Uterine Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Are there any advance stage uterine cancer patients seeking natural treatment?
    Women who are diagnosed with uterine cancer and then find out that is stage 3 or stage 4 cancer have to decide on a treatment option. Many will be seen by medical physicians, while some will seek natural treatment such as juicing, fasting, and other ways to heal themselves. If you have been diagnosed with uterine cancer and have been treated or is being treated by natural remedies, herbs etc, please share with those who are contemplating natural healing. Tell how you are coping?

    • ANSWER:
      Anyone who had cancer treated by natural remedies, herbs etc cannot answer you because they are dead.

  2. QUESTION:
    Will doctors do a hysterectomy because of family history of uterine cancer?
    I am 24 and have had all the children I'm going to have, for sure. I have a very extensive family history of cancer, uterine cancer in particular. The 3 women in my family that had uterine cancer were diagnosed at a young age and had radical hysterectomies to treat the cancer. I was planning to have my tubes tied after I had my daughter but I'd much rather have a hysterectomy if a doctor would perform it because of my family history. Would a doctor do it?

    • ANSWER:
      No, a doctor wouldn't do it until you are diagnosed with uterine cancer. What you are talking about is a "therapeutic" hysterectomy. You are "anticipating" uterine cancer. There is also a possibility you won't have uterine cancer. Your gynecologist may want to perform yearly ultrasounds on your uterus to check for cancer.

      Most insurance companies will not pay for a hysterectomy unless it is deemed "medically necessary". You have not been diagnosed with uterine cancer.

  3. QUESTION:
    Friend diagnosed with uterine cancer with no health insurance. What should she do?
    My friend recently got diagnosed with uterine cancer. She is only 26 years old and does not have health insurance. She cannot afford the diagnostic procedure they want to do to remove the cancer. (D and C?) Is there any program that you know of that can help her? Her daughter is on medical.

    • ANSWER:
      most states have emergency catastropic medicaid. she can call her county health department, or talk to the social service department at the hospital in her community. there are a few programs out there. this is another reason to pass universal health care. how awful. im sorry.

  4. QUESTION:
    What can I do for my best friend who just found out she has uterine cancer?
    My friend told me today that she has uterine cancer. She has her husband, and she knows I am here for her, but is there anything I can do for her? Or should I let her talk to me instead of asking her everyday if she is ok.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Living-in-Seattle,
      I would do the best possible thing for her that a good friend could ever do. And that is to help her rid her body of cancer. Cancer is not a death sentence, nor is it incurable. If you believe the main stream doctors, chemo news, the American Cancer Society, then no, there is no cure. But that is not true.

      I am not a doctor, I don't want to sell anything - I am only trying to give you some of the knowledge that I have found after thousand of hours of research. In December 2008 I was admitted to the hospital with cancer on my spine. I couldn't move at all. Yet I refused chemo, I refused surgery, I refused radiation. I checked myself out and within 5 weeks was perfectly normal with no more cancer. That is a true story.

      Do a Google search on Johanna Budwig - you will find tons of websites. It is her diet method that cures. If you would like further proof, other than my testimony above, I can provide you with hundreds of names and emails of many others who have also been easily cured of cancer - and that includes all types of cancer.

      If you wish, I can also send to you some free cancer books, in pdf format. They explain everything in easy to read detail. There is no cost to the Budwig method, other then buying flaxseed oil at any health food store.

      By the way, Dr Budwig was born in Germany in 1908. She passed away in 2003 at the age of 95. She has been referred to as a top European Cancer Research Scientist, Biochemist, Blood Specialist, German Pharmacologist, and Physicist. Dr Budwig was a seven-time Nobel Prize nominee. That is a pretty huge accomplishment. During her time she also cured thousands of patients, even those severe cases.

      Again, there are so many websites on her cures and teachings. Here is just one....
      http://cancertutor.com/Cancer/Budwig.html

      Her method is an alternative treatment, one that works well. You won't hear about it from the mainstream medical establishment. Without going into much detail here, cancer is a big money making business, especially chemo, and any known cancer cures are frowned upon or seldom mentioned.

      If I can help you by providing any further information, I would enjoy helping. Thank You - Maria

  5. QUESTION:
    Uterine cancer if pregnant can you die when giving birth?
    My friend is pregnant with 2nd child. 23 years old said she is diagnosed with uterine cancer. Can their be complications at birth? Can women this young get it?

    • ANSWER:
      If her cancer is far enough along, yes. A woman can get Uterine cancer anytime after they begin having periods.

  6. QUESTION:
    If a woman has uterine cancer and is pregnant, can the cancer spread to the baby?
    My sister has Stage 1 Uterine Cancer. I am not sure if its 1A, !b, or 1c, but I am wondering if it can spread to the baby and have not been able to find any information on it.

    • ANSWER:
      No that's not how cancer works.

  7. QUESTION:
    What should I expect with uterine cancer?
    I have been diagnosed with uterine cancer what are some things I might experience before and after surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      You have options you could have your uterus operaated on by laparoscapy, you will heal faster and the scarring is much less Most likely afte surgury they will do a Palhological report it can take a few weeks depending on where you live. They will also check the nodes in that area for the spread of cancer. If you have found uterine cancer at an early stage you will most likely be cancer free after surgury. Sometimes if the cancer has a higher stage they will do radiation as well. Good luck and I really hope you will be fine.

  8. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me anything about uterine cancer? How is it bad? What are the treatments for it?
    Treatments including phyisical and psychological
    What will most likely be the results of the treatments?
    What are the symtoms that someone might experience when they have uterine cancer?
    and What tests should be done to figure out that someone has this cancer?
    Thank you :)

    • ANSWER:
      Go to the American Cancer Society website
      www.cancer.org The site is extremely user friendly and will give you details on all types of cancer, tests, treatment options, what to expect during and after treatment. You can also call their call center 24 hours a day at 1-800-ACS-2345 There are highly trained, live people on the line to answer all your questions.

      Fear of the unknown is the worst.

  9. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a 15 year old having uterine cancer?
    i have been bleeding for ten days now from when i got my period. i count when i am going have my period next but it always comes a week later then its supposed to. I'm 15 and i was wondering if the extra bleeding is the rest coming out or if i have uterine cancer? Thank you for the help

    • ANSWER:
      Slim to none. At your age this is very common, and most likely due to your hormones. If you were my age, you'd have to worry. Being a week late, is very normal. Sometimes you will skip whole months. Your periods have yet to adjust themselves. They will..give them time.

  10. QUESTION:
    Where can a friend of mine get financial help for her Uterine cancer?
    She is 32 years old, has 4 children, lives in California and is on medical. They told her she has to wait 6 to 8 weeks before she'll know if they've approved for her to have surgery....she may not HAVE that long. It all has to do with being on medical. Isn't there a foundation specifically for Uterine cancer she can contact to help her out? Please, if anyone knows of such a place, please write back with a phone number or address.

    Thank you
    To Denisedd....First of all, I didn't ask your opinion on MY political views, this is about trying to help a friend on mine who JUST found out she has cancer. Your overly opinionated answer didn't help in the least, and cancer "Registrar" or not, you are an insensitive person with ignorant words to boot!

    Signed, Cancer survivor 2012 (AND A VERY PROUD INTELLIGENT REPUBLICAN)

    • ANSWER:
      She should talk with a social worker at the hospital or clinic. They will know what options are available to her.

  11. QUESTION:
    Am I at risk for Ovarian or Uterine Cancer?
    My grandma on my dad's side of the family almost died from either ovarian or uterine cancer. (I'm not exactly sure which one it was) All I know is that she had 8lb tumor and they had to take EVERYTHING out. I was wondering if this raises my chances of getting either of these cancers? How do I know if it's hereditary? Can the mutated gene be passed from my grandma, to my dad, to me? And what is all this talk about genetic testing? What do they do? What are the risks?

    • ANSWER:
      I have been concerned about this problem before. I remember when I found the answer in www。scane。net , I hope you can find.

  12. QUESTION:
    Does a pap smear detect uterine cancer?
    I recently went to my doctor for a pap smear due bleeding during sexual intercourse. The test came back normal but the bleeding really concerns me. The bleeding is usually severe to moderate but will sometimes stop the next day. Could I have uterine cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The pap smear detects cancerous or precancerous cells on and in the cervix, which is the entry point to the uterus. But, it is most definitely possible to have uterine cancer and have a negative/normal pap smear.

      John Jones, MD

  13. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a male rabbit developing testicular cancer?
    Is it the same as uterine cancer in females or not, because i'm really struggling on whether to get my female bunny neutered or not:/ I had a male netherland dwarf and they recommended neutering but we went against it and he lived till the age of 10:L So i was just wondering what the chances of a male developing cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      100%

  14. QUESTION:
    What are some symptoms of cervical cancer?
    Well my question is really for someone out there who had been diagnosed with cervical or uterine cancer. I just wanted to know what made you go to the dr in the first place. What were your symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi I work for a website called http://icyou.com which has thousands of videos on a wide variety of health topics. I don't have cervical cancer myself but here is a link to a video we created that discusses the common signs and symptoms of cervical cancer:

      http://icyou.com/topics/cancer/common-signs-and-symptoms-cervical-cancer+

      Hope this helps you~

  15. QUESTION:
    How do you cope with the family member being diagnosed the last stage of cancer?
    My cousin got sick a month ago, and yesterday she was already diagnozed with the last stage of the uterine cancer. How do you cope with that? My family is devastated, and I feel hopeless.

    • ANSWER:
      hi there my husband is in the last stages of lung and liver cancer so i do know what you are going thro. i cannot say be positive as everybody keeps telling me this they do not have a clue. only close family take day by day that's all i can tell you and if you feel like screaming do it

      my thoughts are with you. kind regards Christina

  16. QUESTION:
    Can a person with prostate cancer transmit any form of cancer to his mate?
    Is it prossible to transmit cancer to another person by contact? Case in point: An acquaintance of mine had kidney cancer and prostate cancer each of which have been successfuly cured. Later his wife had uterine cancer. Could her malady have been transmitted by the kidney/prostate cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not a transmitable/contagious disease.

      It is more likely that they were exposed to the same carcinogen (cancer causing substance).

      Either that, or plain bad luck!

      You haven't mentioned their ages or how long they have been together, but if they are an older couple, age is probably the biggest contributing factor.

  17. QUESTION:
    At what stage does cancer become inoperable?
    Does it matter what type of cancer it is? If so, uterine cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the type of cancer and the patient.

      Surgery is done in all stages of uterine cancer. It would not be done in individual cases if the patient could not tolerate the surgery and/or the benefits do not outweigh the risks in which case it will be treated with chemo and radiation only.

  18. QUESTION:
    How likely am I to develop these types of cancer?
    My grandmother on my dad's side had uterine cancer.
    My Grandmother on my dad's side had bladder cancer.
    Both of my grandparents and my uncle on my dad's side had colon cancer.
    My Grandfather on my mother's side had Pancreatic cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Well there are tons of factors to consider. Did they smoke, do you. Did they have a good diet, do you. Did they exercise, do you. Its not like genetics totally determine if you will get cancer or not. Also how early was it detected in them. Since you know you might have a higher risk than average be sure and get checked more often.

      Meanwhile dont smoke, eat right, and exercise.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with metastasized leiomyosarcoma cancer?
    I had uterine cancer about 2 years ago. I had a total hysterectomy. Now in January I was diagnosed with the cancer in my lungs. 2 of the tumors were a little bigger than 2 cm. with multiple tumors in both lungs. Now with 18 weeks of chemo the 2 larger tumors have shrunk to about 60 percent. What is my life expectancy?

    • ANSWER:
      God can help you live a better life if you want Him to help you. You can have a personal relationship with God by saying the prayer below. God is our Creator, all-knowing, all-powerful, eternal, holy, love. God loves us and sent us His Son, Jesus Christ, so we can go to heaven if we know and follow Him. Forever means without end -- time on and on without death. Forever is what happens after we die. Either we go to heaven and be with God forever, or we go to hell which is very bad and painful forever. The good people who are saved believers in Jesus Christ go to heaven. The bad people go to hell. We need to know and follow God in this world to get to heaven in the next world. We follow God by loving and obeying Him and loving others for Him. Jesus Christ, God's Son, is our bridge to God. Jesus died on the cross to cancel our sins. We need to accept Jesus into our life as our Lord and Savior forever to receive God's blessing and forgiveness plus go to heaven to be with God forever after we die. This is about being a born-again Christian. Faith in God is a gift from God. You can pray for faith in God. Just speak out and ask God for the faith to believe in Him and to follow Him. Some people find faith in God when they realize the beauty in the world is made by God. Evolution can't explain the world's natural beauty, for example, the parks in the world, animals, flowers, peacocks, sunsets, butterflies, rainbows, etc. After you have your faith on, you can pray a sinner's prayer to be a born-again Christian. This prayer is very important and should be said with a sincere heart and faith in God. This is the prayer: "Dear God, I know that I am a sinner and that Jesus Christ is the sacrifice for our sins. I have done the following sins (state these out) and I pray to discontinue these sins. I pray to receive Jesus Christ into my life as my Lord and Savior forever. In Jesus' name, amen." I'm Lutheran and I like the Baptist churches. You could find a good Christian church and try a weekly Bible study group with them to learn more. You can pray to God about your daily life. God bless.

  20. QUESTION:
    Could I get the test to see if I have a gene for cancer?
    I have uterine cancer running in my family. My mom's boss said if you ask your doctor they will give u the test if you request it, and all it is is bloodwork. ( But I figured it might be different tests dependng on what area of cancer your looking at)

    Well in my family, I have uterine cancer. I'm 15. Do you think they would give me the test to see if I test poritive for that gene? Knowing my age, I'm not sure if they would or not.

    • ANSWER:
      Typically your doctor or your family's doctor will review your family history before suggesting genetic testing.

      Also much of cancer risk relates to personal habits (smoking, caffeine, drinking, exercise...) emotional stressors, and environmental factors such as stressful home & work and chemicals in your home and neighborhood and drinking water. So your doctors will figure that in to get a bigger picture and if your family history strongly supports genetic predisposition, then they might suggest it.

      Remember a gene may not be activated unless it is triggered so live a clean life and push for public health laws regarding cancer-causing pollutants.

  21. QUESTION:
    Where are the top sites in the US for thyroid cancer evaluation and treatment?
    Female, 62 years, on Synthroid for 20+ years after thyroid stopped functioning. Recent ultrasound shows two solid nodules (under 2 cm, one in each lobe) and a 3rd nodule "in the upper pole." Thyroglobulin blood test abnormal. Hoarse voice. Had thyroid scan today. Internist felt growth 3 wks ago which prompted ultrasound. Internist suggests biopsies next at area diagnostic center. Earliest date available Oct. 10. Is this good advice or should I seek endocrinologist exam now? Am a 6 year uterine cancer survivor at an excellent, regional cancer center, which does very little with thyroid cancer. What are the top centers for thyroid cancer? What would you recommend doing in my situation?

    • ANSWER:
      I had tumors on my thyroid and had it removed when I was seven years old. I would definitely talk to an endocrinologist, if I were you. No matter whether the advice you were given was good or not, the endocrinologist will know what is best for you. Baylor in Dallas is an excellent hospital. They've done all of my thyroid related surgeries.

  22. QUESTION:
    Can uterine cancer lead to ascites?
    My aunt has uterine cancer and has had a lot of fluid drained off her abdomen. Is this a symptom of the orginal cancer or is it a secondary cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. Several cancers can cause ascites.
      It could be both.

  23. QUESTION:
    Are there different kinds of cancer, or are they named only due to the site they invade?
    I know about small cell/large cell, but my mom said my grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, one was a very rare form and the other , a super fast growing one.. Is she just mistaken?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is not just named for their location but also for the type of tumor cell they have. In general there are four major types of cancer cells:

      Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      Carcinoma - most common, organs in body
      Sarcoma - rare, bone and soft tissue (fat, muscle, etc)
      Lymphoma - common, cancer of the lympth nodes

      Brain tumors are in a somewhat different category and can be benign, malignant, and still be serious.

      In general there are over hundreds of different types of idenfified cancers. Bascially, any cell in the human body has the potential to become cancerous. Some cancers are exceedingly rare, some cancers are predominately childhood relatd, other cancers affect only the elderly, some are genetic, some are caused by the environment (asbestos), and some cancers have no known cause at all.

      Cancer is also staged and the tumors graded according to how much cancer is present and how abnormal the cells look under a microscope. A stage 1 localized tumor is easier to treat than a stage 4 cancer that has multipled and spred throughout the body.

      It is very possible that you grandmother had two types of uterine cancer, especially if she relapsed. Relapsed cancer has a way of mutating and becoming almost a different cancer which is why chemotherapy can suddenly stop working for a patient.

  24. QUESTION:
    How likely is my cancer to return?
    March 12th 2009 I was diagnosed w/ stage 4 uterine cancer. Oct 23rd 2009 I was told I am in remission. How likely is it my cancer will return? The cancer had spread to my lung, cervix and lymph nodes. Thanks to my fantastic Dr's, wonderful family and God I am cancer free now.

    • ANSWER:
      That is awesome!!! Thank God, I believe God is still doing a miracle for you. My mother was diagnosed with cervical cancer three years ago, it had gone to her lymph nodes as well. her cancer was stage 3b when it was diagnosed and required a total hysterectomy and high dose chemo and radiation. She is doing extremly well today. I believe she is doing as well as she is due to prayers. You have a great chance just keep getting your regular pet scans and continuing seeing the dr. Will keep you in prayer. God Bless.

  25. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of getting cancer?
    My mother died of uterine cancer (cancer of the uterus) and my grandmother died of breast cancer. I'm now 17 and very worried. I even thought why should I ever start a family if I am gonna die young like my mom? I certainly wouldn't want to put them through what I have gone through when my mother died. I didn't left the house for 3 years and had severe depression. Anyway, how and are these types of cancer connected and what is my chance of getting cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry you lost your mother so young.

      Breast and uterine cancer are only connected in one way: if a woman has had breast cancer in the past, she is at a slightly increased risk of getting womb cancer. There is no causal connection between your grandmother's cancer and your mother's.

      Hereditary cancer is rare; fewer than 10% of all cancer cases are hereditary. Breast and uterine cancer are no exception.

      You don't inherit a general tendency to get cancer, and there is no general 'cancer gene'.

      An isolated case of a type of cancer in your family isn't hereditary, nor is several family members having had different types of cancer. And cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      A sign that a cancer MAY be hereditary within a family, due to a rare inherited faulty gene) is when several members of the same side of that family have had the SAME type of cancer, especially if some developed it at a younger than usual age.

      I'm assuming your mother was under 50, and so was younger than most women diagnosed with uterine cancer, which is usually diagnosed post-menopause. For this reason I think - I don't actually know -that you may be treated as at increased risk as a precaution even if her cancer wasn't due to a rare faulty gene. One of the cancer professionals who answer questions on this board may be able to advise.

      But the fact that you don't mention any other relatives who've had uterine cancer suggests it isn't hereditary.

      Try not to worry; you have been through so much, osing your mother so young. Don't let worry about something that may never happen spoil your young years, or stop you starting a family later in life if that's what you want to do.

      Here's my family history:

      Two of my grandparents died of cancer. Both my parents had cancer and my mother died of it. So did my aunt, my uncle and my teenage cousin. None of their cancers were hereditary, and no members of my immediate or extended family have ever been considered at increased risk of any of the cancers they had.

      Of my parents' 6 children, now aged from late forties to early sixties, I am the only one who has developed cancer (breast), and mine too is non-hereditary and unconnected to theirs

      I hope you have had and are getting help with your depression. Best wishes.

  26. QUESTION:
    Doesn't a doctor need to know the stage of cancer to start chemo?
    My step mom has endometrial cancer after having uterine cancer 6-7 years ago. She starts chemo Wednesday and will go every 21 days but my dad says they don't know what stage it is. I'm no expert but my mom has had 5 cancer diagnoses and it would seem to me that they need to know the stage to know what type of drugs to give her.

    Any advice is appreciated. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Panda and JB are both correct. The doctor needs to know the histology, but they also need to know the stage to make decisions on treatment. If she had uterine cancer before she would have had a hysterectomy making a local recurrence impossible, so it is a stage 4.

  27. QUESTION:
    Does any1 know if Wisconsin has the mandatory vaccine law for girls to prevent cancer?
    You know, the same law that Texas has: where all girls who attend school MUST be vaccinated to prevent ovarian/uterine cancer? I know Texas has this, but does anyone know if the state of Wisconsin does? Any help please. Much appreciated ;)

    • ANSWER:
      There is no state that requires the HPV vaccine for school. There are no federal mandates for any vaccine, except for immigration, and even for immigration the HPV vaccine is no longer required. Except Mississippi and West Virginia, every state has religious or philosophical exemptions to school vaccine requirements.

  28. QUESTION:
    How do i prove someone is lying about having cancer?
    In December she said she just "found out" she has cancer. In January she said "I have uterine cancer. I'm gonna fight it naturally and see how it goes. I couldn't get my tampon in with my last period and, well anyway, I have a tumor. I won't let them do a biopsy cuz I don't want to be cut open". Just last week she told me that the cancer is gone! She thanks god for b12! OMG is that even possible? To be diagnosed w/out a biopsy, to shrink the tumor and be cancer free in just over a month and a half?! I need details so I can confront her! Thank you :)

    • ANSWER:
      All the other answers you have received are accurate. JLI went into what I'd like to discuss.

      This is a problem with the alternative treatment world. Many patients have no credible diagnosis, yet claim to have been "cured" with alternative treatments such as B12. Their "testimonials" end up all over the internet and those of us with real cancer get our mailboxes filled with emails about "try this, try that" miracle cure.

      As JLI has said many times, in order for a "cure" to be credible, one has to

      1. Have a real diagnosis. This usually includes a biopsy.
      2. Have ONLY the alternative treatment to address the illness. Not a combination of treatments.
      3. Be followed up for several years for recurrence.

      You can't "prove" your friend is lying. She will go to great lengths to support her cause. However, you can just look at her with great compassion and say, "I feel really sorry for you. People die of cancer every day and you can't even be grateful for the good life you have. You had to make up a disease and make up a cure that mocks every woman who has this for real. Go somewhere else for your attention."

      Then, walk away.

      Make a strong point. Lying is not a good foundation for friendship and you really don't need her in your life.

  29. QUESTION:
    How long after your hysterectomy did you have to wait to have sex?
    I recently found out that I have uterine cancer. I am 37 and otherwise a healthy individual. I am having a hysterectomy where they will be using the robotic arms. If you have had this same surgery, please share how long before you were able to have sex and how long did it take you to recover from this surgery? I am just wondering what to expect. Thanks in advance for your help!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry for your diagnosis - hopefully they've caught it early -
      I did not have robotic arm -mine was the old-fashion way -- which means, hopefully, you will recover more quickly --
      I'm pretty sure it was about the same as having a baby - about 6 weeks before venturing to have sex again -- (ask your Dr.) -
      You will probably feel like "playing around" before then - and you can make it interesting for your partner - even if you are not participating.
      I really took months to completely get over the surgery as far as feeling like myself again -- but I was in so much pain and had so much bleeding for months prior to surgery -- that could have effected it -
      Good luck --

  30. QUESTION:
    What websites are available for free hats for chemo patients?
    My husband's aunt is undergoing chemo. She had surgery to remove uterine cancer but the doctor wants to do chemo to kill any remaining cells. She wants a hat. I thought the least I could do for her was try to find her some and I know there are organizations who do this for free.

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      You won't go broke buying her a hat.

  31. QUESTION:
    How do I get my insurance company to pay for clomid?
    Clomid is commonly prescribed for infertility issues. My problem is different. My doctor prescribed it to regulate my period. He warned me that if I didn't take this, then I *may* end up with uterine cancer.
    My insurance will not pay for it, due to they don't pay for things like fertility treatments, but i really am not using it for this.

    • ANSWER:
      You'll have to have your doctor write out a descrpition of why you were prescribed the Clomid, and have him send it to your insurance company. If the doctor tells them that its to help regualte your periods, then they will probablly approve it.

      Good luck!

  32. QUESTION:
    How much does it cost to have a female rabbit spayed?
    My Dutch rabbit is about 8 1/2 months old and I know they are prone to uterine cancer. I need to know how much it would cost to get her spayed somewhere in Pinellas County, FL and possibly where it would be cheapest.

    • ANSWER:
      It's been my experience from -0. Rabbit House Society has a great directory along with what questions you should ask and know before the surgery to make sure you have a rabbit savvy vet.

      http://www.rabbit.org/

      Good luck.

  33. QUESTION:
    I have had chemo and radiation two years ago and still am so tired. Any remedies?
    I have had uterine cancer stage 3a plus an acoustic neuroma on my brain which I underwent gamma knife surgery for, plus thyroid surgery and Its been two years and I am soo tired.Any help?

    • ANSWER:
      I've never had cancer or cancer treatment, but I do have trouble with fatigue because I can't get any vitamin B 12 from my food.

      If I were you, I'd schedule a full physical..be sure to tell them that you want full blood work done, screening for anemia or vitamin deficiencies or anything else the doctor might think would be an issue for YOU.

      It probably wouldn't hurt you to start taking vitamins without talking to medical personnel first, but in your case, I wouldn't want to rule out any other medical issues you haven't thought of.

  34. QUESTION:
    How can I deal with all the bad things that are happening to friends?
    I know of so many people that have cancer right now. A good friend of mine here on Q&A's has cancer and has decided against treatment, the mother in law of another friend of mine just got diagnosed with brain cancer and has 10 days to live, another friend's mom has uterine cancer, and another friend lost both of his parents within 16 hours of each other. How do I keep my chin up when there's so much to worry about? How should I deal with all of this sickness and death?? Any suggestions would be appreciated. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know much, but i know one thing - there is a God up there that allows bad things to happen to good people. don't know why... as a test of faith or something like it....
      I recently heard something that might be appropriate for everyone suffering from some illness. they say "laugh and everyone will laugh with you. cry and you'll cry alone".
      my suggestion is never let them feel like they're alone. as for you, keep God in mind when you see troubled people.

  35. QUESTION:
    How would a anti-gay marriage person respond to this response?
    First, I am not against same sex marriages, I am just wondering.

    People who say they are against gay marriage say that a portion of the purpose of marriage is to pro-create, and since same sex couples can not pro-create they should not be able to get married. However, what about heterosexual couples that can not have children? My wife had her uterus removed at 18 because she had uterine cancer, we are unable to have children. We also have a close couple that do not want to have children, because they work too much.

    Should these people not be able to get married?

    • ANSWER:
      Honestly, it comes down to people being afraid of things that are "different" then them. It's why it took some time for African Americans to be able to marry white folks even AFTER African Americans were granted "Equal Rights." We learned back then that separate but equal is STILL not equal...........and it will eventually become that way for gays and lesbians too.

      I'm a lesbian and I promise you no one on this planet CHOOSES to be gay. You just don't and it's absurd to think one does...so since it's obviously not a CHOICE and we are automatically or naturally attracted to the same sex and that is the person who makes us happy then it should be our right to marry that person. And that is not our right.

      The person that said "well they do have the same rights, gay men can marry woman and gay women can marry men" is just absurd and is probably a person who hasn't met or been friends with a gay person in their life. If they had.....they'd see that gay folks are no different than straight folks and see that our daily lives are Oh my God *GASP* just like the lives of straight folks i.e. we wake up and are mad that are alarm woke us up and we have to go to work, but we do this to make money to pay the bills, we worry about our kids, we pay our mortgages every month, we complain that the government takes too much in takes, we want to look our for the best interest of our significant other, especially when we pass away we want to make sure that our significant other is taken care of.

      It's the same exact life except for the person we are sharing our life with. Gays and lesbians are not granted over 1100 federal rights and benefits of marriage. When I die, it doesn't matter if I've been with my partner for 10, 20, 30 years or more....because my social security benefits as of right now can NOT be passed down to my partner. If I were in the hospital and couldn't speak and was getting ready to die, my partner MAY be stopped from coming to see me and also from making decisions for me, we can not file joint married tax returns together even though we live the same exact life that a married couple would (including the house and kids and the white picket fence.) There are a whole slew of MAJOR things like the medical things above that we are not granted, but there are even things on a smaller scale that we don't think about. Like for instance, I just went and purchased a gun. My partner and I went and both filled out permits to carry a concealed weapon for it. We learned that only MARRIED couples can share their guns and not be violating a law. So technically, if my partner was caught carrying my gun, she could get locked up. But it's "our" gun for "our" protection............little things like that.........

      The U.S. will change eventually to give every single American the same rights....it just takes time as we've seen with the battle for rights for African Americans and for women.

      Btw, thanks for asking the question even though you're not gay. It really helps when non-gay folks think about it and talk about it.

      Take Care.

  36. QUESTION:
    My mom has had this lump in her neck for a while now and its only getting bigger. What could this be?
    We just found out this year that my aunt has uterine cancer. I may be overreacting but Im just really worried about my mom, especially since she won't have it checked out because she doesn't have medical insurance. The lump is situated in the lower part of her neck, near the part where her neck meets her shoulders.

    • ANSWER:
      We have to do the "could be's here"
      It could be a cyst or boil, they are mostly soft and you can move them around. I can be a watery cyst from a bone joint that is putting out the fluid instead of around the bone, it has to be, along with the others drained.

      It may be but, don't jump to conclusions, a tumor, benign the has to be taken out. If it's not deep this can be done in the office to save costs.

      You are not the only ones that are broke but ignore medical treatment because of this, don't. Go to an ER if nothing else and see what they can do, at least tell you what it is.

  37. QUESTION:
    I have a serious medical condition that requires surgery and a lifetime of treatment.?
    I am unable to work due to this condition. Where can I get help with medical bills, medicine and such? I have applied for the state medical program and have been denied. At the current time they are only approving pregnancy, breast cancer & cerivcal or uterine cancer. Any suggestions that you could give me would be so appreciated as my medical bills are accumulating fast. I live in the Nashville, Tennessee area.

    • ANSWER:
      You can always try medicare or medicade, apply for foodstamps to help take away the other bills and just try not to give up hope there are many insurances that are free or low cost

  38. QUESTION:
    Can radiation therapy in humans affect their pets?
    My grandmother was recently diagnosed with uterine cancer and is doing a daily radiation treatment. I don't know many of the details, sorry. To make it short: she was diagnosed with stage 1 uterine cancer, had a hysterectomy, and began radiation recently.
    Her dog, a tea cup chihuahua has stopped eating, stopped sitting with my grandmother and is just not her normal self. Is this because of the treatment? Should the dog be taken away from my grandmother while she is going through the treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      The dog could be reacting to the way your grandmother is acting. Or the dog could be reacting to drugs that your grandmother is taking. The radiation therapy is not detectable by humans or animals.

      For whatever reason, the dog knows something is wrong. It may be best to move the dog if the dog won't sit with your grandmother, but if you can find a way to get the dog to eat a little, then keeping the dog with grandma might be a comfort to her.

  39. QUESTION:
    Is there any alternative to take instead of coumadin?
    My mother had a total hysterectomy, because of uterine cancer, over 1 1/2 years ago. After surgery she developed a blood clot in her leg so they put her on coumadin. Now I know it's common to have this happen after a major surgery but I don't understand the purpose of staying on this for so long. I don't believe the clot is there anymore and she doesn't have hyperlipidemia. She has always been into the natural approach with everything until she got cancer. While on coumadin, she has to have routine blood worf to check PT/INR to see if they need to decrease or increase the stuff. As long as I have been in medical, I have never really understood this drug. It's not good for anyone. So has anyone ever heard of an alternative to coumadin? I realize she's have to work closely with a Naturalpath but I would think that would be a much better route to take.

    • ANSWER:
      There are some other medications besides coumadin, but coumadin is an old medication that has been thoroughly studied. Sometimes it's best to stick with what has been around long enough for us to know the dangers.

      I think herbal and other alternative methods have their place but anti-clotting medications are such a tricky area, I would be reluctant to experiment. If she's having the coumadin closely monitored with lab work, the Dr. is keeping a close eye on it. Many people have stayed on coumadin for decades and done well.

      Most of us know that coumadin is a rat poison. I think that gives people the creeps and probably prejudices them against the medication. If people didn't know that, they might not be as put off by coumadin.

  40. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for something such as a tumor or fibroid to be mistaken as a fetus?
    Obviously modern medical technology allows us many options when it comes to the screening of such things. I was wondering however, if in recent history, even with the advent of Ultrasound and other imaging technologies, if there have been pregnant women with something along the lines of uterine cancer or fibroids who have instead been deemed pregnant by their physicians. It's a bizarre question, I know. Any help or anecdotes would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    can radiation transfer from a patient to another person?
    My grandmother got uterine cancer, and had radiation done to get rid of it. Though the doctors needed to do it only 3 or 4 times, they did it 11 times. This permanently damaged her lymph system, and ultimately killed her. Her kidneys and bladder failed. My grandfather was wondering that if she had so much radiation, could he retract some of the negative effects due to close contact?

    • ANSWER:
      When something is radioactive, it emits EM or particulate radiation to become more stable. Sometimes, it takes one decay or many depending on the nuclide.

      As the this radiation travels, it dissipates it's energy with many physical processes, the more important ones are ionization and free radical production.

      With that in mind, something exposed to a radiation cannot spread that radiation to other things, because that radiation was absorbed. If it was contaminated to radioactive materials, then it can spread the material around, which itself is generating radiation until it has decayed away.

      Simply put, if zapped my hand with a radiation, I could shake peoples hands without harming them b/c the radiation is gone. If I got radioactive materials, like H-3, on my hand, then I could expose you to radiation and contaminate you as well.

      Usually, in medicine they use radiation therapy where they expose you to radiation to give the tumor a specific does. They repeat b/c the inner most cells in the tumor survive the exposure. Sounds she like had radiation therapy, so your grandfather is fine.

      In certain treatments and diagnostics, they do load you with radioactive material. In that case, you are giving off radiation, but they but they are guidelines on that.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are some of the health risk of HPV to men?
    I keep hearing about all the stuff that could happen to women (ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, oral/throat cancer, vaginal odor or abnormal cells that can cause vaginal odor) I have never heard of any effects for men. Are men simply a carrier of the disease or can they be affected by it as well?

    • ANSWER:
      yes. i think it's for both men and women. but in men, genital warts are less common, however, warts can occur on the:
      scrotum (the sac that holds the testicles)
      tip or shaft of the penis

      In men and women
      Anal sex can cause warts:
      on, in or around the anus and rectum

      Oral sex can cause warts in the :
      mouth
      throat

  43. QUESTION:
    How does Birth Control pills help lower cancer risk for females?
    I went to OBGYN doctor recently and she asked me if i wanted to go on birth control pills however she started talking about the benefits and pros and cons about the pill but one of them made me think more cause i know when you get your period it helps lower the risk since your shedding your uterine lining, but when you take the pill you automatically get a period every month but i always thought it was a "fake" period so does the lining still shed or does it stay their for however long you take the pill for.

    cause if it stays your chances for uterine cancer increase greater.

    • ANSWER:
      Women who have taken the pill may live longer because they face less risk of heart disease and cancer, according to new study

  44. QUESTION:
    What could these symptoms be the result of? Trembing left arm randomly for several minutes?
    at a time, sudden headaches that wake me up and cause nausea,and excessively drowsy?The arm tremble started a few months ago and happens more frequently now, the headaches started about a month ago and have also increased in frequency, the drowsiness just started this week. I have had melanoma and uterine cancer in the past. I have an appointment with the doctor but want some kind of idea at least as to what it might be? .

    • ANSWER:
      Could be a trapped nerve, but could also be something to do with your heart.

      Hope all goes well for you.

  45. QUESTION:
    Is there anywhere my wife can go to get financial assisstance for an operation?
    My wife was recently diagnosed with cervical/uterine cancer. Doctor says hysterectomy needed,yet hospital will not admit her without 17K down payment. She has no medical insurance. Are there any programs out there to assist financing for such operations

    • ANSWER:
      Medicaid if you qualify. The hospital should've had a few options for help for you. Otherwise maybe a church or your local 211 (for all kinds of emergency assistance, from housing to United Way). OR maybe have a community fundraiser. Good luck to you both!

  46. QUESTION:
    How does one enroll/apply for Universal Healthcare in MA?
    I have heard that obama passed universal healthcare, and am wondering where/how one can apply/enroll in it? My boss has no health insurance & her paps-mere came back abnormal, she has a history of uterine cancer in her family but cannot get any more tests done without insurance. I was hoping to find some helpful information for her so that she could get insurance, but i can't seem to find this universal healthcare anywhere!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm going out on a limb here as this sounds like a troll question.

      There is not any universal healthcare anywhere in the U.S. MA does require you to have insurance or pay a fine but it is not considered universal. Contact a local agent or the state health department for more information.

  47. QUESTION:
    i have uterine thickening of wall. a hysterosocy was not successful to get past my cervix to get tissue to se?
    if my problems were related to uterine cancer. my doc said only way to find out if I have uterine cancer is to have a hysterectomy. Should I get a second opinion and has anyone had this happen to them and what did you do?

    • ANSWER:

  48. QUESTION:
    does anyone here have/has had/or is a professional on uterine cancer?
    I need to interview someone via email for a school project, and uterine cancer is my topic. i just need to ask three questions to someone who knows a lot about the subject.

    • ANSWER:
      I've never had it, but can certainly give you some good answers. I don't usually do anyone's homework but from the look of your avatar, you must be in nursing school. Have to help a colleague to be. OK Bring it on, Hope I can give you what you're looking for. Good luck


uterine cancer

Carcinoid Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for carcinoid cancer?
    What is the average survival rate for a patient with carcinoid cancer? How long after being diagnosed do most patients live?

    • ANSWER:
      The three factors which will give an indication of prognosis are his Chromogranin A level (the lower, the better), his overall state of health and the Ki-67 reading of the tumor. The Ki-67 reading gives you the proliferation rate ie; if it is low-grade or high grade. Most carcinoids are low-grade with a Ki-67 of less than 2%.

      Have a look at the http://www.carcinoid.org website and see if the doctor he is under is listed as a recommended carcinoid expert. If not, then I advise you to get a second opinion from a doctor who is an expert in this rare cancer and to discuss the possibility of a referral to Basel or Uppsala for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. Since he has a wide metastatic spread, surgery may not be an option.

  2. QUESTION:
    What substitutes should I take after I had my gallbladder removed?
    I have carcinoid cancer on my liver and the doctor removed my gallbladder. I gained over 50 pounds now. My doctor says it's not because my gallbladder was removed. I know it was. I've been 170 pounds all my life and now I'm 220 and gaining. What supllements should I use to replace what my gallbladder produced? There is so many things out there to take and some are dangerous, I'm just lost as what to trust. Is there anyone out there who has had their gallbladder out for decades and substituted something safe to break down the fats etc...?
    thank you sooooooooo much for your answers!!
    My doctor is a moron and exposed me to 540 millisieverts of radiation just from diagnostic testing in the last 4 years. Not radiation treatment, just diagnostic testing. I wouldn't listen to my doctor if my life depended on it! Oh yeah, I don't listen to her. I started gaining weight two weeks after my surgery. My doctor is NOT right. people need to wake up to the mainstream GARBAGE THEIR DOCTORS SPEW OUT!

    • ANSWER:
      Your doctor is right. In fact, you are probably digesting fat quite well, since your liver continues to deliver bile directly into the digestive system. You would notice if you were not digesting fat, as you would have digestive upsets.

      Don't take anything your doctor does not prescribe, and cut down on your calories. There is a lot of garbage information "out there" as we have freedom of speech and press. Talk with your doctor about your weight gain.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the probability of a carcinoid (cancer) tumor bursting?
    My dad's doctor told him that there is a chance that his carcinoid can burst (rupture) at any time. It really scared him. What are the chances of this happening? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Honestly, the answer depends on where the tumor is and what type of cancer it is. If the doctor thinks this is possible, he/she should be doing some aggressive treatment to try to avoid such a situation. I'm sorry that I can't help more, but good luck; I hope everything works out for your father.

  4. QUESTION:
    Does CT Scan and MRI of Pelvis and abdomen also gather images of the interior colon?
    I had carcinoid cancer polyps in my colon just above the terminal ileum. They were found during a colonoscopy. Now I am having CT scans of the chest abdomen and pelvis. Will the ct scans find cancerous polyps in the inside of my colon?
    Also, I just switched from having ct scans to having MRI's.
    Here is the type of MRI I had:
    Multi-sequence, multiplanar MRI of the abdomen and pelvis.
    Will that find cancerous polyps in my colon?
    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      If you are having the tests with contrast it MIGHT pick it up. But sometimes only a colonoscopy is the only diagnostic tool for that.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there a chatroom or website for non-smokers who have had lung cancer?
    I had carcinoid neuroendocrine cancer and had my left lung removed. It is rare, and I would like to talk to someone who has had this disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Try the websites in the link below, maybe you'll find someone there

      Do a search with the query 'carcinoid neuroendocrine cancer ', I am sure that you'll find many links

      From one cancer survivor to another- Wish you all the best in life!
      st

  6. QUESTION:
    Do any of you have or know anything about?
    Carcinoid cancer? How long have you had it? What type of treatment are you taking for it? What part of your body has it effected? How much pain to you have on a daily basis? What life expectancy has your doctor given you?

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a huge amount of info on carcinoid cancer:

      http://www.carcinoid.org/

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the cancer awareness months and what are their colors?
    I know this month is pink. I just wanted to know what colors I could wear to support cancer awareness.

    • ANSWER:
      10th of November is Neuroendocrine Tumor Awareness Day. The ribbon colour is zebra stripe. Steve Jobs recently died from pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor.

      http://carcinoid.wordpress.com/2010/08/19/worldwide-net-neuroendocrine-tumor-cancer-awareness-day-website-goes-live/

  8. QUESTION:
    Why is there cancer for different parts of the body?
    Skin cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, etc. Why does cancer attack a specific part of someone's body?
    Also, people get Lung Cancer from smoking, and people can also get Skin Cancer from too much sunlight. How could you get the same disease from two totally different kinds of sources?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't foreign in your body .. cancer is your own DNA . .your own cells that have mutated. Cancer cells were once NORMAL cells. Cancer can occur in any living cell in your body . . any cell . . breast cells, liver cells, brain cells, eye cells, skin cells, tissue cells, muscle cells, bone cells, spinal cells, vaginal cells, penile cells, blood cells, urinary cells, uterine cells . . any cell in the human body can mutate and become malignant. So . . even though you may never have heard of this . . there are at least 200 different types of cancer and at least 200 more subtypes of cancer. Skin, breast, and lung cancers are just more 'common' so you have heard of them before . . but cancer can occur anywhere inside or outside the body . . any age . . both sexes . . and any cell in or on your body.

      Although most cancers are named for the location in the body in which the cells originate . .Cancer isn't always named this way . . there are other cancers in which the name of the cancer comes from the type, shape, or even color of the cell . . here are just a few types of cancer that you may never have heard of because they are less common than breast or lung . . but they are just as deadly:

      Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Astrocytoma, Carcinoid tumor, Desmoplastic Infantile Ganglioglioma, Ewings family of tumors, Gastointestinal stromal tumor, desmoplastic small round blue cell tumor, Medulloblastoma, Mesothelioma, Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Wilm's tumor, Fibrosarcoma, Ependymoma, Oligodendroglioma, Esthesioneuroblastoma, Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia, Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma, Chondrosarcoma, Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma,Epithelioid Sarcoma, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors, Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor to name a few.

  9. QUESTION:
    I would interested to know how other people are dealing with the type of cancer that they have?
    I was diagnosed with carcinoid cancer of the liver in December of 2004 and I just recently had a needle biospy of my left breast done in August of this year and I have to meet with my cancer doctor on Sept. 6th for options on what else has to be done. I have been handling everything with a grain of salt since I have a younger sister that has had many different kinds of cancer since March of 1984 and we are each other's support system. I worry more about my husband because he lost his first wife to cervical cancer back in 1986 and this has been very trying for him. Any suggestions that can help us in coping with everything that has been going on lately would be greatly appreciated

    • ANSWER:
      First and foremost educated yourself to each and every cancers you & your sister are dealing with !!There is a magazine put out by oncologist called" CURE"and if don't have one ,or hasn't seen one at the Doctor's officeyou can go online and get them for free.And I would stress look at the hospitals that specialize in your type of cancers and see if you can go and get a consult with them..And look at Clinical Trials, they have the most up to date not yet available to the public testing and you can be compensated in most cases.I know your husband must be afraid of losing you to cancer but great discoveries have been made since 1986 They even have a vacine for the STD viruses that cause cervical cancer(all sexaully active girls & women should get one unless you have had yours removed)Try to keep a possitive outlook and PRAY for yourselves and others going thur it and the ones that will be told they have it Make humor apart of you daily activities and meet with other people going thur this.Helping others will help you take your mind off your problems.And don't just take your Doctors word for everything they aren't GODS and quote satistics and human being and there fighting spirits are so much more !! Get cancer updates from the many reliable cancer organizations and GOD BLESS you & your sister,&Good Luck.

  10. QUESTION:
    Name of a rare cancer that is treated like colon cancer?
    My friend's relative has a rare cancer and the Doctors are treating her with the same methods as they would use on a patient with colon cancer. Any idea what this cancer could be called? My friend can't remember the name of it and I am trying to find out. Thank you in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Might be a carcinoid tumor of the GI tract. Rare. Treated like colon cancer.
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/carcinoid-tumors/DS00834

  11. QUESTION:
    Where do I find out who is the best oncologist for my type of cancer?
    Living in Western Australia with Carcinoid Tumors how do I find out who is the best Oncologist and how do I find out what medical trials are out there that I can volunteer for.

    • ANSWER:
      Join a cancer support group online in Australia and ask around.

  12. QUESTION:
    How many types of cancer are there?
    my grandmas brother died of colon cancer and im sad so i want to get all the colors of cancer ribbons so i can support ppl wit cancer. i can imagine how the families feel. :-[ i miss him..

    • ANSWER:
      Over 200 types of cancers. They are -

      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma, Childhood
      AIDS-Related Cancers
      AIDS-Related Lymphoma
      Anal Cancer
      Appendix Cancer
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebellar
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebral

      Basal Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic
      Bladder Cancer
      Bladder Cancer, Childhood
      Bone Cancer, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
      Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Adult
      Brain Tumor, Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors and Pineoblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors, Childhood (Other)
      Breast Cancer
      Breast Cancer and Pregnancy
      Breast Cancer, Childhood
      Breast Cancer, Male
      Bronchial Tumors, Childhood
      Burkitt Lymphoma

      Carcinoid Tumor, Childhood
      Carcinoid Tumor,Gastrointestinal
      Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
      Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Central Nervous System Lymphoma, Primary
      Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Cervical Cancer
      Cervical Cancer, Childhood
      Childhood Cancers
      Chordoma, Childhood
      Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
      Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
      Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
      Colon Cancer
      Colorectal Cancer, Childhood
      Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome

      Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Endometrial Cancer
      Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Ependymoma, Childhood
      Esophageal Cancer
      Esophageal Cancer, Childhood
      Ewing Family of Tumors
      Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
      Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
      Eye Cancer, Intraocular Melanoma
      Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma

      Gallbladder Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood
      Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extracranial, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal
      Germ Cell Tumor, Ovarian
      Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
      Glioma, Adult
      Glioma, Childhood Brain Stem
      Glioma, Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
      Glioma, Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic

      Hairy Cell Leukemia
      Head and Neck Cancer
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Hypopharyngeal Cancer
      Hypothalamic and Visual Pathway Glioma, Childhood

      Intraocular Melanoma
      Islet Cell Tumors (Endocrine Pancreas)

      Kaposi Sarcoma
      Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
      Kidney Cancer, Childhood

      Laryngeal Cancer
      Laryngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Childhood
      Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic
      Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous
      Leukemia, Hairy Cell
      Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
      Liver Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Liver Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell
      Lung Cancer, Small Cell
      Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
      Lymphoma, Burkitt
      Lymphoma, Cutaneous T-Cell, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Primary Central Nervous System

      Macroglobulinemia, Waldenström
      Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma
      Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Melanoma
      Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
      Merkel Cell Carcinoma
      Mesothelioma, Adult Malignant
      Mesothelioma, Childhood
      Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary
      Mouth Cancer
      Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndrome, Childhood
      Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm
      Mycosis Fungoides
      Myelodysplastic Syndromes
      Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
      Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic
      Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Acute
      Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute
      Myeloma, Multiple
      Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic

      Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Neuroblastoma
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

      Oral Cancer, Childhood
      Oral Cavity Cancer, Lip and
      Oropharyngeal Cancer
      Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
      Ovarian Cancer, Childhood
      Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
      Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor
      Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumor

      Pancreatic Cancer
      Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood
      Pancreatic Cancer, Islet Cell Tumors
      Papillomatosis, Childhood
      Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
      Parathyroid Cancer
      Penile Cancer
      Pharyngeal Cancer
      Pheochromocytoma
      Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Pineoblastoma and Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
      Pituitary Tumor
      Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
      Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
      Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
      Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
      Prostate Cancer

      Rectal Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer, Childhood
      Renal Pelvis and Ureter, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Respiratory Tract Carcinoma Involving the NUT Gene on Chromosome 15
      Retinoblastoma
      Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood

      Salivary Gland Cancer
      Salivary Gland Cancer, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Ewing Family of Tumors
      Sarcoma, Kaposi
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Adult
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Uterine
      Sézary Syndrome
      Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Skin Cancer, Childhood
      Skin Cancer (Melanoma)
      Skin Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
      Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Small Intestine Cancer
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Adult
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Childhood
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer, Childhood
      Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood

      T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Testicular Cancer
      Throat Cancer
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma, Childhood
      Thyroid Cancer
      Thyroid Cancer, Childhood
      Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
      Trophoblastic Tumor, Gestational

      Unknown Primary Site, Carcinoma of, Adult
      Unknown Primary Site, Cancer of, Childhood
      Unusual Cancers of Childhood
      Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Urethral Cancer
      Uterine Cancer, Endometrial
      Uterine Sarcoma

      Vaginal Cancer
      Vaginal Cancer, Childhood
      Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Vulvar Cancer

      Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
      Wilms Tumor
      Women's Cancers

      The above are as given in web site - http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/alphalist
      of National Cancer Institute.

      For cancer awareness ribbons, please note each cancer has a different color ribbon. Full details can be had at website -
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/

  13. QUESTION:
    Life expectancy for Carcinoid cancer?
    Im 24 years old and have Carcinoid cancer. Found out when I was 18. Had a whipple surgery done and still have it on my liver. Just wondering what an average life span is.

    • ANSWER:
      A good place to ask your question would be the ACOR carcinoid list. They currently have 748 members either with carcinoid or are caregivers. For a while my Drs suspected that I had a carcinoid tumor and while I was monitoring this list I found many very smart people there who were really up on the latest carcinoid treatments. ACOR runs lists for over 150 types of cancer and these lists are moderated to keep out spam and nut jobs.

      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/carcinoid.html

      good luck

  14. QUESTION:
    26 year old grandaughter diagonosed with neuroendocrine carcinoma Help?
    The tumor was found in the cervix. Doctor's here give her a 25% survival rate. Does anyone know anything about this cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a very rare type of neuroendocrine tumor. I'd suggest that your granddaughter be seen at a major cancer center as designated by the NCI. Here is a by state listing of hospitals.

      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/cancer-centers-list.html

      I'd also join the ACOR carcinoid list. The type tumor your granddaughter has is one variety of carcinoid tumor. The carcinoid list is very active with over 750 members and you will be able to get accurate answers about the best Drs and cutting edge treatment for treating this type of tumor. There are some very excellent Drs in the US that specialize in treating carcinoid and neuroendocrine tumors and your granddaughter will do best in the care of these experts.

      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/carcinoid.html

      http://www.carcinoid.org/pcf/index.shtml

      http://www.carcinoid.org/pcf/newly.shtml

      http://www.carcinoid.org/

      http://research.dfci.harvard.edu/neuroendocrine/

      http://www.csmc.edu/4085.html

      all the best to your granddaughter

      Feel free to email me if you have any questions.

  15. QUESTION:
    What are the most common kinds of cancer?
    What are the most common types of it and what are the basic treatments that you have to go through?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some forms of cancer we know of:

      bladder cancer

      breast cancer

      carcinoid tumor

      colorectal cancer

      glioblastoma

      liver cancer

      non-small cell lung cancer (NSLC)

      chronic lymphocytic leukemia

      lymphoma (both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s)

      melanoma

      multiple myeloma

      neuroblastoma

      ovarian cancer

      pancreatic cancer

      prostate cancer

      renal cell carcinoma

      throat cancer

      uterine cancer

      Understanding a few processes that your body goes through might provoke you to live a bit better so we can give it a go.

      Sleep - your body is on a universal time clock and it repairs itself somewhere between midnight and 6 a.m..Over time if you can’t or you don’t give it time to repair what do you reckon will happen? Right, a run down or break down will occur. You will get sick or worse.

      Immune system – evidence is mounting and it’s being traced back to your immune system. Stress, toxins, poor eating habits and a slew of other elements are wearing down our immune systems. This is the main defense against many viruses and bacterial invaders. We are starving our troops.

      Nutrition - the very thing that feeds our army which fights diseases is eluding us daily.

  16. QUESTION:
    Which patient has a higher chance of living for a longer period of time? Lung cancer or Liver cancer patient?
    I want to know because I currently have two relatives with cancer. My Dad - Liver Cancer, My Uncle - Lung Cancer. Of course I don't want them to die, but I have a feeling that my dad would die first since most liver cancer patients live for less than a year after being diagnosed. On the other hand, I have no idea how long most lung cancer patients last.

    • ANSWER:
      so much garbage info out there, it's hard to decide where to start.

      Best you ask a family doctor or do some research yourself. What stage do they have? Have both asked for and received all their test results etc.? They're entitled to it.

      While both cancer are serious, they are in most cases no immediate ''death sentence''. I have a friend who was operated for lung cancer five years ago and his lung is still okay today - all clear.
      Metastasis however has moved into the liver, and this has now to be dealt with. There are folks I know who lived (so far) ten years after a liver cancer diagnosis. Some had two operations - the liver regenerates itself.
      So first find out exactly what cancer they both have, then research it. Good links are here:
      http://www.carcinoid.org/
      http://www.cnetscanada.org/
      http://www.cancerguide.org/

      and suggest they both join a support network.

  17. QUESTION:
    How big do slow growing lung carcinoids grow in a year?
    Is a lobectomy a must?
    How long would one live if they refused an operation?
    non -smoker but grew up in a thick cloud of cigarette smoke

    • ANSWER:
      I don't believe any treatment is a "must" It is up to cancer patient and their family to make those critical decisions. Its important to be informed about the type of lung cancer, stage of the cancer, options for treatment and non treatment survival time frame.

      Obviously refusal of an operation will more than likely allow the cancer to grow over time and spread to other areas of your body. As far how long one would live if they refused an operation and or treatment, and how much tumor growth/progression one will have within a year, needs to be answered by the oncologist.

      My mom battled lung cancer, adenocarcinoma, for five years. She had a lobectomy when her cancer was first discovered and numerous chemo rounds throughout her five year battle. She opted for those treatments to prolong her life. We supported her decision. She survived for 5 years with the initial diagnosis being stage 3 lung cancer.

  18. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer start with the letter a?

    • ANSWER:
      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
      Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of blood cells to be produced and enter the bloodstream.
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia
      Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of blood cells to be produced and enter the bloodstream.
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma
      A rare cancer that forms in the outer layer of tissue of the adrenal gland (a small organ on top of each kidney that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline to control heart rate, blood pressure, and other body functions). Also called adrenocortical cancer and cancer of the adrenal cortex.
      AIDS-Related Cancers
      Certain cancer types that are more likely to occur in people who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common types are Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Other AIDS-related cancers include Hodgkin disease and cancers of the lung, mouth, cervix, and digestive system.
      AIDS-Related Lymphoma
      Certain cancer types that are more likely to occur in people who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common types are Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Other AIDS-related cancers include Hodgkin disease and cancers of the lung, mouth, cervix, and digestive system.
      Anal Cancer
      Cancer that forms in tissues of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum (last part of the large intestine) to the outside of the body.
      Appendix Cancer
      An indolent (slow-growing) cancer that forms in cells that make hormones in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract (the stomach and intestines). It usually occurs in the appendix (a small fingerlike pouch of the large intestine), small intestine, or rectum. Having gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor increases the risk of forming other cancers of the digestive system.
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebellar
      The growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
      Atypical Teratoid - Rhabdoid Tumor
      The growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

  19. QUESTION:
    Frustrated about Carcinoid Cancer?
    I was diagnosed with carcinoid cancer in Oct. 2010. This diagnosis was reached after the swelling of one of my Lymphnodes & then removal. The problem is the OCT test shows that their is an area in my stomach that has lit up however all other tests ie. endoscropy,coloscopy,cat scan, MRI & lastly i had a camera swallowed into my lower intestines. All tests were negative. I am wondering has anyone else experienced this. Any reccomendations?

    • ANSWER:
      OctreoScan and Gallium 68 PET will show inflammation unrelated to neuroendocrine tumor (carcinoid) activity, so it is possible that this is what showed in the stomach on the O-scan if the gastroscopy failed to find anything. The fact that the cancer was found in a lymph node would suggest an unknown primary site somewhere, so the work-up must continue.

      Gallium 68 PET is a more sensitive scan than O-scan, but is only available at the Vanderbilt University Medical Centre. I guess your oncologist will continue to monitor you with Chromogranin A and 5-HIAA urine tests and liver MRI. It is a good idea to have a cardiac echo taken to give a baseline figure of your heart function as elevated serotonin can cause damage to right tricuspid heart valves.

      http://acor.org/ has a very active carcinoid forum with a doctor who specializes in this disease should you have any questions.

  20. QUESTION:
    Carcinoid tumours and bone marrow donation?
    About ten years ago I had a carcinoid tumor removed from my colon. I didn't have any chemo, radiotherapy or complications and have been confirmed as completely recovered by my doctor. As a result of it though, I'm not allowed to donate blood. Does anyone know if I'd still be able to register as a bone marrow donor?

    • ANSWER:
      I think it is safe to say if they don't want your blood, they won't want your bone marrow. Unfortunately as a carcinoid survivor, I think I understand why this is so. With most carcinoid tumors, there is metastasis to other parts of the body...sometimes identified at the time of the discovery of the primary tumor, other times later. Due to these tumors' slow growing characteristics in many cases, the sites of metastatic disease may be years in developing into a size that is detectable on scans or other tests and the sites of spread can be anywhere...liver, bones, pancreas, brain, lungs, etc. Since one way the cells that cause metastasis are circulated through the body is through the blood stream and the lymphatic system, it seems prudent on the part of medical professionals to limit the contact other patients would have from our blood and marrow products. I certainly wouldn't want my grandkids or kids exposed to this cancer from a blood transfusion or marrow transplant. Perhaps you can reconsider how to help others medically...donate your body to science after death so that they can determine what made your body one of the truly special ones to have escaped a brush with carcinoid and developed no further problems. It would truly be a gift to the thousands of others who are dealing with this disease on a daily basis and who may be helped by the knowledge gained. You may also be able to donate blood and/or tissue samples to researchers who are currently searching for a cure or better way to treat or manage this disease. Check the clinical trials at www.clinicaltrials.gov or contact one or more of the carcinoid specialists listed at www.carcinoid.org.

  21. QUESTION:
    How long can a patient with neuroendocrine cancer usually live?

    • ANSWER:
      Average prognosis for stage 4 neuroendocrine cancer is 33 months. That said, I know people who have liver involvement and have been battling on for decades. It is vital to be under the care of a neuroendocrine tumor specialist - listed on the carcinoid.org site. There are a great range of treatments available for metastatic liver tumors, such as Radio Frequency Ablation, liver resection, chemo or bland embolisation and the systemic Peptide Receptor Radio-nuclide Therapy.

  22. QUESTION:
    What is Misty Mesentery? How it can be cured? Is it curable?
    In my husband's Ct they have found he has misty mesentery. Can any doctor explain this in detail. Is it Cancerous or not?

    In his report it is written Usually it is a benign, poorly understood Condition. There are mimickers , However, which include TB, Carcinoid and Metastatic disease.

    • ANSWER:
      You keep asking this question even though it has been answered.
      It is inflammation of the adipose tissue of the mesentery.
      It doesn’t usually require treatment, but sometimes steroids are used. It should clear up when the underlying cause is taken care of.
      Inflammation is not cancer. However, the underlying cause may be.
      How much more detail do you need?

  23. QUESTION:
    What is Misty Mesentery? How it can be cured? Is it curable?
    In my husband's Ct they have found he has misty mesentery. Can any doctor explain this in detail. Is it Cancerous or not?

    In his report it is written Usually it is a benign, poorly understood Condition. There are mimickers , However, which include TB, Carcinoid and Metastatic disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Misty mesentery per se is not a dangerous condition and is not life threatening. Symptoms are treated by drugs or surgery that will be uneventful. Causes like Carcinoid syndrome TB Abdomen also are curable by treatment. Metastatic disease means Cancer somewhere spreading to peritoneum . The course of this condition is not very good. Differential diagnosis is easy

  24. QUESTION:
    Whats the main difference between non small and small cell lung cancer?
    From what i've seen, i've come to believe that non-small is when the cancer is stil relatively localized? and small cell is when its spreading rapidly already by the time it is diagonosed.... am i correct? I need to know this for a health project, so thanks for any answers..

    • ANSWER:
      You are right.
      Lung cancers are usually divided into two main groups that account for about 95% of all cases.

      * The division into groups is based on the type of cells that make up the cancer.
      * The two main types of lung cancer are characterized by the cell size of the tumor when viewed under the microscope. They are called small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). NSCLC includes several subtypes of tumors.
      * SCLCs are less common, but they grow more quickly and are more likely to metastasize than NSCLCs. Often, SCLCs have already spread to other parts of the body when the cancer is diagnosed.
      * About 5% of lung cancers are of rare cell types, including carcinoid tumor, lymphoma, and others.
      http://www.cancertreatment-wecareindia.com/lung_cancer.html

  25. QUESTION:
    What causes a red face along with red blotches on face?
    He is 54 and a heavy beer drinker.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be a number of things but it is most likely a result of alcohol flush reaction (AFR). AFR can cause rosacea, degreaser's flush, red ear syndrome, carcinoid syndrome and increases ones chance of getting cancer. Due to the excessive alcohol consumption the ability to encode the enzyme, acetaldehyde dehydrogenase has been diminished. Thus, the redness seen. A person who can no longer encode acetaldehyde dehydrogenase has 6 to 10 times the risk of developing esophageal cancer as a drinker not deficient in the enzyme. This person is in need of professional help!

  26. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of Pancreatic tumors in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Type 1?
    Hi :),
    Is there anyone out there in YA who has MEN, Type 1, or a doctor that can give me some involved information?

    My question is about Wermer's Syndrome, or Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1. I have had two doctors tell me that I definitely have it; two tell me that I don't have it; and one tell me that he doesn't know.

    I have a pituitary microprolactinoma, and have had a parathyroidectomy, but if there are pancreatic tumors, they have not yet shown up on scans. I was told that I don't have MEN, type1 because of this. I have also been told that I do have it because I have all the symptoms of pancreatic tumors. The doctor said that tumors are probably microscopic and haven't shown up yet, and its better that way. The slower they grow, the better off I will be.

    What are the symptoms that I can look for? I cannot afford DNA testing, and my insurance won't pay for it. I need to know some symptoms that can be readily seen in my everyday life.
    I forgot to mention- during the parathyroidectomy, three 1/2 of the four parathyroid gland were removed. They were not malignant, but they all had tumors/growths- whatever it is that people with MEN have.

    • ANSWER:
      In MEN1, all four parathyroid glands tend to be overactive. They release too much parathyroid hormone, leading to excess calcium in the blood. High blood calcium, known as hypercalcemia, can exist for many years before it is found by accident or by family screening. Unrecognized hypercalcemia can cause excess calcium to spill into the urine, leading to kidney stones or kidney damage.

      Nearly everyone who inherits a susceptibility to MEN1 (a "cancer") will develop overactive parathyroid glands (hyperparathyroidism) by age 50, but the disorder can often be detected before age 20. Hyperparathyroidism may cause no problems for many years or it may cause problems such as tiredness, weakness, muscle or bone pain, constipation, indigestion, kidney stones, or thinning of bones.

      Rare EFFECTS: and I stress RARE!
      Occasionally, a person who has MEN1 develops an islet tumor of the pancreas which secretes high levels of pancreatic hormones other than gastrin. Insulinomas, for example, produce too much insulin, causing serious low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. Pancreatic tumors that secrete too much glucagon or somatostatin can cause diabetes, and too much vasoactive intestinal peptide can cause watery diarrhea.

      Other rare complications arise from pituitary tumors that release high amounts of ACTH, which in turn stimulates the adrenal glands to produce excess cortisol. Pituitary tumors that produce growth hormone cause excessive bone growth or disfigurement.

      Another rare complication is an endocrine tumor inside the chest or in the stomach, known as a carcinoid. In a person with MEN1 a carcinoid tumor rarely secretes a hormone. In general, surgery is the mainstay of treatment for all of these rare types of tumors, except for gastric carcinoids which usually require no treatment.

  27. QUESTION:
    What does sweating tell us about our own bodies?
    If you sweat easily/ alot or dont sweat at all, what does that reveal about the condition of your body?

    • ANSWER:
      Sweating is an essential function that helps the body stay cool. If sweating is accompanied by fever, weight loss, chest pain, shortness of breath, or a rapid, pounding heartbeat, talk to a doctor. These symptoms may indicate an underlying problem, such as hyperthyroidism. Excessive sweating may also be a symptom of menopause. If the sweating occurs as a result of another medical condition, it is called secondary hyperhidrosis. The sweating may be all over the body, or it may be in one area. Conditions that cause second hyperhidrosis include:

      Acromegaly
      Anxiety conditions
      Cancer
      Carcinoid syndrome
      Certain medications and substances of abuse
      Glucose control disorders
      Heart disease
      Hyperthyroidism
      Lung disease
      Menopause
      Parkinson’s disease
      Pheochromocytoma
      Spinal cord injury
      Stroke
      Tuberculosis or other infections

      An abnormal lack of sweat in response to heat may be harmful, because sweating allows heat to be released from the body. The medical term for absent sweating is anhidrosis.
      Overall lack of sweating can be life threatening because the body will overheat. If the lack of sweating happens in a small area only, it is usually not as dangerous.

      Common Causes Return to top

      Neurologic disorders such as Guillain-Barre syndrome
      Skin diseases that block sweat glands
      Congenital disorders including as ectodermal dysplasia
      Some drugs
      Trauma to sweat glands
      Burns
      Dehydration

  28. QUESTION:
    How rare is bowel cancer in children?
    how rare is bowel cancer in children ages 3-16?

    • ANSWER:
      What is bowel cancer?

      Bowel is the general term for the long muscular tube that starts at the bottom of the stomach and ends at the anus.

      The first part of the bowel is involved with the digestion of food and is known as the 'small bowel' because the tube is narrower here.

      The 'large bowel' follows the small bowel and in a healthy person, the main part of the large bowel (colon) is responsible mostly for absorbing water from the faeces. The last part of the large bowel is known as the rectum, which leads to the anus.

      Bowel (colorectal) cancer is cancer of the colon or rectum, and it arises from the cells that line the bowel. The small bowel is strikingly free from cancer risk, and almost all bowel cancers arise in the large bowel.

      About 6 per cent of the population in Western countries develop bowel cancer at some time during their lives, making this the second commonest cause of cancer-related death. However, it is curable in 40 to 50 per cent of cases, usually by surgery.

      The cancer develops when one of the cells in the colon develops a series of changes (mutations) in some of the genes that control how the cell divides and survives. As a result, the cell divides uncontrollably to form a clump of malignant (cancerous) cells. Initially, these cell changes commonly produce a polyp (a clump of abnormal cells the size of a pea on the end of a stalk of normal cells) called an adenoma.

      At this stage, an adenoma is still pre-cancerous (a stage at which it may or may not become cancer), and probably only about 5 per cent of the polyps progress further to become life-threatening cancers.

      The polyp enlarges very slowly, probably over about 10 years, up to between 1cm and about 5cm in diameter. The abnormal cells first invade the stalk of the polyp, then the underlying tissue of the colon to which the stalk is attached. This invasion indicates that cancer has developed. The patient will then usually have symptoms, which can include bleeding from the ulcerated tip of the cancer and diarrhoea caused by disturbance in the muscle activity of the colon or to obstruction. The risk of invasive cancer becomes appreciable once the polyp diameter has exceeded 1cm.

      About 30 per cent of bowel cancers arise from flat lesions and do not pass through a polyp stage. This particularly occurs with cancers of the proximal (right-sided) colon and caecum.

      If the cancer is not removed quickly, cancerous cells can break off from the tumour and move through veins or lymph vessels to form tumour growths (called metastases or secondaries) elsewhere, particularly in lymph glands or in the liver. The cure rate falls sharply once this has happened.

      The average age when bowel cancer is first discovered is 65, and it becomes increasingly common with advancing age. Very occasionally, it may affect much younger adults from the age of 20. The rates do not differ strikingly between the sexes, although men are slightly more prone to developing rectal cancer and women to developing cancer of the caecum. This is the point where the appendix is attached.

      The appendix itself is rarely the site of cancer, although it can be the site of a much rarer tumour called a 'carcinoid'. Previous appendicectomy (removal of the appendix) seems to have no effect on the subsequent risk of bowel cancer.

  29. QUESTION:
    Is there a Carcinoid Specialist (Dr.) in Thailand?
    We are traveling to Thailand (for the 10th time) this summer. Is there a carcinoid specialist in Thailand? Or a well known doctor who knows a lot about carcinoid cancers?
    Hopefully we won't need to use them, but just in case.... Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Don't know about doctors, but Siriraj Hospital should definitely have someone on staff.

      Bumrungraj hospital is overpriced for its location and quality.

  30. QUESTION:
    Can Carcinoid Cancer Go through Family?
    My mother had this form of cancer and I was wondering if it could be passed down.

    • ANSWER:
      Familial conections is thought to increase your risk.

      "Causes of carcinoid
      It's not known what causes carcinoid tumours but there are a few factors that put someone more at risk of developing one. They include:

      Having a rare family syndrome called multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1).
      Being a black African male - these people have a slightly higher risk of developing a carcinoid tumour than other races.
      Age and gender - carcinoid tumours are slightly more common in men than women.
      Certain stomach conditions that change the production of acid in the stomach can put you slightly more at risk. For example, having a peptic ulcer. "

      If your family Has MEN1 then you may be at higher risk.

      Talk to your Dr about your risk factors.

  31. QUESTION:
    How do I get rid of my night sweats?
    I get the night sweats really really badly. Every night. And it's not just a little either. It is completely soaking my t-shirt and sheets. I wake up and it's dripping all over. And it's not because I'm hot. I wake up absolutely freezing. This has been happening for at least a year and a half and I'm getting very very tired of it. I'm 25 so I don't know if it's early menopause or what. But any help or ideas are welcome.

    • ANSWER:
      Night Sweats Causes

      Night sweating can arise from harmless situations or serious disease. If your bedroom is unusually hot or you are using too many bedclothes, you may begin to sweat during sleep - and this is normal. In order to distinguish night sweats that arise from medical causes from those that occur because one's surroundings are too warm, doctors generally refer to true night sweats as severe hot flashes occurring at night that can drench sleepwear and sheets, and that are not related to an overheated environment. It is important to note that flushing (a warmth and redness of the face or trunk) may also be hard to distinguish from true night sweats.

      There are many different causes of night sweats. Some of the known conditions that can cause night sweats are:

      * Menopause: The hot flashes that accompany the menopausal transition can occur at night and cause sweating. This is a very common cause of night sweats in women at or near menopause.

      * Idiopathic hyperhidrosis: a condition in which the body chronically produces too much sweat without any identifiable medical cause.

      * Infections: Classically, tuberculosis is the infection most notoriously associated with night sweats. However, bacterial infections, such as endocarditis (inflammation of the heart valves), osteomyelitis (inflammation within the bones), and abscesses all may result in night sweats. Night sweats are also a symptom of AIDS virus (HIV) infection.

      * Cancers: Night sweats are an early symptom of some cancers. The most common type of cancer associated with night sweats is lymphoma. However, people who have an undiagnosed cancer frequently have other symptoms as well, such as unexplained weight loss and fevers.

      * Medications: Taking certain medications can lead to night sweats. Antidepressant medications are a common type of medication that can lead to night sweats. All types of antidepressants can cause night sweats as a side effect, with a range in incidence from eight to 22% of persons taking antidepressant drugs. Other psychiatric drugs have also been associated with night sweats. Medicines taken to lower fever such as aspirin and acetaminophen can sometimes lead to sweating. Other types of drugs can cause flushing, which, as mentioned above, may be confused with night sweats. Some of the many drugs that can cause flushing include niacin (taken in the higher doses used for lipid disorders), tamoxifen (Nolvadex), hydralazine (Apresoline), nitroglycerine, and sildenafil (Viagra). Many other drugs not mentioned above, including cortisone medications, such as prednisone and prednisolone, may also be associated with flushing or night sweats.

      * Hypoglycemia: Sometimes low blood glucose can cause sweating. People who are taking insulin or oral anti-diabetic medications may experience hypoglycemia at night that is accompanied by sweating.

      * Hormone disorders: Sweating or flushing can be seen with several hormone disorders, including pheochromocytoma, carcinoid syndrome, and hyperthyroidism.

      * Neurologic conditions: Uncommonly, neurologic conditions including autonomic dysreflexia, post-traumatic syringomyelia, stroke, and autonomic neuropathy may cause increased sweating and possibly lead to night sweats.

      Or you might try the natural ways to get rid off this sweating..

  32. QUESTION:
    Has anyone ever had to take a radioactive pill in order to have photos taken of the small intestine?
    Do you know what it involves?

    I am worried about my dad he has severe anaemia and seems to be losing blood but as yet they have been unable to find out where the problem is. He has had two blood transfusions in the last two months. His mood is very aggressive all the time. I am worried about what they might find or be looking for.
    Just wondered if anyone else had been through it and might have some advice.

    Thanks for any help you can give
    :-)))

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_3x_how_is_gastrointestinal_carcinoid_tumors_diagnosed_14.asp

  33. QUESTION:
    What are the Diseases concerning the Digestive System?
    No need for any definitions, just the disease and that's it!
    Only the name of the disease and no more definitions, no more and not indeed needed...
    Thanks!!!

    • ANSWER:
      STOMACH:
      Dyspepsia
      Abdominal pain
      Peptic ulcer
      Achlorhydria
      Hypochlorhydria
      Linitis plastica
      Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
      Gastroparesis
      GERD
      Borborygmus

      SMALL INTESTINE:
      Small intestine cancer
      Small intestine obstruction ("high" mechanic ileus)
      Paralytic ileus
      Maropthisis
      Crohn's disease
      Celiac disease
      Carcinoid
      Meckel's Diverticulum
      Gastric dumping syndrome
      Infectious diseases
      (Giardiasis, Scariasis, Tropical sprue, Tapeworm infection)
      Mesenteric ischemia
      Short bowel syndrome
      Inguinal hernia

      there's more if you want the diseases of "accessory organs" in the digestive system.

  34. QUESTION:
    I have a carcinoid tumour in my small intestine, it is only small at this stage and is not cancer.?
    The specialist wants to remove it, but I am not sure whether to wait to see what happens or have it removed. Anyone here have a similar situation?

    • ANSWER:
      All carcinoids have malignant potential. It isn’t going to shrink and go away on its own so you should get it removed while it is small, before it makes your symptoms worse and before it becomes cancerous. Right now is the simplest surgery you can have. You will not be this luck later on.

  35. QUESTION:
    can chemotherapy be given via tablet form that you take at home?

    the cancer that it is being used to treat is carcanoid of the small bowel and 3 small cells on the liver.

    • ANSWER:
      Carcinoid is an unusual cancer. Typically (and carcinoids are often atypical) surgery is the first treatment of choice with drug therapy using the injectable drug Sandostatin in weekly or monthly shots being another option. http://www.us.sandostatin.com/info/about/prescribing-information.jsp

      What you need to do is join the ACOR carcinoid list at:

      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/carcinoid.html

      This list currently has 744 members either with carcinoid or are caregivers for people with carcinoid. I used to monitor this list when my Dr suspected that I had a carcinoid tumor so I know there are many very smart people posting here. This is _the_ place to stay informed on cutting edge treatment for carcinoid.

      Here is the best web page I found for info on carcinoid.
      http://www.carcinoid.org/pcf/index.shtml

      good luck

  36. QUESTION:
    What is causing my night sweats?
    I am 10 years menopausal. In the past 6 months I have woken up each morning sweating. Could this be a symptom of something I'm not aware of? I have diabetes Type 2, hypothyriodism, hyperlipidism, high blood pressure, and a history of migraines. I monitor myself at home and everything is alright except for blood sugar readings steadily climbing up to 200 with oral meds, diet, and exercise. Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Please see a doctor, my husband had night sweats, thought it was his blood pressure, it was something far more serious.

      Menopause – The hot flashes that accompany the menopausal transition can occur at night and cause sweating. This is a very common cause of night sweats in perimenopausal women.
      Idiopathic hyperhidrosis – Idiopathic hyperhidrosis is a condition in which the body chronically produces too much sweat without any identifiable medical cause.
      Infections – Classically, tuberculosis is the infection most commonly associated with night sweats. However, bacterial infections, such as endocarditis (inflammation of the heart valves), osteomyelitis (inflammation within the bones), and abscesses all may result in night sweats. Night sweats are also a symptom of AIDS virus (HIV) infection.
      Cancers – Night sweats are an early symptom of some cancers. The most common type of cancer associated with night sweats is lymphoma. However, people who have an undiagnosed cancer frequently have other symptoms as well, such as unexplained weight loss and fevers.
      Medications – Taking certain medications can lead to night sweats. In cases without other physical symptoms or signs of tumor or infection, medications are often determined to be the cause of night sweats. Antidepressant medications are a common type of medication that can lead to night sweats. All types of antidepressants can cause night sweats as a side effect, with a range in incidence from 8 to 22% of persons taking antidepressant drugs. Other psychiatric drugs have also been associated with night sweats. Medicines taken to lower fever such as aspirin and acetaminophen can sometimes lead to sweating. Other types of drugs can cause flushing, which, as mentioned above, may be confused with night sweats. Some of the many drugs that can cause flushing include:
      niacin (taken in the higher doses used for lipid disorders),
      tamoxifen,
      hydralazine,
      nitroglycerine, and
      sildenafil (Viagra).
      Many other drugs not mentioned above, including cortisone medications such as prednisone and prednisolone, may also be associated with flushing or night sweats.

      Hypoglycemia – Sometimes low blood glucose can cause sweating. People who are taking insulin or oral anti-diabetic medications may experience hypoglycemia at night that is accompanied by sweating.
      Hormone disorders - Sweating or flushing can be seen with several hormone disorders, including pheochromocytoma, carcinoid syndrome, and hyperthyroidism.
      Neurologic conditions – Uncommonly, neurologic conditions including autonomic dysreflexia, post-traumatic syringomyelia, stroke, and autonomic neuropathy may cause increased sweating and possibly lead to night sweats

  37. QUESTION:
    If a carcinoid lung nodule is slow growing,Why then would a thoracic surgeon?
    want to put a 55yo through an operation?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many reasons

      1) Because a 55 year old is probably reasonably fit and healthy and has a good chance of recovering well. There's a chance that a 55 year old may live another 40 yrs- it may be slow growing but it will definitely cause a problem in their lifetime. Better to treat it now.

      2)Symptom control
      If the tumour is in a bronchus, it may cause the patient to cough up blood or feel short of breath. If it grows big enough to block the bronchus it will cause a segment of lung to collapse, and this segment will be at risk of infections.

      If the carcinoid tumour is secretory, it may cause secretion of neurotransmitters, which cause unpleasant symptoms such as facial flushing, vomiting etc.

      3) Surgery may be curative
      especially for slow growing tumours

      4) Even slow growing carcinoid tumours have a chance of metastasising. Carcinoids aren't completely benign. Better to operate sooner rather than later to give the best chance of complete cure.

      5) To look for lymph node spread of the cancer
      If the cancer has spread to local lymph nodes (which can be found at the time of surgery) this gives a worse prognosis. The only way you would diagnose this is at the time of surgery.

  38. QUESTION:
    How much of the SMALL intestine can be removed safely?
    .
    what are some common digestive disorders young kids get?
    and elderly people get?

    • ANSWER:
      Crohn's disease. This condition is characterized by a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the digestive tract. If other treatment does not effectively control symptoms, the physician may recommend surgery to close fistulas or remove part of the intestine where the inflammation is worst.
      Cancer. Cancer of the small intestine is a rare cancer in which malignant cells are found in the tissues of the small intestine. Adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, sarcoma, and carcinoid tumors account for the majority of small intestine cancers. Surgery to remove the cancer is the most common treatment. When the tumor is large, removal of the small intestine segment containing the cancer is usually indicated.
      Ulcers. Ulcers are crater-like lesions on the mucous membrane of the small bowel caused by an inflammatory, infectious, or malignant condition that often requires surgery and in some cases, bowel resection.
      Intestinal obstruction. This condition involves a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that results in the failure of the intestinal contents to pass through. Intestinal obstruction is usually treated by decompressing the intestine with suction, using a nasogastric

      tube inserted into the stomach or intestine. In cases where decompression does not relieve the symptoms, or if tissue death is suspected, bowel resection may be considered.
      Injuries. Accidents may result in bowel injuries that require resection.
      Precancerous polyps. A polyp is a growth that projects from the lining of the intestine. Polyps are usually benign and produce no symptoms, but they may cause rectal bleeding and develop into malignancies over time. When polyps have a high chance of becoming cancerous, bowel resection is usually indicated.

  39. QUESTION:
    What is the name of a disease the only symptom of which is extreme and permanent sweating?

    • ANSWER:
      Its called Hyperhidrosis, but it is not a desease, it is a medical condition in which a person sweats excessively and unpredictably. People with hyperhidrosis may sweat even when the temperature is cool or when they are at rest.

      Sweating helps the body stay cool. In most cases, it is perfectly natural. People sweat more in warm temperatures, when they exercise, or in response to situations that make them nervous, angry, embarrassed, or afraid.

      However, excessive sweating occurs without such triggers. Those with hyperhidrosis appear to have overactive sweat glands. The uncontrollable sweating can lead to significant discomfort, both physical and emotional.

      When excessive sweating affects the hands, feet, and armpits, it's called primary or focal hyperhidrosis. Primary hyperhidrosis affects 2 - 3% of the population, yet less than 40% of patients with this condition seek medical advice. In the majority of primary hyperhidrosis cases, no cause can be found. It seems to run in families.

      If the sweating occurs as a result of another medical condition, it is called secondary hyperhidrosis. The sweating may be all over the body, or it may be in one area. Conditions that cause second hyperhidrosis include:

      *Acromegaly
      *Anxiety conditions
      *Cancer
      *Carcinoid syndrome
      *Certain medications and substances of abuse
      *Glucose control disorders
      *Heart disease
      *Hyperthyroidism
      *Lung disease
      *Menopause
      *Parkinson’s disease
      *Pheochromocytoma
      *Spinal cord injury
      *Stroke
      *Tuberculosis or other infections

      The primary symptom of hyperhidrosis is wetness.

      Recommended reading : "stop sweating & Start Living"
      http://www.howtostopsweatingblog.blogspot.com/

  40. QUESTION:
    Has anybody beat carcinoid cancer??
    PLEASE DON'T ANSWER THIS QUESTION UNLESS YOU HAVE VALUABLE INFORMATION ABOUT CARCINOID CANCER CURES!!!!Is there anyone who fought off carcinoid cancer? A natural way? A new cure? Anything!!! Please tell me anything that could possibly cure or even help the symptoms of carcinoid cancer!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Just for the record I meant to give Lauren a thumb down, damn YA don't allow you to fix some mistakes. Marijuana does not cure cancer, it can help with discomfort and nausea. People use medical marijuana and we are not seeing higher survival rate with these people, if we did marijuana would be used as a treatment. The very rich and educated people in our society die from cancer as well, if there was a known way to cure cancer already why would these people be dying as well

      Beware of looking for natural cure, especially on the internet. If there was a better and cheaper method to treating cancer then the governments that have socialized medicine would already be using them to save money. The whole alternative treatment prays on desperate people looking for an easy answer. Using alternative treatment will only allow the cancer to Progress to the point where treating the disease is impossible. In my experience people who use alternative treatment ended up dying 100% of the time.

      Your best bet with to go with the conventional treatment, surgery. But if the cancer has spread the chances of curing the cancer becomes very difficult, the goal is usually to keep the cancer from growing. If it has spread bio-therapy and radioisotope therapy is used.

      If you know somebody who has this disease it is very important to talk to their oncologist regarding there treatment options. They would have the best information for you.

  41. QUESTION:
    Why isn't human tissue used more often in research?
    It is a good alternative to animal testing, and I know that is implemented in some cases, but why not more often?

    Is it related to stem cell research?
    The mass amount needed?
    Some tissues can't really be sampled from a live person?

    Please give me your sources. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Human tissue is not an alternative to animal testing for most of the things animal testing is used for. You cannot, for example, get pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic data from tissue samples under any circumstances. You cannot evaluate toxicity or teratogenic potential

      Typically what's used are cell cultures, and even these are somewhat painful to keep alive. They're notoriously intolerant of fluctuations in environment, they have a very short, finite lifespan, with the exception of either immortalized/carcinoid or stem cell derived cell lines

      In the basic pharmacology lab I TAd a few quarters back we primarily used the HeLa cervical cancer cell line - which is perhaps the single most resilient of the human cell lines. At one point, we evaluated the ability of cisplatin to kill HeLa cells at varying doses. This is pretty simple, you can use radioactive methods, or something fast and easy like the MTT assay. This only evaluates the ability of cisplatin to kill cancer cells in a dish however. it says nothing about its usefulness or tolerability in a living creature. Now, HeLa has 82 chromosomes (reference, humans have 46). With this level of genetic abnormality, is HeLa going to be a good reference for evaluating, say, a tranquilizer drug? Nope. And even if it didn't have such genetic alterations, it's a cell from a cervix - not exactly ideal.

      In many situations, what's done in early drug screening is to transfect genes into a model cell - Chinese Hamster Ovary is the most common. You can grow as many of them as you want, put them in wellplates, and test drugs by the thousands.

      In reference to your other points. There is an issue of stem cells. Human tissue has a finite lifespan, is difficult to keep alive, and you can't say, sample brain tissue. It also can only be used to derive limited information. There are still dozens of areas where there simply is not alternative for animal testing.

  42. QUESTION:
    Do you have a cariniod tumor, or know someone with one?
    My cousin has been diognosed, after a false diognisis of lymphoma, with a carciniod tumor. If you or someone you know has one, are they healthy? Are they really deadly?

    • ANSWER:
      I think you mean carcinoid tumor. It is a neuroendocrine tumor.
      It is very strange she would have a false diagnosis of lymphoma first.
      Anyway they are usually slow growing, but like most cancers survival depends on stage.

  43. QUESTION:
    Carcinoid cancer, if you have ultrasound of affected are does it show up the same as other cancers?
    My mother has carcinoid cancer, and for 20 years she was told she had a fatty liver. I have been told I have a fatty liver. I have PCOS also. I know a lot about carcinoid tumors and my chances of having it are increased b/c of family, and PCOS. I know these tumors can occurs in several different places. I had Mammogram today b/c of lump. They then called me back and did a ultrasound. She then left me and took it to Dr. They came back and said my skin @ lump was different than the rest of my breast. They said it was very dense but it didn't look like breast cancer, but they didn't know why it would hurt. She smiled and said have a good day. Doesn't neuroendocrine tumors look different on ultrasound or scans than normal tumors. Isn't that why they are hard to find?

    • ANSWER:
      Don't worry. Listen to your doctors.

  44. QUESTION:
    Which cancers commonly metastasize to the colon?
    Hi, I'm a medical student and stuck at this question. Were wondering if there are any knowledgable doctors out there who could provide me with teh answer. Thanks.
    sorry I meant the small bowel not the colon...thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Not a common site of metastasis. Usually get primary tumors there including carcinoid, small bowel lymphoma, and MALTomas. Hope that helps. Dr. J

  45. QUESTION:
    Explain how does gastric carcinoma happens?
    gastric carcinoma is a stomach cancer.Its alternate names are Cancer - stomach and Stomach cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Gastric Carcinoma is also called as Stomach cancer. There are many causes for gettiing this type of cancer -

      Your stomach is a muscular sac located in the upper middle of your abdomen, just below your ribs. The stomach walls are lined with three layers of powerful muscles that mix food with enzymes and acids produced by glands in the stomach's inner lining. Your stomach's delicate tissues are protected from this acidic mix by a thick, jelly-like mucus that coats the stomach lining.

      Types of stomach cancer

      Adenocarcinomas. The great majority of stomach cancers are adenocarcinomas, which start in the glandular cells in the stomach's innermost lining. Adenocarcinomas account for about 95 percent of all stomach cancers.
      Lymphomas. These are cancers of immune system tissue in the stomach wall. Some lymphomas are aggressive, whereas others grow much more slowly. The latter, known medically as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas, usually stem from H. pylori infection and are often curable when found in the early stages.
      Carcinoid tumors. A small percentage of stomach cancers are carcinoid tumors that originate in the stomach's hormone-producing cells. Carcinoid tumors tend to grow less quickly and spread (metastasize) less frequently than do the more common stomach cancers.
      Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Doctors believe that these rare tumors develop from cells called interstitial cells of Cajal, which are part of your autonomic nervous system. Your autonomic nervous system consists of the nerves that regulate the part of your nervous system that you can't control, such as your heart rate, blood pressure and intestinal function.

      Although GISTs can occur anywhere from the esophagus to the rectum, most are found in the stomach. Yet GISTs are not the same as other gastric cancers, differing not only in the cells in which they originate but also in their prognosis and treatment. A majority of GISTs have a specific genetic mutation that allows for treatment with a new form of cancer-specific therapy.

      Why stomach cancer develops
      Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way. This process is controlled by DNA — the genetic material that contains the instructions for every chemical process in your body. Some of the genes in your DNA promote cell division and some slow cell division or program cells to die at the right time. Still other genes control processes that help repair DNA. When DNA is damaged, these genes may not function properly, causing cells to grow out of control and eventually form a tumor — a mass of malignant cells.

      Although the causes of many types of cancer aren't clear, researchers have made progress in pinpointing factors that damage DNA in stomach cells and in understanding how that damage leads to cancer. These factors include:

      H. pylori infection. A majority of the world's population is infected with corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) that live deep in the mucous layer that coats the lining of the stomach. Although it's not entirely clear how the bacteria are transmitted, it's likely they spread from person to person through the oral-fecal route or are ingested in contaminated drinking water. H. pylori infection frequently occurs in childhood and can last throughout life if not treated. It's the primary cause of stomach ulcers.

      Having ulcers doesn't necessarily put you at higher risk of stomach cancer, but having H. pylori infection does. That's because long-term infection causes inflammation that can lead to precancerous changes in the stomach lining. One of these changes is atrophic gastritis, a condition in which the acid-producing glands are slowly destroyed. It's likely that low acid levels prevent cancer-causing toxins from being properly broken down or flushed out of your stomach.

      Nitrates and nitrites. These are nitrogen-based chemicals that are added to certain foods, especially cured meats such as ham and bacon, hot dogs and deli meats. Both nitrates and nitrites combine with other nitrogen-containing substances in your stomach to form N-nitroso compounds — carcinogens that are known to cause stomach cancer.
      Salted, smoked or pickled foods and red meat. Before the advent of refrigeration, people commonly preserved food by salting, smoking or pickling. But these foods often contain large amounts of nitrites and nitrates, which can be converted in your stomach into cancer-causing compounds. Countries where consumption of salted meat and fish and pickled vegetables is high — Japan and Korea are notable examples — tend to have correspondingly high rates of stomach cancer. Eating a diet high in red meat, especially when the meat is barbecued or well-done, also has been linked to stomach cancer.
      Tobacco and alcohol use. Tobacco use can irritate the stomach lining, which may help explain why smokers have twice the rate of stomach cancer that nonsmokers do. Alcohol has been associated with an increased

  46. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer?
    Help please because I would like to be an oncologist!

    • ANSWER:
      Adrenal Cancer
      AIDS-related Lymphoma
      Anal Cancer
      Ataxia-Telangiectasia

      Bladder Cancer
      Brain Metastasis
      Brain Tumors
      Brain Tumors (Childhood)
      Breast Cancer

      Carcinoid Tumors
      Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
      Cervical Cancer
      Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
      Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
      Colorectal Cancer
      Craniopharyngioma
      Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma/Mycosis Fungoides

      Endometrial and Uterine Cancer
      Esophageal Cancer
      Ewing's Sarcoma

      Fallopian Tube Cancer

      Gallbladder Cancer
      Gastric Cancer
      Gestational Trophoblastic Disease and Choriocarcinoma

      Hairy Cell Leukemia
      Hodgkin's Disease

      Kaposi's Sarcoma
      Kidney Cancer

      Laryngeal Cancer
      Leukemia-- Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
      Leukemia-- Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
      Leukemia: The Basics
      Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
      Liver Cancer (Childhood)
      Liver Cancer (Hepatoma)
      Lung Cancer
      Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin's Disease
      Lymphomas: Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Childhood)
      Lymphomas: Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (Childhood)

      Medulloblastoma
      Melanoma
      Mesothelioma
      Metastases
      Myelomas
      Myeloproliferative Disorders

      Neuroblastoma
      Non-Hodgkin's Disease
      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

      Oropharyngeal Cancers
      Osteosarcoma
      Ovarian Cancer

      Pancreatic Cancer
      Parathyroid Cancer
      Penile Cancer
      Pituitary Cancer
      Prostate Cancer

      Retinoblastoma
      Rhabdomyosarcoma and Other Soft-Tissue Sarcomas

      Sarcoma: Bone
      Sarcoma: Soft Tissue
      Sarcomas: Osteosarcoma
      Sarcomas: Rhabdomyosarcoma
      Small Intestine Cancers
      Small-Cell Lung Cancer

      Testicular Cancer
      Thymoma
      Thyroid Cancer

      Urethral Cancer

      Vaginal Cancer

      Veterinary Oncology

      Vulvar Cancer

      Wilms' Tumor

  47. QUESTION:
    I have been diagnosed with Neuro Endocrine Cancer. What next?
    I am 40 yrs old, and the cancer is in my skull, spine, pelvic bones,shoulder blades, and arm and leg bones. My liver and kidneys are affected and there is a tumor growing from my liver up into the right ventricle of my heart.

    • ANSWER:
      It is a rare cancer so it's very important that you are treated by a neuroendocrine expert who is able to give you the available options. The "old" name for your cancer is "carcinoid". Find an expert listed here: http://carcinoid.org/pcf/specialists.shtml

  48. QUESTION:
    What is carcinoid cancer?
    My dad was diagnosed with carciniod cancer. We were told that it is very rare. I have been trying to research it but I just don't understand. Can anyone tell me exactly what it is?
    They first found the cancer in his intestines. It is also in his kidneys, stomach, lungs, and liver now. The doctor told him it had been growing for the past 10-15 years without his knowledge. He is not eligible for chemotherapy or radiation, but has been receiving experimental therapy (hormone injections) at Sloan-Kettering.

    • ANSWER:
      It is a tumor which secretes serotonin and usually originates in the intestines. It is rare. I'll quote you from my reference: incidence is about 15 cases per million population... about 5% of patients develop carcinoid syndrome... cutaneous flushing, diarrhea, and valvular heart disease. The prognosis for 5 year survival is pretty good.


carcinoid cancer

Cancerous Moles Pictures

Many people have moles, some more than others. A person should be aware of what a mole looks like normally as well as what to watch for if they are cancerous. There are blue moles, raised moles, moles that are only on the surface of the skin, called junctional moles, moles on the dermis called dermal nevus and moles that have connections to both the epidermis and dermis, called compound nevus. Adults who notice that moles are increasing in number on their skin need to take precautions since moles rarely grow during adulthood. It may lead to a cancer of the skin, which is a major type of skin tumor.

Normal moles grow in different layers of the skin and that's one way to classify them. Those that grow in the epidermis, the outer layer of skin, are junctional nevus. This type of mole is almost flat to the skin, although they may be slightly raised. Moles that are normal have a similar color all throughout. A mole can be considered suspicious if it has varied colors. Scalp of moles that are cancerous may have different shades like red, brown, tan, or black. There are also some signs that need immediate medical attention such as the appearance of mole at past age twenty, itchy skin, surface is oozing or bleeding, skin is inflamed, skin is scaly or crusty, or it takes a form of a sore that does not heal.

Cancerous moles symptoms are not noticeable all the time. Added to this is the fact that no common symptoms can definitely tell you if a mole is cancerous or not. So it's essential for you to observe the color, shape and size of your moles closely so that you can tell at once if they undergo any special changes that are cancerous-like. If you have cancerous moles, your doctor will recommend that they be removed immediately. Cutting into a mole with cancer cells will not cause the disease to spread. Melanoma accounts for less than 5% of all skin cancer instances. That being said, it also has the highest mortality rate of all skin cancers and can quickly spread to other parts of your body. Melanoma typically presents as a brown, red, or black spot that is irregularly shaped.

An evolving mole is a big concern. So see your doctor if you have any of these signs of skin cancer or cancerous moles. If you catch melanoma early you will be able to treat it effectively. Don't wait. It can sneak up on you. Melanoma is systemic; it is not confined to the area on your skin. Actually, it is hard to tell the difference between precancerous mole and early stage melanoma. Dysplastic nevus or atypical mole is considered as precancerous mole because they have the characteristics that brought suspicions as being cancerous such as having irregular borders and asymmetrical in form. While moles and freckles can be kept if the individual feels that they positively affect their appearance, they need to be routinely checked by a skilled dermatologist for any sign of cancer.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    If a person has a cancerous mole on their head and doesn't know it how does it kill them?
    What's the process of a cancerous mole on head death? Does it spread into the brain or what?

    I have a mole on my head that looks a little weird but it's been there for years. I'm 21.

    • ANSWER:
      you are too young to have cancer. but you should monitor it for changes, if it grows or changes color then call your doctor. taking a picture will help with this. cancer is spread by little pieces coming off, and floating in the blood stream to a new place, usually the liver or lungs. cancer can also spread by direct extension, meaning it grows into the next tissue or organ.

  2. QUESTION:
    i have a brown mole very close to my earlobe. it sticks out a tiny bit and its edges are very clear?
    i saw in the internet a picture of a mole that looks exactly like that and it said this is the picture of a non cancerous, harmless mole.
    i made an appointment with a skin doctor on friday.
    the question is: will the doctor burn the mole, and if so, how bad does it hurt?

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    How long is recovery time for getting a mole removed?
    Okay two questions here : how long will recovery time be ( to get bandages off my face ) an will there be a scar ? Okay my mole ( beauty mark as my grandma says ) is above my lip on the left side just under my nose , it doesn't bother me but I hate the way it looks ! Is it worth facing the scar if I get it removed it is elevated but not huge but not just a little .. Help?

    • ANSWER:
      It's not a yes or no answer, or how long, everyone heals differently.

      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, Before you do anything to your mole, make sure it's been seen by a doctor if it's a good mole or a bad mole.
      I had a pimple that never went away, it was in the same area where Liz' mole was, I felt blessed! But, it got infected because I picked on it & picked on it when it got bumpy, it had been on my face for 4 years. One year it didn't get bumpy, so it was flat for one year after that. I picked on it again, and now it's flat and it's almost faded - like any acne on our faces!!!! But usually, I even try to darken it with eyebrow pencil. I've always have clear complexion, but I noticed when it gets cloudy I couldn't protect myself from the heat, so that's why it got bumpy again.

      My aunts, my mom and two of mom's in-laws have the same chin moles, since they were teenagers. When they have photos together, you could say they could have been separated from birth! I'm not making this up.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  4. QUESTION:
    How much does it cost to get moles removed from face, and does it hurt or scar?
    I have three moles on or near my chin and one on my forhead that are getting on my nerves because i either nick them when i shave, or people think they are zits, or they stare at them while talking to me. I have had enough of this ! LOL
    How much will a doctor charge me to get rid of these four moles? They are not cancerous or anything. But they stick up a bit (not flat moles) and are a normal brownish color and are not that big, but they are noticeable.

    • ANSWER:
      i had a couple of moles removed a year ago and it did not cost me as much as i thought it would. the previous answer is correct, it is a dermatologist that does this type of procedure. removing a mole is relatively painless, and i did not get a chance to see the device they use. it sounded like a nail file being used and was over before i knew what happened. there is a small mark where the moles used to be, but only noticeable if a person looks really close.

      the total bill came to about 400 dollars, but of course, that will depend on what part of the globe you have this done. i was in the US northwest. most dermatologists will give you an estimate, especially if you are not going through an insurance company and will have to pay the entire bill out of pocket. they might even have a few pictures from past procedures so that you can see exactly what it will look like after.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is there any way to tell if a mole is cancerous without getting it removed?
    I have a mole on the side of my face and its been hurting me all day. It feels like a little bruise. I'm wondering if there is a way that i can tell if it is cancerous without getting it removed. I know its silly but i wouldn't feel like myself without my mole.

    • ANSWER:
      Google information about cancerous moles. There are pictures of different types and stages of cancerous moles. I think you'd probably notice a change in it if it was getting bad. Also, many types of cancers are painless until the latter stages when pain centers become affected with things like throat cancer or bone cancer. You're probably cool but the doc is a good idea. Its smart that you're getting checked early just in case.
      Good luck.

  6. QUESTION:
    Are there any home remedies to get rid of moles or make them smaller or faded?
    I have two moles that are so distracting and ugly... Whenever I am in pictures I turn one way because I have Dark moles on the other side. They are soo ugly. I dont want to buy anything or go to the doctors or have surgery. They are small and dark (non-cancerous) and they are such adistraction. Plzz Help

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some tips to try:

      http://www.natural-homeremedies.com/homeremedies_moles.htm

      The 1st suggestion says to try VASELINE, but DO NOT EVER PUT VASELINE ANYWHERE ON YOUR BODY.

      MOST beauty products on the market have harmful chemicals in them; do your favorite beauty products contain any of these things?:

      * Mineral Oil, Paraffin & Petrolatum – Petroleum products coat the skin like plastic, clogging pores and creating a build-up of toxins, which in turn accumulate and can lead to dermatological issues, like slowing cellular development, which can cause you to show earlier signs of aging, and vitamin deficiency. Suspected cause of cancer & disruptive of hormonal activity. Mineral oils contain hydrocarbons, a real danger to the stomach and especially the lungs.

      * PARABENS – Such as methyl- propyl- butyl- & ethyl- parabens: Widely used as preservatives in the cosmetic industry (including moisturizers). An estimated 13,200 cosmetic and skin care products contain parabens. Studies implicate their connection with cancer. They have hormone-disrupting qualities – mimicking estrogen – and interfere with the body’s endocrine system.

      * Propylene Glycol – Used as a moisturizer in cosmetics and as a carrier in fragrance oils. Shown to cause dermatitis, kidney or liver abnormalities, may inhibit skin cell growth, and is a skin irritant and sensitizer.

      * ALCOHOLS – Such as Isopropyl Alcohol, SD Alcohol 40, Ethyl Alcohol: Alcohols dissolve the body’s natural moisturizers and strip the skin of its protection, leaving it vulnerable to infection. Alcohols destroy skin’s pH balance, and since they absorb water, they speed up wrinkling.

      * Sodium laurel or lauryl sulfate (SLS), also known as sodium laureth sulfate (SLES) – Found in car washes, engine degreasers, garage floor cleaners… and in OVER 90% of personal care products! SLS breaks down the skin’s moisture barrier, easily penetrates the skin, and allows other chemicals to easily penetrate. Combined with other chemicals, SLS becomes a “nitrosamine”, a potent class of carcinogen. It can also cause hair loss. SLES is sometimes disguised with the labeling “comes from coconut” or “coconut-derived" - and is found in many popular body washes and toothpastes!

      * Toluene – Poison! Danger! Harmful or fatal if swallowed! Harmful if inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Made from petroleum or coal tar, and found in most synthetic fragrances. Chronic exposure linked to anemia, lowered blood cell count, liver or kidney damage, and may affect a developing fetus. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) contains toluene. Other names may include benzoic and benzyl.

      * WAXES – Such as Paraffin, Candelilla Wax, Carnuba Wax: Waxes are widely used in cleansing creams, eye creams, and moisturizers. Waxes clog pores, creating blackheads and whiteheads. They also smother the skin, which over time creates an enlarged pore problem.

      * FD&C – When this abbreviation precedes the name of a color, it means that the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has certified it as safe for use in drugs and cosmetics, but not food. D&C colors are usually synthetic, coal tar colors. They’re toxic and should be avoided when at all possible.

      * PHTHALATES – These chemicals rarely find their way onto an ingredients list, but they are present in many health and beauty products just the same. Wherever you see “perfume” or “fragrance,” phthalates are present, because they are used to preserve these synthetic scents. Recent studies have shown that phthalates may be mutagenic, carcinogenic, and adversely affect male sperm, that they increase levels of testosterone and estrogen in humans, and are central to breast cancer risk. They are an ingredient in nail polish and other lacquers, and in soft plastics (e.g., infant chew toys).

      * Lanolin – A yellow, semi-solid, fatty secretion from sheep’s wool is widely used in skin and beauty care products. It can cause an allergic reaction in some people, as well as enlarged pores.

      * Acetone – Used in nail polish and nail polish removers, this colorless, volatile liquid is often used in astringents, fresheners, or clarifying lotions. It is extremely toxic and will dehydrate the skin, while speeding up the aging process.

      * Acrylamide – Found in many hand and face creams. Linked to mammary tumors in lab research.

      * Phenol carbolic acid – Found in many lotions and skin creams. Can cause circulatory collapse, paralysis, convulsions, coma and even death from respiratory failure.

      * Dioxane – Found in compounds known as PEG, Polysorbates, Laureth, ethoxylated alcohols. Common in a wide range of personal care products. The compounds are usually contaminated with high concentrations of highly volatile 1,4-dioxane, easily absorbed through the skin. Dioxane’s carcinogenicity was first reported in 1965 and later confirmed in studies including one from the National Cancer Institute in 1978. Nasal passages and liver are the most vulnerable. Dioxane is easily removed during the manufacturing process by “vacuum stripping”. Warning: It is a synthetic derivative of coconut. Watch for hidden language on labels, such as “comes from coconut”.

      IF SO, you should throw them away IMMEDIATELY and Tell ALL your friends and family!!! (Extra-virgin olive and/or coconut oils are great alternative moisturizers, and they contain natural sunscreens, until you find something else without these toxins) Hope this helps!!! Good Luck!!!!!

  7. QUESTION:
    How much does Mole Removal cost?
    I have a mole located on the side of my face, and doctors say it needs to be removed, but because of where it is located, I have to go to a day surgeon. I also have other moles that I want removed. Would it be possible for them to removal all my moles at the same time? And how much would it cost?

    • ANSWER:
      It's really expensive to get them removed. Especially since most of the time, they're removed for cosmetic purposes and not because they're cancerous. Therefore, insurance doesn't cover the procedure. I had a mole removed about 4 years ago, surgically. It was about 0 and it left a scar that I still have.

      I recently just bought this stuff called Dermatend. It's a natural mole remover. It's way cheaper, and they guarantee a refund if it doesn't work, or you don't like it. I just started using it today, so I can't say whether it's fully effective or not. I'd like to think so. The company offered to pay me for my before and after pictures, so that was somewhat reassuring.

      Sorry I can't be of more help.

  8. QUESTION:
    How to get rid of moles on your face?
    I'm looking for natural home remedies. I've heard most effective way is to use cider vinegar. Idk if there is a difference with cider and white vinegar. So if any1 can help me I would greatly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      You can't just remove them, without first seen by a dermatologist.

      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google Celebrities with beauty marks.
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face actually for her, it a huge birthmark... There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, and when I had a pimple that never went away, it was in the same area where Liz' mole was, I felt blessed! But, it got infected because I picked on it & picked on it when it got bumpy, it had been on my face for 4 years. One year it didn't get bumpy, so it was flat for one year after that. I picked on it again, and now it's flat and it's almost faded - like any acne on our faces!!!! But usually, I even try to darken it with eyebrow pencil. I've always have clear complexion, but I noticed when it gets cloudy I couldn't protect myself from the heat, so that's why it got bumpy again.

      My aunts, my mom and two of mom's in-laws have the same chin moles like you described, since they were teenagers. When they have photos together, you could say they could have been separated from birth! I'm not making this up.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

  9. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when a mole is really sore to touch?
    It is really stingy to touch and is itching like crazy anyone know what this might be?

    • ANSWER:
      Any changes in a mole such as size, colour, itchiness, soreness, or if one just appears then please go to your G.P immediately. It may be harmless but it could also mean skin cancer! Sorry to be so blunt but but it is not worth taking the risk of leaving it. I developed a mole on my buttock around 7yrs ago and done nothing about it for 9mths. When i did eventually show my doctor i was sent to the Fast Track Skin Cancer Unit that same day for photographs to be taken. I was called to the hospital the following day for results. The doctor was not happy with the pictures, my mole was dark in Colour and it was also itchy. I was then taken into another room where the doc proceeded to take the mole away, digging deep to assure that if it was cancerous then he had removed all surrounding areas therefore no more surgery to remove it. I will state that the area was numbed and i didn't feel anything. I was then stitched up and sent home. By pure luck the tests on the mole and surrounding skin were non-cancerous. However this means i am more prone to developing more moles and skin cancer in the future and must not get burned by the sun. Please do NOT use sunbeds!!! I used it once before i had the mole. I am not saying this caused it but please don't use them. Too many young people die of skin cancer purely through using sunbeds. I haven't had any more since. Go to your doctor tomorrow. Hope everything turns out well for you. x

  10. QUESTION:
    How do you get paler skin naturally?
    I'm quite tanned, but I hate it and I would like paler skin. I don't want any thing that's chemically altered like getting the whitening injection thing that Michael Jackson got, but maybe if someone could give the name of a cream or something.

    • ANSWER:
      Number one rule: stay out of the sun. Like Mario Lopez, he's a Mexican descent, but he won't even stand outside in the sun to do a photo shoot for a tanning lotion. Julianne Moore is one of those, who like to protect her skin from AGING. She walks in the shade. I grow up in Asia for 13 years, so I was dark, but it took more than 13 years to the color I have now.

      Your tan will fade after several months even years, depends how old you are now.

      I've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      No matter, I still got Discoid Lupus (Google it), caused from the sun. It took 12 years for them to fade. Tried all kinds of lotions that were prescribed to me, and none of them worked. More & more now I protect myself and I take my wide brim hat everywhere I go, or use an umbrella. Floppy hats are back in style. In Asia, they use umbrella all the time. Here in the States, people started to catch on, and I see people walking w/umbrella, they are used on the beach, and they sell patio umbrellas. It was invented for a reason and also to protect us from getting skin cancer. Wear long jackets, or denim a lot. Even inside a car, the heat alone from the sun can tan anyone.

      While in HS, I frequently wear a floppy hat. Thank God, those are now back again! I've use a wide brim hat, even in the car to avoid glare. Long drives I put a blanket over the window, and my umbrella comes with me everywhere.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.
      RE SKIN LIGHTENING:
      The FDA have banned 23 more whitening products. Google it. About 17,600,000 results.
      The reason cited for the proposed ban is that studies in rodents show "some evidence" that hydroquinone may act as a carcinogen or cancer-causing chemical, although its cancer-causing properties have yet to be proved in humans. Hydroquinone also has been linked with the medical condition known as ochronosis in which the skin becomes dark and thick. Dome-shaped yellowish spots and grayish-brown spots also are observed in ochronosis among black women and men in South Africa, Britain, and the U.S. Ochronosis has been observed in conjunction with hydroquinone use even in persons who have used hydroquinone-containing cosmetics for a short time. Some studies also report abnormal function of the adrenal glands and high levels of mercury in people who have used hydroquinone-containing cosmetics. For these reasons, hydroquinone has already been banned in Japan, the European Union, and Australia.

      Any skin-lightening products containing hydroquinone would be considered new drugs, according to the proposed FDA regulations. The products would require FDA approval before being sold to the public and would only be available with a doctor's prescription.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

  11. QUESTION:
    Removed my mole but now it has come back?
    Early last month I removed a mole with vinegar. It worked as it scabbed over and left a pink scar. But now it's gone darker and it's like the mole has come back because it's the same colour and same size as before, like nothing has ever happened. Should I repeat what I did before and then use cocoa butter on the scar, or would this not help?

    • ANSWER:
      Yep, once they're exposed to the sun, they will come back, the sun does that to scars, unless they're protected. I had a flea bit (spider bite) the size of a zero (on this page), covered by my watch, but I scratched it, and it took 3 months for it to fade, since it was covered by my watch. If it was exposed from the sun, it would have become a mole. Moles that don't turn darker, they will also turn into skin tags. Take a look @ movie stars who have moles (skin tags now) that had a small mole when they're younger. Tom Cruise has one. Kate Winslet has one.

      There are good moles & there are bad moles. Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds). Elizabeth Taylor's MOLE(s) kept moving, but she only kept one. You just can't remove your own mole(s) without FIRST seen by a doctor. It could turned out it was one of those good mole, or bad moles.

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  12. QUESTION:
    Can moles look cancerous or grow in size but not actually be cancerous? ?
    I've had a mole for like five years more or less, i'm not really sure, and recently I heard a lot about melanoma skin cancer. So I went into the doctor after looking at pictures on the internet, convinced that I had it. However, the doctor seemed unconcerned and told me to come back in six months. This didn't seem right to me but I don't really know about this stuff.

    • ANSWER:
      My daughter had a mole removed at the Dr's. It was where her bikini/bra did up. She wanted it removed because it rubbed. She'd had the mole for alot of years. It came back from the lab as skin cancer.

      My husband had a larger, irregular shaped, reddish mole on his back. The Dr took one look at it and said she thought it was cancerous. His biopsy came back as normal.

      Your Dr must be pretty sure it's not cancerous, if he's so unconcerned. Although the only way to tell for sure is getting a biopsy done.

  13. QUESTION:
    How can I keep wrinkles and sags away right now?
    I'm 25! I don't want to have wrinkles on my face or sags underneath my eyes. I don't have any now! But I heard 25 is when they start. What are some precautions I can take? Should I make an appointment with a dermatologist?

    • ANSWER:
      Here's how I see it. Grapes have lots of moisture inside, but once they've got too much sun, that moisture is gone and they become raisins. No amount of moisture can plump those raisins back to grapes. Imagine that happening to your skin. Sun, too much long baths, drench your body out of moisture: 1. Take short showers. Don't soak too long, or swim often. 2. Protect yourself from the sun, use a wide brim hat or umbrella (in Asia, many women use them, not just for rain, but from the hot sun. They were invented decades ago before beauty products). If your skin is dry, it craves moisture. I use very little moisturizer on my face, feet, hands are protected often using gloves for everything so I don't have to wash my hands often.
      Kim Kardashian have shown how to get rid of the wrinkle on her eyes, on her show. She got a botox done, and that night she bruised really bad. She made a promise "I'LL NEVER GET THEM DONE AGAIN!"
      Swimming & tanning are the worst enemies for 'dish pan look' skin. Save your money, don't buy anti-aging products. If you take care of your skin now, you can prevent beauty poisoning in the long run. Smoking causes wrinkles. Victoria Beckham says she hates how she looks when she smiles, the real reason why is 'smiling causes' wrinkles' and worrying too much also! Many anti-aging are not approved by the FDA, it's trendy right now because people are desperate. What's done to their skin, is too late and you can't reverse aging. It's a billion dollar business.You can try soaking them with serum, or whale sperm, or water or juice, but it's never the same as before. Skin is the same thing . . . that's why people go for the faster route. They travel to Brazil to get a cheap surgery, but they come back to Beverly Hills to get them corrected.

      I'm almost 60 and still have no wrinkles. I've been protecting myself from the sun since age 9.
      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      No matter, I still got Discoid Lupus (Google it), caused from the sun. It took 12 years for them to fade. Tried all kinds of lotions that were prescribed to me, and none of them worked. More & more now I protect myself and I take my wide brim hat everywhere I go, or use an umbrella. In Asia, they use umbrella all the time. Here in the States, people started to catch on, and I see people walking w/umbrella, they are used on the beach, and they sell patio umbrellas. It was invented for a reason and also to protect us from getting skin cancer. Gene Simmons of KISS, have moles on his face & neck, now you see him under an umbrella with Shannon, during an outdoor event. Mario Lopez won't even go out in the sun to do a photo shoot for a tanning commercial, look how good his skin looks.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      As for your sags:
      The answer? No beauty products can do that. If you have concealer on, and you look sideways, you can still see those dark bags under the eyes or some calls it dark circles. Only in magazines they're airbrushed & TV, they look like they're NOT THERE.

      Without wearing tons of make up, they can't just go away. Don't believe me? Google them and see their latest photos.
      Jane Fonda had surgery done, admitted she hated surgeries, but that's ONE she actually had done.

      You CAN try to sleep the same amount of hours everyday, and eat all the healthy foods from Mother Nature.

      It's possible changing your sleep & diet can do miracles.
      Sleep deprivation, chronic allergies and vitamin deficiency can cause undereye circles - so eat greens and be sure to get plenty of sleep!" Dr. Wendy Roberts, M.D., past president of Women's Dermatologic Society.Vera Wang is a billionaire, designing the best wedding gowns around in this part of town, Kim Kardashian's 3 wedding gowns are from Vera. Take a look @ her eyes, she's got one of the worst bags around, and with all that money and best beauty advisers, she can't get rid of her dark circles.

      Even Oprah & Hilary Clinton who buys the best concealers money can buy can't cover theirs.

  14. QUESTION:
    I have a brown mole under my right breast?
    So i have a brown freckle under the left boob and a brown mole under the right boob. I have had them since i was born, Is it bad or just normal? Its kind of funny tho. But there both a cent. away from the nipple, i want to know is it infectious and can i make the mole smaller?

    • ANSWER:
      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google Celebrities with beauty marks.
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)
      Best way to answer this is have a doctor check on the mole, but you can't make a mole smaller.

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, and when I had a pimple that never went away, it was in the same area where Liz' mole was, I felt blessed! But, it got infected because I picked on it & picked on it when it got bumpy, it had been on my face for 4 years. One year it didn't get bumpy, so it was flat for one year after that. I picked on it again, and now it's flat and it's almost faded - like any acne on our faces!!!! But usually, I even try to darken it with eyebrow pencil. I've always have clear complexion, but I noticed when it gets cloudy I couldn't protect myself from the heat, so that's why it got bumpy again.

      My aunts, my mom and two of mom's in-laws have the same chin moles like you described, since they were teenagers. When they have photos together, you could say they could have been separated from birth! I'm not making this up.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  15. QUESTION:
    Is it necessary to wear sunscreen daily if you don't live in a hot climate?
    Or can I just wear a normal moisturiser which contains an SPF 20? I hate the thick consistency of suncream and it smells horrible (all of them!) so i could not bear to wear it daily under my make up. I only use real suncream in the summer when i'm going to be sitting in the sun or sunbathing of course.

    • ANSWER:
      The ONLY sunscreen I use is my wide brim hat or umbrella, but usually I'd wear long sleeves the rest of the year. In a hot climate, umbrella is your best defense, they were invented for centuries before beauty products were invented to protect us from the elements.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.

      I'm the kind of person who has families with moles as large as raisin-size. I don't want moles on my body, so I always have been concern about that. But, how I got lupus? I don't know! I got it period.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      To get the level of SPF you see on the label, you have to spread the lotion on like a layer of vanilla frosting; that's the thickness used in Food & Drug Administration tests. "So your SPF 30 is really a 10." says Steven Q Wang, M.D. director of dermatologic surgery and dermatology @ Memorial Sloan-Ketterng Cancer Center in Basking Ridge, NJ and author of Beating Melanoma. So don't skim: Frost that cupcake@"

      ~ Vogue May or June 2011. Glamour May 2012.

      Best protection is wearing DENIM clothing, or a wide brim hat, but better yet, an umbrella.

      The sun and too much soaking in the tub or pool are skin's worst enemies.

  16. QUESTION:
    What is the best UV index to get a dark tan in?
    If i lay out in the sun for an hour if the UV index is 9-10 will i tan or burn?

    • ANSWER:
      Burn.

      Spots or blemish can be the start of a freckle, mole, skin tag, or skin diseases like Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid or Lentigo (Google them) or stain from lotions.

      If you got burned before the age of 18, it's hard telling if they're freckles and being out in the sun could make them darker & bumpier as you continue to age.

      Listen. . . . I've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      No matter, I still got Discoid Lupus (Google it), caused from the sun. It took 12 years for them to fade. Tried all kinds of lotions that were prescribed to me, and none of them worked. More & more now I protect myself and I take my wide brim hat everywhere I go, or use an umbrella. In Asia, they use umbrella all the time. Here in the States, people started to catch on, and I see people walking w/umbrella, they are used on the beach, and they sell patio umbrellas. It was invented for a reason and also to protect us from getting skin cancer. Gene Simmons of KISS, have moles on his face & neck, now you see him under an umbrella with Shannon, during an outdoor event. Mario Lopez won't even go out in the sun to do a photo shoot for a tanning commercial, look how good his skin looks.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      Tanning comes & go, unless you do them everyday 24/7. But in the end the only thing you'll benefit is either moles, freckles, skin tags or discolorations from sunscreens, lotions, etc. and the more you do, the more they get larger, darker & bumpier, even skin diseases like Bullous Pemphegoid or Discoid Lupus. Like exercising, your muscles will sag, when suddenly you stopped, same with getting a tan, they will fade.

      Tanning, is a result for 'damaged skin' and no products can reverse you from skin cancer or damaged skin, may prevent you from pre-mature aging, but that's part of the billion dollar beauty industry.

      Melanoma is the leading cause of death from skin disease. An estimated 76,259 new cases of skin cancer will be reported particularly among women in their 20's & 30's, and that's 6,020 more than 2011, people died from the disease, according to the National Cancer Institute. Two million people are diagnosed with skin cancer in the US each year, according to the EPA's Sun-Wise Program. That's more than breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer cases combine!

      Watch Mirror, Mirror when the evil queen played by Julia Roberts wanted to look as fair as the princess played by Lily Collins. I came from a vacay in Ireland, and many of the people there working in the profession (luxury hotels and banks, etc.) have beautiful white complexion!
      This is what beautiful flawless skin looks like:
      http://www.glamourmagazine.co.uk/dos-and-donts/hairstyle-pictures-today/2012/05/15/zooey-deschanel-side-swept-chocolate-curls
      Google Liv Tyler. http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=liv+tyler&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8

  17. QUESTION:
    My cheeks are darker than the rest of my face?
    My cheeks are a little bit darker then the rest of my face, how to clear the dark portion ?

    • ANSWER:
      Are you using acne medications, sunscreen lotion, whitening products etc.?

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.
      But wearing a wide brim hat or umbrella. I'm the kind of person who has families with moles as large as raisin-size. I don't want moles on my body, so I always have been concern about that. But, how I got lupus? I don't know! I got it period.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

  18. QUESTION:
    Black spot on neck is it a melanoma?
    I discovered a small dark spot on the back of my neck today. Its about the size and shape of the graphite tip on a pencil. Its slightly unsymmetrical and the edges are kinda rough but the area is a single color and its flat. Is it possible that its cancerous. Im only fifteen and I have a doctors appointment very soon should i be concerned?

    • ANSWER:
      I am be-freckled person. I have a wide variety of colors, shapes of sizes of moles and freckles. Benign ones (not bad) come in all shapes and sizes. Benign ones can be perfectly round or even odd shapes.

      A malignant one (a bad one) will grow and change shape, typically rather fast, but sometimes can be slow. It may change color (or not). It may ooze (or not).

      I have had a couple bad ones. Both of them would tingle and hurt once in a while. If I pressed on them they would hurt. Now, I don't know if that is always the case. I am sure peeps have had bad ones that didn't feel any different - that's just my experience.

      The doctor/dermatologist can take a biopsy or remove it outright, or may just opt for watchful waiting. They should also recommend you document any you are worried about. Have your mom or someone take a picture of yours. Measure it and date it and just check it once in a while.

      Try not to stress too much! Keep an eye on your skin, wear sunscreen if you can bear it! Good luck!

  19. QUESTION:
    I have a mole under my right breast?
    I've never noticed it before, i literally only noticed it about a week ago, its slightly raised but its not big. could this be anything to worry about? It cant be a mole from the sun as i only wear tshirts in the sun not bikini's or anything which will cause this mole to come up from the sun.

    • ANSWER:
      Get it checked by a doctor. no one on yahoo answers can tell you if its cancerous or not without looking at it and im sure you wouldnt show a picture of it to a stranger online

  20. QUESTION:
    can someone tell me the exact symptoms of skin cancer?
    I need to know the symptoms of it cuz i've got this red patch on my palm only on one hand but its not bumpyr or itchy or painful, its just there and it has increased alittle in size in bout 2 months. I need to know what it could be?

    • ANSWER:
      Weird shaped moles. Moles with more than one color, like black n brown, big moles ( 6 mm or pensil eracer size) , very itchy, red moles, very dry patch, and irregular boarders. Google pictures. However these can also be non cancerous. The only way to tell is to get it removed an sent off to be tested!

  21. QUESTION:
    how to become fair for men during teenage?
    I am fair by birth.But i am not fair now and have darker dark spots around the eyes.I want to become fair now.I live in India.Please suggest some home remedies and remove dark spots around eyes and act very quickly.I live in India.so suggest remedies available in India.presently I am 16 and i am male.

    • ANSWER:
      Avoid the sun @ least 95% of the day, use your umbrella, wear long clothes & cover up, walk in the shade.

      've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      No matter, I still got Discoid Lupus (Google it), caused from the sun. It took 12 years for them to fade. Tried all kinds of lotions that were prescribed to me, and none of them worked. More & more now I protect myself and I take my wide brim hat everywhere I go, or use an umbrella. In Asia, they use umbrella all the time. Here in the States, people started to catch on, and I see people walking w/umbrella, they are used on the beach, and they sell patio umbrellas. It was invented for a reason and also to protect us from getting skin cancer. Gene Simmons of KISS, have moles on his face & neck, now you see him under an umbrella with Shannon, during an outdoor event. Mario Lopez won't even go out in the sun to do a photo shoot for a tanning commercial, look how good his skin looks.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think!
      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Any skin-lightening products containing hydroquinone would be considered new drugs, according to the proposed FDA regulations. The products would require FDA approval before being sold to the public and would only be available with a doctor's prescription.
      Skin Creams, Soaps and Lotions Marketed as Skin Lighteners and Anti-aging Treatments: May Contain the Toxic Metal, Mercury.

  22. QUESTION:
    Best way to get healthy skin, nails and hair?
    Best way to get healthy skin, nails and hair?

    I have really thin brittle nails which means I have to keep them short as they will snap. I also get spotty occasionally and do not have the best skin. I also want my hair to grow... Not asking for much!!
    How can I improve my body heath to get sucess?

    • ANSWER:
      SKIN: Number one rule stay out of the sun, at least 90% of the day. Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.

      Too much sun & soaking in the tub, are the skin's worst enemies. Exfoliate with a wash cloth, using bath & body wash, every time you take a shower.

      NAILS: If you've got thin brittle nails . . . .Hubby, my SIL and their mom ALL have the same nails and break easily and hubby and I have eaten the same foods for over 39 years. Then it's from your genes. Get a manicure to a good salon, or do them yourself. You can protect them by using one of those plastic gloves. I use gloves often: for chores, gardening, handling papers, going outside during winter, spring & fall, and kitchen, painting, crafting, etc. That way I don't have to wash my hands often.

      HAIR: Also needs protected from the sun, to avoid discolorations from sunburned, and drying up more. Wear a floppy hat. Don't wash in hot water. Avoid chemicals, and washing often. Remember: The hair industry is a billion dollar business, they sell products that cleans & condition the hair. They also sell products that damage and causes hair loss. They also DO NOT give money back guarantee for damaged hair or hair loss due to 'abuse'. Mechanical, chemical, or thermal styling. Hair straighteners and relaxers top the hair products pose the greatest risks. Hair relaxers, related products marketed heavily to African-American women, are dangerous because they may contain powerful chemicals such as lye, a toxic substance also used in drain cleaners.

      You really are what you eat. Google: "Foods for Healthy Hair"
      Google: FIVE FOODS TO EAT FOR BEAUTIFUL SKIN

  23. QUESTION:
    Would you get these moles looked at by a doctor?
    http://img580.imageshack.us/img580/5623/dsc00898t.jpg

    http://img243.imageshack.us/img243/1125/dsc00901d.jpg

    I'm young (18) and have been reading up on skin cancer. I believe these are most likely atypical moles, though. Your opinion?

    • ANSWER:
      I feel that any advice I give you might mislead you into believing they are something they are not.
      In general, benign (non-cancerous) moles have the following characteristics;
      •Round
      •Brown
      •Raised
      •Symmetrical
      •Small (less than 6mm)
      •Well-demarcated borders

      Whereas cancerous moles are;
      •Irregular in shape, thickness and colour
      •Large
      •Have blurry edges

      It's hard to tell from your pictures.

      So here is my advice. Wait a month or even a few weeks. Take pictures periodically to see change in colour/shape. Measure the diameter of the mole to observe changes in size and note shape.
      If it changes much, then you may have a cancerous mole.

      But going to the doctor never hurts. I went for a two moles I have not always had. One is irregular, one is regular (shape) and both are light brown. It took the doctor all of 5 seconds to tell me that it looked fine, though if they change in appearance should they change shape/colour. One did change colour, it went black and more swollen. It was very scary. But I waited a few days and it turned out to be a blood blister or something and returned to normal again.

      So, it's very hard to tell with these things. I advise you see a doctor and not let people on here tell you what they think by only viewing two one-off pictures of them.

  24. QUESTION:
    I have a lot of new moles, should I be worried?
    I've naturally always had a lot of moles, and they are all normal, regular moles. Within the past year I've gotten four new moles on my hand and they all seem to gradually be getting larger in size. They look normal, I checked the ABCD's for skin cancer and I dont think any of them appear cancerous. I'm going to see a dermatologist in a few weeks, but should I be as worried as I am?

    • ANSWER:
      Wait to see your Dr for best treatment. Family member had this problem and after 40 she had some removed and cancer found. If you get check ups, and I mean butt crack and legs spread, you need to check every part of your body by the Dr. get ready for a life time of this type of check up every 6 to 12 months. Do not let it pass for years and if something seems strange have it checked.
      I suggest a camera and take pictures for your self. photo every part of your body, including the private areas. Keep these pictures and in the future take more. If things change from original pictures have the Dr look you over. Get a good Dr cause you will need it for your life time.

      There is no reason you can not lead a normal life and be comfortable. Just need a little extra care.

  25. QUESTION:
    How do I look more tan?
    I have been teased about my pale skin, so I want to look more "sun-kissed". However, when I go out in the sun, I get sunburned, even with sunscreen lotion, due to a skin condition. I have tried seeing a dermatologist, but nothing seems to work. Is there a way that I can become tan?

    • ANSWER:
      Don't worry what others or what I think, you NEED to take care of your skin, when you're burning that is not a good sign!

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.

      I'm the kind of person who has families with moles as large as raisin-size. I don't want moles on my body, so I always have been concern about that. But, how I got lupus? I don't know! I got it period.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Who cares if you have white skin, at least you will look beautiful when you get in your 50's, and girls with whiter skin will look YOUNGER looking in their 50's if you know how to preserve your skin. There's a reason why Robert Pattinson is so popular with the girls. His face has a kind of gorgeousness one sees in the faces of children, with its perfect pale skin, red lips, large eyes. It's hard to say it any other way: he's beautiful.

      Watch Mirror, Mirror when the evil queen played by Julia Roberts wanted to look as fair as the princess played by Lily Collins. I came from a vacay in Ireland, and many of the people there working in the profession (luxury hotels and banks, etc.) have beautiful white complexion!

      Tanning comes & go, unless you do them everyday 24/7 for the rest of your life. But in the end the only thing you'll benefit is either moles, freckles or discolorations from sunscreens, lotions, etc. and the more you do, the more they get larger, darker & bumpier. My nephew had a membership in a tanning bed salon for a year. After it expired, he stopped, now he's as white as before he began.

      Tanning, is a result for 'damaged skin' and no products can reverse you from skin cancer or damaged skin, may prevent you from pre-mature aging, but that's part of the billion dollar beauty industry.
      A new study conducted by the Indiana University School of Medicine Department of Dermatology has found that tanning bed exposure can be dangerous when tanners self-diagnose skin problems and use the radiation to treat skin eruptions. The study specifically found that a tanning bed user that used the radiation to treat a mild skin rash caused by an ibuprofen allergy developed a much more severe reaction called toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). When left untreated, TEN can be fatal.
      Melanoma is the leading cause of death from skin disease. An estimated 76,259 new cases of skin cancer will be reported particularly among women in their 20's & 30's, and that's 6,020 more than 2011, people died from the disease, according to the National Cancer Institute. Two million people are diagnosed with skin cancer in the US each year, according to the EPA's Sun-Wise Program. That's more than breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer cases combine!

  26. QUESTION:
    Do I have cancer? How can you tell if you have cancer from this?
    I picked my mole about 4 times.. and I heard it causes cancer. I know, I'm effin retarded to do that. It was sooo annoying. I can't go to a dermatologist or doctor because of parents. So I'm wondering if I already have cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      All moles are not cancerous.
      Big raised mole,hairy mole,sdden change in size,colour,blood discharge,increasing itching are few signs cause of suspicion.
      Are you having any such,then must see Doc.
      Just wondering why can not u go to doc because of parents.?
      Actually you should talk to them first.
      The most important rule in assessing the difference between a mole and skin cancer is to check with a doctor whenever you have doubts about a mole. If you have large moles, you may want to take pictures of these, or measurements, to be certain they have not changed. Seek medical attention right away if you note significant changes in a mole. Avoid sun exposure and use a high SPF sunscreen when outside, as skin damage resulting from repeated sun exposure is the biggest causal factor in any of the skin cancers.

  27. QUESTION:
    Do [plenty of] moles disappear when you age older?
    I have freckles and moles all over my face, and it pulls down my confidence.I am only 16, but it has not disappeared - ever.
    Do moles disappear when I grow older?

    How can I remove moles?

    • ANSWER:
      Moles or freckles ONLY GET bumpier & darker & larger as you get older.

      You can get them removed, but have a doctor check them first, if they're cancerous or not. Some melanoma (moles) are and you could die from it. Dh's 2 uncles (both sides of their family) have had moles removed that was and it killed them.

      Some mole can turn skin color and become skin tags. Not brown or black, and I've seen a mole that was blue, in her 20's that turned skin color skin tag in her 40's.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen does not protect you from getting moles or freckles, they will only get darker & bumpier or larger from each exposure from the sun.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself. Bullous Pemphegoid is another skin disorder. Google that, too!

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      I'm the kind of person who has families with moles as large as raisin-size. I don't want moles on my body, so I always have been concern about that. But, how I got lupus? I don't know! I got it period.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think.
      Morgan Freeman, does he look pretty with his freckles? He's older now, and those on his face, are no longer freckles. In the beginning of the Titanic, you'll see the introduction of Rose DeWitt Bukater, played by Kate Winslet. Her face had a lot of freckles, covered with foundation, but you can see right through them.

      Laser will zap freckles right out. Cost 0 per session for each large freckle or mole. Risk: blistering or sunburn, which can be prevented with the use of sunblock and Aquaphor.

      Example from one who had laser surgery to remove freckles:
      I had laser surgery to remove my freckles yesterday . . .?
      she said it will be sore the first day and boy was it and she said i may have some swelling, well i woke up this morning and the skin under my eyes is swollen so bad that my eyes are almost closed. i took a goodies headache medicine because it says it contains an anti-inflammatory drug, i also have an ice pack on my eyes. What else should i do? Should what i'm already doing help?

      Do you know how many freckles, moles or age spots do you have?

      The next best solution is to avoid the sun. Those freckles, moles or age spots will only get larger and darker. One example from YA about tanning: "i used to go tanning A LOT, but then started to get more freckles so i stopped haha. "

  28. QUESTION:
    Does banana peel really remove moles?
    I tried using the peel of a banana to remove a mole on my leg, ive only been doing it for a day and the mole seems to of risen, have you tried this method? does it work? all feedback is welcome.

    • ANSWER:
      Who told you it does? If that was the case, the would have raised the price of bananas per pound as they do the price of gold per ounce.

      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole.

      Before you do anything to your mole, make sure it's been seen by a doctor if it's a good mole or a bad mole.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  29. QUESTION:
    Does having a skin tag removed hurt? and how do they do it?
    I have a skin tag on my shoulder and it's not big but im going to the doctors and they're gonna remove it but i hate pain and im worried its going to hurt. I just want to know how they can take it off and if it hurts? I really hate pain and when people say it doesn't hurt it normally does hurt for me.
    So does it hurt and how can they take it off? I'm 14 btw if that makes any difference to how they remove it.

    • ANSWER:
      Before doing that, make sure you've seen a doctor & get consultation, if they're cancerous or not.

      Then, by all means, do them yourself. I did that to my friend who does hair @ the senior center, and I did that to my mom who had many on her face, but only one that was bigger than the other bled. I just stuck a Band-Aid and it healed 30mins. - 1 hr. later.

      Burn a pair of sharp scissors, one you know that can cut 'leather', using a match. Let cool. Hold the skin tag, and snip. Takes less than a second, and the 'patient' won't even feel a thing, just a poke. Anything larger than a circle on the YAHOO logo (above), will hurt. Those can be burn, but doctors, and may leave a permanent mark.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.

      I'm the kind of person who has families with moles as large as raisin-size. I don't want moles on my body, so I always have been concern about that. But, how I got lupus? I don't know! I got it period.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

  30. QUESTION:
    Does this mole look like it can be cancerous?
    I've always had this mole but I'm not sure if it has really changed or anything. I am petrified of getting melanoma and I'm freaking out thinking its skin cancer. I have a dermatologist appointment in August but I really don't want to wait that long to be seen! Does this look serious?

    photo: http://i55.tinypic.com/16c73lv.jpg

    thanks so much
    the mole doesn't really look that big. it was from my camera. it is under my breast so I had to cover it.

    • ANSWER:
      I can't tell looking at the picture. If you are really concerned maybe your primary care physician can look at it and if there is concern have the mole looked at sooner. I'm sure the mole gets irritated often given where it is. Anyhow warning signs for skin cancer are below:
      A- for Asymmetry, One half is different than the other half.
      B- for Border Irregularity, The edges are notched, uneven, or blurred.
      C- for Color, The color is uneven. Shades of brown, tan, and black are present.
      D- D for Diameter, Diameter is greater than 6 millimeters.
      Other warning signs are: if its bleeding easily, painful, itchy, or looks scaly.

      Good luck!

  31. QUESTION:
    How to get ride of freckles?
    I'm not one of those people who are covered in them, face and all, I just got some on my cheeks and nose from the sun. my mom said they will fade and I try to cover them up with foundation, but it's not working! is there anyway to get ride of them? (I've been using sum screen)

    • ANSWER:
      You've been kissed by the sun.

      Avoid the sun at least 95% of your day. Wear a good leather outfit, wide brim hat where you can't see light through, or umbrella - they were invented to protect us from the element. More & more people use umbrellas @ the beach, or for walking, and there are all types of umbrella and various sizes, lengths, makes and colors.

      Any skin-lightening products containing hydroquinone would be considered new drugs, according to the proposed FDA regulations. The products would require FDA approval before being sold to the public and would only be available with a doctor's prescription. BB CREAMS included.

      For more information, visit the FDA website, search for COSMETICS

      BEFORE you try to get them removed, make sure they've been seen by a dermatologist, so she/he can advice you the best removal and options to use.

      Some freckles can turn into moles, and moles can turn into skin tags. They will also get darker, larger for each time they're exposed to the sun. I have a freckle, in my thigh, that seems to appear overnight! But the sun can go through clothing, unless they're leather or denim.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.
      Sunscreen also is flammable after it is on your skin. A Massachusetts man said he suffered second-degree burns from a grill after applying sunscreen aerosol spray on parts of his body.

      I've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.
      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.

      I'm the kind of person who has families with moles as large as raisin-size. I don't want moles on my body, so I always have been concern about that. But, how I got lupus? I don't know! I got it period.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

  32. QUESTION:
    What are remedies at home to prevent wrinkles?

    • ANSWER:
      A wide brim hat.
      An umbrella (they were invented to protect us from the element, and when I lived there we carry our umbrellas no matter if it's going to rain or shine.
      Denim or long sleeves, or long jeans.
      Jackets

      The sun and too much soaking in the tub or pool ARE SKIN'S worst enemies.

      I've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins. Example: models @ the Ralph Lauren fashion show, they all have flawless complexion.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself. Bullous Pemphegoid is another skin disorder. Google that, too!

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Any skin-lightening products containing hydroquinone would be considered new drugs, according to the proposed FDA regulations. The products would require FDA approval before being sold to the public and would only be available with a doctor's prescription.
      Skin Creams, Soaps and Lotions Marketed as Skin Lighteners and Anti-aging Treatments: May Contain the Toxic Metal, Mercury.

  33. QUESTION:
    Some of my moles turn into scabs, why is this?
    This has happened a couple of times. Once on my hip and once on my cheek. They aren't extremely raised moles, but they aren't flat to my skin, just slightly raised. I will notice that they will get dry and start to develop something like a scab. I pick my scabs all the time, so I'm afraid that this is unhealthy especially if it's like I'm picking a mole.

    • ANSWER:
      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, Before you do anything to your mole, make sure it's been seen by a doctor if it's a good mole or a bad mole.
      I had a pimple that never went away, it was in the same area where Liz' mole was, I felt blessed! But, it got infected because I picked on it & picked on it when it got bumpy, it had been on my face for 4 years. One year it didn't get bumpy, so it was flat for one year after that. I picked on it again, and now it's flat and it's almost faded - like any acne on our faces!!!! But usually, I even try to darken it with eyebrow pencil. I've always have clear complexion, but I noticed when it gets cloudy (but it was summer) I couldn't protect myself from the heat, so that's why it got bumpy again. It's been a year, and it still flat, but they're also getting lighter.

      My aunts, my mom and two of mom's in-laws have the same chin moles, since they were teenagers. When they have photos together, you could say they could have been separated from birth! I'm not making this up.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  34. QUESTION:
    how can i make my moles darker?
    iv had these moles on my face for a while. went to the Dr bc i thought they were blemish turned out to be moles. i used acne medication on them thinking it was blemish and now they are really light. i want them dark again bc its right under my nose like the manna mole!! how can i make them dark again?? its winter time here will artificial light help?
    i meant MADONNA's Mole!
    what is the first comment talking about? i said i want them darker i don't care about your life story. its not cancer i have moles EVERY where on my body. on ever limb even my Ring finger has a mole. i wish i could report you for this babbling empty answer!

    • ANSWER:
      The sun or eye brow pencil.
      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google: Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, too!

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  35. QUESTION:
    My skin is sooo fair. How often (and how long) should I go tanning this summer if I want to be olive colored?
    and I'm thinking about using a tanning oil with SPF in it.

    tell me tanners, what should I do?

    and what even HAPPENS when I go in there to tan? What do I do? and how do I get a nice all over tan?

    lol thanks in advance.
    I'm thinking of doing like 5 mins 2 times a week until I get the color I want and then just go 5 mins once a week or every other week.

    how will that do?

    and do tanning beds tan both sides at once?

    • ANSWER:
      I just read an article (I think it was Glamour, or some womens' magazine like that) in which they discussed the latest on skin cancer. They show pictures of twenty young women who had found cancerous moles on their bodies, including several women of color. Skin cancer rates are going up fast, and sunning can be seen as a risky activitiy.
      Even tanning they recoomended against, since you are still taking in UV rays.

      If you must tan, do NOT use hotbed places, since they have even worse UV rates.
      Sun for twenty minutes per session at the beginning. A burn will show up only six hours later so you should start with small increments of sun to get to know your resistence.
      If you are set on getting some color, use a low SPF like ten or fifteen. Use more spf on places that are already darker (usually arms and face and back of neck) to get an even tan.
      Though, like I said, staying away from any UV rays is the best you can do for your life.

  36. QUESTION:
    Can someone please tell me how to remove some moles on my face by myself please???
    the moles on my face are just like little black dots. Nothing cancerous. is there anyway I can get rid of it without seeing a doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      Make a mixture of lemon juice and bleach. Dab it on with a Q-tip - don't let it get in your eyes.

      Takes about a week.

      Take a picture of your face before you start, then one in a week. You'll see the difference.

      .

  37. QUESTION:
    Is my new freckle really cancer?
    I noticed a new freckle on my right thigh a few weeks ago. It started of tan/light brown and then in a week or too turned dark brown like the rest of my normal freckles. Now I noticed that the freckle is tan/light brown again and appears slightly bigger in size. Should I worry about this?

    • ANSWER:
      Definitely mention it to your doctor because it has gotten bigger. My dermatologist told me changes in color from dark to light are usually fine, but light to dark is more worrying. However, ANY change in a mole should be looked at, even if it is a normal (round/oval) shape. I have had some very small and perfectly round but very dark (brown, almost black) moles removed that were moderately abnormal or precancerous, which means if they had not been removed they might have turned cancerous. The good thing is you noticed it early, and chances are if anything it'll just be "abnormal" and your doctor will recommend that you have all your moles checked every 6 months or so. Your doctor might even take a picture of it or describe it in his/her notes and then have you come back in a few months to see if it has changed, and then make a decision on whether it is a problem.

      Here are the things to consider when noting mole/freckle changes:
      A - asymetry - odd shape or a shape that is not symmetrical
      B - border - uneven or asymmetrical border
      C - color - change in color, or part of the mole is one color and another part is a different color
      D - dimension - anything bigger than a pencil eraser, or it gets bigger
      E - elevation - anything that is raised, especially if it is raised on one part of the mole and not the rest

      Any one of these changes or features should be something to mention to your doctor, even if everything else is normal. Your doctor will know if it's a normal change or one to be worried about.

  38. QUESTION:
    How to remove fleshy moles naturally?
    i have this Fleshy mole by my neck and it is distracting and ugly and i want to get rid of it fast and naturally any methods i can use????

    • ANSWER:
      Do you know if it's a good mole or a bad mole?
      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, and when I had a pimple that never went away, it was in the same area where Liz' mole was, I felt blessed! But, it got infected because I picked on it & picked on it when it got bumpy, it had been on my face for 4 years. One year it didn't get bumpy, so it was flat for one year after that. I picked on it again, and now it's flat and it's almost faded - like any acne on our faces!!!! But usually, I even try to darken it with eyebrow pencil. I've always have clear complexion, but I noticed when it gets cloudy I couldn't protect myself from the heat, so that's why it got bumpy again.

      My aunts, my mom and two of mom's in-laws have the same chin moles, since they were teenagers. When they have photos together, you could say they could have been separated from birth! I'm not making this up.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  39. QUESTION:
    Help..! need to know if this mole could be cancerous. ?
    I have a mole under my left breats on my rib cage that is brownish pink and its about the size of my pinky finger nail. It is a raised bump that turns black sometimes then falls off. Please let me know your thoughts or if its nothing. Thank you everyone and please no rude comments this is a serious situation. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      In order for anyone to diagnose this, we'd need to see a picture. Seeing as that a picture would be too private, go to a dermatologist! They know what to look for in a cancerous spot. They have special magnifying glasses, and if it is worrisome, they'll just cut it off. But make an appointment soon! The faster you get it checked out the better!

      PS - Usually the warning signs are irregularly shaped moles (not round or oval) or moles that change colors. I'm not a dermatologist though, and nothing can replace the expertise of one who gets to personally examine you!

  40. QUESTION:
    I have a mis-shaped white califlower like mole under my arm, that itches. is it cancer?

    it is located in my arm pit, itches alot and it seems to be spreading on the skin. I tried treating it with alcohol, peroxide, different anti itch creams but it's still here and still itches. personaly I just want it to be gone.

    • ANSWER:
      You can google cancerous moles pictures to see if your matches any of those pics. Also get an appointment with your doc.

  41. QUESTION:
    safe home remedies for facial moles?
    my moles are really starting to get to me now, i have about 15 small flat moles just on my face and many more on my neck and legs etc, they never used to bother me until now (16 years old), i can't stand not wearing makeup because the makeup manages to fade them a tiny bit. To not have to worry about my face at all would be amazing. Is home removal by remedies a safe way to remove/fade moles? Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      The sun can make them larger, darker, and when you stopped, they can turn into skin tags. So use a wide brim hat or avoid the sun 95% of the day.

      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, Before you do anything to your mole, make sure it's been seen by a doctor if it's a good mole or a bad mole.
      I had a pimple that never went away, it was in the same area where Liz' mole was, I felt blessed! But, it got infected because I picked on it & picked on it when it got bumpy, it had been on my face for 4 years. One year it didn't get bumpy, so it was flat for one year after that. I picked on it again, and now it's flat and it's almost faded - like any acne on our faces!!!! But usually, I even try to darken it with eyebrow pencil. I've always have clear complexion, but I noticed when it gets cloudy (summer) I couldn't protect myself from the heat, so that's why it got bumpy again. It's been a year, and they're now flat and lighter.

      My aunts, my mom and two of mom's in-laws have the same chin moles, since they were teenagers. When they have photos together, you could say they could have been separated from birth! I'm not making this up.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  42. QUESTION:
    I have a mole on my lower lip, what do you think of it?
    I have a mole on my lower lip, like it's in the middle of my lower lip and I don't like it. It feels weird. It's really noticeable. And it's a round and brown mole. It got bigger, before it wasn't that noticeable and I though it was just nothing. But now, it distracts me. What do you think of them? :(

    • ANSWER:
      The sun can make the mole bigger, bumpier, larger. Avoid them as much as 95% of the day.

      Ice T- and Cindy Crawford - famous Million-Dollar model, even Madonna has a good mole on their faces! Google:
      Celebrities with beauty marks 122,000,000 r results (0.17 seconds)

      Sophie Simmons, Gene Simmons's DD of KISS, has one on her face, actually for her it's a huge birthmark. There are good moles and there are bad moles. Elizabeth Taylor has good mole, Before you do anything to your mole, make sure it's been seen by a doctor if it's a good mole or a bad mole.

      I had a mole on my thigh that was throbbing. It was the size of a pencil eraser. Dermatologist told me it wasn't cancer, but I had it removed (3 stitches) but it got infected. I couldn't keep water from it when I take a shower and it left me a 1 1/2" scar, but it was still throbbing. My other dermatologist injected something around it, and it got flatter, but the throbbing stopped. That was 6 years ago, but the throbbing starts again, but the scar is almost gone. I should have left it alone, but the throbbing was annoying me!

      Google A Death by Suntan by age 26, Yahoo Shine 3-23-10. In April 2005, while working out at her college gym in Rhode Island, 22-year-old Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball-size lump near her groin. . . . .In high school, Glenna did have an irregular mole removed from her leg. A pathology report identified it as benign, but the surgeon tested it again. The lab had made an error: The mole was an early stage melanoma.

      Moles that are the same color as your skin, will become bumpier, not darker, & larger, but they will become as skin tags. Again, don't try to cut them yourself without having seen by a doctor. I've cut mom's skin tags, all 37 of them, and only 2 of them bled. But, I put a Band-aid, and it was fine several hours later. You can prevent getting skin tags, moles, freckles by avoiding the sun @ least 95% of the day.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      STARS WHO BEAT CANCER:
      Ewan McGregor: The Angels & Demons star had a cancerous mole below his right eye removed in 2008. "It was great fun having skin cancer," the now cancer-free actor joked at the time. "I really enjoyed it."

      Regis Philbin: The daytime host has endured two skin cancer scares. After having a lump removed from his hand via Mohs surgery, he had a more serious lump removed from his face in 1993.
      Read more: http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-body/pictures/stars-who-beat-cancer-20101110/10598#ixzz1xw5SORwR

  43. QUESTION:
    How to avoid getting tan ?
    Summers coming and i like where it gets pretty hot between 80-100 degrees. I have really light skin and i like it, but i also tan easy. How can i avoid getting dark and tanning if im outside a lot ?
    If i use 50 sunscreen would that work ?
    thank you (:

    • ANSWER:
      You can use a wide brim hat, or umbrella. I do that, and have worn a floppy hat all 4 years in HS. @ least you're protected 80-90% of the time. Julianne Moore walks in the shade. You can do your errands, like my neighbor who hates the sun, when the sun goes down or @ night. If you're hot, bring a folding fan. I do that, too. Hot flashes!

      Wear clothing that's not made of sheer, the sun can go through your clothing, but instead wear DENIM long jeans. While inside a car, you can get tan, sit on the shady side as best you can.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      But I had Discoid Lupus caused from the sun. Google it. Took 12 years for mine to almost 'fade'. I don't want any more lupus appearing on my skin, so now I'm more & more into protecting myself.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Read the label. The SPF or sun protection factor, relates solely to the degree of protection a formula provides against UVB rays. UVBs known as the 'burning rays, vary seasonally (peaking around noon), damage the superficial layer of the dermis (which may contribute to skin cancer), and generally result in a sunburn. UVA rays - which account for 95% of the ultraviolet radiation that reaches the Earth's surface, and which cut through clouds and glass year-round - are somewhat stealthier. These are the ones that have a longer wavelength, allowing them to penetrate deeper into the skin, destroying collagen and elastin, which contributes to photo-aging (sagging skin, wrinkles), and triggering cell mutations, which may initiate skin cancer.

      ~ Vogue May or June 2011 issue.

  44. QUESTION:
    For Mole removal, what leaves less of a scar freezing off or cutting out?
    Mole removal, what leaves less of a scar freezing off or cutting out?
    Went to several different dermatologists in the US. Most said they cut them out, some using a sharpened hole punch type device, then stitching up - cost 0 PER MOLE removed. Some say they can shave them off if they aren't deep. Another dermatologist freezes them off, 0 TOTAL (not per mole) for up to 14 moles, so if you had 14 done, it would cost .28/each from 200/14=.28. Which method leaves less of a scar? Anyone tried various methods? Which is best? Using the cut off method they also do a biopsy to check for cancer which is why that method costs about 10x as much. Links and before/after pictures would also be good if you can supply. Some are on the face so which method would leave a minimal scar?

    • ANSWER:
      I just went to a dermatologist last week to get about 20 of them removed off my neck and one off my arm. They weren't big enough for surgical removal. Although I had one on the back of my hip several years ago that did and it cost about 200.00. But it didn't have to have stitiches.
      The simple ones on my neck were what I would say were 'big' but the neck is a small area. Cost me less than 200.00.
      I would shop around on dermatologists. And mine didn't have to get sent to the lab to determine if they were cancerous or not.
      They bled the first day, then the scars showed up, but they are already gone. Dr. snipped them off after giving me a numbing anesthetic in spots on my neck.

  45. QUESTION:
    Why do I hate body/face moles so bad?
    I don't know why I can't stand them and I hate them so bad. It's weird but they just gross me out. I have a few in my face, ever since I was little my sisters used to make fun of me saying that I had a fly in my chin. Is it some sort of phobia? Is it even reasonable to feel like that? I really wish I had enough money to get them removed. Does it bother anyone else?

    • ANSWER:
      You're exposing your skin too much from the sun. It's possible, you've got some sunburned when you're younger.

      've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      No matter, I still got Discoid Lupus (Google it), caused from the sun. It took 12 years for them to fade. Tried all kinds of lotions that were prescribed to me, and none of them worked. More & more now I protect myself and I take my wide brim hat everywhere I go, or use an umbrella. In Asia, they use umbrella all the time. Here in the States, people started to catch on, and I see people walking w/umbrella, they are used on the beach, and they sell patio umbrellas. It was invented for a reason and also to protect us from getting skin cancer. Gene Simmons of KISS, have moles on his face & neck, now you see him under an umbrella with Shannon, during an outdoor event. Mario Lopez won't even go out in the sun to do a photo shoot for a tanning commercial, look how good his skin looks.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think!

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.

      Before removing them, make sure you've seen a doctor & get consultation, if they're cancerous or not.

  46. QUESTION:
    Skin rash wont go away, creams doesnt work well?
    I have the rash all over my arm, neck, shoulders and back. I use Eurcien or something, and Cortize 10 (sp). the rash doesnt go away, so I use baking powder, the Gold Bond. The rash still doesnt go away, I also switched the soap to Dove. any reasons?

    • ANSWER:
      "Rule #1 - Frustration With Rash
      If a rash really bothers you, go see your doctor. Period. It doesn't matter if it's a common skin problem, or other people aren't concerned about it. You're the one who has to live with your skin, so if you want to talk to a doctor, do it.

      Even simple or easily treated rashes can cause an immense amount of frustration if you don't know what to do about them.

      Sponsored Links
      Pictures of Rashes
      Free pictures of rash, plus doctor reviewed articles on treatments.
      www.healthline.com

      Skin Rash
      Identify, Treat and Cure your troublesome Skin Rash
      www.SkinRash-Help.com

      Disorder Rash Skin
      Guide to skin disorders. Find skin disorder help quickly.
      SkinDisorders.YourSkin101.com
      Imagine not knowing you have athlete's foot. You may be able to tolerate itching and burning skin for a few days or weeks, but you will probably reach the point that it drives you crazy. The solution may be a simple over-the-counter skin cream, but if you don't know that, the cream doesn't do you any good.
      Rule #2 - Rash Time
      Generally, the longer you've had a rash, the more likely you need to see a doctor if you're concerned about it. Deciding if that mole you've had on your skin for the past twenty years is looking cancerous or not is something you want an expert to do.

      Most of the time a rash that has been present for a couple of days will go away on its own. Warning signs that should send you to the doctor sooner rather than later are pain, rapid swelling causing shortness of breath, bleeding blisters in the mouth or eyes, skin that is rapidly turning dusky or black, and large amounts of skin peeling in sheets. As you can see, using rash rule #1 of frustration will get you to the right place.

      Rule #3 - Previous Experience With Rash
      If you've had the same rash before, it's probably the same diagnosis. This may sound over-simplified, but many people think that because a rash comes back, it wasn't diagnosed correctly. Actually, many rashes aren't necessarily cured, they are controlled. Rashes such as acne, eczema, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, hives, and rosacea can have a waxing and waning course depending on many factors. The best idea is to educate yourself about a rash you've been diagnosed with so you know what to expect in the future. You may be surprised to find out you need to continue some type of treatment to keep it under control.

      Rule #4 - Rash Likeness
      If you have a rash that looks just like the picture of ringworm, there's a good chance you have ringworm. Of course, like all the other rules, except #1, there are exceptions. Sometimes you can't find a picture or description that exactly matches your skin symptoms. Sometimes you can't decide between two or three choices. Unless you have any of the warning signs from rule #2, narrow your choices down as far as you can. Then, educate yourself about the treatments for each choice. You may find that the treatments are the same. Remember, if in doubt, return to rule #1."

  47. QUESTION:
    Skin cancer on my face possibly?
    I was thinking about skin cancer today and I saw a small brown spot on my face thinking it could be? I looked at a picture of me from about maybe 2 years ago and it was there and I'm only 16 but very pale and I've had sunburn quite a few times. It's brown like a mole, not perfectly round, and about 2 mm in diameter could it be cancerous?

    • ANSWER:

  48. QUESTION:
    How to remove childhood tan?
    I was really fair as a kid but used to be into a lot of sports so i got tanned a lot..!
    Also i wasnt aware of sunscreens before and have started using them only for a year now.I'm 18 now but when i look at my pictures when i was a kid i don't even recognize myself! Through all these years
    I've become tanned beyond recognition and all of my cousins are really fair..its getting me really depressed :(
    can someone please help me out with this?thanks a lot!

    • ANSWER:
      I was tanned as a kid for 13 years.

      Sunscreen will not protect you from getting burned.

      Sunscreen will only make your moles or freckles larger, bumpier & darker, if you have them already. Not just moles, but freckles, skin tags, seborrheic keratoses, Discoid Lupus, Bullous Pemphegoid, Lentigo (Google search them) and lentigines -- nearly always non-cancerous skin lesions

      Sunscreen will not protect you from skin cancer.

      Sunscreen will not protect you if you have allergies, I never thought I had allergies!

      Sunscreens also discolor your skin - for ever!

      Sunscreen blocks Vitamin D as well.

      Best sunscreen are those that don't permanently discolor your skin. A wide brim (no light through) hat. It also states if they're 100% UV protection or less. An umbrella is what I use 80% of the times when I'm walking. In the car, for as long as it's sunny, you get tanned, even during an overcast. Bring a heavy blanket or denim to cover your arms, or sit in the shade, walk in the shade, do errands when the sun is down.

      I've been protecting myself from the sun since I was 9.

      1. Because I don't want to look like a farmer.
      2. Because I get too hot.
      3. I want to look like movie stars & models, they have blemish-free skins.
      4. I don't want to look like an old prune or get moles on my neck & face like my aunts.

      No matter, I still got Discoid Lupus (Google it), caused from the sun. It took 12 years for them to fade. Tried all kinds of lotions that were prescribed to me, and none of them worked. More & more now I protect myself and I take my wide brim hat everywhere I go, or use an umbrella. In Asia, they use umbrella all the time. Here in the States, people started to catch on, and I see people walking w/umbrella, they are used on the beach, and they sell patio umbrellas. It was invented for a reason and also to protect us from getting skin cancer.

      The sun is more powerful than most people think!

      Take the Skin Picture Quiz - Identify These Common Skin Conditions on MedicineNet.


cancerous moles pictures

Breast Cancer Types Prognosis

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    A friend of mine has stage 4 breast cancer and arthritis in the spine. How long does she have to live?
    She has been diagnosed with breast cancer. After all the necessary tests have been taken the doctor seems suspicious that the cancer has spread to the spine. What is the survival rate? How long does she have to live by taking the additional tests and medicine?

    • ANSWER:
      With Stage IV, even though the prognosis is terminal, there's a wide variety of survival times once a woman has been diagnosed with it. Just look at Elizabeth Edwards. She was diagnosed with Stage IV sometime around the end of 2005, and it's barely noticeable. But survival stats are worthless, because it depends on many factors, the main one being whether she tested positive or negative for hormone receptors. If she tested positive, she can be treated with anti-hormonal therapy in addition to chemo, which is a huge plus. Other factors include age and especially the type of cancer she has.

      Bones are the most common place for breast cancer metastases to land, so while the spine sounds scary, (and probably painful) it's something they'll treat until the mets are driven back. In general, bone mets are considered less serious than soft tissue mets, which most Stage IV BC patients ultimately get.

  2. QUESTION:
    Are you or do you know someone who has been a breast cancer survivor for a long time?
    I am so terrified of relapsing from breast cancer and i am afraid that i won't survive this disease. I just want to hear some stories from or about people who are long term breast cancer survivors just to give me some type of inspiration.
    Lo_ MCG I apologize to you for what i have said to you. I said that out of anger and i am very sorry. I hope you will accept my apology.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I am five years eight months from diagnosis, and I had a poor prognosis.

      The person I know personally who has survived longest was diagnosed nineteen years ago.

      I believe you had triple negative breast cancer, and that you were diagnosed at a very young age, both of which are worrying for you.

      I only know one person who had triple negative bc, and she was diagnosed six years ago.

      My understanding is that although recurrence is more likely in the first couple of years for triple neg cancers, the risk declines after that and after 5 years the risk is the same as for someone with er+ breast cancer - which is statistically greatly decreased and decreasing further with every year that follows.

      You have accused me in the past of being negative (and once wished me dead), but I am genuinely trying to help here.

  3. QUESTION:
    Why does breat cancer get more publicity than other cancer?
    We always hear zillions of funding campaigns about breast cancer. Yet they are tons of other cancer with far worse prognosis than breast cancer.

    What do you guys think? Don't you believe this is a little bit unfair?

    • ANSWER:
      Then, too, there are the statistics:

      Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers (which are nonetheless more easily treated and do not carry a high mortality rate).

      Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women who are white, black, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native.

      Breast cancer is the number *one* cause of cancer death in Hispanic women.

  4. QUESTION:
    Why does breat cancer get more publicity than other cancer?
    We always hear zillions of funding campaigns about breast cancer. Yet they are tons of other cancer with far worse prognosis than breast cancer.

    What do you guys think? Don't you believe this is a little bit unfair?

    • ANSWER:
      You do have a point but breast cancer, I think is the most common type of cancer.
      and hey, everybody loves boobies

  5. QUESTION:
    !What causes Breast Cancer and how can you get rid of it or fight it?
    I think my aunty has breast cancer because I heard them talking and looking at breast cancer things on the net.....
    so I am worried so I wanted to know what can you do to get rid of it and how do you get breast cancer basically everything!!
    Thank you oh soo much!
    Thank you guys so far!
    Samixann what do you mean you best friend lost her mum to breast cancer??
    Did she die?

    • ANSWER:
      What is breast cancer?

      Breast cancer happens when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control and can then invade nearby tissues or spread throughout the body. Large collections of this out of control tissue are called tumors. However, some tumors are not really cancer because they cannot spread or threaten someone's life. These are called benign tumors. The tumors that can spread throughout the body or invade nearby tissues are considered cancer and are called malignant tumors. Theoretically, any of the types of tissue in the breast can form a cancer, but usually it comes from either the ducts or the glands. Because it may take months to years for a tumor to get large enough to feel in the breast, we screen for tumors with mammograms, which can sometimes see disease before we can feel it.

      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

      What are the signs of breast cancer?

      Unfortunately, the early stages of breast cancer may not have any symptoms. This is why it is important to follow screening recommendations. As a tumor grows in size, it can produce a variety of symptoms including:

      * lump or thickening in the breast or underarm
      * change in size or shape of the breast
      * nipple discharge or nipple turning inward
      * redness or scaling of the skin or nipple
      * ridges or pitting of the breast skin

      If you experience these symptoms, it doesn't necessarily mean you have breast cancer, but you need to be examined by a doctor.
      How is breast cancer diagnosed and staged?

      Once a patient has symptoms suggestive of a breast cancer or an abnormal screening mammogram, they will usually be referred for a diagnostic mammogram. A diagnostic mammogram is another set of x-rays; however, it is more complete with close ups on the suspicious areas. Sometimes, particularly if your doctors think that you may have a cyst or you are young and have dense breasts, you may be referred for an ultrasound. An ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to outline the suspicious areas of the breast. It is painless and can often distinguish between benign and malignant lesions.

      Depending on the results of the mammograms and/or ultrasounds, your doctors may recommend that you get a biopsy. A biopsy is the only way to know for sure if you have cancer, because it allows your doctors to get cells that can be examined under a microscope. There are different types of biopsies; they differ on how much tissue is removed. Some biopsies use a very fine needle, while others use thicker needles or even require a small surgical procedure to remove more tissue. Your team of doctors will decide which type of biopsy you need depending on your particular breast mass.

      Once the tissue is removed, a doctor known as a pathologist will review the specimen. The pathologist can tell if it is cancer or not; and if it is cancerous, then the pathologist will characterize it by what type of tissue it arose from, how abnormal it looks (known as the grade), whether or not it is invading surrounding tissues, and if the entire lump was excised, the pathologist can tell if there are any cancer cells left at the borders (also known as the margins). The pathologist will also test the cancer cells for the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors as well as a receptor known as

      HER-2/neu. The presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors is important because cancers that have those receptors can be treated with hormonal therapies. HER-2/neu expression may also help predict outcome. There are also some therapies directed specifically at tumors dependent on the presence of HER-2/nue. See Understanding Your Pathology Report for more information.

      In order to guide treatment and offer some insight into prognosis, breast cancer is staged into five different groups. This staging is done in a limited fashion before surgery taking into account the size of the tumor on mammogram and any evidence of spread to other organs that is picked up with other imaging modalities; and it is done definitively after a surgical procedure that removes lymph nodes and allows a pathologist to examine them for signs of cancer. The staging system is somewhat complex, but here is a simplified version of it:
      Stage 0 (called carcinoma in situ)

      Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) refers to abnormal cells lining a gland in the breast. This is a risk factor for the future development of cancer, but this is not felt to represent a cancer itself.

      Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) refers to abnormal cells lining a duct. Women with DCIS have an increased risk of getting invasive breast cancer in that breast. Treatment options are similar to patients with Stage I breast cancers.

      Stage I: early stage breast cancer where the tumor is less that 2 cm across and hasn't spread beyond the breast

      Stage II : early stage breast cancer where the tumor is either less than 2 cm across and has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm; or the tumor is between 2 and 5 cm (with or without spread to the lymph nodes under the arm); or the tumor is greater than 5 cm and hasn't spread outside the breast

      Stage III: locally advanced breast cancer where the tumor is greater than 5 cm across and has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm; or the cancer is extensive in the underarm lymph nodes; or the cancer has spread to lymph nodes near the breastbone or to other tissues near the breast

      Stage IV: metastatic breast cancer where the cancer has spread outside the breast to other organs in the body

      Depending on the stage of your cancer, your doctor may want additional tests to see if you have metastatic disease. If you have a stage III cancer, you will probably get a chest x-ray, CT scan and bone scan to look for metastases. Each patient is an individual and your doctors will decide what is necessary to adequately stage your cancer.

  6. QUESTION:
    what is the average life expectancy of secondry breast cancer?
    34 year old female, cleared by treatment of breast cancer but now has secondry cancer that has responded to treatmen, question, what is the average years one can expect , i know some may last days yet others years & years, i want to know the average & also the best that could be expected . thanks

    • ANSWER:
      This is a VERY difficult question to answer, based upon the limited information you are able to give. First, I am assuming that it is the breast cancer that has come back (i.e. a recurence), and not a cancer secondary to (i.e. caused by) her previous treatment (typically chemotherapy or radiation). I'm also assuming that this is not a seperate cancer of a different type or a new breast cancer entirely.

      The main reason that it is so difficult to give an average life expectancy once breast cancer comes back is that it is HUGELY variable from person-to-person, depending upon a number of factors:

      1. The first is how the cancer has come back. If an individual recurs with disease in the liver, lungs and brains at the same time, then the prognosis is quite poor and survival would be typically (but not always) on the level of approximately 3 months. Comparitively, if the patient has cancer come back in the same breast or in the axilla (under arm) then through surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, this can still frequently be cured! A good rough rule with breast cancer is that for it to be cureable, it must be able to be surgically removed. This does not mean that these women are not treatable. There are a number of women who live many many years despite having "incureable" cancer.

      2. The second factors are the microscopic characteristics of the person's cancer. How agressive the disease is depends upon how it looks under a microscope (grade), with higher grade cances spreading more quickly and having worse prognosis. Also, the results of certain tests determine whether or not the woman will benefit from hormonal treatment, certain biologic therapies (Herceptin), and may also suggest how responsive it will be to chemotherapy.
      3. A third factor that would be important in determining prognosis would be the prevous treatments that the individual has received. If she has received maximal treatments before (full mastectomy, radiation, chemotherapy, hormones, and herceptin) then there is not a lot else new to add, and it is less likely that there will be a long durable response to treatment. (This is a bit of a simplification, and it is certainly worth considering using anyand all of these again.)
      4. Finally one of the most important things to note if the woman is undergoing treatment aimed at metastatic disease is her response to the treatment. This tends to confer (but does not guarantee) a better prognosis.

      I hope this helps. You should definitely ask your oncologist(s) about their thoughts. Feel free to ask again (or me directly) with any other info you have available.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are the most and least deadly types of cancer?
    I know all cancer is very dangerous, but what kinds are the most fatal and what kinds are the least?

    • ANSWER:
      That depends on how aggressive they are. The worst to deal with are the brain cancers, esp. glioblastomas. Some brain cancers if small can be operated on but the gioblastomas are like spiders, wrapping around the brain and even if operated on they come back. Pancreatic usually only last 3-6 mos.if that. Lung, breast, colon, uterine all depend on how large they are. Bone are the worse as far as pain which sometimes can't even be controlled with super high doses of morphine that would kill a horse.With stomach & liver you get horrible nausea & vomiting.When your dealing with the cancers of the face & neck, they're horrible to see every day, and you can imagine how horrible it is for a patient to look at their face in a mirror as the cancer progresses. Ovarian however is one of the most dangerous since it gives no symptoms until it's too late with maybe a little "bloating". The skin cancers are usually not as deadly but there's always the exception.I think whenever a cancer has metastasis after it, that is the big one, for once it spreads, the prognosis is poor and usually fatal.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the like the stages of Breast Cancer?
    I'm writing a story about a girls mother having breast cancer and I want to know like the stages or like the important things about it so I can write about it.

    • ANSWER:
      Your exact requirement about Breast cancer is not clear. However please note that once diagnosis is established, before treatment is rendered, more tests are done to determine if the cancer has spread beyond the breast. Using the results of various tests and studies, clinical stage is defined for the patient. This helps define treatment protocol and prognosis.

      -Stage 1—The cancer is no larger than 2 cm (0.8 in) and no cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes.
      -Stage 2—The cancer is between 2 cm and 5 cm, and the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
      -Stage 3A—Tumor is larger than 5 cm (2 in) or is smaller than 5 cm, but has spread to the lymph nodes, which have grown into each other.
      -Stage 3B—Cancer has spread to tissues near the breast, (local invasion), or to lymph nodes inside the chest wall, along the breastbone.
      -Stage 4—Cancer has spread to skin and lymph nodes beyond the axilla or to other organs of the body.

      Surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are all utilized in the treatment of breast cancer. Depending on the stage, they will be used in different combinations or sequences to effect an appropriate strategy for the type and stage of the disease being treated.-

  9. QUESTION:
    how long does it take to die from lung cancer?
    My mother is 81 and has small tumors in both lungs. She has decided against a biopsy since she doesn't want any cancer treatment anyway. She says she would rather not even know if she has cancer. How long would it take to die if lung cancer is left untreated.

    • ANSWER:
      Obviously it is impossible for even those of us who are cancer specialist doctors to answer this question blindfolded with both hands tied behind us.

      First - you do not have a diagnosis of a malignancy / any type of cancer.
      There are benign disease that may give the impression of small nodules in the lungs.

      Second - most types of primary lung cancers would not present as widespread lung nodules.

      Third - if it is a malignancy, it would likely be a metastatic malignancy to the lungs.
      Cancer types that may spread to the lungs like this in women include primary cancers of the breast, melanoma skin cancer, renal carcinoma, GYN malignancies such as those of the cervix, uterus, or ovaries, GI malignancies such as gall bladder, pancreas, liver, colon/rectum, stomach, and many others. Some sarcomas could do this too.

      There simply is no way to make such guesses with absolutely no idea which of many diseases she may actually have. If we are to be left blind with no biopsy, about all that her doctors can do is make her comfortable and perhaps do periodic chest x-rays at monthly intervals to see if' 'A' - it is growing and 'B' how fast is it growing - - that is - - if she wants to know.

      What do her doctors tell you about her prognosis ?
      They have examined her, know the complete medical history, seen the x-ray imaging studies, and reviewed her lab work.
      If any lay person (non medical expert) tries to predict an outcome, I'd suggest you ignore it. It would be a pure guess.

  10. QUESTION:
    If someone has 2 types of cancer at the same time, is it harder to heal? Are their chances lower?
    Can they heal one but not the other?

    Any information would be appreciated. I'm talking about a woman with breast and lung cancer.
    She had breast cancer 10 years ago and now it's back. Also, it seems that they would be 2 different cancers. They are doing a biopsy on Monday. They'll treat the lung cancer first and then the breast one.

    • ANSWER:
      While I was writing, another doctor has given a good explanation. I am also a cancer specialist doctor.
      My answer just adds a few bits to the above.

      Quite often this is a situation in which the breast cancer has spread to the lungs so it is not two cancers but the same type of cancer in two areas. If you do mean a primary breast cancer and a primary lung cancer, it would depend on the stages of each. Most early breast cancers are cured with lumpectomy, radiation, and possibly adjuvant chemotherapy. Primary lung cancer is not so often cured with surgery and radiation, but a minority can be cured if caught very early.

      Let's focus on the more likely reason for your question. Someone you care about has breast cancer and now something is showing up in the lungs. Is it one tumor or several in the lungs? If there is more than one tumor mass showing up in the lungs, it is very likely to be the same breast cancer "metastatic" or spread to the lungs. That situation carries a limited prognosis since cures for metastatic breast cancer are few. But - - metastatic breast cancer may be controlled for some time if it responds to systemic therapies such as hormonal treatments and / or chemotherapy.

      People often have difficulty understanding that breast cancer which has spread to another place is still cancerous breast tissue - - it may respond to hormonal treatments. When breast cancer goes to the bones, it is still breast cancer in the bones - not "bone cancer." I hope this helps you to understand, and we hope your loved one or friend has a good outcome.

  11. QUESTION:
    What are the more Curable Cancers & what are the more fatal ones?
    if u have any website links that have those information it would be appreciated.

    I know that cancers which are detected earlier have a higher chance of curability, but also certain cancers are more curable than others, like Breast Cancer & Cervical Cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Seven out of ten children are cured of cancer. Testicular cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and many cases of leukaemia can all be cured in adults with chemotherapy, most skin cancers are cured with surgery, and many cases of thyroid cancer and cancer of the larynx are cured with radiotherapy.

      Many other types of cancer are also cured if they are found early enough. There is still a long way to go, especially with some of the commonest types of cancer such as lung, breast, bowel and prostate cancer, and others here have mentioned some of the cancers that are less likely to be cured.

      You specifically mention breast cancer as being more 'curable'. It's true that if it is found and treated early the prognosis can be excellent, though there are no guarantees.

      I feel that all the pink fluffiness surrounding breast cancer has given the false impression that it is 'curable'. There is no 'all-clear' for anyone who has had breast cancer - it can recur at any time, even years later. It is still a deadly disease with no cure - in the UK an average of 33 women die of it every day, and in the US I believe the figure is 112 each day.

      I'm not claiming it's the worst cancer to have, just setting a few things straight as it's the cancer I know most about.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are other options other then chemotherapy for stage 2 breast cancer?
    My 75 year old mother made a life decision today ...............she is not going to go through with chemotherapy treatments. She has decided to pursue just radiation and hormone therapy. Is there any other treatment options she can take. She is afraid that chemo is not worth the risks at her age and would rather just live her life to the fullest without it.

    • ANSWER:
      *Prevention & Cure of Breast Cancer--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure. “Target therapy” is worth trying.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, bone marrow cancer, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 2.00 lac cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •Impression of CT Scanning- Dated: 22092011 [before commencement of target therapy—Known case of carcinoma of left breast, post modified radical mastectomy, multiple lung secondaries, chest wall metastases.
      CT Scanning Dated 21062012 [after 2 sets/bouts of target therapy] Bilateral pulmonary sternal metastases, Bilateral plural effusion. Target therapy for another 45 days continues.

  13. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of a person with osteosarcoma of the pelvis?
    My doctor told me the prognosis for secondary cancer of osteosarcoma of the pelvic bones is poor. I was wondering if anyone knew of people with type of secondary not primary cancer who had gotten into remission or had lived for quite a long time.

    • ANSWER:
      sarcomas are fast spreading.secondaries are very fast unless luck favors.other skin _cervicalcancer _even breast cancer early stage survive for longer time than others. secondary means it has spread so less chance forgive me for telling truth which will discourage you i pray for you. may god be with you as support

  14. QUESTION:
    What are the low grade and high grades of a sarcome?
    I would like a number grade for both low and high grades of sarcoma cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      order to understand tumor grade, it is helpful to know how tumors form. The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce new cells in a controlled and orderly manner. Sometimes, however, new cells continue to be produced when they are not needed. As a result, a mass of extra tissue called a tumor may develop. A tumor can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order. These cancerous cells can invade and damage nearby tissue, and spread to other parts of the body (metastasize). Tumor grade should not be confused with the stage of a cancer. Cancer stage refers to the extent or severity of the cancer, based on factors such as the location of the primary tumor, tumor size, number of tumors, and lymph node involvement (spread of cancer into lymph nodes). (More information about staging is available in the NCI fact sheet Staging: Questions and Answers, which can be found at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Detection/staging on the Internet.)

      How is tumor grade determined?

      If a tumor is suspected to be malignant, a doctor removes a sample of tissue or the entire tumor in a procedure called a biopsy. A pathologist (a doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells under a microscope) examines the tissue to determine whether the tumor is benign or malignant. The pathologist can also determine the tumor grade and identify other characteristics of the tumor cells.

      What do the different tumor grades signify?

      Based on the microscopic appearance of cancer cells, pathologists commonly describe tumor grade by four degrees of severity: Grades 1, 2, 3, and 4. The cells of Grade 1 tumors resemble normal cells, and tend to grow and multiply slowly. Grade 1 tumors are generally considered the least aggressive in behavior.

      Conversely, the cells of Grade 3 or Grade 4 tumors do not look like normal cells of the same type. Grade 3 and 4 tumors tend to grow rapidly and spread faster than tumors with a lower grade.

      The American Joint Commission on Cancer recommends the following guidelines for grading tumors (1):

      Grade
      GX Grade cannot be assessed (Undetermined grade)
      G1 Well-differentiated (Low grade)
      G2 Moderately differentiated (Intermediate grade)
      G3 Poorly differentiated (High grade)
      G4 Undifferentiated (High grade)

      Does the same grading scale apply to all tumors?

      Grading systems are different for each type of cancer. For example, pathologists use the Gleason system to describe the degree of differentiation of prostate cancer cells. The Gleason system uses scores ranging from Grade 2 to Grade 10. Lower Gleason scores describe well-differentiated, less aggressive tumors. Higher scores describe poorly differentiated, more aggressive tumors. Other grading systems include the Bloom-Richardson system for breast cancer and the Fuhrman system for kidney cancer.

      Does tumor grade affect a patient’s treatment options?

      Doctors use tumor grade and many other factors, such as cancer stage, to develop an individual treatment plan for the patient and to predict the patient’s prognosis. Generally, a lower grade indicates a better prognosis (the likely outcome or course of a disease; the chance of recovery or recurrence). However, the importance of tumor grade in planning treatment and estimating a patient’s prognosis is greater for certain types of cancers, such as soft tissue sarcoma, primary brain tumors, lymphomas, and breast and prostate cancer. Patients should speak with their doctor about tumor grade and how it relates to their diagnosis and treatment.

  15. QUESTION:
    How come smoking cigarettes causes all kinds of cancer while smoking Marijuana does not ?
    in both cases smoke will go through the lungs ???? what am I missing ?
    so smoking cigarettes is very destructive and stuff and smoking Marijuana is therapeutic and cool ?

    • ANSWER:
      Chronic cannabis use is associated with psychiatric, respiratory, cardiovascular, and bone effects. It also has oncogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic effects all of which depend upon dose and duration of use. Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15563650903074507

      . The strongest evidence of a causal association was for head and neck cancer, with two of three studies reporting statistically significant associations. The evidence was less strong but suggestive for lung cancer, with one of three studies conducted in populations that did not mix marijuana and tobacco reporting a significant association. Suggestive evidence also was seen for bladder cancer, with one of two studies reporting a significant association. For brain and testicular cancers, the single studies conducted of each of these endpoints reported significant associations. Among the epidemiological studies that reported results for parental marijuana smoking and childhood cancer, seven of eight found statistically significant associations. Maternal and paternal marijuana smoking were implicated, depending on the type of cancer. Childhood cancers that have been associated with maternal marijuana smoking are acute myeloid leukemia, neuroblastoma, brain astrocytoma, and rhabdomyosarcoma. Childhood cancers that have been associated with paternal marijuana smoking are leukemia, infant leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and rhabdomyosarcoma. - http://life.umt.edu/curry/DOcs-SOS/Current%20Peer%20Educators/Articles/Tomar_et_al.pdf

      Marijuana smoke was listed as a cancer-causing agent in California June 19, 2009
      http://oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/files/p65single072012.pdf

      Those who had ever used marijuana were 2.4 times more likely to be diagnosed with types of testicular cancer called non-seminoma and mixed germ cell tumors. These types of testicular cancer come with a somewhat worse prognosis than the so-called seminoma tumors. - http://news.yahoo.com/smoking-pot-linked-testicular-cancer-risk-123850779.html

      Marijuana smoke caused significantly more damage to cells and DNA than tobacco smoke, the researchers note. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090805110741.htm

      Our studies therefore demonstrated that 4T1 mammary tumor-bearing mice elicited the development of MDSC in the spleens and lungs and the frequency of these cells was enhanced following administration of THC. Thus, we suggest a role for MDSCs in the cannabinoid-induced immune suppression in breast cancer patients that may result in enhanced tumor growth. http://jimmunol.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/184/1_MeetingAbstracts/100.2?sid=8bf79fe7-cf3d-48e3-96e1-7e852a617509

  16. QUESTION:
    What are the odds of cure after breast cancer for somebody who just?
    lost one of her breasts under surgery and is currently taking chemiothrapy ?

    • ANSWER:
      There are more and more reports by establishment oncologists doubting the value of chemotherapy, even to the point of rejecting it outright. One of these, cancer biostatistician Dr. Ulrich Abel, of Heidelberg, Germany, issued a monograph titled Chemotherapy of Advanced Epithelial Cancer in 1990. Epithelial cancers comprise the most common forms of adenocarcinoma: lung, breast, prostate, colon, etc. After ten years as a statistician in clinical oncology, Abel became increasingly uneasy. "A sober and unprejudiced analysis of the literature," he wrote, "has rarely revealed any therapeutic success by the regimens in question in treating advanced epithelial cancer." While chemotherapy is being used more and more extensively, more than a million people die worldwide of these cancers annually - and a majority have received some form of chemotherapy before dying. Abel further concluded, after polling hundreds of cancer doctors, "The personal view of many oncologists seems to be in striking contrast to communications intended for the public." Abel cited studies that have shown "that many oncologists would not take chemotherapy themselves if they had cancer." (The Cancer Chronicles, December, 1990.)
      "Even though toxic drugs often do effect a response, such as a partial or complete shrinkage of the tumor, this reduction does not prolong expected survival," Abel finds. "Sometimes, in fact, the cancer returns more aggressively than before, since the chemo fosters the growth of resistant cell lines." Besides, the chemo has severely damaged the body's own defenses, the immune system and often the kidneys as well as the liver.
      In an especially dramatic table, Dr. Abel displays the results of chemotherapy in patients with various types of cancers, as the improvement of survival rates, compared to untreated patients. This table shows:
      -In colorectal cancer: no evidence survival is improved.
      -Gastric cancer: no clear evidence.
      -Pancreatic cancer: Study completely negative. Longer survival in control (untreated) group.
      -Bladder: no clinical trial done.
      -Breast cancer: No direct evidence that chemotherapy prolongs survival; its use is "ethically questionable."
      -Ovarian cancer: no direct evidence.
      -Cervix and uterus: No improved survival.
      -Head and neck: no survival benefit but occasional shrinkage of tumors.

      I strongly urge you to look for an answer besides artificial drugs, surgery and radiation. Here are some books I have read from cover to cover, that are now helping me to survive way beyond my doctors' grim predictions--

      "The Cure for All Cancers"
      "A Cancer Therapy"
      "Oxygen Therapies"
      "Hydrogen Peroxide--Medical Miracle"
      "The Natural Cure for Cancer--Germanium"
      "Killing Cancer"
      "Natural Cures 'They' Don't Want You to Know About"

      There are many other good books about surviving this disease, and you should know about this option, even if you choose to go the traditional route with it's abysmal prognosis.

      And watch this--you'll be glad you did.
      http://www.altcancer.com/video/hoxsey_ds...

      Best of luck.

  17. QUESTION:
    How close are the researchers to finding a cure for cancer?
    seems like we keep dishing out more and more money for their research but they are not even close to finding a cure.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer isn't a single disease, it's an umbrella term for over 200 diseases.

      And that's the problem with finding a 'cure for cancer'. Different cancers are caused by different things, so no one strategy can prevent them all, and different cancers respond to different treatments so no one treatment can cure them all.

      There will never be a Eureka! moment when someone discovers a single substance or procedure that will reverse all types of cancer.

      There's no guaranteed cure for any type of cancer yet. But, thanks to the money that's been dished out for the research that's already been done, that doesn't mean cancer is never cured.

      70% of children with cancer are cured. Testicular cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and many cases of leukaemia can all be cured in adults with chemotherapy, most skin cancers are cured with surgery, and many cases of thyroid cancer and cancer of the larynx are cured with radiotherapy. Many other types of cancer are also cured if they are found early enough.

      Nobody's pretending there isn't still a long way to go, of course. That's why money's still needed for research.

      I've been in remission from stage 3 grade 3 breast cancer for almost 6 years; breast cancer is never considered 'cured' though it might be) because it can return at any time. But just a very few decades ago someone with my prognosis would almost certainly have died.

      So I'm glad of the research that's been done and is still being done. It's saved many lives, and prolonged many, many more.

  18. QUESTION:
    My Grandmother was just diagnosed with type 4 breast cancer, what does that mean?
    Be honestly brutal, please help.
    I tried looking it up online but was frustrated at the medical jargon I failed to understand.
    Thanks for any answers. : )

    • ANSWER:
      I believe you are referring to stage 4 breast cancer. Staging is a process whereby the extent of the cancer in the body is described. It can be quite complicated, so I understand your frustration.

      When breast cancer is diagnosed, additional studies are often done to determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Additional studies could include a chest x-ray, a CT (computed tomography) scan, an MRI, a needle biopsy (taking a sample of the tumor tissue in order to examine it at the cellular level), or a PET (positron emission tomography) scan may be done.

      Once additional studies are done, the cancer is staged using a "TNM" system:

      T - is for Tumor, how big is it, how far has it spread within the breast?

      N - is for lymph nodes - has the breast cancer spread to the lymph nodes and if so, how many?

      M - is for metastasis - has the cancer spread to other organs in the body?

      As you may have already discovered, stage 4 is the most advanced type. Stage 4 breast cancer means the tumor may be of any size, and may or may not have spread to lymph nodes. It has, however, spread to distant organs in the body. The most common sites of metastasis for breast cancer are the brain, bone, liver, and lung.

      Stage 4 has the poorest prognosis (that is, the least chance of recovery) and the lowest survival rate, about 20% of those diagnosed will live 5 years or more. This is statistical information only - it does not necessarily describe your grandmother's prognosis because every patient is different.

      In some cases, chemotherapy, radiation, or other treatments may be used to help slow down the cancer spread. However, your grandma's age and general state of health will affect what treatments would be appropriate. For example, some chemotherapy drugs are very toxic to the heart. While such a drug might be appropriate for a 30 year old woman who is otherwise in good health, an older adult with preexisting heart conditions might not survive the treatment. Treatment is individually tailored to the patient.

      I am sorry that your grandmother, indeed your whole family, is going through this. I have no wish to be "brutal" but I will be honest in saying that her cancer is likely well advanced and chances of her being "cured" are very small. At best, treatment would aim for palliation (trying to reduce pain and suffering) versus trying to eradicate all the cancer from her body - this would not be possible. Breast cancer is one area where a lot of progress has been made, but there simply are not a lot of options when the cancer is very far advanced.

      Hope this helps. For more information, try the American Cancer Society website. They do a good job of explaining things with minimal use of medical jargon.

  19. QUESTION:
    What is the diffrence between hypercalcemia and hypercalcemia of malignancy?
    I need this for my powerpoint it's very important thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      Lil morenita Gonzalez, hyperclcemia means an increase in the blood (serum) calcium level. Hypercalcemia in cancer patients is a life-threatening event that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Malignancy-associated hypercalcemia (MAH) is the most common cause of hypercalcemia in hospitalized patients. Up to 20% to 30% of patients with cancer will have hypercalcemia at some time during the course of their disease. Hypercalcemia can occur with any type of tumor, but it is most frequently seen in lung cancer, breast cancer, and hematologic malignancies such as multiple myeloma and lympoma. Symptoms are non-specific and vary depending on the degree of hypercalcemia and the rate at which it develops. Progressive mental impairment, including coma, as well as renal failure associated with severe hypercalcemia, are not uncommon causes of death in patients with cancer. MAH is most commonly caused by PTHrP production by tumor cells and typically occurs in patients with advanced malignancy. Patients with MAH often have a poor prognosis with some studies reporting a mortality rate of 50% within 30 days. Depending on the underlying malignancy, however, successful antitumor therapy may provide long-term survival.

  20. QUESTION:
    According to any statistics what state of health normaly people are diagnosed with cancer?
    does anyone know are normaly people's health is compromised already or it just happens even when people are at the best shape and form and healthy.

    • ANSWER:
      Although I do not know the exact statistics you are asking for part of my job is to report the information cancer statistics are based on. There are known risk factors to most types of cancer and some do compromise ones health, but this does not mean a person with these risk factors will ever get cancer it only helps doctors to be more aware of the possibility. Cancer can strike anyone, of any age with or without any other medical conditions.

      What we do know, is when cancer is found during a routine screening exam or by accident while treating something else, in a patient with no symptoms the cancer is most likely found in an early stage and their prognosis is much better regardless of pre-existing medical conditions.

      Aging is a major risk factor in the most common types of cancer and since our health tends to become compromised in some way as we age it may appear compromised health may play a part, but from what we know it is only a very small part, if any.

      We also know that when someone in their 20s or 30s is diagnosed with one of these common types of cancer, such as lung, breast, colon, there is rarely any pre-existing medical conditions involved, yet their prognosis is very poor and often do not survive.

      When children have cancer they are almost always otherwise normal healthy kids.

      There are many types of cancer and they have their own unique behaviors and risk factors making it impossible to compare one type to another. However, overall a person whose health has been compromised in some way is not a determining factor.

  21. QUESTION:
    where best can cell tumor of retina in right bulbus oculi be treated?
    The shape of the right bulbus oculi is not so fine.A oval soft tissuelump shadow can be seen near to the bitamporal and multiple pointlike calcific shadow can be seen in it.It`s size of pothological changes is about 1.0 multiplied by 0.90cm,and it has a obscurse boundaries.

    • ANSWER:
      the prognosis and pathological mutations cited---------------an offshoot of blocked energy in brain, spinal cord and optic nerve; hormonal imbalance and a displaced solar plexus.
      By the aid of target therapy, cure is available right @ Ur door steps. Details are---------------

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover. It is more suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and stedily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses [females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.

      • It helped my beloved Mummy in 1992 by strict compliance of all the stipulated instructions.
      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc.,:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days & thereafter to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      In order to prove ‘for our satisfaction’ on the “Miracles of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies”, we made Recorded documentations with cure for Autism, Thalassemia, breast cancer, Wilm’s tumor, Arthritis, Muscular Dystrophy, HIV/AIDS, Autism, etc., etc.

  22. QUESTION:
    29 and pg with advanced breast cancer what to expect?
    My sister is 29 years old and currently 7 months pregnant. She was diagnosed with at least Stage IIIC breast cancer two months ago. She had a unilateral mastectomy, a 5 cm tumor with 12 lymph nodes involved. Estrogen and progest. +

    Because of the pregnancy, they have been unable to scan her to find out if the cancer has spread and where it may have spread to. They feel the chances it has spread are "significant".

    They are planning on taking the baby at 32 weeks so they can scan her and begin treatment for any additional cancer.

    My sister doesn't want to know what the outlook is and the oncologist has cooperated with that. I'm more the type that likes to be prepared. She has authorized her oncologist to speak with me but I find I'm frustrated by the lack of clear information from her. When I ask about prognosis she just says "lets focus on beating this thing."

    Can anyone give me an idea of what we might expect from here on out including prognosis for stage 3C/4?
    To be clear, I'd never dream of going against her wishes about what she wants to know. She is counting on us, her family to manage the available information so that she can focus on the positive and beating this. We are just trying to be prepared for any upcoming eventualities...we really don't know what could happen at this point. She has a 1 year old and a 5 year old child also and with the new baby, if she will need extended treatment where she cannot be around children etc... this is the type of things we are looking to know. Also want prognosis based on different treatment options to make the best educated choice for treatment. Right now the oncologist is making all the decisions on her behalf.
    Thank you for the cancer monthly link. That looks extremely helpful.
    Stage 3C used to just be lumped under Stage IV but for some reason they have started separating them out in the last year or two.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a chart...I don't see a 3C only 3B...what is the 4 about?

      http://www.cancermonthly.com/cancer_basics/breast.asp

      If she does chemo..she can get a prescription for a "hair prosthesis" (wig) so it can be covered by insurance. It is good to take the anti-nausea pills BEFORE nausea arrives..once you are nauseous, you don't even want to look at a pill. Immodium is good to have on hand for diarrhea associated with chemo (check with the doc first). Cold bland high protein foods are good while on chemo, such as cold hard boiled eggs and Arby's or Rax plain roast beef sandwiches. Prayer can't hurt and a positive outlook is helpful. Family support is enormously helpful, as are cancer support groups where you can talk to others who are going thru or have been thru similar circumstances.

      There is a newswoman here in my city that had breast cancer 5 yrs ago and has small children and is in her 30s...now it is in her bones, but she still does the newscast and is hopeful that she can treat it and keep it under control until a more permanent solution comes along.

  23. QUESTION:
    I start chemo in 2 weeks, what should I expect?
    I am a 33 yr old female. I do not feel sick and I go to work everyday. Everything I read is for elderly women.
    I will go every 3 weeks for 4 treatments. I have breast cancer. I am concern because everything I read is based on 50+ yr aged women....I walk/run a mile every day. I go to work every day. I do not feel sick at all and I am full of energy. I was just wondering should I expect the same or is it diffrent in younger people. I am having chemo before I have surgery

    • ANSWER:
      The effects will depend on what type of chemo you are getting. If you're getting Taxol (which seems to be the standard first round treatment for breast cancer nowadays) your hair will start to fall out in a week or so. (At least mine did when I had it as treatment for relapsed lymphoma.)

      Other effects should be relatively mild, but remember to take your other meds. You will be given an anti-nausea medication. It will likely make you drowsy. BUT -- remember to take it as directed. You DO NOT want the nausea to get out of control.

      Plan on needing a lot more rest. Plan on not feeling like doing anything sometimes. You will probably have trouble concentrating on occasions.

      All these are generalities. You may lose feeling in your fingertips. Your ears may start ringing.

      Bottom line. Since you're young and in otherwise good health, you have a lot going for you, and your recovery should be faster, and your prognosis better than if you were older or had other health problems. Keep walking. (I used to walk 3 miles a day up and down the hospital halls with my chemo pole after my bone marrow transplant. The nurses knew I was going to get well because of that.)

      Welcome to the "club" of cancer survivors. You're going to lick this. Wish you the best.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the shotgun approach to chemotherapy?
    Anyone know?

    • ANSWER:
      It's a crude term not used professionally by oncologists.
      Roughly 2-4% of people we see with advanced malignancies have such poorly differentiated cells on biopsy that the pathologists cannot tell us where the cancer originated - what type it is. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/unknownprimary/Patient
      For these cases we have to guess and pick a combination chemotherapy regimen for the most likely type of cancer it could be. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/280505-overview

      Since we have over 100 different chemotherapy drugs now - and many hundreds of combinations, some oncologists will try one regimen after another hoping something will work. This is not precision oncology - it is "shotgun" therapy.

      There is still an art to medicine. Sometimes the science fails us. When pathologists cannot tell us what type of cancer we are treating, we have to guess. These are sometimes called CUP'S - carcinomas of unknown primary. We have to get very lucky to do well against these as the prognosis is usually poor. I always tried to treat for the best cancer type it might be.

      The most difficult thing to explain to people is that doctors do not know everything and medicine is not a perfect science. I figure we know about one tenth of one percent of all there is to know about the human body and malignancies. It is far more complex than people realize, and no two people are ever alike. There are almost 200,000 women with breast carcinoma diagnosed each year in the USA alone, and no two of these are every completely alike. Even the breast cancer cells in one person vary. This is called tumor cell heterogeneity. That is one reason that multiple drugs are employed in most chemotherapy regimens. Some of the patient's cells are vulnerable to one drug, and some may be vulnerable to another - and some malignant cells have to be hit from several directions at once to be killed.

      Everyone we see with cancer has at least one billion cancer cells. Most people have many more than one billion cancer cells if it is not caught early. We have to get every one of them to achieve a cure. The multiple drug approach has yielded the best long term results.

      We would love to have a single drug - a "magic bullet" that targets all cancer cells while causing no harm to normal body cells. Since there are over 200 different types of "cancer" - it is imposible to come up with one "magic bullet" drug that could cure them all.

      People ask for a single "cure for cancer" almost daily on this site. (Not you)
      Only uninformed people would think that could ever be possible.

  25. QUESTION:
    What kind of breast cancer can you die from?
    sorry. look how naive i sound!

    • ANSWER:
      There are many types of breast cancer and you can die from any of them - that's why it is called a cancer.
      However, some have a worse prognosis than others.

  26. QUESTION:
    do i have a tumor with a chance of cancer?
    i have this bump in my stomach/leg area, like right where you bend your upper leg.it hurts when i press it and its been there for about a week? i know i should notify a doctor but are there cancer/tumor symptoms?

    • ANSWER:
      No one could ever answer your question wih out seeing you first. I hope this will at least help you:
      What is a tumor?
      In order to understand tumor grade, it is helpful to know how tumors form. The body is made up of many types of cells. Normally, cells grow and divide to produce new cells in a controlled and orderly manner. Sometimes, however, new cells continue to be produced when they are not needed. As a result, a mass of extra tissue called a tumor may develop. A tumor can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order. These cancerous cells can invade and damage nearby tissue, and spread to other parts of the body (metastasize).

      What is tumor grade?
      Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in terms of how abnormal they look under a microscope and how quickly the tumor is likely to grow and spread. Many factors are considered when determining tumor grade, including the structure and growth pattern of the cells. The specific factors used to determine tumor grade vary with each type of cancer.

      Histologic grade, also called differentiation, refers to how much the tumor cells resemble normal cells of the same tissue type. Nuclear grade refers to the size and shape of the nucleus in tumor cells and the percentage of tumor cells that are dividing.

      Tumor grade should not be confused with the stage of a cancer. Cancer stage refers to the extent or severity of the cancer, based on factors such as the location of the primary tumor, tumor size, number of tumors, and lymph node involvement (spread of cancer into lymph nodes). (More information about staging is available in the NCI fact sheet Staging: Questions and Answers, which can be found at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Detection/staging on the Internet.)

      How is tumor grade determined?
      If a tumor is suspected to be malignant, a doctor removes a sample of tissue or the entire tumor in a procedure called a biopsy. A pathologist (a doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells under a microscope) examines the tissue to determine whether the tumor is benign or malignant. The pathologist can also determine the tumor grade and identify other characteristics of the tumor cells.

      What do the different tumor grades signify?
      Based on the microscopic appearance of cancer cells, pathologists commonly describe tumor grade by four degrees of severity: Grades 1, 2, 3, and 4. The cells of Grade 1 tumors resemble normal cells, and tend to grow and multiply slowly. Grade 1 tumors are generally considered the least aggressive in behavior.

      Conversely, the cells of Grade 3 or Grade 4 tumors do not look like normal cells of the same type. Grade 3 and 4 tumors tend to grow rapidly and spread faster than tumors with a lower grade.

      The American Joint Commission on Cancer recommends the following guidelines for grading tumors (1):

      Grade

      GX
      Grade cannot be assessed (Undetermined grade)
      G1
      Well-differentiated (Low grade)
      G2
      Moderately differentiated (Intermediate grade)
      G3
      Poorly differentiated (High grade)
      G4
      Undifferentiated (High grade)
      Does the same grading scale apply to all tumors?
      Grading systems are different for each type of cancer. For example, pathologists use the Gleason system to describe the degree of differentiation of prostate cancer cells. The Gleason system uses scores ranging from Grade 2 to Grade 10. Lower Gleason scores describe well-differentiated, less aggressive tumors. Higher scores describe poorly differentiated, more aggressive tumors. Other grading systems include the Bloom-Richardson system for breast cancer and the Fuhrman system for kidney cancer.

      Does tumor grade affect a patient’s treatment options?
      Doctors use tumor grade and many other factors, such as cancer stage, to develop an individual treatment plan for the patient and to predict the patient’s prognosis. Generally, a lower grade indicates a better prognosis (the likely outcome or course of a disease; the chance of recovery or recurrence). However, the importance of tumor grade in planning treatment and estimating a patient’s prognosis is greater for certain types of cancers, such as soft tissue sarcoma, primary brain tumors, lymphomas, and breast and prostate cancer. Patients should speak with their doctor about tumor grade and how it relates to their diagnosis and treatment.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are some interesting facts about brain cancer, and who is typically affected(any particular group)?
    who is typically affected byy brain cancer and what are some interesting facts about it...no website links please

    • ANSWER:
      Here ya go..

      There are two types of brain tumors: primary brain tumors that originate in the brain and metastatic (secondary) brain tumors that originate from cancer cells that have migrated from other parts of the body.

      Primary brain cancer rarely spreads beyond the central nervous system, and death results from uncontrolled tumor growth within the limited space of the skull. Metastatic brain cancer indicates advanced disease and has a poor prognosis.

      Primary brain tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous. Both types take up space in the brain and may cause serious symptoms (e.g., vision or hearing loss) and complications (e.g., stroke).

      All cancerous brain tumors are life threatening (malignant) because they have an aggressive and invasive nature. A noncancerous primary brain tumor is life threatening when it compromises vital structures (e.g., an artery).

      Incidence and Prevalence

      In the United States, the annual incidence of brain cancer generally is 15–20 cases per 100,000 people. Brain cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in patients younger than age 35.

      Primary brain tumors account for 50% of intracranial tumors and secondary brain cancer accounts for the remaining cases. Approximately 17,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with primary cancer each year and nearly 13,000 die of the disease. The annual incidence of primary brain cancer in children is about 3 per 100,000.

      Secondary brain cancer occurs in 20–30% of patients with metastatic disease and incidence increases with age. In the United States, about 100,000 cases of secondary brain cancer are diagnosed each year.

      Causes and Risk Factors

      Aside from a known association with exposure to vinyl chloride, there are no known chemical or environmental agents that lead to the development of brain tumors.

      Genetic mutations and deletions of tumor suppressor genes (i.e., genes that suppress the development of malignant cells) increase the risk for some types of brain cancer. Inherited diseases that are associated with brain tumors include the following:

      Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (pituitary adenoma)

      Neurofibromatosis type 2 (brain and spinal cord tumors)

      Retinoblastoma (malignant retinal glioma)

      Tuberous sclerosis (primary brain tumors)

      Von Hippel-Lindau disease (retinal tumor, CNS tumors)

      Patients with a history of melanoma, lung, breast, colon, or kidney cancer are at risk for secondary brain cancer.

      Exposure to vinyl chloride is an environmental risk factor for brain cancer. Vinyl chloride is a carcinogen, that is, a cancer-causing substance. It is used in manufacturing plastic products such as pipes, wire coatings, furniture, car parts, and housewares, and is present in tobacco smoke.

      Manufacturing and chemical plants may release vinyl chloride into the air or water, and it may leak into the environment as a result of improper disposal. People who work in these plants or live in close proximity to them have an increased risk for brain cancer.

  28. QUESTION:
    Im writing a story about a teen girl with cancer but i know very little about cancer can you help me?
    Well i want to write a story about a teenage girl with cancer, but I know very little when it comes to cancer so i was wondering
    what type of cancer cannot be cured?
    can you be pregnant when you have cancer and would the cancer be passed onto the child?
    if the cancer cannot be cured how long is the average time to live? and must u be in hospital 24-7 at some stage in the cancer?
    any other basic information i would be so grateful for
    thank you x

    • ANSWER:
      Let me try to answer your questions the best I can:

      what type of cancer cannot be cured? ---- I think all cancers can be "cured", it just depends on where you're being treated and how good or bad the prognosis is. If you want a list of "hard to cure cancers" I'd try google.

      can you be pregnant when you have cancer and would the cancer be passed onto the child? ---- I don't think that the cancer can be passed on if you're pregnant with cancer. It would only be passed on if it's a hereditary cancer like breast cancer or something like that. That's not saying that the child can't develop cancer, because anyone can develop cancer ... but the chances of it being born with cancer because its mother had it are pretty low (as far as I know.)

      if the cancer cannot be cured how long is the average time to live? and must u be in hospital 24-7 at some stage in the cancer? ---- When I was being treated for my cancer, a friend of mine that I had met was told that they wouldn't live. They had a very aggressive and rare form of leukemia. They were in isolation for months and months on end (24/7 as you put it ...). And now they are cancer free. Alive and well :)

      I personally don't believe there's any such thing as "cannot be cured". I think any cancer can be cured with enough faith and if you go to a good treatment center. It's where you are treated first that counts. I was diagnosed with an aggressive and rare form of lymphoma, stage 3, and here I am. Alive. Not always feeling the greatest, and not COMPLETELY back to normal, but I'm as normal as an ex- cancer patient can be.

  29. QUESTION:
    What lifestyle and time left can be expected for a healthy 89 yr old female with cholangiocarcinoma.?
    My 89 yr old mother who is in great health just had an initial radiology report of cholangiocarcinoma ( she will have a biopsy in 2 weeks to confirm). She will not undergo surgery or chemo. What is an approximate time I can expect to have her with me. What type of pain or symptoms can we expect. What will be her comfort level and will hospitalization be required as the end nears or can she be at home.

    • ANSWER:
      Prognosis is dependent upon the type of cholangiocarcinoma that she is diagnosed with. Without further information about stage (has it metastisized?) or grade (what do the cells look like under a microscope - the more normal ones are low grade - the more unusual or odd looking cells are high grade) it is hard to really say. You may have the company of your 89 year old mother for quite a few more years or it may be only weeks. Best to talk to her doctors thoroughly. Best to you. It sounds like she has made a decision not to seek further treatment, and that is her right. My sister in law made the decision to not seek treatment for advanced breast cancer and chose instead to live life to the fullest with what time she had. Hard decision but it worked for her.

  30. QUESTION:
    How many people does caner kill every year?
    Yeah, approx. how many people does cancer kill every year?

    • ANSWER:
      "Page" is close on numbers for the U.S., but she is wrong about cures.
      Most cancers diagnosed in the U.S. are being cured these days - mostly with early detection and surgery - but some like Lance Armstrong are being cured with chemotherapy.

      ACS (American Cancer Society) data for 2008
      1,437,180 people in the USA diagnosed with serious cancers {There are more than 200 different types of cancer - each quite different in treatment and prognosis.}
      (This does not include the million or so skin cancers that are fairly easily cured with surgery.)
      Cancer deaths in the USA for 2008 estimated at 565,650.
      Many of these people were diagnosed many years ago and just died this past year.

      American Cancer Society predictions for 2008:
      Men diagnosed with cancer - 745,180
      Women diagnosed with cancer - 692,000
      Deaths from cancer in men 2008 - 294,120
      Deaths from cancer in women 2008 - 271,530
      Total deaths 565,650 = 39% of the new cases number
      [These are data not including non-melanoma skin cancers which are the most numerous cancers and the most curable.]

      Here are the five year survival data from the ACS 2008
      [Note that five year survival does not necessarily mean a “cure”.]
      All sites 66%
      Breast 89%
      Colon 65%
      Leukemia 50%
      Lung cancers 16%
      Melanoma 92%
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma64%
      Ovary45%
      Pancreas 5%
      Prostate 99%
      Rectum 66%
      Urinary bladder 81%

      Note that most are still cured with surgery
      - not by chemotherapy.

      Where Page is correct is in the area of lung cancers.
      More people die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer. In 2004 - lung cancer killed more people than breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer combined.

      Lung cancer accounts for 31% of all deaths from cancer, and 90% of these could have been prevented if people had not smoked cigarettes.

      In 2004,
      108,355 men and 87,897 women were diagnosed with lung cancer - - - 89,575 men and 68,431 women died from lung cancer †
      Bottom line – Most lung cancers cannot be cured, but they could be prevented if people would not smoke cigarettes.

  31. QUESTION:
    do all type of cancers require chemo? can one have cancer and not go through chemo? any other methods perhaps?

    another Q, is it mandatory tht we lose hair and become nauseous when going thru chemo? do ppl's effect varies?

    • ANSWER:
      Not all cancers require chemo, an oncologist would advise whether it was necessary in a particular case. I had stage 3 grade 3 breast cancer and I had chemo and radiotherapy. I have friends who had stage 1 breast cancer for whom chemo was not deemed to be necessary.

      Not all chemotherapy regimes cause hair loss - this depends on the drugs, not on the individual. Your oncologist would advise you as to whether your particular regime causes hair loss, hair thinning or does not cause hair loss. If you lose hair, it will grow back.

      People vary in their reaction to chemo - some feel very ill, for some others it has so little effect that they carry on going to work throughout. Anti-sickness drugs are much improved and though most people feel nauseous they don't actually vomit - if you do your anti-sickness medication can be changed.

      Chemo is far from perfect and I'm sure one day people will look back on it with horror. But it saves lives and extends many others. None of the alternatives people are recommending here have been clinically proven to do that.

      I had a very poor prognosis, I am now in remission over three years after completing conventional treatment - surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

  32. QUESTION:
    What percent of breast cancer patients survive?

    • ANSWER:
      This is not an easy question to answer as these patients have to be followed for many years and during this time our knowledge, technology and treatments are getting better. To give you some idea in 2003 over 40,000 people died from breast cancer and that same year over 268,000 were diagnosed with it. Individually prognosis depends on the type of cancer, stage, grade, tumor markers and response to treatment. Overall, you have a better chance of survival diagnosed today than you would have 10 years ago.

  33. QUESTION:
    Is this scenario considered early detection?
    In June of 2011 my mother went for a mammogram and it was clear, about 2 months ago her wired bra straps starting bothering her on her breast and she couldnt figure out why, when she didnt wear her wired bras she was fine. so she went to get a mammogram 2 weeks ago andd a 2cm cancer tumour was found............is this considered early detection?

    • ANSWER:
      The term "early detection" really is intended for diagnostic tests prior to symptoms:
      "
      The goal of screening exams for early breast cancer detection is to find cancers before they start to cause symptoms. Screening refers to tests and exams used to find a disease, such as cancer, in people who do not have any symptoms. Early detection means using an approach that lets breast cancer get diagnosed earlier than otherwise might have occurred.

      Breast cancers that are found because they are causing symptoms tend to be larger and are more likely to have already spread beyond the breast. In contrast, breast cancers found during screening exams are more likely to be smaller and still confined to the breast. The size of a breast cancer and how far it has spread are some of the most important factors in predicting the prognosis (outlook) of a woman with this disease.

      Most doctors feel that early detection tests for breast cancer save thousands of lives each year, and that many more lives could be saved if even more women and their health care providers took advantage of these tests. Following the American Cancer Society's guidelines for the early detection of breast cancer improves the chances that breast cancer can be diagnosed at an early stage and treated successfully.

      Last Medical Review: 08/30/2012
      Last Revised: 08/30/2012"
      http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BreastCancer/MoreInformation/BreastCancerEarlyDetection/breast-cancer-early-detection-importance-of-finding-early

      HOWEVER, more important than that is the type, stage, etc. of the tumour discovered. The path report should have included that information. You can see more detailed info here:
      http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/About-Breast-Cancer/Stages.aspx

      5-YEAR SURVIVAL RATE BY STAGE

      Stage 0

      100%

      Stage I

      98%

      Stage II

      88%

      Stage IIIA

      56%

      Stage IIIB

      49%

      Stage IV

      16%
      What you described is Stage II:
      Stage II
      Stage 2 breast cancer is divided into two categories according to the size of the tumor and whether or not it has spread to the lymph nodes:
      Stage II A Breast Cancer—the tumor is less than two centimeters(approximately an inch) and has spread up to three auxiliary underarm lymph nodes. Or, the tumor has grown bigger than two centimeters, but no larger than five centimeters (approximately two inches) and has not spread to surrounding lymph nodes.
      Stage II B Breast Cancer— the tumor has grown to between two and five centimeters (approximately one to two inches) and has spread to up to three auxiliary underarm lymph nodes. Or, the tumor is larger than five centimeters, but has not spread to the surrounding lymph nodes.
      --Again, that is down for an 88% survival rate, which is quite encouraging, but you need the additional information, such as whether or not lymph nodes are involved.

      Definitely stay on top of getting the docs to give full info AND make your mother and you very aware of where this fits on the staging map, what treatment options are available, and prognosis (outlook). Though cancer is never good, this is considered an early stage with good outcomes.

      God bless.

  34. QUESTION:
    Cancer survivors - Have you tried the Gerson therapy? How did it work for you?

    • ANSWER:
      Gerson therapy is extremely expensive, and has never been proven to have cured one case of cancer, ever; so yes, scam seems to just about cover it. Many people have tried Gerson after or alongside conventional cancer treatments, and some have chosen to credit subsequent improvement in their condition to the Gerson therapy rather than the conventional treatment.

      Before I come to my own experience of Gerson, here are some informed articles on this, the first being about Gerson's famous 50 'best cases', only four of which appear anything like credible:

      http://www.users.on.net/~pmoran/cancer/Gerson.htm

      http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/OTA/ota03.html

      Yes, I have tried it - briefly. I gave it up because a) it was very harsh, causing me to feel very ill and b) because I found out by research that it had never actually been shown to work.

      Here's my experience: I've posted it on this forum before, so I'm copying and pasting what I wrote then, with a few small edits:

      I was diagnosed with stage 3 grade 3 breast cancer seven years ago. At the time I had been a vegan for over 8 years (and a vegetarian for most of my life) and was a juicing enthusiast; I started most days with green juice. I mention this because an almost entirely vegan diet and frequent consumption of fresh juice is the basis of the diet Gerson followers claim will cure cancer.

      I was also something of an alternative medicine enthusiast at the time, and frantic to avoid harsh treatments. I visited (among other alternative practitioners) a nutritionist, who guided me in starting a diet recommended by an outfit called the Nutritional Cancer Therapy Trust and identical to Gerson's,

      I wasn't willing to pay the few thousand pounds the organisation wanted for providing the information, visiting me and providing the food, vitamins etc I would need for two years, but the nutritionist agreed to give me the basic diet and guide me through it. I intended to follow it as a substitute for chemotherapy, and spent a few hundred pounds on vitamin pills and supplements. I passed on the coffee enemas; the nutritionist thought this would be ok as I was taking milk thistle.

      A couple of days into the regime, drinking juice every hour and consuming enormous amounts of vitamin pills caused me to vomit regularly, and in the end my stomach turned even as I contemplated the dreary routine of making and drinking the hourly juices (it put me off juice for years). . There were nights when I went to bed weeping with hunger because I couldn't face the bland and repetitive food I was 'allowed' on this restrictive (even for a vegan) diet. My weight plummeted and I felt very ill. I lasted two weeks and felt so much better when I started eating whatever the hell I wanted.

      I've only known one person who followed the Gerson diet to the letter; she was a contributor to a breast cancer forums whose prognosis was almost as poor as mine. She was a fine, strong, intelligent woman who had surgery but refused further conventional treatment.

      She had a recurrence after a year or so; she continued with the Gerson diet and seemed to be doing well. A year or so later she stopped posting; I have no idea why, and it's always a worry on a cancer forum when you stop hearing from someone suddenly. I emailed her and, very uncharacteristically, she didn't email back. A website she ran on alternative cancer treatments came to a full stop too. I hope very much that she's still fit and well, but I fear the worst.

      Thing is, tumours are solid objects, visible on CT or PET scans - that's how doctors measure progress in order to see if traditional treatment is working or not. It's a simple matter to prove whether a treatment is having an effect on a tumour. But with 'alternative treatments', including Gerson, this type of evidence is lacking - there doesn't seem to be anyone able to prove using a CT or PET scan that the treatment kills or even shrinks malignant tumours. If Gerson therapy really works - well, you have to wonder why its supporters don't just provide such evidence.

      NCI: Gerson Clinical Studies

      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/cam/gerson/patient/14.cdr#Section_14

      I went on to have conventional cancer treatment, and am fit and well and have been in complete remission, with no sign of cancer, for over 6 years.

  35. QUESTION:
    Prognosis of stage IIIC testicular cancer?
    My friend who is 23 years old was diagnosed with testicular cancer. It came back and it was found he is in stage IIIC and it has spread to his liver, lungs, and lymph nodes. I just want to know what the prognosis of this usually is. I've researched it and everything comes up"poor prognosis" but doesn't clarify, I just need to know what to prepare myself for and any advice?

    • ANSWER:
      Ur concern, love and affection for Ur friend is fine. U can as well show Ur real feelings for him by getting a cure for all his symptoms. Details follow----------

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover. It is more suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and stedily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS,Crohn’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses [females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      • 2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.

      • It helped my beloved Mummy in 1992 by strict compliance of all the stipulated instructions.
      • Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      • Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc.,:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days & thereafter to have total cure.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      In order to prove ‘for our satisfaction’ on the “Miracles of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies”, we made Recorded documentations with cure for Autism, Thalassemia, breast cancer, Wilm’s tumor, Arthritis, Muscular Dystrophy, HIV/AIDS, Autism, etc., etc.

  36. QUESTION:
    What organs and tissues are affected by adenocarcinoma?
    Good descriptions help alot thank you. ^.^

    • ANSWER:
      Lungs.

      1. Adenocarcinoma Prognosis www.ipgdx.com Better information sooner for better decisions Lung: Adenocarcinoma Credit:Flickr
      2. Adenocarcinoma -a form of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer -is one of the most common lung cancer in women and nonsmokers. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      3. There are three types of non-small cell lung cancer. The three types of non-small cell lung cancer are squamous carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      4. Adenocarcinoma is a carcinoma that begins in cells lining glandular types of internal organs (glandular epithelium tissue ) such as the lungs, breasts, colon, prostate, stomach, pancreas, and cervix and has gland-like properties. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      5. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines adenocarcinoma as a malignant epithelial tumor with tubular, acinar, or papillary growth patterns, and/or mucus production by the tumor cells. www.ipgdx.com Epithelial lining of foveola Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      6. The vast majority of colorectal cancer is an adenocarcinoma as the colon has numerous glands within the tissue. www.ipgdx.com Disorganized Adenocarcinoma cells Normal duct lining with flat sheet of uniform cells Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      7. Adenocarcinoma of the lung is the most common type of non-small cell lung cancer that often develops along the outer edges of the lung and under the membranes lining the bronchi. www.ipgdx.com Lung: Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      8. When adenocarcinoma develops in the lung's air sacs, it is called bronchioalveolar adenocarcinoma. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      9. There are 2 subtypes of adenocarcinoma called signet ring cell adenocarcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma. www.ipgdx.com Signet ring cell Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      10. Signet ring cell adenocarcinoma is named for the way its cells look under a microscope. Mucinous adenocarcinoma is referred to as "mucinous" because its cells contain much mucus. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      11. Virtually all adenocarcinomas develop from adenomas. In general, the bigger the adenoma, the more likely it is to become cancerous. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      12. Symptoms of Adenocarcinoma include coughing,wheezing, shortness of breath,chest pain and fever etc. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      13. Adenocarcinoma prognosis largely depends upon the growth/stage of the cancer tumors. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      14. PrognostiCheck® measures the prognosis of patients with Adenocarcinoma. It enables the physician, patient and family to make better treatment decisions and to see the trajectory of the disease in an individual patient; not a statistical estimate. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis
      15. PrognostiCheck® illustrates the timing of death to support end-of-life discussions, treatment options and the transition to palliative and hospice care. Dying is not the worse thing that happens to patients and families; loss of control, discomfort and not knowing are. www.ipgdx.com Adenocarcinoma Prognosis

  37. QUESTION:
    Question for Oncologists or med students?
    I have a real study of a family member I need help with.
    55 year old woman, healthy weight, mild smoker and drinker
    History of Breast cancer at age of 30, underwent surgical removal of cancer and follow up chemotherapy. No return or metastasis.
    55 diagnosed with Porocarsinoma, very rare type of cancer of the eccrine sweat glands. The tumors were removed and also the cancerous cells that had spread into the lymph nodes.
    The cancer returned in the liver as two 2cm in diameter lesions. The part of the liver containing the lesions was removed with good prognosis.
    3 months later 5 more lesions, 1 cm in diameter have re-appeared. They have been confirmed as the porocarcinoma cancer. The part of the liver cannot be removed.
    This is a very rare type of cancer and therefore, there are little case studies on the topic.
    Any ideas or suggestions or help would be great. What do you think will be the best treatment method?

    Thank you
    The oncologists seeing her are also stumped as there is only 2 case studies that are similar to her so they are open to opinions aswell

    • ANSWER:
      any infection can cause L node enlargement
      you may need to make some investigation
      like com blood picture
      or wlc
      and you need to go to doctor
      and seek medical advice
      to exclude any other causes

  38. QUESTION:
    How many stages of cancer are there?
    My principal got stage four cancer yesterday

    • ANSWER:
      There are four stages of cancer. Some cancers have five as they have a "stage 0" indicating a pre-cancerous state.

      In spite of some bad answers above, a Stage IV diagnosis does not necessarily mean that one is in their "last weeks of life." Prognosis (life expectancy) varies depending upon what type of cancer it is and where it has spread. Life expectancy also depends upon how an individual responds to treatment. I personally know of several women who have been living two/three years with Stage IV breast cancer. I've read of many other women who have lived much longer than that, depending on where their metastases were.

      Stage IV testicular cancer is one that has been cured.

      I have Stage IV breast cancer and I'm not in my last weeks of life (at least, not that I know of).

  39. QUESTION:
    my mom got a prescription for screening mammogram?
    i saw 2 prescriptions on the counter for my mom to get a (bilateral) screening mammogram? what does this mean? does this mean that the doctor found a lump?

    • ANSWER:
      Mammography is the study of the breast using x ray. The actual test is called a mammogram. There are two types of mammograms. A screening mammogram is ordered for women who have no problems with their breasts. It consists of two x-ray views of each breast. A diagnostic mammogram is for evaluation of new abnormalities or of patients with a past abnormality requiring follow-up (i.e., a woman with breast cancer treated with lumpectomy). Additional x rays from other angles or special views of certain areas are taken.

      Purpose
      The purpose of screening mammography is breast cancer detection. A screening test, by definition, is used for patients without any signs or symptoms in order to detect disease as early as possible. Many studies have shown that having regular mammograms increases a woman's chances of finding breast cancer in an early stage, when it is more likely to be curable. It has been estimated that a mammogram may find a cancer as much as two years before it can be felt. The American Cancer Society, American College of Radiology, American College of Surgeons and American Medical Association recommend annual mammograms for every woman beginning at age 40.

      Screening mammograms usually are not recommended for women under age 40 who have no special risk factors and a normal physical breast examination. Below age 40, breasts tend to be "radiographically dense," which means it is difficult to see many details. In 2003, a new technique that introduces radiographic contrast into digital mammograms was proving useful at improving visibility of breast cancer in younger women. Screening mammograms can detect cancers in their earliest stages and greatly reduce mortality, particularly among women age 40 to 69. In fact, a study in 2003 found that women age 40 and older who had annual screening mammograms had better breast cancer prognoses because their cancers were diagnosed at earlier stages than women who had mammograms less often.

      Some women are at increased risk for developing breast cancer, such as those with two or more relatives who have the disease. The 2003 American Cancer Society guidelines stated that women at increased risk might benefit from earlier screening mammograms and more frequent intervals for screening. However, the society suggested that evidence was not strong enough at that time to support making specific recommendations concerning screening examinations.

      Diagnostic mammography is used to evaluate an existing problem, such as a lump, discharge from the nipple, or unusual tenderness in one area. The cause of the problem may be definitively diagnosed from this study, but further investigation using other methods often is necessary. This exam also is used to evaluate findings from screening mammography.

      Description
      A mammogram may be offered in a variety of settings. Hospitals, outpatient clinics, physicians' offices, or other facilities may have mammography equipment. In the United States, since October 1, 1994, only places certified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are legally permitted to perform, interpret, or develop mammograms under the Mammography Quality Standards Act (MQSA).

      In addition to the usual paperwork, a woman will be asked to fill out a form seeking information relevant to her risk of breast cancer and special mammography needs. The woman is asked about personal and family history of cancer, details about menstruation, child bearing, birth control, breast implants, other breast surgery, age, and hormone replacement therapy. Information about Breast Self Examination (BSE) and other breast health issues usually are available at no charge.

      At some centers, a technologist may perform a physical examination of the breasts before the mammogram. Whether or not this is done, it is essential for the patient to tell the technologist about any lumps, nipple discharge, breast pain, or other concerns.

      Clothing from the waist up is removed and a hospital gown or similar covering is put on. The woman stands facing the mammography machine. The technologist exposes one breast and places it on a plastic or metal film holder about the size of a placemat. The breast is compressed as flat as possible between the film holder and a rectangle of plastic (called a paddle), which presses down onto the breast from above. The compression should only last a few seconds, just enough to take the x ray. Good compression can be uncomfortable, but it is necessary to ensure the clearest view of all breast tissues.

      Next, the woman is positioned with her side toward the mammography unit. The film holder is tilted so the outside of the breast rests against it, and a corner touches the armpit. The paddle again holds the breast firmly as the x ray is taken. This procedure is repeated for the other breast. A total of four x rays, two of each breast, are taken for a screening mammogram. Additional x rays, using special paddles, different breast positions, or other techniques

  40. QUESTION:
    Chemotherapy failing and secondary tumors?
    i have a relation who has breast cancer, the tumor was removed with mastectomy and she has now gone on chemotherapy which we've just found out is failing and the doctors have found other tumors.
    what is the usual prognosis for this type of condition, would it usually be terminal or would there be any hope?

    • ANSWER:
      There is always hope, especially with breast cancer and the facts that there has been so much new research done on the disease. Your relative does face a long, long road . . no one know what the outcome will be. Relapse is so very difficult to treat, but it is not impossible. She needs your total support no matter what happens since she will need to make some very difficult choices. In other types of cancers that have progressed to stage IV or have relapsed the medical community is turning more and more towards finding medication or a chemo drug that the patient can take to control the growth of the cancer. If a daily drug can control her cancer than she may be able to live with the cancer. Remember cancer is a progressive disease . . that will grow indefinitely unless treatment can stop it. So if your relative can find a drug that she can take daily that stops the cancer from its continued growth than she may be able to maintain a quality of life for an undetermined amount of time. And if she can hold out for years taking medication perhaps medical science will find the key to this disease.

      There is always hope.

  41. QUESTION:
    What treatment is the best for Breast Cancer? HELP!!!?
    what is the best treatment for breast cancer for 40 year old women? My mom has cancer and she doesn't know what to do...
    well.... she HAS gone to the doctor already and the doctor told her to choose what she would like to do about it....(some doctor huh???)

    well....yah...
    She's in stage II by the way...

    • ANSWER:
      (m)

      Breast cancer is a complicated disease. Every woman's case is distinct. Your experience may be very different from those of friends or relatives who also had breast cancer. So there is no single "best" treatment. Only you and your team of health-care providers can work out the best approach for you. No matter what treatment you have, you will need regular checkups to make sure that you're staying healthy.
      Doctors evaluate a woman's breast cancer in part by determining how large the tumor is and how far it's spread. This is called staging. It's just a way of summarizing your current condition. There are five basic stages, 0 through IV, and a number of sub-stages.

      Staging doesn't tell the whole story. Other factors can affect your prognosis, such as the type of cancer, the speed with which the cancer is growing, your general health, your age, whether you had breast cancer before, and whether female hormones affect the cancer's growth.

      If you know the stage of the disease that you have, you can use this quick guide to see what kinds of treatments might help.

      Stage 0 Stage I Stage II Stage III Stage IV

      Stage 0 Treatment Options

      When needed, treatment for stage 0 breast cancer is very successful. The five-year survival rate is about 100%. This very early stage of the disease is not always actually cancer. Instead, it's often a precancerous condition. Treatment isn't always needed, and close observation may be enough. Treatments differ depending on what kind of stage 0 cancer you have. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or intraductal carcinoma is one type. In this condition, abnormal cells appear in the ducts of the breast. Sometimes, these cells become cancerous. That's why it's key to get treatment now. Here's a list of the typical treatments:

      Surgery is a standard. For smaller tumors, you might get a lumpectomy, in which only the abnormal cells and some of the tissue are removed. Some women choose a mastectomy, in which the entire breast is removed. After a mastectomy, you might choose to have breast reconstruction surgery.
      Radiation therapy is standard treatment after a lumpectomy. Radiation therapy attacks any abnormal cells that might have been missed and decreases the risk of another cancer.
      Hormone therapy with tamoxifen after surgery may also help prevent cancer from developing in the same or opposite breast.
      Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is the other type of stage 0 cancer. LCIS develops when abnormal cells appear in the lobes of the breast. Most women don't need treatment right away. However, LCIS raises the risk of getting cancer. So it's key to have frequent checkups with your doctor. Here are some treatment options:
      Hormone therapy with tamoxifen to lower the risk of developing cancer.
      Bilateral mastectomy -- the removal of both breasts -- is another option. Some women choose this approach because they are worried about getting cancer. They might have certain risk factors, like a strong family history of breast cancer. After surgery, you might choose to get breast reconstruction surgery. However, experts think that a bilateral mastectomy is a more extreme approach than women usually need.

      Stage I Treatment Options

      This is a very early stage of the disease. The cancer hasn't spread beyond the breast at all. So you have a number of good treatments to choose from. The five-year survival rate for women with stage I breast cancer is about 98%. This doesn't mean that these women will only live five years. Doctors just measure success rates for cancer treatment by seeing how women are doing five years after treatment. Women usually do well with a combination of treatments. Here are your basic options:

      Surgery is a standard. Since the tumor is still small, you may get a lumpectomy. In this procedure, just the tumor and some of the surrounding tissue are removed. Some women get a mastectomy, in which the whole breast is removed. In either case, the surgeon will likely take out one or more of the lymph nodes. After a mastectomy, you might choose to get breast reconstruction surgery. Surgery treats the disease of which we are aware. The other treatments of radiation, chemotherapy, and/or hormone therapy are considered "adjuvant" (added) treatments for occult (or hidden) disease. They are used to reduce risk of breast cancer recurrence.
      Radiation therapy is standard after a lumpectomy. It can kill off any cancer cells that were missed. Women with stage I cancer who get a mastectomy don't usually need radiation.
      Chemotherapy is treatment with drugs that attack cancer cells. It's often used after surgery to lower the risk of the cancer coming back. Women who had larger tumors are more likely to need it.
      Hormone therapy is sometimes used after surgery in women who have hormone receptor-positive cancer (tumors whose growth seems dependant on estrogen). In these women, medications can prevent the tumor from getting the hormone it needs to grow. These drugs include tamoxifen and newer aromatase inhibitors like Arimidex. Women who haven't reached menopause may consider having their ovaries removed to stop them from making hormones that help cancer grow. Again, women with larger tumors are more likely to need hormone therapy.
      Biological therapy is a new approach. In about 25% of women with breast cancer, an excess of a protein known as HER2 makes the cancer spread quickly. Herceptin is a new drug that's been approved to treat women with metastatic breast cancer that is HER2-positive. It stops this protein from making the cancer grow and makes chemotherapy more effective. It is most often used in combination with chemotherapy. Very recent studies have led to its use in early breast cancer.
      Clinical trials are open to many women with stage I cancer. A clinical trial may allow you access to cutting-edge treatments. Many new therapies -- new drugs, new treatments, and new combinations -- are in clinical trials now. Keep in mind that any successful treatment we have now started out in a clinical trial.

      Stage II Treatment Options

      With stage II breast cancer, the cancer is still contained within the breast and (in some cases) in nearby lymph nodes. Many treatments may help. The five-year survival rate for women with stage II cancer is estimated to be between 76% and 88%. It may be higher. This doesn't mean that these women will only live five years. Doctors just measure success rates for cancer treatment by seeing how women are doing five years after treatment. As with stage I cancer, you would likely use a combination of treatments.

      Surgery is standard. For smaller tumors, you might get a lumpectomy, in which only the tumor and some of the surrounding tissue are removed. For larger tumors, you might need a mastectomy, in which the entire breast is removed. In either case, the surgeon will likely remove some of the lymph nodes. After a mastectomy, you might get breast reconstruction surgery.
      Radiation therapy is standard for women who get a lumpectomy. It can kill cancer cells that were missed during surgery. Some women with stage II cancer who get a mastectomy will also need radiation, especially if the tumor was large.
      Chemotherapy is often used after surgery. This treatment can destroy any remaining cancer cells that were missed. Chemotherapy may also be used as neoadjuvant therapy -- treatment before surgery to shrink a tumor. If it works, the tumor might then be small enough to remove in a lumpectomy.
      Hormone therapy is sometimes used after surgery in women who have hormone receptor-positive cancer. In these women, medicines can prevent the tumor from getting the hormone it needs to grow. These drugs include tamoxifen and newer aromatase inhibitors like Arimidex. Women who haven't reached menopause may consider having their ovaries removed to stop them from making hormones that help cancer grow.
      Biological therapy is a new approach. In about 25% of women with breast cancer, an excess of a protein known as HER2 makes the cancer spread quickly. Herceptin is a new drug that's been approved to treat women with metastatic breast cancer that is HER2-positive. It stops this protein from making the cancer grow and makes chemotherapy more effective. It is most often used in combination with chemotherapy. Very recent studies have led to its use in early breast cancer.
      Clinical trials are open to many women with stage II cancer. A clinical trial may allow you access to cutting-edge treatments. Many new therapies -- new drugs, new treatments, and new combinations -- are in clinical trials now. Keep in mind that any successful treatment we have now started out in a clinical trial.

      Stage III Treatment Options

      In stage III, the cancer still hasn't spread far beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes. So even though the breast cancer is more advanced, the five-year survival rate is still about 49% to 56%. This doesn't mean that these women will only live five years. Doctors just measure success rates for cancer treatment by seeing how women are doing five years after treatment. A combination of different treatments often works best.

      Chemotherapy is a common treatment. This approach can help destroy any cancer cells that remain after surgery. Chemotherapy may also be used before surgery. It can shrink the tumor to make it easier to remove. You would still need chemotherapy after surgery. In cases where surgery isn't an option, chemotherapy may be the main treatment.
      Surgery is an option for many women. You might get a lumpectomy, in which a surgeon removes the tumor and surrounding tissue from the breast. Or you might need a mastectomy, in which the whole breast is removed. The surgeon would also remove lymph nodes. After a mastectomy, you might choose to get breast reconstruction surgery. For larger tumors, you may need chemotherapy before surgery.
      Hormone therapy can help women with hormone receptor-positive cancers. In these women, medications can prevent the tumor from getting the hormone it needs to grow. These drugs include tamoxifen and newer aromatase inhibitors like Arimidex, Aromasin, or Femara. Hormone therapy may be used after surgery. It may also be used as a primary treatment if surgery isn't possible. Women who haven't reached menopause may consider having their ovaries removed to stop them from making hormones that help cancer grow.
      Biological therapy is a new approach. In about 25% of women with breast cancer, an excess of a protein known as HER2 makes the cancer spread quickly. Herceptin is a new drug that's been approved to treat women with metastatic breast cancer that is HER2-positive. It stops this protein from making the cancer grow and makes chemotherapy more effective. It is most often used in combination with chemotherapy. Very recent studies have led to its use in early breast cancer.
      Clinical trials are open to many women with stage II cancer. A clinical trial may allow you access to cutting-edge treatments. Many new therapies -- new drugs, new treatments, and new combinations -- are in clinical trials now. Keep in mind that any successful treatment we have now started out in a clinical trial.
      Radiation therapy is standard for women with stage III cancer who get surgery. Radiation can destroy any of the cancer cells that were missed.

      Stage IV Treatment Options

      In stage IV breast cancer, the cancer has spread elsewhere in the body. Affected areas may include the bones, brain, lungs, or liver. Because multiple areas may be involved, focused treatments like surgery or radiation alone are not sufficient. So far, treatment of stage IV breast cancer does not provide a cure for the disease. By shrinking the cancer, treatment can slow down the disease, make you feel better, and let you live longer. Although patients with stage IV breast cancer may live for years, it is usually life-threatening at some point. Many factors influence this.

      Here are some of the standard treatments:

      Chemotherapy , or treatment with cancer drugs, is often the main treatment. It can slow down the growth of the cancer. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with hormone therapy or immunotherapy.
      Hormone therapy can be key for women with hormone receptor-positive cancers. These are cancers that need hormones to grow. Tamoxifen has been used to block the effects of estrogen for decades. But newer drugs, like the aromatase inhibitors Arimidex and Femara, and the aromatase inactivator Aromasin, also show great promise. They reduce the amount of estrogen your body makes. By cutting off the supply of estrogen, you can choke the cancer and slow it down. Women who haven't reached menopause may consider having their ovaries removed to stop them from making hormones that help cancer grow.
      Biological therapy is a new approach. In about 25% of women with breast cancer, an excess of a protein known as HER2 makes the cancer spread quickly. Herceptin is a new drug that's been approved to treat women with metastatic breast cancer that is HER2-positive. It stops this protein from making the cancer cells grow. It may also boost your immune system, giving it the strength to fight the cancer itself. It is most often used in combination with chemotherapy.
      Clinical trials are open to many women with stage IV cancer. A clinical trial may allow you access to cutting-edge treatments. Many new therapies -- new drugs, new treatments, and new combinations -- are in clinical trials now. Keep in mind that any successful treatment we have now started out in a clinical trial.
      Surgery and radiation are used in some cases. These treatments aren't used to cure the cancer. But they may help treat pain and other symptoms in areas where the cancer has spread.
      Other drugs may also help treat some of the side effects of breast cancer treatment, such as nausea, fatigue, and infections.

  42. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have experience with Plasmacytoma?
    My grandpa had a tumor in his neck and he had that removed last tuesday. They did a biopsy on the tumor and found it was cancerous, and they diagnosed him with Plasmacytoma. I just want to know if he will die from this...
    Can anyone help?

    • ANSWER:
      I hope that the removal of the tumor was complete (with clean margins) and hopefully he will have a great prognosis!

      This is some info regarding Plasmacytoma:

      There are about 12,000 new cases of "plasma cell neoplasms", which includes plasmacytoma and multiple myeloma, each year in the U.S.A. About 1,000 of these cases are"solitary plasmacytoma" each year, the remainder are multiple myeloma at diagnosis. The number of cases increases with age. 98% of patients are over 40 years old, and 60% of patients are males. The disease is more common in Black individuals than Whites. Multiple Myeloma causes about 7000 deaths per year. Concerning plasmacytomas, there are two basic types--"solitary plasmacytoma of bone" and"extramedullary plasmacytoma." Obviously, the plasmacytoma of bone starts in bone. In contrast, the "extramedullary" type starts in soft tissue like fat or muscle. These types have different characters. Generally, the "plasmacytoma of bone" is more likely to progress to multiple myeloma (>70% at 10 years) than "extramedullary plasmacytoma (20% at 10 years). Multiple plasmacytomas are multiple myeloma by definition.
      Extramedullary plasmacytoma tends to occur in the sixth and seventh decades of life, and it is three to four times more common in men than in women. (6) Although it has a predilection for the head and neck region, extramedullary plasmacytoma accounts for less than 1% of all head and neck cancers. (7) Almost 80% of extramedullary plasmacytomas occur in the submucosal tissues in the head and neck (8); 10 to 20% of these may present as multiple lesions. (9) The most common locations are the nasopharynx and the paranasal sinuses; others have been reported in the oropharynx, larynx, tongue, minor salivary glands, thyroid, orbit, skull base, and mastoid. (6,10-13) Locations outside the head and neck include the pleura, mediastinum, spermatic cord, ovary, intestines, kidney, pancreas, breasts, and skin. In this article, we report a new case of extramedullary plasmacytoma in which a solitary lesion arose in the nasal cavity.
      Overall, the prognosis is "good" provided that multiple myeloma has been ruled out. (18) Kaplan-Maier survival estimates for plasmacytoma of the head and "neck" show 95% survival at 1 year, 82% at 5 years, and 72% at 10 years. (19)

      http://www.bcm.edu/oto/grand/32896.html

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the final stages of Squamous Cell Cancer?
    This was diagnosed in her thumb in late October of 2006.As of Dec 18,2006 it has spread to the lymph nodes and into the lungs.
    What I want to know,will Chemo-Radiation help?????????????/

    • ANSWER:
      Squamous cell cancer of the lung can spread to the fingers as a metastases. See below

      Rarely, primary skin cancers (squamous) type can start in the fingers and then spread to the axillary lymph nodes then lung.
      Both can be slowed down by radiation and chemotherapy, but cures will be very difficult with the cancer in so many places.

      due to the rapdid change, it may have started in the lungs and spread to the fingertip. The docs discovered the lung primary later. Your call on the history. Either way the prognsis is poor.

      Note Ungual is fingernail

      1: Dermatol Surg. 2001 Mar;27(3):280-93. Links
      Metastatic tumors to the nail unit: subungual metastases.Cohen PR.
      Evergreen Professional Building, The Woodlands, and Department of Dermatology, University of Texas-Houston Medical School, Houston, TX, USA. mitehead@aol.com

      BACKGROUND: Cutaneous metastases are variable in location and morphology. Metastatic tumor can present as a subungual lesion in either an oncology patient or a previously cancer-free individual. However, the diagnosis of a subungual metastasis is often not initially considered since the symptoms and appearance of the subungual tumor frequently mimic those of other conditions. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics, radiographic changes, and pathologic findings of the subungual metastases in two women with metastatic carcinoma and to discuss the features of metastatic tumor lesions to the subungual area and distal digits previously reported in oncology patients. METHODS: The clinical presentation, radiologic studies, and pathologic examination of metastatic subungual tumor lesions were described in two oncology patients: a woman with breast cancer and a woman with renal cell carcinoma. The published reports of cancer patients with subungual metastases were reviewed and the following variables were evaluated: the primary origin of the cancer, the histology of the primary tumor, the temporal relationship between the onset of symptoms or the appearance of subungual metastasis and the diagnosis of the visceral malignancy, the symptoms and the morphology of the subungual metastases, the clinical differential diagnosis of subungual metastases, the relationship between the site of origin of the primary tumor and the incidence of metastases either to the fingers and the thumbs or to the toes, the distribution of subungual metastases, the incidence of radiologically confirmable bony involvement of the distal phalanx by metastatic tumor in the digit containing the subungual metastasis, and the prognosis of patients in whom the diagnosis of a subungual metastasis has been confirmed. RESULTS: Subungual metastases most frequently occur in patients with primary tumors of the lung (41%), genitourinary tract organs (17%, of which the kidney represents 11%), and breast (9%). The histology of the primary tumors that was most common included renal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The appearance of the subungual tumor was the first sign of a previously unsuspected primary malignancy in 44% of the patients with subungual metastases. Subungual metastases were frequently painful and most often presented as either an erythematous enlargement or swelling of the distal digit or a red to violacious nodule that distorted either the nail plate or the soft tissue of the distal digit, or both. The lesion was often initially mistaken as an acute infection. The lesion involved one or more digits of the hands in 92% of patients with subungual metastases; symmetrical subungual metastases and metastatic tumor restricted only to the great toes were less commonly observed. In patients with subungual metastases that involved the digits of their hands, the most frequent sites of primary tumor origin were the lung (35%) and the genitourinary tract organs (25%). Radiologic evidence of bony involvement of the respective distal digit was either initially present or subsequently developed in 92% of patients with subungual metastases. Patients with subungual metastases have a poor prognosis; their survival following the diagnosis of the subungual tumor is usually only a few months. CONCLUSION: The clinical differential diagnosis of a new periungual or subungual lesion (with or without an associated nail plate dystrophy) should include tumor metastasis to the nail unit not only in oncology patients, but also in previously cancer-free individuals.

      PMID: 11277898 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  44. QUESTION:
    what are the symptom of breast cancer?
    today breast cancer is one of the "enemy" of woman, so it is improtant to tell the other about it..this disease will effect your family and all around the world..

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer, which is highly treatable by surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy, is most often curable when detected in early stages. Mammography is the most important screening modality for the early detection of breast cancer. Breast magnetic resonance imaging is under study as a diagnostic tool. 1 Prognosis and selection of therapy are influenced by the age of the patient, 2 stage of the disease, pathologic characteristics of the primary tumor including the presence of tumor necrosis, 3 estrogen-receptor (ER) and progesterone-receptor (PR) levels in the tumor tissue, 4 and measures of proliferative capacity, as well as by menopausal status and general health. Since criteria of menopausal status vary widely, age older than 50 years can be substituted as a definition of the postmenopausal state. Overweight patients may have a poorer prognosis. 5 Prognosis may also vary by race, with blacks, and to a lesser extent Hispanics, having a poorer prognosis than whites. 6,7 Breast cancer is classified into a variety of cell types, but only a few of these affect prognosis or selection of therapy. Rarely, the breast may be involved by other tumors such as melanoma, lymphoma, or sarcoma.

  45. QUESTION:
    Are neutered dogs easier to work with, like train?
    I have an almost 1 year old male American Pit Bull Terrier, he doesn't have any behavior issues and he gets along with everyone. He's very well trained but I'd like to teach him some fun new tricks. I was wondering if he was neutered, would he be more focused? Would he still have that drive? Like when I fling a Frisbee for him, you can see on his face that he sees nothing else but that Frisbee and he tears off after it as hard as he can.

    • ANSWER:
      No. It's a great misconception many dog owners make. It will not make them bark less, or make them more submissive. On SOME dogs it might, but it's just how THAT particular dog handled the whole process. It also does not make them live longer. There are so many unspayed/unnutered dogs out there that have lived longer than spayed or neutered dogs, and they have also been very trainable, obedient, and some even submissive. It all just has to do with the particular dog, what you feed them, and how you train them.
      It's like humans, not all humans would act the same if they had that kind of surgery... Some would become depressed, some would just be normal and stay the same.

      My sister's Yorkie was a barker, and her vet said neutering him would probably make him bark less. No! He's still the same, nothing changed in him. He even still lifts his leg when going potty! he marks everything.

      I got my Maltese girl spayed, and 4 days later she was her old hyper loud self again.

      So here is why you should or shouldn't neuter. You should neuter if you don't think you could deal with a dog that's going to try to get away to "get some". Or if you find there is a possibility he could get lost (you don't want him contributing to dog overpopulation). And also to stop humping (although you can train them to not do that).

      I'm NOT saying neutering is bad, no, I think most dog owners should do it, I just think owners should be informed and not be mis-led thinking it solves their problems.

      Some people will tell you, "Well, if you spay/neuter, it will prevent breast/testicular cancer". WELL, what they don't tell you is that if you DO neuter/spay, it could also CAUSE a different type of cancer.

      here's some quick info:
      On the positive side, neutering male dogs
      • eliminates the small risk (probably <1%) of dying from testicular cancer
      • reduces the risk of non-cancerous prostate disorders
      • reduces the risk of perianal fistulas
      • may possibly reduce the risk of diabetes (data inconclusive)

      On the negative side, neutering male dogs
      • if done before 1 year of age, significantly increases the risk of osteosarcoma (bone cancer); this is a
      common cancer in medium/large and larger breeds with a poor prognosis.
      • increases the risk of cardiac hemangiosarcoma by a factor of 1.6
      • triples the risk of hypothyroidism
      • increases the risk of progressive geriatric cognitive impairment

      That's just a short list, you could do your own research if you want.

      I SUPPORT NEUTERING/SPAYING, I think you should do it, I'm just trying to inform you on the reality of both sides, not being biased.

      He already seems like he's good at paying attention, so I think teaching him new tricks would be fairly easy :) You should look up "Kikopup" on youtube, she's a trainer and has a simplified step-by-step way of teaching your dog different things. It just requires patience and dedication.

      Goodluck!

  46. QUESTION:
    what are the common rates of survival of breast cancer and bone cancer in a 50 year old woman with 4 kids?
    Also, are these hereditary?

    • ANSWER:
      Whether the woman has kids or not doesn't affect prognosis. Her breast cancer might have a tendency to be hereditary but only a physician could do the testing necessary to tell you this and even then this info would only be relevant to certain types of breast cancer and not useful as a general statement.

      http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=breastcancer

      If the woman has breast cancer that has spread to the bones, then this is not a good sign in terms of long term prognosis. sorry

  47. QUESTION:
    With more than 50 years of research, why hasn't a cure for cancer been found?
    It took less than a decade to split the atom and build an atom bomb. It took less than a decade to build a rocket to send man to the moon. Could somebody please explain to me that why for over 50 years there still isn't a cure for cancer. Or for that matter a treatment that would allow you to manage it without losing your life.

    • ANSWER:
      The first thing to understand is that there will never be a Eureka! moment when a single substance or procedure is discovered that will cure all types of cancer.

      The trouble with finding 'a cure for cancer' is that cancer is hundreds of diseases, not just one. The difficulty is that different cancers are caused by different things, so no one strategy can prevent them, and different cancers respond to different treatments so no one treatment can cure them all. There will never be a magic bullet that cures all cancer.

      But, thanks to the dedicated (and underfunded) research that has taken place over the last 50 years and more, some cancers CAN already be cured. 7 out of 10 children are cured of cancer. Testicular cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and many cases of leukaemia can all be cured in adults with chemotherapy, most skin cancers are cured with surgery, and many cases of thyroid cancer and cancer of the larynx are cured with radiotherapy.

      Many other types of cancer are also cured if they are found early enough. There is still a long way to go of course, especially with some of the commonest types of cancer such as lung, breast, bowel and prostate cancer. But research will mean that there will continue to be steady progress - a new treatment for one type of cancer discovered, perhaps a way to reverse or slow down another type.

      I assume you haven't had close contact with cancer, or you would know that it doesn't always result in loss of life, and current treatments save many lives and prolong many, many more.

      As just a very few examples - my father had surgery and radiotherapy for cancer 56 years ago. He never had a recurrence, lived a healthy active life and died almost 50 years after diagnosis of something unconnected to cancer. I had surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy to treat an aggressive, advanced cancer diagnosed almost six years ago. My prognosis was poor, but I'm fit and well with no sign of cancer.I know many, many people through cancer support networks who have survived as long as and many years longer than I have.

      As always, someone has wheeled out the tired old conspiracy theory - cancer is a money spinner, there is a secret cure but 'the government' (they never say which one) is hiding it for reasons of profit.

      Every government in the world would have to be in cahoots for this to work.

      I live in the UK; we don't pay for our medical treatment, including cancer treatment. Cancer treatment costs our government many, many billions. If there were a cure for cancer that would save them this money, believe me that's what we'd be getting.

      These conspiracy theories are a sort of game played by people who've never had, studied or been close to cancer. They forget in order to prove that any secret, hidden cure worked, thousands of people would have to have been cured by it. They’d all be keeping quiet too – why no word to the media from any of them?

      Drug companies would be keeping quiet about the cure even though it would bring them fame and fortune. Any drug company discovering a cure would make far more money than they can have dreamed of making up till now.

      And doctors, scientists, researchers etc would be watching their relatives die and dying themselves (they and their families develop cancer at the same rate as the rest of the population) rather than revealing the existing secret cure

      Every single medical professional in the whole world would have agreed to keep existence of a cure secret. One blabbermouth, one disgruntled researcher or sacked nurse and the whole conspiracy’s blown. Newspapers and other media wouldn't have got a sniff of it.

      Likely?

      ===========

      Edit @ Mark - you might like to read the facts on Max Gerson's 'fifty cases'

      http://www.users.on.net/~pmoran/cancer/Gerson.htm

      Gerson's therapy has been disproven time and again - and if we're talking money spinners, have you any idea how much treatment at a Gerson clinic costs??

  48. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when you have a elevated CEA blood test? What does it mean?
    I do know that I have endometriosis, I had a D&C, hysteroscopy, laposcopy(sp) last week, went to the OB/GYN today, he said that on a scale from 1-4 I have between 2and3, but there was no cancer cells, On Monday I went to the family doctor for a ear ache, she wanted to run another CA-125 because my last one was elevated to 40.??, I just got a email saying that the CEA test was 57.4 which she says the cut off is 30.2? So now I am so very scared again...I don't know what the CEA test is, all I know is I want to see my 5 year old grow up...can anyone answer please? I have had CT scans, and ultra sounds, and they showed nothing, except a little cist on my ovary...that was around 5 weeks ago...

    • ANSWER:
      I found a little info for you regarding the nature of these lab tests. It is important to remember that many diseases and disorders can cause elevations and fluctuations in these types of tests.
      CA-125 levels may also be high in other types of non-cancerous conditions, including menstruation, pregnancy, and pelvic inflammatory disease.
      Increased CEA levels can indicate some non-cancer-related conditions, such as some forms of inflammation, cirrhosis, and peptic ulcer. Also, smokers tend to have higher CEA levels than non-smokers.
      Please read all of this and FOLLOW UP WITH YOUR DOCTOR!
      Tumor markers are molecules occurring in blood or tissue that are associated with cancer and whose measurement or identification is useful in patient diagnosis or clinical management. The ideal marker would be a "blood test" for cancer in wich a positive result would occur only in patients with malignancy, one that would correlate with stage and response to treatment and that was easily and reproducibly measured. No tumor marker now available has met this ideal.

      Tumor markers can be used for one of four purposes: (1) screening a healthy population or a high risk population for the presence of cancer; (2) making a diagnosis of cancer or of a specific type of cancer; (3) determining the prognosis in a patient; (4) monitoring the course in a patient in remission or while receiving surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.

      No test meets all of those requirements. Specifically, no marker has been established as a pratical cancer screening tool either in a general healthy population or in most high risk poulations. The reason for this is the relative lack of sensitivity and specificity of the available tests, given the low prevalence of cancers in most population groups. Given the low prevalence of cancer in general, even tests that are highly sensitive and specific may have low predictive values.

      Tumor markers include many substances that are not readily systematically organized.Those discussed here are generally products or the cancer cell, although none is unique to cancer cells; they represent aberrant tumor production of a normal element. Some markers are produced by the organism in response to the cancer's presence.

      Tumor Antigens

      Include markers defined by both monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antisera, often the so called oncofetal antigens. The oncofetal substances, present in embryo or fetus, diminish to low levels in the adult but reappear in the tumor.

      Carcinoembryonic Antigen

      Tumor marker, CEA: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a protein found in many types of cells but associated with tumors and the developing fetus. CEA is tested in blood. The normal range is <2.5 ng/ml in an adult non-smoker and <5.0 ng/ml in a smoker. The CEA was one of the first oncofetal antigens to be described and exploited clinically. It is a complex glycoprotein of molecular weight 20,000, that is associated with the plasma membrane of tumor cells, from wich it may be released into the blood.

      Although CEA was first indentified in colon cancer, an abnormal CEA blood level is specific neither for colon cancer nor for malignancy in general. Elevated CEA levels are found in a variety of cancers other than colonic, including pancreatic, gastric, lung, and breast. It is also detected in benign conditions including cirrhosis, inflamatory bowel disease, chronic lung disease, and pancreatitis. The CEA was found to be elevated in up to 19 percent of smokers and in 3 percent of a healthy control population. Thus, the test for CEA cannot substitute for a pathological diagnosis.

      As a screening test, the CEA is also inadequate. Since cancer prevalence in a healthy population is low, an elevated CEA has an unacceptably low positive predictive value, with excess false positives. Also, since elevated CEA occurs in the advanced stage of incurable cancer but is low in the early, curable disease, the likelihood of a positive result affecting a patient's survival is diminished.

      The CEA has been sugested as having prognostic value for patients with colon cancer. Preoperative CEA values have been positively correlated with stage and negatively correlated with disease free survival.

      Although not satisfactory for screening a healthy population, CEA has been used to monitor recurrence. Early data suggested that CEA prededed clinical relapse by several months. Subsequently, several investigators have examined intensive, serial CEA monitoring as an indicator for second look surgery in the hope that relapse could be detected at a time when surgical ressection for cure was still possible. Criteria for reoperation included a significant rise of CEA above a base line level on serial determinations and absence of obvious unresectable disease on staging workup. Determinations of CEA should be done frequently: at a minimum of every 3 months and if possible every 1 month to 2 months. Elevations above baseline should be verified rapidly to exclude laboratory error.

      The CEA is of some use as a monitor in treatment. Usually the CEA returns to normal within 1 to 2 months of surgery, but if it returns elevated persistent disease may be indicated. The test is not infallible in patients treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy but can be useful in those whose tumor is not measurable.

      The CEA is often positive in malignancies other than colonic. In cancer of the breast, lung, pancreas, stomach, and ovary the CEA may be elevated and can be used to monitor the progress of disease or response to treatement.

      CA 125

      CA125 is an antigen present on 80 percent of nonmucinous ovarian carcinomas. It is defined by a monoclonal antibody ( OC125 ) that was generated by immunizing laboratory mice with a cell line established from human ovarian carcinoma. It circulates in the serum of patients with ovarian carcinoma and was therefore investigated for possible use as a marker.

      CA125 is often elevated in patients with ovarian cancer, its level following the patient's clinical course. With surgical resection or chemotherapy, the level correlates with patient response. Thus, it is superior to other markers such as CEA.

      The CA125 is elevated in other cancers including endometrial, pancreatic, lung, breast, and colon cancer, and in menstruation, pregnancy, endometriosis, and other gynecologic and non gynecologic conditions.

      Because of the low prevalence of ovarian cancer, the test is not itself useful in screening!

      Good Luck, I wish quick resolution and answers for you.
      Take Care!


breast cancer types prognosis

What Is Brain Cancer

Brain tumor is a severe nervous disorder which requires to be cured on right time. Apart from different treatments, radiation oncology is the perfect treatment methods for brain cancer. You can get many treatment processes in modern medical days which have been giving better benefit step by step.

Very hard to diagnose the brain cancer disease. Very essential diagnosis its symptoms on time. Symptoms may notice when a tumor set in motion a nerve or injures a particular part in the brain. They are normally happened when the brain expands or fluids begin to create large amount in the skull area.

Very common signs and causes of brain cancers are describe below.

- Headaches in daily basis

- Nausea or vomiting

- unable to balancing or walk

- unexpected changes in personality behavior, in mood

- Muscle trembling or jerking

- Feeling itching in body part, mainly in arms and legs.
A
The diagnosis causes and treatment of brain cancer typically includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Anyway the brain cancer treatment is based on the many factors such as type of tumor, tumor location, size, patient age and overall the health condition history of the brain tumor affected person. The process of treatment varies depends on patient age.

Radiation oncology is considered as the good treatment process for brain tumor curing. Through radiation treatment the damage brain cell is reduced to increase. This process normally held after surgery because of remaining cancer cells that were difficult to removing at the time of surgery.

Seeking help of medical care units is must necessary to diagnosis brain tumor. The diagnosis operation is very simple and common process for brain tumor treatment. A neurosurgeon can without difficulty operate the patient who having such type of dangerous damaged brain cells. Entire this treatment process is called as craniotomy.

These days many website are found on internet in which you can know several brain cancer tumor activity, treatment process and other important diagnosis symptoms.

Pravakar shares his personal knowledge about Brain cancer causes and Brain tumor diagnosis. He has more than 5 years of handsome experience in cancer field. He has helped thousands patient to cure their brain cancer diseases and now writes to brain tumor spread awareness on the important of choosing right treatment equipment to treat the brain cancer properly.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is primary brain cancer considered a rare disease?
    Or is it a common occurrence? I thought that secondary brain cancer is more common, because doesn't secondary mean that it spreads?

    • ANSWER:
      Primary brain cancer is considered a fairly uncommon cancer, however, since I was diagnosed, I've met more with primary brain cancer than any other cancer. Kinda of like buying a cool car you never see. Then after you buy it, you see that same car all over town.
      Secondary brain cancer isn't brain cancer. It's whatever cancer metastasized to your brain, like, lung cancer mets to brain.

      lol td all you want, i am, of course, correct lol

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of appproaching death in 9 yr old with terminal brain cancer?How long can it go on?
    We have a 9 yr old son who has terminal brain cancer. I am wondering what are signs of death and how long it can go on? He has been sleeping ALOT lately and is very hard to wake up. His appetite varies from nothing for a few days to a little bit. He does have severe apnea.

    • ANSWER:
      I figure it is the same with all persons, so I will use personal experience.

      When my grandfather was near his death, he would sleep a lot, eat little (however, he had to use a feeding tube-- he had respiratory cancer), and his mind began blurry. Is your son's speech slurred at times? Does he speak at all?

      Is he always seeming tired emotionally? Or does he fluctuate in his emotions? (The best word I can think of is, does he act bipolar sometimes? I just don't like using it though).

      Again, my grandfather had a different sort of cancer. Brain cancer could alter the signs in regards to his psychological/emotional state.

      So...it may be soon. I would stay close to him as much as you can, appreciate your time.

      I...cannot tell you how painful it is to even hear such a story from you. God be with you, and him. I shall pray for you this night, and for perhaps a time.

      My love and God's to you.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the typical course that metastatic brain cancer takes?
    An old high school friend recently informed me that he's been dealing with metastatic brain cancer for the past two years. He's had two surgeries to remove tumors. Thus far, he says he's lost sensation in one hand, and can get dizzy a lot, but that's it. I know little about cancer, so was surprised to hear him say he's had no pain. He's still as sharp and witty as ever. Is this typical? I'd always thought metastatic cancer was a terrible and quick death sentence.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, if the cancer has matastasized TO the brain, it's stage 4 and considered...usually, terminal. There are exceptions to every rule, however. Look at Lance Armstrong. Brain cancer doesn't travel to other organs, unless it maybe starts in brain stem and THAT would be terminal.
      I'm pretty much the same as I ever was, aside from minor balance issues and I'm more scatterbrained than before.

      I actually had a numbing pain from my neck to my fingertips on the side my tumor was on. I just put it down to an old shoulder injury/pinched nerve pain.

  4. QUESTION:
    Does a person looks and they way to carry on determines if they will survive Brain Cancer?
    A person who I know with Brain Cancer (brain stem glioma) looks fine. They still live life normally except getting sick during chemo and they have a slight handicap that cause tremors. Other than that you can't tell because they are highly into fashion and always keeps themselves up and you really can't tell. Does this mean most likely they will survive or is this pretty serious? They are a 26 year old female. I think they had surgery, radiation and now on chemo and takes lots of medication.

    • ANSWER:
      The prognosis from brain cancers depends on the sort of tumor, not the person's attitude.

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the types of terminal brain cancer?
    I would like to know as many types of terminal brain cancer as possible.

    • ANSWER:
      Any brain cancer can be terminal. Any brain cancer can be NOT terminal. The most likely brain cancer that has the worst prognosis is glioblastoma multiforme, pure astrocytoma tumor and always a grade 4.

  6. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know the odds of a boxer getting brain cancer?
    We lost a boxer to brain cancer last August and now I'm really scared our remaining boxer will get it. So I was wondering what the exact odds are, if anyone knows them.

    • ANSWER:
      I was looking for a Boxer last summer and I decided against it. I have a very good friend that is a retired vet tech, and she told me that in her vet clinic, she only saw one Boxer in over 20 years that didn't die of cancer, usually before the age of 7. I'm not sure if brain cancer was the common thing, but it sure scared the poop out of me about that breed. I surely don't mean to discourage you, I just wanted to state what she told me. Also, there are many other breeds that are "prone" to cancer at a fairly young age. I don't know what the odds are, but I sure hope your odds are good. Sorry to hear about your other Boxer.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are shots they give in your head for brain cancer?
    I was told someone I know has brain cancer, and they get shots in their head. What are the shots for?

    • ANSWER:
      Sometimes, chemotherapy is given directly into the fluid surrounding the brain. It's not given in shots like you'd normally get elsewhere, but through something called an ommaya reservoir. An ommaya reservoir is a little dome shaped device with a catheter attached. The dome sits on the outside of the scalp, and the catheter is underneath, going into the head. When it needs to be accessed, a needle is placed into the dome, and then chemotherapy can be given into it, or cerebrospinal fluid can be removed for testing.

      This is sometimes used with brain tumors as well as leukemia that has entered the central nervous system. Chemo can also be given through a spinal tap for both of these conditions.

      Edited To Add: To the other answerer: the ommaya reservoir is used in both clinical trials and outside of clinical trials in the management of primary brain cancer. (BTW, actual patients are on clinical trials... most children treated for cancer are on clinical trials... the asker's friend could very well be enrolled in a clinical trial.) Traditionally, only about three drugs have been given through the ommaya. Currently, there are trials for more drugs or mixes of specific drugs, as well as ways to get the chemo deeper. This does not mean that the ommaya is not used outside of clinical trials- I've witnessed this. It's not used for a lot of patients, but it is used. Also, even if the ommaya is not being used to deliver chemotherapy, it is sometimes placed to frequently test the spinal fluid, like I mentioned in my original answer. Some people with brain tumors do need to have their spinal fluid tested regularly and the ommaya makes the process easier. I have a patient with an ependymoma right now who has an ommaya.

  8. QUESTION:
    Can a stuttering disorder be a symptom of brain cancer?
    I forgot where, but I read that a stuttering disorder could be caused by brain cancer. If this is true, is it a specific type of brain cancer? If anyone has any idea,could you explain this in an easy understandable way?

    • ANSWER:
      My husband has Stage 4 Brain Cancer "Glioblastoma Multiforme" and currently lost his ability to speak due to 17 brain surgeries, scare tissue built up on the brain, and his cancer (the tumor's location). It is actually not considered "stuttering", they either have slurred speech or have trouble "Word finding" or forming the words.

      One would mistake "slurred speech" or "trouble with word finding" as stuttering, it is the first word that best describes the problem if we are unfamiliar with the difference.

      It doesn't hurt to get things checked out, an MRI scan will rule out a brain tumor or maybe there is some type of pressure pushing on that perticular part of the brain that controls one's speech (there are actually 2 sections of the brain which controls speech, a section in the front of your brain, and a section in the back of your brain).

      Sometimes excessive amounts of fluid or swelling of the brain can cause pressure on those parts which could make one "stutter".

      Be safe, get whoever is having the issue checked out. Good Luck

  9. QUESTION:
    How does having brain cancer affect the brain?
    I have to do a brochure about brain cancer and I can't seem to find how it affects the brain on the websites my teacher gave me. Can anybody help and can you show your sources if you do?

    • ANSWER:
      It all depends on where on the brain it is. Usually someone suffering from it will have dizziness (especially standing up), head aches (hurt worse when first wake up, then get better), loss of vision/decreasing of vision, siezures, or eratic behavior. These are just some of the common symptoms. There are others, but on certain places there are no symptoms, I believe the pituitary gland is one of these.

  10. QUESTION:
    What is to come next with a brain cancer diagnosis?
    Back in June we found out that my father has brain cancer. He originally had melanoma which then spread to the rest of his body, but the brain is the doctors' main focus. In July he had a Grand Mal seizure and was hospitalized for some time, then went to a nursing home for about 6 weeks while he underwent radiation therapy. He is now at home with me and I am caring for him 24/7. He's also currently taking Temodar (chemo) but the doctors are not very optimistic. I am just wondering what is to come, what do I need to be thinking about? What will happen mentally and physically to him? How do I know when things are really getting bad? I have a little bit, but not much of an idea of what will happen, as he already is having short term memory loss, vision loss, etc. I am interested in hearing from people who have been through this before with their own families. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry for your situation, very sorry. He's probably dying. Mets to the brain are usually the terminal stage for people with cancer. Melanoma in particular is very dangerous because it metasticizes to the brain easily compared to other cancers. The chemo may help, but brain mets are usally a very bad sign, and show that the cancer is very advanced.

      Depending on where it is in the brain, he may lose much of his cognitive function, he may forget things, he may not be able to do simple tasks. It's very hard to tell you what to expect, but you could be looking at him getting what looks like dementia. And then again, you may not--brain tumors can be very strange. He most likely will deteriorate though, and as the tumors spread and grow, whatever you're seeing in his behavior or inability to function will get worse.

      I recommend you look into hospice or a visiting nurse program eventually, as caring for someone 24/7 is so much for one person to handle--you need to have a life of your own, consider hospice.

  11. QUESTION:
    What causes constent hand movement with some brain cancer patients?
    Someone I know has brain cancer. Their hand is always moving and jerking. What is causing this?

    • ANSWER:
      If there is growth in the brain that is pressing on nerves, the nerve pathway can be interrupted, resulting in a tremor.

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between metastasized brain cancer and cancer that started in the brain?
    My mother had lung cancer a year ago and although it has not returned, she now has a tumor in her brain the size of a dime. It is cancerous .... so what is the prognosis and what is the difference between this type of brain cancer (where it originated in the lungs) and brain cancer that originiates in the brain. Also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer originating in a particular organ for the first time is called Primary neoplasm.

      Metastasis is its secondary spread through blood or lymph.

      Prognosis really depends on histological type of the cancer but metastasis generally requires more aggressive treatment in the form of chemo & radio because it is wide-spread.

      My best wishes are with your mother and you as her family in the battle against this cancer.

  13. QUESTION:
    How good is the University of Michigan to cure brain cancer?
    I know somebody who has brain cancer and had surgery done at the University of Michigan. He'll be having kimo therapy (or something like that.. I don't know how to spell it. it's something where you have chemicals that fight of fast growing cells) and I want to know how much it can help him and if he will be okay...

    • ANSWER:
      The University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center is a national leader in treating cancer. We offer patients dedicated physicians, state-of-the-art technology and new investigational therapies that may not be available elsewhere. Check out our website to learn more: http://www.mcancer.org.

      Chemotherapy (chemo) is the treatment of cancer with drugs that can destroy cancer cells. Often called "anticancer" drugs, chemo can be given in several different ways, including through an IV or as a pill. The type of chemotherapy given depends on the type of cancer, whether chemo has been given before, and if the person has other health problems. The type of side effects your friend might experience will depend on what chemotherapy drugs he will receive.

      You can learn more about chemotherapy from the National Cancer Institute: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you/page2

      When you have a friend with cancer, it is often difficult to know how to help. Asking your friend what he needs is a good first step. Other helpful suggestions can be found here: http://www.cancer.net/patient/All+About+Cancer/Cancer.Net+Feature+Articles/Family%2C+Friends%2C+and+Caregivers/Supporting+a+Friend+Who+Has+Cancer

      If you have other questions about cancer, call our Cancer AnswerLine at 800-856-1125. We’re staffed by registered oncology nurses and are a free service (to anyone – whether you’re being treated at the University of Michigan or not!).

      Learn more about us by visiting: http://bit.ly/UMCancerAnswers

      Best,
      Becky Eggleston, B.S., R.N., OCN
      Cancer AnswerLine Manager
      University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center

  14. QUESTION:
    How does brain cancer affect homeostasis?
    I'm doing a project on brain cancer and I need help with how it affects homeostasis. Anyone know how it does?

    • ANSWER:
      it can impare your brain function and thought process and make your body do things (or not do things) that hurt you.

  15. QUESTION:
    Can you have brain cancer, ovarian cancer and multiple sclerosis all at the same time?
    Is it possible to have brain cancer, ovarian cancer, and multiple sclerosis all at the same time?

    • ANSWER:
      Not likely.

      @Jackie m . . . ovarian cancer is not a sexually transmitted disease.

  16. QUESTION:
    How much cellphone usage can cause brain cancer?
    I text a lot, and when I'm on a call on my cellphone it's usually an hour long call, if not longer. With that in mind, how much usage of a cellphone can cause brain cancer? Is it like if I make a call for even a few minutes, I'll damage my brain? Should I now be concerned that I have brain cancer, or will develop it?

    • ANSWER:
      Actually Jane is pretty right on. I used a cell for 12 years, almost exclusively on the right side. I have brain cancer on the right side right above my ear. Now I text more and talk less. Many studies could find nothing conclusive, until recently. Do a search. You will find more and more evidence linking cell usage to brain cancer. Actually brain cancer has increased. I'd never even knew of anyone with brain cancer until the last couple years. Now even my eye dr know of 4, including me, right here in my area. As it takes years for the cell usage to damage your cells, and with the popularity of cell phones about 10-15 years ago, now is about the time for the brain cancer surge to happen and it has already started.

  17. QUESTION:
    What are signs of brain cancer or tumor symptoms?
    I am really scared. Idk i am a teen and I have been really paranoid of diseases lately and stuff. I am scared of like brain cancer and tumors. Sometimes I feel this wierd buzzing on the back of my head. I think I might be overthinking everythin, it happens to me, i make my body think i have a headache or something cuz it hasnt happened since i thought of it and my fears. please help i am scared.

    • ANSWER:
      My dad had brain cancer, and the symptoms are "all over the map".

      Generally, though, you might expect constant (and fairly intense) headaches (not temporary, and lasting for a week or longer).

      Read this source article for more help.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are the dangers of someone with brain cancer having sex with someone with genital herpes?
    And the brain cancer patient is on chemo.

    • ANSWER:
      Can we assume you are the one with genital herpes? Nobody, cancer or not, would want someone else's herpes. So use a condom. Chemo has nothing to do with it, other than the fatigue, as long as one makes sure they put a rubber on it.

  19. QUESTION:
    If there is no cure for brain cancer, can you live forever with cancer in your brain?
    The reason I ask this is because someone I know has brain cancer. They seem fine, but I don't know them well enough to just go and ask them because I'm curious. If they seem fine and live do regular normal things. Does this mean that they can live with cancer in their brain forever and be ok?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. Brain cancer is well-known to cause you to live forever. That's how cancer works, and why we try to fight it. No one really wants to live forever.

  20. QUESTION:
    What is the scientific name for brain cancer?
    I'm looking up things on brain cancer and i think neurological cancer is brain cancer but im not sure. Can someone clear it up for me?

    • ANSWER:
      The scientific name depends on the type of cancer it is; astrocytoma, glioblastoma, etc. The category it belongs to (part of the body) is the CNS, central nervous system.

  21. QUESTION:
    Can a person with terminal brain cancer obtain life insurance?
    Recently my sister has been diagnost with terminal brain cancer. She has been given 6-12 months to live. She is a 50 year old living in Michigan. We are wondering if there is any chance of her obtaining life insurance. If so from whom?

    • ANSWER:
      Not likely. And if you did find one that agreed, I would be very hesitant to trust them.
      Recently upgraded my term-life policy from work, (before knowledge of brain tumor) and they wanted "eligibility of insurability" forms (about two weeks after surgery). First question was "Are you currently receiving medical treatment for...."
      Declined increase in benefits, dropped coverage. Imagine that.

  22. QUESTION:
    How long do you live with Brain Cancer?
    Well my BEST FRIEND has brain cancer. Shes in the hospital right now because she had a seizure and they wont let her leave because they think she might have another one. But i haven't done many of the things i wanted to do with her, so i was wondering how long she has left? Shes 15.

    • ANSWER:
      APRIL From the Cancer Section, had Brain Cancer and she is still alive. Don't jump to conclusions! She could have her whole life left!

  23. QUESTION:
    Are the treatments for someone having brain cancer really painful?
    My friend has brain cancer and he is having a surgery, they say they will give painkillers. But are they really painful than normal surgeries, would he be still in pain after the surgery?how long would the surgery might take and how long would it take for him to gain his consciousness and start talking? when do you think he can come back home?

    And are there other kinds of treatments he could have than chemo. and radiation?

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      No, most of the treatment doesn't hurt at all. If it hurts, you get painkillers.

      There are several sorts of brain cancer, all different.

  24. QUESTION:
    What causes kidney failure and brain cancer?
    What disease or disorder causes brain cancer and kidney failure and is often associated with autism? The disease/disorder is diagnosable from birth and will begin affecting the patient from birth. What disease/disorder is it? If you know the right answer please also include other symptoms and other associated disorders.

    • ANSWER:
      Having read hundreds of posts by doctors, scientists, and parents of children with autism, daily for over 4 years, I can say that I have only seen a few mention cancer. If anything, cancer is probably less likely in the autism population. I also am not seeing them on dialysis, which is what people do when their kidneys fail. So, I have absolutely no idea what you are talking about, and have not seen it mentioned by the autism experts. But, autism is a medical condition. Thousands have been recovered by treating for pathogens and toxins. It is immune dysfunction. The pathogens stay in them forever, so relapse rates seem to be high for those who go off of immune boosters, but very low for those who stick to immune boosting supplements. Some seem to have brain damage, like from a stroke, that is not being reversed. The best autism recovery docs tell me that they get about 80%, 80% recovered. At 80% recovered, they can do regular school, mostly indistinguishable from their peers. Since autism recovery takes a lot of time and money, this rate would likely be much higher if the parents had more assistance to help their children.

      It doesn't take much Googling to be overwhelmed with all the information on autism because it's a huge epidemic right now. Keep in mind that there will be websites that say autism is not very treatable and then there are those that say that those with autism can lose nearly all of their symptoms. I chose to listen to the websites that said children with autism can be recovered, and that is why my children are now all in regular school, no longer disabled.

  25. QUESTION:
    Can Noise Cancelling Headphones increase the chance of having brain cancer?
    Always talking on a cell phone can increase the chance of having brain cancer. A noise cancelling headphone uses a battery to operate. It emits frequency to interfere the noise in the background and it is 85% noise cancellation. I am wondering whether it will have the same effect as a cell phone which can increase the chance of having brain cancer if we talk on it too often. I have ear pain and that's why I don't want to use ear plugs.

    • ANSWER:
      No.

      Active noise cancellation headphones emit in the audio range (and phase inverted version of the surrounding noise). Telephones emits in the hundreds of millions of hertz (cycles/sec) range. Which heats up and vibrates your braincells possibly eventually leading to their mutation and a tumor in some people.

      Basic rule of thumb, if its a natural range, natural food, or a naturally occuring chemical it probably won't give you cancer.

      If its man-made, a frankenfood, or is made by a guy in a lab coat it may give you cancer.

      If you get ear pain it could be a result of the pressure from the firm fit of the ear plug or the volume. Use it at a reasonable volume (snug headphones can cause headphone cause they direct sound pressure right onto the drum with no ventilation of pressure). Rest your ears. Keep them dry. Don't use cotton wool buds (Q-tips) inside your ear. Clean them with a MILD 3% hydrogen peroxide solution if they get waxy using an eyedropper) MAKE SURE ITS A DILUTE 3% NO STRONGER.

  26. QUESTION:
    Does putting my cell phone in a case/pouch reduce my chances of getting brain cancer?
    Does putting my cell phone in a case/pouch when I'm not using it but is still near me or in my pocket reduce my chances of getting brain cancer or other cell phone related injuries/dieseases?

    • ANSWER:
      Brain cancer occurs in about 7 out of every 100,000 people. Is your risk reduced from that? No. Is it reduced from keeping it plastered to your ear? Maybe. Some researchers think there maybe a link between cell phones and brain cancer, but no one knows yet. Keeping a cell phone in a shirt pocket could cause injury if you have a pacemaker.

  27. QUESTION:
    Can a person look and feel good and still die from brain cancer if they have it?
    The reason I ask is because I know someone with brain cancer. They look okay and they seem to be doing fine. I want to know is it possible that they can still die?
    @ april just go and die already!

    • ANSWER:
      Well Ms. Peach, go ahead and block me from this user id also. I had brain cancer and I'm fine for now. I smoke, drink alcohol and go shopping, drive 5 hours to visit my daughter, and do any damn thing I please. If I remember correctly, you're obsessing with your ex bf's gf so get over it already.

  28. QUESTION:
    Has anyone ever gotten brain cancer and lived at an old age?
    My grandma was just told she has brain cancer. Is there any way she could make it through this tough time?

    • ANSWER:
      There is! There are so many factors at play that determine the prognosis of someone with brain cancer. For example, what kind of tumor, the size of the tumor, if it has spread to other parts of the body, if it is in an area of the brain that is good for surgical removal, if it is a kind of tumor that is responsive to chemotherapy, etc.
      So there are a lot of things that have to be considered, as well as the patient's age. But even in the worst of circumstances, there is always hope!

  29. QUESTION:
    What was the survival rate for patients with brain cancer in the 1940's?
    I need to know the survival rate for people with brain cancer in the 40's, along with websites that state them.

    • ANSWER:
      We did not keep track in the 1940s.

  30. QUESTION:
    What is prognosis of stage 4 brain cancer with many lesions?
    my momma has metatic brain cancer and the radiation failed and was diagnosed on sept. 18. Drs. say prognosis is poor does anyone have any idea approx. time we have left? She is starting to be symptomatic.Drs. want even make an educated guess. She is 74. I am very sad and afraid and do not know what to expect. She has 1 2cm and 5 or more lesions. any info helpful.

    • ANSWER:
      Truly no one knows for sure when our time is up, except God. Just try to make your time with your mom special and keep her comfortable. Love her, treasure her, and make sure she knows how much she means to you. She might only have a few months, but she very well might have longer than that...no one can say for sure. I've seen miracles happen... :0) My prayers are with you and your family. God bless...

  31. QUESTION:
    How common is brain cancer, is it heredity or genetic?
    how common is brain cancer
    to any particular group?
    is it genetic
    what are some ways to help prevent it?

    please i just really need ot know this info...in a few sentences please dont write a whole page

    • ANSWER:
      Brain cancer for adults is not as common as lung, prostate, breast, colon, and stomach cancer.
      Any particular group: it can affect young children aged 0-10 very common in girls and older people 65+
      It sometimes is genetic
      To prevent it, live a healthy lifestyle, eat plenty of anti-oxidants and recognize the symptoms of brain cancer quickly before it is too late (in stages 3-5)
      Symptoms: Amnesia, fever for week+, intense headaches, nightmares, swollen lymph nodes, loss of function in hands, feet, thought.
      hope this helps

  32. QUESTION:
    Can a traumatic brain injury lead to brain cancer?
    And what environmental factors, if there's any, that can cause brain cancer? How can someone have brain cancer even if there are no history of brain cancer in his family?

    • ANSWER:
      Exposure to certain toxins can increase the chances of developing cancer (such as in smoking) but injury is generally not associated with cancer.

  33. QUESTION:
    what should a person expect when they are dying of brain cancer? What will happen to the mind and body?
    A friend was diagnosed with brain cancer, and she was told that whe will only have a few weeks to live. Right now, she is still functioning fairly well. What will happen over the next two weeks? She has a lot of pain in her head, and her speech is slurred. What else should I expect to see?

    • ANSWER:
      As the cancer grows, the pressure it places on surrounding structures within the brain increases. This will increase the severity of the symptoms. Depending on the type of cancer it is (whether it's primary or a metastasis), the growth rate will vary. Obviously, faster growing cancers will cause the symptoms your friend is suffering from to increase in severity rather rapidly. Conversely, if the tumor is a slower growing one, your friend can live a relatively functional life for a long period of time.

      Therefore what you can expect to see in your friend can be quite variable. Generally speaking, if untreated, her current symptoms will worsen, and new symptoms may appear such as seizures, difficulty walking, loss of vision, memory loss, and personality changes. The usual cause of death in a patient with brain cancer would be respiratory failure.

      With more information, such as the type of cancer (if known), when it was diagnosed, and how the symptoms have progressed over time, I can provide you with a more specific answer.

  34. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a teenager to have brain cancer?
    I was wondering what the chances of a teenage girl are 13-14 of getting brain cancer? Could someone answer my question for me please? Oh yeah, only true answers please.
    like what precentage?

    • ANSWER:
      I wouldn't lie to you, honey. I'm a nurse & I can honestly tell you it is very very rare. At your age your body goes through a lot of changes & you may be getting minor symptoms & we all think we've got the worse thing possible. You get a few headaches or a dizzy spell & watching TV (esp. MD shows like House) & we've got the same thing as on TV. I thought I had cancer a few times. I didn't. Not ever. Please try not to worry.But if you do have some problem that really doesn't go away, it wouldn't hurt to see your MD.Good luck.

  35. QUESTION:
    What are some interesting facts about brain cancer?
    what are some new or interesting facts about brain cancer?
    And are there any potential new treatments?

    • ANSWER:
      The connection of brain cancer to the use of cell phones because of the microwaves the phones emit that penetrate the brain.

  36. QUESTION:
    Has there been a real increase in the amount of brain cancer?
    I can think of 4 people I've known who either have it, or have already died of it, plus several famous people seem to have had it as well. Is there an actual statistical uptick in the amount of brain cancer? Part B--some people say that IF there is an uptick, it might be due to cell phone use. While I accept that as a possible explanation, could it also be possible that dental X rays might have caused some brain cancers, too?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, i am 80 years old, and in my time i have heard every mortal thing given as the cause of cancers, but very very few are ever proved to be right.After the atom bomb tests that was to blame,so was SPUTNIK then luminous watches, the list goes on, and still we have no definitive reason.Lung cancer is put down to smoking,OK but what about the rest,...breast, testicular,liver, bowel and so on. My personal view is we must be ingesting some thing that our body does not like.I do hope its not chocolate cause i love it.

  37. QUESTION:
    what are the possibilities of my having brain cancer?
    i own 2 mobile phones and ive ALL THE TIME[24hrs/day,7days/week] them with me..even when i sleep they are closer than half a metre away from my head...(charging!) i use one of them(the other's in the pocket) about 5-6 or 7hrs per day for about 8years now! btw im 17years old! my head has never heard and i dont feel sth bad with it..what are the possibilities of my having a brain cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      You have a brain cancer.

  38. QUESTION:
    What color is the ribbon for brain cancer?
    I need to know because my Baby cousin Is about 10 or 9 months old and has brain cancer, brain tumor, an water in his brain.
    If you can please add a picture

    • ANSWER:
      Gray
      -
      I tried to paste mine here and it will not let me. I have on in my signature for my email that's automatic.
      If you want to email at this address below you can copy and paste mine.
      WVLYNNSUMMERS74@AOL.COM
      I also have a link to a site with ribbons for most cancer types. For some reason its not working but I'll try and get the info for you. Its got lots of them.
      Please put BT in the title so I'll know its not spam. i can also give you some sites for support and infomation. I am so sorry for your families problems.

      the choose hope site has many great products . I have purchased my metal BT ribbons from them that I wear daily. Plus my bracelets.
      Any one else that wants to talk about BT issues feel free to email me. My husband is the patient. He's a 20year survivor, AAIII. I use my AOL account for most email. Yahoo hates me when it comes to email.

  39. QUESTION:
    Can anyone give me sone details about metastatic brain cancer and life expectancy?
    My mother is 70 years old and was diagnosed with metastatic brain cancer. We would like some idea of a timeframe as to how long we will have her with us. We have not found the original source of the cancer at this time as we are awaiting test results. Any information is greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Detailed Guide:
      What Is Metastatic Cancer?

      Local, Regional, and Distant (Metastatic) Spread of Cancer

      Metastatic cancer is a cancer that has spread from its primary site (the part of the body in which it developed) to other parts of the body. If cells break away from a cancerous tumor, they can travel to other areas of the body. There, they may settle and form "colony" tumors. In their new location, the cancer cells continue growing. The spread of a tumor to a new part of the body is called metastasis.

      It is important to understand the difference between metastasis and local spread, because they affect a patient's prognosis (the outlook for chances of survival) and treatment options in different ways.

      Local spread means that a growing cancer extends beyond the organ in which it developed, into nearby organs and tissues. For example, the cervix (lower part of the uterus or womb) is located in front of the rectum and behind the bladder. Very large cancers of the cervix may extend into the rectum or bladder.

      Metastasis involves spread of cancer cells through the bloodstream, or the lymph system. The lymph system consists of lymph vessels (similar to veins except that they contain tissue waste products and immune system cells instead of blood). These lymph vessels lead to lymph nodes, bean-shaped collections of immune system cells that are important in fighting infections. Cancer cells that break off from tumors and enter the lymph vessels may be carried to lymph nodes where they may continue to grow and form metastases. Doctors sometimes call metastasis to lymph nodes near the place a cancer developed regional spread. This is to distinguish it from distant spread or distant metastasis. Distant spread generally occurs when cancer cells break off from tumors and enter the bloodstream, travel to other organs, and continue to grow into new tumors.

      When cancer spreads, it is still named after the part of the body where it started. For example, if prostate cancer spreads to the bones, it is still called prostate cancer, and if breast cancer spreads to the lungs it is still breast cancer.

      Recurrence and Metastasis

      Recurrence is the medical term used when cancer comes back in a patient who appeared to be in remission (free of cancer) after treatment. Cancer can recur locally, in the same organ it developed in or, if that organ was removed by surgery, in a nearby remaining organ or tissue. For example, local recurrence of breast cancer means cancer started to grow again in the same breast after lumpectomy and radiation therapy or in the chest wall, skin or muscle after a mastectomy. A regional recurrence usually means cancer has come back in nearby lymph nodes or in the area that lymph nodes had been removed from. After apparently complete removal of a mouth or throat cancer, growth of cancer in lymph nodes of the neck would be considered regional recurrence. A distant recurrence involves any other part of the body not included in local or regional recurrence. After surgery for apparently localized prostate cancer, the cancer might recur distantly in bones, the liver, or the lungs.

      But, recurrence is not the only time a cancer will metastasize. Some cancers are discovered to have spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant organs shortly after the cancer is first diagnosed, and before treatment is started. In some cases, a metastasis may be discovered before the primary (original) tumor is found. For example, a patient may go to the doctor because lymph nodes in the neck are growing larger. After a biopsy reveals cancer in these lymph nodes, additional examinations or x-rays may find that the cancer actually started in the throat. Even if a cancer has spread very widely throughout the body before it is discovered, the cancer's appearance under a microscope can sometimes tell doctors where it started. But, some cancers lack these microscopic clues to their origin, and it may be impossible to determine exactly where they started. This condition is called cancer of unknown primary, and is discussed further in a separate American Cancer Society document.

      So, cancer can recur without metastasizing (a local recurrence) and can metastasize without recurring locally (cancer found to have metastasized when first diagnosed).

      Significance of Metastasis to the Patient

      Most people who die of cancer have metastases at the time of their death. And, these metastases are directly responsible for the majority of cancer deaths. Most common cancers (prostate, breast, colon, lung, for example) develop in organs that can be completely or partially removed by surgery. Even though these operations cause effects, they could cure patients if metastasis did not occur. Most of the serious consequences of these cancers occur because of spread to other parts of the body. In some cases, the most serious effect of cancer is its spread to a particularly essential part of the body, such as areas of the brain. In other cases, spread to and growth in many organs creates so many cancer cells that the body's normal metabolism is disrupted.

      However, cancer can be fatal even if it does not metastasize. Cancers that start in the brain may be impossible to remove without causing severe brain damage. In fact, brain tumors rarely spread beyond the nervous system. Growth and local spread of these cancers often interfere with parts of the brain necessary for life. A tumor may become very large without ever metastasizing. It may then press against vital tissues such as nerves, the brain, or blood vessels. Leukemia can cause death by interfering with normal blood functions without the defective cells ever leaving the tissues they started in (the bone marrow and bloodstream).

      The link below will help you understand about brain cancer and the information above is just general information about metastatic cancer. Since working in hospice I have taken care of many brain tumor patients. I have seen some that have lived with the disease for over a decade and some that have only lived a few days/weeks. Don't be afraid to ask your mother's doctors lots of questions. That is what they are their for. If you are not satisfied with the answer don't hesitate to get a 2nd 3rd etc opinions

  40. QUESTION:
    how much do i have to use my cell phone to use get brain cancer?
    i have heard, studied and it looks legit that cell phones will lead to head cancers.
    people that deny the long term effects just do not want to admit that the electromagnetic radiation will damage your cells in large amounts over time..and it will lead to cancers.
    however, i am not willing to totally give up my cell phone..how often can i use it so that i don't get brain cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Provide documented scientific and conclusive evidence that cell phone use 'causes brain cancer' . . and that is your answer. If you have heard and studied it than this should not be too difficult. No theories or opinions . . just real evidence. The only known type of tumor that may have an association with cell phone use is an Acoustic Neuroma . . which ironically is NOT brain cancer, it is a benign tumor. Because of all the publicity about cell phones and brain tumors there is still ongoing research being conducted . . but so far there is no conclusive documented evidence after ten or more years of research that anyone has ever gotten a malignant brain tumor just by cell phone use.

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_1_3X_Cellular_Phones.asp

      No evidence exists that long term exposure to electromagnetic radiation damages cells and leads to cancer . . you may believe that but the evidence does not exist . . thus your question is moot. You can use your cell phone as much as you like, but if you are still nervous about brain cancer than you might want to just limit the amount of time spent on the cell phone and use other means of communication.

  41. QUESTION:
    Does talking on the phone really cause brain cancer?
    I just heard that talking on the phone can cause brain cancer, and Im on the phone like, too much..
    Me and my girlfriend sleep on the phone together every night, plus the conversations during the day (dont judge our relationship, its a long distance) so AT LEAST 10 hours a day.. Will we get brain cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      You are putting yourself at risk with cell phones....get those earplug things for your phone and keep the phone away from your head...it helps to reduce the risk. Not everyone is susceptible to cancer but you want to eliminate any risks anyway...always best to be safe.

  42. QUESTION:
    Do many people die from brain cancer after it is removed?
    My brother had brain cancer about 9 years ago, but he had the tumor removed and went through radiation and chemotherapy.At the moment he is doing fine, but I found some statistics that said even living five years was immprobable.

    • ANSWER:
      Treatment of all sorts of cancer is much more aggressive, these days, with rather better outcomes.

      Edit: There are a lot of out of date articles and stats online still.

  43. QUESTION:
    Can a person be really sick from Brain Cancer and Chemo and still have fun?
    someone I know has brain cancer and they're on chemo and gets blood drawn every week. They still go to clubs and bars. Is the brain cancer still bad even though they do all this. Is it possible that they can still die?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different kinds of brain cancer, and different treatments. Some people feel pretty good and are able to go out, while others do not fare so well.

      If your friend is currently on chemo, it's probably not a wise idea to be drinking, but I'm sure his or her doctor has encouraged him or her to go out when possible and lead a fairly normal life. Some chemo can lower blood counts, including the white blood cell count, making the patient more susceptible to infection. If she/he is having blood drawn weekly, this count is probably being looked at, and he/she has a good idea of if it's okay to be around other people or not.

      As far as seriousness- I know people who were in school until a few days before death, and others who were very sick for a long time before death. It really depends on the type of brain tumor, the treatment, the prognosis,etc. I also know people who were really sick while on treatment and recovered, and others who survived and were not very sick while on treatment.

  44. QUESTION:
    what is the typical life expectancy if an 8 year old with brain cancer?
    My boyfriend has bone cancer and we just found out his little eight year old brother, Nick, now may have brain cancer. I was wondering as to how long typical patients with brain cancer, specifically eight year old patients, survive?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the type and the grade.

  45. QUESTION:
    Does a Digital SLR camera produce enough radiation to give you brain cancer?
    I've heard that cell phone emit radiation and can cause brain cancer, since a DSLR is a small electronic device can it do the same?

    • ANSWER:
      While Digital SLR camera's haven't been shown to specifically cause brain cancer, your concerns are not entirely unfounded. I've been researching the effects of personal electronic devices at the University of Alberta for the past 4 years, specifically examining how prolonged or close proximity exposure to such devices can affect a persons overall health and well being.

      Brain cancer has never come up in my research however, long term exposure to DSLR camera's (specifically Nikon products as they seem to be the worst) has been shown to cause cataracts, temporary blindness and in rare cases a variety of sinus conditions.

      Our research has shown that an easy, albeit not so elegant method of blocking the radiation (and preventing continued exposure), is to wrap the body of your camera in a layer of aluminum foil, being sure to leave lenses, view finders, and buttons accessible (obviously) this simple step should help reduce your chances of exposure.

  46. QUESTION:
    Is it a chance they can still die with Brain Cancer?
    Ok this person with brain cancer still goes out to clubs and seems like their doing doing pretty good. They look much better than they use to and they look pretty healthy. I don't know if they're still on chemotherapy or not but I know they were on chemo not that long ago like months ago they may still be on it. Does the fact that they seem like they are doing good and looking healthy means that they are going to survive the brain cancer or is there still a chance they may still die?

    • ANSWER:
      That mans nothing. My uncle died from brain cancer last year and for about three years after being diagnosed he seemed completely fine then out of the blue he start having seizures and strokes one after another after another and slowly he started getting sicker and sicker and by the end he couldn't speak, he could barely move it was horrible to watch a formerly fit and healthy man reduced to that.

  47. QUESTION:
    I am looking for a brain cancer myspace layout? I am not good at making my own though, any websites or ideas?
    I have found a bunch for breast cancer, but would like one for brain cancer or even general cancer, because I recently lost my dad from brain cancer... Any help is greatly appreciated! Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, that seems really interesting! My Uncle is a neurosurgeon. Anyways, I will go do some searching for you and I myself know how to edit and create websites!

      I will come back and edit this answer with information/templates I find!

      Ok, I found some design templates that would work nicely if you just create your own banner and etc. Here are some links:

      http://zymic.com/template_preview.php?id=128&cat_id=1
      The template in the above link is more sophisticated rather than a child/sci-fi like template. It shows maturity and the banners/pictures and links can be easily edited and replaced with relevant pictures!

      http://zymic.com/template_preview.php?id=82&cat_id=2
      The template above is slightly more High Tech/Futuristic style. And again can be edited with relevant information

      to browse on your own, go to zymic.com and use the navigation on the left to get to where you want, I suggest business links because brain cancer is a serious thing.

      Sincerely,
      JasonXiao
      Leader/Founder of Team ColorBlind
      http://coloblindcs.net

  48. QUESTION:
    Do you know someone with a brain tumor or with brain cancer?
    My brother passed away on August 26th 2009 from brain cancer. My family started a foundation in his memory! Visit www.mgbf.org to learn more. Please pass this website on to anyone you know who is fighting or dealing with cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      I know two men who have brain cancer at the present time. Both tumors are inoperable but the tumors have shrunken for the time being. I have lost many members of my family to cancer in one form or another and have worked hard to make people aware and also to get funding for research and for victims of this disease. My condolences to you and your family on the loss of your loved one. Setting up a foundation and informing others of this cause are such a beautiful tribute to a life that was lost to a disease which needs funding to make medical progress and eventually find a cure. God bless you in your efforts.


what is brain cancer

Lymph Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    what is the safe white cell count for lymph cancer patients?
    I have lymph cancer.
    What is the white cell count beyond which i have to rush to the doctor

    • ANSWER:
      You don't have to worry no more I had cervical cancer and according to doctors shouldn't be here anymore but thank God and a product that I'm taking I am doing absolutely great no cancer or nothing if interested in knowing more about this let me know :)

  2. QUESTION:
    How are cancer and lymph nodes related to the respiratory system?
    I'm guessing it has to do something with the capillaries in the alveoli and how the lymph transport cancer here, and it can affect the lungs or something?

    As much detail as you can please.

    • ANSWER:
      There isn't much detail to it. The cells are carried in the blood stream and all blood returns to the lungs for re-oxygenation.

  3. QUESTION:
    When do i know it is the time to put my old horse down?
    He has been steadily losing weight regardless of all the food he is eating, recently diagnosed with lymph cancer. He seems to not be in any pain or distress, acting normal.

    • ANSWER:
      we have many horse's put down for cancer and old age. There is some basic rules to exactly when-
      1- his body condition falls to below a 4 on the standard USA evaluation of condition. Feed him beat pulp, a teaspoon of oil, and pellet. Very raely do I say this, but spoil him a bit, carrots, pitted apples ( apple seeds contain a poison called arsenic which kills) grain based treats, and other fruits. Added calories and vitamins will help his coat, digestive, weight, and his cancer.
      2-Pain, when he begins to be in pain it's time. You can Bute him until the vet and you have a comfortable time to put him down but this is not a good treatment to extend his life.
      3-He will tell you, they always do, when is personality changes thats the last sign. Altering in personality is a result of pain or phsycologic works.

      always be sure it is quiet and everyone is calm. Put him down in an open field excessible by truck. Make all body preps before you put him down so you are not upset. I recommend cremation but this can cost you from 00-00. Most states do not allow burial and order that they be disposed of in a landfill, which is highly unfortunate. The vet can save the tail or mane and you can send it to be woven into something special.

  4. QUESTION:
    does anybody can help me with my problem of my dads lymph node cancer?
    i am from philippines and i have nine sisters. my father is been diagnosed with lymph node cancer. we hvent treated him any of the doctors recommendation aside from the reason that we dont have the money for chemotheraphy and radiation. i would like to asked if there is any other alternative medicine that is not expensive for us or somebody could help me? thanks?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh my, I am so sorry to hear about your dad's condition. You know, there are many places who may know how to help you. Try all the cancer associations, in your area. Look into payment plans for his treatments. There are many things you can try to get his treatments paid for or, placed on some payment program.

      I am a Christian, therefore, the one thing I want you to know is that prayer, does work and God does hear them! If you need doors opened...God can open doors and make ways in which we never dreamed! Let's you and I pray that God will go before you and doors will be opened, for the sake of your dad's needs! May God bless you in your endeavor.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is it okay to increase the oxygen level for cancer patient?
    My grandpa has lymphoma (lymph node cancer) and he only has about a week left to live. His oxygen level is getting low. He is on a oxygen concentrator. I was wondering if it is safe to increase the oxygen level to the maximum level because his oxygen level is getting low. Is there any adverse side effect if I increase the oxygen level to the max level of 5L/minute? He is currently on 3L/min.How safe is this oxygen concentrator?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I asked a doctor about this and his reply was what would hurt at this point. My mom died of lung cancer and she had a oxygen machine that I used to give her Oxygen when she needed it. Sometimes my moms hands would shake if you gave a lot of Oxygen but the doctor said it doesn't matter at this point. I was her primary caregiver but it wouldn't hurt to ask the doctor. If he only has a week left make him comfortable. Believe it scares the hell out of them when they cant breathe so comfort him.

  6. QUESTION:
    If you have cancer that spreads to lymph nodes, what is it called?
    If you have cervical cancer, and it spread into your lymph nodes, do you have lymph node cancer? Or lymphoma? Or just cervical cancer that metastisized to your lymph nodes?

    I already survived this crap but my brother was arguing with me saying that since it was in lymph nodes that means its lymphoma. Maybe I am being stupid, but I really don't think I had anything but stage 2B cervical cancer.

    Is there another term for cancer spread to lymph nodes? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It would be called cervical cancer with lymph node metastases.
      You never had lymphoma.
      Each type of cancer is a completely different disease.
      If your cancer spread to your lungs or your brain you would not have lung cancer or brain cancer. If a biopsy was taken of the cancer In your lungs or brain it would look just like the cancer originally found in your cervix.

  7. QUESTION:
    Is the painful lump in armpit most likely to be cancer?
    What is the chances of a lump in the armpit being breast or lymph. cancer? I've had it for years, but the last couple of days it's been painful and has grown a little. My mother had a mastectomy while pregnant with me. I had uteran cancer and a full hysterectomy 8/07

    • ANSWER:
      Not necessarily. While cancer is one possibility there are several other options. It could be a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that simply needs to be removed, never to return. It could be a problem with your lymph nodes which may mean anything from taking antibiotics for an infection to having some of them removed. It's possible that the lump is actually a cyst that has finally ruptured. And again, it could also turn out to be cancer. Your odds of cancer are probably higher than most given your medical history, so the sooner you talk to your doctor the better.

  8. QUESTION:
    Is coughing up blood a side effect of chemotherapy?
    My mother has had lymph-nod cancer for about a year and a half, she's gone through chemo and radiation twice and she's had surgery once and might have to go through a second time. Yesterday she was coughing a lot and all of a sudden she started coughing up blood, and it was coming out of her nose too. It wasn't a small amount of blood, a lot more than a tablespoon. I would say about half a cup to a cup of blood all together.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not a doctor but i have watched websites about chemotherapy. The fact is one of the chemo drugs were actually used to kill the enemy in the last war...and it did it's job very well. It sounds like a very good reason to assume that coughing up blood would be a side effect. Chemo also suppresses the immune system and this system is how you stay alive and fight cancer. I'll put up a link. This doctor had weeks to live and is now healthy and cancer free. I would recommend watching all 14 parts. Part 7 and 8 is about the doctor's cancer issues.

      Part 7
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b7_NxVWSAEU

      Part 8
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-N33_vJnbIg&feature=related

      Additional information: I just found out a side effect of chemo is thrombocytopenia - low platelet count. A low platelet count may cause you to experience bruising or excessive bleeding.

      http://www.chemotherapy.com/side_effects/side_effects.jsp

  9. QUESTION:
    what is the life expectancy with lymph node cancer?
    lymph node cancer in a Male over the age of 70.
    Pacient had prostate cancer which was removed surgically a few years back.

    • ANSWER:
      The only thing I can recomened is read the info at the site below.

  10. QUESTION:
    Swollen lymph node in the left side of my neck?
    I'm 15 years old and for a long time now I've had a swollen lymph node on the left side of my neck, more to the back. It's hard, small, painless, and I can slightly move it. I did have an ear/throat infection last year but I haven't had anything similar since. I am very worried that I might have lymph node cancer because it has been there for so long and it painless. Should I be concerned?

    • ANSWER:
      well anything thats is unusual should make you concerned. you should go to a doctor to make sure its not anything. hopefully the doctors says its nothing. go just to be safe

  11. QUESTION:
    What does a chest Xray show. Would it show cancer concearn bone/ lung or lymph ?
    what does a normal chest Xray show. Bone- lung or lymph cancer can be A concern from the Xray alone? What about organ issues. Basically what does it show thank!

    • ANSWER:
      A normal chest X Ray shows nothing abnormal, If you mean what can a chest X Ray show, it can show lung cancer, bone changes, if they are profound enough, it also gives an idea of heart size and can show lymphatic involvement, especially at the hilum.

  12. QUESTION:
    Has anyone used NCD (Natural Cellular Defense) on dog who has cancer?
    My 7 years old dog has lymph cancer and the vet said she won't live more than a month. We have tried to use NCD on her and we don't see much difference PS: She is now still looks normal, not in pain and not lossing weight. Just like a normal dog. However, her tumors are getting bigger without having the chemotherapy. A friend of mine told me that when tumor dies, its density drops and it appears bigger in size. Is that true?

    • ANSWER:
      i don't know if thats true, i thought when the tumur died its weight would drop and it would shrink... but i may be wrong.
      if the vet said you have a month, i would just live it up with your dog while you can. (sorry..)
      Hope This Helps! :D

  13. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with Lymph Node cancer with no chemo?
    My aunt has cancer in the Lymph Nodes and wants quality time over chemo. About how much longer will I have my favorite aunt around?

    • ANSWER:
      It all depends on the fight of the patient! And as for how much time left? Well my grandpa had cancer too! Gone in 2007 but still with me to this day! Not in body but in mind and heart!

  14. QUESTION:
    In how long can you notice the effects of chemotherapy?
    I have Hodgkins Lymphoma (lymph node cancer) and have been getting 3 injections of chemotherapy already, which span over almost 5 weeks already. My terrible cough is almost entirely gone, but I still have the bumps in my abdominal area (I think they are probably cancer, according to the doctor)

    In your experience, how long does it take for the tangeable tumors to start to shrink?

    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      It is entirely possible that the chemo will kill the active cancer, but that your "lumps" are benign tumors that may remain, and need to be surgically removed.

      You should ask the doctor who is administering/overseeing the chemotherapy.

      Good luck!

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for early stage liver cancer when the primary is breast cancer?
    I had breast cancer 41/2 years ago. The lymph nodes were 3a cancer with triple negative. Just found out I have a small mass on my liver with my markers and positive pet scan. I need to know what I'm facing. Right now, I feel great except for being very tired.

    • ANSWER:
      You don’t have liver cancer at all, you stage 4 breast cancer.
      Didn’t your doctor discuss this with you when you went over your PET results?

      I am sorry, but your cancer is not curable.
      Your oncologist should go over with you what option you now have. It will likely involve more chemo and possibly tumor ablation or surgery to remove the liver tumor. Assuming you are young which you probably are since you have a triple negative cancer.

  16. QUESTION:
    What effect would the removal of lymph nodes have on drainage of the pectoral region?
    In the analysis of breast cancer, lymph nodes of the axillary region are removed and biopsy is performed. The removal of the nodes is done to determine if cancer has spread from the breast to other regions of the body. What effect would the removal of lymph nodes have on drainage of the pectoral region?

    • ANSWER:
      Doctors measure the risk/benefit of removing the lymph nodes. If they have to be removed, the person runs the risk of having accumulation of fluid with tenderness and local pain in the side where the lymph nodes were removed.

  17. QUESTION:
    Pancreatic cancer and best treatment facilities?
    A very dear friend of my husband and I was just diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. It has spread to a spot on the liver and lymph nodes. Cancer Treatment Centers of America do not take his insurance. We live near the East Coast. Any suggestions on top notch facilities? Staying in my small town for treatment is not an option. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Johns Hopkins for sure. They ahve a Pancreatic Cancer Message Board where you can ask many questions regarding treatment, either there or at other facilities. Unfortunately, unless he is Stage I, the treatment at any cancer facility is goingot be the same, which is chemo. At this point the idea is to buy as much time as possible while waiting for better therapies to come along.

      here's the link to JHU:
      http://www.path.jhu.edu/pancreas_chat/

  18. QUESTION:
    what causes the stage 4 lymph nodes cancer?
    what is the reason that causes a person to get the stage 4 lymph nodes cancer ?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the type of cancer and location. I had stage IV cancer in the lymph nodes in my neck because of the size of the tumor. If the tumor is located in a lymph node in another part of the body, the staging will be based on the progression of the cancer. In general, you get to stage IV because it was not caught early on and has progressed to an advanced stage.

  19. QUESTION:
    Whats the difference between lymph nodes and breast cancer?
    When doing a self examination at home, is it a lymph node or something more seiouse, how does someone tell the difference between the two?

    • ANSWER:
      Well Ahoy is pretty much correct, except your lymphatic system is all throughout your body, not just the areas she stated.

  20. QUESTION:
    What causes slightly swollen lymph nodes around the neck?
    What causes slightly swollen lymph nodes around the neck? I have tested for common viruses particularly HIV. The testing has been over two year with resoundingly negative results. Don't mean to be a hypochondriach, but I think HSV or HPV, which I relatively commonplace, do not mnifest themselves in this manner. Does anyone know what the possible causes might be?

    Thank you kindly.

    • ANSWER:
      HI.
      There are a couple of reasons for inflamed lynph nodes. This normally happens with almost all types of infections because the lympatic system is the gateway to get rid of dead bacteria.

      There are a couple of reasons why you would have chronic lymphadenopathy. Extra pulmonary TB, some carcinomas, lymhatic carcinomas.

      There are ways to findout if one of these are the culprits. The doctor should be able to distinguish if the nodes are mobile or non-mobile, if they are soft or hard ( nodular) which could mean a cancer of some sort.

      He should also be able to do an Incision and drainage which could easily isolate and identify a lot of things by doing a culture and sensitivity.

      Its also possible if you were a chronic smoker before.

  21. QUESTION:
    What types of cancer are the most common in teens and how do they affect a person?
    I'm writing a story and I want the main character to end up getting cancer. Although I've heard about cancer and read stories about it, I've come to realize I know nothing about the horrific disease.

    *What types of cancer are the most common in teen girls?
    *How would these cancers affect you, hair loss; etc.
    *I know there are stages determining how far along cancer is, what are these stages? How long do you have to live typically during each stage, like how long would you have to live if you are diagnosed with stage 2 cancer?
    *What would be the easiest cancer to hide? I don't want it clearly visible to every one she meets, I want the main character to be able to hide it up until the point she's going to die or somewhat close. Is that possible?
    *Also how long would you typically live with no treatments. Could cancer go away without treatment and if you received treatment a year after being diagnosed would it have any effect?

    Please answer the best you can
    I did know it was the treatment that caused hair loss, guess I should have made that clear based on your answers.

    I respect your answers, I really do. But that's the reason I'm asking. I want to learn about cancer. Do you think people who write about serial killers and crime scenes know what it feels like to murder someone, what the process is when an officer is questioning you, or how to hide the murder scene? No. They research what they want to write about. They watch crime shows/movies, read about it, talk to people who have been there and done that.

    • ANSWER:
      Those people are jerks. Obviously she isn't going to be mass printing the book, it's just to help with her writing. ALSO, she is learning. Is it better to stay ignorant about something and move on to something easier? SHE'S USING YAHOO ANSWERS AS A SOURCE OF LEARNING. dream crushers.
      My cousin died of cancer a few years ago, and I don't find this offensive at all.

      While it isn't common, IT DOES HAPPEN. My cousin was 12. He was diagnosed with Lymphona when he was 5, the tumor was taken out, he was cancer free. Then, when he was 9, he was rediagnosed and eventually the treatment was doing more harm then it was good. He went home where he could die peacefully.
      He lost his hair, both times, from Chemotherapy. Do more outside research on that.
      Stages of cancer (generally, not all are the same):

      Stage 0Carcinoma in situ.
      Stage I, Stage II, and Stage IIIHigher numbers indicate more extensive disease: Larger tumor size and/or spread of the cancer beyond the organ in which it first developed to nearby lymph nodes and/or organs adjacent to the location of the primary tumor.
      Stage IVThe cancer has spread to another organ(s).

      Sure, it's possible. All cancer could somewhat be hidden, as long as she doesn't have a tumor growing out of a very visible place. (My cousin had a tumor in his stomach,a round the size of a small melon) But, they become very weak and pale. Sometimes real people don't even realize they have cancer and they have only months to live.

      Cancer is something that is somewhat mysterious. The cells can divide in many different ways, theres always a new thing popping up. That is why it is so hard to find a cure for. My cousin's cancer went away for the first time after treatment, the second time he was so far along, and the various treatments didn't work. It could very well go away with no treatment, it's unlikely, but It can happen..

      other info:
      It was almost cruel to continue to keep my cousin alive by the different treatments. He was unable to eat or swallow after a while, and it became so painful. It was time for him to go.

      There are cancerous tumors, and uncancerous tumors. (or benign)

      Go ahead and do a bit more research. I believe there is a movie (and book) about a girl with cancer, called "My sister's keeper." that might help give perspective just a bit. But the book and movie are very different.

  22. QUESTION:
    What does swollen lymph nodes in a dog mean?
    Lymph nodes on his neck seem to be swollen. Also his rubs his butt on the carpet, it seems to bother him. It's actually my fathers dog but he can't afford a vet right now. What can he do for the little guy?

    • ANSWER:
      Typically swollen glands can mean an infection. This means a vet trip and the appropriate antibiotic. It can also be a sign of a cancer called lymphoma. Can you help your dad out with some of the expense? This dog does need a vet.

      Added: the butt rubbing can be caused by full or impacted anal glands. The vet should check and express these as well. These glands can get infected. Are you noticing any foul, fishy smell from the rear end? My dog will lick hers and it causes horrid breath. If the glands are just full, it isn't expensive.

  23. QUESTION:
    What is the difference in the stages of colon cancer?
    my boyfriend has 4th stage colon cancer. They removed some of the colon. they now say both lobes of his liver have cancer spots and they are concerned about a spot on his lung.

    • ANSWER:
      As colon cancer progresses from Stage 0 to Stage IV, the cancer cells grow through the layers of the colon wall and spread to lymph nodes and other organs.

      Stage 0 (Carcinoma in Situ)
      In stage 0, abnormal cells are found in the innermost lining of the colon. These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread into nearby normal tissue. Stage 0 is also called carcinoma in situ.
      Stage I
      In stage I, cancer has formed and spread beyond the innermost tissue layer of the colon wall to the middle layers. Stage I colon cancer is sometimes called Dukes A colon cancer.
      Stage II
      Stage II colon cancer is divided into stage IIA and stage IIB.
      Stage IIA: Cancer has spread beyond the middle tissue layers of the colon wall or has spread to nearby tissues around the colon or rectum.
      Stage IIB: Cancer has spread beyond the colon wall into nearby organs and/or through the peritoneum.
      Stage II colon cancer is sometimes called Dukes B colon cancer.

      Stage III
      Stage III colon cancer is divided into stage IIIA, stage IIIB, and stage IIIC.

      Stage IIIA: Cancer has spread from the innermost tissue layer of the colon wall to the middle layers and has spread to as many as 3 lymph nodes.
      Stage IIIB: Cancer has spread to as many as 3 nearby lymph nodes and has spread:
      beyond the middle tissue layers of the colon wall; or to nearby tissues around the colon or rectum; or
      beyond the colon wall into nearby organs and/or through the peritoneum.
      Stage IIIC: Cancer has spread to 4 or more nearby lymph nodes and has spread:
      to or beyond the middle tissue layers of the colon wall; or to nearby tissues around the colon or rectum; or to nearby organs and/or through the peritoneum.
      Stage III colon cancer is sometimes called Dukes C colon cancer.

      Stage IV
      In stage IV, cancer may have spread to nearby lymph nodes and has spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver or lungs. Stage IV colon cancer is sometimes called Dukes D colon cancer.

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between metastasized brain cancer and cancer that started in the brain?
    My mother had lung cancer a year ago and although it has not returned, she now has a tumor in her brain the size of a dime. It is cancerous .... so what is the prognosis and what is the difference between this type of brain cancer (where it originated in the lungs) and brain cancer that originiates in the brain. Also, what is the prognosis?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer originating in a particular organ for the first time is called Primary neoplasm.

      Metastasis is its secondary spread through blood or lymph.

      Prognosis really depends on histological type of the cancer but metastasis generally requires more aggressive treatment in the form of chemo & radio because it is wide-spread.

      My best wishes are with your mother and you as her family in the battle against this cancer.

  25. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a 17, almost 18, year old having ovarian cancer ?
    I've looked at a few different sites with symptoms of ovarian cancer and I have many of them it seems like. My mom has had problems with her ovaries. She's only 40 and already has had a partial hysterectomy. So what are the chances of a 17 year old having ovarian cancer?
    Thank you to all who answer.

    • ANSWER:
      1. Hysterectomy is a surgical method, not a diagnose. In ovarian cancer it would be the wrong surgical method because it is the removal of the uterus, not of the ovar, which has to be removed together with surrounding lymph nodes in ovarian cancer.. Hysterectomy can have some other cancer as reason but also myoma, which are non malignant, descending uterus, dilatation (e.g. after the 10th delivery) and many more other reasons. It is therefore very likely that your mother doesn't have ovarian cancer at all and more likely that you also don't have it. In the age of 17 it would be a (negative) miracle. Nearly all patients are in the late 30s, early 40s, which doesn't make anything better.
      2. Chances: Ovarian cancer is the most ugly and nasty cancer on this planet.. Depending on the definition of "survival" it might look optimistic that in literature 50% of the patients survive the first 5 years after diagnose. In real life the chances are zero. Therapy can only extend life for a little bit of time.

  26. QUESTION:
    Can a 16 year old get breast cancer?
    basically my auntie died of breast cancer before i was born, my mum was diagnosed with breast and lymph cancer a few months ago. The doctor said i could inherit it. but is that possible at this age?

    • ANSWER:
      Your mom would have had to test positive for a rare hereditary cancer you to have a 50% change of her editing the gene too even then it only increases your risk for it and not at 16 years old.

  27. QUESTION:
    What are the odds that a hard lymph node is serious?
    I've had a swollen lymph node on the side of my neck for nearly two years. It's hard, painless and not moveable. When I first noticed it, it was about the size of a grape. It's now probably closer to a ping-pong ball, although it's not on the surface so it's difficult to say for sure (it's right under the corner of my jaw, in my neck).

    I've mentioned it to my doctor before and at first she wasn't able to feel it. The last time I saw her, I pointed it out again and she agreed that it was definitely swollen. I have an appointment in a week where I'll be able to discuss it more with her.

    Some of the things I've read on the internet are very frightening. Can anyone tell me how likely this is to be serious as compared to an infection or something else? I know only my doctor can answer that for sure, but does anyone have an idea?

    Thanks!
    Thanks for all the informative answers.

    Yunggin, I'm sorry to hear that. I hope you're doing ok.

    Yeti, I don't know for sure that it's a lymph node. But my doctor (Internal Medicine) felt it and agreed it was a lymph node, so I assume it's the case.

    Thanks everyone! I'll post an update if I find out more.
    Well, I saw my doctor and all she did was refer me to an ear, nose and throat specialist. I called several different clinics and can't get in for another month. She also noticed that the lymph node on the other side is hard as well, although not as large. I'm really worried about this, but I'm trying to put it out of my mind until I can see someone.

    • ANSWER:
      I had a similar experience about 6 years back. Although the chances of cancer are small (unless you have a history in your family), you probably don't want to play around here.

      My growth was near the surface of my skin, and got big very quickly. I eventually had surgery, and it just turned out to be a rare bacterial infection that can cause swollen lymph nodes. I'm no doctor, but the chances are that you have something like that in some way. there are lots of strange, rare, and really weird infections that can cause similar symptoms.

      The other worry, of course, is lymphoma. It's a really scarey thought, and I think the chances are this is not what's going on, but it's good to have it checked out, and quickly. Given that lymphoma spreads quickly, and is very deadly, it's unlikely you have it, since you've had this thing for a couple years.

      Either way, get it biopsied!! Now! If that means they need to do minor surgery, than so be it. It's better to be safe than dead (because you did nothing).

  28. QUESTION:
    What are the signs that cancer is terminal?
    I know close to nothing about cancer. My mum has been recently diagnosed with breast cancer, and from the state she is in, my view is that it is too late for any treatment. (Sorry for being vague here, I find it too difficult to describe her body. She is physically extremely weak already).
    All sorts of tests are being done currently to assess the situation. Before the doctors give us some feed back, I am just wondering if anybody has experiences to relate. Also, do you know of people who have been saved with chemio "at the last minute"? (In her case, it is too late for all other treatments, as doctors told her). Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Terminal cancer is when the cancer has spread to bones, lymphactic system and major organs (aka Stage 4). It is very possible your mother-in-law has suspected something wasn't right (felt a lump) quite a while ago and was afraid to find out that her suspicion might really be cancer. However, some forms of breast cancer are very aggressive. I had a normal mammogram in December 2004 (abosolutely no indication anything was amiss). 4 months later I had a 2cm tumor with 4 positive lymph nodes (Classified as Stage 2).

      Whether chemo can save someone who is stage 4 depends a lot on the person and their age, if, as you say your mother-in-law is very weak already, chemo could be worse than doing nothing. (Taking chemo itself isn't painful but the side effects are awful). However, Lance Armstrong beat it.....

      Check out Dr. Susan Love's website for some very good info on Breast Cancer and also the Lance Armstrong Foundation

  29. QUESTION:
    What are the medications and procedure after cancer operation?
    After breast cancer operation, what medications do you have to attend to? How frequent in a year should you do it? What are the medicines you need to take?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the individual's cancer - its grade, its stage, any lymph node involvement, whether it's oestrogen positive or negative, HER positive or negative and more.

      In some cases, surgery is all that's required.

      The medical team may recommend chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy.

      For oestrogen positive breast cancers drugs such as Tamoxifen and Arimidex may be prescribed and are usually taken daily for 5 years.

      For HER2+ cancers, hercepin may be given.

      There are a large number of other possibilities, depending on the individual and their specific cancer.

      I had chemotherapy, 25 sessions of radiotherapy, and I am almost at the end of my 5 years of Arimidex.

      I am fit and well with no sign of cancer at my most recent check-up

      =======================

      Jackie M, you've been posting the same advice to several cancer questions; perhaps you can advise me?

      I was diagnosed with aggressive breast cancer. My diet at the time of diagnosis and for many years before? Vegan, largely organic, healthy.

      I've never smoked. I exercised regularly. I avoided caffeine.

      So... what 'adjustments in my diet and everyday living' should I have made in order to avoid cancer? And, more interestingly, what adjustments to my diet and lifestyle should I have made to overcome cancer?

      Do tell.

  30. QUESTION:
    when do symptoms of terminal cancer start to show?
    My friend is a 27 yr old single parent who was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer. She was given a year about 5-6 months ago but is showing no sign of illness. She has maintained her weight, if not gained. Her skin and eyes are still bright and energetic. She seems happy and healthy by all accounts. What type of symptoms should we expect to see as her illness progresses and when should we expect to start seeing them?

    • ANSWER:
      "global trotter" has a good answer except we would not expect night sweats with this type of malignancy - assuming this really is an ovarian carcinoma.

      Your friend is extremely young for an ovarian carcinoma.
      How sure are you of the diagnosis?

      Has she been on combination chemotherapy for these last 5-6 months?
      I can't believe they would give up on a 27 year old woman without trying all of the different chemotherapy regimens we have for ovarian carcinomas.

      Where is the metastatic disease?
      Liver? Lungs? Intraperitonal? Retroperitoneal lymph nodes?
      If she does not have liver involvement, we would not expect to see the jaundice and liver failure that "globe trotter" describes.

      What you describe is a person still in good health without weight loss and not appearing sick. It sure would help if we knew where her metastatic (stage IV) ovarian cancer is located. She must have had CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

      And it would help to know what treatment she has received.
      Did she have optimal debulking surgery? What chemotherapy has been tried?

      By the way, doctors do not "give" people set amounts of time to live.
      I know what you mean, but that phrase always bothers me - as if doctors decided the fates of patients. When doctors are pushed to make predictions, we are usually wrong. No one knows the future for any one person. We only provided statistics based on many other people who have had similar situations. Yet each patient is different.

      It does not sound like she is within 6 months of death from the description you provide.

      If she allows it, you might go with her when she sees her medical oncologist. That way you can hear what is really going on from a medical professional who knows all the details of her case details we do not have here.

      From http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255771-overview
      Ovarian carcinomas are uncommon in patients younger than 40 years.
      Most cases are diagnosed in the 60 to 70 age group.

  31. QUESTION:
    What causes cancer and what causes it to spread?
    I don't see how cancer can just grow and grow without the body being aware of it, technically speaking the human body should have evolved to compensate if we have had it for thousands of years which leads me to a logical conclusion; it is a fairly recent health problem with humans.

    How does it spread too? It makes no sense for it to just 'spread', it isnt a virus or anything.

    Half of these terms I do not understand, are these terms loose terms for the public and is there a more detailed explanation as to how cancer works?

    • ANSWER:
      Nobody knows what causes cancer; there are risk factors for different types of cancer, but these are things that have been observed to increase a person's risk of that cancer, they are not causes.

      Cancer happens when when normal cells change so that they grow in an uncontrolled way. This uncontrolled growth causes a tumour to form.

      When cancer 'spreads', it spreads within the body of the person with cancer,not from person to person. It isn't contagious.

      Some cells from the primary cancer break away, travel to another part of the body and start growing there; this is called secondary cancer or metastasis. Cancer cells do not stick together as well as normal cells; they also may produce substances that stimulate them to move.

      Briefly they can spread in three ways:

      Local spread: the cancer grows directly into nearby body tissues.

      Through the blood circulation: the cancer cell must becomes detached from the primary tumour. It must then slip through the wall of a blood vessel to get into the bloodstream.

      Through the lymphatic system: similar to the way it spreads through the bloodstream. The cancer cell becomes detached from the primary tumour, then travels in the circulating lymph fluid until it gets stuck in the small channels inside a lymph node. There it begins to grow into a secondary cancer.

      You are wrong in concluding that this is a recent health problem; cancer is an ancient disease as old as humankind.

      The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), and the world's oldest documented case of cancer is from ancient Egypt, in 1500 BC. The details were recorded on a papyrus, documenting 8 cases of tumours occurring on the breast.

      The oldest available specimen of a human cancer is found in the remains of skull of a female who lived during the Bronze Age (1900-1600 BC). The tumour in the woman's skull was suggestive of head and neck cancer

      http://medicineworld.org/cancer/history.html

  32. QUESTION:
    Is it natural for a 15 year old to have lymph node cancer?
    My throat hurt last monday it hurt to swallow it was really red but the doctor just said to gargle salt water and it should be good well today i woke up and it hirt again except the difference is it hurt to swallow and touch the right side of my throat so i went to the doctor today and he swabbed me for strem but says he doubts it strep but turning my neck hirts that thing that pops out of your neck and it will just hurt well my friend told me that i might have lymph node cancer is thus true

    • ANSWER:
      Your friend isn't a physician, and she is mistaken. Cancerous lymph nodes are not painful or tender. Many people of all ages experience swollen lymph nodes when they are sick, and it's not a reason for alarm. Follow your doctor's advice. Sometimes when my throat is sore I find a spoonful of honey to be comforting. It's a natural antiseptic, and it can soothe a throat that feels raw. I wouldn't recommend having honey right after gargling with gargle salt water, though, haha.

      To answer your main question, any type of cancer in teenagers is very rare. Some do get Hodgkin's or Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma ("lymph node cancer"), but those who do experience distinctively different symptoms than what you've described. The chance that you'll have cancer is small, so just enjoy your health and stick to getting diagnoses from doctors instead of friends or the internet.

      ~ skylark : )

  33. QUESTION:
    Is lymph node cancer common among teenagers?
    I have to have a lymph node biopsy to test for cancer and other things.I have looked things up but still want to know more.

    • ANSWER:
      I know that Hodgkins Lymphoma is pretty uncommon, but it's mostly teens that get it (I'm 13). I had Hodgkins Lymphoma during the summer. I had 4 cycles of chemotherapy and now I'm going to have radiation for 3 weeks (not during weekends though). The biopsy was done to know whether if it is cancer and if it is what type. I had my biopsy done in my neck since I had a lymph node there.

      The chemotherapy isn't horrible. It's pretty much just strong medicines that fight the cancer by destroying fast reproducing cells. It attacks all cells that reproduce quickly including your hair cells, white blood cell, platelets, blood cells, and the cells that make up the tissue in your mouth. Which means your defences will be low making you more likely to catch a common cold, and you will probably lose your hair and get sores when you are undergoing chemotherapy (I have heard that if you chew ice while getting chemotherapy you are less likely to get mouth sores). The chemotherapy can also make you feel tired and nauseous depending on what chemotherapy medicenes you get depends on the side affects, I'm just letting you know the most common ones I know.

      Whether or not you have radiation depends on how well you are responding to the chemotherapy and if your doctor (or doctors) think you should. The most common side effects of radiation is probably getting a rash in the area that you get radiation. Also you shouldn't expose the area that was got radiation to sunlight. Some side effects depend on where you have the radiation.

      At the moment you aren't even sure if what you have is cancer, right? So don't worry about it too much. Hopefully it's not cancer, but if it is at least now you know a little more about it. If you have any further questions feel free to ask! Best of luck with everything, I hope everything turns out okay whether it is cancer of not! =D

  34. QUESTION:
    Could all my pain be from my scoliosis and spastic colon?
    I was have been diagnosed with scoliosis and a spastic colon. Both were diagnosed over a year ago when I went to find out the cause of my abdominal, back pain, digestion problems. The pain is also felt in the neck. So anyway the pain has got worse recently, and I have really struggled with digestion. I often feel in pain when waking up, going to bed and when sitting down. I myself thought the problem at first was cancer. I was checked for testicular cancer, Lymph node cancer as I have enlarged lymph nodes and colon cancer through a ct scan, I had two blood tests as well. I also developed depression around the same time these pains came on(probably because of the health worries and some other problems). I also have high anxiety and stress levels. I still think I could of have cancer(I have become a hyphocondriac). Anyway its not so much a pain, rather a constant ache around my back, neck, shoulders which is worse depending on how whether I stand,sit,ect. and also the digestion problems and stomach pains.
    Also could those blood tests and ct scans have found any traces of cancer?
    I am seeing a specialist in a week.

    • ANSWER:
      any infection can cause L node enlargement
      and you need to go to doctor
      and seek medical advice
      to exclude any other causes

  35. QUESTION:
    Is a swollen lymph node most likely cancer?
    I got a little bump under my jaw that I can move around and I've been researching this and so far the only two possibilitys are a swollen lymph node or oral cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      No. go see your general physician. there are many causes for swollen lymph nodes. many times when a head cold is commming on this occurs.

  36. QUESTION:
    How do i know if this swollen lymph node is from cancer?
    So a few weeks ago i had a swollen lymph node but i believe it was because of the weather change and the fact that i had a minor cold/sickness...but yesterday i noticed another swollen lymph node in the same general area...it is underneath my ear and near my jaw. I'm 20 years old of south asian origin. No one in my family has had lymphoma. And i'm in generally good health. The most worrying sign is that i dont feel sick...i feel slightly tired but not sick like last time...and no i have not had cold sweats at night or fevers...at least not YET. The lymph node itself is only slightly swollen. To feel it i have to stretch out my neck, if i dont and just relax my neck normally i cant feel it. What is wrong?

    • ANSWER:
      the key here is the fact that you a cold even though it was minor. It may have not been a cold but a bacterial infection. This is where the lymph nodes play a role. They take on the infection and hold on to it, this the swelling until the immune system can kill it. A virus has to run it's course but the immune system will still try to kill it. Even though you may not fell as if you have the cold anymore, you could still have ill effects from it. Until all possible signs of this reoccurring, the lymph and immune system will still try to keep you safe. There is nothing wrong that I can see. Weather change will not cause lymph nodes to swell unless you suffer allergies. If these lymph nodes do go away in about a week, ask your Dr. A simple antibiotic may be all you need. So, relax and have a wonderful Christmas.

  37. QUESTION:
    what cancer would grow outside the esophagus and restrict the airway?
    had a growth in the neck and had a biopsy on a lymph node it came back clean. the growth continued to get larger and restricted the airway and had to be intibated.this all happened in a two months time and to a 19 year old. had a cat scan and ended up in hospital the same day. thoracic surgeon did emergecy surgery and said it was so big he could not remove all of it. what could grow so fast like that?

    • ANSWER:
      The doctor should have told you what it was and at a minimum the surgeon would have known it was cancer and likely what kind if it was.
      If you want a guess based on such little info I would say a sarcoma.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is nasopharyngeal cancer in simple plain english?
    Can someone just tell me what nasopharyngeal cancer is in basic terms? Please don't direct me to one of those medical cancer websites. Your help will be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      if you start in your nostrils and go straight back you will end up in the nasopharynx. its the part of the throat directly behind the nose. In children, the adenoids usually fill a significant part of the nasopharynx. since its not a place you can see easily, cancers in this area often go undetected until they either spread to the lymph nodes of the neck or cause problems with other structures like the optic nerves(causing loss of vision) or the eustachian tube(causing fluid behind the eardrum)

  39. QUESTION:
    What does it mean to have an enlarged lymph node in your upper thigh?
    I have an enlarged lymph node in my upper thigh. I have had a few CT-Scans over the past 5 years or so and all 4 show that I have this enlarged or swollen lymph node. My doctor says since it's been there that long it should be okay but he still thinks I should have a physical and get it checked out. Could it be something or just nothing?

    • ANSWER:
      If it is the groin area where anatomically the lymph nodes should be,
      it is probably nothing - a normal lymph node.
      I found inguinal (groin) lymph nodes in over half of the thousands of patients
      I examined for lymph nodes over my 20 years of seeing cancer patients.
      The "test of time" is the best test of all.
      If it is not growing with months of follow-up, it is not a malignancy.

  40. QUESTION:
    What other problems can be associated with Diabetes?
    My husband has had several health problems and the Dr.s can't figure out what it is. He recently found out that his blood sugar has been fluxuating. All of his lymph nodes are swollen, he feels like he has the flu all the time(body aches, chills, hot flashes). He has been depressed. He has no energy. He has mood swings. He has headaches alot. These things have lead him to Dr, to Dr. To Dr. They have done test after test, including surgery to biopsy a lymph node. No Cancer of any kind. They can't find anything. Can all of this be problems from the onset of diabetes and could it take YEARS before the diabetes actually show up? Is there something we should be looking for?
    We have been told that his problem could be an auto immune disorder but they don't know which it is.
    His kidneys were checked, I think. He had started having trouble because he was constantly going to the bathroom to pee and he was always thirsty.
    He also had trouble with his fingers drawing up from time to time but that was years ago. It hasn't happened in years.
    Just found out that his mother took some medicine for diabetes. She died at the age of 47 of a stroke or something along that line.

    • ANSWER:
      frequent urging for urine ,increased thirst,weakness,increased appetite (hunger),frequent urinary infection .these are the symptoms of diabetes.But lymphnode enlargement(Are you sure his whole lymphnodes are enlarged?) ,fever and all other symptoms you said points towards some other conditions .

  41. QUESTION:
    I am being sued in the state Arksansas. What assets can they take, SS disability, federal retirement, IRA?
    I am on disability, draw federal retirement, have bought a home with my son I live with, and have an ira from my federal retirement, no land, or other assets, I am undergoing cancer treatment, and have terminal lung, bone, and lymph cancer, this is from an accident 3 years ago.

    • ANSWER:
      depends on what you are being sued for

  42. QUESTION:
    What is the function of lymph nodes and the lymphatic system in the body ?
    I would like to have details on pain in the lymph nodes in the throat and under the chin and the cause of it.

    • ANSWER:
      One function of the lymphatic system functions to move antibodies and other immune complexes to the circulatory system.

      The lymphatic system is a complex network of lymphoid organs, lymph nodes, lymph ducts, lymphatic tissues, lymph capillaries and lymph vessels that produce and transport lymph fluid from tissues to the circulatory system. The lymphatic system is a major part of the immune system.

      The lymphatic system has three interrelated functions: (1) removal of excess fluids from body tissues, (2) absorption of fatty acids and subsequent transport of fat, as chyle, to the circulatory system and, (3) production of immune cells such as lymphocytes (e.g. antibody producing plasma cells) and monocytes.

      Lymph is a clear fluid that circulates around the body tissues. It contains a high number of lymphocytes (white blood cells). Plasma leaks out of the capillaries to surround and bathe the body tissues. This then drains into the lymph vessels.

      The lymphatic system does several jobs in the body. It
      Drains fluid back into the bloodstream from the tissues
      Filters lymph
      Filters the blood
      Fights infections

      Draining fluid into the bloodstream -
      As the blood circulates, fluid leaks out into the body tissues. This fluid is important because it carries food to the cells and waste products back to the bloodstream. The leaked fluid drains into the lymph vessels. It is carried through the lymph vessels to the base of the neck where it is emptied back into the bloodstream. This circulation of fluid through the body is going on all the time.

      Filtering lymph -
      The lymph nodes filter the lymph as it passes through. White blood cells attack any bacteria or viruses they find in the lymph as it flows through the lymph nodes. If cancer cells break away from a tumour, they often become stuck in the nearest lymph nodes. This is why doctors check the lymph nodes first when they are working out how far a cancer has grown or spread

      The lymph glands in your neck are called the submandibular or lymph nodes. They commonly become swollen during infection or sore throat (such as strep throat). If the swelling persists you should visit a doctor because cancers or other conditions other than infection may be more serious.

      http://www.patient.co.uk/showdoc/21692508/

  43. QUESTION:
    How many of you have survived Imflammatory Breast Cancer?
    It is not in the bones, has 6 of 9 lymph nodes involved and one lobular node. Doctor first prescribed antibiotics, then she got biopsy, partial breast removal, now they finally figured out she has IBC. I hope you are doing well.

    • ANSWER:
      Oh my goodness, that is awful! How could they not know from the biopsy?
      Inflammatory breast cancer is the most dangerous form of breast cancer, the diagnosis alone makes her cancer a stage IIIB and is a rare form only about 1% of all breast cancers are IBC. Therefore you may not find a survivor of this cancer here. If this person needs a support group contact the American Cancer Society and they can refer her to one. I hope she does well. Best wishes.

      P.S. – The survival rates quoted by the other person who answered are not correct and absolutely no one has a chance of surviving this disease without surgery.

  44. QUESTION:
    What are the names of the different stages of different cancers?
    For colon cancer stage one it is called dukes a. For stage 2 it is called dukes b and so on. Is there any other types of cancer the uses dukes for a stage? If not what name do they use for different stages? Links to sites would be great. Thank you so much for helping!

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it depends on which system that you use. In general all cancers are considered to have four stages and three grades of tumor. Staging is used by the oncologist and surgeon to determine what the best treatment is to be used. So, the majority people only really need to know the stage of their cancer and not all the systems that describe it.

      So, in general, there are four stages:

      Stage 1 - Early cancer. One small tumor.
      Stage 2 - Early cancer. Tumor larger.
      Stage 3 - Tumor larger than before. More than one. Tissue invasion.
      Stage 4 - Advanced cancer. Large tumors, invasion of tissue, metastatic spred through lymph nodes or blood

      And, their are three grades . . low, medium and high grade in reference to how abnormal the cells look under a microscope.

      Sarcoma is often described as Groups . . instead of Stages . .but it is basically the same thing.

      As for your direct question about colon cancer there are 3 systems of stagings that can be used depending on the hospital or country you are in. ACS provides a description for you:

      Detailed Guide: Colon and Rectum Cancer
      How Is Colorectal Cancer Staged?
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3X_How_is_colon_and_rectum_cancer_staged.asp

      Breast cancer also has a more detailed staging system.

      Detailed Guide: Breast Cancer
      How Is Breast Cancer Staged?
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3X_How_is_breast_cancer_staged_5.asp

  45. QUESTION:
    Is it normal for the lymph nodes along your jaw line to be swollen and sore after a minor surgery?
    I had a plate and screw removed from my foot yesterday and today a lot of my lymph nodes are swollen and tender, especially the two about an inch under my ears at the base of my jaw bone. Is this normal or something to be worried about?

    • ANSWER:
      no i dont think its normal.
      Lymph nodes can become swollen from infection, inflammatory conditions, an abscess , or cancer. Other causes of enlarged lymph nodes are rare.
      www.nlm.nih.gov

  46. QUESTION:
    How long does a stage 3b lung cancer patient have to live while getting treatment?
    My grandmother is about 56 years old, she has advanced stage 3b lung cancer and she's going to start getting treatment soon. i know no one actually knows when anyone is going to die but please give me a proper estimate.

    • ANSWER:
      Stage 3B of lung cancer is generally considered to be much more invasive and poor in prognosis. The patient only has a 5% to 10% prognosis of survival during the next five years. It is considered to be advanced lung cancer, and it includes tumors present in the lungs, distant lymph nodes and other parts of the chest such as the esophagus or heart. In addition to rapid tumor growth and spreading, the patient exhibits a malignant pleural effusion, which is a concentration of fluid containing cancer cells between layers lining the lungs.
      3B Treatment

      3B lung cancer is incurable, but it is still treatable. Stage 3B cancer is generally inoperable, and a combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment is generally pursued. Roughly 13 months after initial 3B cancer treatment, 50% of patients are deceased.

      However, the chances of her survival shall increase by years with Immunity boosters. Details follow-----------

      IMMUNITY* BOOSTERS: How to prevent cancer? How to recover ‘fast’ from the impact of chemotherapy/illness/excessive Radiation? Here is a way out. Preparation for Surgery and Post Surgical recovery, Post-Blood Transfusions & Prevention of illnesses by keeping Ur immunity levels intact while getting treatment for HIV/AIDS, Cancer, any dreaded and incurable disease condition.Longevity of cancer/hiv survivors can be increased by leaps and bounds. To get back hair growth after chemo.
      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11.Triphala Churan [1 tsp churan + 1 cup of butter milk @ night before sleep] to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins for life.
      12.Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless her. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:
      'Health in Ur Hands' Vol. I & II available in all Indian languages all over the globe- by Dr.Devendra Vora,DSc.,MD.,FRCP, an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, lupus/sle, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  47. QUESTION:
    What happens to cancer cells after it's finished with mitosis?
    Uh, I quite do not understand the concept of cancer cells. Though we just learned Mitosis in 8th grade Science. Since I do enjoy reading and seek more knowledge (The chaos in my classroom never lets me learn..) I read up the cause of cancer.

    I read that cancer cells are like regular human cells but like corrupted. They do not die off and can result in tumors.

    Are they permanent cells? Or like those extra cells that are produced?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer cells can die for sure, but they reproduce extremely fast so their cell line doesn't die off. The Hela cell line as been reproducing themselves for over 50 years (not all cancer cell line have live this long though). This is atypical of normal human cells because cancer cells either have defective enter workings or growth receptors that make cancer cells reproduce continuously. They also give off products similar to those found in the lymph nodes that make it even more difficult for you natural body's defenses to recognize than it already is. Cancer cells are harmful not because they give off toxins but because they take up all the nutrients the body needs for other things so they can keep dividing. They also obstruct and interfere with important organs causing them to fail. Cancer cells also promote angiogenesis which is the formation of new blood vessels. The cancer cells can then break off and travel to infect places anywhere else in the body. this is called metastasis and is what is one of the things that makes cancer even more dangerous. Cancer is so hard to treat because unlike bacteria or viruses cancer is part of our body and hard to specifically target without damaging our "good cells". One of the ways we are trying battle cancer is by using man made antibodies that attach on to the previously talked about growth receptors on the cell. All cells have these but cells that reproduce quickly have more of them. "white blood cells" can then identify the antibodies and kill the cell. Cells in the intestines and hair cells are also some of the ones that have high growth receptors. This is why people get sick and loose their hair while getting treatment. Radiation therapy usually has a similar effect. So to answer your question, yes cancer cells can die and after they finish with mitosis, they go under mitosis again and again. All their energy goes toward dividing. They no longer serve any other functional purpose

  48. QUESTION:
    How long should lymph nodes be swollen before you see a doctor?
    I have 2 in my jaw one has been there for years (it's hard and not like the others.) I also have 2 in my breasts but I thought there were no lymph nodes there? The new ones have been there for about a week.
    I'm only 17 so I don't think its anything serious like cancer... I don't wanna waste money on a stupid infection.

    • ANSWER:
      If it's been there for years it's most likely not a lymph node. If you have any kind of lump or bump in the breast you need to get it checked out. There are lymph nodes in the breast but it could be something else that is enlarged or swollen.

      I would go immediately.

      It doesn't matter if you're just 17. Any lump or irregularity in your breast needs to be checked out. Breast cancer can affect pre-teens, men and senior citizens, not just middle aged women. Even an infection in your breast needs medicine to clear up, otherwise you're looking at serious problems down the road. Go see your doctor.


lymph cancer

A List Of Cancers

The first thing that you need to do is to compile a list of any questions that you have about breast cancer. You can ask these questions of your doctor or of other people that you know that have had breast cancer.

The second thing that you can do is help the breast cancer cause by participating in walkathons and other charitable fund raising events. It can be therapeutic to help others while you are trying to help yourself battle breast cancer.
The third that that you can do is to join a breast cancer support group. There are many support groups out there for people who have breast cancer. These support groups can be very helpful and provide you with good resources that will help you deal with your illness. The American Cancer Society is a great resource for people who have breast cancer. The ACS has a great web site that has resources for women with breast cancer; one such resource is called Look Good.... Feel Better. This program is designed to help women with beauty tips after they have gone through chemotherapy and radiation. They have group workshops, one-on one salon consultations, and self help materials. Another program that is offered is called I Can Cope. I Can Hope is a program that helps people become educated about cancer; they offer classes to help cancer patients understand their diagnosis and prognosis. The classes also help people learn to cope with fatigue, nausea, weight loss, financial issues, and other effects of cancer. These classes can be very beneficial to people who have been diagnosed with breast cancer.

If you have been diagnosed with breast cancer please use the resources that are listed above; you should not go through this alone. Your survival depends on how well your body does with the medical treatments that you receive and stress can really hurt your body. Hopefully, there will be a cure for a breast cancer very soon so that women will no longer have to go through this gruelling process.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are some good foods to eat when you have cancer?
    I'm 15 and have been diagnosed with Gliblastoma Multiforme. I heard certain diets can help me live longer and improve the quality of my life. What are some good foods that can help slow tumor growth? And what are foods that I should take out of my diet? I basically need a list of cancer-growing foods, and cancer-fighting foods.

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn't matter what you eat. If you've had chemo and radiation, your tastebuds will be fried and you won't be able to taste much. I could only taste salt, sweet, sour and spicy. So salty chips with hot salsa full of jalapenos, were my favorite. There is no food that will do anything to a tumor.
      When were you diagnosed? What treatments have you had?

  2. QUESTION:
    Where can I find a list of types of cancer?
    I am doing personal cancer research and would like to start with a list of cancer types.

    • ANSWER:
      Here's a list I can provide myself:

      -DIGESTIVE SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Colorectal Cancer
      *Colon Cancer
      *Rectal Cancer
      -Gastric Cancer
      -Esophageal Cancer
      -Pancreatic Cancer
      -Liver Cancer
      -Gallbladder Cancer
      -Oral Cancer
      -Anal Cancer #
      -Appendix Cancer #
      -Small Intestine Cancer #

      -REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Prostate Cancer
      -Testicular Cancer
      -Breast Cancer
      *Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      *Male Breast Cancer #
      *Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer
      *HER2-Positive Breast Cancer
      -Ovarian Cancer
      -Cervical Cancer
      -Uterine Cancer
      -Endometrial Cancer
      -Fallopian Tube Cancer #

      -SKIN CANCERS
      -Melanoma
      -Bowen Disease
      -Basal Cell Carcinoma
      -Squamous Cell Carcinoma

      -NERVOUS SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Brain Cancer

      -RESPIRATORY SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Lung Cancer
      *Small Cell Lung Cancer
      *Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
      -Laryngeal Cancer
      -Pharyngeal Cancer
      -Throat Cancer

      -MUSCULAR SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Sarcoma
      -Leiomyosarcoma

      -URINARY SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Kidney Cancer
      *Renal Cell Carcinoma
      *Urothelial Cell Carcinoma
      -Bladder Cancer

      -CIRCULATORY AND IMMUNE SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Heart Cancer #
      -Lymphoma
      *Hodgkin's Lymphoma
      *Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
      **Burkitt's Lymphoma
      **B cell neoplasms
      **T cell neoplasms
      **Natural killer cell neoplasms
      -Leukemia
      *Acute Leukemia
      **Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
      **Acute Myeloid Leukemia
      *Chronic Leukemia
      **Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
      **Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
      -Multiple Myeloma

      -ENDOCRINE SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Thyroid Cancer
      -Adrenal Cancer

      -SKELETAL SYSTEM CANCERS
      -Osteosarcoma

  3. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have colon cancer so young?
    My husband has every symptom listed of colon cancer except for weight loss, but he is only 31 years old. This just can't be right... I made him get checked out today and now we are just waiting for a specialist to to look at his colon next week.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer can occur at any age, but the symptoms are far more commonly displayed by lesser illnesses. Colonic cancers are more prevalent in older patients, but there has been an increase in the number of younger patients who follow a western style diet high in processed foods.

      "Common illnesses are common" is one of the first things quoted to medical students, and there are many common ailments which singly or in combination can cause all of the symptoms of colonic cancer. Accurate diagnosis involves taking tissue samples for microscopic examination and the process in which this is done can be a bit uncomfortable but is not painful.

      The internet and self-diagnosis can in many ways be more worrying than the illness itself. Stop assuming it's cancer and let the expert make a diagnosis. Even if your worst fears are realised, then early detection and modern treatment ensure a high survival rate; treatments have dramatically improved even in the three years that I've been interested in oncology.

  4. QUESTION:
    What specific diseases does early spaying/neutering prevent?
    I found a long list of specific cancers and diseases early spaying/neutering increases or cause

    but as for one's it prevents I could only find ''some cancers'' and ''some diseases', but never any specific ones, and I highly doubt their's a cancer called ''the Some Cancer''.

    So can someone please tell the -specific- names of the diseases and cancers. WHAT cancers does it prevent? WHAT diseases does it prevent?

    • ANSWER:
      Well obviously any cancer and disease relating to the reproductive organs... ovarian cancer, testicular cancer etc. They are prevented by not having those organs anymore.
      However, early spaying and neutering drastically increases the chance of bone cancer and increases the chance of prostate cancer and urinary infections.

      On the positive side, neutering male dogs
      • eliminates the small risk (probably <1%) of dying from testicular cancer
      • reduces the risk of non-cancerous prostate disorders
      • reduces the risk of perianal fistulas
      • may possibly reduce the risk of diabetes (data inconclusive)

      On the negative side, neutering male dogs
      • if done before 1 year of age, significantly increases the risk of osteosarcoma (bone cancer); this is a
      common cancer in medium/large and larger breeds with a poor prognosis.
      • increases the risk of cardiac hemangiosarcoma by a factor of 1.6
      • triples the risk of hypothyroidism
      • increases the risk of progressive geriatric cognitive impairment
      • triples the risk of obesity, a common health problem in dogs with many associated health problems
      • quadruples the small risk (<0.6%) of prostate cancer
      • doubles the small risk (5; this is a common cancer and major cause of death in some breeds
      • triples the risk of hypothyroidism
      • increases the risk of obesity by a factor of 1.6-2, a common health problem in dogs with many
      associated health problems
      • causes urinary “spay incontinence” in 4-20% of female dogs
      • increases the risk of persistent or recurring urinary tract infections by a factor of 3-4
      • increases the risk of recessed vulva, vaginal dermatitis, and vaginitis, especially for female dogs
      spayed before puberty
      • doubles the small risk (<1%) of urinary tract tumors
      • increases the risk of orthopedic disorders

  5. QUESTION:
    Help with coming up with an essay question about cancer?
    I have to do an essay for biology, we have to make up our own question, and we only have limited topics to chose from. The topic I want to do mine on is listed as 'cancers and treatments'. I really want to do mine on that, but I can't really think of any argumentative questions relating to it. Are there any controversial treatments or anything like that?
    If anyone has any suggestions, I'd be very grateful.

    • ANSWER:
      one suggestion: use of hyperthermia in treatment of cancer. perhaps mention controversy surrounding Dr Holt and radiowaves. (quite different to hyperthermia but often confused by public)

  6. QUESTION:
    What hospital in the US is the best rated to help LUNG cancer patients?
    I already have seen the list of top Cancer hospitals in the US...but I want to know is it better to go to one for Lung Cancer over the other? My grandmother went to Sloan Kettering for what she thought was Leukemia and turned out to be Fibrosis...(they were awesome)...but is there a better hospital for Lung cancer?? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      There is no medical center that is doing far better with lung cancers than any other.
      Far more important is the type of lung cancer, the stage, and co-morbid conditions.
      For late stage - advanced metastatic - non-small cell lung cancers, no medical center is doing well anywhere in the world.
      For early stage non-small cell lung carcinomas, many medical center do equally well. If this is a small cell lung carcinoma, this person could do equally well at any number of medical centers around the country - USA.
      - - -
      You grandmother had "leukemia" that turned out to be "fibrosis?"
      You must mean myelofibrosis.
      Any U.S. medical center or any good hematologist/oncologist in private practice should have been able to figure that out. Maybe her original physicians did know that she had a myelodysplastic disorder that was bordering on or transforming into a type of leukemia. Was your grandmother cured? Are you sure of the details of your information? Why not just go back to Sloan Kettering for this case since you had an awesome experience?
      - - -
      People get obsessed with this idea of wanting the best of everything
      - especially in the U.S.
      I suppose that is human nature. People who have large amounts of money are often especially concerned with getting care better than the average person. [This is not to suggest that you have a wealthy family.]
      - - -
      Some people want to go to a big name place like Sloan Kettering, but many people prefer the nearest tertiary medical center for advanced care.
      One thing to remember when you go to university medical centers - much of the surgery and medical care is handled by doctors in residency training who are in the learning phase of training and lack experience. The attending physicians are often away giving talks and doing research. Someone may see this and object, but I went through training at major tertiary referral cancer centers in both Pennsylvania and North Carolina. I can tell you that is how it is.
      - - -
      When my mother needed surgery, she went to non-university hospitals where I worked and which had doctors I knew who were experienced and up to date on the latest advances. She did not have a surgical resident doing her surgery. When my wife was diagnosed with a malignancy and needed surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy - we made sure she went to a non-university hospital where she and I both knew the doctors. My wife did not have residents in training handling her care.
      - - -
      Of course doctors in training need to gain experience when they are in training, so it is good that people often want to go to the university medical centers for their care. ' Just something for people to think about when they make this decision. If you go to a major university center, you could ask that the attending physician be the one to provide all of the surgery and all of the care, but it is not likely to happen that way - otherwise, how would the doctors in training get their experience?
      I managed patients under supervision for 8 years in university medical centers before I was qualified to go out on my own in community private practice. Often the supervision was from afar. Maybe that was because the attending physicians trusted me, but maybe it was because they were busy doing other things. I was a better doctor after I had that experience. This is the apprenticeship for all doctors. We are not at our best until we are a board certified masters of our profession.

  7. QUESTION:
    What are some foods that cause cancer and foods that prevent it?
    Please list them by category. Thank you so much. Also Why is Splenda ad other srtificial sugars bad for you?

    • ANSWER:
      n Short ;

      By heating whatever food, hundreds of different mutagenic substances originate. The more protein that food contains, the more mutagenics originate due to cooking etc. If we only live long enough, these substances eventually will cause cancer.
      The activity of antioxidants is very limited ; not even large amounts of all the (semi-) antioxidants in the world combined can disarm a substantial part of these mutagenics.

      The only way to effectively prevent cancer, is to prevent absorption of mutagenic substances from prepared food. Consume as little prepared food (proteinous prepared food in particular) and as much fruits and some fresh raw animal food regularly (like sashimi or fresh raw egg yolk, requiring an hour rest to digest by the way). See diet suggestions
      n Detail ;
      Mutagenics in Prepared Food
      Consuming prepared meat increases the risk of contracting lung cancer (1), breast cancer (2), prostate cancer (3), and colon cancer (4).

      This only means that prepared meat contains more mutagenic substances than prepared food. Of course vegetarians get cancer too, though in general a little less (5), because vegetarians do consume prepared food, but no prepared meat.

      Prepared vegetables contain less mutagenic substances than prepared meat. Therefore, 2 out of 3 scientific investigations show that consuming prepared Soya beans instead of prepared meat, causes less cancer. (6) And therefore these scientists conclude that 'soy is protective against cancer'. This however only means that, on an average basis, soy (and other vegetables) causes less cancer than prepared food.

      Generally, consuming vegetables ‘proves to be protective against cancer’, simply because consuming vegetables is less cancerous than consuming other prepared foods.
      However ; all prepared foods (including vegetables) contain mutagenic substances. Foods increasing cancer risk the most, are prepared foods containing higher quantities of protein (like meat (7) and fish (8)), most fat (9), cholesterol (like eggs) (10) or iodide (like sea-fish, crustaceans and mollusks) (11).

      Food that has been intensively heated, smoked (12), or salted (13), also highly increases cancer risk.
      All prepared foods also contain non-HCA damaged protein, which is partly decomposed in the blood, originating free radicals. All prepared foods therefore will eventually cause cancer, ....if you live long enough.
      Whenever again a scientific investigation proves that consuming vegetables is ‘protective’; remember that this only proves that a murderer is more criminal than a petty thief. And as releasing a petty thief does not prevent crime, consuming vegetables does not prevent cancer.

      Vegetables are as healthy as 'healthy cigarettes containing 50% less mutagenic substances'.

      Prepared vegetables are less cancerous than prepared meat, but to really lower cancer risk you should consume as little of all prepared foods. Consume as much fruits, some fresh raw animal food (like sashimi) and munch-foods to satisfy your cravings.
      Anti-oxidants
      We don't like to change our diet. We rather believe that supplements or vegetables will provide us with substances that protect us against cancer. Unfortunately, such substances do not, and never will exist.
      Many 'experts' say that anti-oxidants are 'good', preventing cancer, and oxidative radicals are 'bad'. But that is nonsense. The only reason why they do so, is because you can make lots of money by selling antioxidants to people who are afraid of getting cancer.

      Stating that radicals are bad substances is criminal and misleading ; to obtain energy from sugars for example, these sugars first have to be oxidized, requiring oxidative radicals. Oxygen radicals also kill bacteria and clean up drug-residues, and are needed to compose hormones, to keep the veins flexible and to regulate blood pressure. Without oxygen radicals, you can't live !!!

      However, if external radicals enter the body, these radicals can damage enzymes, organs or cell-DNA/RNA, and cause cancer.

      By nature, our body uses antioxidants to prevent damage by natural radicals. But though antioxidants can actively bind to radicals, they can never ever disarm all dangerous exogenous radicals.
      Where do those external radicals come from ?
      From inhaling polluted air and from consuming prepared foods, containing damaged proteins or too much minerals.

      Most damaged protein cannot easily be decomposed by enzymes in the digestive tract. Both decomposed- and partly-decomposed proteins are absorbed into the lymph and the blood. And in the blood radicals and enzymes decompose all substances that shouldn’t be there, step by step. Decomposing these substances, very often radicals originate. And sometimes these radicals damage cells before they are completely decomposed.
      Can consuming more antioxidants prevent cancer ?
      Only if your body has too little antioxidants at its disposal. Though toxic HCA originate oxidative radicals (14), and

  8. QUESTION:
    What happens to the cells that can trigger cancer to develop? Its for a research paper I'm working on...?
    and can you also provide the website you got the info from? thanks =) and, What are some common cancer risk factors and what types of cancer could they lead to? I've already listed some common cancer risk factors, but, I havent found the types of cancer it leads to. Here it is: growing older, tobacco, sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or
    being overweight.

    Could someone please tell me what types of cancer do they lead to?
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is such a broad topic. Your risk factors that you have are a great start, though if you're looking for certain risk factors correlating with cancers, then try checking out the American Cancer Society website. It has lots of great information.

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?dt=72

      Cancers of the lung, mouth, larynx, bladder, kidney, cervix esophagus, and pancreas are related to tobacco use, including cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and snuff. Smoking alone causes one-third of all cancer deaths.

      Skin cancer is related to unprotected exposure to strong sunlight.

      Breast cancer risk factors include several factors: age; changes in hormone levels throughout life, such as age at first menstruation, number of pregnancies, and age at menopause; obesity; and physical activity. Some studies have also shown a connection between alcohol consumption and an increased risk of breast cancer. Also, women with a mother or sister who have had breast cancer are more likely to develop the disease themselves.

      While all men are at risk for prostate cancer, several factors can increase the chances of developing the disease, such as age, race, and diet. The chance of getting prostate cancer goes up with age. Prostate cancer is more common among African-American men than among white men. (We do not yet know why this is so.) A high-fat diet may play a part in causing prostate cancer. Also, men with a father or brother who have had prostate cancer are more likely to get prostate cancer themselves.

      ^ That's just an excerpt of the type of information that you'll find.

      Good luck in your research!

  9. QUESTION:
    What happens to the cells that can trigger cancer to develop? Its for a research paper I'm working on...?
    and can you also provide the website you got the info from? thanks =) and, What are some common cancer risk factors and what types of cancer could they lead to? I've already listed some common cancer risk factors, but, I havent found the types of cancer it leads to. Here it is: growing older, tobacco, sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or
    being overweight.

    Could someone please tell me what types of cancer do they lead to?
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Cells that could become cancerous are just normal cells that have accumulated genetic mutations in some unfortunate places, such as genes that control cell cycle, cell differentiation, and apoptosis. These genes are sometimes called proto-oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes.

      As for what types of cancer risk factors cause....there are cancers that are associated with particular carcinogenic factors, such as melanomas from sunlight, lung cancer form tobacco smoke, mesotheliomas from asbestos exposure, papillomas from HPV and stuff like that, but cancer by nature is kinda random....sometimes you can't really point to a risk factor and say it will cause only a particular type of cancer. But I'll try to answer the best I can:

      1. growing older: more time to accumulate all kinds of mutations, raising the possibility of many types of cancer. The two periods of your life when you're most likely to get cancer is either as an infant or an old man.

      2. tobacco: lung cancers, mostly.

      3. sunlight: Ultraviolet rays on your skin cause skin cancers such as melanomas.

      4. radiation: depends on which part of your body is exposed to the radiation. For example, if it's ingested, you're likely to get some sort of GI cancer.

      5. chemicals: depends of what type of chemicals and where the chemicals are applied to.

      6. viruses and bacteria: These organisms are rather specific in the types of cells they infect, so the types of cancer they cuase are specific.Papilloma viruses will cause papillomas, Merek's disease in birds will only cause neoplastic transformation in B lymphocytes and feathers. Other viruses that target your immune system will cause all types of cancers as your immune system is no longer able to keep everyone in check.

      7. hormones: many hormones act as growth factors for particular cells, so some cancers have to rely on hormones to grow. A good example would be breast cancer relying on progesterone. Abnormal levels of a hormone in your blood will cause the cells they affect to have abnormal growth, too. On the other hand hormones like corticosterone depress your immune system, causing all types of cancers.

      8. lifestyle: that covers alcohol, diet, physical activity, etc etc. Obviously the healthiness of your body, and particularly your immune system is crucial to avoiding cancer. An unhealthy lifestyle is usually coupled with abnormal immune function and hormone levels, which would lead to all types of cancer. But research in this field is still ongoing, since it's much harder to pin down a lifestyle change than a particular carcinogen.

  10. QUESTION:
    What cancers would a teenage boy be more likely to contract?
    ***This is actually information I'm looking for for a fictional story. ***

    I'm just wondering if there are cancers that a teenage boy would be more likely to contract. BUT, the character in question (the one who is going to have cancer) doesn't smoke or drink alcohol, and is a virgin, so, under those circumstances, what cancers would be more likely to show up in an otherwise healthy teenage boy?

    • ANSWER:
      Osteosarcoma (bone cancer). The link lists several others that teens can get.

  11. QUESTION:
    How to qualify for disability please check my list of health problems?
    With this list of problems, does anyone think they can get approved for disability? Individual's age is 60, has been working for over 40 years, and is able to walk and work but is also suffering from a list of problems. Person is getting weak and tired each day, person is a home attendant.

    History of chronic back pain,
    recent leg pain,
    trouble breathing sometimes like a panic attack,
    Insomnia,
    chronic acid reflux,
    and heart palpitations

    • ANSWER:
      Hi - qualifying for disability is going to be reliant upon proof from that person's Doctor that the person is suffering from chronic conditions that require on-going treatment.

      Simply stating 'recent leg pain' would be discounted, for a start. Insomnia, acid reflux and palpitations can usually be sorted out very quickly and would not qualify as a 'disability'. Likewise with the potential 'panic attack' symptoms. The only potentially real disability here is the chronic back pain, although the person would have to show past and present treatment and an initial diagnosis from their Doctor.

      People with cancer are even being turned down for 'disability', so read into that what you will. Times and Governments are getting tough, even nasty.

      Good luck.

  12. QUESTION:
    Can you list from most attractive to least attractive?
    Can you list all of the rising signs from most attractive to least attractive. And explain if you can. Thanks. :) Also can you tell me about the rising sign elements and how they compare with each other?

    • ANSWER:
      Pisces (brings out the best in me)
      Virgo (very down to earth, great friends ect)
      Capricorn (great friends/very understanding)
      Taurus (great longterm relationships)
      Libra (in a current relaationship w/ libra, very loving, lets me dominate)
      Aquarius (i like the way they think)
      Cancer (haven't gotten to know a cancer yet)
      Scorpio (too much intensity)
      Aries (not deep enough for me, its like stuff goes throuh one ear out the other n theyre not really listenin)
      Sagittarius ( i like the way they think, but same goes as aries ^^^^)
      Gemini (same ^^^^^^^^^^)
      Leo (not really my kinda people)

      this is the order i think who i most attractive (personality wise as a friend or lover) to least attractive, i'm a scorpio, btw.

  13. QUESTION:
    So whats the deal with household carcinogens?
    Is it really true that my bed could possibly be a carcinogen agent, dependent on the material used in the mattress or pillows? What about everyday household items / products used?

    Where can I find a list of these cancer causing agents and how do you get rid or reduce these agents?

    People should be aware of this.

    • ANSWER:
      Carcinogens may be everywhere including the pesticides used for the fresh vegetables or the food preservatives in canned goods. So it is important to educate ourselves to strengthen our immune system because it's our body protector or defense against any disease. When the immune system is weak, we develop the disease.

  14. QUESTION:
    Where can I find a list of appreciation and awareness months?
    I just need a list of all the months and what that are for.

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.awarenessdates.com/2007/01/full-list-of-awareness-dates.html

      Full List of Awareness Dates

      January
      1-31 National Blood Donor Month
      1-31 Cervical Cancer Awareness Month
      1-31 Poison Prevention Awareness Month
      1-31 Financial Wellness Month
      4-11 Women's Self-Empowerment Week
      7-11 National Thank Your Customers Week
      17 Customer Service Day
      21-27 Hunt For Happiness Week
      25-31 NYC Restaurant Week
      29 Chinese New Year

      February
      1-30 Marfan Syndrome Awareness Month
      1-30 National Parent Leadership Month
      1-30 Plant The Seeds Of Greatness Month
      1-30 Library Lovers Month
      1-30 Youth Leadership Month
      1-30 National Weddings Month
      1-30 Time Management Month
      1-30 American Hear Month
      1-30 Black History Month
      1-7 Women's Heart Health Week
      6 Ash Wednesday
      6-13 National Patient Recognition Week
      11-18 Heart Failure Awareness Week
      12 Abraham Lincoln Birthday
      12 NAACP Founded
      14 Valentines Day
      15 Susan B. Anthony Day
      17 George Washingtons Birthday
      18 Presidents' Day

      March
      1-30 American Red Cross Month
      1-30 National Parent Leadership Month
      1-30 Honor Society Awareness Month
      1-30 Irish-American Heritage Month
      1-30 National Athletic Training Month
      1-30 National Caffeine Awareness Month
      1-30 National Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Month
      1-30 National Clean Up Your IRS Act Month
      1-30 National Collision Awareness Month
      1-30 National Ethics Awareness Month
      1-30 National Eye Donor Month
      1-30 National Kidney Month
      1-30 National Multiple Sclerosis Education and Awareness Month
      1-30 National Nutrition Month
      1-30 National Social Work Month
      1-30 National Womens History Month
      1-30 National Write a Letter of Appreciation Week
      1-30 Poison Prevention Awareness Month
      1-30 Steroid Abuse Prevention Month

      April
      1-30 Alcohol Awareness Month
      1-30 Cesarean Awareness Month
      1-30 Cancer Control Month
      1-30 Irritable Bowel Syndrome Awareness Month
      1-30 Jazz Appreciation Month
      1-30 National Autism Awareness Month
      1-30 National Child Abuse Prevention Month
      1-30 National Infant Immunization Month
      1-30 National Occupational Therapy Month
      1-30 National Oral Health Month
      1-30 Women's Eye Health and Safety Month
      3 Sexual Assault Awareness Month Day of Action
      3 National Public Health Week (Climate Change)
      4-10 Brain Tumor Action Week
      5 Kick Butts Day (Tobacco-Free Kids)
      6 National Alcohol Screening Day
      7 World Health Day
      11 National D.A.R.E. Day
      11 World Parkinson's Day
      14 Children With Alopecia Day (Alopecia Awareness)
      16-20 Consumer Awareness Week
      16 World Hemophilia Day
      17 National Stress Awareness Day
      20 Passover
      19-26 National Infant Immunization Week
      20-26 National Window Safety Week
      21-28 Administrative Professionals Week
      22 Earth Day
      23 Administrative Professionals Day
      25-30 National Oral, Head, and Neck Cancer Week
      26 March for Babies (Walk America)

      May
      1-31 Haitian Heritage Month
      1-31 American Stroke Month
      1-31 Asian Pacific American Heritage Month
      1-31 Awareness of Medical Orphans Month
      1-31 Family Wellness Month
      1-31 Better Hearing and Speech Month
      1-31 Better Sleep Month (Stress/Insomnia)
      1-31 Clean Air Month
      1-31 Correct Posture Month
      1-31 Fibromyalgia Education and Awareness Month
      1-31 Healthy Vision Month
      1-31 International Victorious Woman Month
      1-31 Lyme Disease Awareness Month
      1-31 Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month
      1-31 Motorcycle Safety Month
      1-31 National Arthritis Month
      1-31 National Athsma and Allergy Awareness Month
      1-31 National Cancer Research Month month
      1-31 National Celiac Disease Awareness month
      1-31 National Hepatitis Awareness Month
      1-31 National High Blood Pressure Education Month
      1-31 National Mental Health Month
      1-31 National Neurofibromatosis Month
      1-31 National Osteoporosis Awareness and Prevention Month
      1-31 National Physical Fitness and Sports Month
      1-31 National Preservation Month
      1-31 National Shoes for Orphans Month
      1-31 National Stroke Awareness Month
      1-31 Older Americans Month (Senior Citizens Month)
      1-31 Skin Cancer Awareness Month
      1-31 Tuberous Sclerosis Awareness Month
      1-31 Women's Health Care Month
      1-31 Ultraviolet Awareness Month
      1 May Day
      1 Ascension Day
      1 Law Day
      1 Loyalty Day
      1 World Athsma Day
      1 National Anxiety Disorders Screening Day
      3 National Day of Prayer
      3 United Nations World Press Freedom Day
      3 Kentucky Derby
      4-10 Brain Tumor Action Week
      4-10 Be Kind to Animals Week
      5 Cinco de Mayo
      8 World Red Cross Day
      8 VE-Day Anniversary
      10 World Lupus Day
      11 Pentecost
      11 Mother's Day
      12-16 National Neuropathy Week
      12 World Fair Trade Day
      12 International CFS Awareness Day
      12 National Women's Check-up Day
      14-25 Cannes Film Festival
      15 Peace Officer Memorial Day
      18 HIV Vaccine Awareness Day
      19-25 Recreation Water Illness Prevention Week
      24 National Schizophrenia Awareness Day
      26 Memori

  15. QUESTION:
    What are a list of symptoms one can get a prescription for medicinal marijuana for?
    if you cant find a full list a couple symptoms would be great.

    • ANSWER:
      Below is a general list of sicknesses with symptoms and/or side effects that have been treated with medical marijuana

      Agoraphobia
      AIDS Related Illness
      Alcohol Abuse
      Alcoholism
      Alopecia Areata
      Amphetamine Dependency
      Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
      Angina Pectoris
      Ankylosis
      Anorexia
      Anorexia Nervosa
      Anxiety Disorders
      Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
      Arthritis
      Asthma
      Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
      Autoimmune Disease
      Back Pain
      Back Sprain
      Bell's Palsy
      Bipolar Disorder
      Brain Tumor, Malignant
      Bruxism
      Bulimia
      Cachexia
      Cancer
      Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
      Cerebral Palsy
      Cervical Disk Disease
      Chemotherapy
      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
      Chronic Pain
      Chronic renal failure
      Cocaine Dependence
      Colitis
      Conjunctivitis
      Constipation
      Crohn's Disease
      Cystic Fibrosis
      Damage to Spinal Cord Nervous Tissue
      Degenerative Arthritis
      Delirium Tremens
      Diabetes
      Diabetic Peripheral Vascular Disease
      Diarrhea
      Diverticulitis
      Dysthymic Disorder
      Eczema
      Emphysema
      Emphysema
      Endometriosis
      Epididymitis
      Epilepsy
      Fibromyalgia
      Gastritis
      Genital Herpes
      Glaucoma
      Graves Disease
      Headaches, Cluster
      Headaches, Migraine
      Headaches, Tension
      Hemophilia A
      Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
      Hepatitis C
      Hereditary Spinal Ataxia
      HIV/AIDS
      Hospice Patients
      Huntington's Disease
      Hypertension
      Hypertension
      Hyperventilation
      Hypoglycemia
      Impotence
      Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
      Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
      Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
      Intractable Vomitting
      Lipomatosis
      Lou Gehrig's Disease
      Lyme Disease
      Lymphoma
      Major Depression
      Malignant Melanoma
      Mania
      Melorheostosis
      Meniere's Disease
      Motion Sickness
      Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)
      Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
      Muscle Spasms
      Muscular Dystrophy
      Myeloid Leukemia
      Nail-Patella Syndrome
      Nightmares
      Obesity
      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
      Opiate Dependence
      Osteoarthritis
      Panic Disorder
      Parkinson's Disease
      Peripheral Neuropathy
      Peritoneal Pain
      Persistent Insomnia
      Porphyria
      Post Polio Syndrome (PPS)
      Post-traumatic arthritis
      Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
      Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
      Prostatitis
      Psoriasis
      Pulmonary Fibrosis
      Quadriplegia
      Radiation Therapy
      Raynaud's Disease
      Reiter's Syndrome
      Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rosacea
      Schizoaffective Disorder
      Schizophrenia
      Scoliosis
      Sedative Dependence
      Seizures
      Senile Dementia
      Severe Nausea
      Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
      Sinusitis
      Skeletal Muscular Spasticity
      Sleep Apnea
      Spasticity
      Spinal Stenosis
      Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
      Stuttering
      Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)
      Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
      Tenosynovitis
      Thyroiditis
      Tic Douloureux
      Tietze's Syndrome
      Tinnitus
      Tobacco Dependence
      Tourette's Syndrome
      Trichotillomania
      Viral Hepatitis

  16. QUESTION:
    What does the throat cancer ribbon and the melanoma ribbon look like?
    Im getting a tattoo in honor of my dad who had throat cancer and my mom who had melanoma. One ribbon is going to be on one shoulder and the other ribbon on the other shoulder. The ribbons will be ripped in the middle with a sparrow flying through the middle. They both survived and this is for them! So if anyone can help me, it would be greatly appreciated!!!

    • ANSWER:
      According to the "for the cure" site melanoma is a black ribbon. It doesn't list throat cancer. But it also doesn't list lung cancer, so it doesn't appear complete.

      The Trinity London site and the Pin People site also have black for melanoma, and "pearl" (opalescent?) for lung cancer.

      Purple is the color for cancer survivors, but would be more appropriate for your parents than for you.

      That tattoo is really a lovely idea... I'm sure you'll come up with whatever is just right for you, and no matter what it is, your parents should feel honored by the fact that you did it.

  17. QUESTION:
    What diseases and disabilities are linked to chromosome 17? I need a full list please.?
    Can someone please make a list of all the diseases, disabilities and conditions linked to chromosome 17?

    • ANSWER:
      Genetics Home Reference includes these conditions related to genes on chromosome 17:

      Alexander disease
      Amish lethal microcephaly
      Andersen-Tawil syndrome
      Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome
      bladder cancer
      breast cancer
      campomelic dysplasia
      Canavan disease
      Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
      cystinosis
      Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
      epidermolysis bullosa simplex
      familial atrial fibrillation
      galactosemia
      hereditary folate malabsorption
      hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies
      hyperkalemic periodic paralysis
      hypokalemic periodic paralysis
      Job syndrome
      Li-Fraumeni syndrome
      N-acetylglutamate synthase deficiency
      neurofibromatosis type 1
      nonsyndromic deafness
      osteogenesis imperfecta
      pachyonychia congenita
      paramyotonia congenita
      Pompe disease
      potassium-aggravated myotonia
      pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent epilepsy
      short QT syndrome
      Smith-Magenis syndrome
      tetra-amelia syndrome
      Usher syndrome
      very long-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency
      Chromosome Trisomy 17 p 11.2- Down's Syndrome
      Autism

      GeneCards provides a table of genes on chromosome 17 and disorders related to those genes.

  18. QUESTION:
    Can someone give me a brief list of artificial sweeteners and their harmful effects?
    Aspartame, sucralose, saccharin, etc. Can someone give me a brief list of the most common ones and what types of physical issues they cause? Specific detail on which exact organ each one destroys will be appreciated. Thanks.

    P.S: Harmful effects only, please, none of the 'almost like sugar' crap. I'm aware already that hese things are just a marketing strategy devised by health insurance companies.

    • ANSWER:
      Aspartame:

      - Multiple sclerosis (MS)
      - ALS
      - Memory loss
      - Hormonal problems
      - Hearing loss
      - Epilepsy
      - Alzheimer's disease
      - Parkinson's disease
      - Hypoglycemia
      - AIDS
      - Dementia
      - Brain lesions
      - Neuroendocrine disorders
      - Headaches/migraines
      - Nausea
      - Abdominal pains
      - Fatigue (blocks sufficient glucose entry into brain)
      - Sleep problems
      - Vision problems
      - Anxiety attacks
      - Depression
      - Asthma/chest tightness
      - Cancer

      Sucralose:

      - Skin Rashes/Flushing
      - Panic-like Agitation
      - Dizziness and Numbness
      - Diarrhea
      - Swelling
      - Muscle aches
      - Headaches
      - Intestinal cramping
      - Bladder issues
      - Stomach pain
      - Cancer

      Saccharin:

      - Bladder issues
      - Cancer
      - Increase in Insulin in the blood (Can cause an increase of glucose levels in your cells)
      - Rashes/Hives
      - Headache
      - Diarrhea
      - Breathing Problem

      Aspartame - Neotame:

      - Headaches
      - Depression
      - Brain Tumors
      - Alzheimer's disease
      - Attention Deficit Disorder
      - Multiple Sclerosis
      - Systemic Lupus
      - Hypothyroidism
      - Fibromyalgia
      - Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
      - Epstein-Barr
      - Post-polio Syndrome
      - Lyme Disease
      - Meniere's Disease

      Xylitol:

      - Kidney Stones
      - Rashes/Hives
      - Wheezing
      - Breathing Problems
      - Swelling in the mouth or throat

      Isomalt:

      - Bloating
      - Diarrhea
      - Gas

  19. QUESTION:
    What treatment is out there for small brain tumors that come from breast cancer?
    My daughter has tumors now in her brain from the breast cancer. The breast cancer tumors stopped growing and shrank slightly from treatment with ixempra and xeloda. What treatment works best for the brain tumors?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some links to information and resources. You have to trust the oncologist and neurologist and pray for her...she could consider joining a clinical trial..

      Brain Tumor Information

      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search?term=brain+tumors&submit=Search (brain tumor clinical trials…hit map tab for local trials and don’t forget to turn pages)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/clinical_trials/ (clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/results/brain (results of brain cancer clinical trials)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/ask_a_professional/ (click on “email a professional” to ask a question about brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/physician_listings/ (neurologist link listings..to find a physician)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/ (diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/brain_anatomy/index2.html (National Brain Tumor Foundation…brain anatomy…run the hand over the brain to view areas and a function box will appear underneath the illustration)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment/index.html (common brain tumor treatments and side effects)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment_center_database/index.html (treatment center database)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/survivor_stories/index.html (survivor stories)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/faq/index.html (frequently asked questions)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/brain_tumor_orgs/ (link list of brain tumor organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/alternative_therapy/ (alternative therapy links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/treatment_resources/ (treatment resources links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/other_sites/ (related sites link list)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/find.asp (brain tumor support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/online.html (brain tumor online support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/pediatric.html (pediatric support groups…listed for other readers who might need…)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/message_boards/ (brain tumor message boards)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/caregivers_corner/ (caregivers corner)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/cancer_orgs/ (link list of cancer organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/financial_assistance/ (financial assistance link list)

      Disability help
      http://www.new-horizons.org/ (organization to help the disabled..resource)
      http://www.new-horizons.org/faqcat.html (frequently asked questions about disability
      help)

      Medicine help
      http://www.pparx.org (partnership for prescription alliance…help with free or low cost medicines)
      http://www.copays.org/ (Patient Advocate Organization…copay assistance for malignant brain tumors)

      Nutrition and Support for cancer patients
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_6.asp? (nutrition for cancer patients)
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MIT/mit_0.asp (supporting cancer patients)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)

  20. QUESTION:
    What are some things that increase your risk for cancer?
    List as many as possible please. I need to know all of what to watch out for.

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately . . all these answers are addressing older adults who develop cancer over a long period of time and not a teenager or young adult who might get cancer. It's good that you know that as you age you might get these types of cancer . .but that hardly helps you now if you are a young adult.

      The reason is that there are few known risks for young people who develop cancer . . so we do not know how to prevent it. No one wants to say that . . that we do not know why young people get cancer. So all the talk is about how to prevent it when you are over 40 years old.

      People here will give you an entire list of 'risk' factors that will not apply to you if you are under the age of 30 years old. Which will give you a false sense of security . . you will feel that if you avoid red meat, sun exposure, smoking, drinking, carcinogens, and eat healthy and exercise that you will be 'protected' from getting cancer. You can do every single thing 'right' and still get cancer . . that is the secret that no one tells you . . you might be able to reduce your risk of getting lung cancer by not smoking . . but that is only one out of over 200 different types of cancer. And if you are a teen or young adult . . it is rare that you would get that type of cancer at all . . you need to focus on what type of cancer an Adolescent or Young Adult can get . . and be on the watch for that.

      AYA can get a mix of either childhood cancers, older adult cancers, or cancers that are unique to this age group. One type that is rarely mentioned but which every young person should become aware of the symptoms . . a red flag symptom . . is any unexplained, painless, growing lump or bump located anywhere on the body (over 1-2cm and growing). Do not let good health fool you into thinking everything is okay . . cancer rarely has symptoms until it is advanced. So you can easily ignore lumps or bumps because they don't hurt and you feel healthy. Just be aware of the possibility.

      Other than that . . get a yearly check up with your doctor to establish a healthy 'base line' . Stay as healthy as possible, exercise, avoid smoking, drinking, fatty foods . . because if you ever do get cancer than you will have a better chance at survival if you are healthy to begin with.

      So it isn't 'risk' factors to look out for . . it is trying to detect the cancer at an early stage . . that's the challenge . . if you are young.

  21. QUESTION:
    List of the most important books to read?
    I am looking for a list of the "books you have to read before you die." A list of books in the canon, so to speak. Does anyone know where I would find such a list? Any list of recomended reading would be appreciated. Best, most complete list (or web page link) "wins" the best answer.

    • ANSWER:
      According to Random House, this is the top 100 novels of the English language. The first list is chosen by a board of editors, the second by the general readership (probably only Americans, due to the heavy bias towards American lit- that sort of bias is a problem in any "canon").

      ULYSSES by James Joyce
      THE GREAT GATSBY by F. Scott Fitzgerald
      A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MAN by James Joyce
      LOLITA by Vladimir Nabokov
      BRAVE NEW WORLD by Aldous Huxley
      THE SOUND AND THE FURY by William Faulkner
      CATCH-22
      DARKNESS AT NOON by Arthur Koestler
      SONS AND LOVERS by D.H. Lawrence
      THE GRAPES OF WRATH by John Steinbeck
      UNDER THE VOLCANO by Malcolm Lowry
      THE WAY OF ALL FLESH by Samuel Butler
      1984 by George Orwell
      I, CLAUDIUS by Robert Graves
      TO THE LIGHTHOUSE by Virginia Woolf
      AN AMERICAN TRAGEDY by Theodore Dreiser
      THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTER by Carson McCullers
      SLAUGHTERHOUSE-FIVE by Kurt Vonnegut
      INVISIBLE MAN by Ralph Ellison
      NATIVE SON by Richard Wright
      HENDERSON THE RAIN KING by Saul Bellow
      APPOINTMENT IN SAMARRA by John O'Hara
      U.S.A. (trilogy) by John Dos Passos
      WINESBURG, OHIO by Sherwood Anderson
      A PASSAGE TO INDIA by E.M. Forster
      THE WINGS OF THE DOVE by Henry James
      THE AMBASSADORS by Henry James
      TENDER IS THE NIGHT by F. Scott Fitzgerald
      THE STUDS LONIGAN TRILOGY by James T. Farrell
      THE GOOD SOLDIER by Ford Madox Ford
      ANIMAL FARM by George Orwell
      THE GOLDEN BOWL by Henry James
      SISTER CARRIE by Theodore Dreiser
      A HANDFUL OF DUST by Evelyn Waugh
      AS I LAY DYING by William Faulkner
      ALL THE KING'S MEN by Robert Penn Warren
      THE BRIDGE OF SAN LUIS REY by Thornton Wilder
      HOWARDS END by E.M. Forster
      GO TELL IT ON THE MOUNTAIN by James Baldwin
      THE HEART OF THE MATTER by Graham Greene
      LORD OF THE FLIES by William Golding
      DELIVERANCE by James Dickey
      A DANCE TO THE MUSIC OF TIME (series) by Anthony Powell
      POINT COUNTER POINT by Aldous Huxley
      THE SUN ALSO RISES by Ernest Hemingway
      THE SECRET AGENT by Joseph Conrad
      NOSTROMO by Joseph Conrad
      THE RAINBOW by D.H. Lawrence
      WOMEN IN LOVE by D.H. Lawrence
      TROPIC OF CANCER by Henry Miller
      THE NAKED AND THE DEAD by Norman Mailer
      PORTNOY'S COMPLAINT by Philip Roth
      PALE FIRE by Vladimir Nabokov
      LIGHT IN AUGUST by William Faulkner
      ON THE ROAD by Jack Kerouac
      THE MALTESE FALCON by Dashiell Hammett
      PARADE'S END by Ford Madox Ford
      THE AGE OF INNOCENCE by Edith Wharton
      ZULEIKA DOBSON by Max Beerbohm
      THE MOVIEGOER by Walker Percy
      DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOP by Willa Cather
      FROM HERE TO ETERNITY by James Jones
      THE WAPSHOT CHRONICLES by John Cheever
      THE CATCHER IN THE RYE by J.D. Salinger
      A CLOCKWORK ORANGE by Anthony Burgess
      OF HUMAN BONDAGE by W. Somerset Maugham
      HEART OF DARKNESS by Joseph Conrad
      MAIN STREET by Sinclair Lewis
      THE HOUSE OF MIRTH by Edith Wharton
      THE ALEXANDRIA QUARTET by Lawrence Durell
      A HIGH WIND IN JAMAICA by Richard Hughes
      A HOUSE FOR MR BISWAS by V.S. Naipaul
      THE DAY OF THE LOCUST by Nathanael West
      A FAREWELL TO ARMS by Ernest Hemingway
      SCOOP by Evelyn Waugh
      THE PRIME OF MISS JEAN BRODIE by Muriel Spark
      FINNEGANS WAKE by James Joyce
      KIM by Rudyard Kipling
      A ROOM WITH A VIEW by E.M. Forster
      BRIDESHEAD REVISITED by Evelyn Waugh
      THE ADVENTURES OF AUGIE MARCH by Saul Bellow
      ANGLE OF REPOSE by Wallace Stegner
      A BEND IN THE RIVER by V.S. Naipaul
      THE DEATH OF THE HEART by Elizabeth Bowen
      LORD JIM by Joseph Conrad
      RAGTIME by E.L. Doctorow
      THE OLD WIVES' TALE by Arnold Bennett
      THE CALL OF THE WILD by Jack London
      LOVING by Henry Green
      MIDNIGHT'S CHILDREN by Salman Rushdie
      TOBACCO ROAD by Erskine Caldwell
      IRONWEED by William Kennedy
      THE MAGUS by John Fowles
      WIDE SARGASSO SEA by Jean Rhys
      UNDER THE NET by Iris Murdoch
      SOPHIE'S CHOICE by William Styron
      THE SHELTERING SKY by Paul Bowles
      THE POSTMAN ALWAYS RINGS TWICE by James M. Cain
      THE GINGER MAN by J.P. Donleavy
      THE MAGNIFICENT AMBERSONS by Booth Tarkington

      ATLAS SHRUGGED by Ayn Rand
      THE FOUNTAINHEAD by Ayn Rand
      BATTLEFIELD EARTH by L. Ron Hubbard
      THE LORD OF THE RINGS by J.R.R. Tolkien
      TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD by Harper Lee
      1984 by George Orwell
      ANTHEM by Ayn Rand
      WE THE LIVING by Ayn Rand
      MISSION EARTH by L. Ron Hubbard
      FEAR by L. Ron Hubbard
      ULYSSES by James Joyce
      CATCH-22 by Joseph Heller
      THE GREAT GATSBY by F. Scott Fitzgerald
      DUNE by Frank Herbert
      THE MOON IS A HARSH MISTRESS by Robert Heinlein
      STRANGER IN A STRANGE LAND by Robert Heinlein
      A TOWN LIKE ALICE by Nevil Shute
      BRAVE NEW WORLD by Aldous Huxley
      THE CATCHER IN THE RYE by J.D. Salinger
      ANIMAL FARM by George Orwell
      GRAVITY'S RAINBOW by Thomas Pynchon
      THE GRAPES OF WRATH by John Steinbeck
      SLAUGHTERHOUSE FIVE by Kurt Vonnegut
      GONE WITH THE WIND by Margaret Mitchell
      LORD OF THE FLIES by William Golding
      SHANE by Jack Schaefer
      TRUSTEE FROM THE TOOLROOM by Nevil Shute
      A PRAYER FOR OWEN MEANY by John Irving
      THE STAND by Stephen King
      THE FRENCH LIEUTENANT'S WOMAN by John Fowles
      BELOVED by Toni Morrison
      THE WORM OUROBOROS by E.R. Eddison
      THE SOUND AND THE FURY by William Faulkner
      LOLITA by Vladimir Nabokov
      MOONHEART by Charles de Lint
      ABSALOM, ABSALOM! by William Faulkner
      OF HUMAN BONDAGE by W. Somerset Maugham
      WISE BLOOD by Flannery O'Connor
      UNDER THE VOLCANO by Malcolm Lowry
      FIFTH BUSINESS by Robertson Davies
      SOMEPLACE TO BE FLYING by Charles de Lint
      ON THE ROAD by Jack Kerouac
      HEART OF DARKNESS by Joseph Conrad
      YARROW by Charles de Lint
      AT THE MOUNTAINS OF MADNESS by H.P. Lovecraft
      ONE LONELY NIGHT by Mickey Spillane
      MEMORY AND DREAM by Charles de Lint
      TO THE LIGHTHOUSE by Virginia Woolf
      THE MOVIEGOER by Walker Percy
      TRADER by Charles de Lint
      THE HITCHHIKER'S GUIDE TO THE GALAXY by Douglas Adams
      THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTER by Carson McCullers
      THE HANDMAID'S TALE by Margaret Atwood
      BLOOD MERIDIAN by Cormac McCarthy
      A CLOCKWORK ORANGE by Anthony Burgess
      ON THE BEACH by Nevil Shute
      A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MAN by James Joyce
      GREENMANTLE by Charles de Lint
      ENDER'S GAME by Orson Scott Card
      THE LITTLE COUNTRY by Charles de Lint
      THE RECOGNITIONS by William Gaddis
      STARSHIP TROOPERS by Robert Heinlein
      THE SUN ALSO RISES by Ernest Hemingway
      THE WORLD ACCORDING TO GARP by John Irving
      SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAY COMES by Ray Bradbury
      THE HAUNTING OF HILL HOUSE by Shirley Jackson
      AS I LAY DYING by William Faulkner
      TROPIC OF CANCER by Henry Miller
      INVISIBLE MAN by Ralph Ellison
      THE WOOD WIFE by Terri Windling
      THE MAGUS by John Fowles
      THE DOOR INTO SUMMER by Robert Heinlein
      ZEN AND THE ART OF MOTORCYCLE MAINTENANCE by Robert Pirsig
      I, CLAUDIUS by Robert Graves
      THE CALL OF THE WILD by Jack London
      AT SWIM-TWO-BIRDS by Flann O'Brien
      FARENHEIT 451 by Ray Bradbury
      ARROWSMITH by Sinclair Lewis
      WATERSHIP DOWN by Richard Adams
      NAKED LUNCH by William S. Burroughs
      THE HUNT FOR RED OCTOBER by Tom Clancy
      GUILTY PLEASURES by Laurell K. Hamilton
      THE PUPPET MASTERS by Robert Heinlein
      IT by Stephen King
      V. by Thomas Pynchon
      DOUBLE STAR by Robert Heinlein
      CITIZEN OF THE GALAXY by Robert Heinlein
      BRIDESHEAD REVISITED by Evelyn Waugh
      LIGHT IN AUGUST by William Faulkner
      ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO'S NEST by Ken Kesey
      A FAREWELL TO ARMS by Ernest Hemingway
      THE SHELTERING SKY by Paul Bowles
      SOMETIMES A GREAT NOTION by Ken Kesey
      MY ANTONIA by Willa Cather
      MULENGRO by Charles de Lint
      SUTTREE by Cormac McCarthy
      MYTHAGO WOOD by Robert Holdstock
      ILLUSIONS by Richard Bach
      THE CUNNING MAN by Robertson Davies
      THE SATANIC VERSES by Salman Rushdie

      My personal additions- I'm mortified they weren't included:

      Pride and Prejudice- Jane Austen
      Jane Eyre- Charlotte Bronte
      Wuthering Heights- Charlotte Bronte
      Great Expectations- Charles Dickens
      A Tale of Two Cities- Charles Dickens
      Vanity Fair- William Makepeace Thackeray
      Mrs. Dalloway- Virginia Woolf
      Middlemarch- George Eliot
      The Portrait of a Lady- Henry James
      Things Fall Apart- Chinua Achebe

  22. QUESTION:
    How long can you live with gastric cancer in 4th stage, spread to liver lungs pancreas?
    My husband's father has been diagnosed with gastric cancer. The doctors cannot do much - pretty much nothing, could not offer even chemo and gave him no chances. How long can you live with cancer in its 4th stage? The doctors said a few months maybe a year, but did not really want to talk about it.
    Do you know anybody that has lived years with it?

    • ANSWER:
      With that kind of metastasis, it's impossible to predict, which is why the doc is hesitant to do so. My college roomie's dad had metastatic gastric cancer and was told basically the same thing, but this was 20 years ago, when there were far fewer trials and drugs available.

      It's a little puzzling that he's not on chemo, either for active or palliative reasons. The chemo doesn't represent a cure, but it can definitely extend life. And there may even be clinical trials he'd qualify for. Obviously some people at this point of the disease choose to simply go quietly, but if he is interested in exploring other options, he should. It would be particularly useful if he could identify an onc specializing in gastrointestinal cancers.

      http://cancercenters.cancer.gov/cancer_centers/cancer-centers-list.html
      If you're interested in learning more, here's a list of NCI designated cancer centers by state. These are the ones recognized by NCI as being the best. He might want a second opinion if there's one near him.

  23. QUESTION:
    How could i get the price lists of various pharma companies on the internet?
    I want the price lists of various pharma industries like cipla,intas etc, but these lists are not available on the site of respect companies,please help me to find them???

    • ANSWER:
      There is a reason they are not available to the public. I have a sister that works for a pharma distributor and she tells me that profit margins begin at 120% and she has seen some as high as 2400%. Nice fat profit just for mixing toxic chemicals together. Ask the big shots at the pharma companies why the won't tell anyone about the cure for breast cancer. EVERYTHING we need is here on earth and it's all natural by God! Check out the link below. All of the information is free.

  24. QUESTION:
    Please help! What are fatal diseases or cancers that are caused by doing drugs or alcohol?
    Things that could kill even a teenager. Please, list as many as you can; I am desperate.
    Thanks for all answers!

    • ANSWER:
      Lung Cancer: from cigarettes or any type of smoking
      To much alcohol consumption can lead to death as well _--> Alcohol poisoning
      cardiovascular disease and emphysema from smoking
      Liver cancer and liver disease from too much drinking
      drug over dose
      HIV/Aids from unclean needles
      There's more info from the cites below:
      http://www.healthscout.com/news/1/636624/main.html

  25. QUESTION:
    Why is it that breast cancer is the most popular cancer to support?
    Don't get me wrong, I know it's bad. But on Facebook I just want to find a general cancer awareness page to like but all I can find is breast cancer. And no offense but it's just a tiny bit annoying lol. So why, is it because they do a lot of advertising and have a breast cancer month? They should have a general cancer awareness month because all cancers are bad, not just breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer gets a lot of support because it's really common (unlike, say, pediatric brain cancer) and if you live long enough you are likely to have it influence you in a personal way, because it's not usually caused by anything naughty that the patient did (like lung cancer), and because it's not embarrassing for people to discuss (rectal cancer ahoy!).

      But mostly breast cancer is famous because of the Susan G Komen foundation. You can say a lot of bad stuff about them (much of which is true) but dang if they aren't good at raising awareness.

      They have separate months because really they are all completely separate diseases. Cancer's kind of an overarching term. But here's a list of the big ones

  26. QUESTION:
    Other than the list I mentioned, what other goods things come from a diet filled with vegetables?
    Hello,

    Eating vegetables are great for cancer prevention, lower cholesterol, excellent source of fiber, excellent source of vitamins, reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, reduce risk for stroke and perhaps other cardiovascular diseases.

    Other than that, what other things do vegetables do to the body?
    The more knowledge the better; and I need every bit of information because my parents don't understand why I don't eat meat anymore.

    • ANSWER:
      You can add that when you substitute meat out you have none of the adverse effects of meat such as: high blood pressure, fat intake, hight colestoral, heart disease etc. Also, you wouldn't be getting all the growth hormones and antibiotics they pump into animals on the factory farms. You coud show them youtube videos of factory farms or have them watch the movie earthlings online for free with you. Hope i helped and good for you, just be healthy though.

  27. QUESTION:
    Cancer - How to pay the medical bills when your insurance is gone?
    My mum is diagnosed with cancer and won't be able to work soon. Her insurance will last for three months after she stops working. How is it possible for my family to pay for the medical bills without any insurance? Anyone who has/had this situation, I'd appreciate it if you can share your experiences and advise on what can be done.

    Thank you very much.

    • ANSWER:
      If your mother is in the United States, she can keep her employer-sponsored health insurance for 18 months after she stops working, through a program called COBRA. She or someone will have to pay the full premiums (and a minor service charge) but she gets to keep the coverage she now has.

      If she cannot use COBRA, the high risk insurance pool to be created under the new federal health insurance reform should begin operating by the end of June 2010.

      For a list of benefits of the federal health insurance reform legislation, see the webpage listed below. Other resources are also listed below.

  28. QUESTION:
    What type of cancer is the most uncommon form?
    I am interested in types of cancer ie breast, lung tongue etc and i amwondering if there is a most uncommon among the discovered types of cancer any help would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Rare Cancer Questions I can answer. Currently studing this in Medical Biology and am currently fighting Breast Cancer.

      SO hear goes. Hope this information can help you.

      Breast Cancer types that are not as common are:
      ~Paget's Diease
      ~Inflammatory Breast Cancer
      ~Scirrhous,
      ~Phyllodes (rarest type)

      Other Cancers that are rare:

      Vagina Cancer, Vulva Cancer, Penis Foreskin Cancer, Finger Cancer,

      Please check out the website http://www.plwc.org click on Cancers and there will be a listed of all the cancers there are. Good luck to you and I hope this could be of some help. :)

  29. QUESTION:
    What is the mechanism by which smoking causes cancer?
    No one doubts that smoking greatly increases the risk of lung cancer. But I have not seen the actual mechanism.

    It is often said that there are many chemicals in cigarette smoke that are carcinogenic, but none are singled out as the cause or even the primary cause. There are carcinogens in practically everything we consume, so this does not answer the question.

    It is also said that particulates and tar from smoking damages the lungs, making them more susceptible to cancer. Again, this begs the question of "how?"

    Is the mechanism known or is smoking/cancer just highly correlated with no known causation?

    • ANSWER:
      cancer is in everyone its just when your imune system cant fight it is when you go onto attitude seeds get a thc percent around 20%and an indica strain preferably of cannabis and grind it up all the way the whole plant then finish what rick simpson shows he has cured over 5,000 people of all diseases, cancers,the list is far too long to list just follow rick simpson listen to the research and see for yourself just trying to help save the sick and terminal and everyone else by telling them there is a natural plant that cures or puts at bay whatever you have not bye smoking which only releaves symptoms but the pure oil which you can use topiclly and also ingest dont forget the industry the world order could profit on a plant but they would lose there evil torture of misinforming the people for there profitable gain of about 50%buisnesses possibly more, save yourself family and friends bye showing them the facts and proof a shit load of human testimonys and human testing,doctors,chemists,lawyers,average people, knowledge is very powerful!!!!!!

  30. QUESTION:
    Can someone list the steps to that new lung detox program?
    Just list all that u know of.

    • ANSWER:
      There isn't one that has a thing to do with cancer.

  31. QUESTION:
    Can skin cancer start out as an unraised, under the skin red splotch that looks like a star?
    I have a spot on my shoulder. I cant get in to the doctor until mid january. I'm not going to fret much over it till then, but I'm curious.
    i have read about the ABCDE criteria list of melanoma, but the pics I have seen are in advanced stages.
    Does melanoma usually begin tiny? Mine is about the size 2-3 millimeters is size.

    • ANSWER:
      Well one of the ABCD's had to do w/ symmetry didn't it? It's even on both sides? If it's a starlike shape, that doesn't sound symmetrical. I'd look more into it. I usually roll my eyes at the "call the doctor" know it alls but in this case I'd call. He'll either have you come in or alleviate your concerns w/ a few f/up questions. I'd call just to put my own mind at ease.

  32. QUESTION:
    What are some key breast cancer interest groups?
    Can you please define what an interest group is, and give a list of names of breast cancer related interest groups.

    I am doing my paper on breast cancer early detection policies so I am looking for breast cancer interest groups to help provide support for my policy.

    • ANSWER:
      You can google "breast cancer interest groups" and get a lot of information.

  33. QUESTION:
    What is the most common fatal cancer in children and teens?
    I'm writing a screen play to raise cancer awareness but first I need to be aware first and get my facts straight. If i'm writing about a teenage girl who only has 2 weeks to live, what kind of cancer could have been treated but then failed? What is a very common fatal cancer in children and teens. Please provide a site that you got the information from. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Most kids and teens with leukemia get better.

      I read your other question, and cancer does not fit what you're looking for. If a teenager is treated for cancer and the treatment doesn't work or the cancer recurs, if she only has two weeks left (which, BTW, is impossible for a doctor to determine), she is not capable of traveling and completing her "bucket list." She would be very, very sick.

  34. QUESTION:
    What are some good motivational and insporational songs for someone with breast cancer?
    My aunt was just diagnosed with an aggressive form of breast cancer. I'd like to make a CD of inspirational and upbeat songs to give her hope and motivation as she goes thru chemo, surgery and radiation over the course of the next few months. Any great suggestions would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I've search lots of blogs for the same thing for my friend to put on her ipod - here is a list of all the ones I've found so far - good luck!
      Unwritten by Natashia Bettingfield
      Bubbly by Colbie Caillat
      Breathe Again by toni braxton
      summer breeze by Seals and Croft
      "Channel Z" the B-52's (great beat and exciting vocals)
      "Shine" Cyndi Lauper
      "Move" Phil Joel
      Coming out of the dark - by Gloria Estefan
      "Birdhouse in your soul" They Might Be Giants
      "All Fired Up" Pat Benatar (such a good one)
      Jesus Take the Wheel by Carrie Underwood
      "I Believe" Jeremy Camp Can't Hold Us Down - Christina Aguilera
      Won't Back Down - Tom Petty
      Kokomo - Beach Boys (I just like the sound of this one, there isn't really anything inspirational about it but it puts me in a good mood)
      Walking On Sunshine - Katrina & the Waves
      Don't Stop - Fleetwood Mac
      Be As - Prozzak
      Fly - Hilary Duff
      Down That Road - Leahy
      Soak Up the Sun - ?? I can't remember
      Why Not - Hilary Duff
      Fighter - Christina Aguilera
      You Gotta Be - Des'ree
      Lead Me On - Amy Grant
      Return to Innocence - Enigma
      Stand - Jewel
      In Your Soul - Corey Hart
      Intuition - Jewel
      True To Your Heart - 98 Degrees
      Walking Away - Craig David
      I Don't Wanna Be - Gavin DeGraw
      Pop - 'Nsync (I like this one for the message in it about respecting people and letting them do what they like)
      Any Man of Mine - Shania Twain

  35. QUESTION:
    What are some alternatives to Cancer Treatment Centers of America?
    My co-worker's brother has cancer, and Cancer Treatment Centers of America is not accepted by his insurance. What other options are available?
    My Co-worker's brother has cancer, and his insurance does not accept Cancer Treatment Centers of America. He lives in Virginia, but somewhere in North Carolina should be ok also. Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Anywhere would be an alternative. This is a private for profit organization that has been in trouble with the FTC for false and unsubstantiated claims. I am not aware of any other hospital that has had this problem.

      I work for various hospitals throughout Los Angeles County and we have several well-known hospitals here where people come from all over the world for treatment and there are many less known community hospitals that give care that is just as good and in some cases better than these well known hospitals.

      The best advice I can give to your co-workers brother is to be an informed consumer. He and a trusted friend or family member should learn as much about his disease as possible so that he can ask good questions and make informed decisions. Get opinions from 2 or 3 oncologists that do not practice together. Someone should go with him to all appointments where test results or treatment options are discussed. Keep a running list of any questions he thinks of and take the list with him to his doctors appointments.

      Unless he has an unusual cancer he should get very good treatment at a hospital his insurance is contracted with. He may also want to check with the American College of Surgeons for hospitals in his area with approved cancer programs. They are responsible for accrediting hospital cancer programs in the United States.

  36. QUESTION:
    What should i put on my sister's bucket list to do before she goes to army basic?
    I'm creating a Bucket List for my sister of things to do before she goes to army basic. Ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Dope slap her sister. It's the Army, not brain cancer.

  37. QUESTION:
    Can you list some things rats are most commonly allergic to?
    I don't want my rat having an allergic reaction to anything I feed it or use to bathe it in. Please list any information on allergies.

    • ANSWER:
      pine and cedar are going to be you giggest concerns. never use pine or cedar as a bedding for rats. it cause serioius respatory upset. there are some foods that also shouldnt be fed to rats. amung them are blue cheese ( the mold in blue cheese is toxic to rats ), raw peanuts or uncooked beans ( causes clotting of the boold ) oranges or orenge juice ( cause kidney problems as well as kidney cancer ) uncooked sweet potato ( compunds in the sweet potato produce cyanide ) there are several others. google toxc foods for pets rats and you will get the rest. i know that theese food are toxic because someone killed my two rats by not listening to my warrning and feeding instructions and feeding them some of theese toxic foods while i was away.
      sorry for any typos, my spelling isnt the best and niether is my typing skills lol

  38. QUESTION:
    What happens after colon cancer gets into the stomach lining?
    Just wondering where the cancer can go and what are treatments as it spreads?

    • ANSWER:
      Not sure what you are asking . . once the cancer is metastatic it hitches a ride in the blood stream and lymphatic system . . meaning it can go anywhere in the body and set up new cancer colonies everywhere.

      With colon cancer complete surgical removal of all visible disease along with chemotherapy to try and control the mets would be one goal.

      You might consider joining an online support group who might be able to steer you towards resources:

      ACOR: Colorectal Cancer Discussion List
      http://listserv.acor.org/SCRIPTS/WA-ACOR.EXE?A0=COLON

      Colon Cancer Alliance
      http://www.ccalliance.org/

      ASCO: Colorectal Cancer
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Cancer+Types/Colorectal+Cancer

  39. QUESTION:
    Website to raise Cancer awareness, do you think it will work?
    I want to create a site to commemorate the people who have died due to cancer. In the website I will allow people to upload pictures of their loved ones who died due to cancer. I will also put technical details and research about cancer since its my specialty and also some forum and maybe create an online chat as well. Do you think that uploading pictures of beloved ones is a good idea, would you do it? For me, I think it will make cancer seem so real and create more awareness. What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      That's very sweet of you . . at least you are thinking! It may be best though to focus on one type of cancer or one age group. There are many different websites right now that focus on specific cancers or age groups and you can look at them for inspiration. Most of these sites list cancer survivors along with those who have lost their lives to the disease.

      Here are some examples:

      The Faces of Sarcoma
      http://www.abc-survivors.net/sarcoma_cause/main.php

      Cancer Kids
      http://www.cancerkids.org/Children/Stories/

      Directory of Cancer Websites
      http://www.dmoz.org/Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Cancer/

  40. QUESTION:
    How early should ovarian cancer be detected?
    If ovarian cancer is detected early, there is a greater chance of treating it and better prognosis. How soon after the cancer first begins does it have to be detected? Are we talking days, weeks, months?

    • ANSWER:
      I always thought is was undetectable.

      FYI,

      It is unknown what percentage of early-stage ovarian cancer produces symptoms. The vast majority of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer do experience symptoms. However, since most of these women are diagnosed in more advanced stages, it's impossible to tell how many of them had symptoms before the cancer started to spread. It IS known that 90% of women who are diagnosed in Stage I come to their doctors with symptoms before diagnosis, and also that far too many cases of ovarian cancer take months to diagnose - a recent study showed that almost half took more than three months, and 11% took longer than a year. So it seems logical to assume that some substantial percentage of women do have early symptoms.

      - The common symptoms are non-specific - usually caused by other things. The list below contains a number of possible symptoms of ovarian cancer. But these symptoms can also result from a wide variety of non-cancerous conditions. If a woman has trouble zipping up her jeans, she's more likely to blame middle-aged spread than ovarian cancer. Thankfully, a gas pain isn't ordinarily a dire signal. Still, if a woman suddenly starts experiencing any of the symptoms below, and they persist for more than a 2-3 weeks, she should get those symptoms checked out.

      - There is no one "marker symptom". Although abdominal swelling/bloating is the most often-mentioned first symptom, some studies show that even this is true only for a minority of ovarian cancer cases. Because each symptom will affect only some women, it is vital that women educate themselves about the whole constellation of symptoms associated with ovarian cancer.

      - Denial. Of course, no one wants to think about cancer. But think about this: The lifetime risk of women worldwide for ovarian cancer is 1 in 70. In the U.S. it is 1 in 55. Think about your high school graduating class. Your church. Your workplace. The numbers of women you know. How many of them are likely to get ovarian cancer? OVARIAN CANCER IS NOT RARE.

      Women MUST begin to educate themselves about this insidious disease.

      WARNING SYMPTOMS OF OVARIAN CANCER

      Contact your MD if you develop one or more of these symptoms and they persist for 2-3 weeks:

      -Abdominal Swelling/Bloating/Clothes Too Tight
      -Abdominal/Pelvic Pain or Pressure or Feeling "Full"
      -Gastrointestinal Symptoms (such as gas, indigestion, nausea, or changes in bowel movements)
      -Vaginal Bleeding or Discharge
      -Urinary Problems - Urgency, Burning, or Spasms
      -Fatigue and/or Fever
      -Pain During Intercourse
      -Back Pain
      -Difficulty Breathing

  41. QUESTION:
    Why is it always known to the state of California to cause cancer and birth defects on chemicals?
    Do these chemicals cause cancer and birth defects only in California? That does not make sense, so I was wondering why paints and about a million other things say this and not any other state?

    • ANSWER:
      The way the federal laws are written, a state must have environmental (EPA regulations) & health and safety (OSHA regs) programs that give equal or greater protection to their states. So some states like NJ, MI, and CA have greater protection than the federal gov. requires.

      In CA, they decided that certain chemicals are possible carcinogens, and put them on the CA list. Other regulatory agencies in other states (the federal gov does not either) do not believe that, so they do not list the chemicals. But because CA is such a large market, its easier for manufacturers to simply list it for everyone. That way they don't have to make 50 different labels per product.

      If you look at a candy bar or pack of crackers, you will see the approval for the PA Dept of Agriculture. It is the same concept.

  42. QUESTION:
    Why aren't African and middle eastern countries at the top of the list for skin cancer?
    I don't wish cancer on anyone on God's green earth btw. I mean, they have the hottest countries and it hardly snows there, not like in the West were we have four seasons. Their winter is still hot and people walk everyday in heat, mild or not. So how come Western countries have the most cases in skin cancer? My friend says it's because our diets over here are terrible. Anything more technical?
    but then what about black and middle eastern people in the west?

    • ANSWER:
      Partly because the melanin in their skin give a degree of protection against skin cancer.
      Partly because in many countries in the area, traditional dress and culture means they keep most of their skin covered and thus protected from the sun.
      Partly because many of these countries have a much lower life expectancy, skin cancer can take many years to develop.

      Throughout the world, in countries with mixed ethnicities, people of caucasian background are statistically the most prone to skin cancer.

  43. QUESTION:
    how much money is received by cancer researchers?
    How much do they spend on cancer research in the USA? How many people live today because of cancer research? How many cancer patients have died because of cancer? What types of cancer is there? What types of drugs are being used in cancer research? How are cancer patients treated? What is the biggest type of cancer that the most people in the USA have?

    • ANSWER:
      1. billions
      2. millions
      3. millions
      4. many(since cancer is the rapid growth of cells i think there is a cancer for every type of cell!) here are a few since there is too many to list: lung cancer, prosatate, bladder, brain, mouth
      5.those that kill the cells before they spread and those that supress them to a confined area
      6.gentilly
      7. LUNG CANCER HAS A SURVIVAL RATE OF 15% AND IT IS THE MOST COMMON CANCER AND IS THE SECOND LEADIN CAUSE FOR DEATH

  44. QUESTION:
    How are isotopes are used to cure cancers?
    Please list you sources. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Isotopes are placed in the cancer in sealed tubes and left there until the cancer cells are killed.
      isotopes of iodine are concentrated in the thyroid so they can be given without confinement in tubes for thyroid cancer.

  45. QUESTION:
    What are the types of cancer a 13 year old girl can get?
    I know that there are a lot of types that girls this age can't get such as breast, but my friend is being tested for pancreatic cancer. I was wondering if she can get that? Also, what types of cancer CAN 13 year old girls get?

    • ANSWER:
      A 13-year-old *can* get breast cancer, but the chance of that happening is extraordinarily rare. You're more likely to be struck by lightening than to get breast cancer as a teenager. Most industrialized countries keep detailed records of incidences of cancer, including the type, the age of the patient, and other relevant variables. The statistical odds in the United States for breast cancer are currently listed as 0.0% for those under the age of 20. Pancreatic cancer is also extremely uncommon in younger adults, teens, and children. The median age is 73, and it's very unusual for anyone under the age of 45 to be diagnosed with it. Last year 0.0% of the people who were diagnosed with it were under the age of 20, and only 1.5% were under the age of 45.

      Any type of cancer is rare in kids, and in fact, the majority of people with cancer are fifty or over. However, the young do get cancer. The most common types of cancer that affect kids are leukemia, brain tumors, bone cancer, and lymphoma (specifically Hodgkin's Lymphoma).

      Some of the answers you'll get on this site are from very knowledgeable people, but many are from those who are well-meaning but not well-infomed about cancer. These are some good resources:
      http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/cancer_basics/cancer_kinds.html
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/cancerinchildren.html

      Also, the majority of doctors will not tell a young patient that they're being tested for a serious disease that is rare for their age without having already run some basic tests. It's very hard to believe that a 13-year-old would be told she was being tested for pancreatic cancer. That's almost like saying she was being tested for the bubonic plague. Whatever the case may be, I hope she's healthy and well.

      ~ skylark : )

  46. QUESTION:
    What are a list of platforms in a pageant?
    Am going to be in a pageant in June and this is my first time so what are a list of platforms I can choose from?

    • ANSWER:
      There really isn't a list of platforms to choose from. You should pick something that you are passionate about and able to speak on. Just for some ideas, you can look at the past winners of the Miss America contest and see their platforms, however they start in the 1990's.

      http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/missamerica/sfeature/sf_list.html

      http://www.expertvillage.com/video/137171_beauty-pageant-platforms-dedication.htm

      You may want to reflect on various events in your life and see what you can come up. Common ones are Breast Cancer or other types of cancer research, HIV/AIDS preventions/awareness, Ecology related issues- going green, Conservation, Public health issues, Education issues/reform, Social welfare causes, Animal rights/welfare.

  47. QUESTION:
    what are the chances of me getting cancer like my relatives?
    If cancer (any type) has been common in grandparents, great grandparents etc what are the chances that i will get some kind of cancer when i am older? Even when i live a healthy life and have not/do not smoke or drink?

    • ANSWER:
      There are hundreds of different types of cancers that have no genetic link.

      Only 5% of cancers have a genetic link.

      The biggest risk factor is AGE, so the way to avoid this one is to die young ......... not good!

      The next biggest risk factor is ENVIRONMENT. This includes smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, weight, exercise, UV exposure, chemical exposure etc. To avoid this one, don't smoke, avoid excessive alcohol consumption, maintain a healthy weight, eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, use sunscrean, and try to avoid exposure to known nasties!

      Genetic risk factors are low on the list, and there is nothing that we can do to avoid them.

      Take care of your health, avoid the enviromentatl risks and have regular checkups, remember that if you do develope cancer, one of the keys to survival is early diagnosis and treatment. Don't be paranoid, as stress is also a risk factor, but take responsibility for your health, and hopefully age will always be your biggest risk factor!

  48. QUESTION:
    Can you list diseases that affect the respiratory system?
    I'm doing a project in my Biology class and I need to find out the different kinds of diseases that can harm a respiratory system. What would also be nice would be a list of diseases that only effect certain part of the respiraty system. If anyone knows of any, please inform me. I thank you all in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      Asthma
      Primary Pulmonary Hypertension
      Pleurasy
      Pneumonia
      Bronchitis
      Emphysema
      Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
      Alvoelar proteinosis
      Lung Cancer
      Black Lung disease


a list of cancers

Breast Cancer News

Do you know that breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women? It is a type of cancer that originates in the cells of the breast. It ranks second and is the most common type of cancer found in women after lung cancer. The odds of a woman contacting breast cancer are twice that of colon rectal or cervical cancer and about three times that of lung cancer. The good news is that it is no longer recognized as a fatal disease, but is viewed as a chronic illness. Thanks to the progress of medicine and the early detection programs available such as mammogram and self breast exams, the cure rates are much higher.

There has been much new information discovered by researchers about the causes of breast cancer. It is now believed that generic and/or hormonal factors are the main risk factors for developing breast cancer. Doctors have been able to identify how cancer has spread by using staging systems and this enables them to make the best decisions regarding treatment options. These treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy, biological therapy and treatment choices by stage.

The best thing that women can do is try to prevent breast cancer before it happens. If you have a lot of stress in your life, you may need to make a change in your lifestyle to ease some of that stress. You need to make sure that you eat a healthy diet and regularly participate in some sort of an exercise program. You do not have to go to a gym or a fitness club to do this as you can exercise at home if you choose to do so. Here are a few more tips that you can follow:

* Ask your Doctor to calculate Your Risk

* Do self Breast Exams

* Get screened

*Discuss prevention options with your Doctor

*Maintain a Healthy Weight

*Eat a Healthy Diet and exercise on a regular basis

*Take your genes into Account

Unfortunately, there is no written guarantee that you will not develop breast cancer, but you can definitely reduce the odds against it by taking preventive measures.

I hope that you found this information useful and if you would like more information on ways to live healthy, then please visit my healthy living web site where you will find great information to help you live a long and healthy life.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the current thought about the link between breast cancer and abortion?
    Again, for a while back there was a lot in the news about this. Women who had abortions BEFORE having their first child were found to have higher incidences of breast cancer than women who never took an abortion or who didn't have abortions until after they had a child or two. I'm just curious about the status of this research at this time. Do women get informed in your country about this possible link? I'm referring to informed consent. Should women be informed about this possible problem down the road?

    • ANSWER:
      Different states in our country have different laws. This state has a law which makes the women see an ultrasound before aborting their child (or children). There IS a link between breast cancer and abortion. Good question, by the way. I'm not sure, but more information might be found at www.pregnancycenters.org

  2. QUESTION:
    What do you think of the NC woman who was denied custody of her kids because she has breast cancer?
    I saw this story on the news. Supposedly a North Carolina woman was denied custody of her children because she has stage 4 breast cancer. The judge said that the children need more contact with the non-ill parent than the ill parent. What do you think of this situation?

    • ANSWER:
      I think it is a good idea that the judge is thinking in the best interest of the children. They will still get to be with their mother, but at the same time build a good bond with their father for when the most likely situation of the mother passes, actually happens. Plus, who will watch the children while the mother, if she goes through treatments, is sick from the medications, cannot get up to bathe or clean or cook? They need someone capable of taking care of them.

      This isnt just about a mother loving her children, but the lasting effects that these decisions will have on the children.

  3. QUESTION:
    When triple negative breast cancer spreads to the liver what are the chances of survival?
    My friend was diagnosed with triple negative breast cancer that spread to her liver, after a year of chemo (not consistent, she has low blood platelets so they had to get a grip on that first) she went for a body scan..the tumor in her liver grew 2 cm and they found two more small spots in her stomach. I am in denial I know, but what are her chances of actually beating this? I am researching, but I really can't find ANY hopeful news. Is there any?

    • ANSWER:
      Metastatic breast cancer is not curable even if it is not a triple negative. However, breasts cancers that are hormone receptor positive are much better managed. The median survival for your friend’s cancer is 2-3 years. I’m very sorry.

  4. QUESTION:
    How does breast cancer affect a woman?
    Someone i know has been told she has breast cancer. She has a lump in her breast.

    She is going in for a lumpectomy in two weeks... not a full masectomy.

    Does this mean the cancer is quite small and localised? Is it good news she having a lumpectomy and not more radical surgery?

    Please help me understand because i am clueless to what all this means.

    What will the recovery process be like?
    What will the follow up treatment consist of?

    • ANSWER:
      yes it is a good news sure unless the pathological analysis of the dissected tissues reveal a malignant condition for follow up she have to do a regular annual or every 6 months screening test you can read more about breast cancer in here with many useful links http://breastcancerdestroyer.blogspot.com/

  5. QUESTION:
    Why should I care about feminists whining about breast cancer when feminism causes it?
    81-PERCENT INCREASE IN BREAST CANCER SINCE 1971
    http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-09/29/content_5154954.htm

    "Having fewer children before the age of 30, early menarche, late menopause and being obese or overweight after menopause are said to be all factors behind the increase."

    [ Children before 30 and breast feeding is THE primary means of preventing breast cancer. ]

    http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/breast/incidence/

    The incidence of breast cancer has been increasing for many years in economically developed countries. Over the twenty year period 1984-2003 the incidence rate increased by 51%

    [ Coincides with feminism nicely again ]

    Breast cancer incidence rates vary considerably, with the highest rates in the developed world and the lowest rates in Africa and Asia.

    [ No feminists in Africa and Asia ]

    Why should I care if they get breast cancer? Shouldn't "independent women" accept (not to mention finance) the consequences of their own actions?
    Incidentally, some of the people answering don't realise that feminism is the reason two incomes are now required to support a family, so feminism is still to blame if the reason is "economic".

    And you women's studies people are hysterical, you have very bad tempers. The substance of the posts below appears to be insults.

    As usual, nobody can logically disprove that "feminism causes breast cancer", even if it doesn't cause 100% of the cases it is what is behind the rise in incidents, so quite frankly feminists can fund their own breast cancer treatment programs.

    Best question ever though!

    • ANSWER:
      I think it's terrible that anybody thinks it's OK not to care when somebody dies for whatever reason, no matter their beliefs.

      That said, there is a strong correlation between the lifestyle changes with the advent of feminism and some of the maladies that women now suffer. Breast cancer is only one of them. Endometriosis is another...did you know that one adult woman in three now has it, and it was almost unheard of until the 70's? Food additives and pollution are certainly other causal factors, but psychological effects on health rank way up...don't kid yourselves.

      Anpadh - Anybody who thinks they know it all just because they studied feminism in a strongly feminist environment is a fool.

      Edit - Bonzai Betty - What is also true about most Asian countries is that they don't have feminism over there.

  6. QUESTION:
    How young can you be to get breast cancer?
    How young can you be to get breast cancer? What is the possible rate of you getting breast cancer at age 15?

    • ANSWER:
      The possibility of breast cancer at 15 is less than half the possibility of being struck by lightning - less than 0.0001%, or one in 1.3 million. If it happened, it would actually be newsworthy,

      Under 15, the risk is statistically zero. Fewer than 0.1% of those diagnosed with it are under 30, only 5% are under 40. Most (89%) are over 50, and the average age at diagnosis is a little over 60.

      You have been given a lot of misinformation here. You cannot get breast cancer at 'any age'. Someone has said 'boys' can get breast cancer; that has never happened. The youngest recorded male ever to develop breast cancer was 24, and his case was news the world over as most men of the few men diagnosed with it are over 60.

      While I agree that you should discuss any concerns with your mother, you should not be doing breast self-examination at your age - it will tell you nothing and worry you unnecessarily. ALL responsible and reputable cancer advice organisations, including the American Cancer Society, advise that the very youngest a woman should begin breast self exams is 20 (if then), and many cancer professionals say 30.

      Before that it's pointless; firstly because there are so many hormonal changes that there is no 'normal' - and self examination is about a woman knowing what's normal for her and reporting any changes. And secondly because the chance of breast cancer is almost nil.

      The ten year old girl whose case was widely publicised turned out to have a rare childhood cancer that happened to be located in the chest area, rather than adult breast cancer as was at first thought
      .
      When I was diagnosed with breast cancer, the consultant referred to me as a 'younger woman', and I was allocated to the breast care nurse whose special interest was 'breast cancer in younger women'

  7. QUESTION:
    How many women die to breast cancer each year?
    I am doing a project for my school and i have to raise money for a cause, I thought this would be the right one. My grandma got diagnosed with breast cancer last year and i want to help find a cure.

    Thanks for all the answers.

    • ANSWER:
      More than one million cases of breast cancer occur worldwide annually, with some 580,000 cases occurring in developed countries (>300/100,000 population per year) and the remainder in developing countries (usually <1500/100,000 population per year), despite their much higher overall population and younger age.
      In 2000, the last year for which global data exists, some 400,000 women died from breast cancer, representing 1.6 per cent of all female deaths. The proportion of breast cancer deaths was far higher in the rich countries (2 per cent of all female deaths) than in economically poor regions (0.5per cent).
      “The good news is that breast cancer mortality rates have started to decline in North America, Western Europe and Australia, mainly due to improvements in early detection and treatment programs such as chemotherapy and tamoxifen,” says Dr. Stewart. “Five-year survival rates are higher than 75 per cent in most developed countries.”
      The report says that the worldwide breast cancer epidemic has many causative factors, including reproductive history, genetics, radiation (especially at times of breast development), and the Western lifestyle with a high caloric diet, obesity and lack of physical activity.

  8. QUESTION:
    How many women will get breast cancer this year?
    There is so much promotion for breast cancer this month. I know the numbers must be staggering if it is getting so much coverage online, in stores and in the news.

    • ANSWER:
      Boy!! What a question! I hope not many, that's why we have to take care of ourselves.

      Yes it's a major deadly desease, my wonderful aunt died from that about a year ago, It is so sad, so awful, we have to take care of ourselves, I'm going to go get tested soon. I'm in my mid thirties.

  9. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of a 13 year old girl developing breast cancer?
    Yesterday, while in the shower, I suddenly thought back to that time in 5th grade where my teacher was talking about checking out for signs of breast cancer and stuff. So, I was like what the heck, and I checked my breasts for any lumps. What I felt were A LOT of LUMPS under both breasts! Scared, I finished taking a shower and researched my observations. I found out that it could have just been because my breasts are developing, or it could have been tissue or muscles? Does anyone know if that is true? Well, now I'm wondering what are the chances of a 13 year old girl developing breast cancer? As I am a 13 year old girl.

    Thanks!
    @Rachel
    Thanks! Relived to know that my chances are 0! :)

    @Susie Q
    Thanks! So, I am really just developing my breasts... Good to know! And I don't have breast cancer! Thank you! ^_^

    • ANSWER:
      The chances are zero. If it happened it would make medical history (and world news).

      Damn your 5th grade teacher. I mean it. Telling little girls to check their breasts! Why can't teachers who know nothing about the subject keep quiet about it?

      At your age breast self checks are most definitely NOT recommended - they'll tell you nothing and worry you unnecessarily. ALL responsible and reputable cancer advice and information services will tell you that the VERY YOUNGEST a woman should begin breast self-examination is 20, if then; and many cancer professionals say 30.

      Before that it's pointless; firstly because there are so many hormonal changes that there is no 'normal' - and self examination is about a woman knowing what's normal for her and reporting any changes. And secondly because the chance of breast cancer is almost nil.

      What you are describing is normal breast development

  10. QUESTION:
    Why would breast cancer be more important than other cancers?
    There is a lot media coverage on breast cancer than any others. Many more organizations gather funds for that cause than any other type of cancer. Why? Why would people divide their efforts and independently search for cures against that specific type of cancer? Wouldn't it be way more efficient to have a single (possibly international) organization to gather funds for developing a cure against cancer, since it's the exact same illness in breasts than in intestines and everywhere else?
    I know that cancer is an umbrella term, but in molecular terms, the same imbalances and genetic defects give rise to all types of cancer. Sure, many environmental factors give rise to the different types of cancer:
    -Skin cancer is mostly caused by UV damage to DNA;
    -Evidences point to the bacterium Helicobacter Pilori as a cause of stomach cancer;
    -Lung cancers are mostly caused by carcinogens in cigarettes and asbestos;

    But breast cancer is on par with all the other types of cancer in terms of ultimate cause: a genetic defect. Cells don't go astray, they simply execute the genetic information they have; and if part of that information is missing or abnormal, either the cell dies (by apoptosis) or forms cancer

    I'm not discriminating women or any such ridiculous thing! That person "..." clearly has a biased opinion of others.
    My point is, why not putting more emphasis on "fighting CANCER" than fighting "breast cancer," if the solutions to breast cancers are the same than for any other

    • ANSWER:
      There is more coverage for 2 reasons: 1 - it is the #3 killer of women, and 2 -more famous people are being diagnosed, and thus are in the news. As for a global fund gathering, ALL countries would have to agree on something, and that will never happen -- our govt. can't even agree within itself...

      Another reason there is more of it in the news is that the generation known as Baby Boomers are getting older, and most often it hits older women. Also, people with similar types cancer tend to gravitate to each other for support, etc.

      People. for example. with lung cancer will care most about it, rather than other cancers. Take myself as a better example: I am in terminal stage breast cancer, and quite frankly, I could care less about other cancers at this point.

      And my last point about the "popularity" [a disgusting term], of breast cancer -- is due to mental effect it causes. Having a doctor say you may lose a breast or part of one to surgery is equal to telling a man he would have to lose all or part of his manhood.

      So please... a little sensitivity for what we go through, okay? Thanks.

  11. QUESTION:
    Why does everyone care so much about breast cancer but I never see anything about other cancers?
    And I am by no means saying breast cancer isn't important, because I know it is serious. But all I ever see is stuff about breast cancer and I've never really seen anything for lymphoma or something?

    • ANSWER:
      Prostate cancer is in the news every day. Steve Jobs, head of Apple just died from cancer.
      Pancreatic cancer is in the news frequently, as well as lung cancer. Testicular cancer is mentioned, as well, but isn't as prevalent. Uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, etc.

  12. QUESTION:
    Does swallowing semen reduce the risk of breast cancer?
    The other day, my friend sent me a link to a news article, claiming that by swallowing semen, women reduce their risk for breast cancer. I think it's ridiculous, but my friend thinks it might have some verity to it.

    What do you think, does it have any truth to it?

    • ANSWER:
      I've told many women just that very thing...

  13. QUESTION:
    Is it safe for a girl to be taking birth control pills if her mother had breast cancer?
    I have a friend who is interested in taking the pill to prevent pregnancy. She is 25 years old and is in very good health. However, her mother had breast cancer when she was 50. Thanks to chemo, her mother has since fully recovered and his now in good health (it was a rather mild case). Will a very low does pill like YAZ or Triphasil be safe for my friend? She'll probably only be using it for a few years.

    • ANSWER:
      High levels of estrogen are known to increase the risk of developing breast cancer because estrogen stimulates the mammary glands/ducts (this is actually why some women experience sore, swollen breasts when they ovulate). If it is in her family history she would already be at an increased risk and most doctors would be wary of prescribing a birth control containing estrogen.

      The good news is, you can get birth control which doesn't use synthetic estrogen. It is either a progestin-only pill ("minipill") or some other form like the Mirena hormonal IUD (also uses progestin). Progestin can actually decrease the risk of uterine and ovarian cancer (estrogen has an even better decreasing effect on these types of cancer), and doesn't have any known effect on the risk of breast cancer. Progestin-only methods are more likely to cause depression, loss of sex drive, irregular period and spotting/breakthrough bleeding than combined pills. There are a lot of potential side effects associated with hormonal birth control, but most women do OK on it and usually the side effects go away within the first three months.

      Your friend would be best off talking to an experienced gynecologist and a pharmacist to get more information. They would be able to figure out if her risk of breast cancer is too high to use estrogen or if she is within reasonable range.

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get breast cancer at 13?
    Can a 13 year old get breast cancer? If they already have boobs?

    • ANSWER:
      The chances are as close to zero as makes just about no difference.

      If a 13 year old had breast cancer, her case would make news headlines, and be written up in medical journals worldwide because if its EXTREME rarity.

      Breast cancer is almost unheard of in under 25s, let alone young teens. In fact fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30. It's rare in women under 40, and 80% of those diagnosed with it are over 50.

      When I was diagnosed with breast cancer, I was classed as a 'younger woman'; I was 50.

      Any changes you notice in your breasts at 13 will be normal hormonal development.

      If you're concerned, talk to your mum; if you don't feel comfortable about doing that, talk to your school nurse - she will be used to hearing worries like this from girls and will be able to reassure you.
      ==
      Edit: @Goldie - in fact Sudhir is correct, most women diagnosed with breast cancer are post-menopausal. 80% of them are over 50, and the average age at diagnosis is a little over 60

  15. QUESTION:
    Can a teenage girl develop breast cancer?
    I understand that this question has been asked many times, but I am not asking because I am concerned for my health. I am simply curious. Also, I apologize in advance if this question evokes memories of loved ones lost to this awful disease.
    So, could a teenage girl develop breast cancer? And if she could, would treating it be easier/harder than treating an older woman for the same disease at the same stage? Lastly, what are some treatments that the girl may receive to try and rid her of the cancer?
    Thank you all in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello,

      I am glad to see that you are curious about breast cancer and the actions you can take to help reduce your risks.

      First off, yes, teenagers can get breast cancer. The likelihood of developing breast cancer under the age of 30 is low, accounting for only 0.5% of cancers but it is possible.

      Treating breast cancer for a teenager, man, or women is the same, the best course of action would be discussed between you and your doctor but may include chemotherapy, radiation, mastectomy, etc. This all depends on what stage you are in among other things.

      The good news is that there are things you can do now to reduce your risk of developing breast cancer in the future. This includes eating a healthy diet, getting 30 minutes of exercise per day, limiting your alcohol intake, and not smoking. Another very important thing is early detection, early detection is key to saving lives because the sooner you can catch the disease the less invasive the the treatments will be. There is not right or wrong way to do this, do whatever feels comfortable for you, I like to use my fingertips and feel in a circular motion around my breasts, armpit and collarbone area for lumps. Keep in mind that not all lumps mean breast cancer, they should be checked by your health care professional.

      Here is a complete list of things to look for: Lumps either in the breast, along the chest bone, and in the armpit area (these lumps do not come and go, but remain and may grow over time), unusual change in breast shape or size, changes in the skin of the breast (dimpling or puckering, thickening and discolouration – “orange peel” effect, redness, swelling and increased warmth), nipple changes (crusting, ulcers or scaling, inverted nipples – if it is sudden and not your norm, nipple discharge, itching of the nipple or breast)
      While these signs and symptoms may be due to other breast conditions, they should be checked by a trained health care professional. Talk to your doctor if you notice any of the above!

      For some women these are not changes but rather they are how they breast normally are, this is important to note, you should become familiar with how your breasts normally are. Breasts will develop and change over time during various stages of life – puberty, menstruation (monthly period), pregnancy and menopause. As a teenager going through puberty, they may notice the following: hair around the nipples, inverted nipples, nipple discharge, sensitivity or discomfort, swelling, tenderness, increased lumpiness, stretch marks, Montgomery bumps, and/or different sized breasts
      Some of these will disappear over time but some remain. What is “normal” for one person may not be normal for someone else.
      Everyone should know what is “normal” for them, and know what changes are normal over the course of the month. If something changes which is unexpected, talk to a health care professional.

      I hope this information helps.

  16. QUESTION:
    Why such a strong push to cure breast cancer?
    Why is it more important than any other cancer of the body, like lung cancer, colon cancer, brain cancer, pancreatic cancer, etc., or any other diseases like MS, Alzheimer's, Cerebral Palsy, etc? It's like everywhere I go I see pink ribbons and "cure breast cancer" marketing. It's push to cure it is so incredibly disproportionate as to make me think there is some political motive behind it. Could it have something to do with the fact that abortion can cause breast cancer? That would certainly provide a political motive.

    • ANSWER:
      Denise said its not more important. its equally the same as every other life threatning disease.

      Really? Spending in 1997 on research looked something like this: Breast Cancer ,800/death, prostate cancer ,700/death.) Since then, it the gap has grown wider.

      The National Cancer Institute also reported that during the period 1950-1991, women's rate of death from breast cancer increased 2% while men's rate of death from prostate cancer increased 25%. Until the last few years, you never heard anything about prostate cancer. Even today, it's not a high priority on health programs or the news. There's no postage stamp or brochures at the post office. (The second Breast Cancer postage stamp will soon be issued to raise awareness of breast cancer and to fund additional research.) There’s no special research or funding organizations for prostate cancer, no national prevention month, week or even day.

      This is not to say that everything that is being done to find a cure for breast cancer should not be done. However, where do men’s health issues fit in in your local news analysis and reporting? What about the fact that of the 15 leading causes of death, men lead in every single category.

      There are a lot of free screenings for breast cancer for poor women, none of any sort for poor men.

      One has only to look for the pink for many products rasing funds for breast cancer. Do you see any fund rasing for prostate cancer? Even during the prostate cancer awarness week in Sept, I saw more effort to raise awareness and funds for breast cancer then I did for prostate cancer.

      Oh yea...I sure do not see the feminist screaming about this....instead they are only screaming that there is a health care gap. There sure is...but is not against women!

      Is it not time to value ALL our people?

  17. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age you can get breast cancer?
    I was shocked to hear that a model died recently from breast cancer at age 28. http://sg.news.yahoo.com/former-miss-venezuela-eva-ekvall-28-dies-breast-222120889.html
    This may be ignorant, but I usually thought it affects much older women.
    What is the youngest age you can get it? I have a few warts on my breasts but I always thought they would be benign, should I get screened? I'm 24.

    • ANSWER:
      Warts are not related in any way to breast cancer.

      Your risk of breast cancer increases with age with less than 2% of cases occurring in people under 35 and the average age being 61.

      If concerned get them checked by your Dr and next time you have your regular Pap smear (far more important at your age) get your Dr to show you the correct method to do a breast self examination.

      I was classed as "young' when diagnosed a week before my 46th birthday.

  18. QUESTION:
    How does a woman react to the fact that she has to take off her breast because of breast cancer?
    hi, I have a movie project for universtity and im working on a story about a woman who discovers that she has breast cancer. My main interest is how she would react towards the fact that she has to have an operation and remove her breast. The dilemna that she might live having to take the decision of losing her breast which represents to her her feminity and her identity. My character has a partner but no kids and Im trying to imagine what she would do when she gets the news... Thanks for any help

    • ANSWER:

  19. QUESTION:
    Anyone have any information on treatment for triple negative stage 4 breast cancer?
    My sister, 55yrs old, diagnosed with triple negative breast cancer in April 2010. Had mastectomy, 3 positive lymph nodes (under arm), had 12 weeks of grueling chemotherapy and 5 weeks of radiation treatment. Now found out she has lung metastasis and bone. Just when our family thought she'd beat this disease. Interested in hearing from a survivor or an oncologist. Any promising clinical trials? She lives in LA and is a wonderful person.

    • ANSWER:
      As you know, this is now stage IV breast cancer and is considered incurable.
      The goal now is to buy as much good quality time as possible.
      Here's an excellent review from an Sept 30,2008 journal.
      http://www.cancernetwork.com/triple-negative-breast-cancer/content/article/10165/1340727
      - - - -
      http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/569483
      - - - -
      http://www.webmd.com/breast-cancer/news/20090602/new-drug-for-hard-to-treat-breast-cancer

  20. QUESTION:
    How would you break the news to someone that they had breast cancer, best case scenario?
    i have to do a cancer project and i have to tell how i would tell someone they had breast cancer "best" case scenario... any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no "sugar-coating" this news. Usually what happens is a doctor has made an appointment for you to have some testing done. In our case it was an MRI.

      The technician then would let us know the results. He made the phone call, I was on the other line when my wife picked up the phone. He said, "We have the results of your MRI and the tumor was positive. I am very sorry."

      After that we made an appointment to the doctor that had the MRI done, and he recommended an oncologist to see. We saw her and she helped us through the diagnosis.

      If you are in the position to "break-the news", then you are probably in the health field anyway and have done something like this hundreds of times. The best way is the direct way. It is what we appreciated, even though the news was "shocking."

  21. QUESTION:
    I need some ideas for a raise fund in my school to help breast cancer awareness?
    I need some ideas for a raise fund in my school to help breast cancer awareness?

    We can have a one day event to a whole week, but we have no ideas
    (we can't sell food)

    • ANSWER:
      how much more awareness can there be?we are bombed day in and day out with it.on the news,posters,ads,PSA's.
      i know all about it.

  22. QUESTION:
    How big is a breast cancer lump?
    I'm thirteen, and my mom always told me to check for lumps...just in case it could be breast cancer. I found a small little bump (smaller than a pea) in between my breasts, and I wasn't sure if it was a pimple or a breast cancer lump. I'm worried, and I want to tell my mother but honestly I'm not sure what it is. How big are breast cancer lumps typically? I know most lumps could be nothing, but I'm apprehensive it could be something. Honestly, I'm not sure.
    I noticed the lump yesterday, actually. .-.

    • ANSWER:
      Your mother meant well, of course - but on this occasion she has given you mistaken advice. A girl your age should not be checking her breast for lumps - that's the advice of all reputable cancer information organisations , including the American Cancer Society, and it's because the chances of a 13 year old having breast cancer are zero. If it happened, the case would make news all over the world.

      And what you describe is not a breast cancer lump; it's a pimple. Breast cancer lumps are within the breast not on it - nothing to see. No need to worry.

      The ACS and other cancer organisations advise that the very youngest a woman should begin breast self exams is 20, and many cancer professionals say 30. At your age, they will tell you nothing and worry you unnecessarily. And be pointless; firstly because there are so many hormonal changes that there is no 'normal' - and self examination is about a woman knowing what's normal for her and reporting any changes. And secondly because the chance of breast cancer is almost nil.

      Jellybean's sister was extraordinarily young for breast cancer at 39. At 50 I was just considered 'young'.

  23. QUESTION:
    What do you do after hearing a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer?
    I had some really bad, sad news about my family this weekend. I found out my brother has pancreatic cancer. It has spread and doesn't look good. It's a shock to my family. What do you do after hearing a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer? Is there hope? From everything I've read it is a downward hill.

    I'm scared for my father most of all. His first wife died of breast cancer and now his son has cancer. He is older and I want to give him hope. I just need to find it.

    • ANSWER:
      Unfortunately, survival rates for pancreatic cancer are low, however some newer medications, such as FOLFIRINOX, are more effective than others.

      However, everyone is different, and some people do indeed pull through. Ultimately, all you can do is try.

  24. QUESTION:
    Can a 13 year old girl get breast cancer?
    Last night I was playing on the computer and my right breast got itchy, and I found a small, 1 cm wide at most sized lump. Is it breast cancer? I have looked it up on the internet and it says It's probubly something else, and I haven't asked my mom about yet.

    • ANSWER:
      If a 13 year old girl did get breast cancer, her case would make international news and would be written up in medical journals the world over.

      The chances are so close to zero that it makes just about no difference; you are more than twice as likely to be struck by lightning, and I bet you don't worry about that every time it rains!

      You know, when I was diagnosed with breast cancer I was referred to as a 'younger woman'. Know why? Because I was only 50 - yes, fifty - which is still pretty young for breast cancer.

      Breast cancer is almost unheard of in under 25s, let alone young teens. Fewer than 0.1% of those who develop it are under 30 and only 5% are under 40.

      At your age, with your breasts still growing and developing, any changes you notice are normal hormonal development.

      Also, from your description it sounds as if this lump is ON your breast rather than IN it - in which case it may well be a boil, pimple or bug bite, especially as it's itching.

      Talk to your mother, she will be able to reassure you. If you really don't feel comfortable doing that, wait till school starts; if you still have this itchy lump - and I bet you don't - talk to your school nurse; she will be used to girls having worries like this and will be able to reassure you that you DON'T have breast cancer

  25. QUESTION:
    I have a couple signs of breast cancer but I'm scared to tell my mum. What should i do?
    I'm almost 11 and have some signs of breast cancer but scared to tell my mum, please help me what should i do!

    • ANSWER:
      The chances of a girl under 16 having breast cancer are ZERO.

      You don't have it.

      What you are noticing is probably just normal breast development.

      Talk to your mother, that's what she's there for and she'll be able to reassure you that what you are experiencing is normal.

      If someone your age had breast cancer it would make international news and be written up in medical journals the world over.

      I was considered 'a younger woman' when I was diagnosed with breast cancer. I was 50.

  26. QUESTION:
    How do I get my breast to stop growing?
    Im 14 and my breast are bigger than my moms. She wouldnt appreciate it if I put her size on here so I won't. My size is heading to the c cups and I don't want that. The bigger your breast the higher Chance of breast cancer. (as they said on the news )

    • ANSWER:
      Big breasts will lead to back problems and unwanted attention. Unfortunately u can't. If u wear a normal bra it won't appear big

  27. QUESTION:
    Where can I do a breast cancer walk that's not Susan g kolman?
    My mother passed away from breast cancer and I want to pay my dues and give back. I was going to do the Susan kolman walk in San Diego but you need health insurance and I don't have insurance. Anyone know if any walks?

    • ANSWER:
      Really sorry to hear the sad news. I think first you should try to have the health insurance instead of going to the doctor first. In the mean time you can take some extra care to your body. May apply some physical exercise to your breast may help you feel better.

  28. QUESTION:
    Why are some people saying Donna Summer died from lung cancer, and others say that she didn't ?
    Why are some people saying now that it was breast cancer ?
    Could somebody please confim what type of cancer she had ?
    Thanks.
    Sorry amy, but I had to give you a thumbs down as you made me out to be a liar.
    Please go to Google and put Donna Summer breast cancer ,push search and you will see at least a couple of dozen stories which say she had breast cancer, not lung cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      It's likely that it was lung cancer.

      The confusion can be that breast cancer, in and of itself, kills no one. No one dies of breast cancer in the breast. They die when it spreads (metastasizes) to distant organs. The most common areas of breast cancer metastases are lungs, liver, bones and brain.

      My mother died of breast cancer metastases when it spread to her lungs. The coroner stated that she died of lung cancer. This was in 1989 and much has been learned since then. My mother's death certificate *should* say breast cancer.

      I think (I really don't know) that if Donna Summer had breast cancer that it would have most likely made the news long before her death. But then again, her family said she kept her illness private, so who knows for sure?

  29. QUESTION:
    When did you last receive good and bad news ?
    Well for me , my last good news was on the 24th of January when my baby niece Chloe Louise was born . My bad news was lastnight when my aunt phoned and told me she has breast cancer , her sister also died from it .. Its like God gives you something with one hand and he takes it away in another ..
    I`m feeling very scared lately .

    • ANSWER:
      I hear you on that!
      My last bad news was today, I had a suspended drivers license that i never knew about!!
      I can't remember my last good news :( Life is one big suck fest lately!

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of me getting cancer?
    my sister died from having breast cancer at the age of 27..
    she's the only person in my family to have cancer.
    what are the chances of me getting cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Some of the best researchers in the field believe cancer is linked to the consumption of dairy products and other animal proteins (which increases with latitude). The good news is that dairy and meat consumption is absolutely superfluous to eating a well-balanced and healthy diet. Dairy contains genetically modified bovine growth hormone which is clearly associated with breast cancer and prostate cancer.

      The truth is buried in an ocean of inaccurate information. The eminent researcher Dr. T. Colin Campbell found other research supporting the idea that cancer is linked to excess consumption of animal proteins. (See "The China Study: Startling Implications for Diet, Weight Loss and Long-Term Health")

      I strongly recommend you read about the China project and consider trying a low-fat pure vegetarian diet based on whole foods. Avoid commercially processed foods. Especially stay away from refined sugars, aspartame, and MSG. (Dr. Neal Barnard)

      To learn how to eat a balanced pure vegetarian diet, I strongly recommend the Seventh Day Adventist classes including "Guarding Your Heart."

  31. QUESTION:
    Is gray pus from the one breast a symptom of breast cancer?
    My period is still no since Nov. 30. my breasts are painful and swelled. sometimes itchy. 4 days ago after shower, I found gray pus coming from the left and white (milk) coming from the other. What is this? I went to the doctor and he asked for mammogram and in the application form and under the signs and symptoms he wrote breast cancer!! I'm worried and can't wait until the results come. Can anyone help and tell me what is that?
    I'm 39 and can't feel hard lump.

    • ANSWER:
      I know that seeing those words scared you, but please try to wait until you do get the results of the mammogram first before you worry yourself too much.

      Don't know how old you are, but I too had a scare myself when I was 15. Found a lump in my right breast and thought the worst. Also had a dark green discharge that came out of the right nipple.

      Had the lump removed and it turned out to be fine.

      Hope you also get good news and in the meantime, try hard to relax abit.

      Lastly, IF it does turn out to be breast cancer, just remember that alot of women these days live for many years with cancer or can be cured of cancer all together.

      Just take things one step at a time and go from there!

  32. QUESTION:
    Montel William's once stated that he was diagnosed with breast cancer. How often do men get breast cancer?
    Montel Williams was mis-diagnosed with breast cancer.
    But do men get breast cancer? What are the rates?

    • ANSWER:
      Any age, male or female can have breast cancer as either a primary site or secondary site. The reason is because everyone has breast tissue . . women just have more and so are more likely to get breast cancer than men or children. It's rare, but it happens.

      Actor, Richard Roundtree of Shaft, had male breast cancer:
      http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/spotlight/2001-09-18-roundtree-cancer.htm

      Medline Plus: Male Breast Cancer
      http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/malebreastcancer.html

      NCI: Male Breast Cancer Treatment
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/malebreast/Patient

      John W Nick Foundation
      http://www.johnwnickfoundation.org/index.html

  33. QUESTION:
    what is the rate of breast cancer in men compared to that of females?
    also, what is the latest news on breast cancer in men?

    please give me the websites

    • ANSWER:
      1% occur in men.

  34. QUESTION:
    I am 13 and have a lump under my right armpit and worried i might have breast cancer?
    I am 13 and worried i might have breast cancer. About 2 weeks ago i discovered a lump under my right armpit. It doesnt hurt i only found it when shaving. My period is also a week late. I have been to the doctors, she examined it, and said to book another appointment again once i have had my period if it is still there. I am really worried it is breast cancer though I know it is rare at my age.
    thanks xx

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer is not 'rare' at your age; it is unheard of. The chances are zero.

      If a 13 year old did have breast cancer, her case would make international news, and would be written up in medical journals the world over.

      Most breast and underarm lumps, even in women old enough for breast cancer, aren't cancer - at least 80% of those that are considered suspicious enough for testing are found not to be cancer.

      You do NOT have breast cancer. Your doctor should have made that clear when she examined you.

  35. QUESTION:
    She has breast cancer and is going in for an op?
    Someone i know has been told she has breast cancer. She has a lump in her breast.

    She is going in for a lumpectomy in two weeks... not a full masectomy.

    Does this mean the cancer is quite small and localised? Is it good news she having a lumpectomy and not more radical surgery?

    Please help me understand because i am clueless to what all this means.

    What will the recovery process be like?
    What will the follow up treatment consist of?

    • ANSWER:
      Lumpectomy is surgery where only the tumour and some surrounding tissue is removed; it means the surgeon believes she can remove the tumour and surrounding tissue without removing the breast. A mastectomy wouldn't necessarily mean a larger tumour.

      It isn't the case the a lumpectomy necessarily means a low grade or less aggressive tumour.

      She is not likely to have more than an overnight stay in hospital; I had a mastectomy rather than lumpectomy, and the surgery site was sore rather than painful; after the first few days, ordinary painkillers were normally sufficient. If she has any lymph nodes removed, she will be given a series of exercises to do daily which she must do to regain full arm movement and to reduce the risk of lymphoedema.

      She will have to take it easy for a while, and should avoid tasks requiring repetitive arm movement across the chest, like ironing and vacuuming, for a while.

      Several days after her surgery she will have an appointment where she will learn what has been discovered about her cancer and what treatment is recommended. The treatment depends on many things - the grade and stage of her cancer, whether it had spread to any lymph nodes, and whether it was oestrogen dependent are just a few.

      She may have chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, or she may have neither.

      The hormonal medication taken over 5 years that some people have mentioned are only given if the cancer is oestrogen positive.

      There are other treatment possibilities depending on her individual cancer.

      There are no guarantees with breast cancer; it can return at any time, even years after diagnosis and treatment - some types of cancer are considered cured if they have not returned after 5 years, but breast cancer is not one of them.

      But a recurrence is less likely after two years, and statistically far less likely after five years, and then the chances of recurrence go down with every passing year. After 10 years a recurrence is unlikely (though it happens).

      I was diagnosed with stage 3 grade 3 breast cancer a little over 5 years ago. I'm currently fit and well with no sign of cancer at my last routine check up.

      Your friend, and you, may find these sites very helpful. As well as having loads of information (especially the first one, which will answer almost any question you have) they have forums where your friend can talk to people who are or have been in the same situation.Both have a forum for family and friends too.

      http://www.breastcancer.org

      http://www.breastcancercare.org.uk

  36. QUESTION:
    How to deal with a depressing stretch of life?
    Well in the past few months I have heard plenty of bad news. I am 14 by the way just so you know. First I hear that my grandpa may only have 1 year left due emphysema and we are very very very close. My grandma may die of breast cancer. And just the other day one of my best friends sister died in a car wreck. I only talked to her a few times but she was such a nice person. I feel so depressed, how should I deal with this?

    • ANSWER:
      Talk with someone who understands helps, and also do things to take your mind off it dude. Hobbies, music, friends, girls, exercise. You need to do things to take your mind off the depression and stress. Good luck!

  37. QUESTION:
    what's the youngest age you can be diagnosed with breast cancer?
    it's all red around the outside of my nipple, and it hurts when i put pressure on it, how do i know weather it's breast cancer or not?

    • ANSWER:
      The chances of breast cancer at your age are so close to zero that it makes just about no difference. And what you describe are not symptoms of breast cancer anyway.

      Most women diagnosed with breast cancer are over 50 (80%); it's very rare in women under 40 (5%) and fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30. In under 20s it is almost unheard of.

      Your Q&A shows you're a teenager of school age, so to put things in perspective -

      1. If you were diagnosed with breast cancer your case would make news, and would be written up in medical journals the world over - it would be of HUGE interest to the medical profession as very, very few of the world's doctors have seen a teenager with breast cancer.

      2. Your chances of being struck by lightning are far greater than your chances of developing breast cancer at your age.

      Talk to your mother about this; if you aren't comfortable doing that, talk to your school nurse - she will be able to reassure you that you don't have breast cancer.

      A comment on something said in another answer: most men diagnosed with breast cancer are over 60, and it's not associated with overweight.

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the earliest that a women can get her free cervical cancer screening on the NHS.?
    Hi

    I am 17 and after all the stuff in the news about cervical cancer and Jade I was wondering when I can get the screening. I am not being paranoid but just want to be safe. I have started having the 3 cervical cancer jabs but they don't stop all types.

    Also when can you have NHS screenings for breast cancer as it seems to run in my family, not a serious one as nobody has died from it or needed cemo.

    Thanks xxx

    • ANSWER:
      In England, smear tests are offered to women once they reach the age of 25 or 20 if living in Scotland. I read today or yesterday that they are going to review the age that smears are first offered to women and perhaps lower it 20 (the same as Scotland).

      Pre-cancerous cells are incredibly rare in a females under the age of 25, however I understand wanting to be safe rather than sorry. Even though you have had the HPV vaccination, it is vital that you still have smear tests three yearly from when you have your first smear. If you are not sexually active then there is really no need to have a smear this early. 70-90% of Cervical cancer cases are caused by the HPV virus. If you are a teenager, your cervical cells are changing all the time, therefore testing this young could cause unnecessary worry.

      If you have a strong family history of breast cancer, make sure your GP is aware, you may be offered frequent screening - this is generally the case if a first degree relative developed breast cancer at a young age and/or you have the gene which puts you at risk. Mammograms are routinely offered to females aged between 50-73. I believe they want to lower the breast screening age to 40.

      If you wish to have a smear before the age which you are first offered, have a chat with your GP or visit a well woman clinic, most will not refuse. I'll check with Dr Frank but my understanding has always been that GPs won't refuse ANYONE a smear test- we are all entitled to one on the NHS, you just may not be invited for one until you reach the age of 20/25.

      Just to clarify- 1 in 3 breast cancers occur in women over the age of 70, so it is always worth having three yearly screening after the age of 70. The chances of developing C of the breast do not decrease after age 50. If you are concerned about breast cancer you could get a gene analysis which would test for BRCA1, BRCA2 and TP53 which have a link with breast cancer.

  39. QUESTION:
    What do you know about clinical trials?
    My mom just received the news that her breast cancer has spread to her lungs and liver. The standard chemo did not kill all the cells. She is now Stage IV metastatic breast cancer. It is inoperable at this point. So, now her doctors want her to participate in a clinical trial for Sutent. I've been to many sites about clinical trials. What I'm asking for here is personal experience (either yourself, a friend, or loved one) with clinical trials, specifically for cancer treatment.
    Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Inverse, not completely correct,. Clinical trials do still have a placebo in some cases, and it is ethical because there is not proof the study drug will be better than placebo. Most clinical trials do not though have a placebo ONLY arm.

      Phase III trials are generally randomized, controlled trials comparing the top contender with the current champion. All patients get treatment, some may get something extra, or may get something completely different ( e.g., A vs B or maybe A + B vs A). The point is to see if the contender is better, in which case it will become "champion", otherwise the champion continues reign.

      Phase II trials are not usually randomized, and patients generally know going in what they will get. In a phase III study, a computer determines which arm of the treatment you will get; that is OK because the researchers have pre-determined that each of the arms are equivalent to the best of our knowledge currently-- they are trying to see whether that assumption is correct or not.

      Phase I trials are quite experimental. Patient access is limited, and here mostly what is being accomplished is determining the dose and side effects/tolerance.

      If your mother is newly diagnosed as stage IV, she should not be on a phase I trial. II or III are reasonable, and III would be preferred. Sutent is an exciting new agent, but she has numerous options, both on trial and standard off-trial options. She needs to fully explore her options with her oncologist and go with the one she is most comfortable with based on prospects for response, toxicity, convenience, etc.

      God bless. best wishes

  40. QUESTION:
    How can I make my mother feel better?
    My mother's best friend died today of breast cancer and she isn't taking the news well..Tell me anything I can do for her.

    • ANSWER:
      Talk to her. Ask her questions about her friend. This is a chance to pay her back for everything she has done for you.

  41. QUESTION:
    I want to know if finding a problem then having a ultrasound means bad news?
    There's a couple of spots on left breast that showed up on my mammogram today that calls for a ultrasound now and I am scared of the results. Breast cancer runs in my family and I'm 45 years old and don't know what's the next steps.

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn't necessarily mean anything is wrong; it just means they need to check further.

      If it's cancer, they can get it early rather than late.

  42. QUESTION:
    How do you know if you have breast cancer?
    How do you know if you have breast cancer (I know you have to get tested, but aren't there signs)? And what's the youngest someone could be and still have breast cancer...?
    Thanks!:)

    • ANSWER:
      Nobody can self-diagnose breast cancer or any other type of cancer. Even a doctor cannot diagnose it without tests; before I was diagnosed, two doctors who gave me a physical examination - my own GP and a breast cancer specialist at the hospital I was referred to -did not think my lump was cancerous. The biopsy said different.

      Breast cancer is mainly a disease of ageing; it's almost unheard of in under 25s, fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30, only 5% are under 40 and most (80%) are over 50. The average age at diagnosis is a little over 60.

      I see from your Q&A that you're 14; you don't need to worry about breast cancer, the chances of you having it are just about zero. Changes you notice in your breasts will be normal breast development - that includes lumps, bumps and pain and tenderness.

      If a 14 year old had breast cancer, her case would make headline news and be written up in medical journals the world over.
      Talk to your mother if you're concerned; or talk to your school nurse - she will be used to girls having worries like this and will be able to reassure you that you don't have breast cancer.

      I was classed as a 'younger woman' when I was diagnosed with breast cancer; I was 50

  43. QUESTION:
    How do you feel about the Liberals attacking Joe Lieberman's wife, due to his stance on the Health reform Bill?
    One influential liberal blogger, Jane Hamsher, is so enraged with Lieberman that she has asked the Susan B. Komen Foundation to fire Lieberman’s wife, Hadassah, from her role as international spokesperson for the breast cancer fighting charity. Hamsher has even implored celebrities associated with the organization to pressure the foundation to can Hadassah because of her husband’s position on the Senate health care bill.

    • ANSWER:
      It's typical extremist demonization of one's political opponents. Ms Hamsher has revealed herself as an intolerant, nasty political hatchetwoman. Fortunately, bloggers such as Ms Hamsher are less influential than average because their rants trip BS detectors in many of their readers' brains.

      Mrs Lieberman has devoted time and energy to the Susan B. Komen Foundation from a sense of empathy with and obligation to those suffering from breast cancer. It is clear that Ms Hamsher's motivations are much less noble.

      Libra_619_83, are you high?

      The insurance companies contributed million to Max Baucus to give them this healthcare bill, which makes Americans with jobs join the healthcare plan at gunpoint (it will be a civil offense which the IRS will fine you for if you don't buy an Obamacare policy).

      Baucus also got provisions into that bill to allow the insurance companies to write limits on coverage for catastrophic illnesses for these mandatory policies, and the Congressional Budget Office projects that by 2016 premiums will be higher than they now are for this dramatically curtailed coverage for those of us who work and/or whose policies are not subsidized or paid for outright by Uncle Sugar.

      So don't talk about Lieberman being in the pocket of the insurance companies - thanks to Democrat Max Baucus of Montana (the six million dollar man of insurance company campaign contributions), the insurance companies are going to collect more money and pay out less under Obamacare.

      Try reading the news.

  44. QUESTION:
    I am a 12 year old boy and have a lump in my nipple. What is the chances its breast cancer?
    I am 12 and scared that i have breast cancer. But my family says its gynecomastia but im still scared i feel a lump!!! please answer

    • ANSWER:
      The chances are as close to zero as makes no difference.

      If a 12 year old girl had breast cancer, it would make news headlines the world over, and be written up in medical journals worldwide because of its EXTREME rarity. A 12 year old boy with breast cancer would cause a much bigger sensation than that.

      Yes, men CAN get breast cancer; it's rare though - fewer than 1% of those diagnosed with breast cancer are male. And most men diagnosed with it are over 60, though through breast cancer support networks I have met a very few men in their late 40s and 50s with breast cancer.

      In the town where I live there is a man who was diagnosed with it at the age of 24. I don't know him, I know about him - his case made the papers because he is the youngest man EVER to have been diagnosed with breast cancer in the UK, the youngest by many years.

      80% of all people diagnosed with breastcancer are over 50. It's rare in women under 40, fewer than 0.1% of women diagnosed are under 30, and it's almost unheard of in under 25s.

      So you can see how unlikely it would be for a pre-teen male to have breast cancer

      Your family are right; most breast lumps in men are gynaecomastia, a button-like growth under the nipple and areola area that can be felt and is sometimes visible to the naked eye and occasionally it can be quite tender.

      This increase in the amount of breast tissue is not a tumour and occurs due to changes in hormone balances at times like adolescence - your age in other words.

      This is almost certainly what you have; mention it to your doctor next time you see her/him so that s/he can reassure you.

  45. QUESTION:
    What do you think about Nevada sending a kook to the US Senate?
    Right now Sharon Angle (autism is not a disease, abortion causes breast cancer) is beating Harry Reid by 47 to 45 percent. This is surreal. I don't know whether to comment on this or paint it.

    • ANSWER:
      I live in Nevada. First of all the polls are crap. To be effective they must have at least 1500 respondents AND a plus/minus of 3 or less. None of the polls have been statistically significant. Wait for the vote, that is the only poll that counts. Her only debate with Reid was tonight and she was tedious. Reid had another close election, he won by only 499 votes but he won. Check this:

      http://harryreid.com/ee/index.php/news/release/more_names_added_to_republicans_for_reid

      Best wishes.

  46. QUESTION:
    Why does everything cause cancer these days?
    Nailpolish, foods, hairdye, makeup, heaters, computers, microwaves, everything! At first, I would get worried and think I had cancer because of the nailpolish I been putting on! I went as far as to reasearching if I had bladder cancer, or mouth cancer, or breast cancer (which I later read that its high unlikely for a teen girl to get).But now, I dont even care anymore because they're always something that can cause cancer. And now my mom's been brainwashed by the freakin news. Adults think us kids are ignorant because we don't take cancer seriously, but how do you expect us to when theres over a hundred things in our own houses that can cause cancer. I have done my reasearch on it. (Escpecially back when I died my hair, and later read an article that there was "a high link to cancer in the use of darker semi-permanant hairdyes.")

    I mean if whatever the product is really does "have links with cancer", then it shouldn't even be sold in the first place! Maybe that could be the only way to prevent it so we don't have more innocent people being diagnosed with it, until we can find a vaccine or cure!!!

    • ANSWER:

  47. QUESTION:
    Is 13 too young for someone to get breast cancer?
    What ages are normal and is it possible to get it at 13? what are some symptoms of breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      The chances of a 13 year old getting breast cancer are as close to zero as makes almost no difference. It would make worldwide headline news.

      I agree with Panda that a section for childhood and young people's cancers would be useful in YA; but it wouldn't stop young girls too young to have breast cancer being scared silly by all the half-truths and not-quite-truths they hear in the name of breast cancer awareness.

      'Can'tthink of a name', breast cancer is almost unheard of in under 25s, let alone young teens; and fewer than 0.1% of those diagnosed are under 30. In fact only 5% are under 40. Most (80%) are over 50.

      I was classed as 'young' when I was diagnosed with breast cancer; I was 50.

      At 13 your breasts are still growing and developing and any changes you notice are almost certainly normal hormonal development.

      There are stmptoms of possible breast cancer, but at 13 you don't need to know them. There is no need at all to be doing breast self-examinations at your age; it will tell you nothing and may worry you unnecessarily.

      The American Cancer Society and other cancer organisations recommend that women begin breast self examination at no younger than 20. Before that it's pointless; firstly because there are so many hormonal changes that there is no 'normal' - and self examination is about a woman knowing what's normal for her and reporting any changes. And secondly because the chance of breast cancer is almost nil.

      Please talk to your mother about any worries you have about your breasts. If you don't feel comfortable doing that, talk to youe school nurse; she will be used to girls having worries like this, and will be able to reassure you

  48. QUESTION:
    I started my periods at 10 will I get cancer?
    I read in the news that having early periods make you more susceptible to breast cancer but I mean apart from early period I wasnt a very developed kid I still have tiny boobs am I at risk?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer – Step Outside The Box! When an event is part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop, then the event is said to "feed back" into itself.
      1. Free radical mutation from chlorine; It reacts directly with amino acids in the DNA helix . Of rapid growth cells, by penetration of the cell wall and blockage of the metabolism all human carcinogen (cancer causing).cancer cells in our bodies have the same DNA mutation foot print.If cells are repairing damage, their DNA is triggered into rapid growth. At that phase, it's DNA is vulnerable to free radical mutation from chlorine.
      the reason is .Mutated cells Go dormant. Until the cells are re-injured (carcinogen damaged) the result of an event or phenomenon in the past will influence the same event/phenomenon .
      2.Lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema
      3.Long-term smokers are at a higher risk of developing a range of potentially deadly diseases including: Heart, lung, mouth, nose, throat, oesophagus, pancreas, kidney, liver, bladder, bowel, ovary, cervix, bone marrow and stomach.
      These rapid growth cancer cells do not show up in the standard tests until they have multiplied to a few billion.
      This time you get your cancer.
      We must take all precautions. Every person has cancer cells in the body
      Cancer test kit :The AMAS(Pregnancy test kit .00 – a good buy) test is undeniably reliable and the amount of money saved, sparing the patient test after test, would be enormous.
      Requesting an Anti-Malignan Antibody (AMAS), which is "looking" for an antibody, a protein the body produces against foreign matter, in this case cancer cells. It is a new test and if run twice, the false positives and false negatives drops to under 1%. It can mean life or death! If you find you have cancer, the odds are that there is a 99% chance of a cure .
      In my opinion.. if chlorine can cause cancer when you inhale it.. it can't be good in anyway if you drink it either.. Go with a good whole house water filter so even when you shower your not breathing it in.
      1. Source(s):
      Earthwhisperers
      http://www.lenntech.com/processes/disinf…
      Weapons Of Mass Destruction


breast cancer news

Turmeric Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the benefits of turmeric juice?
    Someone told me take one big piece of fresh turmeric, peel it and take some amlas (amlas means indian gooseberries) and little piece of ginger, take all this and mix and put in mixer and make juice and drink in moring as soon as you wake up. It is very beneficial.

    But I would like to know is it right method of mixing turmeric, amlas and ginger and making juice and what are the benefits of the three?

    • ANSWER:
      Hello Dear

      * The main organs that turmeric treats are the skin, heart, liver and lungs. Turmeric Plant
      * Turmeric is used for epilepsy and bleeding disorders, skin diseases, to purify the body-mind, and to help the lungs expel Kapha.
      * Activities of Turmeric include: Alterative, analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-allergic, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetizer, astringent, cardiovascular, carminative, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic, stimulant, and vulnerary.
      * Therapeutic uses of Turmeric: Anemia, cancer, diabetes, digestion, food poisoning, gallstones, indigestion, IBS, parasites, poor circulation, staph infections, and wounds.
      * Turmeric helps to regulate the female reproductive system and purifies the uterus and breast milk, and in men it purifies and builds semen, which is counterintuitive for a pungent bitter.
      * Turmeric reduces fevers, diarrhea, urinary disorders, insanity, poisoning, cough, and lactation problems in general.
      * Turmeric is used to treat external ulcers that respond to nothing else. Turmeric decreases Kapha and so is used to remove mucus in the throat, watery discharges like leucorrhea, and any pus in the eyes, ears, or in wounds, etc.
      * In Ayurvedic cooking, turmeric is everywhere, this multifaceted wonder spice helps

      o Detoxify the liver
      o Balance cholesterol levels
      o Fight allergies
      o Stimulate digestion
      o Boost immunity
      o Enhance the complexion

      It is also an antioxidant Ayurveda recognizes turmeric as a heating spice, contributing bitter, pungent and astringent tastes.

      Top
      Remedies
      Anemia

      Everyday take a dose of 1 tsp of turmeric juice mixed with honey. Turmeric Ayurvedic Use

      Asthma

      Boil 1 cup of milk with 1 tsp of turmeric powder. Drink warm.
      Burns

      Mix 1 tsp of turmeric with 1 tsp of aloe gel and apply to burnt area.
      Conjunctivitis

      Mix 1 tbsp of crushed, raw turmeric in 1/3 cup of water. Boil and sieve. 2–3 drops of this mixture may be used in each eye up to 3 times per day.
      Complexion

      Apply a paste of turmeric on the skin before bed, and wash off after a few minutes. In the morning, remove any remaining yellow tinge with a paste of chickpea flour (besan) and oil.
      Dental problems

      Mix 1 tsp of turmeric with ½ tsp of salt. Add mustard oil to make a paste. Rub the teeth and gums with this paste twice daily.
      Diabetes

      ½–1 tsp of turmeric should be taken 3 times a day.
      Diarrhea

      Take ½ tsp of turmeric powder or juice in water, 3 times per day.

      Pain

      Mix 1 tsp of turmeric and 2 tsp of ginger with water to make a paste. Spread over a cloth, place on the affected area and bandage.

      Add 1 tsp of turmeric to 1 cup of warm milk and drink before bed.
      Other uses

      In cooking, turmeric acts as a yellow coloring agent. It is an important herb in Hindu rituals. It is also a ingredient in cosmetics as it is beneficial for the skin. Burning turmeric can repel insects. Inhaling the smoke can assist in coughs, asthma and congested nasal passages.
      Ears, Eyes, Nose and Mouth

      Turmeric dust, with alum 1:20, is blown into the ear to treat chronic otorrhea.

      Mix a pinch of Turmeric with organic ghee and apply it to the mucus lining of nose to stop the sniffles. It also stops nosebleeds, helps to clear the sinuses, restore a more acute sense of smell, and helps to purify the mind and brain.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to help someone deal with cancer?
    My sister has breast cancer and i want to help her with everything. I'm 17 years old and she is 23.
    Please any information would be greatly appreciated.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      My father is fighting with a stage 4 metastatic lung cancer. he's had 10 sessions of radiotherapy and 2 rounds of chemo (the chemo will continue). he had SOME hair loss but other than that, he had no other side effects. The primary tumor in his lung is now on remission and his doctors are awed by what they see. This is his take on this illness. He never said "Oh Gosh, I have stage 4 cancer, this is the end". On the contrary, his attitude is like "Okay, start with the treatment and get it over with, so I can continue with my life".

      The best thing you can do to your sister is to make her see that she's not alone, and she'll never be. Cancer is now like the flu. In every family, you'll see a cancer case. The name itself is scary as hell and the treatment is usually hard on the body but the most important thing she needs is morale.

      Visit the web site for Lance Armstrong Foundation and read the survival stories with her. That will help keep her strong, and her morale high. Keep negative people and chatter away from her, as those are the last things she'll need. Watch comedy movies with her, or whatever makes her laugh and make sure that she's having a good time. Morale and a perfectly good mood is what she needs, besides the treatment she's receiving.

      She'll probably have hair loss after the chemo. You can get a short haircut yourself to remind her that SHE has the roots and that her hair WILL eventually grow back.

      Other than that, feed her with vegetables. And the honey/curcuma (turmeric) mix will also help. Give her 2 tablespoons of honey mixed with 2 teaspoons of turmeric everyday. Some doctors advise you to eat this, even if you have cancer or not, because it helps control the abnormal cell activities in the body. Some oncologists may laugh at these natural stuff but we've been trying this and... so far so good.

      I hope your sister has a full recovery soon.

  3. QUESTION:
    Remedies for the side effects of cancer and cancer treatments?
    My Mum's battling with cancer at the moment and we're doing what we can for that. She also seems to have issues with wind trapped in her stomach that causes painful cramps and dry retching a couple of times a day. Does anyone know of a way to alleviate this?
    My Mum's battling with cancer at the moment and we're doing what we can for that. She's taking Morphine and Brufen to manage the pain, Antinaus for nausea and Laxsol as a laxative when she needs it. Also, a nutrient supplement as she's not eating too much.

    She's quite tired and need the morphine for pain but she's still pretty with it, and has some really good days when she'll eat properly, have a laugh and play with her grandson. Everyday though, she seems to have issues with wind trapped in her stomach that causes painful cramps and dry retching a couple of times a day. Does anyone know of a way to alleviate this?

    • ANSWER:
      Praying is a good thing then act on your prayer. Cancer is a terrible thing and if I had Cancer, I would be looking for a hundred ways to prevent my body from suffering. I hope you can convince your mother to help herself though the process.

      Avocado with Apple Cider Vinegar and Lemon

      Here’s a recipe that will make you go to the bathroom in a couple of hours.

      Peel 1-2 avocados
      Add a little sea salt
      3-4 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar (to taste)
      1-2 tablespoons of lemon (to taste)
      Mix all together and spread on your favorite crackers
      Have a good time eating

      You might want to give her some Chamomile tea, Essiac tea, Kombucha Tea, Ginger Root Tea, and Green tea are ways to soothe her stomach.

      I would also have her do the water cure and drink 6-8 glasses of distilled water with a pinch of unrefined Himalayan pink sea salt in distilled water. Also add 12 grains of brown rice to every gallon of distilled water she drinks to give her proper minerals to improve bowel function. Consider a coffee enema to start a stopped bowel function.

      Consider giving her a tablespoon of raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar, cinnamon, and honey is carrot juice three times a day.
      If she can handle a dash of cayenne and or turmeric then even better.

      Mega Doses of Vitamin C could restore her bowel movement and immune response. Whatever you do, there is no time to waste. Stick with whatever is working abd throw out the rest.

      Yah bless.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is natural that can dye my hair safely?
    I used hair dye and got some in my eye burned real bad. Is their any natural stuff I can use instead of this cancer causing crap? And don't tell me it is not proven it does cause cancer - that is just baloney by the big corporations
    we trust to test their own products.

    • ANSWER:
      For Natural Hair Color, Color Your Hair with Natural Dyes
      Chamomile is probably the most popular herbal hair colorant among blonds. A weekly rinse with this herb tea will also remedy the brown streaking that results from overexposure to the sun, and brighten "dishwater blond" hair.
      Just about any yellow-blossomed flower or herb can be used on blond hair, including calendula (it's also called pot marigold), mullein blooms and leaves, yellow broom flowers, saffron, turmeric and quassia chips.

      Lemon is also a time-honored hair lightener. The juice of two of the citrus fruits, strained into a quart of water, makes an excellent rinse that can be used in the same way as the chamomile preparation. Try to dry your hair in the sun after using a lemon rinse, in order to get the most from the treatment's lightening effect.

      Another native dye favored by blonds is prepared from rhubarb root, and it'll add attractive honey gold tones to light brown hair, as well. To put those glints in your locks, pour three cups of hot water over four tablespoons of chopped rhubarb root, and simmer the concoction for 20 minutes. Strain it, pour it through your freshly shampooed hair 15 or more times, rinse in clear water and again, weather permitting, dry it in the sun to strengthen the effect of the dyeing agent.
      For more info and other colors:

      http://www.motherearthnews.com/Natural-Health/1982-03-01/Color-Your-Hair-Naturally.aspx

  5. QUESTION:
    How good are spices and herbs for you?
    I am looking to up my antioxidant intake. I hear that spices and herbs are good for you. I am trying to include:

    Cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, cloves, oregano, parsley, mint, sage, turmeric, cilantro, and dandelion.

    I will be not only eating these, but making a tea out of them. How effective is this?

    • ANSWER:
      "Phyllis Balch, CNC" has been recommended in another Answer.

      Phyllis Bach (she's dead, of cancer) had no real qualifications at all.
      "CNC — "certified nutritional consultant" — is a bogus certification from the "American Association of Nutritional Consultants". AANC is a thoroughly disreputable organization whose only membership requirement has been payment of a fee and whose "CNC" designation is based on passage of an open-book examination based mainly on the contents of quacky books"
      Dogs, cats, and hamsters have obtained "professional membership" in AANC.

      ADDED
      "Nutritionist do pass extensive educational requirements in college before taking a certification exam for the designation of CCN (Affiliated with the CNC) and the CNC."

      It's a matter of record and easy to look up: Balch got her "CNC" designation from AANC, for 0 and an open book quiz. She had ZERO academic credentials.

  6. QUESTION:
    Is there an alternative to taking milk thistle?
    I have a history of breast cancer and all indications are that I should not take milk thistle. Is there an alternative I can take instead?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.teabenefits.com/herbal-tea-benefits/essiac-tea-benefits.html Some of the info listed on that page includes:
      Essiac Tea may enhance the immune system, fight free radicals and detoxify the body.
      Essiac Tea may help in shrinking tumors
      Essiac Tea may help in cleansing the blood
      Essiac Tea may promote cell repair
      Essiac Tea may help restore energy levels
      Essiac Tea may help remove excess mucuous in organs
      Essiac Tea may help improve the appetite
      Essiac Tea may help reduce the effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatments.

      They forgot to mention Essiac Tea is also supposed to be liver cleanser too according to another site http://www.healthfreedom.info/Cancer%20Essiac.htm
      excerpt from this site - ESSIAC--MORE THAN JUST A CANCER TREATMENT

      Dr. Frederick Banting, the co-discoverer of insulin became interested in Essiac and even offered Nurse Caisse research facilities to test it. According to Rene, Dr. Banting stated that "Essiac must actuate the pancreatic gland into normal functioning". Even today diabetics are using Essiac to improve their condition and many have gone off insulin entirely. (For more information on diabetes and Essiac read the Dr. Marijah McCain interview.)

      Essiac has become widely known for its remarkable ability to boost the immune system and detoxify the body. Many people who drink Essiac tea regularly report feeling healthier with less incidence of colds and flu. Burdock, for example, has a well-established reputation for detoxification and support of the liver and organs of elimination. To read about additional benefits of Essiac, CLICK HERE to read the interview with Dr. Marijah McCain.
      ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
      From another site there are 4 herbs listed -
      Title: 4 Herbs to Cleanse Your Liver
      Author: Michelle Schoffro Cook
      Site: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/4-herbs-to-cleanse-your-live.html
      1) Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum)
      2) Dandelion Root (Taraxacum Officinale)
      3) Globe Artichoke (Cynara Scolymus)
      Globe Artichoke contains compounds called caffeylquinic acids which have demonstrated powerful liver regenerating effects similar to milk thistle.

      4) Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
      A commonly-used spice in Indian curries, turmeric helps regenerate liver cells and cleanse it of toxins. Turmeric also increases the production of bile to help expel toxins and may help reduce liver inflammation.

      Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/4-herbs-to-cleanse-your-live.html#ixzz2F3jFVE1V
      ~~~~~
      I know you are not interested in the first one listed. The second one was already mentioned. Then there are two more. I have seen a lot of other articles supporting the benefits of herb #4 - Turmeric
      ~~~~~
      If you google "Turmeric vs cancer" you are sure to find lots of interesting info on that too.

      I hope this helps you find what you are looking for.
      Take care.

  7. QUESTION:
    how can i get rid of my man boobs after hospital gave me steroids?
    i got cancer at 7 years old and because i was so underweight they decided to give me steroids. im now 18 and ive tried so hard for about 6 years to get rid of them but nothing is happening they a serious confidence killer and i am sick of them. i heard that i could get a reduction done for free on the nhs but im not too sure about it. can anyone help me or give me any excercises that i can do to flatten my chest?

    • ANSWER:
      the steroids caused a hormone imbalance in your body. I currently also have man boobs =/ and yea its a confidence killer but theres 2 ways to get rid of them 1.surgery and 2. hormones. man boobs (hormone related man boobs) are caused when a man has higher level of estrogen (female hormone) than testosterone (male hormone) and no amount of exercise will ever make them go away. in fact many bodybuilders that use steroids have man boobs because of the steroids. one thing they do to get rid of the man boobs is take turmeric is a Indian spice that brings up testosterone in most men you can eat the natural root or just take turmeric pills (a simple Google search you'll find lot of those pills)

      In the source theres a link to a video that is helping me lose my man boobs and I hope it helps you to.

      oh and one last thing theres some pills that are supposed to get rid of hormone caused man boobs in 1-3 months heres the link

      http://www.gynecomastiatreatment.com/

      Now please don't jump right of to buying them as I'm not sure if they work as they are rather expensive just do what I'm doing and look for reviews online and then decide if you want to try them out. also maybe asking a doctor about them (I haven't had the chance to do that yet) could help

  8. QUESTION:
    My 70 yr old mom was just diagnosed with breast cancer - holistic approaches?
    She just had two lumps detected by a routine mammography. Biopsy showed them to be cancer; we don't know yet if they are an aggressive invasive type or not. She is diabetic, though she keeps it under strict control with diligent management. We already know we're looking at surgery and radiation. Are there any holistic approaches that would support her immune system?

    • ANSWER:
      Basil is an immune system stimulant.
      Apples deliver steady energy.
      Ginger,Peppermint and Chamomile for nausea.
      Magnesium for fatigue.
      Echinacea for stimulating immune system to help fight disease.
      Garlic for preventing anymore cancer spread and is a natural antibiotic so it wont kill your immune system. [most recommended and should be given fresh]
      Turmeric for diabetes.
      Golden seal as an antibiotic.

      I've done all of this research myself.
      I prefer to natural healing instead of popping chemicals into my body.
      Try it!

      Hope this helps!
      Any more questions email me at grimmfurie@yahoo.com. =]

  9. QUESTION:
    What are nutritious food and diet for a cancer patient.?
    Should cancer patients not eat red meat , canned mackerel, sardines and tuna , sausages, spams, hotdogs, hamburgers for life ? Also milk is bad ?

    • ANSWER:
      Definitely avoid meat-especially the processed stuff. For protein eat beans. Milk products might be okay in small doses-if you want dairy products go for organic (and possibly avoid low-fat products some studies show they, but not full-fat increase cancer risk), and chose cheese or yogurt (or other cultured foods) over milk or ice cream. Also try to cut back on salt, sugar, white flour and white rice, and avoid alcohol. Eat as many fruits and vegetables as possible. Try to eat whole grains-brown rice, whole wheat, steel-cut oats (not rolled or instant), barley (hulled not pearl), bulgur, millet, and quinoa. Overall, try to keep dietary fat low and fiber high.

      Use lots of spices (garlic, ginger, rosemary and turmeric especially) for their antioxidant and/or immune boosting effects. Maitake mushrooms (or D-fraction supplements) may be worth adding to your diet-they're popular in Asia as a cancer treatment, although there are only preliminary studies in the US. Also, try to get some light exercise-walking is great.

  10. QUESTION:
    Is it true that noodles contain boric acid that contribute to cancer?
    If you guys can help me further, what is the product when boric acid reacts with turmeric? Is there any solution to this problem?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes be prepaired to die if u are a noodle freak

  11. QUESTION:
    Turmeric as a supplement when battling prostate cancer?
    I bought it as I heard it was helpful for psoriasis (didn't help me.) My boyfriend is battling inoperable late-stage prostate cancer and he heard turmeric has show to shrink the tumor but that it has to be cooked. Anyone know anything about this?

    • ANSWER:
      While I do not believe that any supplement will help in his fight against prostate cancer, turmeric is said to lessen the discomfort from gynecomastia (breast tenderness) in men receiving anti-androgen therapy like Casodex. It certainly could not hurt him either as turmeric is a natural substance. You want the fresh root (probably from a health food store) and not the dried kind. It is not hot or spicy and can be added to foods. As with anything, please inform his doctors that he is using this substance (and any other supplements) so they are well informed. You and your boyfriend may want to seek out your local chapter of Us, Too, the prostate cancer support group. These are men that have been through all different treatments and can give firsthand advice.

  12. QUESTION:
    what herbs for scientology works to build immune system or white blood cells?
    i am needing to build white blood cells after cancer treatments, what is a good herb?

    • ANSWER:
      Turmeric, Neem, Basil leaves extract are very good natural supplement to build immune system strong. As for after cancer treatment have you ever heard of "Wheat Grass Juice"
      You can read the following for it.
      Take care and Good luck.

  13. QUESTION:
    Does anybody know whether indians have a lower rate of Cancer?
    I have recently read an article about curcumin the main ingredient of turmeric spice in life extension magazine which has lots of scientific articles about its benefits for interfering with certain cancer causing factors.If this is true then wouldn't indians,which use this spice in many dishes have a lower cancer rate.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no one factor that causes or prevents cancer (although not smoking will reduce your risk of certain types of cancer). India has the highest rates in the world of certain types of cancer, so there may be environmental, dietary or other factors at work there:

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC546104/

  14. QUESTION:
    a chemistry question: is it okay to combine a half cup yogurt with 1 tsp turmeric and 1/2 tsp ground ginger?
    This is a chemistry question. Each morning I combine yogurt, turmeric and ground ginger and I want to know if those ingredients combine well. I also want to know if I'm getting the full benefits of turmeric and ginger this way. Thanks so much.

    • ANSWER:
      turmeric is an awesome anti-cancer herb.

      GREAT way to jump start metabolism - should be OK

      I star off my day with low sodium V8 with tumeric, black pepper, garlic powder, red pepper, tumeric, cumerin, japopeno pepper and I feel it kick in almost immediately!!

  15. QUESTION:
    Seniors, What good things come in small packages?
    I'll start the list with Saffron, one of my favorite spices. At one time it was more expensive than gold, it is sold by the gram and is reputed to have anti-cancer properties. I would love to be gifted with a small package of saffron.

    • ANSWER:
      That's a great suggestion Patti, yes Saffron it's so expensive as you probably know it has to be carefully harvested from the crocus.

      I use Turmeric for it's colouring and light spicy taste but it's nowhere near as special.

      All good things come in small packages that's for sure including all babies human and the furry or feathered kind, items of jewellery and perfume.

  16. QUESTION:
    Can you name a few vegatables N fruits which aid in cure for cancer?
    My grandmother is suffering from cancer. Chemotherapy has no effect on her. So we are actively looking for some natural cure for cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      maitke mashroom, blueberries ,redwine, brocolli, turmeric ,soya products, wheat grass ,wheat germ, carrots tomatoes,and juice fresh help. go on a diet of wheat grass juice only there is cure according to some findings

  17. QUESTION:
    Can you recommend some good supplements to take?
    I am looking for some good supplements I can take. I take fish oil regularly and sometimes turmeric. Turmeric has a lot of health benefits like it may prevent breast cancer, alzheimer's, and stops new blood vessels in tumors. What else would you recommend taking that can prevent certain caners, etc.? Is there anything that can help improve blood flow in my hands?

    • ANSWER:
      I've researched a ton on supplements over the years. I believe that if one is not eating a 100% organic, fresh-picked raw food diet, it's a good idea to supplement one's diet. But, I must say right here that 99% of the vitamins and supplements in the marketplace should be taken off the shelf and flushed! They are basically worthless and could be quite harmful. However, there is a small percentage of supplements available that are fantastic! Let me explain the difference ….

      Most vitamins and supplements are "isolated" elements taken from the whole compound (food), recreated in a lab by heat processing. We need to realize that all chemistry is bonded magnetically together and when we break these bonds by isolating elements, we break the bonds of natural chemistry leaving the bonds open to magnetically bind to other elements or compounds creating RADICAL CHEMISTRY! Not only that, but when supplements are "processed" this usually means that heat has been applied in the formation, reducing or even totally eliminating vital nutrients.

      Besides this potentially dangerous processing, your body does not recognize these types of supplements and will try harder to eliminate them than to utilize them! When we consume real food, your body knows what to do with it - digests, absorbs and utilizes it - which is opposite of what happens when consuming these isolated elements…. just look in the toilet after you release your bladder when taking these isolates - you'll notice a pungent smell and dark color urine - this is the supplements being eliminated and not utilized by the body, wasting your money!

      Then, there are the few effective and safe supplements that are food itself - not recreated in a lab, not isolated elements, not overly-processed, but are a "wholefood" compound. The nutrients are kept in tact while maintaining the natural chemical bonds. More importantly, the body will not reject and eliminate it for being a foreign invader. To spend the extra money (you get what you pay for) ensures that you are getting not only an effective product, but that it is also safe.

      Diet is so important in balancing the body so that no health concerns exist OR to reverse conditions. Sometimes, we cannot eat the healthiest diet and must resort to supplementing with REAL food supplements.

      Here are a few examples of wholefood supplements:
      God's Garden Superfood Blends - http://tinyurl.com/83ja9o7
      Oceans Alive Marine Phytoplankton - http://tinyurl.com/7o8p8lj
      Healthforce Fruits of The Earth - http://tinyurl.com/7svvyyd

      Hope this helps you out! :)

  18. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know if Likas Papaya soap is FDA approved?
    Hi, so I'm thinking about buying this soap to lighten my skin. I've heard a lot of good things about the soap but I have my doubts. I've done my research on the soap and some people have said that they've gotten weird patches from using the soap and now I'm kind of worried and don't know if I should buy it. This product lightens a persons skin colour so well and now I'm suspicious. I don't want to develop skin cancer or another illness if it isn't FDA approved because I know that mercury is sometimes used in skin lightening products.

    Also I found a import refusal report on the FDA website so does this mean it isn't improved?

    http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/importrefusals/ir_detail.cfm?EntryId=FV9-9044082-1&DocId=16&LineId=1&SfxId=

    • ANSWER:
      the FDA doesn't approve anything that isn't from pharmaceutical companies, BIG PHARMA wouldn't want to lose customers to natural herbs or cosmetic products. I think you shouldn't use anything without looking at the ingredients though, some ingredients can be harmful. use more natural things like limes, or turmeric instead..

  19. QUESTION:
    Yellow turmeric for a whiter skin. How to prepare this?
    I just wanna know how to prepare a yellow turmeric to be applied on skin. thai's do this.

    • ANSWER:
      It's real sad to see that people aren't comfortable with their skin colour.

      Do you hate your race too?

      You can become more susceptible to skin cancer if you lighten your skin! Doesn't that scare you?!

      Stop trying to copy pathetic celebrities and love the skin you're in!

  20. QUESTION:
    how long does it take for brain cancer to kill you?
    How long does it take for brain cancer to kill someone? I don't have it but PLEASE tell me there's a cure for it... tell me anythinggg you need to do to get rid of it and how much time do you have if you're healthy, play soccer and do a lot of sports and stuff and you're 16...

    Thankyou so much

    • ANSWER:
      Neutron capture therapy is the most sophisticated & totally painless cure without surgery.
      There is a herbal cure too without surgery using Kashmiri herb Sumbalo( Scientific name Berberis Aristata), Sachchi Booti, turmeric powder & some other herbs in amixture. exact formula I can tell you after 2 days at least , as it will take time to search my collections.

  21. QUESTION:
    Can turmeric really kill or even cure cancer?
    They say turmeric can help prevent or cure cancer, is this true? Ps, what kind of cancer cells does it kill
    Ex: brain, esophagus, breast etc.

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    is there a special diet to help reduce prostate cancer?
    My 58 yr old father will be having ultrasound treatment, but would like to do the maximum to help himself and is looking for diet information. Can you help?

    • ANSWER:
      The main two foods which have been shown to help against prostate cancer are cranberry and tomatoes (cooked; raw tomatoes have been shown to promote the growth of some tumor types in vitro).

      All cancer-fighting foods, ie japanese green tea, berries, pomegranate, probiotics (kefir, russian-style yogurt, is a great probiotic), brocoli, turmeric, ginger, ect. in a reasonnable healthy diet are also a good idea.

  23. QUESTION:
    What can I do with fresh Turmeric?
    I bought some and don't know what to do with it! Every recipe calls for powder. I am interested in dietary ideas as well as cosmetic and medicinal.

    • ANSWER:
      Use fresh turmeric just like ginger. Peel it, grate it and add along with ginger and garlic in your curries. The amount of fresh tumeric would be about 1"x1" per teaspoon of dtied turmeric powder.
      Fresh Turmeric can also be used to make Chutney just like, fresh ginger.
      One thing you do not want to do is dry it out and than grind it to a powder. The fresh mature ginger needs to be boiled to a pukp and than dried and ground to make Turmeric powder.

      You can always grind fresh turmeric along with Vitamin E, Aloe-vera,and Almond oil. You can search the net for right proprtions. This paste helps lighten skin color, remove wrinkles, and is an excellent moisturizer.

      Turmeric in general has proven to be excellent for memory, and is credited for low rate of Alzheimer's disease in India.

      Click on following for nutrition profile
      http://www.indiacurry.com/nprofiles/turmeric.htm

      Turmeric (Curcumin) Nutrition Profile

      Turmeric is called "Haldi". Haldi is derived from Sanskrit name "Haridra". Turmeric is one of the basic ingredients used in making most of the Indian Curries. At this point I cant help mentioning one other customary use of Turmeric. The bride and bridegroom in India get a massage with specially formulated mix of Turmeric powder, Yogurt, Wholegrain wheat flour and Mustard oil. The result is a tanned body with a light yellow color that glows under candlelight. In United States, Turmeric is used in making pour-able mustard. Turmeric contains a compound "Curcumin", that gives it the distinct yellow color. For centuries, Turmeric has been used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. The German Commission E has approved turmeric for a variety of digestive disorders.

      Nutrients per teaspoon of ground turmeric powder.
      Energy: 8 kCal
      Protein: 7 g
      Fats: .22g (Saturated: .069, monounsaturated: .037, mostly polyunsaturated)
      Fiber: .5 g
      Moisture: .25 g
      Ash: .13 g
      Calcium: 4 mg
      Iron: .91 mg
      Magnesium: 4 mg
      Phosphorus: 6 mg
      Potassium: 56 mg
      Copper: .013 mg
      Manganese: .172 mg

      Health Benefits
      Antibiotic . When applied topically, it prevents bacterial infection and aids in healing wounds, cuts, bruises.
      Anti-inflammatory , and anti-ulcerative properties, orally, and topically. Curcumin has shown to reduce the inflammation of the uvea. It helps relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis by reducing inflammation.
      Curcumin increases detoxifying enzymes in the liver and protect it from from toxins such as carbon tetrachloride and acetominophen (caused by alcohol abuse or pain killers).
      Helps the production of bile emptying the gallbladder. In the process it helps break down fats. It reduces secretion of acid from the stomach and protects against inflammation along the intestinal walls. it strengthens digestion and helps improve intestinal flora. It aids in the digestion of protein.
      Lowers cholesterol levels and inhibits the oxidation of LDL. Oxidized LDL results in forming plaque in the walls of blood vessels. Turmeric also prevents platelet build up along the walls of an injured blood vessel. Platelets collecting at the site of a damaged blood vessel cause blood clots to form and blockage of the artery.
      Anti-cancer properties. It inhibits growth of leukemia, colon caner, oral cancer, prostate and breast cancers. When applied topically, inhibits growth of skin cancer.
      Reduces the destructive activity of parasites or roundworms.
      Alzheimer's Disease. In animal studies, it has been found to reduce actual Amyloid plaque, and recover some of the damage from oxidation and inflammation.

      Medicinal dosage
      Normal dosage for average adult: ¼ teaspoon of ground Turmeric taken twice a day.
      Turmeric should not be used in medicinal dosage during pregnancy or by people suffering from gall bladder disease. Excessive use could cause stomach ulcers.

  24. QUESTION:
    Why is turmeric contraindicated for patients with common bile duct obstruction?
    The Memorial Sloane-Kettering Cancer Centre website states that turmeric is contraindicated for patients with common bile duct obstruction. Does anyone know why? (I do know that if the obstruction continues then I will turn a lovely shade of turmeric/yellow.) Thanks.

    http://www.mskcc.org/mskcc/html/69401.cfm#Contraindications

    • ANSWER:
      It can cause contractions in the gall bladder, further obstructing the flow. Curcumin (the yellow/orange stuff), an extract of turmeric, can also cause this.
      The liver produces bile, the gall bladder stores and releases it as needed. Bile duct obstruction interferes with this process, as so do these contractions.

  25. QUESTION:
    What is the best treatment for recurrent melanoma?
    My mother had vaginal melanoma four years ago.She made a surgery and took Interferon for a year. She did a pet ct scan a week ago and it shows a mesenteric nodule measures 1.2 cm in the left side of the abdomen. What are the treatment options for her. Please help. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      yes western medicine , but alternative medicine says and I am not joking but turmeric is a cancer killer you could get you mother to take it in capsule form filling you own capsules is somthing available these days and there is a special chemical only found in tomato paste .. that also is really good to treat cancer, but the other thing I have read about is hydrogen peroxide as is oxygenates the blood and kills cancer cells

  26. QUESTION:
    Cooking with Turmeric?
    I have MRSA and Have heard it's good for curing it. I take the vitamins, but also want to eat it in food for more effect. Does anyone know any good recipes with turmeric as one of the main ingredients? Thanks so so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Here are a lot of recipes using tumeric. If you search for Indian cuisine, they use tumeric a lot as well.

      http://homecooking.about.com/library/archive/blturmeric.htm

      .

      And yes, Tumeric has health benefits:

      Vitabase turmeric contains Curcumin C3 Complex®, a clinically studied source of curcuminoids.
      Standardized to 95% curcuminoids – 475mg per capsule.
      Known for its anti-inflammatory properties.
      May be useful for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
      Easy-to-swallow vegetarian capsules.
      Doctor approved formulation.

      has been used in connection with the following conditions and symptoms:
      Digestive disorders - Curcumin, one of the active ingredients in turmeric, induces the flow of bile, which breaks down fats. Extracts of turmeric root inhibited gastric secretion and protected against injuries caused by medications such as indomethacin and reserpine in an animal study. Further studies are needed to confirm these effects in humans.
      Arthritis - Curcumin is an anti-inflammatory agent that relieves the aches and pains associated with arthritis.
      Cardiovascular conditions
      Cancer Turmeric has shown to decrease symptoms of skin cancers and reduced the incidence of chemically caused breast cancer in lab animals.
      Bacterial infection - The herb's volatile oil functions as an external antibiotic, preventing bacterial infection in wounds.

      The following are recommended adult doses:
      Standardized powder (curcumin): 400 to 600 mg three times daily
      Tincture (1:2): 3 to 5 mL three times per day

      TURMERIC, pH BALANCING, CLEANING SUPPLIES, COLLOIDAL SILVER
      3/9/2008: Laurie from Sunnydale, Florida writes: "My family has had MRSA 21 times. I have gotten rid of MRSA myself on my own body 3 times without taking antibiotics but found turmeric alone did not work the 3rd time. I also used a magnesium supplement- natural Calm.

      The ph info I have read on MRSA makes a lot of sense to me.following this principal i have also used borax in the laundry and epsom salts(magneisium) and baking soda in the bath. We use Mr. Clean multi surface to clean with as it states on the back of the cleaner it kills MRSA most cleaners don't - i know this is not a natural remedy but i have a daugter with Cystic Fibrosis and must kill other germs in my home also- I have read that clorox wipes do not kill mrsa we were using these in the begining of our outbreaks. My child with CF I have not been able to cure with natural remedies. I think turmeric tastes horrid -- kudos to you who drink it in tea. I have purchased the capsules for those of us who can swallow pills. For my younger children i have found a liquid version at the health food store just yesterday - they can not taste it in chocolate milk. I also cook with the spice. it is great in chicken salad and on a roast. The natural remedies we are now practicing in our home have definitely helped reduce the break outs but it is still not gone. I have just purchased colliodal silver supplement. As I just read about that having good results. I have posted my families story on MRSA notes. I beieve in natural cures but also know this is a bad bug and would not recommend waiting too long to seek a doctors help if you do not get immediate results with the natural cure. Good luck to all that are fighting MRSA!"

      MRSA REMEDIES: TURMERIC, BAKING SODA, SEA SALT AND RAW POTATO- SUCCESS!
      9/18/2007: Christine from Melbourne, Florida writes: "My son was dx with MRSA on his hip last month, from an abrasion. Rather than go through the drugs the dr wanted to give him, I decided to give the turmeric a try first since I have friends who have almost died, been hospitalized for up to 18 days and, now, two that had to have amputations because of MRSA. The pediatrician was not happy, but grudglingly went along. For the first 4 days I made a paste of tumeric, baking soda and sea salt. On the 5th day, under the advice of a friend, I grated a raw potato and put the gratings on the wound for about 30 min. We never got another drop of pus out of the MRSA wound. We countinued the paste for 2 more days, and it has healed up beautifully!!!

  27. QUESTION:
    Alternative cancer treatments and scientific research on ?
    Lots of foods and what not have been tested and found to kill cancer

    cells.Berries have all kinds of anti cancer substances.

    MD Anderson does all kinds of research on experimental

    cancer treatments . Resveratrol,emodin and turmeric

    Sloan Kettering does research on it.

    Pub Med .gov has research reports from all over the world

    on all kinds of cancer killing substances.

    The Nation Cancer Inst has tested everything.

    Will it cure you ?

    • ANSWER:
      There may be some benefits which is exactly why MD Anderson and Sloan Kettering are doing the research . .to see if the claims can be proven with REAL scientific data and research . . so far the research has been less than spectacular and hardly the stand up proclaimation for a cure . . still research continues so that if any benefit actually exists on some types of cancers than it can be used for treatments. There are over 200 different types of cancer and just as many subtypes . . it is possible that some of these alt treatments may benefit some people or some stages of the disease . . hardly call any of them a 'cure' for cancer though.

      As for food . . remember that cancer is your own unique DNA, your own cells . . it isn't something foreign in the body. The food we eat supposedly is to make our bodies strong . . there is evidence that some foods that we eat not only make the body strong but will strengthen and encourage the cancer to grow as well. This is why doctors encourage people who use alternatives to tell them which treatments they are using . . in some cases the alternatives intetere with the traditional cancer treatments and unfortunately in some cases actually promote cancer growth.

      I have know many cancer patients . .the majority of them with advanced cancer and unfortunately most have died. When people are dealing with a rare cancer with few treatment options they will often 'try out' the alternative medicine . . so I have known quite a few who have done this. Out of at least 200 patients with advanced sarcoma . . only the patients who went with traditional medicine have survived more than five years . . I don't anyone who tried the alternative route who survived. That has been my observation.

  28. QUESTION:
    What sort of vitamins should I be taking as a new vegetarian?
    I just took meat out of my diet, so I bought some b12 and a multivitamin with Iron in it. The B12 is 500 mcg and the iron is 18mg. Is this the is this the right amount of supplements I should be taking? Im an 18 year old male. 175lbs

    • ANSWER:
      I was a vegetarian for around four years. I plan to go back to it someday. You did the right thing by buying vitamin B12, you can get it from vegetables but our bodies don't absorb it as well, so its good that you are supplementing your B12 intake. Iron is also something you need, so again, good job.

      Make sure you also get enough protein, I would also recommend fish oil or krill oil capsules if you cut fish and seafood out of your diet. Its a good source of Omega amino acids. If you cut out diary as well (since some people do when they go vegetarian) I would recommend a calcium supplement.

      Also, if you want to eat something that is packed with vitamins and is great for digestion and elimination try Chia seed. It is relatively cheap and although the texture takes some getting used to (you mix it with water and it becomes a gel within seconds) I find that waking up with a glass of chia seed gel to be extremely beneficial to my health.

      Overall, a good, rounded out diet, plus a few vitamin supplements would be great. Cutting out meat is healthy anyway.

      Lastly, expand your use of spices. Don't settle for just salt and black pepper. Turmeric (amazing anti-cancer properties plus beta carotene), cayenne pepper (super hot so be careful), cumin, paprika, and garlic powder are all AMAZING for your health and they taste great.

  29. QUESTION:
    what are some good ways to use turmeric root?
    i want to use it in a sauce or anything. i just fried it.. forced myself to eat half of it and threw the rest out... im determined to make something that wont make me gag lol so think u can help? im a vegetarian also. so its like i got this hard roots that are not mashable and idk what to do with it! THANKS X)
    im a guy.. i have to eat it for health reasons

    • ANSWER:
      20 Health Benefits of Turmeric

      Turmeric is one of nature's most powerful healers. The active ingredient in turmeric is curcumin. Tumeric has been used for over 2500 years in India, where it was most likely first used as a dye.

      The medicinal properties of this spice have been slowly revealing themselves over the centuries. Long known for its anti-inflammatory properties, recent research has revealed that turmeric is a natural wonder, proving beneficial in the treatment of many different health conditions from cancer to Alzheimer's disease.

      Here are 20 reasons to add turmeric to your diet:

      1. It is a natural antiseptic and antibacterial agent, useful in disinfecting cuts and burns.

      2. When combined with cauliflower, it has shown to prevent prostate cancer and stop the growth of existing prostate cancer.

      3. Prevented breast cancer from spreading to the lungs in mice.

      4. May prevent melanoma and cause existing melanoma cells to commit suicide.

      5. Reduces the risk of childhood leukemia.

      6. Is a natural liver detoxifier.

      7. May prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildup in the brain.

      8. May prevent metastases from occurring in many different forms of cancer.

      9. It is a potent natural anti-inflammatory that works as well as many anti-inflammatory drugs but without the side effects.

      10. Has shown promise in slowing the progression of multiple sclerosis in mice.

      11. Is a natural painkiller and cox-2 inhibitor.

      12. May aid in fat metabolism and help in weight management.

      13. Has long been used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for depression.

      14. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it is a natural treatment for arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

      15. Boosts the effects of chemo drug paclitaxel and reduces its side effects.

      16. Promising studies are underway on the effects of turmeric on pancreatic cancer.

      17. Studies are ongoing in the positive effects of turmeric on multiple myeloma.

      18. Has been shown to stop the growth of new blood vessels in tumors.

      19. Speeds up wound healing and assists in remodeling of damaged skin.

      20. May help in the treatment of psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions.

      Turmeric can be taken in powder or pill form. It is available in pill form in most health food stores, usually in 250-500mg capsules.

      Once you start using turmeric on a regular basis, it's fun to find new ways to use it in recipes. My favorite way to use it is to add a pinch of it to egg salad. It adds a nice flavor and gives the egg salad a rich yellow hue.

      Contraindications: Turmeric should not be used by people with gallstones or bile obstruction. Though turmeric is often used by pregnant women, it is important to consult with a doctor before doing so as turmeric can be a uterine stimulant.
      xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
      Lentils with Zucchini Recipe
      This Indian dish combines lentils and zucchini with turmeric, garam masala, ginger, and chile for a tasty side dish with a bit of a bite.
      Prep Time: 15 minutes Cook Time: 1 hour, 15 minutes Total Time: 1 hour, 30 minutes

      Ingredients:

      * 1/2 cup lentils, rinsed
      * 2-1/2 cups water
      * 1/2 teaspoon turmeric
      * 3 Tablespoons ghee (clarified butter)
      * 2 garlic cloves, chopped
      * 1 (1/2-inch) piece ginger
      * 1 green chile, chopped
      * 1 small zucchini, chopped
      * Salt
      * 1/2 teaspoon garam masala
      * 1 teaspoon cumin seeds

      Preparation:
      Place lentils, water, and turmeric in a pot over medium heat and bring to a boil. Continue cooking, removing the froth from the top from time to time.

      In a separate pot, heat half the ghee. Saute onion and garlic till golden. Stir in ginger, chile, and zucchini. Mix thoroughly and continue to cook for 5 minutes.

      Transfer the lentils to the zucchini mixture. Stir in salt and garam masala. Half cover the pot, lower the heat and cook for 15 minutes.

      In the remaining ghee, toss in the cumin seeds and heat till they sizzle and change color.

      Serve lentils hot with the ghee cumin seeds.Yield: 4 servings
      xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
      SAAG PANEER
      Tart cheese and spicy spinach combine in this classic recipe. If you can't find paneer, use farmer cheese from the supermarket. Serves 6.

      1 10-oz bag spinach, washed and trimmed
      1 tsp salt
      1/2 tsp turmeric
      1/2 tsp paprika
      1 tsp garam masala
      Dried red chiles, to taste (1 for a mild dish)
      1/4 cup water
      3 Tbsp ghee or clarified butter
      8 oz paneer or farmer cheese, cut into chunks

      In a large pot, add first 7 ingredients; cover and cook over medium heat for 6-8 minutes, until spinach is completed wilted. Add contents of the pot, including all liquid, to the workbowl of a blender, and process to a smooth puree. Place in a serving bowl. In a frying pan, heat the ghee until it is very hot, and add the cheese. Cook, stirring constantly, until the cheese is lightly browned, 2-3 minutes. Add to the spinach, and serve hot.
      xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
      Sunchoke Daylily Casserole Recipe
      Sunchokes (Jerusalem artichokes) are seasoned with garlic, turmeric, tarragon, and chili paste, then baked with tofu and walnuts.Prep Time: 15 minutes
      Cook Time: 40 minutes
      Total Time: 55 minutes
      Ingredients:

      * 1 cup vegetable stock
      * 2 Tablespoons kudzu or arrowroot
      * 1-1/2 teaspoons miso
      * 2 cloves garlic, chopped
      * 1 teaspoon turmeric
      * 1 teaspoon dried mint, finely crumbled
      * 1 teaspoon dried tarragon, finely crumbled
      * 1/2 teaspoon chili paste or 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper, or to taste
      * 2 cups sunchokes (Jerusalem artichokes), sliced
      * 1-1/2 cups daylily shoots or chopped scallions
      * 1 cup drained and diced firm tofu
      * 1/2 cup walnuts, chopped

      Preparation:
      Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.

      In a blender, combine the stock, kudzu, miso, garlic, [b">turmeric]turmeric, mint, tarragon, and ground chiles. Process until smooth.

      Combine the stock mixture with the sunchokes, daylily shoots or scallions, tofu, and walnuts in a 1-1/2 quart oiled casserole dish. Bake, covered, until bubbly, about 40 minutes. Serve hot.

      Yield: 4 servings
      xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  30. QUESTION:
    WHAT IS TURMERIC AND WHAT DOES IT DO FOR THE BODY?
    What is Tueric and how does it benefit the human body?

    • ANSWER:
      In traditional Chinese medicineA whole medical system that originated in China. It is based on the concept that disease results from disruption in the flow of qi and imbalance in the forces of yin and yang. Practices such as herbs, meditation, massage, and acupuncture seek to aid healing by restoring the yin-yang balance and the flow of qi. and Ayurvedic medicineA whole medical system that originated in India. It aims to integrate the body, mind, and spirit to prevent and treat disease. Therapies used include herbs, massage, and yoga., turmeric has been used to aid digestion and liver function, relieve arthritis pain, and regulate menstruation.
      Turmeric has also been applied directly to the skin for eczema and wound healing.
      Today, turmeric is used for conditions such as heartburn, stomach ulcers, and gallstones. It is also used to reduce inflammation, as well as to prevent and treat cancer.

  31. QUESTION:
    Can I eat tumeric -- like take a spoon of the powder and just wash it down with some water?
    I was just wondering... I've heard it's very bitter, and I'm a bit afraid to try it. I need more foods that are anti-inflammatory in my diet, though, and this is the only way I can see to get them (I have little control over my diet due to money circumstances).
    Sorry -- I meant turmeric, not tumeric.

    • ANSWER:
      ++++++++++++++++++++++++++

      Turmeric can be taken in powder or pill form. It is available in pill form in most health food stores, usually in 250-500mg capsules.

      Here are 20 reasons to add turmeric to your diet:

      1. It is a natural antiseptic and antibacterial agent, useful in disinfecting cuts and burns.
      2. When combined with cauliflower, it has shown to prevent prostate cancer and stop the growth of existing prostate cancer.
      3. Prevented breast cancer from spreading to the lungs in mice.
      4. May prevent melanoma and cause existing melanoma cells to commit suicide.
      5. Reduces the risk of childhood leukemia.
      6. Is a natural liver detoxifier.
      7. May prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildup in the brain.
      8. May prevent metastases from occurring in many different forms of cancer.
      9. It is a potent natural anti-inflammatory that works as well as many anti-inflammatory drugs but without the side effects.
      10. Has shown promise in slowing the progression of multiple sclerosis in mice.
      11. Is a natural painkiller and cox-2 inhibitor.
      12. May aid in fat metabolism and help in weight management.
      13. Has long been used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for depression.
      14. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it is a natural treatment for arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
      15. Boosts the effects of chemo drug paclitaxel and reduces its side effects.
      16. Promising studies are underway on the effects of turmeric on pancreatic cancer.
      17. Studies are ongoing in the positive effects of turmeric on multiple myeloma.
      18. Has been shown to stop the growth of new blood vessels in tumors.
      19. Speeds up wound healing and assists in remodeling of damaged skin.
      20. May help in the treatment of psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions.

  32. QUESTION:
    what is the 5 best herbs known to man?
    Curious what you might think and why. I believe 1.Garlic 2. Aloe vera Juice 3. Pomegrante 4. Turmeric 5. Parsley must be the best, but do you know any better ones than these for curing cancer, better healthy and just the best cure alls know to man?

    • ANSWER:
      Garlic is definitely one of the best all around herbs. Habanero peppers- Great for circulation
      Milk Thistle and Dandelion for the liver. Ginko biloba for the brain. Lobelia for the lungs and a nerve tonic. Red Clover: a blood cleaner. These are just a few. There are many more that can contribute to great health.

  33. QUESTION:
    What are the pros and cons of being vegan?
    I have been a vegetarian for 6 months and would like to take it a step further and become vegan. I have researched this subject for some time but seem to get contradictory answers from the web...What do you guys think?

    • ANSWER:
      Pros:

      Although research studies on vegans are few in number, there are some things that have been clearly shown. It is observed that vegans are significantly thinner, their blood pressure levels are lower, and they have lower blood cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels than other vegetarians and much lower levels than those who eat meat (omnivores). These factors all translate into a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. The lower body weight would also be associated with a lower risk of cancer and diabetes.

      These health advantages can be partly explained by the fact that vegan diets are richer in dietary fiber, higher in potassium and magnesium, folic acid, the antioxidant vitamins C and E, and the health-promoting phytochemicals. Fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts have all shown protective characteristics against the major chronic diseases.

      Those who consume high levels of these plant foods show lower levels of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, and some cancers, compared with those who consume low levels of the plant foods. In addition, the use of spices such as turmeric, ginger, garlic, and onions to flavor food protects the consumer against cancer, stroke and heart disease.

      Eliminating meat from the diet may not lower your saturated fat and cholesterol intake if a considerable use is made of milk, eggs and cheese. However, if one uses non-fat dairy products and egg whites (without the yolk), then the saturated fat and cholesterol intake will be considerably reduced. The dairy products can carry a slight risk of Listeriosis and Salmonella poisoning as well as allergies from milk protein and antibiotic residues in the milk. On the other hand, eggs carry a risk of salmonellosis and must be thoroughly cooked before consumption. The elderly, pregnant women and children are particularly vulnerable to improperly cooked eggs due to their partially compromised immune system.

      Things to consider:
      There are always questions about calcium and vitamin D intakes and the impact these have upon risk of bone fractures in vegans. Eliminating dairy from the diet does remove a good source of calcium from the diet. Vegans can get their daily needs of calcium from dark green leafy vegetables (such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, and bok choy), calcium-fortified soy and rice beverages, and cereals, and calcium-fortified orange and apple juices. Tofu, oranges, tahini, figs, and sweet potatoes also provide useful amounts of calcium.

      A large study in the United Kingdom showed that common bone fractures were no more common in vegans provided they consumed over 525 mg calcium a day. In addition to calcium, other components of a plant-based diet that are believed to protect the integrity of bone structure are potassium, magnesium, vitamin K, soy, and certain culinary herbs, such as thyme, sage, and rosemary.

      The potassium- and magnesium-rich fruits and vegetables provide an alkaline residue which protects against bone loss. This alkaline residue is especially important to the aging kidney which has a problem with handling excess acid. Vitamin K-rich leafy vegetables facilitate the formation of the essential bone protein osteocalcin. Women with a higher vitamin K intake (a green leafy vegetable at least once a day) had a 45 percent reduced risk of hip fractures compared to those women with a low intake (eating a leafy vegetable less than once a week).

      Soy is particularly useful in protecting against loss of bone mineral density especially in post-menopausal women. The isoflavones in soy are also reported to significantly promote bone formation and inhibit bone loss. Two servings of soy per day provides the optimal effect.

      Vitamin D that is required for calcium metabolism can be obtained from vitamin D-fortified cereals, margarines, and soy beverages. During the winter months, vitamin D –rich foods are essential since very little, if any, vitamin D is synthesized by the body during the winter months for those living north of Denver and Washington DC.

      Iron deficiency is a worldwide concern for everyone, especially women of child-bearing age. Eliminating dairy from the diet has no impact on iron status since milk is a very poor source of iron. Furthermore, the iron in egg is not readily bioavailable. Hence, the vegan is not considered to be at any greater risk of iron deficiency compared with other vegetarians.

      A major concern for those who subsist solely on plant foods has been vitamin B12. While meat, milk and eggs have ample vitamin B12 , plants contain none. Vitamin B12 deficiency can have serious consequences such as early dementia, lack of coordination, forgetfulness, nerve dysfunction, memory loss, disorientation, difficulty with concentration, and difficulty with one’s balance when walking.

      It is important for vegans to daily consume foods fortified with vitamin B12 such as fortified soy and rice beverages, some cereals and meat analogs. Reading labels

  34. QUESTION:
    What are some great delicious healthy foods when eating right?
    Okay so im trying to lose 40 pounds the healthy and traditional way...eating less junk and exercising more. What are some foods that are good for you? I love fish sushi fri=uit and salad. Got any other suggestions? List a lot and states some benefits. Any superfoods? Share that!

    • ANSWER:
      Whole-wheat bean burritos made with non-fat refried beans and diced tomatoes (Italian or Mexican-style - many choices - change when you get tired of one). It's low in fat, high in fiber & protein. It's cheap, filling, and delicious. But leave off the sour cream! Mix in turmeric (curry spice, anti-cancer superfood) with the refried beans for extra flavor.

      Add dried cranberries to oatmeal. Cranberries are a superfood, high in anti-oxididants and they kill bacteria that cause tooth decay & bladder infections.

      Munch on raw broccoli - the ultimate superfood.

      I've become accustomed to eating tunafish right out of the can. No fuss, no muss, no extra calories from bread or mayo.
      I put some on a plate for my cat, but she prefers to wait for me to finish then eat the remains from the can. What a copy-cat!

      Use lo-cal salad dressings - vinagrette or rice vinegar. Maybe a little olive oil (superfood in moderate amounts).

      Drink lots of water - the best stuff on earth.

      Good luck. Embarking on a healthy diet is a great adventure.

      The next 5 pounds you lose is the most important (scientific fact).

      - Ray Eston Smith Jr

  35. QUESTION:
    What is the easiest and quickest method to get rid of sun tan?
    what to apply for light tanning and how to bring back the glow of skin?

    • ANSWER:
      How to prevent Sunburn: Expose Ur body and or the affected parts within 90 minutes from sunrise & within 60 minutes before sunset. During strong winds, no exposure please. Any extra exposure shall be @ Ur own peril.

      How to remove excess heat from the body?
      Blisters/Scars are an offshoot excessive accumulation of heat in the body.
      A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, beans, and seeds provides thousands of micronutrients, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that can help protect against cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease, among other conditions, experts say.
      Herbal remedy for excess heat----i tsp of black peppers + 8 tsp of crystal sugar/misri grind it and keep the powder in a glass bottle. take one tsp powder + 2 glasses of plain water in an empty stomach and do not take anything for 30 minutes. one can get cure in 10 days.

      How to Remove Blisters/Scars? 1. Aloe Vera gel --30 ml. + 1 table spoon of honey t.d.s.
      2. Paint the affected part[s] with honey + turmeric powder and after an hour wash it.
      3. Acupressure Techniques—NO MEDICATION. NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. NO COSTS. IT IS SAFE ALSO.
      With ur thumb, press ur/his/her palms and soles, wrists and ankles on both sides. Suppose pain is felt while pressing a particular point in the palm/sole, u have to press the surrounding area—just like u r pumping out air from that painful point. The blocked energy in any internal organ, be it lungs, heart, stomach, kidneys, pancreas, liver, etc., shall be released along with toxins if any. As a last point u must press middle part of each palm/sole; so that toxins, if any, shall be excreted/purged through urine without affecting the kidneys.
      It should be done in an empty stomach or 2 hours after meals. With this, all the endocrine glands and their hormonal secretions shall be regulated. All internal organs shall function up to optimal levels. Ur entire immune sytem gets invigorated to produce antibodies.
      If U r satisfied with results, Please inform others to join Yahoo Answers for their health problems.

  36. QUESTION:
    How can I motivate myself to stay on a diet?
    I need to lose weight, but the thing is, a diet isn't something you do for a while and then stop. You have to make it a lifestyle. So I need to be motivated to do this for the rest of my life. Plus, I'm not sure what I can and cannot eat since there are so many diets out there.

    • ANSWER:
      Don't worry about your "final goal" - the next 5 pounds is the most important. That's a medical fact. The last 5 pounds you put on did the most damage to your health; losing just that 5 pounds will give you the greatest health benefit. After you lose that 5 pounds, then the NEXT 5 pounds will be the most important.

      Focus on the positive. Once you choose which healthy foods you're going to eat, think about how healthy they are and all the good things those healthy foods are doing for your body and how delicious each bite is. You will be so busy eating healthy foods you really won't have time for junk food.

      My diet is based on "super foods" - foods with lots and lots of nutritional benefits with minimum calories.

      Here's my diet:

      (1) As soon as I get up in the morning I drink a cup of unsweetened cocoa, flavored with cinnamon. I used to use Truvia for sweetener, but after a while I found that I like it better unsweetened. I use pure unsweetened cocoa from a can I buy in the baking section. The caffeine in cocoa revs the metabolism. It's also rich in anti-oxidants (anti-cancer, anti-aging). Most important cocoa lowers blood pressure:
      http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/210160/cocoa_lowers_blood_pressure_tea_does.html

      (2) A half-hour walk on an empty stomach before breakfast. Exercising before breaking your fast activates fat-burning hormones. It not only helps you lose weight, it also helps prevent diabetes.
      http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/12/15/phys-ed-the-benefits-of-exercising-before-breakfast/

      After my morning walk:

      (3) A bite of sauerkraut. It might ward off both flu and cancer:
      http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-144718554.html

      (4) A low-fat mixed-berry yogurt, with dried cranberries added.

      (5) My main meal, my super-food Nuclear Casserole :
      This takes 15-20 minutes to prepare and 20-30 minutes to heat in the microwave.

      In a 2-quart microwaveable bowl:
      One cup of whole wheat pasta (I prefer rotini).
      One chopped carrot.
      One quarter chopped red onion.
      Some broccoli, broken up. (I use the florets in the casserole & save the stalk for a delicious snack.)
      A handful of fresh spinach.
      A small can of no-salt-added mushroom pieces.
      One half can of beans (preferably red beans) - more anti-oxidants than any other food
      One half can of mackerel (or tuna) - your body LOVES fish
      One small can of no-salt-added tomato sauce
      One small can of low-sodium V-8 juice.
      One tablespoon of macha (powdered green tea) - you might want to start with much smaller amounts of macha until you get used to the taste
      Some garlic (I use powdered garlic but some day I'll start using fresh garlic cloves)
      Powdered ginger
      Oregano
      Turmeric (super-healthy spice)
      Parsley flakes
      About a tablespoon of extra-virgin olive oil
      Hot pepper sauce (My favorite brand is Valentina, extra hot. I buy 34 oz bottles. How much to use? I shake the bottle over the casserole until my arm gets tired. You might want to start with smaller amounts.)
      Add just enough water to cover everything.
      Nuke it for 20 or 30 minutes, until it's not watery anymore.
      Eat it slowly, savoring each bite.

      Just before or after breakfast, I take vitamin supplements:
      Multi-vitamin
      Vitamin D (very important)
      Citracal
      Vitamin C
      B-Complex
      glucosamine/chondroitin (for my arthritis)
      St John's Wort pill (herb widely used in Europe to prevent depression)

      Skip lunch or have a low-fat yogurt.

      Drink lots of water and cocoa throughout the day.

      Have about 10 walnut halves for snacks - very good for the arteries.
      Have some fruit during the day: kiwi fruit, bananas, apples, dried cranberries, whatever you like. Eat a lot of fruit. Don't worry about how much. If you eat too much fruit, your body will let you know by giving you the runs.

      Evening meal:
      Simplified casserole.
      One cup of whole wheat pasta
      One can of tuna.
      One small can of no-salt-added tomato sauce
      One small can of low-sodium V-8 juice.
      Some garlic
      Powdered ginger
      Oregano
      Turmeric
      Parsley flakes
      About a tablespoon of extra-virgin olive oil
      Hot pepper sauce
      Cover with water
      Nuke 15-20 minutes in the microwave

      One mouthful of red wine. Willamette Valley Pinot Noir is the best because it's made with a process that maximizes resveratrol. It's the only wine that lists resveratrol content on the label. Resveratrol is the only substance that has been scientifically proven to slow down aging (at least in lab rats). Stomach acid destroys resveratrol, so you want to hold it in your mouth as long as possible (about one minute) to absorb the resveratrol through your cheeks and under your tongue. I think one mouthful a day is sufficient. If you drank more than two glasses a day, the harmful effects of the alcohol would start to outweigh the benefits.
      http://www.brainready.com/blog/redwinebutwhichkind.html
      http://www.imminst.org/forum/topic/23733-buccal-delivery-superior/

  37. QUESTION:
    How to do that when is called for healing scars old?
    When cut before operation do, I left for example scars not healing and leaving the marks do.

    • ANSWER:
      •How to remove excess heat from the body? An internal medicine for scars, pimples. etc.,
      Blisters/Scars/dry lips/dry mouth, acne/pimples, etc., are an offshoot of excessive accumulation of heat in the body.
      A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, beans, and seeds provides thousands of micro-nutrients, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that can help protect against cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease, among other conditions, experts say.
      Herbal remedy for excess heat----i tsp of black peppers + 8 tsp of crystal sugar/misri grind it and keep the powder in a glass bottle. take one tsp powder + 2 glasses of plain water in an empty stomach and do not take anything for 30 minutes. one can, hopefully, get cure in 10 days.

      How to Remove Pimples/Acne/Blisters/Scars? 1. Aloe Vera gel --30 ml. + 1 table spoon of honey t.d.s.
      2. Paint the affected part[s] with honey + turmeric powder and after an hour wash it.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source:
      'Health In Ur Hands' by Dr.Devendra Vora,D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P., an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are some good foods and exciercies to loose weight?
    I wanna loose some weight and tone my body for the summer I am 14 and am almost over weight any advice? What are some good things to eat and what are some good exercises to do. O and does being a vegetarian have anything to do with my weight?

    • ANSWER:
      This plus some exercise 3 or more times a week :]] it will tone you up and you'll be FFFIIIINNNNEEE

      VVVVV

      The trick to losing weight is to keep your metabolism going fast!
      To do so, you must eat a small snack every 3 hours [fruit..very low in calories]

      I find that the best and healthiest way of dieting is as follows:

      It is a whole food diet.
      What is a whole food diet?
      It mostly consists of Vegetables, Fruits and any other NON processed foods.

      Substitute chicken/beef with tofu.
      Most people don't like the sound of tofu, but I found that with a little bit of flavor it's delicious!
      I even put it on my sandwich sometimes instead of having a turkey sandwich.

      Salads
      your diet should be mostly salads,
      instead of the fatty ranch dressing bring out the olive oil and vinegar/Salt and pepper!
      maybe a little bit of feta cheese[but you should really limit your intake on cheese]

      Snack on fruits all day!
      Every 3 hours it's best to eat a low calorie snack!..I suggest a fruit
      [This speeds up your metabolism!]
      Eat a banana, apple, berries..any fruit!
      It's low calorie and speeds up your metabolism snacking on them!! ;D How great!!

      Make sure you get all your nutrients!
      I suggest to keep a juicer in the house,
      Juice up some carrot juice!
      drinking a cup a day has many health benefits,

      Doing all this...you won't be hungry for a moment in your day and you will lose weight,
      I do it every day, and I am 125lbs 5'5

      My sister lost 50lbs

      I'm not trying to sell a product or anything! :p it's just the most effective way of losing weight!!
      I always see people using those jenny craig diet type stuff...and it never works

      in my opinion, it is your calorie intake and ...lay off the processed foods!
      Become a more healthy person,

      Here are some fun facts about certain foods....

      Dark Chocolate;
      Dark chocolate contains a large number of antioxidants (nearly 8 times the number found in strawberries). Flavonoids also help relax blood pressure through the production of nitric oxide, and balance certain hormones in the body. Dark chocolate is good for your heart. A small bar of it everyday can help keep your heart and cardiovascular system running well.

      Olive Oil
      olive oil in your diet may offer benefits in terms of colon cancer prevention

      Carrots;
      Carrots are excellent for the eyes.
      Carrot juice has anti-carcinogen properties. Thus, it helps prevent cancer. It is also believed to have cancer-curing properties.
      two glasses of carrot juice a day can increase your immunity by as much as 70%!

      Turmeric;
      Is a natural liver detoxifier.
      May prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildup in the brain.
      MAY AID IN FAT METABOLISM AND HELP IN WEIGHT MANAGEMENT!!

      there are many more benefits,

      check them out!
      I find nutrition interesting,
      and you should too! it's important!

  39. QUESTION:
    How can i get clearer, fairer and healthier skin?
    Kk, I'm mixed race but I'm a bit darker then most. I want my skin to look and feel nicer but i don't really know what products to use or what foods to avoid and what foods to eat. I also don't know what to do with face washing routines or if to apply moisturiser and what kind. I've also started to get spots on my chest, shoulders and back, what can I do to prevent these?

    • ANSWER:
      Try this:

      Clear Skin Remedy

      Ingredients:

      Besan which is also known as (Gram Flour)
      Fresh lemon juice
      Yogurt
      Turmeric powder (optional)

      Method:

      Add 1-2 table spoons of gram flour in a small bowl or plate, then add 1-2 teaspoons of dairy yogurt, give it a mix until it creates a good thick paste, when paste is made add 2 tablespoons of fresh lemon juice, also add just a pinch of turmeric powder mix all together and apply on whole face. Leave to work and dry for 15-20 minutes, after then wash of smoothly by tapping some water on face and rubbing in a circular motion from there completely wash the face. Once washed tap dry with towel. That should brighten your skin; Give it a glow.

      STOP eating and drinking foods with refined or artificial sugars, like high fructose corn syrup, crystalline fructose or aspartame/phenylalanine. Up your vitamin C, K & A. Do some exercise like dancing or yoga. Get a little sun everyday, no more than 10 minutes if you have a light complexion. Drink more water. Try using witchazel as a toner during the day, and unfiltered apple cider vinegar at night.

      http://food.qandas.com/healthy-recipes/what-are-some-foods-high-in-vitamin-a.html
      http://vitamins.lovetoknow.com/Foods_High_in_Vitamin_C
      http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/food/vitamin-k-foods.htm

      A raw potato is cheap and brilliant skin treatment. The vitamin C makes your skin glow, and alkaline in the potato kills the bacteria on your face. The potato also has an exfoliating effect helping you to get rid of dead skin cells. Papaya fruit produces similar effect; you should also use it raw. (Make sure the potato isn't genetically modified!)

      http://www.mybeautyrecipes.com/homemade_acne_masks.html
      http://www.healthrecipes.com/homemade_beauty_recipes.htm
      http://www.skin-care-recipes-and-remedies.com/facial-mask-recipe.html
      http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/233332/numerous_homemade_facial_mask_recipes.html?cat=69

      http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-wellbeing/health-news/suppressed-report-shows-cancer-link-to-gm-potatoes-436673.html

      http://www.naturalacneremedy.com/btf/clearskindiet.html
      http://healing.about.com/cs/skincare/a/uc_acneguide.htm

      100% Natural Shea Butter is a great moisturizer, and you want to avoid any products that contain toxins such as:

      * Mineral Oil, Paraffin & Petrolatum – Petroleum products coat the skin like plastic, clogging pores and creating a build-up of toxins, which in turn accumulate and can lead to dermatological issues, like slowing cellular development, which can cause you to show earlier signs of aging. Suspected cause of cancer & Disruptive of hormonal activity.

      * PARABENS – Such as methyl- propyl- butyl- & ethyl- parabens: Widely used as preservatives in the cosmetic industry (including moisturizers). An estimated 13,200 cosmetic and skin care products contain parabens. Studies implicate their connection with cancer. They have hormone-disrupting qualities – mimicking estrogen – and interfere with the body’s endocrine system.

      * Phenol carbolic acid – Found in many lotions and skin creams. Can cause circulatory collapse, paralysis, convulsions, coma and even death from respiratory failure.

      * Propylene glycol – Used as a moisturizer in cosmetics and as a carrier in fragrance oils. Shown to cause dermatitis, kidney or liver abnormalities, may inhibit skin cell growth, and is a skin irritant and sensitizer.

      * Acrylamide – Found in many hand and face creams. Linked to mammary tumors in lab research.

      * Sodium laurel or lauryl sulfate (SLS), also known as sodium laureth sulfate (SLES) – Found in car washes, engine degreasers, garage floor cleaners… and in over 90% of personal care products! SLS breaks down the skin’s moisture barrier, easily penetrates the skin, and allows other chemicals to easily penetrate. Combined with other chemicals, SLS becomes a “nitrosamine”, a potent class of carcinogen. It can also cause hair loss. SLES is sometimes disguised with the labeling “comes from coconut” or “coconut-derived" - and is found in many popular body washes and toothpastes!

      * Toluene – Poison! Danger! Harmful or fatal if swallowed! Harmful if inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Made from petroleum or coal tar, and found in most synthetic fragrances. Chronic exposure linked to anemia, lowered blood cell count, liver or kidney damage, and may affect a developing fetus. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) contains toluene. Other names may include benzoic and benzyl.

      * WAXES – Such as Paraffin, Candelilla Wax, Carnuba Wax: Waxes are widely used in cleansing creams, eye creams, and moisturizers. Waxes clog pores, creating blackheads and whiteheads. They also smother the skin, which over time creates an enlarged pore problem.

      * Lanolin – A yellow, semi-solid, fatty secretion from sheep’s wool is widely used in skin and beauty care products. It can cause an allergic reaction in some people, as well as enlarged pores.

      * Acetone – Used in nail polish and nail polish removers, this colorless, volatile liquid is often used in astringents, fresheners, or clarifying lotions. It is extremely toxic and will dehydrate the skin, while speeding up the aging process.

      * ALCOHOLS – Such as Isopropyl Alcohol, SD Alcohol 40, Ethyl Alcohol: Alcohols dissolve the body’s natural moisturizers and strip the skin of its protection, leaving it vulnerable to infection. Alcohols destroy skin’s pH balance, and since they absorb water, they speed up wrinkling.

      * FD&C – When this abbreviation precedes the name of a color, it means that the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has certified it as safe for use in drugs and cosmetics, but not food. D&C colors are usually synthetic, coal tar colors. They’re toxic and should be avoided when at all possible.

      * Dioxane – Found in compounds known as PEG, Polysorbates, Laureth, ethoxylated alcohols. Common in a wide range of personal care products. The compounds are usually contaminated with high concentrations of highly volatile 1,4-dioxane, easily absorbed through the skin. Dioxane’s carcinogenicity was first reported in 1965 and later confirmed in studies including one from the National Cancer Institute in 1978. Nasal passages and liver are the most vulnerable. Dioxane is easily removed during the manufacturing process by “vacuum stripping”. Warning: It is a synthetic derivative of coconut. Watch for hidden language on labels, such as “comes from coconut”.

      IF SO, you should throw them away IMMEDIATELY and Tell ALL your friends and family!!! (Extra-virgin olive and/or coconut oils are great alternative moisturizers, and they contain natural sunscreens, until you find something else without these toxins) Hope this helps!!! Good luck!!!!!

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the good and bad to taking meds for depression?
    Can you list some,
    also have you ever taken them yourself?
    what is turmeric avacado?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi, Depression sucks, and it can affect your life greatly. It's is totally treatable. I went on them at the age of 32 after a bad break-up, they were like a gift from GOD, i'm not religious either. They fixed me up including some paranoia, which looking back was actually true, i was being stupid and everyone was talking about me. I started on think it's Zoloft - 100mg, made me feel very sick for the first few days and less sick over the next few weeks, but came very good after this. I have tried other ones, new varieties, not sure of there name, they were dads and they never made me sick at all, new formula(smaller pink tablets), you are recommended to try one for a month then change if they have side effects. And they do have side effects, Sleeping in, unable to sleep at night if you take them late in the day, drowsiness !!!!, was driving a large construction machine once when i started taking them again, and they make you lose your alertness. I would say that the benefits way out way the side effects, found i did less when depressed so it was about the same except i wasn't down in the dumps. Was on and off these drugs, you have a 50% change off not falling back into depression each time you go off them. I'm off them now and have not fallen back. There are natural types "st john's wart" which i've hear are good, also try TURMERIC, avocado. Hope this helps, new varieties are far Superior, with less side effects.

      Extra Note: sorry meant Turmeric or Avocado
      Turmeric is an ancient asian medican, Google it all the answers are there, i've only been taking it for 2 days so not sure if it works, i drink it with milk (must be consumed with a fat). Must take about 0.5 to 1gram per day.
      Avocado must be consumed at about ! per day to be effective - Toast in the morning and a in a sandwich at lunch will help in increase your seritian level same as the pills do. Prob not a good long term idea as you soon get sick of eating it, although on toast can get addictive for a while.

      I would reccommend going on the pills, aim for 6-12 months, you may think your good after a few months and stop taking them, i would say just go cold turkey to stop although i'm no doctor, and they say not to, your angry for a week, get cold flushes for a few weeks from withdrawls but it's easier than weening yourself off because for me any less has no effect, ie less than 100mg, so it's just the side effects withbenefitifit, IMO, I may be wrong, I may be right, Most prob Right. Good luck. Dont listern to the name saysers, or finger points, it's your life you get better and then find a more natural alternative afterward. Please do not you can not take a prescrition drherbal remediesmideies at once, Take "st johns wart" only after (month) after you have stopped prerescribed drugs, dont take TURMERIC if ydiabetesiabeties, it may cause you to bleed, try not to take TURMERIC with anprescriptioncription drugs, it makes all them work much better, abprescribedrecribed doses. Never take more 1 gram of TURMERIC a day, near impossible to overdose, but 4-5 grams is what some cancer patients take and you dont need that much. Everything in moderation. Best of luck, youmu schell much better soon. :)

  41. QUESTION:
    Is the skin of a fruit or vegetable fibre or is it its flesh?
    Trying to eat more healthfully especially more fruit and vegetables everyday. I've read that antioxidants are present just below the skin or actually in the skin itself. I don't want to be throwing these in the bin.

    • ANSWER:
      it contains a lot of fibre and sadly nowadays people throw away fruit flesh flesh preserves vitamijns in fruit and contains many as well

      it helps combat cancer see link http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1325741/Eating-skin-fruit-vegetables-combat-cancer.html

      some research i found
      In-fact peel of some of fruits like blueberries, grapes, guava, and kumquat contain more anti-oxidants such as anthocyanin pigments, tannins, catechins…etc than in the pulp or flesh. Blue or purple color fruit peels are rich in anthocyanidin glycosides while yellow color fruits have xanthin, carotenes and lutein pigments. Major component of these pigments are present just underneath the skin.

      Peel is rich source of dietary fiber also known as NSP (non soluble polysaccharides) like hemi-cellulose, pectin, tannins, gum…etc. These compounds increase bulk of the food and helps prevent constipation by reducing gastro-intestinal transit time. They also bind to toxins in the food which helps to protect the mucus membrane of gut and thus cuts colon cancer risk. Furthermore, dietary fibers bind to bile salts (produced from cholesterol) and decrease their re-absorption, thus help lower serum LDL cholesterol levels.

      Peel is low in calories, sugar, and fats; and is from cholesterol. It adds to the bulk of the food and helps cut down overall food intake.

      Nevertheless, the peel of some fruits contains considerable amounts of mineral and vitamins, especially in guava and citrus fruits. Certain fruits peel like in orange contains more vitamin C (ascorbic acid) than its juice. The peel provides 136 mg per 100 g of vitamin C whereas the same in its pulp is just about 71 mg. Likewise the peel is rich source of vitamin A, B-complex vitamins, minerals such as calcium, selenium, manganese, zinc...etc several fold more than its pulp.

      Recent scientific trial studies suggest that certain compounds in passion fruit peel has bronchodilator effect and can help relieve bronchospasm in asthma patients. A trial study conducted by Watson RR and his collegues at Tuscon University AZ, suggests that oral administration of the purple passion fruit peel extract reduces wheeze and cough and improves shortness of breath in adults with asthma

      some people find fruit peel bitter and horrible but you can:

      Fruit peel especially of citrus fruits can be candied.

      Citrus fruit zest is added to flavor confectionary.

      Lemon peel is used to pickling.

      Citrus fruit peel like lemon, tangerines can be dried, powdered and stored for future usage.

      Unripe mangoes are sliced with peel, sun dried and ground to powder. In India it is mixed with a little turmeric and black peppers and added to curries and chutneys.

  42. QUESTION:
    I had a tattoo removed, its left a scar and dark pigmentation.What will decrease it?
    As many useful suggestions please!

    • ANSWER:
      To reduce the scarring use Mederma ( I have several surgical scars that are now almost invisible) and you can also get Vitamin E gel capsules, break them open, and run the gel on your skin ( that how I was told to heal my peircing scars).

      As for the pigmentation, if it is too dark try this on it.

      Use a lemon zester or cheese grater to turn half of a cucumber into a thick pulp. Then add a little less than 1/8 cup of milk or plain yogurt (depending on how thick you want it) and one tsp of lime juice and a dash of turmeric powder. Leave it on the spot for 30 min then wash off with your regular soap and water. After a few days it should lighten up, if it will lighten up. This recipe makes alot of it so you should refrigerate the remainder of the mix. If this doesn't work, I recommend speaking to your dermatologist or surgeon again to see if he has any suggestions to offer.

      Good luck!

      P.S Don't buy the skin lightener at the store, it contains hydroquinone which will cause even worse skin problems in the future, such as blotchy skin, worse pigmentation, and a high risk of cancer and dermatological issues.

  43. QUESTION:
    what was the drink on itv this morning help fight cancer?
    i was just watching this morning and dr chris said about this drink and that it was proven on rats to reduce prostate cancer but i didnt hear what the drink was... does anyone know. thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I have always respected Dr Chris Steele, but with his apparent repeated promotion of this product I'm beginning to have some doubts about his integrity.

      He has apparently promoted a particular commercial preparation of 'blueberry punch', on the grounds that it can help prevent prostate cancer.

      Now I'll give Dr Chris his due - I didn't see the programme/s, but I'm sure he never said it could prevent prostate cancer, or that it has been proven to reduce it in rodents - at the most he will have said that a STUDY or some studies have shown that some of its ingredients have reduced prostate cancer in rodents - as we all know, a study is is just that , a study - it suggests possibilities for further research, and even those who carried it out would not claim it as proof of anything.

      The drink Dr Chris has promoted - a snip at £35 a bottle - contains blueberry, grape, citrus skin extracts, turmeric and ginger. None of these have been proven to have any effect on cancer, either as a preventative or a treatment.

      But thanks to Dr C's promotion of it, sales as far back as 2009 grew to 27 times the normal rate in one month.

      Now This Mornings website has a number of pleas for details, including at time of writing from someone with lung cancer wondering if it could help him/her.

      I have a good mind to contact This Morning to ask that Dr C puts the record straight.

  44. QUESTION:
    Are there any herbs that are good for your liver?
    Are there any herbs a part from milk thistle that are good for the liver, or a fatty liver?

    • ANSWER:
      Burbock is a cleansing herb, its root works best as a diuretics and diaphoretic. It has been said that Burdock helps to promote the flow and release of the bile, which not only helps in cleansing the liver, but also in digestive process. Its root have been used for purifying and flushing toxins from the blood stream.

      Dandelions is a excellent tonic for liver as it clears obstructions, reduces congestion, and stimulates the liver to eliminate toxins through the blood. It promotes bile flow, supporting digestion and it also has a laxative effect.

      Red Clover is a Liver purifier also a relaxant, and an appetite suppressant.

      Turmeric is known in Ayurvedic medicine as the king of spices. The bitter spice helps cleanse the liver, purify the blood, and promote good digestion and elimination.
      The principal component of tumeric is curcumin has powerful antioxidant action that fights against viral infection, cancer, and arthritis. It stimulates the gallbladder for bile production, and scavenges free radicals.It enhances the liver detox process and speeds up healing. Curcumin also prevents alcohol and other toxins from being converted into compounds that may be harmful to the liver. It can reverse the adverse effects of excessive iron consumption on the liver.
      However, be reminded that Turmeric are not to be used for enhance liver function for people with certain health condition such as those with congestive heart failure, toxic liver disorder etc.

      I hope my information can help you :)

  45. QUESTION:
    What health benefits do Jalapeños have?
    I love Jalapeños and have heard that chili's have many health benefits if eaten regularly, does anyone know of any?

    • ANSWER:
      Chilies and hot peppers can thank capsaicin, the main ingredient found within their veins (and the chemical that gives them their heat) for the health benefits that they exude.

      Capsaicin is an odorless, flavorless chemical that has been scientifically proven to combat several common health issues, including high blood pressure, cholesterol, joint pain, depression, and digestion problems.

      Capsaicin stimulates then decreases the intensity of pain signals in the body. For this reason, capsaicin is frequently used as a topical treatment for pain relief in the clinical setting, including the treatment of pain following surgery, joint problems, mouth sores, and certain skin conditions.

      But chilies and peppers are not the only hotties that can improve your health.

      Turmeric, the main ingredient in many spicy sauces and curries -- found primarily in Middle Eastern, Indian and South East Asian cuisines -- has also shown specific health benefits in those who consume the spice in their everyday diets.

      The main chemical in turmeric is curcumin, which is thought to slow the progression of certain neurodegenerative diseases. Most recently, it has shown promising results in delaying the onset of Alzheimer's disease, and it could possibly be used to develop a preventative treatment.

      Alzheimer's disease results from the build up of "knots" in the brain called amyloid plaques. In a study conducted at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), turmeric was shown to reduce the number of these plaques by half.

      This research, combined with the fact that Alzheimer's affects only 1% of the over-65 population in Indian villages, leads researchers to believe that a diet rich in turmeric may assist in warding off neurological diseases.

      Recent studies also show that cultures that use hot peppers and spices in their diets have lower rates of cancer, heart attack, stroke, and pulmonary embolism.

      Find out how slapping some hot sauce on those chicken wings can help you live longer, and how to spice up your life with some easy recipes...

      Chili peppers and other hot spices have an undeserved reputation for causing bad breath, ulcers, stomachaches, and gas. Aside from the bad breath (hey, they're not perfect), most fiery spices and sauces are actually thought to remedy or prevent these ailments.

      Diets rich in chilies, other capsaicin-containing peppers and many other "hot" spices (such as turmeric) actually improve general health and may prevent several serious or life-threatening illnesses.

      A few of the health benefits linked to turmeric and chili peppers include:

      Lowered blood pressure and cholesterol Reduction in the frequency of headaches and migraines Improved cardiovascular health and increased circulation Increased metabolic rate, leading to weight loss Decreased frequency of colds, fevers and other respiratory problems Increased endorphin production (counteracts depression) Anti-inflammatory benefits (arthritic conditions) Nutritional benefits (hot peppers

  46. QUESTION:
    Is Swedish Bitters best for detoxification. How does it work and how do toxins even get to the body?
    Would detoxification be required if the liver functions well?

    • ANSWER:
      In today's increasingly toxic world I think it is important to make sure that your liver is maintained in optimum health, though someone who is sure they have a healthy liver need not go overboard. The liver is the body's natural oil filter, so to speak, and there are toxins in the air we breathe, water we drink and food we eat which will end up being processed and removed via the liver. Today's toxic environment may be more than the liver can handle, especially when one does not eat a healthy diet with minimum junk and processed foods and live a healthy lifestyle. Most illness and virtually all cancer is accompanied by an impaired liver.

      I have never used Swedish Bitters, however I can tell you a few good tips for keeping the liver in optimum health and the body detoxed:

      Alpha lipoic acid, milk thistle and selenium all help protect the liver and milk thistle helps the liver regenerate. Milk thistle has also been shown to help protect against alcohol damage to the liver and help reverse it when it does happen, as is stated by the German E Commission (the equivalent of our FDA)..

      Turmeric is a good liver protector with many other health benefits, including helping protect against cancer. It also helps keep the bile ducts open and flowing to insure proper toxin elimination.

      Likewise, coconut oil and beetroot juice help keep the bile ducts open - and coconut oil is an extremely healthy oil in many, many ways. Parasites hate it and it helps prevent and eliminate candida.

      For overalll detoxing:

      Parsley. cilantro and chlorella all help remove mercury and other heavy metals.

      An occasional one day fast where you eat nothing but either watermelon or dark seeded grapes (eat the seeds too) will help keep your colon and digestive system cleansed - and watermelon is wonderful for cleansing the kidneys and preventing the formation of kidney stones.

      There are many other items one might also do, but those are what I do.

      All the best!

  47. QUESTION:
    Is eating one meal a day effective for losing weight?
    Want to hear from people who have actually tried this, anyone else will not be considered I'm looking for an answer not a lecture. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      The trick to losing weight is to keep your metabolism going fast!
      To do so, you must eat a small snack every 3 hours [fruit..very low in calories]

      I find that the best and healthiest way of dieting is as follows:

      It is a whole food diet.
      What is a whole food diet?
      It mostly consists of Vegetables, Fruits and any other NON processed foods.

      Substitute chicken/beef with tofu.
      Most people don't like the sound of tofu, but I found that with a little bit of flavor it's delicious!
      I even put it on my sandwich sometimes instead of having a turkey sandwich.

      Salads
      your diet should be mostly salads,
      instead of the fatty ranch dressing bring out the olive oil and vinegar/Salt and pepper!
      maybe a little bit of feta cheese[but you should really limit your intake on cheese]

      Snack on fruits all day!
      Every 3 hours it's best to eat a low calorie snack!..I suggest a fruit
      [This speeds up your metabolism!]
      Eat a banana, apple, berries..any fruit!
      It's low calorie and speeds up your metabolism snacking on them!! ;D How great!!

      Make sure you get all your nutrients!
      I suggest to keep a juicer in the house,
      Juice up some carrot juice!
      drinking a cup a day has many health benefits,

      Doing all this...you won't be hungry for a moment in your day and you will lose weight,
      I do it every day, and I am 125lbs 5'5

      My sister lost 50lbs

      I'm not trying to sell a product or anything! :p it's just the most effective way of losing weight!!
      I always see people using those jenny craig diet type stuff...and it never works

      in my opinion, it is your calorie intake and ...lay off the processed foods!
      Become a more healthy person,

      Here are some fun facts about certain foods....

      Dark Chocolate;
      Dark chocolate contains a large number of antioxidants (nearly 8 times the number found in strawberries). Flavonoids also help relax blood pressure through the production of nitric oxide, and balance certain hormones in the body. Dark chocolate is good for your heart. A small bar of it everyday can help keep your heart and cardiovascular system running well.

      Olive Oil
      olive oil in your diet may offer benefits in terms of colon cancer prevention

      Carrots;
      Carrots are excellent for the eyes.
      Carrot juice has anti-carcinogen properties. Thus, it helps prevent cancer. It is also believed to have cancer-curing properties.
      two glasses of carrot juice a day can increase your immunity by as much as 70%!

      Turmeric;
      Is a natural liver detoxifier.
      May prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildup in the brain.
      MAY AID IN FAT METABOLISM AND HELP IN WEIGHT MANAGEMENT!!

      there are many more benefits,

      check them out!
      I find nutrition interesting,
      and you should too! it's important!

  48. QUESTION:
    If I touch my face with my fingers will i breakout since I have oily skin?
    A couple of make-up gurus said that you can get pimples if you touch your face but I don't know if this is true or not. Also can foundation, concealer, or powder cause pimples or breakouts too. If so do you guys know any foudation, concealer, or powder that you can get at a local drugstore that won't cause breakouts and pimples?

    • ANSWER:
      You can potentially break out from touching your face with your fingers if you fingers are dirty and you're touching a open pimple. I don't know how much damage you can do if you're just touching a pimple/acne that isn't open. You can worsen the condition of a pimple or acne if you scratch it with fingernails that are dirty or have dirt under them. For example, say you just scratched your head and didn't clean your hands yet. If you accidentally scratch or pop a pimple with those dirty nails, you'll definitely worsen your pimple, it'll get infected and thus take longer to heal. Also, if you keep touching your pimples/acnes with dirty fingers over and over again, it'll leave a spot.

      I cook a lot, so that ends up sort of forcing me to keep on washing my hands a lot. So my hand are pretty clean most of the time. Sometimes when my face feels itchy or a pimple/acne feels itchy, instead of scratching it, I sort of feel on the area with the tip of my finger (not nail) a few times to get rid of the itch. That way I don't damage anything.

      About 99% of the makeup products that you'll find at the drugstores or department stores are pretty much made from synthetic chemicals. They have harsh toxic preservatives, synthetic dyes, and fragrances, and what not else. Many of these chemicals are known skin and eye irritant. Some of the are so toxic that they can lead to cancer, lung diseases, and etc. I won't bore you too much with the details, but will give you a few chemical names so you can have a idea. Here are some chemical names most commonly found in foundations and concealers that will irritate your skin and eyes: Octinoxate, Benzyl Alcohol, Benzyl Salicilate, Lyral, Geraniol, Citrol, Isoeugenol, Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Limonene, and etc.

      I actually don't know of any makeup that you can find at a local shop that are non-toxic and safe. However, I will tell you of a few good safe cosmetic companies that I have personally used and found them to be even better than expensive department store makeup. Here are some company suggestions: Rejuva, Just Pure Minerals, Monave, Maia's Minerals, and Brazen Cosmetics. Here's what I've been using for a while and love:

      Foundation: Rejuva's mineral powder foundation
      Concealer: Monave cream concealer/foundation
      Mineral Veil (for occasional touchups): Just Pure Minerals' veil

      As a matter of fact, check out your facial care products' ingredient lists. If your facial wash has Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) apart from other toxins, that can potentially break you out. If your facial moisturizer has some of the above-mentioned chemicals, that can break you out too. If you decide to use non-toxic facial care products, consider Himalaya Herbals. I use their facial moisturizer and Neen & Turmeric facial wash.

      In case you need to see some reviews of these products, find them on Kajal:

      http://www.kajalreviews.com

      Hope I helped and hope that you find great stuff :)


turmeric cancer

Breast Cnacer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Is this normal? Girls/woman only please unless you are a doctor or nurse?
    I am 14 years old. Sometimes when I get itchy nipples this kind of clear stuff (looking like water) comes out of my nipple, its not a lot it is usually a little drop and it doesn't happen all the time. Is this normal or serious? Is it a sign of breast cnacer? No body in my family has ever had any times of cancer what so ever, and I don't feel any lumps around my breasts. Please please help! I am really scared here!

    • ANSWER:
      I would say that having itchy nipples is normal. That sometimes happens to me when I'm on my period, but I have never had any liquid, since it;s infrequent and just a little fluid, I wouldn't be too concerned about it, it sounds like the liquid might be white blood cells, also know as pus, You should ask your Mom about it, maybe it's a little hereditary thing and she may have experienced the same thing.

  2. QUESTION:
    Is this normal? Women/girls only please! Unless you are a doctor, nurse or somebody who studies medical?
    I am 14 years old. Sometimes when I get itchy nipples this kind of clear stuff (looking like water) comes out of my nipple, its not a lot it is usually a little drop and it doesn't happen all the time. Is this normal or serious? Is it a sign of breast cnacer? No body in my family has ever had any times of cancer what so ever, and I don't feel any lumps around my breasts. Please please help! I am really scared here

    • ANSWER:
      I've studied some anatomy, but may not be as qualified as some on here.

      I know a clear liquid comes from the female's breast during nursing, this is full of antibodies and what not for the child, and doctors say this helps to increase the immune system.
      It looks like water, so this may just be that stuff coming out. My guess is because you are going through or about to go through puberty and it's normal.

      As long as it doesn't happen a lot, I wouldn't worry about it.

      Remember, I'm only mildly experienced, others may know a bit more about this.

  3. QUESTION:
    My doctor found a lump on my breast, my mammography is scheduled for tuesday. What should i expect?
    Im 29 years old, no kids, my mom has breast cancer, my great-grandmother too and she died because of it. I used to smoke, what are my chances to have cancer? What doctors do in a mammography? Does it hurt?

    • ANSWER:
      Im sorry that breast cnacer runs in your family, and a lump on your breast is most likely breast cancer. if it is cancer, its a good thing that your doctor found in now and not later. And when you get a mammogram the breast is placed between an Xray platform and cover and pressure is placed down on it. It can be painful but is worth it in the end if cancer is found. Best wishes to you.
      This site probably explains it better than i did.

      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_6X_Mammography_and_other_Breast_Imaging_Procedures_5.asp

  4. QUESTION:
    What are some symtoms of breast cnacer besides a lump you may find? How would you even know?
    What may happen between the time you see the doctor and the time you dont know about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Doing the monthly self-exam is the best way to prevent breast cancer in young women; also keeping your yearly GYN appts can help. At 40, mammograms are the way to go (yearly). Unfortunately, breast cancer has no "symptoms" so to speak. You don't get pain or anything like that (not until it's gone well beyond the breast). When I check myself, I also check the area under my armpit (that's where the lymph nodes are) as an added precaution. Good luck.

  5. QUESTION:
    Girls,(and maybe guys), I need help!? How do you find a proper bra size?
    ah.....i think i need a new bra size, but sometimes i don't know what my size even is. I heard that you can get breast cnacer or something by using a bra that's too tight. So i'm a bit scared. I don't know if i'm wearing the right size. So if anyone can tell me how to find out your proper size...other than the tape measure thing..cause it doesn't seem like it's accurate for me. Thanks!~

    • ANSWER:
      Google "How to find your correct bra size" and a lot of helpful things will come up.

      Or you can get measured at Victoria's Secret.

      http://www.herroom.com/bra-fitting-advice,901,30.html

  6. QUESTION:
    red lump on my friends breast?
    iam contantly worried about my friend, she is too embarassed to tell her parents or a doctor about the red lump that has grown on her right breast, it is about the size of the tip of a pinky finger and it hurts her when touched i have told her again and again to get it checked out but she wont i am extremley worried she mighthave breast cnacer she is only 16. any suggestions.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer occurs in the breast not on the breast and not likely at 16.

  7. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to fry food in water or some non-carcinogenic substance?
    At what temperature do oils and fats become carcinogenic?

    • ANSWER:
      Frying, is by definition, is cooking in an oil/fat substance over med-high heat.

      You can saute most foods, either in a bit of water, fruit juice, or wine. From raw to reheating. It imparts the moisture to steam your foods, and leaves a terrific change of pace group of flavors. You won't get "crisp" unless the food itself has some fat content, but you will like the probable "sauce" you create.

      "It is now known that high temperature cooking can produce carcinogens (cancer causing agents) in food. Cooking meats at high temperatures creates heterocyclic amines (HCAs.) Heterocyclic amines are formed when amino acids, the building blocks of protein, react with creatine under high temperatures.

      HCAs are created in the blackened crust of charred meat. In addition to barbecuing, frying, grilling, and broiling will produce HCAs. They increase the risk of developing colorectal, pancreatic, and breast cnacers. One solution to this problem is to cook the meat in aluminum foil. Another solution is to cook the meat longer at a lower temperature. Cooking meats by roasting or baking produces lower levels of heterocyclic amines. The length of time a meat cooks also influences the production of HCAs. Meats that are well-done will have substantially more HCAs than meat that is cooked ‘medium.’

      This can be a problem with any type of meat whether it's fish, pork, or beef. It applies to any protein. It doesn't apply to vegetables or fruit."

  8. QUESTION:
    Do i have breast cnacer , i am 14 years old and i have a reddish purple mark on my left breast?
    i showed my mum and she said it is probably just a bruise because there isnt a lump but it hurts sometimes and im really scared it could be breast cancer but im very self concious and would be scared to go to the doctors

    • ANSWER:
      Your chances of having breast cancer at 14 are almost zero. It's a disease associated with ageing - 80% of people diagnosed are over 50 and breast cancer in teenagers is EXTREMELY rare.

      What you describe is not a breast cancer symptom. Your mum is almost certainly right about it being a bruise.

      Wait two weeks; if it is still there talk to your mum again.

  9. QUESTION:
    emphysema and possible chance of lung cancer?
    Last Monday my grandmother had to get chest x-rays and they found a mass -- The doctors didnt like the way that it looked so she had an appointment with a different doctor to discuss things, which was today -- I just found out that she has Emphysema and Monday will get a bronchoscope biopsy to find out if she she lung cancer.

    I am very scared and concerned for what she may have to go through in the future is she does have lung cancer. It is bad enough having emphysema, but that and cancer. She also has diabetes and is not in the best of health.

    Yes she did smoke for quite a bit of her life and did quit and has for 8 years now.

    I just dont want anything to happen to her.
    What is to be expected in her future?

    I know that the cause is due to her smoking so please I really dont wanna hear its her fault for smoking.

    • ANSWER:
      I know how you feel, but there is hope if it turns out to be cnacer.

      I am currently in the Bahamas with my Mother who has Terminal Lung Cancer. There is a clinic here that has been in operation for over 30 years. We have been here for 4 of our 8 week stay, everyday is really neat. A lot of the patients stick around in the meeting room/ waiting room to visit, and share stories and catch up. There were 40 people all talking and laughing, talking about cancer and life, the returning patients talk about how bad their cancer was 4, 8, 10 even 18 years ago when they started coming to the clinic, the cancer that has since disappeared. There is nothing dangerous or foreign to the treatment, just building up your immune system in a very effective manner. If you want to know more contact me or go to www.immunemedicine.com I cannot tell you how impressed I am with what I have seen and how my Mother has already improved. I know one man who was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, he skipped all US, conventional (poisonous, dangerous) options and went to the Bahamas and is doing great now. Another man who has been coming here for 18 years that had prostate cancer. People with just about every type of cancer. But, they are honest here, you send them your medical information and they will tell you whether they believe they can help you or not, and they will send you home if they don't think you are benefiting.

      My mom has shown drastic improvements and is feeling so much better. and we are in the Bahamas so we are having a good Mother-Daughter vacation.

      I have also done a lot of research on the Cesium Chloride/DMSO treatment and think that it has merit and you can do it at home.

      The clinic here believes that a supplement/liquid called VIBE works really well in addition to other treatments, I am going to look in to that some more.

      US doctors push chemo and radiation, but when you look at the statistics and side effects it is not a good option for most people. My Mom had both before we came here and now that I know more about them and have researched them I feel horrible that I let her go through them. She was lucky (so far) the only long term side effect she has shown is short term memory loss.

      The stories I have heard from the other patients here about how they were treated by US medicine astound me. One lady went home to have a shunt put in her liver so she would be ok to come here, but they refused to put it in unless she agreed to do chemotherapy, is that what our country is about? Denying helpful procedures unless we agree to dangerous, toxic ones? The drug companies run US medicine at least when it comes to cancer treatment and it is sad. Most doctors will tell you not to try alternative medicine and some will refuse to even see you again if you do. To some degree they are not to blame, they have not been taught anything about it other than that it is evil and wrong and they would be rejected by their colleagues if they suggested alternatives.

      I would also like to tell you about another lady staying at the house we are staying at, she is 86 years old and has breast cancer. She arrived at the clinic the same day we did and is doing very well. Her immune system continues to improve and she gained 2 pounds since last week. She is absolutely thrilled with this treatment and knows that it is helping her.

      There is another elderly gentleman who just finished his 8-week treatment and is feeling better as he returns home. He has cancer around his optic nerve, but also had diabeties. His daughter said that while he was here on the treatment he needed a lot less insulin than usual. I am NOT claiming that the treatment also helps with diabeties, I am just saying that is what his experience was.

      Please whatever you do, research first.

      One very helpful website is www.cancertutor.com

      Good luck!!

  10. QUESTION:
    october is breast cancer month?My prayers r with u guys who's fighting against breast cancer.?
    Are u going to comfort ur family and friends who has breast cnacer? Who's is fighting cancer?? I am remembering my aunt who lost her fight against breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      I work in mammography and I am at the front lines in the fight against breast cancer.

      My prayers are also with all those who are fighting this terrible cancer.

      Also do not get implants, they can hide cancers.

  11. QUESTION:
    what is the ribbon color for vaganal cnacer?
    a very close friend of mine has vaganal cancer and i want to see if there is a ribbon color for this cancer, like breast cancer is pink...

    • ANSWER:
      There is no official organization that sponsors this awareness ribbon. Vaginal cancers fall under Gynecological Cancers. The color ribbon for some Gynecological cancers is sometimes purple and sometimes lavender while for others like Ovarian cancer the color ribbon is silver.

      Eyes on the Prize
      http://www.eyesontheprize.org/

  12. QUESTION:
    is this normal? doctors/nurses please answer?
    I am 14 years old. Sometimes when I get itchy nipples this kind of clear stuff (looking like water) comes out of my nipple, its not a lot it is usually a little drop and it doesn't happen all the time. Is this normal or serious? Is it a sign of breast cnacer? No body in my family has ever had any times of cancer what so ever, and I don't feel any lumps around my breasts. Please please help! I am really scared here

    • ANSWER:
      Don't be scared - its normal. It doesnt happen to all women, but it does to some. Have you started your period yet? I'm assuming you are right in the middle of puberty. The itchiness is caused by your breasts growing.

      I can understand your fears, but you are ok. I'm online at the moment if you want to talk more, you can find the message me in my answers profile.

  13. QUESTION:
    DO I HAVE BREAST CANCER?
    i don't know if i'm over exxagerating, but i had this lump or bump on the left hand side of my sternum and my back is hurting and my breast feels heavier?? what is wrong with me?? and when is breast cnacer the most dangerous as because i felt this lump for 2 week?

    • ANSWER:
      Your questions and answers show that you're very young, probably a school age teenager.

      In which case your chances of being struck by lightning are more than twice as high as your chances of having breast cancer. The chances are so close to zero it makes just about no difference. No, you don't have breast cancer.

      Breast cancer is a disease of older women - I was classed as a 'younger woman' when I was diagnosed with it because I was only 50 - still pretty young for breast cancer.

      Breast cancer is almost unheard of in under 25s (let alone teenagers); fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30 and only 5% are under 40.

      Pain is rarely a sign of breast cancer - most people diagnosed with it have felt no pain at all. Back pain is not a symptom of breast cancer.

      Most breast lumps, even in women old enough for breast cancer, aren't cancerous. At least 80% of breast lumps considered suspicious enough for testing are found not to be cancer.

      At the age I assume you are, any changes in your breasts are almost certainly normal hormonal development.

      Talk to your mother about this. And/or talk to your school nurse, who will be able to reassure you

      EDIT: Forgot to say - even those of us who've had breast cancer (and so are at increased risk) are advised to leave it two weeks before consulting a doctor when we notice anything that worries us; that wa, if it's hormonal, it has a chance to settle down

  14. QUESTION:
    If breast cancer is cured, is all cancer cured?
    And if cancer in general is cured, isnt breast cancer cured also?
    Sorry I know this is a stupid question but I dont get it. On the radio and tv and stuff I always here these advertisements and commercials for walks for breast cancer. Naturally ud believe that if all cancer is cured then breast cancer would go along with it. If breast cancer gets cured along with it, then why isnt the walk for cancer in general? I dont undestand why they would do a walk for breast cancer only when they could be curing all cancer instead of only breast. It really doesnt make sense, can someone explain please?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is actually a group of around 200 different diseases.

      There are at least 6 different types of breast cacner, all with different stages and sub categories.

      Each of these will probably need a different cure, and often the cure will differ depending on the patient.

      Cnacer is a very complex disease.

  15. QUESTION:
    what can she do all day?
    my mom has breast cnacer and shes going through chemo, all she does is sit around all day and watch tv and shes getting really upset, she already beat all of the games we have for the wii and she is dyslexic so she doesnt like to read, im just trying to think of thinkgs she can do because i dont want her to be borded all day any ideas?

    • ANSWER:

  16. QUESTION:
    Do those breast enhancement pills really work?

    • ANSWER:
      breast are mainly fat tissues.if you are too skinny then, try to put on some wieght.eat a lot of meat and healthy fat.you could try to drink a lot of milk.eat fenugreek seeds.they are known to enhance breast growth.also many pills used for that purpose are known to have fenugreek seeds in them in some form.do not take any pills.you will waste your money and the depression from the results will only make you sad.so eat healthy.the pills can also cause cnacer i have heard.if everyone in your family has small breasts then there is a chance you might have to accept that its your genes and live with it.and always remember whatever you have,make the best use of it.if you think your boobs are too small then wear clothes that will show your legs or other assets that you possess.that will distract attention and keep you a hot babe inspite of small boobs.everyone cannot be pamela anderson but we can use what we have.

  17. QUESTION:
    Do you think I'll get Cancer?
    My Dad and Grandma have had/have skin cnacer,
    and on my mums side there has been quite alot of breast cnacer.
    :(
    I think I might be next :(
    *Spreedog:* lol, ima girl, mitch is a nickname

    • ANSWER:
      Over one million people develop skin cancers each year in the USA, but very few die from them. American Cancer Society data predicts that one in two men will develop some type of cancer (excluding skin cancers) at some point in their life time. For men it is predicted that we would all get cancer - usually prostate cancer - if we lived long enough. The longer you live, the greater your overall risk of developing one of the 200 plus types of cancer. The breast cancer risk on your mother's side should no be a great risk to you - assuming you are male (Mitch).

  18. QUESTION:
    is this normal?
    I am 14 years old. Sometimes when I get itchy nipples this kind of clear stuff (looking like water) comes out of my nipple, its not a lot it is usually a little drop and it doesn't happen all the time. Is this normal or serious? Is it a sign of breast cnacer? No body in my family has ever had any times of cancer what so ever, and I don't feel any lumps around my breasts. Please please help! I am really scared here

    • ANSWER:
      It's not a sign of breast cancer, it's a sign that your breast are growing.

  19. QUESTION:
    is this normal? girls/woman only please unless you are a nurse or doctor?
    I am 14 years old. Sometimes when I get itchy nipples this kind of clear stuff (looking like water) comes out of my nipple, its not a lot it is usually a little drop and it doesn't happen all the time. Is this normal or serious? Is it a sign of breast cnacer? No body in my family has ever had any times of cancer what so ever, and I don't feel any lumps around my breasts. Please please help! I am really scared here

    I know I have posted this already, so please don't give me a hard time....I just need answers and am unsure right now

    • ANSWER:
      That happened to a friend of mine when we were about your age- i brought her to planned parenthood and they sais it was normal. I recommend you get a check up to ease your mind. You're at a good age to start seeing a gyno anyway.

  20. QUESTION:
    please help! doctors/nurses please answer this!?
    I am 14 years old. Sometimes when I get itchy nipples this kind of clear stuff (looking like water) comes out of my nipple, its not a lot it is usually a little drop and it doesn't happen all the time. Is this normal or serious? Is it a sign of breast cnacer? No body in my family has ever had any times of cancer what so ever, and I don't feel any lumps around my breasts. Please please help! I am really scared here
    is it normal or not? please i am about to cry
    what this means i pregnant? I am a virgin,, so what is it?

    • ANSWER:
      No this is normal. Esp. around your period. The liquid is clear and does not have a smell or is not cloudy so relax.

  21. QUESTION:
    Sonograms, breast cnacer treatments...?
    My sister found a lump in her breast two days ago. She is 27 and healthy. She has a sonogram today. What I'd like to know is will the sonogram results tell her exactly what the lump is after it's done? Does it give immediate results? Is breast cancer treatable and more importantly if so, is there a chance it can come back later in life if it's treated, or once it's removed is it gone for good?

    When will she know exactly what this lump is?

    Thanks a lot.

    • ANSWER:
      If the lump looks suspious,then My guess is they will perform an MRI and a biopsy.Breast cancer is very treatable and success depends on how early the cancer was found.There is always a chance this could be a cyst.

  22. QUESTION:
    My husband may have breast cnacer...?
    He has a lump in his left breast and it is causing him pain. I have looked up symptoms and he doesn't have any yet aside from the initial lump and pain. But I want him to get it checked out. The problem is, he doesn't have insurance. Does anyone have any suggestions as to how we can have him seen by a doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      A friend of mine went for an annual exam through his work which required it every year.

      He found out he had cancer.

      A week later, his workplace shut down. He was left without any insurance and sitting there with his newly diagnosed cancer.

      He went to Social Services and they were able to hook him up on Medicaid and then he was able to see the doctors, go for chemo, etc. It took a few months to get all that going, and in the meantime he went to the doctors anyway. When he was approved for Medicaid, it was approved BACK to the time he first applied for Medicaid - which was when he first lost his job -- so all of those doctor visits and tests and treatments he went for while waiting to be approved by Medicaid DID end up being covered.

      The key is to get in there and get the application done RIGHT AWAY, because when and if it gets approved, it will actually be approved from the time he APPLIED, not just the day they approve it.

  23. QUESTION:
    HOW did the MOTHER die in A Northern Light by Jennifer Donnelly
    I REALLY need to know!! Like now, I can't find it in the book and I have been searching for ever!

    • ANSWER:
      i think it was of breast cnacer i dont really remember lol but she was really sick

  24. QUESTION:
    Does all type of Cnacer have symtoms?
    Please have a source

    • ANSWER:
      you might have symptoms that could be an indicator of cancer like a mole thats changed shape and color, a bruise that never seems to heal but those from the cancer.
      Not all cancers are going to show symptoms, Ovarian cancer is called "the silent killer" because women don't know they have it til its in its later stages, there are no warning symptoms.
      Colon cancer, prostate cancer, no early symptoms, you just have to get regular check ups to be sure you don't have.
      Breast cancer you might find a lump but you could have cancer before the lump ever becomes noticeable.

      If you are worried you might have cancer, get the problem checked out by a doctor, if it turns out to be its better to get the problem found early so you can get treatment. The sooner the treatment the more likely you will survive from it.

  25. QUESTION:
    I recently cut back on my intake of caffeine ie. soda mainly. But ever since then my breasts seem to be more..
    They seem to be more full and feel heavier than they used to. Nothing else has changed, except for me not eating as much as I used to because nothing I get served is worth eating a lot of. Not to mention I have had breast pain for the past week now. What is the meaning of this and why?
    I am also 21 and my breasts have also been itching quite a bit lately too.

    • ANSWER:
      Check out two teas, red clover and Yerba Mate. Red Clover is a Lymphatic and blood cleanser. Good for clearing the breasts. Yerba Mate is great for re-balancing yourself after Caffeine. It helps you sleep and give you energy! It also is healing on the heart.

      Caffeine is a diuretic. This may be the real you or maybe you are prgnant. It isn't good to have diuretics all the time so work this through with your health in mind.

      Exercise, mini-trampoline, is good for breast health. We get so bound up we don't have enough movement for the gland to flush out. Some people feel this is a contributer to breast cnacer. I personally agree with this theory along with other factors in the environment and the increasing abscene of cancer killing elements in sprayed foods not under nutritional elements.
      I don't now the name of the Doctor, but there is a breast massage that cleans the gland network into the Lymphatic glands under the arm pit. A real issue in breast cancer.

      So go to a homiopathic doctor if you can, or a good alternative food store and learn more about these things.
      Get to know your own body and how to deal with this naturally.

      Peace and well being! Good luck!

  26. QUESTION:
    Breast cnacer!?!?!?!?
    my mom recently went in for an ultrasound and spot compression and they found a lump that is not a cyst. there was a slightly swollen lymph node in her armpit. does this mean she has cancer? She goes for yearly mammograms so how far could the cancer have gotten.? Plz help!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Its a possibility. From here further investigations will be needed to outrule cancer or diagnose, probably including a needle biopsy of the lump and probably of the lymph node. If it is cancer it is likely to be in an early stage, hopefully no further than the sole lymph node. Treatment will depend on a number of factors including grade of cancer and hormone response, all of which will be determined in the course of investigation. But the tests so far do not definitively diagnose cancer, so best to wait further results.

  27. QUESTION:
    Walking the Susan G komen 3 day in Boston for Breast Cancer awareness... Need a cute funny name for a cookbook?
    Walking the Susan G komen 3 day in Boston for Breast Cancer awareness... Need a cute funny name for a cookbook?
    Need to raise 2300$ in order to participate, one of my fundraiser ideas is a cookbook that will be sold locally. Its compiled of recipes from breast cancer survivors and loved ones who have had some one pass from breast cancer. However I do not have a name for the book yet..... any cute funny ideas?
    The name of our team is Boobie Brigade if that helps....

    • ANSWER:
      Great for you. I may be interested in purchasing your book. Let me know if I can buy one. They are great fundrasiers, a local group here did one and 2 years laters is still selling well. So keep any left over prfots for next years marathon, or donate to Breast Cnacer Awareness.

      When is the walk? You will need a couple fo months for the book to be compiles, then printed, then time for it to sell. So just keep it in mind.

      ****Where are you from. I know a lot of people are going the Boston route but also try do to something locally insipired. Is there something that your town is known for?

      Sheesh I am having a hard time coming up with some neat ideas...

      This one is bad but it's a start.

      Fake Boobs/Real Recipes....

      Boobie Brigade Collection of Recipes

      Walking is for Boobs

  28. QUESTION:
    Breast cancer... wigs?
    Hello, my mother was diagnosed with breast cancer recently and will be starting chemo soon. I am trying everything that I can to get ready and keep her calm and comfortable through all of this. My mother has always loved my hair. She has always said 'I wish I had half the hair you do!' her hair has always been very fine and thin and mine is thick and I have so much of it. I decided that if possible, I will cut all of my hair off and have a wig made from it to give to her. Now she really would have my hair and, she wouldnt feel as akward wearing hair from a stranger. Not that there is anything wrong with that but I would just like her to have mine. If you have any ideas or suggestion please let me know! I know wigs are quite expensive but im working alot so I can afford one for her. Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      It is so very sweet of you to offer your mother your hair.
      My mother also went through chemo and lost her hair.
      She wore lots of hats and scarves.
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/home/index.asp
      The link above is to the American cancer society which can provide a wealth of information about support programs near you.
      http://www.beautifullengths.com/en_US/makethecut.jsp
      The length above tells how you can make your hair into a wig for a cnacer patient.

      Wishing your Mother a speedy recovery- good luck to you and yours

  29. QUESTION:
    For Serious Women Only .. Breast?
    In the past, I was on depo for 2 yrs. I have not had a cycle since then ( doctor says for some women this is normal ), and my nipples have become very tender but firm. They are sore to the touch. Have had this soreness for approx. 2 weeks.

    Without having to visit a doctor just yet, what could be causing the soreness. I am 40 yrs old and have 2 grown kids. Am Not Pregnant.

    • ANSWER:
      I saw that no one replied so I simply looked up "soreness of nipples" in Google and here is what I found:

      http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=soreness+of+nipples

      among the various links to soreness of nipples caused by breatfeeding you will find other sites that talk about cnacer (I hope its not in your case) or other problems. Read carefully and then go to have a mamography and a doctor who specializes in breast surgeries etc. Good luck.

  30. QUESTION:
    I am so afraid that I have Cancer....it's all I can think about sometimes....?
    My Mum has had cnacer too many times to count...some before she was 25 and i am now 26. I keep getting this terrible pain in my throat(like halfway down) that feels like theres something huge stuck there...it's hard to swallow. It comes and goes..and yes i am and have been a smoker for about 16 years...(I don't need you to tell me to quit smoking, I already know that and am working on it) However I don't have insurance and have no way of getting any tests done for it....The symptoms are the pain I mentioned before...coughing and my voice disappears and gets stuck. It's like I'm choking, but I've eaten nothing. Also I have a new 'freckle' on my hand that keeps getting darker and a bit bigger...it's not circular it's more of an irregular ovel. Also, there's one on my leg...
    Does anyone know the symptoms of Throat/head Cancer? Should I be worried and should I go to the doctors about it even without insurance? i don't think they'll even see me. My Mum has a double mastectomy at 23 and I have yet to have an office allow me to get even a breast ultrasound, because they feel I'm too young to worry.
    Please advise?!

    • ANSWER:
      Taking Vitamin D every day reduces risk of breast cancer by 60% in clinical trials. Vitamin D activates the immune system. 4000 - 5000iu is recommended. Enzymes are essential to health and eat away at the fibrin around the cancer cell to expose it to the immune system to kill it off. Digestive enzymes are killed off with heat, so cooked foods are enzyme deficient. Increasing digestive enzymes in the diet with raw foods or supplements is very beneficial to preventing disease..including cancer.

      A lump in the throat feeling can be caused by thyroid conditions, magnesium, vitamin B12 and or iron deficiency. Stress is one of the factors to cancer, the stress hormone causes havoc with the body and interfers with the immune system. Have your mole checked out as it could be cancerous. As for your throat, i cannot say if you have cancer or not but smoking interfers with nutrient absorption which may be the cause of the lump in the throat feeling. Throat cancer symptoms include pain or difficulty swallowing however. Try E cigarettes to quit. They look like a real cigarette but only contain nicotine, not the 4000 toxic chemicals in a real cigarette that is known to have at least 80 carcinogenics (cancer causing agents) in it.

      Throat cancer symptoms:
      http://www.cancercenter.com/throat-cancer-symptoms.htm

      Vitamin D:
      http://jeffreydach.com/2007/06/10/vitamin-d-deficiency--by-jeffrey-dach-md.aspx

      Enzymes:
      http://www.naturalnews.com/022452.html

      Electronic cigarettes:
      http://www.bestecigarettesreview.com/

  31. QUESTION:
    Do I have ppd post pardom depression?
    I just had my son 5 days ago and I feel so weird like when I pump breast milk( he won't latch) its the worse I feel sick to my stomach and want to cry like I just have this bad feeling. Then other times I will be feeding or playing with him and I get the same gut bad feeling. I feel also like when I walk out of thje room even tho his dad or nanna is there I feel like I left him alone. Now my mom lives far away and I miss her so much she is also sick withj cnacer its not bad yet. But stil. Her phone broke so I am I can't talk to her. Does that have anyrthiung to do with it? I just feel so so strange and I don't like it. I love him more than anything! What do I do? I want to cry just writing this cause I don't want to feel this way its horrible!

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    going for ultrasound tomorrow at 10am, but still concerned about bleeding/spotting...can you help ease this?
    i have no cramping, ultrasound two weeks ago showed a strong heart beat, the spotting/bleeding that i have had has been brown, but was a raspberry colour a couple of times and around midnight last night it was red after i wiped from going pee......i called the oncall dotor ans she assured me all is fine that this happens in about 50% of pregnancy and that seeing as i am close to 10 weeks pregnant and my other ultrasouns showed a strong heart beat my chances of miscarrage are very minimal.....because my husbans has cnacer we used sperm that we froze before treatment started so i had i.u.i. to get pregnant and was on progesterone suppositories up until this past tuesday.....until i get that ultrasound tomorrow i am still feling a bit nervous about this spotting/bleeding....have had a pad on all day and not where near filling it, i "feel" pregnant still....tired, naseau, sore breasts..........if you could give me your thoughts i am hoping that will help get me through until tomorrow! thnx
    thank you for sharing your thoughts and experiences, it is helping me very much!!! i am really doing my best not to worry too much!! i can't thank you enough!!

    • ANSWER:
      I am sure everything will turn out to be fine. Spotting in early pregnancy is very common. I spotted with my son very early (6 weeks) and was told I had some sort of bleed in my uterus (sorry I cant remember what it was called) but as it turns out it absorbs itself and never harms the baby. Try not to stress and relax take a nice warm bath and read a book or something. Good Luck my thought will be with you!

  33. QUESTION:
    Symptoms of cervical cancer?
    Cervical cancer runs in my family. My twin had a hysterrectomy, so did my mother and my little sister had a chunk of cnacer cut out. 3 years ago my test came back as stage 2, but everything went back to normal after a few months.

    I'm worried about these symptoms, and can't get to my doc for about a week for test. But this is what has been happening. At first I thought I might be pregnant because it felt and looked like implantation bleeding but I took a test and it is negative.

    I have been bleeding for about a week which is abnormal for me, and it is very light. I have slight cramping, going down my legs, and in my belly and back, and my breast got swellon after I got my period which never happens! I get pain and cramping after sex. I am worried and was hoping never to have to got through what my mom and sisters went through with the cancer.

    Any help or experience with symptoms, or other possible causes would be greatly appreciated. :)

    • ANSWER:

  34. QUESTION:
    GIRLS: wear a bra to sleep?
    ok im 15
    im a 36 B
    should i wear my bra to sleep
    i usually dont but i heard if u dont ur boobs get bigger..and um i realllyy dont want them getting any bigger.

    so am i supposed to wear my bra to sleep or not wearing it is fine?

    + also do u guys know any good bra's that wont add the extra push ups and junk and are comfortable

    i went to victorias secret and they were all too much padding

    i got one from target and it was good..but its cheap so it doesnt last long

    any advice
    sorry i dont have any sistas so i have to ask u guys

    titanic: ur hilarious dude! x]

    • ANSWER:
      well if you don't want your boobs to grow anymore, i'd reccommend wearing a sports bra to sleep, not an underwire one.
      my friend told me you could get breast cnacer from wearing underiwre bras to sleep? but idk if thats realy true.
      sportsbras will stop your boobs from growing much.
      and pink from victorias secret should have non-padded regular t-shirt bras, but if theyre too padded then you could try like american eagle's underwear line or maybe go to macy's.
      but i'm sure pink from victori's secret has regular "t-shirt" bras

  35. QUESTION:
    um i think i might be uh sick?
    im 13
    i still go to a pediatrician
    i've never been to OBGYN

    like a month ago i felt something in my boobs it felt like a gushy rocky.its kinds sore too.
    someone told me it might just be my period and i got it like 2 wks later (not my first)
    it kinda went away but not completly
    it stop being really sore tho
    its like the top part of my boob
    now its here again and its sore more than ever. im not fully devoloped yet. no one in my family had cancer before.

    does anyone think the no whats happening?

    • ANSWER:
      Don't worry sweetie! Breast cancer when your 13 is pretty much impossible. It's one of those cnacers that are notorious for occuring much later in life (like usually after menopause). So... breat tissue is similar to a bag of grapes. It's all lumpy and squishy. Sometimes, due to hormones, one 'grape' can get a little larger and become tender. This is actually a relatively common condition. Cysts in the breasts are also common. I would talk to your mom. You actually probably won't even have to go the gyno... your ped. will probably be fine. While painful, cysts are harmless. Try putting a warm compress (like a wet warm wash cloth) on it for a few minutes...that may help with the pain. Oh yeah... avoid caffiene. Caffiene can actually make the symptoms worse if it's related to hormones. Limit soda and other caffiene containing foods like chocolate.
      Oh, and don't be embaressed. i know when I was 13 I was really embaressed if anything was wrong with my private areas. Trust me, it's better to get medical advice then to keep quiet because you're embaressed.


breast cnacer