Breast Cancer Info

Researchers are constantly discovering more and more about breast cancer. And that information advantages so numerous persons in so numerous distinct ways. Among women, breast cancerous infection is still the premier pattern of cancerous infection, but thanks to all the past and ongoing study, more women than ever before are rotating into breast cancerous infection survivors.

Research on Breast Cancer

Among the study that's assisting so numerous women is a new study just issued last month in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. The study took a nearer gaze at breast density and its result on a specific kind of breast cancer. That cancerous infection is called ductal carcinoma in situ. It's an early stage pattern of breast cancerous infection that hasn't yet disperses after a woman's milk glands.

The study engaged just over 900 women who had been identified with this early stage breast cancer. These participants had before been treated with a kind of procedure called breast-conserving surgery. The aim with this method is to eliminate the cancerous units while eliminating the smallest allowance of breast tissue possible. You may have learned this method mentioned to as a lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, or a segmental mastectomy.

Among this assembly of participants, the study discovered that women whose breasts emerged denser on their screening mammograms were two times as probable to evolve breast cancerous infection afresh as women whose breasts were less dense. When investigators investigated the incident of lesser breast cancerous infection in a participant's converse breast, they discovered a three-fold boost of recurrence amidst women with dense breasts as in evaluation to women with less dense breasts.

Researchers have long accepted that breast density raises a woman's risk of evolving breast cancerous infection, but what they haven't been adept to number out – still – is why. Having dense breasts entails that a woman has many of focused tissues interior her breasts. These focused tissues are what make milk. As women age, that focused breast tissue starts to shatter down. Aging breasts furthermore evolve more fatty deposits. On screening mammograms, these down payments and the less dense breast tissue emerge as gray areas.

Younger women are more probable to have dense breasts, but that isn't habitually the case. On screening mammograms, the localities of dense tissue display up as white patches. But so manage tumors. That's why it can be tough to differentiate tumors from dense breast tissue on some computer display mammograms.

Luckily, through study, medical practitioners have wise this about mammograms, and this newest study has educated them even more. That's significant, particularly since screening mammograms aren't as dependable in noticing breast cancerous infection amidst women with dense breasts. Now that medical practitioners have this added information, they'll understand to hold a nearer eye on women who have had their ductal carcinoma in situ cancerous tumors treated with breast-conserving surgeries.

They'll probable boost these patients to be vigilant about monthly self breast written checks, because as with any kind of cancerous infection, the earlier a tumor is noticed, the earlier remedy can start, and the better the outcome.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the difference in inflammatory breast cancer and invasive breast cancer?
    Or is it the same thing because I was diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and while looking up info I keep seeing inflammatory and I just am wondering if its the same thing or not.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflammatory & invasive breast cancers are given these names because of the symptoms they present. But having one doesn't mean that you have the other. For example: a person can have a headache or a brain tumor. But having either one doesn't mean you will suffer from the other.
      Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is marked by some or all of these symptoms: the nipple may be flat or inverted, sudden onset (perhaps over a few days/weeks) of swelling of one breast, nipple discharge, pain or itching, redness that may look like the breast is infected, or thick-feeling areas of the breast. The symptoms and appearance of IBC can sometimes cause a doctor to misdiagnose a patient with just an infection, and some feel mammograms can be inconclusive due to breast density at the time of the swelling.
      Invasive breast cancer is graded in stages of 1-5, and at its higher stages has the traits of invading other parts of the body. This means the cancer has spread outside of the membranes of the breast ducts where it usually starts (Stage 0). It DOESN'T necessarily mean that it's spread throughout the WHOLE body. Most likely it has spread to the surrounding tissue of the breast.
      Please keep researching. Get to know your invader and how to deal with it. Explore all options before making a final decision.
      We hope this helps. Good luck in your journey.

      Mark
      the charityplush.com team

  2. QUESTION:
    Why should I care about feminists whining about breast cancer when feminism causes it?
    81-PERCENT INCREASE IN BREAST CANCER SINCE 1971
    http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-09/29/content_5154954.htm

    "Having fewer children before the age of 30, early menarche, late menopause and being obese or overweight after menopause are said to be all factors behind the increase."

    [ Children before 30 and breast feeding is THE primary means of preventing breast cancer. ]

    http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/breast/incidence/

    The incidence of breast cancer has been increasing for many years in economically developed countries. Over the twenty year period 1984-2003 the incidence rate increased by 51%

    [ Coincides with feminism nicely again ]

    Breast cancer incidence rates vary considerably, with the highest rates in the developed world and the lowest rates in Africa and Asia.

    [ No feminists in Africa and Asia ]

    Why should I care if they get breast cancer? Shouldn't "independent women" accept (not to mention finance) the consequences of their own actions?
    Incidentally, some of the people answering don't realise that feminism is the reason two incomes are now required to support a family, so feminism is still to blame if the reason is "economic".

    And you women's studies people are hysterical, you have very bad tempers. The substance of the posts below appears to be insults.

    As usual, nobody can logically disprove that "feminism causes breast cancer", even if it doesn't cause 100% of the cases it is what is behind the rise in incidents, so quite frankly feminists can fund their own breast cancer treatment programs.

    Best question ever though!

    • ANSWER:
      I think it's terrible that anybody thinks it's OK not to care when somebody dies for whatever reason, no matter their beliefs.

      That said, there is a strong correlation between the lifestyle changes with the advent of feminism and some of the maladies that women now suffer. Breast cancer is only one of them. Endometriosis is another...did you know that one adult woman in three now has it, and it was almost unheard of until the 70's? Food additives and pollution are certainly other causal factors, but psychological effects on health rank way up...don't kid yourselves.

      Anpadh - Anybody who thinks they know it all just because they studied feminism in a strongly feminist environment is a fool.

      Edit - Bonzai Betty - What is also true about most Asian countries is that they don't have feminism over there.

  3. QUESTION:
    What are some signs of Breast Cancer?
    My mother has some nasty fluid coming out and refuses to see a doctor.( No insurance, and scared of Docs.) I am going to take her anyways I would just like some info on some signs of breast cancer and some info on low income clinics in Milwaukee Thank You!

    • ANSWER:
      These are the signs and symptoms of possible breast cancer:

      change in size - one breast may have become noticeably larger or lower

      nipple change - if it becomes inverted (pulled in) or changes its position or shape

      rash - on or around the nipple

      discharge - from one or both nipples

      puckering or dimpling - around nipple

      swelling – in your armpit or around your collarbone (from lymph nodes)

      lump or thickening - that feels different from the rest of the breast tissue - but remember that most breast lumps are not cancerous

      But obviously there's no way to say whether it's breast cancer or not without examination and tests.

      Sorry, can't help with your other question.

      Best wishes to your mother

  4. QUESTION:
    What does breast cancer feel like?
    Could you tell me where in the breast the lumps occur, what they feel like, etc.?
    What are some other symptoms of breast cancer? Are hair loss and tremors some symptoms?
    At what age can you get breast cancer?
    Any other info I should know?
    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a ten year survivor of breast cancer. Here goes.
      Tumours can occur in any part of the breast. Generally they are not painful at the outset. The one form of breast cancer that is painful from the start is a nasty little beast known as Inflammatory breast cancer. All women's breasts are somewhat lumpy and nodular to the touch. This is why monthly breast self examination after age twenty is recommended. The woman becomes familiar with the normal look and feel of her breasts, and any changes become immediately apparent ( lumps, orange peel skin, thickening etc.) Mine felt like a large kidney bean that was not too mobile. Cancer usually anchors itself to the blood stream somewhere. Hair loss is not a symptom of breast cancer. It 's a side effect of chemotherapy. Tremors are not a sign of breast cancer either.

      Breast cancer in women under thirty is rare. 1% of all cases in the US occur in women under thirty. I was 43 and considered young for breast cancer.

      A good reference is found here.

      Risk Factors

      When you're told that you have breast cancer, it's natural to wonder what may have caused the disease. But no one knows the exact causes of breast cancer. Doctors seldom know why one woman develops breast cancer and another doesn't.

      Doctors do know that bumping, bruising, or touching the breast does not cause cancer. And breast cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person.

      Doctors also know that women with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop breast cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of getting a disease.

      Some risk factors (such as drinking alcohol) can be avoided. But most risk factors (such as having a family history of breast cancer) can't be avoided.

      Studies have found the following risk factors for breast cancer:

      * Age: The chance of getting breast cancer increases as you get older. Most women are over 60 years old when they are diagnosed.

      * Personal health history: Having breast cancer in one breast increases your risk of getting cancer in your other breast. Also, having certain types of abnormal breast cells (atypical hyperplasia, lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS], or ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) increases the risk of invasive breast cancer. These conditions are found with a breast biopsy.

      * Family health history: Your risk of breast cancer is higher if your mother, father, sister, or daughter had breast cancer. The risk is even higher if your family member had breast cancer before age 50. Having other relatives (in either your mother's or father's family) with breast cancer or ovarian cancer may also increase your risk.

      * Certain genome changes: Changes in certain genes, such as BRCA1 or BRCA2, substantially increase the risk of breast cancer. Tests can sometimes show the presence of these rare, specific gene changes in families with many women who have had breast cancer, and health care providers may suggest ways to try to reduce the risk of breast cancer or to improve the detection of this disease in women who have these genetic changes.

      Also, researchers have found specific regions on certain chromosomes that are linked to the risk of breast cancer. If a woman has a genetic change in one or more of these regions, the risk of breast cancer may be slightly increased. The risk increases with the number of genetic changes that are found. Although these genetic changes are more common among women than BRCA1 or BRCA2, the risk of breast cancer is far lower.
      * Radiation therapy to the chest: Women who had radiation therapy to the chest (including the breasts) before age 30 are at an increased risk of breast cancer. This includes women treated with radiation for Hodgkin lymphoma. Studies show that the younger a woman was when she received radiation treatment, the higher her risk of breast cancer later in life.

      * Reproductive and menstrual history:
      o The older a woman is when she has her first child, the greater her chance of breast cancer.
      o Women who never had children are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who had their first menstrual period before age 12 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who went through menopause after age 55 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
      o Women who take menopausal hormone therapy for many years have an increased risk of breast cancer.

      * Race: In the United States, breast cancer is diagnosed more often in white women than in African American/black, Hispanic/Latina, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native women.

      * Breast density: Breasts appear on a mammogram (breast x-ray) as having areas of dense and fatty (not dense) tissue. Women whose mammograms show a larger area of dense tissue than the mammograms of women of the same age are at increased risk of breast cancer.

      * History of taking DES: DES was given

  5. QUESTION:
    What percent of the population is affected with breast cancer?
    i am doing a project for biology and have looked everywhere for this answer but only find what percent COULD have it. So this is due on wednesday and i really didnt want to skip this question or post it on here but its my only hope. please list your sources and if you have a link to notes on genetic info for breast cancer that would be great. And if its world wide please note that too or where the facts are base. Ex: united states

    • ANSWER:
      21.2% per 100,000 check the link below

  6. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of getting breast cancer?
    I am 22 years old and I am curious to know what my chances are. My grandmother (on mothers side had it and went through treatment had a mastectomy of one), both my aunts (same side) had lumps...the younger of the two had stage four breast cancer and the other aunt it was malignant. My mother is going through testing right now as well. The doctors have started my cousins, who are 25 year old females, on yearly mammogram testing. Any info would be appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Whew ... that is a positive family history. Certian types of breast cancers run in families, so given your family history, I would get regular check-ups (especially if your mother tests positive).

  7. QUESTION:
    How do lutein and zeaxanthin affect breast cancer?
    I'm reading conflicting things on this. Some say it helps breast cancer, some say it hurts.

    I know all say its good for eyes.

    I'm looking for info on breast cancer and pls post websites- thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Apparently they have a small protective effect.
      Try searching google scholar for yourself.
      Here's one reference I found ...

  8. QUESTION:
    Where can I find information and prevention methods on Breast Cancer?
    Breast Cancer Statistics among women, research, cures, different associations that raise money for breast cancer research, and what can I do to help.

    • ANSWER:
      OCTOBER is BREAST CANCER AWARENESS MONTH.
      See my blog at - http://360.yahoo.com/jayaramanms...

      There is not particular way to prevent Breast cancer and you should have mammogram and other screening tests done every year to ensure that it is detected in case if it comes.

      You can go through the following website where from you will get lot of information on BREAST CANCER -

      http://www.breastcancer.org/
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/prevention/breast/patient
      http://www.medicinenet.com/breast_cancer_prevention/article.htm
      http://www.breastcancerprevention.org/
      http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/
      http://www.bcpinstitute.org/
      http://www.nomorebreastcancer.org.uk/
      http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/
      http://www.breastcancer.about.com/
      http://www.webmd.com/breast-cancer/
      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/breast/prevention/
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prophylactic-mastectomy/WO00060
      http://www.breasthealthcancerprevention.com/

      I think these websites will give you a fair idea and details about Breast cancer. Best of luck-

  9. QUESTION:
    What are the strangest things you heard that can cause breast cancer?
    I 'm doing a report for health class. My topic is "strange myths about the risk of breast cancer" If you know anything that seems strange or stupid that people think can give them breast cancer, let me know. And if you know it's true or false, please send me Links if you have any. The only thing I can find is on antiperspirants, i need some more strange ideas. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many, most of which are repeated here on YA regularly

      You are right, anti-perspirant and deodorant don't cause breast cancer:
      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/healthyliving/cancercontroversies/deodorants/
      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/bc_myths/antipersp.jsp

      Another rmyth is that blows, bumps or pinches to the breast cause it:
      http://www.netwellness.org/question.cfm/11349.htm
      http://www.swedish.org/17384.cfm

      A link between abortion and breast cancer is a myth; junk science and propaganda from the anti-choice lobby. The broad scientific consensus is that no such link exists.

      This excellent article gives the facts:
      http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1374/is_2_62/ai_83794478
      also
      http://www.nci.nih.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/abortion-miscarriage

      Frequently on this board there are questions about bras and breast cancer - sleeping in a bra or wearing an ill-fitting, underwired or padded bra are common myths and NOT causes of breast cancer.

      There have been recent bogus scares about water in plastic bottles - frozen, left in cars etc - causing bc; all nonsense:
      http://urbanlegends.about.com/od/medical/a/bottled-water.htm
      http://www.snopes.com/medical/toxins/petbottles.asp

      Someone asked on here yesterday if french fries caused breast cancer!

      I often see people saying on here that breast cancer is largely, mainly or entirely genetic. It isn't; only 5 -10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors.

      There is currently a common belief that dairy products cause breast cancer, mainly because of the book 'Your Life in Your Hands' by Jane Plant, which made the claim. There is no real scientific evidence that this is true, and in fact I offer myself as evidence that it isn't - I had been vegan for over 8 years when i was diagnosed with bc.

      In fact, if you are discussing myths about breast cancer you may want to include all claims about diet and lifestyle. There is no evidence that any food contributes to any cancer. Any claim that it does is speculation and reflects the fears and prejudices of the person making the claim. It's often less scary for someone who hasn't had cancer to 'blame the victim' - put cancer down to avoidable life style factors like diet, stress, lack of exercise etc - than it is for them to accept that cancer is a largely random disease that can strike any of us at any time.

      The causes of breast cancer aren't known; there are known risk factors, but these ARE risk factors not causes - ticking one, some or all these boxes does not mean you will get breast cancer, and many people who are diagnosed with breast cancer have none of these risk factors other than the first and/or second.

      The greatest risk factor for breast cancer is being female -over 99% of those diagnosed are women.

      The second greatest is getting older - 80% of those diagnosed are over 50.

      5-10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors.

      The other known risk factors are:

      Having children at an older age or not at all. The more children a woman has may also slightly lower her risk. Breast-feeding helps protect against the disease. The longer a woman breast feeds her children, the more she lowers her risk.

      Starting periods at a younger than average age (under 12) or having a late menopause (after 55)

      Taking the contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) causes a small increase in risk. However, the risk gradually returns to normal after you stop taking them.

      Being overweight (especially after the menopause).

      Regularly drinking more than 1 unit of alcohol per day slightly increases the risk of breast cancer.

      Having a previous diagnosis of breast cancer increases the risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast.

      Thanks for the interesting question. If I remember any more myths as the day goes on, I'll add them

  10. QUESTION:
    What is the latest research on the link between Breast Ca and deodorants/anti persperants?
    My niece died of Breast Cancer at 32 yrs old and her young 8 yr old is needing to use an antipersperant due to strong odour irrespective of frequent washing. I read somewhere that some anti per or deoderants could cause Breast Cancer so need more info.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no scientific evidence at all that deodorant and anti-perspirant cause or contribute to any cancer. The widespread belief that they cause breast cancer is due largely to a hoax email that was widely circulated.

      For the facts read:

      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/bc_myths/antipersp.jsp

      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=3943

      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/healthyliving/cancercontroversies/deodorants/

      Also, contrary to what someone else has said, only 5- 10% of breast cancer cases are genetic. Most are random.

  11. QUESTION:
    Is it true that you can get breast cancer from being hit in the boob?
    Also is breast cancer hereditary? I don't think it is but it would really nice to know.

    • ANSWER:
      You don't get breast cancer from being hit in the boob. That is rediculous. And it definately can be hereditary. Look it up on google for more info.

  12. QUESTION:
    how do i start a fundraiser for breast cancer?
    I would like to start a fundraiser for breast cancer using cookie dough or breast cancer shirts or anything really wanted to do it this summer with my nieces thought it would be fun and good for them. But I have know idea how to get it started any ideas or info would be awesome.

    • ANSWER:
      If you want to do a proper fundraiser and not just raise a little money yourself and send it to a charity, you might want to look on a charity's website. They usually have a page to help you i.e. the ones below. Good luck :)

  13. QUESTION:
    What do I say to a friend with breast cancer?
    I am in 7th grade and an active member of the church youth group. The leader of the group was just diagnosed with breast cancer and wants us to e-mail her. I don't want the e-mail to be all sympethy or all info, but what do I say?

    • ANSWER:
      You can write her a nice letter just telling her what you've been doing and maybe send her some pictures so she can look them. Maybe some funny animal pictures or some of you and your friends together.

  14. QUESTION:
    What is the best source for Breast Cancer and Cervical Cancer marothons, runs, or other events?
    I have recently been diagnosed with Cervical Cancer and my grandmother fought through Breast Cancer more than once and her life was taken by Melanoma in her lungs. I am looking to participate in events that are dedicated to finding a cure or even just spreading knowledge of Breast Cancer, Cervical Cancer or others. Where is the best source of finding this info?

    • ANSWER:
      Below is one major site and a couple other sites for you to check. I hope this helps. Good luck

  15. QUESTION:
    what is the best way to raise money for things like the Avon walk for breast cancer?
    I am trying to raise money to walk in the avon breast cancer walk in chicago, my family has had a relay for life team in my mothers honor for 5 year but i feel like i should do something by my self for her. but i am running out of ideas fast and i need to raise at least 00 to do the walk which is may 31st. if you have any ideas please let me know i could use all the help i can get!! thank you

    • ANSWER:
      I could definitely help you with that. I own a vacation biz that has a fundraising dept. You can raffle or auction off vacations to raise the money. Online or offline. Which ever you prefer. Or both. You don't pay til the raffle is over. It's a great program.
      I can give you more info if you want. I will even give you my number so we can talk.
      amywettig@gmail.com

  16. QUESTION:
    What treatment is out there for small brain tumors that come from breast cancer?
    My daughter has tumors now in her brain from the breast cancer. The breast cancer tumors stopped growing and shrank slightly from treatment with ixempra and xeloda. What treatment works best for the brain tumors?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some links to information and resources. You have to trust the oncologist and neurologist and pray for her...she could consider joining a clinical trial..

      Brain Tumor Information

      http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/search?term=brain+tumors&submit=Search (brain tumor clinical trials…hit map tab for local trials and don’t forget to turn pages)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/clinical_trials/ (clinical trials)
      http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/results/brain (results of brain cancer clinical trials)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/ask_a_professional/ (click on “email a professional” to ask a question about brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/physician_listings/ (neurologist link listings..to find a physician)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/ (diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/brain_anatomy/index2.html (National Brain Tumor Foundation…brain anatomy…run the hand over the brain to view areas and a function box will appear underneath the illustration)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment/index.html (common brain tumor treatments and side effects)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/treatment_center_database/index.html (treatment center database)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/survivor_stories/index.html (survivor stories)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/surviving/faq/index.html (frequently asked questions)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/brain_tumor_orgs/ (link list of brain tumor organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/alternative_therapy/ (alternative therapy links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/treatment_resources/ (treatment resources links)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/other_sites/ (related sites link list)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/find.asp (brain tumor support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/online.html (brain tumor online support groups)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/support_groups/pediatric.html (pediatric support groups…listed for other readers who might need…)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/message_boards/ (brain tumor message boards)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/connecting_and_coping/caregivers_corner/ (caregivers corner)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/cancer_orgs/ (link list of cancer organizations)
      http://www.braintumor.org/patient_info/links/financial_assistance/ (financial assistance link list)

      Disability help
      http://www.new-horizons.org/ (organization to help the disabled..resource)
      http://www.new-horizons.org/faqcat.html (frequently asked questions about disability
      help)

      Medicine help
      http://www.pparx.org (partnership for prescription alliance…help with free or low cost medicines)
      http://www.copays.org/ (Patient Advocate Organization…copay assistance for malignant brain tumors)

      Nutrition and Support for cancer patients
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_6.asp? (nutrition for cancer patients)
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MIT/mit_0.asp (supporting cancer patients)

      3 books on disease symptoms and treatments

      you could also get these books on ebay or amazon or a half price book store. (last two are very similar)..
      1.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine
      2.Handbook of Diseases (Lippencott)
      3.Professional Guide to Diseases (Springhouse)

  17. QUESTION:
    I'd like to donate to a breast cancer charity and have them send a chard to the family.?
    I would like to make a donation to a breast cancer charity in memory of a friend who has just passed away and have a card sent to the family as notification of a donation (in lieu of flowers). Is there a breast cancer charity in the UK that will do this?

    • ANSWER:
      Against Breast Cancer is a charitable organisation based in Oxford that funds breast cancer research into long-term survival. All donations will be most gratefully acknowledged and, where possible, the bereaved family will be notified of the names of all donors and the total amount raised in memory of their loved one.

      http://www.aabc.org.uk/donate/imo_info.shtml

  18. QUESTION:
    Question about the breast cancer 3 day walk?
    I'm trying to do the Breast Cancer 3-day benefiting Susan Komen for the cure and I have so many questions! This will obv be my first one and I can't seem to find my answers in the FAQ. How many people need to be on a team? What is the min and max. I'm trying to form my own team. What about the team names? Does each person need to raise ,200 or is that by group? Any ideas on how to raise the money? Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi I won't be able to answer to many questions but I will try. This will be my 1st time walking in the 3-day, so I am still trying to learn/figure things out.
      For the amount of people you need to have on a team I don't believe there is a set amount. So if it's just you and one other person then that's your team. Yes- each person on the team has to raise the 00. That I know for sure. About raising the money-- once you register they will give you your walker ID number and right from the web site you will be able send out e-mail letters. They will send you out a handbook that has all sorts of info in it. When the handbook comes there will be a donation slip that you can make copies of to mail out once you register you can also download and print out a copy of your donation form. Also once you register you will be able to access more areas on the web site that are helpful. I don't know if I have helped any or not. But I do wish you the best of luck!!

  19. QUESTION:
    Is the canadian cancer society and breast cancer part of the same organization?
    if breast cancer isnt then what are some other organizations that are a part of the canadian cancer society?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is info on them:

      http://www.cancer.ca/Canada-wide/About%20us.aspx?sc_lang=en

      I live in the US, but here, and possibly in Canada, there are multiple separate organizations dealing with cancer and research. It looks like from the website, that the Canadian Cancer Society has alliances with other groups, though:

      http://www.cancer.ca/Canada-wide/About%20us/CW-Alliances.aspx?sc_lang=en

  20. QUESTION:
    Can cancer develope in your breast from bruising it ?
    I just fell over my own feet and crashed down onto a short end table that I am refinishing. It welted right away and twelve hours later one third of my breast is purple blue and black. I used a gel called Bruise Control which says it will fade unsightly bruises. It seems to have worked in the reverse for me. Mainly I am worried about Breast Cancer. Is there any info on the chances of this happening from bruising myself?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Melody,
      You don't need to worry, getting breast cancer from a bruise is an old wives tale. Breast cancer is a collection of malignant cells, you can't get cancer from an accident. As for the bruising it takes about 6-8 weeks for a bruise to go away. A warm compress might help with the pain as will a little Motrin or Tylenol. Take care and don't worry. :-)

  21. QUESTION:
    How do I begin to prepare for the Breast Cancer three day walk?
    What types of things do people do to prepare for this?

    I will have to walk 20 miles a day (with a group so we will need to get fit together) and it will go to raise funds for Breast Cancer research. = )

    Thanks!

    **Note: I am overweight by aout 65 pounds now, so I will need to do strength training, weight loss and be fit in a year.
    I know I can walk two miles without breaks right now. I was doing that before. = )

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. Hope all is well. Great to hear that you are doing the 3-day. I will do it once my little ones are a little older. I have not done it yet, but I know that once you sign up for it there are tons of resources that tell you how to train for it including an initial walker handbook, training walk schedules, training ideas, shoe shopping tips, etc. Go to the following site
      http://www.the3day.org/site/PageServer? agename=experience

      Personally, I would treat it as you would a run. Since you are going to be travelling about 15-20 miles per day, make sure you build yourself up to about 12 miles before the walk. If you are doing 2 miles now, start increasing mileage at about 1/2 mile everyother week (or week if you think you can push it). It is okay to take breaks and rest days are important. I found a lot of good info on the Runner's World website. I would definitely look over the info they offer on the 3-day site though and take advantage of the coaches they provide. Hope this info helps!! Good luck! Nicole : )

  22. QUESTION:
    What is the percentage of women that go into remission from Breast Cancer?
    I'm doing a research project for Health class and I need to know the percentage of women that go into remission from Breast Cancer. If you can give me a link to a website with this information, that would be nice also since I am having trouble finding information on a website.
    I would also like statistics.
    What I mean by statistics are ethnicity, race, etc.

    • ANSWER:
      90% overall

      http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/breast.html

      99% at stage 1.

      Check out the link I sent you. Has all the info you could ever want on cancer survival stats.

  23. QUESTION:
    What FL county has the highest incidence of breast cancer?
    I have been told that one FL county not only has the highest rate of breast cancer in FL but the highest rate of breast cancer in the USA.

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a site with some good information on Cancer. It will definitely help you. Have a look.

      http://cancer--info.we.bs/

      Take care...

  24. QUESTION:
    Does weraing a bra all the time cause breast cancer?
    I wear a bra all day and all night when i am sleeping,
    does this cause breast cancer?
    Is it bad to do this?

    • ANSWER:
      One couple did a study that they claim links breast cancer to wearing of bras (particularly wearing bras at night), but apparently their research didn't meet scientific standards. Here's some more info:

      http://www.healthmad.com/Conditions-and-Diseases/Bra-and-Breast-Cancer.215257

  25. QUESTION:
    what is the average life expectancy of secondry breast cancer?
    34 year old female, cleared by treatment of breast cancer but now has secondry cancer that has responded to treatmen, question, what is the average years one can expect , i know some may last days yet others years & years, i want to know the average & also the best that could be expected . thanks

    • ANSWER:
      This is a VERY difficult question to answer, based upon the limited information you are able to give. First, I am assuming that it is the breast cancer that has come back (i.e. a recurence), and not a cancer secondary to (i.e. caused by) her previous treatment (typically chemotherapy or radiation). I'm also assuming that this is not a seperate cancer of a different type or a new breast cancer entirely.

      The main reason that it is so difficult to give an average life expectancy once breast cancer comes back is that it is HUGELY variable from person-to-person, depending upon a number of factors:

      1. The first is how the cancer has come back. If an individual recurs with disease in the liver, lungs and brains at the same time, then the prognosis is quite poor and survival would be typically (but not always) on the level of approximately 3 months. Comparitively, if the patient has cancer come back in the same breast or in the axilla (under arm) then through surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, this can still frequently be cured! A good rough rule with breast cancer is that for it to be cureable, it must be able to be surgically removed. This does not mean that these women are not treatable. There are a number of women who live many many years despite having "incureable" cancer.

      2. The second factors are the microscopic characteristics of the person's cancer. How agressive the disease is depends upon how it looks under a microscope (grade), with higher grade cances spreading more quickly and having worse prognosis. Also, the results of certain tests determine whether or not the woman will benefit from hormonal treatment, certain biologic therapies (Herceptin), and may also suggest how responsive it will be to chemotherapy.
      3. A third factor that would be important in determining prognosis would be the prevous treatments that the individual has received. If she has received maximal treatments before (full mastectomy, radiation, chemotherapy, hormones, and herceptin) then there is not a lot else new to add, and it is less likely that there will be a long durable response to treatment. (This is a bit of a simplification, and it is certainly worth considering using anyand all of these again.)
      4. Finally one of the most important things to note if the woman is undergoing treatment aimed at metastatic disease is her response to the treatment. This tends to confer (but does not guarantee) a better prognosis.

      I hope this helps. You should definitely ask your oncologist(s) about their thoughts. Feel free to ask again (or me directly) with any other info you have available.

  26. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where I might find Pink Ribbons or other symbles of the fight against breast cancer?
    I am putting together a page for my scrapbook and want to add in a walk I did for breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Try locating them at scrapbook specialty stores or in the scrapbooking section at your local craft stores.

      There are lots of themed sticker collections or scrapbook themed pages that are available.

      If all else fails, 1/8 to 1/4 inch pink ribbon can be purchased at fabric stores and you can make your own.

      Here are some websites with ideas and items you can purchase if you can't find anything at home:: http://www.pinkribbonshop.com/index.asp?Category=33&PageAction=VIEWCATS
      http://store.digitalscrapbookplace.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=619
      http://www.scrapyourtrip.com/breastcancer.html

      Thank you for walking the walk for all of us!

  27. QUESTION:
    What are the signs that cancer is terminal?
    I know close to nothing about cancer. My mum has been recently diagnosed with breast cancer, and from the state she is in, my view is that it is too late for any treatment. (Sorry for being vague here, I find it too difficult to describe her body. She is physically extremely weak already).
    All sorts of tests are being done currently to assess the situation. Before the doctors give us some feed back, I am just wondering if anybody has experiences to relate. Also, do you know of people who have been saved with chemio "at the last minute"? (In her case, it is too late for all other treatments, as doctors told her). Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Terminal cancer is when the cancer has spread to bones, lymphactic system and major organs (aka Stage 4). It is very possible your mother-in-law has suspected something wasn't right (felt a lump) quite a while ago and was afraid to find out that her suspicion might really be cancer. However, some forms of breast cancer are very aggressive. I had a normal mammogram in December 2004 (abosolutely no indication anything was amiss). 4 months later I had a 2cm tumor with 4 positive lymph nodes (Classified as Stage 2).

      Whether chemo can save someone who is stage 4 depends a lot on the person and their age, if, as you say your mother-in-law is very weak already, chemo could be worse than doing nothing. (Taking chemo itself isn't painful but the side effects are awful). However, Lance Armstrong beat it.....

      Check out Dr. Susan Love's website for some very good info on Breast Cancer and also the Lance Armstrong Foundation

  28. QUESTION:
    is it possible to receive a breast augmentation for free in CA?
    ok, is it possible to receive a breast augmentation for free in the state of california IF you have a family history of breast cancer? Is there a specific age requirement, or anything? I know there's some sort of thing that you can qualify for that doesn't cost much money at all but i cant seem to find anything online, help?

    *if your comments are going to be negative please keep them to yourself, i need real info that'll help me get some answers! thanks!

    • ANSWER:

  29. QUESTION:
    How to contact a Tata Memorial Hospital,Mumbai(India) Dr for advice on Breast Cancer treatment thru internet ?
    My mother is suffering from Breast Cancer and the doctors from Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Lucknow. have advised chemotherapy but we wanted to consult the doctors from Tata Hospital Mumbai. Is this possible by sending the scanned reports . Doctors say, she is in 3rd stage and presently treatment is undertaken at Gandhi Memorial, Lucknow and SGPGI.. If yes then please tell me the whole procedure.

    • ANSWER:
      * Tata Memorial Hospital
      Dr. E Borges Road, Parel,
      Mumbai - 400 012 India
      Tel. +91-22- 24177000, 24146750 - 55
      Fax: +91-22-24146937
      E-mail : info@tmcmail.org and tmcit1@vsnl.com
      You can contact on above address and they have round the clock online service.
      Just google Tata Memorial Hospital mumbai and post all your queries.

  30. QUESTION:
    What part of the body systems are affected in Breast Cancer?
    I'm doing a research project and can't find this info anywhere, I'm supposed to decribe the parts of teh body systems that are affected by breast Cancer, you don't have to type it out I just need the link, but you can type it out if you want to.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancers are named after the part of the body from which they originate. Breast cancer originates in the breast tissue. Like other cancers, breast cancer can invade and grow into the tissue surrounding the breast. It can also travel to other parts of the body and form new tumors, a process called metastasis.

  31. QUESTION:
    What does the National Breast Cancer Foundation do?
    My girlfriend's mother has breast cancer, so I've been doing some research on the matter to find helpful info.

    I came across the Natioal Breast Cancer Foundation's website, and all it says they do there is provide mammograms and try to educate people about breast cancer... it doesn't seem like they actually do anything in terms of treating it...

    • ANSWER:
      The National Breast Cancer Foundation (NBCF) is the leading community-funded national organisation in Australia raising money for research into the prevention, detection and treatment of breast cancer.

      Since the NBCF was established in 1994, over .5million has been awarded to Australian based researchers across every state and territory, to improve the health and wellbeing of those affected by breast cancer.

      Research programs funded by the NBCF cover every aspect of breast cancer, from increasing understanding of genetics to improving ways to support women and their families.

      Underpinning the NBCF’s approach is the National Action Plan for Breast Cancer Research and Funding, a blueprint for accelerating our knowledge and understanding of breast cancer. The National Action Plan centres on funding collaborations with other like-minded organisations including the state based Cancer Councils and Cancer Australia. This ensures a long term, cost effective and coordinated approach to research, while providing an opportunity to accurately monitor and report outcomes to supporters.

      The NBCF does not receive any government funding, and therefore relies on corporate and community support to continue its work.

      Key fundraising initiatives of the NBCF are October’s Pink Ribbon campaigns, including Pink Ribbon Breakfasts, Pink Ribbon Day, Pink Magazine, Global Illumination and Pink Ribbon Licensed Product. In addition, the NBCF works with a range of corporate partners on cause-related campaigns.

      The NBCF also works with third parties on major fund raising events such as the Mothers Day Classic, a national walk or run for breast cancer held annually, and reaches the youth market through the Fashion Targets Breast Cancer campaign.

  32. QUESTION:
    Fundraising - needing donations for Breast Cancer 3 Day Walk?
    I am participating in the Susan Koman Breast Cancer 3 Day Walk. I am in need of donations and fundraising ideas. Any pointers?

    If you would like more info and possibly donate, click on the link to go to my personal page. http://08.the3day.org/goto/tarasue

    • ANSWER:
      It's hard to face it but the people you need to see are the family's of the cancer victims. They have the most at stake.A few families on your side to help you out will make the work more easy to handle and fund raising for causes takes lots of emotion.

  33. QUESTION:
    How can you raise A LOT of money for breast cancer?
    Does anyone know how to raise A LOT of money for breast cancer because one of my friends was diagnosed with breast cancer so I am trying to raise money for the breast cancer foundation so it will help them find a cure. Do you have any opinions? Ineed them if you do please!

    • ANSWER:
      Make a facebook page about your friend, where anyone can donate money. Personally ask people for money for her. Make a website where people can donate money for her (advertise your website on youtube).

      Just to let you know though, I do know people who have cured their cancer with nutrition!! seriously, google it for more info - One great example of this is the Boutenko family. they were all sick with different sicknesses, where the doctor said it's incurable, but they turned to nutrition instead of medication and got 100% healed!

      She might want to get her vitamin B17 checked up at the doctor/nurse. they will take a blood test to see if she's low in it. A vitamin B17 deficiency can cause cancer. Also, the raw food diet (which the Boutenko family are on) has said to cure many illnesses, including cancer!

  34. QUESTION:
    Why do men in some cases get breast cancer?
    Does every men have to be checked by that, if there is a family history of breast cancers?

    thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      A breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. Breast cancer occurs mainly in women, but men can get it, too. Many people do not realize that men have breast tissue and that they can develop breast cancer.

      For more info visit: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BreastCancerinMen/DetailedGuide/breast-cancer-in-men-what-is-breast-cancer-in-men

  35. QUESTION:
    What is a quick, easy, and inexpensive craft that I can make for a fundraiser?
    I am thinking of having a booth at the local pumpkin festival to raise money for my Avon Walk for Breast Cancer campaign (see: http://info.avonfoundation.org/site/TR/Walk2007/NewYork?px=3600331&pg=personal&fr_id=1285). What is a quick and inexpensive craft that I could offer in exchange for donations?

    • ANSWER:
      Friendship safety pins with friendship beads on them. it is a 80's style that has never gone away for fundraisers. Include school colors in the area

      book markers are fast on the computer to print. And use your mind to make yours interesting.

      pin cushions made out of a tuna can. Using orange felt or fabric. in the can is batting or use old socks or panty hose.

      Baby food jars painted on lids. Or use stickers on top with a ribbon on the site of cap. Or use a magazine picture and glue it on. Put a few flyer's up for old baby food jars. you will be surprised how many are out there. And men even use them in the garage for screws and such. So you get the male market as well.
      You can also make cool gel candles for then.

      Sand candles are fun to make. They were big in the 70's and are making a come back.

      Taking Styrofoam cups and glue a picture on the side and use a pipe cleaner for a handle. Put pumkin candy in them.
      get old magazines from the library or doctors offices. Or use the funnies from the newspaper.

  36. QUESTION:
    what are questions to ask a student whose mother died of breast cancer?
    im in journalism and a basketball players mom died of breast cancer not too long ago and is doing a fundraiser for breast cancer research so i need questions to ask her for an article.

    • ANSWER:
      Keep the questions very broad and open and focus on the cancer research and not the player's personal experience with her mom's death. She will offer personal info if she wants to. Ask her why she thinks cancer research is important. Maybe you could ask her if she has any advice for people that have a family member or friend undergoing cancer treatment.

  37. QUESTION:
    does the contraceptive pill increase my chances of getting breast cancer?
    ive been on the contraceptive pill for 2 years. Is this going to increase my chances of breast cancer? should I get off it for a while?

    • ANSWER:
      Talk to your doctor about this. In the info with your pills, it should say it slightly raises the risk of breast cancer and I think cervical cancer, too. If you regularly do self-checks and get checked yearly with your doctor, you shouldn't have any major problems. I don't know if going off it for a while will help reduce your risk or not. Talk to your doctor before you decide to stop your birth control.

  38. QUESTION:
    Risk of breast cancer when grandmother had mastectomy?
    I just learnt my 90 yr old grandmother battled breast cancer..i think in the 1980's. then 12 yrs ago she had a partial mastectomy as it came back. She is alive and well. I am in my early 30's. what are my risk of developing it as well? any links with statistical info would be great. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      It is difficult to quote exact values, as your risk of breast cancer depends on a variety of factors. Firstly, the age of onset of your grandmother. Early-onset breast cancer is more suggestive of an inherited cause. Your grandmother had it when she was about 70 years old, which isn't early onset.

      Secondly, breast cancer is considered by doctors to be inherited when you have 2 first-degree family members (sisters, mother, grandmother) with breast cancer spanning 2 generations. Do you have anyone else in that group with breast cancer?

      Thirdly, recurrent breast cancer is suggestive of an inherited cancer. You said your grandmother's cancer came back. Was it in the same or different breast? If it's in the same breast, it could be due to incomplete removal the previous time, but if it's in the other one, then there may be some factor predisposing her to breast cancer.

      For most women, a yearly mammogram is recommended after age 40. However, those with a family history of breast cancer may choose to start screening earlier using ultrasound. For women with a family history of breast cncer, it is recommended that women start screening 5 years before the earliest age of onset of cancer in their relatives.

  39. QUESTION:
    I need some info on the service dogs that are trained to help the disabled?
    I have breast cancer and ne4ed the help of a dog around the house. My feet swell and I have fallen more than twice.

    • ANSWER:
      Talk to your doctor. For mobility assistance dogs, you're either going to pay a LOT of money to a for-profit trainer (and probably still have a wait to get a dog), or you'll likely spend months to years on a wait list to get one from a non-profit (which will still have some cost associated with it). You will have to be considered legally disabled to qualify for any sort of service dog. As it sounds as though your disability may be due to the treatment process for your cancer, and thus likely is temporary, there's a good chance a non-profit will not place a dog with you, but will rather prefer to place dogs with those that are permanently disabled.

  40. QUESTION:
    At what age do you normally start getting breast exams?
    I'm talking about the kind of exams where they check for breast cancer and whatnot. Cause I'm young-ish but i'm not really looking forward to that anytime soon. Also, what exactly do they do there?

    • ANSWER:
      Clinical breast are recommended starting at age 20. Mammograms are recommended starting at age 40. When doctors perform a breast exam, they will have you lay on your back with your arm over your head (same side as the breast they are examining) and they will walk their fingers over your breast, pushing in slightly to feel the tissue beneath the skin to feel for lumps or something that doesn't feel normal. Unless you are having sensitive breasts at the time, it doesn't hurt. It may feel weird or tickle. And it only takes a couple minutes to check both.

      You can help your doctor by performing a breast self-exam once a month. If you started before age 20, it wouldn't hurt you as you'd get a better understanding of what's normal for your breasts. If you would like more info on how to perform a breast self-exam, I've included a link for you that teaches you exactly how to do it. Toward the bottom of the page are links to the BSE tool in three different languages: English, Spanish and Hindi.

  41. QUESTION:
    Rate or average on how breast cancer spreads?
    My mom has a small thing of breast cancer. Dr. says its small, and maybe spread to a lymph node, Is there any info out there that you know of that could possiably explain the growth rate of it? Otherwise they will just take it out, but if it spread she is doomed.

    • ANSWER:

  42. QUESTION:
    What would be simple to make for some one who had chemotherapy yesterday and have lost her appetite?
    My best friend have breast cancer and have started chemotherapy yesterday. She has vomited a lot and doesn't feel like eating.If you have some advice ,please help me so that I can make her something light to eat.Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear about your friend .... my dad had a rare cancer and received the same chemo as breast cancer patients. He refused food, even ensure, and about the only thing he seemed to enjoy was soft serve ice cream and sherbet. We later discovered that chemo patients need to avoid soft serve ice cream. There are many foods they must avoid to prevent infection during this time when their immune system is weak and vulnerable. Chemo does something to the taste buds and makes everything taste different. It was very disappointing for him to try and eat his favorite things, only to have them taste awful.

      Lukewarm bland broth and plenty of crackers satisfied him, too. Don't be alarmed if your friend just takes a few sips or bites and can't take anymore. Be forewarned, too, that what may taste alright this week won't taste as well next week or next month. Your friend may also develop sores in her mouth, and this can also affect her appetite. There are medications to help with this if it does happen.

      I hope the best for your friend, and her family and friends.

      Found this info to share with you from various websites about chemo:

      Vomiting and nausea are other common side-effects of chemotherapy during cancer treatment. It is suggested that the patient eat very small meals throughout the day instead of having 3 large meals. Never eat hurriedly, always chewing the food thoroughly to make digestion easier. Until chemotherapy is stopped the patient must avoid eating any sort of fried foods, foods with fat in them, sweets, and avoid / reduce the amount of meat intake. It is best to have a lot of fresh vegetables. Ask the physician for advice on what to eat and what to avoid.

      Management of nausea and vomiting

      * Relax. Don't assume you will be sick.
      * Use imaging and other relaxation techniques before and during your therapy. Biofeedback, self-hypnosis, diversionary activities (videos, games, puzzles), accupressure and music therapy may be helpful.
      * Avoid eating for a few hours before treatment, if you experience nausea.
      * Stay away from fatty or spicy foods, sweets and strong smelling foods.
      * Ice chips, ginger ale, unsalted pretzels, plain crackers, cool, bland foods can help combat nausea.
      * Try small, frequent meals. Eat slowly.
      * Have your favorite foods available and located conveniently.
      * Drink plenty of water.

  43. QUESTION:
    How much time does it take for deferred medicl opinion to get processed for Tourist Visa?
    My parents had a appiled for a visitor visa,My father's visa was granted on time but for my mother as she has a history of Breast Cancer(she is doing fine though) the DIAC had asked for further medical info from her oncologist which was duly provided. How much time will it take them to issue a visa?

    Thanks!
    Samir

    • ANSWER:
      another nineteen days

  44. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have any encouraging stories about cancer survivors close to you?
    My mom is a breast cancer survivor (it's been almost two years now) and she has become so much stronger because of everything she's gone through (chemo, radiation and a double mastectomy). She is truly an amazing woman and has inspired me to write a novel (something that I have always wanted to do) about her struggle and how it changed our lives. I know that things like this are personal and at times difficult to talk about, but I would love to hear your stories if you don't mind sharing them. :)

    • ANSWER:
      You can see by my avatar name that I too am a breast cancer survivor. When I first discovered the tumor, my PC DR sent me to a surgeon who ordered the biopsy and in 2 days I was told it was malignant ductal carcinoma. It's a good thing my husband was with me because once I heard the word "cancer" I felt life drain right out of me, tears dropped like a shower and I heard nothing else he said. My first thought was "this is it, now I die." By the end of the week, I had a mastectomy. It wasn't bad at all. The part that made me stronger was because I had an idiot for a DR. I know, that sounds strange, but listen, On my first visit I asked him why he left so much breast tissue there, His dumb answer "there's no cancer there," Even my husband thought it was strange. Before the year was up, I had another tumor rigjht in the mastectomy site which the same DR removed. Now, I'm really concerned and made the decision to see an Oncologist. I told him my story and he said these exact words to me that I will never forget, "Every surgeon has to be specially trained to do mastectomies. Not just any surgeon can do them. Secondly, Never should any tissue be left in a diseased breast." One week later, I had a second mastectomy and the Oncologist removed all the residual tissue left from the first one. When he came to see me he said he felt bad because what he actually did was a bi-lateral mastectomy. He found so much tissue from the first one and he also found another tumor. I was furious. I wrote to that first surgeon and did not give him my Oncologist name or any info about him. But I told him that I wondered how many women he performed mastectomies on and he left tissue in them. How many of these women are walking around thinking they are cancer free when they may be harboring another tumor. That experience alone gave me the incentive to write an article in our local newspaper warning women about surgeons who are not properly trained to do mastectomies. I warn all women to make sure the surgeon they have is specially trained. I may be without breast, but I am alive to help other women and warn them. So like you, this has made me stronger and I can speak out against untrained doctors. Good luck on your book, I'm writing one too. On a different subject though. God bless

  45. QUESTION:
    what are the chances of me getting breast cancer?
    it runs in my family i guess since my grandma got it. im 15 & latina. i don't know if that matters but what do you think are the possibilities of me getting breast cancer? and what are some things that can prevent it?

    • ANSWER:
      Most cancers are not passed down from parent to child. However there are some cancers that do have a genetic component. Check out this online fact sheet about hereditary cancer here: http://www.nowwhat.org.au/info/factsheets/hereditary-cancer
      It's got some helpful information.

  46. QUESTION:
    Who wishes to help me to help my daughter heal herself of cancer?
    She has metastatic breast cancer that has moved to her lungs and been treated and and shrinking in her lungs but now moved into the brain possibly. I will answer questions about her health and our relationship. I just want her to heal...
    Pleeeeeeaase!

    • ANSWER:
      It would be my pleasure to be of assistance to you and your daughter. Please look into the the following information I am providing you regarding the importance of Raising Glutathione (GSH) levels at the cellular level to combat cancer. There is a nutraceutical with 25 years of patents and proven research and many wonderful testimonials. It is recognised by by the FDA, it is in the Physician's desk Reference (PDR) and is covered by medicare & medicaid.

      After reading the following info please feel free to contact me
      at : Celenaper@yahoo.com
      So can answer any further questions and provide you the link to the nutraceutical.

      GSH in Cancer Prevention

      The search for the potential mechanism of immuno-enhancement by milk serum (whey) protein dietary supplementation has revealed the provocative possibility that whey protein may contribute to a broader biological effect of a protective nature with regard to susceptibility to cancer and diseases of aging, as well as general detoxification of environmental agents. Cancer and diseases of aging all appear to be somehow related to a drop in GSH—an ubiquitous element exerting a protective action against oxyradicals and other toxic agents.

      The two major theories on the origin of cancer both implicate GSH as a putative protective factor owing to its dual function as antioxidant and detoxifying agent. It has been suggested that the underlying mechanisms of aging and carcinogenesis are closely related, since the incidence of cancer increases progressively with age in humans and experimental animals. Indeed, theories of aging based on the accumulation of nonrepairable lesions over time—such as the free radical theory—are similar to theories explaining the origin of certain tumors.
      Others attribute the aging-associated increase in cancers to accumulation of carcinogens and increased exposure to the action of carcinogens with time.25 In fact, at least 12 carcinogens have been shown to be detoxified by GSH conjugation.
      These are: aflatoxin B1, N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene, benz-(a) anthracene, benz (a)pyrene, benzidine, dimethylhydrazine, dimethylnitrosamine, ethylmethane sulfonate, N-methyl-4-aminoazobenzene, 7-methylben-zanthracene, 3-methyl-cholanthracene, and 1-nitropy-teneY338

      As well, a University of Wisconsin study convincingly showed that physiological levels of androgens are capable of decreasing the GSH content in human prostatic androgen-responsive cells, which could provide a mechanism by which androgen exposure promotes prostate carcinogenesis.39

      Conversely, a slightly higher GSH level in the colon, obtained, by whey protein feeding, is associated with a lower tumor burden in an experimental model of human colon carcinoma again suggesting that tissue GSH levels modulate tumorigenesis.

      A further argument supporting the preventive role of GSH with regard to tumor development is the fact that GSH decreases in aging humans.

  47. QUESTION:
    Can someone tell me about breast cancer?
    I need sources for all answers...My two biggest questions are 'What are some causes of breast cancer?' and 'What are some environmental effects on breast cancer?'

    I would really appreciate it if someone would post an answer that's worth reading...and would answer soon.

    • ANSWER:
      There are no known causes for breast cancer, but there are many risk factors that increase the chances of contracting the disease. Some of these you can't control, like gender (100 times more common in women), age (nearly 8 out of 10 breast cancers are found in women over 50), and family history. Click the link below (from the American Cancer Society) for more info. It is a pretty comprehensive list.

      The strongest known environmental risk factor for breast cancer is exposure to ionizing radiation. A strong association has been observed between high dose exposure in atomic bomb survivors and persons undergoing prolonged radiation treatment. But few studies have been conducted of low dose occupational exposures or common medical procedures. A variety of factors have been identified as suspected environmental risk factors for breast cancer. These include: light at night (disruptions in melatonin secretion), hormone disruptors (including an extensive list of widespread compounds such as phthalates), environmental pollutants (hydrocarbons, organochlorines), and occupational exposures (chemical, radiation).

  48. QUESTION:
    Can a fifteen year-old teen have breast cancer?
    I'm just wondering if this is cancer I'm feeling. I feel pain in my breast once in a while since last year. It's like a pinching inside, on different areas. The internet says it can be a cyst, or infection, whatsoever. On the breast cancer section, I always stumble on info about adults. Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      If a 15 year old had breast cancer, her case would make international news, and be written up in medical journals.

      The chances are less than one in one million - less than half your chances of being struck by lightning.

      That's why all internet information about breast cancer is directed at adults - it's adults that develop breast cancer, and older adults at that. Fewer than 0.1% of all those diagnosed with it are under 30, and only 5% are under 40. I was classed as a 'younger woman' at diagnosis because I was only 50 - quite young for breast cancer.

      Even in women old enough for breast cancer, pain is rarely a symptom - most people diagnosed with breast cancer have felt no pain at all.

      And when pain is felt, it is constant rather than once in a while.

      Better to talk to your mother, your school nurse or your doctor than look up symptoms on the internet. But don't worry about breast cancer, you don't have it


breast cancer info

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Cancer is a leading health problem in India, with approximately 1 million cases occurring each year. The increasing number of head and neck cancer is a cause of major concern as it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. According to various studies, the prevalence of head and neck malignancies with respect to total body malignancies ranges from 9.8% to 42.7%. In India, head and neck cancer comprises about one-third of total body malignancies, primary reason for the high incidence being the indiscriminate use of tobacco in various forms.

A systematic approach is required for management of head and neck cancers. Surgery as a treatment modality is frequently used in most types of head and neck cancers, especially oral cancers. We, at Dharamshila Hospital and Research Centre, recently conducted a workshop on head and neck oncology with live surgery. Following is the case summary of the patient who was operated during the same.

Case Summary

A 55 year old male patient, a chronic tobacco chewer, presented with complaint of growth left upper alveolus and buccal mucosa since one month. He was a known case of CA left buccal mucosa (T2N0M0), for which, wide local excision Buccal Mucosa and Supra-omohyoid neck dissection was done at a premier institute. Histopathology of the resected specimen was suggestive of Verrucous/Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Present day, examination revealed two separate lesions at left upper alveolus, hard palate (3x2cm) and buccal mucosa(2x2cm); N0 neck with scar of previous surgery present in the neck. Mouth opening was restricted to approximately one finger breadth.

Punch Biopsy revealed moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. MRI face and neck showed large heterogenous mass (41mmx31mmx26mm) involving left cheek & left maxillary alveolus. Metastatic workup ruled out metastasis.

Thus a diagnosis of Well Differentiated Squamous Cell Carcinoma of left BM and upper alveolus (T4aNxM0) was made. Patient was planned for left composite resection with free fibular flap reconstruction.

A modified Crile's incision was planned with the horizontal limb extending along the previous scar line. To complete the neck dissection, Left Modified neck dissection type II was done. Dissection was carried out in the sub-platysmal plane to raise the skin flaps. Level I to Level V nodes with sternocleidomastoid muscle was removed. Spinal accessory nerve and IJV were carefully dissected and preserved. This was followed by the resection where wide local excision of buccal mucosa, retromolar trigone, hard & soft palate was dine taking 1.5cm margin all around. Left hemimandibulectomy (distal to left canine) was and left upper partial alveolectomy (distal to first premolar) was done alongwith infratemporal fossa clearance. The specimen was removed enmass. The specimen was sent for frozen section, which confirmed that all the margins were free of tumor.

A thorough wash was given with normal saline for mechanical lavage and to remove any exfoliated tumor cells. Hemostasis secured.

For reconstruction, the requirements were 22x12cm for the skin paddle, and 6.5cm (body) x 4cm (ramus) bony requirement with one osteotomy. Free fibular flap was harvested with dimensions described above.

Anastomosis was done using two veins (Direct IJV, end to side, 8-0 ethilon, interrupted sutures; and Br. IJV, end to end, 8-0 ethilon, interrupted sutures) and one artery (left facial artery, end to end, 8-0 ethilon, interrupted sutures). Fibula fixation was done using 2mm mini plates and screws sizes 8 & 10. Donor site was covered with split thickness skin graft.

Post operatively, the patient was kept on ventilator support for 24 hours. He was managed according to the set protocol at DHRC. He responded well to the surgery.

Post operative Protocol:

1) Ventilator support for 24 hours.

2) Head tilt to the opposite side to avoid pressure on anastomosed site.

3) Ryle's tube feeding, Chest physiotherapy and sitting on bed every two-hourly from Day 2.

4) Mouthwash from Day 3.

5) 1st graft donor site dressing on Day 5, followed by alternate day dressings (4-5 dressings)

6) Head bandage to contour the operative site from Day 5.

7) Ryle's tube removal after two weeks.

Histopathology of the resected specimen showed moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma with foci of surface ulceration; no lymphovascular invasion. All the margins of the resected specimen, underlying bone, as well as all of forty two dissected lymph nodes were free of tumor.

In the follow-up of last 1 month, the progress of patient is satisfactory. He is planned for post-operative radiotherapy.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can chewing tobacco cause Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    We just recently found out that a family member has Squamous Cell Carcinoma and the doctors think it maybe from chewing.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes as can too much sun. It is a moderate type of skin cancer worse than a normal carcinoma but not as bad as melanoma. The thing that you have to worry about with squamous cell carcinoma is that it can metastases and it can also be tough to get rid of.

  2. QUESTION:
    Is squamous cell carcinoma life threatening?
    I had a squamous cell carcinoma removed from my right calf eleven years ago. I now have been told that I have 3 small cancers on both on my hands ( one on the back of my left hand, and 2 on the back of my right hand. What is the possibility of this cancer surfacing somewhere else on my body? Is this type of skin cancer potentially life threatening? Should I be concerned about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Generally not life threatening as long as it's treated quickly. It is the 2nd most common skin cancer. Truthfully. hundreds og thousands are diagnosed evey year, resulting in less than 3k deaths.

  3. QUESTION:
    what is the difference between a squamous cell and squamous cell carcinoma?
    is a squamous cell some thing that forms squamous cell carcinoma?

    thanks to everyone who answers!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nerve tissue. Epithelial tissues line the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the body, and also form many glands. Squamous cells compose one of the layers of this epithelium tissue and when they become cancerous it is called" Squamous cell carcinoma".
      I tried to make this as easily understood as possible but there is allot more to read on the link I pasted here. Best wishes.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squamous_cell_carcinoma

  4. QUESTION:
    does squamous cell carcinoma spread more quickly after biopsy?
    margins of squamous cell carcinoma biopsy were not clear. Will these squamous cells spread more quickly after biopsy while I wait for my appointment? I am trying to decide where to go and I want to know if I need to go immediately or if a few weeks will make little difference. The site is back of left calf and the size is about the size of a pea.

    • ANSWER:
      The biopsy has nothing to do with how fast it will spread.
      Since the primary site is the skin a few weeks will not matter.

  5. QUESTION:
    Hi My brother is suffering from Squamous Cell Carcinoma 4 month doctor remove 2cm tumor and did radiotion ?
    Hi My brother is suffering from Squamous Cell Carcinoma 4 month before doctor remove 2cm tumor and did radiation Again he found small tumor between arms is it curable?plz help what we will do now?

    • ANSWER:
      get your brother to go to his oncologist and ask him/her that question as you are more likely to get a reliable answer that way. sorry to be harsh but that is the best way to find out in this situation as the oncologist will be able to explain to you both further and more extensively.

  6. QUESTION:
    Looking for squamous cell carcinoma stage 4 of tongue survivors.?
    I'm posting this for a friend that's husband has been diagnosed as stage 4 squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue base and secondary tonsil and lymph nodes. He is current;y gong through chemo and waiting for tests before starting radiation. She hasn't been able to find any 5+ years survivors and she's just looking for some hope.

    • ANSWER:
      Most large cancer centers treat a fair number of head and neck cancer patients. I would suggest contacting one of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) hospitals, such as MD Anderson, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, Mayo Clinic, etc.

      By the way, for patients with stage IV head and neck cancer, the 5-year survival for patients is reported to be around 40%. This is based off fairly out-of-date information. With newer chemotherapy agents and radiation techniques, and the ever-increasing ability of appropriately trained head and neck surgeons, we are seeing more and more patients surviving for 5 and more years.

      One of the major problems, unfortunately, is that the survivors of head and neck cancers are at risk for the development of other tumors (lung, esophageal, stomach) so due diligence on the part of the treating doctors needs to happen. Too, some of my patients say that "the treatment is worse than the disease." There are some potential, long-term complications from this intensive treatment that can lead to patients not fully enjoying their life...

      This is a difficult, but very treatable cancer, all the same. There are several reputable websites by major cancer organizations (ASCO, AHNS, ACS) that patients and caregivers can access.

  7. QUESTION:
    Anyone with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the epiglottis?
    My 86 year old grandmother was diagnosed with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the epiglottis. The cancer formed a huge tumor within 2 months. It starts at the epiglottic or base of the tounge and continues up the left side of her neck, up to her ear. The doctors are only gonna do radiation on her. I was just wondering if anyone knew the life span of this situation?

    • ANSWER:
      This is a tough cancer and projected treatment regimen for anyone and especially an 86 yr old lady. Her cancer is probably already very advanced and what they will be doing is palliative treatment with the radiation. Make sure the treatment has realistic goals and that your grandmother understands the radiation will greatly hinder her ability to eat and swallow (the cancer will also cause the same type of problems as time passes). Be prepared to get her enrolled with hospice when the time comes. My guess (and it is just a guess) is that your grandmother has less than a year. I'm very sorry.

      http://www.emedicine.com/ent/topic716.htm

      http://www.emedicine.com/plastic/topic376.htm

      http://www.hospicenet.org/html/services.html

  8. QUESTION:
    How many people die from skin cancer yearly?
    I'm doing a biology project on skin cancer, and I'm making a brochure. I'm focusing on basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, but I just need this bit of information in general. So I just need to know how many people die of skin cancer in general, just an approximation. Thankss.

    • ANSWER:
      Melanoma is the least common skin cancer but it is potentially the most serious: there are over 8,000 new cases each year in the UK and 1,800 deaths.
      Over one million new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed in the US yearly. About 80% are basal cell carcinoma, 16% are squamous cell carcinoma, and 4% are melanoma.
      The incidence of both non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancers has been increasing over the past decades. Currently, between 2 and 3 million non-melanoma skin cancers and 132,000 melanoma skin cancers occur globally each year. One in every three cancers diagnosed is a skin cancer and, according to Skin Cancer Foundation Statistics, one in every five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime.

      As ozone levels are depleted, the atmosphere loses more and more of its protective filter function and more solar UV radiation reaches the Earth's surface. It is estimated that a 10 per cent decrease in ozone levels will result in an additional 300,000 non-melanoma and 4,500 melanoma skin cancer cases. The global incidence of melanoma continues to increase – however, the main factors that predispose to the development of melanoma seem to be connected with recreational exposure to the sun and a history of sunburn. These factors lie within each individual's own responsibility.

  9. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between these 3 cancers?
    What is the difference between these 3 cancers : basal cell carcinoma,(or basal cell carcinoma epithelioma) , squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma? Need this for an essay so as much info as you can give would be greatly appreciated !

    • ANSWER:
      The difference is on a cellular level. They effect different cells in your skin. You skin is made of layers of different types of cells.

      They also differ in the way they look and spread. You can get far more information by just searching for these words online. You will need to do your own research for your essay

  10. QUESTION:
    What does "local disease" mean, referring to a cat?
    A cat has squamous cell carcinoma that started in her upper palate and is spreading around her nose and mouth. She is a very old cat and is still surprisingly active even with this condition. She gets buprenorphine for occasional pain, but is still eating and playing. The information I have is that cats with this condition do not die from it, but from "local disease". What does this mean?
    Thanks so much, amanda! That explains a lot that I didn't know.

    • ANSWER:
      It means exactly what you said. It stays near where it started, but it spreads, and quite rapidly. The disease rapidly eats away at all the tissue and bone where the disease started. For this reason the disease is often called "face eaters". Vets assume the disease damages the pain receptors because animals with this disease often act like nothing is wrong. Because of this pet owners usually let the animal go on (with or without treatment) until the disease effects daily function and quality of life (not eating, blind, inactive, ect...) and then they opt for euthenasia. For this reason, less than 10% of pets with this disease survive, even for a year with treatment because of the rapid spread impacting quality of life.

      I'm sorry for the grim diagnosis of your kitty. :( Enjoy her and let her enjoy life and don't be afraid of choosing euthanasia if her quality of life is poor. Sometimes its a good decision even if its a hard one to make. Take care.

  11. QUESTION:
    How hard to get into clinical trial at Moffitt?
    My xbf has 'pancoast' lung cancer,squamous cell carcinoma,stage 3A or maybe 3B,in each lung. Has started radiation and chemo. Was looking into clinical trials at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa. He has no money and no insurance. What are his chances?

    • ANSWER:
      I would just call them and tell them your situation.There may be other factors besides money that would eliminate him from the trial.1-813-745-3980 or1-888-860-2778

  12. QUESTION:
    Women, how would it effect your marriage if your husband lost his penis to cancer?
    I know a man who has had to undergo a total penectomy due to squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. It's been difficult on he and his wife. He's withdrawn, and she feels the need for a divorce. They are young and she wants children, which he is unable to have now. As the wife, can you understand where she's coming from?

    • ANSWER:
      um...sperm comes from the testes and a doctor could take it out with a needle and impregnate his wife. I wouldn't leave my husband, I would just be happy he was alive. I would also make sure he got counseling because he would feel like less of a man but that's why they make sex toys.

  13. QUESTION:
    Why do health insurance companies deny life ins coverage to people who have a history of malignant melanoma's?
    I was just denied life insurance coverage due to a health history of malignant melanoma = 10 years ago, 2 squamous cell carcinoma's = 5 years ago, and 3 displastic nevi removed 6 months ago by my dermatologist. I get skin exams whenever I see anything suspicious. I take all the necessary precasions. I am almost 45 years old; fair complected, and a female.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, there are two answers. You're looking for standard rates. Once you have a malignant melanoma, you no longer QUALIFY for standard rates - the odds are just MUCH higher that you won't live as long as someone who hasn't had any melanoma.

      The second answer is, if price is no object, you CAN buy life insurance. You need to talk to a high risk life agent in your area. You're just going to pay through the nose for it - maybe even close to payout value.

  14. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of an alternative to surgery for cancer in the rectum?
    My mom has squamous cell carcinoma in the rectum, and they want to do surgery w/a colostomy bag being the end result. I am trying to find alternatives to this, can anyone help? We are open to any suggestions at this point.

    • ANSWER:
      Surgical intervention is her best bet. Please don't waste time or put faith in the dubious cure-alls that I'm sure will appear soon after I post this. Nobody wants an ostomy, but this is probably the best option. You want the best for your mom.

      I'm not sure how your moms cancer was characterized, but go over the plan with your moms colorectal surgeon. ASK if the ostomy device will be permanent.

      Sometimes depending on certain criteria there are operations that include a later a n a l anastamosis --in other words she would be able to move her bowels without a bag. This operation is NOT for everyone, and there are specific criteria that need to be met. I'm only suggesting that you ask her surgeon about the plan.

  15. QUESTION:
    what treatment is recommended for skin cancer?
    i have squamous cell carcinoma. will i have to do chemo?
    it was a mole on my back, and I am worried.

    • ANSWER:
      SCC is tricky. Some people need chemo because they ignored it. How long have you had it and what stage was it that you would need chemo. Your Dr should have explain all this to you and not just let you walk out of the office knowing your questions were not answered. The doctor should have just ask you if you had any questions and he would have told you. I don't know the grade, or stage, so the question need some elaborating on. Good luck . Remember, whatever the outcome, Chemo works.

  16. QUESTION:
    How do you obtain medical marijuana?
    I have 2 types of Cancer, They are called Basal Cell Carcinoma, and Squamous Cell Carcinoma. I really need this, it will help me calm down

    • ANSWER:
      Obtaining med marijuana is easy, even if you get diagnosed with depression you would be able to obtain it. There's a few locations out there in the US of course...at this location you become legal for smoking marijuana AND you are legal to grow. i know someone that is legal i can ask for you but it happens to be too late right now to call or contact this person so i'll get back to you

  17. QUESTION:
    Why did they never realise smoking did serious damage?
    Years ago, Doctors used to reccomend patients cigarettes to relief stress and what not, how did they not make the link between smoking and diseases such as Periodontitis, Squamous Cell Carcinoma etc.

    Were they told to keep quiet by tobacco companies or what?

    • ANSWER:
      They did, really. The association between clay pipes and cancer of the lips was discovered in the 18th century, which is why they started making clay pipes with long stems. Cigarettes, which are more hazardous than pipes and cigars, became widely popular during the first world war. There were some vociferous anti-cigarette voices, including Thomas Edison (who preferred cigars), but since lung cancer takes years to develop the smoking/cancer connection wasn't immediately apparent.

      I read the other day that the late Dr. Debakey suggested a relationship between cigarette smoking and cancer in 1936, but that he was laughed at by his peers. He wasn't the only one -- the evidence was starting to mount for those who were willing to look. As time progressed, more and more researchers came aboard, just as more recently they came to accept global warming.

      Meanwhile, the tobacco companies fought back, much as the oil companies are fighting global warming, by hiding the results of their own research efforts (which confirmed the smoking/cancer link) and running misleading ads that implied smoking was healthy, such as the infamous "More Doctors Smoke Camels." They also applied enormous pressure to the press to keep negative news from the public, something they were able to do because they were major advertisers. Nevertheless, by the 1950's, the relationship between smoking and cancer was becoming well known, so they introduced filter cigarettes, which didn't actually do anything to reduce the risk of cancer but helped convinced the public that smoking was safer than it was.

      Finally, in 1964, the Surgeon General followed the example of the British Government and released a report that said that smoking caused lung cancer and was a major cause of death. The tobacco companies continued to fight the evidence, hide their studies -- including the ones that had found that smoking was addictive -- and impede programs aimed at protecting the public. But they couldn't hold back the flood of negative research, only slow it.

      A sketchy answer since I'm not an expert, just writing from general knowledge, but I think you'll find this is the gist of it.

  18. QUESTION:
    Looking for ways to soften neck from surgery and radiation treatment.?
    Throat cancer. A year since cut, poison and burn for squamous cell carcinoma. Any good, nutricious blender recipes would be appreciated. Or any sites dealing with issues of throat cancer patients.

    • ANSWER:
      I can empathize. I had melanoma on my neck, so they did surgery and radiation there. It sucks. I still have issues because the radiation fried my saliva glands on the one side and also my nerve endings. But to answer your question, I just don't know anything. I was told to drink Ensure (ewww gross) because it was nutritious and easy to drink. I didn't do that though; I couldn't stomach it. I hope you have someone in your household who can cook well. Good luck to you. :)

  19. QUESTION:
    would the primary tumor be where island and nest are present?
    My dad died of squamous cell carcinoma. They said it was tongue cancer but he had the spot on his tongue removed one week after it apeared. Then when we recieved the autopsy it showed island and nest in the epigottis. I was woundering if the epigottis would have been the primary cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      You are not giving enough information to know.
      Did they find a second cancer or was this mets from the tongue?
      “Islands and nests” is a description of cells it is not an indication of the primary site.

  20. QUESTION:
    Just found out my cat has cancer. What was the cause of it?
    We got the biopsy results in the other day and it said that she has squamous cell carcinoma. an oral cancer.

    How did she get this? What are the main causes of it?

    She is acting normally and nothing out of the ordinary; eats regularly. Did we catch this cancer early? And if so, is it cureable?

    • ANSWER:
      :-(

  21. QUESTION:
    How many people died from Melanoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma, and Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
    Well I'm doing a science assignment and I cannot find how many people died from Melanoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma, and Squamous Carcinoma in Australia. Please help me answer this asap

    • ANSWER:

  22. QUESTION:
    Can I have a basal cell carcinoma on my foot?
    Has this happened to anyone, what I thought was a wart is infact a basal cell carcinoma. How was it treated if this happened to you. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Skin cancer is a major problem in the elderly. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the second most common skin cancer, typically occurs in this age group. Despite a number of modalities readily available for treatment. Consequently, the search for novel treatments continues. To my knowledge, there are only 6 published reports of invasive SCC treated with 5-percent Imiquimod cream. (Imiquimod is a topically applied imidazoquiline immunomodulator that enhances both innate and cell-mediated immunity )
      This is a clinical trial result that has details that may be of interest:- An 89-year-old woman presented with three lesions on her lower limbs. She had previous treatments for multiple basal cell carcinomas, actinic keratoses, Bowen disease, and invasive SCCs at various sites. The new lesions were on the left foot (one) and right lower leg (two) and all showed changes of poorly differentiated SCC histologically. She declined surgical excision; radiotherapy was felt to be a poor option. She was treated with 5-percent imiquimod cream, initially to just the lesion on the dorsum of the foot, for 8-12 hours at night for three nights each week (three times a week). Treatment was well tolerated by week 2, so the frequency was increased to five times a week, and all three lesions treated. Gradually, two lesions diminished in size. Treatment was continued until there was no clinical evidence of residual tumor at these sites (19 weeks) repeat biopsies showed only a focus of dysplastic cells with no invasion (dorsum, left foot), and epidermal hyperplasia with no significant cytological atypia (outer aspect, right lower leg) Neither now showed evidence of invasive SCC. After 16 months there was no recurrence of either lesion. The third lesion (right lower leg,) did not respond to topical imiquimod and was later surgically excised.
      Hope this helps
      Matador 89

  23. QUESTION:
    Can a squamous cell skin cancer grow under skin without any sign? I recently had a cut it turned into a sore.
    Went to the doc he removed it turned out to be squamous cell carcinoma. He said this is a skin cancer however my internal med dr. said this is not a skin cancer. I had no sign of anything wrong until I pinched it and a couple of days went by and a sore developed. Went to the dr immediately and they sent me to a surgeon. My question is how can you have a skin cancer growing and no sign of it? It was large when he opened up the sore the tumor was 2.5 x 2.5 cm. He said he removed all of it(clear margins according to pathology reports) which is GREAT but still feel so uncertain about this. If I couldn't see this cancer how do I know if I have any others and why is the internal med Dr saying this was not skin cancer?
    Because it was not on top of the skin and was only underneath?
    Please let me know what your thoughts are on this matter.

    • ANSWER:
      What did the surgeon say about the SCC? Typically squamous cell of the skin often look like an obvious sore but sometimes can appear like a reddish swelling. Squamous cells are cancers of the epithelial cells. Here is a good web page that discusses SCC.

      http://www.skincancer.org/squamous/index.php

      You were fortunate to have received prompt treatment as 2.5cm X 2.5cm is a large squamous cell that needs immediate removal. I think there was some misunderstanding by the internist as it certainly appears like you had a squamous cell of the skin. A copy of your pathology report would tell you for certain so ask for a copy.

  24. QUESTION:
    can someone explain squamous cell carcinoma?
    My mother recently died 2 weeks after being diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma. I had never heard of it and still dont understand how we would have known to catch it early enough. She said her pain was artharitis ie...legs, lower back and she had headaches. Thats all I know about it.

    • ANSWER:
      First off, very sorry about your mother's sudden passing.

      Second off, the John Hopkins's Cancer Alert referred to in the answer above is a hoax and was not released by John Hopkins. Here is their denial explanation email.

      http://www.hopkinskimmelcancercenter.org/news/index.cfm?documentid=866&newstype=News+Releases&action=showthisitem

      You did not say where your mother's squamous cell cancer was located. Was the primary possibly located in her lungs or throat? If so this is a bad location for a SCC and she had probably had the cancer for months before her death while attributing her pain and feeling bad to her other health problems. At this time advanced SCC is not curable so at least your mother did not have to suffer long. Still this leaves you with inadequate time to prepare for her death and much unfinished business in terms of greiving. I'd suggest you read the book "How to Go On Living When Someone You Love Dies" by Therese A. Randle. It is available at Amazon or any bookstore. This book really helped me after the death of my father.

      all the best in your time of grief

  25. QUESTION:
    Squamous cell carcinoma on the nose?
    A spot on my nose was just diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma and I've been referred to a physician who does Mohs. Has anyone out there had the Mohs procedure? Please share if you have had good results with a nice looking outcome. Also interested in hearing recommendations should it require plastic surgery afterwards. No horror stories please!

    • ANSWER:
      I had a squamous cell removed off of my cheek, and have a 1/2 inch scar that dips in just slightly. A friend of mine had one right on the bridge of her nose, she had the Mohs procedure at U.C.L.A. medical center, they also started her reconstruction at the same time, they took a graph of skin off right under her collar bone and made the graph for her nose, latter she had a filler injected there, every few years she has to have the filler pumped back up a little when it starts to sink a little, but she hardly has a scar, and looks great. Good Luck, and God bless you through this hard time!

  26. QUESTION:
    What happens during lung cancer treatment?
    Does a person have to stay in the hospital for the whole treatment process? And what exactly is happens during treatment?

    Cancer type: NSCLC epidermoid carcinoma or Squamous cell carcinoma

    • ANSWER:
      Treatment is individualized. It can include surgery, radiation, and/or chemo.

      The patient may be in & out of the hospital.

  27. QUESTION:
    What happens during lung cancer treatment?
    Does a person have to stay in the hospital for the whole treatment process? And what exactly is happens during treatment?

    Cancer type: NSCLC epidermoid carcinoma or Squamous cell carcinoma

    • ANSWER:
      My sister has lung cancer and she was to have out patient chemo. Only because she has several cancer and is terminal, chemo was not an option. Most chemo treatments for lung cancer and most cancers are done on an out patient basis. You don't usually stay in the hospital for the duration. Good luck

  28. QUESTION:
    Does Lazer Surgery work on a oral tumor in cats?
    Has any one had sucess using lazer surgery on a cat with Squamous Cell Carcinoma? I have a cat who has a tumor on the bottom of his tongue. I have read about this type of surgery and it sounds like the most sucessful cure. Does anyone know if this works or if there are anyother options besides radiation and chemo? Thank you~

    • ANSWER:
      No idea. In your situation my first resource would be my vet. My second would be the Cornell Veterinary website. I'm lucky that my vet went to Cornell and still uses them a lot for tricky cases. Whatever you choose to do, good luck :)

  29. QUESTION:
    moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma?
    Hi ,
    My dad has been diagonised with moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of mouth.He is 63 years old and a diabetic. He seems to be healthy and normal. Is there a cure for this without surgery. Have any of ur near and dear ones have fought this disease??
    Please help.
    Thanks in advance,
    Surekha.

    • ANSWER:
      There is no cure without surgery.

  30. QUESTION:
    Whats your opinon on euthanization on animals?
    My cat has squamous cell carcinoma and he's 17 years old. My family has been fighting with eachother if they wanted to euthanize him. ??

    • ANSWER:
      I think if the animal is suffering or very sick and has lived a long life then it is better than making it live in pain

  31. QUESTION:
    Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of lung cancer that begins in?
    A the epithelium of the bronchi.
    B the pulmonary lymph nodes.
    C the squamous type I cells of the alveoli.
    D the mucous glands of the bronchi.
    E the respiratory bronchioles.

    Need help on this question anyone.

    • ANSWER:
      as i have looked in the wikipedia article below, scc is not specific to the lungs, but may occur in any part of the body, as long as the squamous epithelial cells are affected...any also, its effects on the lungs are on the bronchi...

      since i know fairly about squamous cells, before reading the article i presume that my choices are A and C...but it is also stated in the artcile that the bronchi are affected...so my answer is

      A

  32. QUESTION:
    Are there any cancer support groups in Central Missouri?
    My father was diagnosed with lung cancer. (squamous cell carcinoma stage IV) I think he is scared of the chemo and radiation therapy, because he doesn't want to do it. I need to get him and our family into a support group. I live in central Missouri. Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      You can contact the American Cancer Society, they may have a local chapter that can give you guidance. You can also contact a cancer clinic and ask to speak to a medical social worker. Many social workers specialize in working with cancer patients and their families and would be glad to speak with you.

      American Cancer Society
      http://www.cancer.org/

  33. QUESTION:
    Who is the best Oncologist in Arizona?
    to remove squamous cell carcinoma from my upper ear lobe? Want to see someone who is also a cosmetic/plastic surgeon- a surgeon who can make my ear look normal after a Mohs procedure.

    • ANSWER:
      Ask your internist! Look in the Phoenix magazine's Top Doc issue.

  34. QUESTION:
    Select the most correct statement concerning skin cancer.?
    Select the most correct statement concerning skin cancer.

    A. Most tumors that arise on the skin are malignant.
    B. Squamous cell carcinomas arise from the stratum corneum.
    C. Basal cell carcinomas are the least common but most malignant.
    D. Melanomas are rare but highly metastasized.

    • ANSWER:
      c

  35. QUESTION:
    Would my mothers doctor have checked for lung cancer?
    My mother was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma around 2 years ago, a type of unknown primary cancer. The secondary cancer deposits were in her neck, most in the lymph nodes. These deposits were removed and radiotherapy was used to 'treat' the cancer. She's finished her course of treatment but the primary cancer was never found. The doctors always check her throat and neck at check-ups, but I've never seen them check for lung cancer. I heard that lung cancer can be the primary source of squamous cell carcinoma. My mother has smoked for years and has a persistent cough that often looks painful and lasts for around 20 seconds at a time. My mother doesn't like discussing her cancer, she worries a lot. I heard her say today that she's often on edge about her cancer and hopes to be alive in the coming years. She fears going to have check-ups in case more cancer is found. I've asked her to visit the doctor about her cough but she said she's scared. Surely the doctor would have checked for lung cancer? I'm 16 by the way, and I would ask her doctor but she often likes to go into her check-ups alone.

    • ANSWER:
      Very sorry to hear about your mother.

      As you'll know, cancer of unknown primary isn't a diagnosis they arrive at until they've exhausted reasonable possibilities of finding the primary. For squamous cell neck lymph node involvement, lungs are going to be one of the possible sites of origin. Usually you get a lot of tests on the way - normal chest x-ray, CT scan, maybe PET scan - and these would have shown up lung cancer. They will have checked.

      It's hard to advise otherwise. I'm sure you don't need telling that cancer of unknown primary is bad news as cancers go - that'll be why your mother worries a lot - and that heavy smoking isn't a great idea. Nor is being afraid of check-ups; while her fear is always going to be that the cancer has come back, monitoring what's going on will give her a better chance of treatment.

      Try to talk to her; I don't think she'd want you to be extra worried by lack of information; uncertainty is often more worrying than knowing the hard facts.

  36. QUESTION:
    What tests are needed to tell what TYPE of cancer you have?
    what tests are needed to tell what type of cancer you have. now where its coming from but the actual cell biology type, such as squamous cell, or small/oat cell, or basal cell, etc. I have been trying to get these answers for a report at school on specifically small cell carcinoma, and all i can find on it is small cell lung carcinoma. i don'tt need the place where it originated from: lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, etc. I need the actual cell biology. Any Citable websites would be greatly appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society describes the different methods for biopsy and what happens during a cytology test when processing the specimen for histology type:

      ACS: Testing Biopsy and Cytology Specimens for Cancer
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_2_3x_testing_biopsy_and_cytology_specimens_for_cancer.asp

  37. QUESTION:
    how do I get ahold of someone who has skin cancer?
    For my junior project, I need to get ahold of someone who has skin cancer. The ones I need is Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Cancer, & Melanoma. If you know anyone I can contact, please give me a email or number. Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      You can join a skin cancer support group, and befriend someone who is willing to be a part of your project.

  38. QUESTION:
    What happens when a squamous cell carcinoma is in the subcutaneous layer ?
    The surgeon went in to remove the SCC and said she had to cut down into the subcutaneous layer. We are waiting on the pathology report to come back and I am wondering if the SCC has gone that deep ... what is next to do ?
    Thanks in advance !

    • ANSWER:
      In general, squamous cell carcinoma spreads by direct extension and is not associated with distant metastases. As such, SCCA tends to be controlled by local excision. In patients where complete surgical excision cannot be assured, localized radiation therapy may be required. If the pathologist reports all surgical margins free of tumor, you have little to be concerned about.

  39. QUESTION:
    Should I put my horse down or do a proceedure to let him live longer?
    My horse has had Squamous-cell carcinoma on his eye for 2 years. He went through chemo...it came back. Vet says that means it has spread to other areas. He can remove the eye and eyelid, but he still has cancer and eventually will die in the near future...as well as having to go through loosing an eye.

    Some people say not to make him get poked and prauded anymore and let him rest peacefully
    and some people say do as much as you can for him, as he is a spunky, beautiful, 9 year old boy, who seems to want to live.

    What should I do?
    What would you do. It is just so hard doing somethign like this when he isn't fallen down, and ready to go...
    when he is so young,
    plays with his buddies all day,
    rides like a dream, is gorgeous, personable and an amazing horse!!!
    I can't help to wonder what he wants to do.....
    The problem is.....he would be put down asap/treatment. His eye sore is so swollen and raw that its at that point.....he keeps scratching it open....YET
    most of the day out running bucking, nibbling his pasture buddy Whiskey....

    • ANSWER:

  40. QUESTION:
    Couldmedicationsfrom diabetes, kidney transplant, depression cause antidepressants to work?
    I'm a diabetic with a kidney transplant,missing three toes,blind in one eye and no peripheral vision in the other eye, found out that I had squamous cell carcinoma in April, had chemo and radiation in May -June 9th, and extremely depressed. Can any of the drugs I'm taking for those problems make antidepressants not work ? I've been on a few .

    • ANSWER:
      I'm afraid I do not know, but I am going to direct you to two other websites: www.transplantcafe.com, and www.kidney.org (although the message boards have been down on the 2nd one); it still has a lot of info. And perhaps also the various message boards on webmd.

      I would think the problems themselves could cause more depression.

      I also recommend a pancreas transplant, if you are not already listed. I had that plus the kidney, and they made a huge difference in my life. I wish I had more words to help you. Diabetes is a complete pain, isn't it? It caused me to also have the retinopathy, heart disease requiring triple bypass, blah blah blah. I was glad I got a pancreas as I did not want to stick a kidney in a diabetic body.

  41. QUESTION:
    Can cats with cancer pass it on to other cats/dogs?
    we just recently found out our cat has Oral squamous cell carcinoma and need to know if it is contagious to other animals.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is caused when there is some problem in some pathways of the cells involved that prevents it from going through apoptosis (cell death), so that the number of cells multiplies and cannot return to normal.

      It is absolutely not contagious.

  42. QUESTION:
    looking for the best oncologist or oncosurgeon?
    My dad has Well-differentiated Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma in his oral tongue. we are looking for the best oncologist or oncosurgeon to be found, but we will also be looking in new dehli, india especially. any help or suggestions are appreciated about this cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      If you are in the United States then I would check into M.D. Anderson in Houston Texas or Vanderbilt Hospital in Nashville Tennessee. These are the top hospitals in the country to treat cancer. I was in Vanderbilt.I heard while I was down there that they even made someone a new tongue after they surgically removed his.

  43. QUESTION:
    searching for transplant center that will perform second bilateral lung transplant?
    My husband received a bilateral lung transplant 11 years ago. Due to rejections and infection he is now in need of a second transplant. After passing all required medical tests he was put back on the waiting list. Three days ago it was discovered that he has squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. This has disqualified him from being on the transplant waiting list. Is this a nation wide rule or could he be placed back on the waiting list by going through a different medical center?

    • ANSWER:
      Have an out-patient surgery to remove the lesion. They can do "frozen-sections" immediately, while the surgeon operates to determine that all margins are clear. It is known nation-wide that a patient with cancer is disqualified. Get this done and get your husband back on the waiting list! Much luck to you and hubby!!!

  44. QUESTION:
    What do you think of these 2 situations?
    1. Friend takes a dsh cat about 10 years to the vet. Cat is immediately kenneled at the vet, they begin extensive testing including surgery. The cat is there for a week. She visits her cat and Tam looks and acts fine. The very next day they call and Tam has died over night. They say she died of kidney failure. vet bill 00.00

    2. Hubby's friend takes 5 year old mini-schnauzer to the same vet. They keep the dog for 1 week, do extensive tests on him. His dad goes to see the dog and the dog looks and acts just peachy. The next day the vet calls and the dog died that night. diagnosis: blood poseining. bill: 00.00

    I don't use this vet, I haven't used him for over 7 years, when he told me the squamous cell carcinoma on my mare's inner eyelid was nothing to worry about. I tell my friends not to use him, but the first one didn't listen. and we didn't find out about the second one until it was too late. He knows now, though.

    • ANSWER:
      it could just be bad luck i work as a veterinary nurse and have had similar cases in our practice if the owners are that concerned do you have a veterinary complaints authority like we have in the UK that can investigate unless your qualified in the veterinary field it is difficult to judge every case whether right or wrong

  45. QUESTION:
    my mum found out today a lump on her neck after 5yrs is squamous cell carcinoma what is prognosis ?
    A lump thought to be a wart after 5 yrs has been diagnosed as cancer, what is prognosis ?

    • ANSWER:
      Most (95%) of squamous cell tumors can be cured if they are removed promptly. New tumors may develop, however. If you have had squamous cell cancer, have your skin regularly examined by your health care provider.

      The outlook depends on a number of factors, including the type of cancer and how quickly it was diagnosed. Squamous cell carcinoma only rarely spreads to other parts of the body.

      Some squamous cell skin cancers may be more difficult to treat or can spread. This risk may depend on:

      The size or shape of the cancer
      What the cancer appears like when biopsy results are examined under a microscope
      Where the skin cancer is located
      Your other health problems
      Possible ComplicationsLocal spread of the tumor
      Spread to other locations, including the internal organs

      Best of luck to her!~

  46. QUESTION:
    Is there any correlation between breast cancer and lung cancer?
    I am a 52 year ol;d female. Ten years ago I was diagnosed with lobular carcinoma of the breast (in-situ) and had bilateral mastectomies. My mother died of the same type of breast cancer when she was 47. I now have squamous cell lung cancer on the same side as the breast. Could there be a correlation?

    • ANSWER:
      No, they are two different types of cancer. Lobular carcinoma in-situ (LCIS) is really more of an early warning indicator that the patient will develop an invasive cancer in either breast, not just the one it was found in. This is why a bilateral mastectomy was recommended to you. LCIS is non-invasive and therefore incapable of spreading. Many people develop either lung or breast cancer and never develop the other. Good luck with your treatment. I hope all goes well for you.

  47. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy if diagnosed with Squamous cell carcinoma?
    I have done a little research but nothing has said anything about life expectancy after being diagnosed... what I have found out that it can more then likely come back even when the tumor has been removed fully.... does any one know anything will help my dad was just diagnosed today with it
    It is behind his ear.... they said that they are going to go back in and make sure they got everything out
    he was also told that he also had Solar Keratosis.....

    • ANSWER:
      Where was the carcinoma - skin, mouth, larynx, lung, etc. ? ?
      Squamous cell carcinomas can occur in many areas.
      The prognosis varies with each type.
      If this was a skin cancer, almost all of them are cured with surgical removal. There are more than one million people with skin carcinomas each year in the USA. Many are squamous cell type. Almost all are cured with adequate excision.

  48. QUESTION:
    What is the life expectancy of someone with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma?
    It started with a several skin cancers, then a small tumor under his tongue, then in the lymph node in his neck, then lung cancer, and now this in his neck. All have been removed, but they just found 3 small tumors in both lungs. He refuses radiation and he is 70 years old... How long do we have with him?
    I should add that the tumor they just took out of his neck was Stage 3.

    • ANSWER:


squamous cell carcinoma

Cancer Awareness Pins

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    I am walking the Relay for Life and need donations of Cancer Awareness charms. Any ideas from anyone?
    I am participating in the Relay for Life which is dedicated to cancer survivors. Our team would like to make pins for the participants but need to know if anyone can donate the cancer awareness charms, beads and safety pins. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Relay for Life is a great program! Employers will often provide some funds for things like this. Have someone on your team ask their employer if they will sponsor your team - don't think too small when you do this. You'll want team T-shirts, little gifties like the charms you mention, materials for signs, costumes, food, and other goodies. Total that all up, and double it, making the other half a direct cash donation to Relay. You should ask for a donation in the 0-2,000 range, depending on the size of your team, who the employer is, and so on.

      If that doesn't work, then look at other things your team has in common. If, for instance, you are all Moms, go to a local toy or other child-related store with the same request. If you are all college students, try the college bookstore or restaurants and banks with a concession in the student union.

      Use something about yourself to make a request so that the giver knows you are a customer, that your request will be known to other customers, and that you will help them get more business. It's a combination few businesses can refuse. Be prepared to follow up the request in writing, with documentation that it is to benefit Relay for Life.

      Allow plenty of time; if the business is locally owned they will need less time, but corporations often need a month or more to process these requests (it's how they keep the numbers down, for one thing.)

  2. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where I could find a breast cancer awareness bracelet from a store now?
    I am looking to get a breast cancer awareness bracelet today, but I am not sure where to look. I want to get it from a store and not online though. I know the breast cancer awareness month was a few months ago but does someone have an idea where I could get one offline now?
    So far there isn't much luck finding one. Breast Cancer awareness was in October so the 5 stores I have went to so far haven't had them.

    • ANSWER:
      Any gas station should have them
      they even have breast cancer awareness tic tacs‹3
      you can go online and buy some pins as well, they have a ton of different designs.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the paint code number for breast cancer awareness pink?
    I am currently wanting to paint a few things in the color pink used for breast cancer awareness. Where can i find the correct paint code number for that color of pink so that i am using the correct shade?

    THANKS!

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn’t matter. I have so many pins in the shape of a ribbon from the American Cancer Society for every cancer under the sun and my breast cancer pins are not all the same shade.

  4. QUESTION:
    Breast Cancer awareness items where to buy?
    I can't buy them online but what stores have Breast Cancer awareness items? I have been looking for a while but hunting since I don't know where. I want like those little ribbon pins and maybe a bag or backpack picture frame just anything really.

    • ANSWER:
      Target. Target department stores often seem to have breast cancer awareness shirts and the like. The little pins and stuff are only usually available during annual breast cancer awareness week or month. Maybe see the site. National Breast Cancer Foundation
      http://www.nbcf.org.au/

      Found it!!
      Pink ribbon merchandise you can buy
      http://www.pinkribbonshop.org.au/

  5. QUESTION:
    Games to play at a direct sales breast cancer awareness party?
    I'm throwing a direct sales jewelry party (I am donating profits to Breast Cancer Awareness) today and need some easy games to play during my presentation any help?

    • ANSWER:
      Pin the nipple on the boobie, boobie balloon carry, heaviest boobie gets a boobie prize!

  6. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where I can find a picture of just a pink ribbon tied around a safety pin?
    I'm working on getting a Breast Cancer Awareness Day going at my college. We might be selling t-shirts and donating all the money to the ACS, but I also wanted to sell pins, but the Komen Foundation is dragging their feet about getting back to me so I thought I'd just make pins, but I just wanted to make them simple, but profound and I thought just a simple pink ribbon tied to a safety pin would be good, but I can't find a picture of one to show to make sure the idea would be approved before I make a lot of them. Do any of you know where I can find a picture of just a pink ribbon on a safety pin?

    **If possible please provide hyperlinks to pictures. Thanks!
    I want a picture of it today so I can show it to be approved so I can go to Walmart tonight to get supplies.

    • ANSWER:
      Here are a few links that might help you out!! The first pic is with a red ribbon, but you can get the idea. My grandmother died of breast Cancer, so I wish you a lotta luck at your college with raising awareness!!!! Good luck!

  7. QUESTION:
    How do I fight for 'support a cause' at my company?
    I work for a popular amusement park company. One of the rules there is that the employees cannot wear a 'support for cause'. Such as, i love boobies bracelets, breast cancer awareness ribbons, etc since the company doesn't support for cause. What is the proper way to make the company grant employees to wear such things? Thank you for any input.

    • ANSWER:
      First of all do not make a fight of it. You will catch more flies with honey on this one. Pick just one cause, one that is having a local rally, fund raiser or gala, the bigger the better especially if it is getting a lot of local press. Talk it up to your co workers and ask if they would wear a pin, ribbon, button or some such. If a bunch of them are gung ho to participate then take all the information you can find to your bosses and make a presentation. Especially about how much local good pr they could get if they allow employees to participate. You have to be actually actively supporting something not just liking their bling to get your bosses to come around.

  8. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know any companies that will donate pink ribbons and self-breast exam phamplets to my college?
    I want to do something for Breast Cancer Awareness month and I talked to our Student Activities Coordinator said we could sell pins for and then donate the money to the American Cancer Society or something like that. I'm not sure if we'd be allowed to buy stuff to sell so I'm looking for a company that would "give" us the materials. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      The American Cancer Society will donate anything you need. Also the Koemen facility might but the American Cancer Society will and it will be free. I think the site is www.acs.org but if you do a search engine it will find it for you

  9. QUESTION:
    What would be a cute, creative clothing/jewelry idea?
    What would be a cute, creative clothing/jewelry idea to promote breast cancer awareness and fund-raising?

    It is something that can be sold in department stores and is related to breast cancer in some way (the ribbon, pink, etc.).

    • ANSWER:
      maybe buy a pink shirt that comes with a pink waist belt and pin the pink ribbon on the waist belt and buy a cute skirt

  10. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have a idea for a breast cancer funding raising project in beading or quilting?
    I am a new beader, but I think that pins would sell good. Maybe a pink ribbon made with safety pins and beads.

    • ANSWER:
      There are lots of projects already going on that you could even join, if you would like to do just the crafting without the organizational responsibilities.
      http://shanigansbeadshenanigans.com/BCQuilt.html
      http://cs.beadandbutton.com/bnbcs/blogs/beadandbutton/archive/tags/Bead+Artists+Against+Breast+Cancer/default.aspx
      http://www.ucsfbreastcarecenter.org/quiltproject.html
      http://with-heart-and-hands.blogspot.com/2007/10/breast-cancer-awareness-free-patterns.html
      .

  11. QUESTION:
    Does breast cancer awareness really have a spot in Monday Night Football?
    I thought my TV reception was messed up because I keep seeing pink cap bills, pink wrist and arm bands, and then a pink ribbon on the football field. If the pregame and post-game hosts want to wear a supporting pin on their lapel I can accept that. But football is about forgetting about the trials of life and feeling alive.

    • ANSWER:
      I think it's important to be aware of breasts at all times.

  12. QUESTION:
    why is there a breast cancer awarness month but not a testicular one?
    i just dont get it... wemon have the upper hand on everything why do they get a month for cancer that MOSTLY affects them.

    • ANSWER:
      Are you serious??
      First off, 1 in 8 women are diagnosed with breast cancer. Many of these women have had to fight to get their mammograms covered by insurance. Breast cancer awareness is to inform all women and men,( yes men can and do get breast cancer) about the signs of cancer so that it can get treated before it spreads and takes another life. This isn't something that women have complained about till they got it. Women have taken it upon themselves to spread the word and organize walks, screenings, wtc. We would be more than happy to wipe out breast cancer and not have any need for the awareness, but saddly this isn't something that will happen in the near future. Breast cancer is now showing up in our teenage girls.

      Would men really want to walk around with a shirt, pin, sign on their car, informing others that they have testicular cancer? If you want more attention given to testicular cancer than I suggest that you contact the American Cancer Society and have them help you start up a new awareness project for this. This is one way to get more attention to this cancer. You can also start up a support group for the men affected.

      All cancers are terrible and most people know of someone who has been affected by one type or another.
      They have colors, ribbons, etc. for every cancer.

  13. QUESTION:
    What color ribbon do they use for oral cancer?
    I need the awareness ribbon for oral cancer. Can someone tell me what color it is, or include a picture if you can.
    I just found out my dad has oral cancer :(

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear about your fathers diagnoses. I hope he can recover. And I am so glad to hear you are trying to raise awareness!! I wish you and your father nothing but the best!

      I couldn't find anything on ribbons, they my not make a certain one for that type of cancer yet....I did find that they have oral cancer pins and bracelet's. http://www.spohnc.org/order/order.htm#Pins

      Here is another pin site that you can actually have them personalize it, maybe with your fathers name?
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/shop/collections/personalized/detail/p_redwhite.html

  14. QUESTION:
    Is this a sign or is it nothing?
    I don't have Breast Cancer but I just bought a Breast Cancer Awareness Ribbon pin that has the pink ribbon and the word "Hope" on it. I keep it on my purse, and for some odd reason, it keeps falling off. Is this some kind of sign?

    • ANSWER:
      Hey I know this scared the heck out of you and I can sympathize with you because my sister died of breast cancer. You can either get all weirded out by this or you can be proactive which is monthly self exams, knowing your family history, yearly mammogram, talking with the doctor about your history and health risks including a yearly physical. This along with a good diet, plenty or exercise is all one can really do.

      The clasp is likely defective so you can just tuck it into your purse, make a necklace of it or buy a new one. In the end call up some friends you haven't seen in forever, have some fun and live a little

  15. QUESTION:
    What is something that I can give to the people who donate to the Juvenile Diabetes fund?
    So, I wanted to start collecting money as donations for the Juvenile Diabetes fund, but I also wanted to be able to give the people who donate a little something. I also think that that would attract more people to donating. For example, when I collected money for the Breast Cancer fund, I gave out little pink Breast Cancer ribbons to each person that donated. I wanted to do something a little different for diabetes though. So, does anyone have an idea?

    • ANSWER:
      I am a captain for a team for the Diabetic Walk here in my city this weekend, and I gave out pins for people to wear that say "Support Diabetes Awareness". There are several companies you can order from (I found mine on Google) and they really don't cost much. I had thought about putting "I Supported Diabetes Awareness"....

      People around me seem to like the starts that have "_______ donated to the American Diabetes Association Walk"....I had them at the grocery stores and they would put them in the windows so people could see how many donated.

  16. QUESTION:
    How to get poofy curly hair really straight ?
    I have really curly and poofy mixed race hair .. When I straighten it , it's not flat . I mean my curls go away but it's still really like puffy .. What can I do to get my hair like really pin straight ? And I don't have money right now to buy a chi or some really expensive flat iron.

    • ANSWER:
      Pin straight, until your next shampoo? Heat & chemicals are hair's worst enemies, specially poofy curly hair. Heat protectant doesn't protect hair 100%. Like using sunscreen, you still get sunburned. Same with hair. The hair industry is a trillion dollar business and they also do not give money back guarantee for damaged hair or hair loss caused by those two.

      The use of plastic curlers, tames the hair, making the hair silkier, softer, smoother, healthier, they've been around since the 40's. Visit websites, whose hair show hairstyles of the 40's, 50's, 60's, and you hardly see damaged hair but healthy hair, even if their hair was curly & poofy. I should know. My hair was permed since the 50's, but it was the 80's & 90's, when POOFY CURLY HAIR was in style.

      Hair-straightening products are allowed to contain small concentrations of formaldehyde (0.2 percent). But several hair-straightening solutions have been found to contain well above the allowable limit. For example, one popular hair-straightening product that advertised itself as “formaldehyde-free” actually contained 6.8 percent to 11.8 percent formaldehyde.

      Another example: Fourteen women, including two from North Texas and one from Houston, are suing Unilever, the maker of a product they claim caused permanent damage to their hair.
      "It transforms frizzy, unmanageable hair into hair that's sleeker and easier to style," said the commercial for the Suave Professionals Keratin Infusion 30-Day Smoothing Kit, which is no longer being sold.
      When she began looking online for more information about the product, she said she found some people who said it worked, but more who said it damaged their hair.
      She discovered a Facebook page devoted to angry consumers, and there are multiple postings on YouTube. I've been warning people about relaxers since 2009 and people are giving me thumbs down!

      BTW: A variety of hair-straightening products used in professional salons can expose both hairdressers and their customers to formaldehyde. The results show that three professional hair-smoothing treatments labeled "formaldehyde free" can produce the cancer-causing chemical at concentrations above the occupational exposure limits set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. They tested four products: Coppola Keratin Complex Blonde Formula, Global Keratin Juvexin Optimized Functional Keratin, La Brasiliana Escluso Keratin Treatment with Collagen, and Brazilian Blowout Acai Professional Smoothing Solution. While ChemRisk tested four popular brands of hair straighteners, THERE ARE HUNDREDS on the market. Nov. 11-11

      By contrast, beauty salon owners and stylists generally lack a scientific background and don't have a keen awareness of the danger of working with products that contain formaldehyde, experts say.

      Watch: Good Hair a documentary by Chris Rock 2009 on BET or HBO. According to Tyra Banks, 80% of the black population are part of the billion dollar hair industry. Clips on youtube videos, also.

      Chemicals can enter the body through the skin.

      Sources:
      Google FDA.gov & search for Hair Dye & Relaxers.
      Google: Hair Dye FAQ's Are Hair Dyes Safe?

  17. QUESTION:
    Where can I buy a Lung Cancer pin?
    My grandma is fighting Lung cancer. Ever since I was in the 4th grade(now Im in 11th almost 12th). I want a ribbon pin . Where can I buy them? I know online but any stores have them. Just curious?
    I see them on the internet. They do exist just hard to find I guess,
    We are very close and my parents know that it hit me the hardest. Whenever my mom told my it was back I would always cry. Even in the 4th grade I took it hard.

    • ANSWER:
      You can buy them at www.zazzle.com and you can even create one there yourself -if one isnt already made. I am sure there is one.
      Good Luck!

      Hi it's me again!
      Ok...I found 100's of Lung Cancer buttons there! Not only buttons, but t-shirts, hoodies, ties, bumperstickers, hats, magnets, postcards, mousepads etc...etc...

      Here's a link to one of the sellers that make Lung Cancer Awareness buttons:

      http://www.zazzle.com/get_mad_at_lung_cancer_button-145182454946301683

      I think its very nice that you want to wear something to support your Grandma, which is why I went to check it out for you. Sorry about your Grandma, I know how you feel. I lost both my parents to Cancer. Take Care.

  18. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know anything I can do for Colon Cancer Fundraising?
    My dad was diagnosed a couple of months ago with Stage 4 colon cancer. I have been reading everything I can on it, but one of the things this oh-so-preventable-cancer is missing is the type of fundraising I only seem to find for breast cancer. I want to do everything I can to do my part to raise awareness and raise money if I can. Please let me know if you know how to do so.
    Anything local to the PA, NJ, DE, MD aread would be even better!

    • ANSWER:
      Your desire to help with this important health issue is wonderful. You may want to start by contacting your local chapter of the American Cancer Society (ACS). You should find them in the phone book.

      The ACS may have fund-raising programs you can assist with. You may also be able to work with them to start a special program specifically for colon cancer if they do not already have one.

      There are plenty of ways to raise funds for cancer awareness. Here are a few ideas:

      1) a walk for colon cancer (walkers get friends and family to 'sponsor' their walk with a donation for each mile the person walks)
      2) a raffle/drawing (donated artwork, cruise or vacation tickets, a 50/50 drawing, etc.)
      3) sell tee-shirts, mugs, hats, etc. with a logo about supporting colon cancer awareness
      4) a community auction - get local people and businesses to donate items to the auction
      5) sell ribbons, pins, etc. to show support for colon cancer awareness.

      Best wishes and good luck.

  19. QUESTION:
    When at an event in a public park can the organizers of that event stop you from promoting another event?
    I was at a cancer fund raising walk in a public park the other day and a guy was wearing a t-shirt for another cancer organization and handing out buttons for that other group. The folks running the walk told him to stop and said he was not allowed to do that. Aside from all the issues with using that event to publicize your event can that group LEGALLY stop that guy since it is a public park? Granted, I am sure the walk had a permit, but still.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know the rules. You'd have to look up the laws for your city.

      Etiquette-wise: I can read this as two separate ways. On the one hand, they are raising awareness for another cancer... which is good. On the other hand, he may be trying to get donations for the organization... basically piggybacking on the foundation who spent money planning and organizing the charity walk... which isn't right at all. If he was just handing out pins and t-shirts, I say let him be. If he had cups sitting out for donations, then he should have been removed.

  20. QUESTION:
    How can I hide a pink streak in my hair from my parents?
    I want either pink or purple in my brown hair, just a small streak, where could i put it in my hair that would be easy to hide?

    • ANSWER:
      A lot of people I know put pink in their hair and say it's for Breast Cancer awareness. Or, you know, you could always put a tiny bit in towards the back of your underlayer and pin it up so they won't see. Thing is, they'll probably see it eventually.

      However, in order for it to show up well on brown hair, you'd have to use chemicals to bleach it. They'd notice. You should ask them if you could have a small streak somewhere where it isn't entirely visible, or persuade them to let you have it for summer. Clip-in extensions are always an option.

  21. QUESTION:
    How many women will be wearing prostate cancer ribbons for Father's Day?
    On Mother's Day, many men wore pink ribbons to support the fight and research against breast cancer. Many men marched in breast cancer research funding walks and parades. In fact, the Major League Baseball players (all men) used pink bats and wore pink armbands in the games on Mother's Day to support this very same cause.

    Now, how many women will be wearing prostate cancer ribbons for Father's Day?

    Let me take an educated guess based on previous patterns, and say: "nowhere near as many men that wore breast cancer awareness ribbons."

    Further evidence that women today are far more sexist than men.

    Let me also state that there is roughly the same amount of reported cases of prostate cancer per year as there is breast cancer cases (slightly over 200,000 for each) -- the number difference between the two diseases only being a few thousand.

    Prostate Cancer Ribbon Pin: http://www.phoenix5.org/advocacy/prostateribbon.html
    ♀M☼♪δ♥:

    I agree with what you said. I don't think "all women are bad". But I applaud you in having the courage to support this cause. You deserve the utmost respect. We need to spread the awareness around of both breast and prostate cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I think the biggest reason you won't see thousands of women wearing prostate cancer ribbons is because of marketing. Ribbons for awareness is a fabulous marketing tool, but it takes time to establish a "new" cause. This question is the FIRST I have seen or heard about the ribbons, and I am a health advocate. I've known about prostate cancer for years, and encouraged the men in my family to be screened. But when did these ribbons come out? Why haven't I seen them in every retail outlet in my town? It takes time to raise awareness.
      So let's have realistic expectations, ok? When the prostate cancer ribbon has been in circulation for 5 years, then you can compare numbers.
      This is not an example of sexism, it is simply a matter of needing more time and more labor (and presumably, more money) to get the word out.

  22. QUESTION:
    Is it weird to have my bridal shower theme be "breast cancer awareness?
    I am really supportive of breast cancer awareness and i figured instead of a traditional favor (candle,pic frame, candy) i wanted to donate money to a breast cancer foundation. I also want to give pamplets out at the tables and pins and my game gift will be based around products that donate money when purchased like at bed bathe beyond and such. Will my family think something is wrong with me. Is it weird. This is a womens function and what better then this. cancer runs thru my family.

    • ANSWER:
      I think that is an AMAZING idea. You shower will be the most talked about, most unselfish one.
      Kudos to you for doing that!!

  23. QUESTION:
    Would a texturizer be good for a mixed girls hair?
    My niece is 5 years old and she is mixed with hispanic and black. Her hair is very thick, curly,frizzy and no one knows what to do. It won't stay in a hairstyle. We've tried braids and everything. Her hair just curls up and gets frizzy right after it's done. Is a texturizer good or anything else?

    • ANSWER:
      I do not recommend them SPECIALLY children! When her hair is still damp, style them, using plastic curlers or bobby pins or scrunch her hair. Do not wash her her everyday. Air drying is best! Mom started perming my hair when I was in 2nd grade, and started styling my hair since then. Short hair is best, and finger scrunch.

      Hair straighteners are known as hair relaxers, keratin treatments and hair-smoothing products. They work by breaking and reforming the chemical bonds in keratin, which is the main protein that gives shape to each hair.

      The FDA has previously received complaints that the products cause adverse reactions, including nervous system problems such as headaches, respiratory tract problems, nausea, chest pain, vomiting and rashes.
      12-12-12

      Hair-straightening products are allowed to contain small concentrations of formaldehyde (0.2 percent). But several hair-straightening solutions have been found to contain well above the allowable limit. For example, one popular hair-straightening product that advertised itself as “formaldehyde-free” actually contained 6.8 percent to 11.8 percent formaldehyde.
      Another example: Fourteen women, including two from North Texas and one from Houston, are suing Unilever, the maker of a product they claim caused permanent damage to their hair.
      "It transforms frizzy, unmanageable hair into hair that's sleeker and easier to style," said the commercial for the Suave Professionals Keratin Infusion 30-Day Smoothing Kit, which is no longer being sold
      When she began looking online for more information about the product, she said she found some people who said it worked, but more who said it damaged their hair.
      She discovered a Facebook page devoted to angry consumers, and there are multiple postings on YouTube. I've been warning people about relaxers since 2009 and people are giving me thumbs down!
      BTW: A variety of hair-straightening products used in professional salons can expose both hairdressers and their customers to formaldehyde. The results show that three professional hair-smoothing treatments labeled "formaldehyde free" can produce the cancer-causing chemical at concentrations above the occupational exposure limits set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. They tested four products: Coppola Keratin Complex Blonde Formula, Global Keratin Juvexin Optimized Functional Keratin, La Brasiliana Escluso Keratin Treatment with Collagen, and Brazilian Blowout Acai Professional Smoothing Solution. While ChemRisk tested four popular brands of hair straighteners, THERE ARE HUNDREDS on the market. Nov. 11-11

      By contrast, beauty salon owners and stylists generally lack a scientific background and don't have a keen awareness of the danger of working with products that contain formaldehyde, experts say.

      Watch: Good Hair a documentary by Chris Rock 2009 on BET or HBO. According to Tyra Banks, 80% of the black population are part of the billion dollar hair industry. Clips on youtube videos, also.

      Chemicals can enter the body through the skin.

      Sources:
      Google FDA.gov & search for Hair Dye & Relaxers.
      Google: Hair Dye FAQ's Are Hair Dyes Safe?

  24. QUESTION:
    What do you think about the refs at a Washington high school getting suspended for using pink whistles?
    They were supporting breast cancer awareness.

    http://rivals.yahoo.com/highschool/blog/prep_rally/post/Washington-referees-may-face-ban-for-charity-pin?urn=highschool-279246

    • ANSWER:
      Much ado about nothing.

  25. QUESTION:
    Which charity are the red ribbon pins for?
    I know the pink ones are for breast cancer, they look exactly the same as that but red. :) Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      HIV/AIDS awareness and research.

  26. QUESTION:
    I'm looking for a picture of a pink ribbon tied on a safety pin. Please help!?
    I'm trying to rise awareness for breast cancer at my college and seeming October is Breast Cancer Awareness month I wanted to make pins, and I figured that ribbon tied on a safety pin would be a simple, but profound way to do it. I need a picture though to make sure my idea would be approved by the college before I go out and purchase the materials. Can anyone help me find a picture? Please post hyperlinks, if possible.

    • ANSWER:
      See if this helps:

      http://www.patchworkdesigns.net/pinkribbon.htm

  27. QUESTION:
    where can i buy breast cancer items that come in abundance?
    location:houston
    ex. ribbons that come in packs of 20 or pins that come in packs of 12, etc
    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      You can find those things almost anywhere, look on amazon.com for "Breast cancer awareness" or "beast cancer fundraiser" and you will get many different things to look through

      http://www.amazon.com/Awareness-FUNDRAISING-Bracelets-LANYARDS-Necklace/dp/B0042URW7I

  28. QUESTION:
    Recipes for Breast Cancer awareness book!?
    Please donate your stories and recipes.. I am walking the 3 day walk for breast cancer in Atlanta, and need to raise money in order to walk. I would love to make a cookbook that inspired my community and educated them on the effects of breast cancer, all the while giving a recipe with something yummy to eat!! I would love to include your favorite recipes and also include inspirational stories.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast Cancer Awareness Pink Ribbon Cookies

      Ingredients:
      1 roll of refrigerated sugar cookie dough
      1 container of strawberry cake frosting
      a ribbon cookie cutter
      rolling pin
      flour
      Preparation:
      Roll out cookie dough onto floured surface with rolling pin. Cutout ribbon shapes and place on cookie sheet. Bake according to package directions.

      Allow to cool and frost with strawberry cake frosting. If you do not like strawberry, you can use vanilla with a little bit of red food coloring.

      Package in cookie boxes with breast cancer information like how to perform a self breast exam or breast cancer symptoms. Give to female friends, family, and co-workers.

  29. QUESTION:
    I'm Looking for breast cancer awareness stuff?
    I'm really active in supporting cancer awareness. My mom recently died, and I feel like the only way to get over it is helping in any way I can. What I'm asking is if you kno wany sites that sell breast cancer awareness, or any cancer awareness, merchandise? Like, pins, shirts, bags, stuff like that? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Try some of the following sites:
      www.breastcancer.org
      www.komen.org
      www.nationalbreastcancer.org
      www.pinkribbonshop.com
      www.breastcancerawareness.com
      www.cancer.org (American Cancer society)
      www.wearyellow.com (lance armstrong foundation--not breast cancer specific)

      or simply google it. Good luck!

  30. QUESTION:
    Where can you buy one of those Breast Cancer Awareness pins?

    • ANSWER:
      I haven't seen a brochure for awhile but Avon had some. And I believe I've seen them in Wal-Mart.

  31. QUESTION:
    Need a couple awareness ribbon colors please!?
    I want to get two awareness ribbons tattooed on my left leg to match the one on my right. My cousin is a type 1 diabetic, and his mother was diagnosed with skin cancer several years back. I can't seem to find the colors for either of these diseases. Can anyone give me a link to a list of colors/ribbons? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Hey,

      http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/451431/2/istockphoto_451431-awareness-ribbons-12-individually-shaded.jpg
      Diabetes is light gray & lavender is for any cancer

      http://www.valleycasting.com/images/pins/stock/page9a.jpg

      i googled it and posted 2 pics hope this helps!!!

  32. QUESTION:
    How many women will be wearing prostate cancer ribbons for Father's Day?
    On Mother's Day, many men wore pink ribbons to support the fight and research against breast cancer. Many men marched in breast cancer research funding walks and parades. In fact, the Major League Baseball players (all men) used pink bats and wore pink armbands in the games on Mother's Day to support this very same cause.

    Now, how many women will be wearing prostate cancer ribbons for Father's Day?

    Let me take an educated guess based on previous patterns, and say: "nowhere near as many men that wore breast cancer awareness ribbons."

    Further evidence that women today are far more sexist than men.

    Let me also state that there is roughly the same amount of reported cases of prostate cancer per year as there is breast cancer cases (slightly over 200,000 for each) -- the number difference between the two diseases only being a few thousand.

    Prostate Cancer Ribbon Pin: http://www.phoenix5.org/advocacy/prostat...
    The above link doesn't work.

    Prostate Cancer Awareness Ribbon:
    http://www.phoenix5.org/advocacy/prostateribbon.html
    littleviv2000:

    You failed you address the issue or even answer the question. You just wanted to vent because you had no valid rebuttal against my truthful argument.

    How do you know not many people view Women's Studies or Yahoo Answers? Yahoo Answers gets advertised on national television. Obviously a great deal of people view this forum. More people read than reply.
    Lee:

    You sound like another angry man-hater. Men aren't hiding "prostate" cancer and acting like it doesn't exist. If I was hiding it then I wouldn't have asked this question, genius.

    And, my grandfather lived 12 years longer than the age that the average woman in the US lives.

    • ANSWER:
      My cause is autism, which affects four times as many boys as girls. But my heart goes out to men suffering from prostate cancer; my beloved grandfather died of it a few years back.

  33. QUESTION:
    What should i get my mom for her birthday?
    Like she likes retro stuff, chocolate, makeup,breast cancer things, etc

    • ANSWER:
      You could make her a little gift basket and include all of those things
      Like
      A small eye shadow trio/quad
      A little box of chocolates
      Some little inexpensive retro thing
      And a little BC Awareness pin or hat

  34. QUESTION:
    POLL: What pink did you wear today for Breast Cancer Awareness?
    i wore a pretty pink cami.

    • ANSWER:
      I decorated a pink shirt last night for out breast cancer spirit day. It had three inspirational quotes on it from people that had cancer or went through really tough times. and thats written in darker pink, and i put clear sparkles all over the letters while they were wet, so it looks so awesome. i wore a fizzy pink boa, a pink ribbon pin, and pink and white striped ribbon in my hair. i even wore pink underwear, i know tmi.

      i wore alot of pink today, but it was fun and for a good cause so...yeah

      ( ~ 8*

  35. QUESTION:
    What color is the ribbon for bile duct cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a list of all the ribbon colors and their meanings --Good luck.,
      http://kiwijewels.com/awareness_colors_and_meanings.htm
      http://www.trinitylondon.com/awareness-ribbon-meanings.asp
      http://www.thepinpeople.com/custom-awareness-ribbon-pin-colors-and-awareness-ribbon-meanings/
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Awareness_ribbon

  36. QUESTION:
    What does the blue ribbon stand for? I've seen these ribbons?
    popping up everywhere, on cars, as pins, on shirts. I saw one that was simply solid blue, and I didn''t know what it stood for. Help please?

    • ANSWER:
      Many groups have adopted BLUE ribbons as symbols of support or awareness for the following;

      Mainly Blue Ribbons stand for awareness of PROSTATE CANCER AND CHILD ABUSE.

      -In the U.S.A., a Blue Ribbon Campaign against child abuse originated in the spring of 1989 when Bonnie Finney of Virginia tied a blue ribbon to her car antenna, as tribute to her three year old grandson, Michael Bubba Dickinson, who died at the hands of his abusive father. The blue color of the ribbon symbolizes the color of bruises.

      -In the U.S., a baby blue ribbon is the symbol of prostate cancer awareness.

      -In Victoria, Australia, the blue ribbon is the symbol of remembrance for police officers killed in the line of duty .

      -In Canada, it is the symbol of an anti-tobacco, anti-second hand smoke campaign. It also has the same meaning in Japan. Students of the Hugh Boyd Secondary School in Richmond, British Columbia started the "Blue Ribbon Campaign" in 1999. Each year it has grown and now has taken on a national scope

      -The "Blue Ribbon Online Free Speech Campaign" is an online campaign by the EFF endorsing the protection of free speech on the Internet.

      - In Spain, a blue ribbon (lazo azul) has been used by those opposing the terrorism of ETA.

      - In Ukraine, a blue ribbon represents solidarity with Viktor Yanukovych's opposition, support for the "Party of Regions" (Ukrainian: Партія регіонів) and protest against the seizure of power by Viktor Yushchenko during the Orange Revolution in December of 2004.

      - The blue ribbon was used in the Cedar Revolution in Lebanon in 2005, the movement to end perceived Syrian hegemony over Lebanese politics.

      - In Israel, blue ribbons indicate support for the Israel unilateral disengagement plan of 2004, as opposed to orange ribbons, which indicate opposition. It is intended to invoke the flag of Israel.

      - In Japan, a blue ribbon is a symbol against abduction by North Korea (DPRK, Kim's government). It symbolizes the Sea of Japan, between Japan and Korea.

      - In spring 2007, thousands of World bank employees started wearing blue ribbons as a symbol of support for the cause of good governance. This was seen as a silent protest against World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz, who had to step down several weeks later due to charges of nepotism.

  37. QUESTION:
    I have a pin that is a green ribbon?
    that looks like a breast cancer awareness ribbon (but green), and inside the "loop" it's shaded pink. Does anyone know what it means? And IF you can find a picture of it online, just so I could confirm, please!

    • ANSWER:
      AWARNESS RIBBONS WITH MEANINGS!

      Green Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of childhood depression, missing children, open records for adoptees, environmental concerns, kidney cancer, tissue/organ donation, homeopathy, and worker and driving safety.
      There is a whole collection of these ribbions.

      The Colours Are-
      Pink Ribbon :
      Meaning: Most commonly associated with breast cancer awareness, this ribbon is also a symbol for birth parents, and childhood cancer awareness (alternative color: light blue)

      Yellow Ribbon :
      Meaning: We've all seen this symbol used to support our troops, but it is also a symbol for MIA/POW, suicide prevention, adoptive parents, amber alerts, bladder cancer, spina bifida, endometriosis, and a general symbol for hope. A yellow ribbon with a heart is used to represent the survivors left behind after a suicide.

      Pale Yellow Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of spina bifida

      Red Ribbon :
      Meaning: Most commonly associated with the fight against AIDS and HIV, this ribbon also is a symbol for heart disease, stroke, substance abuse, MADD, DARE, Epidermolysis Bullosa, Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

      Burgundy Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of brain aneurysm, Cesarean section (worn upside down), headaches, hemangioma, vascular malformation, hospice care, multiple myeloma, William's syndrome, Thrombophilia, Antiphospholid Antibody Syndrome, and adults with disabilities

      Purple Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of pancreatic cancer, testicular cancer, thyroid cancer, domestic violence, ADD, alzheimer's, religious tolerance, animal abuse, the victims of 9/11 including the police and firefighters, Crohn's disease and colitis, cystic fibrosis, lupus, leimyosarcoma, and fibromyalgia

      Lavender Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol for general cancer awareness. It can also be a symbol for epilepsy, and rett syndrome

      Periwinkle Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of eating disorders and pulmonary hypertension

      Blue Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of drunk driving, child abuse, Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), the victims of hurricane Katrina, dystonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), alopecia, Education, Epstein-Barr Virus, Save the Music, colon cancer (alternative ribbon color: brown), colorectal cancer (alternative ribbon color: brown), and anti-tobacco - particularly anti-second hand smoke (in Canada; alternative ribbon color: brown), I Love Clean Air/ILCA Campaign (Japan)

      Dark Blue Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of arthritis, child abuse prevention, victim's rights, free speech, water quality, and water safety

      Light Blue Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of childhood cancer (alternative color: pink), prostate cancer, Trisomy 18, and scleroderma

      Teal Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol for ovarian, cervical, and uterine cancers as well as sexual assault, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and tsunami victims

      Green Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of childhood depression, missing children, open records for adoptees, environmental concerns, kidney cancer, tissue/organ donation, homeopathy, and worker and driving safety

      Orange Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of leukemia, hunger, cultural diversity, humane treatment of animals, and self-injury awareness

      White Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of innocence, victims of terrorism, violence against women, peace, right to life, bone cancer, adoptees, and retinal blastoma

      Pearl Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol for emphysema, lung cancer, mesothelioma, and multiple sclerosis

      Black Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of mourning, melanoma, and gang prevention

      Brown Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is an anti-tobacco symbol as well as a symbol of colon cancer (alternative ribbon color: blue), colorectal cancer (alternative ribbon color: blue)

      Grey Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol of diabetes, asthma, and brain cancer

      Silver Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol for children with disabilities, Parkinson's disease, and mental illnesses such as severe depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders.

      Gold Ribbon :
      Meaning: This color is a symbol for childhood cancer

      Jigsaw Puzzle Ribbon:
      Meaning: This style of ribbon is a symbol for autism

      Lace Ribbon:
      Meaning: This style of ribbon is a symbol for osteoporosis

      Pink and Blue Ribbon:
      Meaning: This style of ribbon is a symbol for miscarriage, stillbirth, and infant death due to SIDS or other causes

      Flag Ribbon:
      Meaning: This style of ribbon is a symbol for both the victims and heros of the 9/11 attacks. It is also a symbol of patriotism and support of our troops. In addition, it is a symbol of fireworks safety.

      Rainbow Ribbon:
      Meaning: This style of ribbon is a symbol of gay pride and support for the GLBT community and their

  38. QUESTION:
    Breast Cancer Awareness pins?
    I bought one of those pins that say "Give Strength" and it has the Breast Cancer Awareness ribbon on it. Everytime I wear it, someone asks me if I have breast cancer or have lost someone close to me who had it. The answer is no for both, but the reason I wear it is cause I want to show my support to B.C. research. Why do people assume that I either have it or lost somebody who had it? Is that the real reason people wear those pins + should I stop wearing mine?

    • ANSWER:
      I have breast cancer myself and it's nice to see that people are showing support. So thank you :-)
      There are many people who don't have breast cancer who wear these pins, you are not the only one!

      HOWEVER, you must realize that by buying Pink Ribbon merchandise you are NOT doing anything to help breast cancer research. The money goes to activities that promote breast cancer awareness, which is a totally different issue.

      Please keep that in mind!

  39. QUESTION:
    looking for ideas to have a breast cancer awareness day at work in october-breast cancer awareness month?

    • ANSWER:
      Get as much information in the form of pamphlets and brochures for the day. Also, you may want to have a video playing softly in the background that hilites the trials and tribulations of breast cancer survivors. Decorate the table with pink ribbons, and if possible, have pink ribbon pins for people to pick up (check your local hobby store for a good deal). On the table, have healthy treats for visitors. Pink apples would be fun! Be sure to promote your event well in advance so people can mark their calendars. What a wonderful way to spread awareness. Thank you, and good luck!!

  40. QUESTION:
    What do you think of my pins?
    I thought this would be a good idea, to create awareness ribbon pins with embellishments. My dad has cancer, and I wasn't happy with the pin he brought home from the hospital so I decided to make my own, with a personal touch. I've been unhappy that they haven't received the attention that I thought they would. Do you have any tips? I'm anxious because I put a lot of time and money into this, and my ebay store and the help I get from my family is the only income I have right now. I lost my job at the worst possible time with my dad going through his second bout of cancer. The last thing I want to do is be a burden on my family. I have job possibilities, but I'm unsure of how to explain my job situation. I'm sure they'll see it as I did something wrong to be laid off when really the firm is in big trouble, and couldn't afford a 3rd employee.

    Anyway, I would love it if you'd at least check out my store. I do well on my other ebay sales, considering the economy. I have no idea why people aren't interested in these. They're affordable, I use high-quality materials, and have good ratings on ebay. I'm thinking of moving some of them to etsy, though I'm hesitant to open another store. http://myworld.ebay.com/kei.cooper2012 Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      It's good that you're working towards a good cause! I personally think you should start selling them on etsy as that's where people usually look to find things like those ribbons you've been making!

  41. QUESTION:
    What color ribbon is head and neck cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Imagine -
      For head and neck cancer, a two-colored pin or ribbon is used. It is:

      Oral and Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Ribbon - In June, 2001, the official oral and head and neck cancer awareness ribbon was introduced to the public. Like breast cancer and aids awareness ribbons, the oral and head and neck cancer awareness ribbon is offered as a means of showing support, and spreading awareness, for oral and head and neck cancer. The ribbons are also available as pins here on the SPOHNC web site.

      This ribbon consists of three stripes, one stripe of burgundy and two stripes of ivory symbolizing oral and head and neck cancer.

  42. QUESTION:
    I need ideas on decorating a Unity Candle for wedding?
    We are wanting a Unity Candle for a wedding to honor a family member with breast cancer. We want to decorate the candle with the Breast Cancer Awareness ribbon some how--help?!
    Ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Use pink flowers stuck into the candle and in the center, facing the guests, pin a pink ribbon like the one used to signify "breast cancer awareness" and also light it with pink candles. Have your officiate mention that you are honoring a family member with the pink taper candles, then everyone will know.

      I also like the "dollar dance" idea money donated to a charity. Very KEWL!!

  43. QUESTION:
    I need to find a breast cancer softball.?
    I have a friend that is active in softball, breast cancer awareness, and EMT. What should I get her for her birthday? I was thinking a personalized softball. But was wondering where i could find such a thing. PLEASE HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      Can't find anything like that but what about a pink softball mit with a pin to go on it?

      Here are some links if you're interested:
      http://www.rawlingsgear.com/softball/softball-gloves/ls85p.html
      http://www.shopkomen.com/cart.php?m=product_list&c=197

      Or here's a pink softball; not sure if that's what you'd like, though:
      http://www.dickssportinggoods.com/product/index.jsp?productId=2979489

  44. QUESTION:
    fundraiser for BREAST CANCER AWARENESS month at work!?
    I need some ideas on how to raise money for MSABC. I work at Havertys Furniture and I am the team captain this year, which im super stoked about! But I am sitting here at work and cant seem to think of any fun, professional ideas to help us raise money.. Any good ideas you would like to share with me?

    • ANSWER:
      Typical: Car wash, Cancer Run, Lemonade Sale (never too old for that :P)

      The other day I saw a few girls standing outside our local LCBO with pink bras, money people would donate goes in one cup of the bra, and you get a pin in the other cup. Car washes are good too! It's been really warm lately and since pink is breast cancer colour, wear pink shirts or bathing suit!

      Also, maybe you could have a house party. Each ticket is - and donations are accepted. Tell everyone it is a potluck and they each bring a type of food or dessert (if you need to, let them draw numbers and say even must bring dessert, odd bring appetizers). All you have to pay for is less than for decorations, cups, utensils etc.

      GOOD LUCK!

  45. QUESTION:
    where to find 2007 pink ribbon products for breast cancer awareness?

    • ANSWER:
      Good old eBay has all kinds of pink ribbon merchandise-- Car magnets, jewelry, hats, tees, all kinds of stuff.

      I have a great long sleeved denim shirt embroidered with a pink ribbon and "Breast Cancer Survivor" that I got for a very reasonable price and just love. I also have a "Cancer Sucks" pin that pretty much says it all. Both came from eBay.

      Search under "Breast Cancer", "Pink Ribbon", "Cancer Survivor" and "Relay for Life"

  46. QUESTION:
    Help1 What does a white ribbon with a pink exclaimation point mean? [picture inside]?
    i found this pin today in a parking lot, and i'm just curious as to what it symbolizes. i've never seen one before. is it breast cancer? i thought that was just pink.

    here's a picture of it:
    http://tinypic.com/r/2w7ol0g/7

    • ANSWER:
      There are a bunch of cancer awareness ribbons.

      http://www.looseenterprises.com/cancer.html

      White is bone cancer.

  47. QUESTION:
    Need help designing a tattoo?
    I want to get something in memory of my grandma. She passed away this March. She passed away after she had surgery for colon cancer. She got a really bad infection. She loved roses and the color blue. So far i've only thought of an awareness ribbon for colon cancer.
    But maybe roses or something? Or is that tacky?

    • ANSWER:
      Is that all you know about your Grandmother? What about the stories that people (or she before she passed) tell about her life? Did she remember when her school system got buses? Did she go to the same elementary school that you attended? Did she attend Woodstock? Did she have a great family birthstone pin? Did she make you a great bed spread for your graduation? Did she own a Mustang when she was single? Did she work for one company her whole working life? What was her favorite Halloween costume when she was a kid? Did she break her arm two days before her wedding?

      If you have trouble remembering things, talk to your parent, your aunts and uncles or even her brother and sisters.

  48. QUESTION:
    Just for all who don't know, it is Breast Cancer Awareness Month...?
    Please keep those who you know, and do not know in your thoughts, hearts and prayers. Support your local charity and women please get your yearly mammogram, if you haven't already. Wear your pins and spread the word. Great day and weekend to all.

    • ANSWER:
      For me every second of every day of every year is breast cancer awareness moment for me. Sometimes I get lucky and forget about it but when your wife has lost a breast because of it, it becomes a constant reminder.

      And the biggest fear is that it could come back, but I try and be positive about it. Breast cancer or any cancer is horrific. It is fear, pain, heartache, and expense.

      It is the worst thing you can experience in life.


cancer awareness pins

Pancreas Location

In this article you will learn the mechanics of how and why the digestive system works as it does. Digestion plays an exceedingly crucial role in the function of the human body. The digestive system comprises of a digestive tract which is a drawn-out and hollowed series of organs which begins at the mouth and goes all the way to its final stage which is in the anus.

The digestive system consists of numerous organs such as the mouth, stomach, esophagus, large intestine also known as the colon, small intestine, rectum and the anus. These organs are seamed internally by a membrane called mucosa. The mucosa secretes a fluid that aids in the digestion of food. Food particles are broken down and forced along the tract by way of muscles.

Two additional organs within the human body which play a prominent part in digestion are the liver and the pancreas. The digestive fluids which these organs release enter the intestine by means of small ducts. The digestive fluid developed by the liver is held in the gall bladder before arriving at the intestine. Some organs belonging to the circulatory system, in addition to the nervous system, are associated with the digestive functioning of the body.

Why Is Digestion So Important?

The conventional food that we eat cannot be digested in its original form by the body. The food needs to be broken down into smaller and more complex molecules of necessary nutrients by the various organs within the body. It is then absorbed by the blood and carried to the various cells within the body to provide energy. This entire process whereby the food that we eat is converted into energy which can then be utilized by the body is called digestion.

The Whole Process Of Digestion

Digestion is the means by which the food that is consumed gets mixed with digestive fluids released by various organs. It is then broken down into smaller molecules in the course of traveling through the digestive tract. Ideally, it could be said that digestion of the food starts in the mouth where you chew the food and ends in the small intestine.

Peristalsis

The digestive tract comprises of hollow organs whose walls are layered with muscles which gives them their ability to move. These walls, with the aid of the muscles, move the food and fluids that are consumed through to the various organs that constitute the digestive system, so that they become effectively mixed with the digestive fluids and then broken down into finer molecules. This particular muscular action of the walls is known as peristalsis. One may rightly compare this action on a smaller scale to the ocean waves. Such wave like action of the muscular walls enables the food specks and fluid to get distributed throughout the digestive system.

The process of digestion starts in the mouth as we swallow food or drink liquids. That in turn is the only voluntary action in the entire process of digestion. After you swallow, the remaining process is completely involuntary as the nerves then take control of the necessary actions.

The Esophagus

The esophagus is then the next point where the swallowed food goes. This is the organ which connects the throat and the stomach. The esophageal sphincter is a circular like muscle which is positioned at the junction where the esophagus and the stomach meet. Remaining in a closed condition otherwise, it is responsible for allowing food to enter the stomach.

The Stomach

The stomach then takes control as the food enters it by way of the esophagus. The stomach's first duty is to store the food and liquid that is swallowed. This is accomplished by the relaxing action of the upper part of the stomach resulting in the storage of a large quantity of food and liquids. Following this stage the food and liquid is combined in with the digestive fluids that are secreted in the stomach by muscular action. This occurs in the lower part of the stomach. The third and final task of the stomach is to gradually release the mixture into the small intestine.

There are certain conditions and or variables which must be taken into consideration when discussing the process of food passing from the stomach into the small intestine, namely the type of food that goes in, the entire process of the peristalsis action of the stomach and small intestine as was discussed earlier. The fact is that fats are retained in the stomach for the longest period of time while on the other hand carbohydrates are digested much sooner. Proteins also take an extended amount of time to digest. The digestive fluids secreted by the pancreas, liver and intestine aid the food to dissolve further and they are gradually mixed thoroughly and absorbed further to continue the digestion process.

In the final stage of the process, the walls of the intestine absorb the nutrients which are then transported to other parts of the body. This is also the point where waste material which consists of undigested food matter, fiber and cells are shed from mucosa which is then transported into the colon. These materials get expelled out of the body by way of bowel movements.

The Part That Digestive Juices Play

The initial process of digestion takes place in the mouth where digestive juices are secreted by the salivary glands. Saliva that is secreted contains an enzyme which has the ability to break up the starch contained in food into smaller molecules.

The stomach is the next place which secretes digestive juices. These juices which are acidic in nature secrete an enzyme responsible for the digestion of protein. This acidic enzyme does not affect the walls and tissues of the stomach because it is protected by the mucosa which is a layer of tissue that lines the walls of the stomach.

It is when the food mixture is passed through to the small intestine from the stomach that digestive juices from the pancreas and liver take over. The Pancreas secretes an enzymes which is powerful enough to break down the proteins, fats and carbohydrates that are found in food. Along with it, the glands that are present in the intestinal walls also secrete necessary enzymes.

The liver is another important organ in this connection that produces bile, another digestive enzyme. Between meal times, the bile is accumulated in the gall bladder. During meal times, the bile reaches the intestine through the bile ducts which then gets combined with the fat in the food and ultimately dissolves it. Only then does it get digested by the pancreatic and intestinal enzymes.

Absorption And Transportation Of Nutrients

The small intestine is responsible for the absorption of the molecules of food, water and minerals which is then passed on to other parts of the body. This process is quite interesting as well. As mentioned previously, the walls of the small intestine are covered with mucosa which contains lots of folds. These folds are covered with small projections called villi, which have minuscule projections called microvilli. These are responsible for the absorption of nutrients. The material gets absorbed by special cells into the blood stream where they are transported to other parts of the body for further action. Another unique thing is that the process differs according to specific nutrients.

Fats

One of the main sources of energy that the body requires comes from fats. Fat directly goes into the intestine and gets dissolved into the watery content found there. Fats are infiltrated by the bile secretions which break it down into minuscule droplets which consist of fatty acids and cholesterol among other things. The fatty acids and cholesterol molecules get combined with the bile acids which shifts them to the mucosa cells. It is in these cells that the molecules join together to become large and then are passed on to the lymphatic vessels adjoining the intestine. The lymphatic vessels are responsible for transporting this fat to the veins of the chest. Fat accumulates in different parts of the body through the blood stream as well.

Fiber

Fiber is something which is indigestible and therefore it passes through the digestive tract without being broken down by enzymes. Fiber essentially comes in two forms, soluble and insoluble, both of which can be found in different types of food. As the name implies, soluble fiber gets dissolved in water to take on a soft, gel like consistency in the intestines while insoluble fiber never changes its form and is treated as waste matter.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a very important source of energy for the body. In fact, it is recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans that out of the total suggested caloric intake for the body, that approximately 45% to 65% should be attained by carbohydrates which can be found abundantly in potatoes, bread, dried peas and beans, rice, pasta, fruits and vegetables.

Starch and sugar which are found in carbohydrates are broken down by the salivary enzymes, pancreatic juices and the intestinal enzymes. Starch is first broken down into maltose by the function of the salivary enzymes and pancreatic juices. This maltose is further broken down into glucose molecules by the intestinal enzymes and is directly absorbed into the blood stream. Glucose is carried through the blood stream to the liver for storage until it is released as energy when needed for the various activities the body performs.

The sugars that are found in carbohydrates are converted in just one simple step. Sucrose is converted into glucose and fructose which are then absorbed directly into the blood stream through the intestine. Lactose, another type of sugar that is found in milk, is converted by the enzymes found in the intestinal lining into an absorbable form.

Protein

Protein is one item that needs to be broken down by enzymes before it can be put to use in building and repairing tissues within the body. Once swallowed, Protein begins its break down process by enzymes within the secretions of the stomach. Later the pancreatic juices and the enzymes of the intestinal walls take over the process of further breaking down protein into smaller molecules which are more commonly known as amino acids. These amino acids are absorbed into the blood through the intestines and are transported to other parts of the body to aid in the construction and repair of cells. The main sources of proteins are meat, eggs and beans, just to name a few.

Vitamins

Vitamins are also an important supplement that is provided to the body through the foods that we consume. There are two types of Vitamins - Water Soluble Vitamins (i.e., Vitamin C and all the variety of Vitamin B) and Fat Soluble Vitamins (i.e., Vitamin A, D, E, and K). Storage of water soluble vitamins is very limited and as a result the surplus amount gets eliminated through the urine. But fat soluble vitamins get amassed in the liver as well as fatty tissues of the human body.

Water And Salt

The food and drink that we consume combined with the juices that are secreted by the various glands results in a significant amount of water being created during the digestion process. The accumulated water contains a large amount of dissolved salts which is all absorbed by the intestine.

Extrinsic And Intrinsic Nerves

The digestive system is controlled mainly by the action of two types of nerve regulators, Extrinsic and Intrinsic nerves.

Extrinsic, or nerves situated outside the digestive tract, enters the organs of digestion from the spinal cord or brain and releases the chemicals acetylcholine and adrenaline. Acetylcholine has the responsibility of regulating the muscles of the digestive system to move the food more effectively through the digestive tract. This nerve also stimulates the production of digestive juices in the stomach as well as the pancreas. Adrenaline, on the other hand decreases the blood flow to the digestive organs by relaxing the stomach and intestinal muscles which results in the process of digestion coming to a stop.

The intrinsic nerves, which are situated inside the walls of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and colon, are responsible for regulating the movement of food through these organs according to the need of the digestive system by the production of various related substances.

Thus, the complex task of digestion in the human body is actually a joint effort by the nerves, hormones, blood stream and various organs of the digestive system which work together to absorb and digest nutrients from the food that we eat daily.

Hormone Regulators And The Digestive Process

The cells in the mucosal lining of the stomach as well as the small intestine produce many hormones which are responsible for the proper functioning of the digestive system. When these hormones get absorbed into the blood stream, they are transported to the heart through the arteries and return back to the digestive system. The main function of these hormones is to stimulate the digestive juices for proper functioning of the related organs.

Below are some of the important hormones which are responsible for controlling the process of digestion:

A. Secretin: This hormone is responsible for the stimulation of the stomach to produce the enzyme pepsin that digests proteins as well as the stimulation of the liver in producing bile. It also urges the pancreas to secrete a digestive juice containing bicarbonate that has the main function of neutralizing the acidic contents of the stomach before entering the small intestine.

B. Cholecystokinin(CCK): This is a hormone which stimulates the pancreatic juices responsible for the emptying of the gall bladder. CCK is also in charge of the normal growth of the pancreatic cells

C. Gastrin: This hormone is extremely essential for the normal growth of cells which are situated in the stomach lining, small intestine, and the colon. Gastrin is responsible for the production of an acid which aids in dissolving and digesting certain types of food.

There are few other hormones given below that are responsible for the regulation of the appetite. They are:

A. Peptide YY: When the digestive tract is full after a meal, this hormone is produced in order to stop further appetite cravings.

B. Ghrelin: This is a hormone that is created in the stomach and upper intestine and is responsible for the stimulation of your appetite.

Both Ghrelin and Peptide send signals to the brain to control the amount of food intake to the body. Other hormones such as glucagon's peptide-1 (GPL-1), oxyntomodulin(+), pancreatic polypeptide, etc. are also considered to serve as appetite regulators.

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Nerves

The digestive system is controlled chiefly due to the action of two types of nerve regulators, Extrinsic and Intrinsic nerves.

Extrinsic or nerves situated outside the digestive tract enters the organs of digestion from the spinal cord or brain and release the chemicals acetylcholine and adrenaline. Acetylcholine has the responsibility of regulating the muscles of the digestive system to push the food more effectively through the digestive tract. This nerve also stimulates the production of digestive juices in the stomach and pancreas. Adrenaline, on the other hand decreases the blood flow to the digestive organs by relaxing the stomach and intestinal muscles which results in the process of digestion coming to a stop.

The intrinsic nerves are situated inside the walls of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and colon and are responsible for regulating the movement of food through these organs according to the need of the digestive system by the production of various related substances.

Thus, it can be seen that the complex task of digestion in the human body is actually a joint effort by the nerves, hormones, blood stream and various organs of the digestive system which work together to absorb and digest nutrients from the food that we eat daily.

Brief Definitions:

Digestive System: Organs in the body that work in unison for the digestion of food.

Pharynx: A part of the digestive tract system that is located between the mouth and the esophagus.

Esophagus: A part of the digestive tract system that is located between the larynx and the cardia portion of the stomach.

Stomach: A pouch like part of the digestive tract system, where food is stored and mixed together.

Pancreas (tail): A gland connected to the digestive tract system that produces the digestive enzymes.

Duodenum: The start of the small intestine.

Small Intestine: A part of the digestive tract system that is located between the stomach and the large intestine.

Descending Colon: A part of the large intestine by which food continually moves through during the digestion process.

Sigmoid: The final part of the descending colon.

Anus: This is located at the end of the large intestine which is where the body expels the solid waste.

Rectum: It is the last part of the large intestine, located between the sigmoid colon and the anus.

Appendix: The hollow diverticulum that is tied or linked to the caecum.

Cecum: The blind gut shaped or fashioned by the part of the large intestine that is located between the small intestine and the ascending colon.

Ascending Colon: Part of the large intestine where food moves in an upward direction during the digestion process.

Transverse Colon: Part of the large intestine where the food travels in a horizontal direction during the digestion process.

Gallbladder: A small sac or pouch that contains bile.

Liver: A major digestive gland that produces the bile.

Teeth: The organ or instrument located inside your mouth or jaw that is used to cut and break down your food before it enters the digestive tract.

Tongue: The organ that allows you to taste.

For more informative articles please visit the independent media and alternative health blog WholeNews.Org

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How will they remove a 20cm in diameter cyst from my spleen/pancreas?
    They do not know which organ the cyst is in yet but I'm worried if the organ has to be removed, the pancreas is one you do not want it to be. Is draining a possibility?
    They know it is fluid with no fresh blood and I am waiting for the MRI results to confirm the exact details

    • ANSWER:
      Draining might be a possibility - it depends on the location and type of cyst. Some cysts in the pancreas or spleen are not truly cysts and are merely accumulations of fluid - these can probably be drained and kept open with very little trauma. Other cysts may need to be removed either partially or completely. Cyst removal may not require removing the organ if the cyst is not integrated into the organ. The docs might figure this out with additional imaging or they might not know until they can get inside and look around.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is this prickling sensation in my right upper abdomen?
    I feel sort of prickling sensation of inflammation in my right upper abdomen, which comes intermittently. It appears to be coming from the fat accumulated in that area, but I am not exactly sure of the internal location. Any idea about this? I fear whether it has anything to do with my liver, but my appetite is normal and I am not showing any Jaundice symptoms. I have the problem of gas though. Any help is highly appreciated.
    It might be a burning sensation, but I am not able to properly portray what I have been experiencing.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi I am from medical background. Well, first of all its very hard to tell what exactly is the root problem from the detail you have provided. As some of the above answerer have suggested that it could be gall bladder stone. But i dont think so that you have that. typical symptoms are :
      •When one of the gall stones obstructs the bile ducts that go to the intestine, a sharp colic is produced starting in the upper part of the abdomen and extending toward the back. A person can also experience bloating and indigestion.
      •A person can experience jaundice, a yellowing of the skin resulting from an accumulation of bile in the blood.
      •Inflammation of the gall bladder, duct, pancreas and in severe cases cirrhosis.

      so gall bladder stone condition can be ruled out.

      Now, as you told that you feel that you are getting pricking sensation as if it is coming from accumulated fat. So i think it bit superficial not deep. again its hard to tell exactly.

      Simple answer could be, if you feel that there is some problem with your abdomen, and you feel that it kind of burning sensation can be from intestine, try avoiding oily and spicy food. dont eat food which may caz acidity.

      I hope this will help in some way. this is just suggestion and thoughts from the details you have provided.
      but it always better to have talk with your physician.

      Good Luck and Take Care!

  3. QUESTION:
    What can you tell me about these genetic disorders?
    I need the age of diagnosis and chromosomal locations of these diseases: colorblindness, parkinson's, huntington, dwarfism, and cystic fibrosis.

    • ANSWER:
      Cystic Fibrosis you have from birth however some people may not know they have it until later in life if their symptoms arent very bad. I have it and I was diagnosed at 1 day old. It affects the lungs by producing more mucus than people without it and the mucus is stickier too so harder to clear. This can lead to chest infections, coughs and monthly intravenous antibiotic courses). It also affects the digestive system, my pancreas doesnt work and I need to take tablets in replacement of the enzymes it would make. It can also affect growth and weight, ( i have been underweight and small all my life). It can also make you infertile however this is more common for males.

  4. QUESTION:
    You put a piece of steak in your mouth vegetarian objections aside). What digestion processes take place betwe?
    You put a piece of steak in your mouth ( vegetarian objections aside). What digestion processes take place between your lips and “elimination”. Please tell me what digestive processes, enzymes, and hormones are active in Protein Digestion along the way. Please tell me “what happens where” and the location of absorption.

    • ANSWER:
      The large, hollow organs of the digestive tract contain a layer of muscle that enables their walls to move. The movement of organ walls can propel food and liquid through the system and also can mix the contents within each organ. Food moves from one organ to the next through muscle action called peristalsis. Peristalsis looks like an ocean wave traveling through the muscle. The muscle of the organ contracts to create a narrowing and then propels the narrowed portion slowly down the length of the organ. These waves of narrowing push the food and fluid in front of them through each hollow organ.

      The first major muscle movement occurs when food or liquid is swallowed. Although you are able to start swallowing by choice, once the swallow begins, it becomes involuntary and proceeds under the control of the nerves.

      Swallowed food is pushed into the esophagus, which connects the throat above with the stomach below. At the junction of the esophagus and stomach, there is a ringlike muscle, called the lower esophageal sphincter, closing the passage between the two organs. As food approaches the closed sphincter, the sphincter relaxes and allows the food to pass through to the stomach.

      The stomach has three mechanical tasks. First, it stores the swallowed food and liquid. To do this, the muscle of the upper part of the stomach relaxes to accept large volumes of swallowed material. The second job is to mix up the food, liquid, and digestive juice produced by the stomach. The lower part of the stomach mixes these materials by its muscle action. The third task of the stomach is to empty its contents slowly into the small intestine.

      Several factors affect emptying of the stomach, including the kind of food and the degree of muscle action of the emptying stomach and the small intestine. Carbohydrates, for example, spend the least amount of time in the stomach, while protein stays in the stomach longer, and fats the longest. As the food dissolves into the juices from the pancreas, liver, and intestine, the contents of the intestine are mixed and pushed forward to allow further digestion.

      Finally, the digested nutrients are absorbed through the intestinal walls and transported throughout the body. The waste products of this process include undigested parts of the food, known as fiber, and older cells that have been shed from the mucosa. These materials are pushed into the colon, where they remain until the feces are expelled by a bowel movement.

  5. QUESTION:
    Where Can I get a Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) done in the USA?
    I live in Canada and apparently there is only one doctor in our area who can do this and he will likely respond to our query in a month or more... I am not willing to wait this long.

    Also, approximately how much will it cost me?

    A location close to US/Canada border would be preferred.

    • ANSWER:
      I am very familiar with ERCP, I had several of them. One was done In Mass General Hospital by a Dr Friedman. He is a pancreatic specialist. He does the ERCP and another tests to view how much your pancreas is secreting so when you wake up, you wil have 2 tubes in your nose. One going into the pancreas and one in the stomach. It doesn't hurt at all. He is their top DR. You won't find any one better. I also had it done at Norwood Hospital in Norwood Mass by my Dr of 30 yrs. He too is excellent. You won't have to wait no month I'll tell you. If you want, I will give Dr Friedman phone #, but I will not put it on here. You will have to E-mail me. He's a wonderful Dr and Boston has the best hospitals. Good luck

  6. QUESTION:
    Can you guys plz tell me the Functions of ALL the different parts of the digestive systems?
    The DIfferent enzymes, what they digest and the products of their digestion,

    Location of ALL the different parts of the respiratory system

    I need this for a test plz help im making my crib sheet

    AND FINNALLY-- THE Funtions of ALL the respirtory systems

    • ANSWER:
      Well i could, but i suggest you look it up in a physiology textbook. Guyton's good.

      Are you not motivated to find another way to learn this? I wouldn't bother doing it unless you're actually interested. School is optional in most of the developed world, you know.

      OK, some of the info:

      Mouth: lubricates food with mucus and saliva, breaks it up into smaller bits so it can be swallowed. The enzyme ptyalin, salivary amylase, breaks starch down into sugar.

      Oesophagus: Just a tube between the mouth and stomach.

      Stomach: dissolves food in hydrochloric acid. Secretes rennin in babies and Caucasian adults which breaks down caesin (milk protein), pepsin, converts other protein to peptones, and intrinsic factor, which makes vitamin B12 absorbable by the terminal ileum.

      Duodenum: loads of enzymes secreted by the pancreas, bile secreted by the gall bladder which emulsifies fat and allows it to be digested properly. Walls of the duodenum secrete alkali to neutralise acid secreted by the stomach.

      Jejunum and ileum: absorption of breakdown products, which by now are basically amino acids, vitamins, minerals, monosaccharides and fats. Samples antigens for hazardous substances using Peyer's patches.

      Appendix: prevents bacteria from infecting ileum.

      Colon: concentrates the remnants into faeces by absorbing water.

      Rectum: Stores faeces.

      Anus: Passage for exit of faeces.

      Sorry, i think that's really enough help. Look up the rest please. It's actually interesting and worthwhile to know.

  7. QUESTION:
    What can a Lump on the Pancreas be?
    My Pregnant Sister has had a scan which has revealed a 16cm lump on her Pancreas. They say its almost certainly not cancer...

    What else can it be?? Should i be concerned?

    • ANSWER:
      Sarah - Anything 16 cm is not just "a lump." It is a mass just over 6 inches in width. I would be concerned until a benign diagnosis and exact location and further study is done. There is a good chance it is a benign cyst of the pancreas, rather than a cancer. It might also be related to the ovary, where is could also be a benign cyst, or to a fibroid of the nearby uterus, also benign. Further evaluation and information is needed for a satisfactory diagnosis. Your sister has probably discussed this "lump" with her obstetrician by now and has a clearer idea. Perhaps you could ask her?

  8. QUESTION:
    How can I make my cat's life better?
    He used to go outside, and run around. Now he's inside, and has put on weight, and just sits around and seems depressed. I can't even give him treats because he has a pancreas condition. I hug him and pet him when I am home, but he just seems depressed. He is about 6 yrs old. Spent one year recently being very sick with his condition.

    Catnip maybe? I dont know much about it. Thanks from both of us.

    • ANSWER:
      Long term illness can leave some cats feeling quite depressed and perhaps he's found it hard to adjust to the change in his lifestyle.

      Cats that go outside get a lot of mental stimulation because there's always something new to see or smell. Try to think of ways to enrich his indoor environment to spark his interest. Most cats enjoy a window seat with a view of somewhere busy, so that they can watch everything going on outside. Spend time encouraging him to play hunting style games. You can use a laser pen for this, or if there are any cooked meats that he's allowed to eat, tie a piece to the end of some string and get him to chase that. Divide his daily food allowance into four portions and put the dishes in different locations around your home so that he has to "forage" for his food.

      Rotate his toys on a weekly basis so that he doesn't get bored with them. You can try rubbing catnip on them to see if that encourages him to play with them. Some cats that show no interest in catnip, do enjoy the scent of honeysuckle and there are spray versions for use on cat toys. Another alternative is Valerian tea bags, and you could simply place a couple of those inside an old sock for him to play with.

      This link has advice on ways to keep an indoor cat happy, which you might find helpful.

      http://www.celiahaddon.co.uk/pet%20problems/cats/indoor.html

      Hope he's feeling much better soon.

  9. QUESTION:
    How did Patrick Swayze overcome Cancer of the Pancreas and be making movies within a month or two?
    Isnt that the most deadly form of cancer, what treatment would he have had for such a quick recovery?

    • ANSWER:
      i just read in us weekly magazine that he still has cancer, but just like me its being treated he has doctors on location and he still does his treatments

  10. QUESTION:
    What's the difference between heterotopic pancreas and inflammed pancreas?
    is it the same thing

    • ANSWER:
      Heterotopic means normal (pancreatic) tissue located in an atypical location, usually separate from the pancreas itself. (Heterotopic means different location(s))..Inflammed implies an inflammatory process involving the pancreatic tissue.

  11. QUESTION:
    I received an ultrasound today for my abdominal region?
    and on the report it said that there were no sonographic abnormalities on the pancreas, but there was bowel gas covering part of it. Is there anything I should do about this? Will they have missed anything they could have diagnosed? I'm just a tad worried.

    • ANSWER:
      That is pretty standard for an abdominal ultrasound...I'm a Sonographer and I'd say in at least half of the abdominal scans I do each day the pancreas is not well seen. Because of the location of the pancreas (midline abdomen and towards your back) it is very common for "bowel gas" aka intestinal air to obscure the view of it. Ultrasound cannot see through air, so instead it just blocks the organ or structure we are trying to image. CT scans are much more reliable for the pancreas, but if there are no symptoms that are concerning for your pancreas, there is no reason to have a CT done.

  12. QUESTION:
    What is the CAUSE of type 1 diabetes?
    I know what the symptoms are. I don't need links to sites explaining what Type 1 is. I want and need to know WHY the pancreas just all of a sudden decides to stop producing insulin altogether but up until that point it was doing just fine. I have type 1 and was never given a straight answer as to what caused me to get it. I'm not over weight and by all other means a healthy person.

    • ANSWER:
      Mango Ipod,
      Islets of Langerhans contain beta cells and are located within the pancreas. Beta cells produce insulin which is needed to metabolize glucose within the body. Type 1 diabetes is usually a progressive autoimmune disease, in which the beta cells that produce insulin are slowly destroyed by the body's own immune system. It is unknown what first starts this cascade of immune events, but evidence suggests that both a genetic predisposition and environmental factors, such as a viral infection, are involved. Researchers have found at least 18 genetic locations, labelled IDDM1 to IDDM18, that are related to type 1 diabetes. The IDDM1 region contains the HLA genes that encode proteins called major histocompatibility complex. The genes in this region affect the immune response. New advances in genetic research are identifying other genetic components of type 1 diabetes. Other chromosomes and genes continue to be identified. Most people who develop type 1 diabetes do not have a family history of the disease. The odds of inheriting the disease are only 10% if a first-degree relative has diabetes, and even in identical twins, one twin has only a 33% chance of having type 1 diabetes if the other has it. Children are more likely to inherit the disease from a father with type 1 diabetes than from a mother with the disorder. You mention that you are not overweight. It is usual for individuals with type 1 diabetes to be slightly thin. The classical symptoms of polyuria, polydipsia, and weight loss are present in the majority of cases.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  13. QUESTION:
    Occasionally I have a pain in left side of body - near bottom of ribcage. Any ideas of what it is?
    Since about 2 months ago, I occasionally get a pain on the left side of my body. The pain seems to be in my left front, directly below my last rib.

    It started when I had a coughing fit and only hurt when I had jarring motions (e.g., jumping jacks, or sudden movements) - otherwise I didn't notice it. It is somewhat of a sharp pain. In the last few days, I occasionally notice it when just moving around.

    In case this is useful, when I first noticed this pain its location seemed to flucuate from being in the front of my body to being mid-way between the front and back (though always on my left side and below my last rib). Now the pain is consistently in the front of my body.

    Any thoughts of what could be causing this pain and whether I should be concerned about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Could be colon problems. Sometimes our colons can extend upward a bit on the left when we've not been eating right or taking in enough water. Your liver and gall bladder are more to the right side. Your stomach extends a bit into the left side, but is mostly centered, as is your pancreas, with just the tip end of it jutting into the left. Your spleen is on the left. Otherwise, there isn't much on your left side. Could be what we call "stitches"... basically, just pain in the tissues. Check with your doctor. I don't know your age, but it could be time for a lovely little colonoscopy. :)

  14. QUESTION:
    Where are my organs in relation to my navel?
    Pancreas, stomach, liver and kidneys.
    I know a little anatomy, but descriptions of the location of organs often seem contradictory.

    • ANSWER:
      Pancreas lie from the left till the middle of the abs just below the chest/diaphragm...
      Stomach is quite at the centre just below the chest...
      Liver is from the right to the middle of abs below the chest...
      Kidneys are in pairs at the lower back of the body...

  15. QUESTION:
    Upper abdominal pain near my stomach or pancreas every day?
    I'm sixteen and I've had this problem almost every day for as long as i can remember. The furthest back that i DO remember was when I was about 9 years old.
    It's an internal pain that's right where the ribs part, so I was thinking either my stomach or my pancreas, and it feels like it's being both compressed and expanded.
    It's excruciating.
    I've searched a lot of symptom sites but there are always too broad.
    Anybody got any information that could help or explain?.

    • ANSWER:
      You may have what is called Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

      It's characterised by chronic abdominal pain (which you've described) as well as irregular bowel habits (constipation and/or diarrhoea). You might also have other symptoms:
      - Feel bloated a lot of the time
      - Pain is reduced when you have bowel motions
      - Onset of pain might be associated with a greater frequency of bowel motions
      - Onset of pain might be associated with a change in the appearance of stools (poo)

      Because you are a young person and the pain is chronic, it's less likely to be due to an inflammatory, vascular (blood vessel related), or malignant (cancer) cause. Given the location of the pain, it's unlikely to be gynecologic in origin. Given you started having the pains when you were 9 or so, and you haven't described any significant, chronic diarrhoea, Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) seems less likely (but still a possibility).

      However, IBS is a diagnosis of exclusion (diagnosis only made when other causes have been proven wrong). So I would highly recommend that you consult a doctor to exclude other causes.

      P.S. if you have any other symptoms you can add to the question, or you can describe some more features of the pain, that would be good too

  16. QUESTION:
    My pancreas hurts what should I do?
    I'm 13 years old I'm a male. My pancreas has been hurting a ton lately this isn't the first time. It happened before when I was 11 that week was a total pain for me and I didn't bother to ask anyone. Do any of you have any suggestions what to do?

    • ANSWER:
      Interesting, a 13 year old who can diagnose a pancreatic attack without running blood-work. How do you know it is your pancreas? Your liver, gall bladder, stomach, and heart give pretty much the same pain and in the same location. I had an attack when I was about your age, it turned out to be a "stomach spasm." I went to the doctor and had to take some awful medication for it for a few days, and it passed. A stomach spasm is very painful and can even damage your intestines by forming a blockage. A pancreatic attack is usually so bad you need to go to the hospital.

      Usually at your age the problem is in the stomach. You need to discuss the problem with your parents. If you are afraid to talk to them, talk to the school nurse... if there isn't one, talk to the vice principle and he/she will see to it that you get checked out. If you haven't eaten something you know you weren't supposed to, then you may need to see a doctor and be evaluated for what is actually causing your pain. If it is your pancreas, you will need to follow a special diet, and only a doctor and nutritionist can provide you with the tools you need to avoid complications.

  17. QUESTION:
    What are the negative outcomes of donating a kidney to someone?
    For males and females.
    No, I'm not donating a kidney. I don't have anyone to donate one too. Is there no consequences to donating a kidney? I heard that if a female donates a kidney, she is not able to have children.
    What are the consequences, for males and females?

    • ANSWER:
      There's really not any extremely serious long-term risks associated w/ living kidney donation. Here is information from the National Kidney Foundation:
      "What are the long-term risks of donation?
      You will have a scar from the donor operation- the size and location of the scar will depend on the type of operation you have."

      "Some donors have reported long-term problems with pain, nerve damage, hernia or intestinal obstruction. These risks seem to be rare, but there are not currently any national statistics on the frequency of these problems.:

      "In addition, people with one kidney may be at a greater risk of:
      high blood pressure
      Proteinuria
      Reduced kidney function"

      Also, it does not keep women from becoming pregnant. Here is what the same site says:
      "Pregnancy after donation is possible but is usually not recommended for at least six months after the surgery. Living donors should talk to their physician about pregnancy and have good pre-natal care"

      There were no statements made for men vs. women when it comes to donating.

      No, a person who donates a kidney does not have to go on dialysis.

      I can't think of any negative outcomes. The donor is giving life to another person, so it all seems pretty positive to me. I'm a kidney/pancreas recipient, but did not have a living donor.

  18. QUESTION:
    Describe the body location of each of the following endocrine organs: anterior pituitary, pineal gland, thymus?
    + pancreas, ovaries, testes.

    • ANSWER:
      anterior pituitary: directly inferior to the hypothalamus

      pineal gland: directly inferior to the posterior corpus callosum

      thymus: directly superior to the heart

      pancreas: directly posterior to the stomach and left of the duodenum

      ovaries: lateral to the uterus

      testes: inside scrotum

  19. QUESTION:
    What part of the stomach do you stab someone to kill them?
    I know if you stab someone in the neck or stomach it kills pretty quickly. I was just wondering where on the stomach. Above the belly button? Below it? Beside it? I am not planning on killing anyone i am just curious because i see it on tv shows a lot

    • ANSWER:
      Why the stomach? That's a pretty specific location to be aiming for. Anywhere in the lower abdomen (that's below your ribcage and above your pelvis) will kill someone given enough time. There are lots of organs down there including your stomach, intestines, liver, kidneys, pancreas, etc.

      The blade has to penetrate down to any organ in the abdominal cavity. This causes internal bleeding and potential infection depending on which organs you've hit. A person will die from this from the loss of blood.

      Stabbing someone in the gut is one of the slowest ways to kill someone though. It could take more than an hour for someone to die from a stab wound to this area depending on how much damage has been done and to which specific organs. Again, depending on these factors they could be saved by a surgeon. Stab wounds to the gut area are quite complicated and without any kind of guarantee that the victim will die. Professional soldiers may aim for this area because it is a large target and their aim is to incapacitate and not necessary kill. A professional killer will ignore this area and go for the lungs and head.

      The film Three Kings actually has a pretty good description of what happens when you get shot.

      A stab wound to the neck, specifically the jugular, kills someone very quickly. Again this is from loss of blood but the blood pressure up there together with the narrow space means that blood is lost at a much faster rate. This is not the case with the gut.

      A stab wound to the solar plexus and/or heart is a tricky way to kill someone quickly. This is the area directly under your ribcage. If you've ever been punched there you'll know that you exhale all the air in your lungs and can't breathe properly. A stab wound here might penetrate an important bundle of nerves, de-pressurise the lung cavities or actually penetrate the heart. All result in a quicker death than a gut wound.

  20. QUESTION:
    What side of the body is the pancrease and the liver located?
    I get pains in my right side on down to the pubic bone.

    • ANSWER:
      On this site, you can see the location of the
      pancreas and the liver. It is down a little on the
      page. The liver right lobe is located under the
      rib cage and more to the far right of the body.
      The liver left lobe is connected to the right lobe
      and extends over where the stomach area is.
      The pancreas is located more to the back
      close to the spinal column and in the center of the
      body.
      http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec01/ch001/ch001c.html

      There is a kidney on either side
      of the spinal column in the back side of the body.
      The ducts leading from the kidney to the bladder
      move toward the front and down toward the leg
      on either side. Pain would be mostly in the back
      and toward the right side (if it is the right kidney)
      and if it is a stone in the ducts, would move down
      the specific side going toward the bladder.
      Pain in the pancreas usually is in the front/back
      and leads up to the shoulder area.
      Pain in the gallbladder ducts would be in
      the front and also may go up to the shoulder
      area.
      Appendicitis usually has pain that leads from
      the lower right side near the bone and goes up
      toward the belly button.
      However, nothing is set in stone for each
      patient as far as referred pain goes.

      What you stated sounds more like a kidney
      infection or kidney stones.

      Hope this information has been of some help to you.

  21. QUESTION:
    What are the four different types of general sensory receptors?
    What are their function?

    • ANSWER:
      I apologise for this lengthy answer but:-
      1. You need to distinguish between general and special sensory receptors.
      2.You need to avoid misinformation on Yahoo Answers.

      Receptors for the general senses are scattered throughout the body and are relatively simple in structure. These receptors are classified according to the nature of the stimulus that excites them.
      Important sensor classes include:

      Pain (nociceptors):
      They are common in the superficial portions of the skin, in joint capsules, within the periostea of bones, around the walls of blood vessels, plus a few in deep tissues or most visceral organs. These can produce fast pain (prickling) or slow pain (burning or aching).

      Temperature (thermoreceptors): They are free nerve endings scattered immediately beneath the skin surface and located in skeletal muscles, the liver, and hypothalamus. Cold receptors are three to four times more numerous than warm receptors, but there are no known structural differences between the two.

      Chemical stimuli (chemoreceptors): They respond only to water-soluble or lipid-soluble substances that are dissolved in surrounding fluid. There are no well-defined chemosensory pathways in the brain or spinal cord, with the exception of taste and smell. Neurons within the respiratory centers of the brain respond to concentrations of hydrogen ions and carbon dioxide molecules in the cerebrospinal fluid. Receptors in the periphery monitor the oxygen concentrations of arterial blood (found in carotid and aortic bodies).

      Touch / pressure / position (mechanoreceptors): They are sensitive to stimuli that distort their cell membranes. They contain mechanically regulated ion channels, which open and close in response to movement. There are three classes: tactile, baroreceptors, and proprioceptors.
      Tactile receptors provide the sensations of touch, pressure, and vibration. Distinctions between them are not well defined. Fine touch and pressure receptors provide detailed information about a source of stimulation, including the exact location, shape, size, texture, and movement. These receptors are extremely sensitive and have relatively narrow receptive fields. Crude touch and pressure receptors provide poor localization and information. Tactile receptors range in complexity from free nerve endings to specialized sensory complexes complete with accessory cells and supporting structures. There are at least six tactile receptors on the skin and called by various names according to the source:
      Free nerve endings are sensitive to touch and pressure. They are situated between epidermal cells and have no apparent differences in structure with those of the free nerve endings that provide temperature or pain sensations.
      Root hair plexus is made up of free nerve endings to detect hair movement.
      Merkel's discs are fine touch and pressure neurons located in the lower epidermal layer of the skin.
      Meissner's corpuscles are fine touch and pressure receptors located in the eyelids, lips, fingertips, nipples, and external genitalia.
      Pacinian corpuscles are large receptors sensitive to deep pressure and to pulsing or high-frequency vibrations. They are found in the skin, fingers, breasts, and external genitalia, as well as in joint capsules, mesenteries, the pancreas, and walls of the urinary bladder.
      Ruffini corpusles are located in the dermis of the skin and are sensitive to pressure and distortions of the skin.

      Baroreceptors monitor changes in pressure. These receptors consist of free nerve endings that branch within the elastic tissues in the walls of organs. When pressure inside the organ changes, the elastic walls stretch or recoil. Baroreceptors monitor blood pressure in the walls of major blood vessels and play a major role in cardiac function and in adjusting blood flow to vital tissues. In the lungs, they monitor the degree of lung expansion, where the information is then passed on to centers in the brain which sets the pace for respiration. Baroreceptors in the digestive and urinary tracts trigger various reflexes, including the elimination of wastes.

      Proprioceptors monitor position of joints, tension in tendons and ligaments, and the state of muscular contraction. Of all the sensory receptors, the proprioceptors are the most structurally and functionally complex. Two examples of this complexity are found in tendon organs, which monitor the strain on a tendon, and in muscle splindles, which monitor the length of a skeletal muscle. They, however, do not adapt to constant stimulation; and each receptor must continually send information to the CNS.

      NB. Special senses are:-

      taste
      smell
      equilibrium
      hearing
      vision

  22. QUESTION:
    How are the digestive and excretion systems anatomically connected?
    I don't know what anatomically connected means, and my biology project that I'm working on is due in 2 days. So please, any help would be appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      The adrenal glands sit on top (directly superior to [anatomical positioning]) of the kidneys.

      Specifically, the spleen forms within, and from, the dorsal mesentery. However, it still shares the same blood supply — the celiac trunk — as the foregut organs.

      The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates. It is both an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin, as well as an exocrine gland, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes that pass to the small intestine. These enzymes help in the further breakdown of the carbohydrates, protein, and fat in the chyme.

      The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. It has a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function.

      This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the thoracic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion, via the emulsification of lipids. It also performs and regulates a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions requiring highly specialized tissues, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions

      Standard anatomical terms of location are employed in science which deal with the anatomy of animals to avoid ambiguities which might otherwise arise. They are not language-specific, and thus require no translation. They are universal terms that may be readily understood by zoologists who speak any language.

  23. QUESTION:
    When would the concentration of pancreatic amylase in your body be the highest?
    When would the concentration of pancreatic amylase in your body be the highest? when would it be the lowest? please explain. Thank you
    the question is asking WHEN, not where!

    • ANSWER:
      Well, in the pancreas when it's being secreted from the glands it would be at its highest. Beyond there, it's highest in the small intestine. Pancreatic Amylase isn't even present outside the small intestine and pancreas so I'm having difficulty pinpointing an exact location it wouldn't be. The duodenum has the highest concentration of pancreatic amylase. So after chyme from the stomach goes through the pyloric sphincter it comes into contact with the amylase

  24. QUESTION:
    What is the typical day of an ultrasound tech?
    I think this is what I want to do as a career! It really interests me. However, Im going to have a baby soon, so I would like to do this part time. Is this possible to do like 25 hours a week? My husband is military, so I dont need the benefits.

    ALSO, is there any place that I can get certified or liscensed in less that two years?

    • ANSWER:
      Many hospital imaging departments or free standing imaging centers will hire part time workers, so it is very possible to find a job with limited hours. Some OB/GYN offices employ RDMS licensed sonographers to work in their offices, and these are almost always part time positions. But, getting licensed in less than two years will be tough, unless you have some college level courses already completed.

      When thinking about entering an ultrasound program, you need not be concerned so much about certificate vs. degree. What is important is that you go to an ACCREDITED program, whether it is college or hospital based. An accredited program allows you to take your registry (licensing) exams upon graduation. Once you get licensed, you will never be asked about your schooling again. An employer does not care what route you take to get licensed, they just want you to have that license.

      Don't waste your time or money on a NON-accredited program. Upon completion and graduation from a NON-accredited program, you must work in the field of sonography for a full year prior to taking your licensing examinations. But, you will have a hard time finding an employer to hire you, unless you are licensed.

      I would suggest you observe an imaging department to get an idea of what ultrasonographers do daily. There is much more to it than scanning pregnant women. Most people have no idea how much is involved in this career!

      Ultrasound definitely entails more than just scanning pregnant women. We can also image the salivary glands, thyroid, carotid vessels of the neck, breasts, pancreas, liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, spleen, kidneys, urinary bladder, uterus, ovaries, testicles, prostate gland, aorta and vena cava, large arteries and veins in the arms and legs....have I missed anything? We can also ultrasound a palpable lump (one that can be felt from the outside of the body) which is located anywhere on the body. We can do ultrasound on newborn's stomachs to look for pyloric stenosis or the hips to look for dislocation.

      Sonographers also assist the radiologist with more invasive procedures. We do amniocentesis (using ultrasound to guide a needle into the pregnant uterus to remove fluid for testing), paracentisis (needle into abdomen to remove fluids for testing) and thoracentsis (needle into lungs to remove fluid). We assist the radiologist with ultrasound guided biopsies (breast, thyroid and liver). We assist the radiologist with hysterosonography (putting saline solution into the uterus to image the endometrial canal). We do some ultrasounds transabdominally (the transducer or camera outside the body), and others transabdominally or transrectally.

      I work at a free standing imaging center, so we are only open M-F, 8-5. No weekends, no holidays, no evenings, no night, no call. At most hospitals, the ultrasound department is staffed during the day (and sometimes the evenings), and then the sonographers rotate weekends. Most hospitals will make sure a sonographer is available (being on call) 24/7, when the department doesn't have a sonographer on site.

      You can find a list of accredited schools in your area, by searching "diagnostic medical sonography" and your state at the following site. There are links provided for each program, which will give you additional information (including course duration and prerequisite courses):

      http://www.caahep.org/Find_An_Accredited_Program.aspx

      Many people, myself included, go to school to become a radiologic technologist, before continuing to ultrasound school. In fact, it can be difficult to get into u/s school without the RT license. There are many more choices for schools for x-ray in most states. You can find them here, by searching “radiography“ and your state:

      http://www.jrcert.org/cert/Search.jsp

      The pay for ultrasound technologists will vary, depending on experience and geographical location. The American Society of Radiologic Technologists just did a large salary survey, in 2007. You can see how much a RT and/or ultrasound technologist averaged, per year, in your state here:

      https://www.asrt.org/media/pdf/research/wss2007/wss07annualcompensation.pdf

      You can divide the yearly salaries by 2080 (40 hours per week X 52 weeks) for an average hourly salary. Best wishes!!!

  25. QUESTION:
    What is the current treatment and prognosis for the average survival rate of pancreas cancer?
    THIS NEEDS TO BE CANADIAN INFO

    • ANSWER:
      Generally speaking, there are only two treatments for pancreatic cancer, depending on both the stage as well as the location on the pancreas.

      The surgical treatment, coupled with post-surgical chemo-therapy, can be subdivided into two types:

      A. The Whipple Procedure: When pancreatic cancer involving the head of the pancreas is diagnosed, the removal of the head of the pancreas as well as the curve of the duodenum (Pancreato-Duodenectomy) is performed, whereas bypassing the stomach to the jejunum of the intestine is necessary. This procedure can only be performed if the cancer is localized to the head of the pancreas only, and has not metastasized to adjacent parts or organs.

      B. Distal Pancreatectomy is performed when cancer involves the body and the distal part of the pancreas, in which they are removed. In this case, the spleen is mostly preserved.

      In both cases, the procedure can be very vastly invasive, and as such, not only does the patient need to meet the diagnostic criteria of being diagnosed at a sufficiently early stage, without any metastasis, but that the patient should be in a condition that is good enough to undergo majorly ivnasive surgery of this caliber. However, there have been attempts at performing such procedures laparoscopically, being minimally invasive. However, many oncologists generally prefer performing the procedure the "usual" way, as they get a better look of things and get to be more aggressive in terms of removal of affected organs as they need to be.

      Needless to say, not many patients meet those criteria, simply due to the fact that pancreatic cancer is often diagnosed at more advanced stages, and considering the fact that patients aren't always in the physical condition to withstand surgery.

      The alternative treatment is chemotherapy using gemcitabine, for patients who are not fit for surgery, is used. It does not cure the cancer, but it improves the 5-year survival rate by 20% at best, sadly. However, it does improve the quality of life for patients.

      The average survival rate from diagnosis on is generally 3-6 months in metastasized/advaced stage cancer, in which cases they are deemed terminal. However, if it is diagnozed sufficiently early, the prognosis can be very good-- with surgery and chemotherapy, the patient -can- actually have a full recovery, except for becoming diabetic. But again, sadly, pancreatic cancer patients are often diagnosed at advanced stages due to the aggressive nature of the malignancy as well as the type of symptoms it presents with, which generally leads patients to dismiss it until it has metastasized and is causing more serious symptoms.

  26. QUESTION:
    What do you think plays a larger role in obesity rates? Environmental or Biological Factors?
    Here's a little outline of the different factors I made. Discuss.
    1.Environmental
    a.Geographic location.
    i.Inner city vs. suburban living.
    ii.State location.
    b.Media and food industry influence
    c.Family habits
    d.Friends
    e.Activities
    i.Drug and alcohol use
    ii. Sedentary vs. active

    2.Biological
    a.Genetic predisposition
    b.Differences between racial groups
    c.Illness
    d.Childhood eating habits

    • ANSWER:
      Watch the obesity trends slideshow posted below for the years 1985-2006. The full version shows obesity remained stable for decades 1960-1980 at 10%, now the increases are so fast they can measure year by year & it's SHOCKING.

      There wasn't much difference in environmental or biological factors during the 1980's to trigger this sudden skyrocketing of obesity but the food supply dramatically changed. Sugar was replaced with high fructose corn syrup & saturated fats were replaced with "heart healthy" trans fats. Then high fructose corn syrup was added to almost everything.

      U.S. government guidelines were changed 35 years ago to suggest we lower our fat intake & increase our carb intake. American society followed these recommendations & lowered their fat intake by 11% & increased their carb consumption. In this same time frame obesity, diabetes, heart disease are all at epidemic levels. Through their direct effects on insulin & blood sugar, refined carbohydrates, starches & sugars are the dietary cause of obesity, coronary heart disease & diabetes.

      Obesity is not the problem, it's just a very visual symptom of a major health crisis. Since most doctors and people manage symptoms and not the problem, failing health ensues. When a person has blood sugar problems and is insulin resistant, controlling portions is NOT an option and this is the problem in most obese people and portion control is the only option that has been given. The reason, I believe that obesity has just become an epidemic is the proliferation of processed foods, long term high carbage foods and in the low fat era removing fat and replacing it with sugar in EVERYTHING. I can not imagine all these educated people pushing sugar as a healthy food. Fat will not make a person fat.

      Low blood sugar (which results from high blood sugar & equally high insulin) triggers hunger (even after eating sufficiently). Long term high insulin creates an insulin sensitivity, that can trigger insulin with just the thought of food (which is the theory behind why sugar free sodas cause weight gain). Long term carb intake damages the receptors on muscle tissue and causes Insulin resistance. Insulin then sweeps all the nutrition directly to fat cells causing muscles to scream for the nutrition they are not getting. You have these 2 biological demands for nutrition, controlling portions is just not an option. You can be full as a tick not able to eat another bite and the body is driving you to eat and not healthy foods the easily converted to glucose foods (sugar & starches) It becomes a vicious circle and you get fatter & fatter and don't understand why. Then there is the depression when well meaning people tell you that if you'd just control it you wouldn't be so fat & that drives some people to eat even more.

      The ONLY way to break the cycle is with a low carb way of eating and not just any low carb way of eating, the Atkins way. Some people become so insulin sensitive, so insulin resistant, they can not handle moderate carb levels not even low carb levels. They must go to nearly no carb levels for a long period to allow their pancreas, adrenals, muscle receptors to heal (which could take years if ever)

      I highly recommend you watch the recent Taubes lecture posted below. He spent 7 years going over all the studies on nutrition, which is the basis of his recent book.

      His main points are:

      1. Dietary fat, whether saturated or not, is not a cause of obesity, heart disease or any other chronic disease.

      2. The problem is refined carbs in diet, their effect on insulin secretion & the hormonal regulation of homeostasis.

      3. Sugars - sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup specifically - are particularly harmful, the combination of fructose & glucose simultaneously elevates insulin levels & overload liver with carbs.

      4. Through their direct effects on insulin and blood sugar, refined carbs, starches, sugars are the dietary cause of coronary heart disease & diabetes. They are likely dietary causes of cancer, Alzheimer's & other diseases.

      5. Obesity is a disorder of excess fat accumulation, not overeating & not sedentary behaviour.

      6. Consuming excess calories does not cause us to grow fatter, any more than it causes a child to grow taller.

      7. Fattening & obesity are caused by an imbalance in the hormonal regulation of adipose tissue & fat metabolism. Fat synthesis & storage exceed the mobilization of fat from adipose tissue & its subsequent oxidation.

      8. Insulin is the primary regulator of fat storage. When insulin levels fall, we release fat from fat tissue.

      9. By stimulating insulin secretion, carbs make us fat.

      10. By driving fat accumulation, carbs also increase hunger & decrease the amount of energy we expend in metabolism & physical activity.

      It will last til public policy is changed. The USDA pyramid - the ADA - the AHA all recommend high carb low fat diets. They are afraid of being sued if they admit they were wrong, so they continue this malpractice.

  27. QUESTION:
    What percent of pancreatic tumors are benign?
    Is tumor size and location an indication that cancer is probably present?

    • ANSWER:
      According to the website below, 1-2% of pancreatic tumors are benign, but there is the potential that they will eventually become malignant.

      http://www.information-on-pancreatic-cancer.com/html/benign-pancreatic-tumors.php3

      Personally I do not recall running across any charts of patients with a benign pancreatic tumor when I was at the hospital. After reading that website, I think you can figure out why. Most of the time pancreatic cancer is not detected until it is very severe. 85% of the cases of pancreatic tumors are of the adenocarcinoma type, which have a much smaller chance of survival. I don't mean to be pessimistic, but in the past, the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer has been pretty much a death sentence. I think nowadays that has been improved a little bit, but I think most of the time, it is still the case. I would imagine that discovery of benign tumors would most likely be incidental/serendipitous discoveries since they are not symptomatic.

      As for tumor size and location an indication that cancer is present--I am not sure what you are really asking. Again, most often cancers of the pancreas are discovered as a metastasis in a different part of the body. Obviously the larger the size of a tumor, the more serious the cancer is and the less likely the recovery. There are different locations that the cancer of the pancreas can originate (head versus tail) and I am sure they have different treatment and survival rates. You can probably get some more answers from the same website.

      I hope no one that you know has pancreatic cancer but I suppose that is not the case, or you wouldn't be asking. Good luck.

  28. QUESTION:
    How long is the kidney transplant list?
    My fiance has to get a bouble kidney transplant and I was wondering how long the transplant list is.

    • ANSWER:
      It all depends on what country you live in and the location in that country. Do a Yahoo! search for "kidney" and your country, the first hit, will likely be the renal foundation/agency for your country. That'll be your best place to start.

      I'm surprised that your fiance hasn't found out from her nephrologist already, because that topic should come up and the nephrologist would have a good idea.

      I don't understand why she would require two kidneys, as we really only need one and why give two kidneys to one person when you can help two people. Also healthy family members and good friends can offer to donate one of their kidneys! This cuts done the wait time to just months and these kidneys are less likley to be rejected compared to cadaver kidneys!

      Also, they don't normally remove kidneys when they implant a donor one as it just an unnecessary risk. They do sometimes remove kidneys if it is determined that they are the source of an infection. Sometimes people with diabetes and renal failure will have a kidney and pancreas transplant preformed simultaneously.

      As for the wait, again without knowing more specific information about where you are from, I will bump up the previous persons estimate to 7-9 years.

  29. QUESTION:
    What are the causes and symptoms of Liver Cysts and Cystic Fibrosis, and what are the treatments for each?
    Does anyone know how these two inherited diseases start, show and can be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      Cystic Fibrosis:
      Causes and Risk Factors of Cystic Fibrosis
      In 1989, researchers found the defective gene (called delta F508) that causes CF. This gene disrupts a protein (called cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator - CFTR) that causes the symptoms of CF.

      CFTR is made inside the cells (lining the glands) in the respiratory passages, and the small intestine, pancreas and sweat glands. CFTR travels to the cell's surface where it controls the flow of salt (sodium) in and out of the cell. In CF, the CFTR protein is abnormal in a way that prevents it from reaching the cell's surface. Without this flowing process, salt is trapped inside the cells. The body tries to compensate by overproducing bodily secretions such as water, sweat and mucus. These secretions then build up in the body to cause the symptoms of CF.

      Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis
      The pattern of development of CF and the severity of its symptoms varies among individuals. The disease is sometimes obvious soon after birth, but some cases of CF, they are not detected for months (in infancy) or years (in childhood).

      In babies and infants, the symptoms of CF are:

      persistent diarrhea

      bulky, foul smelling and greasy stools

      pale stools

      frequent wheezing or pneumonia

      chronic cough with thick mucus

      salty-tasting skin

      poor growth

      blockage of the intestine (called meconium ileus)

      abdominal swelling

      gassiness

      vomiting

      dehydration

      In children, the symptoms include:

      frequent respiratory infections

      fever

      cough

      difficulty in breathing

      abdominal pain and discomfort

      gassiness

      fast respiration

      flaring of the nostrils

      poor appetite

      malnutrition

      poor growth

      a barrel-chested appearance

      CF can also cause other medical problems, such as:

      sinusitis (inflammation of the nasal sinuses)

      nasal polyps (fleshy growths inside the nose)

      clubbing (rounding and enlargement of fingers and toes)

      pneumothorax (rupture of lung tissue and trapping of air between the lung and chest wall)

      coughing up blood

      enlargement of the right side of the heart (called cor pulmonale)

      protrusion of the rectum through the anus (called rectal prolapse)

      liver, pancreatic and gallbladder problems

      delayed puberty

      reproductive abnormalities (especially male sterility) - Over 90 percent of all males with CF are sterile.

      Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis
      Currently, there is no cure for CF, but there are treatments for the symptoms of CF, such as lung and digestive problems, hepatic (liver) and biliary tract (gallbladder) diseases, and infertility.

      Liver Cysts:
      What are the causes of a cyst?

      Cysts can arise through a variety of processes in the body, including:

      "wear and tear" or simple obstructions to the flow of fluid,

      infections,

      tumors,

      chronic inflammatory conditions,

      genetic (inherited) conditions, and

      defects in developing organs in the embryo.

      Sometimes you can feel a cyst yourself when you feel an abnormal "lump." For example, cysts of the skin or tissues beneath the skin are usually noticeable. Cysts in the mammary glands (breasts) also may be palpable (meaning that you can feel them when you examine the area with your fingers). Cysts of internal organs such as the kidneys or liver may not produce any symptoms or may not be detected by the affected individual. These cysts often are first discovered by imaging studies (x-ray, ultrasound, computerized tomography or CAT Scan, and magnetic resonance imaging or MRI). Cysts may or may not produce symptoms, depending upon their size and location.

      The treatment for a cyst depends upon the cause of the cyst along with its location. Cysts that are very large and result in symptoms due to their size may be surgically removed. Sometimes the fluid contained within a cyst can be drained, or aspirated, by inserting a needle or catheter into the cyst cavity, resulting in collapse of the cyst. Radiologic imaging may be used for guidance in draining (aspirating) cyst contents if the cyst is not easily accessible.

      If there is any suspicion that a cyst is cancerous, the cyst is generally removed by surgery or a biopsy is taken of the cyst wall (capsule) to rule out malignancy. In certain cases, aspirated fluid from a cyst is examined under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present in the cyst.

      If a cyst arises as part of a chronic medical condition (for example, in polycystic ovary syndrome or fibrocystic breast disease), treatment is generally directed at the underlying medical condition.

  30. QUESTION:
    How does one become an ultrasound technician?
    It seems like such a happy job!

    • ANSWER:
      When thinking about entering an ultrasound program, you need not be concerned so much about certificate vs. degree. What is important is that you go to an ACCREDITED program, whether it is college or hospital based. An accredited program allows you to take your registry (licensing) exams upon graduation. Once you get licensed, you will never be asked about your schooling again. An employer does not care what route you take to get licensed, they just want you to have that license.

      Don't waste your time or money on a NON-accredited program. Upon completion and graduation from a NON-accredited program, you must work in the field of sonography for a full year prior to taking your licensing examinations. But, you will have a hard time finding an employer to hire you, unless you are licensed.

      I would suggest you observe an imaging department to get an idea of what ultrasonographers do daily. There is much more to it than scanning pregnant women. Most people have no idea how much is involved in this career!

      You can find a list of accredited schools in your area, by searching "diagnostic medical sonography" and your state at the following site. There are links provided for each program, which will give you additional information (including course duration):

      http://www.caahep.org/Find_An_Accredited_Program.aspx

      Many people, myself included, go to school to become a radiologic technologist, before continuing to ultrasound school. In fact, it can be difficult to get into u/s school without the RT license. There are many more choices for schools for x-ray in most states. You can find them here, by searching “radiography“ and your state:

      http://www.jrcert.org/cert/Search.jsp

      The pay for ultrasound technologists will vary, depending on experience and geographical location. The American Society of Radiologic Technologists just did a large salary survey. You can see how much a RT and/or ultrasound technologist averaged, per year, in your state here:

      https://www.asrt.org/media/pdf/research/wss2007/wss07annualcompensation.pdf

      Happy job? Sometimes. Aside from the fetal deaths or abnormalities, you also scan women who you know have no business being pregnant. The other day, I was scanning a woman, told her she was having a boy, and she said, "Sh*t, I already have 5 of those at home." She was 23 and on Medi-Caid. You also have women who are homeless or obviously under the influence. You have the 14 year olds. It can be pretty depressing sometimes. Also remember that we scan much more than pregnant women and their babies. We scan the thyroid, breasts, liver, gallbladder, kidneys, pancreas, urinary bladder, large vessels in the neck, abdomen, legs and arms, testicles, prostate, uterus, ovaries.......

  31. QUESTION:
    At each of the following locations, indicate the organs in which absorption of food or water occurs.?
    At each of the following locations, indicate what type of digestion (chemical, mechanical, both or neither) takes place. Also, indicate the organs in which absorption of food and water occurs.

    Mouth (both)

    Stomach (both)

    Small Intestine (chemical)

    Large Intestine (neither)

    • ANSWER:
      mouth chemical salivary amayalse released from salivary glands and physical from the teeth
      stomach- chemical pepsin activated by hydrocholic acid and physical turning of food
      small intestine- chemical carbs-carbohydrase and the pancreatic amylase which comes from the pancreas but is delivered to the duodenum (small intestine)
      protein: trypsin and chymotrypsin which comes from the pancreas but is delivered to the duodenum and protease
      lipids: lipase which originates from the pancreas but is delivered to the duodenum. The lipase with help from the bile emulsifies the lipids
      large intestine food passes through. some broken down by colons bacteria (e.coli)

      hope this helps!!

  32. QUESTION:
    If you have digestive problems what kind of doctor do you go see?
    If you have digestive problems what kind of specialist do you go see. Is that Internal Medicine or how should I look this up?
    Thanks yall!

    • ANSWER:
      Diagnosing and Treating Your Digestive Problem
      Our specialists diagnose and treat a wide range of digestive problems using procedures that include endoscopy and colonoscopy.
      To diagnose your digestive problem, first discuss your symptoms with one of our gastroenterologists. They will ask about your medical history and give you a physical exam. Some patients need laboratory tests, imaging tests and/or endoscopic procedures to help doctors diagnose the problem.

      Our advanced Endoscopy Lab is equipped with advanced technology, such as an endoscopic laser, to help diagnose and treat digestive problems.

      Colonoscopy and Other Endoscopic Procedures

      About 70 percent of our diagnostic procedures involve colonoscopy, in which a doctor uses a long, flexible, lighted tube called a colonoscope to view your colon (large intestine).

      To prepare for a colonoscopy, you must clear out your colon. A day or two before the procedure, you begin a liquid diet and take laxatives in liquid or pill form. The colonoscopy is done under mild anesthesia to relieve any anxiety you may be feeling. The doctor inserts the colonoscope into your rectum and moves it into your large intestine or colon. The colonoscope sends images to a computer.

      Because colonoscopy allows the doctor to view the entire length of the large intestine, it can help identify abnormal growths, inflamed tissue, ulcers and bleeding. If your doctor finds an abnormal growth (polyp), it can be removed and tested for cancer.

      Depending upon the location of your digestive problem, doctors may use other endoscopic procedures such as:

      Sigmoidoscopy—It examines a smaller portion of the colon using a shorter telescope (sigmoidoscope). This test doesn’t require anesthesia and is helpful in identifying the causes of diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, abnormal growths and bleeding. But it misses some polyps that a colonoscopy will see.
      Upper Endoscopy (EGD or esophagogastroduodenoscopy)—It examines the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of your small bowel (duodenum) by inserting an endoscope into the mouth.
      Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)—It diagnoses and treats problems in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas. An endoscope is guided from your mouth into the stomach, and dye is injected to provide an image of internal organs on an X-ray.
      Additional Therapy

      During endoscopic procedures, different therapeutic procedures also can be performed to help treat the problem. These treatments include:

      Esophageal manometry—measures the strength and muscle coordination of the esophagus
      Anorectal manometry—helps determine the strength of the muscles in the rectum and anus using a small tube in the rectum
      Gastric Manometry—measures electrical and muscular activity in the stomach as it digests foods and liquids
      Biopsy—removes and examines tissue to detect cancer cells
      Ablation—burns tumors or abnormal tissue
      Stenting—increases GI tract flow and contraction of the gastrointestinal muscles
      Rectal and anal ultrasounds—This imaging technique uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to view the rectum
      Feeding tube placement for swallowing disorders
      Removal of gallstones
      Sphincterotomy—prevents tears or fissures in the anus
      Wireless capsule endoscopy—provides a more precise image inside the bowel to locate bleeding, cancer or other abnormalities
      PH monitoring—measures the acidity inside of the esophagus using a thin, plastic tube that is inserted through the nostrils.
      Other diagnostic tests may include laboratory tests to check for blood in the stool or the presence of abnormal bacteria in the digestive tract. In some imaging tests, doctors will give you a metallic, chalky liquid called barium to coat the inside of your organs so they can see them on an X-ray. Imaging tests using X-rays help specialists watch the inside of the stomach and other organs as digestion occurs.

      We also have one of the nation's few doctors specially educated in interventional pulmonology to perform flexible bronchoscopy. This procedure was traditionally used to evaluate the airways after chest X-rays and CT scans find an abnormality in the lungs. Now we use bronchoscopy treat air passage tumors, helping lung cancer patients breathe more easily and handle treatments better.

  33. QUESTION:
    How does one know which adenocarcinoma they have contracted?
    What are the markers for the different types?

    • ANSWER:
      adenocarcinoma means cancer arising in glandular tissue or a gland. It would be typed by the affected organ, gland or body location.

      Examples would be:
      adenocaricnoma of the lung
      adenocaricnoma of the stomach
      adenocaricnoma of the breast
      adenocaricnoma of the pancreas
      and numerous others

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenocarcinoma

      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=1453

  34. QUESTION:
    Can upper abdominal pain occur during your period?
    I'm 15 years old and I'm known for having severe menstrual cramps, but i haven't had upper abdominal pain before. Is this normal? I woke up at 3:30 in the morning with upper abdominal cramps and haven't been able to fall back asleep.

    • ANSWER:
      It could be normal, especially if you're known for severe menstrual cramps. However, if this persists, then you may have an inflammation of the pancreas. You'd have to give more information though (general location of the pain; is it a sharp pain or a deeper, throbbing pain/ pain of the muscles?).

  35. QUESTION:
    Can cats with diabetes be left for 2-3 days unsupervised and without insulin shots?
    My cat was recently diagnosed with diabetes and we are trying to determine how to handle/deal with it. My wife and I travel a lot and are out of town virtually every weekend.

    • ANSWER:
      NO!

      We have been treating diabetic cats since February 26, 2000 when my buddy Simon was diagnosed.

      We have adopted 3 other diabetic cats over the years - we knew they were diabetic when we adopted. In fact, we decided to adopt them because they were diabetic and were about to be turned over to pounds that would have killed them immediately because of their age and the diabetes.

      We currently only have one, Felix. Simon died on August 18, 2004 after 4 1/2 years with diabetes. Kalib lived 3 years with diabetes, we did not get her until about 2 years after her diagnosis and after her kidneys had started to fail. Stranger lived to be over 20 years old. He was diabetic for about 8 years before he died.

      We have a bit of experience with diabetic cats :-)

      First, contrary to what Andi said, leaving your cat without insulin injections will not cause his "sugar" to become too low, a condition called Hypoglycemia

      A diabetic cat who does not get appropriate doses of insulin will have high blood glucose levels, a condition called Hyperglycemia.

      Hyperglycemia causes damage to the various parts of the body. The first symptom of untreated or under treated diabetes is usually neuropathy in the rear legs. Damage to the nerves in the cat's rear legs which causes them to lose more and more control of their legs.

      Over time, hyperglycemia kills.

      A diabetic cat is a 24 hour, 7 day a week, 365 day a year proposition.

      A diabetic cat cannot be left alone every weekend.

      Either you are going to have to find someone, such as a vet tech, who will come to your home and give the cat insulin injections or you are going to have find a new home for the cat.

      As far as to cat's health is concerned, there are no other options.

      Are you using a glucometer (like those humans use) to measure the amount of glucose in the cat's blood before you give insulin injections?

      If not, you should start doing so.

      I will not give a dose of insulin to a diabetic cat without measuring the amount of glucose in the cat's bloodstream immediately before giving the injection.

      Diabetic cats' blood glucose levels vary too much and it is not safe to assume that you can give the usual dose of insulin without checking the blood glucose level first.

      It is a sad, but true, fact that most vets simply don't know how to correctly treat diabetic cats.

      The situation has improved over the past 9 years, but not much.

      We have a web site about Simon's diabetes at http://www.sugarcatsimon.com The site was created as a response to the lack of any really good understanding and treatment of feline diabetes by most vets.

      That URL will redirect you to the current location of the site.

      There is a link with which you can email us on the left side of all of our site's pages.

      Please email and I'll try to help you get started down the correct road to getting your cat's diabetes under control.

      Diabetes is not a "shoot and forget" disease. That means that you do not figure out an insulin dose and then just give the same dose time and time again without doing blood glucose testing to monitor the cat's health. The cat's insulin requirements will vary and only blood glucose testing will show the changes.

      It is not like an infection where you give the cat some medicine and it cures the problem.

      There is no cure for diabetes. Treatment is the administrating, via injections, enough insulin to replace that which the cat's pancreas no longer produces.

      Please email me.

      If you would like, I can reply with our telephone number (in Missouri in the USA) and you can call me. I can explain everything much faster by telephone than by mail.

      I've had dozens of people call me over the past 9 years to discuss their diabetic cats.

      An under treated diabetic cat will be in starvation mode. It will be unable to utilize enough glucose to meet the needs of the organs and tissues of the body. It will begin breaking down fat to provide "fuel" for the body and overtime this can lead to toxic level of various substances in the blood stream which will cause a condition called Diabetic KetoAcidosis - DKA for short.

      DKA is fatal unless promptly, correctly, and aggressively treated.

      You need to learn about this and other aspects of Feline Diabetes and I can help you.

      Please email me, for your cat's sake.

  36. QUESTION:
    help with biology questions to study for exams?
    a)Where is the approximate location of the endocrine glands involved in growth and development in the human body.

    Describe the role of each organ named.

    b) glands produce secretions which must be discharged.

    1)with reference to named examples,state two ways in which glandular secretions reach the site of action.
    2)suggest why 2 different methods are used to transport secretions to their target organs.

    c)why is the liver considered the most important organ in the body?

    • ANSWER:
      Exocrine glands, such as the sweat and salivary glands, release secretions in the skin or inside of the mouth. Endocrine glands, on the other hand, release more than 20 major hormones directly into the bloodstream where they can be transported to cells in other parts of the body.

      The major glands that make up the human endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal body, and the reproductive glands, which include the ovaries and testes. The pancreas is also part of this hormone-secreting system, even though it is also associated with the digestive system because it also produces and secretes digestive enzymes.

      Edit:

      Structurally speaking, here's what you need to know about the liver. It's located just below the right rib cage in the upper right side of the abdomen, above the pancreas and the small intestine. Your liver does three main things: helps digest stuff, make proteins, and gets rid of bad stuff.

      All of the blood that has visited your small intestines flows through your portal vein into your liver, so almost all of the nutrients you eat have to pass through the gauntlet of the liver before passing to the heart for generalized distribution. Why "almost"?

      There's a little absorption in your mouth and under your tongue, but almost means 99 percent for the typical person. Your liver decides what gets kept out, what gets patted down and inspected, and what's allowed in to be distributed throughout your body.

  37. QUESTION:
    How do you entice a really picky dog to eat?
    My dog will not eat the same food for more than a few weeks-then she refuses and drops weight fast-any suggestions would be welcome

    • ANSWER:
      I have a bunch of suggestions for you. I also gave these hints to another person with a picky GSD. I'll go and find the answer for you fast.

      Here you go:
      Here are a couple ideas that have worked for me in the past including the one that is working for me now.

      1. For now...I make Brasky "wait" for his meals. I'll bring him close to the dish, put him in a sit-wait then I'll fill up his food dish, rinse out, wash, and re-fill his water dish, set it down. Walk away a few steps and command "Get it!" For some reason having to WAIT for his food makes him WANT to eat it...like a typical child...lol.

      2. Change the bowl

      3. Switch bowl locations

      4. Mix in treats with the food. I will put a greenie (the kind that are tiny for cats) completely underneath his food, then give him his food. He will eat the majority of it until he gets to the treat then if I'm lucky he'll polish the rest off. You can also mix it with other foods that are good for dogs like some canned pumpkin, plain yogurt, tiny bits of boiled chicken, little pieces of soft dog food, green beans, cottage cheese, cooked carrots, chopped up hard boiled eggs. (A lot of these are also easy on sensitive stomachs).

      **Also get some Fish Oil pills, puncture one and squirt the oil onto the food (one capsule per day) it is GREAT for their coats, hearts, pancreas, and joints among other things.

      Never mix in a LOT of these...just a small amount and make sure they're in TEENY pieces so it's harder for her to pick them out.

      5. Add water to the food. Not much..just a tablespoon or so. You don't want the food soggy...just wet enough so she can smell it. Most dry dog food is pretty scentless...wetting it a bit will really bring the scent level up and sometimes that is enough to entice a dog to eat.

      6. Enourage her to eat. Praise her when she takes her bites then when she walks off call her back, tap the bowl a couple times and say something like "get it" "eat your food" in a pleasant voice. Believe it or not...sometimes I feel like I've had to TRAIN Brasky to eat his food!

      7. Try switching to a Lamb & Rice food. It is easier on the stomach than most foods are. It is also lower in calories and isn't so rich. The lamb alone provides the richness in the taste.

      You may also want to check and see if the food you are feeding right now is chicken based. Brasky can't tolerate chicken based foods or chicken either. It actually GIVES him diarrhea. I tried it once as a remedy for one of his upset stomachs and it made it worse. Since I've put him on the lamb and rice food I haven't had a single upset tummy.

  38. QUESTION:
    What are the different body systems in human body and what are their functions?

    • ANSWER:
      1. Muscular system = the anatomical system of a species that allows it to move.

      2. Cardiovascular/Circulatory system = is an organ system that moves nutrients, gases, and wastes to and from cells, helps fight diseases and helps stabilize body temperature and pH to maintain homeostasis. This system may be seen strictly as a blood distribution network, but some consider the circulatory system as composed of the cardiovascular system, which distributes blood, and the lymphatic system, which distributes lymph.

      3. Digestive system = is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. In the mouth, stomach, and small intestine, the mucosa contains tiny glands that produce juices to help digest food. There are also two solid digestive organs, the liver and the pancreas, which produce juices that reach the intestine through small tubes. In addition, parts of other organ systems (for instance, nerves and blood) play a major role in the digestive system. An organ system that deals with digestion, the breaking down of chemicals in the body into a form that can be absorbed so that the body cells would be able to use them and transform then into energy.

      4. Endocrine system = is an integrated system of small organs that involve the release of extracellular signaling molecules known as hormones. The endocrine system is instrumental in regulating metabolism, growth, development and puberty, tissue function, and also plays a part in determining mood.

      5. Integumentary system = is an organ system that protects the body from damage, comprising the skin, hair, scales, nails. The integumentary system has a variety of functions; in animals, it may serve to waterproof, cushion and protect the deeper tissues, excrete wastes, regulate temperature and is the location of sensory receptors for pain, pressure and temperature. In humans, the functions of the integumentary system are: protection, sensation, excretion, vitamin D synthesis, and temperature regulation from environmental factors.

      6. Urinary system = is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. This also known as the Excretory system which is responsible for eliminating wastes from the body (through sweat, urine and feces). It is responsible for the elimination of the nitrogeneous waste products of metabolism as well as other non-useful nitrogeneous materials.

      7. Lymphatic system = is a network of conduits that carry a clear fluid called lymph. It is responsible for the removal of interstitial fluid from tissues. It absorbs and transports fatty acids and fats as chyle to the circulatory system. The last function of the lymphatic system is the transport of antigen presenting cells (APCs), such as dendritic cells, to the lymph nodes where an immune response is stimulated.

      8. Immune system = is a collection of mechanisms within an organism that protects against disease by identifying and killing pathogens and tumor cells. It detects a wide variety of agents, from viruses to parasitic worms, and needs to distinguish them from the organism's own healthy cells and tissues in order to function properly.

      9. Respiratory system = functions to allow gas exchange. Molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide are passively exchanged, by diffusion, between the gaseous external environment and the blood. This exchange process occurs in the alveolar region of the lungs.

      10. Nervous system = is a network of specialized cells that communicate information about an animal's surroundings and itself. It processes this information and causes reactions in other parts of the body. It is composed of neurons and other specialized cells called glia, that aid in the function of the neurons. The nervous system is divided broadly into two categories; the peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system. Neurons generate and conduct impulses between and within the two systems. The peripheral nervous system is composed of sensory neurons and the neurons that connect them to the nerve cord, spinal cord and brain, which make up the central nervous system. In response to stimuli, sensory neurons generate and propagate signals to the central nervous system which then processes and conducts signals back to the muscles and glands. The neurons of the nervous systems of animals are interconnected in complex arrangements and use electrochemical signals and neurotransmitters to transmit impulses from one neuron to the next. The interaction of the different neurons form neural circuits that regulate an organism's perception of the world and what is going on with its body, thus regulating its behavior.

      11. Reproductive system = is a system of organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of reproduction.

      12. Skeletal sytem = is a strong rigid framework that supports the body, holding it upright.

      NOTE:
      I just did your homework for you. You better do some research girl otherwise you're in big trouble during the exams lol

  39. QUESTION:
    Does a train from Margate to London Pancreas go through any Stratford stations?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. It stops at Stratford International.

      It's not quite in the same location as the main station in Stratford, but there is a bus that runs between the two.

  40. QUESTION:
    Can tumors be felt underneath the skin?
    Like can you feel tumors underneath the skin? Is that possible?
    Lumps?
    Please help thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Depends on the type and location.

      Bone tumors, Lymphoma, melanoma, breast cancer, testicular cancer and some others can all be felt in many circumstances.

      Cancers of the lungs, liver, stomach, pancreas, and colon are examples of tumors that ussualy can not be felt. Unless they were massive.

  41. QUESTION:
    what is classification of the liver cancer ?
    classification for the cancer is it mean that the benign or malignant tumour ? or is mean staging ?

    • ANSWER:
      the most common form of liver tumor is metastases (i.e., the spread of a cancer from another part of the body). In 40 - 80% of patients with cancer of the colon, the tumor will eventually spread from the colon to the liver. This event may occur at any time, beginning from the time of diagnosis of the colon cancer to many years after treatment of the cancer.

      Primary liver cancer (or hepatocellular cancer), intrahepatic bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma), are diseases that occur when the tumor originates in the liver and did not spread from another organ.

      Staging
      In the United States, the most common form of liver tumor is metastases (i.e., the spread of a cancer from another part of the body). In 40 - 80% of patients with cancer of the colon, the tumor will eventually spread from the colon to the liver. This event may occur at any time, beginning from the time of diagnosis of the colon cancer to many years after treatment of the cancer. Other types of cancer (i.e. pancreas, stomach, breast, lung, etc.) may also spread to the liver during the course of the disease.

      Primary liver cancer (or hepatocellular cancer), intrahepatic bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma), are diseases that occur when the tumor originates in the liver and did not spread from another organ. In Asia and Africa, hepatocellular cancer is the most common type of malignancy and frequently develops in patients who have liver cirrhosis.

      Staging is part of the diagnostic process and consists of gathering detailed information about the tumor to determine its stage of development. Staging is critical in determining if your cancer is advanced. To determine the stage of your disease, your physician uses a variety of diagnostic procedures to determine the type of tumor, size and location, and whether the tumor has metastasized or spread to another region of the body.

      The most common system is called TNM. T classifies the size of the tumor and is usually followed by a number from 1 to 4.

      Classification of T1 for example, designates a relatively small tumor. T4 represents a more advanced tumor or multiple tumors in both lobes of the liver. TX is used to denote an inaccessible tumor (one that cannot be adequately classified because it cannot easily be observed.)

      N classifies the lymph nodes. A NO indicates no lymph node involvement with cancer. N1 indicates that the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes. NX means that the lymph nodes cannot be accessed.

      M classifies the spread of the tumor to other organs. MO reflects an absence of spread. Ml means the tumor has spread to a distant organ. MX means that the metastases are not accessible.

      Check out these sites to know more infos:

      cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/childliver/healthprofessional

      http://www.livercancer.com/diagnosis/staging.html

      www.oncologychannel.com/staging.shtml

  42. QUESTION:
    Briefly describe the influence of Adrenalin and Insulin on glycogen production/breakdown?
    I'm just confused as to how to explain this, can somebody help clarify it for me?

    • ANSWER:
      The body keeps appx 5g of glucose in the blood stream at all times - at rest, the body uses 5g of glucose per hour - excess glucose >9g per hour triggers insulin to store excess glucose which is stored as glycogen in muscles.

      Insulin stimulates the liver to store glucose in the form of glycogen. A large fraction of glucose absorbed from the small intestine is immediately taken up by hepatocytes, which convert it into the storage polymer glycogen.

      http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/endocrine/pancreas/insulin_phys.html

      One of the roles of adrenaline is to promote the release of glucose from the locations in the body where it's stored. Skeletal muscles--those that promote movement and that humans can contract at will--store glucose, as does the liver. In their book "Biochemistry," Drs. Reginald Garrett and Charles Grisham explain that the muscles and liver store glucose in the form of a long chain of glucose molecules, called glycogen. Released adrenaline causes the liver and muscles to break down glycogen into glucose.

      One of the benefits of the relationship between glucose and adrenaline is that while adrenaline directs the liver to break down glycogen and release glucose into the bloodstream, it directs muscle tissue somewhat differently. Because muscles need lots of glucose under the influence of adrenaline, the hormone directs muscles to break down glycogen into glucose. But instead of releasing that glucose, the muscles hold on to it and use it for immediate energy, note Drs. Garrett and Grisham

      Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/231305-adrenaline-glucose/#ixzz2E7vUlGEF

  43. QUESTION:
    How do I get rid of pimples?
    I had them for about 6 months now and nothing seems like its working, please help.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Caroline

      Here is an unusual but very effective method to heal many issues (especially skin).
       
      INTRODUCTION TO OIL PULLING ("OP")
      REPORTED CURES WITH OIL PULLING:

      Mouth & Gum Disease; Stiff Joints; Allergies; Asthma; Acne, High Blood Sugar; Constipation; Migraines; Bronchitis; Eczema; Heart, Kidney, Lung Diseases; Leukemia; Arthritis; Meningitis; Insomnia; Menopause (hormonal issues); Cancer; AIDS; Chronic Infections; Varicose Veins; High Blood Pressure; Diabetes; Polio; Cracked Heels,.

      Here's are a few paragraphs from Bharat Savur's article on The Hindu Business Online

      ..."When Dr Karsch examined the swished milk-white oil under a microscope with 600 magnification, he saw live organisms swimming in it. It's poisonous, so never swallow it, he warns. These poisons are bacteria-embryos, which, if not eliminated, cause diseases. Apparently, Dr Karsch cured his own chronic blood disease and 15-year-old arthritis.

      The first sign of improvement is in the teeth-they become firm and white, he says. Other healing indications: fresh, relaxed feeling on waking up, disappearing dark pouches below the eyes, anew appetite and energy, better memory and deep sleep.

      Dr Karsch swears by the mouth oil-wash for anything from organ-disorders, skin-diseases, menstrual problems, paralysis to every ache and it is in the human anatomy. You can swish even when you have fever, he says, adding, it takes anything from two days to a year to cure a disease.

      And if these claims sound exaggerated, he told a conference of Ukrainian cancer specialists, try out the process yourself.

      Interestingly, Ayurveda advises oil swishing "to purify the taste-buds and the entire system", as explained by Dr Deepak Chopra in Perfect Health.

      According to this life science, the tongue is mapped by organ-locations — that is, each section of the tongue is connected to the kidneys, lungs, spleen, liver, heart, pancreas, small intestines, stomach, colon, and spine.
      Thus, an oil-mouth-massage soothes and stimulates the key meridians where taste meets organ. Simultaneously, as in any skin-massage, the inner skin and lining of the mouth, palate and tongue become warm and supple and the lubrication prevents dryness (the vatic effect).
      In modern dietetics too, dryness is discussed.

      For example, lack of Vitamin A (retinal) causes the outer lining of the eyeball to dry and wrinkle, and affects vision.
      And as any dietician would tell you, all oils contain 960 micrograms of vitamin A per 10 gm (the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A per adult is 600 micrograms). So, it's possible that oil gargling helps in reaching the required retinal to the eyeballs and keeps them elastic and smooth.
      Likewise, the Ayurvedic `purification of taste-buds' also has its equivalent in dietetics as `antioxidants'. Oxidation literally means `the putrefaction of body-tissues'.

      And oil-soluble vitamins, A, C, D, and E are antioxidants that protect and prevent the decaying process and help maintain the integral functioning of cell membranes. That's why many people are ingesting vitamin E pills to stem `aging' (oxidation). "
       
      Here is the link to learn more about OP

      http://www.earthclinic.com/Remedies/oil_pulling.html

      Best of health to you

  44. QUESTION:
    What are the systems in the human body?
    For example, the respiratory system, the digestive system and the nervous system. I need a list of them all. Also, is your vision and hearing part of your nervous system? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      1. Muscular system = the anatomical system of a species that allows it to move.
      2. Cardiovascular/Circulatory system = is an organ system that moves nutrients, gases, and wastes to and from cells, helps fight diseases and helps stabilize body temperature and pH to maintain homeostasis. This system may be seen strictly as a blood distribution network, but some consider the circulatory system as composed of the cardiovascular system, which distributes blood, and the lymphatic system, which distributes lymph.
      3. Digestive system = is a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. In the mouth, stomach, and small intestine, the mucosa contains tiny glands that produce juices to help digest food. There are also two solid digestive organs, the liver and the pancreas, which produce juices that reach the intestine through small tubes. In addition, parts of other organ systems (for instance, nerves and blood) play a major role in the digestive system. An organ system that deals with digestion, the breaking down of chemicals in the body into a form that can be absorbed so that the body cells would be able to use them and transform then into energy.
      4. Endocrine system = is an integrated system of small organs that involve the release of extracellular signaling molecules known as hormones. The endocrine system is instrumental in regulating metabolism, growth, development and puberty, tissue function, and also plays a part in determining mood.
      5. Integumentary system = is an organ system that protects the body from damage, comprising the skin, hair, scales, nails. The integumentary system has a variety of functions; in animals, it may serve to waterproof, cushion and protect the deeper tissues, excrete wastes, regulate temperature and is the location of sensory receptors for pain, pressure and temperature. In humans, the functions of the integumentary system are: protection, sensation, excretion, vitamin D synthesis, and temperature regulation from environmental factors.
      6. Urinary system = is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. This also known as the Excretory system which is responsible for eliminating wastes from the body (through sweat, urine and feces). It is responsible for the elimination of the nitrogeneous waste products of metabolism as well as other non-useful nitrogeneous materials.
      7. Lymphatic system = is a network of conduits that carry a clear fluid called lymph. It is responsible for the removal of interstitial fluid from tissues. It absorbs and transports fatty acids and fats as chyle to the circulatory system. The last function of the lymphatic system is the transport of antigen presenting cells (APCs), such as dendritic cells, to the lymph nodes where an immune response is stimulated.
      8. Immune system = is a collection of mechanisms within an organism that protects against disease by identifying and killing pathogens and tumor cells. It detects a wide variety of agents, from viruses to parasitic worms, and needs to distinguish them from the organism's own healthy cells and tissues in order to function properly.
      9. Respiratory system = functions to allow gas exchange. Molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide are passively exchanged, by diffusion, between the gaseous external environment and the blood. This exchange process occurs in the alveolar region of the lungs.
      10. Nervous system = is a network of specialized cells that communicate information about an animal's surroundings and itself. It processes this information and causes reactions in other parts of the body. It is composed of neurons and other specialized cells called glia, that aid in the function of the neurons. The nervous system is divided broadly into two categories; the peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system. Neurons generate and conduct impulses between and within the two systems. The peripheral nervous system is composed of sensory neurons and the neurons that connect them to the nerve cord, spinal cord and brain, which make up the central nervous system. In response to stimuli, sensory neurons generate and propagate signals to the central nervous system which then processes and conducts signals back to the muscles and glands. The neurons of the nervous systems of animals are interconnected in complex arrangements and use electrochemical signals and neurotransmitters to transmit impulses from one neuron to the next. The interaction of the different neurons form neural circuits that regulate an organism's perception of the world and what is going on with its body, thus regulating its behavior.
      11. Reproductive system = is a system of organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of reproduction.
      12. Skeletal sytem = is a strong rigid framework that supports the body, holding it upright.

      Sensory Input...Receptors are parts of the nervous system that sense changes in the internal or external environments. Sensory input can be in many forms, including pressure, taste, sound, light, blood pH, or hormone levels, that are converted to a signal and sent to the brain.

  45. QUESTION:
    How long do you have to go to school to be a diagnostic medical sonagrapher?

    • ANSWER:
      These programs vary in length from 1-4 years or more.Depending on degree and certificate award also varies among programs from high school diploma/GED to specific qualifications in an related allied health profession. The SDMS recommends students select a reputable program that follows curriculum and clinical education standards recognized by the ARDMS ( Amercian Registry Diagnostic Medical Sonograprers) contact the CAAHEP (Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs) www.caahep.org
      Pay is great the more experience and more specialties you have the better the pay gets.Plus location helps as well.

      Abdomen: evaluation of all soft tissues, blood vessels and organs of the abdomen cavities (liver, spleen, UT & pancreas).
      Breast: evaluate breast abnormalities that are found with mammography.
      Obstetrics/Gynecology: evaluation of female reproductive system.
      Echocardiography: evaluation of the anatomy and hemodynamics of the heart.
      Vascular Technolgy: evaluation of blood flow or of peripheral and abdominal blood vessels.
      Neurosonology: evaluation of the brain and spinal cord.
      Ophthalmology: evaluation of the eye orbital structure and muscles.

  46. QUESTION:
    what disease or sickness is treated by sticking a needle in the stomach area?
    i was with thid girl i really like and i was talking to her, she briefly said hold on i have to "inject myself" to be funny but she turned around and stuck a needle in her stomach before she ate. i was wondering what it is she was treating, it really doesnt matter to me but i was interested in knowing what it was, i have a hunch its diabetes but i dont know. i felt it would be rude to ask so can someone answer this?

    • ANSWER:
      Most likely she gave herself a subcutaneous injection of insulin before eating. Doesn't have to be in the stomach, can also be given in the thigh and has nothing to do with the location of the pancreas.

      No reason not to ask, btw.

  47. QUESTION:
    my gums always bleeding is that a sign of some kind of decease?
    At first i thought my teeth was bleeding, but y gums was super sensitive now, I dont know whether there was a connection, but my boyfriend have the same thing too? Its weird, are we both sick? then what is it?

    • ANSWER:
      Hi Sweet Marina

      Here is an unusual but very effective method to heal many issues (including gum and dental issues).
       
      INTRODUCTION TO OIL PULLING ("OP")
      REPORTED CURES WITH OIL PULLING:

      Mouth & Gum Disease; Stiff Joints; Allergies; Asthma; Acne, High Blood Sugar; Constipation; Migraines; Bronchitis; Eczema; Heart, Kidney, Lung Diseases; Leukemia; Arthritis; Meningitis; Insomnia; Menopause (hormonal issues); Cancer; AIDS; Chronic Infections; Varicose Veins; High Blood Pressure; Diabetes; Polio; Cracked Heels,.

      Here's are a few paragraphs from Bharat Savur's article on The Hindu Business Online

      ..."When Dr Karsch examined the swished milk-white oil under a microscope with 600 magnification, he saw live organisms swimming in it. It's poisonous, so never swallow it, he warns. These poisons are bacteria-embryos, which, if not eliminated, cause diseases. Apparently, Dr Karsch cured his own chronic blood disease and 15-year-old arthritis.

      The first sign of improvement is in the teeth-they become firm and white, he says. Other healing indications: fresh, relaxed feeling on waking up, disappearing dark pouches below the eyes, anew appetite and energy, better memory and deep sleep.

      Dr Karsch swears by the mouth oil-wash for anything from organ-disorders, skin-diseases, menstrual problems, paralysis to every ache and it is in the human anatomy. You can swish even when you have fever, he says, adding, it takes anything from two days to a year to cure a disease.

      And if these claims sound exaggerated, he told a conference of Ukrainian cancer specialists, try out the process yourself.

      Interestingly, Ayurveda advises oil swishing "to purify the taste-buds and the entire system", as explained by Dr Deepak Chopra in Perfect Health.

      According to this life science, the tongue is mapped by organ-locations — that is, each section of the tongue is connected to the kidneys, lungs, spleen, liver, heart, pancreas, small intestines, stomach, colon, and spine.
      Thus, an oil-mouth-massage soothes and stimulates the key meridians where taste meets organ. Simultaneously, as in any skin-massage, the inner skin and lining of the mouth, palate and tongue become warm and supple and the lubrication prevents dryness (the vatic effect).
      In modern dietetics too, dryness is discussed.

      For example, lack of Vitamin A (retinal) causes the outer lining of the eyeball to dry and wrinkle, and affects vision.
      And as any dietician would tell you, all oils contain 960 micrograms of vitamin A per 10 gm (the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A per adult is 600 micrograms). So, it's possible that oil gargling helps in reaching the required retinal to the eyeballs and keeps them elastic and smooth.
      Likewise, the Ayurvedic `purification of taste-buds' also has its equivalent in dietetics as `antioxidants'. Oxidation literally means `the putrefaction of body-tissues'.

      And oil-soluble vitamins, A, C, D, and E are antioxidants that protect and prevent the decaying process and help maintain the integral functioning of cell membranes. That's why many people are ingesting vitamin E pills to stem `aging' (oxidation). "
       
      Here is the link to learn more about OP

      http://www.earthclinic.com/Remedies/oil_pulling.html

      Best of health to you

  48. QUESTION:
    How does people get type 1 diabetes?
    I don't want it
    I'm just curious
    Like what is it
    Like how to get it
    I don't want it poeples!

    • ANSWER:
      Type 1 diabetes is usually a progressive autoimmune disease, in which the beta cells that produce insulin are slowly destroyed by the body's own immune system. It is unknown what first starts this cascade of immune events, but evidence suggests that both a genetic predisposition and environmental factors, such as a viral infection, are involved.

      Islets of Langerhans contain beta cells and are located within the pancreas. Beta cells produce insulin which is needed to metabolize glucose within the body.

      Certain factors are thought to be important in this process:

      •White blood cells called T lymphocytes produce immune factors called cytokines that attack and gradually destroy the beta cells of the pancreas. Important cytokines are interleukin-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma.
      •Specific proteins are also critical in the process. They include glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), insulin, and islet cell antigens. These proteins serve as autoantigens. That is, they trigger the self-attack of the autoantibodies on the body's own beta cells.
      Progression from the first stage, known as insulitis, to full-blown diabetes can take 7 years or longer. Unfortunately, by the time a person is aware that something is wrong and goes to the doctor with symptoms of type 1 diabetes, about 80 - 90% of the beta cells have been destroyed.

      More than half of patients with insulitis do not develop diabetes. Researchers are greatly interested in discovering any factors that prevent the disease.

      Genetic Abnormalities
      Researchers have found at least 18 genetic locations, labeled IDDM1 - IDDM18, that are related to type 1 diabetes. The IDDM1 region contains the HLA genes that encode proteins called major histocompatibility complex. The genes in this region affect the immune response. New advances in genetic research are identifying other genetic components of type 1 diabetes. Other chromosomes and genes continue to be identified.

      The odds of inheriting the disease, however, are only 10% if a first-degree relative has diabetes, and even in identical twins, one twin has only a 33% chance of having type 1 diabetes if the other has it. Children are more likely to inherit the disease from a father with type 1 diabetes than from a mother with the disorder.

      Genetic factors cannot fully explain the development of diabetes. Over the past 30 years, a major increase in the incidence of type 1 diabetes has been reported in certain European countries, and the incidence has nearly tripled in the northeastern U.S. If genetic factors were the only cause of type 1 diabetes, such an increase in cases would take at least 400 years.

      Viruses
      Some researchers believe one or more viral infections may trigger the disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Researchers suggest the following scenario:

      •An infection introduces a viral protein that resembles a beta-cell protein.
      •T cells and antibodies are tricked by this resemblance into attacking the beta protein as well as the virus.
      Among the viruses under scrutiny are enteric viruses, which attack the intestinal tract. Coxsackieviruses are a family of enteric viruses of particular interest. Epidemics of Coxsackie virus, as well as mumps and congenital rubella, have been associated with incidence of type 1 diabetes.


pancreas location

Different Types Of Diseases

Affecting almost 3% of the entire population, diabetes is indeed a disorder that is very common. When this is not controlled, there are several complications that can occur. Here are the different signs and symptoms of diabetes and how your diabetes recipes should be like.

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder characterized by increased blood sugar levels which result in problems with insulin production and action. Insulin is the hormone in the body that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Diabetes is a chronic disorder with three types. Type 1 diabetes or insulin dependent occurs when the body is unable to produce insulin, thereby requiring insulin injections regularly. Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent occurs when the body is unable to use insulin appropriately. Lastly, gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy to women who don't have diabetes prior to being pregnant.

There are three classical signs and symptoms of diabetes -frequent urination, increased hunger and increased thirst. When the level of glucose is increased in the body, this will lead to loss of this glucose through the urine. When there is increased glucose in the urine, there will be an increase in the urine output which leads to dehydration. The dehydration will then cause a diabetic person to have an increase in thirst. Other signs and symptoms of diabetes include nausea and vomiting as well as increased fatigability especially if it is untreated. There will also be an increase in infections especially those that occur in the skin, the urinary bladder and the vaginal area. If there is extreme elevation of the glucose levels, there can be loss of vision, lethargy and eventually coma.

There is no cure for diabetes but it can be managed to minimize the occurrence of complications. Treatments are aimed at keeping the blood sugar level at normal levels while avoiding hypoglycemia or the decreased glucose level. Lifestyle changes are very important so as to avoid the worsening of the signs and symptoms of diabetes. If you are obese, you will need to lose weight. You also need to maintain your blood pressure level by decreasing the cholesterol level of your diet as well as decreasing your intake of salt and fats. Your diabetes recipes should be high in fiber and have low-fat content particularly saturated fats. You should also opt for foods that have low carbohydrate contents and increase your intake of fruits and vegetables.

Medications are important in the treatment of diabetes and for the management of the signs and symptoms of diabetes. You will be given oral medications to reduce the glucose level in the body. Insulin will be needed for type 1 diabetes and this will be taken for life. Insulin is also used in type 2 diabetes along with oral medicines.

If diabetes is not controlled, there are a lot of complications that can occur. It can result to cardiovascular diseases, kidney failure, loss of vision, respiratory infections, diabetic coma and a lot more. It is then important to follow the treatment regimen given to you strictly. It is also vital to know the different signs and symptoms of diabetes so that you will be able to get treated immediately. Further, you should know different diabetes recipes for better management of your condition.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me which are the different types of genetic diseases?
    Can anyone please tell me which are the different types of genetic diseases, and how they are passed on?

    • ANSWER:
      Types of Genetic Disorders

      1 Single gene disorders including Mendelian Disorders (i.e, follow mendelian order of inheritance i.e. Autosomal and X-linked and Y-linked) and Non-Mendelian disorders (i.e, do not follow mendelian order of inheritance e.g. mitochondrial inheritance)
      2 Multifactorial and polygenic disorders
      3 Disorders with variable modes of transmission
      4 Cytogenetic disorder: including autosomal disorders and sex chromosome disorders.

  2. QUESTION:
    Are there actually places that store different types of diseases?
    I was watching a show where different diseases are stored and if you open it,it could spread. Is there actually places like this?

    • ANSWER:
      YES!

      The Center for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta, GA does this. But I am not sure if the actual storage center is in Atlanta or not. Europe has a similar center.

      It is my understanding that BOTH of these centers are guarded by extremely high-tech alarm systems AND armed military forces.

      SOme countries , like China and Russia, also have active Germ Warfare Research Centers, where live germs (such as anthrax, botulism, and such) are grown and stored for purposes of weapons uses.

      The CDC and the place in Europe uses THEIR supplies for DNA testing to help track where a specific strain of disease came from, or to match certain rare diseases.

  3. QUESTION:
    Isn't it true that has a whole, American women have the most different types of STD's?
    Meaning Africa and Brazil yes has their AIDS, but isn't it true that US women have why more different types of diseases that don't exist in other countries? Also, don't US women have by far by diseases than Middle Eastern women?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, if you compared American men and women, women seem to have more STDs than men -
      "Of overall chlamydia diagnoses reported in 2009, the rate of infection among women was almost three times higher than the rate among men: 592.2 cases per 100,000 population compared to a rate of 219.3 among men. This is thought to be due to the higher number of women screened for chlamydia. For gonorrhea, the rate among women was 105.5 (cases per 100,000 population) compared to a rate of 91.9 among men. " - http://www.avert.org/std-statistics-america.htm

      If you compared American men and women with men and women from other places, it'd seem that Americans are actually doing better than many other places. South and South East Asia are the worst affected by STDs.

      Stats and a couple tables in this link - http://www.avert.org/std-statistics.htm

  4. QUESTION:
    What are the similarities between Cancer, Rubella and Malaria?
    I'm studying Medical science and as part of my assignment I have to talk about different types of diseases. To achieve a higher grade I have to compare three. These are the three I've chosen. Not sure of the similarities between the three... Can anyone help?

    • ANSWER:

  5. QUESTION:
    what conclusions can you draw about different types of pathogens and how they cause disease?
    what conclusions can you draw about the different types of pathogens and how they cause disease? i need this for my science hw! plz help!

    • ANSWER:

  6. QUESTION:
    What is most likely indicated when a coarse "crackle" (rale) is heard bi-laterally in the lungs?
    Crackles (rales) in the lungs can be described as fine, medium or coarse. What possible disease would a "coarse" crackle most likely indicate? Does fine, medium and coarse indicate different types of diseases or the "degree" of the stage of a disease?

    • ANSWER:
      i would go with pneumonia, or even chf... yes, the fine, med, course can indicate which degree or stage of the disease is...

  7. QUESTION:
    Why do filipinos eat almost any kinds of foods?
    For example the head, feet and intestine of chicken formerly not eaten before are now eaten. And yet ther are many Filipinos who get sick of different types of diseases. I also heard the news that cats are eaten in Pampanga, is that true?

    • ANSWER:
      not all filipino's eat those kind of foods, only who nothing to eat can do such thing but we admit that we kill animal just to eat like dog, cat etc..before but not lesser people do that, and for your info not only filipino who was reportedly eating that kind of food, including china also. filipino just love to eat.

      bang!!!

  8. QUESTION:
    What kind of heart disease can stress/depression give you?
    There are different types of heart disease. Which ones do emotional stress and/or depression contribute to? What can stress/depression do to your heart??

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Significant stress can lead to stress induced cardiomyopathy, also known as broken heart syndrome or takotsubo cardiomyopathy. This is a very rare condition in which there is temporary dysfunction of the heart after a very stressful event, such as the death of a loved one. Most cases will resolve with time, but it can potentially be fatal. Less severe stress is not known to lead to any heart condition. Stress can also temporarily elevate the blood pressure, but it does not cause a persistently high blood pressure. Depression also is not known to cause a heart condition, but it is associated with worse outcomes in people who have had heart attacks. This is most likely due to decreased compliance to treatment and therefore worse outcomes.

  9. QUESTION:
    Different types of diseases and its concerned specialist doctors?
    different types of human diseases and particulars of doctors who specialised in the said field.

    • ANSWER:

  10. QUESTION:
    Learning all of the different kinds of diseases?
    How does a doctor remember all of the different types of diseases?

    • ANSWER:
      In practice you never remember them all. You learn common ones, and organ systems. Doctors often consult each other and lots of books as reference for rarer diseases. Specialists concentrate on their specific fields, and tend to know a lot more about their specialties, but a lot less about other specialties.

      Experience is the main way to learn and remember diseases. This is why it is called the practice of medicine. No one is perfect.

  11. QUESTION:
    What medications, vaccines, etc have been developed because of animal testing?
    I just need some examples like different types of drugs or cures for different type of diseases.

    *Please do not give me a whole lecture of how animal testing is bad and it didnt help with anything. Its not like i dont care for animals but thats how life is.*

    • ANSWER:
      All of them in the last ~100-150 years.

      All medications, vaccines, ect. are required to pass animal testing before they can be tested in humans.

      Everything we know about most of biology pretty much comes from studying animals too.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the types of kidney disease?
    What are the names of the different types of kidney disease you can get?

    • ANSWER:
      Diabetes is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease . That is called "diabetic nephropathy".

      Others are on this link:
      http://www.kidney.org/kidneyDisease/ckd/index.cfm#what
      (look under "what causes CKD")

  13. QUESTION:
    What are all the different types of doctors?
    I think there are close to 10 different types of doctors and I have no idea what any of them are. Anyone can fill me in? Say what they are and what they do and maybe an example if you are feeling nice? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      1. The obstetrician provides care for pregnant women, delivers babies, and gives post-natal attention to mothers. He practices obstetrics.
      2. The pediatrician takes over after the obstetrician. He specializes in the treatment of infants and very young children; he practices pediatrics.
      3. The podiatrist treats the minor ailments of your feet. More popularly, he is called a chiropodist. The practice or profession is podiatry or chiropody.
      4. The osteopath works on the theory that diseases arise chiefly from the displacement of bones, with resultant pressure on nerve centers and blood vessels. Hence, his treatment is manipulation of the affected parts. He practices osteopathy.
      5. The ophthalmologist is a medical doctor and often a trained surgeon who treats the troubles and the diseases of the eyes. Popularly he is called an oculist, or, even more popularly, an eye-doctor.
      6. The optometrist checks and corrects vision, usually by prescribing and fitting eyeglasses. He practices optometry.
      7. The optician is a technician who grinds lenses to an ophthalmologist's or optometrist's prescription or who makes or sells eyeglasses, binoculars, and other optical instruments.
      8. The gynecologist specializes in the diseases that are peculiar to women. His profession is gynecology.
      9. The dermatologist specializes in diseases of the skin-rash, acne, allergies, lesions, psoriasis, eczema, etc. His specialty is dermatology.
      10. The psychiatrist is a medical specialist in mental ailments, emotional problems, psychoses, neuroses, etc. He practices psychiatry.
      11. The orthodontist specializes in straightening crooked teeth and in corrected bad "bits," or, as they are called in the vocabulary of orthodontia, "malocclusions."

  14. QUESTION:
    What are the different types of dentists and what do they do?
    I thought that you only needed one dentist to do everything, but then I found out that there was a different type of dentist to do my root canal. So what are the different types of dentists, and what do they do?

    • ANSWER:
      a BIT long, but here you go!

      General dentistry concentrates on diagnosis and treatment of dental problems in people of either sex and at any age. General dentistry is often called family dentistry and is not considered one of the specialized types of dentistry described below.

      Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in preventing and treating teeth and facial irregularities, such as a "bad bite," jaw alignment and more. Treatment involves design, application and control of corrective "appliances" such as braces, retainers, etc. to achieve proper facial balance and occlusion (bite).

      Endodontics is a specialty that deals with diseases of the tissue, blood vessels, and nerves inside the tooth. This field is practiced by endodontists. The most common endodontic treatment is called a "root canal," the removal of infected tissue and refilling of the nerve canal inside the tooth. Endodontists are also experienced at finding the cause of oral and facial pain that is difficult to diagnose.

      Oral surgery is the specialty involving surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities of the mouth, teeth, gums and jaws. Oral surgeons treat problems caused by wisdom teeth, facial injuries, and jaw disorders, and are skilled in reconstructive and dental implant surgery.

      Periodontics specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the gum and bone that hold teeth in place. Periodontists are experts at recognizing such gum disorders as gingivitis, an infection of the gums, and the more destructive gum disease known as periodontitis. Some of the more common treatments a periodontist might provide include: cleaning and scaling teeth to remove harmful substances called plaque and tartar; prescribing medicines like antibiotics and special mouthwashes; and for more severe dental problems, oral surgery.

      Prosthodontics, also called prosthetic dentistry, involves restoring and maintaining oral function, health, comfort and appearance by replacing teeth and gum tissue with artificial substitutes (sometimes called false teeth). Prosthodontists can fit patients with such prosthetic devices as single or multiple tooth replacement implants, crowns and bridges, partial dentures and complete dentures.

      Pedodontics is a dental science focusing on the treatment of children. This specialized care helps children feel comfortable with dentistry; restores and maintains primary and permanent dentitions; assists in the prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease; and corrects difficulties of occlusion.

  15. QUESTION:
    What are the different types of fillings for cavities, and bow do they affect your health?
    I read that certain types of fillings can have negative affects on your health. What are the different types of fillings, and how do they affect your health?

    • ANSWER:
      Mercury from amalgam fillings has been implicated as a possible contributory factor in some cases of Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease, IBS, reproductive disorders, allergies, and a variety of other illnesses.

      White composite fillings are manipulated to match your tooth color. They are much much safer and look better in your mouth, however, they cost more and don't last as long.

  16. QUESTION:
    What are 3 different types of Stem cells? How do scientists think they can treat 2 illnesses with them?
    Can anyone give me some information on three different types of stem cell?
    And some information on 2 illnesses and scientists/whoever think they can treat these illnesses using stem cells?

    I'd be grateful for any information you can give me.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      To answer this question you need to understand how an embryo develops. Stem cells are magic, they have the ability clone, to divide by Mitosis.

      the first cells we get, in the embryo are all stem cells, and they are all Totipotent stem cells (a.k.a omnipotent). These wonderful stem cells can differentiate into embryonic and extra-embryonic cell types. in other words they can make the cells of the baby, the umbilical chord, and the placenta...

      Such cells can construct a complete, viable, organism. These cells are produced from the fusion of an egg and sperm cell. Cells produced by the first few divisions of the fertilized egg are also totipotent.

      The zygote, this proto embryo develops into enough cells to start making the organs, and the stem cells change, as does the zygote into an embryo. Here the stem cells are now Pluripotent - they are the descendants of totipotent cells and can differentiate into nearly all cells, i.e. cells derived from any of the three germ layers. To develop organs, our stem cells have split into teams.

      they go through a few more changes as we develop into a fetus... Multipotent stem cells can differentiate into a number of cells, but only those of a closely related family of cells.
      Oligopotent stem cells can differentiate into only a few cells, such as lymphoid or myeloid stem cells.

      Finally you end up with stem cells of the Unipotent type, that can produce only one cell type, their own, but have the property of self-renewal which distinguishes them from non-stem cells (e.g. muscle cells).

      So imagine a medical problem like cancer, where a type of cells have mutated, what if you could put in pluripotent, or totipotent cells to help repair the damage?

      Medical researchers believe that stem cell therapy has the potential to dramatically change the treatment of human disease. A number of adult stem cell therapies already exist, particularly bone marrow transplants that are used to treat leukemia (Royal Sussex Hospital in Brighton). In the future, medical researchers anticipate being able to use technologies derived from stem cell research to treat a wider variety of diseases including cancer, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injuries, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, and muscle damage, amongst a number of other impairments and conditions.

      You could treat baldness, mend missing teeth, cure blindness, and deafness. You could repair brain cells damaged by strokes, altzheimers or Parkinsons, and even mend sever learning difficulties. Bullet wounds, spinal problems, and birth defects would be a thing of the past?

  17. QUESTION:
    What are the different types of oral cancer?
    I'm doing a project in my dental rotation class, and I've decided to report on oral cancer. I want to narrow this broad topic down to some smaller aspects, which is why I need the different types. If you can help me, it will be greatly appreciated! Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      check out the site that helps most people that have the disease, to get a feel for what you need to know. www.oralcancerfoundation.org

  18. QUESTION:
    What are the different types of psychology?
    Can someone please explain these, I'm still in high school but I'm planning on going to college for psychology. Then yesterday I realized that there are more than one type of psychology. What are the different types and whats makes them different from each other?

    • ANSWER:
      Here are the types of psychology with their definition: Good luck in choosing and in college!

      Types of Psychology

      Clinical psychologists treat people who exhibit mental or emotional disorders which range from uncomfortable reactions to the stress of daily life to extreme psychological disorders.

      Community psychology is mostly preventative in nature. These psychologists specialize in human behavior at home, at school, and in neighborhoods.

      Counseling psychologists are therapists who help clients adjust to life, make important decisions, and help people cope. This field of human behavior is similar to clinical psychology.

      Developmental psychology focuses on human development from birth to death. This type of psychology describes, measures, and explains age-related changes in behavior.

      Educational psychology is research-oriented, and focuses on how people learn. Teachers, school administrators, and guidance counselors may apply the findings of educational psychologists in schools, colleges, or universities.

      Environmental psychologists attempt to improve the interactions between humans and the environment. The management of natural resources, effects of extreme environments, and architectural design are part of this branch of human behavior.

      Experimental psychology focuses on basic processes of human interaction and biology. This type of psychology often involves studies on animals and people.

      Family psychologists are therapists who concentrate on the family and how it affects our development and lives. Sexual dysfunction and family counseling may be subsections of family psychology.

      Forensic psychologists study criminal behavior, and often assist law enforcement agencies in criminal investigations.

      Geriatric psychology focuses on the health and well-being of older people. This field of human behavior includes both practical and research applications.

      Health psychology is a branch of human behavior that is concerned with the psychological implications of actions on health. For instance, smoking, weight gain, stress management and fitness can affect our mental health – and that’s what health therapists focus on.

      Organizational psychology focuses on our relationships to work. This study of human behavior includes career counseling, cross-training, retirement planning, and job productivity.

      Physiological psychology is about the genetic and physical roots of psychological disorders, such as how our brains change due to drug use or how cells develop and function.

      Positive psychology is a relatively new area in the study of human behavior. It encompasses a holistic approach to mental wellness, with a shift away from disease to personal wellness and health.

      Psychometrics focuses on psychological testing and assessment. Psychometrists are employed at private companies and government organizations.

      Rehabilitation psychologists help people with handicaps, such as birth trauma or stroke, improve their functioning in the world. This field of human behavior ranges from birth to old age.

      School psychology focuses on the intellectual and emotional development of young people.

      Social psychology explores how we live in the world. Pop cultural, group behavior, the media, and our attitudes and opinions are all part of social psychology.

      Sport psychologists are therapists who concentrate on the mental and emotional factors that affect professional or amateur athletes. Sport therapists attempt to maximize motivation and performance.

  19. QUESTION:
    Compare and contrast different types of memory in terms of behavior and brain structure?
    Compare and contrast different types of memory in terms of behavior {how can you observe use of distinct memory systems} and brain structure {parts of brain involved in distinct systems}. Explain not only specific structures as they are localized, but how structures are thought to communicate with one another via networks during different types of tasks that require memory. Please, provide real life examples in support of your arguments.

    • ANSWER:
      Joe ..
      The memory centre in brain is Amygdala (Limbic system). Our confidence, actions all depends upon the past experience which gbrain stores in this regio irrespective to our knowledge brain has print of everything we faced in life starting from embryonic stage.
      Brain size and structure is directly related to memory is topic of debate. Many persons with various kinds of syndromes have large brain but no IQ. Eisten had innumerable Neuroglial cells. Well for sue right diet for right kind of neurotransmitters for right action and memory is proved fact. Therefore, go thorugh this article:"
      YOUR brain is the greediest organ in your body, with some quite specific dietary requirements. So it is hardly surprising that what you eat can affect how you think. If you believe the dietary supplement industry, you could become the next Einstein just by popping the right combination of pills. Look closer, however, and it isn't that simple. The savvy consumer should take talk of brain-boosting diets with a pinch of low-sodium salt. But if it is possible to eat your way to genius, it must surely be worth a try.

      First, go to the top of the class by eating breakfast. The brain is best fuelled by a steady supply of glucose, and many studies have shown that skipping breakfast reduces people's performance at school and at work.

      But it isn't simply a matter of getting some calories down. According to research published in 2003, kids breakfasting on fizzy drinks and sugary snacks performed at the level of an average 70-year-old in tests of memory and attention. Beans on toast is a far better combination, as Barbara Stewart from the University of Ulster, UK, discovered. Toast alone boosted children's scores on a variety of cognitive tests, but when the tests got tougher, the breakfast with the high-protein beans worked best. Beans are also a good source of fibre, and other research has shown a link between a high-fibre diet and improved cognition. If you can't stomach beans before midday, wholemeal toast with Marmite makes a great alternative. The yeast extract is packed with B vitamins, whose brain-boosting powers have been demonstrated in many studies.

      Junk food is implicated in a slew of serious mental disorders
      A smart choice for lunch is omelette and salad. Eggs are rich in choline, which your body uses to produce the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Researchers at Boston University found that when healthy young adults were given the drug scopolamine, which blocks acetylcholine receptors in the brain, it significantly reduced their ability to remember word pairs. Low levels of acetylcholine are also associated with Alzheimer's disease, and some studies suggest that boosting dietary intake may slow age-related memory loss.

      A salad packed full of antioxidants, including beta-carotene and vitamins C and E, should also help keep an ageing brain in tip-top condition by helping to mop up damaging free radicals. Dwight Tapp and colleagues from the University of California at Irvine found that a diet high in antioxidants improved the cognitive skills of 39 ageing beagles - proving that you can teach an old dog new tricks.

      Round off lunch with a yogurt dessert, and you should be alert and ready to face the stresses of the afternoon. That's because yogurt contains the amino acid tyrosine, needed for the production of the neurotransmitters dopamine and noradrenalin, among others. Studies by the US military indicate that tyrosine becomes depleted when we are under stress and that supplementing your intake can improve alertness and memory.

      Don't forget to snaffle a snack mid-afternoon, to maintain your glucose levels. Just make sure you avoid junk food, and especially highly processed goodies such as cakes, pastries and biscuits, which contain trans-fatty acids. These not only pile on the pounds, but are implicated in a slew of serious mental disorders, from dyslexia and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) to autism. Hard evidence for this is still thin on the ground, but last year researchers at the annual Society for Neuroscience meeting in San Diego, California, reported that rats and mice raised on the rodent equivalent of junk food struggled to find their way around a maze, and took longer to remember solutions to problems they had already solved.

      It seems that some of the damage may be mediated through triglyceride, a cholesterol-like substance found at high levels in rodents fed on trans-fats. When the researchers gave these rats a drug to bring triglyceride levels down again, the animals' performance on the memory tasks improved.

      Brains are around 60 per cent fat, so if trans-fats clog up the system, what should you eat to keep it well oiled? Evidence is mounting in favour of omega-3 fatty acids, in particular docosahexaenoic acid or DHA. In other words, your granny was right: fish is the best brain food. Not only will it feed and lubricate a developing brain, DHA also seems to help

  20. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me different types of science?
    Can anyone tell me 5 or more different types of sciences? Even if it's at least one? You don't have to explain them, but just write the names of the science. I'll figure the science out and you can just tell me a science. Please?

    • ANSWER:
      Physics: the study of matter, energy, space and time.
      Botany: the study of plants.
      Chemistry: the study of reactions, creations, and binding of matter.
      Mineralogy: The study of minerals such as their identification, and properties.
      Biology: the study of living things.
      Astronomy: the study of space.
      Geology: the study of Earth and its components, e.g. soils, rocks, etc.
      Microbiology: the study of microorganisms, e.g. bacteria and their effects on other living organisms.
      Palaeontology: the study of prehistoric life through evidence provided by fossils.
      Medicine: Diagnosis and treatment of disease and damage to the body.
      Pathology: the study of diseases and their causes, processes, development, and consequences.
      Linguistics: The study of language, its structure and phonetics.
      Entomology: the study of insects.
      Seismology: the study of earthquakes, their causes and measurement.
      Forestry: The science of cultivating, maintaining, and developing forests.
      Ichthyology: The study of fish.

  21. QUESTION:
    Can someone please make a list of the different types of science?
    Can someone please make a list of the different types of science? Like Physics, Biology, Microbiology, Astronomy, etc? I know it is a lot but please i would appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      Here are the different branches of science:
      1. Aerodynamics: the study of the motion of gas on objects and the forces created
      2. Anatomy: the study of the structure and organization of living things
      3. Anthropology: the study of human cultures both past and present
      4. Archaeology: the study of the material remains of cultures
      5. Astronomy: the study of celestial objects in the universe
      6. Astrophysics: the study of the physics of the universe
      7. Bacteriology: the study of bacteria in relation to disease
      8. Biochemistry: the study of the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms
      9. Biophysics: the application of theories and methods of the physical sciences to questions of biology
      10. Biology: the science that studies living organisms
      11. Botany: the scientific study of plant life
      12. Chemical Engineering: the application of science, mathematics, and economics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms.
      13. Chemistry: the science of matter and its interactions with energy and itself
      14. Climatology: the study of climates and investigations of its phenomena and causes
      15. Computer Science: the systematic study of computing systems and computation
      16. Ecology: the study of how organisms interact with each other and their environment.
      17. Electronics: science and technology of electronic phenomena
      18. Engineering: the practical application of science to commerce or industry
      19. Entomology: the study of insects
      20. Environmental Science: the science of the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment
      21. Forestry: the science of studying and managing forests and plantations, and related natural resources
      22. Genetics: the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms
      23. Geology: the science of the Earth, its structure, and history
      24. Marine Biology: the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems
      25. Mathematics: a science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
      26. Medicine: the science concerned with maintaining health and restoring it by treating disease
      27. Meteorology: study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting
      28. Microbiology: the study of microorganisms, including viruses, prokaryotes and simple eukaryotes
      29. Mineralogy: the study of the chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals
      30. Molecular Biology: the study of biology at a molecular level
      31. Nuclear Physics: the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom
      Neurology: the branch of medicine dealing with the nervous system and its disorders
      32. Oceanography: study of the earth's oceans and their interlinked ecosystems and chemical and physical processes
      33. Organic Chemistry: the branch of chemistry dedicated to the study of the structures, synthesis, and reactions of carbon-containing compounds
      34. Ornithology: the study of birds
      35. Paleontology: the study of life-forms existing in former geological time periods
      36. Petrology: the geological and chemical study of rocks
      37. Physics: the study of the behavior and properties of matter
      38. Physiology: the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms
      39. Radiology: the branch of medicine dealing with the applications of radiant energy, including x-rays and radioisotopes
      40. Seismology: the study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth
      41. Taxonomy: the science of classification of animals and plants
      42. Thermodynamics: the physics of energy, heat, work, entropy and the spontaneity of processes
      43. Zoology: the study of animals

  22. QUESTION:
    Why are all the good names types of diseases?
    At different times I have fallen in love with the names Pika (pie-kuh), Alexia and Melena. Turns out they are all types of diseases/medical issues! I still want to use Alexia and am simply considering an alternate spelling for Melena. Would you still use them, even if you knew it was also a type of disease?

    • ANSWER:
      A lot of people name their kids Alexia.
      I think there's a pretty good chance most people wouldn't know that the kid is named after a disease.
      But no,I wouldn't use them if I knew it was a type of disease.

  23. QUESTION:
    Can you get HIV or AIDS from someone with a different blood type?
    My Health teacher recently told my class that people overreacted to the appearance of HIV and AIDS decades ago and that they scared people by saying that there was a 100% chance of getting the diseases from someone you had sex with or shared blood with. However, he claims that if the other person has a different blood type than you, the diseases have a very low chance of spreading. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      There is no known difference in HIV transmission rates based on whether people have the same or different blood types.

      Having said that, there is *nothing* like a 100% of getting HIV by having sex with an infected version. The odds are actually between 1 in 65 and 1 in 20,000, depending on who dies what to whom.

  24. QUESTION:
    Why do new medicines need to be produced?
    Hey guys, so my question is pretty much easy to understand, but why DO they need to be produced? Is it because there are constantly more new illnesses to fight? Or because there is so many different types of certain diseases? Or is it to make them more specific to certain parts of illnesses? Please help :3 thank you

    • ANSWER:
      unless a patent is renewed in 17 years it expires, and anyone can make the product that was patented. so you lose exclusivity, and your big profit. you spent all that money on r&d, and you only get 17 years without renewal to sell your exclusive product, then it is just generic, because anyone can make and sell it.

      so new variations, and new combinations, that can be patented, are made, to make a whole new "big" profit. sure sometimes a different type of approach is made to the disease state, and so there are actually new treatments, but often it is just combining more than one old treatments together, so a fresh patent is made.

      r&d costs a lot, and so it is good to recoup such costs, but long term, it is difficult to come up with new stuff every 17 years. that is why you can get the 17 years renewed or extended, often. but if the patent office will not give an extension. you need to come up with other choices. it may cost millions to do the r&d needed just to introduce a new drug, so patents help the company who bears the burden of such costs, get back money they spent.

  25. QUESTION:
    How likely is it that I will get the sicknesses/diseases that run in my family?
    3 of my grandparents have suffered from some of these diseases:
    Cancer - 3 or 4 different types. (I know a couple: colon, cervical, skin, one more but i forgot.)
    Diabetes.
    Alzheimer's

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on the type of disease really.
      Most of the recessive inherited disease have a 3 to 1 chance of inheritance.

  26. QUESTION:
    Acne can be of different types. But what is their common causes occurrence?
    Acne can be of different types, such as cystic or hormonal. But what is their common causes and what to do so that it does not appear?

    • ANSWER:
      Virtually all of our body, including the face, covered with hairs. Hair grows from the follicle and helps him to rise, providing a "lubricant", sebaceous glands, also located in the follicle.

      Healthy glands produce a certain amount of sebum, which is distributed over the surface of the skin, forming a subtle protective film from all harmful influences.

      Acne (Acne vulgaris) - is a complex disease of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. When plugging the hair follicles sebaceous ducts, "stopper" of a mixture of sebum and dead skin flakes develop acne vulgaris (another name - acne, blackheads, acne).

      So what is cystic acne? So what is cystic acne? Painful to the touch, are located deep under the skin and on such items is very, very hard to get rid of. What are the causes of cystic acne?

      If we talk about the causes, it is very difficult to say anything for certain, because all contested. For example, say that doctors and other professionals. They all say that the cause of such elements in the hyperactive sebaceous glands, ie if in normal conditions they normally secrete sebum, then here it starts Hyper Gain produce.

      P.SWhat conclusion can be made?
      Causes of acne different types are different. But usually they have a relationship - it's wrong fuktsionirovanie sebaceous glands. I also believe that proper nutrition is essential. And more: Prevention Is Better Than Treatment. Here told by what to do to prevent and treat at home

  27. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to get a disease from taking all kinds of different medicines,ranging from weak to very strong?
    For years, I've had a bad case of eczema that has morphed into many different kinds of bad rashes, all over my body. I've been put from all types of cortisone creams to many pills and different types of steroids. Is it possible to develop a disease like cancer from taking so many different medicines like it's possible to develop cancer from things like radiation?
    I also have a higher than normal risk of getting cancer... I have to biopsy everything that looks suspicious.

    • ANSWER:
      You could get some serious side effects from all of the medications you're taking, but certainly not disease.

  28. QUESTION:
    Im looking for a really fun topic for a medical research project. Any good ideas?
    I'm a sports medicine major and I need a topic that we wouldn't cover in class. It can be diseases, conditions, different types of therapies. Pretty much no limits!

    • ANSWER:
      how about the guptas of india? they had anasthetic surgery in 2nd century AD! Ayurveda is also an indian medicine that has weird cures...

      GOOD LUCK!

      can u help me??
      http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=Amfbtrls2x8ZyqrOCy67NsXsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20080910225356AALxh7m
      BET U CAN!!

  29. QUESTION:
    Can there be different types of cancer inside one house?
    I have my Grandparents, my uncle, my aunt, and the dog in one house, 4 out of the 5 had/have cancer. But, there all different types: thyroid, Hodgkin lymphoma, skin, and luekemia. Is this unusual?

    • ANSWER:
      Some families are more genetically prone to cancer than others (dog's cancer is a coincidence). This just means that you should never skip your yearly pap-smear after the age of 18. You should also have a mammogram at 38 (to use as a base) and then one every year after that. You should never smoke or drink alcohol (both increase cancer risk-- eventhough red wine is ok for heart disease it's bad for cancer) and make sure you discuss non-hormonal options for birth control when you're ready for that.
      All that said, if you have a basement where you live, there is a test sold in Home Depot and Lowe's called a Radon Test. It's about and you leave it in the basement for a day or 2 and it will tell you if your home has a Radon problem. Radon is a radio-active gas known to increse risk of cancer by a HUGE margin. It's easy to find out and worth the . If your home does have a high Radon problem it only costs a few hundred bucks to get it fixed which is much less money than the medical bills it can cause later.
      Good luck.

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the worst signs of liver disease?
    My dad is 64 years old and sick with his liver (he was a heavy drinker). He's on 4 different types of MDS. But just recently we notice yellow in his skin and eyes. And just this week his left eye is getting swollen. Are these just some of the worst signs of his liver disease? We also token him to the dr. and they give him an EKG because he has an irregular heart beat. Is that even worst? He's supposed to be on a low-salt diet but he's been eating whatever he wanted.How long does someone with liver disease live?

    • ANSWER:
      The swollen left eye is not a symptom of liver disease...this should be
      checked out as it may be an infection.
      The yellowing of the skin and eyes is known as Jaundice. This occurs
      because the liver isn't able to convert a greenish/yellowish substance,
      known as bilirubin into a soluble form to become part of the bile.
      Bilirubin is a pigment, it tends to color other things...when it reaches
      a certain level in the blood, then you notice the Jaundice. You may
      even notice the urine starting to become darker in color.

      I'm going to tell you some of the real signs that occur in liver Cirrhosis and
      what can be done about them...this may be of help to your family and
      your Dad:
      1) Ascites is the build up of fluid in the abdominal area. (this can be
      mistaken for a beer belly). This fluids is caused because the liver
      can no longer produce a protein...known as albumin, that is made
      to hold fluids inside our vessels. It now leaks out and will collect there.
      If the patient becomes extremely uncomfortable and has difficulty
      breathing...the doctor can remove this fluid with a procedure known
      as paracentesis.

      2) Encecphalopathy is when toxins go pass the blood brain barrier
      and into the brain. This is especially true of ammonia, which the
      liver cannot convert to urea, now, that the kidneys could dispose of.
      This causes confusion, disorientration, sleep pattern changes,
      and hand tremors. (this can appear to be similar to being drunk).
      The doctor will start the patient on Lactulose or Xafaxan. The patient
      must take this medications or they could go into a coma from the
      build up of this ammonia.

      3) Portal hypertensions with varies. The blood doesn't flow through
      the liver well and backs up into the portal veins and vessels that
      are small and not used to handling this pressure or blood. They
      can have weak spots and balloon outward and break open.
      Any blood coming in the sputum, vomit, or rectal area is an
      emergency. The doctor can band these vessels to stop the bleeding.

      4) Bruising and bleeding very easily. The liver can no longer make
      clotting factors efficiently. The doctors will keep an eye on the
      Platelets, white blood cells, and differentials. If he needs a liver
      biopsy and does bleed easily, they may do one going through
      the vein in his neck area.

      5) Swelling of the legs, feet, etc. Liver Cirrhosis patients tend
      to hold onto sodium in the body. This, in turn, holds onto fluids
      also. The doctor will place the patient on a lower sodium diet
      and maybe diuretics. The doctor should tell the patient how
      much sodium they are allowed per day and how much fluids
      they can take in. Sodium has to be watched closely on
      blood testing now...because both sodium and potassium
      work together to help the heart beat in rhythm.

      No one here is able to tell you how long any liver patient may have to live.
      The doctors can only give you an estimate based on his tests results and
      the liver biopsy.

      I'm providing you links so you can learn more about Cirrhosis. The more
      you come to understand this disease, the better able you will be able
      to take care of your Dad. Best wishes to you and your family.

      http://www.hcvets.com/data/hcv_liver/cirrhosis.htm
      http://www.medicinenet.com/cirrhosis/article.htm
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cirrhosis/DS00373
      http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/cirrhosis.html
      http://www.uihealthcare.com/topics/medicaldepartments/internalmedicine/liverdisease/index.html
      http://www.texasliver.com/en/cms/139/
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CirrhosisAvd

      Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. If the cause
      can be found and stopped, the liver cells may heal.
      However, once the liver cell die off and form
      scar tissue inside the liver (liver Cirrhosis), then
      it is an irreversible, progressive disease.

  31. QUESTION:
    If one person commits an illegal sex what should be the plenty for it?
    I need to know your religion's penalty if someone commits to have an illegal sex (other than relationship).

    In Islam, there are 80 horse hunters to a man as a punishment when he commits an illegal sex. For woman, she is stoned in the streets in-front of all public. This way all men will get a lesson in the societies not to commit it again. This rule applies when both have the same desired to share illegal sex.

    Next time he/she will not think again of having an illegal sex in his life. This is a lesson to him/her. If one shares an illegal sex then you could be involved in different types of diseases e.g. HIV, AIDS etc. ISLAM saves you, from health point of view, society balance and take cares of women’s right.

    In Saudia Arabia, there is a punishment for a thief "cut one hand" apart from illegal sex. From this law you can't image how it reduced the chances of robbery in the country.
    This post is corrected in grammer mistakes, so, every one wouldnt have any complains now.

    • ANSWER:
      Most of Islamic country do not have this rules and they don't apply!

      May be in Saudi Arabia and some where in Pakistan and Afganistan has this and they try!

  32. QUESTION:
    Why am I still sick even though I took a flu shot?
    about 3 or 4 months ago, I took a flu shot. but on saturday, i got the flu. also, lately at my school a lot of people are absent cause of it. Why do i still have the flu, even when i was vaccinated for it? or is it a completely different type of disease?

    • ANSWER:
      The flu shot only covers just a few strains of the flu. Many different pathogens can cause it, though. You just got lucky enough to get the rare strain of it. Or, this may be a very bad head cold, sometimes that feels like the flu. Just go to the doctor, if you haven't already, and follow his or her advice, get plenty of rest and eat healthy! Good Luck!

  33. QUESTION:
    What different types of heart diseases do they have?
    I'm 23 & I saw a heart doctor yesterday, & so far, he told me that it doesn't look like I have heart disease from the EKG & ultrasound, but he has to run a stress test on a treadmill to see how I handle it. I get chest pains very easily simply just from walking the 1st 2 minutes. I know I'm overweight & I'm trying to lose it. But how can I if every time I try to exercise, I get chest pains? My Dr. said I'm too young for heart disease, & my PCP told me my cholesterol is a little high but not enough to be put on medication.

    What kinds of heart diseases do they have? I hope I don't have it, & I'm trying to do my best to prevent it.

    • ANSWER:
      I have angina and wear a nitro patch..Ask about daily aspirin..
      A coated childrens asprin takes the chest pain away quickly. you dont need a prescription for spray nitro.The side efects not pleasant :; pounding head etc.

  34. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to find information on leukemia?
    My 7 year old cousin may have leukemia. I know there are a lot of different types and I'm sure a lot of web sites. If you know of any please let me know! Also if you have any hands on experience with the disease that would be helpful as well. My grandmother died of it this past April.

    • ANSWER:
      The best way to find information for leukemia is by doing a google search. Here is a specific page on the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society website which explains leukemia and the various types:
      http://www.leukemia-lymphoma.org/all_page?item_id=7026

      My niece was diagnosed with high risk pre b A.L.L. (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) at the age of 2. She has the 'good type' of leukemia if there is such a thing. Her treatment plan consisted of 2 1/2 to 3 years of chemo,steroids and an option for radiation to the brain. The treatment plans vary greatly depending on the type and subtype of leukemia, the risk factor and individual patient circumstances. It was really rough for her the first 1 1/2 years of treatment but she is doing really well now. She was admitted to the hospital for various complications including infections, pneumonia and kidney stones. She is on 'maintenance chemo' now which is much easier on her body and she is doing great and hasn't been admitted to the hospital for a number of months. Pretty soon she will be done with chemo :-)

  35. QUESTION:
    Why do people have different blood types?
    I'd like to know what's the point in having different blood types instead of just everyone having the same blood type. I'm interested in the answers from both evolution and creation point of view.

    • ANSWER:
      As you may know, the types of proteins, glycoproteins and glycolipids found (or expressed) on the surface of red blood cells define blood types. In addition, blood types, or at least the genes responsible for them, are inherited. There are 23 recognized blood group systems with hundreds of different types. Although it appears that the majority of the molecules on red blood cells are not essential for cell function, some have specific functions on the red cell membrane such as allowing substances to enter and exit the red cell (transporters) or binding certain substances to the cell surface (receptors).

      Evolution has played an important role in the persistence of certain blood types. For example, the Duffy blood type includes a receptor that allows certain types of malarial parasites to enter the red cell. Thus, in some malarial areas of Africa, populations with Duffy negative blood types have a distinct survival advantage because absence of the Duffy antigen provides a measure of protection against malaria. The percentage of people lacking the Duffy antigen is much higher in these locations than in areas not endemic for malaria.

      Thus, different blood types are associated with different levels of susceptibility to disease, for reasons not yet perfectly understood to researchers. Different blood types may have arisen as a result of genetic mutation, but may have persisted due to natural selection. If certain blood types are less prone to certain diseases, their incidence may be correlated with a lower mortality rate and a higher fertility rate in areas where such diseases may be prevalent. Individuals with those blood types may implicitly or explicitly self-select, ensuring persistence of the blood type within the particular region.

  36. QUESTION:
    Will Harper tell the world that just borrowed money in the economic system is stupid and Income Trusts in a ?
    recession is good for companies that will never increase the value of the company during the recession? Not after the world has bought all the surplus product they created just to keep people employed, then they should not be Income Trust companies. If a country has money technology, health and on and on. It is to bad he can't improve to the best of our countries ability. Did you know every size of the pupils if everyone eyes can be a different type of brain disease. Go crazy, Ho Ho merry christmas, just a memory.

    • ANSWER:
      Perhaps he will.

  37. QUESTION:
    I have a 3 month old wit 4 different bone fractures and noone sees to know what caused them HELP!!?
    My baby is now 3 months old and he has fracture in both wrist's, elbow and femur. nobody knows what has caused these fractures...could to much swaddling have done? I need information on different types of bone diseases in babies. my husband hasbeen falsley accused of hurting the baby.

    • ANSWER:
      osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bone disease) - will not show up on x-rays because it affects collagen rather than calcium
      It's the only thing I could find that seems to match what you're saying. I've included some links that might be helpful.

  38. QUESTION:
    Is it unethical to charge money for reiki services?
    Is it unethical to charge money for reiki services designed to heal and cure different types of sicknesses and diseases?

    • ANSWER:
      Is it unethical to be paid for the work we do?

      Think about your current job. If your employer told you they could no longer afford to pay you for the work you have been doing for them, would you continue going to that job and doing that work without being paid? If your answer is no, then why wouldn't you?

      In this world, we do not get our food for free. We have to pay for it. Generally speaking, our existence and survival in this world is based on work and exchange. That is the way the world is. Money is just an energy of exchange. If our time and effort is spent giving or teaching Reiki, who will pay for our food if we are not paid for our work?

      If we spend only a small portion of our time and effort on Reiki and consider it as a hobby of a form of charity then it may be ok to offer our services for free. But if a more considerable potion of our time and energy is spent doing Reiki (which may be the case if Reiki is a major passion) then it may be appropriate to charge for our work. Then we will be able to exchange this considerable portion of our time and effort we are spending (doing Reiki) for the things we need in this world (such as food), using this form of energy exchange called "money".

      What a brilliant and convenient invention money can be when used in appropriate ways.

  39. QUESTION:
    When looking at the symptoms of a disease, how can a doctor determine whether it is bacterial or viral?
    In other words, what is the difference between how viral infections and bacterial infections affect the body? How are the symptoms between the two types of diseases different? After a doctor learns what symptoms a patient has, what further tests or examinations would he/she run to determine whether the disease is bacterial or viral?

    • ANSWER:
      In some cases it can be tough. But there are several ways to try & sort it out. First, what is going around? If a virus is spreading through the area, epidemiology suggests it is a virus. Furthermore, viral infections tend to cause a wide range of symptoms due to the way the virus attacks the body--fever, muscle aches, headache, rash, joint aches, etc all at once highly suggest a virus. Bacterial infections tend to be more localized--pneumonia causes respiratory symptoms primarily--not joint pain too. A bacterial infection that has spread so much to cause a lot of symptoms (called "sepsis") has the person very very ill. Viruses are also much more common than bacterial infections. Often time its a educated guess (that's why MDs spend so much time in school--you have to know alot about everything to discard causative agents to make an educated guess). They can do more tests (a Complete blood count, or CBC, will show more lymphs in a viral infection & more ploys in a bacterial). There are also antibody tests to specific causes. However, many times, its too expensive & not worth all the time & effort to make a definitive diagnosis. If you are going to get better anyway in 5-7 days, most people would not want to spend 0 or more to find out EXACTLY what they had. That's why you are told to return if not better in x days or suddenly get worse. Then the testing can be better utilized to find a source. Some tests would be xrays (chest etc); a spinal fluid exam, blood tests like the CBC or antibody tests, blood, urine, sputum cultures for bacteria, viral cultures, bronchial washings of the airways for tests, TB testing, there are many tests and as they become negative, more exotic & rare things are tested for. You always start with the most obvious & proceed to the rare.

  40. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have two types of heterochromia?
    So I know there are three different types of Heterochromia complete, sectoral, and central. I have Heterochromia but I'm not sure which one I have. My right eye is completely brown and my left eye is green, but on my brown eye there is a small region that has a slight bit of green, and my green eye has brown around the iris. No one in my family has Heterochromia or green eyes, everyone has brown eyes. So what I'm trying to understand is it possible to have more then one type of Heterochromia? Because my eyes fit into all three categories. It's really weird but I really do love it since it is rare in humans.

    • ANSWER:
      n anatomy, heterochromia (Greek: heteros 'different' + chroma 'color'[1]) refers to a difference in coloration, usually of the iris but also of hair or skin. Heterochromia is a result of the relative excess or lack of melanin (a pigment). It may be inherited, or caused by genetic mosaicism, chimerism, disease, or injury.[2]
      Heterochromia of the eye (heterochromia iridis or heterochromia iridum; the common incorrect form "heterochromia iridium" is not correct Latin) is of two kinds. In complete heterochromia, one iris is a different color from the other. In partial heterochromia or sectoral heterochromia, part of one iris is a different color from its remainder.
      Eye color, specifically the color of the irises, is determined primarily by the concentration and distribution of melanin.[3][4][5] The affected eye may be hyperpigmented (hyperchromic) or hypopigmented (hypochromic).[6] In humans, usually, an excess of melanin indicates hyperplasia of the iris tissues, whereas a lack of melanin indicates hypoplasia.eterochromia is classified primarily by onset: as either genetic or acquired. Although a distinction is frequently made between heterochromia that affects an eye completely or only partially (sectoral heterochromia), it is often classified as either genetic (due to mosaicism or congenital) or acquired, with mention as to whether the affected iris or portion of the iris is darker or lighter. [7] Most cases of heterochromia are hereditary, caused by a disease or syndrome, or due to an injury. Sometimes one eye may change color following certain diseases or injurie

  41. QUESTION:
    How quickly do people with Anorexia Nervosa loose weight?
    I'm currently in a Fashion Theory class and I'm writing a paper on body images and gender. As the media is portraying thinner and thinner women in their ads, I'm researching different types of body ideals found all around the earth and this includes diseases. However, does anyone know how rapidy a individual who is anorexic looses weight?
    Along with my information, I need a survey of opinions.

    • ANSWER:
      if you are writing a paper, you need to get your facts right! Contact a proper treatment clinic or specialist medic to get an accurate answer - your average person online can't answer this and is only guessing. Even someone who has experience of having the disease won't necessarily show what is 'typical' of the condition.

  42. QUESTION:
    What is the best way to treat anemia and polycystic ovarian syndrome?
    I have pcos and anemia and have been on birth control for years. I took my doc.'s advice and have lost about 55lbs I totally cut out fast & junk food and my goal is to loose 50 more lbs. Is weight loss a cure for this disease? Are there different types of anemia?

    • ANSWER:
      I have PCOS too. For the anemia, my doc had me taking prenatal vitamins because there is iron in them. I don't think there is a cure for PCOS, we're just stuck with it!! :) Good job on losing the weight. I've only lost 15, but am looking to lose about 20 more.

  43. QUESTION:
    What type of corruption occured during the presidency of Miguel Alemán Valdés during the 1940's in Mexico.
    Can anyone tell me anything about that era? My main interest is in the different types of corruption that took place within the government during his presidency, but any info would be great. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      As president, Alemán pursued industrial development, increasing the extension of the nation's rail network, improving highways, and constructing a number of major schools. To accomplish this, in 1947 he negotiated a major loan from the United States. He also worked extensively with irrigation and farming, greatly expanding the national production of rice, sugar, bananas, coffee, oats, and pineapple. He faced the appearance of foot-and-mouth disease and killed thousands of cattle in order to contain it. He gave women the right to vote in municipal elections during his term, and in 1952, elevated Baja California to state status. Internationally, he signed peace agreements with Japan, Germany and Italy following World War II, had a hand in a truce between Pakistan and India, and worked with the United States on the issue of the braceros. Rampant political corruption and crony capitalism marked his administration and shaped the relationship of politics and big business in Mexico until our days.

      He played a major role in the development and support of the city of Acapulco, which is now well known all over the world as one of the principal tourist destinations in Mexico and Latin America.

  44. QUESTION:
    Where can i find out more info about service animals?
    I want to leanr some things about service animals such as:
    Why do we choose to use animals for help?
    Does an animal help better than therapy? If so, then why?
    What other handicaps, diseases, and illnesses are they used for?
    What are the different types of animals used for service, and what unique aspect do they add to care?
    What are the restrictions of people that have service animals?
    But i cannot find very good sources online. Also, i cannot find any graphs, chartsm or statistics on this. Pleaze help!

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.servicedogcentral.org/content/faq/57

      The vast majority of service animals are dogs. In the U.S., the definition of service animal is expected to change before the end of the year to exclude exotic species such as non-human primates, reptiles, rodents, farm animals and others. Pretty much it will be down to dogs and cats. So this service dog site will actually answer most of your questions. They also have a forum for additional questions you can't find answers to in the FAQ or the over 200 articles on the site.

      Service animals are not for therapy. They are trained to perform tasks the person with a disability cannot perform on their own so that they can live independent lives.

      People do not qualify for service animals based on disease. Few disabilities are caused or related to disease, and no disease by itself constitutes a disability. A disability is defined as an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Let's use vision as an example. Many people have vision impairments, but few are blind. Most people just wear glasses and are not disabled by their vision impairment. So it is the magnitude of the impairment, not the cause of the impairment that makes a person disabled.

      You're unlikely to find graphs or charts on service dogs because graphs and charts are not accessible to the blind. A good site on disability issues will be accessible to all. There are some statistics on Service Dog Central, but if you're looking to find out how many of what kind of service animal there are, such statistics do not exist. There's no way to count. Individual programs may be able to say how many they have in the field, but there are so many programs you wouldn't find even half of them to ask, and there are also private trainers and owner-trainers.

  45. QUESTION:
    Where can i find more info about service animals?
    I want to learn some things about service animals such as:
    Why do we choose to use animals for help?
    Does an animal help better than therapy? If so, then why?
    What other handicaps, diseases, and illnesses are they used for?
    What are the different types of animals used for service, and what unique aspect do they add to care?
    What are the restrictions of people that have service animals?
    But i cannot find very good sources online. Also, i cannot find any graphs, chartsm or statistics on this. Please help!

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.servicedogcentral.org/content/faq/57

      The vast majority of service animals are dogs. In the U.S., the definition of service animal is expected to change before the end of the year to exclude exotic species such as non-human primates, reptiles, rodents, farm animals and others. Pretty much it will be down to dogs and cats. So this service dog site will actually answer most of your questions. They also have a forum for additional questions you can't find answers to in the FAQ or the over 200 articles on the site.

      Service animals are not for therapy. They are trained to perform tasks the person with a disability cannot perform on their own so that they can live independent lives.

      People do not qualify for service animals based on disease. Few disabilities are caused or related to disease, and no disease by itself constitutes a disability. A disability is defined as an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Let's use vision as an example. Many people have vision impairments, but few are blind. Most people just wear glasses and are not disabled by their vision impairment. So it is the magnitude of the impairment, not the cause of the impairment that makes a person disabled.

      You're unlikely to find graphs or charts on service dogs because graphs and charts are not accessible to the blind. A good site on disability issues will be accessible to all. There are some statistics on Service Dog Central, but if you're looking to find out how many of what kind of service animal there are, such statistics do not exist. There's no way to count. Individual programs may be able to say how many they have in the field, but there are so many programs you wouldn't find even half of them to ask, and there are also private trainers and owner-trainers.

  46. QUESTION:
    What to do when you're hungry and nauseous at the same time?
    I have celiac disease and accidentally broke my diet. So I've been extremely sick and throwing up but my stomach feels starving and I haven't had much in the past two days. I have bad stomach pains but i know if i eat i'll throw up. I've tried 3 or 4 different types of nausea medicine and none of them worked, the one that starts with a Z actually makes it worse. So any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh, so sorry! Yeah, nausea meds won't do jack for Celiac Disease, that I've seen.

      Sometimes anti-inflammatories can help to calm things down. Also, some people actually do well with pepto-bismal, or at least it helps. See if you can get some fresh ginger and make yourself a little ginger tea - it might help, or you might at least be able to keep it down. You need to keep your electrolytes up, so a little sweet, a little salty, and fluids is important.

      Look up some homemade gatorade or homemade electrolyte drink online for some ideas of something that might stay down.

      Eating in small amounts, all day long, even if it makes you nauseated, might help you keep a little more down.

  47. QUESTION:
    What is the best variety of pet rats?
    I was just wondering what would be the best variety of pet rats. Like dumbo, top eared, fancy, etc. Does there personality vary with different types? Do some have better tolerance to diseases? Do some live longer?

    • ANSWER:
      The term "fancy" refers to all domesticated brown rats. Therefore, all dumbos, rexes, top eared, blue, hooded, and so forth are all different breeds of "fancy" rats.

      One breed isn't particularly "better" than another. It kind of depends on your own personal preference. For me personally, I think that dumbos are especially cute because of their big, round ears. However, you should avoid getting a hairless or a tailless rat. These are some of the only rat breeds that have known medical problems because of their type. Hairless and tailless rats suffer medical problems that you usually wouldn't have to deal with in any other breed of rat. Tailless rats suffer from loss of balance, which can make them more prone to falls and other accidents. Hairless rats have trouble regulating their body temperatures and are prone to skin conditions.

      When picking out a pet rat, the breed is much less important than the rat's unique personality. Look for a rat that is friendly and outgoing. One that is curious and doesn't mind being held by you. One that is fearful and runs away when you try to pick it up is less likely to make a good pet.

      I hope this helps. Have fun with your new pet! :)

  48. QUESTION:
    Is the varicella vaccination considered a homeopathic medicine?
    I was recently reading up on the different types of medicine administration ( i.e. homeopathic, allopathic, osteopathic and naturopathic) and by the definition of homeopathic medicine (the use of the diluted disease to cure the actual disease) shouldn't the varicella vaccination (and most others too) be considered as a homeopathic medicine?

    • ANSWER:
      Your description of varicella (Chicken Pox) immunization is approximately correct. They don't give you a "diluted" form of the disease; they give you an attenuated form. The actual Chicken Pox organisms are modified (by heat or chemicals) so that they cannot reproduce or cause the disease, and they are injected into your arm. Your body recognizes the disease organisms as an invading organism, and starts to produce antibodies specific to the pathogens. In approximately 21 days or so, your body will have a full-fledged anti-varicella factory in operation, and it would then quickly overcome any actual invasion of varicella organisms in the future, preventing the full-fledged disease from developing and protecting you. The protection lasts for as long as the body keeps producing antibodies, or more specifically, remembers the "code" for the structure of the antibodies so it can quickly reproduce them if/as needed. There are differing opinions as to how long this protection lasts for varicella. It used to be thought that the protection was for life, and it probably is for a majority of individuals. However, this lifetime protection might only be found in individuals who have actually had Chicken Pox, not in those simply vaccinated against it. It appears that it can reappear in SOME individuals in later years as an eruption of the painful skin condition known as "Shingles." Everyone seems to be different; some will have it and others not, so the protection seems to be variable, too. Not everything in medicine is 100%. There are ALWAYS exceptions to EVERYTHING.


different types of diseases

Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms

Being a teenager usually means being free and engaging in activities which you want to do. You'll maximize the period you're young to do what you think is enjoyable and fun. The satisfaction of being an adolescent is precious - you may meet buddies, there will probably also come a time that you're going to meet some lousy ones. As part of your youth, it's also possible to have an opportunity to meet your first love. I do think that everybody can have a very fun and unforgettable youth. No person can claim that their teenage life is going to be uninteresting, unless you really wish to do nothing.

Your teenage life is also one of your strongest and healthiest days. However, the author wants to impart to you that you have to use your teenage life to improve your body's defense mechanisms and strengthen your body. Do you know that you will find some unhappy teenagers who didn't have a opportunity to experience their lives because of cancer?

Teenagers seldom get cancer. Certain kinds of cancer usually appear during adult years. However, you will find common forms of cancer that can affect and rob your teenage years. The list that you will see here might help you to take good care of yourself even more.

1. Osteosarcoma - it is one of the most everyday sort of bone cancer. How will you identify this? It normally appears in teenagers who get taller than peers their age. Typical symptoms of osteosarcoma begin with the pain and swelling in the arms or the legs - furthermore they normally feel a whole lot pain should they exercise, or at night.

This type of cancer is usually found in the bones around your knees. As everyone knows, it can also spread in various places and metastasize. This type of cancer usually requires chemotherapy, however, side effects like hair loss, bleeding infections and also skin problems may develop throughout the treatment. Some kinds of cancer might also increase a teen's risk of developing other cancers, the only real good news here is that given that teens enjoy the most strength, they usually recover fast.

2. Leukemia - it is one of the most common cancer in kids and teenagers. Leukemia occurs a huge number of abnormal white blood cells metastasize, fill the bone marrow and enters the bloodstream. The abnormal blood cells damage and doesn't help safeguard the body against infections. Since it is a problem in the blood, it causes anemia, bone pain and infections.

3. Lymphoma - it is a cancer that builds up in the lymphatic system - the lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils and bone marrow are part of that system. The value of the lymph system is to address diseases and germs that may cause infections. There are two type of lymphoma cancer:

a. Hodgkin's is a type of lymphoma cancer named after Thomas Hodgkin. It was named after him as he was the first one to discover the abnormalities in the lymph system in 1983. Someone who has this sort of cancer may go through the following symptoms: itchy skin, night sweats, back pain, pain in taking alcohol, swelling of liver and inexplicable weight loss. If you feel the following symptoms right now, as a teenager, see your doctor and ask him to perform some tests.

b. Non-Hodgin's lymphomas is a kind of cancer necessitating a treatment combination of chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation. Signs of this cancer consist of painless swollen lymph nodes, itchy skin, bone pain, weight loss on account of eating abnormality. Ask your doctor further concerning this kind of cancer.

Alternative cancer treatments can also help, exercise can enhance your alternative cancer treatment. Let nothing rob your youth, enjoy your life and give the very best you can

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What cancer/disease can be diagnosed to a 18 year old boy?
    I'm writing a story. I've been searching some cancer symptoms and disease but I'm not sure how to implement them on my story and I haven't decided yet. I was able to publish symptoms such as weight loss, pale skin, and fatigue. What is the most convincing disease/cancer for my character?
    I've been thinking of leukemia, but it seems common to all stories.
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      An 18 year old male could be diagnosed with any kind of cancer except cancers of the female reproductive organs.

      However, there are some that are so incredibly rare for an 18 year old to get that they wouldn't make sense. An 18 year old male would be more likely to get leukemia, lymphoma, or testicular cancer. That being said, it's still very rare for an 18 year old to even be diagnosed with cancer.

      The common rule in writing is to write about what you know. Without having intimate knowledge of the kind of cancer you choose, you won't be able to accurately portray it.

  2. QUESTION:
    how do i tell my parents you might have cancer?
    I was reading something online about cancer as i was reading off some of the symptoms of lymphoma cancer and found i have had 4 out of the 5 in the last month. I dont know how to tell my parents though i am only 13. Both my parents are under so much stress already i just need some help someone to tell me what to do.

    • ANSWER:

  3. QUESTION:
    Please help me with a potential diagnosis?
    I have some slightly swollen nodes in my neck and armpit for a few months now. They are moveable. I have slight drowsiness and slight spleen and lower back pain during the day. I have NO night sweats, fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, rashes or itching. I actually gained about 3 pounds. These symptoms came after a period of great mental stress in my life. I also have depression and am unemployed. I have been to 3 doctors, they don't think it is cancer. Could I have lymphoma cancer? I am 31 year old married female. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      im not feeling well at the moment and i worry myself about what i may have..i just feel sick and if i stand too long i feel faint...then a few hours go by i feel ok then i feel sick again..just been a few days im hoping i will get over it.I suffer from anxiety and overload of stress caused by worry.it can make you sick.with no weightloss and appitite ok my guess is that its not so serious.depression can cause havoc in the body..all stress related symptoms i think..let me know how you get on..and i hope you recover quickly

  4. QUESTION:
    what are the symptoms of intestinal lymphoma cancer?
    i know you'll feel sick and throw up and your stomach will hurt but what are the rest of the symptoms?can you give me some websites?thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Actually there really aren't any symptoms early on. As the lymph nodes swell they can push on the intestines causing a blockage which leads to a partial or complete bowel blockage. The treatment for lymphoma can be pretty tough but you can easily go into remission. Are you having symptoms that you aren't sure about or have you been diagnosed? The best web sites that I would recommend are webmd.com americancancersociety.com or mdanderson.com Hope this gives you what your looking for. Good luck to you!

  5. QUESTION:
    Do you throw up blood when your spleen ruptures?
    My mom in law was recently diagnosed with aggressive lymphoma cancer. She is stage 2-3. And just had her first chemo treatment 6 days ago. She's just threw up blood with chunks in it. Mind you she has 2 tumers, one on the inside and the other on the outside of her stomach. With 4 legions. Now she's been rushed to ER. They asked her after tests, "did you have your spleen removed?" I guessing her spleen ruptured!? What is happening? Is she going to be ok?

    • ANSWER:
      NO

      The spleen is a "surge tank" for your blood system. It has NO connection to your digestive tract, so NO, no blood from a ruptured spleen will be in your stomach, but rather in your abdominal cavity where it is trapped. You can BLEED OUT from a ruptured spleen and DIE, with NO OUTWARD SYMPTOMS.

  6. QUESTION:
    Do Leukemia and Lymphoma have VERY similar symptoms, includng the swollen Lymph Nodes?
    Do Leukemia and Lymphoma have VERY similar symptoms, and can you get swollen Lymph Nodes from Leukemia? What causes them in Leukemia. Also, what are the least and most common types of Leukemia and Lymphoma in a teenager. If their symptoms arn't similar what's different about them?

    Thanks a bunch! I highly appreciate it.

    • ANSWER:
      They both involve swollen lymph nodes, which can be hard and irregularly shaped.

      Leukemia and lymphoma are both cancers starting with lymphoid cells (white blood cells), but in leukemia it is in the circulating blood and the bone marrow, and in lymphoma it is in the lymph nodes.

      Lymphoma has two ages where it is most likely to occur: early adulthood, from 15 to 35 years of age, and in people over the age of 55.

      Lymphoma symptoms:
      Night sweats, enlarged lymph nodes (painless), fever, weight loss, itching, fatigue, red colored patches on skin, easy bruising and bleeding, spleen and/or liver enlargement

      Leukemias: There are 4 categories: AML, CML, ALL, CLL.

      the A's stand for "acute" and the C's are for "chronic"
      ML = myelogenous leukemia
      LL= lymphoblastic leukemia

      ALL: peak incidence is at 4 years of age
      AML, CML, CLL: usually in patients > 65 years of age

      Leukemia symptoms:
      Fever, weight loss, fatigue, infection, hard lymph node/s, kidney damage, bleeding/bruising, bone pain, enlarged spleen and or liver.

  7. QUESTION:
    When do first HIV symptoms start dissappearing? and how long does it take for half a drop of blood to dry?
    I know the HIV symptoms start showing up from 3 weeks to 6 weeks but when do they start to dissapear (average time). and how long does it take for half a drop of blood to dry and destroy HIV particles?

    • ANSWER:
      Signs and symptoms
      The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, depending on the phase of infection. When first infected with HIV, you may have no symptoms at all, although it's more common to develop a brief flu-like illness two to six weeks after becoming infected. But because the signs and symptoms of an initial infection — which may include fever, headache, sore throat, swollen lymph glands and rash — are similar to those of other diseases, you might not realize you've been infected with HIV.

      Even if you don't have symptoms, you're still able to transmit the virus to others. Once the virus enters your body, your own immune system also comes under attack. The virus multiplies in your lymph nodes and slowly begins to destroy your helper T cells (CD4 lymphocytes) — the white blood cells that coordinate your entire immune system.

      You may remain symptom-free for eight or nine years or more. But as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, you may develop mild infections or chronic symptoms such as:

      Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection
      Diarrhea
      Weight loss
      Fever
      Cough and shortness of breath
      During the last phase of HIV — which occurs approximately 10 or more years after the initial infection — more serious symptoms may begin to appear, and the infection may then meet the official definition of AIDS. In 1993, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) redefined AIDS to mean the presence of HIV infection as shown by a positive HIV-antibody test plus at least one of the following:

      The development of an opportunistic infection — an infection that occurs when your immune system is impaired — such as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
      A CD4 lymphocyte count of 200 or less — a normal count ranges from 600 to 1,000
      By the time AIDS develops, your immune system has been severely damaged, making you susceptible to opportunistic infections. The signs and symptoms of some of these infections may include:

      Soaking night sweats
      Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F for several weeks
      Dry cough and shortness of breath
      Chronic diarrhea
      Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth
      Headaches
      Blurred and distorted vision
      Weight loss
      You may also begin to experience signs and symptoms of later stage HIV infection itself, such as:

      Persistent, unexplained fatigue
      Soaking night sweats
      Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F for several weeks
      Swelling of lymph nodes for more than three months
      Chronic diarrhea
      Persistent headaches
      If you're infected with HIV, you're also more likely to develop certain cancers, especially Kaposi's sarcoma, cervical cancer and lymphoma, although improved treatments have reduced the risk of these illnesses.

      Symptoms of HIV in children
      Children who are HIV-positive often fail to gain weight or grow normally. As the disease progresses, they may have difficulty walking or delayed mental development. In addition to being susceptible to the same opportunistic infections that adults are, children may have severe forms of common childhood illnesses such as ear infections (otitis media), pneumonia and tonsillitis.

  8. QUESTION:
    What made you go to the doctor when you found out you had cancer?
    I want to know why did you decide to go to the doctor? Then got tests and found out you had cancer? What were your symtoms? How did you feel?

    • ANSWER:
      I ended up being taken to Emergency at 1 in the morning after waking up with sudden severe pain in my abdomen. They initially though it was appendicitis due to the nature of the pain, but when they did a CT scan they found multiple enlarged lymph nodes in my abdomen. They ended up doing blood tests, more CT scans of my chest and then a biopsy and then came back and told me I had lymphoma - cancer of the lymph nodes.

      I was completely shocked and in denial for the first few weeks. Up until the point where the abdominal pain started, I considered myself to be perfectly healthy - the cancer diagnosis came as a complete shock!

      I had no symptoms at this stage either, and this made the diagnosis harder to believe. If the abdominal pain had not started then I guess I still would not know about the cancer. In a way, I think I was lucky that it was detected when it was, even though it was picked up by accident.

  9. QUESTION:
    How many years can someone go with having cancer undetected?
    For example: breast cancer or lymphoma. How long will it take for a person to notice symptoms? At that point is it to late?

    • ANSWER:
      Depending on the size of the tumor or how fast it grows. Normally, there are no outward symptoms of breast cancer nor pain. doing self exams around 40 yrs old or starting at 35 is normal. Mammograms usually depend on family history. If you have a strong history, the Dr will recommend a mammogram starting at age 35. The mammogram is the best way to find a tumor, even one to small for feel for. That's why they are so important and your best tool for detecting breast cancer. It doesn't normally strike any woman until she is post menopausal. It's rare for anyone under 35 to even have a tumor. But, never take chances. If you are scared, or feel you have something to worry about, then please as your Dr. Most women who begin to have their mammograms when the Dr says and has them yearly, will find the cancer if they have it. Like I said, it's your best diagnostic tool then the biopsy follows. So if you keep your appointments, there's not much chance of breast cancer going undetected. Blessings.

  10. QUESTION:
    Can anyone describe Lymphoma Cancer to me?
    I am doing a school project on Lymphoma Cancer and i need more info.

    • ANSWER:
      A lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, or of the white blood cells which are produced by lymph nodes. (If you don't know what cancer in general is, cancer is a disease caused by the over-reproudction of abnormal cells in a body part, which can spread to other parts of the body, and if you don't know what the lymphatic system is, it is a part of the circulatory system which helps filter the blood).

      Lymphoma cancer causes loss of function in the lymph nodes and therefore a patient is more prone to infections.

      There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin's Lymphoma, which is a less aggressive type, and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), which can fall into 40 other sub-types (i.e. T-cell lymphoma, Burkitt's Lymphoma)

      Hodgkin's Lymphoma causes lymph nodes to swell. Therefore the most common symptom of the disease is a painless lump in the neck, chest, armpit or groin. The disease can also bring a loss of appetite or fatigue.

      NHL produces symptoms which are similar to leukemia (another type of cancer), because the cancer is often in the white blood cells, therefore symptoms of NHL include frequent infections, night sweats, bone pain and mouth sores (rare).

      However, many of both types of lymphoma produce no symptoms at all.

      One of the risk factors for lymphoma is age. The disease is one of the most common cancers in children and teens, however most young adults have a low risk, yet it increases again in the elderly, as the majority of lymphoma patient are above the age of 60.

      Other risk factors include immune system diseases (i.e. HIV/AIDS), a family history of the disease, or exposure to dangerous chemicals or radiation.

      The disease is often treated non-surgically and treatments include chemotherapy (use of drugs to slow cancer cells), and radiotherapy (use of radiation, such as Gamma Rays or X-rays, to blast cancer cells and kill them).

      Most young lymphoma patients fortunately survive, but for some reason the outlook is poor for the older patients.

      I hope I have helped you with your project. Best of luck!

  11. QUESTION:
    What are a list of symptoms one can get a prescription for medicinal marijuana for?
    if you cant find a full list a couple symptoms would be great.

    • ANSWER:
      Below is a general list of sicknesses with symptoms and/or side effects that have been treated with medical marijuana

      Agoraphobia
      AIDS Related Illness
      Alcohol Abuse
      Alcoholism
      Alopecia Areata
      Amphetamine Dependency
      Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
      Angina Pectoris
      Ankylosis
      Anorexia
      Anorexia Nervosa
      Anxiety Disorders
      Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
      Arthritis
      Asthma
      Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
      Autoimmune Disease
      Back Pain
      Back Sprain
      Bell's Palsy
      Bipolar Disorder
      Brain Tumor, Malignant
      Bruxism
      Bulimia
      Cachexia
      Cancer
      Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
      Cerebral Palsy
      Cervical Disk Disease
      Chemotherapy
      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
      Chronic Pain
      Chronic renal failure
      Cocaine Dependence
      Colitis
      Conjunctivitis
      Constipation
      Crohn's Disease
      Cystic Fibrosis
      Damage to Spinal Cord Nervous Tissue
      Degenerative Arthritis
      Delirium Tremens
      Diabetes
      Diabetic Peripheral Vascular Disease
      Diarrhea
      Diverticulitis
      Dysthymic Disorder
      Eczema
      Emphysema
      Emphysema
      Endometriosis
      Epididymitis
      Epilepsy
      Fibromyalgia
      Gastritis
      Genital Herpes
      Glaucoma
      Graves Disease
      Headaches, Cluster
      Headaches, Migraine
      Headaches, Tension
      Hemophilia A
      Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
      Hepatitis C
      Hereditary Spinal Ataxia
      HIV/AIDS
      Hospice Patients
      Huntington's Disease
      Hypertension
      Hypertension
      Hyperventilation
      Hypoglycemia
      Impotence
      Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
      Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
      Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
      Intractable Vomitting
      Lipomatosis
      Lou Gehrig's Disease
      Lyme Disease
      Lymphoma
      Major Depression
      Malignant Melanoma
      Mania
      Melorheostosis
      Meniere's Disease
      Motion Sickness
      Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)
      Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
      Muscle Spasms
      Muscular Dystrophy
      Myeloid Leukemia
      Nail-Patella Syndrome
      Nightmares
      Obesity
      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
      Opiate Dependence
      Osteoarthritis
      Panic Disorder
      Parkinson's Disease
      Peripheral Neuropathy
      Peritoneal Pain
      Persistent Insomnia
      Porphyria
      Post Polio Syndrome (PPS)
      Post-traumatic arthritis
      Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
      Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
      Prostatitis
      Psoriasis
      Pulmonary Fibrosis
      Quadriplegia
      Radiation Therapy
      Raynaud's Disease
      Reiter's Syndrome
      Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rosacea
      Schizoaffective Disorder
      Schizophrenia
      Scoliosis
      Sedative Dependence
      Seizures
      Senile Dementia
      Severe Nausea
      Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
      Sinusitis
      Skeletal Muscular Spasticity
      Sleep Apnea
      Spasticity
      Spinal Stenosis
      Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
      Stuttering
      Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)
      Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
      Tenosynovitis
      Thyroiditis
      Tic Douloureux
      Tietze's Syndrome
      Tinnitus
      Tobacco Dependence
      Tourette's Syndrome
      Trichotillomania
      Viral Hepatitis

  12. QUESTION:
    What are some symptoms of lymphoma-cancer of lymph nodes?
    I have been told by my doctor that I may have this and he has sent be for a battery of tests.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of lymphoma include chills, swelling of the lymph nodes, which are often, but not always painless, fever, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, lack of energy, itching. Please note that many of these symptoms are not specific for lymphoma and may be cause by many other things.

      a good web site:

      http://www.lymphoma.org

  13. QUESTION:
    my best friend has lymphoma cancer i really don't know what it is and i need help?
    My best friend just told me that he has lypmphoma cancer im really scared for him and i dont know what to say to him. I dont know what lymphoma cancer is. How should i support him?

    • ANSWER:
      I hope your friend does OK.

      There are basically 2 major categories of Lymphoma, then a lot of subtypes, that I don't really know that much about.

      First is Hodgkin's Lymphoma. It usually strikes younger adults, more often males. It usually follows a pattern, starting with the upper body, the lymph nodes in the neck or under the arms. It usually spreads on one side, above the diaphragm and then below.If it is above the diaphragm, it is more treatable.

      30 years ago it was nearly always a death sentence. Now it is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, as long as it is found early. I do not know the exact treatments but it would be radiation and/or chemo. Hodgkin's has symptoms that include fever, and some fatigue. Some people who have it will experience pain in the affected nodes if they drink alcoholic beverages. There are also frequent cases of the skin being very itchy.

      Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma can start in just about any lymph gland and spread. I think there are several types, but I do not know all of them. It used to be called Lymphosarcoma. It does not usually have the symptoms like fever and itching, so far as I know. I know more about Hodgkin's because I had two relatives, who were not related to each other, who had Hodgkin's 35 or 40 years ago. Both died because there was not much in the way of treatment.

      Metastized cancer can spread into the lymph nodes from other organs and not be Primary Lymphoma. When any cancer spreads to the lymph nodes from say the breast, or lungs, it is usually a bad sign.

      The lymphatic system is the main part of the immune system. The lymphocytes that are made in the lymphatic system are white blood cells that help fight infection and germs. Some people with AIDS also can get a form of Lymphoma, but many people have it without having AIDS.

      Lymphoma and Leukemia can be very much alike in the sense that the white cells do not fight germs and infection, with Leukemia because there are too many, but ineffective white cells, and in Lymphoma because the lymph nodes are destroyed and the white cells are not produced.

      Just be there for him. He might at some time need help getting to a doctor or something like that, or depending on his circumstances, you might see to it he has nutritious food if he lives alone or anything, or help out family members with things if they need it. Caring for somebody with cancer, if it becomes severe or life-threatening can be very hard on the immediate family as well as the patient.

  14. QUESTION:
    I have a small bump in my neck that can move around?
    On my neck I have this small bump that ican move around. I searched it and it said that it's lymphoma cancer. I'm really scared and I don't know what to do. I looked at the symptoms for lymphoma cancer and I don't really have any of them but I'm still really scared. Can someone please tell me I this is cancer or not.

    • ANSWER:

  15. QUESTION:
    How long did it take from the time you started having symptoms till your diagnoses?
    Or maybe you didn't really notice or think anything of it at the time but then when you were diangosed you realized it was linked?

    What type of cancer?
    Or someone you know?

    • ANSWER:
      I had intense night sweats, frequent colds and infections, all-over itchiness, and weight loss for months before being diagnosed with Hodgkin's Lymphoma last year, but hadn't realized that they were symptoms. I've had hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid that has some of the same type of symptoms as HL, for a while and just assumed stress was exacerbating it. I'd been a competitive dancer, varsity tennis player and cross country runner, a vegan and the epitome of health, so cancer just wasn't on my radar.

      Many people don't experience symptoms with HL, and find out they have it after discovering a painless lump. A masseuse found a lump under my arm and said I needed to have it checked out right away. That's when I started replaying all the symptoms and wondering if they were all connected to that lump. It turns out that they were.

      Even though being diagnosed earlier would have made the treatment much less arduous, I'm actually really grateful that I didn't know any sooner. I helped organize prom and was named the Prom Queen. I had the most fabulous night of my life, and it would have been ruined if I knew I had cancer. I'd worked hard to graduate a year early from high school, and I got to fully soak up the thrill of graduation. I was able to enjoy my dad and stepmom's wedding that summer. I had a glorious time just fully living up my youth, and that was a gift cancer would have taken away from me. Fortunately, HL is highly-treatable even at advanced stages. I am now in complete remission and doing very well.

      I would advise anyone concerned about the possibility of cancer or another health problem to not let the fear nibble away at them. Take care of yourself well, get your annual check up, and if you notice something is wrong then go and get it checked out, but don't look for problems. Just look for solutions once you know you've actually got a problem.

  16. QUESTION:
    What is the correct definition of lung cancer?
    I searched up the definition of lung cancer, and went to many websites and they all give me a different meaning of the word.

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is broken into 2 main catagories. Small Cell and Non Small Cell. Although it is uncommon, it is possible that characteristics of both types of lung cancer are present. If this happens, it is called a mixed small cell-large cell carcinoma. In addition to the two main types of lung cancer, other rare types such as sarcomas, and lymphomas can also occur.
      Named for the small round cells that make up this cancer, small cell lung cancer accounts for a much smaller percentage of lung cancer cases than non-small cell lung cancer. SCLC is broken down into three different categories. Small cell carcinoma, mixed small call/large cell carcinoma and combined small cell carcinoma. Each of these different types of lung cancer grows and spread in a different way. Because the cancer cells multiply quickly, SCLC often spreads throughout the body, and although the main cause of SCLC is smoking, there are other risk factors as well, including exposure to second hand smoke, asbestos and radon.

      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Non-small cell lung cancer or (NSCLC) is a much more common form of lung cancer. NSCLC can be broken down into three different types of lung cancer based on the size, shape and chemical composition of the cancer. These types are squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is often associated with smoking and is generally found near a bronchus. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma is usually found around the outer regions of the lung. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of NSCLC - especially among women. Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma can appear in any part of the lung, and often grows and spreads quickly.

      The symptoms and risk factors linked to non-small cell carcinoma are very similar to those associated with small cell lung cancer, however, these different types of lung cancer are often treated differently.

  17. QUESTION:
    What doctor should I go see for several lymph nodes?
    I have a lump in my right neck above collarbone. Primary care said it is movable and not hard and just watch it to see if it has gotten bigger. (it has not and has gotten smaller). I have a smal very hard pea sized lump in my groin area. Primary said he thinks it is nothing to worry about. I have a suspicous nodule with malignant charactertics on my thryoid and are being seen by an endicronologist today. But what about the other two nodules? Maybe it is all related? Maybe i have lymphoma or breast cancer or something. Should I go see another doctor besides the endocrinologist? If so, what kind? Primary said lymphoma is ruled out because blood work is normal but that is not always the case I have read. It can be normal and have lyphoma. Symptoms are ongoing low grade fever, chest pressure, constant stuffy nose at nighttime while laying down. Help?

    • ANSWER:
      Primary care is not specialist care. If you are concerned, go see a specialist for a complete evaluation. Even if you have to pay out of pocker, it's worth knowing the whole story. I hope it's nothing serious but you have to see a specialist and get a full evaluation.

      Best of luck.

  18. QUESTION:
    Do blood tests to check for cancer also test for toxins in the system?
    I have symptoms of lymphoma and I'm going to the doctor tomorrow to get a blood test. Will this test also show toxins (THC, etc.) that are in my body?

    • ANSWER:
      There are no blood tests to test for cancer. If you have lymphoma your labs would be off and that would indicate it could be cancer and followed by a biopsy. They do not check for “toxins”. If you are concerned about being positive for drugs, the doctor would have to ask the lab to specifically test for those drugs he or she wants tested.

  19. QUESTION:
    How do you cure cancer, what can you do?
    I know there isn't a cure for it yet, but are there certain foods that help decrease the chance of developing the deadly disease?

    What are the chance of survival if you are diagnosed with cancer?

    What are the early symptoms of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There are so many types of cancer and many that do have cures for them... best thing is to live well drink lots of water don't smoke and stay proactive in your own health. I have non Hodgkin's lymphoma and 7 years after my diagnosis they found a cure for it... anything is possible

  20. QUESTION:
    Is there such a thing as free cancer testing?
    Both of my grandmothers died of lung cancer. Both smokers. A few years ago, I had a chest exray by a chiropractor and he said the dot on my lung area was calcium. Should I have cancer testing, and is there such a thing as free cancer screening? I am 47 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, details follow--------------

      Instant Diagnosis*of any Disease and or the affected organ[s]---even Cancer, HIV/AIDS or any Incurable Disease/Syndrome with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.

      U may study the details, discuss with Ur family members and friends and understand the concept of ‘Acupressure’ and confirm for Urself, if U or anybody else has cancer/hiv and the affected organs.

      Cancer, lupus, HIV/AIDS, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, etc., —Common Symptoms:
      Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, FATIGUE-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease- Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      Diagnosis--With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender. If all these or most of these points are very painful on thumb pressure, it means one has cancer/hiv/dreaded disease[s].
      Suppose, point no. 11 [prostate] along with no.8 [thyroid, 16 [lymph], then it is prostate cancer.

      If point no. 27 [stomach] along with point no.8, 16, then stomach cancer/ulcer, etc.,
      Point Nos.16, 8, 14, 15, 37—then it is ovarian cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 1-7, 11-15---oral cancer.
      Point Nos.1-6, 8, 11-16, 37 – Brain tumor.
      Point Nos.16, 8, 15,37 –uterine cancer.
      Point Nos.8, 16, 30, 38, 37 –Lung cancer.
      Point No.19, 20, 21, 8, 16, 27—Bowel cancer.
      Point No.6 [throat], 8 [thyroid] and 16 [lymph]—throat cancer.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 11-15 and 37 –Lymphoma.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 37, 27, 29, 30 & 37---Leukemia.
      Note—In every cancer, 8 [thyroid], 16 [lymph] are tender as a precondition.
      Prevention & Cure: Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment and perceivable relief , hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:
      In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has breast cancer. If U press the surrounding area on both palms regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      Cure is available by Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases
      We proved for our own satisfaction “the miracles of acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies’ and made recorded documentation on successfully cured cases of Autism, Muscular Dystrophy, Thalassemia, Breast Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Wilm’s Tumor, Hypothyroidism, etc., etc.

  21. QUESTION:
    What is a good thesis statement for legalization of medical marijuana?
    I'm having a little writer's block today. Paper is due tomorrow, but I cannot think of a good thesis statement! Can anyone help me?

    By the way, I am for legalization of medical marijuana due to relief of symptoms in patients suffering from terminal illnesses as well as some psychological disorders. But I need one more reason and I need the thesis to flow smoothly!

    SOMEONE HELP ME PLEASE!

    • ANSWER:
      The Gateway Theory:
      "If you speak with the parents of children who have died from the use of hard drugs most of them will inevitably tell you that they started with the use of marijuana." - Robert Mueller - Director of FBI
      "The gateway theory doesn't work. They (hard drug users) likely started by drinking milk, then moved to beer and then to booze etc. Obviously we are not going to agree on this." Representative Steve Cohen, Democrat, Tennessee - In response to Robert Mueller's claim.
      The World Health Organization – “the gateway theory is the least likely of all hypotheses".

      Medical Uses:
      "The truth is cannabinoids kills a large variety of cancer cells. And these have been documented... we have compounds from cannabis that inhibits breast cancer growth, colon cancer, rectal cancer, glaucoma, leukemia, lymphoma, lung cancer, fetal, chromosomal, Sidamo, prostate, skin, thyroid and more... Cannabinoids are the oils of life. Do we need the D.E.A. to tell us not to smoke too much marijuana? What if happens if you take too much marijuana? You fall asleep" - University of Colorado Biologist Dr. Robert Melamead
      Accordint to studies done by The Cannabinoid System Network:
      When you smoke weed it activates the cannabinoid system in your brain and body. This is the largest bundle of nerves in the brain and body. It balances your chemicals, makes you hungry, helps you digest food better, gets nutrients to your cells better, dilates your arteries (what every body builder strives for to help reduce ammonia levels, increase oxygen levels and support nutrient delivery), tells the body to make new neurons, brain cells, skin cells and muscle fibers, aids in the learning process (by creating new neural pathways), reduces insulin rejection, balances glucose levels (insulin rejection and high glucose levels are the two main contributing factors to type 2 diabetes), increases lipid production (specifically that of VLDL which converts to LDL, good cholesterol, and lowers HDL, bad cholesterol.), Helps LDL convert to testosterone in men and estrogen in women (so it is effective in hormone treatment), fills out your cells, gives you a greater pain tolerance and helps you sleep better which increases human growth hormone levels(the main hormone responsible for healing and anti-aging), reduces inflammation, opens up your airways and helps you breath better, raises your metabolism (necessary to processing and burning off fat), increases the function of the immune system and, if smoked sparingly and not in large quantities, gives you more energy. These are conditions within the human body that body builders, nutritionists and health experts attempt through strict diet and extensive exercise to duplicate. The conclusion of this and similar studies is concluded...
      "If marijuana were a new discovery and not a well known substance with cultural and political baggage, it would be hailed as a wonder drug" - Journal of Neurology

      Historical uses and current implications:
      The following information comes from the Encyclopedia Britannica, which was printed on Hemp for over 150 years.
      All school books were made from Hemp until the 1880's. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and other founding fathers grew hemp. For thousands of years 90% of all ships, sails, and rope were made from Hemp. The word Canvas is Dutch for Cannabis. 80% of all textiles, fabrics, clothes, linings, drapes, bedsheets etc. were all made from hemp until the 1820's with the invention of the cotton mill. The first bibles, maps, charts, Betsy Ross's flag, first drafts of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were made from Hemp. Hemp industrialization goes back to ancient Egypt. China began using Hemp industrially and as medication nearly 5,000 years ago. In 1916 the U.S. government predicted that by the 1940's all paper would come from hemp and that no more trees needed to be cut down. Government studies indicated that 1 acre of Hemp was equal to 4.1 acres of trees, plans were in the works to implement the program. Quality paints and varnishes were made from Hemp seed oil until 1937. 50,000 tons of hemp seeds were used for paint products in 1935. Henry Ford's first model T was constructed to run on Ethanol made from Hemp and the car itself was constructed from fiberglass made from Hemp, the impact strength was 10 times stronger than steel. Bio diesels, oils and ethanol from hemp can replace over 90% of the world's energy needs. In 1938 on the cover of popular mechanics the title read "Hemp called billion dollar crop" It was the first time a cash crop had the potential to exceed a billion dollars. Mechanical engineering magazine printed an article entitled, "The most profitable and desirable crop that can be grown". It stated "If hemp is cultivated using 20th century technology it would be the single largest agricultural crop in the united states and the rest of the world."

  22. QUESTION:
    Why is Celiac disease considered dangerous, and gluten intolerance not dangerous?
    I've read everywhere that people diagnosed with gluten intolerance suffer the same symptoms as those diagnosed with Celiac Disease, and yet Celiac is considered to be more dangerous. In what way is it worse, and why don't doctors take gluten intolerance as seriously?

    • ANSWER:
      Celiac disease, wheat allergy and gluten-intolerance are treated similarly, in that patients with these conditions must remove wheat from their diet. It is important to note, however, that there is a difference between these three medical problems. Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition, where the body’s immune system starts attacking normal tissue, such as intestinal tissue, in response to eating gluten. Because of this, people with celiac disease are at risk for malabsorption of food, which cause nutritional deficiencies and may result in conditions such as iron deficiency anemia, osteopenia, and osteoporosis.  Persons with a wheat allergy or gluten-intolerance usually do not have severe intestinal damage, and therefore are not at risk for these nutritional deficiencies.  They also are not at increased risk of developing other autoimmune conditions.

      Unlike a food allergy or food intolerance, celiac disease is an inherited condition.  This means family members may have it, too.  For this reason, if someone in your family is diagnosed, it is recommended that first degree relatives (parents, children, siblings) are screened as well.  Finally, celiac disease involves the activation of a particular type of white blood cell, the T lymphocyte, as well as other parts of the immune system, which may increase the risk of developing GI cancers, in particular lymphomas, in persons with celiac disease.  Since food allergies and intolerances do not involve this particular immune system pathway, these patients are not at increased risk for these cancers.

  23. QUESTION:
    Can strep infection cause pain in the groin lymph nodes?
    I have moderate Strep group A Beta hemolytic bacteria growth.Did a throat swab.

    Had really bad throat pain, trouble swallowing etc. Along with other symptoms I had pain in my armpits and groin(lymph nodes).

    Can strep infection also cause pain in the groin and armpit lymph nodes?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. I did a little research for you and this is what I found.

      What does it mean when lymph nodes swell in two or more areas of the body?
      When lymph nodes swell in two or more areas of the body, it is called generalized lymphadenopathy. This may be caused by:

      A viral illness, such as measles, rubella, chickenpox (varicella), or mumps.
      Mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus), which results in fever, sore throat, and fatigue, or cytomegalovirus (CMV), a viral infection that causes symptoms similar to those of mononucleosis.
      A bacterial illness, such as strep throat (caused by the streptococcus bacterium) or Lyme disease (a bacterial infection spread by certain types of ticks).
      Side effects of phenytoin (Dilantin), a medicine used to prevent seizures.
      Side effects of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination.
      Cancer, such as leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
      Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which develops after contracting HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). This virus attacks the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight off infection and some disease.
      Syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is it ok to smoke marijuana while undergoing radiation treatment for Hodgkin's Lymphoma?
    A relative of mine is now going through radiation for Hodgkin's Lymphoma treatment and she is smoking illegal marijuana while she is going through radiation. Is this healthy for her to be doing?

    • ANSWER:
      It probably won't harm her. However, you should tell her it would be better if she used a non-smoked ingestion method such as vaporization or edibles. Non-smoked cannabis likely has a significant anti-carcinogenic effect (research has shown that smoked cannabis has a slight anti-cancer effect, see the Tashkin UCLA study). When smoked, the anticarcinogenic cannabinoids are battling against the carcinogenic effects of burning plant matter and the two largely cancel each other out.

      Cannabis is used medicinally by many cancer patients to treat symptoms such as pain, nausea, and loss of appetite.

      For anyone to tell someone that a person who is fighting for their life battling cancer that they shouldn't use any drug that helps them is truly heartless.

      The American Cancer Society has a page on marijuana, where you can learn more about it. They don't go into much depth and they don't mention research that has come out recently, but they do say:

      "And finally, the studies discussed below may have been done on marijuana extract (which would contain multiple compounds in variable amounts) or on one or more purified components of marijuana such as THC or CBD.

      The mixture of CBD and THC has been approved in some other countries for cancer pain. It is being tested in clinical trials (on human volunteers) in the United States, and so far it is showing promise for helping people with cancer pain that is unrelieved by strong pain medicines. Studies have long shown that people who took marijuana extracts in clinical trials tended to need less pain medicine.

      One review of studies published between 1975 and 1996 concluded that THC taken by mouth worked as well or better than older prescription drugs for reducing nausea associated with chemotherapy. It was not tested against the newer anti-nausea drugs, but 2 cannabinoid drugs are now approved for use in the US if other anti-nausea drugs don’t work."

      and:

      "More recently, scientists reported that THC and other cannabinoids such as CBD (cannabidiol) slow growth and/or cause death in certain types of cancer cells growing in laboratory dishes. Some animal studies also suggest certain cannabinoids may slow growth and reduce spread of some forms of cancer. "

  25. QUESTION:
    Whats the difference between remission, partial remission and "ned" for cancer?
    My friend said she's "ned" from lymphoma. What does that mean? Is that the same as remission? What's partial remission? I think my Nana's sister had that for breast cancer before she was in real remission. I don't remember the details. Do you still take medicine when you're in remission? I know my great aunt took a lot of stuff. I remember that in her house. Do you take it for life or something?

    • ANSWER:
      NED means No Evidence of Disease.
      Remission means abatement or subsiding of the symptoms of a disease.
      Partial remission means the cancer is not progressing.
      Every cancer is a different disease so you cannot compare breast cancer to lymphoma. Most breast cancer patients will be on hormone therapy for 5 years. As I tried to explain to you in your last question the lymphatic system is part of the immune system and it is common for patients in remission from lymphoma to have other immune problems to occur this is why they have to be followed closely and not push it too much.

  26. QUESTION:
    When do you figure out you get cancer?
    What are the symptoms?
    How does it start?
    What age?
    What are the main types?
    Who gets treated first, kid or elderly?

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms: check for lumps!
      start: could be heredity
      Age: anybody can get it
      main types:Anal cancer
      Bladder cancer
      Breast cancer
      Cancer of the head and neck
      Colon cancer
      Endometrial cancer
      Esophageal cancer
      Leukemias
      Lung cancer
      Lymphoma
      Malignant Melanoma
      Ovarian cancer
      Pancreatic cancer
      Prostate cancer
      Sarcomas

      Treated: equal

  27. QUESTION:
    Do you think there exists a cure for Cancer?
    I have heard it said that we have a cure for cancer, but the powers keep it hidden for the simple reason of massive overpopulation. Why is there no cancer in the royal family?

    • ANSWER:
      Asking a question like this is to invite all the alternative treatment and religous miracle people out to peddle their "cure". The trolls are out in force for this one. With the wide variety of "treatments" with no proven efficacy, do you honest believe any of these work?

      You would not be asking such a question if you understood a little bit about cancer biology.

      Cancer is not a curable disease. It's not one disease. It is a collection of diseases each defined by a specific set of genetic mutations and the cell type. So, each cancer would require a different treatment.

      The common cold has no cure either. There are thousands maybe more different viruses that cause the cold. There is no medicine to cure the common cold. There is just medicine to alleviate/mask the symptoms. The immune system does the rest to get rid of the foreign invader (cold virus).

      In cancer, the problem is much more complex. There is no foreign invader. The problem is our own cells have had their genes mutated. Some of those mutations involve controlling growth (cell division).

      We have developed some treatments against certain viruses. Those drugs specifically target the virus by their surface signature (antigens). Cancer cells are derived from normal cells. Their surface signature is the almost the same as normal cells. There are some therapies that take advantage of the subtle differences for certain cancers (MABs for lymphomas, cancer vaccines for melanoma, brain tumors, pancreatic cancer, etc.) However, even those therapies lose their effectiveness because cancer cells mutate. Every cell division is an opportunity to introduce more mutations to its offspring. Often times, those mutations provide survival benefit to their offspring (evolution).

      Most approaches to treating cancer (even the purported approach of alternative therapies) involves killing cancer cells not combating the genetic defect or associated protein product produced. There currently is no way to fix genetic mutations.

      Hereditary diseases such as Down's syndrome, cyctic fibrosis, etc., are caused by mutations to one or more genes. There are no cures to these diseases or any hereditary disease. There is NO current way to fix the genome. These diseases involve a mutated but mostly static genome (like a still target). In cancer, genetic instability and further mutations is common in advanced stages (like moving target).

      There has been progress in combatting cancer at the genetic level by drugs which bind to the protein produced by the mutated gene. The protein is like an instruction. Binding to the protein is like preventing the (bad) instruction from getting delivered. Some of these targeted therapies currently on the market are Gleevec, Sprycel and, Tasigna for the protein product of the Abl-Bcr oncogene in most CML, some ALL and, GIST. So, some progress has been made but, it is a very slow progress.

      Hopefully, this will give you some insight as to why cancer will NOT be cured by one drug. Each different cancer must be treated differently. It is quite a complex problem with thousands of people studying the many different aspects of cancer.

  28. QUESTION:
    Which diseases are usually terminal after about one year of diagnosis?
    I'm writing a story where the main character is dying of something but I know nothing about pathology. It's important to the story that he be able to to function with symptoms for about 6 months before becoming weaker and then bed ridden before his end. Any suggestions?

    • ANSWER:
      Since you posted this in the cancer section, I'm assuming you're asking which cancers can be terminal after a year of diagnosis?

      Well, to be honest, just about any cancer can be terminal that quickly, depending on how advanced the cancer was when the diagnosis was made, age, and previous health of the patient, and where the cancer was located.

      I know a 17 year old girl who died of leukemia 6 months after she was diagnosed. My uncle died a little less than a year of lung cancer after his diagnosis. My SO's grandfather died about 8 months after his diagnosis of non-hodgkins lymphoma...but then again, I know a lot of cancer patients who have went into remission and made a full recovery.

  29. QUESTION:
    Why would my dad be gaining weight when he has swollen lymph nodes in 4 different areas?
    My dad has hurthle cell carcinoma(thyroid cancer). He has been gaining weight over the last few months. But he also has been having lymph nodes that have been swollen or enlarged. He has had no fever, night sweats, or weight loss. But he does have some of the symptoms of lymphoma. He also has fluid on the lungs, copd, a trach from the tumor, emphysema, lots of breathing problems... Thank you for your advice or any knowledge you have on these issues.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a couple reasons that your dad might be gaining weight. These two are the most common, but only his doctor can say for sure, so he should see him/her as soon as possible.

      First is fluid retention throughout the body caused by the same mechanism that causes the fluid to build up in the lungs. Are his legs swollen? When you push on the skin (firmly) does it leave a "pit" or depression behind? If so, then he may need to be on a diuretic (helps to remove excess fluid) and to restrict salt in his diet.

      The second reason is that his thyroid may be badly underactive from the destruction caused by the cancer or the treatment he has undergone. A simple blood test will show whether this is the case. Make sure that his doc tests for all three thyroid hormones: T3, T4, and TSH.

      In any case, he should get to the doctor as soon as possible.

  30. QUESTION:
    What do I do when my 17 year old friend has Hodgkins Disease?
    I just found out one of my bestfriends has Hodgkins disease. It's a type of cancer in the Lymphoma catagory (excuse my spelling). She doesn't deserve this. No one deserves any major illness. How can I deal with this knowing that there's a chance she might not live. She's only 17. How can I hide my fear and support her? What do I do? Thank you guys. Please help. Have a great night everyone. God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      I am 22 years old, and I found out I had Hodgkins 2 months ago. I thought having cancer meant I might die from it too, but I did my research and Hodgkins has a very low death rate. It is one of the most treatable forms of cancers. As long as she gets treatment early she should be fine. I am lucky I am in the initial stage of Hodgkins (I think stage 1B), so my Oncologist scheduled me to have 6 months of chemotherapy (2 every month). I try to stay positive during treatments. I had only three chemotherapy sessions so far, but I think I am responding well to treatment since all my Hodgkin symptoms (itching, coughing, periodic fevers, and night sweats) are gone. Chemotherapy was not as bad as I thought it would be either. I sit in a chair for about four hours and have medicine administered into my body by an IV. The only down part for me is that I feel nauseated for 4-5 days after chemotherapy. Everyone responds differently to treatment. I think it is wonderful you care so much about your friend and want to support her. I think researching more information about Hodgkins Lymphoma will help ease your fear. Just telling your friend you will be there to support her and will be there to talk if she wants to helps. It might seem like a small gesture, but that is what my friends did for me and it made me feel a lot more positive. Best wishes for your friend to stay positive and get better!

  31. QUESTION:
    I know this may be a bit delicate but I really need to know about cancer symptoms please?
    I know they may vary depending on the kind of cancer the person suffers. If you could give me a description of any kind, or various kinds of symptoms I would be most thankful with you guys. Thank you all!
    Thank you to all of you who showed some sort of concern about me. I am a writer and needed to know this to apply it on one of the characters in the novel I am writing now. But of course it is never bad to know all that information. Thanks again. I wish I could choose more than one best answer.

    • ANSWER:
      Right. Cancer is so difficult because it's different for everyone. Sometimes, people die without knowing they had cancer. Some people don't have symptoms till a later stage.

      Pancreatic cancer's symptoms usually don't show up until it's too late, they nickname it "silent killer"

      Cancer of the Brain presents symptoms of different kinds depending on location. Most often being excruciating headaches and Weird occurrences with that person.

      Lung Cancer presents with constant coughing, chest pain and shortness of breath in later stages.

      Lymphoma (Cancer of the Lymph Nodes) presents with a swollen lymph node that grows and grows. Night Sweats, and unknown cause for an itch

      There is too many other cancers. BUT one thing that is present in most cancers is

      Fatigue (being tired) if this is extreme and consistent, as if you were sick
      Loss of appetite/poor appetite
      Weight Loss (unintentional)

  32. QUESTION:
    What would cause sudden cramps, diarrhea, joint pain, muscle aches and sinus pressure?
    Has been happening on and off for the past 3wks to my husband. He would be fine one minute and the next would have all of these symptoms. What could this be? He has a history of testicular cancer and lymphoma.
    It has been going to my husband for 5wks and he has lost 23lbs. His mother was just diagnosed with Crohns disease. Could it be that or related to that?

    • ANSWER:
      wow, he has all that on and off for 3 weeks.

      With his history, he obviously has a weakened immune system, so what has his dr say is causing this ?
      or did you really think that asking on here was better than taking him to his dr ?

  33. QUESTION:
    How is Chemotherapy “in” Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
    And how often is it given?
    Is this done in a hospital, or somewhere else?
    Is pill or?
    What are the most common side effects, with this type of cancer and treatment?

    Plus do you know any good hospitals for Hodgkin's lymphoma in Madrid Spain?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know which hospitals are best in Spain. However, I have been treated for Hodgkin's Disease.

      There are several different chemotherapy regimens used for Hodgkin's. The most common is ABVD, but there is also MOPP, BEACOPP, and Stanford V. MOPP is no longer commonly used, but BEACOPP and Stanford V are sometimes used in advanced disease. I had 8 cycles of ABVD. That's the most common and the one I know most about so I'll explain ABVD. A cycle of ABVD is 28-days long and consists of treatments on day 1 and 15. So 8 cycles of ABVD is 16 treatments. I had a treatment every other Friday for almost 8 months. ABVD is usually given for 4, 6, or 8 cycles. How many you get depends on the stage of your disease and how well you do with chemo.

      ABVD is given as an out-patient in a doctor's office or cancer center, though I had my first as an in-patient in the hospital because I was at high risk for some serious side effects because my HD was so severe. ABVD is given intravenously -- i.e. through a vein (many people get ports to make it easier). Three of the drugs are given through a syringe and are slowly injected over about 5 minutes or so, while the last drug is given as a drip over about an hour. It takes about 3 hours to get it.

      ABVD commonly causes nausea, fatigue, and hair loss. Less commonly, it can cause heart problems or lung problems. Hodgkin's Disease itself causes many symptoms including night sweats, itching, swollen nodes, pain when drinking alcohol, fevers, etc.

      I actually started feeling better with chemo because I was so sick to begin with. In general, I felt chemo made me feel like I had a bad flu for a few days. Then I would be fine until the next treatment. I would say it was not as bad as I expected.

  34. QUESTION:
    If a person with Hodgkin's Lymphoma is having shortness of breath does it mean cancer is in the late stages?
    My girlfriend is 31 years old and she has just been diagnosed with having Hodgkin's Lymphoma. She is experiencing shortness of breath, and she is having a lot of pain in her body that even pain medication is not taking away. Her doctor prescribed vicaden, but it is not stopping the pain. Is there a possibility that she may be in the late stages of this disease? She has knots around her neck and under her arm pits. She is really worried and so am I.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms do not determine stage.
      Her oncologist should have told her the stage before treatment began.

  35. QUESTION:
    How many times can pleural effusion be drained?
    I have Non- Hodgkin's Lymphoma and had pleural effusion drained twice. Pulmonologist says, in this particular case, he cannot find a cause. I am on Rituxan and the fluid shows no cancer cells. I intend to fly next month and will have the fluid drained again next month.

    • ANSWER:
      Unless the underlying cause can be treated, an effusion is likely to return within a few weeks. Repeated drainings, when symptoms become troublesome, is one option.

  36. QUESTION:
    How do you know if you have hodgkins disease?
    It says when ur lymph nodes enlarge.. when it is enlarged is it highly noticeable? and if it is in the groin section what does it look like? and what other symptoms are there for hodgkins instead of just tiredness, sweat, enlarged lymph nodes etc... anything else such as gas, coughs etc?

    anything that helps. Thanks. And please no "go see the doctor" answers. This is just a genral enquiry.

    • ANSWER:
      The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Hodgkin's Disease includes those listed below. Note that Hodgkin's Disease symptoms usually refers to various symptoms known to a patient, but the phrase Hodgkin's Disease signs may refer to those signs only noticable by a doctor:
      * Painless swollen lymph nodes - in one or more places:
      o Neck lymph node swelling
      o Underarm lymph node swelling
      o Groin lymph node swelling
      * No pain - the swellings are usually painless
      * Unexplained recurrent fevers
      * Recurring intermittent fever
      * Pel-Ebstein fever - a type of recurrent episodic fever
      * Flu-like symptoms
      * Night sweats
      * Unexplained weight loss
      * Itchy skin
      * Weight loss
      * Sweating
      * Anemia - caused by the lymphoma affecting red blood cell growth in bone marrow; leads to various symptoms of anemia such as:
      o Fatigue
      o Weakness
      o Pallor
      o Tiredness
      o Shortness of breath
      * Jaundice - see also symptoms of jaundice
      * Bone pain
      * Fractures
      * Tendency to fracture easily
      * Edema
      * Wheezing
      * Breathing difficulty - due to swollen neck lymph nodes
      * Symptoms if spinal cord is involved:
      o Paresthesias
      o Abnormal sensations
      o Weakness
      o Paralysis

      But Hodgkin's disease rarely causes lymph node swelling. Most lymph node enlargement, especially in children, is caused by an infection. The node should return to its normal size within a couple of months after the infection goes away. Other cancers can also cause lymph node swelling. If your lymph nodes have enlarged to more than an inch, especially if you haven’t had a recent infection, it is best to have your doctor examine the lymph nodes so that any disease found can be treated without delay.

  37. QUESTION:
    How likely is it you wont suffer symptoms of acute HIV?
    like, a cold, rash, nausea or myalgia. Don't tell me to get tested, this is out of curiosity and maybe could be incorporated into a school project. I haven't had an incident in which I could of contracted HIV so I don't need to get tested I'm just wondering what the likelihood of not having any symptoms in the acute phase of HIV.

    • ANSWER:
      HIV/AIDS Symptoms

      Many people do not develop symptoms after getting infected with HIV. Some people have a flu-like illness within several days to weeks after exposure to the virus. They complain of fever, headache, tiredness, and enlarged lymph glands in the neck. These symptoms usually disappear on their own within a few weeks.

      Following initial infection, you may have no symptoms. The progression of disease varies widely among individuals. This state may last from a few months to more than 10 years.

      During this period, the virus continues to multiply actively and infects and kills the cells of the immune system. The immune system allows us to fight against the bacteria, viruses, and other infectious causes.

      The virus destroys the cells that are the primary infection fighters, called CD4+ or T4 cells.

      Once the immune system weakens, a person infected with HIV can develop the following symptoms:

      Lack of energy

      Weight loss

      Frequent fevers and sweats

      Persistent or frequent yeast infections

      Persistent skin rashes or flaky skin

      Short-term memory loss

      Mouth, genital, or anal sores from herpes infections.

      AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection. The definition of AIDS includes all HIV-infected people who have fewer than 200 CD4+ cells per microliter of blood. The definition also includes 26 conditions that are common in advanced HIV disease but that rarely occur in healthy people. Most of these conditions are infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and other organisms. Opportunistic infections are common in people with AIDS. Nearly every organ system is affected. Some of the common symptoms include the following:

      Cough and shortness of breath

      Seizures and lack of coordination

      Difficult or painful swallowing

      Mental symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness

      Severe and persistent diarrhea

      Fever

      Vision loss

      Nausea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting

      Weight loss and extreme fatigue

      Severe headaches with neck stiffness

      Coma

      People with AIDS are prone to develop various cancers such as Kaposi sarcoma, cervical cancer, and cancers of the immune system known as lymphomas. Kaposi sarcoma causes round, brown, reddish or purple spots that develop in the skin or in the mouth. After the diagnosis of AIDS is made, the average survival time has been estimated to be 2-3 years.

  38. QUESTION:
    what does Lymphoma do to the small intestine?
    What are the symptoms to Lymphoma. WHat is the treatment for lymphoma? is lymphoma fatal to a human?

    • ANSWER:
      Some symptoms of lymphomas are night sweats, fever, itching and swollen lymph nodes. The type of lymphoma impacts the treatment. Usually chemotherapy is used and sometimes radiation is used as well. If these fail there are stem cell transplants and bone marrow transplants. I am not aware of the impact to the small intestine but lymphoma is not always fatal. I'm still alive. However, there is an increased risk of secondary cancer after the fact.

  39. QUESTION:
    What hodgkin's lymphoma treatments are there alternative to mainstream chemo and radiotherapy?
    I'm looking into natural approaches, although I'm keen to hear other therapies other than chemo and radio. I am quite new to the subject, so please feel free to share.

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Hodgkin lymphoma can cause many symptoms:

      Swollen lymph nodes (that do not hurt) in the neck, underarms, or groin,Becoming more sensitive to the effects of alcohol or having painful lymph nodes after drinking alcohol, Weight loss for no known reason, Fever that does not go away, Soaking night sweats, Itchy skin, Coughing, trouble breathing, or chest pain, Weakness and tiredness that don't go away.

      Curable by Acupressure techniques & Indian natural remedies. How?

      •TARGET THERAPY* for any incurable disease including cancer, HIV/AIDS, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, menses[females], skin, lungs and vomiting.
      •2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.


      •Acupressure techniques & Indian Natural Remedies [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] can meet all the requirements.
      •Acupressure Techniques—NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. Costs Affordable even by the poor. An acupressure Therapeutist can, not only diagnose any disease instantaneously, but, also prevent/treat any disease & or the affected organ[s] with the aid of Indian natural remedies. All stipulated instructions must be followed most religiously. The % of success depends upon the extent of compliance.
      4. U may try acupressure techniques and natural remedies strictly for 45 days and If U find any perceivable improvements, U may continue it for another 45 days to have total cure.

      PS.If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'YAHOO ANSWERS' on any health issue.

  40. QUESTION:
    What can you tell me about Polycythemia vera?
    I know it's a from of blood cancer. What is the mortality rate?I've googled it and know a lot from a medical stand point. I'm basically looking for some one who has it and can tell me what they know from personal experience

    • ANSWER:
      its also called primary Polycythemia and occurs mostly in older adults and develops very slowly.. they can have it for years before knowing.. symptoms, headaches, dizzyness, itchey ness especially after a warm bath shower, redness of your skin. shortness of your breath. reading diffaculty while laying down. numbness, tingiling, burning or weekeness in hands feet, legs, a feeling of fullness or bloating in your left upper abdomen, do to an enlarged spleen it in in curable... Ms Evil that is what they thought i had but it turned out to be lymphomascytic Lymphoma and Amyloidosis both at the same time... I had most of the symptoms... this occurs mostly in men... did that help you? ((((((((((((((((((((hug))))))))))))))))) Grant

  41. QUESTION:
    can you have testicular cancer for 7 years with no other symptoms at all?
    asking for a friend. there has been growth but no other symptoms, certainly no signs of metastasis and growth is relatively slow, about size of golf ball. he has an appointment to see the doctor but any ideas / stories, let us know.

    • ANSWER:
      7 years? There would have been serious symptoms many years ago.

      But you really need to see a doctor, even if its not cancer it could be something that needs to be removed.

      There are forms of cancers, like slow growing lymphoma that can in a person for several years, but something like that would certainly be producing pain it was cancerous.

      Its probably just cyst, or another benign grown. But get it checked out for sure. I would have to imaging your buddy would want a golf ball size lump removed from his testes.

  42. QUESTION:
    Health insurance - independent contractor with preexisting conditions - what are my options?
    I'm a musician and as an independent contractor, I have to find my own health insurance. My history includes a large thyroid nodule that came back benign a few months ago. I have very specific and perhaps diagnostic symptoms of a type of lymphoma, but I have not been diagnosed with anything, and I'm avoiding doctors until I have insurance that will cover me if it turns out to be cancer. Can I find something legitimate with these possible preexisting conditions? What are my options?

    • ANSWER:
      When you fill out a health insurance application you’re not just asked if you’ve been “diagnosed” with something, but if you’ve shown any symptoms. You need to make sure to answer all questions honestly and accurately (it could come back to haunt you, otherwise).

      The fact is, with your pre-existing conditions it may prove hard to find coverage on your own. You can try. Talk with a licensed health insurance agent to see if there are any insurers in your state who may be likely to approve you. It doesn’t cost anything extra to work with an agent and it can help, especially in cases like this.

      If not, or if you apply and are denied, then you’re going to have to look into your government-sponsored options. This may include your state’s high-risk pool. To learn more, contact your state department of insurance or the non-profit Foundation for Health Coverage Education (coverageforall.org). They can help you see which programs are available in your area.

      Best wishes.

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the sypmtoms of lymphoblastic lymphoma and stem-cell leukemia?
    I am asked to make a donation for a citizen of my country, who is suffering from lymphoblastic lymphoma and stem-cell leukemia. I have made my donation already. However, I wish to know about the cause and symptoms of lymphoblastic lymphoma and stem-cell leukemia. Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      Hello:
      Ok extreme weakness tired all the time and rapid weight loss.
      then I remember with all my veins hurt all of them and they go
      every where. I know these are 3 things that are common to all types
      of Leukemia I had A.L.L. So I got real sick too and could not fight
      any germs either.

      I had chemo and I made it 32 years now. My doctor said that
      it is rare to live this long after the chemo for it but it also made
      me more likely to get other cancer.

  44. QUESTION:
    Could I have cancer of the breast or lymphoma?
    Could I have Cancer of the breasts or lymphoma?
    I have a large swollen painless lymph node under my arm. I also have found two hard swollen spots above belly button on stomach. The large one under my arm has no pain, seems squishy but feel like it is getting firmer. I have had it for about a month. Also, I was worried because I hardly drink but did one night and when I got up for my shower is when I noticed it. I have read this can be a symptom if you have lymphoma.

    • ANSWER:
      yes, you deffinitely have cancer

  45. QUESTION:
    How come only two responses to my question, out of all these people?
    I asked about symptoms and i read all of these other survivors. I wish someone could answer me.
    It is under cancer.
    I am being strong. I cry when he is not around. Not all the time. When I am with him, he has no clue. Thanks for the push. I am strong, just scared!

    • ANSWER:
      Most of the times, lumps in children's necks or scalps turn out to be normal. Occasionally, though, they are an early sign of a serious infection or malignancy. No wonder, then, lymph nodes are such a cause of concern -- particularly for those who have had a previous experience with cancer.

      All of us have hundreds of lymph nodes scattered throughout our bodies as a critical part of our immune systems. This network of nodes functions as a powerful, intelligent filtration system to keep the insides of our bodies clean and healthy.

      Tiny vessels called lymph vessels carry germs, foreign particles, and unhealthy or malignant cells to the lymph nodes, where they are trapped. Active lymph nodes enlarge as they attempt to destroy the unwelcome material.

      The lymph nodes also function as schools. Lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, study the foreign material so that they can produce antibodies, killer cells, and other substances to protect the body from the threat.

      Sometimes the lymph nodes are overwhelmed in the process. Our defenders can be taken over by a cancer or an infection. These enlarged nodes can become a refuge where the invaders can hide and proliferate.

      In a newborn infant, the lymph nodes are often small enough and soft enough not to be felt. But by the time a baby is several months old, healthy, growing, learning lymph nodes are frequently obvious enough to be noticed by parents -- to their alarm.

      When evaluating enlarged lymph nodes the first consideration is whether these nodes are localized (in one or two adjacent regions of the body) or generalized (spread throughout the body, often including the spleen -- the largest lymph node -- which is found just under the rib cage in the left upper part of the abdomen). Generalized enlarged lymph nodes suggest that the body is responding to a whole-body problem, such as an infection (bacterial, viral, or fungal), an autoimmune disease (arthritis or lupus), a drug reaction, or a malignancy such as leukemia. The infection might be very mild, or might be as serious as HIV.

      Localized enlarged lymph nodes are responding to events in the part of the body filtered by those nodes. A scratch on the finger can produce swollen nodes at the elbow and /or the armpit. Minor trauma to the foot is filtered by nodes behind the knee and in the groin.

      The localized nodes most often noticed by parents are those around the head and neck. They frequently grow in response either to the mouth organisms that enter the body during teething, or to the tiny particles that get into the scalp from a baby's lying down most of the day, or to respiratory infections of all kinds (ear infections, colds, sinus infections, etc.) -- or, to some combination of these.

      Much less commonly, head and neck nodes can grow from cat-scratch-fever, tuberculosis, drinking unpasteurized milk (mycobacterial infections), or eating undercooked meat (toxoplasmosis). They can also grow from an isolated malignancy, such as a lymphoma.

      Many people have a sunny attitude toward "swollen glands," not believing they will really be serious. Others believe these lumps to be harbingers of doom. The truth is somewhere in between. Most of these situations turn out to be fine, but enlarged lymph nodes should be respected.

      When should you be concerned?

      When examining your child, your physician will pay attention to several important signs:

      Location -- enlarged lymph nodes just above the collar bone often indicate serious disease.
      Character -- nodes that are hard, non-tender, and irregular are very suspicious. Normal nodes are mobile beneath the skin. Fixed nodes, those that are firmly attached either to the skin or to deeper tissues, are often malignant. Nodes that are tender, inflamed, or rubbery in consistency usually represent an infection.
      Growth -- enlarged nodes that continue to enlarge rapidly should be evaluated rapidly.
      Associated symptoms -- fever, night sweats, or weight loss accompanying enlarged lymph nodes should be investigated thoroughly.
      Size -- size does matter! The definition of an enlarged lymph node is size larger than one centimeter (0.4 inch) in diameter. Pea-size lymph nodes are not enlarged, even if you didn't feel them there before. Any node that is larger than 1cm in diameter should be followed closely by a physician. It should shrink noticeably within 4-6 weeks, and should be less than one centimeter within 8-12 weeks. High-risk enlarged nodes are those larger than 3cm (more than an inch) in diameter.

      If lymph nodes remain truly enlarged for more than 2 weeks, or if other worrisome signs are present, then the next steps of evaluation include a complete blood count (CBC). Isolated anemia is not usually a problem, but anemia with unusual white blood cell count or platelet number is worrisome. An abnormal CBC can be diagnostic of LEUKEMIA and LYMPHOMA, but it is important to note that most children with neck malignancies have normal CBC's.

      Other simple tests include a SEDIMENTATION rate (a general blood test that indicates whether something significant might be going on in the body as a whole), blood chemistries (LDH is often elevated in malignancies, AST and ALT are often elevated in infections that cause enlarged lymph nodes), and a tuberculosis skin test. Depending on the results, other studies might include tests for specific illnesses (mono or HIV), and an x-ray or an ultrasound to get a better picture of what is going on.

      If the node remains enlarged (greater than 1cm) for 2 to 3 months, or continues to grow after 2 weeks, then a BIOPSY of the lymph node is indicated, unless the physical exam and lab tests are convincingly reassuring. At least half of the time, a biopsy does not reveal a definite cause for the enlargement, but the biopsy can rule out cancer and other serious problems.

      It looks like that the doctors are proceeding in the right direction with the biopsy and other tests to make sure as your son also has other symptoms like fatigue, headaches,night sweats and low grade fevers,etc.

      And as you are a loving and concerned mother , you are seeking the best information available about swollen glands. Your pediatrician brings a wealth of knowledge, a practiced objectivity, and the experience of examining and following many lymph nodes. Together you have what it takes to insure the best care for your son, as you keep the lines of communication open.

  46. QUESTION:
    How can you tell the difference between Hodgkins Lymphoma and Leukemia ?

    • ANSWER:
      Testing. They are different cancers, occur in different areas, and have different symptoms.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are some interesting facts about Brain Cancer?
    I have to do a project on Brain Cancer and I have to list some interesting facts. Please help and thanks. =)

    • ANSWER:
      Totally go with Tia on this. GBM is the most deadly brain tumor, with survival generally less than 2 years. A friend of mine lived almost 2 years. It just kept growing, even with all the different chemos. A friend of mine's little boy lived a little over 2 years and once it grew back, there was no stopping it.
      I had oligoastrocytoma, grade 3. I had symptoms for at least 3 years before I was diagnosed and it's been 3 years since I was diagnosed. My average time to regrowth is 5 years. My average survival-10 years. Many symptoms are mistook for other problems, high bp, eye twitches, shimmers in vision, tingly fingers, feeling something in your ear, deja vu, etc. One fact is, most are diagnosed after a seizure. You want a very interesting example of survival? Look up my friend George Plym. He's been studied by drs. He's known around the world. He was dx at the age of 12, in 1967 and has had multiple surgeries and treatments. He got lymphoma from radiation. He go chemical meningitis from chemo. He now has a small tumor that's being watched and he also is missing a chunk of skull, replaced with titanium mesh. He also has skin cancer on his head that can't be treated because his skin is so fragile. Nice guy.

  48. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of lymphoma cancer stage 2 in the lung?

    • ANSWER:
      Teresa,
      You will be unable to obtain a definitive answer to this question either in this forum or from anyone other than the doctors dealing directly with the person to whom you are referring. I shall explain - In ‘lymphoma cancer stage 2 in the lung,’ cancer is found in two or more groups of lymph nodes on the same side as the diaphragm. (The diaphragm is a thin muscle below the lungs that helps in breathing and separates your chest from the abdomen). In addition, an organ not in the lymph system may be involved close to the involved nodes. What you term as the “survival rate” is referred to as ‘prognosis’ and is the prior knowledge of outcome of a disease. To be able to determine how a disease is likely to behave, with or without treatment, it is necessary to know certain facts about the disease. These are called prognostic factors. For cancers like lymphoma, many factors determine outcome. Some are directly related to the disease - the disease stage, how large the disease is, or which organs are involved. Other factors depend on the person involved - the age or sex of the individual, or his or her capacity to tolerate intensive treatment. Outcomes are also dependant on the exact type of treatment received. Different treatments don't lead to the same results. Factors that predict for a better outcome are called 'good' or 'favourable' prognostic factors. Those that predict for worse outcomes are called 'poor' prognostic factors. I regret that I am unable to discuss this subject further.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89


lymphoma cancer symptoms

Cancer Ribbons Colors

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are the official cancer ribbon colors?
    I'm looking for the OFFICIAL cancer ribbon colors so I can make bracelets to remember those I lost to cancer and to symbolize the people I know who have cancer. Thanks!
    I'm only looking for official colors, please!

    • ANSWER:
      different cancer has different color. look into this

      http://www.craftsnscraps.com/jewelry/ribbons.html

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the awareness ribbon color for Laryngeal cancer?
    I've been trying to find the awareness ribbon color for Laryngeal Cancer and have been unable to. I know that light purple tends to be the general Cancer awareness ribbon, but I am looking specifically for Laryngeal Cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      The only thing I could find was esophageal cancer, sorry. It's periwinkle.

  3. QUESTION:
    Should I tell my sister that her tattoo is all wrong?
    My sister got a tattoo today for our grandfather but the birthday is wrong and the cancer ribbon color is also wrong.

    Am I the only one who finds this just a little funny?

    • ANSWER:
      No, let it go and tell her nice job. No need to screw with her when her intention was in good spirits. Tell her that her tattoo is nice and that her act was very noble and heartfelt. It is always good to have friends versus enemies esp when we can avoid making enemies unnecessarily. i

  4. QUESTION:
    What color is the lung cancer ribbon?
    I'm planning on getting a tattoo in memory of my grandma who died of lung cancer. And since I don't want it to be wrong I was curious what color the lung cancer ribbon is.

    • ANSWER:
      lung cancer is definitely pearl.
      good luck!

  5. QUESTION:
    What color is the throat cancer awareness ribbon?
    My dad was recently diagnosed with throat cancer. My parents wont let me dye my hair. I thought that if I ask to die my hair the color of the throat cancer ribbon they would let me. So what's the color?

    • ANSWER:
      Burgundy/Ivory is the color for Head, Neck & Throat Cancer

      Lizzie

  6. QUESTION:
    Is there an official shade of pink for the breast cancer awareness ribbon?
    I have a client asking me if there is an official shade of pink for the breast cancer awareness ribbon. Maybe a single color code that the breast cancer societies use? Does anyone know? So far I haven't found anything online.

    • ANSWER:
      I volunteer for the ACS and to my knowledge there isn't an "official" shade of pink used for ribbons. A moderate shade of pink is more typical, but it does not really matter; the most important thing is to raise awareness.

      I put a link under the "sources" to bc programs offered by the ACS...it shows the ribbon color we use.

  7. QUESTION:
    What color cancer ribbon would I use?
    My Grandmother died of cancer almost 3 years ago. They weren't able to diagnose what type of cancer. What color ribbon would I use?

    • ANSWER:
      Dark purple represents an unknown cancer. A Lavender Ribbon brings awareness to All differents kinds of Cancers that may have affected your grandmother. This may acknowledge any of the cancers that do not have a specific awareness color, or it may be used to represent a variety of different cancers that families might have experienced such as differetn family members who die of different cancers.Lavender products are designed and created to provide humor, inspiration, and strength for all cancer survivors and their family and friends.

  8. QUESTION:
    Is the childhood cancer ribbon gold or light blue?
    I'm thinking of getting a childhood cancer ribbon tattoo with the word survivor on it. I went to a website to see what the right ribbon color is, but both gold and light blue had the same meaning. I just wanted to make sure that the site was right.

    • ANSWER:
      It would be gold, muh friend.

      http://www.goldribbons.com/

      Light blue looks like it's Addison's Disease

  9. QUESTION:
    How can I incorporate ALL Cancer Ribbon colors into ONE ribbon?
    As a male, I want to get a masculine Ribbon Tattoo recognizing ALL Cancer Awarenesses. How would you design that?

    • ANSWER:
      There is a general cancer awareness ribbon color.

      Rainbow colored?? No that's for gay pride.

  10. QUESTION:
    What are the ribbion colors or these cancers?
    So I've been lookg up ribbon colors and theireanings but have come
    across some conterversy. What do you know or believe are the colors for..
    Colon cancer, untertjne cancer and
    blood clots?

    • ANSWER:
      colon cancer - dark blue
      uterine cancer - peachy color
      not sure about blood clots, sorry.

  11. QUESTION:
    Is it true that Burgundy is not a good color choice for a tattoo?
    I want to get a cancer ribbon for multiple myeloma, which is burgundy, but I was told by a tattoo artist that he does not like to use it because a lot of people react badly to this color. Has anyone else familiar with tattoos heard of this before? Your help is greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe yes, maybe not. It really depends on every person. That tattoo artist cannot be sure if you'll react badly to burgundy if you haven't shown any signals or comparatives that you're allergic. From what I've read on the internet, there's nothing about reacting badly to that color, it's just like the others. Maybe that artist's color isn't well done, maybe she/he bought the pack of color with the less quality.
      Try consulting other tattoo artists in your town and ask them about it.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the ribbon colors for Liver, Lung, and Bone Cancer?
    I'm doing a cancer walk tomorrow, and I want to wear the three ribbon colors that symbolize my dad's cancers. I really miss him, so I just want to walk in his memory. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Liver cancer-yellow
      lung cancer-white
      bone cancer-also white

  13. QUESTION:
    is it offensive to put a brain cancer ribbon on a card?
    i'm making my uncle a card & i want to put the brain cancer ribbon on it. is it offensive since its a reminder of what you're going through? or should i put it?

    • ANSWER:
      I have breast cancer and every person I know knows to NEVER put that da*n pink ribbon on anything associated with me. I AM NOT a pink ribbon and my disease is NOT a pink ribbon! It's an ugly, ugly disease and I don't need anything to "pretty" it up.

      Your uncle KNOWS he has brain cancer (and I'm sorry he and his family (including you) are having to go through this). You don't need to put a ribbon on his card to let him know you are thinking of him. The card is enough.

      Your uncle is so much more than his disease. Don't identify him with a ribbon color. Identify him with who he is.

  14. QUESTION:
    what color cancer ribbon should I get?
    My daughter was diagnosed with Leukemia when she was 2. She is 15 now and doing great. I am thinking of getting a tattoo, but I am not sure of what color cancer ribbon to get. Orange ribbons are for Leukemia, and gold ribbons are for Childhood cancer. Leukemia is a type of childhood cancer so I'm having a hard time deciding. I want this to look good but still represent. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Why would you want a tattoo that represents a horrible disease? Get a tattoo that represents your DAUGHTER, not her illness.

      Does she like reading? Get one of books. Does she like DS games? Get a tat of that. In other words, make your tat be about what is truly important . . . your love for your daughter. She is so much more than the illness she had.

  15. QUESTION:
    What is the ribbon color for vulvar cancer?
    I'm trying to embroider a cancer design for someone who has vulvar cancer and would like to know what the correct ribbon awareness color was for vulvar cancer. Thank you!!

    • ANSWER:
      Here is a LEGIT website regarding all of the awareness colors and their meanings
      Good Luck!
      http://kiwijewels.com/awareness_colors_and_meanings.htm

  16. QUESTION:
    How to make different styles of friendship bracelets out of yarn?
    My friend has chronic migraines and I just found out that there's an awareness ribbon (like the breast cancer ribbon), the ribbon is mainly purple with a stripe of red through it (you can always google it). All I have of these colors is yarn and I'm not going out to buy any other supplies. So I was wondering what are some different ways to make bracelets out of yarn? Thanks! :D

    • ANSWER:
      If you want to make the friendship bracelets out of yarn you can do it. What you will have to do is unravel the yarn. You may have it in two or more strands. Just unravel it and use one strand at a time.

  17. QUESTION:
    How do you knit a pattern from a picture?
    I have an image of a cancer ribbon on a graph, but, I'm not sure how to knit it? Do I purl the image and just knit the background color? Or...

    Any advice would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      If you decide to have the ribbon recede. knit outside. Purl ribbon. Stand out, purl outside, knit ribbon. To lay flat you wold have to change colors. If you don't know how I have a list for you to go to.

      Search ResultsHow to Change Colors While Knitting | eHow.com
      Knitting is a terrific pastime that results in gifts for friends and family and yourself, of course. Whether you are a novice working on your first scarf, or an ...
      http://www.ehow.com/how_2339218_change-colors-​knitting.html - Cached
      Knitting Skills: Learn to Knit Stripes - Knitting Stripes
      The main thing you need to know when contemplating knitting in stripes is where to change colors. Remember to always change colors at the end of a row so that your ...
      Search ResultsHow to Change Colors While Knitting | eHow.com
      Knitting is a terrific pastime that results in gifts for friends and family and yourself, of course. Whether you are a novice working on your first scarf, or an ...
      http://www.ehow.com/how_2339218_change-colors-​knitting.html - Cached
      Knitting Skills: Learn to Knit Stripes - Knitting Stripes
      The main thing you need to know when contemplating knitting in stripes is where to change colors. Remember to always change colors at the end of a row so that your ...
      http://www.knitting.about.com/od/knittingskills/p/​stripes.htm - Cached
      How to Change to a Different Color when Knitting: How to Knit ...
      "We're gonna learn how to knit a scarf for beginners and while we're doing that we'll also go over some basic tips that you need to know to get started in knitting ...
      http://www.ehow.com/...4436465_change-​different-color-knitting.html - Cached
      Intarsia and Stranded Knitting: Two Ways To Add Color To Your ...
      One of the most effective ways to add interest to your knitting is through the use of color. But, many new knitters don't know where to start when it comes to changing ...
      http://www.squidoo.com/colorknitting -knitting.about.com/od/knittingskills/p/​stripes.htm - Cached

  18. QUESTION:
    What color is the Kidney Cancer ribbon?
    My mother died last year of Kidney Cancer, and I'm going to get a tattoo of a butterfly and a ribbon. Is the Kidney Cancer ribbon Green, or Orange? I keep looking it up and it comes up with both colors.

    • ANSWER:
      orange

      No, it's orange.

      How about the moron who keeps thumbs downing my answers post their version of correct?? Damn idiots, one born everyday.

  19. QUESTION:
    How many types of cancer are there?
    my grandmas brother died of colon cancer and im sad so i want to get all the colors of cancer ribbons so i can support ppl wit cancer. i can imagine how the families feel. :-[ i miss him..

    • ANSWER:
      Over 200 types of cancers. They are -

      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma, Childhood
      AIDS-Related Cancers
      AIDS-Related Lymphoma
      Anal Cancer
      Appendix Cancer
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebellar
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebral

      Basal Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic
      Bladder Cancer
      Bladder Cancer, Childhood
      Bone Cancer, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
      Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Adult
      Brain Tumor, Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors and Pineoblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors, Childhood (Other)
      Breast Cancer
      Breast Cancer and Pregnancy
      Breast Cancer, Childhood
      Breast Cancer, Male
      Bronchial Tumors, Childhood
      Burkitt Lymphoma

      Carcinoid Tumor, Childhood
      Carcinoid Tumor,Gastrointestinal
      Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
      Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Central Nervous System Lymphoma, Primary
      Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Cervical Cancer
      Cervical Cancer, Childhood
      Childhood Cancers
      Chordoma, Childhood
      Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
      Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
      Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
      Colon Cancer
      Colorectal Cancer, Childhood
      Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome

      Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Endometrial Cancer
      Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Ependymoma, Childhood
      Esophageal Cancer
      Esophageal Cancer, Childhood
      Ewing Family of Tumors
      Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
      Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
      Eye Cancer, Intraocular Melanoma
      Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma

      Gallbladder Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood
      Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extracranial, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal
      Germ Cell Tumor, Ovarian
      Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
      Glioma, Adult
      Glioma, Childhood Brain Stem
      Glioma, Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
      Glioma, Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic

      Hairy Cell Leukemia
      Head and Neck Cancer
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Hypopharyngeal Cancer
      Hypothalamic and Visual Pathway Glioma, Childhood

      Intraocular Melanoma
      Islet Cell Tumors (Endocrine Pancreas)

      Kaposi Sarcoma
      Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
      Kidney Cancer, Childhood

      Laryngeal Cancer
      Laryngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Childhood
      Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic
      Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous
      Leukemia, Hairy Cell
      Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
      Liver Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Liver Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell
      Lung Cancer, Small Cell
      Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
      Lymphoma, Burkitt
      Lymphoma, Cutaneous T-Cell, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Primary Central Nervous System

      Macroglobulinemia, Waldenström
      Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma
      Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Melanoma
      Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
      Merkel Cell Carcinoma
      Mesothelioma, Adult Malignant
      Mesothelioma, Childhood
      Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary
      Mouth Cancer
      Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndrome, Childhood
      Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm
      Mycosis Fungoides
      Myelodysplastic Syndromes
      Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
      Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic
      Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Acute
      Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute
      Myeloma, Multiple
      Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic

      Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Neuroblastoma
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

      Oral Cancer, Childhood
      Oral Cavity Cancer, Lip and
      Oropharyngeal Cancer
      Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
      Ovarian Cancer, Childhood
      Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
      Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor
      Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumor

      Pancreatic Cancer
      Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood
      Pancreatic Cancer, Islet Cell Tumors
      Papillomatosis, Childhood
      Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
      Parathyroid Cancer
      Penile Cancer
      Pharyngeal Cancer
      Pheochromocytoma
      Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Pineoblastoma and Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
      Pituitary Tumor
      Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
      Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
      Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
      Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
      Prostate Cancer

      Rectal Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer, Childhood
      Renal Pelvis and Ureter, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Respiratory Tract Carcinoma Involving the NUT Gene on Chromosome 15
      Retinoblastoma
      Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood

      Salivary Gland Cancer
      Salivary Gland Cancer, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Ewing Family of Tumors
      Sarcoma, Kaposi
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Adult
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Uterine
      Sézary Syndrome
      Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Skin Cancer, Childhood
      Skin Cancer (Melanoma)
      Skin Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
      Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Small Intestine Cancer
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Adult
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Childhood
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer, Childhood
      Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood

      T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Testicular Cancer
      Throat Cancer
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma, Childhood
      Thyroid Cancer
      Thyroid Cancer, Childhood
      Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
      Trophoblastic Tumor, Gestational

      Unknown Primary Site, Carcinoma of, Adult
      Unknown Primary Site, Cancer of, Childhood
      Unusual Cancers of Childhood
      Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Urethral Cancer
      Uterine Cancer, Endometrial
      Uterine Sarcoma

      Vaginal Cancer
      Vaginal Cancer, Childhood
      Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Vulvar Cancer

      Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
      Wilms Tumor
      Women's Cancers

      The above are as given in web site - http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/alphalist
      of National Cancer Institute.

      For cancer awareness ribbons, please note each cancer has a different color ribbon. Full details can be had at website -
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/

  20. QUESTION:
    I want to get a memorial tatto for my dad who had throat cancer?
    I already know I want his initials but I want the cancer ribbon to go around it, the only thing I can find for the color is head and neck ribbon is burgundy would throat cnacer be the same color ribbon as head and neck catergory or does it have a different color?

    • ANSWER:
      The throat cancer ribbon is an ivory ribbon with a 1/3 burgundy stripe in the middle. Kind of like this picture http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.pennmedicine.org/ent/images/ribbon.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.pennmedicine.org/ent/pahosp/&usg=__1u2uK17IQ_r4PBGR0nlxn2yQQ-o=&h=65&w=43&sz=2&hl=en&start=40&sig2=Z1VWlMWz7C9vcrS0mCHSTg&zoom=0&tbnid=W3YYZSkr_ueV3M:&tbnh=65&tbnw=43&ei=ME8bTcP_A4zAsAP_rLSwCg&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthroat%2Bcancer%2Bribbon%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1366%26bih%3D667%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:10,920&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=956&vpy=385&dur=211&hovh=65&hovw=43&tx=82&ty=39&oei=Fk8bTbOqLY-ksQPrnLWJCg&esq=3&page=3&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:40&biw=1366&bih=667

      Holy crap that was a long URL.
      And sorry to hear about your dad, I think the tattoo memorial is a good way to honor his life.

  21. QUESTION:
    How to make different styles of yarn bracelets?
    My friend has chronic migraines and I just found out that there's an awareness ribbon (like the breast cancer ribbon), the ribbon is mainly purple with a stripe of red through it (you can always google it). All I have of these colors is yarn and I'm not going out to buy any other supplies. So I was wondering what are some different ways to make bracelets out of yarn? Thanks! :D

    • ANSWER:
      Hey, i just quickly googled this and found this page...maybe go check it out? It's a step by step guide :)
      http://www.ehow.com/how_4777758_make-bracelets-using-yarn.html

  22. QUESTION:
    what is the ribbon color for childrens cancer?
    i know pink is for breast cancer, is there a color for childrens cancer?? i thought it was gold.. and blue for lung cancer help please!

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. The color most often used for childhood cancer is Gold. However there are many different types of cancer and they usually have their own color or symbol. Awareness ribbons are not limited to cancer, other types of diseases and causes also use the ribbon colors:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_awareness_ribbons
      http://www.craftsnscraps.com/jewelry/ribbons.html

  23. QUESTION:
    What color should my tattoo be outlined in?
    Alrighty, I finally made the appointment for my tattoo! I know exactly what I want (a light purple cancer awareness ribbon), but I do have one question.

    Some people are telling me to get it outlined in a slightly darker purple, some are telling me get it outlined in black so you can get it shaded in the darker purple?

    What does the Yahoo! Answers community think?

    • ANSWER:
      i'd ask the tattoo artist- if your skin is light enough then you may not need the black outline, but if your skin is more tan then you may want the outline... the artist will know.

  24. QUESTION:
    How do I find an artist to turn my ideas into a digital picture?
    My late mother in law was really into hummingbirds. She passed after a long struggle with breast cancer about a year ago. I want to get a digital design made up involving hummingbird(s) and the pink breast cancer ribbon, which will eventually be made into a decal to give to my wife for her car. What/who/how do I find someone capable of making this happen?

    • ANSWER:
      First of all, be willing to PAY an artist. Seems silly to have to say that, but far too many people think artists should just give their art away. Art is work, too. Keep that in mind and pay a fair wage.

      Probably one of the quickest ways to get some estimates would be to post your request over on Guru.com where a bunch of freelance artists and designers are looking for work. Be specific about what size you need and what sort of material the final decal will be. It makes a difference. If you're going to do a one-color vinyl decal kind of thing, you'll need an Adobe Illustrator vector image for the plot cutter. A full color vinyl cling decal can usually be made from most images types since it's printed on rather than cut out.

  25. QUESTION:
    I need some ideas for a tattoo design for the remembrance of my mother?
    She passed away sept. 4th 2010 from colon cancer. I would like maybe a cross or a flower or an angel. Im undecided and need some ideas. Im not opposed to the typical cancer ribbon but i dont want it to be the main focal point. (lime green is the color for colon cancer) She loved sunflowers and gardening. She was a great person and awesome mother/grandmother. Any ideas would be helpful. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Pick her favorite gardening tool, let's say a trowel. Have it going into the ground with little sunflowers coming up...one sunflower for each grandchild.

  26. QUESTION:
    What is the ribbon color for thymus cancer, more specifically thymic carcinoma?
    My mom was diagnosed with having a thymic carcinoma and i want to know what color ribbon that is associated with.

    • ANSWER:
      its teal

  27. QUESTION:
    What ribbon color is associated with pet cancer awareness?
    I know a ton of colors and varieties are available in support of human cancers, but is there a specific one for pets? I know animal abuse awareness is related to orange, and animal shelter awareness is related to purple... but what about pet cancer awareness? I can't find it online anywhere, so is it just a ribbon with a paw in the middle perhaps?

    • ANSWER:
      Mostly we go with the same colors, but instead of ribbons, the different colors are applied to collars, bowls, leashes, etc.

      Lavender is widely used for the color of pet cancers.

  28. QUESTION:
    I want to get a tattoo but I can't find the right image any suggestions?
    I want a cancer ribbon that is tattered and torn up to go on my ankle/foot. But I can't find the right style of ribbon. Also i want it to be two different colors to represent the two members of my family that have passes away from two different cancers. How should I go about doing this. Half and half, vertical stripes, horizontal stripes, not at all?

    • ANSWER:
      That is a great description - crystal clear - so you're ready to go to the tattoo studio. It is a part of a tattoo artist's job to turn ideas into designs; not everybody walks into the studio with a design preprepared for them. Any decent tattoo artist will be able to draw just what you want from this description, and you'll be able to tell him what bits you love and any bits you want changing until he has it perfect for you. Good luck!

      Oh and just noticed the last part of your question (that'll teach me to skim read!) - I think I would specify that the ribbon looks 3D and have the upper side one colour and the underside the other - so it will be pretty much half and half but you won't just have a random jump between the colours, the change will happen where the material folds over.

  29. QUESTION:
    I am looking to get a tattoo in honor of my dad?
    I am looking to get a tattoo in honor of my dad who won the fight against Hodgkin's Disease or Hodgkin's Lymphoma. I want to get the cancer ribbon that represents Hodgkin's, but I can't find the exact color anywhere online. I have seen it either being violet or lime green. Where should I look that would be closest to the official color?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm pretty sure the ribbon for Hodgkin's is a violet colour. :)

  30. QUESTION:
    What are the cancer awareness months and what are their colors?
    I know that October is Breast cancer and their color is pink, I want to find out the other months and colors. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      These are some of the different color ribbons for the various awareness causes:

      Black Ribbons: Melanoma

      Dark Blue Ribbons: Colon Cancers

      Gold Ribbons: Childhood Cancer

      Gray Ribbons: Diabetes & Brain Cancer

      Green Ribbons: Kidney Cancer

      Green/Blue Ribbons: Mental Heath Awareness

      Jade Ribbons: Liver Cancer & Hepatitis

      Jigsaw Puzzle Ribbons: Autism

      Lace Ribbons: Osteoporosis

      Lime Green Ribbons: Lyme Disease

      Orange Ribbons: Leukemia, Multiple Sclerosis

      Periwinkle Ribbons: Hypertension & Stomach Cancer

      Pearl Ribbons: Lung Cancer

      Pink Ribbons: Breast Cancer

      Pink, Purple & Teal: Thyroid Cancer

      Purple Ribbons: Prostate Cancer, Testicular Cancer

      Red Ribbons:AIDS/HIV & Heart Disease

      Silver Ribbons: Parkinson's Disease

      Sky Blue Ribbons: Prostate Cancer

      Teal Ribbons: Ovarian Cancer

      White Ribbons: Bone Cancer

      As for which month is for what cause, there is a website that goes over them all month by month...
      http://www.healthfinder.gov/library/nho/nho.asp

      Hope that helps out a little.

  31. QUESTION:
    How much would a cancer ribbon tattoo cost?
    I want to get it about 3 or 4 inches tall and colored in. I also want it to say strength across it, which I'm guessing will cost more along with the color. I also want to get it on my ribs. I just need like a rough estimate!

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on several things - how big it is, how complex it is, exact location, etc. It all depends on the tattoo place too. For example, the place I always get mine always charges at least just for setting it up. Also often times if the shop has a tattoo apprentice, they'll do it cheaper. Call different tattoo parlors and ask for estimates. Given all that, my best guess is that what you would describe would be at least 0, most likely no more than 0.

  32. QUESTION:
    What does the throat cancer ribbon and the melanoma ribbon look like?
    Im getting a tattoo in honor of my dad who had throat cancer and my mom who had melanoma. One ribbon is going to be on one shoulder and the other ribbon on the other shoulder. The ribbons will be ripped in the middle with a sparrow flying through the middle. They both survived and this is for them! So if anyone can help me, it would be greatly appreciated!!!

    • ANSWER:
      According to the "for the cure" site melanoma is a black ribbon. It doesn't list throat cancer. But it also doesn't list lung cancer, so it doesn't appear complete.

      The Trinity London site and the Pin People site also have black for melanoma, and "pearl" (opalescent?) for lung cancer.

      Purple is the color for cancer survivors, but would be more appropriate for your parents than for you.

      That tattoo is really a lovely idea... I'm sure you'll come up with whatever is just right for you, and no matter what it is, your parents should feel honored by the fact that you did it.

  33. QUESTION:
    Is there a specific ribbon color associated with Cancer caregivers?
    I've seen lavendar (for general awareness) used, but is there a color designated for caregivers?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, plum.

  34. QUESTION:
    Why are breast cancer ribbons pink?
    I know that breast cancer ribbons are designed to raise awareness and money and such, but why the color? My first guess would be sexism, but I'm dubious.

    • ANSWER:

  35. QUESTION:
    What color ribbon do they use for oral cancer?
    I need the awareness ribbon for oral cancer. Can someone tell me what color it is, or include a picture if you can.
    I just found out my dad has oral cancer :(

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear about your fathers diagnoses. I hope he can recover. And I am so glad to hear you are trying to raise awareness!! I wish you and your father nothing but the best!

      I couldn't find anything on ribbons, they my not make a certain one for that type of cancer yet....I did find that they have oral cancer pins and bracelet's. http://www.spohnc.org/order/order.htm#Pins

      Here is another pin site that you can actually have them personalize it, maybe with your fathers name?
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/shop/collections/personalized/detail/p_redwhite.html

  36. QUESTION:
    What is the throat cancer ribbon and color?
    Please include the website that you found the picture on!

    • ANSWER:
      here: http://www.zazzle.com/throat+cancer+ribbon+gifts

      It's red, and white

  37. QUESTION:
    I am getting a tattoo soon of a cancer ribbon. The problem is I am not sure as to which color is right.?
    My grandfather died of cancer. It started off as bladder cancer but grew all over. He eventually died because of the cancer that had spread to his lungs. My question is do I go with yellow for the bladder cancer because that's what started it, or the clear lung cancer ribbon because thats what he eventually died of? Thanks for your help!

    • ANSWER:
      Get yellow. It's the general 'cancer' color.

  38. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer the only type of cancer that gets it's own specific ribbon color?
    With all the different types of cancer it seems breast cancer gets the most press and the most funding for research. I like breasts as much as the next man, but I had testicular cancer, my dad nearly died of colon cancer, and my uncle Ed and friend John did die from lung cancer. Trust me ladies I sympathize, but our testicles and lungs are just as important as your breasts, and if I'm going to donate to save breasts I at least want to see nipples on basic cable.

    • ANSWER:
      Its all about raking in the $$$. They do not and have never cared about us as human living souls.

      Oh, and they DO KNOW WHAT CAUSES CANCER. They have known the answer to this for years. Same goes for diabetes etc.

      I simply refuse to buy into their lies and deceits.

      Remember it is ONLY ABOUT THE $$$.

  39. QUESTION:
    What color ribbon would be used to honor someone on deployment thats in the Air Force?
    Like Breast Cancer is pink, other cancers are yellow and purple. Any idea? Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Yellow Ribbons symbolize and acknowledge all military (and not just Air Force) on deployment.

  40. QUESTION:
    Where can I purchase edible bicycle shaped cake sprinkles from?
    I am making chocolate cream cheese brownies for a picnic after a charity event called The Ride For Roswell. We have a team of 28 and are riding our bikes anywhere from 9 - 62.5 miles. I thought it would be cute if I sprinkled the cream cheese brownies with bike spinkles, if I could find them. I've looked all over the net but haven't seen anything. I've seen Breast Cancer ribbon ones, but the woman we are riding for doesn't have breast cancer, it's pretty much everywhere else in her body though...

    • ANSWER:
      You probably will not find these. Specialty shapes like these are too costly to produce and they could not sell enough to make it a worthwhile investment. My sister in law works for Country Kitchen (one of the country's leading producers of sugars and lots of other items for the professional and home baker and candy maker) and they would be really the best source to look at. countrykitchen.com

      If you can't find them, use sprinkles in the event colors.

      Sounds like a great event! Hope you raise a ton of money!

  41. QUESTION:
    Can anyone help me idenify an Ecstasy pill?
    Alright, so my friend has 4 pills.
    No they are white with a ribbon on then(the ribbon is like the breast cancer ribbon but white)
    No they also have numbers on the back so i know they arnt Pokeballs, the numbers are 269.

    • ANSWER:
      If it truly Ecstasy, it was manufactured illicitly and therefore the imprint(s) mean nothing. Ecstasy manufacturers (usually based in Amsterdam) use a wide variety of imprints and colors.

  42. QUESTION:
    What color ribbon represents peritoneal cancer?
    I think it might be teal because of its connection to ovarian cancer, but I haven't found a definite answer. Any direction would be appreciated. :)
    Actually, it's the peritoneum. And yes, it's a body part, just like a breast is a body part. But you can have peritoneal cancer just like you can have breast cancer. My grandmother was diagnosed with it 3 months ago, so I know that it exists.

    • ANSWER:
      I say go with teal, since it's basically identical to epithelial ovarian cancer. It's treated the same way too. So it puts you in touch with a larger support network.

  43. QUESTION:
    Anal Cancer doesn't have a ribbon color and I don't know how to change that?
    I have a coworker who just triumphed over Anal Cancer! However, while going through the process she was disheartened to find she didn't have a specific awareness ribbon to support her struggle. Does anyone know how I can start the process for designating a specific color for the disease? My research up to this point hasn't given me anything other than the color and their meanings, lol. Any information will be greatly appreciated. Thanks a million!

    • ANSWER:
      it's brown. look for colo/rectal cancer.

  44. QUESTION:
    How are the cancer awareness colors picked?
    Who chooses them? Why are they that color? I have already found the background for breast cancer awareness, so please respond to other colors and awareness groups!

    • ANSWER:
      I've answered this question before, but thought it might be useful to you too.

      To understand where the colors came from you must first understand where the symbol for the ribbon first originated.

      In 1979 during the height of the Iran Hostage Crisis, a wife waiting for her husband to return was inspired by a song to 'tie a yellow ribbon around the old oak tree'. The yellow ribbon soon became a symbol of loyalty for the 52 American hostages held in Iran, and when they returned after 444 days of captivity , the song was played and millions of ribbons displayed throughout the country.

      "I'm comin' home, I've done my time
      Now I've got to know what is and isn't mine
      If you received my letter telling you I'd soon be free
      Then you'll know just what to do
      If you still want me
      If you still want me

      Whoa, tie a yellow ribbon 'round the old oak tree
      It's been three long years
      Do ya still want me?
      If I don't see a ribbon round the old oak tree
      I'll stay on the bus
      Forget about us
      Put the blame on me
      If I don't see a yellow ribbon round the old oak tree

      Bus driver, please look for me
      'cause I couldn't bear to see what I might see
      I'm really still in prison
      And my love, she holds the key
      A simple yellow ribbon's what I need to set me free
      I wrote and told her please

      Now the whole damned bus is cheerin'
      And I can't believe I see
      A hundred yellow ribbons round the old oak tree"

      Later the yellow ribbons came to symbolize waiting for the first Gulf War soldiers to return. Not soon after that AIDS activists adopted a RED ribbon to support AIDS victims. The first cancer ribbon was peach colored for breast cancer and was done by a single activist, but soon the senior president of Estée Lauder , Evelyn Lauder, a breast cancer survivor wanted to do a ribbon for her product. She chose a pink ribbon when she could not reach an aggreement with the first activist.

      That was the beginning of the ribbons . . and what gave a boost to corporate philanthropy.

      There are a ton of colors and color combination ribbons for many types of diseases and cancers.

      http://www.productsforthecure.com/pages/...
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/...

      It's become a marketing industry. People should be cautious before purchasing products to make sure they understand the percentage of donation that will actually benefit their cause.

      Source(s):
      http://www.thinkbeforeyoupink.org/pages/...

  45. QUESTION:
    got a new tattoo and a spot where there was no ink is scabbing is that bad? will it fill in?
    I got a new tattoo a couple days ago and the whole in my cancer ribbon scabbed over, will it fill in with ink? this is my first tattoo so I am concerned. please answers will help.

    • ANSWER:
      Some times scabs can pull out some of the colour if you pick at them or have some thing rubbing on them. If it's part of the ribbon where the ink came out then it may not fill in, but you can have it retouched when the tattoo is completely healed.

  46. QUESTION:
    does anybody know the color of the universal cancer awareness ribbon?
    I want to get a tattoo that symbolizes cancer but lost people of a couple of different kinds so I wanted to know if there was a ribbon color that just sybolizes cancer in general

    • ANSWER:
      Wow, Coppertop is right! I never knew there was a color for general cancer, but there is: Lavender:

      http://www.craftsnscraps.com/jewelry/ribbons.html

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the correct months for the awareness ribbons?
    I know a few people who want to wear the ribbons for their certain awareness but when I look at different sites, the awareness changes. I'd like to know the correct month to wear the awareness ribbon. Can someone help me?

    • ANSWER:
      Which awareness ribbons?

      Childhood Cancer Awareness Month is September, and childhood cancer awareness is the gold ribbon.

      Brain cancer awareness is associated with the gray or silver ribbon, and the awareness month is May, I believe.

      Prostate cancer (not sure of color) awareness month is September. Breast cancer (pink) October.

  48. QUESTION:
    What is the ribbon color for Depression?
    So there is a Red Ribbon for AIDS, A Light Blue Ribbon for Prostate Cancer, and a Pink Ribbon for Breast Cancer, but is there one for depression?
    I'm making a picture and in it my legs and wrists are wrapped with ribbons, and since I used to suffer from severe depression I want it to be just right.
    Anyone out there know what it is?
    I've heard it's green or blue but I am not sure..

    • ANSWER:
      It's green.


cancer ribbons colors

Breast Cancer Types Of

Nipple symptoms. This symptom is the first sign that most women should see if they feel that there is something wrong with their breasts. The nipples become retracted or indented. This usually points downward instead of the normal facing straight. Women may also notice unusual and frequent discharges from the nipple.

Very often, a young woman gets misdiagnosed. She detects a lump and she is told it is just lumpy breasts and it is followed for a while until doctors realize it's something serious. Although this can be horrifying, in fact, it's quite understandable, since the vast majority of lumps in women under 35 are totally benign and the risk of cancer is very low. The fact that cancer is not diagnosed immediately doesn't mean that the young patient will die; since most breast cancers have been around 8 to 10 years, and whether it is diagnosed the minute you find it or six months later isn't the critical factor.

After finding the lump and visiting with a surgeon, even though the lump would not aspirate, the breast surgeon had it in her mind, that since I did not fit a statistic, I was to young to get breast cancer, so I should forget about it and go home - if it bothered me to come back in six months, but not to worry. "You're too young". I did wait six months and the lump doubled.

Inflammatory breast cancer, although rare, is called "inflammatory" because the breast often looks swollen and red, or "inflamed." This cancer accounts for 1 to 5 percent of all cancer cases in the United States. It tends to be diagnosed in younger women compared to non-inflammatory breast cancer. It occurs more frequently and at a younger age in African Americans than in Whites.

Breast tenderness is normal and common when young women are going through puberty. Often they ache, causing discomfort. Embarrassment can be felt by what is thought as the "overnight" growth of your breasts. "Honestly, I could swear they weren't there yesterday!". Getting used to your breasts developing, having breast tenderness, feeling uncomfortable, finding what bra is right for you, whilst going through possible confidence and self esteem issues, can be a huge ordeal!

Younger Women. Even though mammograms are not recommended for women under the age of 40, the cancer can and does develop in younger women. However, only about 7 percent of all breast cancers develop in women aged 40 and under.

Some people say that bigger breasts have a higher risk of cancer. Wrong again. What about age? Here we have some clear evidence that the age of a women is correlated with the risk of getting breast cancer. The younger you are the lower the risk. Breast cancer in women under twenty is almost non-existent. However, this does not mean that cancer can not develop at all.

Every day in October there is the National Breast Cancer Awareness Day. Millions of women worldwide are suffering from this type of tumor and, unfortunately, will continue to get breast cancer. Being aware of this can save your life. Do not just think about it in October.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What can you do to help prevent breast cancer after you start taking birth control pills?
    Birth control pills can cause breast cancer. What type of "preventative maintenance" can you do while you're on them?

    • ANSWER:
      there is no sure way to prevent breast cancer; however, regular exercise and eating healthy can't hurt. Make sure you are doing monthly self breast exams and getting a mammogram if you 40 or over (or earlier if you have a history).

  2. QUESTION:
    What kind of doctor works with breast cancer?
    Let's say I want to be a doctor that works with treating breast cancer. What type of doctor is that (name of doctor) and what education should I get?

    • ANSWER:
      You have to be a regular doctor and then specialise in Oncology.

      An oncologist will deal in all types of cancer including Breast cancer. Oncology is the study of cancer. There are five major areas of oncology: etiology, prevention, biology, diagnosis, and treatment. As a clinical discipline, it draws upon a wide variety of medical specialties; as a research discipline, oncology also involves specialists in many areas of biology and in a variety of other scientific areas. Oncology has led to major progress in the understanding not only of cancer but also of normal biology.

      There are several sub-specialties within oncology. Moreover, oncologists often develop an interest and expertise in the management of particular types of cancer.

      Oncologists may be divided on the basis of the type of treatment provided.

      Radiation oncology: treatment primarily with radiation, a process called radiotherapy.
      Surgical oncology: surgeons who specialize in tumor removal.
      Medical oncology: treatment primarily with drugs, e.g. chemotherapy.
      Interventional oncology: interventional radiologists who specialize in minimally invasive image guided tumor therapies.
      Gynecologic oncology: focuses on cancers of the female reproductive system.
      Pediatric oncology: concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children
      In the United Kingdom and several other countries, oncologists may be either clinical or medical oncologists. The main difference is that clinical oncologists deliver radiotherapy, while medical oncologists do not. (This difference does not apply in North America: the terms, clinical oncologist and medical oncologist are used interchangeably.)

      In most countries it is now common that patients are treated by a multidisciplinary team. These teams will meet on regular basis and discus the patients under their care. These teams consist of the medical oncologist , a clinical oncologist or radiotherapist, a surgeon (sometimes there a second reconstructive surgeon) , a radiologist , a pathologist , an organ specific specialist like a gynaecologist or dermatologist, and sometimes the general practitioner is also involved. These disease oriented teams are sometimes in conflict with the general organisation and operation in hospitals. Historically hospitals are organised in a organ or technique specific manner. Multidisciplinary teams operate over these borders and it is sometimes difficult to define who is in charge.-

      So can select your course and do it according after compleation of baisc medicines and surgery. -

  3. QUESTION:
    What types of breast cancer create thickening of the skin?
    My mom just found out she has a rarer form of breast cancer. Its not the type that is a lump, instead its a thickening of the skin. Its not inflammed or red looking it just feels thick I guess more like a callous and is about 3 inches long. Anyone hear of this type of breast cancer? I have done a search online but only come up with the Inflammatory cancer which I dont think this is. The doctor said its not really an aggressive form if that helps.

    • ANSWER:
      Inflamatory breast cancer is most likely:
      "Although most breast cancers begin as lumps or tumors, inflammatory breast cancer usually starts with a feeling of thickness or heaviness in the breast."
      "Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare and aggressive form of breast cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute, about 1-5% of all breast cancer cases in the United States are inflammatory breast cancers."

      Otherwise, try Invasive Lobular Carcinoma,
      "In other cases, the first sign of ILC is a thickening or hardening in the breast that can be felt, rather than a distinct lump."
      "About 10% of all invasive breast cancers are invasive lobular carcinomas. "

  4. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer kills the most women?
    I know there are different types of breast cancer...some are rare..I know IBC kills but doesn't mean most women die of that type because not many women get that rare type. So what is the most common type of breast cancer that women die from? I cannot find that type of information on the internet....I find statistics but they do not state what type of cancer the women had to begin with?

    Thanks for your answers

    • ANSWER:
      What Jon posted is correct.
      Most women have ductal carcinoma and therefore that is what kills most women.

      Metastatic is a stage of cancer not a type.
      Triple negative is also not a type of breast cancer it is the hormone receptor status and does occur with different types.
      DCIS is ductal carcinoma before it becomes invasive and those statistics are separate..

  5. QUESTION:
    What is the best organization to do a breast cancer awareness walk for?
    There are a lot of breast cancer and other awareness type of walks this year and I'd like to participate in some, but I'm not sure which organizations use the money that I raise most effectively. Any opinions? I was thinking about doing the 3-day or maybe something earlier.

    • ANSWER:
      1. Komen.org
      2. Avon walk

  6. QUESTION:
    What type of genetic mutation can cause breast cancer?
    I have to make a brochure about a genetic disorder for my biology class & I'm doing mine on breast cancer. There's many different types of breast cancer, but some are related to gene mutations. I've been researching this online, but I can't figure out what TYPE of genetic mutation causes breast cancer (substitution, deletion, insertion, inversion, translocation, or duplication). does anyone know? if you find a site with the answer, please link it below. thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Normally I don't give direct homework answers but I feel this can be very confusing so I will as long as you promise to read the link I give you for the explanation.
      It is: Translocation.
      MORE READING: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutation
      Scroll down to the section headed: ---Classification of mutation types---
      Good Luck on this.

  7. QUESTION:
    Why does it seem like breast cancer is the only type of cancer anyone cares about?
    It seem as though breast cancer gets so much more attention than any other type of cancer. I realize that it is the most common but does that mean it is the most important? I went to a cancer support walk (to raise money because my father died of colon cancer) and I can't even describe how much emphasis was put on breast cancer and no other types. I'm sorry if this sounds a little ignorant, I don't mean it to sound that way at all. It just confuses me.

    • ANSWER:
      "Is The Most Common"? I thought there were many more likely chances of cancer than breast cancer?

      I think it is because of a couple of factors:

      1. Men like boobies and anything that threatens the boobies must be destroyed!
      2. Breast Cancer seems to have a high mortality rate.
      3. When a woman loses a breast, even if it is reconstructed, women don't feel like women anymore because so much pressure is put on a woman's breasts... It isn't uncommon for a husband/boyfriend to stop having sex with a woman that has had a Mastectomy.

      Oh, and you can't point fingers at a person with breast cancer...

      Lung Cancer?
      "Oh, they SO DESERVE it... They should have known better than to smoke!"

      Or

      "Oh, they didn't smoke? They shouldn't have spent so much time in BARS getting exposed to 2nd hand smoke... They should have known better..."

      You can't say "Oh, well, she should have... It must be her own fault." when it comes to breast cancer.

      (BTW, people get lung cancer all the time and not always from smoking, that is just the most well known cause.)

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the signs of breast cancer?
    My breasts hurt almost all the time. Not just during or before my period, I mean all the time. Sometimes they're super sore and sometimes it's just a dull, tender pain. My nipples are super sensitive, painfully so. My grandmother had breast cancer, and other types of cancer as well, She had to have her arm amputated because of a tumor in her shoulder. The cancer kept coming back. I was wondering if I should try to get checked out? I don't have medical insurance either.

    • ANSWER:
      You don't give your age (always important when asking about cancer), but the fact that you are still having periods puts you in a low risk group for breast cancer.

      The fact that your symptoms are occurring in both breasts makes it even less likely that this is anything sinister.

      And pain is very rarely a symptom of breast cancer; most people diagnosed with breast cancer have felt no pain at all

      Breast cancer is rarely hereditary (only 5 - 10% of cases are), and breast cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary. A sign that it might (only might) be hereditary within a family would be several members of the same side of that family having had breast cancer, especially if some were diagnosed at a younger than usual age (under 50)

      One second-degree relative having had breast cancer doesn't increase your risk; and nor does any other cancer she may have had.

      The average age at diagnosis of breast cancer is a little over 60, 80% of those diagnosed are over 50, only 5% are under 40 and fewer than 0.1% are under 30. For a teenager, the risk is one in 1.3 million for girls aged 15+ (which is statistically less than half their risk of being struck by lightning, and is statistically zero for under 15s

  9. QUESTION:
    What types of things would you write/what pictures would you put on a SIMPLE ad for breast cancer awareness?
    I have to make an ad for school on breast cancer awareness. What types of things would you put on it?

    Please remember, this is supposed to be simple. Specific details on the disease aren't needed, I just need a few ideas.

    Thanks. =D

    • ANSWER:
      the pink ribbon with a saying that says EARLY DETECTION SAVES LIVE-es you can star early detection once a month at home__a picture of a family that says YES u have alot to life for

  10. QUESTION:
    Is anyone else upset that breast cancer is the only publicized awareness month?
    I'm all for cancer awareness but why is breast cancer the only publicized cancer awareness month? Many people suffer from all types of cancer daily and I've had family suffer from both Leukemia and Pancreatic Cancer. It's seems that if a celebrity is diagnosed with a cancer or has died from a cancer that's the only way awareness will be publicized. Now that Patrick Swayze has passed I'm sure Pancreatic cancer will be well known coming this November (Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month) Does anyone agree?

    • ANSWER:
      No, I don't agree.

      Breast cancer awareness and Breast Cancer Awareness Month are not high profile because of celebrity deaths, but for a much simpler reason - sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, many of them with cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. Enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate 'competitive illness' I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising. I too have had family members suffer from other cancers - lung, testicular, stomach and cervical cancers and leukaemia, all but one of them dying of their cancers.

      There are, as you point out, other cancer awareness months, weeks, ribbons etc; but the fact is none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has.

      Now, I've had breast cancer and I personally very much dislike BC Awareness Month - or Pink October as the more cynical of us call it.

      Support for those with a deadly disease that kills on average 33 women a day in the UK and 112 a day in the US (the only stats I have, I'm not being ethnocentric) has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets.

      The pink fluffy stuff infuriates me, and I'm not at all 'tickled pink' by Asda's (Walmart's) trivialisation of an illness that may yet kill me. October magazines carry stories from cheerful survivors who claim to have the all-clear (there is no all-clear with breast cancer), and often say bc has changed their lives for the better - very different from anybody I know who's had breast cancer.

      And it has negative consequences for breast cancer patients too - I believe that the whole thing is counter-productive, that the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is 1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told - by people who don't have it - that it's a 'good' cancer to get) and 2) easily curable.

      I've even heard it said that it's a ‘fashionable’ or 'sexy' cancer - my sexy prosthesis and sexy scarred, one-breasted body are evidence that it's no such thing.

      In all the pink trivia, it's easy for people to lose sight of the fact that breast cancer is a devastating illness with disfiguring surgery, grueling treatments and so far no cure.

      I don't wear a pink ribbon and as someone in remission from breast cancer I support the Think Before You Pink and Pink Stinks! campaigns, both started by women with breast cancer

      http://thinkbeforeyoupink.org/?page_id=13

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers - and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started ny those women who started all the breast cancer awareness. They'd have to be as dedicated and prepared to work as hard though.

  11. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer awareness get so much more support than other important causes?
    Don't get me wrong I think breast cancer awareness is an extremely important cause, but the survival rate is much higher than other types of cancer (ex. pancreatic cancer). And other major causes like world hunger, literacy and animal rescue don't get nearly enough attention as they should.

    • ANSWER:
      I know right, is there anyone who isn't aware of it by now? Other cancers are just as worthy. I think it's great that those women did something about breast cancer awareness orginally, but now everyone jumps on the band wagon-want to support a charity? Breast cancer is the only one anyone can think of to support. It's "cool" to support breast cancer I guess.

      I'm a girl and I might get breast cancer one day, but I still think the money is disproportionately spent on breast cancer and other cancers get overlooked.

      As for other cancers not being as "sexy"-most women who get breast cancer (and men get it too by the way-is that sexy aswell?) are over 50, not some hot 21 year old, and there's nothing sexy about having a mastectomy I'm sure anyone with breast cancer will tell you.

  12. QUESTION:
    Can cancer skip every other generation in your family?
    Can cancer be so hereditary as to skip every other generation in a family? On my dad's side of the family it seems like it does. Both my great grandmothers on my father's side had cancer (breast cancer and another type) and a great grandfather had cancer as well. My grandparents did not have cancer. My father ended up having cancer out of the three of my grandparents children. Me nor any of my cousins have had cancer. Is it possible any of our children will?

    • ANSWER:
      According to the American Cancer society data, at least one in three of us will develop a cancer at some time in our lives. There are more than 200 types. Some have hereditary components, and some do not (that we know about). Breast cancers may be associated with an inherited factor. You don't mention what other types of cancer are in the family.

      So, the answer is yes, cancer could easily skip generations just based on chance alone and not necessarily on any hereditary predisposition. If there is a history of early (younger than the usual age) breast cancers in your family, you could talk to your doctor about screening tests to see if you or the children need closer monitoring.

  13. QUESTION:
    How do facebook status campaigns help breast cancer?
    I mean, I'm aware of breast cancer, just like I'm aware of lots of other types of cancer. I really feel for the families and people who have gone through breast cancer, as I have had many close ones die from cancer. But recently there is the Facebook thing about the weeks and the candy cravings. How does it help?

    • ANSWER:
      It doesn't. Just about everyone who's old enough to know about breast cancer is already aware of it. Writing those stupid status updates does not help in any way. I think people just feel guilty if they don't do it so that's why they post it up plus they probably just want to make people wonder if they really are pregnant or not.

  14. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer getting so much more awareness than others?
    I think any type of cancer is serious, but I'm tired of ONLY seeing things for breast cancer. Commercials, profitable organizations, walks, etc. My dad was diagnosed with bladder cancer over the summer, and although they "removed" it, it's very likely to keep coming back, but it seems like society doesn't look at it as being just as serious. I know people are aware and do things to help, and it's not just bladder cancer that I'm worried about, but why is breast cancer getting all the attention?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it's currently Breast Cancer Awareness month, so breast cancer is obviously high profile at the moment.
      But yes, it does have a higher profile generally than other cancers, and there's a very simple reason -sheer hard work.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns and BC Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to breast cancer, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination, enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised (and then big business cashed in).

      People have limited time, and choose their campaigns; those who campaign around illnesses are usually concerned with the illness that's affected them or their family. I know a couple who have a child with a very rare and life-threatening condition (not a cancer). Much of their time is now taken up with campaigning around this condition - fund raising and agitating for more funding for research, more education, more awareness etc. What they're doing is what what the women who started the breast cancer awareness campaign did. And it's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day (that's one every 15 minutes), and in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      There are awareness campaigns ad months for other types of cancer - but the plain fact is that none has had the sheer hard work put into it that breast cancer awareness has, hard work by people affected by breast cancer and their families.

      I agree that awareness needs to be raised about other cancers too.and while I hate ‘competitive illness’ I can see why there is resentment about an imbalance in awareness raising and fund raising.

      BUT it does annoy me a little when people complain about the attention breast cancer receives in comparison to other cancers. The solution is not less attention for breast cancer, but more attention for other cancers – and there is nothing to stop any group of people starting a campaign along the lines of the one started by those women who started all the breast cancer awareness.They'd have to be as dedicated and work as hard though

  15. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when you have breast cancer in three different areas?
    My friend just found out that she has breast cancer in her right breast but three different lump types of cancer in one breast, and it has effected her lymph nodes at least two of them. What are her chances and what stage cancer would that be? She is going to be having a mascetomy and chemo.

    • ANSWER:
      I am not sure what you mean in lump types.
      It is very common for cancer to spread to lymph nodes. Especially in the breast tissue. Lymph nodes are usually extracted during the mascetomy and if cancer is present, radiation and/or chemo is also a common practice.

      Basically, Chemo kills off all cells. Good and bad. The person usually feels really tired and horribly sick. Their immune system ( the system that protects from disease and virus) is severly depressed. People with colds or infections should say away from her. She will not have a defense system to fight off the simplest cold.
      Just be there for your friend, let her know that you are there for her, But at the same time keep your distance if she needs time to morn her loss.
      Please dont ever say you know how she feels, because unless you have been through it, you dont.
      Also, sometimes the best communications is to be silent. Allow your friend to talk, just comfort her.
      I hope all works out for her and I will keep her in my prayers

  16. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer treatment is best after surgery?
    My grandmother is 80 years of age and was diagnosed with breast cancer about a month ago. she had surgery in which they removed the cancer from her breast. she is trying to decide whether the treatment of radiation by means of having an implant in her breast that releases radiation, or not even receiving the treatment of radiation at all. any ideas? (her health condition is as fallows- had a stroke 2 months ago, still working on walking w/o a walker, and she has trouble standing for certain periods of time. she has recovered well from the stroke, but is still in a bad condition.

    • ANSWER:
      Radiation was the toughest of treatments for my wife and she at the time of treatment was 52 years old. Radiation kills the tumor at the site where cancer was discovered, it is sort of insurance that it will destroy whatever cells would be left at the site.

      Chemotherapy destroys the cells that might have escaped to other parts of the body, surgery removes the tumor itself and radiation is applied to the site to destroy remaining cells.

      Treatment is usually over a specific amount of time that is on a daily basis, and it was very painful for us. Not everyone responds to radiation the same way. I have heard from others that it was a walk in the park. For us it was hell.

      It could be physically too much for her, the only person to know for sure is her radiation oncologist and regular doctor. A friend of mine had breast cancer at 65 years old and did not have it again for ten years. At 75 years old she decided to not have treatment because she did not want to suffer through it all again.

      Each person needs to evaluate if the costs are worth the price of the goods received. I know what radiation did to my wife but she is considerably younger than your grandma. The treatment for her could be the straw that breaks her back. The doctor's need to give an evaluation to decide if it is something she can handle.

  17. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer awareness get so much more support than other important causes?
    Don't get me wrong I think breast cancer awareness is an extremely important cause, but the survival rate is much higher than other types of cancer (ex. pancreatic cancer). And other major causes like world hunger, literacy and animal rescue don't get nearly enough attention as they should.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know. I feel the same way. I think brain, lung, pancreatic, ovarian cancers and leukemia should get awareness too.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are some other breast cancer symptoms?
    I can't find any information on what other types of breast cancer symptoms there are other than the obvious, breast lumps, discharge, changes in physical appearance etc. Anyone have any other symptoms associated with cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer can occur in the ducts, or lobules in the breast and on the skin of the breast. Typically if breast cancer forms in the ducts or lobules, there will be a lump that you can physically feel when you examine your breasts. Other symptoms to look for would be a change in the skin on your breast, a puckering of the nipple, or nipple discharge.

      Breastcancer.org has some good information...

  19. QUESTION:
    Why would breast cancer be more important than other cancers?
    There is a lot media coverage on breast cancer than any others. Many more organizations gather funds for that cause than any other type of cancer. Why? Why would people divide their efforts and independently search for cures against that specific type of cancer? Wouldn't it be way more efficient to have a single (possibly international) organization to gather funds for developing a cure against cancer, since it's the exact same illness in breasts than in intestines and everywhere else?
    I know that cancer is an umbrella term, but in molecular terms, the same imbalances and genetic defects give rise to all types of cancer. Sure, many environmental factors give rise to the different types of cancer:
    -Skin cancer is mostly caused by UV damage to DNA;
    -Evidences point to the bacterium Helicobacter Pilori as a cause of stomach cancer;
    -Lung cancers are mostly caused by carcinogens in cigarettes and asbestos;

    But breast cancer is on par with all the other types of cancer in terms of ultimate cause: a genetic defect. Cells don't go astray, they simply execute the genetic information they have; and if part of that information is missing or abnormal, either the cell dies (by apoptosis) or forms cancer

    I'm not discriminating women or any such ridiculous thing! That person "..." clearly has a biased opinion of others.
    My point is, why not putting more emphasis on "fighting CANCER" than fighting "breast cancer," if the solutions to breast cancers are the same than for any other

    • ANSWER:
      There is more coverage for 2 reasons: 1 - it is the #3 killer of women, and 2 -more famous people are being diagnosed, and thus are in the news. As for a global fund gathering, ALL countries would have to agree on something, and that will never happen -- our govt. can't even agree within itself...

      Another reason there is more of it in the news is that the generation known as Baby Boomers are getting older, and most often it hits older women. Also, people with similar types cancer tend to gravitate to each other for support, etc.

      People. for example. with lung cancer will care most about it, rather than other cancers. Take myself as a better example: I am in terminal stage breast cancer, and quite frankly, I could care less about other cancers at this point.

      And my last point about the "popularity" [a disgusting term], of breast cancer -- is due to mental effect it causes. Having a doctor say you may lose a breast or part of one to surgery is equal to telling a man he would have to lose all or part of his manhood.

      So please... a little sensitivity for what we go through, okay? Thanks.

  20. QUESTION:
    what are the causes of breast cancer for the women, if not from the genes?
    My sister- in- law survived from breast cancer 3 yrs ago, but she got no idea where she got it. They dont even have a history of any type of cancer in teh family. Today My Mom, sufferring from cancer to the cervix, we dont ahve any cancer history in the whole family. I dont like to have cancer like them, but I am always thinking that no body is safe from cancer. Esp breast cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      There are a lot of unknown reasons why someone gets cancer. Only a very small percentage is genetic. My aunt, sister and I all have had breast cancer and it wasn't the due to the BRCA1 BRCA2 genetic mutation.

      There could be environmental reasons that haven't been discovered yet, or foods, additives, plastics, etc that they just don't know about...

  21. QUESTION:
    What type of radiotherapy is most commonly used to treat breast cancer?
    Is it external or internal?
    And what type of external/internal?

    this is to treat breast cancer IN GENERAL.. the most common one please!!!! THanks guys !!

    • ANSWER:
      External beam photons.

  22. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer the only type of cancer that gets it's own specific ribbon color?
    With all the different types of cancer it seems breast cancer gets the most press and the most funding for research. I like breasts as much as the next man, but I had testicular cancer, my dad nearly died of colon cancer, and my uncle Ed and friend John did die from lung cancer. Trust me ladies I sympathize, but our testicles and lungs are just as important as your breasts, and if I'm going to donate to save breasts I at least want to see nipples on basic cable.

    • ANSWER:
      Its all about raking in the $$$. They do not and have never cared about us as human living souls.

      Oh, and they DO KNOW WHAT CAUSES CANCER. They have known the answer to this for years. Same goes for diabetes etc.

      I simply refuse to buy into their lies and deceits.

      Remember it is ONLY ABOUT THE $$$.

  23. QUESTION:
    What are some charities you could help without paying money.?
    Paying money is okay, but I'm talking about like: Avon's Walk for Breast Cancer type things where you raise money that way. Or the 48 hour famine thing to raise money.
    Basically I'm looking for some charities where people can all get together and do something to raise money without making a random donation.
    I don't know where you volunteer for that kind of stuff.

    • ANSWER:
      Volunteering for an animal shelter is a great way to help without giving money cause a lot of times because of the amount of animals in the shelter they always need people to walk the animals, give baths and feed them. Thats something a group can do maybe once a week or even more and its helping the animals to not be so lonely.
      Another idea is always volunteering for your local fire department. Alot of the time fire departments will accept associate members that are there to help out during fundraisers, bingos and other events (not necessarily there to fight fires). For small departments it really helps them out to have the extra help.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is there any correlation between breast cancer and lung cancer?
    I am a 52 year ol;d female. Ten years ago I was diagnosed with lobular carcinoma of the breast (in-situ) and had bilateral mastectomies. My mother died of the same type of breast cancer when she was 47. I now have squamous cell lung cancer on the same side as the breast. Could there be a correlation?

    • ANSWER:
      No, they are two different types of cancer. Lobular carcinoma in-situ (LCIS) is really more of an early warning indicator that the patient will develop an invasive cancer in either breast, not just the one it was found in. This is why a bilateral mastectomy was recommended to you. LCIS is non-invasive and therefore incapable of spreading. Many people develop either lung or breast cancer and never develop the other. Good luck with your treatment. I hope all goes well for you.

  25. QUESTION:
    What is a type of birth control that lightens periods with no breast cancer risk?
    I have horribly aweful heavy periods so I want something to lighten it up,
    I also have a very high risk of breast cancer both grandmas and my mom had it
    so any type of birth control out there for me?
    the pill is out of the question because thats how my mom got breast cancer..

    • ANSWER:
      You can counter-act your high risk of breast cancer by increasing your intake of antioxidants, because antioxidants do help prevent cancers to some degree. As far as birth control, you should opt for a low-dose because it is less damaging to your body.

  26. QUESTION:
    Why does breast cancer get so much publicity?
    I think all types of cancer need to be given attention in the media. Why is there such a disproportionate focus on breast cancer? Also, does anyone feel that it's wrong to be using a serious illness to market products?

    • ANSWER:
      It started with people truly concerned with research and development. They did a wonderful job, bringing the cancer to people's attention.

      The present Barbie-pink campaigns are commercialised and depend on dubious statistics and scare campaigns.

  27. QUESTION:
    How do people with breast cancer feel about the attention breast cancer gets?
    Do you feel like breast cancer awareness is just used by companies to make buying their product more attractive?

    Do you like the attention breast cancer gets or feel exploited by it?

    • ANSWER:
      I think there's two issues in your question: the first concerns the fact that breast cancer has a higher profile than other types of cancer.The second concerns the involvement of big business in this high profile.

      Breast cancer awareness campaigns Awareness Month started as a campaign by ordinary women, most of whom had breast cancer or had lost someone to it, to raise awareness so that people knew the symptoms, examined themselves regularly, attended their routine mammograms etc. It caught the public imagination and enthusiastic participation and hard work by women made it grow into something nationally, then internationally, recognised.

      And then big business cashed in..

      It's as a result of the hard work by those women that breast cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence it once was - but don't lose sight of the fact that in the US an average of 112 women die from breast cancer every day; in the UK.that average is 33 a day - I don't have statistics for other countries.

      That greedy manufacturers see people's concern and sympathy for cancer patients, and their desire to find a cure, as an opportunity to make cash is not the fault of breast cancer campaigners.

      But like many women who have or have had breast cancer, I detest Breast Cancer Awareness Month. Support for those with a deadly disease has been turned into a marketing opportunity by big business, with around 1% of the cost of specially made pink stuff going to breast cancer charities, the rest into the retailers’ pockets. I'm not 'tickled pink' by the disease that may yet kill me being turned into a commercial beanfeast.

      And quite aside from the commercial aspect, all the pink, fluffy, fun excesses have negative consequences for breast cancer patients too – the marketing and fund-raising hype surrounding breast cancer, by trivialising a deadly disease, is leading people to believe, wrongly, that breast cancer is

      1) not very serious, certainly not as serious as many other cancers (many women with breast cancer have been told – by people who don’t have it – that it’s a ‘good’ cancer to get) and

      2) easily curable.

  28. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer considered more important than every other type of cancer?
    Why is it that everywhere I go people always get hyped up for breast cancer awareness, yet when it comes to some other type of cancer, they don't care? I see all these people pouring out their sympathy for some woman with breast cancer, yet when it comes to a male diagnosed with prostate cancer, no one gives a crap. Why aim for one type of cancer, instead of cancer in general?
    I got this answer from another question;
    "Men are affected by cancer much more then women

    For those of you saying breast cancer is the deadliest...that is BS...it is the 5th leading cancer in WOMEN over the age of 50!

    -only 1% of men get breast cancer...so yes it is very gender biased!

    -susan komen does NOT care about men or children. They are a sexist organization.

    -men die from prostate cancer at almost the same rate that women do of breast cancer (yet women will not support the fight against prostate cancer)

    -If i said, "save the TATA's" before the pink campaign came to light...I would have been slapped.

    -I will NOT dontate to such a selfish cause and neither should you.

    -find a CURE for cancer...not just a cancer that affects WOMEN OVER THE AGE OF 50"

    • ANSWER:
      Most, if not all, of your assertions are correct. Breast cancer is not the most common cause of cancer in females and not a major cause of death. It is disfiguring to have breasts removed and since they are sexual and visible features of women a slick campaign has elevated this issue to national importance. And yes, fund raisers and businesses associated with fund raising make a ton of money each year off this campaign. But a cure for cancer is practically impossible since it is genetic and built in into all of us at the time of conception. It is about detection and treatment. All cancers are genetic. Environmental causes do generate cancers such as smoking anything and poisons and chemicals. You have established your policy on this issue. Thanks for sharing.

  29. QUESTION:
    Why is breast cancer the most important?
    Out of all the types of cancer, why is breast cancer the one that gets so much attention? Why do I never see people wearing shirts that spread awareness of pancreatic cancer? From what I've heard, breast cancer has a pretty high survival rate, and that it is far from the worst kind.

    • ANSWER:
      It's not...just old white women give it all the attention

  30. QUESTION:
    how do I get 25 year old medical records?
    My mother passed away 25 years ago. Now I am in my 40"s and want to know about her breast cancer. (type,metastesis,meds) Do they throw these away? How can I see them if they are around. Where would I start?

    • ANSWER:
      They are allowed to dispose of medical records after 7 years. Though some places keep them forever. But they would most likely be in storage. I would call the medical office that treated her and ask them if they exposed of them or have them in archives.

  31. QUESTION:
    Why is there so much hype over breast cancer?
    Breast cancer is only the 4th most common type of cancer, yet it seems to receive the most attention from the media.

    • ANSWER:
      You being a male, it figures you'd ask this question. You DO know men get breast cancer too, don't you?

  32. QUESTION:
    Can You Help Me Answer Several Questions About Breast Cancer?
    1. If a male's mother had breast cancer, does this increase his risk of getting any type of cancer?

    2. If someone underwent chemotherapy and radiation for chemotherapy and survives, and is also in remission and never has cancer again, will their experience with cancer and cancer treatment shorten their life span?

    3. What is the likelihood of someone's breast cancer relapsing if they successfully underwent chemotherapy and radiation for it?

    Thanks for your help.
    Thank you for the extremely helpful response, and I'm happy to hear that you have NED.

    • ANSWER:
      1) Breast cancer is hereditary in only 5 - 10% of cases. If the man's mother is one of those 5-10% whose breast cancer was due to one of the rare inherited BRCA genes, then he has a 50% chance of having inherited that gene.

      If he has inherited the gene, his risk of breast cancer is 1% with the BRCA1 gene and 6% with the BRCA2 gene. This is low, but is many times the breast cancer risk of a man who doesn't carry a BRCA gene.

      If he hasn't inherited the gene, his risk of breast cancer isn't increased. Nor is it increased if his mother was one of the 90 - 95% of breast cancer patients whose breast cancer was not hereditary.

      No, he is not at risk of other types of cancer, whether or not his mother's breast cancer was hereditary.

      2) I don't believe there is any evidence of this; someone else - Denise or Spreedog perhaps - will be able to tell you whether this is ever the case.

      3) People who have hadbreast cancer and are in remission are told that they have 'no evidence of disease' (or NED - my favourite word!) rather than that they are cured or have the 'all clear'. This is because breast cancer can return at any time, even years later - although that doesn't mean it will.

      Most recurrences happen within two years of diagnosis and treatment. After 5 years the chances of recurrence are statistically very low, and continue to fall with every passing year.

      It DOESN'T mean breast cancer is never cured, simply that there is no way of telling whether a particular person's cancer will recur. Many people live the rest of their long health lives without recurrence after breast cancer treatment.

  33. QUESTION:
    What shoes would you recommend to wear for the 3 DAY breast cancer walk?
    This year I am walking the 3 day breast cancer walk for the first time. I have read advice on the shoes to wear but I'm stuck. I am a flip flop type of person and I want something comfortable.
    Are the vibrant 5 fingers good? Or Keens.?
    Or what's the best tennis shoe to wear.

    • ANSWER:
      Hiking boots or trainers.

  34. QUESTION:
    How do I begin to prepare for the Breast Cancer three day walk?
    What types of things do people do to prepare for this?

    I will have to walk 20 miles a day (with a group so we will need to get fit together) and it will go to raise funds for Breast Cancer research. = )

    Thanks!

    **Note: I am overweight by aout 65 pounds now, so I will need to do strength training, weight loss and be fit in a year.
    I know I can walk two miles without breaks right now. I was doing that before. = )

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. Hope all is well. Great to hear that you are doing the 3-day. I will do it once my little ones are a little older. I have not done it yet, but I know that once you sign up for it there are tons of resources that tell you how to train for it including an initial walker handbook, training walk schedules, training ideas, shoe shopping tips, etc. Go to the following site
      http://www.the3day.org/site/PageServer? agename=experience

      Personally, I would treat it as you would a run. Since you are going to be travelling about 15-20 miles per day, make sure you build yourself up to about 12 miles before the walk. If you are doing 2 miles now, start increasing mileage at about 1/2 mile everyother week (or week if you think you can push it). It is okay to take breaks and rest days are important. I found a lot of good info on the Runner's World website. I would definitely look over the info they offer on the 3-day site though and take advantage of the coaches they provide. Hope this info helps!! Good luck! Nicole : )

  35. QUESTION:
    A friend of mine has stage 4 breast cancer and arthritis in the spine. How long does she have to live?
    She has been diagnosed with breast cancer. After all the necessary tests have been taken the doctor seems suspicious that the cancer has spread to the spine. What is the survival rate? How long does she have to live by taking the additional tests and medicine?

    • ANSWER:
      With Stage IV, even though the prognosis is terminal, there's a wide variety of survival times once a woman has been diagnosed with it. Just look at Elizabeth Edwards. She was diagnosed with Stage IV sometime around the end of 2005, and it's barely noticeable. But survival stats are worthless, because it depends on many factors, the main one being whether she tested positive or negative for hormone receptors. If she tested positive, she can be treated with anti-hormonal therapy in addition to chemo, which is a huge plus. Other factors include age and especially the type of cancer she has.

      Bones are the most common place for breast cancer metastases to land, so while the spine sounds scary, (and probably painful) it's something they'll treat until the mets are driven back. In general, bone mets are considered less serious than soft tissue mets, which most Stage IV BC patients ultimately get.

  36. QUESTION:
    How long does someone have with breast cancer ?
    I just found out that my aunt has breast cancer am she's not going to get treated for it. How much longer do I have with her ?

    • ANSWER:
      Depends on the type of Breast Cancer, what stage it was in when diagnosed and if it has metastasized (spread) to other organs.

      Some breast cancers are slow growing and some are very aggressive. The earlier it's caught, the better chance she has for recovery if she chooses to get treated. If it's Stage 3 or 4 with an aggressive cancer, then you may not have long to spend time with her. Not everyone reacts the same either.

  37. QUESTION:
    Where can I find information and prevention methods on Breast Cancer?
    Breast Cancer Statistics among women, research, cures, different associations that raise money for breast cancer research, and what can I do to help.

    • ANSWER:
      OCTOBER is BREAST CANCER AWARENESS MONTH.
      See my blog at - http://360.yahoo.com/jayaramanms...

      There is not particular way to prevent Breast cancer and you should have mammogram and other screening tests done every year to ensure that it is detected in case if it comes.

      You can go through the following website where from you will get lot of information on BREAST CANCER -

      http://www.breastcancer.org/
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/prevention/breast/patient
      http://www.medicinenet.com/breast_cancer_prevention/article.htm
      http://www.breastcancerprevention.org/
      http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/
      http://www.bcpinstitute.org/
      http://www.nomorebreastcancer.org.uk/
      http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/
      http://www.breastcancer.about.com/
      http://www.webmd.com/breast-cancer/
      http://info.cancerresearchuk.org/cancerstats/types/breast/prevention/
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prophylactic-mastectomy/WO00060
      http://www.breasthealthcancerprevention.com/

      I think these websites will give you a fair idea and details about Breast cancer. Best of luck-

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the youngest age you can get breast cancer at?
    I was wondering this, because one of my friends thinks she has breast cancer, and I thought that thirteen was a very young age at which to develop breast cancer.
    I should have said this. She has a lump in her breast and she went to the doctor and they said its "abnormal." She thinks she has cancer, but she doesn't know for sure yet. She's getting a sonogram done.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast tissue is present in male and females of all ages and thus breast cancer is possible at any age with any sex. However, breast cancer . . primary or secondary in children and young teens is rare. Breast cancer in children is also not the same as an adults breast cancer. There are many different types of cancer and there are several types of breast cancer possible in children. The most common types of breast cancer in children are Juvenile Secretory Carcinoma, Cystosarcoma Phylloides, and Lymphoma.

      As for your 13 year old friend what she is most likely feeling is breast growth caused by puberty. There are often small lumps or 'breast buds' that young teens will feel. However, since no one here can really tell what is happening with your friend it is important that she see a doctor to determine exactly what is going on.

      Here is some information about normal 'breast buds' found in young teens:

      Why are my breasts sore?
      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/sore_breasts.html

  39. QUESTION:
    How likely am I to get breast cancer if my mom has it?
    My mom was just diagnosed with breast cancer. It is the first time anyone in my family has ever gotten breast cancer. She had surgery to remove the front part of her breast and now awaits radiation treatment. She's been told there's about a 6% chance of the cancer returning.

    I am a healthy 27 year old who gets regular check-ups with the doctor. I was wondering how high a percentage rate it would be for me to get breast cancer?
    In case it matters, I forgot to mention my mom was/is 67 when she was diagnosed.

    • ANSWER:
      Like all other types of cancer, breast cancer is rarely hereditary; only 5 - 10% of breast cancer cases are hereditary, and they are due to a rare inherited faulty gene.

      Breast cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      A sign that breast cancer might (only might) be hereditary is when several members of the same side of a family have had it, especially if some developed it at a younger than usual age. In those circumstances, genetic testing to establish whether one of the rare faulty genes is present might be considered appropriate.

      You are almost certainly not at increased risk if your mother is the only family member who has had breast cancer; but as the daughter of a woman who has had breast cancer you will be treated as at increased risk as a precaution. Your routine mammograms should start when you are ten years younger than your mother was at diagnosis if that age comes before 40, when routine mammograms start.

      Where breast cancer is hereditary, there is no pattern of it skipping a generation; the faulty gene can only be passed from parent to child, and it's a 50% possibility that it will be. Inheriting the gene doesn't mean someone will definitely develop breast cancer.

      =====

      Yes, her age is important. Breast cancer diagnosed after 50 is even less likely to be hereditary. As she's the only family member to have had breast cancer, you can be sure you're not at increased risk.

      Best wishes to your mum for her treatment - and to you, it's hard seeing someone you love go through this.

      For information about Breast cancer and a place to talk to other people who are going and have been through the same thing, you might both find htis site helpfu; I found online support forums so helpful in the days and weeks after diagnosis:

      http://www.breastcancer.org

  40. QUESTION:
    I need a catchy phrase pertaining to swimming and breast cancer awareness?
    My swim team is swimming in a conference swim meet this weekend. Every sports team at the high school shows some type of support in honor of breast cancer survivors. Example, cross country tie dyed pink and white socks and pink sweat bans. The kids on the swim team decided they wanted to wear pink bathing suits this year. What is a cute, catchy saying pertaining to swimming that relates to breast cancer awareness? I mean there has to be something, whether it be something like: swimming breaststroke, to save tatas…I’m clueless. Help please!

    • ANSWER:
      stroke out breast cancer!
      or...
      flip-turn for a cure.

  41. QUESTION:
    How do I start off my persuasive speech on breast cancer?
    Im a lot better with informative speeches...Why I cant tell you but, I am having the worst time coming up with an persuasive speech and my topics on breast cancer. How do I start off my persuasive speech on breast cancer? And what do you think my three persuasive topics should be. Please help!!!!
    The speech is for my oral communications class I am speaking to a variety of students with different majors not particulary in the health care field. Breast cancer is just a topic I choose to prepare a speech on

    • ANSWER:
      latoya,
      I gave part of this answer to a similar question some time ago and I repeat it here for you. Having presented many lectures in my time, you have to limit your ideas in accordance with the type of audience that you expect to present your speech to. Health professionals would expect a different presentation than members of the general public.

      I would make a few points on the subject - Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there a number of risk factors. Risks that you cannot change include+++++++etc.

      Other risks, which you can change, include being overweight, using hormone replacement therapy, taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35 or having dense breasts+++++etc.

      If all you intend to include are symptoms, risk factors and treatment, then your task will be much easier than if you intended to include with the treatment, symptoms and risk factors, details of the tests, diagnosis and causes.

      If you are a health professional, you might gain some information on the format of lectures on this subject from your medical library, if you are not in the medical profession, help might be gained from the reference department in your local public library.

      I regret that it is almost impossible to advise you in this matter, mainly due to the lack of detail and the discussion that would be needed to ascertain all the facts in order to arrive at a specific answer.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  42. QUESTION:
    Why do so many people wear breast cancer logos? Do they not care about other cancers?
    What about Lung and bronchial - the top killer and second most common cancer in the United States.

    What about Colon and rectal cancer - the second most deadly in the US?

    Shouldn't there be awareness for all types of cancer? Not just breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Why do so many people ask this question?

      The "success" of the pink ribbon movement is due to hard work. When my mother died of breast cancer metastases in 1989, very few people even TALKED about breast cancer! It was considered to be more of a "sexual" disease (because, gasp, it involves breasts!) and it was brushed under the table as a "female problem."

      Here comes the pink ribbon awareness movement and now almost EVERYONE knows about the disease! That's incredible progress in less than 25 years.

      However, with the success comes major failures. There's not enough plain education about breast cancer. We can see this from all the panicked questions from teenagers "My breasts feel lumpy . . . do I have cancer?"

      There's a lot more to knowing about a disease than simple "awareness."

      Here's a fact for you: Are you "aware" that NOT ONE PERSON has ever died of breast cancer in the breast? That's right, not one! Breast cancer in the breast doesn't kill a soul. It's when the breast cancer moves to other parts of the body that people die. They die of breast cancer in their liver, in their lungs, in their brain, in their spleen, in their kidneys, etc.

      Another fact: Most research dollars are going into treating breast cancer in the breast. Until the past decade, there has been little attention to treating metastatic breast cancer in other parts of the body.

      I can't stand the pink ribbon. I am so much more than the disease that is in my body. I don't claim to be "battling cancer" and even though I am likely to die from this disease, I will not have people saying that "cancer won." My life wins! I have a great life and I'm enjoying living it, every single day, one day at a time.

  43. QUESTION:
    Are you or do you know someone who has been a breast cancer survivor for a long time?
    I am so terrified of relapsing from breast cancer and i am afraid that i won't survive this disease. I just want to hear some stories from or about people who are long term breast cancer survivors just to give me some type of inspiration.
    Lo_ MCG I apologize to you for what i have said to you. I said that out of anger and i am very sorry. I hope you will accept my apology.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I am five years eight months from diagnosis, and I had a poor prognosis.

      The person I know personally who has survived longest was diagnosed nineteen years ago.

      I believe you had triple negative breast cancer, and that you were diagnosed at a very young age, both of which are worrying for you.

      I only know one person who had triple negative bc, and she was diagnosed six years ago.

      My understanding is that although recurrence is more likely in the first couple of years for triple neg cancers, the risk declines after that and after 5 years the risk is the same as for someone with er+ breast cancer - which is statistically greatly decreased and decreasing further with every year that follows.

      You have accused me in the past of being negative (and once wished me dead), but I am genuinely trying to help here.

  44. QUESTION:
    Can a 15 year old guy have breast cancer?
    Can a 15 year old guy have breast cancer?
    Hey. I met this guy online and we've been talking. He's really sweet and he says he has breast cancer. He told me he had it before and they took it away, but that now its back. I was wondering if it is possible for a guy about 15 or under to have this type of cancer.
    Please answer. I really want to make sure its not a fake profile and that he's telling the truth.
    At any suspicious sign I will stop talking to him in case he is a dangerous person.
    Thank you very much.

    • ANSWER:
      In a way, Manti Te'o's experience with the faux-Juliet who orchestrated the elaborate hoax was like a modern-day fable about the downfalls of believing everything someone you've never met face-to-face has told you to be true. His emotions were manipulated by a fraud, and yours are being manipulated as well. Yes, this guy is a fake, and he's a really moronic and lazy one to boot. He couldn't even be bothered to find out that no teenage male in history has been diagnosed with breast cancer - much less had it twice? Industrialized countries have been keeping detailed records of all incidences of cancer such as the person's age at the time of diagnosis for years, and there's been a 0.0% rate of people under the age of 20 being diagnosed in the US with breast cancer for a while. For males it's even more uncommon.

      You're going to have people tell you that any type of cancer is possible in anyone, but the crucial bit of information they're leaving out are the statistics about the probability of that person having it at their age. Anyone who buys a lottery ticket has a chance of winning, but how many people actually do? Odds do matter. The fact that you theoretically can get breast cancer as a teenage boy doesn't mean that there's even the slimmest probability that you will.

      Forward the answers from people who know what they're talking about here to him so can better understand why his lie was not only wrong, but stupid. Then kick him to the cyber curb. I don't know the context in which you've been talking to him, but block him. You are not a fool because you were skeptical enough about him to ask this question. A lot of younger teens would just be spoon-fed his BS. So, do not allow him to play you like a fool since you aren't one.

      ~ skyark

  45. QUESTION:
    What does this new breast cancer look like?
    It starts as looking like a pimple or something, eventually it starts to rot your skin away. It is only on the breast though. It's like a type of skin disease, or breast cancer. I would like to know please.

    • ANSWER:
      you need to get examined by a surgeon. u should hv told about the duration. breast cancer can be jus to skin seemingly. best can be to see a dermatologist then asurgeon.

  46. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of me getting breast cancer?
    My dad's side of the family has never had any breast cancer issues, but my mom's side of the family definitely has. My great-grandmother died from breast cancer, then my grandmother's sister had breast cancer. A couple of my mom's cousins have found lumps in their breasts. A few years ago, my mother found a lump and had it removed. I'm 16. What are the chances of me getting breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Like other types of cancer, hereditary breast cancer is rare; only 5- 10% of all breast cancer cases are hereditary.

      Breast cancer diagnosed after the age of 50 is even less likely to be hereditary.

      There is nothing in the information you give to suggest that you are at any increased risk of breast cancer - as I understand it, two third degree relatives, who I'm guessing were over 50, have had breast cancer, two third degree relatives have had non-cancerous breast lumps, and your mother has had a non-cancerous breast lump removed.

      A sign that breast cancer MAY (only may) be hereditary is when several members of the same side of the family have had it, especially if some developed it at a younger than usual age. In those circumstances, genetic testing to establish whether the cancers were due to a rare, inherited faulty gene might be considered appropriate.

      But that is not the case in your family. Your chances are the same as the average woman - one in eight over a lifetime of 80+ years.

      This is not

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the reasons to be aware of breast cancer?
    I want to know the reasons to be aware of breast cancer for my essay about how being aware is good.

    • ANSWER:
      Every 69 seconds someone in the world dies from breast cancer. It usually doesn't affect young people but even men can get it. When caught early the outcome is generally better.

      There are a lot of good sources you can research to learn more about breast cancer. The American Cancer Society is a good place to start. There is more to any type of cancer than being "aware".

  48. QUESTION:
    How long might a person with Stage 4 breast cancer survive?
    My mother has been diagnosed with Stage 4 breast cancer. It is in her breast, multiple lymph nodes, liver and bones. How long could she live? Like 30 months or 17 years?

    • ANSWER:
      The 5 year survival rate is 20%, but it is not unusual to see patients survive 10 years or more. A lot depends on the type, grade and hormone receptor status.


breast cancer types of

Cancer Bracelets

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Where can i find the pink breast cancer bracelets?
    Where can i find the pink breast cancer bracelets?
    And what is the official say that is on them?

    • ANSWER:
      I buy all my breast cancer items at the breast cancer site. The pink Band of Support bracelets are good quality and beside the name of the site they have Mothers, Sisters, Daughters, Friends on them. Currently they are 10 for or 100 for 0 (fund raising). The site also has a button you can click every day to help fund mammograms for those who don't have insurance. I am a 6 yr breast cancer survivor and visit the site every day.

  2. QUESTION:
    What can we say on our cancer bracelets that we are going to sell?
    My family and I are going to order the rubber cancer bracelets to sell and raise money to give to my Grandfather who is fighting cancer right now. We need some good sayings to go on the bracelets so people will want to buy them. Any ideas?!

    • ANSWER:
      "FIGHT STRONG!" " BE AWARE!" "HOPE" . hope these help

  3. QUESTION:
    Where can I buy breast cancer rubber bracelets?
    I'd like to know a couple of stores that would potentially have the pink rubber breast cancer bracelets.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      The Breastcancersite.com has all kinds.

      http://shop.thebreastcancersite.com/store/category.do?siteId=224&categoryId=2504&origin=BCS_GOOGLE_ADGROUP-BID_OPT-BCSBracelets&gclid=CIGrzZGxupsCFSBN5QodcyvZ_w

      and so does bumperstickermagnet.com

      http://shop.thebreastcancersite.com/store/category.do?siteId=224&categoryId=2504&origin=BCS_GOOGLE_ADGROUP-BID_OPT-BCSBracelets&gclid=CIGrzZGxupsCFSBN5QodcyvZ_

  4. QUESTION:
    how much money must go to breast cancer if a store is selling a breast cancer item?
    I was at the store and there was a breast cancer bracelet, but none of the money went to breast cancer. Is there a law saying that some money must go to the charity?

    • ANSWER:
      My niece owns her own store and she always donates 10% to cancer research. Especially breast cancer since she's a survivor. However, she uses the pink ribbon which is the American Cancer Society's logo. So anyone using that, has to have permission. If they are selling products and telling you they are for cancer research but you see no evidence of it, don't go there and report them because they are falsely advertising. They have no right selling breast cancer bracelets without the permission of the ACS. Check it out. Something is fishy there.

  5. QUESTION:
    where can I buy authentic prostate cancer awareness bracelets?
    Hi,

    I am interested in buying prostate cancer awareness bracelets to support the cause. Any idea where I can buy bracelets like this that will actually support research?

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Just pick any online support organization for prostate cancer . . there really isn't any 'official' bracelet . . but each organization sells them for their own purposes . . this is true of all cancer organizations except for breast cancer and the pink marketing and possibly Lance Armstrong and the yellow Live Strong bracelets. All the other cancer organizations decide for themselves the colors and what to sell . . so locate a support group for prostate cancer and buy a bracelet from them.

  6. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where I could find a breast cancer awareness bracelet from a store now?
    I am looking to get a breast cancer awareness bracelet today, but I am not sure where to look. I want to get it from a store and not online though. I know the breast cancer awareness month was a few months ago but does someone have an idea where I could get one offline now?
    So far there isn't much luck finding one. Breast Cancer awareness was in October so the 5 stores I have went to so far haven't had them.

    • ANSWER:
      Any gas station should have them
      they even have breast cancer awareness tic tacs‹3
      you can go online and buy some pins as well, they have a ton of different designs.

  7. QUESTION:
    What STORE can i get a colon cancer silicon bracelet ?
    What store can i get the colon cancer bracelet .. like the blue silicon kind ? somewhere like maybe target ? cvs ? walmart ?

    i need a STORE because im not old enough to have credit cards

    thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Merchants and stores do not generally 'sell' silicon bracelets because the bracelets are non-profit or FUNDRAISERS for the cancer charities. A colon cancer silicon bracelet may or may not be found at a colon cancer support foundation . . most cancer organizations are not as well organized or commercially available as all the 'pink ribbon' merchandising for breast cancer.

      Be carefully about 'buying' this type of merchandise . .as your money may never even go to support colon cancer . . it may just line the pockets of whoever is selling it.

  8. QUESTION:
    Where to buy I Heart Boobies bracelet in Evanston?
    Does anybody know if there's a place in Evanston, IL where you can buy one of those I <3 Boobies breast cancer bracelets?

    • ANSWER:
      you can buy them in spencers or in the store zumiez, thats where i got mine !!
      good luck <3

  9. QUESTION:
    where can I fine free breast cancer awareness bracelets?
    I would love to have a breast cancer awareness bracelet to support it.

    • ANSWER:
      To support it, you need to BUY the bracelets.

  10. QUESTION:
    Where Can I Find Designed Rubber Breast Cancer Bracelets?
    I wanna support breast cancer and look fashionable I want to know where can I find designed rubber breast cancer bracelets??? well please tell me really want to know----

    please tell thanks

    • ANSWER:

  11. QUESTION:
    What stores sell breast cancer bracelets?
    Does anyone know of any stores that sell any bracelets or awareness stuff? I don't want to order on line I would just prefer to buy it in a store.

    • ANSWER:
      If you think you have cancer get it confirmed or denied first, then if it is cancer do not let them do any surgery or chemical treatments before GOOGLING, "BIOCHEMIST WHO CURED HIS OWN CANCER" before they shut down the site for good!!! It will save you a lot of misery!!! This treatment works on all cancers with no side effects other than falling asleep and waking up refreshed no matter the age of the patient or stage of cancer!!!

  12. QUESTION:
    Where can i get a brain tumor or pediatric cancer awareness bracelet/wristband(Not online)?
    I have a brain tumor awareness shirt, but I can't wear that everyday ... I could with a bracelet. Where can I find one other than online?(I'm a minor so i can't order one online and my mom doesn't like ordering stuff online) If there are none for brain cancer then one for pediatric cancer would be fine too. I can only find breast cancer awareness bracelets and never anything else.

    • ANSWER:
      My sister got hers from the American Cancer Society. She has brain cancer as well. She wears a hat with symbol. That's the one place I can think of. I got my breast cancer ring from them. Good luck

  13. QUESTION:
    Is a breast cancer awareness bracelet saying I LOVE BOOBIES inappropriate for 14 year olds to wear?
    ...or just inappropriate to wear in school? Click on link below for the story.

    http://ca.news.yahoo.com/kelowna-school-bans-breast-cancer-bracelets-190404127.html

    • ANSWER:
      I don't think it's bad to wear at all, I just don't understand schools sometimes. Come on people, it's for Breast Cancer Awareness, they are wearing it to support a cure for breast cancer.

  14. QUESTION:
    what should i name my cancer bracelet business?
    i need a catchy name for my cancer bracelet business. if you can incudle the word love or cancer that would be great :)

    • ANSWER:
      I don't have a name but I have a slogon:
      Curing Cancer, one bracelet at a time.

  15. QUESTION:
    What stores sell breast cancer bracelets?
    Does anyone know of any stores that sell any bracelets or awareness stuff? I don't want to order on line I would just prefer to buy it in a store.

    • ANSWER:
      JC Penney does

  16. QUESTION:
    What stores sell the rubber cancer bracelets?
    what stores sell the rubber bracelets for cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      usually the any sort of charity shop might but i would look in supermarkets like Asda or Tescos

  17. QUESTION:
    Where can I get the chunky looking breast cancer bracelet?
    I've seen them a few times but I can't find them. Chunky glass beads ...lampwork? multi color? I need some soon. My sister-in-law was just diagnosed with Breast cancer & I want to buy them for her & immediate family to show support. I think they cost -30. Does anyone know where to get them?

    Thank you so much.

    • ANSWER:
      I think I saw that on overstock.com on backorder. I saw a breast cancer bracelet there of your description but I just searched and could not find. I would keep checking.
      Prayers for your sister-in-law

      On Ebay ****
      http://search.ebay.com/breast-cancer-bracelet_W0QQfromZR8QQfrtsZ0

  18. QUESTION:
    What Do You Think of This New School Rule?
    So, I have heard that schools might make the Breast Cancer Awareness bracelets that say "I love Boobies" against school dress code.
    They are quite popular in my school, and I love them myself personally.

    What do you think tho?, Is this a fair ban?, Or against our rights to support something?

    • ANSWER:
      They may be banning them because the kids are wearing them for laughs, and not for actually breast cancer awareness support. You see, kids will wear these bracelets because they think the saying "I love boobies" is funny, and they don't get that people actually die from breast cancer, and it's not a joke. Honestly, they're not banning them to be jerks, they're banning them because kids are being disrespectful. If kids wore pink in support of breast cancer, that would be great, but what fun is that? Especially if you can't have the word boobies across your wrist...

  19. QUESTION:
    Where can i get Cancer bracelets without buying online?
    I live in Sacramento CA and I am going to have an after chemo pot luck at the end of April. (last treatment today!) i want to know where i can get Hodgkin's lymphoma bracelets without going online. I can't seem to find anything, I don't know if I am looking in the right places and i could use some help...

    • ANSWER:
      Did you look on the web site for the American Cancer Society? That is where I found mine for Colon Cancer. Congratulations on your last treatment!! Been there done that and I am very happy to say I have been cancer free for 10 years !!

  20. QUESTION:
    What type of breast cancer bracelets are there?
    I know that there are bracelets that say "I <3 boobies." and "im sexy" but are there any other ones that are cool? not just those "Courage" or "strength" pink bracelets... and if so, where can i get them? thanks

    • ANSWER:
      I personally hate the "3 boobies" one. it's insulting and degrading to those of us who lost our breast to cancer. The "sexy" one are just as bad. What's wrong with Courage or strength because it takes a lot of strength and courage to go through what breast cancer and all other cancer patients go through

  21. QUESTION:
    How much would you be willing to pay for a pink ribbon cancer awareness bracelet?
    All funds go to the American Cancer Society of course. My friend and I are making some and we were just wondering how much people would be willing to pay.

    • ANSWER:
      2 to 5 dollars depend on quality

  22. QUESTION:
    Where can I get boobies bracelets in canada?
    i need to find a store that sells the breast cancer bracelets that isnt in a mall in canada, help please!?

    • ANSWER:
      boat house!

  23. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where I can buy a pink breast cancer awareness bracelet?
    I am looking for the silicone/rubber ones that are so popular and the icon for breast cancer. I need stores that I can drive to and buy it. Not online. Please anyone.

    • ANSWER:
      I use to work at ZALES, and they had a Breast Cancer braclet there=)

  24. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know a site that has childrens breast cancer awareness bracelets, or arm bands?
    My mother was just diagnosed with Breast Cancer, and I have purchased some bracelets, and rings for the females in my family to show support. My son wants to wear a bracelet, but I am having trouble finding bracelets for children (especially boys). Any help would be appreciated.

    Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      If you are in the UK, you can order bands from the breast cancer care website. They are pink and only one size having a 20 cm circumference. In the US you can order them from the pink ribbon shop.

  25. QUESTION:
    Do all cancer awareness bracelets say the same thing?
    like the breast cancer ones say hope strength faith.... on them. do all the other cancer awareness bracelets say those same 3 words? Or are they different??

    thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      There are differences.
      Remember the yellow rubber bracelets that said LIVESTRONG on them? They were developed and promoted by Lance Armstrong for his recovery of testicular cancer. So the words can vary depending upon the type of cancer.

  26. QUESTION:
    Where can i buy an I Love Boobies breast cancer bracelet in san francisco?
    i don't want to buy it online. i just want to know if there are any stores in san francisco or daly city that sell the I <3 boobies bracelets in san francisco, ca

    • ANSWER:
      they sell them at zumiez for .50 but there are no zumiez in san francisco , the closest one is in hilltop mall in richmond

  27. QUESTION:
    Where can I buy a Lung Cancer awareness bracelet?
    I have a friend recently diagnosed with lung cancer. I want to support her by wearing one. The color is pearl, but I really don't know where to buy them except online. Can you recommend a store? or a company that makes it in the Philippines? Any help would be much appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      i think you have to actually buy it from the cancer research people for it to actually help fund fighting cancer.

  28. QUESTION:
    where can i find the bracelets that the tour de france announcers who did the recap wore yesterday?
    they are not traditional livestrong bracelets, one was yellow and one was pink. there was also a metal part on the bracelets. sorry i cant be more specific!

    • ANSWER:
      The Pink ones are for breast cancer.

      http://www.natural-health-information-centre.com/breast-cancer-bracelets.html

      Edit:
      I had the race TiVoed and watched the announcers, what looks like metal is actually the reflection of the studio lights on the bands. The yellow ones show the same effect.

  29. QUESTION:
    What color ribbon do they use for oral cancer?
    I need the awareness ribbon for oral cancer. Can someone tell me what color it is, or include a picture if you can.
    I just found out my dad has oral cancer :(

    • ANSWER:
      I am so sorry to hear about your fathers diagnoses. I hope he can recover. And I am so glad to hear you are trying to raise awareness!! I wish you and your father nothing but the best!

      I couldn't find anything on ribbons, they my not make a certain one for that type of cancer yet....I did find that they have oral cancer pins and bracelet's. http://www.spohnc.org/order/order.htm#Pins

      Here is another pin site that you can actually have them personalize it, maybe with your fathers name?
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/shop/collections/personalized/detail/p_redwhite.html

  30. QUESTION:
    What can I do to raise money for my Making Strides Against Breast Cancer walk?
    I'm looking for detailed tips on how I can raise money for the American Cancer Society by way of fundraising for my walk in Central Park in October. I'd be interested in things like bake sales - but how do I go about holding a bake sale? Please help with that and other creative ideas!!
    Here is my link in case you would like to donate: http://main.acsevents.org/site/TR?px=1537952&pg=personal&fr_id=2159&s_tafId=4747
    Every little bit helps!

    • ANSWER:
      my dept. at work has been involved for several years, we bought krispy kreme donuts on fridays, and people could have one for a donation (they were fresh & hot). we also had an "ice cream social" where anyone in the building could fix their own ice cream sundae for a donation. Last year i went around to the local businesses and got them to donate gift certificates for dinner, free pizza coupons, and other items including a big beautiful sheffelera plant, and we raffled them off and raised 0. that way. I brought the Making Strides folder & brochure, and gave pink bracelets to people who donated. I found this more productive & more fun than going around asking for donations, but whatever works to help the cause. Let's keep walking til we find a cure!

  31. QUESTION:
    What could I write on a shirt to support breast cancer awareness?
    On my school team's next meet day, we are wearing things to support breast cancer. A few of my friends and I want to make shirts and have no creative ideas on what to write. We are going to tie dye them and then write on them. Ideas?x

    • ANSWER:
      I'm being completely serious. Have you seen those Brest cancer bracelet that says "I <3 Boobies" ? Well my friend has a t-shirt that says that and I think it's sick. But make the heart a cool design

  32. QUESTION:
    What can I put in goodie bags for kids with cancer?
    Lately I've been extremely interested in helping kids with cancer. I would like to make a little goodie bag for some kids, but what things are safe? I know stuffed animals aren't.

    I want to put
    A barbie or an action figure
    Some stickers
    Some crayons
    And a coloring book.
    Are these things safe? Thanks, it's very much appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not put in any food or drinks, like someone else suggested.

      Call the hospital you want to donate the goody bags to and ask them what to put in them. They may have specific requirements of what can and cannot be in the bags. You can Google the hospital's website, find the pediatric oncology department, call and ask to speak to the social worker or child life specialist.

      I get calls about this all the time. I will not take any food- if any comes, it has to be thrown away. I don't know what someone may have done with that food.

      Everything must be brand new- nothing used. Stickers are fantastic. Crayons are good, but if you're breaking up a pack to put a few in, make sure one bag doesn't get the good colors and another bag black, brown and gray. Coloring books are good. Barbies or action figures are good, but be aware that these are pricey! Remember, they MUST be brand new.

      Some things we like to see in goody bags are:

      Hot Wheels
      Silly Putty
      Play-Doh (little cans)
      Slinkies
      Stickers
      Decks of cards
      Pencils (cool patterns)
      Gel pens
      little notebooks
      party favor type toys- parachuting guys, wall climbers, etc.
      Tattoos
      Bracelets
      Magic tricks
      Mardi Gras beads
      Rubber duckies (the little ones you can get at party stores)

      Really anything fun and new. I generally don't give out bags like this to my under-3s, but if you want to make bags for little ones, make sure you don't have choking hazards in there.

      Overall, you can't go wrong with stickers, a little notepad, and some crayons or pens!

      But definitely call the hospital, because they may have just gotten a ton of bags and can't take anymore right now, or they may be needing something in particular.

      Also, be aware that you probably won't be able to hand out the goodie bags to the kids. You will likely have to drop them off at the hospital but not be allowed in contact with the patients. This is for both confidentiality and infection control concerns.

  33. QUESTION:
    Any good ideas for a bracelet for cancer?
    My best friend has recently been diagnosed with cancer, and we are making bracelets to raise money for her family. We need a good inspirational (and relatively short) quote to go on the back of the bracelet. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Never give up

  34. QUESTION:
    Whats a good website for the custom horse hair bracelets?
    I had to put my horse down today, he had stage three cancer and was in a lot of pain. I want to have a keep sake item type thing to remember him by and also just have a piece of him. What are some reliable websites where I can send his hair?

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry to hear about your loss.
      !his is a great company and she will work with you for a design.
      http://www.tailspinbracelets.com/

      She will tell you where to cut the hair and how much.

      I got a surprise "horsehair key chain" from where I board my horse-the manager and her 6 year old son made it for me! I am working with this lady on a bracelet.(My horse is alive and doing well, though)

      Again my condolences on the loss of your friend. My thoughts and prayers are with you.

  35. QUESTION:
    cancer bracelets when purchased at a store where does that money go?
    when you get the bracelet at a walmart or where ever isnt there supose to be a percentage of the money at purchase supose to go to that foundation? or in help of research of it?

    • ANSWER:
      Unless it is specifically marked as a fundraiser the money is going into the pockets of WalMart.

      Cancer merchandise is big business.

  36. QUESTION:
    What are those dark blue silicone bracelets for?
    I've seen the yellow for lance Armstrong and the cancer society, but i've been seeing alot of dark blue ones.

    I understand almost anyone can get the same type to say anything they want, but the ones I have been seeing are worn by thousands already. What is it?

    • ANSWER:
      I believe dark blue raises awareness for child abuse and colon cancer.

      There's a whole chart based on the colors here:

      http://www.bagwellpromotions.com/awareness-bracelets.html

      Hope it helps!

  37. QUESTION:
    What does the white bracelet represent?
    I know pink is for breast cancer, but what does the white mean? Just curious.

    • ANSWER:
      White is bone cancer.

      Lung cancer is pearl color. Bone cancer color is white.

  38. QUESTION:
    What stores sell breast cancer rubber band bracelets?
    I am looking for the pink rubber band bracelets for breast cancer awareness. I would like to drive to a store and pick them up rather then order online (I don't want a huge quantity and I want some of the proceeds to go towards breast cancer research etc.)

    Does anyone know of any stores that sell these?

    Thanks in advance!

    • ANSWER:
      I've been looking in my area as well and I cannot find any stores that do. I've found many online, but if you're like me, you want to look at them first. I haven't noticed that you have to buy a large quantity when buying online. The ones I've seen ask you how many you want to buy, from 1 up.

      You may also try calling the American Cancer Society to see if they can tell you where the best place to buy a bracelet would be. I haven't tried that yet, it was recently suggested.

  39. QUESTION:
    What should we do for cancer patients?
    Me and my church want to go to the childrens cancer department and visit. Maybe take bibles.
    But what else? Crafts to give them. Or ways to entertain. Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      I think that's a great idea.
      When I was in the hospital being treated for cancer, I enjoyed people at least asking me if I needed anything. If I wanted to play a game, or needed a dvd to watch, or something like that. I was thankful for even being asked. But I think a craft or something would be great for the littler kids fighting cancer because little kids enjoy that. The teenagers would probably enjoy playing a game, or if it's a girl making a bracelet or something?
      The first answerer mentioned donating hair.. You can't really donate your hair visiting a hospital, but you can definitely donate your hair. That would mean the world to a cancer patient. When I went to have my wig made, I bought a real hair wig. It was SO much money, but to know someone donated that hair for someone who didn't have hair anymore had me in tears. It means SOO much. Like, I can't even tell you how much it meant to me. A stranger, giving of their hair. It amazes me.

  40. QUESTION:
    What color is the ribbon for brain cancer?
    I need to know because my Baby cousin Is about 10 or 9 months old and has brain cancer, brain tumor, an water in his brain.
    If you can please add a picture

    • ANSWER:
      Gray
      -
      I tried to paste mine here and it will not let me. I have on in my signature for my email that's automatic.
      If you want to email at this address below you can copy and paste mine.
      WVLYNNSUMMERS74@AOL.COM
      I also have a link to a site with ribbons for most cancer types. For some reason its not working but I'll try and get the info for you. Its got lots of them.
      Please put BT in the title so I'll know its not spam. i can also give you some sites for support and infomation. I am so sorry for your families problems.

      the choose hope site has many great products . I have purchased my metal BT ribbons from them that I wear daily. Plus my bracelets.
      Any one else that wants to talk about BT issues feel free to email me. My husband is the patient. He's a 20year survivor, AAIII. I use my AOL account for most email. Yahoo hates me when it comes to email.

  41. QUESTION:
    Where does my money go if I donate for breast cancer awareness?
    Cuz I'm pretty damn sure EVERYONE in the country is aware of it. I just got a bracelet from my friend saying I heart boobies(a little late, but still trendy.) Who's paying for that? And why hasn't at the very least 50% of my money gone to a cure rather than cheap novelty accessories and bumper stickers?

    • ANSWER:
      Most money goes to companies that solicit and collect the money. This includes the trinkets like the bracelet. About 14 percent goes toward research and finding a cure.

  42. QUESTION:
    What does the color of these plastic bracelets mean?
    I've heard that each color supports a group , one agains rationalisim the other supports HIV
    Who knows what those each color mean
    i hope you get which bracelets i mean

    • ANSWER:
      I have the pink which is for breast cancer.
      I also have lots of pink ribbon chains and stuff.

      There are lots of them out there and they are called "awareness bracelets."
      Here is a website that says what color is what:
      http://www.awarenessdepot.com/Colors.html

  43. QUESTION:
    Do fancier versions of the livestrong bracelet exist?
    I'm interested in perhaps a sterling silver alternative to the yellow plastic band but still something that's supporting cancer research. Ever seen anything like this? If so, where?

    • ANSWER:
      not to my knowledge.

  44. QUESTION:
    what color is the leukemia cancer bracelet?
    i have leukemia and i want to support it. i was just diagnosed and is it deadly?

    • ANSWER:
      My 2 year old daughter has ALL Leukemia, she was diagnosed in July 2008. There is always a chance that it is deadly, but there is so many chemotherepy drugs out there that fight off the cancer cells, that the percent of leukemia surviors is a great number now. Of course there are some types of leukemia that are harder to fight then others, but all are curable. Just keep up hope, it is a long road ahead of you. The leukemia cancer color is Orange, i support it everyday! Good luck!

  45. QUESTION:
    how exactly does walking 60 miles in 3 days cure breast cancer?
    have any of these publicity stunts ended with a cure for breast cancer? is this further proof that all this susan g komen garbage is a scam to get self absorbed and self important people to give money?

    give me a break.
    oh....so they need more than the millions they have raised over the last 10 years?

    • ANSWER:
      I assisted one of those Komen marathon event. First they put tombs all over the grass with names of people who died of breast cancer to make it very sad. I thought that was creepy. What surprised me the most was the participants of the marathon. They were mostly women who only care of winning and being in shape. There were also many booths with pink bottles, key chains, bracelets...etc....To tell you the truth, I think they are more a business than anything else.
      I would rather give my money to the individual who is suffering from the disease rather than the organization.

  46. QUESTION:
    Why is October known only for breast cancer?
    I think its amazing that America dedicates the month of october to breast cancer awareness, but what about all the other cancers? Why are they not recognized and why are we not raising money for them?

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer, compared to other forms of cancer, is more common. Breast cancer awareness is not only meant to raise money, but it concentrates on teaching people the signs of breast cancer so individuals can catch it in its early stages and, therefore, have a more likely chance of getting early treatment and surviving the disease.

      There's other forms of cancer awareness, though. Haven't you ever seen those leukemia fundraising things at cash registers? What about Armstrong's yellow Live Strong bracelets that were extremely popular. There are "Relays for Life" in many communities as well, which help promote cancer fundraising and awareness. To be quite honest, cancer awareness for cancer in general, as well as specific cancers other than breast cancer, is very common.

  47. QUESTION:
    Why do people worry about breast cancer when colon cancer is more common & deadly?
    I say we start a campaign! We shall make all of their pink things into brown things. Instead of those "I <3 Boobs" bracelets, we can make "I <3 a**" bracelets.

    • ANSWER:
      Agree-more reason to adopt a plant based diet

  48. QUESTION:
    You know the bracelets that epileptics or diabetics wear?
    I was just wondering if there was anything like that for a person to wear
    who DOESN'T want to be resuscitated in the event of heart attack, or
    other such thing. Say the person is in their 60s or 70s and would just
    rather die of a sudden heart attack or aneurysm than some long drawn
    out battle with cancer or other such disease, or Alzheimers, you know?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to check your state laws, prepare and sign some documents, and make sure that your family and doctors are aware of your wishes if you want any say in what happens should you suddenly become incapacitated.

      My colleagues and I used to tell each other that we were going to have DNR tattooed onto our chests where hands are placed for CPR. In fact, tattoos and bracelets are not enough to prevent EMS being called or doing CPR; resuscitation.

      You need to find out what is required for a Do Not Resuscitate order in your state. Most of the time; a doctor must certify the request, and DNR orders are often limited to people who already have an illness where recovery is not expected; like end stage kidney disease, end stage heart disease, some cancers, etc. Some states do have bracelets for DNR orders to emergency medical services; but you and your doctor must sign the documents first and not everyone is eligible.

      I think your best protection is to have an Advanced Health Care Directive (also called a Living Will) that you have signed and have also shared with family members and your doctor; and also to assign someone as your health care surrogate, someone who is aware of your wishes, has a copy of your Advance Directive, and who you trust to carry out your wishes.

      Most states have forms available for Advance Directives and health care surrogates; you can download the forms, fill them out, and then have a notary public or and attorney watch you sign and verify your signature. Also; attorneys who do family law, probate, or elder law can help you fill out the forms so your wishes are explicit. Once you've signed the forms and had them notarized; it is just as important that you make sure that your doctor, family, or anyone else who might be around are aware of the Directive and know where it is kept.

      I realize that wearing a bracelet seems like a good idea; but I don't think it is fair to the people around you or to EMS workers to think a bracelet alone is a good method to convey your wishes. Bracelets can be abused, for example; without a record that shows you really have a DNR order it would be possible for someone to put a bracelet on an older relative after and not before they became incapacitated.

      Several members of my family are aware of my wishes and where my documents are kept; my husband, my father, both of my daughters all know; and I know about their wishes as well. This isn't an easy topic for many people, but we've always kept each other informed. I hope you will do the same with those close to you.


cancer bracelets

Gist Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can foreigners participate in clinical trials in the US?
    I'm investigating the possibility for my relative who is in China and was diagnosed with GIST cancer. If he meets all the eligibility criteria of the trial, what does he have to do to get in the trial being a non-US citizen? Anything in particular? Would he be responsible for the full costs of the trial or if the trial is sponsored by a drug company, could he get the trial drugs for free(Gleevec)? How would monitoring post-treatment be done if he is leaving abroad?

    • ANSWER:
      Trials don't usually cover transportation costs. If he wanted to participate in one, he would have to make himself available on his own.

  2. QUESTION:
    What time do the cancer research uk shops usually open at on a Saturday?
    I need to go to the one on Friar Street in Reading, but if you don't know that a general gist would be good thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I worked in a Cancer Research shop for a while, we usually opened at about 9AM most days, later on a Sunday. I'm not sure if it's the same for all of them, but usually it's around the normal shop working hours.

  3. QUESTION:
    what is the mortality rate of patients with advanced stomach cancer?
    My daughter was diagnosed last night with an advanced case of stomach cancer. The doctor says it has been there for at least two years, judging from the size and number of the masses. Also, the cancer is progressing into her intestines. Please. I need to know not only for myself, but to prepare her as well. And no doctor will tell me, as I am not the patient, and she is over 18.

    • ANSWER:
      How old is your daughter and what was the diagnosis . . did you hear the words desmoplastic small round cell tumor or Gastrointestinal stromal tumor or stomach cancer? Please ask the doctor for the specific pathology of the cancer as this will determine your daughters treatment options.

      What you need to know about Stomach Cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/stomach

      GIST
      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=6161

      DSRCT
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desmoplastic_small_round_cell_tumor

      Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adult-soft-tissue-sarcoma/Patient

      There is a type of treatment called cytoreductive surgery and peritoneal hyperthermic chemoperfusion that is showing good results for patients with abdominal cancers. You would need to check with her doctors to see if she qualifies. My son underwent this treatment and had tremendous benefit.

      http://www.asco.org/portal/site/ASCO/menuitem.34d60f5624ba07fd506fe310ee37a01d/?vgnextoid=76f8201eb61a7010VgnVCM100000ed730ad1RCRD&vmview=abst_detail_view&confID=45&abstractID=10647

      As far as mortality rates go . . people are not statisitics, they are individuals and each cancer is different. Mortality rates mean very little. Just focus on getting your daughter the best treatment possible.

  4. QUESTION:
    How long can you live with rectum cancer?
    I have a friend that had her rectum busted and now she has a bag on her side. She dont know how long she has to wear the bag but the cancer has spreaded she is 65 years old. Do you know of anyone that has this type of cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      i am really truly sorry about your friend as i will pray for my nephew tonight who is 8 w a rare cancer of only 5 reported cases a year i will pray for her and you probally get that a lot but i will remember her i had intestinal cancer in 2003 and had a bowel ressuction i am 32 now i did not end up on a bag but they said later on in life i might they cut out 3ft of intestine i had a gist if your friend is on a bag she might be on it for good, bcuz they do that when the intestinal track no longer works you can live a normal life span it all depends on where it spread to the stomach n liver are the more serious then the kidney she will be closely monitored if i knew if she had a medaport i could be more helpful the best answer i can give you is to tell her not to look to the day of her death but to look forward to the rest of her life, that is how i live ,, i dont think when am i how much etc it would consume me and eat at me and give up my fight for survival,, tell her and you to have faith and believe your faith 100percent dont have any doubt just believe your faith she will be okay and tell her to tell herself i have faith i will be okay .. you sound and seem like a really good friend one who trully cares for her and she you especially to stick by her side thru all this many people cant handle it and walk away from the ill. but the good lord himself says you will be rewarded for your good deeds and true friendships and care .. keep up the faith n stay strong

  5. QUESTION:
    How come they can't find the cure for cancer?
    The amount of ppl that it affects, you'd think that the ppl who run the companies would have found the cure right now. OH! and shouldn't the ppl be giving their materials for free? Like if the cancer researchers needed some sort of medicine shouldnt the ppl at the companies ( that make that kind of medicine) shouldnt they give it to the cancer researchers for FREE? or is it all about making money? what is the world coming to? If you get what i mean.

    • ANSWER:
      You really are not asking the right questions. Cancer is not one disease but over 200 different types. At the moment the cancers that receive the most research are the ones receiving the most money . . and that is the most common cancers . . breast, colon, lung, and leukemia. All cancer research money is not created equally . . so some cancers receive a great deal of research while others lag far behind. In order to find a 'cure' for all cancers than more money is needed to conduct such research . . and that is not going to happen because research for cancer . . (despite all the fundraising efforts and pink ribbons and yellow bracelets) is underfunded. The fundraising that is done is just a plink in the bucket . . . as at least that much money is needed on a yearly basis.

      And, there have been breakthroughs . . there have been new drugs developed which have stirred tremendous interest in the medical world . . . look up imatinib mesylate and sunitinib to see what effect they have had on people with leukemia and a rare sarcoma called GIST.

      Too, consider that every cancer has four stages of disease. Early stages in almost every cancer type is treatable with an good chance of remission and individual cure. It is really stage IV or metastatic cancer that is difficult to manage and cure. It is currently treatable, but remains elusive as far as a 'cure' is concerned.

      Also many of the problems associated with cancer research also have to do with actually finding enough cancer patients willing to give their lives in order to test new medicine. I'm not sure how you think new drugs are found for cancer patients, but it is not in a laboratory dish or using lab rats. You need real cancer patients who are seriously ill . . to experiment on. That is asking a great deal of a human being . . they are asked to give up what may remain of their life in order to test a drug that may make them violently ill, kill them, do absolutely nothing, all in exchange for a chance that the medicine might help.

      And, no finding new drugs is not all about making money . . it's about finding cures for some pretty horrendous diseases . . its about sacrificing ill cancer patients and asking them to test out new drugs in order to some day help those who follow. Research is slow because they use real humans to test these drugs . . . and frankly, most cancer patients do not want to do that. Until you can reconcile new treatment research and the ethics of using cancer patients to test new drugs . . . research will always be too slow. So . . no . . it is not all about money, if you know what I mean (which you probably don't . . because you've never been in this situation and are just speculating). . . . research is about trying to find answers using real human beings as guinea pigs . .and doing it in a compassionate and ethical manner. I doubt you will ever understand.

  6. QUESTION:
    Do you think there exists a cure for Cancer?
    I have heard it said that we have a cure for cancer, but the powers keep it hidden for the simple reason of massive overpopulation. Why is there no cancer in the royal family?

    • ANSWER:
      Asking a question like this is to invite all the alternative treatment and religous miracle people out to peddle their "cure". The trolls are out in force for this one. With the wide variety of "treatments" with no proven efficacy, do you honest believe any of these work?

      You would not be asking such a question if you understood a little bit about cancer biology.

      Cancer is not a curable disease. It's not one disease. It is a collection of diseases each defined by a specific set of genetic mutations and the cell type. So, each cancer would require a different treatment.

      The common cold has no cure either. There are thousands maybe more different viruses that cause the cold. There is no medicine to cure the common cold. There is just medicine to alleviate/mask the symptoms. The immune system does the rest to get rid of the foreign invader (cold virus).

      In cancer, the problem is much more complex. There is no foreign invader. The problem is our own cells have had their genes mutated. Some of those mutations involve controlling growth (cell division).

      We have developed some treatments against certain viruses. Those drugs specifically target the virus by their surface signature (antigens). Cancer cells are derived from normal cells. Their surface signature is the almost the same as normal cells. There are some therapies that take advantage of the subtle differences for certain cancers (MABs for lymphomas, cancer vaccines for melanoma, brain tumors, pancreatic cancer, etc.) However, even those therapies lose their effectiveness because cancer cells mutate. Every cell division is an opportunity to introduce more mutations to its offspring. Often times, those mutations provide survival benefit to their offspring (evolution).

      Most approaches to treating cancer (even the purported approach of alternative therapies) involves killing cancer cells not combating the genetic defect or associated protein product produced. There currently is no way to fix genetic mutations.

      Hereditary diseases such as Down's syndrome, cyctic fibrosis, etc., are caused by mutations to one or more genes. There are no cures to these diseases or any hereditary disease. There is NO current way to fix the genome. These diseases involve a mutated but mostly static genome (like a still target). In cancer, genetic instability and further mutations is common in advanced stages (like moving target).

      There has been progress in combatting cancer at the genetic level by drugs which bind to the protein produced by the mutated gene. The protein is like an instruction. Binding to the protein is like preventing the (bad) instruction from getting delivered. Some of these targeted therapies currently on the market are Gleevec, Sprycel and, Tasigna for the protein product of the Abl-Bcr oncogene in most CML, some ALL and, GIST. So, some progress has been made but, it is a very slow progress.

      Hopefully, this will give you some insight as to why cancer will NOT be cured by one drug. Each different cancer must be treated differently. It is quite a complex problem with thousands of people studying the many different aspects of cancer.

  7. QUESTION:
    How many types of cancer are there?
    my grandmas brother died of colon cancer and im sad so i want to get all the colors of cancer ribbons so i can support ppl wit cancer. i can imagine how the families feel. :-[ i miss him..

    • ANSWER:
      Over 200 types of cancers. They are -

      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult
      Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma
      Adrenocortical Carcinoma, Childhood
      AIDS-Related Cancers
      AIDS-Related Lymphoma
      Anal Cancer
      Appendix Cancer
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebellar
      Astrocytoma, Childhood Cerebral

      Basal Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Bile Duct Cancer, Extrahepatic
      Bladder Cancer
      Bladder Cancer, Childhood
      Bone Cancer, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
      Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Adult
      Brain Tumor, Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Ependymoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Brain Tumor, Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors and Pineoblastoma, Childhood
      Brain Tumor, Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors, Childhood (Other)
      Breast Cancer
      Breast Cancer and Pregnancy
      Breast Cancer, Childhood
      Breast Cancer, Male
      Bronchial Tumors, Childhood
      Burkitt Lymphoma

      Carcinoid Tumor, Childhood
      Carcinoid Tumor,Gastrointestinal
      Carcinoma of Unknown Primary
      Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Central Nervous System Lymphoma, Primary
      Cerebellar Astrocytoma, Childhood
      Cerebral Astrocytoma/Malignant Glioma, Childhood
      Cervical Cancer
      Cervical Cancer, Childhood
      Childhood Cancers
      Chordoma, Childhood
      Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
      Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
      Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
      Colon Cancer
      Colorectal Cancer, Childhood
      Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome

      Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Endometrial Cancer
      Ependymoblastoma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Ependymoma, Childhood
      Esophageal Cancer
      Esophageal Cancer, Childhood
      Ewing Family of Tumors
      Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor
      Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
      Eye Cancer, Intraocular Melanoma
      Eye Cancer, Retinoblastoma

      Gallbladder Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer
      Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood
      Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumor
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)
      Gastrointestinal Stromal Cell Tumor, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extracranial, Childhood
      Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal
      Germ Cell Tumor, Ovarian
      Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor
      Glioma, Adult
      Glioma, Childhood Brain Stem
      Glioma, Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
      Glioma, Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic

      Hairy Cell Leukemia
      Head and Neck Cancer
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Hepatocellular (Liver) Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Hypopharyngeal Cancer
      Hypothalamic and Visual Pathway Glioma, Childhood

      Intraocular Melanoma
      Islet Cell Tumors (Endocrine Pancreas)

      Kaposi Sarcoma
      Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
      Kidney Cancer, Childhood

      Laryngeal Cancer
      Laryngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic, Childhood
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Adult
      Leukemia, Acute Myeloid, Childhood
      Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic
      Leukemia, Chronic Myelogenous
      Leukemia, Hairy Cell
      Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer
      Liver Cancer, Adult (Primary)
      Liver Cancer, Childhood (Primary)
      Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell
      Lung Cancer, Small Cell
      Lymphoma, AIDS-Related
      Lymphoma, Burkitt
      Lymphoma, Cutaneous T-Cell, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Adult
      Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Childhood
      Lymphoma, Primary Central Nervous System

      Macroglobulinemia, Waldenström
      Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma
      Medulloblastoma, Childhood
      Medulloepithelioma, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Melanoma
      Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye)
      Merkel Cell Carcinoma
      Mesothelioma, Adult Malignant
      Mesothelioma, Childhood
      Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary
      Mouth Cancer
      Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndrome, Childhood
      Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasm
      Mycosis Fungoides
      Myelodysplastic Syndromes
      Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
      Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic
      Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Acute
      Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute
      Myeloma, Multiple
      Myeloproliferative Disorders, Chronic

      Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer
      Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Childhood
      Neuroblastoma
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Adult
      Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood
      Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

      Oral Cancer, Childhood
      Oral Cavity Cancer, Lip and
      Oropharyngeal Cancer
      Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone
      Ovarian Cancer, Childhood
      Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
      Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor
      Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumor

      Pancreatic Cancer
      Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood
      Pancreatic Cancer, Islet Cell Tumors
      Papillomatosis, Childhood
      Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer
      Parathyroid Cancer
      Penile Cancer
      Pharyngeal Cancer
      Pheochromocytoma
      Pineal Parenchymal Tumors of Intermediate Differentiation, Childhood (See What Are Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors?)
      Pineoblastoma and Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood
      Pituitary Tumor
      Plasma Cell Neoplasm/Multiple Myeloma
      Pleuropulmonary Blastoma
      Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
      Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
      Prostate Cancer

      Rectal Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer
      Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer, Childhood
      Renal Pelvis and Ureter, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Respiratory Tract Carcinoma Involving the NUT Gene on Chromosome 15
      Retinoblastoma
      Rhabdomyosarcoma, Childhood

      Salivary Gland Cancer
      Salivary Gland Cancer, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Ewing Family of Tumors
      Sarcoma, Kaposi
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Adult
      Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Childhood
      Sarcoma, Uterine
      Sézary Syndrome
      Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Skin Cancer, Childhood
      Skin Cancer (Melanoma)
      Skin Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
      Small Cell Lung Cancer
      Small Intestine Cancer
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Adult
      Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Childhood
      Squamous Cell Carcinoma, see Skin Cancer (Nonmelanoma)
      Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer
      Stomach (Gastric) Cancer, Childhood
      Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors, Childhood

      T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous, see Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome
      Testicular Cancer
      Throat Cancer
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
      Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma, Childhood
      Thyroid Cancer
      Thyroid Cancer, Childhood
      Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
      Trophoblastic Tumor, Gestational

      Unknown Primary Site, Carcinoma of, Adult
      Unknown Primary Site, Cancer of, Childhood
      Unusual Cancers of Childhood
      Ureter and Renal Pelvis, Transitional Cell Cancer
      Urethral Cancer
      Uterine Cancer, Endometrial
      Uterine Sarcoma

      Vaginal Cancer
      Vaginal Cancer, Childhood
      Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma, Childhood
      Vulvar Cancer

      Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
      Wilms Tumor
      Women's Cancers

      The above are as given in web site - http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/alphalist
      of National Cancer Institute.

      For cancer awareness ribbons, please note each cancer has a different color ribbon. Full details can be had at website -
      http://www.personalizedcause.com/

  8. QUESTION:
    Can you tell me about the new investigational drug amn-107 for GIST?
    My dad may be trying this new drug shortly and I am interested in what it is, whether it is promising, or any potential side effects. This would be for GIST (Gastro intestinal stromal tumor)

    Any thoughts or input anyone can proved would be most appreciated : )

    Sincerely,

    D.

    • ANSWER:
      Here are a few links that I can provide to you. Not a whole lot of onfo yet. It is still very early in clinical trials (Phase 1) so they are still learning about the drug.

      http://www.novartisoncology.com/page/amn107.jsp

      http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/drugdictionary.aspx?CdrID=435988

      http://www.cancer.gov/search/ViewClinicalTrials.aspx?cdrid=447251&version=HealthProfessional&protocolsearchid=2673433

      http://www.gistsupport.org/treatments/emerging-treatments/nilotinib-amn107.php

  9. QUESTION:
    I just heard on the radio that female hormone therapy can increase the risk of breast cancer?
    Why hasn't this come out before? My mother died from breast cancer 11 years ago. I did my research at that time & refused using this. Doctors were still pushing it at that time. Are the drug companies THAT powerful?

    • ANSWER:
      Absolutely.
      This basic gist is:
      Estrogen causes cells to grow rapidly, and never mature. This is how cancers grow quickly.
      Progesterone, on the other hand, causes cells to mature and die off.

      If you balance estrogen with progesterone, you are protecting yourself from female cancers.

      It has been known since synthetic HRT was introduced that it harmed women. There is NO evidence that estrogen supplementation is beneficial.

      Makes you sick thinking about what Big Pharma has done to us, doesn't it??? (There's a book you should check out from your local library called "The Greatest Experiment Ever Performed on Women".)

  10. QUESTION:
    How long will it take me to tan on a 200 w sun bed?
    So I started going on the sun beds yesterday but they are only 200 w I'm really pale and want a get a tan for this summer. How often should I use them and how long for? I have tried all fake tans and it always go blotchy and looks horrible.

    I know the risk of going one sun beds but I'm not going to blast them gist want a glow for the summer

    Thanks x

    • ANSWER:
      Just think, tan now
      and when you are 40
      you will have HUGE wrinkles!

      & possibly skin cancer.......

      Think about it

      Tanning is UN-NATURAL

      Smile .......... Mother Earth Loves U!

  11. QUESTION:
    I'm trying to find a poem about a lady who had kept a purple hat for best, but she was dying of cancer?
    Ive searched for purple hat poem but the one that comes up isn't the one Im thinking of. The gist of the story was that you should do it today and wear your best clothes instead of keeping things for best as that day may not come.

    • ANSWER:
      I think this is what you're looking for, Erma Bombeck's The Purple Hat (If I Had My Life to Live Over)
      http://lifestylelady01.multiply.com/journal/item/48/Emma_Bombeck_-_The_Purple_Hat

      Cheers.

  12. QUESTION:
    Where can someon go to get tested for lung cancer in los angeles or california ?
    I have been a hard core smoker for 23 years and am trying to stop smokeing cigerettes . Cancer and diabetes run in my family and I am concerned for my health because for a while I have been having signs of lung cancer , I looked up the symptoms and alot of them fit me . I am beginning to get really scared about this and need to find out what is wrong with me and if it is actually what I suspect and am afraid of I am only 33 years old and shouldn't be feeling so fatigued and sick
    like I am . Can someone tell me where I can go to get tested for cancer /lung cancer here in Los Angeles or california Thanks Robin Gist in Los Angeles.

    • ANSWER:
      Go to a DOCTOR

  13. QUESTION:
    Anyone know about the new cancer treatment?
    Apparently there is a new cancer treatment going around. I watched the Dr. Oz bit yesterday but is there another out that i need to know. My prof said it was in some medical journal so have anyone read this article. Some info on the treatment or where i can find the article will be very helpful. He read the article Monday, he got it over the weekend.
    Robb i clearly stated that i know the Dr. Oz thing and want to know if there is anything ELSE out, Gleevac is from Dr. Oz. IS THERE ANYTHING ELSE OUT?

    • ANSWER:
      There are over 200 different types of cancer and all of them have different cancer treatments . . so you will need to be more specific . . even Gleevec is used with any type of benefit in only a few cancer types (Leukemia and GIST).

      You can browse through the hundreds and hundreds of 'new' research and articles being discussed at ASCO . . here is a link to the 2009 meeting with abstracts. There is a meeting coming up in June with hundreds and hundreds more . . they discuss anything 'new'.

      http://www.asco.org/ASCOv2/Meetings/Abstracts?&vmview=abst_meeting_categories_view&confID=65

      http://www.asco.org/

  14. QUESTION:
    i will use hans and chini khaini, how many years does it takes for a couse of cancer?
    i will use hans, chaini khaini and all which has pan masala and tobacco in it. and how many year does it takes for a couse of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Much of your question is a foreign language to me,
      but the gist of it is how much of a potent carcinogen
      can your body tolerate before a malignancy develops.
      The answer is that nobody knows.
      It varies from one person to another.
      There are other factors which determine cancer development.
      It is not a linear equation - - - so much carcinogen = cancer
      It is more like a continuum.
      The more toxic substance you put in your body over time,
      the more likely one of the cancer types will develop.
      It's like radioactivity. There really is no perfectly safe level.

  15. QUESTION:
    Is anyone taking or know of someone taking the cancer drug Sutent?
    My mom is suspose to start taking the cancer drug Sutent and I was wondering if anyone know of any body using this as a form of cancer treatment for renal cell carcinoma. If so how have your/their experience on this medication been? Any Advice?

    • ANSWER:
      You need to find other patients with this disease who are taking Sunitinib Malate (brand name is Sutent). You can join an email Listserv group and ask others if they have used this or been in a Clinical Trial with it:

      The Kidney Cancer Online Support Group
      http://listserv.acor.org/archives/kidney-onc.html

      Wikipedia: Sunitinib Malate
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunitinib

      Entrez Pubmed: Sunitinib versus interferon alfa in metastatic renal-cell carcinoma.
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=17215529

      The drug is being used effectively with the Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) and they have alot of information from patients who take this.

      GIST Support International: Sutent (sunitinib malate, formerly SU-11248)
      http://www.gistsupport.org/treatments/current-treatments/sutent.php

  16. QUESTION:
    What is one of the least type of cancer you hear about?
    Like, you never really hear about happening and there isn't much awareness for it.

    • ANSWER:
      Hands down . . sarcoma . . almost no one has ever heard of sarcoma which is a type of cancer that affects the muscles, bones, joints, tendons, cartiliage, blood vessels and soft tissue within the body. It is a cancer than has been mostly ignored in the last forty to fifty years and yet it is a cancer that predominately strikes our youngest . .children, adolescents and young adults. Currently there are over 50-60 subtypes of sarcoma . . and almost all of them are aggressive and deadly. There has not been new treatment found for sarcoma in the last thirty years. Some of the subtypes are the most common found in childhood cancers and account for the high rate of deaths to cancer in children, adolescents, and young adults.

      Sarcoma: A Forgotten Cancer
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MqGV7CkdvQk

      Among the subtypes of sarcoma are Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewings sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Liposarcoma, Fibrosarcoma, Synovial sarcoma, GIST, DSRCT, Angiosarcomas, Leiomyosarcoma, Uterine sarcoma, Epithelioid sarcoma, Alveolar soft part sarcoma, and Hemangiosarcoma . . . there are many others. Sarcoma can appear in any part of the body . . including bone or soft tissue.
      It can strike any age group although the young are more commonly affected. Sarcoma can happen to both sexes, although males seem to get some subtypes almost 4 to 1. Sarcoma is a nasty disease. In most cases . . there are no known causes for sarcoma.

  17. QUESTION:
    How many people would rather smoke marijuana or drink alcohol?
    Which do you think is safer and why? Do you think it should be legal throughout america?

    • ANSWER:
      Well, let's see. Alcohol destroys lives, very addictive and causes DT's, hallucinations and permanent brain damage, destroys marriages, families , kid's lives (monkey see, monkey do). Drinking causes VIOLENCE, both domestic and a lot of drunks just like to fight.anybody for fun. They almost always get a beating. They don't care until the next day. They will beg for money to get alcohol, steal, anything to get that next drink. I can't understand why there is a debate on this topic except for the fact that the Gov't has a lot of people brainwashed. Mostly older people, but many drunks. Drunks hate weed.

      Also, if a young person wants to get some weed. they have to go to the same guy that sells cocaine, crack, crystal meth. I am a teenager of the 60's. I have grown out of it now. I remember several times the dope man would offer some coke free. :Here,, have some,, it's free! This is what makes it a gateway drug.

      These hypocrites that make these marijuana laws discuss it over a 3 martini lunch. But that's fine if you don't drive. get caught 28 days after smoking a joint and you are DUI!

      This is not a war on drugs. Heroin, cocaine, Meth, Acid, etc,,, is not detectable in your body in 3 days. It's a war on marijuana that takes 30 days to get out of your system. They know that most people that smoke pot work hard and earn a good living,,, follow the money. The powers that be just want your money and property. If you grow it, they want your house and cars, even in states it's legal for medicinal. It's a money maker for the States. People would be surprised if they knew how many people they know that secretly smoke pot.They can't tax it easily, so the Govt spends billions on tearing up crops. What a waste of money when our Country is borrowing money from China. It costs 0 a day for one helicopter to search for plants, not counting the price of the helicopter and maintenance..

      A person that has smoked weed is not going to start a fight, not going to be suicidal, not come home and beat the wife, or start shooting in a bar. The worst thing someone on Pot will do is raid the cupboards, eat a Twinkie and listen to music or watch some TV.

      It is well past the time to legalize marijuana and stop making decent, hard working people criminals for something that was legal until 1937 and is still used by Indian Americans and other groups as a ritual. In fact before 1937 throughout history marijuana was used for medicinal purposes.. Funny how it was made illegal around the time the movie "Reefer Madness" was made to brainwash a nation. This country is soooo brainwashed. Come on people, THINK FOR YOURSELF!!! There is no ill effects from stopping using marijuana, no withdrawals,,, unlike alcohol. The worst side effect is craving, like cigarettes. If anything should be illegal, it should be alcohol.

      If it wasn't illegal, I would rather see my kids use pot than drink. There is other ways to get the effects besides smoking it. Doctors prescribe Marinol, the active ingrediant in marijuana, why would they do that if it has no medicinal value? There is also. brownies, cookies, cakes, vaporizers etc..You don't have to smoke it.

      It also helps with many ailments, Google it. One thing I remember. Don't use it with a toothache. It intensifies the pain. For other pain, I believe it works by distraction, takes your mind off the pain and is much better for you than Man's Pain Killers. Oxycontin, Percocet, Dilaudid, Vicodin, that stuff will kill you!! There has never been a death associated with marijuana. I also think it wards off Cancer. If you believe the Bible it says is the first part of Genesis that God put all seed bearing plants on the Earth for us to use as meat. Other translations use a different word. The word "meat" can mean a lot, like the "gist", or the essence.

      I am in Michigan where it was legalized by the State for medicinal. Too bad they didn;t do that 40 years ago.

  18. QUESTION:
    What is unspecified Sarcoma and how bad is it for a 39 year old woman?
    She is a friend and told me what she had and I just am trying to understand what it is and how bad things are. She had 8 tumors in her leg.

    • ANSWER:
      It means that they don't know exactly what type she has yet.
      Sarcoma is a cancer of the connective tissue. The connective tissue includes muscle, bone, fat, nerve, cartilage, blood vessel, and deep skin tissue. Connective tissue is present throughout the body, so sarcoma can occur in any location. Two thirds of sarcomas are located in the extremities (arms or legs). Because it is so rare and it takes multiple forms in multiple locations, sarcoma is difficult to detect, often misdiagnosed and complex to treat.
      My oldest brother had soft tissue Sarcoma (fibro) of the cervical spine...he was diagnosed when the cancer was in "stageIV" and there wasn't much they could do...Sarcomas are very complex to treat!... The prognosis with sarcomas is poor unfortunately:-(

      Some of the most common subtypes of sarcoma are listed below.

      Liposarcomas are malignant tumors which develop from fat tissue. They can develop anywhere in the body, but they most often grow in the retroperitoneum (tissue at the back of the abdominal cavity).

      Leiomyosarcomas are malignant tumors which develop from smooth muscle tissue. (Smooth muscle is the type of muscle over which your brain does not have conscious control like the muscle fibers in the uterus or in the walls of blood vessels.) They can arise anywhere in the body but the uterus or gastrointestinal tract are two relatively common locations for leiomyosarcoma.

      Rhabdomyosarcoma are malignant tumors which resemble developing skeletal muscle. These tumors most commonly grow in the arms or legs, but can also develop in the head or neck area, as well as the urinary and reproductive organs.

      Synovial Sarcoma is a malignant tumor made up of cells which resemble the cells in joints. ("Synovial cells" line the joints.) However, synovial sarcoma does not necessarily arise in any joint, and the name is probably a misnomer, since the cancer cells are probably quite different from normal joint cells. Synovial sarcomas can arise in any location in the body, and it often appears in young adults.

      Angiosarcoma are malignant tumors that resemble blood or lymphatic vessels.

      Fibrosarcoma is cancer of the fibroblast-type cells in the body which form scars and do other important connective functions.

      Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor (MPNST) is a cancer of the cells that surround nerves -- it is also called neurofibrosarcoma.

      Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) also known as GI Stromal Sarcoma is an increasingly recognized diagnosis of connective tissue cancerous cells which support the GI tract.

      Desmoid Tumor is not strictly a sarcoma since it is not technically a malignancy. However, since it has risk of coming back, it is a tumor which generally should be managed by a team skilled in sarcoma management.

      Ewing's Sarcoma is also known as Peripheral Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET). It is a class of diseases which arise from very primitive cells in the body. Although this is usually thought of as a bone tumor, Ewing Sarcoma is increasingly recognized to arise in soft tissues in the body as well.

      Osteosarcoma (also known as osteogenic sarcoma) is a tumor of cells which form bone.

      Chondrosarcoma is a tumor of cells which form cartilage.

  19. QUESTION:
    What and How does unhealthy food decrease your lifespan?
    I am doing a research paper on this topic and I need some information factual evidence or just opinions are fine. I just want to know what kinds and specifically how unhealthy foods like carbs or high fructose or others decrease one's life in general. :D post references or site would be awesome too.

    • ANSWER:
      Sugar is an antinutrient and drains the vitamins and minerals from the body.

      Both Dr.Atkins (creator of Atkins Diet) & Dr.Agatston (creator of South Beach Diet) were cardiologists. Neither created the diets for weight loss, both created diets for optimal health (normalizing weight is just a by product of optimal health)

      I believe plaque build up in the arteries are more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). Your triglyceride to LDL ratio is indicator of plaque, glycation - the precursors to a heart attack and heart disease.

      The link between saturated fats and heart health is based on faulty science but very few are willing to contradict the long standing edict. Both cholesterol and saturated fat are essential for growth in babies and children, especially the development of the brain. Still, the American Heart Association recommends a low-cholesterol, lowfat diet for children & adults. And even worse the American Diabetes Assc. recommends this same diet, which is disasterous to controlling blood sugar.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBnniua6-oM

      50% of dietary fats need to be from saturated fats for calcium to be effective in the bone structure. Saturated fats enhance the immune system & are important for good health.

      http://www.proteinpower.com/drmike/archives/2006/08/ill_have_mine_w.html

      They are finding that the brain is self healing of diseases if provided fat as fuel instead of sugar as fuel. I believe they will eventually accept (as they did for hundreds of years in the past and not the last 25 years of the low fat era, as obesity reaches epidemic proportions - pun intended - in the last 20 years) that sugar corrodes and that fats are essential to good health.

      The body is a self healing unit - provide it with necessary nutrition and it should fix most any disease with out drug treatments.

      This is from my research -

      The brain gets its energy from ketone bodies when insufficient glucose is available (e.g., when fasting). In the event of low blood glucose, most other tissues have additional energy sources besides ketone bodies (such as fatty acids), but the brain does not. After the diet has been changed to lower blood glucose for 3 days, the brain gets 30% of its energy from ketone bodies. After about 40 days, this goes up to 70% (during the initial stages the brain does not burn ketones, since they are an important substrate for lipid synthesis in the brain). In time the brain reduces its glucose requirements from 120g to 40g per day.

      new evidence demonstrating several amazingly positive benefits of a very low-carb, high-fat diet including in the treatment of Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Lou Gehrig's disease, epilepsy and even brain cancer.

      Lead researcher Dr. Theodore B. VanItallie, from the St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York, believed that a "hyperketogenic" diet would serve as an excellent natural remedy for Parkinson's disease because the excess ketones in such a diet consisting almost entirely of fat would trick the body into healing itself without the use of drug therapy.

      Carbs the only thing that triggers insulin (the fat storage hormone) causes Obesity

      Obese People Have 'Severe Brain Degeneration'

      A new study finds obese people have 8 percent less brain tissue than normal-weight individuals.

      Sorry Yanswers doesn't allow me enough characters to make a more coherent argument but this is the gist - Follow the links or google for more info.

  20. QUESTION:
    What do people think about my brother smoking?
    My 16 year old brother got ah-old of a cigar somehow. He never gets out of the house though except for church and he is home schooled. He asked to smoke it at my house and said mom probably didn't know about it. My husband said he could smoke it outside. He dips so he can't say anything. But I'm encouraging him to quit dipping. I don't know much about cigars though. Are they as dangerous as cigarettes and why?

    • ANSWER:
      I can't really say. The general gist of what I've read says that cigars aren't quite as bad, provided you don't inhale. But they still give nasty oral cancer, regardless of whether you inhale or not.

      This post from a health forum might help a little:

      http://www.physicsforums.com/showpost.php?s=827af82f9a490ae25e85849d90498f55&p=1162911&postcount=14

      At the end of the day, though, it's your house and your brother, so you should be able to contradict your husband and tell the kid he can't do it there. Unless you're worried he'll then do that and worse things somewhere else.

  21. QUESTION:
    How long does it typically take to get an anti-cancer drug released for public usage?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on which drug you mean . . the reason most drugs take so long is because they are inconsistent in their benefit to cancer patients. Hundreds and hundreds of Clinical Trials are done constantly searching for a drug or combination of drugs that will work on each of the over 200 different types of cancer. Many drugs will work alright for some patients but do nothing for others . . there is no consistency or guarantee . . and this is one reason why there is no clear 'cure' for cancer.

      However, if during a clinical trial using human beings a drug begins to show exceptional promise . . that most of the patients are showing a response to . . that drug can be placed on a 'fast track' status to try and get it out to as many patients as possible. Of course, the problem here is that the drug may have unknown side effects which makes most companies and doctors reluctant to release it. Our culture is so used to suing because of drug side effects that there is a fear of releasing drugs too soon.

      One of the more recent examples of a chemotherapy drug that sparked an unprecedented clinical trial response was Imatinib Mesylate . . which is one of the new targeted therapy drugs. Imatinib Mesylate was being tested in the Chronic Myeloid Leukemia patients and the response was significant . . so much so that the drug was given accelerated status to make it more widely available to CML patients and also to other cancer patients. Oddly Imatinib Mesylate also showed strong efficiacy in a totally different type of tumor called Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) . . . many patients with GIST also responded to the drug. At the moment Imatinib is being tested in other types of cancer and in combination with other drug types.

      FDA: Drug Fast Track and Accelerated Status
      http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/onctools/Accel.cfm

  22. QUESTION:
    What is sarcoma Cancer and what are its cures and what does it mean when found in Colon?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh boy... this is a big question. Sit back. Relax. Here's a big answer.

      In general, the term "cancer" is applied to any sort of new growth of bodily tissue that has lost the normal pattern and function of the tissue from which it grew, that has a growth pattern that tends to infiltrate and insinuate into the normal tissue around it, and that has the tendency to break loose from it's point of origin microscopically and crop up in distant sites.

      The technical term for "breaking loose" and "cropping up" in distant sites is METASTASIS. The technical term for the infiltrative/insinuating growth pattern is INVASION.

      Tumors which do not invade or metastasize are referred to as "benign". Tumors which invade and metastasize are referred to as "malignant". These are cancers.

      Cancerous tumors are categorized by tissue type. The broadest categorization refers back to how the body grows starting at the embryonic stage. At the earliest stages of development, the human body has only a few layers of cells. There is an outer layer called ectoderm, an inner layer called endoderm, and in between these two is a layer called mesoderm. The ectoderm becomes skin and related structures, along with the nervous system and a variety of hormone secreting organs. The endoderm becomes the gut. Mesoderm becomes everything else, like muscle and bone and fat and blood vessels and a number of other organ structures that aren't directly connected to the gut, brain or skin.

      When any of the tissues that started off as mesoderm turn cancerous, the tumor is called a "sarcoma".

      Sarcomas are comparatively rare cancers. They're not nearly as common as colon cancer or breast cancer or lung cancer. When these cancers occur, they're called "carcinoma" instead of sarcoma, because they come from ectoderm or endoderm. Carcinomas of the skin or gut are much more common because the skin and the gut are undergoing frequent cell divisions. It is during cell division that something can go wrong called "mutation" that can lead down the path toward cancer. Rapidly turning-over tissue is much more likely to accidently turn into cancer than tissue which slowly replaces itself.

      There are several places where sarcoma is more common than elsewhere. Cancerous bone tumors are much more rare than cancerous tumors of soft tissue such as muscle or fat. All of those would be considered sarcoma. Sarcomas can also occur in the fatty tissue that surrounds the kidneys, behind the intestines. These tumors are referred to as "retroperitoneal sarcomas" and they can become quite large before they're discovered.

      When you say that the sarcoma is found in the colon, it actually introduces some confusion. Cancers of the lining of the colon are not sarcoma. These are adenocarcinoma and this is a very common type of cancer. If that's the situation, then most of the rest of this post is actually off topic. If you check and you find that this is actually a colon cancer that we're talking about, please feel free to email me through Yahoo! Answers for clarification.

      However, it is also possible to have a retroperitoneal sarcoma that is stuck to the colon from the outside. That would actually be very normal for a sarcoma in that location.

      Another possibility is something called a GIST. "GIST" stands for Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumor. GIST is a type of sarcoma, but it arises in the walls of the stomach or intestine. It has only recently been defined as a specific type of tumor, and it's treated slighly differently from other sarcomas.

      In any case of sarcoma, the first thing that needs to be determined is whether or not it can be removed surgically. Medicines will not strongly affect sarcoma. In general, the best chance to cure a patient of sarcoma is to do aggressive surgery. The tumor and any areas of invasion or metastasis should be surgically excised. These can be very big operations and if so, they are best done by surgeons who have some specialization in cancer surgery. Any organs or tissues that appear to be stuck to the tumor need to be removed along with it, or else disease will be left behind. If the colon is stuck to the tumor, then the section of colon which is attached needs to come out, too.

      Following surgery, the tumor can be examined microscopically. The pathologist will look at the tumor and make an assessment of how "aggressive" it is. This is called the tumor's "grade". A high grade sarcoma is likely to come back even after aggressive surgery. In some cases radiation or chemotherapy is an important additional therapy to help reduce the likelihood of recurrence and increase the length of disease free survival.

      GIST is a very special type of sarcoma because we now have a medicine that does a very good job of supressing it's growth. Once surgical removal is complete, the remainder of microscopic GIST disease can be controlled with a medication known as "Gleevec".

      The most important piece of information regarding the future behavior of a sarcoma is it's grade. Therefore it needs to be biopsied or removed for a pathologist to evaluate it before anyone can make educated guesses about it's future.

      I hope that helps. Feel free to contact me if I can be of any further assistance in interpreting information.

  23. QUESTION:
    how close are they to finding a cure for type 1 diabetes?
    I'm 17 and I have had diabetes for 16 1/2 years. I heard they were quite close to finding a cure a few times but what do you guys know about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Perhaps closer the we can imagine. CNN, Fox, ABC LA TIMES New York Times announced on the 17/02/2011 the sensational news that cancer and diabetes could very soon be a disease of the past. Here is the gist of this incredible story, after studying people afflicted with Larons disease collecting and collating data, people with Larons are immune to cancer and diabetes .This is an unusual genetic defect .Apparently these people hav a very low growth hormone balance hence they are short in stature. Experiments are being conducted as we speak and medical people are quietly confident that they are on the right track. It really is an amazing story and you ought to check this out yourself. Thinking of our western way of life, hmm we eat beef which is laced with growth hormones, chicken are being fed with dioxin ( chemical explosion in Seveso Northern Italy, which caused birth deformities) Fruit and vegetables which are genetically modified , snap frozen , DDT sprayed. Its then no wonder people are getting ill. Our water is polluted with mercury, fish ingest mercury, so do humans eating fish. Hope you read the website attached, enjoy and live a healthy life

  24. QUESTION:
    How do I get rid of sensitive skin?
    Will tanning help get rid of sensitive skin? I need to know how to get rid of my sensitive white skin.

    • ANSWER:
      Sun tanning will actually make sensitive skin worse. UV-B burns the epidermis whereas UV-A penetrates into the dermis and breaks out collagen and elastin fibers, which makes you look older than you are. Both increases the risk of skin cancer!!!

      The ONLY safe way to tan is with a self-tanner, but even that does not get rid of sensitive skin.

      If you are born with sensitive skin, then you cannot get rid of it, but you can surely control it. If you developed sensitive skin for whatever reason such as bad skin care regimen and bad lifestyle habits, then there is a way to treat it and get your skin back to its "normal" level. Regardless of skin tone, sensitive skin is universal to all skin colors. The same goes with age.

      Sensitive skin is a result of an impaired skin barrier because allergens and irritants are able to penetrate into the skin and cause inflammation. Therefore, in order to treat your (chronic) condition, you must use products that can replenish the damaged and missing skin barrier components (cholesterol, ceramide, hyaluronic acid, glycosaminoglycans, etc) that strengthens it and enable it to retains moisture better. Another important tip is to use products that are concentrated with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents to keep flare-ups under control.

      Now that I have given you the gist of your skin problem, you need to understand that you select products based on solely on skin type. If you are unsure of you complete skin type, take the questionnaire developed by clinical researcher, world-renown board-certified dermatologist, and author of The Skin Type Solutions, Dr. Leslie Baumann. Register first then take the quiz; afterwards, you can visit the specified forum that is tailored to your unique skin type for product recommendations and discussions.

      Or, you can visit Beautypedia - a large-scale of product reviews written and managed by Paula Begoun (The Cosmetic Cop) and her team. Generally, the reviews are accurate.

      Best Wishes

  25. QUESTION:
    What are some good high school club ideas?
    Preferably ones that would look good for colleges. Maybe something to do with ethnicity. I am Caucasian but I have some Hispanic in me because I am Bask (an island between France and Spain) and I'm Mexican. I'm interested in art and medicine. Maybe an idea that would use one of those interests. What kind of meetings or activities could I do to make this club function? Anything helps! Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Well, I've been a participant of numerous clubs on my campus. First off, see what kind of clubs are at your school. Then, join those that you think are interesting. Usually there are cultural clubs, leo club, ke club, American cancer society, best buddies, and exc. If there is nothing that you would like, I suggest you check into creating one. However, that should only happen as a last resort, because it's rather difficult. If you do decide to go this route, I suggest you still participate in other clubs to get the gist. Here's the thing about colleges, they want to see you participate as a leader in some kind of club, and it's only the 'icing on the cake' unless you're applying for an ivy league. So, I suggest you first concentrate on school work, and join 1-3 clubs If the club meetings are disturbing your study, I suggest you still participate by asking a friend to tell you what is going on in the club, or drop out.

  26. QUESTION:
    What sign is the rudest person you know?
    Someone that just has an all around bad attitude? Explain.

    If you know the rest of their placements you can add those too.

    BQ: What's your Sun, Mercury, Mars, Ascendant and what do you find to be "rude" and "obnoxious" behavior?

    • ANSWER:
      She's an Aries with a Capricorn moon.
      I'm kinda friends with her, and talk to her. We've been playing volleyball together for years. She can be cool and fun to talk to, but she doesn't realize that what she says is very judgy and incredibly rude. She'll insult you right to your face and not in a kidding manner. She'll mean it too, but think she's right to to do so. She can be such a hypocrite. She'll say something really REALLY dumb and you just laugh, but then if you say something dumb but as a joke she'll go on and on about how stupid you're being and basically in front of everyone put you down and embarrass you. Then you say hey that's not cool, she'll just say "you judge me all the time," when you have never done such a thing. You tell her to stop and she blames you! It's so frustrating and I just want to slap her. The first time this happened my jaw literally dropped and couldn't decide whether she was kidding or not. I've never been treated in these kinda ways by ANYONE I've hung out with. She's also extremely sarcastic to everyone as well, which isn't always bad and can be really funny.

      She does this to everybody and I don't think realizes that people are offended and think she's a beyotch for doing so. If she does this to me or anyone else I call her out for it every time so she doesn't get away with it that easily. You can see the looks on other peoples faces and they're all completely shocked but too nice and nonconfrontational to say anything.

      She's from a nice family and she's not the "beyotch" kinda girl. It's hard to explain.
      That's the gist of it I guess.

      BQ:
      Sun/Mercury:Pisces
      Mars:Cancer
      Rising:Aries

      Basically what I find rude is all around disrespect for others and bad manners(like not waiting your turn, being pushy). Abrasiveness is very annoying. Continuous negativity/complaining as well. Ewwy.

  27. QUESTION:
    What is the signs of skin cancer?
    What is the signs of skin cancer? i want to know.

    • ANSWER:
      It can look like a red or weird shaped mole or birthmark.

      It can take many shapes, sizes and colors. Google skin cancer, and you will be able to get a gist on what it might look like. If you are worried for yourself or someone else, you or them really need to see a MD to get it checked out.

      Skin cancer look like the picture of the following:

  28. QUESTION:
    Why did they never realise smoking did serious damage?
    Years ago, Doctors used to reccomend patients cigarettes to relief stress and what not, how did they not make the link between smoking and diseases such as Periodontitis, Squamous Cell Carcinoma etc.

    Were they told to keep quiet by tobacco companies or what?

    • ANSWER:
      They did, really. The association between clay pipes and cancer of the lips was discovered in the 18th century, which is why they started making clay pipes with long stems. Cigarettes, which are more hazardous than pipes and cigars, became widely popular during the first world war. There were some vociferous anti-cigarette voices, including Thomas Edison (who preferred cigars), but since lung cancer takes years to develop the smoking/cancer connection wasn't immediately apparent.

      I read the other day that the late Dr. Debakey suggested a relationship between cigarette smoking and cancer in 1936, but that he was laughed at by his peers. He wasn't the only one -- the evidence was starting to mount for those who were willing to look. As time progressed, more and more researchers came aboard, just as more recently they came to accept global warming.

      Meanwhile, the tobacco companies fought back, much as the oil companies are fighting global warming, by hiding the results of their own research efforts (which confirmed the smoking/cancer link) and running misleading ads that implied smoking was healthy, such as the infamous "More Doctors Smoke Camels." They also applied enormous pressure to the press to keep negative news from the public, something they were able to do because they were major advertisers. Nevertheless, by the 1950's, the relationship between smoking and cancer was becoming well known, so they introduced filter cigarettes, which didn't actually do anything to reduce the risk of cancer but helped convinced the public that smoking was safer than it was.

      Finally, in 1964, the Surgeon General followed the example of the British Government and released a report that said that smoking caused lung cancer and was a major cause of death. The tobacco companies continued to fight the evidence, hide their studies -- including the ones that had found that smoking was addictive -- and impede programs aimed at protecting the public. But they couldn't hold back the flood of negative research, only slow it.

      A sketchy answer since I'm not an expert, just writing from general knowledge, but I think you'll find this is the gist of it.

  29. QUESTION:
    does one joint have four times the amount of tar than a cigarette?
    my friend was freaking and some of us that marijuana has more tar than cigarettes, but in research i've done it has a much less percentage... so whos right? her or the sites ive researched? is marijuana really that bad?

    • ANSWER:
      I remember one of those old anti-drug commercials saying something similar, I don't know if it was tar exactly but perhaps some other harmful agents? I have a friend who got throat cancer at 30 and had never smoked a cigarette in his life, only doobs, but that coulda been a freak thing. I think that only happens in very rare circumstances. I'm thinking your friends are not stupid, but not exactly right.

      PS- Unless the original poster is asking about medical marijuana what's the point of linking to med marijuana forums? What you buy on the street is not grown under the same conditions nor of similar varieties as legally sanctioned cannabis is.

      EDIT:
      I just looked up that study done, here's the gist of it:
      Pot damages the lungs in a way that one joint is equal to 2.5-5 cigarettes at once. It blocks and constricts airways etc. It's not about the tar content. There's quite a few links to the same study, here's one.

      Link: http://www.scientificblogging.com/news/one_marijuana_joint_equal_to_five_cigarettes_in_lung_damage

  30. QUESTION:
    What is the proper term for a doctor who studies bow cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      i think your refering to a gastrooncologyst and they deal with the stomach bowels and colon
      i have one for gist cancer

  31. QUESTION:
    What is the defect in the cell cycle to cause leukemia?
    please in detail and provide the references
    also, do you know where i can get information about this in detail
    thank you

    • ANSWER:
      There is not just one or "the" defect. There are dozens of different defects that lead to leukemias.
      Which leukemia are you asking about? There are dozens of types of leukemia.
      Four main general categories :
      Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
      Acute myeloid (myelogenous) leukemia (AML)
      Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
      Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

      Leukemia subtypes:
      Lymphoid leukemia
      Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
      Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
      Subacute lymphocytic leukemia
      Prolymphocytic leukemia
      Hairy-cell leukemia
      Leukemic reticuloendotheliosis
      Adult T-cell leukemia
      Other lymphoid leukemia
      Lymphoid leukemia , unspecified
      Myeloid leukemia
      Acute myeloid leukemia
      Chronic myeloid leukemia
      Subacute myeloid leukemia
      Acute promyelocytic leukemia
      Acute myelomonocytic leukemia
      Other myeloid leukemia unspecified
      Monocytic leukemia
      Acute monocytic leukemia
      Chronic monocytic leukemia
      Subacute monocytic leukemia
      Other monocytic leukemia unspecified
      Other leukemias of specified cell type
      Acute erythraemia and erythroleukemia
      Acute erythraemic myelosis
      Di Guglielmo's disease
      Chronic erythraemia
      Heilmeyer-Schöner disease
      Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia
      Mast cell leukemia
      Acute panmyelosis
      Acute myelofibrosis
      Lymphosarcoma cell leukemia

      Here is the detailed cytogenetic information for the 7 types of AML.
      http://atlasgeneticsoncology.org/Anomalies/ClassifAMLID1238.html
      You can see there are many different chromosomal translocations leading to various genetic defects which cause different mitotic cell cycle abnormalities.

      There are at least five subtypes of ALL with many different cytogenetic aberrations.
      Acute lymphoblastic leukemias
      Cytogenetic subtypes:
      t(12;21)(p12,q22) TEL/AML-1
      t(1;19)(q23;p13) PBX/E2A
      t(9;22)(q34;q11) ABL/BCR
      T(V,11)(V;q23) V/MLL

      There is nothing simple about the many different diseases lumped together under the very general term "leukemia." The best way to check for the cytogenetic abnormalities is to look up the specific leukemic type you are asking about.

      Added note - Oh, you want to know about CML
      Wiki's bit on the Philadelphia Chromosome is quite good for this.
      "The exact chromosomal defect in Philadelphia chromosome is a translocation. Parts of two chromosomes, 9 and 22, swap places. The result is that a fusion gene is created by juxtapositioning of a part of the BCR ("breakpoint cluster region") gene from chromosome 22 (region q11) to the Abl1 gene on chromosome 9 (region q34). In agreement with the International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN), this chromosomal translocation is designated as t(9;22)(q34;q11).
      The result of the translocation is the BCR-Abl gene, which is located on the shorter chromosome 22. BCR-Abl is a chimeric oncogene which encodes the protein p210 or sometimes p185 ("p" stands for protein and the numbers represent the molecular weight of the protein in kDa). Because the Abl gene expresses a membrane-associated protein, a tyrosine kinase, the BCR-Abl transcript is also translated into a tyrosine kinase, adding a phosphate group to tyrosine. Although the BCR region also expresses serine/threonine kinases, the tyrosine kinase function is very relevant for drug therapy. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (such as imatinib and sunitinib) are important drugs against a variety of cancers including CML, RCC and GISTs. P210 occurs primarily in CML, and sometimes in Ph-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL), for which the P190 protein is more common. For pediatric Ph+ALL, the impact of this type of fusion gene on prognosis after therapy is unknown since Ph+ALL is rare and to populate statistically relevant studies is difficult.
      The fused BCR-Abl protein interacts with the interleukin-3 receptor beta(c) subunit. The BCR-Abl transcript is constitutively active, i.e. it does not require activation by other cellular messaging proteins. In turn, BCR-Abl activates a number of cell cycle-controlling proteins and enzymes, speeding up cell division. Moreover, it inhibits DNA repair, causing genomic instability and potentially causing the feared blast crisis in CML."

  32. QUESTION:
    Hello there. Would anyone mind helping me to understand Pisces a little more?
    I like to believe I feel out the gist of their personality/tendencies/emotions-Although it's more than I can ever explain with words. How might I gently coax them into revealing their cherished secrets to me? To reveal them, who they truly are inside,their pure essence?

    I am leo female w cancer rising,pisces moon,and cancer venus.
    I am very much interested in a pisces male which is why I ask.

    • ANSWER:
      My Mom is a Leo and Dad was a Pisces, married 56 years. Thankfully you have more water in that leo because without that water influence Pisces would probably be a little to inward for you. Leo is a strong willed sign. Pisces is nothing like that. Pisces gets by on feeling others emotion. And you have to be careful with a Pisces because they are sensitive as it is a feminine sign. So I hope you will quit trying to coax his cherished secrets out of him because when he is comfortable with you is when you will hear his history. Nobody likes to be '"coaxed" into submission. And you are trying to push him past his comfort zone, which is nothing like your comfort zone. And I want to ask you this. Have you opened up and told him all of your cherished secrets? I doubt you have. Leo doesn't like revealing private matters with others. So I am going to suggest that you tell all of YOUR cherished secrets to him before you insist on him telling you his cherished secrets. And you must be aware that you are trying to pry into his history with your pushing him to "tell." Well, you tell yours first. That is only fair. But I doubt you would want to do that. Leos care about their appearance so much that to tell him anything negative about yourself is highly unlikely. Don'r ask for what you yourself do not want to reveal as that is a double standard. And a double standard is unfair in a loving relationship.

      And don't feel bad that you cannot explain him with words as Pisces is a sign that needs no words as feeling is what Pisces does best. He can absorb the emotions of others and he is very emotionally aware of others emotions that he encounters. And going into an anxious state is unreasonable and inconsiderate by asking him such personal questions. There is a certain time to share our lives and it isn't immediately after meeting another. There is the communication phase to find your similar interests and each of your passions. That is most important at this time. Be supportive as Pisces doesn't have that fiery energy of your Leo.

      Hope this turns out well for you both. Remember you are fire and he is water so your natures are different. Yours is all action and Pisces is much reflection. Bless you both.

      And unless he is a negative type Pisces that deceives other and is a con artist, a more evolved Pisces can return your love tenfold. They are that compassionate and psychic too. They are not of "this world" as their ruling planet Neptune rules our vast oceans and Pisces is more "tuned into others emotions" as they "feel" their way around this world. This Pisces is already giving you much. Pisces are transparent so what you see is what you get. Very non-judgmental and sensitive is this guy. I would just be happy to share his company and when he feels comfortable with you after some time as passed, then you can go searching for his "pure essence." So even if you have seen a glimpse of what he is about inside, I strongly suggest that you allow him to go at his own speed. That is important to Pisces. You are different as a Leo. Actually Pisces and Leo can be a difficult matchup because Leo is so outward and Pisces is so inward. So good luck to you in your quest to really know a Pisces because many times a Pisces with their emotional attenna can "know" how another is feeling. That is Pisces' gift. Helping out others that need a kind word. Opening up to another only when ready. Oh yes many Pisces men are truly gems. Kind caring compassionate. Able to immediately know what you are feeling are this man's strengths.

      So good luck to you but remember to go slow as your quest for his secrets because once he tells them to you they aren't secrets anymore. Again, Pisces keeps their treasured memories in a sacred spot in his heart. So please be gente and don't break his sweet Pisces heart. Hope this is helpful and good luck and bless you botn.

  33. QUESTION:
    Have you ever heard of GIST cancer?
    If so how much do you know about it? Do you know some one with it? My family is that family it was nicknamed after, my grandfather was one of the first documented cases of GIST. It runs in my family, my grandfather helped with testing the drug Gleavac.

    • ANSWER:
      What do you mean that it runs in your family? GIST very rarely shows up in more than one member of a family. Are you sure that you know about GIST? Most of what you've written seems very improbable.

  34. QUESTION:
    What is the gist of "the weight loss cure they don't want you to know about"? by Kevin trudeau?
    I've heard horror stories about calling the number to order and just want a synopsis. His infomercials are fascinating but i am a pushover and I have to protect myself.

    • ANSWER:
      this kevin trudeau is a sheister.

      he has been selling so many things in infomercials on late night tv for so many years.

      he is a weasel.

      This is from Wikipedia:

      Kevin Mark Trudeau (born February 6, 1963) is a television infomercial spokesperson and convicted felon who grew up in Lynn, Massachusetts, USA.

      His news-style infomercials – broadcast frequently on late night TV in North America – have promoted a range of products, including health aids, dietary supplements (like coral calcium), real estate investment strategies, and memory-improvement courses. In some cases, his marketing and business practices have resulted in fines from securities and trade regulators. His latest series of infomercials features his book Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You To Know About (ISBN 0-9755995-0-X). In it he makes claims about the safety and health of our food supply, arguing that diseases such as cancer can be cured with naturopathic remedies. He likewise maintains that the pharmaceutical industry is actively suppressing these cures, so that they can continue to profit from their patented treatments. After criticism that the book did not contain any natural cures promised in his infomercials - Trudeau claims that he was not able to include them because of threats from the Federal Trade Commission - Trudeau released an updated version of the original book. After the success of the first book and its updated version he published a new book titled More Natural Cures Revealed: Previously Censored Brand Name Products That Cure Disease (ISBN 0-9755995-4-2). According to Kevin Trudeau, the book contains the names of actual brand name products that will cure myriad illnesses.

      Critics of Trudeau point to his criminal history and lack of medical training and warn buyers to be wary of his advice. Nevertheless, Trudeau's commercials have been successful – Natural Cures was listed in September 2005 by the New York Times as the number one selling current nonfiction book in the United States for 25 weeks, and has sold more than five million copies.

      save your money, and have a nice day.

  35. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know about the the health benefits of red wine when you make it yourself at a Ubrew store?
    I know about all the wonderful heart healthy good stuff in red wine, but do you get all the same stuff when you make the wine yourself? I don't mean like a kit you get a the grocery store and do in your basement....lol, but the wine that you make at the Ubrew locations. I know the fermentation periods can differ based on which type of wine you are making, but do you still get all the good stuff for your heart??? Thanks :)

    • ANSWER:
      In the end it really doesn't matter at all if you make your wine from a kit, in a UBrew store, at a vineyard you visit or just buy the wine pre-made. All wine comes from grapes - and it is those grapes that provide the health benefits. That and the alcohol :) The resveratrol comes from the grapes, not from the fermentation time or anything else. Resveratrol is an antioxidant, which I'm sure you've heard about as being very good for your system.

      The American Cancer Society did a study of 500,000 patients. They found that those who drank 1-2 glasses of wine each day had a 20% less chance of death.

      Anyway I have a ton of pages on wine and health -

      http://www.wineintro.com/basics/health/index.html

      but the basic gist is that the benefits come from the grapes, and from the alcohol. Any grape wine you make, whether from a kit or in a shop or at a vineyard, is going to be made with grapes as the raw material. So you're all set.

      Lisa Shea
      WineIntro.com

  36. QUESTION:
    which forms of cancers can targeted cancer therapies treat?
    what is targeted therapy and which forms of cancers can targeted cancer therapies treat?

    • ANSWER:
      MEDICAL BIOLOGY: ON TARGETED CANCER THERAPY

      1) Oncogene and tumor suppressor gene networks influence the decisions of cancer cells to proliferate or die. These decisions are further influenced by the tumor microenvironment and stress signals, such as DNA damage. Moreover, recent work suggests that a subpopulation of cancer cells with stem-cell-like properties may be critical for triggering tumor development. Together, recent studies have provided a conceptual framework within which practitioners of experimental cancer therapeutics can consider the design of targeted agents.

      2) The term "targeted therapy" refers to a new generation of cancer drugs designed to interfere with a specific molecular target (typically a protein) that is believed to have a critical role in tumor growth or progression. The identification of appropriate targets is based on a detailed understanding of the molecular changes underlying cancer. This approach contrasts with the conventional, more empirical approach used to develop cytotoxic chemotherapeutics -- the mainstay of cancer drug development in past decades.

      3) The clinical success of the small molecule kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) has established a paradigm for the treatment of tumors whose growth is acutely dependent on specific kinase targets. CML is driven by the mutant kinase fusion protein Bcr-Abl, which displays constitutive activation of the Abl kinase, whereas GIST is caused by activating point mutations in the c-Kit or platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)-alpha kinases. Imatinib effectively blocks the activity of all three kinases and produces dramatic clinical responses in all three situations in a manner that correlates precisely with the presence of these mutations in the tumor.

      4) In lung cancer, clinical responses to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are associated with point mutations in the EGFR kinase domain (thereby explaining the rather modest 10% response rate in all patients). The clear prediction from this experience is that clinical responses to kinase inhibitors occur in tumors bearing activating mutations that drive tumor progression. Extending this paradigm to larger numbers of cancer patients would require establishing the frequency of kinase mutations in human cancer on a much broader scale -- presumably through global gene sequencing efforts analogous to the genome project. Indeed, initial efforts from groups at the Sanger Centre, the Eli Broad Institute, and Johns Hopkins have found previously unsuspected kinase mutations in human tumors.

      P53 PROTEIN AS A TARGET IN CANCER THERAPY

      1) In 1989, it was discovered that the p53 protein is subtly mutated and thereby inactivated in almost all types of human cancer. These findings raised the possibility that drugs that restore the function of p53 would be broadly applicable cancer treatments. That hope has not yet been realized, but there have been some imaginative approaches to the problem.

      2) For 10 years after its discovery in 1979, the p53 gene was thought to be an oncogene. Under normal circumstances, the protein products of oncogenes stimulate appropriate cell division or interfere with cell death. However, certain mutations in these genes result in their products being switched on all the time, or result in gaining a new function. This generally leads to inappropriate stimulation of cell growth, resulting in tumors.

      3) Many commonly used drugs inhibit the ability of their target proteins to bind to other molecules or to catalyze reactions, and so mutated oncoproteins are, in theory, perfect drug targets. Theory has been put into practice with the development of STI-571 (Gleevec), a drug that inhibits the aberrantly activated enzyme found in chronic myeloid leukemia cells. But most genetic alterations in common human cancers affect tumor-suppressor genes, rather than oncogenes. The normal function of a tumor suppressor gene is to keep cell numbers down by stopping cells from multiplying or by promoting cell death. When mutated, tumor-suppressor proteins are switched off, and again the result is inappropriate net cell growth.

      4) In some cancers, an entire tumor-suppressor gene may be deleted. In general, tumor suppressors are poor targets for conventional drugs, since one cannot inhibit an activity that is not present. Unfortunately, the same work that identified p53 as a potential target for anti-cancer drugs also demonstrated that it behaves genetically like a tumor-suppressor gene and not like an oncogene.

      fascinating isn't it!!

  37. QUESTION:
    My dog has cancer and she had pups could they have cancer too???? Please help ?
    She's lovable and is very hyper and doesnt show signs o her in pain but the doctor said that she does have cancer ._.

    • ANSWER:
      I asked a similar on the genetic hereditary nature of cancer when a dog was referred to a veterinary hospital for a specialist opinion from an oncologist.

      The gist of was that there is a genetic component to cancer, but research is primarily focused on treatment to extend or cure the illness and not in the predisposition of specific lines/breed to develop it. Therefore it is largely anecdotal evidence based on kennels that do not conceal the cause of death.

      The sire of my previous Dobermann dog was an advanced senior at eleven when he died of cancer, whereas my dog was four when he was diagnosed with aggressive cutaneous melanoma. A b*tch with a dam from the same kennel was diagnosed with cancer but survived. However, it is important to bear in mind that cancer is one of the most common health conditions known to affect dogs and no health test, but ethical breeders would retire from breeding a dog or b*tch diagnosed with cancer.

  38. QUESTION:
    high levels of calcium in my blood and my parathyroid hormone is -3. is this symptoms of cancer.?
    all blood test keep coming back with high wc and high levels calcium. and my parathyroid hormone level is minus 3. they have ordered a mammogram and bone scan and lympnodes are all swollen could this mean cancer. HELP!!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm not sure what the -3 value means, but here's the gist of what's likely going on: When a person has elevated calcium (hypercalcemia), the most straight-forward cause is over-production of parathyroid hormone (PTH). If you end up with a blood test results showing hypercalcemia, but not elevated PTH levels, then something else is wrong. If an overactive parathyroid is ruled out, then the next logical thing to look for is cancer since hypercalcemia is caused by certain cancers, including breast cancer. Hypercalcemia can also caused by kidney problems, so cancer isn't certain at this point, but its a strong possibility. I hope this turns out well.

  39. QUESTION:
    Do pagers emit any radiation like cell phones do?
    I really dont want to use my cell phone anymore from fear of its harmful radiation. Are pagers any safer to use? Do they have any effect being close to the body as cell phones do?

    • ANSWER:
      That is a myth about cell phones, and the same applies to pagers. There is no evidence that cell phones can cause brain cancer, or any other illness. There is even a recent small study that suggests it might help prevent Alzheimers.

      Dr Bob Park , a physicist, has been writing about this nonsense for years...there is a chapter about it in his book, Voodoo Science. Essentially the EMF frequencies from cell phones are just not energetic enough to cause cellular or DNA damage. Think of the analogy of firing a BB gun at a steel plate. He's also blogged about it many times on his weekly science updates, and you can get the gist of the argument from that.
      http://www.searchum.umd.edu/search?q=cell+phones&btnG=Search&site=UMCP&client=UMCP&proxystylesheet=UMCP&output=xml_no_dtd&as_sitesearch=http%3A%2F%2Fbobpark.physics.umd.edu

  40. QUESTION:
    GIST CANCER information?
    My grandmother was told she probably had Pancreatic Cancer, but we got the test results back and found out she has GIST Cancer. The tumor is I believe 17 cms. She also has an irregular heart. The doctor is going to try to treat her with a pill. Im not exactly sure what the name of the pill is, he just simply called it the wonder pill or miracle pill.

    Anyone know if the pill could have an effect on her heart? What is the life expectancy for high risk GIST? She is 75 years old. Any information on this cancer would be greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      Your grandmother has a Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor which is a rare type of sarcoma. GIST research has revolutionized cancer treatments when it was discovered that the tumors respond significantly to a pill called Gleevec. There are, of course, no guarantees, but many, many GIST patients have responded to Gleevec and those that do not have another option called Sutent. Because of the unique response that GIST patients had with Gleevec which is a targeted therapy, it opened the door for other types of sarcoma to be treated. Unfortunately, other sarcoma's have not had the same types of response seen in GIST. However, because of GIST there is now new found interest in the disease and far more treatment options available to GIST patients including surgery, radiofrequency ablation, and clinical trials.

      Gleevec (Imatinib) and the heart do not get along (problems with the heart are considered a side effect), but it is something the doctors are aware . . it may be worth the risk if your grandmother has a complete response to the drug. Another option is the Sutent (sunitinib malate), which is similar to Gleevec and is given when it is not possible to use Gleevec (Imatinib)

      Imatinib (marketed as gleevec)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imatinib

      Sunitinib (marketed as sutent)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sutent

      There are a number of GIST support groups that you can turn to for advice. They will share experiences and where to seek out the best treatments for the disease:

      Liferaft Group: GIST
      http://www.liferaftgroup.org/

  41. QUESTION:
    Is stomach Cancer common among younger people?
    Is it possible.... or common for an 18 year old female to have stomach cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      You are asking the wrong question. People are often confused about cancer in young people . . in general . . what you need to remember is that older adults get cancers of the organ such as lung, liver, pancreas, or stomach . . while young people get cancers of the blood and cancers more frequently associated with the primitive cells of childhood . . a young person is more likely to get a bone or soft tissue sarcoma as opposed to an older adult who gets a carcinoma.

      The confusion is that a young person can indeed have cancer within the abdominal cavity . . but it isn't an older adult carcinoma . . its is a sarcoma. Within the young adult age group . . sarcoma is more common than carcinoma. But in the general population of all cancer patients . . the disease is considered 'rare'. Cancer in the young is considered rarer than in older people.

      So, in answer to your question . . stomach cancer is associated with older adults . . but young people can still get a sarcoma located in the stomach or abdominal cavity . . GIST . . is one type of sarcoma located in the stomach . . and there are many different subtypes of sarcoma that can be located in the abdominal cavity . . in the chest cavity in the pelvic area . .in the soft tissue, in fat, in the growing muscles and bones of a young person, in the tendons, in the ligaments and cartiliage of the body. It is possible in the young to have a cancer develop almost anywhere . . but its a sarcoma.

      GIST tumors
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_1x_what_are_gastrointestinal_stromal_tumors.asp

      What is soft tissue sarcoma
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_is_sarcoma_38.asp

      Age specific: Cancer in young adults
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Young+Adults

  42. QUESTION:
    What is the significance of Moon // Jupiter?
    These planets do not aspect each other in the natal chart.

    Moon is in 1st house Leo conj Mars.
    Jupiter is in 12th house Cancer conj Asc, square MC, and trine Saturn.
    MC is Aries
    Saturn is in Pisces just inside 9th house cusp conj Chiron in 8th. So Jupiter also trines Chiron.

    Thank You. That was very informative.
    Yes spiral. I am asking about parallels if you care to answer.

    • ANSWER:
      Moon is a person's need for emotional security in life, for feeling "safe". It is also their automatic emotional responses ... how they react before their conscious will or decision has kicked in and overridden the emotional impulses.
      Moon in Leo shows that emotional security comes from any Leo-type activity or way of action ... from being recognized, acknowledged, paid attention to ... and/or from being warm and generous to others ... and/or from being dramatic, such as going all out to celebrate someone's birthday, or expecting others to go all out for their own birthday ... and/or ANY Leo mode. In the 1st house, they wear their emotions on their sleeve, as this is part of their outer and public personality ... all can see their emotions very easily.
      Since Mars is the planet of how we feel our desire ... Moon conjunct Mars indicates that the emotions and desires are joined at the hip. This person does not readily react to their desires in a cool, distant manner ... but instead feels their desires with great emotional strength (Moon in Leo). Effort and self-growth must be deliberately taken in order to get some rational and logic control over how they respond to the desires (Mars) they feel welling up inside them.
      In the 1st house, this conjunction means that others may see them as being very pushy and/or bossy, partly because Leo can be that way, partly because Moon and Mars function as if the two needs are ONE need (rather than two) and therefore the emotions and desires are felt with great urgency and need.

      Jupiter is our urge to expand our awareness and involvement in life out beyond our own little "world". In the 12th house and in Cancer, this is done very quietly, in a behind-the-scenes manner. Rather than expanding through taking strong, bold action, this is done in the opposite way ... more towards observing and absorbing, almost osmotically. Understanding is gained this way, and this understanding is an emotional, gut-level type of understanding ... and forms the basis for the feeling of reaching out to include more of the world in their own personal life (almost like the difference between being a front-line combat soldier and being an embedded news journalist).
      Conjunct the Ascendant, the gentle kindness and optimism of Jupiter in Cancer, is also part of the personality ... but not as readily observable because the Moon-Mars in Leo burns brightly and overshadows the Jupiter influence. During periods when desire is not in the forefront, or the person is not as strongly wanting attention, their gentleness comes forward.
      Square the MC means that this passive way of interacting with the world doesn't help with career efforts ... the individual might feel to "exposed" or vulnerable by career activities that are too competitive or stressful (Aries on the 10th house cusp? or something else?).
      The trine to Saturn means that the person's ability to discipline & control themselves, to work hard and realistically ... is furthered by their passive but keen observation ... they see opportunities (Jupiter) and can work towards realizing them (Saturn).
      Could say more if I knew the signs of the MC and Saturn, and the houses of Saturn, but we'll leave it at that. I think you have the gist of how astrology is interpreted..

      Hope this helps.

  43. QUESTION:
    When can soldiers bring dependents to overseas duty station? Which countries don't allow dependents?
    My husband is joining the Army. I don't understand how overseas tour work. I also heard some countries don't allow soldiers to bring dependents. Is there certain rank a soldier has to be to allowed to do so? Can someone give me some info please? Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      There are "accompanied" and "unaccompanied" tours for soldiers. If your husband is assigned to Germany or S. Korea for instance you can go with him on an accompanied tour. Obviously places like Afghanistan for instance you wouldn't want to go with him anyway but you can't. But it doesn't matter about rank. What happens is the member is given orders for say Germany. Even though they have dependents, once the orders are received they have to apply for a "Command Sponsored" tour so they can take their family. Two other things go with this. He can go to Germany by himself and spend two years and come back to the states. If he applies for and is accepted for Command Sponsored tour, now he will incur a Three year commitment. In any case if the Command sponsored tour is accepted and about99.9% of them are approved then you can ship a car, the will ship a certain weight limit of household goods and once he arrives and acquires housing then you can fly over with your Government paid for passports.
      Now there are about three thousand other variables that go with this that are just too long to explain in one short answer but that is the gist of it. You and your kids will have to go through medical examinations to ensure there are no medical conditions that cannot be treated where you are going. That is usually where the less than 1 percent are not allowed to travel because they don't want to send someones wife over there with stage 3 lupus and cancer for example with no way to continue their medical treatment so they stay here. So basically here is how it goes...

      Soldier is assigned to Germany for example
      His orders state a 2 year unaccompanied tour, dependent travel is not allowed
      Soldier has to apply for "Command Sponsorship"
      Command Sponsorship is approved and their orders are changed to read "dependent travel authorized"
      Now you can go concurrent travel or wait and for Pete's sake DO Not Go Concurrent Travel, you will thank yourself later. (this is where you both fly together and arrive at the same time, jet lag, hotels, bus rides from he**, waiting in reception battalion and well, just don't do it you will regret that decision because the better option is..
      Let him travel over first. Then when he gets inprocessed, gets to a unit and gets settled he can apply for housing and once he gets it they will release your tickets and off you go so instead of going through the ungodly he** of arriving as a soldier, you will be picked up at the airport by your husband and taken straight to your new home to chill and believe me, you will thank yourself later for doing that waiting
      Anyway that is about how it works but sometimes a lot of folks opt for the unaccompanied tours especially to Korea. He or She can do 1 year instead of 2 with their spouse but when your husband gets in and if he later gets orders for an overseas assignment there are way too many entities that will help you out and answer a lot of questions for you then including your "options" starting with his chain of command but that, in a nutshell is it.

  44. QUESTION:
    What are the causes of air under the diaphragm?
    Please tell me the differential diagnosis. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Years ago, when I was a resident, a very clever older surgeon once joked, "I don't know why they call it 'free air'. It always ends up being very expensive!"

      Note that the "free air" can only get to the point of being "under the diaphragm" on an upright X-ray. If you do a CT scan on a patient who is lying down, the air will go to the highest point which is under the bellybutton. The detection of free air is best done with an upright chest X-ray series including a lateral view.

      Free intraperitoneal gas is almost always an immediate indication for emergency surgery. The cause is perforation of a hollow viscus, almost all of the time. The gas itself isn't dangerous, but the fact that enteric content is leaking out along with it is deadly. Free air is the harbinger of intra-abdominal catastrophe.

      Perforation of the stomach or duodenum can occur as a result of peptic ulceration. Gastric cancers can also erode through the wall of the stomach and perforate. The inability to tell the difference between benign and malignant gastric perforation is why all of these lesions should be excised and sent for pathologic evaluation rather than just sewn up.

      Perforation of the small intestine is much less common, and is typically casued by either an inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's, or by cancers - although primary cancer arising in the small bowel is very rare. Adjacent cancers in the colon or in the small bowel mesentery (cancers such as lymphoma or "GIST", gastrointestinal stromal tumor) are more common reasons for small bowel perforation, but are still unlikely to cause perforated small bowel rather than colon, except in AIDS patients where it becomes more common. I've seen a perforated "Meckel's diverticulum" which a rare lesion of the small bowel, and I've seen perforated appendicits lead to free air, but this is also super-duper rare.

      Colonic perforation is relatively common. The most common lesion of the colon to perforate is diverticulitis, and this will most likely occur in the sigmoid colon or at least on the left side. There are occassional cases of right colon diverticular inflammation and infection, however, and the right colon is thinner than the left. If this perforates, it leads to disasterous leakage of liquid stool. Colon cancers sometimes perforate too, and because of that, any questionable perforated lesion of the colon at the time of emergency surgery needs to be treated like a cancer, and be fully removed with appropriate margins of normal tissue along with it.

      I've seen the rectum and vagina both become the targets of perforation as a result of trauma from "aggressive" activities there, and lead to free air in the peritoneal cavity... enough said.

      Perforation of the esophagus can happen but rarely leads to abdominal air, because it will more likely leak into the chest. Perforation of the bile system can happen, but even though this is connected to the gastrointestinal tract, gas does not typically climb out of the leak - just fluid (bile).

      Another source of free air is abdominal trauma such as stabs, gunshot wounds, or even blunt force injury from things like car accidents. In these cases, anything and everything must be suspected of leaking.

      I have had two patients who manifested intra abdominal gas as a result of a process in the chest. One had a centrally located lung cancer that had not yet been diagnosed, and this led to airway blockage, pneumonia and respiratory failure. I was consulted by the medical team when the abdomen became distended and a CT scan showed air in the abdominal cavity. I looked at the scan, and I saw extensive air in the retroperitoneal space which had been tracking down from the primary disease locus at the hilum of the right lung. Another patient popped a "bleb" in the lung, leading to extensive gas climbing out of the chest, under the skin and into the neck. This was also associated with gas inside the tissues of the abdomen. I did not operate on either patient because there were no abdominal processes occurring.

      On another occassion, a debilitated and bed bound psychiatric patient who had not been "acting herself" lately was evaluated and found to have enormous amounts of intra-abdominal air in the walls of the intestine. This is usually the marker of an extremely aggressive process that has killed a tremendous amount of intestine and will soon be the cause of the patient's death. In this case, however, the patient was doing fine. I had no explanation other than the fact that this patient also suffered from some chronic "rectal prolapse" which is where the rectum can invert and protrude from the anus. I theorized that the lining of the rectum had been injured from chronically being inside out, through the anus, and a small opening had let intestinal gas (farts) dissect back up along the walls of the intestine for a great distance. I let that patient get better by herself for several weeks before I performed a surgical correction aimed at her rectal prolapse, and she did well.

      These last two cases are examples of air in the abdomen that doesn't represent FREE air (because it was trapped in the retroperitoneal space or in the walls of the intestine) but it LOOKS a lot like free air on an imaging study. It is for reasons like this that not every patient who has "free air" needs emergency surgery.

      Also, there will sometimes be tiny bubbles of gas that escape the colon when there is diverticulitis, but it will be captured and held in place by the surrounding tissue layers. I don't necessarily take these people for emergency surgery if they're otherwise doing ok. I will probably recommend that after the acute episode is over, they consider elective colon surgery to prevent a subsequent and potentially more morbid episode, but its an open conversation with pluses and minuses in many cases.

      In the final analysis, you asked about FREE AIR and that it be UNDER THE DIAPHRAGM (which indicates that there's a reasonable amount of it... not just a couple of bubbles), therefore my differential diagnosis comes as a list from proximal to distal:

      1) Boerhaave's syndrome (esophageal tear) - rare cause
      2) Perforated peptic ulcer (stomach or duodenum) - common
      3) Perforated gastric cancer - less common
      4) Spontaneous perforation of the small intestine - rare
      4) Perforated diverticulitis of the colon - common
      5) Perforated colon cancer - common
      6) Abdominal trauma

      In almost every case of free air, the treatment is to prepare the patient for surgery as quickly as possible (involving replacing lost fluids and balancing electrolytes) and then performing an abdominal exploration with repair of whatever derrangement is found.

      In cases of critical illness, the operation may be done in stages because the patient may not be stable enough to tolerate an extensive operation. This is called "damage control surgery". The first stage is to obtain initial source control, stopping the leakage by removing the offending tissue. Subsequent to this, the patient will be resuscitated in the intensive care unit, kept completely sedated and on mechanical ventilation with the abdomen packed, and the incision left open. After the patient is more stabilized, a secondary operation to repair the damage can be performed. Following this, there may be several operations that involve nothing more than washing out the abdomen, to reduce the amount of infection and contamination present, until it is safe to close the incision.

      Perforation of hollow organs leading to "free air" and the presence of partially digested food and digestive juice in the abdominal cavity is a disaster. Many people do not survive this catastrophe.

      I hope that helps.

  45. QUESTION:
    i would like some text buddys around my age to help me through my cancer? im 19?
    I have GIST and glioblastoma- late stage and not doing too great, everyone needs someone......

    • ANSWER:
      you're my age (almost)!! i don't text, but i would be glad to email with you. just shoot me an email through my profile!

  46. QUESTION:
    What is the most promising area of cancer research?

    • ANSWER:
      It would depend on the type of cancer you are talking about . . but I think right up there would be the newer targeted chemotherapy drugs which are less toxic than older drugs. The con side of targeted therapy is that it not treatment considered to be 'curative' . . but treatment considered to allow a patient to 'live with their cancer' . .much the way a diabetic lives by taking insulin daily. Targeted therapy is in its very early stages and there is a wide family of newer drugs being clinically trialed on many different types of cancer. At the moment the most promising targeted therapy remains imatinib mesilate (marketed as Gleevec) which has revolutionized the treatments of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). There are dozens of others in the same family all being tested on various cancers and showing promise in some while remaining investigational in others. Targeted therapy drugs include the Tyrosine kinase inhibitors: Axitinib · Bosutinib · Cediranib · Dasatinib · Erlotinib · Gefitinib · Imatinib · Lapatinib · Lestaurtinib · Nilotinib · Semaxanib · Sorafenib · Sunitinib · Vandetanib but there are others (Monoclonal Antibodies).

      What is targeted therapy?
      http://www.chemocare.com/whatis/targeted_therapy.asp

  47. QUESTION:
    What placements or aspects may indicate a person to be over-protective by nature?
    like over-protective among family members, friends and partner

    • ANSWER:
      being over protective is a 'fine line' to being controlling or obssessive in my book and it wouldn't do for me personally.

      Generally then
      1) all water signs can be over protective
      2) personal planets in 4th house would be protective of family members
      3) pluto in 4th could be protective but also have issues over control
      4) pluto in 5th house could be over protective with their children
      5) pluto in 7th could be over proective and have power stuggles with partners
      6) Water Ascendants
      7) planets in water house ie; 4,8,12
      8) plaenets in 11th house of friendships shows a focus, with multiple planets and/or pluto here could be over protective around family.
      9) the two signs known for being worriers are Cancer and Virgo

      am sure given time I could think up a few more, but you get the gist

  48. QUESTION:
    What are some idea's for a pro stem cell speech.?
    I'm having a debate and I need some idea's for a 5 minute opening and a 3 minute closing speech.
    Im not pro stem cells forced to do it.

    • ANSWER:
      Never mind the "God's will" answer. I do both Molecular Biology and Theology, there was never any case of "Thou shall not do stem-cell research", I'll try to give you the gist of the whole mess.

      Pro: There is a lot of potential in the field, from stem-cells, there comes a possibility of regenerating organs and irreplaceable cells like nerves. There is currently a long waiting list for organ donations ranging from kidneys to hearts. If organs could be regenerated, "poof" no more waiting list. Bye-bye dementia, just regrow a few brain cells. Arm got chopped off? Regrow one. Got 70% burns? Facial injury? Just regrow the skin. No immune rejection, no scarring. Sterile but want kids of your own? Clone one. Got cancer and need to amputate? Cut away, can just regrow the body part later. As you can see, lots of potential.

      Cons: Lots of Science Fic nonsense on cloning, so lots of fear. The morality of whole body cloning also comes into play, is it right to grow someone just to kill him for his organs? (This can be bypassed by cloning specific organs, but there is a possibility for abuse.)
      Currently, there are 2 major source of stem cells that can be used for research, 1) foetuses, usually aborted. 2) Umbilical cord blood, which is why people are paying huge amounts to store their baby's cord blood. The most convenient source is unfortunately the more detestable one, aborted foetuses, as using a baby's umbilical cord blood requires parental consent, while the other doesn't, which is why the "need to kill a baby" myth came about. (Honestly, I believe they should have just used umbilical blood with consent, less hysteria.)
      Long research time is also a problem. While the news often gives the impression that "Oh we are going to get a major medical breakthrough tomorrow!" nonsense, truth is, the morphogenic chemicals and gradients used to control organ growth are so delicate and variable that I strongly suspect it'll take almost a century or more before we get it right, super long haul, the system really is that complicated, and any screwups can be quite grotesque, like 2 headed cows, headless flies etc.

      Ah, I got it. A good opener for the topic is to go back to how this whole argument started in the 1st place. Australia has a 10 year legal life-span limit on the storage of embryos for artificial insemination, so when the 10 year limit was almost up, there was a request for these to be used for stem-cell research instead of disposed like it was planned for. Of course it sounded practical, but the use of experimental techniques on human cells is seriously morally problematic, if you get a headless chicken, it's lunch. You get a headless human, it's... wrong. Can you even mercy kill it? Would it be murder? (Probably yes) Then the media got a hold of the request, and that was the end of reasoned discourse. Opinion-wise, I think the request, while practical sounding, was a bit premature, they could have worked on animal models until they got a near perfected technique before asking to try it on humans. Then there's a much higher chance they could use the working model on adult human cells instead of embyonic stem cells. Which is why scientists are not politicians. They can't predict the public reaction for nuts...

      Anyway, the arguments against the Cons are 1) A mature working technique would be able to clone from an adult cell scraping, no need for embryonic cells. 2) Use animal models until it works before testing on humans. 3) Clone specific organs instead of the whole person. 4) Slave clones are nonsense stories, which slaver wants to feed and change of 30 screaming babies for 8 years+ before he can sell them? Even 1 is enough for sleep derivation. 20-30, you can say bye bye to your sanity.


gist cancer