of these dread care products are available online.
      http://www.africanbynature.com/eyes/openeyes_dreadlocks.html

      2) bob marley had 15 different species of head lice in his hair.

      thats a fact.
      http://www.afterdawn.com/news/archive/10006.cfm

  40. QUESTION:
    What Kinds Of Cancer Can You Get From Doing Drugs?
    I Was Wondering What Different Types Of Cancer You Could Get From Doing Drugs. ( Heroin, Cocaine, Marijuana, Methamphetamine, LSD, Ecstasy, Opium, PCP, etc... ) I Know You Can Get Lung Cancer And Heart Cancer Already.

    • ANSWER:
      smoke is smoke u cant point the finger at a type some can develop by doing drugs that u inhaled , but u do need worry about getting hiv or hep from doing other types of drugs

  41. QUESTION:
    Is it true that a person diagnosed with cancer has a 40% chance to survive the five year mark?
    I read this on the internet so i'm checking to see if it sounds true to any of you. The prognosis seems low. The thing is that there are so many different types of cancers with different survival rates that I don't know how anyone could come up with this figure (40%). Also why is survivability measure per 5 yrs..is this the time it would take for another cancer growth to appear?
    Excuse my ignorance..I'm here to learn. Thanks for your patience.

    • ANSWER:
      Survival rates are improving all the time.

      As you asked in Australia I have included the latest data relaeased here in Australia.

      •The 5-year relative survival for males increased from 41% in 1982–1986 to 58% in 1998–2004. There was a similar improvement for females over these periods–from 53% to 64%.

      5 year survival rates are generally used as beyond 5 years outside influences (stroke, heart attack, accident etc) start to cause too much disruption for the statistics to remain valid.

  42. QUESTION:
    What do these patients have in common? Pathophysiology question?
    Three patients are diagnosed with different types of cancer. One patient is a life-long smoker and has lung cancer, one has active Crohn disease and has colorectal cancer, and the other is a farmer with newly diagnosed melanoma. Other than the obvious thing, cancer, what do these individuals have in common

    • ANSWER:
      Lung, colorectal and skin cancers are all due to carcinomas.

  43. QUESTION:
    What are some different types of Researchh?
    different types of research? anyone know anything about that subject? i have looked around but everything i look out talks about research, just not different types of researchh.
    Thankkss.

    • ANSWER:
      The research that we do where I work is all nuclear. We mainly work with types of detection for neutrons, however we do gamma detection as well for specific applications such as IED detection, and NAA (Nuclear activation analysis) to determine atomic make up of substances, allowing us to back track to chemical formula of substances. We also due some neutron radiography, which is similar to an X-Ray, except we use neutrons instead, allowing for elements with fewer electrons to be more easily viewed, which is useful for quality assurance checks on things like turbine blades, which are difficult to X-Ray. We do work with some other departments as we can do material irradiation, which is highly effective for sterilization of equipment for cancer research, food science research, and veterinary research. We also support one of the level 3 pathogen labs with irradiation type sterilization.

  44. QUESTION:
    How do I get the bullies to understand and listen?
    I'm a type 1 diabetic and I also have a lot of health problems due to cancer in the past. I'm 15, freshman. In elementary and middle school I didn't get bullied that much, because I live in a really small town that had an elementary and middle school with like, 20 people in my grade, but it has no high school, so we've kinda all split up and now I go to a really big school and only knew my 2 brothers and my best friend. Because I was always in the same class with the same people before high school, they understood everything I had to do in order to stay healthy and alive. But in high school it's totally different. Before the school year started my parents, me and my teachers had a meeting about all the diabetes and other stuff, and the teachers asked me if I'd have to leave class to do my shots and pills, and I said I was comfortable doing in class because at that point I was because before high school nobody even payed attention to it. On the first day of school, I needed to do my 10am shots and pills and I was kinda doing it under the desk, and apparently it looked like I was trying to hide it from everyone, so they immediately thought I was doing drugs. I do it the bathroom now, but whenever I leave class now, they know what I'm doing. People are spreading rumors around the school, and no one understands because there's like, 7 people that understand. I try to explain, but whoever I'm trying to explain it to ends up throwing a punch in the middle on my sentence. They also take all my food, like, if I'm eating something that isn't really healthy, they'll take it from me because diabetics "can't eat sugar", then they tell me to go eat an apple. Then I have to go to the nurse to get more food otherwise I'll get really sick because I've taken all the insulin and other shots and pills to eat that, so I need to make up for it with juice and glucose tabs. They also like to go through my backpack and take some syringes and show their friends.

    The thing that bothers me the most is when people tell me that I should kill myself because I'm going to die young anyway. Which isn't true if I remember all my shots and pills and remember to check my blood sugar often. They know that if I don't take my morning shots my liver and kidneys can fail or work really slow, which will make me really sick and could kill me. When they say this it really hurts because I actually feel so lucky to be alive. Since the day I was born I've had 11 different types of cancer. I had 9 at one point. I died on my 8th birthday, but then when I went to heaven God told me that it wasn't my time, which really confused me. Haha!! But from the day I was born til my 8th birthday I was always told I wasn't going to make it til Christmas. But I've had 15 Christmas', so I'm going pretty well. I relapsed in osteosarcoma in August and went to hospital at the end of September for surgery and I got an inbox on Facebook from the main guy who bullies me and it basically said "I hope this one kills you" and he also called me a diseased s lut.

    Never once have I ever thought about suicide or anything like that. I feel so blessed to have my life and I love my life, but I really just want these guys to stop saying what they say. I am quite a good target, I am a lot taller than them, and definitely stronger and I'm good at dodging their punches, lol. But I don't really fight back, my brother who is a junior got into a massive fist fight with one of the bullies last month and my brother won, and that guy kinda backed off a bit which is good, but I don't want them to stop bullying me because of a fight, I want them to understand. Violence for me doesn't fix it. I actually felt really guilty about my brother beating the other guy and apologized to him. Haha. But does anyone have any idea how to talk to these guys without violence. Even organize a diabetes awareness day at my school, or talk to my bio class about how my body has been affected about the diseases I've had. Because we are doing body systems right now, so that could be good.

    • ANSWER:
      Say loudly "Get your filthy hands off my food" if any of those idiots touches your lunch. Say it loud enough that others hear you. If anyone dares touch a syringe or opens your back pack you need to report that immediately.
      You do not have to take abuse. It is your right to go to school and not be abused. Call it like it is, if someone is saying obnoxious things to you say it "Bullies like you suck!" or something similar.
      The guy who wrote that note to you is committing a crime. Verbal attacks like should be reported to your principal. If the same guy is abusing your frequently, you may need a restraining order to make it a punishable crime for him to even speak in your general direction.
      Bullies will not understand and have no interest in understanding you. In addition, you don't have to explain yourself to them. They need trained psychological counselors and therapy - you will not get through to them.
      Don't apologize to the people that your brother feels the need to beat up - they deserve the beating.
      Be sure to involve yourself in nice social circles and perhaps join the theater or music clubs - artsy people are incredibly tolerant people.
      Verbal abuse, and cyberstalking and cyberbulling can rise to the level of a crime. The guy who sent you that nasty facebook message should suffer repercussions. If you did not delete that message, you must show that to your parents, his parents and/or your principal. You may be mentally strong enough to withstand his abuse, but his next victim may not.

  45. QUESTION:
    What the different types of medicine in the world?
    I've seen things like using crystals. or that some people dont believe in taking medicine so there are the natural ways that can help and then there is going to the doctor and taking perscribed medicine. i was just wondering the different types of ways to cure sicknesses. thanks.
    i was just wondeing how these medicines work or if there are any different types.

    • ANSWER:
      That is controversial.

      Basically there is evidence based medicine, modern medicine, and there is alternative or complimentary medicine.

      The medications a doctor gives a person have been tested to prove they work. For a drug to be come approved there needs to be scientific evidence it works and the side effects need to be known.

      To put it another way, this type of medicine requires and uses scientific evidence.

      Using crystals or "natural ways" to treat a problem is different.

      It should firstly be clarified that evidence based medicine uses many different natural substances, morphine for example. So the idea that modern treatments are all synthetic is wrong.

      However the people using natural medicine outside of evidence based medicine have little or no proof they medication works. Many studies have been done on natural alternative medicine and most of the time findings show that there is no evidence it treats or prevents any medical problem. However people commonly experience the placebo effect, a well established phenomenon that occurs when people use a treatment (any type of treatment) and since they believe it works (even if it does not) they feel better. So it is belief that reduces pain or something HOWEVER nothing is treated or fixed and with self limiting conditions (things, like a headache, that go away) might appear to be treated but it was not. And something like cancer, which is not self limiting, will not respond to treatment.

      Often times these "treatments" will he a large part of a culture.

      Crystals or psychic surgery (which often involves crystals) has absolutely no evidence it works, no peer reviewed study has ever shown it help and many governments, medical institutions, and universities have heavily denounced it as a pseudoscience.

      So the people you have scene get treated with crystals or natural treatments did not get better at all, at best they got that psychological boost of a placebo effect, which can be very significant in many people, but that is all.

      People who see a medical doctor and get treatment are using treatments that are proven. Sometimes they don't work for some people, sometimes they cause side effects, and sometimes they are misused and that is very unfortunate. But what is critical is science has shown they do work.

  46. QUESTION:
    I keep having dreams about my grandpa dying?
    My grandpa has 4 different types of cancers in his body, and I keep having dreams that he died. He's 75, and he doesn't look sick, or as far as I can tell, isn't sick. But the doctors keep telling him to get the surgery done for those cancers, and he refuses. I don't want him to die. He's done so much for me, and I can't imagine life without him. And everytime I dream about his death, there are always tears on my pillow. I really don't know what to do. I've decided I'm going to pray every night that nothing happens to him or other people in this world. My grandma already died, in 2003, and I never really got to meet her. Why do I keep having dreams about my grandpa dying? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I think your dream tells you that your grandpa's health is a big concern for you. You should keep after him to look after himself and stay as healthy as possible. Maybe he thinks the surgery is high risk. If you tell him you want him to stay around and be part of your life, this might give him a reason to watch over himself better. Maybe he doesn't care if he dies or thinks it won't matter. So you have to tell him that he is important to you.

  47. QUESTION:
    What is the most popular kind of cancer?
    I know there are many different kinds of types of cancers, but I want to know the cancer that kills most people.

    • ANSWER:

  48. QUESTION:
    what happens when you get skin cancer?
    I know there are three different types of skin cancer and I know the sun may or may not play a part in causing them, but what exactly does the sun do to the cells and what do the cells do. If you have a a link that explains this I would be grateful. thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      see links below


what are different types of cancer

Bladder Cncer

The symptoms of gallbladder cancer are usually documented in the advanced stage of the cancer and men and women who are familiar with gall bladder disease are also aware of this. That is the reason why people who have gall bladder problems have to check their condition more often.

Gallbladder cancer symptoms include weakness, loss of appetite and weight; pain in the upper abdominal area, nausea and vomiting. It is also possible that the gall bladder will be enlarged. The symptoms of gall bladder cancer can be followed by fever, bloating and discomfort. The only efficient treatment for the gall bladder cancer is surgery because the removal of the whole organ is the most efficient treatment for the mentioned illness. Unfortunately, complete healing is possible only in cases where the disease has been identified in time. Considering the fact that the symptoms occur very late (sometimes too late), cancer can get into its advanced stage which makes it hard or quite impossible to treat it. Gallbladder can be removed, but it is no guarantee that the condition will actually heal and that the patient will live. In some cases, death can occur although gallbladder has been removed.

Unfortunately there exist many other conditions which have symptoms that are similar to the symptoms of gallbladder cancer. For this reason, you have to stay calm when you first notice the symptoms and wait for your diagnose from your doctor. Frequent medical examinations are advised if you already have problems with your gall bladder. You should also take care of your health, living. This will help you live without worries, and you shouldn't wait for the symptoms to occur. Regular medical checks can literarily save your life because your doctor will give you an answer to all your questions and give you advice on how to deal with gallbladder problems successfully.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    can i have a smear test if im 21 years old living in the uk?
    help ! i know you dont have to go for a smear until your 25 due to recent changes, but a number of people ive spoke to had smear tests when they were 21 and the drs found abnormal cells.(cancerous had to be lasered) i would prefer to have a test done now to make sure everything was normal as if i wait till im 25 i could of had the abnormal cells for 4 years plus ! am i being paranoid or as they say better safe than sorry!

    • ANSWER:
      Simple...If your concerned have a smear test and if your sexual active then defferantly have one.

      my doctor told me and this is my oncoligist, semin and cancer cells thrive together and usaly makes the cancer cells hatch.....and thats why women who are more sexual active prone to overian,vaginal,bladder,cervixal cncer.
      lucky for me mine wasnt any of the above but lymphnode...just as nasty

      so please dont leave it if your worried..a simple test and a few minutes could save your life.

  2. QUESTION:
    Does testicular cncer feel numb when youve got it?
    cause ive got a numb feeling in my right testicle and upper groin near my bladder sort of

    • ANSWER:


bladder cncer

Cancer Of The Bladder

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How do you grow malignant cancer cells in a petri dish?
    I want to grow:
    lung cancer
    colon cancer
    prostate cancer
    breast cancer
    skin cancer
    bladder cancer
    renal cancer

    I will be grow normal cells too

    • ANSWER:
      they are not bacteria, they are not going to just "grow" like that. you need tissue samples, a controlled environment and lots of medical supplies. That's why we have rats...they are the petri dish.

  2. QUESTION:
    what causes blood in the urine?
    abrubtly and very heavy in the urine, dark,thick blood overcomes the usual and now is very unusual. i know some of the answers are kidney stones, kidney cancer, bladder infections, (that'd be some infection) and the like. but on a man, what is the most likely cause of this?

    • ANSWER:
      Christ, don't ask people on a website, get to a doctor immediately.

  3. QUESTION:
    How serious can cancer in the bladder be?
    I have a friend who told me he has had cancer in the bladder for the past 4 years. The only treatment he has been receiving in hospital is... they get rid of the tumours with laser, which he has been doing on annual basis. Last year, the doc said that he would possibly need some radio- and chemotherapy but, at the end, he was told that it would not be necessary. He was relieved as he knew that those treatments usually give a lot of side effects. He says he does not feel anything, no symptoms that is. Can anybody tell me more about cancer in the bladder?

    • ANSWER:
      75-80% of bladder cancers are superficial. I am not aware of any of them being removed by laser usually it is done by TURBT. 80% of these cancers recur. The typical treatment after TURBT is BCG once a week for 6 weeks and then follow up cystos in the office. It is not unusual to see someone with bladder cancer for 15-20 years. Chemo and radiation are usually reserved for advanced disease after the bladder is removed. This is a major surgery. Once this cancer invades the muscle there is a 50% mortality rate within the first 18 months.

  4. QUESTION:
    Could these symptoms be a sign of cancer or a disease?
    For probably a couple years now, I have woken up in the mornings with pain in my abdominal area. Usually it is the pain that wakes me up because it can get pretty bad sometimes.
    The pain always dissapears after I urinate, and does not occur during any other time of the day. Could this be some sort of cancer or bladder problem? I've had this for a while, but only begun to realize that it could be something serious.

    • ANSWER:
      Get yourself off to the Doctors as soon as possible for a proper dianosis! It may well be nothing to worry about! It is no good messing about on Yahoo.

  5. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of someone with bladder cancer?
    My friend has an aggressive cancer where the bladder has to be removed. I want to give him encouragement and have searched for medical opinions. What are your experiences?

    • ANSWER:
      Bladder cancer is considered to be primarily a disease of older, white males and relatively rare in women, however, the prevelance of bladder cancer in women is comparable to the number of women with cervical and ovarian cancer:
      Total women with bladder cancer: 161,000
      Total women with ovarian cancer: 175,000
      Total women with cervical cancer: 184,000

      It is estimated that men with bladder cancer outnumber the women by 3 or 4 to 1. The overall 5-year survival rate for women with bladder cancer is 78 percent, which is equivalent to the 10-year survival rate in men. The 10-year survival rate in women, 69 percent, is equivalent to the 15-year survival rate in men. This means that women with bladder cancer survive 5 years less than men. Delay in treatment appears to be correlated with a disproportionately higher death rate among women with bladder cancer, who are diagnosed 6 to 9 months later than men.

  6. QUESTION:
    How many poeple on here know someone who is under 40 with bladder cancer?
    I am almost 39 and female and never smoked in my life and have bladder cancer. It has spread to my lymp nodes.I will be seeing a specialist this week. This may not be treatable. But I just need to know if you or anyone you know has or had cancer of the bladder under 40? and it is not as rare as people say becasue I have it.

    • ANSWER:
      Bladder cancer under 40 years old

      The good news is THAT YOU WILL BE SEEING A SPECIALIST THIS WEEK.

      Yes, I think it is very rare, certainly nowhere in numbers to breast cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, testicular cancer, skin cancer, brain cancer.

      Medicine today is treating all kinds of cancers and getting better everyday with pharmacological advances and nutrition regimens that can enhance your immune system.

      Your mental attitude plays a major part in fighting the progression of the disease and recovering from any therapies. You fight it, girl. Pray. And take an active role in your condition. This means you crack open the books. You question your medical providers. You make INFORMED DECISIONS. You make the lifestyle changes that the professionals say will benefit you, such as reducing other stressors in your life. You fight it, girl. And pray. I will include you in mine.

  7. QUESTION:
    Can a person who is receiving chemotherapy still get cancer?
    My father is being treated for metastatic cancer of the bladder, that has spread to his lymph nodes. He is now receiving chemotherapy. Is it possible for the cancer to spread during chemo?

    • ANSWER:
      It is possible for the chemo to be ineffective, which amounts to the same thing. Best wishes to your father for a speedy recovery and remission.

  8. QUESTION:
    Is substantial weight loss a reason for worry on a bladder cancer patient?
    My father has cancer in his bladder, but he has had a good deal of weight loss in the last few months, and also swelled feet and legs. They have removed the tumor, but I am concerned that they might be missing something. Does substantial weight loss (20 pounds on a 170 pound man over a period of 4-5 months) a sign of something we are missing? Or is it to be expected with cancer of this type?

    • ANSWER:
      If he has bladder cancer he typically would not be seeing an oncologist.
      That much weight loss is concerning for anyone and it is not common in bladder cancer patients. The vast majority of patients has 6 weeks of BCG after surgery and is followed with cystos every 3 months. If he had a more advanced cancer it may be disease progression.

  9. QUESTION:
    Is it better to have Chemo before or after a Bladder replacement?
    Someone dear to me has Cancer in her bladder. She already had a few chemo treatments last year but now thay are saying that they need to remove her bladder and still needs more treatment. Is it better to have it before or after the surgury?

    • ANSWER:
      Different patients respond differently to treatments.
      Her oncologist is in the best position to recommend the best treatment.

  10. QUESTION:
    What suppliments can be taken for stage 3 prostate cancer BLADDER INCONTINENCE?
    I have a relative, 76 year old, with stage 3 prostate cancer. He is taking hormone shots before undergoing radiation treatment. In the meantime he is suffering from an uncontrollable bladder (excessive urination). Are there vitamins available to lessen this problem? I was thinking super beta tablets as a first choice...open to natural remedies as well. Thanks all!

    • ANSWER:
      There should be several different medications available through his primary care physician. They may not be "natural" but they will help allot and prevent the embarrassing and frustrating accidents.
      Best Wishes

  11. QUESTION:
    How bad is bladder cancer when it invades the lymph nodes and they are infected also?
    my husband is 52 next week he was diagnosed with bladder cancer. They did a biopsy and came back positive for invasive high grade urothelial carcinoma (pT2), hey just had a follow up bone scan and CT scan and they found out that the lymph nodes between his bladder and stomach have become infected also. The doctor has not graded or told us a stage yet. Is this real bad or is it curable?

    • ANSWER:
      I am very sorry the doctor should have explained all of this to you. This is not how a patient should learn about their disease and that really angers me. “High grade” is the grade and yes this is serious, it is a stage 4 cancer. I am very sorry.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of surviving bladder cancer?
    My aunt was diagnosed with bladder cancer for the second time. I don't think she got radiation the first time around. Does she have a good chance at surviving again?

    • ANSWER:
      You are not giving us any information to answer you!
      75% of bladder cancers are found when they are non-invasive and most of these do recur without progression so based on this she will probably be fine, but as I said you are not providing any information to know.

  13. QUESTION:
    I have a hysoscope and d and c surgery planned and the doctors comment was we do not think it is cancer but we?
    need to the reason for your problem. Does that mean he could suspect cancer? My bladder has fallen and i have not had a peroid in a year. My blood work shows i am not menaopausal. Could there be something in there that has pushed everything down?

    • ANSWER:
      could be endometrosis.

      that will cause changes in cycles, etc.

  14. QUESTION:
    What state has the highest bladder cancer rate in the United States? Is it South Carolina?
    I was told that Marlboro County, (which is in Bennettsville, South Carolina) has the highest bladder cancer rate? Does any one know if this is true?

    • ANSWER:
      The highest rate of bladder cancer in the US used to be in Uniontown, PA....I'm not sure now, though. The primary cause of bladder cancer is smoking tobacco.

  15. QUESTION:
    How bad is Bladder Cancer for an 84 year old woman?
    My Grandma has be diagnosed with Bladder Cancer at age 84. The Doctor told her that it is somewhat aggressive. She has to go for treatment every Friday for the next six weeks. Is Bladder Cancer something that you can die from easily? I am scared that she won't be around much longer. Any advise is great thanks.
    They are going to inject a bacteria into her bladder and that's it. No chemo.
    She does smoke and drink. She won'y quit smoking, she's done it for years.

    • ANSWER:
      "Joseph F" is right. But if you truly want the details for predicting her prognosis, you must know the stage and grade of her bladder carcinoma. Your grandma can get this information from her doctor if she wants you to have it. (patient confidentiality rules - it's her choice)
      When you know the stage and grade of her disease, you can look it up online via the NCI or ask us here on YA. There are a number of cancer specialty doctors and other very knowledgeable medical people on this site.

  16. QUESTION:
    How does cigarette smoking cause bladder cancer?
    My uncle, a two pack a day smoker, was diagnosed with bladder cancer and the doctor said that his smoking is probably what caused it. What does the smoke have to do with the bladder?

    • ANSWER:
      No one knows what causes cancer, but smoking is a known risk factor for bladder cancer.
      Since nicotine is released into the bloodstream and is water soluble it can be found in all of our body fluids include saliva and urine which can stay in your bladder for hours before it is emptied and the older men get the harder it is to empty the bladder.
      Although women get bladder cancer too, it is more common in men and of those men who die from the disease 80% were smokers.

  17. QUESTION:
    I have cancer of the bladder and I want to know why I have very high epithial cells?
    that show up in my urine most of the time, and was seen on the cytoscopy too? No I do not have an infection anywhere no UTIs no bladder infection no kidney infection no kidney stone it is cancer of the bladder. I am female and almost 39. So could someone please tell me why I would have high epithital cells. The normal range is under 10 and mine is over 100 most of the time, so pleae if you can tell me why with this cancer I would have high epithelial cells?

    • ANSWER:
      How good are you wiping prior to collecting a urine sample? Usually the main cause for all the epi cells is not wiping good enough prior to collecting a urine sample. When the doctor's office is wanting a urine sample they should be asking for a mid-stream, clean catch. The reason for a mid-stream, clean catch would be so you don't have any abnormally high amounts of WBC's, Epi Cells and bacteria. It's possible to have abnormally high WBC's, Epi Cells and bacteria because you didn't wipe good enough. If you have a true UTI, the WBC's and bacteria would be present but you shouldn't have that many epi cells.

      Hope this helps.

  18. QUESTION:
    What is the percentage of children and teenagers getting this cancer?
    Ok bladder cancer and Esophageal cancer are some of the most frequent cancers of today. But, they both occurr in Men over 55 and 65. What is the percentage of children and teenagers getting it? Not very High right?

    • ANSWER:
      Bladder is pretty common, but esophageal cancer is not common at all. The percentage of teenagers having either cancer is zero.

  19. QUESTION:
    How quickly will this cancer spread?
    I found out my grandpa has cancer of the bladder. He had this type of laser surgery to get rid of the cancerous cells but one had spread through the bladder and is on the outer wall. My family has decided to not do anything as surgery is risky for his age and chemo and radiation would be horrible for him. I have heard that is an "aggressive" cancer - does anyone (doctors?) know about how quickly this cancer will spread and about how much time my grandpa has? My mom had said that the cancer will next affect the kidneys.

    • ANSWER:
      1st of all ide like to say im sorry to here about your grandpa and yes it is true what your mum has said about the kidneys im not sure how long ur grandpa will have left but my mum had the same cancer as your grandpa and they couldnt do much for her so they had to stop treatment and she lasted about 4months after the treatment had stopped and then she just past away it depends on how bad it is and how fast it travels round the body

      sorry again and hope i helped

  20. QUESTION:
    Where do you think the cancer is now? What kind of tests should be used to find it?
    My nephew had bladder cancer four years ago. Last year a malignant tumor was in the ureter leading to the kidney, his doctor gave chemo before and after removing the kidney. Just last week he became very ill with nausea, and pain; he is in the hospital, and they are trying to locate the cancer's location.

    • ANSWER:
      Awwww. Cancer is a horrible disease. I hope ur nephew is doing well. God bless him and all other victims of cancer <333

      Sorry I didn't really answer your question. Just wanted to send some hope and lovee <3

  21. QUESTION:
    How can you tell if the symptoms are due to morphine use or if the cancer has progressed to the brain?
    My grandfather has metastasized bladder cancer that has already progressed to his bones. I am his caretaker and I am worried that the cancer may have progressed to his brain. His cognitive abilities are slowing, he can not remember what he's trying to say and he's increasingly sleepy. He also has trouble walking, but he also has fluid built up in his legs, which impairs that.

    My question is due to that fact that he is also on morphine everyday for his existing conditions and pain. How can I if the cognitive and lethargy being from the morphine and percocet intake or if it is a sign of brain cancer?

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    Why would someone with a treatable type of cancer refuse to take chemo?
    My uncle has just been diagnosed with bladder cancer. I am unsure which stage it is because they are still getting tests done to find out. I am told (through other family members) that he is refusing to take chemo, even though he does not know his prognosis at this point. Early stage bladder has a very good prognosis, so why wouldnt he take the staging into consideration before stating that he is not going to take chemo? I understand the side effects can be intolerable, but this is the typical medical regimen, and it can be effective. Again, he does not know his stage yet, so dont you think this is foolish to announce before even having knowledge of the severity ?
    I understand I shouldn't judge, as i'm not in his situation, but what would cause one to refuse conventional medicine that is very effective ? Is it just the initial shock of his diagnosis? Is it likely he will change his mind? He is also not old; he is in his late 40s.

    • ANSWER:
      Chemo is usually given as a last resort for bladder cancer.
      Early stage does not necessarily have a very good prognosis stage 2 requires the bladder be removed within 2 weeks.

  23. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?
    For those of you who have had bladder cancer or know someone that has or had it could you please tell me what the symptoms are? I'm very worried this is what I have. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      my mom had bladder cancer, she had slight color of blood in her urine no pain or anything. she went to doc and they took urine sample and did test. then she had to go to a specialist the doc took an instrument and scraped the inside of her bladder and sent a biopsy in depending how much scraping they have to do you might have to have a catherder in for couple days. then if it turns out to be cancer you take treatments every week they squirt TB germs into your bladder you hold it in for couple hours you lie on your back for 15 then turn side for 15 stomach 15 side 15 back on back repeat takes about 1hour 30 min then you try going to bathroom then you have to pour bleach into toilet after you use it when you go home for 24 hours to make sure you kill the germs that was in you . go to doc if you haven't OK ! cause you can't make your own diagnosis without test go to a urinenologist

  24. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer getting so much more awareness than others?
    I think any type of cancer is serious, but I'm tired of ONLY seeing things for breast cancer. Commercials, profitable organizations, walks, etc. My dad was diagnosed with bladder cancer over the summer, and although they "removed" it, it's very likely to keep coming back, but it seems like society doesn't look at it as being just as serious. I know people are aware and do things to help, and it's not just bladder cancer that I'm worried about, but why is breast cancer getting all the attention?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it's currently Breast Cancer Awareness month, so breast cancer is obviously high profile at the moment.
      But yes, it does have a higher profile generally than other cancers, and there's a very simple reason -sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to breast cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination, enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      People have limited time, and choose their campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition (not a cancer). Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising and agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. What they're doing is what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day (that's one every 15 minutes), and in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns ad months for other types of cancer - but the plain fact is that none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has, hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising.

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast cancer awareness.They'd have to be as dedicated and work as hard though

  25. QUESTION:
    Is there a possibility bladder cancer would not show up on a sonogram of the bladder & kidneys?
    I recently had a sonogram of my bladder and kidneys that came back normal.. although they still do not know whats wrong with me.

    i know UPJ obstruction sometimes won't show up on a sonogram.

    Is bladder cancer still one of the possibilities?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to have a cystoscope examination done ,its 98% correct and a special urine test done .nobody and i repeat nobody can tell only by looking at a sonogram

  26. QUESTION:
    How do you cope with cancer in a grandparent?
    I just found out that my grandpa most likely has bladder cancer. The doctors won't get results for sure until next week, but I'm so scared and sad.

    If anyone has coped with cancer of a loved one, especially a grandparent you are very close to, can you help me? I believe very much in God and Heaven so I am not afraid of what will happen if he dies. I am definitely struggling to imagine life without him though.

    Thank you for any kind words!

    • ANSWER:
      how do you cope with it in your mother

      fortunately it is gone and she has been in the clear for the nescessary time and doesnt have to worry about it anymore.

      pray to the Lord and let Jesus help you

      mmm

  27. QUESTION:
    How do I give comfort to someone with cancer?
    My ex boyfriend's parents and I are very close. We still get together for holidays and what not. They are also the grandparents of my 8 year old daughter. I just found out that my ex's dad has cancer in his gull bladder. He is going into surgery on Dec 11 to have his gull bladder removed. They are not sure whether the cancer has or will spread to the rest of his body. What can I do to bring them some comfort and show support in this time? Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. :( Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      I have first hand experience in dealing with cancer. What would be very helpful? Offer to clean the house, offer to make dinner. Help the wife so she can focus on her husband. Also, visit him. For my mom, I put together a "hospital kit". I included a washcloth, bar of soap, shampoo, magazines, new pjs' etc... whatever they like. And once grand-dad is able to, bring your daughter often so he can see her. That will really cheer him up!

  28. QUESTION:
    Dog with cancer is getting anemic is there anything I can do?
    My dog has bladder cancer and while he has been doing okay with that (as well as he can be), he is becoming anemic and lethargic. Is there any supplement or meds I can get him on to help with the anemia? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Why let the dog suffer. I do not want to sound too insensitive or offend any animal rights activist but probably it would be best to just ask the vet to end the dogs misery. If not, ask your vet about iron suppliments or even a blood transfusion although I do not know if it will help.

  29. QUESTION:
    what is the life expectancy of a male with stage 1 or 2 bladder cancer?
    a 57 yrs old male who is just going for surgery could be in the stages of 1 or 2 bladder cancer. what is the approximate years of longevity with this type of cancer ?

    • ANSWER:
      Very easy to look up on the internet.
      Here are the survivals by stage for bladder carcinomas.
      http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BladderCancer/DetailedGuide/bladder-cancer-survival-rates

  30. QUESTION:
    I have no choice but to be a hooker for a short period of time. How can I be safe as possible?
    I am a foreigner living in America on a temporary visa. I was recently diagnosed with cancer of the bladder and need to have surgery within a month. I have no credit and have tried without success to obtain a loan. I do not have health insurance and do not qualify for medicare. I have 00 in the bank. The full cost of surgery is going to be around k. My family does not have money and does not care about me anyway. I am considering becoming a prostitute temporarily to get some money together Is there a safer way of hooking? Obviously I don't want to walk the streets. I was wondering about working as a callgirl for a while? I really do need INSTANT money.

    • ANSWER:
      Move to Nevada. It's legal, regulated, and safe.

  31. QUESTION:
    What is my recovery time from bladder cancer?
    Having surgery in the morning. Doctor says outpatient and back home. I am 83 will I be fine home alone?
    Small cancer in the bladder..............Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like you are having a TURBT. The recovery will be a few weeks, but you should be fine alone. There are no incisions. You may have some discomfort for a few days and when urinating.

  32. QUESTION:
    How long does someone have to live, when they have cancer and...?
    My grandpa is in his 80s, and has bladder cancer, lung cancer, and now bone cancer. He also has Diabetes. They are planning on taking him off insulin, how long do you think he would have? Thank you all for your inputs and thoughts.

    • ANSWER:
      Days? So sorry for your loss.

  33. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of an assistance program for cancer checkups?
    I am 21, and i was diagnosed with bladder cancer when i was 19, i did have medicaid but they cut it off the day i turned 21, and it was 3 weeks before my annual cancer screening. I am left with no way to get this very necessary procedure done and i am getting very scared that it has returned. If anyone know of a place that can help me, i will be forever grateful!

    • ANSWER:
      There are assistance programs based on the type of cancer you have. I don't know of one specifically for bladder cancer but that does not mean it doesn't exist. Does your oncology office have a financial counselor you could speak to? They might have more information. They might also be able to help you apply for medicaid or have some kind of payment plan. Regardless I would explain to your oncology office that your insurance was cut off and see what they can do. Even if you end up having to pay money back to the doctor, the lab or the imaging facility, I think the most important thing is to make sure you get your screening done so that you know the status of your health.

  34. QUESTION:
    What cancers can be cured? What are the treatments that work?
    kidney cancer, bladder cancer, brain cancer, bone cancer, lung cancer, leukemia, breast cancer, liver cancer, pancreas cancer, colon cancer

    • ANSWER:
      as to what cancer can be cured? is a tricky question i believe if one can be cured the other can also be cured. only we need to look in the right direction. we in modern medicines treat cancer as an enemey it is not, it is just a symptom of something basically wrong in the system of the body, the way the the whole body works. cancer is just uncontrolled multiplication of cells it as much a part of the body as all other parts. way to treat the cancer is to treat the whole body and not the part, remove what is wrong with the body and you can cure any cancer. indian ayurvedic system has prescribed and treated cancer on these lines and has achieved a great deal of success. we need to look to alternatives from china, india anywhere we can get some insight into ancient but wise methods. stop treating cancer as an enemey to be attacked with chemicals and harmful radiations.

  35. QUESTION:
    How likely am I to develop these types of cancer?
    My grandmother on my dad's side had uterine cancer.
    My Grandmother on my dad's side had bladder cancer.
    Both of my grandparents and my uncle on my dad's side had colon cancer.
    My Grandfather on my mother's side had Pancreatic cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Well there are tons of factors to consider. Did they smoke, do you. Did they have a good diet, do you. Did they exercise, do you. Its not like genetics totally determine if you will get cancer or not. Also how early was it detected in them. Since you know you might have a higher risk than average be sure and get checked more often.

      Meanwhile dont smoke, eat right, and exercise.

  36. QUESTION:
    what are the causes of bladder cancer?
    I was once told that in ejaculating, when the orgasm goes the wrong way and goes to the bladder instead of coming out of the body, that can lead to bladder cancer. Is that a cause or is it possible?

    • ANSWER:
      Retrograde ejaculation is not a cause of bladder cancer.
      One of the greatest risk factors is a long term smoking history.
      The excretion of so many carcinogens from cigarette smoke
      means that these chemicals have prolonged contact with the bladder mucosa.
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladder-cancer/DS00177/DSECTION=causes

  37. QUESTION:
    If a person has lung cancer and lymph nodes are discovered there, can they be cured with radiation or chemo?
    My sister was operated on for lung cancer, the mass removed. Now doctors have discoverd lymph nodes at the top of her lungs and are suggesting radiation or chemo. What will be the results? Could she be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      Both.

      Can she be cured is the question. It depends on which TYPE of radiation is used. I wouldn't go for TRADITIONAL radiation. I would use DR. Gil Lederman in New York. http://RSNY.org is his webpage to see what he does, he specialises in this. I went to him for two months. He's fantastic. He will return your call immediately. 1-212-995-6700 ask for RSNY- Dr. Lederman. It is Cabrini Medical Center in Manhattan.2270East 19th Street. Don't be decieved that it looks like an old run down hospital because it's New York. Once you get inside and see the updated equipment, you will be very extremely impressed with this hospital.

      Also there is a special LUNG HOSPITAL if you google "lung cancer", you will find this. or 'lung cancer hospital'. They even do lung transplants now there. I spoke to a personal representative immediately on line, she recommended a lot of stuff to me, but her alternative thing was MD. ANDERSON cancer clinic in texas. THEN if that didn't work, return to them.

      So MD worked so far I suppose. My local doctors are working inconnection with MD Anderson, I go back and forth every three months since last July for comparison check ups. So far, at least all we've done this time is it has stopped growing, not illiminating it, but stopped growing, at least. Wow, almost a year, bummer. But this natural stuff, I FEEL it, I feel differently, I can't wait for the next scans!

      http://www.aworldwithoutcancer also is NATURAL way to go
      http://healingcanceral naturally.com but slower. Get her the treatments FIRST, then get started on these natural stuff ok?
      LYMPH NODES is serious, that means that it has spread to the blood stream and is in the REST OF THE BODY. She MUST have Chemotherapy to get those out IMMEDIATELY. Then the radiation probably is how they will do it.

      Best wishes. Get her started on this natural stuff soon as posssible too. My doctor doesn't care that I am on it. He says philophsy is -- " If you THINK it is working, it MAY help you get better", because it is POSITIVE thinking and he much much believes a cancer patient NEEDS positive thinking. But if a cancer patient doesn't think that a certain treatment he is on will work, there is a very good chance that it won't work. Because of the negative thinking too. What a weird reaction we can have on our own bodies huh? But it's true. My brother in law just died of bladder cancer, he didn't beleive his chemotheraphy or ANY treatments would work on him, he was TOTALLY negative during the year and a half of all his treatments, etc. I could see the difference. Sometimes things would excell to be really good, then he would say, "It's just a fluke", then it would go bad again. So keep her positive. DON'T LET PEOPLE SAY, 'I'm Sorry" to her. Because she already IS. Those words HURT to us. Instead say -- I have heard of your situation and HOPE THINGS WILL IMPROVE or something like that. In other words -- tell them to be positive to her when people visit, do not say negative things like -- I am sorry, that is negative and makes one cry or hurt in heart -- ok? They teach us that in therapy!

      again, best wishes. It's going to be a LONG hard time ahead. Especially for the care-giver. That person will need help too. so when people ASK -:what can I do? LET THEM HELP. Let them do a "chemo" day with her. LET THEM babysit half a day with her when the time comes, etc OK? It will help her spirits too, EVEN IF SHE SLEEPS through it. She will wake now and then! I spent my time in a huge easy chair in the den or on our couch and my friends and family just surrounded me during the day and literally baby sat me through it and still do. It is amazing how that lifts your spirit.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are the 6 most common cancer types diagnosed at male population? Which one kills more?
    I'm interested in cancer prevention. I want to check for the 6 most found types of cancer in male populantion. I'll check-up on regular basis, from now on, until (hopefully) something else kills me. What should I look for? (Of course I'll also see an oncologist, and take his oppinion in consideration, as well).

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer (mortality 31%), Prostate cancer (10%), Colorectal cancer (10%), Pancreatic cancer (5%) and Leukemia (4%)
      Most common-prostate cancer (33%), lung cancer (13%), colorectal cancer (10%), bladder cancer (7%) and cutaneous melanoma (5%)

  39. QUESTION:
    What is currently the most under-funded form of cancer in terms of occurrence?
    I'm interested in donating money to cancer research and would like it to go to a cancer that has a low ratio of funding to its occurrence. There doesn't seem to be a great deal of easily accessible information on the internet.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know if it's possible to easily determine what kind of cancer is the most underfunded, but you can easily get the stats on government funding. Much of the government funding for cancer research goes through the National Cancer Institute (NCI.) NCI divides up the money allocated by the federal government into the various forms of cancer research. Many kinds of cancer research also gets more government money through other arms of the NIH, Department of Defense, and other government organizations. Each kind of cancer research gets money from other sources, as well, but for that info, you'd have to find out about each and every organization that contributes money.

      This link http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/NCI/research-funding includes a table demonstrating the funding by NCI for the most common types of cancer in the US. This link http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/NCI/research-funding gives dollar amounts for every kind of cancer that NCI provides research funding for.

      The most underfunded cancers are the more uncommon- larynx, vaginal, salivary glands, pituitary, parathyroid, etc. The most underfunded more common types of cancer would be thyroid, uterine, bladder, and kidney. And, as a whole, childhood cancer research is very underfunded compared to adult cancers. While other kinds of cancer get funding through multiple government groups (aside from NIH), childhood cancer gets government funding ONLY through NIH, and gets very little of the NIH funding. http://www.candlelighters.org/Information/AboutChildhoodCancer/ChildhoodCancerStatistics.aspx

      When donating, you also need to figure out what organziation to donate to. I highly recommend finding several organizations and doing research on them. Find out how they are using the money. You can use something like Charity Navigator to learn this information.

  40. QUESTION:
    As far as the symptoms for bladder cancer, is constipation one of them?
    Looking for additional symptoms of Bladder cancer. Maybe constipation, or maybe think your hip is out.

    • ANSWER:
      Constipation is not a symptom of bladder cancer. 90% of bladder cancer patients have blood in their urine. No other symptom comes close. They all occur in about the 25% range and depend on the location of the tumor and how advanced the disease is.

  41. QUESTION:
    How long after being told you have bladder cancer?
    How long after you have been told you have bladder cancer and there is nothing they can do is the length of life they say you have left?

    • ANSWER:
      This rarely happens, but when it does the median survival is about 16 months.

  42. QUESTION:
    What do you call cancer not seen on screenings?
    Just wondering when screening for cancer and they don't find anything until biopsy is done and finally something was found what is it called? My uncle had scans of all sorts and no signs of cancer when doing a Cytoscopy they found bladder cancer why is that?

    • ANSWER:
      OCCULT Primary or Secondary--When it can not be detected.
      OVERT-Cancer even obvious on clinical examination.

  43. QUESTION:
    how much money is received by cancer researchers?
    How much do they spend on cancer research in the USA? How many people live today because of cancer research? How many cancer patients have died because of cancer? What types of cancer is there? What types of drugs are being used in cancer research? How are cancer patients treated? What is the biggest type of cancer that the most people in the USA have?

    • ANSWER:
      1. billions
      2. millions
      3. millions
      4. many(since cancer is the rapid growth of cells i think there is a cancer for every type of cell!) here are a few since there is too many to list: lung cancer, prosatate, bladder, brain, mouth
      5.those that kill the cells before they spread and those that supress them to a confined area
      6.gentilly
      7. LUNG CANCER HAS A SURVIVAL RATE OF 15% AND IT IS THE MOST COMMON CANCER AND IS THE SECOND LEADIN CAUSE FOR DEATH

  44. QUESTION:
    How would you go about asking the Doctor to check for stomach cancer ?
    I've been suffering from stomach pains for a long time now and sometimes feel I've cancer. Maybe I'm worrying too much, but really want to get tested for it. But I don't really know what to say to the Doctor, sometimes my Doctor is quite cold and seems to prescribe something for me and my family very quickly and always seems too busy. I'm not suffering from hypochondria ha ha.

    • ANSWER:
      I know the whole peace of mind bit, i was just in the hospital for what i thought was MS, meningitis, encephalitis, hypothyroidism and an autoimmune disorder... turns out it was just an ear infection.

      It is probably just gastritis, but you could get a barium swallow done to check for hernias and stuff. It literally could be acid reflux, haitus hernia, stress, gall bladder ANYTHING. so do not stress..

      Get a blood test and tell him your concerns.
      All the best

  45. QUESTION:
    When someone has cancer and losing weight does that usually mean it's spread?
    The person has bladder cancer. It's 3mm and they're having surgery in 2 weeks.

    • ANSWER:
      A 3mm bladder tumor is VERY unlikely to have even invaded muscle much less spread.

  46. QUESTION:
    how can you get bladder cancer if your bladder always flushing it self?
    it just a sac that like a bag when it gets pressure it lets go. so how can you get cancer if everything gets flushed out?

    • ANSWER:
      bladder cancer forms in cells of the inner lining of the urinary bladder. that lining is somewhat similar to the inside of your cheek. when these cells mutate and grow checked, a tumor develops. that's bladder cancer.

      fyi: certain toxins like cigarette smoke and industrial chemicals/dyes contribute to bladder cancer. a very high percentage of patients with bladder cancer are current or former smokers.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are your chances of surviving cervical cancer stage 3?
    It spread to the bladder and uterus, inoperable at the time because of large tumor shutting off uretha.

    • ANSWER:
      Here's general data from the NCI (National Cancer Institute):
      "50% of cervix uteri cancer cases are diagnosed while the cancer is still confined to the primary site (localized stage); 35% are diagnosed after the cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes or directly beyond the primary site; 11% are diagnosed after the cancer has already metastasized (distant stage) and for the remaining 5% the staging information was unknown. The corresponding 5-year relative survival rates were: 91.5% for localized; 57.7% for regional; 17.2% for distant; and 56.7% for unstaged. On January 1, 2006, in the United States there were approximately 248,166 women alive who had a history of cancer of the cervix uteri."

      So, the rough estimation of five year survival with regional disease would be almost 58%. I always liked treating cancers "from the outside in" as I call it. Use the chemotherapy first. You know it's working when the primary tumor is visibly shrinking. Then you can proceed with the surgery and follow-up pelvic radiation therapy.

      When we give chemotherapy as adjuvant treatment for possible microscopic disease, we can't "see" if it is working. If I'm the person going though combination chemotherapy with the expense and side effects, I'd like to know it was truly working on my particular cancer. When you use chemotherapy "up front" as in this case - you know it's working. Hopefully the primary tumor will shrink enough to unblock the urethra.

      I would estimate that there is a better than 50/50 chance that the chemotherapy will shrink the primary tumor - though I do not know which combination regimen they will be using.
      There are different chemotherapy drugs and combinations which might be employed in this case.
      The first step is to reduce the tumor size with the systemic therapy as you say they plan to do. If she does respond initially, her chances get better - as long as there is no distant spread of the malignancy to the lungs or liver or retroperitoneal lymph nodes.

  48. QUESTION:
    How do you deal with finding out your father has aggressive bladder cancer?
    I just found out thursday morning my Dad has aggressive bladder cancer and I don't know how or what to do..I live in ky. with two kids and he lives in ohio..We have never had a whole lot of time together and now it is killing me because I never expected this to happen of course we never do expect this kind of stuff to happen.. I know that there is nobody out here that can make the pain go away or make it better I was just wondering if someone could give me ideals on how to deal with it better!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I know how you feel. I didn't know what to do when I found out about my mothers cancer. I was very busy and did not spend enough time with her as well. I now appreciate the quality time I spend with loved ones more than ever. Thankfully I have found something to help my mother, I hope it can help you, too!

      I am currently in the Bahamas with my Mother who has Terminal Lung Cancer. There is a clinic here that has been in operation for over 30 years. We have been here for 4 of our 8 week stay, everyday is really neat. A lot of the patients stick around in the meeting room/ waiting room to visit, and share stories and catch up. There were 40 people all talking and laughing, talking about cancer and life, the returning patients talk about how bad their cancer was 4, 8, 10 even 18 years ago when they started coming to the clinic, the cancer that has since disappeared. There is nothing dangerous or foreign to the treatment, just building up your immune system in a very effective manner. If you want to know more contact me or go to www.immunemedicine.com I cannot tell you how impressed I am with what I have seen and how my Mother has already improved. I know one man who was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, he skipped all US, conventional (poisonous, dangerous) options and went to the Bahamas and is doing great now. Another man who has been coming here for 18 years that had prostate cancer. People with just about every type of cancer. But, they are honest here, you send them your medical information and they will tell you whether they believe they can help you or not, and they will send you home if they don't think you are benefiting.

      My mom has shown drastic improvements and is feeling so much better. and we are in the Bahamas so we are having a good Mother-Daughter vacation.

      I have also done a lot of research on the Cesium Chloride/DMSO treatment and think that it has merit and you can do it at home.

      The clinic here believes that a supplement/liquid called VIBE works really well in addition to other treatments, I am going to look in to that some more.

      US doctors push chemo and radiation, but when you look at the statistics and side effects it is not a good option for most people. My Mom had both before we came here and now that I know more about them and have researched them I feel horrible that I let her go through them. She was lucky (so far) the only long term side effect she has shown is short term memory loss.

      The stories I have heard from the other patients here about how they were treated by US medicine astound me. One lady went home to have a shunt put in her liver so she would be ok to come here, but they refused to put it in unless she agreed to do chemotherapy, is that what our country is about? Denying helpful procedures unless we agree to dangerous, toxic ones? The drug companies run US medicine at least when it comes to cancer treatment and it is sad. Most doctors will tell you not to try alternative medicine and some will refuse to even see you again if you do. To some degree they are not to blame, they have not been taught anything about it other than that it is evil and wrong and they would be rejected by their colleagues if they suggested alternatives.

      I would also like to tell you about another lady staying at the house we are staying at, she is 86 years old and has breast cancer. She arrived at the clinic the same day we did and is doing very well. Her immune system continues to improve and she gained 2 pounds since last week. She is absolutely thrilled with this treatment and knows that it is helping her.

      Please whatever you do, research first.

      One very helpful website is www.cancertutor.com

      Good luck!!


cancer of the bladder

Breast Cancer Surgery

Women who have large pendulous breasts often face many physical and emotional problems. Physically, they find it difficult participating in day to day activities such as lifting heavy weights, jogging and participating in sport activities like swimming and jumping. The other discomforts that woman face are chronic neck and back pain owing to heavy breast. Psychologically, they find their clothes ill-fitting which leads to body-image issues low self-esteem and lack of confidence.

The most common causes of enlarged and sagging breasts are - post pregnancy changes, breast feeding, gravity, heredity, aging etc. Breast reduction with lift is the perfect treatment of choice for women who have large and sagging breasts.

Commonly known as boob lift or breast lift, mastopexy affirms the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening breast tissue to recontour the breasts. A breast reduction surgery on the other hand removes excess fat and glandular tissue and skin from the breasts to achieve a breast size proportionate to the rest of the body. Thus breast reduction and lift together make the breasts more firm and uplifted.

Together Breast reduction and lift have many benefits. Breast lift shapes and lifts the hanging breasts, reduce the size of the areola and reposition it to a proper position. It also corrects the asymmetries between the breasts. A Breast reduction surgery augments the effects of breast lift by recontouring and reshaping the breasts. It also reduces the size of the areola if it is too large.

Breast Plastic surgery is very expensive in western countries like USA or UK. The cost of breast procedures on the other hand is comparatively much cheaper in developing countries like India. For instance, the cost of breast reduction and lift ranges between 13,000 USD - 15,000 USD in USA whereas in India the average cost of breast reduction and lift surgery is about 5,000 USD. Thus one has to pay a third of what one would pay in USA or UK.

There are many factors that determine the cost of breast reduction and lift surgery in India. For instance, size of the breasts, pre-operative investigations, anaesthesia, surgeon's fee, hospital facility and follow ups after the surgery. Needless to say, the other factors that would determine the cost of the surgery in India would be travel expenses, accommodation expenses and errands in India.

It is best to get breast plastic surgery arranged by a medical tourism company in India. The company arranges for travel, stay and cosmetic surgery at some of the best hospitals and clinics in India. IndiCure also provides suitable holiday options at scenic locations in India.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How long do you normally stay in the hospital after you have breast cancer surgery?
    How long do you normally stay in the hospital after you have breast cancer surgery? It was a small tumor, about 6mm, once you have surgery, do they leave in the hospital for a couple of days? Any experience?

    • ANSWER:
      My wife had a mastectomy in the afternoon and after the surgery she said she had not felt as good as she felt for the last two weeks as she did after surgery. Often the unknown is what is taxing on the psyche.

      She was on Percocet for pain every four hours the first day. Also, the nurse came in to do her drain. After the second time, I asked if I could do it. After that I did the drain, the nurse said I did such a good job, that I could follow her and do the drains for the other patients! I said, "no thanks, one is enough!"

      She walked around before she went to sleep. She woke up and walked again. She had breakfast and by 2:00 she was discharged from the hospital.

      At home, I did the drain. She took Percocet two more times and then switched to Advil. One Advil every 4 hours for the next two days. Her drain was about every 2 hours. She would have more fluid after she did her exercises.

      The drain lasted one week. After that she would see the surgeon about every 4 days for about two weeks.

      The overall experience of getting the mastectomy was one of fear of the unknown. Our surgeon specialized in breast surgery, so we had a lot of confidence in his ability. The operation did not hurt and she was off the prescription drugs after one day at home.

      The drain is tricky, there is a technique to it. I would ask the nurse to show you how and then do it.

      It has been about a month and a half since her operation. She had started chemotherapy again, and is doing fine on Taxol.

      Good luck, it will be fine.

  2. QUESTION:
    How many maximum days a patient can spend before starting chemotherapy and after the breast cancer surgery ?
    I would like to know that how urgent is the chemotherapy after the breast cancer surgery. The patient is 51 yr of age lady and has a Stage-III tumor (3.5x3.5x3cm) which was removed by MRM. and what are the precautions to be taken while, during and after the chemotherapy. The patient also has Hyper tension and is diabetic.

    • ANSWER:
      Yeah, what the other two said. Drs really want to start chemo as soon as surgery site is healed. I had to wait right at a month because I got an infection in my incision. My docs were getting a little panicky, keeping me coming in to check the infection and how well it was healing.

  3. QUESTION:
    What happens after you you have chemotherapy for breast cancer?
    So my teacher had breast cancer surgery and they said she might need chemotherapy and I'm wondering if she will be calmer when she gets back. So just tell me how she will act and look when she gets back and how long it will take her to get back since she was supposed to come back November 2nd. Give me all the information you can:-)

    • ANSWER:
      My sister had breast cancer last year and then had the chemo which is done every 3 weeks for 6 months and then radiotherapy every day for 6 weeks and my sister works in an office and was off work for almost 1 year, she lost all her hair and eyebrows and eyelashes and gained weight with the medication and she was very tired and now she has returned to work she only works part time because of the tiredness, all her treatment finished around march this year but takes a long time to get your body back to normal but her personality is just the same as it was before but she appreciates things now knowing that life is too short. It is unlikely your teacher will be calmer than she was as she will have been to hell and back.

  4. QUESTION:
    Where can I recieve benefits as a single mother with Breast Cancer?
    Well, my aunt had breast cancer surgery and is now on chemotherapy. She has a 5 year old daughter and is unable to work. Is it possible for her to receive financial benefits?

    • ANSWER:
      go into your local DHS office/go online and get/download an application, as your aunt and her daughter would qualify and they (in IL) will back date 3 months. Hope this helps and she would probably qualify for social security disability or SSI.

  5. QUESTION:
    How likely am I to get breast cancer if my mom has it?
    My mom was just diagnosed with breast cancer. It is the first time anyone in my family has ever gotten breast cancer. She had surgery to remove the front part of her breast and now awaits radiation treatment. She's been told there's about a 6% chance of the cancer returning.

    I am a healthy 27 year old who gets regular check-ups with the doctor. I was wondering how high a percentage rate it would be for me to get breast cancer?
    In case it matters, I forgot to mention my mom was/is 67 when she was diagnosed.

    • ANSWER:
      Like all other types of cancer, breast cancer is rarely hereditary; only 5 - 10% of breast cancer cases are hereditary, and they are due to a rare inherited faulty gene.

      Breast cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      A sign that breast cancer might (only might) be hereditary is when several members of the same side of a family have had it, especially if some developed it at a younger than usual age. In those circumstances, genetic testing to establish whether one of the rare faulty genes is present might be considered appropriate.

      You are almost certainly not at increased risk if your mother is the only family member who has had breast cancer; but as the daughter of a woman who has had breast cancer you will be treated as at increased risk as a precaution. Your routine mammograms should start when you are ten years younger than your mother was at diagnosis if that age comes before 40, when routine mammograms start.

      Where breast cancer is hereditary, there is no pattern of it skipping a generation; the faulty gene can only be passed from parent to child, and it's a 50% possibility that it will be. Inheriting the gene doesn't mean someone will definitely develop breast cancer.

      =====

      Yes, her age is important. Breast cancer diagnosed after 50 is even less likely to be hereditary. As she's the only family member to have had breast cancer, you can be sure you're not at increased risk.

      Best wishes to your mum for her treatment - and to you, it's hard seeing someone you love go through this.

      For information about Breast cancer and a place to talk to other people who are going and have been through the same thing, you might both find htis site helpfu; I found online support forums so helpful in the days and weeks after diagnosis:

      http://www.breastcancer.org

  6. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when breast cancer has spread to the lymph node?
    My friend was recently diagnosed with breast cancer and had surgery today to remove the tumor. The surgeon removed part of a lymph node and it tested positive for cancer. What does this really mean? Does it mean that most likely the cancer has spread to other organs in her body? I'm really confused and need some answers. Thanks so much

    • ANSWER:
      For breast cancer to spread to the rest of the body it needs to first go through the lymph nodes under the arm. If her lymph nodes have shown positive for cancer it means that the chances of a recurrence are higher. It depends greatly on how many lymph nodes have been affected. I only had 1 out of 13 lymph nodes showing cancer and scans didn't pick up cancer anywhere else in my body. I am two years on from diagnosis and still have not had a recurrence. I know many women who have had cancer in their lymph nodes and they are still here years later. It does mean however that she will probably have to have chemotherapy to try and kill any cancer that may have moved on.

  7. QUESTION:
    Can a breast cancer tumor grow within days?
    I posted a question on here a few days ago regarding my mom having breast cancer. She has surgery next Wednesday. I wish she could have it before then. She has a fast growing tumor. Is there a possiblity that it can grow bigger within a week of her waiting to have surgery? This worries me A LOT.

    • ANSWER:
      Having to wait a week to have surgery isn't going to affect the long term outcome. I was diagnosed with a fast growing tumor (2.4 cm) in May of 2004 My December 2003 mammogram showed nothing. After surgery in late June followed by chemo and radiation I'm doing well. I pray you mom does well too.

      Having to deal with cancer is a scary experience for the entire family. There are on-line support groups for families if you need some support from your peers.

  8. QUESTION:
    What is one particular thing you will be specially thankful this Thanksgiving?
    Mine will be my mom's successful breast cancer surgery that it has not spread.

    • ANSWER:
      i am thankful that the LORD has come in to my life and changed me.i feel that i am a much person because of it.i am thankful that he has forgiven me for my sins.keep the faith and all things will get better.you can thank GOD for taking care of your mother,i am sure he had a hand in it.GOD BLESS..Bill

  9. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer treatment is best after surgery?
    My grandmother is 80 years of age and was diagnosed with breast cancer about a month ago. she had surgery in which they removed the cancer from her breast. she is trying to decide whether the treatment of radiation by means of having an implant in her breast that releases radiation, or not even receiving the treatment of radiation at all. any ideas? (her health condition is as fallows- had a stroke 2 months ago, still working on walking w/o a walker, and she has trouble standing for certain periods of time. she has recovered well from the stroke, but is still in a bad condition.

    • ANSWER:
      Radiation was the toughest of treatments for my wife and she at the time of treatment was 52 years old. Radiation kills the tumor at the site where cancer was discovered, it is sort of insurance that it will destroy whatever cells would be left at the site.

      Chemotherapy destroys the cells that might have escaped to other parts of the body, surgery removes the tumor itself and radiation is applied to the site to destroy remaining cells.

      Treatment is usually over a specific amount of time that is on a daily basis, and it was very painful for us. Not everyone responds to radiation the same way. I have heard from others that it was a walk in the park. For us it was hell.

      It could be physically too much for her, the only person to know for sure is her radiation oncologist and regular doctor. A friend of mine had breast cancer at 65 years old and did not have it again for ten years. At 75 years old she decided to not have treatment because she did not want to suffer through it all again.

      Each person needs to evaluate if the costs are worth the price of the goods received. I know what radiation did to my wife but she is considerably younger than your grandma. The treatment for her could be the straw that breaks her back. The doctor's need to give an evaluation to decide if it is something she can handle.

  10. QUESTION:
    Is there a high street deodorant that doesn't contain Aluminum?
    For someone who has just had breast cancer surgery.

    Aluminum has been said to increase the risk of breast cancer and to also encourage it.
    So my mum has been told to have aluminum-free deodorant, anybody know any that are sold at local shops or maybe even online for a cheap price?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, PitRok. Not overly cheap (about £6) but it is a natural crystal. Works really well. Available in Boots, Superdrug and Bodycare.

      Bionsen smells really bad - too strong.

  11. QUESTION:
    Does cancer or cancer therapy change your body odor?
    Since breast cancer, surgery, chemo and radiation I smell different, and I don't like it. Is this common?

    • ANSWER:
      It seems possible, but I have never heard of it happening before.

  12. QUESTION:
    How can I build up my immune system after breast cancer treatments?
    I have a very low immune system since I had chemotherapy, radiation, and other breast cancer treatments and surgeries. Since I finished chemo and radiation less than a year ago, I have had shingles, meningitis, and have had to fight 2 infections in my left breast that had the radiation in it and will have to go in for surgery to have the implant removed, and replaced. I'm sick and tired of being sick and tired. What can I do? Also, gained 40 lbs and hate the weight gain.

    • ANSWER:
      Dave, Mara and Inverse, all good advice. I put on about 15-20 lbs from my treatments also. It's slowly coming off now that I can get out and about a little more. I also take organic flaxseed oil pills with omegas and lignans, vit. d with calcium and also an 81 mg aspirin a day. My onco said everyone should take an aspirin a day.

  13. QUESTION:
    Should elderly women be offered aggressive treatment such as chemotherapy or radiation in addition?
    to breast cancer surgery? Elderly as in 80+. Would you go through it if you were diagnosed at that age?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. They should be offered it.
      It should be up to them whether they accept it.

  14. QUESTION:
    what if my mother cant take chemotherapy for her stage 2 breast cancer?
    My mother has stage 2 breast cancer, had surgery to have the tumour removed but she is unable to take chemotherapy what are her treatment options then??

    • ANSWER:
      From your other questions your mother can take chemotherapy, she has just chosen not to. When you get breast cancer there is a certain percentage of likelihood of the cancer recurring. The risk goes down with each treatment. If she doesn't have the chemotherapy then her risk is slightly higher than if she does have it.

      Her oncologist would have made his recommendation and your mother then made her choice. There is nothing more you can do about it except accept her decision. I had stage IIB breast cancer and was never really given the choice, I was told that that is what I would be doing. Obviously I could have said no but at the time I did whatever they told me. I was however only 47 and wasn't ready to take my chances. Your mother however is 75 and has obviously taken that into consideration. Breast cancer can take up to 10 years to recur and being hormone receptive your mother also has a lot of treatments to help her IF she does get a recurrence so the chances of her living to 85 or beyond are really not bad.

      You can keep asking this question over and over but the answers will not change. You are obviously concerned and I suggest that you go with your mother to her next oncologist appointment and ask him these questions.

  15. QUESTION:
    How does a man who does not want to date a transexual distinguish between a woman and transexual?
    Specifically, how do you distinguish between a breast/uterus cancer surgery survivor and a transexual (spirits are different)?
    Is the Adams apple an organ that you can size by modern medicine?
    transexual: surgically removed penis and created a vagina and surgically replaced chest with silicone breast implants.

    • ANSWER:
      Serously, if you can't tell, it doesn't matter. Just love her to the best of your ability.

  16. QUESTION:
    is there a cure for stage 1 breast cancer?
    I am 58, have stage 1 breast cancer. I had surgery, but they decided I didn't need chemotherapy or anything else. Is my cancer cured?
    I am 58, er, and pr negative. I am her2 positive. My doctor recommded no treatment due to tumor size of 2ml.
    I had surgery already.

    • ANSWER:
      Your stage 1 status means your tumor was small and no cancer was detected in nearby structures including the lymph nodes. The surgery removed the visible tumor. However, it is impossible to know whether small numbers of cancer cells may have traveled to other parts of your body.

      You may wish to seek a second opinion, because there is significant risk by not having chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is extremely effective at destroying cancer cells which may have traveled in small numbers across your body. Chemotherapy is a system-wide cancer killer. Not having chemo is quite risky.

      You also need long-term follow-on medications based upon whether your breast cancer was estrogen receptor positive and HER2 positive. Tamoxifen and Herceptin are the drugs of choice in these cases.

      Get a second opinion.

  17. QUESTION:
    Do you know of a support group for partners of people with breast cancer?
    My partner and I have been together 3 and a half years. Last Tuesday she was diagnosed with breast cancer. Her surgery is Friday. It would be very helpful if I had a group to "talk" to. We are a lesbian couple, in the south. We are also biracial and her family would not appreciate me being there. Anyone have any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      First, I so sorry for her diagnosis. I hope they caught it early. Check with her medical provider for support groups. The American Cancer Society can also help. Do you have a local PFLAG chapter? It's not for cancer, but sometimes just speaking with someone that is GLBT friendly might help. I live in Oklahoma, maybe the biggest "red" state there is, and we have several PFLAG groups state-wide. You can find a local group on PFLAG Nationals website. www.pflag.org Good luck to you both.

  18. QUESTION:
    We are trying to figure out what kind of monetary benefits I can get for taking care of my mom. Help Please?
    She just got home from a major breast cancer surgery. She just had her mastectomy and breast reconstruction surgeries on April 15th 2011. Currently at home recovering. She is 64 years old.
    We (my mom & I) have been told by different friends and family members to check into it.
    Tho I do believe they were talking about caregiver benefits from SSI.

    • ANSWER:
      Very limited programs in very few areas. I'd try talking to her doctor and patient services at the hospital.

  19. QUESTION:
    How did you deal with the nights between the time from being diagnosed to the surgery for breast cancer?
    I just turned 37 and found out Tuesday that I have breast cancer, I was currently nursing a 7 1/2 month old baby. I find the hardest time to deal with it at night. What did you do while you were waiting for surgery?

    I learned that it is stage 3.

    • ANSWER:
      I finally found someone in the same stage as me. I am Stage 3B breast cancer. I am not going to lie to you and tell you that it is all going to be rosey and things are so easy. It is one of the hardest things that I have ever done. I did my chemo first due to the tumor attaching itself to my chest wall. Thank goodness it has come unattached and my surgery is scheduled for March 25th. I am actually excited because the cancer is finally going to be out of my body (atleast for the time being) I was really nervous between surgeries. Try not to do to much research on the internet and if you must don't get frightened by the statistics that they have. Statistics are meant to be broken. Keep your head up and if you need any more info. I would be glad to help. I just finished my chemo and then surgery then 6 weeks radiation. Remember to take your pills even if you do not feel nauseated because if you don't you will be laid up. Another thing you should check into is your local American Cancer Society they have a class called Look Good Feel Better and they teach you how to apply the make up especially if you are on the chemo that cause your eyebrows and your eyelashes to fall out. They offer free wigs and all that it is really worth it. You can contact me with any questions you might have or if you just need to vent. Thoughts and Prayers are with you and your family during this difficult time.`

  20. QUESTION:
    If the doctor calls the day after a mammogram is remission positive?
    This morning my parents told me my mom may have cancer remission cause the doctor's called and left a message to speak with her a day after her mammogram. Last year they called 3 weeks later to say it was negative. She had breast cancer with surgery and radiation 2 years ago. My dad said if it's back she will die soon.

    • ANSWER:
      If she's in remission, she doesn't have cancer. Often times a mammogram will show a small tumor. What happens next is an ultra sound. If they see changes from the last mammogram, the they will remove the tumor. However is the tumor proved in the past to be negative, the ultra sound or mammogram will show no changes thereby proving this tumor is benign and will not spread. By the way, many women have had breast cancer. This is NOT an automatice death sentence.

  21. QUESTION:
    How long do you have to live when cancer spreads through your body?
    About last month my cousin was diagnosed with Breast Cancer, & she got surgery about a few days ago, & found out that the cancer had gotten to her lipids i believe & had spread through out her whole body, I'm just so upset & I want her to be okay, she's gonna start kemo & radiation soon. I herd this is very life threatening(obviously) but I was wondering how long you have to live when cancer spreads through your body, i know everyones different but i'm just so worried.

    • ANSWER:
      It got into her lymphatic system (you may have heard lymph nodes). This is a pretty bad situation, although I suppose your aunt can still survive it.

      This happened to my husband, and for a while it seemed that the chemo would work. He had gotten stronger for a while. But the cancer settled into his liver in reaction to the chemo, and it ate his liver up. He was gone about 6 months after we found out the cancer had spread.

      I hope your aunt is okay.

  22. QUESTION:
    Will it be hard for a 12 year old dog to recover from breast cancer surgery?
    My 12 year old maltese has breast cancer. She has about three lumps altogether about the size of halfmy thumb. The vet did a blood test on her and she's okay for surgery. We're worried that with her old age it'll be harder for her to recover. She's really active now...like reallly active. It would be nice if anyone could give me details of your dog's recovery to surgery or any personal experiences from such eg. recovery process etc

    • ANSWER:
      We had a 10 year old dog spayed, who bounced back from surgery like a puppy did, but she was in great health, so that made a difference.

      If your vet thought she'd have a hard time recovering, he probably wouldn't do the surgery.

  23. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of my mom surving breast cancer?
    My mom is between 50 - 55 years of age. She was diagnosed with Stage 1 breast cancer. She had the surgery, they found nothing wrong in her lymph nodes, & now she has to do chemo (causing her to lose her hair) for 12 weeks, and do radiation. What are her survival chances?? PLEASE HELP ME! :,(

    • ANSWER:
      If it wasnt in the lymph nodes she will survive.

  24. QUESTION:
    Question regarding losing weight with breast cancer and other problems?
    So, my mom is overweight and in her fifties. She just went through breast cancer and previously had knee surgery. She doesn't exercise much and has a horrible diet. What are the steps that she should take in-order to lose weight and feel healthy?

    • ANSWER:
      3 Easy, But Highly Effective Weight Loss Tips!

      1. Keep a Food Journal.

      By keeping a food journal, you will also be able to see more easily what food you're eating, and from where possible unwanted calories could be coming. You could for example keep a weekly or monthly food journal where you list all the food you are going to eat, or just add the food you have been eating afterwards. This way you will also be able to see your food choices more easily, and also hopefully help you keep you more motivated to achieve your goals, when you see your food choices more in black and white.

      2. Eat More Instead of Starving Yourself.

      Research has shown that it's better to eat more often instead of less or skipping meals, if you want to lose excess fat. This is also why you should try to eat 5 - 6 smaller meals every day instead of trying to starve yourself. Your smaller meals could for example consist of breakfast, lunch and dinner, together with 2 - 3 snacks throughout the day. Your snacks could preferably consist of healthy fruit or vegetable snacks, which won't put on fat to your body.

      3. Try to Lose Weight More Slowly.

      Instead of trying to lose weight rapidly in a short amount of time, try to take it more slowly over time. For example it can often be hard to lose a lot of weight fast. But if you instead set up a goal to lose 5 - 10 pounds per month, you are also much more likely to succeed. Small steps finally adds up to a big one, and by taking your weight loss step-by-step, you will also increase your chances to finally lose those unwanted pounds.

      Also Pay Close Attention To This:

  25. QUESTION:
    Can chemotherapy ports be implanted in patients with breast implants?
    If a patient underwent breast cancer reconstruction surgery and it resulted in the use of two saline implants, can she later have a chemotherapy port implanted should she be diagnosed with cancer again and chemo is needed.

    • ANSWER:

  26. QUESTION:
    Will it be hard for a 12 year old dog to recover from breast cancer surgery?
    My 12 year old maltese has breast cancer. She has about three lumps altogether about the size of halfmy thumb. The vet did a blood test on her and she's okay for surgery. We're worried that with her old age it'll be harder for her to recover. She's really active now...like reallly active. It would be nice if anyone could give me details of your dog's recovery to surgery or any personal experiences from such eg. recovery process etc

    • ANSWER:
      Being active is a good sign. Why not you wait and see what happens to your dog? As ur dog reaches this age, dont expect it to live much longer.

  27. QUESTION:
    How long can my aunt survive with breast cancer?
    My aunt found out that she had breast cancer one year ago but she did nothing about it. Now she is experiencing bleeding and such and she got surgery. Can she still survive if she is in stage four or is she even in stage four?

    • ANSWER:
      DeniseDDS and Tarkarri have good answers and reasonable guesses, but this is always a guess.
      Whatever guess even knowledgeable medical people may make will be wrong.
      You do not know what stage she is, so Denise has to guess at that.
      These questions asking us to predict the future are human nature.
      Many of us want to know the future. We cannot ever know the future.
      If you think about it, you might not want to know the future.
      - - -
      I saw one person - who would not allow any treatment - live for over five years with a huge primary breast cancer that had broken through the skin of the breast, became infected, was a painful fungating malodorous mass, and yet she would allow no surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. She had no money and no insurance. I saw her at no charge and provided her with comfort medications at my own expense. Nice person, but I could never talk her into allowing any real treatment. She was still alive and ambulatory when I retired from medical practice.
      This is just one anecdotal case, but it shows that anything may be possible.
      Cancers follow no rules.
      This was the only person - out of many many hundreds of breast cancer patients I saw - who I could not talk into trying some form of breast cancer treatment.

  28. QUESTION:
    For breast cancer how do the lump look like? Where is it located at?
    For breast cancer how do the lump look like? Where is it located at? My breast is hurting and I found a small lump near my nipple. I'm 17. If I really do have breast cancer, I need surgery right? Do they have to remove it? Can you die from breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The chances of breast cancer at 17 are very, very close to zero.

      It's almost unheard of in under 25s, and fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30; only 5% are under 40 and most (80%) are over 50. The average age at diagnosis is a little over 60.

      I was diagnosed at 50, and was classed as 'young'.

      Most breast lumps, even in women over 50, aren't cancerous. And pain is rarely a sign of breast cancer - most people diagnosed with breast cancer have felt no pain.

      What you describe is almost certainly hormonal.

      Talk to your mother about this; if you don't feel comfortable doing that, wait two weeks and if the lump and the pain are still there visit your doctor for reassurance

  29. QUESTION:
    How do you deal with life when you found out your mother was diagnosed with breast cancer?
    My mom was recently diagnosed with state 0-1 breast cancer, and I the treatment is going to be life changing for her and for me and my loved ones. I feel real depressed and lost I need to change things and deal with my own problems in life, but it is hard to when you know your mother is going to be sick and need surgery. I need a good job to keep my mind off it I guess. I hate it. Absolutely hate these changes.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm truly sorry that your mother has been diagnosed with breast cancer, my friend, but don't you think she's got enough to worry about without having to worry about you too? She needs you to be strong so that you can keep her going. She needs a purpose in life ... something worth living for, not dealing with someone else's psychological problems.

      I appreciate that you hate these changes, my friend, and I'm sure your mother hates them too. Fight it together.

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of dying from breast cancer?
    My mom has it and she went through chemotherapy, she had surgery, and now she's going on to radiation. I don't want her to die or anything! What are the chances of dying from breast cancer? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      The exact chances are based on how large the original tumor was and whether it spread at all.

      However, you should be happy to know that the "overall" 5-year survival rate for breast cancer is near 90%. So unless she was diagnosed at a late stage (meaning the cancer had spread), there is every reason to hope that her treatments will be successful and that she will be around for a long time to come.

  31. QUESTION:
    How long will a dog live if we leave her breast cancer untreated?
    I noticed a small lump about the size of half of my thumb on my dog's nipple and a rice-sized lump near another one. It feels hard when you touch it but my dog doesn't seem to be in pain when we press on it. We think it's breast cancer but my parents say that since she's already 12 years old there's not point spending so much money on such a risky surgery.

    How long will she live from now if we don't do the surgery?

    How big will the tumor grow?

    And will she be in pain if we don't do the surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      There's no telling if it is cancer. What if it's something treatable?

      There's no telling how long she'll live with the tumors. Some are slow growing. Some are benign.

      There's no telling how big the tumor will grow. Benign tumors can get huge. Malignant tumors are usually lethal before they get too large.

      Either way, she'll eventually suffer. Maybe not now while they're small, but eventually they'll get big enough to press something painful.

      It's worth going to the vet to at least find out what's wrong. It could be something treatable. If it's cancer, removing the tumors will ease/end her suffering and give her lots more time with you. It's not all that risky. It can be expensive though.

  32. QUESTION:
    How has the treatment of breast cancer evolved over the past 10 years?
    So i am writing an research paper on how the treatment of breast cancer evolved over the past 10 years.I've looked on most breast cancer history sites and i can't find much. mostly surgery was the most effective way.Can anyone suggest sites please
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I think with breast cancer more of the recent improvements have come in the screening techniques. Many more women are being diagnosed at early stages, then say 15-20 years ago. This is due to self-awareness, as well regular check-ups. At early stages, breast cancer is almost always curable.

  33. QUESTION:
    how long after breast surgery is radiation started?
    I am about to have surgery for breast cancer and I have already been told that I will need radiation. How long after the surgery do they begin the radation? I have found out how long to expect it for, but nothing to indicate how soon after it begins.

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    Would having your breasts and lymph nodes removed eliminate your chance of breast cancer?
    Imagine a family has a history of breast cancer in the females. Now imagine a person from that family is transgender (female to male) and has surgery to remove the breasts and lymph nodes.

    Would this reduce the risk of breast cancer?

    Is it possible to eliminate the risk of breast cancer this way?

    Also: When (cisgender, born a male) males get breast cancer, where is the cancer? The pectorals? Or do they have some kind of breast tissue of their own?

    • ANSWER:
      No it decreases the risk and no doctor would remove both breasts without good reason and family history is not good enough. Under no circumstances would the lymph nodes be removed.
      Any male can get breast cancer. They all have breast tissue.

  35. QUESTION:
    How long will a dog live if we leave her breast cancer untreated?
    I noticed a small lump about the size of half of my thumb on my dog's nipple and a rice-sized lump near another one. It feels hard when you touch it but my dog doesn't seem to be in pain when we press on it. We think it's breast cancer but my parents say that since she's already 12 years old there's not point spending so much money on such a risky surgery.

    How long will she live from now if we don't do the surgery?

    How big will the tumor grow?

    And will she be in pain if we don't do the surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, first you would have to know that it is in fact cancer and the only way to tell for sure is to go to a vet. Many older dogs develop fatty tissue tumours that aren't cancerous and are just a side effect of the aging on their body. Dogs are more prone to liver cancer than anything else.

      Assuming it is cancer (which I'm not convinced that it is), she'll likely last about 6 months.

      The tumours can grow to any size but don't often get larger than a golf ball.

      And yes, if it is tumour, in her later stages she will be in a great amount of pain (just like any human that has cancer). The tumours press on tissues and nerves and cause high amounts of pain. If you should choose not to do anything, your dog will suffer. If you discover it is cancer and can't be bothered spending the money on surgery and treatment, the most humane thing you can do is to put your dog down and end the suffering of the poor animal.

  36. QUESTION:
    What to expect after surgery for stage 2 breast cancer?
    My partner's mother has just been diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancer. (She is in her 60s.) She is finding out on Tuesday what treatments she will receive, but has already been told that surgery will definitely be one of them. Can anyone tell me what she can expect in terms of recovery?

    I know this is a difficult question to answer, because everyone's experience is individual to them, but would appreciate answers from anyone with personal or close family experience.

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I have stage 2 breast cancer and had 5 operations in 4 months I ve been lucky but it was a tough road your partners mum should expect an operation then chemo 8 sessions first 4 are ac which are easy then next 4 taxol and thats a horrible one ya feel horrible during it but when it s over you feel on top of the world and appreciate life more my e mail is harcourt35@yahoo.com let me know how she gets on please .best of luck to her she ll be fine hun s xxx

  37. QUESTION:
    How do I say good bye? Is it really time?
    My shit-tzu is 12 yrs old. had breast cancer surgery 1 1/2 yrs ago when they said they got it all. now they say she is going to die 1 week maybe a month? They sent me home with prednesone and something to keep her tummy right. Is that enough for my best friend?

    • ANSWER:
      In this case spend all your spare time with her trust me. It is never easy to say goodbye to your best friend, companion. Do all her favorite activites that she still loves to do, give her her favorite treats, take her to her fav places, an dgive her all your love for the remainder of the time like you would normally do if she was younger. I was at my dads house when my grandma called my dad and told him Friskie( Briard/Cairn Terrier mix) is dying right now. They got him 8wks old when i was born, he would follow me everywheere and would not anyone hurt me or come near me without his full supervision. He was my protector and best friend for 14yrs. My dad got off the phone and told me and my sisters to go in the garage and his now fiancee. He told us that when we go back to grandmas(primary home) we wont see someone no more- and i knew it was him. I could not stop crying a waterfall, and whn my sisters saw me cry they knew it was him. I told my dad and Victoria I had to go see him one last time. She drove me as fast as she can to my grandmas house. When I finally got there i saw a guy dressed in black he was here to take Friskie away. I went in the backyard and saw Friskie in the dog house. When I sat down right in front of the entrance of his house he tried crawling to me but he couldnt, he was too weak. So I was halfway in hugging him and not letting go, i was tellng him how much I loved him over and over again, and how thankful i had him in my life. I finally had to say it, I felt like a knife was in my heart and turning real fast. I finally said it and he looked at me and licked my cheek and put his head down. Then i noticed he stopped breathing. You never know when their time is going to end so spend each day with them as if tomorrow never comes.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are some good motivational and insporational songs for someone with breast cancer?
    My aunt was just diagnosed with an aggressive form of breast cancer. I'd like to make a CD of inspirational and upbeat songs to give her hope and motivation as she goes thru chemo, surgery and radiation over the course of the next few months. Any great suggestions would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I've search lots of blogs for the same thing for my friend to put on her ipod - here is a list of all the ones I've found so far - good luck!
      Unwritten by Natashia Bettingfield
      Bubbly by Colbie Caillat
      Breathe Again by toni braxton
      summer breeze by Seals and Croft
      "Channel Z" the B-52's (great beat and exciting vocals)
      "Shine" Cyndi Lauper
      "Move" Phil Joel
      Coming out of the dark - by Gloria Estefan
      "Birdhouse in your soul" They Might Be Giants
      "All Fired Up" Pat Benatar (such a good one)
      Jesus Take the Wheel by Carrie Underwood
      "I Believe" Jeremy Camp Can't Hold Us Down - Christina Aguilera
      Won't Back Down - Tom Petty
      Kokomo - Beach Boys (I just like the sound of this one, there isn't really anything inspirational about it but it puts me in a good mood)
      Walking On Sunshine - Katrina & the Waves
      Don't Stop - Fleetwood Mac
      Be As - Prozzak
      Fly - Hilary Duff
      Down That Road - Leahy
      Soak Up the Sun - ?? I can't remember
      Why Not - Hilary Duff
      Fighter - Christina Aguilera
      You Gotta Be - Des'ree
      Lead Me On - Amy Grant
      Return to Innocence - Enigma
      Stand - Jewel
      In Your Soul - Corey Hart
      Intuition - Jewel
      True To Your Heart - 98 Degrees
      Walking Away - Craig David
      I Don't Wanna Be - Gavin DeGraw
      Pop - 'Nsync (I like this one for the message in it about respecting people and letting them do what they like)
      Any Man of Mine - Shania Twain

  39. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a Woman age 45-55 of dying Breast Cancer?
    Ok, so there is a lump in a friend of mine's mother. It is in one of her breasts. It could possibly be Breast Cancer but we are hoping otherwise. Could she die? What are the risks of surgery if it does come down to that?

    • ANSWER:
      Breast Cancer & Metformin (Glucophage) by Robert Wascher

      Metformin, also known as Glucophage, has become the most commonly prescribed oral medication for the treatment of diabetes. Previous laboratory and public health studies have suggested that metformin may also be able to suppress cancer cell proliferation, and to reduce the risk of death due to cancer. However, thus far, there has been very little direct clinical research evidence available to support this hypothesis.

      Regular Exercise After 30 Curbs Risk of Breast Cancer by Kirsten Whittaker

      Recent research findings have concluded that if you are over 30 years old, exercising an hour a week may cut your risk of breast cancer, which is the most common cancer among U.S. women. According to American Cancer Society estimates, 192,370 women will be diagnosed with this form of cancer in 2009.

      When Breast is Not Always Best by Bron McClain

      Is it a lump in your breast? Are you brave enough to get it checked out? Or do you ignore it? I'll tell you what happened to me...

      Breast Cancer From Bras? by John M Marshall

      There is a link between bras and breast cancer. The main link is that 80% of women wear the wrong-sized bra. Most of other supposed connections are myths.

      Living Beyond Breast Cancer - Dream Or Reality? by Jan Hasak

      Is there such a thing as living beyond breast cancer? Learn about others who overcame tragedy with attitudes of joy, with hearts longing to share their stories of hope with others. Slow down and smell the gardenias. Their aroma is so much sweeter after cancer treatment. When normal life resumes, try the slower lane and enjoy the scenery along the way.

      On the Rebound - Breast Cancer Recovery by Jan Hasak

      Is there ever life after breast cancer? Breast cancer recovery is possible, especially if the cancer survivor is able to get circulating. Many times exercise is the best way for a cancer patient to recover fully after feeling fatigued for so long. Don't let post-treatment blues keep you down. Catch the next fitness train going by and climb aboard the train to recovery.

      Get the Scoop - My Breast Cancer Support Group by Jan Hasak

      If you are a cancer survivor, are you looking for someone who can REALLY understand how you feel? A group of soul mates who have traveled on a similar journey? The author describes her experiences with a traditional breast cancer support group, as well as the advantages of online sources of support and comfort.

      Tips on Custom Designing a Mastectomy Bra by Jacquie Generra

      Are you frustrated because you are uncertain how to find a post-mastectomy support garment? When purchasing Mastectomy bras, you will want to find that you look like you did before the surgery while providing a comfortable experience. It is possible to customize them to your individual requirements and taste.

      Breast Cancer Gene Therapy - How Does it Work? by John M Marshall

      Breast cancer gene therapy explained in simple English. The concept of this therapy is to try to cure the cause, not just the consequence like other therapies do.

      I'm Too Young to Have Breast Cancer, Aren't I? by Deborrah Walker

      Breast cancer is the leading cause of death for young women age 15-39. What are the issues? How high is the risk and is there anything that can be done to lower it?

      Good luck...

  40. QUESTION:
    Is anyone else upset that breast cancer is the only publicized awareness month?
    I'm all for cancer awareness but why is breast cancer the only publicized cancer awareness month? Many people suffer from all types of cancer daily and I've had family suffer from both Leukemia and Pancreatic Cancer. It's seems that if a celebrity is diagnosed with a cancer or has died from a cancer that's the only way awareness will be publicized. Now that Patrick Swayze has passed I'm sure Pancreatic cancer will be well known coming this November (Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month) Does anyone agree?

    • ANSWER:
      No, I don't agree.

      Breast cancer awareness and Breast Cancer Awareness Month are not high profile because of celebrity deaths, but for a much simpler reason - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, many of them with cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising. I too have had family members suffer from other cancers - lung, testicular, stomach and cervical cancers and leukaemia, all but one of them dying of their cancers.

      There are, as you point out, other cancer awareness months, weeks, ribbons etc; but the fact is none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has.

      Now, I've had breast cancer and I personally very much dislike BC Awareness Month - or Pink October as the more cynical of us call it.

      Support for those with a deadly disease that kills on average 33 women a day in the UK and 112 a day in the US (the only stats I have, I'm not being ethnocentric) has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets.

      The pink fluffy stuff infuriates me, and I'm not at all 'tickled pink' by Asda's (Walmart's) trivialisation of an illness that may yet kill me. October magazines carry stories from cheerful survivors who claim to have the all-clear (there is no all-clear with breast cancer), and often say bc has changed their lives for the better - very different from anybody I know who's had breast cancer.

      And it has negative consequences for breast cancer patients too - I believe that the whole thing is counter-productive, that the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is 1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told - by people who don't have it - that it's a 'good' cancer to get) and 2) easily curable.

      I've even heard it said that it's a ‘fashionable’ or 'sexy' cancer - my sexy prosthesis and sexy scarred, one-breasted body are evidence that it's no such thing.

      In all the pink trivia, it's easy for people to lose sight of the fact that breast cancer is a devastating illness with disfiguring surgery, grueling treatments and so far no cure.

      I don't wear a pink ribbon and as someone in remission from breast cancer I support the Think Before You Pink and Pink Stinks! campaigns, both started by women with breast cancer

      http://thinkbeforeyoupink.org/?page_id=13

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers - and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started ny those women who started all the breast cancer awareness. They'd have to be as dedicated and prepared to work as hard though.

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for early stage liver cancer when the primary is breast cancer?
    I had breast cancer 41/2 years ago. The lymph nodes were 3a cancer with triple negative. Just found out I have a small mass on my liver with my markers and positive pet scan. I need to know what I'm facing. Right now, I feel great except for being very tired.

    • ANSWER:
      You don’t have liver cancer at all, you stage 4 breast cancer.
      Didn’t your doctor discuss this with you when you went over your PET results?

      I am sorry, but your cancer is not curable.
      Your oncologist should go over with you what option you now have. It will likely involve more chemo and possibly tumor ablation or surgery to remove the liver tumor. Assuming you are young which you probably are since you have a triple negative cancer.

  42. QUESTION:
    What was the longest time a breast cancer patient survived?
    To give hope to those who have just been diagnosed with breast cancer I was 35 years old with 2 small children, this year I celebrate my 70th birthday, I have survived 35 years after it returned for the second time. I have seen my children grow, marry and have children. It can be beaten.

    • ANSWER:
      My aunt was first diagnosed in 1954 at the age of 34, 4 years before I was born.

      She had surgery, chemo and radiation (as was then available) and devastated by the news she would be unable to have more children, particularly a daughter to add to her 4 sons.

      She gave birth to a daughter in 1960.

      She was diagnosed with breast cancer in the other breast in 1962.

      She had further surgery, chemo and radiation and agin told, no more children.

      She gave birth to her second daughter in 1964.

      She adored babies and went on to foster 40 babies, for periods varying from a few days to 5 years.

      She died from metastatic cancer recurrent from her breast cancer in 2003 at the age of 84, a year before I was diagnosed with breast cancer having survived 49 years.

      We celebrated her long, happy life at her funeral where those attending included the little girl she fostered for 5 years with her husband, children and grandchild!

      She was my inspiration to beat this disease.

  43. QUESTION:
    How did early medicine view breast cancer?
    I have to compare historical beliefs about breast cancer with current ones as part of a project, but I'm having trouble finding what people believed about it many years ago.
    Any information is helpful and names of early researchers is fantastic, thank you in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Old breast cancers for lumps they would remove the entire breast including the pectoral muscles and every lymph node in the area. These are known as radical massectomies and done much less often today. They were disfiguring, arms would swell from lack of lymph nodes and need to be removed. Today they have many options including drugs that fight breast cancers with specific characteristics. Procedure wise they may remove just a mass or they may do a simple massectomy removing most of the breast only the pectoralis minor and the sentinal lymph node. The old belief was remove the entire breast or both and people would die during the procedure. Today they use Chemo, Radiation, and less invasive surgeries along with better screening protocols.

  44. QUESTION:
    How to tell my lover I have breast cancer?
    Ok, so this is more for the guys.

    I'm a happily- single woman in my 20s, and just found out that I have breast cancer. I've been in a mutually long-term casual relationship with this guy for over 5 years now. Aside from the obvious shock and worry from having cancer, I'm worried about how any surgeries will affect both my current "relationship" and any future ones. Any suggestions as to how/when to tell my guy friend? How would you guys out there react if the girl you were sleeping with told you something like this?

    • ANSWER:
      Hey if you have been friends for that long, tell him! If he cares for you, he'll support you, If he does, then you owe it to him and yourself.
      We all need people when the chips are down.

  45. QUESTION:
    How do you deal with breast cancer?
    My step mom has breast cancer and is having a hard time now that she had surgery and got both breast off

    • ANSWER:
      I understand her feelings exactly because my wife lost a breast to cancer too. I have seen her with tears in her eyes as she runs her finger along her scar tissue.

      But she is more than her breast and my wife is considering reconstruction. What really matters is how much confidence she has in her team of doctors and how much further she has to go towards her final treatment.

      Once she gets the drains removed and she may or may not need radiation or chemotherapy.

      Confidence comes in the fact that people that have this done live sometimes with no evidence of cancer in her body for a long time.

      You or anyone fighting cancer deals with it in living one day at a time, one step in front of the other in doing what needs to be done to get life back to as much as normal as possible.

      What will be critical in her return to health is to exercise and stretch those areas the arms and shoulders. My wife is in the "ACTIVE" program where a physical therapist teacher her how to stretch and get her endurance up using a treadmill. A doctor than looks at her daily records and measurements are taken to see how much flexibility she has in movements of her arms and shoulders.

      That is one thing that will now be constant in your step mom's life. Exercising to maintain movement to stay flexible. Her doctor says that my wife has great motion because of her program. He said he had seen patients that have lost 75% of their ability of movement because they do not stretch.

      She will recover and gain confidence but it is a slow process. I told my wife that reconstruction is her individual decision. There is pain involved and right now she had been through enough.

      I would recommend web sites that actually have members that she could correspond with to talk about her cancer and double mastectomy. What has helped me is to read as much books about breast cancer and cancer in general to become informed and equipped to be able to address issues that may arise in our life's because of cancer.

      Knowledge is power and freedom, arm yourselves because the enemy is scary and thrives on fear. Slay the beast with the power of humor, friends, and using the weapons of exercise and nutrition.

      Peace to you and your step mom, she has a good partner in you and that value is priceless.

  46. QUESTION:
    Do i have a great risk of getting breast cancer?
    My aunt was diagnosed with breast cancer when she was in her early teens? The last april my grandmother was diagnosed as well. She has has surgery and chemo treatments. Then last june my mother was diagnosed with breast cancer. They are all on my mothers side of the family. My three aunt's on my fathers side has had breast cancer but they are not of very close relation. Am I at a high risk for breast cancer? And what steps should I take?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you do. I've seen answers in this section which claim cancer is not heriditary unless you have BRAC (whatever it is gene). But I agree with the people who say it is. My father's sister had breast cancer and my mother's sister had breast cancer. I have breast cancer. I don't know how old you are, but I would start getting mammograms as soon as possible. Talk to your doctor about your concerns.

  47. QUESTION:
    How long after someone is diagnosed with breast cancer do they start treatment?
    So my ex just told me that she has breast cancer, but she is coming to the states (from Spain, shes spanish) for a few months for a job and then planning on going back to school to san diego in august. Shouldnt she stay in Spain to get treatment right away? Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      It varies depending on the health facilities accessible.

      She should be undergoing talks over treatment immediately but depending on the health facilities she has access to it may take a while (max 1-2months) before treatment starts. If she Private Health Insurance it should start right away and the fund may then pay for further treatment while she is in the States.

      It also varies depending on the treatment she has (chemotherapy, radiotherapy and/or surgery) whether she can travel or not. I'd talk to her about it a bit more so that if your still willing to help her out you can organise hospitals, doctors etc.

      So overall, I'd probably talk to her.

  48. QUESTION:
    How does breast cancer affect a woman?
    Someone i know has been told she has breast cancer. She has a lump in her breast.

    She is going in for a lumpectomy in two weeks... not a full masectomy.

    Does this mean the cancer is quite small and localised? Is it good news she having a lumpectomy and not more radical surgery?

    Please help me understand because i am clueless to what all this means.

    What will the recovery process be like?
    What will the follow up treatment consist of?

    • ANSWER:
      yes it is a good news sure unless the pathological analysis of the dissected tissues reveal a malignant condition for follow up she have to do a regular annual or every 6 months screening test you can read more about breast cancer in here with many useful links http://breastcancerdestroyer.blogspot.com/


breast cancer surgery

Bowel Cancer Prognosis

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can anyone recommend Web sites to explain in laymen's terms second-line treatment of small intestine cancer?
    A family member has inoperable tumors and chemotherapy has not been working, so the doctor is stopping chemo and moving to "second-line therapy." Can anyone explain what this means (in laymen's terms) and if it is an indicator of prognosis? The family member has small intestine, or small bowel, cancer, which, from a cursory search online, seems hard to find information on and even harder in plain English.

    Not looking for hypertechnical resources, please.

    • ANSWER:
      See links on website below

  2. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for early stage secondary liver cancer?
    My aunt has recently been diagnosed as having bowel cancer. They found a 2 inch tumor in the large intestine. A CT scan has since shown the cancer has just begun to spread to the liver. The liver has some spots on one side of it. The dr's are going to treat it with chemotherapy. Does anyone know prognosis statistics for this type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to tell you, but an “early stage secondary liver cancer” is an oxymoron and not correct. Your aunt does not have liver cancer at all she has a stage 4 colon cancer. The 5 year survival rate is about 5%.

  3. QUESTION:
    How long does a stage 3b lung cancer patient have to live while getting treatment?
    My grandmother is about 56 years old, she has advanced stage 3b lung cancer and she's going to start getting treatment soon. i know no one actually knows when anyone is going to die but please give me a proper estimate.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 3B of lung cancer is generally considered to be much more invasive and poor in prognosis. The patient only has a 5% to 10% prognosis of survival during the next five years. It is considered to be advanced lung cancer, and it includes tumors present in the lungs, distant lymph nodes and other parts of the chest such as the esophagus or heart. In addition to rapid tumor growth and spreading, the patient exhibits a malignant pleural effusion, which is a concentration of fluid containing cancer cells between layers lining the lungs.
      3B Treatment

      3B lung cancer is incurable, but it is still treatable. Stage 3B cancer is generally inoperable, and a combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment is generally pursued. Roughly 13 months after initial 3B cancer treatment, 50% of patients are deceased.

      However, the chances of her survival shall increase by years with Immunity boosters. Details follow-----------

      IMMUNITY* BOOSTERS: How to prevent cancer? How to recover ‘fast’ from the impact of chemotherapy/illness/excessive Radiation? Here is a way out. Preparation for Surgery and Post Surgical recovery, Post-Blood Transfusions & Prevention of illnesses by keeping Ur immunity levels intact while getting treatment for HIV/AIDS, Cancer, any dreaded and incurable disease condition.Longevity of cancer/hiv survivors can be increased by leaps and bounds. To get back hair growth after chemo.
      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11.Triphala Churan [1 tsp churan + 1 cup of butter milk @ night before sleep] to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins for life.
      12.Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless her. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  4. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of bowel cancer returning? and killing?
    well, my father had bowel cancer six years ago.

    he doesnt smoke, drink, or eat fatty foods. he is the most healthy person i have ever known. (yet he still got cancer..such a cruel world when druggies live a full life...)

    and i recently heard that, once you had bowel cancer, life expectancy is ten years.

    pretty upsetting, and i just wanted to know more about this.

    btw my dad got cancer when he was 45 and he is now 51

    • ANSWER:
      NOT always does cancer return. Of course there is always a chance BUT think of the many famous people that have had cancer and it's not returned. Olivia Newton)_John had breast cancer over 15 years ago.....

      I am sure your Father is being closely monitored by his GP?

      Have you considered discussing your fears with him and his GP? You could also make contact with cancer research UK as they will provide a listening ear and can send you documents in post regarding bowel cancer etc and long term prognosis.

  5. QUESTION:
    How early should ovarian cancer be detected?
    If ovarian cancer is detected early, there is a greater chance of treating it and better prognosis. How soon after the cancer first begins does it have to be detected? Are we talking days, weeks, months?

    • ANSWER:
      I always thought is was undetectable.

      FYI,

      It is unknown what percentage of early-stage ovarian cancer produces symptoms. The vast majority of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer do experience symptoms. However, since most of these women are diagnosed in more advanced stages, it's impossible to tell how many of them had symptoms before the cancer started to spread. It IS known that 90% of women who are diagnosed in Stage I come to their doctors with symptoms before diagnosis, and also that far too many cases of ovarian cancer take months to diagnose - a recent study showed that almost half took more than three months, and 11% took longer than a year. So it seems logical to assume that some substantial percentage of women do have early symptoms.

      - The common symptoms are non-specific - usually caused by other things. The list below contains a number of possible symptoms of ovarian cancer. But these symptoms can also result from a wide variety of non-cancerous conditions. If a woman has trouble zipping up her jeans, she's more likely to blame middle-aged spread than ovarian cancer. Thankfully, a gas pain isn't ordinarily a dire signal. Still, if a woman suddenly starts experiencing any of the symptoms below, and they persist for more than a 2-3 weeks, she should get those symptoms checked out.

      - There is no one "marker symptom". Although abdominal swelling/bloating is the most often-mentioned first symptom, some studies show that even this is true only for a minority of ovarian cancer cases. Because each symptom will affect only some women, it is vital that women educate themselves about the whole constellation of symptoms associated with ovarian cancer.

      - Denial. Of course, no one wants to think about cancer. But think about this: The lifetime risk of women worldwide for ovarian cancer is 1 in 70. In the U.S. it is 1 in 55. Think about your high school graduating class. Your church. Your workplace. The numbers of women you know. How many of them are likely to get ovarian cancer? OVARIAN CANCER IS NOT RARE.

      Women MUST begin to educate themselves about this insidious disease.

      WARNING SYMPTOMS OF OVARIAN CANCER

      Contact your MD if you develop one or more of these symptoms and they persist for 2-3 weeks:

      -Abdominal Swelling/Bloating/Clothes Too Tight
      -Abdominal/Pelvic Pain or Pressure or Feeling "Full"
      -Gastrointestinal Symptoms (such as gas, indigestion, nausea, or changes in bowel movements)
      -Vaginal Bleeding or Discharge
      -Urinary Problems - Urgency, Burning, or Spasms
      -Fatigue and/or Fever
      -Pain During Intercourse
      -Back Pain
      -Difficulty Breathing

  6. QUESTION:
    what is the Prognosis of bone, stomach, blood, bowel cancer?
    If someone has Bone, Stomach, Blood and Bowel cancer, how long do they have to live?

    • ANSWER:
      No one has ever had Bone, Stomach, Blood and Bowel cancer at the same time. They may have cancer in all of those places but it is likely one cancer and not knowing which it is, how long it has been stage 4 and if they are going to continue treatment there is no way to answer you and therefore you need to ask their doctor.

  7. QUESTION:
    How long can someone live with diognosis pseudomyxoma peritonei?
    This is a rare form of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is what I found online...

      Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

      Here is some information from two UK websites on the sugarbaker procedure and prognosis…

      "The (sugarbaker) procedure

      Indications

      Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a rare, borderline malignant, slowly progressing tumour. It arises from the appendix or bowel and spreads throughout the peritoneal cavity, producing a large amount of mucus. Most patients will develop symptoms due to the bulk of the tumour. Most patients will eventually die of this condition, but they often survive for several years.

      Standard treatment for this condition is surgical debulking, in which the surgeon attempts to remove as much tumour as possible. Recurrence is common, and therefore repeated debulking operations may be needed.

      Patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei may be treated using a ‘watch and wait' policy, using surgery only when unacceptable symptoms or life-threatening complications, such as intestinal obstruction, arise.

      Outline of the procedure

      The Sugarbaker technique combines complete surgical tumour removal (complete cytoreduction) with intraoperative heated chemotherapy, and is followed by postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy The operation takes around 10 hours and includes:

      ·removal of the right hemicolon, spleen, gallbladder, greater omentum and lesser omentum
      ·stripping of the peritoneum from the pelvis and diaphragm
      ·stripping of the tumour from the surface of the liver
      ·removal of the uterus and ovaries in women
      ·removal of the rectum in some cases

      Efficacy

      No controlled studies were found. The studies were of poor quality. One of the studies including 385 patients found 5-year survival to be 86% for those with less malignant pathology (adenomucinosis) and 50% for those with more malignant pathology (mucinous adenocarcinoma). However, not all patients in this study were followed up for 5 years, and it is not clear how survival was calculated. Another study found overall 5-year survival to be around 74% in the 98 out of 321 patients who underwent repeat cytoreductive surgery. For more details, refer to the sources of evidence (see Appendix). "
      http://www.nice.org.uk/page.aspx?o=94765

      Re: debulking surgery with concomitant sugarbaker procedure or IPEC (Intraperitoneal perioperative chemotherapy survival rates: “patients median survival is 6 years..with 50 to 70% surviving 5 years and 10-32% for 10 yrs” (see link below for the article)
      http://cinahl.com/cexpress/hta/summ/summ807.pdf (about IPEC or sugarbaker procedure and survival rates…have to hit options button and click on minimize popup first and play around with it to read it..set the type size from 40% to about 80% and click on the pages at the left side..kinda tricky to read it..but need adobe reader first)

      Here are some links to info and clinical trials for the disease..

      Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

      http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail_abstract.html?disname=Pseudomyxoma%20Peritonei (NORD…scroll down for related support organizations and click on those)
      http://www.pmppals.org/ (PMP Pals..for pseumyxoma peritonei and appendiceal cancer)
      http://www.pmppals.org/trialsandresearch.htm (clinical trials and research links for Pseudomyoma peritonei and appendiceal cancer)
      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=5534 (PMP information and overview)
      http://www.thedoctorsdoctor.com/diseases/pseudomyxoma_peritonei.htm (a complicated study of PMP patients and prognosis)
      http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db_alpha.aspx?CdrID=44256 (definition of PMP..from NCI)
      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search;jsessionid=6596A6E31E3541D7E5EB65FCF6FBB0AB?term=Pseudomyxoma+Peritonei&submit=Search (clinical trials for Pseudomyxoma Peritonei )
      http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/p/pseudomyxoma_peritonei/trials.htm#trial (list of current and past clinical trials for pseudomyxoma peritonei)
      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/info/resources (introduction to clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/finding/treatment-trial-guide (how to find a cancer treatment trial)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)

  8. QUESTION:
    What do you know about bowel cancer?
    My partner's mother has is awaiting a pretty certain diagnosis of bowel cancer. She has had symptoms for at least a year and under a polyp count a small sample had hundreds (normal 25).

    My partner is going back home to be with her. If the diagnosis is confirmed, whats the likely prognosis?

    I need to prepare how best to support my partner through this.

    Thankyou

    • ANSWER:
      You are getting incorrect information somewhere. What is a polyp count? Do you mean a colonoscopy? It is NOT normal to have 25 polyps in your colon, you shouldn’t have any and hundreds of polyps cannot fit in a small sample. If biopsies were taken she would be told the results in a few days. If she had a colonoscopy and the doctor who did it told her they thought it was cancer it probably is, as they are very rarely wrong. At this point it is impossible to give you an idea on her prognosis as the 5 year survival rate can be as high as 90% and as low as 5%. We will need to know the stage at a minimum and ideally the histology and grade.

  9. QUESTION:
    My Nanna had a fall today and broke her hip and they discovered she has urinary sepsis?
    Im really worried she will die from it. What do you think the prognosis is?
    We went to the hospital and she was in really bad shape. I think she is 79 years old

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Carlee, here is some information on that condition. I work in the health Care Field and see miracles every day. She is in the hospital now and getting the care she needs. Keep your hope up and God Bless you and nana.

      What is Sepsis?

      Sepsis is a severe illness caused by overwhelming infection of the bloodstream by toxin-producing bacteria. Microorganisms invading the body cause infections.

      Sepsis is also called Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS).

      Sepsis is very serious. It is often life-threatening.

      What Causes Sepsis?

      Sepsis is caused by a bacterial infection. The bacterial infection can originate anywhere in the body. The most common areas the infection originates from are:

      •The kidneys
      •The liver
      •The gall bladder
      •The bowel
      •The skin
      •The lungs
      In hospital patients, bacterial infection may originate from intravenous lines, surgical wounds, surgical drains, and sites of skin ulcers or bedsores.

      Sepsis can also be triggered by events such as pneumonia, trauma, surgery and burns, or by conditions such as cancer or AIDS.

      How is Sepsis Diagnosed?

      Sepsis can be diagnosed by a blood test.

      Symptoms of Sepsis

      •Drop in blood pressure
      •Hyperventilation
      •Rapid heart beat
      •Fever or hypothermia
      •Chills
      •Shaking
      •Decreased urine output
      •Warm skin
      •Confusion or delirium
      Complications of Sepsis

      In some cases, the kidneys, liver, lungs, and central nervous system, may stop functioning normally. There may also be a decreased blood flow to the kidneys, liver, lungs, and central nervous system.

      Treatment Options for Sepsis

      Treatment will depend on where the infection originated. In order to do this, the source of the infection must be found.

      Who is at Risk for Developing Sepsis?

      Anyone can develop sepsis. However, some people have a higher risk than others. People with a higher risk include:

      •People with a compromised immune system
      •People who have wounds or injuries, such as those from burns, a car crash, or a bullet
      •People who are have intravenous catheters, wound drainage, and urinary catheters

  10. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for brain cancer? Is this brain stem glioma?
    Someone I know has brain cancer. The tumor sits on the right side of their brain stem and the tumor puts pressure on the nerves and they have tremors. The doctor said they only had a year when they was first diagnosed and they did radiation and now is on chemotherapy for over a year now. I want to know the prognosis of this type of cancer. I don't know if it's high or low grade or know the name of the cancer but if anyone has any useful information I would really appreciate it. I think they've had it for 2 years now.

    • ANSWER:
      Brain Cancer Prognosis: Summary
      Cancer patients and their loved ones face many unknowns. While some people find it is easier to cope when they know the statistics, other people find statistical information confusing and frightening, and they think it is too impersonal to be of use to them. The doctor who is most familiar with a patient's situation is in the best position to discuss the brain cancer prognosis and to explain what the statistics may mean for that person. At the same time, it is important to understand that even the doctor cannot tell exactly what to expect. In fact, a person's prognosis may change if the cancer progresses, or if treatment is successful. Seeking information about the brain cancer prognosis is a personal decision, and it is up to each patient to decide how much information he or she wants to know and how to deal with it.

      However, prognosis can be reversed with 'immunity boosters'.

      Radio-therapy, Chemo-therapy, Interventional and Surgical procedures are instrumental in prolonging the human life by postponing the death also by a decade or two. I have seen many patients living for decades after Surgery, Mastectomy, Heart/Kidney Transplants, Dialysis, etc.

      But all the patients are worried about side effects. Here is a way out to minimize scope for severe side effects.

      “U have to take permission from the oncologist and take the following diet[s] with certain restrictions.”

      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11. Triphala Churan to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins and Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless U. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the more Curable Cancers & what are the more fatal ones?
    if u have any website links that have those information it would be appreciated.

    I know that cancers which are detected earlier have a higher chance of curability, but also certain cancers are more curable than others, like Breast Cancer & Cervical Cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Seven out of ten children are cured of cancer. Testicular cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and many cases of leukaemia can all be cured in adults with chemotherapy, most skin cancers are cured with surgery, and many cases of thyroid cancer and cancer of the larynx are cured with radiotherapy.

      Many other types of cancer are also cured if they are found early enough. There is still a long way to go, especially with some of the commonest types of cancer such as lung, breast, bowel and prostate cancer, and others here have mentioned some of the cancers that are less likely to be cured.

      You specifically mention breast cancer as being more 'curable'. It's true that if it is found and treated early the prognosis can be excellent, though there are no guarantees.

      I feel that all the pink fluffiness surrounding breast cancer has given the false impression that it is 'curable'. There is no 'all-clear' for anyone who has had breast cancer - it can recur at any time, even years later. It is still a deadly disease with no cure - in the UK an average of 33 women die of it every day, and in the US I believe the figure is 112 each day.

      I'm not claiming it's the worst cancer to have, just setting a few things straight as it's the cancer I know most about.

  12. QUESTION:
    How long can a terminal patient last without fluids?
    Specifically, a terminally ill patient that cannot digest solid foods and has a PEG tube was getting 250cc of IV Fluids each day. Patient has begun to not tolerate this amount, now is down to maybe 200cc once every 3 days or so. Patient is drinking a lot of fluids, but I'm unsure how much is actually being absorbed. Patient also has only one functioning kidney.

    Terminal illness is metastatic ovarian cancer with malignant bowel obstruction. Patient has lost roughly 25 pounds in a month and a half and is receiving no IV nutrition. Initial prognosis about a month and a half ago was days to weeks.

    I'm looking for a rough estimate of time left, as well as an estimate as to how long until patient is comatose.

    • ANSWER:
      If the patient is still tolerating oral fluids, then this could go on for a while. It really depends, no person is the same and alot has to do with the patients desire to live. From my own experience, both as nurse and someone who lost their mother to cancer, that will to live can be very strong. I have found that once they give in to the cancer, the end comes very quickly, within a matter of days. It all depends on the function of the internal organs also. Once the patient develops multi organ failure....liver and kidney, being the main contributors, then the end will also come within around 3-5 days. Keep talking with her Dr's, ask about her organ functions. Make sure that she is not in any pain. A subcutaneous infusion of Diamorphine could help and will prob send her into the comatose state.
      But to answer your question, a patient can usually last around 3-4 days without any fluids. I hope that this is a little helpful and i hope that your friend/mother/sister/aunt/grandmother has a peaceful passing when the time comes. God bless.

  13. QUESTION:
    how is it that in this day and age when almos all organs can be replaced can people still die of cancer?
    If someone has cancer on the bowel,liver and stomach why cant they just remove them and put 'new' ones in the patient?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, not all organs can be replaced. Brains are pretty unique to each person. Bones are pretty much fixed in place, though some parts of them can be replaced. But mostly only joints.

      The problem here is, that doctors generally only want to transplant organs into people who have a very good prognosis with the donated organ. There are more people in need than there are organs even now, when cancer patients generally aren't considered for transplants (other than bone marrow).

      I suspect it's mostly due to the fact that even a small cancer believed to be caught early, still may have already spread into the bloodstream or lymphatic system. From there the cancer can go anywhere and grow back, ultimately killing the person.

      There are going to be great strides in the treatment of cancer in the years ahead, but I don't think transplants are going to be a large part of it. I think training the immune system to attack cancer as an invading body will be one key ... as well as much earlier detection via specific proteins, markers, etc.

  14. QUESTION:
    gastric cancers: What are the symptoms of gastric cancer?
    I always feel bloated. and have difficulties burping. i feel extreme pain from my stomach to my abdomen whenever i eat. I get feverish at nights.

    • ANSWER:
      Gastric cancer symptoms can include indigestion, heartburn, pain in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting, as well as bowel ailments, bloating and fatigue. However, people often ignore the symptoms of gastric cancer because they associate them with other stomach maladies. Also, because these symptoms are usually mild, early diagnosis is rare. In fact, only 10 to 20 percent of gastric cancers are diagnosed before spreading to other areas of the body. If treated early, gastric cancer has a good cure rate. However, the prognosis worldwide is generally poor, with only about 2 in 10 of those affected surviving for five years after diagnosis. Being diagnosed with cancer, such as gastric cancer, can be a very sobering and frightening experience. But there is hope! Discover why we believe that natural medicine treatments are the best way to treat gastric cancer and strengthen the immune system

  15. QUESTION:
    I know someone with Stage 4 colon cancer and getting a colostomy?
    do you know if the life expectancy is high or low?

    • ANSWER:
      For a Stage IV CRC the prognosis is very poor, and treatment is usually palliative. A stage IV tumour has penetrated the bowel wall and spread to adjacent organs. However other factor must be considered, such as nodal involvement, and metastatic spread. If it means anything to you the 5 year survival is only 8% for an untreated stage IV tumour. I know this is quite scientific, but it is impotant to remember every case is different. The fact that doctors are attempting a colostomy is very positive, and your friends prognosis will depend on the outcome of this surgery. If there is no metastatic spread this operation could cure his cancer. In my opinion it is best to wait til after surgery and speak to the surgeon.
      Hope everything goes well :)

  16. QUESTION:
    What are some interview questions to ask someone with cervical cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Great day Dearheart,

      It has been a while since I have been on Yahoo! Answers, and it appears that I have checked in during the right time:-)

      I am a cervical cancer survivor. I was diagnosed with advanced cervical cancer and given a prognosis of 3-6 months. Without surgery, drugs, radiation or chemotherapy I am still here. That was over 9 years ago. I was able to reverse my health challenge naturally. The body has the ability to cure and heal itself but it has to be facilitated with the right environment.

      Some great interview questions to ask are:
      1. When was the diagnosis given
      2. What were the options offered
      3. Did the doctor speak to you about your lifestyle (diet / water intake / exercise / bowel movements)
      4. Are you considering or has the doctor recommended a hysterectomy?

      There are so many other questions that I could throw at you, but just two of these questions should open up a great deal of dialog.

      Sending you love, light and laughter.

      Madison Carlista
      www.madisoncarlista.com

  17. QUESTION:
    Can you give me information about the prognosis for cancer of the small bowel?
    It is not for me or my family so please be honest.

    • ANSWER:
      The only one who can give any true idea is the doctor treating the patient.

  18. QUESTION:
    my mum has got lung cancer,stomach cancer and has just had an operation to remove a bit f her big bowel?
    and is draning her stomach and there is green stuff coming out of her stomach . Does this mean that it has spreaded to the bowels and how long can she live if she is 75 .

    • ANSWER:
      If your mother just had surgery, then the drainage you observed is a routine part of the recovery process. Drainage tubes are typically removed 3 to 5 days after surgery is completed. They may stay in longer if warranted.

      Your mother's surgeon and oncologist are in the best position to advise your family on what to expect next, their plan of treatment, and your mom's overall prognosis.

      Best wishes to you all.

  19. QUESTION:
    how long does someone with stage IV sarcoma of the uterus live?
    My mother has this cancer. She had a hysterectomy in Nov. and is not getting any chemo. She started bleeding again several weeks ago. She is having great difficulty moving her bowels.

    • ANSWER:
      Caring for a very ill loved one can be quite difficult. As you are probably aware, Stage IV means that she has advanced cancer that has spread outside of her uterus. So even though her uterus has been removed, it's likely that she still has signs of cancer. It's hard to tell what her exact prognosis will be, and it depends on other specifics of her disease (what specific type of sarcoma does she have?) as well as her age and general health before the cancer (did she have other health problems). Here's some information from the American Cancer Society on the general survival rates in people with the various stages of uterine sarcoma.
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3X_How_is_uterine_sarcoma_staged_63.asp?sitearea=

      Your doctor or other health professional who knows your mother's case may be able to talk with you more about what to expect in her case.

  20. QUESTION:
    i have a 7 year old cat with blood in bowel?
    i have taken her to the vet and first they told me she had an infection so she was on a antibiotic for a week and no change and then i took her back and they said she had round worms so they put her on meds and said she should be better within a week. it has know been 2 more weeks and know change. does anyone have any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      When you say "blood in the bowel" do you mean there is blood in her stools or that she is having bloody discharge from her rectum? I assume you mean blood in her stool, in which case the differential diagnosis is fairly broad. First, are there simply "streaks" of blood in the stool, or is there frank blood (a large or very obvious amount of blood)? Second-what color is the blood? Bright red indicates an acute inflammation or insult (injury) somewhere along the GI tract (anything from broken cappillaries due to excessive straining to poop, to a polyp wh/can be either benign{most common}or malignant; or some sort of acute inflammatory process involving the GI tract). Given the history you've reported the issue seems clearly subacute, although not quite "chronic." If the stools are melenic (contain blood, have a very distinct, foul odor, and resemble coffee grounds) that generally points to a GI bleed as being the culprit. But again, the causes of GI bleeds are varied in terms of severity/treatment/prognosis (examples include, most commonly, carcinoma {cancer,not to frighten you unnecessarily} but can also include chronic inflammatory conditions, or vascular rupture higher up in the GI tract). Since the antibiotics proved ineffective (I assume you completed the ENTIRE course of the medicine), infection seems an unlikely culprit. In terms of the round worms, has she been re-tested for their presence since being given the de-worming med? If so, and if she no longer has them, then obviously that isn't the problem. Ok, so where do we go from here?? Well, has she lost any weight to where she is OBVIOUSLY thinner? Is she experiencing anorexia (different from the condition "anorexia nervosa" which most people know about, in this case it simply means a refusal to consume food and (rarely) water), fatigue, or lethargy? How are her vital signs and muscous membranes (you're looking for tachypnea:rapid breathing, tachycardia:rapid heartbeat, pale and or dry/sticky gums, or fever)? Keep in mind that normal feline vitals are as follows: Temp.-100.5-102.5 degrees F.; heartrate:140-220 beats/minute at rest; resp. rate: 24-42 breaths/min.;mucous membranes (her gums): pink and moist (pale and/or dry or tacky gums are indications of blood-loss anemia and dehydration, respectively, and both require veterinary attention promptly). Anyway, enough of all that! What is the BOTTOM LINE here? Well, I am neither a vet nor a vet tech, I am a licensed physical therapist for both humans and canines-currently practicing in canine rehabilitation only- and I love animals and have tons of experience with them. So.....first and foremost, you need to get her in to the vet for a re-evaluation of the situation and, most likely, repeat blood, urine, and stool cultures (assuming they were done when you first brought her in). At the risk of speaking beyond the scope of my practice and knowledge level, you MAY want to consider a SECOND OPINION (PLEASE!) if you do not feel comfortable with her care. TRUST YOUR GUT ON THIS! Frankly, i'd do this immediately instead of wasting another trip to your internist. If you decide to go this route, my humble advice would be to seek out a Gastroenterolgy specialist-it will save you unnecessary expenditures! Best of luck and keep me posted if you like.

  21. QUESTION:
    I am puzzled. How can you survive without the stomach? Is it possible? ?
    my uncle has stomach cancer and now has spread to the intestines. What can we do?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes it is possible to survive without a stomach. When the stomach is removed the surgeon usually creates a stomach out of intestinal tissue. It doesn’t work as well as a normal stomach, but it does work. However, I am sorry to say stomach cancer does not have a good prognosis, especially if it extends into the bowel. I think you need to have your uncles oncologist explain his condition and treatment to you.

  22. QUESTION:
    Can an X-ray taken without the protective lead sheath immmediately mean you will contract cancer?
    I'm scared because I have a sore neck and throat and don't think I was protected for an X-ray I took a few months back.
    I had a dental X-ray a couple of months back and I don't think I had sufficient protection. Now I have symptoms that I relayed to a friend and she knew someone with thyroid cancer with the same symptoms.

    • ANSWER:
      From the National Cancer Institute, the 7 warning signs of cancer are--

      C- Change in bowel or bladder habits

      A- A sore that does not heal

      U- Unusual bleeding or discharge

      T- Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere

      I- Indigestion or Dysphagia (difficult or painful swallowing)

      O- Obvious change in wart or mole

      N- Nagging cough or hoarseness

      Radiation definitely is carcinogenic. You'd best get it checked out. If it turns out to be cancer, search for answers by looking outside of the medical field, in the area of alternative medicine. There are hundreds of methods to heal the body, and drugs only suppress the issue (not heal it). Most disease issues are internal because the blood carries toxins that accumulate in the body. The system needs to be cleansed (colon and liver especially), and given nutrition.

      Cleansing the body is a method I've seen done many times with success and it doesn't matter how old you are. We must remove toxins. One strategy is detoxifying with herbs, water, and juice fasting. One must educate oneself.

      "The Cure for All Cancers", ISBN 0963632825
      "The Cure for All Advanced Cancers", ISBN 1890035165
      "A Cancer Therapy", ISBN 0882681052
      "Oxygen Therapies", ISBN 0962052701
      "Hydrogen Peroxide--Medical Miracle", ISBN 1885236077
      "The Natural Cure for Cancer--Germanium", ISBN 0533071410
      "Killing Cancer", ISBN 0705000966
      "Natural Cures 'They' Don't Want You to Know About", ISBN 0975599518

      There are many other good books about surviving this disease, and you should know about this option, even if you choose to go the traditional route with it's abysmal prognosis. Best of luck.

  23. QUESTION:
    How do you get CUP ( cancer of the unknown primary).?

    • ANSWER:
      As you might already know, cancer can develop anywhere in the body (although some parts of the body are more prone to developing cancer than others). Depending on where the tumour is, patients will experience different symptoms - if it is in the bowel, then they might have bowel-related symptoms, if it's in the lungs, then it might affect breathing or speech, if in the brain, then it might cause neurological problems, etc...

      Two things worth pointing out are
      1:this tumour is considered the primary site of the cancer,
      2:the majority of patients will present to their doctor with symptoms related to the primary site tumour.

      You might also know that cancer is able to spread into surrounding tissues and even travel to distant tissues (e.g. via blood, lymph, etc).
      This act of spreading is called metastasis, and secondary tumours (metastatic tumours) will form in the tissue where the cancer has spread to. These tissues tend to be in organs that are very vascular, thus increasing the chance of a cancer that is spreading via the blood to end up there (e.g. liver, spleen, lungs, kidney).

      Whenever someone is diagnosed with cancer, doctors will perform tests and imaging to look for any of these secondary tumours in the body, as this tells them how advanced the cancer is, and will guide the treatment choices available. If a patient has a primary tumour, but no secondary tumours are found in the body, then it often carries a better prognosis for that patient, but doctors will continue to monitor the patient for signs and symptoms of metastatic spread in the coming months.

      If metastatic tumours are found (e.g. on a CT scan), they can sometimes be treated depending on where they are and how many there are. But often times, especially with widespread metastatic spread involving several organs, the cancer is too advanced and the patient is offered palliative care to relieve symptoms, instead of undergoing rigorous chemotherapy/radiotherapy which are unlikely to cure the disease, but bring with them rather unpleasant side effects.

      finally, to answer your question, a patient is diagnosed with a CUP (Carcinoma of Unknown Primary) whenever the doctors find evidence of metastatic tumours but there is no known primary tumour.
      It might be that the patient is having a CT scan for some other reason, and the doctor spots these secondary tumours in the process. This is considered an incidental finding, and in such cases the patient has no symptoms related to these tumours. Other times, it might be that the patient has metastatic tumours in their lung or liver and they are becoming symptomatic from them - in which case the doctors investigate, find the tumour(s) but because metastatic tumours have characteristic properties that are different from those of a primary tumour, the doctor can tell that this is not the primary cancer, which presumably is elsewhere in the body and which doesn't seem to be causing any symptoms, which would help direct our search when looking for it.

      So basically, CUP is a working diagnosis, and as soon as the primary is found, then the patient no longer has CUP. But in a lot of patients the primary is not found and this can be frustrating to them but, like I said before, if there is widespread metastatic disease, then knowledge of the primary site would not alter the course of treatment for the patient.

      There are some important exceptions, which i vaguely recall.. One is testicular cancer, which can metastasize to the lungs, and it is important if someone presents with lung metastatic tumours (in a characteristic pattern) that testicular cancer be looked for because if you treat the primary cancer in the testicle, these lung tumours are also cured. I think certain primary melanomas (skin cancers) with metastatic spread can also be treated successfully at an advanced stage too.

      It is not known why in so many patients with CUP the primary isn't found, but one reason is just that we haven't good enough technology yet to do a thorough search, another reason is that the primary tumour has been small, spread to other places, and then spontaneously resolved of its own accord, which is rare, but possible.

      Hope this helps, sorry if you knew a lot of this info already.
      Best- Jim

  24. QUESTION:
    Can you give a ballpark prognosis for my cat?
    Her suspected diseases are inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, and secondary to these diseases, a fatty liver. All afflictions are mild to moderate. She is 11 years old and went from 22 lbs (HUGE kitty), to 12 lbs (looking a bit skinny for her frame). So she lost at least 10 lbs in 6 months. She hasn't eaten in a week, which prompted 0 in tests.

    Keep in mind that the cost means little to me, only because my baby cat means so much more to me than money can offer. Anyhow, a sonogram confirmed (but not conclusively) the above illnesses, but didn't indicate cancer (lymphoma was considered initially). So I can order a biopsy (very invasive!), in order to diagnose cancer, subsequently making chemotherapy an option. But I'm opting to forgo additional tests, since I will never put her through chemotherapy anyway, for the sake of her comfort, at least. Her quality of life means volumes more to me than her survival, making the 00 spent worthwhile.

    She barely eats, and a feeding tube may be implemented when my vet opens again on Wed. She is on antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, antacid, appetite stimulating, and pain-killing drugs. I'm comforting her and trying my best to feed her, both drugs and food, but it's proving to be difficult. I'll never give up, but I wonder how long she has to live. The Dr. couldn't give an estimate, or perhaps chose not to tell me. But I wonder how long I will have with her. Therefore, I'm asking what you fine people think. Is it likely to end soon? Or do I have several months ahead?

    My intention is to make the most of our remaining time together, but if her outlook is grim, I'll take time off from work. More importantly, I'll keep her steady on her pain meds (which are strong, opioid meds, indicated to be an "as needed" drug), so I'll try to follow that. However, if she is likely to die soon, I'll instead give her the maximum (prescribed as every 8 hours, or as needed). In the end, I want her to be as comfy as possible, if she is dying. I'll never euthanize her, ever, unless it's absolutely hopeless. So I'm asking what the duration of her survival is likely to be, given the diagnoses and symptoms I described above, for an 11 year old (mutt) cat from the shelter.

    • ANSWER:
      The fist thing you need to learn is how to feed that cat or things will only get worse. I've posted a link for you below for a Yahoo group that might be able to help you. Fatty liver is caused by your cat not eating. Once you learn how to do this things might get better for her.

      Sometimes when a feeding tube is inserted a cat will pull it out. So it's a whole lot of cost down the drain. I've seen people very upset after this happens.

      Join this Yahoo group and get some help. They might even be able to point you to more groups with cats that have her problems.

  25. QUESTION:
    What are the Symptoms,Conditions,and Prognosis for the Diagnosis of "Barret's Esophagus"?
    What may have caused the Condition or Disease?

    • ANSWER:
      First, have you checked out any websites?? Try: digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/barretts.
      Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the esophagus, the muscular tube that carries food and saliva from the mouth to the stomach,changes so that some of it's lining is replaced by a type of tissue similar to that normally found in the intestine ( bowel). This process is called intestinal metaplasia( yeah, kind of technical). Metaplasia: a change in tissue resulting from the transformation of one type of cell into another. While Barrett's esophagus may cause no symptoms itself, a small number of people with this condition develop a relatively rare but, often deadly type of cancer of the esophagus: esophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett's esophagus is estimated to affect about 700,000 adults in the US. It is associated with the very common condition GERD ( Gastroesphageal reflux disease). Most of us experience symptoms of GERD, especially after eating ( heartburn, indigestion). GERD symptoms can also result from being overweight, eating certain types of foods, or being pregnant.In most people, GERD symptoms last only a short time and require no treatment at all. The exact causes of Barrett's esophagus are NOT known, but it is thought to be caused in part by the same factors as GERD. For people that have Barrett's esophagus, the risk of getting cancer of the esophagus is small: less than 1% per year. Barrett's esphagus can only be diagnosed by an upper GI ( gastrointestinal) endoscopy to obtain biopsies of the esophagus.At present, it cannot be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms, physical exam, or blood tests. As far as the prognosis, it would depend on what the biopsies show. There is alot of information available at the above mentioned website. But, I hope that the information given, will be of some help.

  26. QUESTION:
    With more than 50 years of research, why hasn't a cure for cancer been found?
    It took less than a decade to split the atom and build an atom bomb. It took less than a decade to build a rocket to send man to the moon. Could somebody please explain to me that why for over 50 years there still isn't a cure for cancer. Or for that matter a treatment that would allow you to manage it without losing your life.

    • ANSWER:
      The first thing to understand is that there will never be a Eureka! moment when a single substance or procedure is discovered that will cure all types of cancer.

      The trouble with finding 'a cure for cancer' is that cancer is hundreds of diseases, not just one. The difficulty is that different cancers are caused by different things, so no one strategy can prevent them, and different cancers respond to different treatments so no one treatment can cure them all. There will never be a magic bullet that cures all cancer.

      But, thanks to the dedicated (and underfunded) research that has taken place over the last 50 years and more, some cancers CAN already be cured. 7 out of 10 children are cured of cancer. Testicular cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and many cases of leukaemia can all be cured in adults with chemotherapy, most skin cancers are cured with surgery, and many cases of thyroid cancer and cancer of the larynx are cured with radiotherapy.

      Many other types of cancer are also cured if they are found early enough. There is still a long way to go of course, especially with some of the commonest types of cancer such as lung, breast, bowel and prostate cancer. But research will mean that there will continue to be steady progress - a new treatment for one type of cancer discovered, perhaps a way to reverse or slow down another type.

      I assume you haven't had close contact with cancer, or you would know that it doesn't always result in loss of life, and current treatments save many lives and prolong many, many more.

      As just a very few examples - my father had surgery and radiotherapy for cancer 56 years ago. He never had a recurrence, lived a healthy active life and died almost 50 years after diagnosis of something unconnected to cancer. I had surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy to treat an aggressive, advanced cancer diagnosed almost six years ago. My prognosis was poor, but I'm fit and well with no sign of cancer.I know many, many people through cancer support networks who have survived as long as and many years longer than I have.

      As always, someone has wheeled out the tired old conspiracy theory - cancer is a money spinner, there is a secret cure but 'the government' (they never say which one) is hiding it for reasons of profit.

      Every government in the world would have to be in cahoots for this to work.

      I live in the UK; we don't pay for our medical treatment, including cancer treatment. Cancer treatment costs our government many, many billions. If there were a cure for cancer that would save them this money, believe me that's what we'd be getting.

      These conspiracy theories are a sort of game played by people who've never had, studied or been close to cancer. They forget in order to prove that any secret, hidden cure worked, thousands of people would have to have been cured by it. They’d all be keeping quiet too – why no word to the media from any of them?

      Drug companies would be keeping quiet about the cure even though it would bring them fame and fortune. Any drug company discovering a cure would make far more money than they can have dreamed of making up till now.

      And doctors, scientists, researchers etc would be watching their relatives die and dying themselves (they and their families develop cancer at the same rate as the rest of the population) rather than revealing the existing secret cure

      Every single medical professional in the whole world would have agreed to keep existence of a cure secret. One blabbermouth, one disgruntled researcher or sacked nurse and the whole conspiracy’s blown. Newspapers and other media wouldn't have got a sniff of it.

      Likely?

      ===========

      Edit @ Mark - you might like to read the facts on Max Gerson's 'fifty cases'

      http://www.users.on.net/~pmoran/cancer/Gerson.htm

      Gerson's therapy has been disproven time and again - and if we're talking money spinners, have you any idea how much treatment at a Gerson clinic costs??

  27. QUESTION:
    What is the timeline for a person with stage IV small Intestine cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      You are question is vague in the sense that you don't know exact histological type of the tumor. As different type of tumors has different prognostic rate.
      Whatever, I tried to give you some information about the small bowel cancer and theirs prognosis, but it is not complete and definite and varies according to patient general status, site of tumor and co-morbid conditions.

      The small bowel can be affected by both malignant(Bad prognosis) and benign (relatively good prognosis) lesions.

      Malignant tumors — the most common histologic types of malignant tumors of the small intestine are:
      (* percent is the distribution of each type to total cancers of small bowel)

      Adenocarcinoma — 45 percent

      Carcinoid — 29 percent

      Lymphoma — 15 percent

      Sarcoma — 10 percent

      Although these malignancies may be found throughout the different regions of the intestine, certain subtypes have a predilection for specific regions. As an example, adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy affecting the proximal small intestine, while carcinoid is the most common tumor in the ileum.
      Sarcoma and lymphoma develop throughout the small intestine, but are most prevalent in the distal small bowel. Largely as a result of these differences in distribution, the reported relative incidence of each histology varies considerably with the patient population.

      Benign lesions of small bowel include adenomas, leiomyomas, fibromas, and lipomas.

      If you are talking about the small bowel Adenocarcinoma with stage IV, it means that the tumor has any size, has invaded regional lymphnodes, but it must have distant metastases either in liver, lung, brain, bone or anyother part of body.

      The time line strickly about the small bowel adenocarcinoma:

      Prognosis:
      adenocarcinoma —
      Mural penetration, nodal involvement, distant metastasis, and perineural invasion are associated with a poor prognosis. Seventy to eighty percent of small bowel adenocarcinomas are resectable at the time of diagnosis; approximately 35 percent have metastasized to regional lymph nodes, and an additional 20 to 35 percent have distant metastasis .

      In general, for patients undergoing resection of duodenal adenocarcinomas, five-year survival rates are similar, stage for stage, to those for colorectal cancer. As an example, in one series of 67 patients with nonampullary adenocarcinoma of the duodenum, the overall five-year survival rate was 54 percent; stratified by stage, five-year survival was as follows [42]:

      Stage I — 100 percent

      Stage II — 52 percent

      Stage III — 45 percent

      Stage IV — 0 percent

      Prognosis: distal small bowel adenocarcinomas — Compared to duodenal cancers, regional node metastases are more frequent in jejunal or ileal adenocarcinomas [28,58,59]. Survival is generally poor, with most series reporting five-year survival rates of 20 to 30 percent. Between 60 and 70 percent of patients without lymph node involvement survive five years [28,60], compared to only 12 to 14 percent of those with positive nodes [28,61].

      Sarcoma:
      Survival rates are variable, with tumor grade being an important determinant [73,74]. In one study, for example, patients with low grade lesions (fewer than 10 mitoses per 50 high power fields) had an 80 percent disease-free survival at eight years [74]. In contrast, patients with high grade lesions had a mean disease free survival of less than 18 months.

  28. QUESTION:
    If someone has seven tumours?
    If someone has seven tumours-the orginal site being the very top of the colon, realistically what is their prognosis,other than its terminal? How long are you likely to have? Will my relative see Christmas this year.?

    Primary cancer-Bowel. Secondary cancer on the liver.

    • ANSWER:
      My best friend was diagnosed with bowel cancer and secondaries on the liver at the end of April. She was given a pretty bleak prognosis. After liver surgery and a course of chemo she is still with us and highly likely to see Christmas. She's still incurable but she has done better than was expected. The point is, you can't really generalise, every case is different.

  29. QUESTION:
    My son has had throbbing testicular pain ,also upset stomach for past 2 years?
    It comes and goes also had loose bowel movements for several months --- after much testing still no answers he is very depressed and frustrated. what could this be ?????

    • ANSWER:
      It could be torsion of a testicular appendage: This is a common cause of testicular pain in younger boys.

      Almost all cases occur between the ages of 3-14 years.

      A testicular appendage is basically a functionless structure that sits in a groove between the testicle and the epididymis. Like a testicle, this structure can lose blood flow due to twisting, leading to varying amounts of pain.

      Other, less common causes of testicular pain include the following:

      Inguinal hernia: This condition occurs when part of your intestine protrudes through a defect in the abdominal wall into the scrotum. This may cause pain or swelling.

      Orchitis (inflammation of the testicle): This inflammatory condition of the testicles occurs because of an infectious process. It is sometimes found along with epididymitis, especially when epididymitis has gone untreated for days. Most cases of orchitis are caused by a viral mumps infection, though other viruses and bacteria can also cause it.

      Testicular tumor: A tumor rarely causes pain but can cause swelling. Conduct regular self-examinations to locate lumps, as early detection improves the prognosis for testicular cancer.

      Kidney stone: The pain from kidney stones may sometimes radiate into the testicular area.

      Check this site for the many ofher causes of testicular pain.

      http://www.emedicinehealth.com/testicular_pain/article_em.htm

  30. QUESTION:
    What is better marlboro snus or camel?
    I just turned 18 and im gonna try somethin new? dont limit your answers to just snus what are some of the better products out there

    • ANSWER:
      Neither one is "better", just like cigarettes, both deliver toxic amounts of nicotine and other toxic chemicals like arsenic and other chemicals such as what is found in rat poison directly into the tissues of your mouth sublingually, but in far greater concentrations to the oral tissues than cigarettes do.

      If you want to try something "new" - take up a hobby such as rafting, hiking, cycling, etc. You'll live far longer.

      The great majority of smokeless tobacco users do not generally develop mouth and bone cancer, but compared to other pursuits the percentage is still alarmingly high. Ever seen footage of patients who have lost their entire lower jaw to this poison? It's not pretty. The one patient I took care of during my hospital clinicals who was in this condition had to be fed with a spoon, and could only eat pureed or liquid foods because he had no lower jaw to chew with. He couldn't talk except with a reverberator because he had no tongue. He had no hair from the chemotherapy and was constantly nauseous from the radiation treatments. He had to wear incontinence briefs because he had no solid food in his system to provide bulk for his waste, and had to be cleaned every time his bowels moved. If he had friends or family over he wore a mask to hide his missing jaw so as not to freak his visitors out - he was far too ashamed for them to see him like that. How old was he? 25.
      And his prognosis was good - they got all the cancer, they determined, and he was told he could expect to live a normal lifespan if the cancer stayed in remission.

      Imagine that - a whole lifetime with half a face. Fifty years if he's lucky. Fifty years of eating his food through a straw, never being able to talk to anyone, and never being able to go anywhere or do anything for fear of messing his pants in public.

      If that sounds like fun, you go right ahead and take your chances.

  31. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when you have a elevated CEA blood test? What does it mean?
    I do know that I have endometriosis, I had a D&C, hysteroscopy, laposcopy(sp) last week, went to the OB/GYN today, he said that on a scale from 1-4 I have between 2and3, but there was no cancer cells, On Monday I went to the family doctor for a ear ache, she wanted to run another CA-125 because my last one was elevated to 40.??, I just got a email saying that the CEA test was 57.4 which she says the cut off is 30.2? So now I am so very scared again...I don't know what the CEA test is, all I know is I want to see my 5 year old grow up...can anyone answer please? I have had CT scans, and ultra sounds, and they showed nothing, except a little cist on my ovary...that was around 5 weeks ago...

    • ANSWER:
      I found a little info for you regarding the nature of these lab tests. It is important to remember that many diseases and disorders can cause elevations and fluctuations in these types of tests.
      CA-125 levels may also be high in other types of non-cancerous conditions, including menstruation, pregnancy, and pelvic inflammatory disease.
      Increased CEA levels can indicate some non-cancer-related conditions, such as some forms of inflammation, cirrhosis, and peptic ulcer. Also, smokers tend to have higher CEA levels than non-smokers.
      Please read all of this and FOLLOW UP WITH YOUR DOCTOR!
      Tumor markers are molecules occurring in blood or tissue that are associated with cancer and whose measurement or identification is useful in patient diagnosis or clinical management. The ideal marker would be a "blood test" for cancer in wich a positive result would occur only in patients with malignancy, one that would correlate with stage and response to treatment and that was easily and reproducibly measured. No tumor marker now available has met this ideal.

      Tumor markers can be used for one of four purposes: (1) screening a healthy population or a high risk population for the presence of cancer; (2) making a diagnosis of cancer or of a specific type of cancer; (3) determining the prognosis in a patient; (4) monitoring the course in a patient in remission or while receiving surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.

      No test meets all of those requirements. Specifically, no marker has been established as a pratical cancer screening tool either in a general healthy population or in most high risk poulations. The reason for this is the relative lack of sensitivity and specificity of the available tests, given the low prevalence of cancers in most population groups. Given the low prevalence of cancer in general, even tests that are highly sensitive and specific may have low predictive values.

      Tumor markers include many substances that are not readily systematically organized.Those discussed here are generally products or the cancer cell, although none is unique to cancer cells; they represent aberrant tumor production of a normal element. Some markers are produced by the organism in response to the cancer's presence.

      Tumor Antigens

      Include markers defined by both monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antisera, often the so called oncofetal antigens. The oncofetal substances, present in embryo or fetus, diminish to low levels in the adult but reappear in the tumor.

      Carcinoembryonic Antigen

      Tumor marker, CEA: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein found in many types of cells but associated with tumors and the developing fetus. CEA is tested in blood. The normal range is <2.5 ng/ml in an adult non-smoker and <5.0 ng/ml in a smoker. The CEA was one of the first oncofetal antigens to be described and exploited clinically. It is a complex glycoprotein of molecular weight 20,000, that is associated with the plasma membrane of tumor cells, from wich it may be released into the blood.

      Although CEA was first indentified in colon cancer, an abnormal CEA blood level is specific neither for colon cancer nor for malignancy in general. Elevated CEA levels are found in a variety of cancers other than colonic, including pancreatic, gastric, lung, and breast. It is also detected in benign conditions including cirrhosis, inflamatory bowel disease, chronic lung disease, and pancreatitis. The CEA was found to be elevated in up to 19 percent of smokers and in 3 percent of a healthy control population. Thus, the test for CEA cannot substitute for a pathological diagnosis.

      As a screening test, the CEA is also inadequate. Since cancer prevalence in a healthy population is low, an elevated CEA has an unacceptably low positive predictive value, with excess false positives. Also, since elevated CEA occurs in the advanced stage of incurable cancer but is low in the early, curable disease, the likelihood of a positive result affecting a patient's survival is diminished.

      The CEA has been sugested as having prognostic value for patients with colon cancer. Preoperative CEA values have been positively correlated with stage and negatively correlated with disease free survival.

      Although not satisfactory for screening a healthy population, CEA has been used to monitor recurrence. Early data suggested that CEA prededed clinical relapse by several months. Subsequently, several investigators have examined intensive, serial CEA monitoring as an indicator for second look surgery in the hope that relapse could be detected at a time when surgical ressection for cure was still possible. Criteria for reoperation included a significant rise of CEA above a base line level on serial determinations and absence of obvious unresectable disease on staging workup. Determinations of CEA should be done frequently: at a minimum of every 3 months and if possible every 1 month to 2 months. Elevations above baseline should be verified rapidly to exclude laboratory error.

      The CEA is of some use as a monitor in treatment. Usually the CEA returns to normal within 1 to 2 months of surgery, but if it returns elevated persistent disease may be indicated. The test is not infallible in patients treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy but can be useful in those whose tumor is not measurable.

      The CEA is often positive in malignancies other than colonic. In cancer of the breast, lung, pancreas, stomach, and ovary the CEA may be elevated and can be used to monitor the progress of disease or response to treatement.

      CA 125

      CA125 is an antigen present on 80 percent of nonmucinous ovarian carcinomas. It is defined by a monoclonal antibody ( OC125 ) that was generated by immunizing laboratory mice with a cell line established from human ovarian carcinoma. It circulates in the serum of patients with ovarian carcinoma and was therefore investigated for possible use as a marker.

      CA125 is often elevated in patients with ovarian cancer, its level following the patient's clinical course. With surgical resection or chemotherapy, the level correlates with patient response. Thus, it is superior to other markers such as CEA.

      The CA125 is elevated in other cancers including endometrial, pancreatic, lung, breast, and colon cancer, and in menstruation, pregnancy, endometriosis, and other gynecologic and non gynecologic conditions.

      Because of the low prevalence of ovarian cancer, the test is not itself useful in screening!

      Good Luck, I wish quick resolution and answers for you.
      Take Care!

  32. QUESTION:
    bowel cancer prognosis without treatment.?
    my mum has developed a lump in her lower abdomen over a period of time and has now been diagnosed with having blood in her poo from the routine bowel cancer tests. she needs to attend the hospital for a scope. if they find this lump to be cancerous, what is the outlook for her? she said if it is cancer she is refusing any life prolonging treatment. i am obviously upset with this, but it is her life and this is the 2nd cancer of her life so far. any advice would be great. thanks in advance.x

    • ANSWER:
      My nan had bowel cancer (Bless her socks) but they caught it too late. She had the treatment and stuff but it was inevitable. She was on some serious doses of Morphine and it was horrible to watch her go like this. It eventually went to her brain then she passed... I think your mum should consider any treatments.

  33. QUESTION:
    Can constipation cause testicular pain?
    Ok i'm 14 and ive had this strange pain in my left testicle and it radiates to just below my belly button. I think its caused by one of two things: constipation or sex. It hurts after sex, so i havent had sex since it began because it hurt too much. Also, after i had a bowel movement and it felt better but it still comes back. It feels like my left testicle is in my Abdomen right now :( can you help?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a testicular cancer survivor and suggest you do the self-exam for testicular cancer, or “man exam.” Symptoms vary greatly from man to man, but testicle and abdominal pain are common symptoms. And TC is the #1 cancer for men 15-35. The sooner a doctor can catch it the better the prognosis, and most likely the less treatment will be required. It could also be a blocked vein, infection, or benign cyst, but all of those things also need a doctor's attention. Don't worry till you have to - only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis! This site has links to credible testicular cancer resources, and shows the self-exam with a list of symptoms. Good luck and hopefully it's nothing serious.

      http://www.manexam.org/Testicular_Cancer_Awareness.php
      (ManExam Coalition for Testicular Cancer Awareness)

  34. QUESTION:
    What's the symptoms of lung cancer?
    Is CT scan accurate?

    How to cure lung cancer permanently?

    Are there any dangers for a 80 years old man to have any therapy curing lung cancer?

    Thanks a lot

    • ANSWER:
      From the National Cancer Institute, the 7 warning signs of cancer are--

      C- Change in bowel or bladder habits

      A- A sore that does not heal

      U- Unusual bleeding or discharge

      T- Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere

      I- Indigestion or Dysphagia (difficult or painful swallowing)

      O- Obvious change in wart or mole

      N- Nagging cough or hoarseness

      Search for answers by looking outside of the medical field, in the area of alternative medicine. There are hundreds of methods to heal the body, and drugs only suppress the issue (not heal it). Most disease issues are internal because the blood carries toxins that accumulate in the body. The system needs to be cleansed (colon and liver especially), and given nutrition.

      Cleansing the body is a method I've seen done many times with success and it doesn't matter how old you are. We must remove toxins. One strategy is detoxifying with herbs, water, and juice fasting. One must educate oneself.

      "The Cure for All Cancers", ISBN 0963632825
      "The Cure for All Advanced Cancers", ISBN 1890035165
      "A Cancer Therapy", ISBN 0882681052
      "Oxygen Therapies", ISBN 0962052701
      "Hydrogen Peroxide--Medical Miracle", ISBN 1885236077
      "The Natural Cure for Cancer--Germanium", ISBN 0533071410
      "Killing Cancer", ISBN 0705000966
      "Natural Cures 'They' Don't Want You to Know About", ISBN 0975599518

      There are many other good books about surviving this disease, and you should know about this option, even if you choose to go the traditional route with it's abysmal prognosis. Best of luck.

      And watch this--you'll be glad you did. http://www.altcancer.com/vidgal.htm#hoxsey

  35. QUESTION:
    My Father has advanced cancer in his bowel and liver,he hasn't started chemo yet.He is 77.?
    My Father was recently diagnosed with advanced bowel and liver cancer.He is 77.He hasn't started chemo yet and he won't eat anything at all...just a few glasses of fruit juice or lemon tea a day.Be frank.What is the likely prognosis as he obviously won't be able to start chemo as he isn't strong enough.

    • ANSWER:
      I’m having a difficult time understanding what is going on here as most patient’s appetites returns after surgery and they make sure he will tolerate a normal diet before he leaves the hospital. Stage 4 colon cancer has a poor prognosis regardless of treatment. It has a 5 year survival rate of 5%. If he did not have surgery chemo will make little difference and is done to decrease symptoms it would not likely increase survival. His doctor is the best person to ask this question as they have all the information needed to give you the best answer. However, from my experience, which is nowhere near the same as a doctor, and from little information you give it would be 9 months to a year at most.

  36. QUESTION:
    cancer runs in my family could i get it?
    bowel cancer runs in my family

    my grandpa had it and died when i was six
    then my mum when i was nine
    im 15 but could i get it?
    what can i do to reduce risks
    also, i exercise regularly (im a latin/hip hop dancer) and i only eat fish

    • ANSWER:
      Home – About cancer – Cancer types – Colorectal
      Colorectal cancer
      Colorectal cancer, commonly called bowel cancer, is the second most common cancer in both men and women. Eighty per cent of cases are sporadic with no known hereditary genetic associations. Colorectal cancer is preceded by adenomas (polyps), which if undetected become invasive cancer.

      Incidence and mortality
      There are more than 12,500 new cases each year. The risk of being diagnosed by age 85 is 1 in 10 for men and 1 in 15 for women. More than 4372 people die of colorectal cancer each year.

      Screening
      Screening with a test for blood in the faeces is available through the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program to Australians who turn 55 or 65 between 1 May 2006 and 30 June 2008. Abnormal tests are followed up with a colonoscopy.

      Symptoms and diagnosis
      Symptoms of colorectal cancer include:

      change in bowel habit with diarrhea, constipation or the feeling of incomplete emptying
      thin bowel movements
      blood in the motion or abdominal bloating or cramping.
      More general symptoms are:

      tiredness
      weight loss
      unexplained anaemia
      Diagnosis is by a colonoscopy.

      Staging
      Staging is determined by how far the cancer has penetrated through the bowel wall. Stage I is superficial, stage II is deeper and stage III is when the cancer has gone through the thickness of the wall or out into the tissues or lymph nodes beside the bowel. Stage 4 means the cancer has spread to other organs, commonly the liver.

      A CT scan can be used to detect spread to the liver or lungs. A blood test, CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) if elevated, can be used to monitor the progress of the disease.

      Causes
      Risk factors include age, inherited genetic risk, inflammatory bowel disease, obesity and smoking.

      Prevention
      Not smoking, a healthy diet with plenty fresh fruit and vegetables, and maintaining a healthy body weight all contribute to reducing the risk of bowel cancer.

      Treatment
      Stage I and II disease can be treated with surgery alone to remove the bowel and surrounding lymph nodes. Stage III disease requires surgery and additional chemotherapy to try to prevent recurrence. Widespread disease is treated with chemotherapy. More recently targeted therapies are being trialed in addition to chemotherapy.

      Prognosis
      With stage I colorectal cancer 90% of patients will still be alive at five years. This falls to 87% with stage II, 57% with stage III and 10% for widespread disease.

      For more information, please contact The Cancer Council Helpline on 13 11 20 (cost of a local call).

      This page was last updated October 2007

  37. QUESTION:
    Prostate cancer spread to bones?
    I took my father to the hospital for back pain and leg weakness and was told it is prostate cancer that has spread to his bones. Spine, hips, legs, ribs, shoulders etc. they have done radiation on his spine and surgery to releive the pressure causing leg weakness, and are treating him with hormones. What do yu think his life expectancy is? I am getting no where with doctors. He is in Palliative care at this time. What does it all mean?

    • ANSWER:
      Well....my dad also has prostrate cancer but they caught it so it is kind of just there. It hasn't spread but he has to get treatments every so often.

      About 232,000 men in the United States will learn they have prostate cancer this year. Early detection and improved treatment have led to longer lives after diagnosis. About 99 percent of patients with localized disease live at least five years. (MY dad has had it for almost 10 years now)

      Doctors can diagnose prostate cancer early before it has spread beyond the prostate gland or nearby tissue. When prostate cancer spreads, or metastasizes, it often goes to the bone causing pain. This occurs in more than 80 percent of patients with metastatic prostate cancer. The bone, with its rich blood supply, creates an environment for cancer cells to establish themselves.2

      Bones normally regenerate, constantly breaking down and rebuilding. Cancer interferes with this process and may cause bone to wear away or grow too fast. Prostate cancer usually causes excess bone growth.

      Bone pain typically begins as a dull, continuous ache, which increases over time. It may seem more intense at night or with activity. Muscle spasms may occur as well.

      Prostate cancer may spread to the hips, spinal vertebrae, ribs or other bones. Cancer in the spine may put pressure on nerve roots. This can result in numbness and tingling in the arms or legs, weakness, paralysis or difficulty with urination or bowel movements. Always tell your doctor about new symptoms, even if they seem unrelated to your cancer. If you are experiencing bone pain, the doctor will likely look for spots where the cancer may have taken hold.

      Tests the doctor may order include X-rays, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, and a bone scan. A bone scan involves an injection of a radioactive agent specifically targeting bone. A scan showing "hot spots," areas of greater concentration, will require further investigation since arthritis and other conditions can cause similar images.

      Treatment goals for bone pain due to cancer include killing the cancer cells, improving survival and controlling the pain, which can help improve quality of life. The physician may order external beam radiation to affected bone, chemotherapy or hormonal therapy. Procedures may be recommended to prevent or repair fractures and drugs may be prescribed to slow bone destruction. Pain medications are usually ordered and a special type of pain relieving radiopharmaceutical therapy may be employed. This therapy is a radioactive agent that travels to the bone and provides a high local dose of radiation. This treatment is especially helpful if the cancer has spread to many sites.

      Palliative care is not the same as hospice care. The goal of palliative care is to relieve the pain, symptoms and stress of serious illness – whatever the prognosis. It is appropriate for people of any age and at any point in an illness. It can be delivered along with treatments that are meant to cure you.

      http://www.getpalliativecare.org/

  38. QUESTION:
    What is anal cancer and how do you get it?

    • ANSWER:
      Anal cancer is cancer of the rectum. Or the end of the Large intestine. The first 6 feet of the large intestine is known as the colon or 'bowels'.. the last 6 inches of this large intestine is known as the rectum.

      Anal, or Rectal cancer occurs in this last 6 inches. It is much more common than you realize yet is not spoken about too terribly much due to the embarassment involved with the location. Farrah did a great thing publicizing her battle with the disease.

      It develops just as any other cancer in the body does. Which is , put simply, and over growth of cells.. or cell division. So you get it through genetic predisposition and lifestyle habits.

      The same factors that increase your likelyhood of getting cancer anywhere else in the body will increase your likelyhood of obtaining rectal cancer. It has nothing to do with any activity in that part of the body.

      Polyps found in the colon increase the risk, as does previous cancer of the small or large intestine. Smoking increases the risk, and any other exposure to carcinogens. The location of some cancers are largely genetic. Lung cancer is even more genetic than people realize,.. but the constant bombardment of smoke in the area doesn't help the situation.

      Symptoms of such cancer, of the anus, are changes in bowel movements, smaller bowel movements, fatigue, weight loss, abdominal discomfort, and blood in the stools.

      The prognosis rely's on age of patient, the location of the spotted cancer (within the rectum), how advanced it has become, if the problematic area can be removed.. which rely's largely on if it has spread to neighboring areas and organs and/or glands.

      Often the case is it goes un noticed or treatment is not sought until it has spread and become such a tragic circustance that a cure or remission is near impossible.

      We don't have the exact details on Farrah's diagnosis when it was made, but I would venture to say it was a fairly poor prognosis from the start.

      Good question.

  39. QUESTION:
    Secondary liver cancer from the bowel?
    Hello

    I am a 23 year old male, diagnosed with Duke C bowel cancer in may 2008. I had a proctocolectomy to remove the tumor but it spread to the lymph nodes and a recent ultrasound showed mulitple lesions on my liver.
    I am not so concerened whether i live or die but really just how much pain i will experience with or without medicine as i am quite sick to death of hopsitals and am not really happy of the idea of more hospital stays and/or drugs.

    thank you

    • ANSWER:
      This is terrible news and you are far too young to have to deal with it. I am so sorry.

      If you have multiple liver lesions surgery is not going to fix it. It sounds as though you understand the prognosis is not good. I know one can only take so much of doctors and hospitals before you are sick of them. You need to talk to your oncologist about your priorities to make sure your goals are the same and discuss your concerns about pain. Not everyone experiences severe pain. Also, be clear about your objections to drugs. What is it that makes you dislike them? Do they make you nauseous? Fuzzy headed? Sleepy? Your doctor can work with you to give you different or a combination of drugs that are better for you, but they need to know what you don’t like about them first. If and when you are ready hospice really is a good idea. When you feel like it look into a few in your area and talk to them about how they would handle your case. Best wishes.

  40. QUESTION:
    I'm really worried. My grandma has Colon cancer in the 3rd Stage. She has the tumor out, but what next?
    I'm worried. My grandma has 3rd stage colon cancer, shes 71 in november. she had an operation and the tumor was taken out and it was very successful but what next? i know she has to go for chemo and all. but what happens? will she live to see me get married? (im 13)I really really love her and i want to know as much as possible, preferably from personal experience. Pleasee.... Thanks. no nonsense pls.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear about your grandma.

      There are several factors influencing the prognosis. The most common stage 3 colon cancer that I examine are T3N1 tumours. This means that the cancer has grown through the bowel wall into the surrounding fat tissue, but not into the abdominal cavity. And there is spread to less than 4 lymph nodes. In this situation, 5 survival rate is about 75 %, meaning that it is more probable than not that she will recover completely.

      The prognosis is worse if more lymph nodes are involved and/or the cancer has grown into the abdominal cavity. But for now I think she and you have good reasons to be optimistic.

      If you like a personal account of what it is like to go through chemotherapy for colon cancer as an elderly person, I recommend this youtube video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LzySHcWuRqw&feature=player_embedded

  41. QUESTION:
    My DR said im having Epididymitis but very mild, he didnt prescribe any medicine for that.?
    and said it will go off in a while. so what is the cause of this Epididymitis and how can i cure it? does it will make my testicle work less efficient?

    • ANSWER:
      Title: Epididymitis
      Page 1 of 3
      Shlomi Albert, M.D., Inc.
      11160 Warner Avenue, Suite 423
      Fountain Valley, Ca 92708
      Tel (714)549-3333 Fax (714)549-3334
      Epididymitis
      Definition
      Epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis, an oblong structure attached to the
      upper part of each testis.
      The inflammation may be so great that the testicle itself feels greatly enlarged and
      hardened. However, this does not mean that the testicle is infected.
      While bacterial infections of the epididymis are common and the most serious of the
      causes of epididymitis, infections are only one of many reasons that the epididymis can
      become inflamed.
      Cause
      Bacterial epididymitis usually results from an infection spreading to the epididymis from
      other male urogenital organs, the prostate, bladder, kidney, and urethra. Epididymitis
      may complicate an infection or may be brought on by injury to the scrotum.
      Epididymitis is not contagious, not inherited, and not a sign of cancer.
      Some rarer types of bacteria create a different picture altogether. Tuberculosis, for
      instance, is a bacteria that can spread to the epididymis in unusual circumstances.
      Title: Epididymitis
      Page 2 of 3
      Tuberculosis epididymitis develops very slowly over days and weeks.
      Non-bacterial epididymitis can be the result of viruses, trauma, and unknown causes.
      The unknown causes are commonly referred to in medicine as idiopathic, a fancy word
      for 'We don't have a clue!' Non-bacterial epididymitis can be just as painful and come on
      very quickly.
      When the cause is trauma or idiopathic, many believe that these types of epididymitis
      are caused by a rupture, or blow-out, of the sperm ducts causing a leakage of sperm
      fluid into the tissue. The body tissues can be quite irritated by this leakage, hence the
      redness and swelling. It may be difficult to understand why the body would be so irritated
      by a fluid that is made in the testicle. Suffice it to say that the body makes acid in the
      stomach, which serves a purpose to digest food. With a perforated stomach ulcer, this
      acid can leak into the body cavity and cause a life-threatening illness. Epididymitis is, by
      itself, not life-threatening, but the point is made about pain and swelling.
      Symptoms
      Symptoms of epididymitis include:
      Fever.
      Chills.
      Generalized weakness.
      Redness, swelling and intense pain of the scrotum and epididymis.
      Rapid onset of symptoms, usually less than 24 hours.
      Diagnosis
      In most circumstances, the bacteria can be identified in the urine or prostate fluid and
      tests can be run to determine which antibiotic is most effective.
      Treatment
      Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics, appropriate for the bacteria that is
      causing the infection.
      Anti-inflammatory medicines, such as Ibuprofen, Feldene, Naprosyn, Toradol or
      Voltaren, can be very helpful in reducing the inflammation and pain. .Do not take any
      medicine, not even over-the-counter preparations, without first discussing it with the
      doctor.
      Prognosis (Expectations)
      After pain and tenderness have subsided, a certain amount of swelling and hardness
      around the testicle may continue. This will disappear more quickly if you sit in hot water
      for 15 minutes twice a day. Be careful to avoid any injury to the infected area for two or
      three months after all signs of inflammation have subsided.
      Title: Epididymitis
      Page 3 of 3
      Tips
      Go to bed and stay there, except for bowel movements, until the swelling
      subsides and the fever is gone. This helps the infection to drain out and
      reduces the pain that will occur when the scrotum is bumped from walking
      or moving.
      Drink plenty of fluids, but limit alcoholic beverages.
      Take your temperature each morning and night. Keep a record.
      While in bed, support the weight of the scrotum and tender testicles by
      rolling a soft bath towel and placing it between the legs beneath the
      inflamed parts. Apply either an ice bag or heat (warm compresses,
      electric heating pad, hot-water bottle) to the inflamed parts. Use
      whichever gives the most comfort.
      When you are again able to be up and around, you will be more
      comfortable wearing a jock strap or two pairs of jockey shorts.
      Do not engage in sexual intercourse or have an ejaculation. The flow of
      sperm through the epididymis during the early phase can only cause
      more inflammation and damage.
      Call the doctor if your temperature goes above 100 degrees Fahrenheit,
      the pain is not reasonably well controlled, the symptoms don't improve in
      four days, or you become severely constipated.
      Copyright © 2006 by iMedConsent Dialog Medical, LLC. All rights reserved.

  42. QUESTION:
    How can remove mouth ulcers ?
    From 1998 to till date in every month there is mouth ulcers. It affects my mind and health problem. Please help

    • ANSWER:
      What is Mouth ulcers?
      A mouth ulcer is a painful sore in the mouth. It appears on the tongue, the lips, and the gums or inside the cheeks. The first sign of the sore may be a tingling, burning sensation inside the mouth. They can occur either singly or in clusters. They are usually white or yellow in color, surrounded by red halos. Usually they heal within 7 to 10 days. There are 3 types of ulcers:

      Minor ulcers

      Large ulcers

      Herpetiform ulcers (where one can have up to 100 very small painful ulcers)

      Common Causes of Mouth ulcers
      Nutritional deficiencies such as iron, vitamins, especially B12 and C

      Poor dental hygiene

      Food allergies

      Stress

      Infections particularly herpes simplex

      Biting the cheek

      Hormonal imbalance

      Bowel disease

      Skin disease

      Home Remedies for Mouth Ulcers
      Tips 1:

      Grate some fresh coconut. Extract the milk and gargle with this 3-4 times a day.

      Tips 2:

      Keep 1 glass of chilled water and 1 glass of hot water ready at hand. Gargle alternately with hot and cold water.

      Tips 3:

      Boil 2 cups of water. Add 1 cup fenugreek leaves and remove. Cover and keep for sometime. Strain the water and gargle 2-3 times a day.

      Tips 4:

      Boil 1 tsp of coriander seeds in 1 cup of water. Remove when slightly warm gargle. Repeat 3-4 times a day.

      Tips 5:

      Chew on 5-6 tulsi (holy basil leaves) and sip some water. Repeat 5-6 times a day.

      Tips 6:

      Eating raw tomatoes helps rid mouth ulcers. Can also gargle with tomato juice 3-4 times a day.

      Tips 7:

      Mix 7 parts of sugar candy (mishri) with 1 part of camphor. Apply on the blister.

      Tips 8:

      Mix a pinch of turmeric powder to 1 tsp glycerine and apply.

      The goal of treatment is relief of symptoms. The cause, if known, should be treated. Gentle, thorough oral hygiene may relieve some of the symptoms. Topical antihistamines, antacids, corticosteroids, or other soothing preparations may be recommended to apply to the mouth ulcer. Avoid hot or spicy foods, which often increase the pain of mouth ulcers.

      Expectations (prognosis)

      The outcome varies with the causative disorder. Many mouth ulcers are benign and resolve without specific treatment. Rarely, chronic mouth ulcers can develop into oral cancer.

  43. QUESTION:
    Should an very elderly person take chemo? Are the side effects possibly worse than the disease?
    My 86 year old mother was diagnosed with stage 4 liver cancer, which has metastasized from the bowel. Her blood count in 48, up from last year, when it as 4. Pill form chemo was recommended. The chemo, although less strong that intravenous versions, still has many adverse side effects. Also, it is a hard decision to make when she appears to be well at the moment and enjoying a little "respite" from last year's bowel cancer operation. Prognosis from doctor: 5-6 months to live with no chemotherapy and 9-12 months to live with chemo. Must decide soon and she wants help to make the right choice. Any feedback you might have would be very helpful. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Lynn... I know what you are going through! We are dealing with my husbands grandfather he was recently diagnosed with cancer in his hip which was treated with Radiation then they saw that it had also spread to his lungs. Our family has been told due to other health related conditions (He is diabetic and about 10 years ago lost a leg due to diabetic gangrene.) The doctors have advised against Chemo saying that the side effects would be too much for him to handle at his age and with the other complications. The best advice that I can give is sit down and talk with her oncologist. See what they recommend and educate yourself on the options. If they recommend a form of treatment chances are that they know your mothers situation and hopefully know what is best for her. Good luck you are in my prayers.

  44. QUESTION:
    Bowel cancer?
    My father in law is in hospital at this moment having a biopsy on a lump that was detected in his bowel hes been told to expect the worst, he started bleeding from his back passage a couple of weeks ago and this lump was picked up when he had a camera put down last week, we re hoping that if it is cancer they might have caught it early does anyone have any experience of bowel cancer good or bad? serious answers only please!
    Sorry I should have said hes 63 his father died of lung cancer

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, bowel cancer is very serious. However, it often times can be very successfully treated. You will need a lot more information before you can have much of a prognosis discussion.

      Prognosis (how a person is likely to do with a given condition) is based upon stage of the cancer and the person's overall health. Stage is base on three factors in bowel cancer:

      1) Depth of the tumor or how deeply the tumor penetrates into the wall of the bowel. This is called "T" for tumor and is usual given as a number 1 through 4. Smaller numbers are better.

      2) Presence or absence of cancer in lymph nodes. This can usually be determined after surgery. This is call "N" for nodes and is given as a 0 or 1. O means the absence of cancer in the nodes and is better.

      3) Presence or absence of cancer at distant sites like the liver or lung. This is called "M" for metastasis, and is given as a 0 or 1. 0 means the absence of detectable metastasis and is better.

      A word about staging and prognosis. When doctors talk about survival percentages, cure percentages etc., they are talking about what happens to groups of people with similar stage tumors. A given individual may do better or worse than the average.

  45. QUESTION:
    Prognosis for liver cancer?
    Got the news today we had all been dreading- my ex's mum has bowel cancer that has spread to her liver. I think I suspected it all along,but did not want to believe it.
    Can someone tell me what her chances are? I have read the treatment offered just extends your life,and does not cure it. She is being referred to chemo I think.
    Have the hard job of telling my kids that their other gran has cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      How to Stop Cancer
      An e-book that reveals an Alternative way to Stop Cancer Long Enough to Die from Old Age Instead. This could help you stop Cancer from Killing you or your loved ones try to Check this it helps you a lot

  46. QUESTION:
    bowel cancer, can i physically help her?
    FIRST THING NO NASTY COMMENTS! IF YOU HAVE NOTHING TO SAY PLEASE LEAVE.
    today i found out my grandmother has bowel cancer, she let it slip at my son's birthday party, terrible timing because ended up whole family was in tears while we were getting ready to go home, anyways i dunno what to do but that's not why i am here i know its shock that's causing me to feel helpless but i'll survive, I used to be a medical student but had to give it up hoping to go back to it, was wondering if anyone knew if there was any way i could physically help my grandmother, she's only in her 60's and i want her to have a shot i know with some cancers you can use blood cells and such to help treat the cancer, i was wondering if anyone knew if this was possible with bowel cancer, i am the only person in my whole family with the same blood type as my grandmother, the scary thing is only three people in my family have the same blood type, Me, My dad and My Grandmother, my father and grandmother both have cancer, my dad's in incurable but he is unlikely to die anytime soon, but i know bowel cancer is SO much worse, i am wondering if there is any way that i might be able to help her from a donation of cells or something?

    any help would be great.

    • ANSWER:
      Blood cells are not used to treat cancer. Bone marrow cancers are treated with bone marrow transplants and sometimes cancer patients they need blood transfusions, but not very often with colon cancer. There really isn’t anything you can do. It is not necessarily a death sentence her prognosis depends on the stage, the grade, what kind she has and how she responds to treatment. I see many colon cancer patients cured with colonoscopy or surgery alone.

  47. QUESTION:
    Prognosis of Liver Cancer....?
    My Father has bowel cancer which has gone into both lobes of his liver.He was diagnosed last week and is waiting for his 1st lot of chemo,which should begin in 2 weeks.He is 77 and has mild diabetes.He has lost nearly 2 stone in a month.What is the prognosis for him ( be honest,I just need to hear truths at this stage).He has lost all appetite and just drinks water.He sleeps all the time.I know each person is different,I would like some ideas please : )

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, I'm not sure but it sounds like he doesn't have long. My mother lived for about a week at this stage, not to scare you. I'm sorry. She passed away on July 12th and everything spread quickly and basically when it spread to the liver she had no chance whatsoever because it's a vital organ. They can still hear until the very end even if they're in a coma, so please don't hate me for saying this- but make sure you tell him everything you want to tell him ASAP. When he stops drinking altogether and you can only wet his mouth with sponges expect it to be one to three days.

      Wait- I just reread your question...can he get out of bed and go to the bathroom? That would make a difference. But I'd say his prognosis either way isn't good. My mother started sleeping all the time and stopped eating and then within a couple of weeks she was bedridden and two weeks later she died. I'm no doctor, but it sounds like chemo won't happen. If it does, you can only wait and see.

  48. QUESTION:
    Last Few Months Cancer?
    How do you know when the last few months are approaching?

    I have a lot of confusion, feel like my hearing and sight is getting worse. Energy is less too.

    I still feel ok, eating and drinking ok and somedays have a big energy boost and can go shopping etc.

    I have advanced bowel cancer to the liver, I was told I had 3/ 5 months in Jan, and obviously it may be longer.

    I just wondered if there were many occuring symptoms in the last few months/ weeks just to be prepared. I have been battling this since April last year and only got the poor prognosis in Jan.

    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      From your previous questions it was your mother who had advanced bowel cancer. In either case whoever this is that is sick . . you or your mother . . your oncologist should have recommended hospice care. Hospice can answer all your questions.


bowel cancer prognosis

Types Of Brain Cancers

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the types of terminal brain cancer?
    I would like to know as many types of terminal brain cancer as possible.

    • ANSWER:
      Any brain cancer can be terminal. Any brain cancer can be NOT terminal. The most likely brain cancer that has the worst prognosis is glioblastoma multiforme, pure astrocytoma tumor and always a grade 4.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between metastasized brain cancer and cancer that started in the brain?
    My mother had lung cancer a year ago and although it has not returned, she now has a tumor in her brain the size of a dime. It is cancerous .... so what is the prognosis and what is the difference between this type of brain cancer (where it originated in the lungs) and brain cancer that originiates in the brain. Also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer originating in a particular organ for the first time is called Primary neoplasm.

      Metastasis is its secondary spread through blood or lymph.

      Prognosis really depends on histological type of the cancer but metastasis generally requires more aggressive treatment in the form of chemo & radio because it is wide-spread.

      My best wishes are with your mother and you as her family in the battle against this cancer.

  3. QUESTION:
    What type of brain cancer is this?
    They are 25 years old and they have brain cancer. I don't know the type of it, all I know is that the tumor is on the right side of the brain stem and it presses against the nerves and they have tremors. They have to use one finger to even type. They have done radiation and now using chemotherapy for a year now I believe. They seem well and look fine to me but I know this has to be serious. Does anyone know about the survival rate on this condition or just by the tumor location what type brain cancer is it?

    • ANSWER:
      The right side of the brain stem is called Glioma and are rarely curable, it depends if it is high grade glioma or low grade, high grade is around 1 year survival and low grade can be several years survival.

  4. QUESTION:
    Can a stuttering disorder be a symptom of brain cancer?
    I forgot where, but I read that a stuttering disorder could be caused by brain cancer. If this is true, is it a specific type of brain cancer? If anyone has any idea,could you explain this in an easy understandable way?

    • ANSWER:
      My husband has Stage 4 Brain Cancer "Glioblastoma Multiforme" and currently lost his ability to speak due to 17 brain surgeries, scare tissue built up on the brain, and his cancer (the tumor's location). It is actually not considered "stuttering", they either have slurred speech or have trouble "Word finding" or forming the words.

      One would mistake "slurred speech" or "trouble with word finding" as stuttering, it is the first word that best describes the problem if we are unfamiliar with the difference.

      It doesn't hurt to get things checked out, an MRI scan will rule out a brain tumor or maybe there is some type of pressure pushing on that perticular part of the brain that controls one's speech (there are actually 2 sections of the brain which controls speech, a section in the front of your brain, and a section in the back of your brain).

      Sometimes excessive amounts of fluid or swelling of the brain can cause pressure on those parts which could make one "stutter".

      Be safe, get whoever is having the issue checked out. Good Luck

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the main side effects of radiation treatments to the brain?
    My father was recently diagnosed with Glioblastoma Multiforme, which is a type of brain cancer. He is scheduled to begin radiation therapy next Monday. I live quite far from him and have not had a chance to speak with his doctors yet. The treatments are to last about 6 weeks. Can anyone give me some idea of what kind of side effects to expect in the first weeks of brain tumor radiation therapy?

    • ANSWER:
      I know if it was my daddy, I wouldn't perusing yahoo. I'd be with my dad, no matter how far away.. But anyway, radiation may be used for palliative treatment, with steroids and diuretics for swelling. The prognosis for inoperable gbm is at most, a few months.

  6. QUESTION:
    Does anybody know a type of brain tumor/cancer thats common in children-teens?
    I need help trying to figure out a type of brain tumor/cancer that is common in children that are hard to cure and can last through teen years. I don't want a completley harmless one i need one thats kinda bad but gets worse. A kind of disease that can be delayed with certain treatments but is unlikley to be totally rid of. Sorry thats really detailed but i would really appreciate any help i can get.:)

    • ANSWER:
      neuroblastoma

  7. QUESTION:
    How do you tell your ten year old son that he has cancer, and is dying?
    My son was diagnosed with a rare, inoperable type of brain cancer today. We've brought him home from the hospital and are now trying to summon the courage to talk with him.
    He has a malignant brain stem glioma. Due to its size and location it is inoperable. There is also some mestsasisies which have invaded other areas. It's aggressive and does not respond to any traditional therapies. The Oncologist said the survival at one year is less than 1%.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry you are going through this, I can't even begin to imagine the pain you must be in. But I think that all you should tell a ten-year-old boy is that he is very sick and that the disease that he has is serious, and that there is little chance that he will get better. Tell him that he shouldn't be scared of death, and that God is protecting him. Don't let this be a fearful experience for him, let him enjoy the time he has left. If you are a religious familiy, I would suggest that you pray together. My heart goes out to you, and you are in my prayers.

  8. QUESTION:
    What would be a good company name for a charity clothing line?
    My friends brother was diagnosed with a incurable type of brain cancer. I am going to get a clothing line going to try and raise money for the family. He is 13 years old and its all going down hill from here. I was thinking 20% of the money will be going to the family and the rest would be going to the company to purchase the t-shirts.

    • ANSWER:
      kind couture
      or Hawt and helpful

      mine?
      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AqBe7MjiicnyClnLGEHe213sy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20100202144827AAgdI2f

  9. QUESTION:
    What are the main functions of the Corpus Callosum?
    A close family member has been diagnosed with a type of brain cancer. The main tumor is located in his Corpus Callosum, and specifically the splenium. Unfortunately, it is inoperable. Can anyone tell me what the possible function deficits we are likely to see as the cancer progresses? Please don't attempt to answer this question unless you have some background that would enable you to be specific.For those of you who can answer this question, I thank you in advance for your time and knowledge.

    • ANSWER:

  10. QUESTION:
    What type of brain cancer kills you the fastest?
    I am writing a paper about problems that people go through with diseases and i am making my girl have brain cancer. I was wondering if you can help me by telling me which one you die the fastest withh. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      stage 4 Glioblastoma multiforme brain tumor

  11. QUESTION:
    What is the scientific name for brain cancer?
    I'm looking up things on brain cancer and i think neurological cancer is brain cancer but im not sure. Can someone clear it up for me?

    • ANSWER:
      The scientific name depends on the type of cancer it is; astrocytoma, glioblastoma, etc. The category it belongs to (part of the body) is the CNS, central nervous system.

  12. QUESTION:
    How good is the University of Michigan to cure brain cancer?
    I know somebody who has brain cancer and had surgery done at the University of Michigan. He'll be having kimo therapy (or something like that.. I don't know how to spell it. it's something where you have chemicals that fight of fast growing cells) and I want to know how much it can help him and if he will be okay...

    • ANSWER:
      The University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center is a national leader in treating cancer. We offer patients dedicated physicians, state-of-the-art technology and new investigational therapies that may not be available elsewhere. Check out our website to learn more: http://www.mcancer.org.

      Chemotherapy (chemo) is the treatment of cancer with drugs that can destroy cancer cells. Often called "anticancer" drugs, chemo can be given in several different ways, including through an IV or as a pill. The type of chemotherapy given depends on the type of cancer, whether chemo has been given before, and if the person has other health problems. The type of side effects your friend might experience will depend on what chemotherapy drugs he will receive.

      You can learn more about chemotherapy from the National Cancer Institute: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you/page2

      When you have a friend with cancer, it is often difficult to know how to help. Asking your friend what he needs is a good first step. Other helpful suggestions can be found here: http://www.cancer.net/patient/All+About+Cancer/Cancer.Net+Feature+Articles/Family%2C+Friends%2C+and+Caregivers/Supporting+a+Friend+Who+Has+Cancer

      If you have other questions about cancer, call our Cancer AnswerLine at 800-856-1125. We’re staffed by registered oncology nurses and are a free service (to anyone – whether you’re being treated at the University of Michigan or not!).

      Learn more about us by visiting: http://bit.ly/UMCancerAnswers

      Best,
      Becky Eggleston, B.S., R.N., OCN
      Cancer AnswerLine Manager
      University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center

  13. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is brain cancer?
    I have to do a project on cancer and I chose brain cancer. I have to list what kind of cancer it is (carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, leukemia) and I can't find anything about what type it is. I would really apreciate it if you could also give me a web site with further explanation alon with your answer. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      I commend you on your choice for a paper.

      I have multiple meningiomas. Doesn't sound too bad right? Wrong! Mine are snaking through everywhere in my brain, into my sinuses, in my left eustacian tube, fused into the bones in my face and wrapped around my carotid artery. And this is AFTER they did surgery, radiation and two sinus surgeries. Due to the location of some of the tumors (including the carotid artery), I have what is considered a benign malignant tumors. In other words, the tumor itself is generally considered benign but due to the location it is considered malignant.

      There are many types of brain tumors: astrocytomas, neuroblastomas, ganglios, meningiomas, etc. What causes them to turn into cancer is caused in part on location, grade of tumor (usually Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3 and Grade 4 - with 4 being the most deadly), size and type.

      The best place for more infomation is to check out the ABTA (American Brain Tumor Association). Also check the National Institutes of Health, The American Cancer Society and the Brain Tumor Foundation.

      Thank you for having the courage to do this project. I wish there were more like you.

  14. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for brain cancer? Is this brain stem glioma?
    Someone I know has brain cancer. The tumor sits on the right side of their brain stem and the tumor puts pressure on the nerves and they have tremors. The doctor said they only had a year when they was first diagnosed and they did radiation and now is on chemotherapy for over a year now. I want to know the prognosis of this type of cancer. I don't know if it's high or low grade or know the name of the cancer but if anyone has any useful information I would really appreciate it. I think they've had it for 2 years now.

    • ANSWER:
      Brain Cancer Prognosis: Summary
      Cancer patients and their loved ones face many unknowns. While some people find it is easier to cope when they know the statistics, other people find statistical information confusing and frightening, and they think it is too impersonal to be of use to them. The doctor who is most familiar with a patient's situation is in the best position to discuss the brain cancer prognosis and to explain what the statistics may mean for that person. At the same time, it is important to understand that even the doctor cannot tell exactly what to expect. In fact, a person's prognosis may change if the cancer progresses, or if treatment is successful. Seeking information about the brain cancer prognosis is a personal decision, and it is up to each patient to decide how much information he or she wants to know and how to deal with it.

      However, prognosis can be reversed with 'immunity boosters'.

      Radio-therapy, Chemo-therapy, Interventional and Surgical procedures are instrumental in prolonging the human life by postponing the death also by a decade or two. I have seen many patients living for decades after Surgery, Mastectomy, Heart/Kidney Transplants, Dialysis, etc.

      But all the patients are worried about side effects. Here is a way out to minimize scope for severe side effects.

      “U have to take permission from the oncologist and take the following diet[s] with certain restrictions.”

      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11. Triphala Churan to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins and Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless U. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  15. QUESTION:
    I need help on questions about Brain Cancer?
    I need to know the answers to the following questions:
    1) What is brain cancer's relationship to mitosis?
    2) What are the types of cells involved in brain cancer?
    3) What are the causes/how it is spread through the body?
    4) What are the symptoms of brain cancer?

    Thank you so much in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      1. Mitosis is part of the cell cycle. I don’t know what kind of relationship you are looking for.
      2. Cancer can arise in any of the cells – ependymal, germ cells, etc.
      3. No one knows what causes cancer. There are some inherent and environmental conditions that are risk factors for this disease. It rarely spreads through the body.
      4. Symptoms depend on the location and rate of growth. Headaches occur in about 50% of patients with brain tumors, not necessarily malignant ones and about 20% of patients over 20 years old have seizures.

  16. QUESTION:
    what should a person expect when they are dying of brain cancer? What will happen to the mind and body?
    A friend was diagnosed with brain cancer, and she was told that whe will only have a few weeks to live. Right now, she is still functioning fairly well. What will happen over the next two weeks? She has a lot of pain in her head, and her speech is slurred. What else should I expect to see?

    • ANSWER:
      As the cancer grows, the pressure it places on surrounding structures within the brain increases. This will increase the severity of the symptoms. Depending on the type of cancer it is (whether it's primary or a metastasis), the growth rate will vary. Obviously, faster growing cancers will cause the symptoms your friend is suffering from to increase in severity rather rapidly. Conversely, if the tumor is a slower growing one, your friend can live a relatively functional life for a long period of time.

      Therefore what you can expect to see in your friend can be quite variable. Generally speaking, if untreated, her current symptoms will worsen, and new symptoms may appear such as seizures, difficulty walking, loss of vision, memory loss, and personality changes. The usual cause of death in a patient with brain cancer would be respiratory failure.

      With more information, such as the type of cancer (if known), when it was diagnosed, and how the symptoms have progressed over time, I can provide you with a more specific answer.

  17. QUESTION:
    What color is the ribbon for brain cancer?
    I need to know because my Baby cousin Is about 10 or 9 months old and has brain cancer, brain tumor, an water in his brain.
    If you can please add a picture

    • ANSWER:
      Gray
      -
      I tried to paste mine here and it will not let me. I have on in my signature for my email that's automatic.
      If you want to email at this address below you can copy and paste mine.
      WVLYNNSUMMERS74@AOL.COM
      I also have a link to a site with ribbons for most cancer types. For some reason its not working but I'll try and get the info for you. Its got lots of them.
      Please put BT in the title so I'll know its not spam. i can also give you some sites for support and infomation. I am so sorry for your families problems.

      the choose hope site has many great products . I have purchased my metal BT ribbons from them that I wear daily. Plus my bracelets.
      Any one else that wants to talk about BT issues feel free to email me. My husband is the patient. He's a 20year survivor, AAIII. I use my AOL account for most email. Yahoo hates me when it comes to email.

  18. QUESTION:
    How long can someone survive brain cancer?
    I'm writing a story, and the character has brain cancer. She will pass away, but I don't know how long that would take. A friend of mine's mother recently had brain cancer, and was given four months to live, but she passed away within a couple weeks of that statement.
    Will doctors always give you how long you're expected to live, or only when it seems real bad? About when will they hospitalize you? (I'm sorry if this is offensive to anyone)

    • ANSWER:
      I've seen survivals from weeks to months to years with brain tumors.
      Every person is different.
      Even a cancer specialist like me cannot possibly know
      how much time a person has.
      People push us to make guesses especially family members..
      We do have averages for tumor types and stages.
      But we are always wrong for an individual.
      Doctors do not GIVE people so long to live. I hate hearing it put this way.
      If WE decided - all of our patients would immortal.
      What really gets me is a family pushing to know a survival time in a 90 year old.
      By statistics, he or she should have died over ten years earlier.

  19. QUESTION:
    Can a person be really sick from Brain Cancer and Chemo and still have fun?
    someone I know has brain cancer and they're on chemo and gets blood drawn every week. They still go to clubs and bars. Is the brain cancer still bad even though they do all this. Is it possible that they can still die?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different kinds of brain cancer, and different treatments. Some people feel pretty good and are able to go out, while others do not fare so well.

      If your friend is currently on chemo, it's probably not a wise idea to be drinking, but I'm sure his or her doctor has encouraged him or her to go out when possible and lead a fairly normal life. Some chemo can lower blood counts, including the white blood cell count, making the patient more susceptible to infection. If she/he is having blood drawn weekly, this count is probably being looked at, and he/she has a good idea of if it's okay to be around other people or not.

      As far as seriousness- I know people who were in school until a few days before death, and others who were very sick for a long time before death. It really depends on the type of brain tumor, the treatment, the prognosis,etc. I also know people who were really sick while on treatment and recovered, and others who survived and were not very sick while on treatment.

  20. QUESTION:
    how much does a session of chemo cost in the USA for brain cancer?
    I was just wondering how much it would cost for one session of chemo for brain cancer in the united states?

    • ANSWER:
      "April" would know better than anyone, but she only had one type of chemotherapy.
      There are many different chemotherapy regimens being tried for brain malignancies because no one has found a particularly effective one yet. Thus many regimens are investigational. The costs vary enormously. You would have to ask the medical oncologist who is planning the specific chemotherapy what the cost is expected to be. He or she probably will not know the cost, but they can find out for you. It is amazing how many of us do not know the costs of the drugs we prescribe. There are no business or finance courses in the 13 years it takes to become a cancer chemotherapy specialist.

  21. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer should I use for my story?
    Hi, I am writing a story about a man who has cancer. The original thought was that he was diagnosed when he was 13, went into remission around 15, and then the cancer makes a recurrence in his early twenties. I am looking for a rare and less-known cancer that has a difficult prognosis...
    I was originally thinking lung cancer or brain cancer....
    Any ideas? I am open to everything!

    • ANSWER:
      sarcoma

  22. QUESTION:
    How long can someone live with cancer in their brain?
    If there is no cure for brain cancer, how long can someone survive with cancer in their brain? If the cancerous brain tumor shrink, will that get rid of the cancer or just prolong the life? Or how does it work?
    Someone I know has brain cancer. I don't know them really well but I heard they were really sick, but yet they still go to clubs, concerts and still have sex. If the person was as sick as they claim I don't think they will be able to do all this.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the type and how aggressive it is. Some brain cancers can be treated if caught early enough.

  23. QUESTION:
    How likely is it for an 18 year old to get a brain tumor/brain cancer?
    What are the risks?
    Out of 1-10, how likely am I(18 years old) to get brain cancer?

    I don't think my family has a history of brain cancer, or any type of cancer for that matter. What are my risks?

    Thank you! XX

    • ANSWER:
      Close to 0 out of 10...

  24. QUESTION:
    can you treat 2 different types of cancer at once with chemo?
    A person I know has brain and lung cancer. They have just had radiation for the brain cancer. They are now starting chemo. Will the chemo hit both cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      Usually this is very uncommon that a person is suffering from tow or more 'type' of cancers! A person can have cancer in various organs of body due to metastasis of the primary cancer, but the 'type' of cancer remains same, doesn't matter wheresoever it is present. So the treatment is decided on the type of primary tumor, and the extent of metastasis.
      In your patients case, it appears that the primary cancer was in lung, and the it metastasized to brain. Yes, a chemo can hit cancer in both the places.

  25. QUESTION:
    Please help, my fiancé is 23 and has lost both his parents to cancer in the last year?
    My fiancé is 23 and has lost both of his parents to cancer in the last year... His dad passed just this morning and I have never dealt with the death of a loved one until now. For the last 5 months I have been taking care of my finances father that was dying of lung and brain cancer... I watched him go from driving himself to treatments to forgetfulness to falling to bedridden to coma and then death. I got really attached to him and he treated me like a daughter (which I lack in my life given my biological fathers selfish choices).
    Last year my finances mother passed away from breast cancer that metastasized so much to the point of having 7 different types of cancer before she passed. Not 3 weeks after her death his father was diagnosed with stage 4B lung cancer, my fiancé didn't even have time to mourn his mother's death before his dad started chemo. As of now he has lost 7 family members in 5 years and only has one aunt that lives a thousand miles away and a sister that is coping by running, so it's just us. I feel very sad and very concerned, as well as ill-equipped for the situation..I can't seem to control my emotions, I miss him already I can't imagine what my fiancé REALLY feels on the inside.. Any thoughts, tips, or encouraging comments would be deeply appreciated

    • ANSWER:

  26. QUESTION:
    do different blood types have resistance to certain diseases?
    i heard about a girl having rabies and survived so i thought (since its so rare to survive) couldent it be her blood type had some type of resistance to diseases? like A positive has Resistance to brain cancer.
    im probably over thinking it but its still a possibility right?

    • ANSWER:
      I dont think so - the antigens are for self recognition so the immune system says "This blood cell belongs to me - do not attack"

  27. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is chemotherapy least effective against?
    What type of cancer is chemotherapy most effective against and the least effective against?

    • ANSWER:
      Red Angel is correct. According to the study that was done by some Australian oncologists, when a person gets chemotherapy, they have a 2.1% chance of survival in 5 years for all of the cancer's included. The study was called "The Contribution of Cytotoxic Chemotherapy to 5-year Survival in Adult Malignancies. This study took every randomized controlled clinical trial performed in the U.S. from 1990 to 2004 and the results showed the above Cancer cure statistics. According to that study, chemo is most effective against Hodgkin's disease at 40.3% (ABSOLUTE numbers).

      In 1989, a German biostatistician, Ulrich Abel PhD, after publishing dozens of papers on cancer chemotherapy, wrote a monograph "Chemotherapy of Advanced Epithelial Cancer." It was later published in a shorter form in a peer-reviewed medical journal.70 Dr. Abel presented a comprehensive analysis of clinical trials and publications representing over 3,000 articles examining the value of cytotoxic chemotherapy on advanced epithelial cancer. Epithelial cancer is the type of cancer we are most familiar with. It arises from epithelium found in the lining of body organs such as breast, prostate, lung, stomach, or bowel.

      From these sites cancer usually infiltrates into adjacent tissue and spreads to bone, liver, lung, or the brain. With his exhaustive review Dr. Abel concludes that there is no direct evidence that chemotherapy prolongs survival in patients with advanced carcinoma. He said that in small-cell lung cancer and perhaps ovarian cancer the therapeutic benefit is only slight. Dr. Abel goes on to say, "Many oncologists take it for granted that response to therapy prolongs survival, an opinion which is based on a fallacy and which is not supported by clinical studies."

      Over a decade after Dr. Abel’s exhaustive review of chemotherapy, there seems no decrease in its use for advanced carcinoma. For example, when conventional chemotherapy and radiation has not worked to prevent metastases in breast cancer, high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) along with stem-cell transplant (SCT) is the treatment of choice. However, in March 2000, results from the largest multi-center randomized controlled trial conducted thus far showed that, compared to a prolonged course of monthly conventional-dose chemotherapy, HDC and SCT were of no benefit.71 There was even a slightly lower survival rate for the HDC/SCT group. And the authors noted that serious adverse effects occurred more often in the HDC group than the standard-dose group. There was one treatment-related death (within 100 days of therapy) in the HDC group, but none in the conventional chemotherapy group. The women in this trial were highly selected as having the best chance to respond.

      "April" You need to start using the ABSOLUTE NUMBERS and NOT the relative numbers often used by those that want to skew the results to encourage funding of chemo. You madam, are the laughable one here. Get your facts from credible sources.

      EDIT: "April" My you have been indoctrinated well. Because the medical profession in America has gained so much power and money, it is foreign countries that are doing the real research it seems. The drug company studies are the real jokes with all the "Ghost writers" and throwing out the information that does not meet with their agenda and having people like you supporting that insanity makes it difficult to extract the real truth. You simply will NOT find ANY studies done in America that attack the medical industry's use of chemotherapy, it's just too lucrative and way to big of a cash cow.

      You still have the brain tumor? How has our modern medicine helped you? Look at Genetic Engineering fiasco; same issue. Only in America do they NOT label GMO foods, but everywhere else in the world they do and the rest of the world has seen the tests and know how bad it is for you, but NOT in America! Same problem.

      QRA testing is a very accepted method of testing people for many problems that even doctors have not been able to help. So you know, there is a machine that has been developed that gives data in place of the "O" ring testing you mentioned. It is very sophisticated and not only proves the validity of the "O" ring testing, but is very accurate. You need to update your data bank dear.

      Can you name just ONE disease that ANY drug company has "CURED" in the last 100 years? Just one. And don't embarrass yourself by naming vaccines because there is way too much credible data showing how bad vaccines are and how ineffective they are in so many cases.

      good luck

  28. QUESTION:
    What are the main diseases that effect the brain?
    I know multiple sclerosis, brain cancer, strokes . What other ones are there? Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      When the brain is healthy it functions quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating. Some of the major types of disorders include:

      neurogenetic diseases, eg. Huntington’s disease and muscular

      dystrophy;
      developmental disorders, eg. cerebral palsy;

      degenerative diseases of adult life, eg. Parkinson’s disease and
      Alzheimer’s disease;

      metabolic diseases, eg. Gaucher’s disease;

      cerebrovascular diseases, eg. stroke and vascular dementia;

      trauma, eg. spinal cord and head injury;

      convulsive disorders, eg. epilepsy;

      infectious diseases, eg. AIDS dementia; and

      brain tumors

  29. QUESTION:
    What are types of cancer that cause you to pass out?
    What are some types of cancer or diagnosis that cause you to pass out?
    I'm not a nurse. I'm only 16 but I want to be a nurse.

    • ANSWER:
      anything to do with the brain and/or circulatory system. in a nut shell. cancers spread. too broad of a question.

  30. QUESTION:
    If cancers are just rogue cells how are there different types?
    What makes one brain or bone or skin cancer different from the others that affect the same organ? If it's a malfunction cell whether it's brain, skin, or bone how are there different types of bone/brain/skin/liver cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes that is a very good observation. Why indeed? The doctor's model of cancer is based on the model of biology and that is based on Darwinian evolutionary theory. I think it is a load of c--p. I have found that cancer is about strem-cell mediated immunity.. erroneously ignited owing to the way a person is maltreated by others in relationship. Go to this website and read the posts of KYRANI.
      http://www.noetic.org/noetic/issue-seventeen-december/unexpected-remission/

  31. QUESTION:
    How can I make my trifold poster stand out?
    I'm doing a project on brain cancer, and cyberknife. nd i wanted to make my poster look professional as well as interesting. what type of theme/cool abstract picture/popout can i add to my poster that relates to my theme?

    • ANSWER:
      Add more color
      BOLD letters , or
      even make letter's bigger and add borders
      and stuff like that

  32. QUESTION:
    What are the benefits of starting a nonprofit organization versus a voluntary association?
    I have been helping to raise money for a family who has a baby who was recently diagnosed with a rare brain cancer. We have raised almost 20,000. in less than 3 months and are trying to decide if nonprofit is the way to go to continue to raise money for the baby and for research for his type of cancer.
    In CT, it is legal to give gifts, the donors are required to submit a tax form, the recipients are not taxed.

    • ANSWER:
      You do realize that someone must declare that 20k as income and pay taxes, right.
      You register as a nonprofit with the IRS. You apply for a tax exempt number so all donations are tax deductible. As it is right now what you did was illegal. There is no such thing in the USA as a voluntary association.

  33. QUESTION:
    How can you tell a brain tumor headache from a regular one?
    I know that brain cancer symptoms tend to vary depending on the type of brain tumor,and I know symptoms vary from person to person.I was just wondering if there's some characteristic that distinguishes the average headache caused by a brain tumor from the average headache caused by something other than brain cancer.I'm not asking you diagnose me in particular,I just want a general idea.Best answer gets the points.

    • ANSWER:
      From my experience, they were just general headaches that went away with medicine, like aleve. The increasing intensity goes unnoticed because it kind of creeps up on you. There was only a couple times I was at work and had to leave early because my head hurt. I only had one migraine, with no nausea, dizziness, or throwing up. It went away and I went to work that same evening. I was not "right", as my boss noticed something was wrong and told me not to come back till I was better. The next day I had off and went to work the next day, feeling just ok. Later that evening I had a seizure, which is how most brain tumors are diagnosed.

  34. QUESTION:
    is there anyway to be fully cured from a brain tumor or brain cancer?
    if its found very early on?

    melanoma brain cancer? can it be cured ?

    • ANSWER:
      What you are describing is not a brain tumor or brain cancer it is metastatic melanoma that has traveled from the primary location to the brain. There is a difference. Brain tumors are composed of cells found within the brain while metastatic cancer from the breast, skin or lungs would all be composed of cells from the breast, skin or lungs that have traveled to the brain. The answer is that it is possible for an individual with metastatic cancer that has traveled to the brain to be treated successfully. Lance Armstrong had metastatic testicular cancer that traveled to the brain . . he had the mets surgically removed. There are various treatments that can be used for mets that have traveled to the brain . . including some types of chemo which crosses the blood/brain barrier, cyberknife, different types of radiation, and complete surgical removal. There are too many variables to guarantee any of these treatments .. you can only take a chance.

      There is no known 'cure' for cancer . . but there is treatments that can lead to an individualized 'cure' based on patient age, overall health, location of disease, type of disease, stage of disease, grade of tumor, and patients response to first line treatment.

  35. QUESTION:
    How long do people live with brain cancer/brain tumors?
    my father was diagnosed with brain cancer in front of his brain and they couldn't do surgery because of where it was at. he did do radiation and kemo..i dont know the specific type of cancer it was but it was very aggressive

    • ANSWER:
      Was, as in your father has since passed?? If not, ask him what type. Was it biopsied? If it's gbm, then prognosis is less than 2 years; much less if it can't be debulked.

      I just did a search on frontal lobe tumors, left and right, and they have been removed or partially removed, so why did they not do surgery on your dad?

  36. QUESTION:
    How to help some one with cancer in Afghanistan?
    Hello my moms aunt daughter has brain cancer she has been passing out she visited Pakistan they said that she will die if she went under operation. I was wondering if she might have any help here in America or some organization that can fly her here and do an operation. Please she has had a hard life and her mother also.
    Thank you for your time.

    • ANSWER:
      My best wishes to your family during this difficult time. Below is the link for the American Cancer Society. You may wish to contact them via e-mail and explain the situation. Although I don't know the name, there are charitable organizations specifically created to help people battling cancer (who lack the resources).

      She may also consider enrolling in a clinical trial for her specific type of cancer. The clinic actually pays the patients for volunteering to participate. Below is the "clinical trials" page from the National Cancer Society. They will need to know the type, stage and grade of her cancer.

      http://bethesdatrials.cancer.gov/brain_cns/index.aspx

      You and your family are in my prayers.

  37. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
    What actually are the symtoms of a brain tumor or brain cancer? A lot of people seem to assume they have brain cancer when they get a headache but thats normally all it is, a headache! So how do you know the difference between a headache and symptoms you should actually be worried about?

    • ANSWER:
      Brain tumors may have a variety of symptoms ranging from headache to stroke. Different parts of the brain control different functions, so symptoms will vary depending on the tumor's location. Brain tumors are great mimics of other neurological disorders, and many of the common symptoms could indicate other medical conditions. The best way to determine if you or someone you know has a brain tumor is to have a doctor perform a type of brain scan called an MRI or a scan called a CT scan It is sometimes hard to know whether a CT scan or MRI should be done if someone you know has some of the symptoms and signs noted below, but it is important to know that these studies will usually establish whether a brain tumor is behind them. If you are truly concerned, be sure to discuss your concerns with a physician.

      Possible symptoms of a brain tumor include:

      A new seizure in an adult
      Gradual loss of movement or sensation in an arm or leg
      Unsteadiness or imbalance, especially if it is associated with headache
      Loss of vision in one or both eyes, especially if the vision loss is more peripheral
      Double vision, especially if it is associated with headache
      Hearing loss with or without dizziness
      Speech difficulty of gradual onset
      Other symptoms may also include nausea or vomiting that is most severe in the morning, confusion and disorientation, and memory loss.

      The following symptoms are usually not caused by a brain tumor, but may sometimes be:

      Headache: Although headaches are probably the most common symptom of a brain tumor, most people with headaches – even persistent or severe headaches – do not have a tumor. However, some kinds of headaches are particularly worrisome. A steady headache that is worse in the morning than the afternoon, a persistent headache that is associated with nausea or vomiting, or a headache accompanied by double vision, weakness, or numbness all suggest a possible tumor.
      A change in behavior: The development of an "I don't care" attitude, memory loss, loss of concentration, and general confusion may all be subtle signs. In this case, an evaluation by a neurologist may be an important step, but a CT or MRI will also help.
      Infertility or abnormal cessation of menstruation (also known as amenorrhea)
      Troubles that seem to be caused by other diseases or concerns: A seizure that results from a fall or the discovery of what appears to be a subarachnoid hemorrhage (a type of stroke) may actually be caused by tumors.
      If you are concerned that you or someone you know might have a brain tumor, call your doctor. If symptoms persist, an MRI or CT scan can facilitate the diagnosis. Early detection and treatment may increase survival.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are all the symtoms for one type of cancer?
    What are all the symtoms for one type of cancer? And please put the link down on your answer were you got the info from.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't need the link. I can tell you from experience:

      Brain Tumors (mine has been upgraded to brain cancer)

      1) Headaches - severe, that come out of nowhere and can last from a few minutes to a few days.

      2) Blurred vision and/or sensitivity to lights

      3) Nauseau and/or vomiting

      4) Cognitive problems - forgetfullness, mood swings, being unreasonable, etc.

      5) Severe Fatigue or a sense of having no energy

      These are the main symptoms but there are others. If you want more information, check out www.abta.org (the American Brain Tumor Association).

  39. QUESTION:
    What Happened With The Trial On DCA Drug For Cancer Patient Results?
    They had a trial in Canada with that DCA- Metabolic disorder drug that killed cancer in rats- They gave it to patients that had brain cancer - anyone know the results of that trial?

    • ANSWER:
      The clinical trials are ongoing. Despite the hype the drug can still be toxic to patients, and patients using it are still dying. However, on some types of cancer the drug does seem to create a condition called lysis which refers to the tumors dissolving. There are other drugs that also can cause lysis to occur and the danger is that the dissolution of the tumors can still overwhelm the body and cause death. Doctors know how to kill tumors . . they just do not know how to keep the patient alive while they do it and the same seems to be true for DCA. It has some merit and appears to help some patients while not doing anything for others. Still it is an important drug to keep a watch on.

      http://www.asco.org/ASCO/Abstracts+&+Virtual+Meeting/Abstracts?&vmview=abst_detail_view&confID=55&abstractID=35793

  40. QUESTION:
    Has anyone known a person who looked fine with cancer and still died?
    A person who I know with Brain Cancer (brain stem glioma) looks fine. They still live life normally except getting sick during chemo and they have a slight handicap that cause tremors. Other than that you can't tell because they are highly into fashion and always keeps themselves up and you really can't tell. Does this mean most likely they will survive or is this pretty serious?

    • ANSWER:
      My Aunt looked pretty "Normal" until she died of a brain tumor... Her hair fell out because of treatment but she got a wig and kept up makeup & stuff...

      My friend in Phoenix lost weight but otherwise looked fine until he died of cancer that started in his lymph nodes and spread all across his body...

      Do you think she's faking it?

      How a person looks doesn't really mean all that much... You need to look into her specific cell type and recovery rate.

      I hope your friend gets better but no one knows if she'll be a lucky one or not.

  41. QUESTION:
    What How can I make my trifold poster stand out?would you like to ask?
    I'm doing a project on brain cancer, and cyberknife. nd i wanted to make my poster look professional as well as interesting. what type of theme/cool abstract picture/popout can i add to my poster that relates to my theme, that will make people say, Wow thats unique?

    • ANSWER:
      people dont say wow thats unique

  42. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate for these cancer operations?
    for a woman in her 80s,
    Brain cancer
    Colon cancer
    Bone cancer
    Oh! I should have mentioned, it's not all one person! one woman has Brain cancer, another has Colon cancer and after a medical mixup one woman was told she had Bone cancer (but didnt).
    The woman with Brain cancer was told the outcome would be uncertain, but the woman with Colon cancer has seen immediate improvement.

    • ANSWER:
      Those are not operations you listed a few types of cancer and they each have at least a few procedures to remove them. People are cleared for surgery and it is rare for anyone to die from surgical complications regardless of age.

  43. QUESTION:
    I have found a lump in my breast and it has been there for 2 or 3 months now. What are the chances its cancer?
    ALL on my dads side:
    My great grandpa had brain cancer.
    My grandpa had leukemia.
    My great grandma had bladder AND breast cancer.
    My grandma had breast cancer.
    My dad HAS skin cancer.
    I am 22 years old and I am trying to get pregnant so I REALLY need some answers...Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      At your age the chances of breast cancer are extremely low - it's almost unheard of in under 25s. In fact fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30 and only 5% are under 40.

      Most breast lumps aren't cancerous, even in women over 50 who make up 80% of those diagnosed.

      Hereditary cancer is rare; fewer than 10% of all cases are hereditary.

      Several members of the same family having different types of cancer isn't hereditary - you don't inherit a general tendency to get cancer.

      A sign that cancer MAY be hereditary within a family due to a rare faulty gene is when several members of the same side of a family have had the SAME type of cancer - ie they have all had breast cancer, or all had colon cancer - especially if some developed it at a younger than usual age.

      You don't say how old your relatives were at diagnosis; cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      Breast cancer is hereditary in only 5 - 10% of cases, due to a rare inherited faulty gene. If your greatgrandma's and grandma's breast cancer were due to one of the two known faulty BRCA genes known to be responsible for hereditary breast cancer, then your father would have had a 50% chance of inheriting that gene from your grandma. If he did inherit it, you would have a 50% chance of having inherited it from him, though inheriting it wouldn't mean you would definitely get breast cancer. If he didn't inherit the gene, nor would you have.

      But with one in eight women developing breast cancer, it's not unusual for more than one woman in the same family to have non-hereditary breast cancer, particularly after the age of 50.

      And with at least one in three people getting cancer at some point in their lives, it's not unusual for several members of the same extended family to have non-hereditary cancers.

      Often people think this means cancer 'runs in their family', but this is rarely the case.

      In my own family, two of my grandparents died of cancer. Both my parents had cancer and my mother died of it. So did my aunt, my uncle and my cousin. None of their cancers were hereditary, and no members of my immediate or extended family have ever been considered at increased risk of any of the cancers they had (which were, for the record, stomach, lung, colon, kidney and testicular cancers and leukaemia).

      Of my parents' 6 children, now aged between 47 and 60, I am the only one who has developed cancer (breast), and mine too is non-hereditary and unconnected to theirs.

      The chances that the lump in your breast is cancer are very low; see your doctor for reassurance

  44. QUESTION:
    Restrictions on going back to work after cancer?
    My mom was diagnosed with brain cancer in July. She was on FMLA for 2 6 weeks and when she was ready to go back to work 3 hours a day with little restrictions her employer basically denied her coming back to work until she could work full time without any restrictions. Now she is on 26 days of personal time off with no-pay. My question is are they aloud by law to deny her returning back to work with a doctors note and restrictions?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, unfortunately they can. It depends on the type job, sometimes. A doctor's recommendations are just that, and it's up to the work place to determine if they can use the person with those restrictions in place. If they can't, then they simply don't have to schedule you to work. The employer can't fire her, but they can decline to schedule her to work. If she didn't have the paid vacation time or sick leave coming, then it would be unpaid time off. If she has any questions about it, she should talk to a representative from the US Department of Labor.

  45. QUESTION:
    When you smoke does the smoke go to your brain eventually?
    I'm texting my bf who smokes and he says that he won't get lung cancer because he has strong lungs and he won't get oral cancer because he goes to the dentist and that he'll get brain cancer cause that's where the smoke ends up.

    • ANSWER:
      He's full of BS. His lungs aren't going to be strong for long, and neither will his heart. The dentist can't do a thing to prevent oral cancer. I knew someone with brain cancer, and that's the worst type! Smoking doesn't often cause brain cancer. You really shouldn't date a guy who lies to you like this.

  46. QUESTION:
    How long do people with grade 4 terminal cancer have left to live?
    My friend has been diagnosed with terminal cancer... i don't really know anything about it!
    All i've been told is that they had the worst type of brain tumor possible, so big that they couldn't remove all of it.
    They said it was a grade 4? a rare cancer
    and they now have to have radiotherapy etc.
    I was just wondering does anyone know how long people with this type of cancer usually live?

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear this. It's impossible to say for certain how much time your friend may have left as it depends on the individual and how they respond to treatment and how fast the tumour is growing...probably months to a year, but maybe more. When a cure isn't possible, there's still a lot that can be done to help a patient though...radiotherapy and sometimes chemotherapy are used to shrink the tumour and help a patient's symptoms, basically to help them keep as well as possible for as long as possible.

  47. QUESTION:
    Why are some cancer so deadly and others so easy to treat ?
    Why is liver cancer , stomach cancer ,kidney cancer ,skin cancer so much easer to treat than pancratic cancer ,lung cancer and brain cancer that is very deadly and little survival rate.

    • ANSWER:
      Actually, you can die from any of them if the cancer is not caught and treated quickly.

      It has a lot to do with the location of the tumor, the grade of the tumor (I, II, III, IV), the type of tumor and how quickly they were able to find it.

      It also depends on the types of treatments available to treat the cancers.

  48. QUESTION:
    What are some common cancers that affect children?
    I would like to know what types of cancer children are diagnosed with the most an some of the ones that are hardest to treat. Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      Pediatric cancers are uncommon, but among cancers that do affect children the most common forms are:
      Leukemia (the most common)
      Brain cancers
      Neuroblastomas (tumors outside the brain, usually occur in the first year of life)
      Lymphoma, both Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins
      Wilms tumor (cancer in one or both kidneys, usually occurs in kids aged 2-3)
      Rhabdomyosarcoma (soft tissue sarcoma)
      Retinoblastoma (eye tumor)
      Bone tumors such as osteosarcoma and ewing sarcoma. These tumors are more common in adolescents since that is the period when the bones undergo the most rapid growth.


types of brain cancers

Ahcc Cancer

Mushrooms are members of the fungus kingdom, and are a set of living organisms that thrive in either inquilinism or commensalism with other organisms. Mushrooms usually thrive on other living plants, as well as dead plants and animals. Like some animals and plants, some mushrooms are considered dangerous or poisonous, whereas some have powerful health benefits. There is ongoing research in the medical community about the long-term benefits of medicinal mushrooms. It is hoped that mushrooms may someday provide the breakthrough in fighting deadly diseases like cancers or AIDS.

Various cancers and the AIDS virus have plagued mankind in the last thirty years or so. It seems strange that AIDS and cancers linger throughout the world, particularly in Africa, even with continuing development in pharmaceutics and medical technology. While it seems the world has a long way to go before there is a definite cure for various cancers and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the medical community has discovered that some medicinal mushrooms have powerful chemical properties that can improve longevity.

The button mushroom or Agaricus bisporus is the most popular mushroom in the world. However, it is more than just a delicious pizza topping. Like other medicinal mushrooms, the button mushroom contains vitamin D, which is a good bone builder for those who may be lactose intolerant. A recent study on the cancer-fighting properties of Agaricus bisporus has shown that women who ingest this mushroom are 64% less susceptible to developing breast cancer.

Unlike the button mushroom, the chaga mushroom or Inonotus obliquus is inedible, but mushroom medicinal extracts contain the exact substances that can fight cancer cells. The Inonotus obliquus contains beta-glucan (s-glucan) polysaccharides that can significantly improve the immune system and natural killer (NK) cells that actively destroy cancer cells by inducing cell death in the infection. Extracts of the Inonotus obliquus also contain betulin and betulinic acid that is now being carefully researched as a possible alternative for chemotherapy.

Like the button mushroom, edible Lentinula edodes or shiitake (????) contains Vitamin D to strengthen bones of those who either cannot consume dairy products or those who do not receive enough sunlight every day. The shiitake has mushroom medicinal benefits and contains active hexose correlated compounds or AHCC that enhances the power of killer T-cells or cytotoxic T-cells. AHCC has been known to boost resistance against influenza and bacterial infection.

The Trametes versicolor or Coriolus versicolor is another mushroom that contains cancer fighting compounds. It contains polysaccharide-K which is already an acceptable adjuvant to cancer therapy in Japan. It has been known to fight several cancers by suppressing tumor growth. If you need more information on mushrooms medicinal extracts, you may visit NaturalNews.com.

Frequently Asked Questions

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    • ANSWER:
      I am independent sales rep for iHerb.This company pays you 5% on every sale and they pay you once you reach 0 in that month.Once you place your first order you will receive your own coupon code to pass along to everyone.Any new iherb customer that use your discount code will also receive off their first order.If you decide to join please use my discount code TAW742 to receive your discount.You could order 1 cheap product to get your foot in the door like a bar of their famous acne soap (which is free with my coupon code)
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  2. QUESTION:
    Has anyone ever tried backing soda to treat cancer with suuccsess or ahcc mushroom extract?

    • ANSWER:
      The idea that baking soda could be useful as treatment of cancer can be traced back to an Italian ex-doctor called Tullio Simoncini, who invented the demonstrably wrong idea that cancer is just a fungus.

      The details of why we know this false is explained in easily understandable terms here: http://www.123hjemmeside.dk/cancer_is_not_a_fungus/
      And tragic examples of what happened to people who decided to give it a try are presented here: http://www.123hjemmeside.dk/cancer_is_not_a_fungus/21160738

      The body is by nature slightly alkaline with a pH around 7,4. Various regulatory mechanisms in your body work to maintain a stable slightly alkaline pH. This is necessary for the body to function properly.

      So one really can't (and shouldn't wish one could) make the body more alkaline/acidic. The rumours that claim that altering the body pH will prevent/cure cancer, and that this can be achieved through certain diets or supplements (including baking soda) are false. The changes in urinary pH is simply a result of the body's regulatory mechanisms, where excess acid/base is eliminated through the kidneys.

      If you want to read further details on this myth, these sites are recommended:
      http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2010/02/02/ph-balance-and-cancer/#more-4028
      http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/DSH/coral2.html
      http://foodconsumer.org/7777/8888/C_ancer_31/080202532008_Busting_Cancer_Myths_Acidic_Foods_and_Cancer_Risks.shtml

      I have nothing to add to April link on the deceitful idea of AHCC.

      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have, and most likely won’t find a single cure for all cancers.

      A few studies have been done to see what happens to patients who chose alternative therapy instead of conventional treatment. These studies show that the risk of progression/death significantly increases - most notably in those who refuse surgery, but also in those who refuse additional radio-chemotherapy.

      You can read the summaries of those studies here:
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16978951
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21225354

  3. QUESTION:
    I am starting radiation therapy & dr says no antioxidants,they will have neg effect. Any suggestions?
    The conditions is breast cancer. I used Dr.Schultz fasting 8 years ago and went into remission. Have spent 1,000's of dollars on holistic products. Some good,some not. Cancer came back and had to resort to medical treatment. The doctors REALLY DON'T know anything about natural methods. I've been using AHCC&medicinal mushrooms for white blood cells-great results. Was planning on using Sun Chlorella for radiation, but doctor said radiation works by free radicals eating cancer cells and antioxidants would stop that process.Now I'm confused. Help! Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Absolutely follow the advice of your oncologist this time.

      Antioxidants would protect both the normal and cancer cells. Radiation oncologists carefully plan how and where between radiation is given to kill off the cancer cells and damage as few as possible of your healthy and normal cells.

  4. QUESTION:
    What are some good things in shiitake mushroom?

    • ANSWER:
      Modern research has indicated shiitake mushroom may stimulate the immune system,[11] possess antibacterial properties,[12][13][14] reduce platelet aggregation,[15] and possess antiviral properties,[11][16][17][18][19][20] possibly through antiviral agents known as proteinase inhibitors.

      Active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) is an α-glucan-rich compound isolated from shiitake.[22] In Japan, AHCC is the second most popular complementary and alternative medicine used by cancer patients.[23] AHCC is a well tolerated compound[22] and is metabolized via the CYP450 2D6 pathway.[24]

      In addition, animal research has shown that AHCC may increase the body's resistance to pathogens as shown in experiments with the influenza virus,[25][26] West Nile encephalitis virus,[27] and bacterial infection.[28][29][30] Animal research has shown AHCC may enhance immune function.[31][32] A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 21 people supported the idea that AHCC may enhance immune function.[33] Clinical research has shown AHCC may benefit patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.[34][35] A published case study reported AHCC benefited a patient with prostate cancer.

      Lentinan, a compound isolated from shiitake, is used as an intravenous anticancer agent in some countries.[37] Studies have demonstrated lentinan possesses antitumor properties,[38] and human clinical studies have associated lentinan with a higher survival rate, higher quality of life, and lower recurrence of cancer. Clinical research with lentinan includes studies with 78 hepatocellular carcinoma patients,[39] 32 gastric cancer patients,[40] a multi-institutional study of lentinan and gastric cancer,[41] a meta-analysis of lentinan and gastric cancer,[42] 80 colorectal cancer patients,[43] 20 gastric cancer patients,[44] 36 hepatocellular carcinoma patients,[45] and 29 pancreatic cancer patients.[46] The City of Hope National Medical Center is currently conducting clinical trials to determine if a select portion of the shiitake mushroom, which includes lentinan, can inhibit lung cancer.[47] Lentinan is currently used in Australia as part of a commercially available pharmacological blend (MC-S) to suppress cancer cell proliferation and to promote proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes.

      The Korea Food and Drug Administration approved on January 2000 that the extracts of the mycelium of shiitake mushrooms can protect and help the liver recover from substances such as alcohol.[citation needed] The main chemical for this effect is the beta-glucan. The research showed injecting the extracts of the mycelium in vitro raised the survival rates of liver cells and increased protein synthesis.

      Recently it was noticed that shiitake mushrooms contain high amounts of vitamin D after brief exposure to sunlight or UV light.

  5. QUESTION:
    Cancer Herbs and Supplements?
    What can i use against my father prostate cancer. I have heard about saw palmetto and lycopene, but i don't know more.

    • ANSWER:
      I have seen many cancer patients be cured with alternative med. Biobran and AHCC can stimulate immune system.
      Comitris and Shark liver oil have anti-angiogenesis effect, that blocks tumour's vessels.
      Zyflamend, Green Tea have detox and cox2 inhibitors that helps delay and kill prostate cancer cells.
      Reishi, Maitake and Agaricus also have anticancer properties.
      The most reconizable fruit agaisnt it is Pomegranate juice, it destroys with precision prostate cancer. Blueberry and blackberries also have anti-cancer effects.
      Indol 3 carbinol and sulfhorates also blockade hormonal cancer receptors.

  6. QUESTION:
    My brother has cancer but refuses treatment?
    My brother has been diagnosed with stomach cancer. The doctor says it's not very advanced and could very well be treated. But my brother absolutely refuses treatment. He says that cancer treatment is a joke and you end up being miserable and dying anyway.

    I could understand if he was 80 but he's 41. He's single and doesn't have children and says he doesn't want to be a burden to anyone. Therefore he's looking for a suicide method to check out before it gets too bad. He says he doesn't want anyone to see him deteriorating.

    He even called today, saying he will make his will this week and then buy the coffin and pay for the cremation. My heart sank when he said this...

    My parents are devastated as you can imagine.

    • ANSWER:
      I AGREE 100% WITH YOUR BROTHER!!! Cancer treatment KILLS!!!

      Read Natural News! Google the Luxury Lifestyle of the BILLION DOLLAR Cancer Industry by Mike Adams.

      THEY DON'T WANT TO CURE PEOPLE THEY WANT TO KILL PEOPLE!! Hello, global depopulation and there's no money in curing people only killing them.

      IP6, graviola, AHCC, beta glucan, baking soda in water, all KILL cancer. Cancer is a fungus. Cannot live in an alkaline medium. Pass this info on to him!

  7. QUESTION:
    how can i help a child with cancer stay healthy?
    i have a little cousin called nicole, who is four years old. she is a very spoiled little girl, who always gets upset when she doesn`t get her own way. she was an only child raised by her single mother. aunt rose had recently got married again. her husband is a man called harry, who was a single father. he has a six-year-old son called jason. after the wedding, the two children did not get along. nicole loved to get jason into trouble and jason considered nicole to be the most annoying pest ever. unfortunately, jason got cancer and was in the hospital for ages. he had to undergo many treatments, including chemotherapy, which made his hair fall out. when he got home, people gave him most of the attention. nicole feels ignored and left out. when they go out as a family, jason might not feel well and they have to hurry him home. nicole would cry because she wants to stay and play. her mum and stepdad would just comfort her, saying"we will play later." what can i do to help them?

    • ANSWER:
      It's often very hard for any child to adapt to a new family structure specially when they felt like they were at the center of the parent's attention at some time in the past. Usually when someone else "intrudes" into their world and takes away part of the attention from their loved one, the child will compete with the person they see as the main threat to their idealistic family structure. Depending on how long the children have known each other there are a few things that can be done to help both children.

      1.) ensure nicole knows about jason's condition and what his symptoms are due to either therapy or the advancement of the condition.

      2.) Ensure that only nicole is taken out by both parents at least one day to make her feel like she has not lost her place within the family.

      3.) Nicole's mom should read her bed time stories as well as talk 2 her about her feelings just before bed. (Usually children will keep thoughts to themselves throughout the day until they have a chance to be alone, like bedtime). Jason's father should do the same for him.

      4.) Have the family play a board game at least once a week. (Helps the children forget about their issues and cooperate with each other to win a game)

      5.) For Jason it is imperative to keep any form of stress away from him, it debilitates the immune system which affects his ability to positively progress through his condition.

      6.) Do research on AHCC, DCA, green tea as well as flaxseed... you won't regret it.

  8. QUESTION:
    Suggestions for a good and compassionate Pain Management Physician in Phoenix, Arizona?
    I have seen my sort-of current pain doctor for almost two years. He (or perhaps it was just his nurse practitioners) helped me so much with my Reflexive Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD). I was unable to walk for more than ten minutes before these pain medicines were given to me, and now I can walk more than a mile, some days -- sometimes for an hour and a half! (After a year and a half in a wheelchair, having taught myself to walk again... well, I am very proud of the accomplishment.)

    Today he spoke to me -- instead of his kinder nurse practitioners -- and said he didn't feel they were really helping me, because I have only had three of his spinal blocks and/or injections (the last one of which made me quite ill). He also kept remarking that I was too young to be taking "as much pain medicine as a cancer patient" (which I know to be false, at 15mg Oxycodone up to four times a day + one 50mg Fentanyl patch every third day). He gave me the number of "a doctor who just does pills" (sigh), but he is not taking new patients until after the new year.

    Does anyone here know of a great Pain Management physician who does not consider a person in pain a drug-seeking addict? He would need to accept Mercy Care Health Plan from AHCCCS. I am very afraid; I cannot walk without the medicine, and am quite on my own -- usually on foot!

    I will be eternally grateful for any input.

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to tell you, I live in the Phoenix area and have been in chronic pain for 6 years since an accident where a semi truck slammed through my vehicle, threw me from the car and almost ended my life. I have lived with chronic spinal pain ever since that day. You should feel very lucky that they will give you what you're getting - sad isnt it how so many of us pain patients are denied a normal life. There are no compassionate doctors here. They ALL have treated me that way; granted I have only seen 3 total in these years so as not to be labeled a drug seeker, but I seem to get the same stories from everyone in my pain support group who are denied pain-free living. I went to one doctor and was given 10mg Percocets, which were helping somewhat, and was taken off medication after 6 months. That was after exhausting every other option, even trying quackery like acupuncture and chiropractors that made me have so much pain that I couldn't walk the next day. The doctor was so rude, often made the same remarks that this 10mg Percocet is only supposed to be for cancer patients, and referred to me as "getting my candy" every month that I came to get my script. I gave up on pain management and doctors in general. There is a new rule with Ahccs that will no longer cover anything over 5mg Percocet without an approval process (taken up to 2 months for me with non-opiate medicine, don't know if this will take longer for opiates or not) for any new pain medication you might be prescribed, unless you have been on the drug before. Many of us have resorted to getting our drugs on the street to avoid the hassle of doctors. I'm in my late 20's, and it seems to me that many of us young people are viewed as addicts by doctors and they refuse to treat us. I am considering heading to Florida where the dodgy pain clinics are, just to live a normal life again. It's a very sad situation. Sorry I couldn't be of more help, but I thought I should share my story being that I live in the metro area as well.

  9. QUESTION:
    anybody try beta glocan or nsc24 as a supplement b4 chemo?
    i seen an add on tv. they say it helps recovery time . i'm desperate

    • ANSWER:
      You should, of course, consult your physician and get the opinions of other doctors. When I found out that I had cancer, the first thing I did was start taking large doses of immune stimulators, which included beta glucans, not from yeast, like nsc24, but from medicinal mushrooms and mushroom extracts. I am now in remission from squamous cell carcinoma AND hepatitis C.

      Yeast derived beta glucan does cause immune stimulation, but the beta glucans derived from mushrooms like maitake and reishi, are much more powerful and have been used in TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) for centuries. I would not waste my money on the yeast product.

      In most cases, immune stimulating supplements can be continued during chemotherapy. One of the problems of chemotherapy is that it inhibits your immune system and thereby opens your body up to "opportunistic" infections. Keeping medicinal mushrooms or their derivatives (by derivatives I refer to commercial products such as AHCC or Maitake Gold) in your system will reduce side effects and hasten recovery time.

      I should emphasize this: supplements that work in some manner besides stimulating the immune system have the possibility of interfering with chemotherapy DURING the chemotherapy, so you do need to consult with a physician. Doctors do occasionally run into bizarre side effects, such as prolonged bleeding time, from a patient's undisclosed use of complementary products.

      What I am writing here is my opinion, not medical advice, since I am not a doctor. I do have a degree in biochemistry, though, so I feel free to give my opinion on biochemical matters.

      For good anticancer protocols, see the Life Extension Foundation's website.

  10. QUESTION:
    immune system enchancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are lots of immune system enhancer. but here are some that have been widely used:

      FOR CANCER:

      1. Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC)-

      a proprietary natural compound that can increase natural killer (NK) cell cancer killing function by several hundred times Made from a hybrid of mushrooms used in traditional Japanese medicine, AHCC also is sold in the U.S. under the brand name ImmPower™.
      AHCC also helps increase the production of specific cytokines, immune system chemical messengers, that include:

      * Interferon, which directly inhibits the replication of viruses and other parasites and increases NK cell activity.
      * Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF), a group of proteins that help destroy cancer cells by triggering apoptosis (programmed cell death).
      * Interluekins IL-2 and IL-12, which suppress production of tumor growth factor (TGF), stimulate still higher NK cell activity, and accelerate the differentiation and proliferation of T-cells.

      NATURAL REMEDIES:

      1. ImmunityPlus

      * Assist the body in recuperation and convalescence
      * Support the natural ability of the immune system to maintain energy levels and fight fatigue
      * Promote healthy circulation and oxygen-rich blood flow to all systems in the body
      * Promote routine cellular health and support routine cellular defense against pathogens (germs)

      2. Renew Advanced Immune System Enhancer MD

      mostly used for anti aging and Optimizing athletic performance and muscle recovery, and reducing the effects of excessive exercise.


ahcc cancer

Cancer Symtoms

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the correctly cancer recurrence rate after 5 years?
    I had a stage 3 colorectal (symoid) cancer 6 years ago, and things went well other than a few blockages. It is possible that there are still cancer cells within my body, although the machines cannot detect these cells (too small) and I do not have cancer symtoms.

    So, what is the chance that the cancer will come back at my symoid site or spreaded to my liver or lung?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you need to be thinking about the fact that nothing is showing now and you have no symptoms--be thankful!

      Live your life well and think positively. Studies have found people who think positively about their health, usually are healthy.

      My mom had collarectal cancer and that was long ago when the medical technology was not what it is today. She survived, still alive and very healthy at 80 years old!

      Do all the right things to keep your body healthy; eat only organic, non-fat, high fiber foods. Learn how to put into your body only the purest things; water for one out the tap is not healthy. Exercise, get sunlight year round, take vitamins (vitamin D is known to help with rectal cancers, but take it with calcium).

  2. QUESTION:
    Do i have breast cancer or are my breasts just growing?
    so i'm 18 years old and today i felt like one of my breats hurt when i touched it on the side i felt like there's a new bone or something. I searched for the breast cancer symtoms and i don't have any because when i touch my boob it hurts and i read that when our breasts grow they hurt so what is it?

    • ANSWER:
      Probably growing or period.
      Cancer usually takes years to develop and is usually the result of long term estrogen excess (the pill) or a refusal to breast feed after birth. Thats why they usually only screen women over 50.
      Growth can be caused by the pill, pregnancy puberty or nipple stimulation.
      So don't worry, its probably not cancer and nipple stimulation can actually prevent it.

  3. QUESTION:
    what is the difference between Laryngitis and Larynx Cancer?
    im pretty sure that i have laryngitis, but im not sure about larynx cancer, and the symtoms are pretty much the same, can someone tell me the difference?
    im only 18 and hardly smoked at all

    • ANSWER:
      If you have hoarseness for a few days or so that resolves, then it is laryngitis. If it persists and doesn't get better, you should get it checked. Even if it's not cancer, you might have growths on your vocal cords that need treatment. Almost everyone who gets laryngeal cancer are older and has a long smoking history, so if you are young and don't smoke, it is not likely to be cancer.

  4. QUESTION:
    What made you go to the doctor when you found out you had cancer?
    I want to know why did you decide to go to the doctor? Then got tests and found out you had cancer? What were your symtoms? How did you feel?

    • ANSWER:
      I ended up being taken to Emergency at 1 in the morning after waking up with sudden severe pain in my abdomen. They initially though it was appendicitis due to the nature of the pain, but when they did a CT scan they found multiple enlarged lymph nodes in my abdomen. They ended up doing blood tests, more CT scans of my chest and then a biopsy and then came back and told me I had lymphoma - cancer of the lymph nodes.

      I was completely shocked and in denial for the first few weeks. Up until the point where the abdominal pain started, I considered myself to be perfectly healthy - the cancer diagnosis came as a complete shock!

      I had no symptoms at this stage either, and this made the diagnosis harder to believe. If the abdominal pain had not started then I guess I still would not know about the cancer. In a way, I think I was lucky that it was detected when it was, even though it was picked up by accident.

  5. QUESTION:
    I have a crusty red mark near left kidney?
    Well Its crusty, Its red, It hasnt healed for over 4 weeks. I did check and i do have most of the skin cancer symtoms. More info Its a red mark, cylinder shaped, tiny bumb crusty, red inside. Thanks alot for the info and also im 14 so yea. Any Info would be greatly appreciated.
    Well my parents put some medicine on it and the mark started to heal a bit. I look at some skin cancer pics and to be honest looked nothing like it, more answers would be helpfull still :D

    • ANSWER:
      It is highly unlikely you have skin cancer. However, it is not impossible. Obviously, you need to go to the doctor or a health clinic to have it checked out.

  6. QUESTION:
    What are cancers can healthy female 13 year olds get?
    Also what is the chances of getting them and where do you get them and the symtoms?? Thanks you SO much!!

    • ANSWER:
      Well, the cancer rate in children and teens is smaller than those in adults, but can still occur in children/teens. You can get any cancer from leukemia, to lymphoma, ovarian cancer, etc. If you specifically asking about females, then you can get cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, breast cancer when you get older. There is a small chance you could get such a cancer, and if your family has a history of cancer then your chances do go up, but don't worry too much about getting cancer. :]

  7. QUESTION:
    what are the signs and symtoms of genital warts and what do they look like?
    what are the symtoms and sign of genital warts and the cure?

    • ANSWER:
      Genital warts are caused by a common virus called HPV, which can cause cervical cancer if left untreated. I found out I have HPV like 3 years ago, and I did get a couple warts. They were very small, and looked like they could just be pieces of skin hanging off. I don't know if there's really anything you can put on them but they go away with time. A couple years ago I had a surgery to remove pre-cancerous cells from my cervix and since then have not had any. I'm sure they could pop up though if they wanted to, that's how they work. You can get them, then they go away, then they can come back. There are different types of HPV as well so it would also depend on that. There are no symptoms that I'm aware of, as in they don't do anything to you except hang out. I agree that you should Google images to see exactly what they look like. Hope I helped.

  8. QUESTION:
    what are some sympoms of cancer and why do they occur?
    I think my friend has some symptoms of cnacer. What are the symtoms of cancer, and why do they occur, like why would you have chronic fatigue

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer has many symptoms, depending on the type of cancer.
      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome also causes a variety of symptoms, but can cause other problems as well.

      Symptoms of CFS usually/often include:
      - Headache
      - Persistent fatigue
      - Muscle aches
      - Fatigue from effort
      - Fatigue
      - Unable to concentrate
      - Tiredness
      - Sore lymph nodes

      And then the doctor might just tell you, "You're depressed, or unhappy." Well, Hello! If you're tired all the time, it sure makes sense to me that you'd be plenty unhappy with your life at the time!!

      What they often don't tell you is that long-term tiredness can cause a whole bunch of more serious problems, like:
      - Heart disease
      - Incontinence
      - Constipation
      - Diarrhea
      - Abdominal pain
      - Complicated pregnancy - and a lot more.

      Eventually, it tears down your immune system and damages your general health.

      Possible underlying causes of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome include:
      - Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
      - Iron deficiency anemia
      - Viral infection like human herpes virus (HPV) or Epstein-Barr virus
      - Low blood pressure
      - Dysfunction in immune system
      - History of allergies

      Most people try all kinds of solutions - they drink caffeine, try stimulants and pills, sleep 10-12 hours a day....and most things don't work.

      There's a great article on this website about a woman who helps firefighters and police officers, making a definite difference in their energy levels. http://bit.ly/16eDm6

  9. QUESTION:
    Is there a positive corralation between cancer and people living longer?
    Cancer rates seem to be increasing every year, as well as our life expectincy. Is there any evidence indicating that cancer and people living longer are related?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer in many ways is related to ones length of exposure to carcinogens, the time needed for mutinogenic changes to occur or be detectable and if you live long enough for a cancer to show symtoms of cancer. All of these factores favor higher cancer rates as one grows older, however many increasing rates of certain caners today are occuring in younger populations.

      There are amny arguments to exactly why this is occuring, but an aging population isn't a factor if cancers in younger people are increasing. The most common factors cited are poor western diets, exposure to more toxins, increasing UV exposure, our lyfestyle choices among many others. So eat that crappy broccoli, excersise regularly and never smoke, drink, go outside, or breath unless you absolutly have to to minamize possible exposure to any thing cancerous. It just that easy..............not!

  10. QUESTION:
    Do I have the symtoms of vagina cancer?
    I am 13, and every morning I have woken up with my vagina y in pain, and I have been having pelvic pains. My mom said that cancer runs in the family, I mean I am only 13. My mom is planning to take me to plan parent hood, but does it seem like I have it? 10 POINTSS
    Yes, I have started my period. And Planned parent hood gives out inspections for cheap.

    • ANSWER:
      No you do not have symptoms of vaginal cancer. Do you know how uncommon this cancer is? It is less common that testicular cancer with less than 1,500 cases each year in the entire United States. Do you know how many of those occur in girls under 20 years old? Less than15. What makes so many kids think they could have cancer?

  11. QUESTION:
    How long does HPV take to turn into cervical cancer?
    I had a negative pap in February but believe I have HPV now (noticed yesterday). If I had cancerous cell from HPV would it had shown up on the pap in Feb? If I got it recently can it turn into cancer within months?

    • ANSWER:
      If you're saying that you noticed yesterday I assume you are having genital warts. Yes, genital warts is a symtom of HPV. However, the strain of HPV that causes genital warts is considered to be "low risk" meaning that you're chances of getting cervical cancer aren't as high as you think.
      Secondly even if you had the high risk strain of the virus, you would most likely have more than a few months before the cells began to change. It's usually a process that happens long term and I'm talking years not months.
      Thirdly, go back to the doctor and have another pap, and if you see warts get treatment for that too asap cause they spread like wildfire.

  12. QUESTION:
    What do your breast look like if you have breast cancer?
    Do they look different or the same? what are the symtoms? what age do you get it at?

    • ANSWER:
      Although almost anything is possible, 75% of breast cancer occurs in women after their periods have stopped, not after they began. At 25 years old the risk is 1 in 20,000 and is almost unheard of any younger than that. This is why mammograms are recommended at age 40.

      The breasts usually do not look different unless the disease is very advanced. Few women have any symptoms at all when they are diagnosed and the majority of those that do have a lump in the breast.

      The point of screening exams is to find the disease before there are any symptoms and it is in an early stage. If you are having yearly exams and mammograms you should have little to worry about. If you find a lump between exams see your doctor.

  13. QUESTION:
    How do you know if you have cancer?
    If you never get it checked?
    Are there symtoms or something?

    • ANSWER:
      You won't know . . cancer is painless, small, and goes undetected in the early stages. Usually by the time there are symptoms the cancer is advanced and life threatening. However. . there are some things you can do . . that you should be aware of just in case . . . the first thing to know is that there are certain cancers that happen to specific age groups. Thus . . an older adult (over 50) is more likely to get carcinomas of the lung, breast, colon . .or organ. While children tend to get blood malignancies such as Leukemia or Lymphomas . . and teens and young adults tend to get sarcoma . .which is a type of cancer that affects 'growing' and 'growth spurts' associated with bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and soft tissue in the body.

      So . .if you are a young adult . . than you should always pay attention to any unusual or unexplained lump on your body that seems to be growing. Take a clue from the breast cancer awareness where they encourage young girls to check their breasts for lumps. The real message should be changed to . . . both young males and females should check their entire bodies for any unexplained lumps or bumps . . because in almost every case that turns out to be a malignancy . . the cancer was ignored for months because the young person looked and felt healthy. The danger was not recognized until it was too late.

      So the best way to protect yourself . . is to stay as healthy as possible (avoid alcohol, cigarettes, fast foods - eat healthy, exercise ) . . not so much as that will protect you from getting cancer . .but if you are really healthy and fit when you do get cancer than you have a better survival chance.

      Check your body regularly and go to a doctor once a year for a complete well physical. The reason for the doctor visit is to establish what you look like when you are healthy . . to create records in case you ever do get cancer . . those medical records will be valuable to compare 'before' and 'after' as you go through treatment.

      Otherwise . . just stay aware of your own body. Not much else you can do.

  14. QUESTION:
    What are the symtoms of "Agent Orange" and when do they surface? What parts of the body did it effect?
    "Agent Orange" is a chemical used to spary the land in Vietnam to kill vegetation during the war. It caused "Cancer" in our G.I.`s.

    • ANSWER:
      Actually it was not 'Agent Orange' that caused the problems. The danger came from the oil that was used to make the Agent Orange stick to the vegetation after spraying. As an economy move 'used' oil was bought for this purpose by Dow chemical. Some of this used oil came from electrical transformers - this oil was contaminated by a chemical known as 'PCB.' At the time the hazards of PCB was not known and in fact it was not until years after the Vietnam war ended that it was discovered that PCB is one of the most potent carcinogens known.

      Trivia note: It was not just the military who used this stuff 'Agent Orange' was a common industrial/agricultural herbicide during the 1960s. As a result there were many cancer deaths of people who worked in the agricultural and forestry industries.

  15. QUESTION:
    Can someone help me about cervical cancer?
    What promotes cervical cancer and how can i tell i have it?
    Thankyou.

    • ANSWER:
      HPV causes cervical cancer.

      Anything that compromises your immune system can hurt your body's ability to fight HPV. To name a few: smoking, second hand smoke, HIV, certain medications, stress, having a bad diet.

      There are also some genetic factors involved.

      The symtoms would be pain and bleeding, especially after intercourse, but cervical cancer often produces no symptoms. You can tell if you have it by getting a pap smear. Pap smears are pretty effective in catching cervical cancer early, but also getting an HPV test really helps to know who is at risk. If an HPV infection persists, the doctors can watch you close and perform other tests, like a colposcopy where they look at the cervix under a microscope, and an ECC (endocervical curterage) where they scrape cells from higher up in the cervical canal.

  16. QUESTION:
    What does breast cancer feel like?
    Please please please only answer truthfully and carefully. I am a HUGE hypocondreact and so if you tell me something I will believe it. I am 17. I ended my period 3 days ago. My breasts are a little tender.

    Please tell me exactly with as much detail what your lump in your breast felt like. Plus anything else about breast cancer. symtoms ect...

    • ANSWER:
      First, the chances of breast cancer at 17 are as close to zero as makes almost no difference.

      The chances of you developing it in both breast s simultaneously are a good deal lower than that.

      It is almost unheard of in under 25s, and fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30. Only 5% are under 40 and most (80%) are over 50. The average age at diagnosis is a little over 60.

      Pain and tenderness are rarely signs of breast cancer - most people diagnosed with it have felt no pain.

      Most breast lumps, even in women over 50, are not cancer. Many women have naturally lumpy breasts.

      There are symptoms of possible breast cancer, but really at your age you don't need to be looking for them. The American Cancer Society and other cancer organisations recommend that women begin breast self examination at no younger than 20. Before that it's pointless; firstly because there are so many hormonal changes that there is no 'normal' - and self examination is about a woman knowing what's normal for her and reporting any changes. And secondly because the chance of breast cancer is almost nil.

      Stop worrying; you are in an age group where breast cancer is just about unknown and you don't have symptoms of breast cancer.

      When I was diagnosed with breast cancer I was allocated to the breast care nurse whose special interest was 'breast cancer in younger women'; I was 50.

  17. QUESTION:
    What happends if you use the birthcontrol pill and you are pregnant?
    My friend is on the birthcontrol and she has been having symtoms of pregnancy, but still uses the birthcontrol pill. what happends if she uses it and she is pregnant?

    • ANSWER:
      What happens if you take birth control pills while you're pregnant?

      If you continued taking your birth control pill because you didn't realize you were pregnant, don't be alarmed. Despite years of this accident happening, there's very little evidence that exposure to the hormones in birth control pills causes birth defects.

      Still, the birth control pill is a potent estrogen. Lessons learned from women who took diethylstilbestrol — a synthetic estrogen that was later linked with cancer — to prevent miscarriage in early pregnancy suggest that such exposure should be minimized.

      Once you learn that you're pregnant, stop taking the birth control pill.

  18. QUESTION:
    What things cause/contribute to "brain cancer" and how common is this?
    how does it progress and what are symtoms of this?

    and also please describe what is basically happening to the persons body or brain?

    how do they think differantly too?

    which areas of the world are more common with this and for how long has it been this way?

    why so you think?

    please explain.

    Thanks for your answers!
    are some reasons psychological or were said to be?

    are there any natural cures?

    what was the name of this disease or how was it treated differantly in past?

    how does it differ from other forms of cancer?

    please explain as well.

    • ANSWER:
      Oh my goodness, you ask alot of questions! Now, all tumors of the brain are different, depending on where they are located and so on. I can only give you my personal experience with brain cancer. It had been growing for a number of years. No one knows exactly how long. About 2 years ago, I had weakness in my right arm, which I attributed to a pinched nerve from an injury many years ago. About a year ago, I got the aura, which presented itself as a "funny" feeling in the pit of my stomach. Also had the deja vu, which everyone's had before. 2 days before I was diagnosed, I had a migraine, which I've had a couple of them throughout the years. I thought I was just getting a "bug." 2 days later, I felt fine...for most of the day. Then a couple times, I had trouble understanding what someone said to me and God only knows what I said to them! Then my face went a little numb, then I couldn't speak, thn I had a seizure. No psychological reasons for getting a brain tumor; that makes no sense. NO natural cures, no matter what you read from some quacks on this site and others. Brain tumors have all different names, dependent upon the cells involved. Mine was oligoastrocytoma, grade 3. It's different from other forms of cancer because the brain is not something you can afford to lose.

  19. QUESTION:
    Where would be the cheapest place in London to have a cancer screening?
    The doctors have been useless and have wasted more and a year and symtoms are getting worse! Is there any place I can get a full body cancer screening without having to pay £1000, does the nhs have any private services?

    Please only serious answer that can give advice on places, and not peoples own thoughts on life. Thanks
    Dave that first website has nothing to do with cancer screening, already checked it, just high blood pressure, bones etc thanks tho anyone else?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no such thing as a full body cancer screening.
      There are more than 200 diseases called cancer and there isn’t a single test for all of them.
      It isn’t my own thought on life it is a fact.

  20. QUESTION:
    What happens if you talk on the phone alot?
    How long would you have to be talking on the phone to make some thing bad take effect on you? What are symtoms of that bad thing?

    • ANSWER:
      If your holding the phone to your ear then cauliflower ear is an effect of talking on the phone too much. Low sperm count is from extreme exposure and if you are talking on a phone all day and night for days, never getting off of it you can have a higher risk of cancer. That is extreme cases.

  21. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for a male to have Teticular cancer at the age of 15?
    Im 15 years old and today i felt a hard lump on one of my testicles.
    Its hard and hurts my lower stomach when i apply pressure to it. Im very worried after reading up on symtoms of testicular cancer being that this can possibly be Testicular cancer. Any Answers would be appreciated. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it's possible but it needn't be cancer: there are many conditions that affect the testicles. In either case, you should definitely see a doctor.

  22. QUESTION:
    54 female who just had a double contrat enema anf found a 2cm polyp?
    had colonsocy in june2007 came back negative but symtoms continues so had a baryium enma and they found a peduncalted polyoe of the caecum of 2 cm.I hve to go for another clonoscopy this friday 12 october.Does anyone know anything about this and what r the chances of being cancerous.
    Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Do you have a family history of colon cancer? My mother died of metastatic colon cancer. I am 55 and have had multiple polyps removed. Many have been precancerous but none have been cancerous. I have also had many benign polyps. Don't worry until there is something to worry about. My doctor told me that from the time a polyp first appears until it becomes cancerous is 3 yrs. You have to trust that even if it is the kind that becomes cancerous that you have caught it before that time. I have had friends who had cancerous polyps removed who have not had reoccurences & have gone on with their lives as if nothing had ever happened. Just the thought of cancer is scary, but if colon cancer is caught early is it very treatable. Good luck.

  23. QUESTION:
    Is the profit in drugs hiding the simple cure for cancer and other diseases ?
    There is a simple alternative philosophy concerning disease and its treatment.

    Most of us, don't realize that there are 'friendly bacteria" (not all bacteria is bad) the same kind found in yogurt and cheeses that help the body digest food.

    An imbalance or contamination of this intestinal flora may cause IBS, Crohns, MS, Depression, Schizophrenia and even Cancer.

    Problem is that when you are given too much anti-biotics, some of the friendly bacteria is killed making people anemic and sick due to a lack of proper chemcials.

    Where you awaer of what are called probiotics, or friendly bacteria and do you think that enough is being done to address this positive side to bacteria ?

    • ANSWER:
      good point ..just think of it this way :this world is all about money and there is no money in heath so these so called medicines only dull the pain and symtoms but dont really cure anything..there are cures out there but if they cure it wheres the money..you cant tell me that we can take a rocket to the moon but cant cure cancer come on!plus alot of our food and other things they "feed us" are making us sick

  24. QUESTION:
    Is bleeding after sex a premenopause symtom?
    I've been spotting now for a while, but this last time is was a little more blood than usual. I'm 36 and have 3 kids. I had a pap smear "cancer check" 2 months ago and it came back normal. Should I be alarmed?

    • ANSWER:
      You are way too young for menopause. No, you should not be alarmed.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can you still have leukemia with normal blood count ?
    I did a cbc blood test one month after i started having symtoms of bone pain and the result came back normal. Is there a possibility the cbc missed to diagnose it ? Or the abnormal wbc didnt enter into the bloodstream ?

    • ANSWER:
      As leukemia is a cancer of the blood, you will not have a normal blood count if you have this illness.

  26. QUESTION:
    Is bleeding from the rectum a sign of colin cancer?
    Would hemroids cause the rectum to bleed? What are some of the symtoms to detect colin problems?

    • ANSWER:
      hemroids could do that. best thing to do is see the dr and have a colin test done or get those pads you put in the toilet that you can get from wal-mart or a drug store.

  27. QUESTION:
    Perferablly somone who has or dealing with ovarian cancer?
    I have been cramping,lower back aches for 2wks now and im on the pill. Feels like im gonna get my period but it hasn't come, and sometimes i get pain in my sides. Could it be ovarian cancer? I heard its a silent killer and now i can't sleep at night im afraid too and i can't be seen by an obgyn until april. Please help me

    • ANSWER:
      The pill can cause sypmtoms that are simular to period or early pregnancy symtoms even when neither are near. Its normal. I would still recommend seeing a doctor. Its better to be safe than sorry. But it doesnt sound serious.

  28. QUESTION:
    when a doctor gives a prostate exam, what symptoms tell you might have it during the exam?
    Hello,

    I know the doctor puts his finger in your rectum and feels around. Does he full lump and then assume you have prostate cancer pending on a biopsy?

    much help needed thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      No, he palpates the posterior aspect of the prostate throught the anterior wall of the rectum. He estimates its size (it should be the size of a walnut in an adult male) and its texture, which should be pliable. It is unlikely that he will feel a lump on the surface, because the prostate become cancerous internally then spreads outwards. If the gland feels hard or enlarged, the next test is usually a blood test to check your PSA (prostate-specific antigen) level.
      If the result is 4.0 or less, no immediate further action is necessarily taken, unless you have other symtoms, like frequently having to urinate, including getting up from bed several times during the night, then having to wait some time for the urine stream to start, or only a dribble of urine coming out. The volume of semen you produce can be drastically reduced too.
      If your PSA is greater than 4.0 and you are suffering with some of these other symptoms, and in conjunction with the digital exam findings, the next step is for a prostate biopsy.

  29. QUESTION:
    What is the relationship between prostrate cancer and Gonorrhea?
    difficulty in urinating is Gonorrhea symtoms and same for prostrate cancer, does it mean that untreated Gonorhea causes Prosterate cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Gonorrhea Linked to Increased Prostate Cancer Risk
      Sunday September 24, 2006
      According to a study published in the Journal of Urology, men with a history of the STD gonorrhea are at significantly increased risk for developing prostate cancer.

      The study of over 800 black men between the ages of 40 and 79 adds to previous evidence that the chronic prostatic inflammation caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) seems to promote prostate tumor development.

      According to the report, the men with gonorrhea history were 78 percent more like to develop prostate cancer than those who had never contracted the STD.

      The study continued by discovering that those men who had been with the most partners (over 25 in their lifetime) had almost triple the risk of developing prostate cancer than those with less than five partners in their lifetime.

      Previous studies on white men had also found increased prostate cancer risk among those with a history of contracting STDs.

      This leads the researchers to the conclusion that a history of STD infection may be a risk factor for prostate cancer, but further studies are necessary to examine tissue and blood samples for "markers" of gonorrhea infection and chronic inflammation to link the risk.

      Urethral gonorrhea, particularly repeated episodes of it, may be at least a contributing factor in the development of prostate cancer, according to a study presented in San Francisco.

      The Flint Men's Health Study has been following the health and sexual histories of 832 African-American men aged 40 to 80 in the town of Flint, Michigan. It was set up to answer the specific question: Why are black men twice as likely as white men to develop prostate cancer, and to die from it when they get it?

      129 of the men in the group have prostate cancer. When questioned, two-thirds of them reported having had gonorrhea, as opposed to just over half of the men without prostate cancer. Men with prostate cancer were also more likely to report having had more than one episode of gonorrhea.

      Men with 25 or more lifetime sexual partners were also 2.5 times more likely to develop prostate cancer.

      Lead investigator Aruna Sarma said, "Although we are unable to show that gonorrhea directly causes prostate cancer, we suspect the inflammatory effect of the gonorrhea infection may trigger pre-existing cancerous cells to multiply."

      A previous study of prostate cancer showed that sexual activity, or at least achieving orgasm, protects against prostate cancer by "flushing" cancer cells out of the prostate gland. So the advice would appear to be: To protect against prostate cancer have plenty of sex, but safe sex, and not with too many people

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the symtoms for cancer?
    I have coughed up blood .
    i have really bad coughs, its like either really wet cough or really deep and dry.
    all my teachers say i need to go to the doctor. but the doctor said that its just a cold. but i dont believe him.

    i have really really bad heart burn when i cough, and sometimes when i dont even cough i get heart burn.

    would you say this is cancer?

    i have had fevers and headaches.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer Symptoms

      Since prevention is one of the most important cancer-fighting tools, it is important that cancer be detected as early as possible before it spreads.

      Telltale Signs of Cancer include: A lump or thickening in the breast or testicles; a change in a wart or mole; a skin sore or a persistent sore throat that doesn't heal; a change in bowel or bladder habits; a persistent cough or coughing blood; constant indigestion or trouble swallowing; unusual bleeding or vaginal discharge; and chronic fatigue.

      If you notice any of these symptoms, you should see a physician for testing. We also have a web page that lists some of the tests that are available to detect cancer.
      http://www.cancure.org/cancer_symptoms.htm

  31. QUESTION:
    What Are The Symtoms of All or Some Types of Eye Cancer?
    Could Someone tell me
    *names of eye cancer
    *What the Symtoms Are of the eye cancer

    • ANSWER:
      well, eye cancer is also called melanoma, here are some sites i found:
      ~
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_3x_how_is_eye_cancer_diagnosed_74.asp
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/eye-melanoma/DS00707/DSECTION=symptoms
      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=18546

  32. QUESTION:
    Does strep throat include the symtom of a lump in your throat?
    I have strep throat and I would like to know (asap)
    that if this is a symtom or just some else wrong with me please answer with a good and real answer no jokes Ireally need to know, and dont just say go to the doctor, ok thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      no but cancer does

  33. QUESTION:
    What are all the symtoms for one type of cancer?
    What are all the symtoms for one type of cancer? And please put the link down on your answer were you got the info from.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't need the link. I can tell you from experience:

      Brain Tumors (mine has been upgraded to brain cancer)

      1) Headaches - severe, that come out of nowhere and can last from a few minutes to a few days.

      2) Blurred vision and/or sensitivity to lights

      3) Nauseau and/or vomiting

      4) Cognitive problems - forgetfullness, mood swings, being unreasonable, etc.

      5) Severe Fatigue or a sense of having no energy

      These are the main symptoms but there are others. If you want more information, check out www.abta.org (the American Brain Tumor Association).

  34. QUESTION:
    is it possible to get breast cancer at age 15?
    i feel pain in mi right breast an i dont know if i can fell lumps. how can i tell? what are the symtoms? what should i do? also how does it feel 2 have it. how does the pain feel?

    • ANSWER:
      It is possible to get breast cancer at age 15.

      A lot of times, breast cancer goes undetected until a mammogram is conducted. No pain would be associated with these.

      When I was a teenager, I would often hard masses in my breasts and pain/swelling but only when I was near my period. If you don't start your period in the next week, I would seek further medical advice.

  35. QUESTION:
    Is there anything out there to treat the symptoms of lung cancer?
    There is a family friend that has stage 4 liver cancer and after a recent scan they have found spots on her lung. She is curently undergoing chemo therapy weekly but the symptoms of the lung cancer is what is alling her. She is short of breathe, fever, cough. Right now we are more interested in cureing the symptoms than the cancer. Is there any treatment out there that would help with the symtoms?

    If are in the medical industry or have been through this please make sure to tell me in your answer.
    Also she has never been a drinker or smoker.

    • ANSWER:
      You didnt hear this from me, but marijuana will help with the symptoms, especially the nausa. She obviously cant smoke it, but she can bake them into brownies. Otherwise have her MAKE her doctor get her on some painkiller of some kind like vicodin. Good luck and I hope she makes it.

  36. QUESTION:
    If you have throat cancer will there be symtoms?
    If you've had throat cancer for 6 months does there have to be symtoms?

    • ANSWER:
      Barrets syndrome is cancer of the esophagus that is caused by having acid reflux a long time which I have but it hasn;t caused me any problems as of yet.

  37. QUESTION:
    What does a worrying or cancerous lump look/feel like?
    I am a 18 year old girl. I have had a pea sized lump under the skin in my armpit for around a month. It doesn't hurt or itch and its not red or anything. I havnt been ill at all leading up to now. When I touch it I can move it around under the skin. I am going to see a doctor soon but its difficult as its christsmas so in the meantime does anyone know what it could be? Can someone describe to me what are the characteristics of a cancerous lump and any signs or symtoms I should be aware of? Thanks in advance :)

    • ANSWER:
      Thing is, not all cancerous lump will look, feel the same as everyone else. A pea size lump under the armpit should not propose any problems. How long has it been there? No one here can diagnose you for sure but all anyone can tell you is that depending on where, size, or how long a lump has been in place, determines whether or not you need a biopsy or ct scan. When cancer begins, there are usually no signs, A lump can definetly be a sign, but how long has it been there. Don't worry. At least you took the correct steps in seeing doctor. Have a blessed Christmas.

  38. QUESTION:
    do you have to have a seizure to be diagnosed with brain cancer?
    what if you dont have this but the other symtoms?

    • ANSWER:
      Seizures may be just one symptom of brain cancer, and not everyone would have them. Medical tests need to be performed to diagnose. Self-diagnosis of brain cancer is pretty useless without standard medical tests.

  39. QUESTION:
    Is there anything that has the same (or similar symtoms), to testicular cancer?
    One of my testicles is bigger than the other one, I would describe it as it is longer than the other so it is not perfectly round. It also feels harder than the other one, but there is no pain? What could this be (other than cancer or a tumour)? Could it be something normal or safe that will clear up on its own?
    When I say there is no pain, it does hurt a bit when I touch it, but only when I touch it.

    • ANSWER:
      Most testicles are oval, not round, and it is not unusual for one testicle to be larger than the other.
      In the case of testicular cancer, a lump or node is usually felt when examining your testicle.
      You dont state your age, but most testicular cancers develop after puberty, and before midlife.

      The point is that any amount of pain in the testicles should be seen by a doctor. There are a number of different conditions that cause testicular pain, and cancer fortunately is way down the list.

      so make an appointment, and have a doctor look at it. Highest probability is that you have an infection.

  40. QUESTION:
    I will be seeing my doctor tomorrw afternoon for more symtoms of cancer of the uterus?
    I have cancer of the uterine and I just want to ask with cancer why do you have very low blood pressure? 2 weeks ago it was 103/60 and now it is 80/60. I have never had blood presure thiws low before, so an anyone tell me if it is normal for cancer patients to get very low blood presure and why? thank you very much

    • ANSWER:
      have you been diagnosed with cancer low blood pressure in not a symtom

  41. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me anything about uterine cancer? How is it bad? What are the treatments for it?
    Treatments including phyisical and psychological
    What will most likely be the results of the treatments?
    What are the symtoms that someone might experience when they have uterine cancer?
    and What tests should be done to figure out that someone has this cancer?
    Thank you :)

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the American Cancer Society website
      www.cancer.org The site is extremely user friendly and will give you details on all types of cancer, tests, treatment options, what to expect during and after treatment. You can also call their call center 24 hours a day at 1-800-ACS-2345 There are highly trained, live people on the line to answer all your questions.

      Fear of the unknown is the worst.

  42. QUESTION:
    what symtoms are there besides the obvious with breast cancer?
    i didnt have any discharge from nipples or a lump that i could feel to indicate i had breast cancer. the only thing that i've been going through is excess pain through the middle of my shoulder blades,and alot of aching that no medication has been able to help with. i have ms but that pain is controlled with my regular pain meds but this new thing to last few months.....nothing would help. so, my question is, is this new pain and fatigue related to the breast cancer? And, what is it i have to look forward to in the next months with this cancer. i know chemo isnt a fun thing but other than that, i dont know what to expect and with the holidays, its been difficult getting in to the appropriate doctors since they're either back up with appts because of the holidays or on vacation themselves. can someone help with their experience or knowledge?

    • ANSWER:
      One cannot diagnose breast cancer without a mammography, mostly as you yourself say there are no lumps or discharge. Breast cancer does not hurt or otherwise many women would have detected their cancer early. The pains you have need to be checked out and you have to be patient till the holidays are over. The pain has been a few month now, you said, so a few more days or weeks won't change. Stop dwelling on cancer, chemotherapy etc. that does not help your health at all.

  43. QUESTION:
    if the cervical cancer patient is pregnant but has not done any of the medications yet will her baby be normal?
    i have the symtoms of having a cervical cancer... i dont want to undergo operation yet since im afraid i cant have a baby. i want to get married nextyear then get pregnant. is it possible for me to have a healthy baby if im going to have a baby next year even with this condition?

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not risk your life for a baby that does not exist yet. There are far too many fertility sparing procedures available before cervical cancer gets to the incurable stage which you're asking for. I am 28 as of a few weeks ago and just survived cervical cancer a few months ago at 27. Mine had spread all the way into my soft tissues and lymph nodes, it was very aggressive and stage 2b. At first they thought it was stage 1 and were going to do a radical trachelectomy which would remove the cervix but leave the uterus for a future pregnancy. Also if its a very early stage 1, sometimes it can be removed with cone biopsy/LEEP. If its not spread outside of the cervix, the trachelectomy or hysterectomy would be your treatment. If its spread, your chances of survival get cut down quite a bit and you will be in my shoes worrying about what your next scan will show, hoping it never shows up in your lymph nodes again and hoping you will live to see age 30.

      The thought of not having my own children crushed me, I could not bear to imagine a lonely life with no family and still I am in shock over it. I was able to cryopreserve some eggs so I can have a child VIA surrogate one day if I want. I won't try that until I've reached a point where I am comfortable that I've survied the cancer and I am going to be around for the child. I may just adopt too after giving it more thought, there are so many homeless children and they didn't do anything to deserve to be in the situation they're in. I think it would be different than I planned but it would be a good life still.

      Do you really want to leave cervical cancer undiagnosed so that you will get pregnant and run the risk of pre-term delivery, miscarriage, having to choose between aborting your baby or saving your life, or dying after the birth of your child? NOT a good plan. As painful as it is to hear its better to be healthy and have no naturally born children than to die of cancer and have a baby with no mother.

      You need to get to a doc ASAP and stop letting the thought of a baby get in the way of a life and death situation.

      My boyfriend/fiancee was very supportive when he found out I had CC, I think it can test a relationship and in my case it took us from bf/gf to engaged and ready to start a life together. Finding out that someone you love has cancer makes you realize how fragile and short life is. If your bf/fiancee is worth it, he will be supportive and you will find another way to have children if thats what it means to save your life.

      Get to a doc, fast! Mine was aggressive and every month that went by, it progressed noticeably on my scans.

  44. QUESTION:
    What would cause your hormones to stay raised?
    Besides pregnancy what would cause your hormones to raise? From what I understand, when your cycle begins (day 1) you hormones drop and that when you shed the uteren lining, then as you get further along your hormone levels being to raise. They say that once they rise they stay that way until the begining of your next cycle. They also say that they rise and continue to rise when you become pregnant. Now the whole brease tenderness thing is a symtom of pregnancy and an indicator that your cycle is about to start. But what else besides pregnancy will cause your hormones to rise.?

    • ANSWER:
      If your cycle gets "off", your hormone levels will reflect it. That's why some women require birth control pills...to regulate the cycle of hormones and menstruation. The continued exposure of the uterus to increased hormone levels can contribute to the thickening of the uterine wall and some uterine cancers...otherwise only having a period every few months would ROCK!! :-)

      The pregnancy hormone, though, is only present during pregnancy and for some time after the completion of (or loss of or termination of) a pregnancy.

  45. QUESTION:
    Is there any desease that causes ur skull to grow faster?
    and after a couple years u have a huge head and you never new u had something like theres no symtoms?

    • ANSWER:
      The classic form of Paget disease of bone typically appears in middle age or later. It usually occurs in one or a few bones and does not spread from one bone to another. Any bones can be affected, although the disease most commonly affects bones in the spine, pelvis, skull, or legs.

      Many people with classic Paget disease of bone do not experience any symptoms associated with their bone abnormalities. The disease is often diagnosed unexpectedly by X-rays or laboratory tests done for other reasons. People who develop symptoms are most likely to experience pain. The affected bones may themselves be painful, or pain may be caused by arthritis in nearby joints. Arthritis results when the distortion of bones, particularly weight-bearing bones in the legs, causes extra wear and tear on the joints. Arthritis most frequently affects the knees and hips in people with this disease.

      Other complications of Paget disease of bone depend on which bones are affected. If the disease occurs in bones of the skull, it can cause an enlarged head, hearing loss, headaches, and dizziness. If the disease affects bones in the spine, it can lead to numbness and tingling (due to pinched nerves) and abnormal spinal curvature. In the leg bones, the disease can cause bowed legs and difficulty walking.

      A rare type of bone cancer called osteosarcoma has been associated with Paget disease of bone. This type of cancer probably occurs in less than 1 in 1,000 people with this disease.

      Early-onset Paget disease of bone is a less common form of the disease that appears in a person's teens or twenties. Its features are similar to those of the classic form of the disease, although it is more likely to affect the skull, spine, and ribs (the axial skeleton) and the small bones of the hands. The early-onset form of the disorder is also associated with hearing loss early in life.

  46. QUESTION:
    What are some symtoms of breast cnacer besides a lump you may find? How would you even know?
    What may happen between the time you see the doctor and the time you dont know about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Doing the monthly self-exam is the best way to prevent breast cancer in young women; also keeping your yearly GYN appts can help. At 40, mammograms are the way to go (yearly). Unfortunately, breast cancer has no "symptoms" so to speak. You don't get pain or anything like that (not until it's gone well beyond the breast). When I check myself, I also check the area under my armpit (that's where the lymph nodes are) as an added precaution. Good luck.

  47. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when your have internal itching that moves around the body?
    Am experiencing internal itching that started (3 weeks ago) on the souls of my feet and palms of my hands, has since moved to my back, sometimes my head, my arms or legs. It comes and goes. Benedryl helps somewhat. Saw my GP who wants to test for lymphoma. No other symtoms that would suggest cancer, just this crazy internal itch...

    • ANSWER:
      You had better see Trinity, Apoc and Switch to get the Agents tracking device out of you.
      Hurry!

  48. QUESTION:
    what are the health hazards to breathing in solvent?
    ive been working around a sovent printer all day and now i have a head ache, feel dizzy, sweating and cant sleep. how worried should i be? the symtoms are starting to go now but i feel i need to bring this up with my manager, and i would like all the facts!!!

    • ANSWER:
      You've answered your own question in a way! These are some of the side effects of solvent inhalation - best thing to do is find out what the solvents are - if there are tins of solvents lying around note down what they are and on the side the effects - all solvents and chemicals must carry a warning - if any of them are dangerous it will be on the warning label - some are carcinogenic - meaning they can contain cancer causing agents - I'm not saying that you are being exposed to them but it is worth checking - once you have the details go onto the web an search out the chemicals for a better explanation.

      As answer above - you could go to your doc for a blood test to see if the blood gas test would be a good idea - or a simple blood test - these will reveal any problems in the blood.


cancer symtoms